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Sjftfll 2T . THE SUN, THURSDAY, JULY 24, 1890. i II !; Illegality of these proceedings, and expressod J I v a hop that du compensation wouldbonward- I II '- ed to tho subjects of ber Majostr who hnd suf- U' fored from them. I bavo not, slnco that time. j i,j reoelvod from the Government of tlio United 1 A Btnteaanrlntlmotlon of tholr Intentions In this 1 ij roipeet.or nor explanation of the ground S' upon which tbls Interferons with tlio British R coalers bad been nuthorlted. Mr. Bnynrd did, I Indood, communicate to us unofficially an ns- , nuranco that no further solziiros of this char- , actor should tako place ponding tbo discussion ' of tho quoatlons Involvod between tbo two ! Governments. Her Majesty's Oovernmont iTi mucurocreta to And that tbls understanding B) linn not boen carried forward Into the m prepont year, anl that Instriictlotis havo ,, I lieen iBRiied to orulsers of the United States to l eolro British veB'els llshitig for peals In Boh- a '. tine Benoutldo the limits of territorial watori". fi 'rhogroundBuponwhlenthesovl 'lontmeiiBures (I i have bi-en takon have not been communicated If; . to her Mnjostr's Government nnd Btlll lomnln ! unoxplatnod. Ilutln vlowoi thounoxpooted ro- nevvnlortho seizures of which her Majesty a , oovornment bavo previously coniplnltiud, It la f . ,v my duty topiotost ngalnst them, nud to stnto (!) ' -that. In tbo opinion of hor tooiestys tiovein- 1 went, ttioy are wholly unjustltlod byinter- I ' national law." f ,, It appear that Mr. lllalno Inquired what au- lt ' , tborlty there was for tbo nbovo stated assur- V t nnce of Mr. Bayard, ns In a nolo on Oct. 11 fast Mr. Kdwardos says that It was an oBur '.I ' ' 'itneecommiinlcatod unofllclallyto lilsloidshln i ' lr the L'nltO'l BtotoB Minister in .London, nnd i ' BlsobyMr. Batard to Minister West in April, last). .1 MR. PLAINS TO Bin JULUN TAUNCEFOTE. 'f ,' ' Tlio corrospondonco betwoen Secrotnry ) Xlalno and ttio now Iirltish Minister began nn . t ! , Jan. ill! of this year, with n very long lottor from the Secretary to Mr Julian I'auw elote. !, ' Tho heoretary oponed wltti nn acknowledge i went of the imolpt til tho pnpors bearing on . . the selzurea made bv thn Hush. Hobivv": , ''Jnthaoplntouofthorreslilont.thoCaundlan . -vessels nrrestod and doinlned in tho Bebrlug ( Eeu wore ohgnced Inn pursiilttbntwnslnltsolf , contra bonux mm a. a pursuit which of necessity I' Involves n serious nud permtinont Injury to tlio jlglit ol the Government ami pooplo of tho tJnltod State. To eitabllsh this ground It Is i not nocesenry to nrguo tho question of tho ex tent and nature of the sovereignty olthlH iiov- , ' tsmmentovcr the wutors of tbo Uchrlng hen: It 1 lanot nocossnrv to explain, certainly not to dx- ) .' lino, tlio power' and privileges ceded by bis . .luiperial JInjestr, tiio i.inporor of lU.sla, In "- -ttrotronty by which tho Alaskan torrltory was I -tranaferroil totho L nttodhtaios. '1 ho weighty i . ' considurntlonicmnlnRiiutof tho nciiuialtlon , " ..tijhot torrltory, with all Hie rlulita on lnnd i i - snnd sen Inseparably connocted tliorowlth. may bo safely lolt out of view while tho aromida nra ' g sat ffrth upon which thia Uovernment rests Its 8 juptincallon for tlio action complained of by fl ' ner Majesty's Oovornment." ,,, . The fecictnry then upoaks of tho value of 1 H tho sool tlsherlOB whlcb were controlled by P .Itussla without Interference or iiuo6tlnn until ; (8. thecosnlon of Alacka to tho United States In t ! 18H7. Thin unill'turhcd p.is'osBlon continued U to thnUrttodKtateuntlll8,tR,paB8lni;whnllni; c ';!' vesselB nbitnlnlnc from soal capture Ho says i' that this uniform avoidance ot nil attempts to I.' . tako fur ("al In tboo watora bad been acon- B - ntant rocoenltlonof tho right held and oiey- U clsed. flrBt by ltusaln and subseiiuently by this Government. It hod nlno boon tne recognition H; of alaot. now beta beiond denial or doubt, ; J. that the taklnc of i-eals In the open aea rapidly B leads to their extinction. Tho Secretary eaya H that thia Is proved not only by expert tcstl- M, xnony, but by tho total destruction of all sonl m Ilsborlos. except tbo one In tbo UehrlntrBea, ''' which tho Gotornmont of tho United Htntes Is H How etrlvinc to pioserio, not altoKother for m the use of tho Amerlcun pooplo. but for tbo use y of tbo world at Inrco. Ho recites tbe success- H ful etlortB of the United htntes Government to Li' improve nnd presorve tho ilsherloj. resultlne : lu tho paymont of moro than twelve million n. . dollars to J-ncllsb laborers lor tbo preparation It of tho beal sklus. and the elevation to clvil- W' Izatlon of tbo natives of Alaskan islands. Ho n cava: U " This. In brief, was tbo condition of the H Alaska fur peal flshorlea down to tho your 5J J8-C. The piecedents. customs, and rlshta ' Fiad bcon established and emoted, either by 3) Itussla or the United Btates, for nearly a cen- tBi tury. Tbo two nations were tbe only powers ' iH; 'that owned n foot of land on tho contlnonta ,M that bordered, or on the Islands Inoluded wlth- ' In the Debrlne waters where the seals resort '13 to breed. Into this peaceful and seoluded Held IIH: of labor, whose bonollts wero bo equitably I'- sbared by tbe native Aleuta of the l'rlbylov ' islands, by the United btnteB, and by Knaland, n ' certain Canadian vosela In 18BU assorted their , right to enter, and by their ruthless course to rfl . destroy tbe fisheries, and with them to destroy H ulso the reBultlne Industries wblch are so viil- v uable. The Government of tbe United btntea p - ntonce proceeded to check this movement, which, unchecked, was sure to do great and f t irreoarable barm. I "It was cause of pnfelcned surprise to tho United UtAteB that ber Majesty's Government , ., should Immediately Interfere to defend and i ancourage (surely to encourage by dofendlng) ii . tbe course of tbe Canadians lndnsturblng an 4 ;,' industry whlcb bad been oarefully developed i 1 1 for more than ninety rears under the Hogs of I lli j i Itusela and tbe United btates, developed In Ijv ' puob manner as not to Interfere with the pub. lli k jiariEbtBor the private Industries of any poo i III f Die or any other person. , " Whence did the ships of Canada derive tho jlj right to do In l8u that which they bad re- II i frnlned from doing for more than ninety til., years? Upon wnat grounds did her Majesty's Government defend In tho year 188S a courso JIJ . of conduat In tbe IJebrlng Sea wblch Pho III ' liad carefully avoided over Bines the dls - rovery of that sea? Br what reasoning did her t Wajesty's Uovernment ponclude that an act J I ;. may be oommlttod with Impunity against tho I); I fights of the United Btntes which nas novor III ,, been attemntod against tbo some rights when ,' , livid bytbeJtussianompIro? Bogreat bad been ' the Injury to tho fisheries from this Irregular '.- und destructive slaughter of seals In the open 8w waters of tbe Ilebrlng Bea by Canadian vessels, P that whereas the Ooornmont bad allowed !fJ 100.000 to bo taken annually for a series of ligp, years, ltlsnowcompellod to reduce tho num- mV ber to CU.UCW. If four yearn of this violation of M natural law and nolcnbor's rlgbti has reduced - the annual slaughter of soal by 40 per cent., It p is easy to boo bow short a porlod will bero- litji:- quired to work the total destruction of tbe Is Dshorles. r "The ground upon which her Majesty's Gov- lr rnment justifies, or at lenst defends, the ML fourseof tho Canadian vossels rests upon tno HlR fact that they are committing their acts of de- m Btructlon on the high seas, viz, more than Mr threo marine lenguex from tbs shore line. It i la doubtful whether her Majesty's Government Ji. would uoldo by this rule It tho attempt wero 1 inado to lntorfero with the penrl fisheries of tf Ceylon, whlcb extend more than twenty miles p-r from tho shore line, nnd navobeon enjoyed by U England without molestation eor nlnce their Ini ncnuisltlon. Bo well recognized is tbe Urltish fp ownership of these fisheries, regardless of B- Ihe limit of the throe-mile line, that ber Jli; Majesty's Government feels authorized to sell I jjlf the pearl flshorles right from year to year to !ji'; the highest blduor. Nor Is it credible that , Mr' uodeH of llshlug on the Grand Uanks, alto- lljlij. gether practicable, but highly dostructlva. La would bo jtiMtliled oreven permitted by Great lj;8f- Drltaln on thu plea that the vlolous acts were inS- committed more than thtoo miles from shore. pi " There aro, according to scientific nuthoilty. ml groat colonies of fish' on tho Newfoundland i! banks. TIipbo colonies resomblo the seals of 'Ijlji' . pteat populations on land. They teiualn eta- nh' tlonnry, hulug a llmltod range of water in IIS which to Hie and dlo. In these great 'colonies' S; It Is, according to export juilgmont, oompara- Ii H B lively eaav to explode dynnmlto or giant row- I R i- der In atieb n manner a to kill vast ijuantities M p Pi fish, and at tho bumx time dottroycountlo-s If numborrt of eggs. Mrlngont Inws have been , i ' nocessary to trot ont tho taking of 'fish by tho lS Use of dynamite lu many of the rivors and m , lakes of the United .States. The name mode of ' I HI (lsblng could teadlly be adopted with enect on ,1 I tbo moro shallow parts of tho Hanks, but the it Construction of tlsh In proportion to tho catch, rays n hlih authority, might be