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bbH tr& VI f 6 ' TilE SUN THURSDAY, JUL.? m, 181)0. H i' THUBaDAYJULY 8. 1808. Leaden Officei of Til R SUN f sao West fctrand . . JJB H t lllMnmpiilllcHaoallMftilrtHi4 te FRANK H 3 H, WLlIB. 4W atrend. Loudon. W. U H H Xho Democratic Touchstone. IB 1 I "Ib thero," aaka Gon. Benjamin F. But- aH M1li " ,n h,B ,ottr t0 Gon' im Wl,EEI'r-B aaaaf rt f ." about tho Federal Elections bill, " any rulo 'i J of eonetruotlon of a Btntuto or constltutlott- J al provision which allows It to bo detcr- I mined In Its scope by endoavorlnjr to ascer- I tain, aliunde, what the legislators meant tho j statute Bhould cover, or what uxleonctea I should call It Into notion ? Where tho lan- I tiiMt of tho Btatuto la plain, distinct, and I Imperatlvo, I know of no such rulo, and In 'I your vory exhaustive examination you -I Quote no such canon pf Interpretation." I Yea, Oen. BtrjxEii, there Is such a canon I of Interpretation, and we bog leavo to ex- b ' I htbit tt for your boneUt It Is called tho B if I Jeflsrc-onian touchstona. As a fundamental H I rule for the Interpretation of the Constitu- B 1 1 tlon It was thus formulated by Tnoius BB j Jsptebsom himself : BB .jl I "On terry cuetun o eoMtruoilen, carry eurieiwi back BB Iff ! to iM Km wten (As axulUulloii nag ainpui. reetlUel the HH j tptrtl mtnyuut In IAS detain; and Instead or !ryn BB W j'i ttAal nutntnf cs M utuutd out 0 IA tl or Invented I It 1 ssalnjl II, eonem the yrobaels ens inuiilcau teas I psK4." j Here la the safe principle of construction 1 1 for the guidance of Gon. Bdtleii and of nil other Democrats. Here Is tho rule of Intcr- I j preUtlon for which our distinguished frleud I Is Inquiring. J Applied to tho passage In tho Constitution J which provides that " the Congress may at I any time by law ranko or alter " tho Stato I regulations as to the times, places, and man- l ner of holding tho Congress oloctlons. tho I Jeffersonlan touohstone ehowa that the oon- l etltutlonal right of Congress to take chorgo J of the Federal elootlona Is to bo exerolsod I only In a coitaln exigency which has not oc- curred, namely, In the words of Jambs Mad- I laoM. a failure ornogloct " on tho port of the 8 ' I Btato JJeglslaturos to consult tho common H I I Interest at the expenso of their looal con- BE ; j! j venleqcea or prejudices," BE I) I That thla Is the spirit, and that this was H ' I & the original Intent of tho constitutional pre- Bf ! jj I vision In question, Oen. Butlko seems to H ; I I haro no doubt. Eis mind Is clear on that Bj I 1 point " As to the construction of tho art!- BJ j I B cle In tho Constitution put upon It by its H 8 I frnmors," ho eays In his letter to Oon. H j I WirEKMUi, "your numerous quotations from BB I ffl contemporary opinions seom to mo con- Bf 1 y eluslvely to establish the fact that but a BJ 1 jfl Single exigency was Intended to bo pre- H ' HJ vldod for by tho enactment, and that was B j ffl when the State should refuso or negloct to H :' ffl provide for tho election of members of the BJ r m United States Leglslaturo." j (Jl Uupplled now with the Jeffersonlan touoh- H ffl stone, our distinguished and patriotic friend BJ l! has only to teat Section 1 of Artlclo I. In BJ llu order to p reel vo clearly that tho Lodge bill BJ I is as oontrary to the purpose of tho Const!- BJ M tutlon as It la hostile to the principled of BJ j Amorlcan liberty and the Individual rights BJ 118 of American citizens. ill Questions In Dispute Between France Ijj und England. j It has been officially affirmed by M. Bisot I) tn the Chamber of Deputies that the Frenoh ! protest against the establishment of a Brlt- ffi lsh proteotorate over Zanzibar has led to a if discussion of all the matters In controversy ' between Franco and England with a view to III a general and definite settlement. He must Hi be a sanguine diplomatist who hopes for a l solution of tho complicated questions pend- I'll log between the two oounti les which shall Ijjjl be entirely satisfactory to France, but the HI pressure brought upon Great Britain by the I'! agitation in Newfoundland may Induce Lord l BiLisBunT to moke some concesslous which he would otherwise refuse. ifj There Is, it (swell known, a treaty in ex- , j Istenoe whereby England and France mu- I tually covenant that the Independence of i the Bult&n of Zanzibar shall remain unlra- ; 1 ij paired. Thla covenant has been broken by tho Anglo-Qerman partition treaty, whloh places 'il j Zanzibar under British protection. Thero ii are two ways In which Franco might, If ehe i deemed It prudent, retaliate in kind, Bho 1 It njlflht abrogate certain Auglo-French en- 1 ijj (rageraonts, which are understood kto havo l been mode (or the purpose of assuring to IH British subjects Important rights In Mnda- 1 gaacar. notwithstanding the establish- I j ment of a French proteotorato ovor that Island. Or, as tho protector of tjjj the Tunisian Ilegeney, she might rofuso I hi to consider as any longer binding tho SI IJ treaty formerly made botwoen Englnnd and I 'I the Boy, In vlrtuo of which British subjects J pi enjoy all the rights possessed by tho most 'tin favored nation. The effect of this lncon- venlont arrangement is that, although Tunis . j la now looked upon by Franco as a part of J ll her own territory, British goods may enter PJjJ It without paying nny heavier duties thnn Hi are exacted of Frenoh products. This Is, in Ml substance, as if wo had to refrain from lm- i posing any duties on British goods Imported ' ijjll- lata California, unless tho samo duties were levied on similar goods brought from the 1 1 other States. ; 1 By abolishing the privileges now enjoyod I . by Englishmen In Tunis and Madagascar lljl the French repuullo might adequately In- v ll demnlfy itself, It the rupture of tho treaty !J! guaranteeing the self-government of Zanzl- jj! bar were the only grievance of which It j!jj complains. But tho Fronah Ministers also HI maintain that the retentlou of an English ' jj army In Egypt is a flagrant violation of , 3 promises repeatedly made by the British jl Foreign Oflloe, and of an International un- ': II deratandlng. They Insist that Lord Halis- ' I Jl buby. should cither commit the defence of 1 III the Nile valley to Us suzerain, tho Sultan, Sjl or revert to the former system under which y French and English Commlsbloneis exor- j clsed a Joint control over the Khedive's In- a y come and expondlturo, Thon, again, tho ' U Frenoh Foreign Ofllco contends that, as a ; jpl matter of International comity, England y and Germany should not arrogate the , ' right of dividing an lmmenso tract y, In East Africa without ouncodlng to fjjj a great maritime power like France a ' llj territorial equivalent In eomo other part of j ' j the Dark Continent Tho particular Boctlon ' HI or Africa to which M. ItinoT desires that 1 HI England should recognize the exclusive , i claim of France la the Algerian and Tunisian HI llinttrland, that Is to say, the vast region jlj south of the Algerian and Tunisian Sahara, ju extending between the upper Niger and Lake g ' Tebad and Including them. There la still an- i other point as to which France would like I HI an explicit understanding with England, If 'i not a reference of the matter to a European cjl conference. It Is suspected that the trans- J jij fer of the Congo Free State under the guise 'III of a mortgage from King Leopold II. to 'j5 Btlglum Is preliminary to a transfer of this iMjfj huge domain to Germany. France naturally .ijj wishes to obtain a guarantee against such a -' jUja trantfsr, or the promise of ten I to rial com- s . peoaatlon In some other quarter. 