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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, October 01, 1890, Image 3

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THE SUN WEDNESDAY ootoBER iwu 1
=
TilE SHADOW FAMINE
BLACK Anora me rro
IT iiAa
ILK OF MHEHttn
Oa A i rtf Uir iUv ra Aftrt e
tWbRI th
flrtI t Umll O er th 0 tht
rIINr ar iIt Pottn cp Iles is
ITI Ar rl
Il d Awrrlr Is Thlr 01 DrA
IIIls of nI OrgIssd
nercTktlr Apixal for AldI tth R
uId LIb1
pss 115 Proaapt
The appeal of the American Oommltttj for
IPell la 1iued to
FamlninlnlandlaUaned
iwief of lue
dt Tho ItlslaaJttpon I cartful data gathered
in the country which
from uioue ureea
OnUllMlf from r IllOUa wcftln eoura face to foe with the grim
Ltro of tamlne With a dumb endurance
bcrn retro nl I centurlca of mlfottunc the Irlh bpi
brn j lavethmaelve made no appeal for ad in
Lathemsl
pi approaching uD aual oonfl et Freci1 Ir
the me apprahlJI same n esUU In Ireland today
hM
te obtained heretofore
ha beretorr
whleb whonlth
followed by wldeapraad suffering
dwarebeen rololt wlelPrnd
sJWSVS who know
awar In America
and nturrntl n Men Amotcn hI knw
thi K w flu1 1 of thee tan have
InlltRbl
ereanlred a relief mOl amelt In advance of tho
crinbe thereby to avert
actual advent of death hoping trrb t
the horrors which America1 aid In previous
te tardily check Th
famine U served only to tarlr ohck
mromnt latterly I without political or other
ontalile aiBnlflcane It has no connection
outlle vi tlng organization In this country
with any rlltlnl orl nlzaton
orialrfland I Its aim Is I simply the relief of
umin aitfferlne
Ilman Committee Is an follow
The personnel of tho CmmlUet foloa
Wilson
Chairmanden James Orant Wleon
Hon Rutherford
Honorary Chairmen The non Rutheror
Hayes onorRf the Hon Grover Cleveland
B thl lon
D VlceChalrmenJames lledpath George
Jamea rhllllpa Jr
Ehret Elliott F Bhapnnl JRmellhllpl
ibefollowlnit gentlemen will bo or will be
Mked to bo honorary ViceChairmen Tho
Hon F r Olcott Chnnncey M Depow
William P fit John Honrr Bochol T 8
Bullock Beverly Chow Cyrus W Field Morrla
K Je up Klbildgo T Gerry tho Bon John
Jay Major William 8 Boebo Robert Bonner
the lon Charles 1 Daly
TreaaurerTiisNKW Nw YORE Sun
Vlnton
larrArtbur Dudloy
Executive Committee Gen James Grant
Wilson W M LafTnn James lledpath George
Ehret Arthur Dudley Vlnton
TIlE SUN and Press In New York the Public
Itfatr In Philadelphia and the Globe In Bos
ton will publish tho names of contributors
Tbe following firms and corporations have
been or will bo requested to receive mono
contributions August Belmont k Co Drexel
Korean k C Emigrant Industrial Savings
Institution the Gorman American Bank the
Central Trust Company of Now York tho Pub
lic Ltdger of Philadelphia TUB BUN tho Press
the Mal and Ere of New York the Glob >
of Boston
The proposed auxiliary committees are
Subcommittee on Transportation Chajincey I
Bepev Samuel Sloan 1 M Oljphaat Jamee X Max
well Qeorie I Roberta Cnarlei P Clark John Elnr
EnbCommlttee on ProvUlone U I Tharber Acker
If mall o Condlt Park o t Tilford Armtar o Co Hilton
BobbIns
BubCommittee on ClothlnrMllea OBrien ROIn
reel A Co D rot aw Broe Brooks Broi Devlin A Co
SubCommune on BeedeJ J II Gregory Ple Hen
damon A Cp James I Thorbarn A o Co
BnbCommlttee on WedlclneDr T O Thom Dr
Jcl I Muko Dr Cbrlei UoBarnev Dr Richard
ILDubr Dr John car Jr Dr Andrew J IteCoih
Ct Vlrdl Thompson Dr Amory ChtplnTm U Eohti
hUn Francis a Arnold
FabRcstloniltouiter Johnson
SubCommittee on Fnbncktloni lr Johnlon
Arthor Dadtey Vlnton John D Champltn Jr Oliver I
Terry Stephen Flike John La Farce Robert J Belford
11 Oreiory 1 C Brnnner Cot Charles Ledyard
X orion J 8 OjllTle Jonal Lltber Robert B Bonner
Oeorte W Baker r J Curtis On Don Halt I O
nor William 8 Walih
BotFCommtttet on Lexal Adrloft Joieph I Coal
BoneD I Darn Bonrkft Cockran Arthur Dudley
tl Diary B nowland Uon Rufus W Peekbam
JcanO Aftr William Car Ssngsr Hon Noah Davit
non usury JI Uoyt Icn C Meyer Zullok r R Con
e r Jillan T Dtrlea lon Chutes r Dalr lon John
F U 0 minor
J Brady WUllam Howe J
Honorary MembersThe President of the rjnlttd
Italet the VleePreildent of the United States h
ChleC Jutla and Joatleea of the Bnprem Court of the
Colua Staua the Governor of the Statea the Mayors
cf cltlea the reverend Clergy
Following Is the committees appeal to the
country
J m4 People of America
Beyond tho flea I nation shudders In the
shadow of an Impending calamity Once
agaIn the awful spectre of famlno haunts the
Irish people In their extremity they turn
their eyes westward to whore I great and free
nation dwells In prosperity The generosity of
the American pooplo alone stands between the
Irish and starvation
The American Committee for the Relief of
Famlno In Ireland appeals for manor clothing
and provisions The American Committee ap
peals to every ono Irrespective of race r
ligioud faith or political aOlliationa Our
brothers and sisters of the human roe In Ire
land wilt tasto the btterncB of death unless
we speedily send them aid from America
There hate been famines before in Ireland
and the golden stream of American generosity
hiwalwnyn then alleviated human Buffering
but alwayx too unfortunately the noble
charity of America ban reached Its destination
too Into to save many precious human lives
and awful Buffering has been endured by tho
waiting people To prevent the terrible con
aequencea of delay tho American committee appeals
peal now for Immediate assistance
The Irish loaders pledgod themselves and
their people In 18SO never attain to appeal to
America for aid in time of famine I their
tongues and pens are silent now It is only bo
ctue they recognize the sanctity of pledges
then given not because thoir need Is not great
Hut the privilege of giving ia I none the less
ours suit tho duty ot aiding oar starving
brothers is non tho lell l > Imperative
During the month of last August there waa
among the Irish farmers and people generally
a groat anxiety In regard to the potato crop
Unfortunately the worst team have been
real oil The potato rot or blight his spread
through all part or Ireland In Went Cork the
yield hibolow the average In tho poorer die
trlctsof tho o tIn the counties of Donegal
Clare Mayo Galway and Kerry tho crop is I
total failure
Tim potato has been cultivated In Ireland
rlncu Its Introduction by Sir Walter Raleigh
It hud become the principal food of the pooplo
u early as the end of the seventeenth century
Whoa Chief Baron lea went to Luudon from
Ireland In 1C88 t urge the claims of tho Irish
people upun James I the hostile populace
tmortod him In mock utatu with potatoes
tuck on poles It seems t have boon about
this tlina that the people multiplied their po
Utu plota to the detrlmuut of all other kinds
olJll pruducU und nine I then the potato
lian been ulmout the solo food of the peasantry
ancl any dutleicncy In tho potato crop has