as great us ten I ' thousand to one. Would her Majesty's Gov- h prnment think that so wiukod nn act could not i f' bo prevented and Its perpetrators punished. M , simply beoause it had been committed outside ! if, ' Dltbe three-mile line ' f "Why are not tho two capos parallel? Tho I 1 1 , Canadian vossols are engaged In the taking of il S fureoal In amanner lhatilettrovH tho tiowerof S" reproduction and Insures tho extermination of I r thesnocleB. Iu extunnluatlug the species nn V article useful to mankind is totally destroyed i I In order that temporary and Immoral gain may ii , tie acquired by a few persons, lly the employ- . i i - tnent ordynamite on thollnnks It Is not proba- ble that the total destruction of fish could be l accomplished, but a serious diminution of u ' ;iL Valuable food for man might assuredly result. ' "lioes Her Mujosty'a Government seriously . ', maintain that tbo law of nations Is powerless . to prevent sueh violation of tboeommon right! ! of man? Ato tbe supporters of justice In all i nations to be declared Incqtnpetont to proent Wrongs so odlouH und bo debtructlvor1 In the If iudgtuent of tills Government the Inw of tbo I J bou is notlawlusanoss. Nor can tbo law of tbe , ' ' ' tea and the liberty which it confers, and I & Which It protects, be pervertod to justify acts ii j' which are immoral in themselves, wbloh Iner- 111 Itably tend to results ugalnst the Interests and . ngalnst the welfare of mankind. One step be ll'' yond that which hor Majesty's Government ft lias taken In this contention, and plraoyflnda r. Its jurisdiction. Tho President does not con- 4 telvo It possible that her Wajesty's Govern ment could In fact be less Indlflvront to those evil results than Is the Gov ernment of tno United btato", but be bones that hor Majosty's Government will, after , tbls fiank expression of views, more readily i comprehend the position ol the Government of j the United Hiates touching this serious nues- , l, tlon. Tbls Government has boin ready to , K concede much in order to adjust ull differences i J of law. and has. In tho Juilituiont of the I'rBl- i tlent. already proposed a solution not only , f. oaoltublo. but geaerous. Thus far her Mnjes- ; j . tfn (Invernment has declined to accept tho ' ji , , proposal of tho United Btates. The 'resident . ,, now awaits with doep Interest, not unmixod ', With solicitude, any proposition for reasonablo . , i f adjustment which hor Majesty's Government j may submit. "The forcible roslstaaca to wbloh this Gov- I ernmeut Is constrained in the Jlehring Hea is. 'i In the I'resldent'B judgment, demanded not only by the necessity ol defending the trsdl- &1 lonc-ntibllxhid rUtiU ol the United j r '--H.p. , - m-'" "IW- r& .,il;f,inllTj, Btstes, but also tbe rights of good covornment and good motals tho world over. In this con tention the Government of tho Unliod Btates has no occasion and no dcslro to wlthdtaw or modify the positions which it has at any tlmo malntalnod against tho claims of tho Imperial Goiommontof Kussliu Tho United dtntoswlll not withhold from any nation tho privileges which It demanded for Itself vv lion Alaska was part of tho ltupslan omolre. Nor Is tho Gov ornment of the United Btates disposed to oxorclso In Hkso possosslonR any Iob power or authority than It was willing to con codo to tho Imperial Government of Itussla whon lis sovorolgnty extunuud over thoni. Tho l'rosldont Is porhUnilod thnt all frlondly na tions will coucoiln to tho L'nttod Slates tho same rlghtB nndprlvllegos on the lands and In tbe waters of Alaska vvblcb tho satno ftlctidly nations always concodod to tbo umplro of llussla." BlnJUMAN PAUNCEroTETO BErnnTAPY PLAtSE. Blr Julian l'nuncpfoto on Fob. 10 addressed Mr. lllalne n luttor Informing him that his Government wnn willing to adopt tlio sugges tion mndo in the course of their interviews. ill at tho trlpnrtlto noeotlatlou nuspeiided In .ondon In 1ks8 bo resumed In Washington. Two numbors In tho correspondence aro mndo up of a printed pnmphlot containing a large mnss of ottdenco given under oath by prolesslonal experts and olllcorsof the i nltod Btntes to demonstrate that tho killing of seals in tbo opon son tends cortalnly and rapidly to tho oxtornilnntlnn of tho spades . .This Is transmitted by Mr. lllalno to the Hrltl-h Min ister with npioHer of furthor ovldence. If It is On April 30 Rlr Julian l'aunce fote wroto Mr. JUnlne. in atiBWortolil-lnvltnilonforacountof proposal for a seitlenient. that, as tbo solo ob ject of tbo negotiations wnB the preservation of tho fur senl soet'los. rognrdloss of advan tages to any particular nation or private inior- pm. It would ue. siriuigo 11 iuuio hiioiiiu ui iv falluro to dovlso tho means of solving thu dilllcultles which bail arisen. In view of the divergent vlows hold, no solution would satisfy public opinion In Canada or Great llritaiu without n full Inquiry by u mlxod Commission ol experts. Moanwhllo, ho was propared to recommend to his Government certain provisional nnd precautionary moasurosto romovo npnroheu elon of tho depletion of tho fur soal spocies lending tbo report of tho Commission. Ho thon cites Mr. Tlnglo nud Mr. Klllntt ns au thorities to Bhow that tho vast number of seals wns on tho lncrono. nnd tl lion. Mr. Tuppor to show thnt the dotriictlon caused by polaglo sealing Is inslgnlllcant In comparison with that enitntHt hv thn nnntrnl nnemins of the senl. Ho argues furthor that tho destructive nature of tho modes of killing soal by spears and llronruiB has antmrontly been crontlvovnggor atod. a may be soon Imra n number of nflldavlts of practical beal hunters, which lit annexes, nnd fiom n paper upon the subject Pieimrod and uubllshod in San l'rancisco. and deslgtiod for tho Information of astorn Con-gro-snion. Tho Cnnndlnn Oovernmont ostl mnto tbo percontngo of ools wounded or killed andnotrecoveiodatslxpercent. Tbo Minis ter says: " Hut In ordor to ntilot all apprehension on that score. 1 would propose tho following pro visional regulations: "1. 'I hot pelaclc sealing should bo prohib ited In tbe Bohrlng Sea, tbo Boa of Ochotsk. and tho adjoining waters during tho months of Mny and June nnd during tho months of Gctobor. Novombor. and December whlcb mny bo termed tbe 'migration periods' of the fur seal. "'i. That all sonllng vessels should be pro hibited from approaching the brooding islands Within a radius of ten miles. " These regulations would put a stop to the two practices complained of as tending to ex terminate tbe Bpeclos; firstly, tho slaughter of femnlo seals with young during tho migration porlods, especially In tbo narrow passes of tlio Aleutian Islands: secondly, the destruc tion of femnle seals by marauderu surrepti tiously landing on the breeding Islands under oovor of the dense fogs whlcb almost contin uously prevail In that locality during tbo sum rnor. This regulation. If nccoptod by ber Maiosty's Government, would certainly mani fest a friendly doslro on their part to cooper ate with your Government nnd that of Hussla in tho protection of their rookenos and In the prevention of any violation of tho laws appli cable thereto. I have tho honor to en close tho draft of a preliminary convention which I havo prepared, providing for tbo appointment of a mixed Commission, who are to report on certain spccllled ouostlons within two rents. The draft embodies tho temporary regulations abovo described, together with other clausos whlcb appear to mo necessary to givo proper oiToet to them. Although I believe that it would be sufllclent during the 'migra tion periods' to prevent nil sealing within a specified distance from tbe passes of tho Aloutinn Islands, I havo, out of doference to your views and tbe wishes ol tbe Itusslnn Min ister, adopted the fishery linn descrltod In ar ticle 5, nnd which was suggested by ou at thu outset of our negotiations. The draft, of course.contomtilatostheconcluslon of a further convention, after full examination of tbe report of tho mixed Commission. It also makes provision for the ultlmnto settlement by arbitration of nny differences which tho re port of tbo Commission may still fall to adjust, whereby tbo Important element of finality is secured, and In ordor to give to the propo-ed arrangement tho vvldost International basis the draft provldos that the othor powers shall bo Invited to accede to it. "Tbe above proposals are. of course, sub mitted ad referendum, and It only now ro mnlns for mo to comraond thorn to your favor ablo consideration nnd to thnt of the Hub'-lan Minister. They havo been framed by mo In n I splrltof justice nnd conciliation, and with tho most earnest desire to terminate tho contro versy In a mnnnor honorablo to nil pnrtlob, und worthy of the three groat nations concerned." TUB MABQUIS Or SALIBDUBT BEI'LIES TO MB. MAINE. The Marquis of Salisbury, under date of May 22 last. In a letter to tho British Minister, after saying that tbe negotiations between Mr. lllalne nnd tbe Minister afford strong reason to hope that the question is in a fslr way to ward a satisfactory adjustment, undertakes to reply to Mr.Blalnes arguments. Relative totho statement that tbo Botzures wero justillod bv the fact that they were "engaged In a pursuit that Is In ltflolf contra bonni mures a pursuit wblch of necessity Involves a se rious nnd permanent injury to the rights of tho Government and people of tho United Btates," tho Marquis Bays: "It Is