1 1 It la probable that but for the Newfound- I y j Uad controversy Lord WAUflUDCx nouJd have refused to satisfy any of the French ilnlms abovo enumerated. Nor Isltlikoly, notwithstanding tho heat evinced of late In tho Fronch Chamber, that M. IUnoT would venturo to retaliate for tho Zanzibar affair by suspending tho treaty rlghte of British subjects In Tuuls and Zanzibar, slncosuchnn not on his part might provoke a war which. In view of tho European situation, Franco could not undortako without glaring 1m- prudenoe. But tho wrath of tho Newfound landersattho construction put by tho French upon tho fishing rights assured to them by thotroatyof Utrecht and Bubsoqucnt con ventions H too widespread and violent to bo disregarded by tho British Government. Somothlng, obviously, must bo done to put a step to tho Newfoundland troublo, and to this end It was suggested, be fore tho publication of the Anglo-Gorman partition treaty, by a Loudon nowspapor Bupposod to roprosont Lord Salisbury, that tho West Indian Island of Dominica might bo ceded to France In return for surrender of her fishing rights. If tho Newfoundland quostlon stood alone, It Is possible that such a settlement might havo boen effected. But tho Fronch Foreign Ofllco will show ltsolf much less sagacious thnn It has tho credit of being If It now consents to treat separate ly tho mutter of tho llshorles. It will rather uso Newfoundland and Zanzibar as lovers wherewith to oxtort from England tho largest poiglblo oouorsslous, not only In tho West Indies but In Africa. Facts aioro Fully Stated. The Hon. Patrick A. ConniNB of Massa chusetts has been broothlng tho lnipresslvo atmosphere of tho Wost, and has boon observing especially that old Democratlo statesman about whom considerable Inter est clusters at prosent, tho Hon. Joux M. I'ALiiEit. In putting him Into the calcula tions for 1891, on tho strength of his pros pects of succeeding Senator Fahwew,, Gon. Collins, according to the Springfield Re publican, suggests also a dual truth without giving it tho full and definite statement whloh It deserves : "Wbat do yea lappa would hftppta should Otn, ?hxe win! Snppoi lit ihoulJ rth th Unlttd tittia h.nu nett tU, wbl t)ot Wow vaaU 1m Cliohlihu or Hill t" It Gen. Falmgii should bo eleoted to suc ceed Senator Fabwkll, Cleveland and Hill would be In tho same situation that thoy aro now, or that thoy havo been In BlncoNov. 6, 1881; ono suroof defeat In tho State of Now York and the othor certain of victory, lhorohas noorbeeno tlmoslnco the closo of tho natloual election day of 1831 when Mr. Cleveland oould have carried tho Empire State, and tho magnltudo of his certain failuro has grown without Interrup tion with every year. On the other baud, tho politico valuo of Governor Hili, haa doveloped on nn opposite principle. Hla strength has grown as evenly as Cleve land's has decreased, and It will remain equal to tho magnificent and decisive task of cairylng Now York, whether a Democrat is olected to tho Illinois Senate or whether ho Isn't. Wo trust tliat Senator FAnwELL's seat will bo Gen. Palmeii's, but 1802 will bo a great year for tho Democracy to put forth Its offorts where they will do tho most good. The Prevolence of Heresy. Tho committee having In charge the ar rangements for tho next Church Congress of Episcopalians have withdrawn their Invita tion to tho Bev. Mr. MacQueaby of Ohio to bo one of tho npeakerson the occasion. Thoy have done this, thoy explain, not because of Bishop PoTTEn's description of him aa a heretic, but because Bishop Leonaiid of Ohio, hla own Bishop, In tho proper execu tion of episcopal authority, has now brought Mr. MAoQnEABY'a canonical standing Into question by taking steps toward tho ecclesi astical trial to which he Is entitled before such condemnation Is passed upon him. As we have explained already, Mr. Mao Queaby'b doctrinal divergence Is proclaimed In a book recently published by him, in which he rejects "the doctrlno of a gross material reaurreotlon." and casta aside "the story of tho Vlrgln-Born, as It stands In tho Gospel" on the ground that "the evidence conccrlng It la so uncer tain that criticism could not aocept it." Ho cites Isaiah oaauthorltyforlnterpreting the word "virgin" to mean "young wo man;" and to sustain hl3 dental of the ma terial resurrection of the body, he refers to a declaration by St. Peter. There can be no doubt that Mr. Mao Qubary thus flatly rejects tho orthodox faith of Christianity; and, moro particularly in his assault upon tho dootrlno of the mi raculous birth of Jesus from a virgin, he seeks to undermine lte very cor ner Btone. Ills method of attack Is also distinctively Irreligious, for he sub mits faith to ttio test of reason. Ho destroys the miracle, tor It would not bo a ml ratio If It was explainable by science, and faith would not bo nocossary for its occeptanne. Yet In so doing ho Is following the exam ple of veiymauyof tho theologians of this period. The objection to tho Westminster Confession on tho part of the groat majority of Presbyterian ministers Is that Its funda mental doc trinosdonotcommcndthemsolvcB to human reason and man's soneo of lustlco. Tho whole drift of tho present theological controversy over the ancient standards of faith is In that direction, and It extends throughout Protestantism. Tho Intellect rebels against faith and dogma. If Mr, Mac Queaby Is ft heretic, tho Bev. Heuer New ton, Prof. CUABLL8 A, Bnioas, tho Bev. Lyman Adbott, and the Bev. Cihkles II, I'ARKiiuitsT are heretics also. Tholr method of criticism Is the samo, though tho particular application Is different. ThoAndovor school of Congrogatlouallsta Join with Piof. Bmaas, the groat Presby terian teacher, in demanding the con struction of a theory of futuro probation In order to roconcllo God's justice with man's conceptions of what Jubtlco ought to be. Tho German Biblical crltloa pursue a parallel couieo In tholr criticism of tho Scriptures after modorn scientific methods. Finally, tho Churchman usks, "How many unknown MacQueabys are there In the ranks of the clergy of the Church ?" thereby suggesting that evon his particular Bclentlllo criticisms aro not confluod to him, except In their open expression. The ecclesiastical trial of Mr. MaoQueaby, If It shall tako place, will therefore be of very great Interest, for ho Is llkoly to make a defenco which will manifestly embody theories of Biblical Interpretation whloh are now adopted and followod extensively among the clergy. The at. ruul Globe has discovered that " recent computations Indicate tbst la the United Btatet onlr 18 out of 1.000 die." It Is dlflloult to understand how the llfo Insurance people can make a lhlns In eo healthy a conn-trr. No poet ever had more perfect onDortnnltr to study woman charseur Id JU awaaieit and ootilcai aiptcta loan air Hkovaina, and nowbars doss this irrtai arlln tbow mora cooiouimsts powsr or mora dsllraia laiDlilon lian In this poriraltura of women Pprotailr isadar and oliarnilair ara tne post a stadlss of firlbood rAs iltNian'i Horfci No poet In bis later rears ever degenerated more grIaoulr In this respect. At 77 Beowk iko'b studio of girlhood rmal on the part of tbt Tncrble pott a mental attltudt that was t deplorable, not to on? disgusting. In certain pasenRes in tne last published volume of his verses there In plenty of e?lilenco of nn Intel lectual and moral decay that would be pathotlo la the extreme If the manifestations of It were not so nasty. Mr. Ar,rnED Fatman of Georgia Is an Ingenious gentleman who Is trying to show that Fiiancis M miion war greater than OEonnn Washington. Wo hopo that Mr. Patman will not give un to hMnrlcnl Investigation bis talr-nt for politics. Wp Judite from hit name that he Is Iho predestined cuidldato for Vice Picslilent on tho Itedueo-Yotir-Wolght ticket. Brothrr Uiuni.EY, Iho monaich f Asbury TnrV, had a nurnilo of "200 Imblos at that Inter estlogsottleaiiMit thootliar day, nnd was god father to llin whole collodion. Why shouldn't thin port of pnrado uocomo popular? Why won't LiniiY OoimiN take outtho Helorm Club klnilemaiten foran airing and pnrmlo In tho