cuuod H ijofcprt > a4 ufforiiig
In 17JJ It wiyi the ountom to leave the po
tats In the ground until near Christmas
dicglng from day today only whlt WUK Imo
dlutoly nuiulmj ua food hut In that year I iiry
curly und eu > ru frost destroyed all the undug
poUtoeK ali a terrible famine Iwuan anti
oneflfthuf Ibo population nUrtd t death
during the following wloUr from that time
to the prevent iluy Irulaud I has been iMluJ by l
famines of mor or lau severity and fatality
In 1623 ihtre wa a serious famine In Jlun
tor and Oounauicht owing to continued and
ZoesM1VO humidity Jbe potato rotted alley
olara they br1 LUljatlrd and slowed In pile Ir
In IMI 183 18311 1687 US arid 1843 J I there
pr purtial laiiun of ha potato crop wl b
tu1 much distress
In 1 Ibo Mutiiui of 1II4 < 5 tbo i way rum r
that I Mixbi hud full n upon his nouto 11
r 1111 l I s 11 1 t i 1 MI Dm I iluCt < > if r the
Mitk n list s WOe asrcol y a Iomlyjn I wdlli
lit diM Man htMl I hut uiKiit QUI progress A
frl uy ilti IUIIII hllnrltJ Charles
0C11u I > unfy picking cf the bcrrorof thl
time was a n ordinary ocurrtsace lu I Ireland
4Jrlr I dLuitidsbv d 1U Urwl J
I I p but 1 famine on the teal of the ono at band I
was KCftrtolr known lath annul of the human
rae Before the autumn of 1815 had drawn
to an end poor taw guardian and clergymen
c lrmef
Including some of
InllutlnR every douumtnatlon af
firmed that In
many districts whrm winter
lltrlola whln winte ar
rlvfd here would ie I no tuinnd notatoe loft
Tho calamity of thalynnrnat not confined
to Ireland The blight Ml nt the name lime
upon tho potato In widely aparated district
alratr rltrlcla
of thn whole world on llclglum and Canada
on Hungary and Holland on Germany and
portions of the Unite 1 BUite But the danger
wa greater and the rcMilt more oalatnltnu In
Ireland than elsewhere b > caiiao In Ireland
alone waa the food prodtiet attacked the solo
food of the entire rural populace A people
whose ordinary fool I la meat malBt anti
wheat and whoso ordinary drink la I loa coffee
or beer can retrench In periods of
br rotrenc rodl scarcity
and resort to cheaper kinds of food such a
barley oats rice and potatoes with water as
a beverage hit a people who feed entirely
and habitually on potnto live upon the px
tremo verge of human rmtalstence and when
they are deprived of their accustomed food
thero IK I nothing cheaper t which they can
resort bpyond them thoro la nothing but star
vation This la the case with the peasantry In
the west of Ireland nnd this Is the reason
rlRon
why the failure of the potato crop cause
such widespread and awful suffering In that
country
The scenes of dhUnm during this famine of
1840 were most harrowing Tho few Instances
given below nro typical of the utter destitu
tion mlsory and death that universally r
ailed
At Bklbloreen on the ICth of December a
nIna named l Donovan who could obtain no em I
I ployment walked twelve miles to the nearest
IIH
nrnrelt
town to pawn his shoea for blend for his fnm
fly The loaf that ho was thus enabled to buy
ho took back under his cloak through tho full
cabin lug snowuna fell deud at tbo door of fiI
lho poverty wa so general and universal
that them was no bonny to hiiycotllus and
the absence or COflH < hiT otu the
survivors to delay the bur al and keen tho dt
1111
composing body till it poisoned the hovel and
became loathsome so that aid from neighbors
or friends wasglven reluctantly or not nt nil
Therefore the people In I great litany nl
stances wore induced to bury their dead In tho
earthen floor that they might OFcane both
trouble and shame for the pooioa flt that
hero was shame In denying a decent burial to
their deceased relatives Heslaei others had
already burled the dead in tho Holds nnd high
ways and It was thought that I resting place
b > the onbln hearth was ns sacred nx tlieVo
A dispensary physician who treated the Irish
poor nt the limo says in his diary that bo wont
to a house whom a family was suffering from
frol
famine fever Tho suferlnl
fallue family consisted of nn old
Couple a sun anti four daughters When he
reiy hod Ibo houvo the women In their rhemlsoi
nil other garments had been sold for food
wore seated around ft sIngle lighted turf
ueil and
lellnd bedding thero woro none There was
nn strlw eon to lie upon lie naked for the
son The famishing widow cold My poor
man Is dead thoso five days io one would
help to bury him so Jerry pulled him out to
luled Olt
put him In the dyke Tho doctor wont out
anil found tho cadaverous young man trying
YOln IIRn
In vain to bury the father nnd ho helped to
cover tho lifeless body by pushing a turf fence
over I
In a village almost depopulate I bv tho
famine live bodies wore drugged to a kitchen I
garden and buried In s Imperfect a trench by I
tno Weak Burvlvois tli I ho tinge themselves
starving nil OVM Itt tintry smelt them and
began to uncurl i tli m
In ono cabin in 11 muck Darby Itynn anti
his son died In ud mnns wife who out
lived them eontriM to lay them out on two
pnnlers us decently as possiole after which
shr died also And when the cabin was vis
ted tho only living things found tb WIS ro were
nn omaclntid boy In Ihe last stages of starva
lon and a little skeleton babe which viilnly
mother tried to hang upon the breast of its dead
In Kinsdale out of 200 houses there woro
only two where there was any food
At IJallydehob in Dantry every hovel had
Its dead body and uvery dad body the marks
of famine
The Itey Richard riienevK Trench after
ward Archbishop Dublu rote nt tho time
1m
On our way homo we passed the hut of tbe
fist lan who had perished < by famine In the
pariah When he found death Blaring hm In
the face he built un the door ot bio hut with
large stones nnd thus enoloslnl himself and
his children prepared to tllo No ono took any
notice but some days afterward one of the
children contrived to icmnve tomo of theso
stones and to creep through tho aperture
Crawling to some of tho neighbor bn told
thorn that his father did not seem to rare
about him and his brother nnd had now
been aeleep two days An entrance vva1af
fected and the man and Ibo other child were
found dead chid
The writers of tbnt time pause horror
stricken at the sights they saw nnd moro than
orjoa they refuse to state the condition lu
which the bodies of tho dead and dying wero
left by the starving rats and dogs
The scenes of distress during the famine of
187980 before tho aid from the outside world
had reached Ibo starving people were almost
eiiually terrible
The Bishop of Elphin said concerning his
own parish There are thousands of fami
lies suffering from hunger
The priests of Arrnn Island visiting among
Its villages In the early wintertime nmonl chl
dren entirely absolutely naked shivering
in the tireless chimney corners hiorll
A correaoomlent of the foremans Journal
who travelled through the distressed districts
of the west of Ireland in early January visited
