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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 24, 1890, Image 14

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I Jn U r ktlIiT I i I iJ fjri JJ > A i4t14 r c C
The Trw Under the fleam I
What seams at first sight purzllng Is the Me
that the Jong who hail been nti Itmlgnlflcan
actor of the population of Syria under PersIan
rule should have plarod such aconsplcuoui
rolo In history from Hit osrly part nf the second <
century U c un to tho close of the flrnt quarto
of the second century of our era To expUlt
Ibis curious phenomenon In i the nlm of thelates I
addition to The Storr ol the Nations merges
37i Jews Under Jtoman liulf br W D MOB I
WON Putnams This L so far as we know I
the only English book which deals with this
special subject and It Is I therefore peculiar
f fortunate that the author should hart shown I
himself thoroughly qualified for the tuk
1 Not only ban Mr Morrison sought data at
tint bund from the original Greek and
k Roman sources but be has availed
himself of the expository and criti
J cal apparatus provided br the German
scholars who have devoted themselves to tin
> elucidation of Jewish blstorr and the Jewish
religion For a convenient and effective treat
1 ment of his theme the author has dlvidod the
BPBOO at hit disposal giving In the Ort half of
this volume a consecutive account of the Jew
of Palestine from tbelr revolt under tha
I Maccabees against the rielouktd kings ol
Brrla down to their flnal and fatal outbreak In
the reign of Hadrian In the second part ol
the book bedlscussag such questions at the
relation of the synagogue to the temple
and of tradition t the law the difference be
trteon the Badducaes and Pharisees the origin
and characteristics of the Kssenis the bop
and conception of a Messiah and the extent of
the Jewish dispersion through tho Mediterranean
ranean world
What language was spoken br the Jews In
the time of Christ 7 This preliminary question
I examined In a chapter on the components of
the population of Palestine Of course It was
only In Judaea proper that the Jews were In a
majority In Samaria in Oalllee and In the
country east of the Jordan and In the coast
strip once known as Phlllstla the larger por
tion of the Inhabitants were Syrians and
Greek ad according < o their nationality
form of the lIst
spoke Aramaic or a corrupt Jol
lenlo tongue But what language was spoken
bribe Jews themselves The author re pro
duces the unanimous conclusion of scholars
when be ears that Except among the learn
ed Hebrew had become extinct as a living
tongue and In the time of Christ the language
In ceneral ue was Aramaic I Is equally
certain that traders and the higher classes
1 understood Greek also and a vast number
of Greek words had found their war
Into common use Greek names were very
frequently employed for money weights
and measures I was the came In cIv 111a
and military affairs Many commercial terms
too were Greek and Greek words had even
come to be used for food clothing and house
hold furniture Among the ruling classes It
was customary to call children by Greek
names such as Alexander Arlstobulus Philip
and so forth Greek names Andrew and
Philip occur also among the dleolples of Christ
which would lead us to believe that the custom
of bestowing Greek names on children bad
Bread through all classes of the community
Of nearly all the Jews who lived In the west a
well a In the east of Europe Greek had become
the mother tongue and the multitudes of > them I
who came a pllcrluis to Jerusalem must have I
helped t disseminate the H4llenio speech not
onlr In the HaIr City but throughout Judaea
In another chapter Mr Morrison points out
In what high respect Greek was held even br
t tho scribes whoso duty It was to transmit for
traditional purposes an esoteric knowledge of
the Hebrew tongue and to Interpret the orig
inal Hebrew texts to the commonality Thus we
read on page 2S7 Gamaliel and many of his
immediate successors were ardent Hellenists
Broomeof the rabbis Greek was described as
a faultless tongue and a the onlr language
which the law could be
Into properly trans
lated 8 warm was the admiration for Greek
that the translation 01 the Beptuaglnt
translaton o was con
sidered to be the result of divine inspiration
and in Its accomplishment was seen the fulfil
ment of the prophecy that Japhet should dwell
In the tents of 8bem Parents were exhorted
to teach their daughters Greek and I was
apostrophized as the most beautiful language
the of In three things said
among tl sons men tbre tbloll IBtd
the rabbis of the first century Greece elands
superior to Rome Inlaws in language and In I
literature Rabbi Juda went ao la A to say I
that Greek or Hebrew was the onlr language
Which should be spoken by the people of Pales
tine All these sayings go fa to justifying the
deduction that In the time of Christ Greek
formed no unimportant part of the education
ol scribe
r even a acrbe
Who and what war the scribes According
to the Jewish habit of sanctifying every Institution
I tution br referring its orleln to a remote an
il tiquity they were bald to have come Into existence
i istence in the time of Moses In reality they
r sprang up during the Babylonian exile and
I t their rise was chiefly owing to the catastrophe I
which had overwhelmed the nation The I
Jews having lost their national existence and
I the ties of a common fatherland being for a I
I time dissolved the only things which united I
the departed community were the bonds ot a
I common faith and the hallowed memories of
the past Accordingly I became I sacred
duty as well a a consolation to preserve and
strengthen these bonds otherwise the Jews
would have lost their distinctive characteris
tics and been swallowed up among the popula
tions who surrounded and enormously out
numbered them To prevent this crowning
calamity the ancient records of the race its
recorl Ia
traditions Its laws Its customs were sedulous
ly I collected and disseminated among the ex
iles Copies of these records were required for
the edification of the weekly assemblies which
Afterward developed into synagogues A class
ofcopyUts sprang Into existence and these
I copyists are the scribes
I But the scribe became something more
than mere custodians and copyist of the saci ed
l records The language In which the Law was
written harms ceased to be a living tongue
soon after the exile the scribes had to under
take the task Interpreting Its contents to the
people It In the capacity of
people was CaPlclr expounders
that the eeribet were drawn Into assuming the
I functIon Jurists and legislators The con
ditions which made such an expansion of their
functions Inevitable are thus described by Mr
I Morrison I The written Law In many In
stanoesdoes not go beyond general principles
I Borne ot Its precepts are amblcuotis and In
process of time others lud become almost Ira