Central Park next Saturday afternoon ? Our nnilnblo contemporary, the IfuHf morc .Hnnvfcwt. avers that tho word " robuBt Ioiib" U not nood English Ie " perlwlg-patod" comtldored good Uugllsh In Daltlmoro? A person (loeeilUxl nB a "staff writer" on the London 7'hiimi tells a Pittsburgh reporter rnmo tblnna about Chlo.igo which porsuado tho Ilritloh mind that Chlcngo Is not ranch of a oily. "Why." says this sou of tho Thunderer. "I could loan out of my window In tho Audito rium lintel and hoar the chickens crowing in omebody's back yard." Eorybody crows In Chicago. Tniy. why shouldn't the Chloago chickens crow. If thoy were not meant for hens? WbatdochlokenRdoln England? Vo thoy l.ark. or do thoy bray? If tho chap from London had unwound his ears, be would havo hoaidlbo piss squealing in tho stock yards. There Is uothlns in London town to equal that Chicago lullaby. Tho Hon. William Eaton Chandler ae salllnn with force and arms the lion. Murat IUlstsau Is a spectacle tbnt must make tho high sods rub their eyeglasses In surprise. Mr. Halstkad has onunterod wlih povor. and ho feels tho joy of battle. Tho New libmpshlro pet la a gamy little bantam, but ho hasn't the reach to stand up against the BrooKlyn cbam-plon. Mr. Alfred Austin, poet. In a recently published prefatory essay on "The Tosltlon 1 and Trospects of Poetry," expresses the opinion 1 that great narrative and descriptive potry Is still possible. Wo judgo that Mr. Aubtik Is nn admirer of tho swoot and sapful narratlve-doscripthe-elcElaspoem, "McQlnty," It la sad to be obliged to record tho fact that Now Hampshire Republicans. Incapable of apDreclatlng what a Flower of Cranks the Cirunlte Sta'o possesses In IlENnr Wabdlkwit Ui.Ain, are trying to elect n Legislature whloh will not reject him as o Senator In Congress. Ex-OovernorCHENin h the candidate of these enemies of gonlus Mr. Bum has only him self to blame lor this movement, lie is so reticent, so nulot, so aorso to occupying tho time of the Senate and tho space of the Jtecortl, eo bashful about bringing forward his opin ions and proposing legislation, that his con stituents aro not satisfied that he la earning his wages. lis must talk moro. If he can. It Is not a marked compllraont to the cnarm of life In Bermuda to send the muti nous Second Battalion of Grenudlor Guards there as a punishment But poor Tommy At kins In the onion paradise will oni. with all tho longing of Private OimiEitts for thoi-ounds of the Strand and the intellectual diversion of the buer ahops and a sight o( the rosy faces of tho nursemaids. Poor ToMMY'b a-cold. The country awaits with perfect cnlaness the news of the next real estate Investment of tha Harbison White House syndicate. Nothlnn in the line of promotion for specula tive purposes will be a surprise. It Is easy to get accustomed to a new order of things. The invention by The Run of the office eat has forevsr cstopptd minor excuses for bulls tbat occa sionally wrscl luuifs In a nswspaper omc& ifaruvril teuranc What is a minor excuse for a bull a bull calf? If so, why not say eo plainly? J431KS x. unvtrs's xuxeiial. Leaders oftba Business World Attand the) L,aat Horrlcca Orer 111 Head llauker. Many professional and business men of emi nence attended the funeral of James M. Brown at the Church of the Ascension, Ilfth avenue and Tenth street, yesterday. The Governors of the New York Hospital, of whom he was President, and the directors of the bocioly for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, of whom he bad been one, attended In a body. Many of his associate dlreotors of the Bank of America unci a delegation of thirty from the Young Men's Christian Association were also present. In addition to Robert J. Livingston, Elbrldgo T. Grrrr. ex-Judge Horace Russell. Oen. James Grant Wilson. Benjamin D. Hicks, John P. Haines, and others who were thus present in a (orporaia capacity, lienrv Clown. J.lsiennrd Btenart, ex-C'ommlsalonor William Wood, George Mncculloch .Miller, llngh N. lamp, ana l; N. DllBS were among those present Indi vidually. Tho Itev. Dr. E. Winchester Donald, pastor of the church, assisted by -the Kev. Arthur Broods and the lie v. .lobn hteen, ofllclaU'U. The pall bearors were William 'I urnbull. Cor nelius Ynmiertiilt. Henry Parish. J. U. Sliol. don, Oeorgo A. t'rooker, James A. llooseveli, Dr. A. U Smith. aDd O. G. Wright. Tbodend man e widow, on, nnd three duuuhterH, with BOkorql ol hts?grauloblldren. were In the long line of mourners. 'J ho Interment w us tu Greenwood. LUVKISa 3 OH AM) 'XISKTT-TWO. Observers Who He Ihe rllsins oftba Times Will, llDaailicinallo Hyem. Yon IA iIIiii iifiKmt. It cannot bs deolsd that the I'mlilsntlal slock ot DaTldH limit rlsluir Vpw lli' Ivmrrltevubllain. Illll will likely t nornlnsisd, and, II uomlnatsd, ha will make a lit sly cmnaln from the .wcca lallt Ktvtttle. Thare are few men In publlo lifs that so 0 sarly Inttr prat publlo lantlnisnt as does Oovernor Hill. Ilia roes sasei and publla addrekpe stamp tilra at a rtalaMman of preeminent ability, aud altailer of conspicuous bolilnrst and power, lis never ilmrhss In any amerKency, aud always gallantly leads his party to victory Ills speech at Indianapolis touched popular chord It waj timely, wits, aud patriotic front As JinnaooIli Journal. If the Pstuocrats In 1S0J carry Iew York Indiana, and New Jersey wliliout Iclnj In the solid South, they will elect their ticket. The tlx new Northwestern Stalai will rules the electoral coliesa on the basis ot the latt cental tos:o A majority will beJII. Tbeadvotes of .New Vork and tha loot Indiana, aided to the l(8of Claveland. makeain At thote flruret the Pemoerats could saord to lose either the six votes ot Connecticut or the sis nt V eet Inlula. Mew Jersey is ssfely Pemooratls. Hill has carried New York every time he baa been a caudtdate. In lbS4 ha bad l9,ouo plurality for Oovernor, while Ilarrlion had IS 11OO over Cleveland. tt looks very much like belnf ciphered down simply totblsiCan Orsy carry Indiana I Ws sntpect that his cbsuess would bs szcesdlngly nood. The JFruical 1'rtsldcat, Yom (A .ilbany txprtn Mr. Clsvsland Is said 10 be one of the richest ot the rrealdsDts, though ha wsnl into the oflUe with uothlni, Balwceu wbat he saved In hla aalsry. and what he made from bis Waahlniton city rsal ssiat, bs la very well OH and quite Indepaudeut of the world. The Neatest Wort of MIbIdk. "Are tbars any miner sis on this Isnd la Arltona you are trylnr to tell I" asked lbs prospective purchaser. "UlnersJt I" rtplled.lhe stent, "why, a brass mine has beea opened showing s four-foot vein of solid metal" Tka Waskly Paysasat Lsw, Aisur. July 21-Tbs State raolory Inspsetort bars ruled that oorperatlons la this Btete raeelvlog their ahiriere front other States, come under the provisions eftae Weakly I'ajmentlaw, though their slock insy sot be taxed Id this Slats la antwtr to hundreds ot latter issenllrrseslisd, the laspsctors have replied that tha law applies onlr to Insorporstsd bsdlss, not 10 ordlnsrr mercantile arms Complaints ara bslug received from thecorlhtraparlet the Stale that the proprietors of Iron (nines and luarrias, the ahuaes Id whlcu wars pr. msrllr tatpooslUs Uiksnsinfar lb passage of tie Waekfr rayatsnl law, are striving lo avada tha law. Immediate attestlae It tslag (tveo j these eempUlats, ; aaa tbt TlUUn el tbt uv W tit tulir luoitealsd. intt xkxt HinoKos-anNttnAT. Tha Contest for that Vneaner to be Crested by Oen. Hnore's Itetlresnent, WisniNOTON, July 2.1. -The next retirement for age In tho army Is that of Col. William D. Wblpplo. Assistant Ad jutant-Oenornl. which oeoura next weok. The onsulim promotions will leave a vacancy In the urado of Mnjot- In that department, which will film Prosidont Harrison another bit ot army putronncc. Hut more Important is a retirement which follows a fortnluht later, that of Burireon-Gen-oral John Moore, since tho