hundreds of families wanting away In actual
starvation ousting only upon n chanoo meal
of stlratont badly cooked Indlrtn meal mush
bogged from noluhbois only less destitute than
themselves digging the potato fed over again
in the hope of finding a few forgotten roots or
cowering in their cabins all day lu order not to
excite tho pang of hunger by exercise a tam
ill or nine on Dmas Island existing 1 on peri
winkles the greater portion of Inmsbark liv
ing upon tloucaicn a sort of seaweed broken
spirited halfclad men women and children
chidren
squaltf in darkness around the turf ash s or
ravening their horrid mesa of seaweed aud
porlwinkleB their potatoes gone sin 0 Christ
lofts nothing to suw nothing t > fish with
nothing to pawn cbildron without a rag of
clothing sick non nod women without a drop
of milk or tea to wt their lips with hollow
checks luatreless yes ant broken hearts
A priest of Ualwuy stated that he knew a
fnmllv of eleren persona who had not had a
meal for four days <
Men dropped dead with hunger In the high
ways and at tho doors of houses where they
had gone to beg for aid
A correspondent of the London Standard said
in a letter of Jan 13 1880 The more le <
amino anti Investigate the more eonvlnced I
am that It la Inipnslljle to overestimate the
gravity or the situation He entered Caher
clveen and found swarms of thu starving popu
lace I in the streets They urI hn IRIS
iiuattlng In row along the curbstones
crouching In dozens nt the corners sitting on
doorstops waiting and vvatehlng for food the
livelong day ° All life und spirit seem
crushed out of them Their energies are pros
trate Thoy can think of nothing but hunger
If you meet them on the footpaths they do not
turn aside I you push them ont from jour
path they move mechanically nn If onxolous
of the presence or oxterual objects Jlumrnity i
shrink startled and appalled frrmi ho con
templation of such abject mlxery
In Jtilarney the name corn Hpondent leaving
the main thoroughfares passed with tho dls
pennrtry medical oflli er and a prleat through
crowded lunca and alleys whore the poor ware
clustered thickly together I shall never
forget hn says hut scenes of poverty and
wietihodness which wore Intro revealed
although 1 should vainly attempt to describe
them tn one wretohd II OtiS we found I
family of eight peisoni Thefathar hud not had
fRIIolllt for two monthsami the mother
iiMiirtd us that her llll ones bad not 1 tasted
food Milieu the morning of the previous day
Huddled on u WISP of draw that lay 1 U8
dump earth and tovmod only with au old
iiiillt the hungry children hud cried unto
salves tnM 1I ii hut the polite of our visit din
selM 4 l them anti they renewed their clamor
and piteousirliBIO Mammy < for something
to eat Not un article of furniture sate ii
broken bench wee In the houmall bid 1
IrhD sold or jiawned for joot This
blisters of Mercy lRll iten the I their ut
itoai lh Mror t chIld ws ti go 10 the
coil vnI IJnt i o sill I nu aid sholll tie ful 111
gut food tilt till r ret u ris IJII i ni IIue
ullelo II Mi 10mlIIIna glue title dHII
til family Ibo IIleu 011 collier and we te I t
our wity aul IW uhlIOII soon lying UIOI
WiY
wretohud HIIUM couch cdanu that by f
inalnlnif quiet they mid better resist tue piilii
of liung r tat nwe1 I at iMr vitals Jur
th IUDler wu cuine t tb cabin of a fnuilly
1lle t
01 Iu
who hull I Inc 110 l i > butter it fr but we ro SloW
rtijijcid to the lowest entremltv mid horrible
rldlwdlo u the 1d if the llllhor btgd itivvli
tl
1111 tl
we under the t itSiiiii 01 hunger Inll she hail
I ulda pU111 ltvc hitch attend In g lists
IOCIII te tlflhi Ii sittil lb medical 11 to I tutu J liii
hots uisathie ihrouitb siervishlota
IInu
J isisi sick attil weary IJOIII i I oltIIIlu
or such yfl55 anti I IlrvII jittirlt 11
su1 1 usty Jut 10 wItness tltul IJII r
A sui I reisiiiSiiitfll Or 1 bbs H rtntSst S IIIrtll
UfIIlejpl cases puesisidy JilI trtisr
In JII IIIVI1 the htutsus 1t lieu1 IUI
ittdhterdili cli ttii I aity tbrjiihi llmlk 11
tlUIh
IJlkh I I at fl S ettusoll tl IJII ijtI f bit I 55 ii 1
11 I UI
ytijtiCttfll faittJfbiiiY his i4BthitlOII Ufr hJji ills
ly I sij Sit Iis iiiistblnti I I I bite o t
hi 1 tillitilti iwn 1111 words al t laD f oilrflt IU sf4 given Hi
IIWI I r cli 1 eli I tar vietIi frlll hI s rarm auti 1
living St 1141i h Ir liIbl hi iUbte gliu
fibs
IIVll1 N tusth r si4 1 sod I IVlo eiitti I
WS IU 11 hi iSii II iit H I I iL 1 ii Dt II iii
Its In lhti 111111 fur supper uiuas lust Ve
hlei I Dil I r iiiiiaw how ujuh
rll Ir dolt 11 its owixl 1rl theta his eajuttl p7
t
toIhduyefittsdvUtIl f
hii A tall Wtf r4 mlll Lad oU own a
010 lut rJaTTjud 09 uw r iw Imyt t1 t
L
feed How had ho lived slnwjMwIlh aehMt
ly mule The thIrd part of the tlm rtarvlna
Ir UI woufJ
aometlmK catching a nah ltC I nrlghlior would
elttII
lend a out sometimes dolrir an old days
work at the Castle at one hllllnc and sixpence
adayofwhlohnn ahllllng tvan atoppj l for
IdlJfhloh ft hail a hrtakfMt tl did not
know I whore to CM a supper Father llannrrr
IM nut some > ltriflg hope that relief would
forthcoming 111 vvonk Tim man ttirnid
tiJiyely In n wokl I I TOU got any ole that
will burr tm then It will ho l enough for mel I
N ei3 IViliitOiiM for a week lo lde a BVl
throe children lying nick tumble to keep the
holtrotten polatocnon their tHh mother
crooning sullenly over the lire and would hard
ly Iok l un to answer
No 4 Nine In the family father without
rho or stocking clad Inn piece of ragged sailCloth
IOklnl
cloth hamed like most of his nlenbon to
nrpear at man owed two ami a half bushela
nrs seed potatoes last year ate the last of them
reeds and II befoie Chrlctmna nothing to
feed nine mouth for Ibo last fortnight except
the relief meal hAs no earthly means of tale
lag a 1lr or wed ng his land
No 6 Fnthor mother and h children for
the last three k depending on charity for
a meal a day and for turf for lira hat to tint n
a lox and some of thetimbers lre the roof for
firing the relief meal being out they had no
supper for tho tight Only there are good
neighbor still thanks to Ills holy name
No 0 Klvo children mother dying of consumption
sumption lying lu her 1ryoay clothes on
tho ground rinse to tno lire with her children
mutely grouped around her potatoes for another
< of milk to
other fortnight but not n drop 11k
moisten the dying womans lips
No7 Father proudly exhibited a fortnights
rI
potatoes licsldusn bushel nf aeeds with tbo
air of man of fortune To tell the truth
though Wt havent I rlR nf clothes to go to
urns nor B blanket lUolf thats not In pawn
No R Will be nlilo to live unaided until Ht
Patricks Day and in this wilderness of mis
orv worse than his must ox poet no compassion
Xo I Heron children for mime weeks with
out potatoes father shoolessno turf and no
money to buy It would bRO died already only
for tho relief and small loss he gloomily