obvious that two questions are Involved; first, whether tbe pursuit and killing of lur seals in certain parts of tbo open seals, from the point of view of international morality, an olTence contra bonoi mores', and secondly, whether. If such be the case, this faot justifies the seizure on Uie high frees and subsequent confiscation In tlmo of poaco of tho private vessels of a friendly nation." Ho adds: "It is nn axiom of international maritime law that sucb action Is only admissible In tho case of piracy or In pursuance of special inter national agreement. This principle has been universally admitted by jurists, and was very distinctly laid dowu by Fresldont Trior In his special message to Congrei-a, dnted 27th Feb ruary, 1813, when, after acknowledging tho right to detain und search a vestel on sus picion of piracy, he goes on to say: ' With this single exception, no nation has. In tlmo of peace, any authority to dotaln the ships of an other upon tbo high boob, on nny pretext what ever, outsido tho territorial jurisdiction. Now the pursuit of seals In tho opon hea. under whatever clroumstances, hns Lover hitherto been considered ns piracy by nny civilized Btato. Nor. even If the United htntes bad gone so far ns to mane the killing of fur Beats piracy by their municipal law, would this have justi fied them In punishing oilences against such law committed by any persons other than tbolr own citizens outside tno territorial jurisdic tion of tho Unttod States. In tbe caso of tho slave trailo, a practlco which the civilized world has agreed to look upon with ubbor ronce, the right of nrrostlng the voBseis of an other country Is exercised only by special In ternational agreement, and no ono Govern ment has boen allowed that general control of morals In this respect wblch Mr. lllalno claims on behalf ol tho United btates in regaid to seal bunting " liut her Majesty s Government must ques tion whether this pursuit can itself bo re garded os roiifru onims more, unices nnd until forBpeelnl reasons it bus beon agreod by international urrani-'oment to forbid it. Fur seals aro indlspuinbly anlmala Jmr nntunr, and these have universally boon regardod by jurists as re mil'itm until they ore caughr. No person, therefore, can have pronorty lu thom until bo has nctually reduced them into possession by cupturo It ro. mires something moro than u mero docntatinn that the Gov ernment or citizens of the Unltod Mates, or even other, countrloa Interested In the seal trade, aro losers by a certain course of pro ceeding to render that cotirto nn immoral one. "Her .Majesty's Gnvernmont would deeply regiet that tbs pursuit of fur seals on tbe high Fens by Jlritlsh vessels should Involve even ill slightest Injury to tbo people of the United Btates. It tho caso he proved, thoy will be ready to cnnsldor what measures can be prop erly tnkon for the remedy of such injury, but they would bo unable on tbut ground to depart from n prlnclnlo on which free commerce on tbe high Bens depends." Itespoctlng Sir. Jllaine's stntemont of the ex clusive monopoly enjoyed by ltusla. the Mar quis quote from John (Julnoy Adams's lettor to the United Bintos Minister in IIusbIk (which nation In 12I prohibited all foreign vessels from approaching within 100 miles from the coast of Retiring Straits to the llfty-flrnt de gree north latittidol to tho elTeot that the United Btntes could admit no part of these claims. Ilonlso cites the chho of the United States brig Lsriot to show that tho right of llsblng thus asserted intludod the right of kill ing fur-benrlug animals. The brig was forced by an . armed Russian naval vossol to leave the water. He also argues from tho snoech of Mr. bumner, when Intro ducing the question of tbo purchase of Alaska to Congress, thnt It Is equally clear that tbo United States Government did not re sard themselves as purchasing a monopoly. Having dealt with fur-bearing animals, he went on to treat of fisheries, nnd, after refer ting to the presence of different spoclos of wlialos in tbe vicinity of tho Aleutians, said: Noses Is now tiKire raiiiua; all of theuo mny be pursued by a bhfp undei nny ling, except di rectly, on tbe coast or within Its territorial limit." The Marquis also says that Mr. lllalno mint havo boen misinformed respecting the unin terrupted possession of tne United Btates from , 1607 to 1880, and submits extracts fxoia reports i fa',.ji fluMiearw-s., rj4ti)ijiiutf iiiiii Van of Unltod Btates officers to show that during that time Hrltlslt vessels wero engaged at In tervals In tho fur-seal fisheries with tbe cog nizance of the United States Government. He says that the wlialors have not heretofore on snged In sonllng because of lack of time, and ndsltuniieio-,-nry todont with the nuoatinn of extinction of the seal through polaglo seal- i lug. as It Is proposed tooxnmlno tho subject by n committee appointed hy tho two Govern ments, lie admits that if nil such sonllng wns stopped tho seal would multiply nt un oven mure extraordinary into than nt present, but I cannot ndndt that this Is sulllclont ground to I justify tho I'liitod Stuios In forcibly depriving othor nations of nny sham In this Industry lu waters which, by the recognlzod law of na tions, aro now ftee to nil the world. Tho Mar- i fiulBsnyB. In conclusion- I "'iho negotiations now being carried on at Washington prove tho tendlness of ber Mnjea- I ty's Government to consider vvhoihor any spe- i elal International ngieumont s necessary for . tho protection of tho fur seal Industry. In Its ' nbsenro Hioy aro tinnblo to admit that tho caso put forwnrd on liehaif of tho Unlii'd States af- , fords any auillelent justification for thn forci ble action already taken by I bom ncalnst ' Poneeablo subjects of hor Majesty cngagod In i lawful operations on Iho high sens. 'Tbo I'ro- Ident.' snyH Sir. Illnlne. 'Ib persuaded that all . ' friendly nations will concede to tho Unltod I States tho i-nmo rights nnd privileges on thu l lands nnd In the wntern of Alaska which tho , eniiie friendly i atlons alwavri conceded to the Kmolro of itussla.' Hor Majesty's Government havo no difficulty in makingsuch aeoncosalon. In strict accord with the views which, previous totho piosont controversy, wero consistently nnd successful!) maintained bv tho Lulled Htntos. thoy havo, whenever ocenslon aioso. opposed all claims to oiuluslvo privileges In the non. territorial waters of Ilchrlng Bca. The rights thoy have demanded have beon tho'oof fiee navigation nnd fishing in waters which, previous to tholr own acquisition of Alaska, tho United Stntosdoclnrcd to bo froo and open to nil fotolcn vessels. That Is tho oxlont of tholr prosont contention, nnd thoy trust that, on consideration of tho arguments now pio-unted to thorn, tho United Btutcs will rocognlzo its jttstlco and modorallon." Till: liniTIHIt MINIHTKlt TO MP. 1ILAINE. Tbo next letter In the eorlos Is vory brief. It Is from tho lintlsh Mlnlstor to Mr. Illnlne, un der date of Mny '-'.'. nud in It the Minister says that, us the Secretary has conllrmod tho news paper htatementfl that revenuo cuttora have boon ordered to Hob ring Sea to solzo foreign seniors, ho Is Instructed to any thnt n formal pioiost against such Interfernnco with British vussols will bo forwardod without delay. BECKETAnY BLAINE'K IlrsrONHE. Secretary Illalno's response, throo days later, is oven mro bilof. being a simple acknowl edgment of tho roeolpt of thu lottor. l,ator, however, on the 2!lth. ho wroto Blr Julian that. In turn, ho is Inst meted by tho President to proto-t against the course of tho British Gov ernment In authorizing, encouraging, and pro tecting vessels which are not only Interfering with Amorlcnn rights In tho liehringboa. but which aro doing vlolenco as well to tho rights of tbo civilized world. "Tho President, bo says, "Is surnrisod that such protest should bo authorized by Lord Salisbury, especially bocnusc tho previous decimations of bis lord ship would seem to render It impos sible." Iho Secretary thon rapidly sketches the history or the nogotlitlons under tbe previous Administration, beginning Nov. l, lHbf. whon Lord Salisbury. In an cru cial intorvlew wilh United btntes Minister I'belps. ngrecd that regulations should be ndopted for the preservation of tho Beals, and Invited him to procure from bis Government such a systom of regulations. This was done, nnd Lord .Salisbury promlsod to cause an act of Parliament to be introduced to uivo tho regulations eiTect and to join the United Mates lu preventive measures by orders to naval vessels. Tbo Hussion Government desired to bavo this arrangement extendod to tbelr waters on the Gkhotsh Boa. and Lord Salisbury suggested that, besides the whole of IJebrlng bea, those portions of the Sea of Okhotsh nnd of the 1'aclllc Ocean north of north latitude 17 should bn Included. Mr. Ulnineadds: "nuwill observe, then, thnt from tho 11th of Novomber. I.i87. to the 23d of Apill, 18B8. Lord Salisbury bad In evory form of speech as sented to thu necessity of n clo-o season for tho protection of the bcals. Those n-surnnoos wore glvon to tho American Minister, to tho American Cbnrgi to the. Russian Ambassador. , nnd on moro man one occasion to two of them together. The United Btntos had no reason therefore to doubt that the wbolo dispute touching tho seal ilsborles was practfcnllv set tled. Indeed, to have distrusted it would have been to Question tho good faith of Lord Hulls bur.'