possible of fulfilment Most Important of all
i WI tho circumstance that In a multitude of
case It laid down no positive regulatiojis what
soever In other words It was not a complete
code of law mill the theory remained that
i Incomplete eode must supply an answer to
i ry question which might arise in all tho
i manifold aid complicated relations of human
I life How this be
Ita Hol was theory to maintained In
face of the tact that the written Law was Inad
r equate and incomplete Only lu one way
namely by the creation of such elastic rules of
1 Interpretation HB would permit the uorlbes to
construct n code 01 law at once more compre
hensive In Its character and more capable of
adaptation to the changing requirements of a
living society This was what actually took
place The new and more elastic code
gradually constructed was called the
Uw 1 of tradition and wit represented
a belo nothing mote than au ancient
and authoritative Interpretation of tho
written lawin laterpretatlon dating back
to the time of Moses himself In reality It was
no such thing hut simply the work of the
sorlbon I nust t e hon IB I mind that In the
task of lawmaking the whole
bodr of scribes
cooperated and I was not until a certain de
cree of unanimity had been arrived at among
the doctors that any projected change In the
Uw could be effected In the time of Chrlat
Indeed tie decisions of thy scribes needed to
bo confirmed by the Btnbodrln or Supreme
Hatluiyvl Connell ot JUlio and it was not until
they lad rewired this confirmation tat they
acquired the force of law and became bInding
on the whole Jewish community SUM even
at that epoch nubile opinion was so strong
on the side of the scribes that when they wars
azrced upon anything the members of the
innhedrln did not venture to oppose
it From a very early data after the return
from Babylon there was a growing tendenc
to place judicial power In the hands of the
scribes and after the final fall of Jerusalem i
the scribes became the administrators of Jil
t a the earthly onunclatorx ol the will 01
God Another Important function of th
scribes was teaching which consisted partly
In tho private Instruction given to pupils In the
schools and partly in exegetical discourses
and homilies delivered on the Sabbaths and
feast days for he edification of the people m
large Tbr did not however have the oiclu
dive privilege of teaching In the synacogue
fact which leads us to glance at the origin and
nature of this Institution
In the Talmud and New Testament the word
synagogue means simply a place of meettnc
for religious purposes The definition itself
succests the circumstance under which the
Institution arose I seems to be undisputed
that the germs of I must be looked for among
the captives during their enforced sojourn In
Babylonia In the dark days of the Exile
says Mr Morrison I had become a custom
with the departed Jews to meet together at
stated times to console and comfort one an
other and to fortify themselves In the faith of
their fathers by the reading and expounding
of the Law This custom did not openly con
flict with the pretensions set up on behalf of
the Temple It was accordingly continued I
after the Return and so palpably met the I
requlremnntaef Jewish religious life that It
was ultimately developed Into the synagogue
and became an established Institution with
Its roots firmly flxed In the affections
of the people I Is questionable I the Law
would have survived the rude shocks which
were awaiting I tin Selenkld times bad the
synagogue not existed and held its precepts
before the popular mind No wonder the
author continues that the scribes the men
whose whole lives were absorbed in the teach
ing of the Law did tb t utmost to exalt the
synagogue I was an unsurpassed Instru
ment for the propagation of their Ideas
Elsewhere Mr Morrison points out that
the synagogue was a more flexible
institution than the Temple better adapted
to encounter the vicissitudes to which
the Jewish race was incessantly exposed not I
rooted to the soil of Palestine and therefore i
capable of being transplanted without Injury
to any quarter of the globe Thanks to I the
Jewish colonists who helped to people the
great cities of antiquity were not obliged to
leave their religious observances behind when
they sought a homo beyond the confines of
their native land Wherever a few of them
could meet to read the Law and the proph
ets and to bear the record Jehovahs dealings
with tbelr fathers there a synagogue came Into
existence and became the religious and social
core of the community In the authors judg
ment It was mainly owing to the admirable
provision which the synagogue bad made for
the religious needs of the people that Judaism
waa enabled to outlive the ruin of its central
sanctuary and to sustain itself Independently
011 hereditary priesthood and a sacrificial sys
tem These latter Institutions had existed
for centuries and were associated In the mind
of every Jew with the essentials of his faith I
eeO enent1 ha
but when be was irremediably deprived of
them the synagogue was full competent to I
supply the want and to offer him the moans of
malntatnlJ paired his religious Individuality unim
What was tho difference between the Pharisees
sees and the Sadducees Mr Morrison regards
gards as fanciful rather than historically
founded the analogy sometimes drawn be
tween the antagonism of priests to prophets
under the old Israelltlsh monarchy and the
opposition of Sadducees to Pharisees In pat
Exlllan times It Is true nevertheless that
the fladdueeos controlled the priesthood and
the measure of temporal as well as spiritual
authority attached to It while the Pharisees
who Included the scribes resembled the proph
ets In that they professed to be the expounders
of the Law and were generally accepted In that
capacity From the difference of function
inevitable difference of attitude
sprang an Inlab1e durence atttude
with regard to the alien races and alien m des
of thought by which the Jews
thnllbt were encom
passed Already In the Persian period two
counter tendencies revealed themselves The
scribes the theorists the students were
at the head of the current which strove
in the Interests of monotheism and the
Mosaic law to pieserve the Jews of
Palestine from all contact with the outer world
The high priests the uen of affairs and of
action were lens afraid of the evllt that might
flow from Intercourse with the stranger and
were more disposed to live on a friendly foot
Ing with the nations among which their lot was
cast The 10peru lon of Persian by Greek
rule had the effect of accentuating the diver
gencies between the scribes and the notables
I eventually resulted In the formation of two
parties within the theocracy tho Hellenists
and the Assldirans or pious ones The Hel
lenists were composed of the priestly srlstoo
racy and th official classes and the civiliza
tion of Greece In a short time swept