tlo rlef 11111
said a Iunrlor of a stone of Hour about four
pounds with nine dh ides the only sustenance
foi Idost not a ncrau
Dance of the family rll two days I
rlml
of breakfast that morning and had vet to beg n
supper ofToiod an old table to a neighbor the
previous ovonlnu for u Hiipror of potatoes nnd
could not gut them bed und cloflies In pawn
enough dnDtB to down n ship not as much
enIIh
rags between us as would clothe a child
rnls 10 Five In the chimney corner a poor
1 foor
woman two days after her cunllnemont lying
on a pallet in the chimney coiner wllh aiinllt
over her voi yday clothes her husband had to
sell quarter of his seed potatoes to buy some
turf during her lying In and Indeed uuleB
dry potatoes norm this penny I had to reach
> r any comfort In lifts In her weakness
This was one of the most respectable limners
in tho townlnnd and he accepted the priests
furtive shilling with an warm gratitude as I It
wo 10 a fortune
No 11 A prauea lowest typo of a Con
naught hut of tho most frightful kind built
against rocks anti fat roofed with Iron sods
and wattles entered three stetm underground
wllts Itels
by a door loss then four feet high Inhabited
by two old women ono of whom wa lying on
the Moor In her clothes almost speechless and
Insensible dying if I can iellevo l > the testimony
of nil her neighbor of absolute stniviitlon
her 11 old fallow lodger nnd her daughter
solemnly iiverro 1 that she lint 1 not tasted any
thing of any sort ncoit cold water for throo
whole days and that when they managed to
bee some potatoes her stumali refused to re
tain any food 1 cannot doubt that the unfor
tunate 0 rood vas In one of the last
stucos of slirvntlon I was clad to fly from
Irtoo
tho horror of the place while my reverend
comimnlon was administering the last sacraments
monte to the dying woman
Much ore examples of the distress which tho
failure of the potato crop entails upon tho
thousands Irish people They might bo numbered in the
Such wore the sufferings of tho Irish people
before tho charity of friendly nations poured
in Ireland ningnllhont luuds to stop the path
of famine Tno Irish famines of 184147 und
187S80 provoked nnnxti ordinary outburst of
human s > sympathy without limit of race or
creed or distance by the force of which the
calamity was brokon
But the Irish people had measured the
depths of human misery before the 1IJOlh
of their follow beings could reach them Every
one of the horrors uarratid prflvloumy hap
jonod before tho donations of merciful human
ty could be distributed
Hhnll these things hupp n again
Khali I start Ing people be left to sound the
depths of awful woe
If not thero must be no delay in extending
I I will not do to wait until tho Irish peo
vIe liar prate 1 the ultenro of famine by
dying by scores for lacK of loud
Shall men full dead upon the nubile high
ways beeiiiio Americans h1e sold We will
give relief next month hit not now
Shall children die walling with hunger and
skeleton babes sunk In vain at the bieasts of
mothers diHd or dying of starvation Lteatse
Americans have said We will give by and
byf I II too soon now to Bite
The American commltte appeals to ovary
ono to every man woman and child Irre
stioctivoof race religious belief nnd political
aillllatlnn Let those in happy homes vrhorj
plenty reigns remember the Irish households
whero the grim spectro of lamina Isu constant
dweller Let those who have never known the
extremity of hunger nmomber those who
starve ThiTi Is no timn 10 seal eno time to
delay The Irish people need aid now Tho
American Committee appeals for immediate
contributions of money provllous und clothing
Contributions of money may be remitted
direct to the NEW YOm SUN tho committees
Treasurer or through any reputable honk
house trust Contributions
bonking hOlle I company
lone of provisions anO clothing will le cared
ton if nol Iiltion Is given to Mr Arthur Dudley
Vlnton the committees Secretary care or the
N w York 7Vfs
The NEW VOIlE BUN has kindly consented to
net as Treasurer and to publish the names of
all contributor
Tina aor IIKKS FIXES
rIte Fircone ortbt S > co 4 Arcane Tene
ment Cunicbt He ConrcMcK
A yellowheaded undersized restless boy of
10 is Leon Plunder and ho likes to go to fires
Ho has been going to all the big fires within
roach from Second uvonue and Fortyeighth
street where ho lived He confessed In Cape
Ryans station house last night that I was be
who had set the tenement house ut 733 Second
avonuo on lire last Thursday The house has
been allro four times in the last six weeks
alro tmes
The boy was nn apprentice t Fred Schueler
the butcher who occupies the ground floor of
tho tenement
Last Friday morning when Pfunder came to
work be stopped outside the shop t examine
the flue hydrant Hchueler wns watching him
What are you doing there Plunder he
n d
r w ns looking to see if there was I fro her
last night was thu answer
Bihuelor told this to Cart Ryan Cnpt
flynn also learned that t on Uin afternoon pre
vious to the last fire Pfiinder had bought a
Ilrl spermaceti caudle In a grocery
ut Thlrtvslxth street and Third avenue
He asked tho grocer how long It would
Ink to burn It l up That afternoon ho
worked in thn collar nt the rear or which was
the woodhouse full nf kindling wnoil belong
Ing to tbo tenant The woodliouso was
10ke1 wills I imdlock but the padlock was
fastened to 1 hook which could bo unscrewed
YrBterduy afternoon the File Marshal and
Capt Hyatt concluded to arrest Plunder At
tint ho denied eierylhlng but when he learn
ed that thu Captain know of his purchase
the candle ho broke down and contemned to
setting this last fire Cnpt Ryan did not uuea
Ion him about the others
Iol SUN reporter asked Pfundenwhat ho did
It for The her pondered end HaitI I guise
I didnt have any reason I dlel Itjuutto hate
a fire Lives were endangered by all the
fro which were nil at night The first was
whlh
fren worst and about gutted tbe upper part of
thu houto
Named for Conarr
Jen William Cojtwill JltpnbUcan Berentti lau
ehuinu dUtrleu
SOlicIt 1 Morn R publle D Second MiuicbaielU
distrIct
Uld II Brtinoer Pemoent Ninth renmylvula
distrICt
John It Ulan Republican H cond Maryland distrIct
York ruik I ilittrM H Arnold Itetiuiillcnu Tweuiyrourlb Heir
AI i icJ r U llaucoi liemocrtl Twentieth New
Yok dllrt
tne lieu Htnjtulu I WlliliDii Republican Tlilrtjr
iiciuiit < eW lorfc district
diirIi li I UI u Ireeuiiu furuien AllUnre Fourth Ohio
f Heuiorrut rlrit Conneclleui dlilrlet
lewis l Hperrr 1 loUI
I II U kiwui er llei > ujk ii K urib WUuiuiin dliulet
3 k i Street Kfimbllean Clflli l tub I district
trill John l K 00Wlbll4 Andrew beiutKral Third t WutMUiuelU die
Aeahslp Nomlumltom 0
inan I fonuur itsjuttiicsu rust district Oneida
nuoinlnatad
county Uomlld
Charts I klitrpe JlpI > lillci > rant dlilrltl Vrlt
° IUJl yreeDold Republican aoed dutrtct an le
Wirard UallMber KeptUlcan Tlilrl djtrl t Rile 1