. In diplomatic Intercourse betwoen Great Britain and the United btntos. bo it said to tho honor of both Governments, n verbal ns burnnce from n Mlnlstor hns alwuya been equal Xo his written pledgo." Continuing Socretnry Blaine says thnt five days after that assurance Lord Salisbury said that ncitiioi nn act of Parliament nor nn order In council could bo d raited "until Canada is heard from." Mr. Pholps in his despatch of bopu 12. reportod that "his lordship states that tbo Canadian Govornment objected to any such restrictions, and that until lis con Bent could be granted, her Majesty's Govern ment was not willing to entor Into the conven tion." Mr. Dlnlne adds " It Is thus finally acknowledged that the ne- Sotlatlon into which Lord Salisbury bad cor lally entered, and to which he had readily agreed, even himself suggesting some of its most valuable details, was entirely subor dinated to the judgment nnd deBiro of the Canadian Government. 'Ibis Government cannot but feel thnt Lord Salisbury would have dealt more frankly if. In the beginning, ho hnd informed Minister Phelps that no ar rangement could be mado unlo-s Canada roncurted in it, and thnt nil negotiation with tho litltlsh Government direct was buta loss of tlmo." Mr. limine next proceeds to treat of the proposition made by Mr Julian Pauncofote for a provl-Ionnl arrangement, and points out that the open season selected bv the latter would find tho islands most crowded wilh seals, es pecially females going forth for fond for tholr young, and that de.idly loss would follow. Tho respect which the sealing vessels would pay to tbe ten-mile limit would be tbe samo that wolves pay to n flock of sheep so placod that no shophord can guard thom. He Bays that tbo last proposition Is insignificant In contrast with that made by Lord Salisbury in 1888. Ho Bays: " The circumstances aro tho samo. tho condi tions are tho same, tho rights of tho Unl'ed Btnies are the samein both tears. TbopoBltlon of Knglnnd has changed, beeauso tbo wishes of Canada have demanded the change. Tbe result, then, with which tho Unltod Statos Is expect ed to be contont 1b that her rights within tbe Retiring Sea and on tbe Islands thereof aro not absolute, but are to be determined by one of her Majesty's provinces. The British Gov ernment would nssuredlr and rightfully com plain If an arrangement between her repre sentative and tbe representative of tho United Btatos should, w itbout notice, be broken off by tbo United States on thn ground thnt the State of California was not willing that It should be completod." Therefore, the Minister's proposition is re jected und negotiations are to be continued, but it Is stnted that owing to delays, for whlcb the United States Government Is not respon sible. It is too late to conclude such nego tiations In time to apply its result tho prosont season. Therefore. In conclusion, ho i imposes In behnlf of the President that her ilajesty's Govornment agree not to permit tbo vessels (which In his judgment do injury to tho property of the United States) to enter theHehrlngSea for this season. In order that time may be socured for negotiation that shall not be disturbed by untoward ovents or unduly Influenced by popular agitation. TI1K QUESTION Of AnniTRATION. On Juno 2 tho Secretary writes Blr Julian that the Piesident belleve that nn arbitration cannot bo concluded in tlmo for this season, and suggests that Lord Salisbury make for a slnglo season tho regulation which In 1H8S ho offered to make permanent, ns n step whlcb would certainty load to n friendly agreement. To this tho Minister replies on Juno.'l that further examination of tho question vvhloh has takon place lias B&tlsllod his lordship that such an oxtromo measure as that proposed in 1M18 goo far beyond tho ronulromentH of the ca-o. Ho adds tbut while willing to adopt pre servative measures thoro would bo no legal power to enforce tho ol-orvunee of such nu agreement on British vessols. Secretary Blaine, replying on June 4. says that the most "extreme measure" proposed cnino from I ord Salisbury himself, and thatho nbruptly closed the negotiations bocauso, In jus own purusf, tno luundlnu Government objected." Tho becrotnry next reminds the Minister that he (Secretary Blaine) bad hlmsolt proposed a shorter close Benson nnd mors re stricted area of protection. Referring to the Minister's quotation from Mr. '1 Ingle's renort, thoboi'retnry sara that he hopes he will not discredit his testimony, and proceeds to quoto the same gentleman to the elloct thnt pot moro than ono seal iu ten killed at son is landed on tbo bouts, nnd that to secure llo.cntO sealskins ono y-ar Uim.Oou Bonis wore killed, a rato of (daughter which would make It Impossible to take lOO.Oud skins on the soal Islands. He closes this lettor as follows: " The Piesldent does not conceal bis disap pointment that, even for tho eako of securing nn Impartial arbitration of the question at lssuo, hor Majosty's Government Is not willing to suspend, for n single season, the practlco which Lord Salisbury described In lBHifns ' tbe wanton destruction of a valuable industry,' nnd which this Govornment has uniformly regarded as an unprovoked Invasion of its es tablished right." Juno u blr Julian presents a copy of a tele gram from Lord Salisbury In which be regrets that the President should think bim wanting In conciliation, but that It Is beyond tbe power of his Government to exolude British or Caua dlau ships from any portion of tne high seas, evonforan hour, without legislative onaot rootit. He adds that ho does not think he could bavo used tho expressions attributed to him. In reply, on J uuo 11, Secretary Blaine says this Government would he satlsllod If Lord Salisbury would by proclamation simply re quest llritlsh vessels to abstain from erherinc Bohrlng boa for the present season, in order toglvufull tlmo for Imi'iutUI negotiation , blr Julian on June 11, vvriies Mr, Illnlne that he hns Informed Lord Salisbury that Secretary Blaine could not uho nn assurance that Brit ish sailing vessels would not be Interfered with during tbe negotiations, and expresses tbo hope that the decision Is not final, and that TfliUo time la rot tlmo tho commanders ol Ui United States revenue cruisers will be in structed to abstain. ENGLAND'S FORMAL PROTEST. On Juns 14. however, the Minister, with re gret, falling to secure a favorable response, presents tbe formal protest of the British Govornment, It reads as lollows: lltr RrlUnnle Msjeitr Oovtrnrnrnt btra teirn4 with Kret concern, from notices which DvBpteirtd In ttie preea. nd the if'tmal accuracr of which h ten oonOrmtil lt Mr. main t nuiiiienu to the tin dtrHsmd, that th Oortrnmfnl ot tin tnlttd Slttet have lamed Innmcllohi to their revenu eroteera about tobs 4isp4tcted: to Retiring; Hea, uoder witkh the vepeeie of itrliiih mihjerta win ntram be xpoeed. In Ihe pretention ' Uielr letltlmata Indnilr) en the titerri etna, fo unlawful interference at the bandiot Ameri can omcera. Her Hruaiinlc Maloty'e Onvernment are anilou" to ro,erateto the fullrat silent of ihelr cower with the unverutnent of the Lnltril states In tucTi measures a may bn found lo be expedient for the protection of the sral nihcrtts They are at tne present moment eiiirered lu examlnlnr In concert with the uovernment of the I nlied sutea the beet method rf arriving at nn arree ment a nn this point. Hut they cannot admit the rlaiit or the I tilted states of tlielr own sola moitou tore strict for this purpuie the freedom of navigation of lltnrlne Sea. which Ihe t'nlteil Mates hate them selte In former years convlncinciv and successfully vindicated, imr to enforce tlielr municipal It-maladon against Hrlllih veatels on the hlirii seas beyond the limiia of their territorial Jurisdiction. Her lirliainilc Majesty's (Internment aro therefore unahle to pass over without liMlce to pub lo announce ment of an Intention on the part of the Uf,t eminent of the United Males to renew the acts ol Interference with Urttlsli v ssscis n iv ustinv outiide the territorial waters of Hi- I'nltcd R'utts, uf which they had previously had to complain. Thn undrralffnrd le In conteinence Instructed for many to protest aeatnntsufh Interference, and to de clara that 1 er lirltannlc Majesty a iiovt-rnmeut must hold tin- (lovrrnment ol the lnnd stales responsible for the aonseriusiicea that may tnsue from acta which are contrary to the established principles of Interna tlonallas' The undersigned has the honor to rerew to Mr. Ptalne the assurances of his UIkUi it consideration June 14, ik .li'tu l'iuscsroTK. Tho Mlnlstor next, on Juno 27, replies to Becrotnry Illalno's prnnosl'ton. looking to n proclamation by her Majesty's Oovernmont that British vessels shall not ontor Ilchrlng boa tho coming soason. Tho Minister wiltes that Lord Salisbury savs that tbo President's request presents constitutional dtflloultfes which would preclude her Mnjosty's Govern ment from acceding to it. except as part of n genoral scheme for tbo soltloment of tho Bohrlng Soa controversy, and on certain con ditions whlcb would justify tbo assumption by hor Majesty's Govornment of tbe grave re sponsibility Involved In tbo proposal. Theso conditions are: 1 1 hat the two uoveruments agree forthwith to refer to arbitration the Question of the legality of the action of the tnlted States uovrmment in seizing or