them within its folds What the scribes
had dreaded came to pap The priestly
aristocracy was carried away by the
fascinations of Greek life they became
ashamed of tbelr Jewish names and not
only did they adopt the habits and customs of
I the Greeks but their faith was In many cases
I shattered by Greek philosophy The extreme
section of the HoUrntsts was partially respon
sible for the Maccbx insurrection It was
at their instigation that Antlohus Eplphunos
decreed the abolition of Judaism and
lecreed abolton Ind up a
heathen form of worship In the Temple of
Jerusalem This act of apostasy compelled
the Atsldirans to take the Held With the suo
cess of the Maccabsean revolt both the Anst
drcans and the apostate Hellenists disap
peared from the scene but national In
I I dependence once secured the old an
tagonistic tendencies asserted themselves
afresh and wore henceforth represented by the
Pharisees and Sadducees The latter like
their Hellenist predecessors were the Jewish
aristocracy They were partly courtiers sol
dims diplomatists and other superior officials
who bad risen into I prominence In the Mac
cabcran wars and partly the old priestly fami
lies that had fallen Into the background In the
early stages of the revolt Mr Morrison deems
It highly probable that the iadduceee owe
their party name to the old hlxhprleitly aris
tocracy From the time of David till the estab
lishment of Muccnbran supremacy the high
priesthood had almost always been In
prluthoot alrot IlwIS the
I hands of the family of Zadok But at the close
of the Greek period the doings of the Zadok
Ites toads them highly unpopular and In
the Mnccabman I period a widespread dislike
of their religious Indifference and of their
Greek mode of lift existed In the public mind
The same Greek tendencies however soon roo
appeared among the Maccabees and the high
omdall who surrounded them The party of
the scribes profoundly disapproved of these
tendencies and stigmatized the men who
adopted them a culckltts nr Sadducoea
Huih at least Is the most probable explanation
of the words origin
The Pharisees on the other hand wero the
successors of the Asslaaans or pious one
from whom they differed mainly In the fact
that they were not quite so Indifferent to the
Istenco of Judo as an Independent State
Mr Uoirlson Indicates the difference between
the Pharisees and the scribes by saying that
the former were a party whereas he latter
wore a class Many of the Pharisees were
scribes and nearly all the scribes were Pbari
I tees though the Badducees would naturally
i while they controlled the priesthood have
conic representatIves nmong the expounder
j of the law H doe pot appetr that prior to
be revolt which 1 crushed b Titus the
lbarls ea as a party possessed much Influ
mce over the Jewish people and accoidlnsto
Jo phus they did not as n rule numbermor
than 0000 Their struggles with the Sad
ducees for ascendency began about 110 B A
and had varying result At the accession of
Herod the Great they constituted a majority of
tbo Sanhudrln or supreme national council 01
I Judea but after his death they were In a ml
norlty When Judea fell under tho ml
of a romau procurator the Baddnceef already 1
ready controlling tbe Sanhedrln acquire
I some additional authority but with thaI
capture and destruction of Jerusalem by
I Titus their party disappeared The fate of the
1hnrlfees was different The Zealots who
were tholr fighting wing and brought About
I the revolt against Rome were practically exterminated
terminated but the Pharisee AS a body
gained rather than lost authority after the fall I
of Jerusalem by abjuring political action And <
devoting themselves to codifying the aocurou I
latlons of wiltten law which had been biped
up In the course of centuries I was on the
precepts of this code which they now com I
milled to writing that they relied as Inntru
mints for keeping the Jews apart from I Ihe
rest of the world and UP to the present day
they have not relied In vain The Pharisee has
The tact that th Badduceos rejected oral
tradition and refused to accept the otter
elastic Interpretations of the scribes natural
led to some disagreement with the Pharlseei
In regard to dogma 1 ho most Important dUo
fenuce between them A concerned with the
doctrine of the resurrection According to Jo
sephus the Pharisees believed that souls an
of Immorta vigor and that there will be re <
wards or punishment undor tbe earth to those
who In this life have devoted them
selves to virtue or to vice the Utter
ter will be shut up In an evorlastlnt
prison the former will have the power of com
ing back to life On the other baud both
Josephus and the New Testament concur It I
asserting that the Badducees repudiated the
doctrine of the resurrection The souls they
said die with the bodies and there are neither
reward nor punishments In the under world
Mr Morrison points out that In this reaped
the Sadducees were in harmony with the oKI
Hebrew view concerning the state of the dead
for the dim sad and shadowy existence
of the departed In Bheol was nol
worthy ot the name of Immortality
The Badducees contended that tbo law wa
silent on the resurrection and their position
may be summed up in the celebrated maxim
ofAntlgonus of Bochoh Be not A slaves
that minister to the Lord with a view to receive
ceive recompense but b aa slaves that min
ister t the Lord without a view to receive
recompense and let the fear of Heaven be
upon ron
Tbe existence of angels and evil spirits woe
also a mate In dispute between the Haducee
and Pharisees In tho centuries following the
return from exile 8 belief In this doctrine
first acquired In all likelihood in Babylonia
grew Into a general conviction among the
Jewish masses The Pharisees upheld and
the Badducaes opposed It There was Ike
wise a conflict of opinion between these sects
or parties touching predestination and free
will According to Josephus the Pharisees said
that certain things but not all ore the work of
rate that is to say oC Divine Fro Me noel and
that other things are In our own power The
Sad < ucoes on the other band tao away Fate
holding that I la I a thing of nought and that
human affairs do not depend upon it but
they place all things In our own power so that
we are the authors of our own good and re
ceive evils through our own want of con
sideration Yet Mr Morrison thinks tho
difference was one rather of degree than kind
seeing that the Sadduceas did not deny tbe
overruling power of Providence Neither ol
the sects was Inexorably logical Loglo was
reserved for Calvin
I Is in a chapter on the dispersion that the
author of this book enables us to understand
the material power 1 times wielded by the
relatively small Jewish population of Pales
tine and theIr command of the resources
needed to keep a large army in tbe field It was
as I the Holy Land were now put in the pos
session of Jewish colonists who had authority