f k CurrUr KpublltM rcgrlk eUlrlet Krle
posit ilVliieplier kpillb tUpablltao flftU tlHrtsi Erie
UXJIttf 7drar < Mannlaf Kepablloa Vinci dltultt Vlafar
ihafier I J i tlg < 1 rflilbltionlit BwWtod pesoby
I t Pig MlKiWtt lull t551117
Irsibreleb SD All
Tl lull i lllu Ml < lne < l all ihq unliar al afrenl
515CC 4iil shIusei W II iiea aiit iliuil littfl rfuifl
tntr sr lis ai lie iiibtl 555 ilf < u lai iliaaii i > u
Illuiliai bit tatueiif lbeiuallll > 555 HbUlilUeurieM
it I iivitt slid C eiiuudajiliir f iIp lu gas laJum
ass fig Upiity tstlusjtelul Ss
dined Uf gelii tilt ceek at Prase A WHni C Wl
Ullitk 51 Lii iU klaus el liens
Royal Baking Powder
Leads All
The latest investigations by the United States and
Canadian Governments show the Royal Baking Powder
superior to all others in leavening strength
Statements by other manufacturers to the contrary
have been declared by the official authorities falsifica
tions of the official reports
THE CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE IN
HUHANC3JJ COMPANY
Irom organization In ISiO to
Jon 11H9U 1 him paid to polio
holdeiB 0OOI79840
ansi now holds for their pro
tection B787 97171
A totalof We7 77017
While It has received from tttro
only lMeas7st
It IIM arn J f or U policy hold
sirs a fain ovur rirnmlum pay
himisllt4 uflwr puylitf all ex
pupils iuiiii t4Iat5 p5 f ytiat9w 71
UI Il 7 itehit
JJIIMI H MJIJKIt Jiiml Agent
for Netr York City and Vkiolty oua New
ivnty
I WJ1 Sts UI Xgat DLx
C
4
Running the Gauntlet fr
Pearlinc has been through l it but it has got there ll Every
other modern improvement has had the same struggle There I
unbelief prejudice and misunderstanding ptddlurs of injltjf 3 V
V
tions the false statements of soap makers and unscrupulous
grocers to fight against The oldwayto hard to I leave even lit j
better way is open You cant believe that IVarlme can doc j
much then you cant believe that its done wifely in tho ctvi >
you cant nee how you ever did without it J hats the story of
millionst full of doubt at furht l lull of iti > faction ot last It
youre at the doubtful fitage try it L uu wont Jcnow cat y
waaljing and cleaning till you do
Psdd1riand somojructr will tidi l you dill iiju p4 as or th
B e ware y frK IA f Kl LliMl what pull to huUa i
14 I
S
Lr2r = = 1aIr4sI w
PAWTUCKETS BIG PARADE I
arllnArnO ntr CfBllr or
AlltlON oorrov ANVCrvnr
as T flnlkshsy C osee Orr fem Ceiett
rut I ftiIp Ciot IlKTlei I nle l Ihe Iajt
Its or MIIIIU ad Ursad Arar Urn
The Cotlon C X > nnlBl happily llf a em
PAwrticiET Sept 30 Thousands of spin
dle ore Idlln the valley ot the lllackatonn to
day and they will remain Idle the rest of the
week Wuk of nil klnda has been practically
suspended and the I oople have given them
elves up to tho elabrntlon of the Introduction
by Samuel Hlater ot cotton spinning by ma
chinery lust a hundred rears ago lint Few
tuckutcra arent celebrating alone All
A
B1MUKL RULTK2 THE COTTON 1ONEI
Rhode Island and thousands of people from
other States are aiding them to iniike the cele
bration a succ s TLre ate 30000 people In
Iawtuckot and they halo just 30000 tospoud
In this affair Tho State appropriated 11000
for the celebration the city 10000 and an
other 10000 was raised by popular subscrip
tion Iawtuckot is a lively little city with a
lively big Mayor Ho bellovos that when a
town gets a chance to maknn splurge Itshould
take advantage of it and that is exactly what
ho and the rest of Iawtuoket are doing
Today was virtually tho opening of the cel
ebration I was military day and all of
Rhode Islands little army was hero From
early morning until late at night the air was
resonant with the strains of martial music and
thick with flying dust The crowd began to
arrive at 7 oclock and from that
hour on long trains full of people
rolled Into the railway station a frequent
Intervals The entire State apparently dumped
its people hero Clov Davis hid Issued a proc
lamation requesting the suspension of all
manufacturing business and recommending
all who could to go to the celebration The ro
sponso was universal It Is I estimated that
there were not lees than 100000 strangers hero
today Tho narrow crooked streets were literally
emily packed Tho window business blocks
were filled with heads and tho roofs swarmed
with people
FLATERH CArnrxo MACHINE
The town Is lavishly decorated All the build
Ings in thn business portion nro hidden by
lings streamer arid bunting Shouts of cotton
hap trout upperstory windows
Cotton grows In the store windows and peep
Ing oton Olt fiom frames or red white and blue
am portraits of tho man whom the city anti
Htnio are honoring Spanning the streets tire
elaborate cotton arches trimmed with ever
green anti bunting nod Inscribed Colon
Ireon > nl Over the di or of a little
building on ono of the principal streets is a
limn moulded In cotton Ho is very fat and
pinned upon his hron t is I n placard which
says h 111 King Cotton The children take
him for Santa Clans Tho private residences
arc all burled honoith the flags of many na
tions anti brilliant streamers of red white
and blue nero wasnt enough dcioratlvo
Int
material In tho stoics of Pawtuckot to gn
around and It was I tight siiueoo to get
enough from other towns
The parade was announced to start at lOIO
A M but It didnt get off until nn hour later
By U oclock Mineral Spring Park I little tri
angular plot of glass opposite a cemetery
where CommandsInChief Coy John W
Davis and Chief Marshal Gen Obey Arnold
had cltchetl her tents and made their head
quarters was crowded with people During
the next hour the lihode Island troops dros ed
in their brnnd new uniforms which oust the
butt 30ouo and which they hadnt worn
SLATEn8 oniOINAL sPiNNING MACTflin
before arrived The numerous Grand Army
posts headed by life and drum corps wore on
the ground long oforo l < any of the rest Every
one was ready nt 100 except Gov Hulkeley
of Connecticut Ho bad arrived at Providence
Conleclclt 10
escorted bv the swell bcarletiinlformed Foot
Guaidnf Hartford the night before and had
been entertained at the Narragansott Hotel
After a tedious wait nt ovei an hour a
dustcovered horseman du hell up to
Guy DaviHa tent and announced Ill that
Gov Bulkeley was coming A second
later cannon boomed the Governors sa
lute of seventeen nuns anil there appeared
from out of the smaka Conne tlcut s Chief
Magistrate mounted UII llery bay nnd cur
I Ihe across
rounded by his slntT t omotery 1 rOi I
tho way waR crowde with men women and
children who hung un the fences and trimpled
upon the grass Several small bus lt perch
ed upon tall marble tombstones
UII four hUller tooted notes of warn
ing and the parade wa off Chief Marshal
GonOlney Arnold cncjiclod by a sails of rich
old gold led the line He was followed by 1AO
aides muruhulB and uslotuut marshals all
DUTCUll OJn blur A rWTUDBT1840
mounted Thoy eotuugtyiisi > < l tb Iolt men of