other wise Interfering with British vessels engaged In tha Behrlng sea, outside ot territorial waters during tbo years or 1-aJ. P-7. nnd lsstv V. That, pending the nward. all Interference with llritl-h seating vessels shall absolutely cease a That the United States llovernnif nt. If the award should be adverse to them on the question nt legal right, will coniptneaio Hrltlsh subjects for tha losses which they may sustain by reason of ihelr compliance with the Ifrltlah cruclamatlun. Such, says tbe Mlnlstor. are the throo condi tions on which It Is indispensable, in tha view or ber Majosty's Government, that tbe Issue of the proposed proclamation should bo based. LORD SALISBURY REPLIES TO Mil. BLaIXE. In tbo next communication, dated July 1, Lord Salisbury, referring to Mr Blaine's criti cism upon tbo abrupt close of the London no totlstions. quotes from a statement mado to ilm by United btates Minister Phelps as fol lows: " Under the peculiar political circumstances of America nt this moment," suld Mr, Phelps. wun a general election impending, it would be ot little use. and indood hardly practicable, to conduct any negotiation to Its lssuo before the election bad takon place" The same day the Minister presented a let ter, enclosing a despatch from Lord Salisbury, pointing out that there is some error In tho impressions tbo Secretary had gathered from tho records respecting tho communications with Mr. Barnrd. Lord Bailsbury denies that he proposed to lssuo tbo ordor tn council, and quotes from correspondence with American Charge. d'Aiialros White to show that there bad been no misunderstanding on tbo part of tbe latter upon that point. He al-o says that Mr. Blalno Is under a misconception In Imagining that he over gave any verbal assurance or promise with respect to the terms of tho pro posod contention, und ngnln he refers to tho record notes of tho conversations held betwoen himself, tbe Russian Minister, and tbe United Btates Lbargo d'AfTalrcs, He save that "at tblB niellminnrr discussion it was decldod provisionally, In order tn furnish a baBls lor negotiation, nnd without deQnltoly plodglngthe Governments," what the limits ot tho proposed protected watois and close sea son should bo. Ho cays that while the subse quent discussion was undeniably delayed in coutequonce of tho longth of time ocoupled by the nnadlan Govornment In collecting Infot mntlon from considerable distances, after that it was delated chleity in consequence of tbo political events tn the United Btates uncon nected with this question. Jin. BLAINE'S ANSWER TO LORD SALISBURY. On tbo Inst or June Secretary Blaine ad dressed to the Brltl-h Minister a very lone letter. In answer to Lord balli-bury's communi cation, in which the latter stated that Secre tary John Uuiucy Adams had protested against Russia's claim lo exclusive jurisdic tion oror Behrlng tea. Tho recreiarv says: "Tbo quotation wblch Lord Salisbury makes is unfortunately a most defective, erroneous, and misleading one, Tho conclusion is sepa rated from tbe premise, a comma 1-. turned Into a period, un ImiKirtunt qualification ns to time is entirely erased, without even a uggos tlon that it bad over formed part of the text, und out of eighty-four words, logically and In separably connected, thlrty-flvo are drooped from Mr. Adams's paragraph in Lord halls bury'a quotation. No oditlon of Mr. Adams's work gives autborlty for bis Lord6hlp's quota tion, whilo the nrchlYOB of this department plainly disclose Its many errors. 1 reuuoto Lord Salisbury s version or what Mr. Adams said, and in juxtaposition produt.0 Mr. Adams's full text, as ho wrote It: "L0BD SALISSCRT'S QUOTATION "ml T12T or MR. ADAHS'f TBOK MR. ADAMS. riHlGAirH. "The United States can ad "The United Mates can ad mit no part of these clalme mlt no part of these claims; their right ot navigation their right ot navigation and fishing is perfect, and andof dshlngls perfect, and has been In constant eier haa been In conecaut exer cise from the earliest times else from the earliest times, throughout the whole ex- nrur the ytau of i7fS, tent of the Southern Ocean, throughout tha whole ex subject only to the ordinary tent ot tbe Southern ocean, eiceptions and exclusions subject only to tbe ordluary of tbe territorial JurUJlo- eiceptions ami exclusions tlona. of tbe territorial Jurisdic tions, tcnliA, to far at Jtut. tlan r0'.if are concerned, are conjlittd to eerrain (st andi north of the fftvAfih degre of latllude, am Aarc no exutenct m the conllncut of America, " The words in Italics are those wblch nro left out of Mr. Adams's paragraph In the despatch of Lord Salisbury. They are pre cisely the words on which tbe Government of tbe United Btatos founds its argument in tbls case. Conclusions or Inferences resting unon tbo paragraph, with the material parts of Mr. Adams's toxt omitted, are. of course, value loss." Tbe Secretary tben proceeds to argue that Mr Adams's meaning was not. and, indeed, could not bo, what Lord Salisbury assumed, and, in pursuance of his purpose, finds It ne cossaryto review tbe history of the Alaskan fo-ers-don, beginning with the ukaso Issued in i0 by tbo Russian Emperor Paul, assorting exclusive authority over the BehringSea. He says that Mr. Adams's protest was Rgnlnst tbo larger claim of authority, viz., extending far-, tber south on the American coast to tho fllty flrst degree north latitude not against the old possessions but against tbe new pretensions of Itussla to territory claimed by tbo United States. Tho Becrotnry reviews tho negotiations end ing in tbo treaty of 1825, by which tho respec tive claims of tho United btates. Groat Britain, und Russia to territory in tbo Northwest wero adjusted, nnd by which Knglnnd, ns he says, consented to such total exclusion from the Bohrlng Sea as to forego following her own river (the Yukon) to Its mouth In that sea. Ho adds- " It shows a curious association of political events, that, In the Washington treaty of 1871, tho United Btates concedod to Great Britain the privllsgo of navigating tbe Yukon nnd its branch, tho I'orouplne, to tbo llebrlnglbeit, in exchange for oertuln privileges conceded to tho United Btates on tbo Bt. Lawrence. The request of Great Britain for tbo privilege of navigating on tho ltikonnnd Porcupine Is a suggestive confession that It was withheld from her by Itussla In tbe treaty of 1H25. with held because the rivers flowed to tbo Behrlng Boa." Continuing, tbe Socretnry says that during this entire negotiation tho terms of the ukase of 1KM, setting forth Russian jurisdiction in the Behrlng Sea, were untouched and unques tioned, bo tboso rights were therefore admit ted by all powers negotiating ns within the exercise of Russia's lawful autborlty then, and ware loft inviolate by Lnglnnd during all the aubseouent continuance of KusbIii's domain over Alaska. '1 he result of the pn.toet of Mr. Adams, followed by tbe cooperation of Great Britain, was to forco Russia back to fii.il), her Buiithern boundary; but there was no re nunciation whatever on the part nt Russia as to ibe Behrlng bea. to which the ukase es pecially and primarily applied. Both tbo United Btntes and Great Britain recog nized It, respected it, obeyed it. It did not, ns so many suppose, declare tbe Behrlng Bea to be mare Waimun. It did declare that the waters, to the extent of 10o miles from tho shores, were reserved for the subjocts of Russia. In 1643, in a commer cial treaty between Russia and Knglnnd, in a supplemental article the rights under tbe ukase were reserved. Again, In 186". In an other treaty, tbe Behrlng bea was held firmly In Its relations to the Russian American Com pany, Respecting the arreat ot tbe United Btates brig I.ariotby a Russian naval vessel. Secre tary Blaine says that she was not arrested In tbo Behrlng Sea at all, but mors than sixty miles south of Bltka. on tbe northwest coast, to wblch the treaty of lrJ'24'referred. " With all due respect to Lord Salisbury judgment," says Mr. Blaine, "tho caso of the Lariot sus tains tbe entire correctness nf the position of the United States In tbls contention." The sec retary adds' ' it only remains to say that whatever duty Great Britain owed to Alaska as a Russian province whatever she agreed to do or to re- iratn from doing touching Alaska nnd tbe lebrlng Bea. was not changed by tbe mere fact of tbs trsDefer ot sovereignty to tbt United fitatii, Xt vr u f xplfoJUr declared, in tbt ilxtb e "m -rTX,lrgriJ!-- ," I. -WJ'm WW.