to levy large and incessantcontrlbutlons on the
Rothschilds and the Innumerable rich Hebrew
bunkers scattered all over the civilized world
The number of Jews outside of Palestine In the
time of Christ must have been much greater
than the Jewish population In Palestine itself
According to Josephns the Jews in Mesopo
tamia and Babylonia wore to be counted not
by thousands but millions In the first cen
tury of our eroKcypt contained a Jewish com
munity numbering about a million souls Two
of the five quarters Into which Alexandria
was divided were Inhabited by Jews An
Immense number of Jewo were to be found
In Antioch and In Damascus alone from ten
to eighteen thousand of them were massacred
I at the time of the great war with Rome They
were strong enoucrh in Cyprus under Train
I to put to death 210000 of the native popula
tion and In Cyrene to massacre 200000 Greeks
and Romans They formed large and flour
ishing communities throughout the regions
which later constituted the Eastern Roman
empire Syria Asia Minor Thrace Macedo
nia Thessaly and Greece In the west too
they had colonies penetrating as far as SpaIn
In Rome Itself they were so numerous that 8000
residents accompanied a deputation that had
come from Palestine to complain to Augustus
of the Government of that country Under the
Imperial laws tbe Jews possessed Important
privileges being a a rule exempted from the
duty of military service and possessing tbe
right of assemblage They were also permitted
to establish tribunals of their own for adjudi
cating upon matters pertaining to the welfare
i of their community These privileges were
not withdrawn from them even after the re
I volts of their brethren In the Holy Land
From these outlying colonies pilgrims to the
Temple at Jerusalem came annually accord
Ing to Josephus by the million and according
to Philo by tens of thousands Not only did D
I continual btream ot money flow to Palestine
through these pilgrimages but nil Jews
throulb plllrlmnies ni llls con
tributed to the fund ostensibly levied as trib
J ute for the Temple Tne result of this or
t gnome taxation was that the Rahbedrln al
I ways hud at Its disposal largo sums of money
I And when tbeso fell Into the hands of rebels
they were able to raise forces and conduct
military operations on D Benin out of all pro
portion to the Jewish population of Judea
A Htorr or Ieler burx Society
WellInformed readers are aware that not a
fuw of the novelists who profess to portray tho
life of the great world evolve the subject uf
their picture from lbs depths ol their Inner
consciousness while others who pose as mu
tors of the naturalistic sobool seem t proos d
on the assumption that they can acquire an
authentic conception of rocloty aa AgastU was
said to reconstruct a fish by the studious In
I Hpectlon of a single scale The result Is
I not edifying In either case and accordingly
chance of seeing society
our selnl aoletr faithfully
depleted teems but small They that
I i can write do not know and It
must be acknowledged that they who know
can seldom write for the reason that Euterpe
Is I mu b less welcome than Terpsichore in
drawing rooms I is I therefore gratifying
since If any phase of human existence Is I to bo
I described at all vie want to see It as It IIto
I see life at th i court of 1etcrsburc delineated by
one who relies for materials neither on tle
product of an excited Imagination nor ou the
j gogilp ol the > er < ant hall I will be plain to
any reader accustomed to distinguish between
the veracious and the fanciful that the autborof
A liiviumatt Vtarv IJ I Llppincoit 1k CI
baa seen the types and oou s characteristic of
Russian society which are hire reproduced
Not only however baa JUUKN GOIIUON we
believe lulu to bo a ludys gout dt plum but
Inet nlm has chosen to adopt It let UI respect
itiari unusual opportunities of obseivatlou
but he baa lamed them to aoeount by the
I Irult ul exercise of a penetrating eye and of
I I a IntiUtot at Oftii well Jurhbod ana alert
Considered merely as a social document this
story of a young American woman experience
at Petersburg will b found Interesting and In
structive but wo should not dwell upon It
at much length If It were not something much
more attractive lhanvn truthful transcript of
foreign manners to wit a charming love story
Wo doubt I any reader 0 A Diplomats
I Diary will escape falling In love with Mr
Acton A fate which awaited the German di
plomatist a veteran In war and reputed Invul
nerable In heart who Is supposed to narrate
this Autobiography I obviously lay Indeed
with tbe heroine of this story to repeat I she
chose the exploit performed by another Amer
I ican lady who Is now the wife of Count Yon
Waldersee the successor of Count Yon Moltke
I and real head of the German army To the
mind nevertheless of an American duly patri
I otic and conservative the outcome of this novel
Is more satisfactory than Its counterpart In
actual life for the German warrior who Is 1 It
I seems the favored of princesses U rejected by
MM Acton In favor of one of her fellow coun
This is 1 not a book however to b dismissed
with a light touch The author has looked
beneath the surface ot life and althoueh his
story Is told with unflagging brightness aud
vivacity It has A sad ending Hut tho finest I
lives ate often sad With the gifts that bear
them radiantly over a summer sea there apt
I to be conjoined a conscience that points Inflexibly
I ibly to tho bleak shores of duty Tho novelette
before us Is D new and moving version uf tho
fate which bids a woman marry not whom Ibo
would but whom she ought It raises the old
query which has been pressed home so fre
Of love that nOr knew Ida earthly close
WtiatMqqtlf fltreAminc eye and trttktf Iitaruf
Or all tbt same u I b had Dot bun t
It may seem at the Ort glance to the reader
of this story that love and duty wore hero not
irremediably divorced and that the heroine
I might have given her hand where she had
manifestly behtowod her heart A tyro In
I literature would undoubtedly have given lh
story such a dmounnent which would have
been at onco commonplace and psycho
logically false A woman llko Mr
I Acton having once sacrificed her inclina
tions t her obligations would be sure when
the crisis recurred to do it again Habit would
have cooperated with nature to mark hor out
sellImmolation The art of the novelist
lies In Impressing on us that the second sacrifice
lice was not only Inevitable but fraught with
I anguish and with heartbreak
Whether this is the authors first venture we
cannot say it certainly will not be his last
I The style Is not tbat of I novtce No words are
I wasted The right noun is hit upon with a
happy knack and adjectives are waved aside
whete they are not Indispensable Tho para
I graphs close crisply as with the click of a
locked trunk There is no fumbling no linger
ing to test the success of the experiment
In a word this book gives evidence of