Jibed Ulund All woio blurk uilhii Suit silk
Iloto Thu sect i 111 thu lute was luoelo uplu 1 the
following orJur
° oor iilel Juliu W heel omaunder ln Cijisf wilts Mat
IbUI t l Je llhode lelan lullllla un4ir tfiouttat t
1IuJI 11104
Nalorilen Illilia II Illoti
rrufliloual united < le ul Kli 4a Iiuid l lullllla paler
oiuiiiau4 > uf I of IffUi I Vautlrok < ouiiiond of Ihe
lluwlii < wyauKeiliiie haobun rnlfurt uulltl
IUIWlr I ejililq IIb Illr jrl IIII of 11
wiles O Hullfle UOII if 01101 situ
1u ur bus 1 sifts ieMIs4 orl4 1 I t 5sI 1
CIPI UUf 111 I lU ipierds of 11114 sad
IC utbasuO r 551Cr J Ii CbiiiV
ts flee eiISttIilI4tg cit I lty I oJ ac
UI OI 11Slf
i tll4 by thiS Miner Slid tbb COIIII or ycs
JisntjitIjsl of Illiic Ilsutd I II a H under iumujn4
tJlt rOII
ii r Niuaiila I 1IU41 1 li I > f > nrliiiin I 1 imneutir
llllO llUllll IllflelKU Slits it l 5sei l M Iii Ido
Iff tul 1lieu < re A JUrlvn Ilvlfiun IiiiiSijitisy J
Hijilj M iDihtary peuj5bsl was sister an in
Ilhod Jsjeuui l biorsj i hewn towardllmljrifjri
111 ItllT1
Ilod
o 4 Ibl city I I Ioliiwu Bioyud 1h iUir 1
rout waa blaVk nUli people I IrlvaM reel
d uei war b alKt < l bf ilallorf lu uisJiy OS
the root raraa atino bad hue flt IJiA I
OWDirt fayiog M ill W Wl MftiiBUn r ° a
1JUB < KV
z
to Ie darlved As the procession neared tie
main tborouhar of the city these stands
grew more numerous In several In
stances they had been rigged up on
Aancc roofs of bulldlnga Dut the
greatest cr < wd was massed In the centre ot
the city 1 ha p opln were packed th < side
walks und the buildings too were black with
tl em All were good natured tuthulnstlc
and apparently out tn cheer They cheered
very organization and every carriage In linn
The organization that received the bonniest
bandclapping was the Governors Foot Guards
fiom Connecticut to
1 wan arranged that the column should halt
when It hint passed through the principal
street to give tho Invited guests in oarrlnges a
chance to get tn therevlowlngstnnd 01 Broad
way This programme was carried out and
when all the guests wore seated the word was
sent for the troops to coins nlong Gov
Davis of Hhodn Island anti Oo Ilnlkeloy
of Connecticuteach attended by his staff took
a position near the curb In fl ont If the stand
They had scarcely done HU when Chief lour
nf tho Iawtuoket police and High bherllt
Rnlhbln woallnl a htgli IOlt with u cockado
rode their chargers by Then followed this
rest of the line iaeh ofllrer saluted the two
Governors as ho pissed The guostB who had
been ohoerod themselves m now took thor tuba
at cheering Two separate toniiiaiilfS of col
ored troops wets vocllorously l applauded for
th lr line marching
mRrchlnl
s lne Minor Klnneys black bearskin hit
with Its long waving white and red leathers
came nodding Intovlew thehond of tho Foot
Guards eviry one on thu tevloulng stand
shouted Gov Itulkeley smiled with satisfac
tion at the ovation his scarletcoated eompanv
received they piosentod by far tho mOlt
lilctuicsqu appearance of any organization
< slle RIPOlraIC
In line Tnolr black beariklns had black
plumes tipped with rod their scarlet dress
coats wore heavily trimmed with black anil
silver the fronts being black with
heavy cross stripes ot flhoi their ei > atilettos
THE SLATEU ILL IS 189D
were sliver trousers a light cream and leg
gings blftk velveteen On the largo gilt shield
of their hats was I coat of arms and a legen
dary inscription The entire outfit Is I almost
an exact iqpy of t tho uniform of the British
Grouiidler Guards rite Foot Guards were
chartered on Oct 17 1771 and have kept up
an unbroken existence for 118 years They
have atoJ as e cort for Washington Knot
Lafayette Itochambeaii John Adams Polk
Johnsonand Grant and for every Governor of
the Btate ol OTinoitlcut
The rand Army Veterans came In for 1
good share cf applause About 3000 of them
turned out I Is I estimated that there were
5000 men Inline I took the procession 45
minutes to pass the reviewing stand After
the 1aride themllttnry Grand Annyand lions
of s Oltrln made I break for a largo tent on
Doxtur street where they were fed by the city
The tables covered four acres mil more than
4000 plates were laid Thel500 Invited guests
had their spread In another largo tout on the
cricket grounds
Many jrolnd1 guests visited Exhibition Hall
during the afternoon and saw cotton de
veloped lu nil its stages anti looked at the Interesting
I IIIIOS <
teresting relics that have been bunded down
commemorate the father of the industry In
Amerl Mr 1 N Hlater of Webster was the
only direct descendant of bamuel hater who
took part In tho eelebrntlon toduy Ho rode
In a carriage us an invited guevt
Toila > 8 events were brought to a close by a
grand camp lIre In tho Dexter street tent
About 1500 Grand Army men danced around
tho lire Among them won Senior ViceCorn
mandcrlnChlei Itlchnrd K Tobin uf Boston
DlnderlnCIIt 1Icunrd 1
and Vuortoi masterGeneral Iohn Taylor
There wore peei bes and Modes of 05 To
morrow tiien will be n trades procession In
I the the afternoon morning and a parade of civlo societies in
ELECTION IN JlRSKf 1KSIERDAT
The Proposition lo Itrmtabllnh SpecIal
LelalistIOa Hnon ed CHdrr
Although as yet only meagre returns are in
fiom yesterdays election In tho different
counties New Jersey they all iudlcate the
defeat by very largo majority of the consti
tutional amendment to restore the clause per
mitting special legislation for cities There
was another amendment rlso voted on but
although It simply corrected a clerical error
with respect to the appointment of county
Judges It was weighted down by the special
legislation amendment and Ha defeat also Is
likely
In Trenton less than 4000 votes were polled
altogether and ot these fully seveneighths
were ngalnst the amendments Specials from
all parts of the State Indicate thelrcverwhelm
his defeat The vote was very light Ap
parently little Interest was taken In the re
suit there being no other Issue of the election
The total vote in Jersey City with four lire
clnets missing was w133 Thero were 7488
votes against the amendments and G47 in favor
of them There was 27000 votes polled
at the last general election Less than
1 to votes were polled in lloboken
The majority In Hudson county against
the amendments will probably reach
10000 In Elizabeth tho vote for the Hi at
amendment stooil 6U for and 1923 against
Against the clerical error amendment the ma
jority ISlbout IIlricD tlO In Patoron the oto stood
about 100 to f against In Bordcntown I la
iaitl IU one vote was east In favor of tho first
amendment In Newark whoso total vote Is
abouttoooo the vote yesterday lacking one
district of ono ward was Sl > OG against the first
amendment to 438 for it Von the second
amendment 4217 there wr 4899 und against It
Too Fond of ell Properly
Nelson Acker 22 years old of 320 East 126th
street was held by Justice Meade In tin Har
lem Police Court In laOO ball for trial on a