--W ' Pm So Hungry Say 8 Nearly Every Ono Aftor Taking A Few Dosos of Hood's SarsapariBia artlclo of tho treaty by which the territory was coded by Russia, that tho concession hereby made convoys all tbo. rigbtn, franchises, and prlvllegos now belonging to Itussla In the said territory or dominions and apnutionances thereto.' Neither tiy the treaty with Russia ot 1825. nor by Its renowal In 1813, nor by Its see ond renowal in lio'.l, did Great Britain gain nny right to take Benle In Bohrlng Son, In fact, thoBo treaties were a prohibition upon her which sho steadily rospoi tod bo long ns Alaska was n Rust-lnn provlnto. It Is for Great Britain now to show by what Jaw she gained rights In Hint Bn aftor tbo transfor of its sovereignty to the United States. "During all the time olnnslng betwoen tho treaty of 1H.5 and tho i osslon of Alaska to tba United btnles In lSiw Groat Britain never nl llrmod tho tight olbor subjects to capture fur sonl in the Behrlng sen; nnd ns n matter ot fact her subjocts did not during that long pe riod atiompt to catch Boals In tho Behrlng Boa. Lord hallsburr. in replying to my assertion thnt these lawloss Intrusions upon the fur seal fisheries bognn In 1RSG, declares thnt thoy had occurred before. Ho points out one at tempt In 1870. In which forty-sovon skins wore found on board an Intiudlng vessel; In 1S72 there wbb a rumor that expeditions were about to fit out In Austtalla and victoria for tbe pur pose ot taking soals In the Behrlng Bca: In 1874 eorno reports wero heard that vessols had on tored tho sen for that purpose: ono caso wns reported In lb"5 , two casos In 1881 : two also In 18A.5. "The coses, I may par, without Intending dlsrospoet to hie lordship, prove tho tntth of the stniemont whiih ho endeavors to contro vert, bocauso they form just a sufllclent num ber ot exceptions 'o ostnbltsh the faot that tho destructive Intrusion began In 18S6. But I re for to tbem now for tho purree of showing that bis lord-hip does not attompt toclto tbo Intrusion of a slnglo British sealer Into tho Bohrlng Sea until niter Alaska had been translorred lo tbo United States. I am justlflod. tborofore. In repenting, tho ques tions which I nddreieod to her Mnjo ty's Govornment on the S2d of last January, and which still remain unan swered, viz.: ' Whence did tho 'hipa of Canada derive tbo right to do in 188t! thnt which they had retrained from doing for nearly ninety years' Upon what grounds did her Majesty's Government defend in tho voar 1880 a course ot conduot In tbe Behnug Bea which hail been onrelully avoided ever since tbe discovery of that sea? By what reasoning did her Majesty's Govornment conclude that an net may be ecu rnltted with Impunity against the rights of the Uultcd btates which hod never beon attempted ncalnst tho same rights when hold by tho Rus sian empire.?'" MR. BLAINE'S LAST bllOT. The thirtieth and last lettor ot the mass ot correspondence, wbloh would if printed en tire, fill over twenty newspaper columns, was addressed by Mr. Blaine to Sir Julian Puume fote from Bar Harbor last Saturday. In it tho Beoretnry takes up the "errors' whlcb Lord Salisbury thinks ho has gathered from the records of his nfltce. Touching Lord balls bury't, denial that be ever gave an assurance with respect to tbe proposed convention, Mr. Blalno says that ho slm ply quoted the facts com' raunlcated by .Mlnlstor Phelps and our Cbargj d'Aiialros. Mr. While. He says that as Mr. Phelps has long been known in tbls country as nn able lawjer. accurate lu tho u-oof words nnd discriminating In tho statement of facie, tbo Government of tho United btatos neces sarily ropOi.es implicit confidence In theiiteral correctness ot the despatch quoted, On'Aprll lti n conference was linbl nt the Fnrelr-n OnieA respecting tho Behrlng Sea controversy. The Secretary savs: " This conference wns ronlly called at tbe re quest of Iho Russian Ambassador, who desired that Russian rights in tbe Behrlng bca should be as fullv recognized by England as Atnerlcnn rights had been recognized in thu verbal agree ment of Feb. 25 between Lord Salisbury and Mr. Phelps. Tho Russian Ambassador ro celveJ Irnra Lord Salisbury tho assuranco (valuable also to tbe United btntes) that the protected area for soal lifo should be extended southward to the 47th degree of north latitude, and also tho promise that he would have ' u draught convention prepared for submission to the Russian Ambassador and the Amorlcan Charge-. Lord Salisbury now contends that nil the proceedings at tho conference of April IS are to be regarded as only " provisional. In or uer to lurnlsb n basis for negotiation, and without definitively pledging our Government.' vv lnle tho understanding of this Government dlflers from thatmalnialnedbvl.ordballsbury. I am Instructed by tho Presldon; to say that tho I nlted btntes is willing to consldor all the I proceedings of April In. 18r8 cancelled, so lor an American rights may Le concerned. This Govornment will nsk tireut Britain to adhere only to the ucreomont mado botween Lord Salisbury and Mr. Pholps on the 25th or Febru ary. 18Ss. That was nn agreement mado di rectly between thn two Governments and did not lncludo tho tights of Russia. Asking Lord Salisbury to adhere to tbo agreement of Feb. 25. we leave tbo ngreement of April 16 to bo maintained, If maintained nt nil, by Russia, for whoso cause und for whose advantage It wns particularly designed." Mr. Blaine also refers to Lord Salisbury's statement that political events lu the United Btatos had caused an Interruption of negotia tions, and not a Canadian objection, and closes the voluminous correspondence ns follows: "I am justified In assuming that Lord Balls burr cannot recur to the remark of Mr. Phelps as one of the reasons lor breaking olT the nego tiation, because the negotiation was In actual progress for more than four months after the remark was mado, and Mr. Phelps himself took part In it. Upon tbls recital of facts I am unable to recnll or in any way to qualify the statement which I made In my note of June! to the effect that Lord bailsbury 'nb ruptly closed tho negotiations because tho Canadian Government obiectod, nnd that he assigned no other reason whatevor.' "Lord Salisbury exnrcssed tho belief that even If the view I havo taken of these transac tions be nccurate, they would not bear out the argument which I found upon them. Tbe argument to wnicn Loid Salisbury refers is. I presumo, the remonstrance whloU I made, br direction of the President, against the change of policy by hor Majesty's Government, with out notice and against the wish of tbe United States. Tbe interposition of tbe wishes of a British province agalnt the conclusion of a oonventlon between two nations which, ac cording to Mr. Phelps. ' had i-oen virtually agreed upon except as to details.' was, In the President's belief, a grave injiiBtlco to tho Gov ernment of the United States." COXSKCHCUT FIREWATIOU It Made One Man ao Crnxy that lie HUot Two ol Ilia .Velcbbora I or Jutobbere. Daniiurt, July 23. Last night Henry Eddy of 29 Delay street, while Buffering from nn at tack of delirium tremens, nearly murdered Alfred Mnldlo and l'rank Slocum. two of bis most Intimate friends and near neighbors. He has been on a protracted epreo for some time, and last night ho became possessed with tbe idea tbut sumo ono was trying to rob his bouse, For a long time he could not be pro- ( vailed upon to go homo, nnd when he at last consented to go home he nrmod himself with a double-barreled shot gun nud sat for two hours en his Iront piazza waiting for tbs rob bers to come. Maldle, who lives next door, Boeing hddy sitting there, went Into his yard to speak to bim. IMdy wurnod bim away, threatening to shoot bim. Mnldlo, thinking bo was fooling, continued to advance, whoreupon hddy raised tbe gun and again warnedlilm back. This tlmo Maibie turned to run. and hnd gone about 25 feat when Kddr fired, l'rank Slocum, a primer, who happened to bo passing, received a part of tho charge In his tide. A large crowd collected around the two men. who were lying on the grass Kddy stood on the ptepB.wulvIng his gnu about bis bend ai d delving tho robbers tn touohhlm. He was captured after a hard Mrugglo, and taken to the lockup, Thelojuied men were takon to tholr homes, and it 1b believed that thoy will recover. L'ddy was examined tbls morning as to his mental condition by Urs. stratton and Wile, who pronounced him vloleutly Insnne from the effects ot over Indulgence In liquor. He was taken to thelpobriata Asylum In Stam ford for treatment. Thinks) lie's tbe Cg.nr. rollceman Emltb of the Mercer street police sta tion arrested a crazy Italian In Blsecker street yester day who bad fantastically dressed his soft felt hat with plscssof cotton, black fur, and artificial Sowers. He si taken to the Jefferson Market Police Court, where be aald ho was the Ctar of Kuisla. Justice Gorman com. routed him for examination as to his sanity. While waiting In the pen until he could be removed to Belle vue be tummoQed the prisoners about bin as bis subjects. mains Vlslta thn IlavKlMore, BialliKsoa, He, July 23. l-ecreter) Ulaine madshls first visit to tha llalllmnre av .1 o'clock to-day, recelr Ing a salute nf seventeen guns. The hearsarge and Pol ptilu went outside today lor practlie with heavy guns. The ships will potstMy reroalu until usit week. Poisoned Uread Bating powder made of oxeilo acid. See American Analyii, out to day. Ail newsdealers and at omce, IB Far place. .ado. When bsatad bathe wilh road's Extract dilated, with Wettr, etttstfOaiaflamTljmeUeaV-e'e. eweieui'-ejim-Hit'w ygmVfz;yr ii)tii.tlb.i TUB rXFXI-FJBST COXOttBSB. air. Edmnstda Scolds Nenntors for I.Tle the (Senate Without s quorum, TTAsniNOTON, July 23. Tbo 6enate met nt 11 A. M.. and resumed tho consideration of the Indian Appropriation bill. The discussion was temporarily suspended, nnd Mr, Morgan (Bern., Ala.), from the Committee on Foreign Rela tions, reported a nubstltuto for a resolution heretofore offorod br Mr. I'nsco. The substi tute was read and agreed to, as follows: tttidtvd. That the rresldent be. and hereby Is respect fully requested (It not incompaipjle with the public In terest) tn eomtnunlcais to the Senate any Information In his possession touching tha alleged arreat and tm prlsonment ot A. i. Plat by the