the literary faculty which once acquir
ed is applicable to a wider canvas than
thai which is presented In A Diplomats
i Diary The two characters thai figure In the
I foreground of this storr are alive we can
bear them speak we sea them wo should
I recognize them In the street That Is the right
t artists touch and he who possesses it can at
will make us commune and sympathize with
other human beings no matter what their
social status or what the stage setting of tbelr
I lives M W J
Web Ie r1 Reply to Hoyne
To THE EDITOB oJ las BON Sir In your
issue of July 18 Mr Calvin W Lewis con
I troverts the statement made by Mr Geoige T
Curtis and myself in THE SDK of June 22 In
regard to the very short time that Mr Web
rlar yeO slort tme
I stars speech In reply to Col Hayne was in his
hands for revision Mr Lewis after quoting
the several averments ot Charles W March
Edward Everett and of Mr Curtis in his Life
of Webster to the effect that the speech In
question was In Websters hands a part of
i one dav for revision and was then Bent to the
I press says Notwithstanding these state
I menlo as to the extreme brevity of the time
which elapsed betwnen the delivery of the
speech ant the sending ol It t the press yet
I the stubborn fact remains that whereas
I I the speech was delyel ed on Jan 10 and 27lt
did not appear In print till Feb 23 25 and 27
a mouth aiterwurO when U was published in
Mr Gala National litlelluiencer pubUSled 1
I Mr Lewis also refers to a volume containing
Mra GalesM stenographic notes of the Hpeech
and considered valuable anouuh to be bought
by subscription for 575 for the Boton 1uCllo
I Library to which It was presented by Robert
I t Wtntbrop one of the subcrlbera In 1877
I Two pasaies are given from these notes of
Mrs titles In the volume gpokon 01 > to show
that tho speech as we now have It diners
1 widely In form from the one actually de
livered and that Cot ingersoll was therefore
i right In saying that ihe speech which we
rend now IB lot In form thouub It IH In spirit
the address which Wbstr really delivered
I He spent many days In carefully revising and
writing out the speech and the published
speech U I Webtars lotUlon and not tho ao
1 tnul speech hoard in the Senate chamber
I There I > no evidence that more time was
spent In Its revNIun than that specified the
statements of lleisrx Everett March and Cur
tis The flrstof theo eats In the biography
ts Webster prefixed to his wor is 011 p lliO
It remained In his hands for that purpose
revision I a Iaitot one day and then went to
I tliepres Mr March says The copy writ
ten nut from Mr Uales note was tent to Mr
Webster and br him revised the ante even
Ing Mr Curtis In a note te p 33H vol I of
his Life of Webster quotes from Websiers
own memorandum thus Note of this speech
Inshoithand were taken br Mr Gales They
were written out by another band and the re
port wa > most remarkably accurate It was In
the possoislou of Mr Webster a part of one
day for ruvlslnn nnd then the speech was emit
t to the press This testimony would seem to
b conclnsh to the fact that the revision pro
cess occupied the putt of one day and no po
I Mr Lewis states that the I speech though de
livered ou Jan 2i 27 did not appear In rrlnt
till jsb 23 25 and 27 a month afterward
wnen It was published In Mr Ualess National
I 1 this be so as far a the IntelHorncrr Is i con
cerned the tilts of that palor not beIng at hand
I to ci > nttult It surely cannot be credible that tie
speech did not BUI oar in print till a month
alter its delivery Tho thing occurred sixty
tears ago and the facilities Ion reporting nod
rapid publication wero far less complete than
now yt they were sufficient at least to se
cure the printing of un lmp < rtaut speech
within a reasonable time alter Its delivery
And It In Inconceivable tnntu speech so momentous
mentous as title In character in effect and
surrounding circumstances etcct not
In answer to the popular demand have been
spread before the public as rapidly us I was
possible for types to do their work The terms
In which Mr ttenett anti others speak of the
revision of the speteh taking part of a day nnd
tstbcn Ulnu given to the press Imnly that
the printing followed hard on the revising und
this we presume I to bavo been the case Other
paper than the InirUijmeei would obtain nnd
b eager to print the speech and If thom re
ports wore luacoumtn In part It would spur on
tho tater having I correct report tu publish It
at tm > earliest possible
R lrlet moment A volume of
Gales and healnns itagistor l Of Debates in
Tcnureis Is lying before mo containing I
the nets and proceedings of Congress for
aol dny u well m tho snooohaii Tho speech
of Webstar Is here ul > rtantitlly I mat nay
exBotlv us I appeals tu his published work
und presumably as It was alien it the press
after the purl of a days revision which as it
appears was nil ho bestowed upon It
j The pasKBgeH lion Mr < liili ulon stenographic
note the one belnu Mr Websters euWliim
on Maxnacliusnttn the other a part of his
I Blowing peroration are widely dlftprent In
I deed from theiB porMons of the Hieeohaiivte I
have I now and it IH posmlbln that Mr Webster
j niHV have niiide theo changes vnn In the
brief lime he allowed h niself for revision Hut
I prefer to think thut no uch grs dirfurxore
between the fpeooli as npokon < and as we have
lit n existed Mr Dales noleit to th con I
I trary noturltliHlttndlnir And I am confirmed
In Oils view bv Mr Marchs a cnnfrnlet
flemlnltcences of tbo speech which he beard
He sats I t 140
Ahl who can well foreet that was present I
to hear the tremendous the nwlul burt of el
oquvnoe with which the orator spoke nf the
old haY tate or the wordof deep pathos In
I which the words score pronounced >
Mr Proslient I shall enter on no enco
mium upon Massachusetts Ac and then
gives the whole pasxnire precisely as we have
a now The > saute of lbs peroration of which
he says Ills vole exerted to Iu utmost
power penetrated every lecess or corner of the
Henatepenetiated oven the ant rootns and
stair ways a < he pronounced In dei eat tones
of pathos these words of solemn iLnlflcanoo
IIlhos olml
When mr eyes shall be turned to beholu for
the hut time the sun In hraf Aeglvlnit I
I the whole of the peroration just as the entire
country hfa Irarne I to know and otol It I
llnvlnie himself heard hue s cccii hn would
burillv HH a truthlul wltuen toll tlie auld
that Mr VUtcr ullerrd i titmice thot Iu did
not A it 1 Ills testimony that the IM ch us W
I ave It itie the form In which It was pro
nounced will not easily be put aside
i I KU > CIIOX i N 1 r July 22 Jut
A r ntnr bat ConpomttTelr TJakBOT
Pool Viewed br Bentchins Crlile
I cannot sins the old songs nor Indeed ant
others but I can read them In tho neglect
works of Thomas llaynes Daily The name
of Bayly may b unfamiliar but everyone at l
most baa beard his ditties chantrdovery one
much over 40 at all events Ill liana Up My