nppolntuo to that ncanoy will havo tho rank nnd pav of n ISrlKa dler.Gonoral KuruooiiGonoral Monro hits filled a career of oxer ihlny-soven years In tho nrmy, liavlnc been uppoinled AsAlstunt Htir- I 00011 from his native f-titto. Indiana, In 1851. I Ho passed ioRularlythrouuhttioi:rndoa,aorvod , with distinction aurluit tho war. receiving the , brovetof l.iciilouaiit-Colonel for calhint nnd ' lllorltorlollsov'lcesdurllll: thu Atlanta cam- I palun, nnd Hint of toloiel foi faithful und mor- I ItorloUHServlieB durlnu tho war, and became the bond of th Medical Dopnrlmunt on Nov. I 18, 18SG. At that time ho haa hardly been con slilorcd ono of the loadlnu nsplrants In tho con- ' test for tbo pluco of huruoon-Gonoial. but bis . profosalonal ability and atmy looord woio In disputable, and ho was passed ovor theheiuU ol aomofonloio. vNlllalikeoxporlenco occur now, or will tho claims of seniority dlotivto tho com I tin appoint- j ment? So fur as precedent la concoincd.no gale Jiidqtnout can be formoil on thla point. This will bo tho soventh of I rosidont Harri son's nominations to the runk 01 sonoral of lloorln Htnff and lino, slnco he toouollUoa I yearauo last Mnrch. In tbo cases of Major- I Gen. Miles. UrlR-..Geu.Grlerson.Adjt.-Gon. Kel- ton.andCommissarr-Uoneral llu Horry, he so- 1 lected tho senior olllcor for promotion. Hut In ths cases of Pat master-Uenprnl Hmlth nnd Vunrtorruustor-Oeuornnintcheldorlio not only ' chose a junior olllcor, but skipped a whole grade in dome so. I 'ilierauklnir oillperln the Medical Depart- 1 ment is Col. Jeilcdliiti II. llnxtor. Chief Meill- cal Purveyor. Ho boann Ids inllltory aorvlco In June, mflt assurceon of thoTwolftii Masa ehusatta Infantry and received the brovels of . Lleutonuiit-Uiilonel and I olonel of Volunteers, and of lolonelln the regular nrmy for fa thfui and meritorious services in tho war. After Its ' jioo be was aripolnlcd tn tlioroirnlar scrvlco ' from Vermont, his native State, with the lilch rank of Lieiilonaut-Colonel ninl Assistant Medlctd I'nrvetor. nnd with this stiirt ho nrhloved hln prutpnt rank of (.o'onrl and Chief Medirnl Purveyor sixteen years ncu. Hlnco theii he has seeu mnlors promoted ovor him to tlieltoailof I he department, but tliN lactvvas no roflecilon on hia atiiliiy. ns the olllcors thun pteferred hud served In tho army muth loni;er thnn he. In tin' present Instance, also. Die live other orllcera In the department who hnva the snmo rnnk of Colonel have been a very tontr time in tbo warvleo. Hurnoon chariot rvutnerlitnd en tered It In lB52fromPonnsjlvanln,Hnd reached his present rank in li7t,. As-Itnut Huiseon Oenernl Lhnrles Vaaa entered It In li.il fiom 1 Mrsrlnla. and rneliBd bis present crude In I lh7. hurKeoii lUsil Norrls. who Is tjenerallv recorded ns ono of tho chief competitors of Col. Iinxtor, loieivnd ills eomnii-slon as I Aa-lstant Mircoon In 1H.VJ. helnc nn appolnleo , from .Maryland, and reached the rank ot Col onel in lhss. The two remalnlnc surceons, Col. I.dward V. olliuu nnd Col. .losopli It. Hmllh. woro appointed In 1851 and lVi-l re- ' aiiectlvoly. botli fiom New nrk, nnd reiich, d , tl elr present crado Inst yoar. All of thcBo olncers received brevets for vvnraorvlce. Stir- 1 Reonshutberlnnd. .Vorrls. nnd Smith tho-e of l.loiitonnnl-Cnlonel nnd Col nel. and Assist- ' nnt Hun:eon-General 1'iiro and SurBoon Vollum that of Lluiiteniint-Colonol. The renoits of Col. Smith were liirsupi-riornbllitv and oxeol lent m'iniicemm.t of the ufliiirs 01 bis doiiart ment nnd morltorloas services and devotion to the sick durlnc tho provnlenco of tbo ihnlera at Little Hoik. As tho entruntca of tho llrst four of those olllcers Into tho Benli-o wero all within loss thnn two years ot each ntlier. so their retirements coniu close touother. that ol Col. ollum next jear. that of t ol. Norns tho yoar after nnd those of Cola fcutuerlnnd nnd I'nee In 1SU1. Col. Smith does nt rotlro until lhll'i, and Col. I!ater not until 11)01. Of coureo, tho President is not c ompellcd to select the hurtet.n-ticnernl Irom the (.olonols. He mlKht oven Koatnotiirtho Majors or loner if bo cbone. The number 01 recent appoint ments In the other staff dennrtments has hitherto drawn away attention from tho np proachlnc vucanoy In tho ofllce of KurKeou (lenoral. but from this litno I or ward It ulll nt traet areut Interest both In und out ot tho Medical Department. Forela-n Notes oritenl Interest. Ths Paris dinner hour Is now at 8 o'clock. A new uwn game enutlsd "cozzare"ls an anllr. ened croquet. The staiie censor at Frame baa forbiddsn the per formance of 'Macbeth" with the soldtere clothed In the Austrian uniform The latest revelatl n It that France pays ftnquoo out of tha public fLuds to tubtUUs aewspapsrs for the sup- I port of the (iuvernment. ' The next eaugerbiiud festival will b lial.l In Vienna I from the Mth to the llth of Augutt, and will bring I together abojt ISftiietnrera. The only Jewl.h daily paper In the world It eald to be the .St rlertbnura Uameltu, of which Mr. Zederbaum It the editor Olfflcull as his tuk It bs carries it on A tearik light now costs about H.' . and wslehs 1,000 pounac A new searchlight welshlnii liuioanJt, of t,ttx)cndle power, and said to be able to penetrate tha thickest fog for the dlstanoe of ons eighth ot a mile, coets Istt than fMO An amateur photozrapher bss met with a serious ac cident. Au entbuslaiila artltu tba bead matter fit Harrington Kohool, while trying to photograph a ruitlo bridge from a rontlderabla height, fell to ths rucke beloM and v, at killed on the spot A system of .steno telegraphy has been shown to the Chamber of Deputlea, invented by 11. t slitgnrs, by which shorthand reports of tpeecliet can be sent soy dlatsnce aa they come from the atenograplier. Ths speed of this instrument it alto eald t be unparalleled. A French company lias been formed for tho purpose of setting up a second Monts Carlo on the lioeporua at Fcutarl, which v,lllbe pave 1. beautllled, and elrctrlo lighted. The feultan haa alwa.vt.ln responie to diplo. matlo pressure, refuted to allow gsnilnir tables at Constantinople, but there exltt hope thst he wi,l releut for tho other slds of the llospornt Usrlln has a stenographer with a unique specialty lis attende all funerals of imminent pertone and takes down verbatim the addrrttia of the oniciatlng clergmeiL Then he prepares hluhly ornamented copies of the addresses and selle them to the friendt of thu eulogised dead Ills butinvia it to j;ooil that he haa taken one atrltlautand has ndvertlted for another. A revolution it ttking place la the drinking haulti of tha Japanese The rice brandy called " eakl." which has long been their iisiionl bevLrage. is being supplantsd by beer brewed afier tha (itrmaii method. luOstkutho number of beer saloons bat Incrasted from thirteen to almost uo In the lat four icara while the number of resorts whsrs "sakl"t sold has fallen 01T tart ago the Japs were wont tu drluk !30,uuouou gsllons ut ' eakl" annually lu ths years 1870-ifeW there wero I.T5B duels In Italy, Inn of which were fought with swordMTt) with pie tola, I0 with dangers, and 1 with revolvere Flftyilutls retulted fatally, l.iajiliisetere wniiuaMinU J.0II In mere scratchea. Mns buudrsil and sevcnty.four duele were cauted by newspaper and literary quarrels, 7JO by oral quarrels, 34U by political drrercmct, IS3 by tscretilis sentlma -'s by premedliatoj intuits i'j 1 y religious dlteuttiont. It) by trouble at garnet, and Ifl by unknown causes Tho Knatcil number of duet wat fouhtlu August, 3.0, aud tha smallest number In Peiember. , In IS8S, UUof the princlpali were ai.thori,ii latt j era. IV olllcert, H Uspuliss. II prorrtiors, and the rest banksrs. Judges and one sinter. Frobably the most extraordinary surgical operation on record la reported from Paris. Dr Lsnnslonguo, aa eminent specialist in the Children's lie s;iltal, has Jutt succetdedln the