authorities of Cuba, and what action, If any, had been taken In reipeot thereto. Several amendments wsro mado to tho In dian Appropriation bill. One amendment, in serting anitemof 110,000 for tho prosecution ota suit by the United Btntes, as trustee and guardian of tho Cherokee Indians residing in North Carolina, ngnlnst William H. Thomas and othoi to settle and enforce certain rights to those Indians, gave rise to a long discus sion. A vote of yeas nnd nays resulted : YeaB. 18: nays. 20-lesa than a quorum. Tho roll was catlod and only 42 benntors answered to tholr nnmes. A motion made by Mr. KdmundB (Bop., StA directing tho Surgoaut-nt-Arms to request the attendance of absent members, was ag eed to ions, 24: Purs, lSatjund tho nnmes ot the ntisenteus wero furnished to tho Sorgonnt-ut-Arms. Pending tho execution of tho order Mr. Gorman (Llem . Md.) moved to adiourn, but that motion was deloatod 11 10 27. Mr, Gorman said that ho made tbo motion to adjourn supposing that that was In acenrd with tho wish of tho gentleman In charge of the bill. It was now t o'clock, nud benntors bad boon In tbe chamber since 11 In tho morn ing. He had no Idoa that tho motion would bo made n party matter. Mr. Edmunds said that tbo Sonata hnd some Important business to transnet relating to tbe interests ot evory farmer, evory manufacturer, ovory tradesman, overy Importer, and every laborer in tbe United Btatos. That bill had beon on tho calondar for a month or more, and tho ond of tho last Ureal joar had boon puesed with soveral appropriation bills biIII tindls POBodof. If the Sonnte could not get on with Its business, and ooutd not get a quotum to at tend to It. bo wlsboil that fact to be under stood, so that the rest ot tho Benntors might go home. Mr. Cockrell IDom.. Mo.l said that ho had boen In tho chamber slnco 11 o'clock, nntl bad regretted all tbe day tbo absenco of tbo distin guished Bonntor from Vermont. It wns pain ful to him tba' tbo Senator bad not beon pres ent to assist In tho di-cuBSionot the Indian Appropriation bill and In tbo transaction of business, but now that Senator cumo in fresh from his slumbers and test, bo would compel the rest of the Senators to stay all night Mr. Udmunds sn.d that tbe application of Mr. Coekrell's remarks to him was quits un just. He bad boou at tho Capitol slnco 10 o'clock this morning attending to business In his committee room, and coming Into the Son nte chamber to vote whenovern voto was being taken. Mr. Teller (Rep.. CoUexpressod tbe optnion that it was unwlso for the Senato to remain in session aftor 0 o'clock, ond said tbat bo went home to dinner dally at that hour. Ho moved that the Sonaio do now adjourn. The presiding officer (Mr. Ingalls) declined to entertain the motion on the ground that no business had transpired since tbo Senate bad refused to adjourn. He also declined to enter tain an appeal for tbat ruling on tbe ground that there was no quorum present, J inally he did consent to recogulze a motion ordering tbe Borgoant-nt-Arms to compel the attendance of absent Senntots and ns tbe maklug of tbat motion conBtittnod "business." a motion to adjourn was made, entertained, and ngrcod to. Xlonee of HepreentatWee. In the House Mr. Lncey (Rep., Iowa) sub mitted the report ot the Committee on Elec tions In the West Virginia contested election case ol MeGtnnls against Alderson. Tbe re port, which finds in fnvor of the Republican contestant, was ordered printed and laid over. Discussion of tbe Bankruptcy bill was tben resumed, und continued untill adjournment. ziriz irAsmxdiUX xovics. Things of Intercut Ifnopeiilnc In and Ont ol ihe Ilnlls ol Congress, Washington. July 23. Unofficial statements now being given out at the White House pur port to give the actual facts regarding the ownership of tho I'residontal cottage at Cape Mnyrolnt. Areportorof thoja-niin? i'far bas been making inquiries among those persons who are in the way of knowing all about W bite House transactions, and tho result of the in vestigation Is published to-day. and It gives, unintentionally, the most amusing account yet printed of how the cottage was presented to the President ond altorwurd rejectod. Despite ' the fact that Mrs. Hart Ison baa Bent out from j ber summer home a denial that the price paid by the President for the cottngo in 110,000, tho statement Is repeated. Tho Star then says: " The real truth of tho transaction, na the reporter was reliably Infoimed. Is just this: When tbe Philadelphia gentlemen representing the donors of tho cottage Mr. McKennnnd Mr. Wanamaker callod at tho Whlto House with the key of the cottage nnd the doeds. the Presi dent was at luncb. entirely unconscious nt any Intention on tbe part of his Irlonds to give bim anything. He was called Into tbo red parlor, where be found tbo two gentlemen explaining tbe plans of tho cottngo to Mrs. Harrison. In a low words Mr. MoKean told the President of tbe gift nnd banded the key tohlswifo. It ' was a trying moment Confronted by such i generosity and taken unawares, some moo J light have Inst presence or mind, but the ' 'resident kept cool, and, after expressing his warmest thanks to the gentlemen for the gift nnd for tbelr kind desires, be eaid tbat he and his family would very gladly occupy tho cottngo. but upon terms tbat should be de termined upon later. Thus did he give his ac ceptance ot the present a condition of future reimbursement even before the fact of the gift ' bad become known at all. It wbb upon these terms that Mrs. Harrison and tbo family first i went down to Capo May. boon nfter tbelr ar rival, with his original decision firm in bis mlml. tbe rresldent set on foot n quiet investi gation, that brought tn bim accurate Informa tion as to tbe amount of mnnev thnt bml boen expended In tbe Investment and as , soon as be was sure of the sum he drew a check for $10,000 and forwarded it to Mr. McKean. with the request tbat by Its means tbe original purchasers should bo reimbursed for their outlay. Thus he became actual owner uf the property. This was not done, in consequence ot tho criticisms that followed the publio nnnouncemont of the presentation, tor tho President gave notice of his Intention even leforo a ine had beon printed about tbe mat ter. Ho simply followed, as one of the President's Irlends said to-day, an Inviolable custom of his, a custom thut be has adhered to for yonrs, both before aud since his elec tion, not to accept presents of value from his friends, a custom that hns beon Inspired by the feeling of honor, and pride which any gen tlomsn has vvlu'So p'tiisu Is quite amply sufll clent to meet his needs nud wants." Acting Superintendent of Foreign Mall Ser vice Brooks said to-day, in relation to tbe al leged threat made by tho authorities of Now j Zealand and New Bouth Wales to withdraw I from the ocean mail eorvico botween Australia nnd thn United Htntos unless Congroi'H con tributed a subhtantial steamship subsidy, that tint Post Olllce Department was powerless In the premise-!. Ho expected that the threat wan i not nn Idle one, and unless Congrn-s passod the bhlpplng bills ninll service betweon those points nnd ibe United Btntes would bo per manently discontinued. Representative lnr miliar, wbo ban charge of tho shipping bills In Ihe Houso, said this altero'ion that be recently receiiod a cablograui from Melbourno an nouncing thnt the BUbsldlos wero ubout to bo withdrawn. " New South Wales hns already discontinued her moll son Ice." said Major Farquhnr, " and New Zealand will follow In Novombor next. Under Ihe old contract tbe United States hns made money, how much I ennnot stato, but certainly n good round sum, As to the fato of the Shipping bills in the House, that Is a sub ject upon whloh no conservative man can at this date safely prophesy." Tbe House Committee on Appropriations agreed to the Senate umondmants to tbo Sun dtr Civil Appropriation bill Increasing tbo salary of Justices of the Supreme Court of New Mexico, and that Increasing the appro, prlatlon for artificial limbs, und decided to lormniir non-concur In the othor". A moBt decided opposition was shonn to the Senate amendment relative to tha Irrigation survey, and tbe probabilities are that unless the Sen ate recedes and agrees to mnterlally tnodlly itaactlou, a determined and prolnngod strug gle between the two Houses over this amend ment will result It was tho opinion of the oommlttOH thnt tbe efTeot ot tho Senate amend ment would be to throw vast tracts of lnnd and tbe sites for reservoirs Into tbo hands of a comparatively few persons and syndicates. Representative Savers of Texas, a member ol the sub-commltteo which framed the bill, while stating that be wns not nuthorlred to speak for tho committee, explained Ills position, which he thought wav that ot the committee, as fnl lows " I bollove that Hie lands known ns tho arid region, amounting to botween 700.000.000 nnd Looo.u00.uti0 acres, should be subject toeottle. rnent only under the Homesteud act, aud that tho Timber Culture, and Desert Land laws should not apply to them. Tbls would reserve all of that Immenie domain to aatual settlers, nod would, la a largo degree, proyent their e maBammmmmmg2ummmasa ..Taj flow, Cnrrtarjtu, r. F1LANDRAU & CO. 878.074,070 BHOOUK HT, Spring and Summer Carriages or THE llEST CI.AHH. VlttorlnR. JViiBOBftteP, Mbro1eM.fl, Depot Wngnn, Tun Wheeler. n renin IlnrLuwnr&a Mull lMnteloDt, Tic