Harp On a Willow Tree and Id Be B Iu
terfiy and Oh No We Never Mention
Her a dimly dear to every friend of Hr
Richard Bwlveller I to be suns everywhere
to hear your verses uttered In harmony with
al pianos and quoted by the world at large
b fame Bayly had It Ho was a unaffected
poet Ho wrote words to airs and ho I II
almost absolutely forgotten To read hIm
Is to be carried back on the InK
of music to the bowel of youth and as the
editor of THE BUN has requested me to attempt
a criticism of this butterfly bard to the bowers
ot youth I have been wafted and to the shop 01
Mr Bain In the Haymarket You do not find
on ovary taU the poems of Bayly but Mi
Bain lies discovered a copy In two volumes
edited by Mr Baylys widow Bontloy 18U
They saw tho light In the same rear a the
present critic and perhaps they c ased to ba
rr popular before he was breeched Mr
Daily according to r Bayly ably none
trated the sources of the human heart like <
Shakespeare and Mr Howella Ho also
cave to minstrel the attributes of intellect
and wit and reclaimed oven festive song
from vulgarity In which since the ago 01
Anacreou festive song has notoriously wal
lowed The poet who did alt this was born at
Bath In October 1707 HU lather was a Ion
ted solicitor and his groaturandmother wa
sister to Lord Delamero while ho had a roo
moto baronet on the mothers side To trace
the ancestral source of his genius was diffIcult
as In the case of Gifted Hopkins but It was
beleyet to flow from his maternal grand
father Mr Freeman whom his friend Lord
Lavlngton regarded as ono of the finest
poets of his ago Mr Freeman the
Iota ao to
historian has also tuned the lyre I
believe In youth but whether the his
torian Is descended from the maternal
grandfather of him who would be a butter
fly no genealogist U at band to tell UI
Bayly was at school at Winchester where be
conducted a weekly college newspaper Hi
ooele nlwspapr Is
father like Scotts would have made him a i
lawyer but the youth took a great dislike to
it for his Ideas loved to dwell In the region
of fancy which are closed to attorneys Bo be
thought of being a clergyman and was Bent to
Bt Marys Hall Oxford In fact be was a i
Bklmmary man not a r proud social post
tion In the university At Hklmmery he did
himself the academics
not apply blmsel to pursuit 01 aademloal
honors but fell in love with D young lady whose
brother he had tended In a fatal Illness But
they were both to wise to think ot living upon
love and after mutual tears and sighs they
parted never to met again Tho lady though
grieved was not heartbroken and soon be
came the wife of another They usually do
Mr Baylys regret was more profound and expressed
pressed itself in the touching ditty
OS no w e nn mention tier
Ob no mnton
lltr name li Doobrd
tly lips axe now forbid to epea k
That one familiar word
From sport 1 port they harry me
To banuti my regret
And when they only worry me
II bee Mr Baylys pardon
And when they win a imlle from me
tlr lmO me
They fancy 1 forget
They bid me ink In change of icene
Tht charms that others led
Bat were I In a foreign land
Theyd find D ehanff In ma 4
Tie true that I bhol4110 more
The valley where we met
I do not as the hawthorn traa
S But how can forfeit
They I me she I hippy saw
And so she wa In fact
The gayest ot the J
They hint that ehei forgotten me
Eat heed not what they lay
Like me prrnaca she struggles with
Each feelIng of regret
Tie true ihei married Mr Smith
Bal al does she forget I
Tbe temptation to parody Is really too strong
the last lines actually and in an authentic
text are
Bat If she loves u I have loved
She never can forget
Bayly had now struck the no to the sweet
sentimental note of the early Innocent Vloto
non age Jeames Imitated him
I nanrelln I La4y mID
Dost thou remember Jeames t
Wo should do the trick quite differently now
more like this
Love spake to m and said
Oh lips be mil
lt that one name b dead
Thai memory flown and nd
Untouched that late I
Go forth laid LOT with willow la toy hal
AnJ In thy hair
Dead blossoms wear
Blown from the lanleu land
Qo forth said Lore thon never more Shalt O
Her shadow tllmmer by the trysting true
But iAe is cla
With roses crowned and ola
Who hath forgotten thee I
But I made answer Level
Tell me no more thereof
For she has drank of that same cup ai L
Tea though her yri b dry
She gamer there forms
Tears salter than the sea
Even till the diy she die
So nave I Lore the He
I declare I nearly weep over the lines for
though they are only Baylys sentiment has
tily recast In a modern mould thero Is some
thing so very affecting mouldy and unwhole
some about them and they sound as if they
bad been written up to a sketch by a dla
dole of Mr KoBHeUIu
In a mood much more manly and moral
Mr Daily wrote another poem t tbe young
Uay thy lot In I tile be happy undisturbed by thoogbti
of r
T God boshIUr tamoeeBOo thy guard asS guide
will bO
Thy heart will lose the chilling sense of hopeless lore
at last
And the sunshine o the rlnr cbas the shadows of
the past
11 fact we need not b concerned at last comes
very anna and our Euitlla quite fort lbs memory
of tbe moun the moon that hon on her and us the
roods that beard our Tows the moaning of tbe waters
and the murmur of the boughs Sue U I happy with
mother aDd by her wr quite forgot > she never leti
a thought oC us bring shadow on her lot and If we meet
at dinner shes too clever to repine and mentions ni
to Mr Hmllb as An old name ef mine And ihatl I
grieve that It I Is I thus and would I have her weep Iud
loss her healthy appetite aud break her healthy sleep I
Vot so shes not poetical though user shall I forest
tile fairy nf ray fancy whom I onte thought I bad met
The fairy of my faiieyi I vaa fancy most things r
isremotions woe not sttidtasl r I the shining of a
stir bull IloY her luu yet as one U shone on
ne and swayed Ice I Ihe low moon sways Uiesnrif
ll of the sea
Among other snorts his anxious friends
hurried the lovelorn Uayly 1 Scotland where
ho wrote much verse and then to Dublin
which completed his cure He seemed In the
midst of the crowd the gayest of all his laugh
tel rang merry and loud at banquet and hal
lie thought no more of studying for the Church
but went buck to Bath met 1 Miss Hayes
VAS losclnaled by Mil Hayes came saw
but did not conquer at one says Mrs Haynes
layly nfe > Hayes with widows pride Her
lovely name was Helena and I deeply regret
to add that after an educational Bklmmery
Mr Bayly In his oems > accentuated the
enutlmate which of course is short
Oh think noc ideas of isaviag us y1
he carolled when It would have been just as
easy and 1 hundred times more on oct tu
Oh lleelia think am of tearing us yet t
Miss Hayes bad lands In Ireland alas and
dr Daily Insinuated that like King lute
md Wait Wcotej L the baJlAd liar lours
courted her for her lands and her lo bat ho
like King Honour
For hl benny tle
And for her fair beSts
In 1825 after being eleoted to the AUienroiim