effort to give intelligence to a poor Utile idiot The child, a little girl, s jears old. had a deformed head onlr about one third the tire of au or dinary little ono of her age. She never emlled, never took notice of anythlug. and the could neither walk nor stand. Ths Poctor bscsme cunt luced that the con dltlonot tha little crcaturs was dus to the abnormal narrowneis ot the bead, which hindered 1)10 natural growth of the brain. About the middle of May last ha mads a long and narrow Incision in tha otntre of tha akull aud cut a portion out of the left aide ot it, without Injuring ths dum mucr, Ths result of this operation wassomsthliigastiundlng, In lit" than a month tha child bejan lo walk. Jmw the millet, Intereett berielt In sverytliing around hsr and plays with a doll A tolerably bright little child has taken tha place oftba Idiot. Tlte True Fnllosopby, mm lite Drug, W and mini Report. " Lives of rich men all remind ns VVecsn maksour own sublime," And by lit eral aavertltlog lo the highest tuuimtl climb. Au lieu, " Wauamekar had a good 14ta when ha gave flarrlson the cottage" What was It 1" Us dldn I think lbs President bad saud sneuih, and now he's got It," Inforamttoa Wanted. Ur Blseckerfof haw York)-Ilu "Annls Eoosey" reached your town yet I Ur Chfitnut(ef I'biladslpblal-Mot that I know of. Who la ths I Talklnsj Yet, Bismarck Uitlll loyal," rsmsrksd Bnlvsly, looking ip from tha ntwtpapsr. " He may V lejraV' tepUtd BaoOltait, "but bt Ua't UU." . ..u.f&t.ts. ..ajieala.iiarrniiAMawra JtKBV VV 1UK SVl'VLX, Mr. Ollror I'roteata Aaslnst Clnalstc the Aqueduct lor Mors Thaa Ttn Oars, The Aqueduct Commissioners met yestordny and referrod to Chief Knclneor I'toloy the fol lowlnc very Intorestlnc lotter: Ntw Yoiik, July 21, 1890. Ttt the Aqveduct romml.fi("itrrr Gentlemf.ni At nnd prior to thotlmotho additional water supply was first rocelvod through tho new aqueduct thoio wero 20,000 houses In this city that received no water dur ing parts of tho day, nnd 1,50(1 llrohrdrants whero no vvntur could bo obtained for oxtln Itulshlnu' nre This slate of aflalrs was a con stant menace to health, llfo, and property, and Imperatively cnllod for Immedlnto remedy at tho llrst opportunity. Tho remedy hns been npiillod bylottlnu' !i3 OOO.ikui callous ot wator dally from tho new supply Into tho distribut ing mains In addition to the supply beretofuto received throtiRh tha old aqueduct and Iho lliou Ulvnr con duit, and tho result is that all nouses now havo n model ate supply ilurlnR the day and there nru uiloqunte, or nt least moderate, luollltloa tor obtalnini: water to extlnuulslt llro in all sections o; the city. With the distribution of this nildlllotm! supply nnd tho eloslnit of tho newnqueduel the ruceltini: nnd dUtrluutluK lesorvoltslntlioiltv would in llltuen ditvabo so lar deploted that tho old 0 ndltlons vvoulil ncnln obtain, and tho health, life and property ol thoclly nnd Us population would nuol 11 bo In euro mo peril. TliN can. In n Kreiitiiionsuro, to obviated by tho adoption "f a plan lccom moudod to mo by tho chief euuinear 01 tbo Crolon mtueduct lor tiinl luir repairs of the de fective places In tbo novvetruu urc. vl., tho oxcavalton or Bha'ts over tho lad niaceB to itlve ucecss to and alone the loot of the itquo duct lor tho purposo of innklnit repairs, and thus llmltlUK tho tints lor which thu aqueduct would have to be closed at a time to ten or twelve days nt the utmost. 1 am ussurcd br the ehlol onclueer that there aio nn onirlncor Incdllllculties in thu way ol the adoption ot this plan, and nlthoiiuh 1 am iivvitrn ol the fact thut It would urently oiilmt Co the cost of the work, the additional coat would be Intlcnlll cant lu eotiiiiari'-on lo thu 1 ema nnd danirers nnd tho Inconveniences to the 1 ubllo to which thu city would othcrtviae bo sulijectod. f there (oro most earnestly lecominaiid tho adojillou ot such plan. lei lesrectlully. Titos. P. On nor. Commissioner of Ptibllo Works. Tho w.itei, which Is now ilowinc tlirotiuh the nowiuiucduii mio tho Lentnil Park ro-ervoir ni tho ratu or T.Vi'Hi.wiu mllona In twoutt-four hours, will on 1 rldut niornlnK he reduced to mUWiJ.I.KXi Billions lor the smne period of time. The reasnit for this Is that If the pro-eut How were conti .nod tin resort olr would In a low dus ovutUovv. juutEu aim n mutiAWAis. Only Three flood Jles lletween Tliant, but The MuLe'l'Uelr Way Over s'rom Sicily. Three jouni; men of Messina stowod thorn solves away on tho steamship Lisle, nt 1'nlor mo, with the Intention ol cumine to New York to abolish their 1 overty. 'lho arrived yostcr duy and were detained at tho llnrco Olllco. Giovanni llndanlsra, n violin pi m or. who is qulto blind. Is tho louder of tho trio. Ho speaks I Kticilsh Uuently. with a Ihitlsh accent. His j companions aro Pr.mcesco Totoro, a cultar plaver, and Antonio Maiculs'a. a bal.er. Olo vnuni snys ho learned to spent. 1 nullsli in Jietsina. vvhnto ho used to llddlo In the streets, principally for tho amusement or llrltish lour- , Ists with souls for music nnd coins for troubn- dours. iloatinu t'int cood violinists like bira soir woro lu demand In America. hodoterminod tootneovot. Ho persuaded his Mom! Totoro, who has ono whole eve, to come with him. I 1 hey woio soon dt'eo'erod bv lite purser of tho ship, but lladanloru antl Totoro enter tained ths HtertniKQ paa-enaersand tho oflicers nwolltliut thoy wore not required lo work their pithsiiifii. but tho linker was prensi d into semen. Jiudlnlera's violin wit- smashed when the Rliip was pitching and rollluL inn storm, and theolllcers thouuht mi much of tho blind llddler'H talent t lint they collected ll'J and envolttohlm to t;et nnuther It is not likely thut ho und his friends will be allotted to land. xm: 3ivuui::t ox thu Ksaixn. Details of the Murdcrlnc rireman'a Con feMslnn. From the Cincinnati Enqulrrr. Van Wrier, O. July 21. The mystery sur roundlnc tbo horrlnlo murder of l.tiuineer Mnulfeon Vantlevaudui haa ut la"t been cleared nwa. I he evldu eo wif' so Strom: auuinst JtoHilhouho that whou ho heard of It he con cluded to make n lull cunfeiibl.in. lloadhouBS was still I'onlluail to bis bod, and after a few moments' deliberation sntd: ' MierliT. 1 want to tell rou something. I killed Vnndevnnder." Ills throat clotrited, and he uttered the three Inst words in a husky voico. ' I did it." ho continued. " In self-defence. Ilo accused me of in.onniiic the bup0r1n1ende.1t that bo was drunk at lievil's Lake Inst usek, nnd althouub 1 oilered to prove to him that I hud not reported him, bo refuso to believe me, und had bet 11 abunlne in more cr les since then. Lust Frldav. while wo era at Prnnklla rrettlnc ready to 1:0 out on oyr run. wo had a 1 quarrel, and came neat exchanging blows. a weie aeen by several railroad inon. and It Is patttallr on tins account that I decided to clvu UT hen we reached l.ntcrpnse ho comuiotiied on me nca n, and said 'G d 1 d njot. I'll fix jou.' an won a powerful I and desporute man, nnd. to tell the facts of the . case, 1 was afraid of him. A ter leavlnu l.n ten rise he repeated the threat, anil 1 walked back to tho tool box when he wasn't looking and llxed the hammer which thoy lound, with the handle stlcklui: nut, so 1 could urnsplt, 1 then started back to my sent lu the cub. I "Just betnio 1 reached It Nun reached nuthla loft arm und dealt mo u terrllle blow on the left I aids of the head (pointing to the cash on that 1 side of tho head). 1 was sinKirered for a mo- 1 ment. and just us 1 was about reonverod he raised bis rltrbuhand from tho throttle and cave me another tetrlble blow on the iliihtsiduof the head, as I hud by this lime turned around , to reach lor the hammer. 