charge of grand larceny Acker belongs to
Comjiany A of the Ninth Regiment and left
the Peeksklll camp without his Captains per
mission taking along his rllle and nil his
1llllon
nillltury eiiulpmenta Ho said in court that had
had them all at his name and would return
them to the armory but as this Is l the aecond
time that he has dono the laDe thing he was
hold for trial
I
Two ISruther Executed
nAnlo Bop OOTyo brothers Jos4 and
Carmelo Diaz were executed in this city this
morning for 1 portlouluily atrocious crime
They had attKkud a Turkish vvntnun near
ilnardel lllo nnd subjected her toihogrOBiext
Jhi husband of tlm
Indlunltlea Jho luIIJlnd woman
sought to avengx the dishonor of his wile but
win killed avenln brotheritwho also murdered
this woman cud than mutilated the bodies of
theli victims
unnUAnr
Frederick DIn exPresident of the North
ern Pacific llallioad died at 10 oclock last
evening at VToodstoek Vt
Mr Billings Is best known for connection
with the Northern Paclfle Railroad of which
ho was the fourth President serving from
May 1879 to June 1SS1 Mr Hillings was born
a lloyalton Vt In 1M23 Ho graduated from
the University nf Vermont In 1814 antI was ad
mitted to tho bar four jenis later Mr Hillings
was the first lawyer to put up his sign In San
Francisco Ho was aftorward joint d lu partner
VA
t
FIDmICK BILLINGS
ship by A C Peachy and later the firm became
Uallcck Peachy Billings c Park They were
successful During Gen Masons provisional
government of California young Billings was
made AttorneyGeneral During tbo Lincoln
campaign of 18o be stumped the country with
Thomas Hturr King and helped save California
tn the Union Ho was married March 111 1BC2
to Julia daughter of Dr Eliazar Parmly of
New York city Ho returned to Vermont In
IBGli where ho was a candidate for nomination
for Governor ono year but wus defeated Ho
refused nil tiers < d political irofcrment after
that Mr Hillings believed that tho great need
of tti Paine coast was direct communication
with the East Ho became one of tin Board of
Directors of the Northern Paclllo In 187U At
the time of the great pnnlc of 1873 when the
railroads Ms nl agents Jay Cooke V Co failed
Mr BIlllngH was managing director of the land
department which he had organized The
companys nflalrs were at their lowest ebb
The plan ofreorganlziitlon by which Its bonded
debt was wiped out In 1876 through the con
version of its bonds Into preferred slockwas the
siheme of Mr Billings He was then appointed
Chairman of the Executive Committee and In
879 was elected President Under his guid
ance the construction ot connections to the
Pacific wa < roKumcd and suih banking llrms
as Wlnelow lnnler t Co Drexol Morgan
Co and August BolmontA Co seeing the pos
sibilities ot the new road formed n syndicate
to negotiate tho placing of i 10000000 ot bonds
Prom that time the Northern Paclllo Kallroad
was an assured success and when Mr Billings
resigned In 1881 the preferred stock which
had Hold as low ns S per share bad ri ou to
StO nnd the common Block which bad cold at
150 was quoted at about Shim
Mr Billings lived at 279 Madison avenue
this city during the winter months He al
ways called Woodstock his homo however
and lu 18Gi ho purchased the 03 > ate of Charles
Marsh nl Woodstock fitting it up elaborately
It consists 1000 noresol land and u mansion
There tine six miles of drlvesou it nail Mr Bll
hinge was very fond of his blooded stock in
cluding Jersey cattle und Southdown sheep
His nauio has become famous of lato
for his many charities He purchased the
library nf the Hon Cieorge P Marsh United
States Minister to Italy son of the former
owner nf the Marsh estate for 515000 It con
tained 12 000 volumes He gave these to the
University of Vermont anti lollowod the pres
ent with a library building designed bv hitch
aidson which cost him 1200000 Ho gave the
same Institution a J50000 endowment at the
last commencement Ho also endowed a chair
of hygiene nt Amherst for 5000y In memory of
his oldest son Parmly Billings who gradu
ated there In 1881 anti died in 1888 He
gave Mr Moody another 5000n to en
dow his school for boys at Mount Herman in
memory of another son Jhrlcli who died a
year ago Recently ho caused to be erected a
handsome Congregational church at Billings
Montana a town named after him Mr Bil
lings was intimately associated with many
financial religious and charitable enterprises
in this city He was n promoter of business
and phIlanthropIc enterprises Ho was strick
en with paralysis In this city on Dec 24 last
and in May was taken to oodstock wnero be
calmly made every preparation for the end
Police Lieut Waters Kurmnn died yesterday
at Elizabeth aged 80 He was a member years
ago of the old Volunteer Fire Department of
New York and fought the big lire of 1815 He
helped to organize the Elizabeth Fire Depart
ment In 18177 He was ono of the founders of
Odd Fellowship at Elizabethand wits Lieuten
ant In charge of boadiiunrters for twenty
years He was polko magistrate for three
years previous Lieut Furman took part In
the reception to Lafayette when he visited
America Hn won the friendship of Commo
dore Vanderbilt and for fifteen years he was
fiolght agent ut Now York for the New
Jersey Central and he collected the first faros
on that road In lH3b when It started He tun
a hotel at Elizabeth for five years from 1842 to
1647 and afterward ran the old North Ameri
can Hotel New York for live years He cast
his first vote for Andrew Jackson and was a
stanch Jacksoulan Democrat all his life
Commander Francis G Dallas U H N re
tired died at the PennsilvanlaliospltHl for the
Insane In Philadelphia yeuteiday after an III
ness of six weeks aged about iS > yearn Com
mander Dallas was declared u lunatic In April
18tI ns n LieutenantCommander of the navy
and tne llev Mired Elwyn was appointed bin
gnaidlau In which capacity ho acted for ton
years nt the end ol which tlmo he was die
harged at ills own request und the Fidelity
Safe Deposit and Insurnnce Company of thin
city has since acted While in the hospital Mr
Dalla < was promoted to his full rank of a Com
mander In the navy and ull these years the
Government baa paid his salary regularly
Emma hinder one of the Plnder sisters Eng
lish variety singers died jentorday uuel 20
hue bait appealed In this country with consid
erable success
Robert Aird a merchant nf Camden N T
died on Friday last need 47 year
Mrs A P Hawkins Itelduville N a died
on Hunduy morning of lever
THE BUSY ENGINEERS
LOOKIXG ron LOST Im4nJAQR 4rD
SEKMO TlIK SHIHTS
The rnctlekmtn French eiiiel Dermes
nroucht TheIr Ste m M ho nn C r4
For l > s Ladle omnlUmMerllnR of
the Amrrtmn Innllliiln In Itlrkfrtntl
llnllKlcclrlc Pnnr In Mlnco
Tho s x < ond day nf the Convention of the
American Insiituteof Mining lnulupers wa
n pnrllcuhiily I busy 1 Ore Not u < m I UIH the
buslhoss proernmmo xcry lone tout ins n os