Ton lubrloloti, r.ndsii ettet, IIom n On, OinnlhiiiifteN, IConri Wit icon m. O.l'MPa. Itocknwnya, Top Phnrinn, Conn Ilnfkktwii', 1. adieu rhnctons, Mulder tM.netOft Ititokhourctft, Tr.nVlt VIllRRe. it,rt let n it n ii Tl n n ii tin ii t Funcjr TriipH llerby Phuetona, llnctor UnROntt Ntirr-y, Ilnclnt-ft' XlrouKbrtrai Children' Trupi, F.ucy niickbontdn. Hum; on Phnetoa. SECOND-HAND Wmrfinn rhatnn. BatkbAardt. ltoeV.iwem SnrriT, KAncyTranOictorlat. LanJaulittPi. WiTfiiittm.Crt, Io h Dor, VlltAfffi Caru, Htanhop ie bun hop 'hi hour. Depot W annua. Dotori' rr,a'o.iv tt Top Cabriolet-., Kunaboma, Canopy Victoria Puaetona. tSPBOIALi nAROAINR IS TWII AND THIlhR RAT PR-l WAGONS. Passenger Wagons, seating eleven r-erstus; open hurreya In oak and natural wood extension tea Burreva t abrlntets. Laillss' Park Fliastons, aisnliuek, boards. Haggles. Tony and Road Carts tlnrit selection of lieanro Trara. licit goods, lowest prices Bay from the builders, MACI.Nli WAGON AXIS -A Ttltl.VOl; CO., 77-HI WooitersL, New York, A' TuriTfnn7!TATi.'' WAnoN""AM) cakriaob ro.'s. m av., 'Wim:r siitii bt, rnv AM, KINDS OF PHI.IVKRV, r.UtlCKR-i IUKKRH'. PfTrllRRH'. Ml'MIRV, Milk. t'ni'hNTBRS' ANti KXntK.NS WAOOA8 OV II AND AMI MADK TMOHPKR, I'fiTIMATKH Kl'ltMSIIGIl AI.SD CVRltl M1PR IUK .THrt. AM) IILA.NKKTs CIIFAIM'.ST HOUSE IN THU C1TV, EASV 1'AVUE.VTS. Allk.STS WANTKU JCwLa Largest stnek In t s of Delivery Wagons for Pry floods Laundry, llottlers Grocers Carpenters, rluiv tiers. ConfeLtlonera, and all other business: best goals. our own make of bast material, finest finish, reasons' ble terms. Buy from the builder RACf.VE WAOON AU CaRRUflK CO, 151-153 South 3th av. New York. BPNIXKNH WAOONH.-Onr handmade wagons are acknowledged tho best fur New Vork cltv streets, and are cheapest to buy. We carry la stock vt wagons to snlt all purposes. Call before purchasing elsewhere M'.lV YORK WAGON CO &5-a37 U udson st, corner Hank. Special. Jnst receive, t. two carloads of our Light Delivery Wagons for ronntry oae. with or without tops. ItACI.NE WAOON CU, 151 South Sth av- N. Y. TJNIXI:nK WAKONK.-ira NKw7-n8KOU OMMIANO DELIVERY WvOONS: ALL STYLKSl M'LLY VVARKANTI.il RPV or MAM'FACTL'RCBl SAVE MONEY WADONS TAKEN IN KXOIASOK. llUDHOX WAOON O., Ml HUDSON ST. HORSES AND TRUCKS for sale. TRUCKVtA. stablsT ,IK) Kent av.. near Flashing av., Brooklyn. WANTED-Good three-quarter second-hand trockt must be lu good order Address n . box ITS, Snn offloe. itliun crailfmifji. EQUESTRIAN OUTFITSi Illustrated aTaTornee tree WHITMAN HADDLE i;). I IS Chambers St ownership by syndicates and corporations. As to tbe reservoir And canal sites which the tjennto nmondmont would throw open to the) publio, I believe thoy should be Incnted and held In reserve by tbe general Government, nnd not be subjeot to location under anr law whntsver. Tbe sites should be conveyed to the 8tnto3 and Territories tn bo bold bv them on tbo condition tbat tbev should not ho alienated bv tho Htatos under any circumstances or for any length of time. In tbut country tbs pos session of tho reservoir and canal Bites would prnctlcnlly carry with It tho control and ovvn- etshlp of all nf the domain, und it Is of the bichest importance that these sites should not be permitted to tall into the hands of either In dividuals, syndicates, or corporations, but should bo held br the States for tho common uood." A month ago Representative Connell of Ne braska Introduced a bill " To prov Ide pensions for freodmon and so forth." lie marked tha bill as Introduced by request, nnd It wns (ten. orally reenrdod as a joko. The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom tbe mens uie was referred, are very much afraid1 that tho thine Is loaded, and to-day it was Klven to Itni resentative Iielknop, wbo was In structed to make a report utmn It. Tbe lie publicans fmr that tbe Democrats mliibt charge that t bill bad beon suppressed, and thereby Urn Republicans had shown the hollownecn of their protences to bo the friends of tbo colored people. On tho other band, tbe Liemocrats look on tho bill as n piece of Itepubllcan demacoglsm. and charue Mr. Connell with hnvlnsr intro duced it to bolsier the declining attach ment of the uecroes of the touth to tlio republican pnrtv. At any rato. Mr. Belknap bas taken up the matter with due sortousnesa. He finds that probably i 4u per cent, of the f.iur millions of slaves 11b 1 e ruled have died, leavinK 2.bl0OiK) to bo pen i sioned. Of these In per cent, are over Til years , of aue. nnd, therefore, uro entitled under tho bill to JHUOju.ooo. Thirty per cent, aro tinder (ill yearn, and would diaw i 252,00(i.nii0. Thirty per ennt. are under 50 years and would be entitlod to JSi.OOOOOO. Theeo nre th lump suniH to be raid bv way ot nrrear. Then for icjrular pensions there aro four clnssos who would drnw HUiiunllv $2"I0. 32t'.O.X. Tho total evpendltures called lor br tho hill duridK the first year would bo $776. 32U.000. Senator Evnrts will to-morrow Introduce a bill In the rienato to Rive relief to Dr. Mary K. Walker, who was an actinc assistant sureeon Murine tho late war. i'or several months Dr. alkor has been confined to her bouse by rea son ol n broken lo?. and In now not only jufTer intc Intense pain, but also is deprived of many actual nece-.slilfx. Her some s during; the wnr were of the iiichet chnrai-ter. Tho meas ure to be introduced is similar to tbe on which has mot with the approbation uf four successive committeos of tlio Houee. It bos, however, always failed in thetjenato. The President hns commuted to four months actual Imprisonment tbo tentence impnaed In the case of James E. Lankf rd convicted la Indiana nf violating the postal laws. Ho has nlso commuted to eighteen months' actual im priniinment the three year' sentence Imposed In tho caso of OeorcH W. Tnvlor. alias tleorno Carter, convicted In the District of Columbia of biKamy. Ilodeulod the application of pardon In tho eno of W. W. Wvman. convicted in ' all forntnof sendlDn; obscene mattor through tbs malls, Trof. Solor, the new Assistant RecrotRry of tho Navy, rorinnlly n-sumod thnt office this mornlnc. the 1'ro-ldent having "Icnod bis c nn mif.inn immediately u.ion his leturn from Cape May yesterday afternoon. Tbs I'rosldent sent tbe following nomina tions to tho benato to-dny: To be Envois Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipo tentiary or tha United Mali-s, pursuant to act (t Con gress approved July Is. li.it.) Thomas 11 Anderson of Ohio (no vitnister Resident ati.1 Consu General at Ls I'iii to Hollvla ("lark E arr or Illinois (now Minister Resident and t'oniul General at Coptibiti) to Den mark Jolm 1). Washbgrn or MassAcbusstts (now Minis ter Resident and Cousut-uetieral at Bernel to Swltrsr land John I- Mevensof Maine (now Minister Resident of llonoln u to the llawnfiau Islands Geurtfo Maoeyof Tennessee now Minister Resident at MonteTideoj to Paraguay aud Uruguay The House Committee on tho Merchant Ma rino to-dny disi'tiBscd soveral proposed amend ments to tbe Senate. Subsidy bill. Tbo senti ment of the commltteo was in favor of It. and thero was a practical acroemont to recommend nu amtindmontBtrlklngout tbe tonnage limita tion oIhui-o ot the bill and making Its provisions nppllenole to nil vessels engnged In the foreign carrying trade, without regard to tonnage. Superintendent Torter of tbo Census Bureau to-tiny announced thnt. except ns to theso who have already been decided upon, no furlhernp pulntinunls to iho clerical forte of the bureau will bo made. '1 his forct which now numbers 1,(113. togethor with such additions ns bavo al ready beon Hplocted. will bo os large as Is thought expo Kent lo irnko It, and therefore no applications for places will horeaftur be re ceived. Col, TIchenor relinquished his position of Asulslant Hecretnry of tho Tronsurr this morn ing nntl ijuiitlflod n a member of tho Board of ( UBtom Appraisers. Appraiser t'haipe of Now lork nlso tinli!led this morning. Afsistnnt fieorotiulen Spalding and Nettleton reieived tholr commissions from the l'resldent Inst evening nud entered upon tho diecharcoot their duties thlx morning. Ashlstant Hocretnrr llnieheller left Washington this morning on his vacation, jmrt ot which will be spent ut Vlook Island. Committee work about the Senate wine of the L'apnol Is nearly at n standstill Of tha four committees whoso regular meeting dar Is Wednesday, ono was not called to-day; another failed to becum aniiorum. and the re maining two aicompllHbocI nothing, It hat been n dlfl cult matter lo ol tain u committee quorum since tbe heated term set In, nnd sliuokt as diilloult to Induco thutiiuorum.whe obtuluod, to act. Nattlsuetl nankins; on a Orsls Dsale, Wasuinotow, July 23,-Senotor Can, br re quest, to-day Introduced a bill to amend tbe laws rotating to national banks so as to afford relief to farmers. It provldos that when In any Btato, or In any two or rooie counties, the farmers or other owners of products which are not pnrl'linblii shall emnhllHh awurohoiise i nud depo-lt in It farm products, the cab valna Ii of which shall not be Ioh than JlW.liOO. Iho 11 ownerB of the product mny under certain con ditions apply tor und receive a national bank charter, with tho usual rights and privileges npperialnlnij; thereto. Theso banks shall bars the right to discount notes of owners of farm products In warehouse, and may lo Issue 9VMrtM!vjfl JIM tt5jv2rtJvlagsjjBrir,