1 his blow, although a terrible ono. did not 'faze' me, althmiirh my head was cut. I jumpod back, grabbed the hammer, and. cntchlnu It with both bands, 1 raised It. and. throwlnc all my woiBht on it, bmuulit li down on vnn's bend with all ibe force I could muster. Tho llrst blow did not appear to I1170' him, and I ehovvend several , more blown 1 don't ronieml erhovv ninny and did not quit until ho lay still. I then picked ' him up nnd sol him on tho seat on his slilaot tho encme. where ho was found. 1 shut down thooiiBino. and kept a Rood lookout fur dancer. 1 hardly lonlUed what 1 had douo until itwns over with. At llrst I did nnt Know wuat to ao. and 1 laid down on the Hoot of the endue and in iho lew iniuutns which elaesoq it cuuie to me to llx up the Btory I to d Ui. Wood-, lu coinlna Into Nun Weil I lenned out tho passacuway lending Into the oub ol the enaine, and saw that the lMisburch. 1'orl Win ne and Cblcncoirack was clear, and 1 let theunuinuco decldlnc to wait until she would run dott n and lor some ono to find us. .lust as we had pas-nl tho det ot an ralboit his head nnd 1 twain pi ked up tho limit mor and dealt him another blow, which opened bis bead. I 1 .-It the blood n it btalti splatter on my luco. Thut was all. ou know the rest." A 1IKL1.AMY CVLO.yr, A f.'iw Attempt ut tile Hnclul Ideal, rent tll Gttlif llem"Citlt Pes Moinvm, July 17. Pdvvnrd Ilelhimv's dream bourns to na-iiuio tuniribln iiroiorttons tobouie 01 our 1I1I ens. litirluc lasi wliiier thoi 11 was nn o cm i.albn known ns thu "lu- l vastlcatluK I'lub ' at L 11 v orally place. Iho , body met unco a Week aud dlaousoetl tbeeto nomie and social topics nt the day. .Not it lit' Jo luiorest was mauilosted. Annqic those who pitrtlclpatod 111 the meetlncvveiesotno oaruest, thouchtlul limn who had 1 evoiiin otqio ed to our present O'iniptftitlve system of Industry. , About a month ucou small cmlo o( men Krnest 11. Gaston ol the m,ii(imii AUimatr. C, 1 I II. Mcrsuou. K- D. Mnilh, W. P. Mao. I), Hat- 1 rod, und J. P. Jloredllh, with 11 few others, all imminent cltlens ui thut subuib, met to bo Ifthov could nnt devise apian to escape wbat they deemed the serious evils ot the present 1 system and put in successful oporation tho , better principles which had crystallised in 1 tholr minds as tho result of tbelrlnvestlciiiloa, 'Iho result has been the organization ol a col ony conn any. with the ob ect ol foundluu in. Home fnvorod part ot thu counlry, probably noai Lake Charles, Lu.. a community which ' shall bo. as far as possible, complete within It- 1 sell, and vv hare, what they term the suvul'o and foolish und wasteful system of competitive . Industry shall ifive place to the kindly, ration ul nnd moro 01 ouoiulo system of coopoiatlon. , Tho plan 01 the new colony is much like that ot tho ivavvoah Cooperative Colony ol 'iuliire county, Cal., which bus boon lu successful op eration (or nearly live years. Amoncthe baste Siriaclplosof the colony are these Man alone suothine but sat ime. He can support ex utonco. and that Is all. It is only in aud tin ouch soolety that ho can obtain wealth and oulturs. Wealth Is the product ol man's labor expended op the earth, which Is God's uilt to theiROo. No man should bsallotvod to mo nopollzo ths natural resources nnd levy a tribute ou his fellow men for tho opportunity to labor, bvery roaa is entitled to just to much liberty as will ullow equal liberty to every othor man. Paoh man should receive the full pioduct of his labor except an amount sufficient to discharge hla debt to society, thtouKh which line he can do effective labor. JL Vattcau Appointment, Ths Rome corretpondent of the CUIAolic A'cut ssnds word that ths Pops has numbsrsd among his dnmsitla prslstes ths Itsv. lr Merlin Ilowlett Iho Irish nrleet whoaocompsnledto till, counlry Arrhbl'hop KatollL the lope a rtprentaitve at the I atbo Ie centennial oe ebraiton lu llalilmora laat hoveutUer Tntt houor glvea to l)r ilowlett tha tills of aloutlgaor. Ha haa batome afnilatad to the archdloeeta of Dubdn. and will shortly Isave Roms teanltroa ths duUtsof tllfuiuis TUB LABOnun'H XOOtlPAT UBAU rVot All a Dinner Mlslil tie. Perhaps, Oat It rsrems tn be n.1nrd, Theslcl.tof a wnrkD-aneatlns his dinner at noon from a tin can or from the folds of a nowpaper Is common onouch In this city, and tho Bpoctncto la apt tn produce in the mind ot I a dispeptlo an envy of the workman's st onutli of stomach. Iho phvslquo of the ordinary 1 wotklnitman nnd thoenfjerway In which ho I disposes of bin meal would seem tnludicnto that he enjoys himself nt meal time. If ho Bits In the Bun while online tbo nnturol con- 1 elusion Is that ho irefors tbo mm because thoro aro conernlly sbndy i-pols onouch, and If bo outs his meal without boer, coffeo, or any 1 other fluid It Is piobably bocauso he doos not into for a liquid accompaniment. Dutthls familiar slclit Is tho foundation for the follow Inc letter, which was printed In Tut. Bun on , Tuesday; Tn tut hmina ot Tar fiv-Ur My attenlloB has oflsn beeiidraitn t ttte ttornliig man a dinner tan und the a rroundtugs of Ms midday mrai. sea ed. fine westbtr or foul uu.ler the win ry rt Id tky or the tummar a blantiK hei. he est lilsluneh tif t.resd and meal which lute tain ursnprtltn aptte of iiewepaer or Is brought la a tin can bv the clilld messnser of the lamlir. unmetltni the yntiui wire hrlnis Ihe baby In lit little waKon and Miltot, ttieen.lor Ihe lumber pile or heap ofston a tvhiie her gem! man tats Among the many societies ant ladles clubs which mate It their eh sli to help atntooinfort the poor and vtorkingcittits are there not snne who cun remedy thtt state nf Dunns r t otud there not ( a rsquWItlon n.aile on the butt tn erect it decent shed, with benches, tn tt atch the tnra s of lit- irsnir mtaht he lirourhr, nrstllt tetter, la vthtih ati sin whnl-t"nie ment of meat soup, veretahie. and bre t'l e util t e f r erird and terved f Tne writer or this hating tut 1 lune experience in Ihe cott ni old, can thnw that (hit de.crlpilon nf tntal enuld b-mp 1 1e I at theratoef Irom 51 fill oaweek fur each 111 it portiutt leaving a margin of prolt If tha nunitier tearheil ittentv and upward. Ivvtn milk, lea, and uotlee mlsht I e llirluded. Ir beer ws withe 1 or lust, ted upon the men should 1 are it rervrd Koo.l and at a very slight eost tn the in divl'lt al drinkers, wt n elioul 1 pay for It. This might to pure and v. linlesume and dratt 11 Irani the woo 1 cool an I treh tntiead ,f being 1 roiutht warm and stale in whatleknosn 1 beileve ae the growl r. I hope Tna Hi will put thla sugseetlon into lis bright rate, and attract the attention nt sums phllsnttirotiltt. Jl 1. If the employer should compel his workmen to sit in "line weather or foul, under the win try sky or tho summer's blazlnc heat,' when thoy eat their dlnnot it would 1.0 ashainoful thine Indeol. Put tho hour betweon 111 and 1 o clock bolonce ' the workman. Durlnc this tltno lie Is as much hlsottn mnstoras hois be foie ho Leclns work or whon the day's . woik Is ovor. II his work Is of such ncharacior or In such a place that he enn ' fled nelthor shade Irom tl 0 sun nor shelter 1 Irom the cold hols unforiunate. Indeed. Hut in a city like this ha can find both shudo and shelter In a very few minutes. 1 In ordet tocet the Mows of an omployer a representative contractor was asked what he thoucht of thocorrosrondent'sproposltlon. He rep'led thnt n shed could be built verv easily, hut ho didn't believe that a workman would eo Into ncln-e shod 10 eat. "We employ about 200 masons," be gnld. "They aro ahitrdy.independent sot of nion who are jeal'itis of their rlchts and who would not thank tne writer of that letter for pltylns them. '1 hey are a ere it 'leal bettor able to buy hot 1 dlnnera ihan two-thirds of the clerks, llther eat cold dinners In a disacreeable placo thoy probably tonalder It nobodv's bunlne-s but I theirown. 