nit y for Plait iii is g tlit tour throinli I tii oun
try gave the iuenil > erH plenty to norvu cut
Tim torrlKtiers settled down to n com ion lit
that the question of baccaite mti tiit he al
lowed to rufllo their situ > ii Its for no H > on r hud liti
they Ktrnlulitoucd out tlc lancles In uhlch thT i
had becoiuo Involved ImmeillaVy aor
their arrival than they wvr crnfi anted tth
Ito pioblem of getting their property la
shapo so that It might bo ready for tho eour
glon trains on Saturday Any pcrwn who can
fancy himself being plitneed suddenly Into a
steamer with contracted quartern where for a
wool mt st of his haccuRo is out of sight then
as suddenly dumped on n foroicrt shore whom
said baggage IB mysterl usly transferred to u
I
I not 0 communkatlvo oxprosiman vvlIi I a
supreme contempt lor foreigners cim picture
faintly the llrst steps which rendered the for
sign visitors to this conventln holplosa and
roslcned to fate After this the reuulioinents
of society In the matter of dross naturally
jostled with the fact that the bnwiico had be
come stratiKoly mixed and that trunks con
taming dioss suits unit clean shlttsworo not at
hand Vhllo the arrancements of the local
committee had boon made with tho wisest fore
sight possible this limited number of assist
ants nnd tho large number cases to be looked
after still made it impossible to straighten
out all the mistakes at once and there are stIll
cool guests who are in mounting for rliclr bo
longings The tnformntlon bureau in the 1arK
Avenue Hotel rivalled In bustlo and noise yes
terday the vvaltltiB rooms In the Grand Central
Depot The men hired to look after the com
fort of the cnosts were reduced to a state of
heliileas despair
At lu oclock carriages worn sent to all thai
hotels ut which the lady guests nro stopping
mind a profession ol them started ui > tn Centrul
Tiiik The ladies enjoyed n pleasant drive ia
tho Bimhlne through Cential iurk and no
Itlversldo Drive topping on them way back at
the Metropolitan Museum of Art other enter
I tainments havn boon provided for this Indies
who will albO accompany tho gitulomcn on the
excursions that have been iilatmnd Today
tho ladles will start nt US oclock on n sight
seeing tour through sumo of tha Important
business houses
The attendance at thn morning session was
unexpectedly small Mr llewlitwas absent
amid First VloePresldent Jckley II Coxe of
Urltlon 1a presided Several ot the member
I who bad been aanounced to 50551 papers failed I I
to come one of them for the very uood reason
that he was on the hish seas Tho first paper
was rond by Mr H U bpaiildlug of Boston
Mr Ktiatildlne who isn voting man spoke ot
Electric 1oworJransmissioo m MLnlntOper
atlons Ills paper was mainly technical
Mr A U Hodges Jr of liojton contributor
an Interesting history of the development qc 4
the operations at this worldfamous Ooiutoclc
I mine In Notes on the ienatlon of the r
New York Atiueduct Jlr J 1 Cnnson men
I tioned some of the expensive experiments that V
bad marked the heginiilng of the work Other
papers presented were Physical and Chem
fenl Equations of the Open Health Pro < jo < Bby
H 11 Catniilill ot hhelton Ii Wtro tops
Tramways by J Pohllg of Cologne Water
5 Gas In Europe by E UlnH of EsvHn Atner
ienn Holllng Mills bv It W Hunt of Chionito
nnd Notes on tonI Jlinlni lu Oregon by Ji C
II Norton of Portland
The third session of the lore land busy day
began at b oclock In the evening Throe pa
pore were read and all vvoro illustrated by
stereopticon lowe Tim nndionce was larger
than during this day and milndid a number
of ladles Tho latter silt piitlontly through
three hours of nclentlllu discourse although
most of the time they wero unuMe to see overt
each others bonnets becaun ot the darkness
nccesary for the lantern views The llrst of
the puiiers read vvn In Mr Jaraos Douglas W
Jr and was entitled The Copper Hosourcos 4
of the United States 1 nglneof A Fteloy ex s
I
pinlnofj the work and pioent condition of tho V
Now York nuueduet
Mr EcKley H Coxe desrlbpd the new Iron
V brenkorat Orlfton The Inntom views of the
Interiors of nilnoHiind shafts and thoto of the
lirlfton iron breaker onllvonnd mimi explained
much that would othorwo have remained dry
technical rnnttr Mr IouulisH paper was
especially Interesting honevnr in Its descrip t
tion of the uroat collIer deposits and tho
work rociulied to get ut them Mr I
Coxa prided himself on the fact that
his new lion breaker which was built on plans
suggested by hlm ° elf and his Associates Ia
business had not Injuied any of the workmen
engaged In its construction Tho different mo
chlneg of this bioakersimd the way in which
this lumps of coal wore broLon up into the vari a
ous sizes required for eonimeiclnl curpoe9
wore explained bv verv < loan lantern views
AVtth the finishing of his flitter > the formal ses
sions of the Amerlcmi Institute ot Mlnlna
Engineers vvaio closed nnd tint body ad
journed Immediately nfteiwnnl the Council
of the Institute In hiding Messrs KnbortFor
sytli Kenneth lobnrt on t M Holker T H
Ilramwell Frank Finnestone W U Fettee
Joseph U 1 Weeks W T Taylor H T Wellman
and this ofllcers met in ivocnUvo session In
ineof the nnterooms to discuh > tho informal V
part of tho Convent ifl
Today tho sessions of the Iron and Steel In
stitute of Great llntaln will Ito l > opened In the
same hall by the lion A s Howitt who will
present an addi si toneblng not only upon the
technical matters of inter st to the members
but upon tint relations f inpltil and labor la
the Iron and steel biminnsu llio I papers to be
read at use Wednesday Thur < > du > and Friday
s > entons will be h prodnetof Ann rlcans Tho
Itri i otis will I nnd tinners nt the intom national s
sessions of the Institute tn ho held In Pitts V
burgh next weik Thl afternoon the mem
bers will g i on an evcnr on ui > tho Hudson on V
the steiimor Sand H o
Mayor Grant has do lino I the Invitation to >
be 1risumit nt the O nvnilon u nf i the Iron and
Steel institute toduv us hn tins arranged to
attend the funeral of County Clerk billy
V
An KartUqunb Iti Nrv Inrey
MT HorrY Kept lIt i Tunic Were several
perceptible shocks of enrlhoiuino at this pluoo
ati 45 oclale tills nfieiip nn A low rumb
ling iioiro vvis henr I imii I buildings wore
shaken cnntln1 dines 10 ritilo in closets l
Many persons bvenme frightone and ran oat
I of their house Xodnmugu was reported
A Ilia Ilnlrl in hr < lirnrd Today
The Plaza Hotel Frederick A Hammond
proprietor nt Fiftyninth street and Fifth aye 4V
nue will bo npi nod toelnv Tha cost of the
I hotel was nliout tlfiwiiui and the furniture
will cost 5500 Cut mite It will accommodate f1tri
HM guests Tho hotd bus nil the appliance lrtni
which go to niielo un the t comlnrt of n modera ft
hotel and the roon limo titled up with a view LL65
to elcgttni timid beautir t7I

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