Mr Bayly at last found favour In the eyes of
I Miss Hayes Ue presented her with D lIttle
ruby heart which she accepted and they were
married and at first wore well to do Mis
Hayes being the belresa of Donjomlu hayes
Eeq of Marble Hill In county Cork A friend
of Mr Baylys described him thus
I never have met on this chilling earth
S merry so knd an frank youth
In moment et ptetsnre a smile al mirth
IB momnti ef sorrow a bal of troth
I hare heard thee rId I bat > een the 14
By Fashion alenghtr ray career
While beautiful lips have often shed
Their flattering poison In thin ear
Tot bo says that the poet was unspoiled On
his honeymoon at Lord Ashtowns Mr Bayly
flying from some fair slrontt retreated to a i
bower and there wrote his worldfamous IV
be a butterfly
Id be a butterfly living a rover
Di tug when fair thing are tailing away
The place In which tbo deathless strain
welled from the singers heart was henceforth
known aa Butterfly Bower Ho now wrote
B novel The Aylmer which has gone
where the old moons BO and ho became
rather a literary lion and made the acquaint
anco of Theodore Hook The loss ol B eon
caused him to wrlto some devotional verses
which were not what ho did best
and now ho began to try comedies
Ono ot thorn Sold for a Song did very welL
In the stage coach between Wycombe Abbey
and London he wrote a successful little lerer
de rtdeiu called Perfection and It wai
lucky that bo opened Ibis vein for his wlfei
Irish property got Into an Irish bog of dis
honesty and difficulty Thirtyfive pieces were
contributed by him to the British stage Alter
a long Illness he died on April 221829 Ho
did not live this butterfly minstrel Into the
winter ot human age
Of his poems the Inevitable criticism must
bo that ho was a Tom Moore ot much lower
accomplishments His business was to carol
ot the most vapid and obvious sentiment and
to string flowers fruits trees breeze sorrow
tomorrow knights coal black steeds regret
docoptlon and so forth Into fervid anapestlcs
Perhaps his success lay In knowing exactly ban
little sense as poetry composers will endure and
singers will accept Why words for music
are almost Invariably trash now though the
words of Elizabethan songs are better than
any music is a gloomy and difficult question
Like most poets I myself detest the sister
art and dont know anything about It But
any ono can BOO that words lUte Baylys Bra
and have long boon much more popular with
musical people than words like Shelleys
Keatss Bhakospoaree Fletchers Lovelaces
or Carewe The natural explanation Is not
flattering musical people at all events the
singing world doted on Daily
She never blamed him never
But received him when he came
With a weloom tort ol shIver
And she tried to look the urn
But vainly she dissembled
For wheneer she tried to smite
A tear unbidden trembUd
In br blue eye all the while
This was pleasant for him but the point If
that these are lines to an Indian air bhelley
also about the same time wrote lines to an
Indian air but we may swear and save out
oath that the singers preferred Baylys Ten
nyson and Colorldce could never equal the
popularity ot what follows I shall ask the
perneverlng reader to tell me where Bayly
ends and whore parody begins
When th eye of beauty closet
When the weary are at rest
When the shade lh sunaet throw U
But a vapor In the west
When the moonlight UDS the billow J
win a wreath of sliver foam
And the whisper of the willow
Breaks the umber ot the mom
Might may come but Bleep will llajer
When the spirit aU fotloin
State tu ear agalnit the singer
And the rustle of the corn
Round the lad old mansion sobbing
Bids the wakeful maid recall
Who It was that caused the throbbing
Ot her bosom at the ball
Will this not do to sing just as well as the
original and Is It not true that almost any
man you please could reel It off for days to
Bolher Anything will do that speaks of for
getting people and of being forsaken and
about the sunset and the ivy and the rose
Tell me no more that the tide of thin anguish
Is red aa the heart blood and silt aa the sea
That the start In their courses command thee to lan
That the hand ot enjoyment U loosened from theel
Tell me no more that forgotten forsaken
floe roamed the wild wood thou slghst en the
Nay forgotten the pledge that of old we bad Ukeo
And the word that hays bound me they bind thee
no morel
Ere the ion had gone down on thy sorrow the maidens
Were wreathing the oranges bad In thy hair
And the trumpets were tuning the musical eadtnce
Thai gave the a briX to the baronet helrl
Farewell may n Uio ght plere thy breast ef thy
rarwll and be happy In Hubert embrace
Be the bell of the ball be Ib bride if the season
With diamond beliiened and languid la Uo
This is mine and I say with modest pride
that It la quite as good as
Oo mayst thou b5 happy
Though sadly we part
la lifes early summer
Grief break not the heart
The ills that assail us
AsiMedlly pas
Al shades oer a mirror
Which stain not lbs glass
Anybody could do it wo say in what Edgar
Foe calls the mad pride of Intellectuality
and It certainly looks as If It could be done by
anybody For example take Daily as a moral
ist His ideas aro out ot tha centre This la
about his standard
Vraak not tb thread the spider
Ii laboring to weave
I laid nor us I yd her
Could dream sbe would deceive
lier brow was par and candid
Her tender eyes above
Ana I If ever man did
Fell bopssly In love
For who could deem that cruel
So fair a far mleht be
Thai yi so like a Jewel
Were stoly paste for me I
I wore my thread aspiring
Vi llhla her heart lo climb
I wove with ial untiring
Fr ever such aucael
But ah that thread warn broken
All by bet anger fair
The yew and prayers Ive spoken
Ar vanished into alrl
Did Built write that ditty or did I Upon
my word I can hardly tell I am being hypno
tized by Bayly I hop In number and the
numbers come like mad I can hardly ask for
a light without abounding In his artless vein
Easy easy It seems and yet It was Unity after
all not you nor I who wrote the classic
Ill bang up my harp on a willow Ire
And Ill g e to the war again
For a ptacefnl home has no charm for me
A batlleSsld no pain
Th lady 1 serve will coon bt a rile
With a dladtin ii > her brow
Ah why did she Butler soy boyish pride
She Is going to leave l me now
It Is like listening In tbe sod yellow evening
to the strains of B barrel organ faint and
sweet and far away A world of memories come
llgflng bock foolish fancies dreams desires
all beckoning and bobbing to the old tune
< lb hit 1 but loved will a boyish love
ll would lute been well for me
How does llayly manage ill What Is the
trick of It tbe obvious lmple meretricious
trick which somehow after all let us mock
as wo will Bayly could Jo and vie cannot
He reiUy bad o slim sH1oub1IamIxkJg
and etching little talent of his own and well
wo bar not even that Nobody forgets
The liAr I love will loon be a bride
Nobody remombors our cultivated enlcs and