1 shouldn't liko to offer to eive I thorn dinners ut so much per week. I am sure thntthov would resent any Interference and I adviso ni" to mind my own business " I Another lnc contractor eald: " For flvo cents, 1 n iimn may alt down in nsnloon tnd eat hla dinner nt n tnblo nnd have o class of beor. If tho workmen Insisted upon nshed I cuessthelr employers would llx one up for them, but n lot or men huddled tocether could not eat ns com Tottnbly ns tnoucli they were permitted to 1 seloot theirown places." I In hla search for some person who was I wllllncto aid the conespondent of Tuc 8un tho roporter inn across a blc machine shop. I It was a verv dirty shop, tilled with creasy 1 maehloerr. Tho men scorned to be loiever ellmblni; over some obsincle. It was not such a place as ono would cl.onse to eat In. A shrill whistle blow and In a second oiory man had dropped his worn nnd rushed townrrt tho sinks, whero they hastily wa-hed their bunds. Thnn they selred their dinners and darted out ot the shop riomit hurried Into a Oermun restaurant on tbo corner nnd sat down nt tho tables, 'ihei oponed their dinners, a waiter came around, and some of the men ordored a cup of colleo. others called for beer, while a few ndded a plate of soup to their ordor. A plate of eoup crsi ten cents nnd tho colToo cost live cents Tho men sa here and dined comforta bly nnd as well probably an they would at their own home. When they had finished ratine ther lit tholr pines and smoked complacently until the skrill whistle called them acaln to woik. 'i'ho carpenters, masons, and laborers who work ou now bulldlnc ran dine In the same manner and JUst as comfortably If they please. IlllS ACCIDENT TO UK. COVVKBT. Oe Is Seriously Hurt and Mast Spend TWo Months In lied. Fredorio H. Coudert, the well-known law yer. Is bins In a dnncerous condition at bis residence in Metucben, N. J., the result of be ins thrown from bis horse on Tuesday even Inc. Mr. Coudert wasfinuch moro comfortable Inst nlcbt than be hns been slnco the accident, nlthouch be still Buffers much pain. He start ed from his house in Matuohcn early Tuesday evonlnc In company with bli son. They were mounted on their favorite animals, and It was their intention to take but a short eallop. When about half way between Metuchon and New Urunswlck Mr. Coudert's horse stumbled on aluieo stono which was lylnc In tho middle ot the ro.vd. Mr. Coudert was thrown ovor the horse's head, and fell heavily on tho roadway. Finding himself unable to rise hecallodto his eon for assistance. After a short consultation it was decided that youtic Mr. Coudert should co after asststanoe. He went and In less than fifteen minutes returned with a farmer, with whose help ho manacod to convey hlg fathir to the nearest farm house. tes-nnuers were despatched In different di recth ns lor phjslclans, and Boon returaed. each accompanied byj a tl dor. An examina tion showed that Mr. Coudert bad sustained a compound fracture of the lee just nbove the nnklo. as well aa n bad sprain. One physician ndvlsed Immediate amputation of the .'mured foot, but the others did not deem it ncessari. Mr. Coudert pa-sed a very uncomfortable nlcht. hoincln much pain, but was well enough testorday moraine to be removed to bis own home. A Now i ork physician was teleeraphed for, nnd nrrlvod at Mettichen at about noon jesterdav. He decided that amnutntlon was not necessary, althoucb he predicted that Mr. Coudert would spend tho next two months In bed This will Interfere with a contemplated trlii to Kuropo, nnd nlso with his duttus as a member ot tbo Judiciary Commlttoo. The New Western TJnlou Ilalldlntt. General Manncer Eckert of the Western Union nnd An lilted Hardonburcb went to Toms Illvcrjostorday to consult with Hullder J. I), timlth In reenrd to the proposed rearrance ment ot the bulldinc. It was decided to put tho Associated Press on tho sixth floor, and turn the seventh and elcbth floors Into operat ion rooms. It Is proposed to brine the 2.000 wires to the rear of tho bulldinc, and have them enter by a specially constructed shaft. Thai will then be distributed In iron Pipes, so nrrnncod I but tbev may be tloodod with water nt any lime. Tho wires In these pines will bs coverel with rubber Ihere wl I bo severnl small switch b'nirds. whloh will be connected. The supply department which has ocoupled tbo basement of lll'i Broadway, la to bo moved to the Western Electric bulldinc on Church street to-da). and the Amorlean Ul-trlct Mss seticer department in the bov street annex Is tn tuke Its place All tho brokers had tbolr 1 private wit eB lestorday. 1 he Cotton Exebnnco cable to llO is In bad condition, aud a new one I will havo to beluid. The rsleiint C'limpnny's Uefeooo. The hearlne of tho New York Steam Com pany's crlovance aealnst tho Hoard of Health for slimline olt tho company's steam was con I tlnuod jonterday boforo tho Hoalth Commis sioners. I'ndurlck htone, dnalor In Ludlow vnlvos used by the steam company, said that they wero the bo-t vnlvos made nnd could stand a pressure of ,100 pounds I.dward P. Koatinc. dealor In wrought Iron pipes at 75 John streot, testified that his pipes were en I tlroly substantial nnd had boon used by the ' company fur tears. John W. Illation of the 1 National Tube Works said tho same of his tubes. I heiHi waa other testimony of this sort. The hoarlutf was not finished. Ilesuli or the I'ark Ilepu, (ment Inquiry. Mayor Grant received the report'of tho Com missioners ol Accounts ou their recent Inves tleatlon Into the affairs of the Park Depart ment just before ho lelt hla ofllco yesterduv, There g considerable Interest lu the report, and the rumnrcommlttre around the City Hall has trcdlii.il It with some of tne properties ot dynamltu as an ncent of upheaval, The Major said thai he would mako the report ptibllo in n tiny or two alter be has had un opportunity to read It himself, in the meantime be und the Commissioners of Accounts wore silent on all questions routine to tho report. The N'svr Munlolpiil llulldlus:, Iteclster Tltzeerald returned to tho city yes terday afternoon and the site committee of the new Municipal llutldlue Commission will moet at 10 o'clock this morolne to slen Its report to the Commlsslou. '1 he four-acre site at ths northweat corner of Centre and Chambers street will be rseommended. The CommUtlon will meet to-morrow to wceKo tuo rowr, v I trtj' , ttfcr . (vttifrpMJratsaj-tfr.i TTUAV ITJS ABB ALL TAZKXXQ ABOXm Thaappearancs ot Mr. Fdrannd (X Stanton in tbsolrte tlon of ths Hadlion Square (Itrdea baa had a marked effect en lhaenlert'lnnianlthere Dtrautisproeramms Is now varied everr night In the weak, Tha directors have come to the conclusion that Mr. Stanton kasws mere about the muncal taste ot Nsw Tork thaa any body alts Tha first work which tha director et tha Metropolitan Opera House did whn h became em clallvconueoted with the Madison Hquaie Uardta wat te revise the ballet, introduce new mevsmsnts la ihe gieuplng, and rearrange tha entire mssleal ssora. Mr. Rtenlnn'a appearance in tba management of the gresl j building on Madlton square waedus to ths stoekholdsrs. i 'Moil of the man who are retponilble for tha eietsit of the Madison Squire Harden ara old etoakholdtrs la tha Metropolian Opera House, and they Intiittd upon putting Vlr. Stanton la at an active official la the nsw fjsrtlsn. ' Ths rsft of women who wandsr tip and down Ureal way," said one of ihe most prominent ant siorMUnt haberdathrrsuptowajetterdsy, "will costms sbotl t.'.uothlt year." "Howl "Dy sxploltlng shirts, eollara. and tits or ameaeutine fashion There It a eertaln number of women on Broad war who have It In their powsr to ruin any fashion which they have taken In hand. Once in a white a fashion comts In whloh la distinctly in ths lint of my bulnee. I am a shlrlmsker, and among my customers la a good portion of men who are prominent eoelally and financially In New Vork. These men ray tviadoeen for thslr shirts ara not particularly anilius lo beat rat down on the prices of othsr goods, and hsnea I have been able to make a reputation In my buelaesa As soon as the fstblon started la I ranee for women Ie wear shirts fashlonad hksihotsof men. the wives, daughters, and slaters of mycuitomers began to come In here, and, during tha cleelng months of 1SOO, I built up a buitiietssraong wnmsn customere which showed a vsry hsndtome prif!t. As I said at Ihe outsat. It would bavs been a clean tsouo In my pocket Ibis year If Iks wnmsn ot Broadway had not selred upon tha masoullns tutrtend run Iht fashion Into the ground. My outlomfell oflst a rate Ibat was almost astounding for a month and than ceiteed abruptly The matcullne shirt for ladles' wear In .New York Is a thing of Ibe past. ' One of the entertaining bile of gossip wblcb aecatlta- J ally drill over here from London la to ba found In the mdden Jnmp Into popularity aa a professional beanty ot Mitatirllln who It asteptlttsr ot Mary Andtrson aud 1 the daughter of that dlstlngulshsd lighter ths dramstlo firmament Pr. 11am flrlffln of Louisville Mitt Grifnn, I at the ie remembered here, waa a tall girl with Urge gray syee, rather stooped shouldsrs. and a manner wl lch was dscldedly reminiscent of Mary Andsrten la har first ysars on tha stags In the Fast 1'eop.e whs have seen her recently announce that a remarkable change hae come over Jdiea (Irlffln. Her rather sllgit form has been dsvsloped by a long eyttem of riding and I training In England and aha has gone In for athlttlea I so thoroughly that the Is wsll known among the Hants I and boat amateurs there. Whan the thermometer lebolilngsp In the hlgh-clsas nineties, and humidity larks hsavtly la the air, the dtitky-sklunsd eltlssns ot aw Tork show thslr daszling teeth and smUe with Innate eomfort and Joy. Tha weather which cauaes tha Yankee to mop ble brow aad make psrsotial remarks, Is welcomed warmly by the Italian and negro oltlieneot tblt city. Perhaps Welt sirsst Is the best placs to see those two part, oularna tlona.ltles at their best A day or two since, when all up town flew York wae welling over the Inteoss beak a writer for Tna Bra boarded a Wett strset car at tha Battery and Jogged all the stay up tbat 111 pared thoroughfare From a coign ot van tage on tha front of the car ba was abls to sse all that there was to be seen on the street. In every di rection the ehade was occupied by heavy, redfaeed, and panting Irish or German laborers and stevedores, who tanned themselves with their hsls and growlad at one another with a snrllieee born of the beat Here an there on the sannlett street corners and all along ths pisrs, with ths eun blazing down on them, were Italians and negroea chirping like sparrnwe In the morning ana rending ths heavily laden air with their laughter The Intense heat esemed to tt arm them up and put new Ufa Into them It would have to be extraordinary weather which did not suit tome of ths citizens ot oosmopoiltaa New York. The managers of Bnsslan baths have for a long while claimed tbat they conld never understand why thslr pstronsge fell off In such a pronounced fashion In tho summer. It ie said by man Wao regularly take artificial batha that the efleots of ths Turkish or Kusttsn s tttme lnsammsr are far more healthful and agreeable than In winter. Yet tba proporUon of eummer bathers to those ot tha cold months la aa one to ten. Tha proprie tors of ons of the big baths In New York have coma ts the conoluslon tbat the falling or! of custom In lumtntr Is dos in soma meaaura to tba necessity ot putting 00 clothes tbst ara damp from tha affects ot the Intense hist through whloh the wearers have struggled aU day. Hence the newest thing In Haitian baths I) a drying room, where the clothes ot Ihe batbera are taken by sa tis tents and thoroughly drlsd out during the tutlb. It Is rsther a sad tblng to announce publicly, bat It la ntvertbelete true, thst only a smaU proporUon ot the dudfsb-looklng yachtsmen who are asan about lbs up-town cafes al night, and who lonnga about ths clubs, really have any .eubslautlal potttsslont In ths way et yachts. Not only tba largsr but avsn tha smallsr yacbu are owned by three or four mea, who take turns In using tba boat or alss sail togttber. This is almost uulvsrsatly true of the email fortr-footsra, nearly all of theee boate boasting double or triple own ership. Tha rssson is a good and substantia! one. A man who buys a blgyacbt, a hundred feottong or there abouta. sea her for long cruising trips at a rule. Ue movee his servants and his family aboard of hsr. kssps bsr in commission a month or two, and when ha baa fnlshed with his season's yaobliuE tha boat ts laid up nntll the following year. It Is ussful as well aa ornamental. There ara no hotel or house kllla while bis famlij Is living aboard the yacht, and be gets a dls- i Unci return for his money. Tha small boats, bowsver, are toys, puro and simple, and very expensive toys al that. N 01 mora than three or four peopia can crulte in them comrorlably, and yet they require an equipment ot four men alt the time tbat they are in eoramlsslen. The man ara paid libsral salaiiss, It sosts a good deal to feed them, aud the necessary ezpsnsss for the wssr and tear ot the boat always reach a contlderabls amount As a rule, tha small yachts are owned bv young buelnsss or profeeslonsl msn whose tuns is not snttrsly their own. and they chip In together and fit their season's yachting for something like a reaaonabla pries. There It a tort ot stock company nf five men la the dry gooas district who run ons yacht. Among woman every one of the five spsaka ot It as "my boat." Ullltary Bicycles Haas Breltmaan Tha Hun. TorBaEnnoaorlBsSca .Vlr: Tha article In Tsi Bn of July 20 concerning the ute of the bicycle as an ad Junct lu military operations Is interesting, but allow tae to point out sn emlttlon. Tha credit of proposing the me of tha wheel ter mounting troope la due to Charles 0. Lalend, better" known as llsns Breltmann. arid to tha Hon. Charles A. Dana, at one time Assistant becretary of War. The suggestion was made in Tna dun twsnty ysart ago. and lbs words ware something like theses "I know not what more newly Her llreltmenu has begun. ,' Bnt they tay he talka day-dally '1 j Hit Dana otTui Sen. j Dry talk in Deutsch together, And folk tay Ihe end will ba 1 rhUotopedal cbangee In der Union cavatrle." And then appeert an Illustration of a soldlsr rldlag tv bloycla and pursuing an Indian, who It properly sat prlted at the ttrange mount of hla tntajonUt. It it well to ba as nearly right aa possible, even Is small matters. Of eourss tba ballad writer's tuggsstlotr waa humorous, but It bids fair to become an accoa pllshsd fsot I only writs this to say tbat Tas Sra M entitled to the credit of putting the Idea Into type. lltoott-iK, July at, 1800. Joan E. Hosxasaf, A Gran4 View. I'd a view of New York one day. Surpassing tit, bowsvsr rare I stood on the vent ot a loaded subway And saw all the city, lbs sea. and lb bty, At I sal ed two miles up IB ths air. Happy Craatnraa, Ths day so hot I mlndsd not, Ths tight of msn to me turned ret To me tha beat wae not ao had, lor I'm a rol Icklng nncaugbl shad. Urutllylns Ulna. , 1 barged ber not to say me neyi Twaa tbsn this naughty Til Hade ber reply another way, And mildly answered "NIJl" 1 At Cape llay, nsby. fill that land bole right up." "1 don't wanisr" "louraust r irtt thing yon know, yoor gransfttast will come along and tall In." Usre Occurrence la Bostsa. ftom the 001(0 IHraU. Cnitomir (handing back a mutilated eelo)-I want a better halt Halttslrl (abitrectedlyv-Ob, sir, 1 thank you, but 1 at engaged to Ueorge itobbloa Bad Break. tJB rrost Arook'yt .'a fcjL Trtmo (after eating plcoe ot pltl-IIave yon any mere, ff laa stur m I ady of Houtt-Why, certainly, slri you II find II Is theshsd. How kind lu you to oiltr to uiaw my lawn. A Free Traaalallon. H "Papa." stld Willie. whatsis a rans stls r' I " A rara avis, my eon, Is a out wl rdt haUy, Yea JH. tUJdJj Ttt lit DM." jH 1 - "yjj