esoteric sonnets oh brother minor poot tnon
timolablr tnonfrirt I
Nor can we rival though wo publish our
books on the largest paper tho burled popu
linity of
Gaily the troubadour
TeacheS his guitar
When be was hastening
lloni from th war
Singing From Palestine
Hither 1 come
Lady love lady love
Welcome me home
Of course this Is historically very Incorrect
rendering of i > anguodoo crusader and the
impression Is not modlioval but ot the comic
opera Any one ot us oould get In more local
color for the money and give the crusader a
cithern or oltole Instead ot B guitar ThUli i
bow we Miould do Gaily tho Troubadour
Sir Ralph tie li hardy and mlokl ot might
Hn la bell tlnncu auMplnf
Eoldani seven bath he slain Ut 1 fight
JJommir a la UtK Jiotliu
Sir Ralph he rldeih In nyse mall
11 la bait ntdiute anguine
Beneath bit naiat is I bit dark face pale
Dmntur h la Mix ttolliHl
nil eyes they blaze aa the birnlng coal
lid It orllt lUnckt autitlnxl
lie smlieth a nave on his gold ettela
discern a u belle inline
From her mangonel she looktth forth
Ito la titltt blineht auMplrul
Who is t he spurreth so late to the northr
Jffonncur a la btlit bolos
llarkt for he speaketh a gnlgbtly name
tin la tU biancte autiplHtl
And bar wan cheek glows ai a burning dime
Boners a la txlU looting
Tot tit Ralph he U hardy ana mlakl et might
Ho la lulls tIaiuA au 4 > liu
And hU love shall noglrdl his sword tonight
Umnrurb la belt looting
Snob was the romantic esoteric old French
war ot saying
hark tie the troubadour
Hreathlng her name
Under the battlementi
Softly be earn
Bin ting i From Palestln
Hither I come
Lady lov I Lady level
Welcome me home I
The moral of all this Is that minor poot ry has
Its fashions and that the butterfly Daily could
verify very successfully In the fashion of B
time simpler and loss pedantic than our own
On the whole minor poetry for minor poetry
this artless singer piping his native drawing
room notes would give a great deal ol per
fectly harmless if highly uncultivated enjoy
It must not bo fancied that Mr Bayly had
only ono string to his bow or rather to his
lyre He wrote a great deal to be sure about
the pnsslonof love which Count Tolstoitbiolts
we make too much of He did not dream that
the affaire of the heart should be regulated by
tne State by the Permanent Secretary ot the
Marriage Office That Is I what we are coming
to of course unless tho free love and go
away oa you please enthusiasts succeed with
their little programme No doubt there would bo
poetry If the State regulated or wholly unregu
lated affections of the future A jury of ma
trons ot the commune will select the proper
mates for the communal maidens or perhaps
as I understand Mr Grant Aliens engaging
theory the young ladles themselves will pro
pose for the most eligible sires Mr Bayly
living In other times among other manners
piped of the hard tyranny of a mother
We met twas In a crowd and I thought he vc4
shun me
ne came I coatS not breathe for his eve was apes me
Iii spoke his word wr cud and hli tall was as >
I knew how much he felt tar his deeptoa4 vitae
I wore my bridal robe and rrlTalled Its whiteness
Bright gem were In my hate bow I hated their brtgb
ntil I
Us called me by my name av the bride of another
Oh thou bait been the mass ot this angshh my
In future when the reformers ot marrioso
have bad their way wev shall rood
Th world may think me ray for I bow ta ray fat
Oh thou bait been the cave ot my anguish oh But
For when true love Is regulated br the
County Council or Die village community II
will still persist in not rnnntnc smooth
Of these passions then Mr Bayly ooalQ
chant but lot ns rengember that he could alto
dally with old romance that ho wrote
The mistletoe hung In the castle hall
The holly branch atioa on theod oak wan
When the bride unluckily cot Into the ancient
It closed with a rjrtng And dreadful Aoea
The bride lay clasped In her living tomb
so that her lover mourned for hit fairy bride
and never found out her premature casket
This was true romance as understood when
Peel was Consul Mr Daily was rarely polltl
cal but ho commemorated the heroes ot Wa
terloo our last victory worth mentioning
Yet mourn not for hem for In future tradlUos
Their Canoe shall abl de at our tutelar 14
ID inlttt Sr xmjkr tat glorious oseiglee
OSfnVinv hits Aujv In a lorfoiu war
Though tear may > e ttea In the bright eye et butjv
One consolation mast aver remain
Undaunted they tred la the pathway ef duty
Which led them to glery on Waterloos plain
Could there bo more simple Trrtous and
who that reads bin will not bo ambitious of
falling B glorious war Daily indeed 1s
always simple Hole simple sensuous and
passionate and Hilton asked no more front B
A wreath otorange blossomS
When next we met she wore
lt upmiltin tflurcaluru
Was more iiou0Afu iSn leftr
On his own nrinclples Wordsworth should
iavo admired this unaffected statement but
Wordsworth rauely praised bis contemporaries
and said that Guy Mannering was a re
ipootablo effort in the stylo of Mrs Iladcllffe
Nor did bo even extol though U Is more In his
own line
Ot what U the old man thinking
At be leans on hIs oaken tuff t
Mr own favorite among Mr Baylys effusions
is not a sentimental ode but the following
gush of true nttural feeling
Ob give me ttew facet new faces new facts
Ivt seen LNss around me a fortnight aid mere
Borne peuplt trow weary of things or of places
Out person to me are a much greater bore
I ear nol for features Im sure to discover
Bom biuKUe trait In tbt Ant that you sent
My fondnsat fala off when the novellv over
I want a new Sac for an Intimate friend
This is perfectly candid wo would all prefer
B now face If pretty every fortnight
Com I pray proa and tell me tills
All good fellows whole beards are ray
Did Cot the surest of the fair
Common gro r and wearisome ere
Kver a uoutti bad passed away t
For once Mr Buyly uttered a sentiment not
usually exprenrei I but universally felt and now
he suffers us a txwt becaue he It no loader a
new face bacausip i wo bare welcomed uU juu
ion Mr Hwluburne Mr Lewis Morris or
whoever the last intimate Mend of the Muses
may bo To Bayly wo shall not rettira but bo
has one rare minlt be Is always puriootly
plain spoken and Intelligible
rwUuntjr I Ba ly farenel ti the locer
WhOSe tculer tHuilKis uiy aunt east t to s at
farewell fur the fain s ot the ber J dee not < ingir
My favorite minstrel e no longer Ihe thing
Suit though on his templet has fadeJ ibe laurel
Though broken hU I lit ana thumb Tel 1 1 Is ttit crest
My May al worn iI l incouinouly mural
Which U mere than She meew potts us at their best
Farewell to our ayy about whose tones we
may cay with Mr Thnckoinr Vnnlly ralr
bat they contain numlerlo goodnatured
simple appeal tie the affections We ute no
longer affeetlonat4 good notiireJ aIm pin We
ore cleverer than Baylys audiences but ire
tr btter Jellon A La

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