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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 15, 1891, Image 14

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totm mnr BOOKS
am kook Colomlt1 History
Tilt short history of the Unite BUtes the
first Tolatn of which IB I published br the
Messrs Longman In I conceited on a new IIn
The subject is I to b dlneussed br epochs of
which the first It I associated with the round
ton of the rolonle the second with the forma
tlon of tb Colon And the third with the
I triumph of the Union over disintegrating
forces The designer and editor of tho series
Which when completed will present I con
ecotlvonarratle 14 l Prof ALBERT Ijmtxitt
HAlT and tho Author of the first volume en
titled Tit Atomr K0217SOli I Mr UBUDKN
GOLD TmvAiTKC Tho consideration of the
tonic br epochs In not br Mir m ftR > the onlr
nowl featnro of thl work The exposition of
detail In f dnllbetatolv sacrificed to the distinct
projection of the biorul outlined and events
I art described not with n view to rlotoilal
effect but with the aim of brlnu out their All
nlfleanoe a tendencies and principles Another
useful characteristic of this book Is the In I
I Mttlon before each chapter of a blbllocraihr I
Including not only the more easily accessible
works hut special treatises and monographs
editors design In short wot to furnHi n
i I nlde and key to the studr of American his
t lory end from this point of low the volume
now published which represents a partial ful
filment of the plan deserves high commenda
tion One mar not always agree with Mr
I Thwaltess conclusions but I Is evident that
I they were not formed until after thorough and
I unbiassed stud of nearly all the Important lit
erature relating the subject
Mr Thwaltes with those American
I Ir agrees wih Amercan
j S UU who hold that with the exception of the
I abs of the West Indies he does not e
pressly add the Esquimaux though he seems to
do this br ImplloattonRlt the peoples Inhabit
Ing the weAtern hemisphere from Hudson Bar
J to Patagonia were of one race Whence cam
this original race 1 The author does not think
Impossible to return a positive answer On
the one hand he seems to have no doubt that
the chain of Aleutian Islands served as stepping
tones for straggling bands of Asiatics to cross
over Into continental Alaska many oonturles
a and b deems possible that others may
bare traversed the Ice bridge of Behrlng Strait
He concedes too that prehistoric vessels from
I China Japan or the Malay peninsula may
have been blown upon our shores by westerly
hurricanes or mar have drifted hither upon
the ocean currents of the Pacific Henotes tbe
striking similarities between tho flora on each
bore of the North Faeltlo and he is aware
that the Esquimaux of North America like the
westslope Indians of South America have
Been thought to exhibit physical resemblances
t the Mongols and Malays On the other
hand he considers It well established that men
as fa advanced a the present Esquimaux
followed the retreating ice cap ot the last
glacial epoch Did these preglaclal or Interglacial
glacial Americans como from Asia or from
I europe 7 Here all light falls us and nothing is
left but conjecture With regard to another
controverted Question we observe that Mr
Chwaltes Is Inclined to minimize tho capacity
for progress evinced by tho Mexicans and Pe
ruvians and he defer to the authority ot those
investigators who think that the mound
builders were simply tribes of the Dakotas
Was America couth of Greenland discov
ered bJ Europeans before Columbus To this
question which has given rise to an immense
mass of literature Mr Thwaltes would have
us return verdlctnbt proven The claims
of the Irish Welsh Basques and Normans be
mentions but apparently does not think them
worthy of discussion Tho claims of the Scan
dinavians hn examines at some length but
finally dismisses them also on the ground
that they radon the Norse sagas which lke
the nomerlo tales were mere oral narratives
for centuries before they were committed to
writing and as such were subject to distor
tion and to patriotic and romantic embellish
ment He pronounces I to be now impossi
ble to separate In these sagas the true from
the false and refuses to accept them unless
backed by other evidence I is true enough
that evidence in tho shape of local monu
ments is not forthcoming that nowhere In
America south of undisputed traces In Green
land are there nnr acceptable archaeological
proofslof these alleged centuries of Norse
proraor nleld orso oc
cupation In America We scarcely neod re
mind the reader that Scandinavian scholars
are unanimous affirming the possibility ot
separating the historical from tho legendary
constituents of the sagas They do not hesi
tate t say that the discovery and settlement
of Vlnlaod are a truly historical facts as the
discovery and colonization of Greenland No
on however will dispute Mr Thwaltess
wi disput Tbwaless con
cluding proposition that even granting the
possibility aod Indeed the probability ot
preColumbian discoveries they bore no last
ing fruit and are merely the antiquarian pa
ales and curiosities of American history
Mr Thwaltes accounts for the tardiness with
which England followed up Sebastian Cabots
Discovery of the mainland of North America
on the ground that llenry V I being a Catho
lic prince hesitated to set aside tbe bull ot I
Pope Alexander Vi giving tho new continent to
Spain I I questionable whether the Span
iards themselves ever contended that the
popes bull gave them the whole of North
America Under I they first claimed only so I
much of the western hemisphere a lay west of
the meridian fixed by Alexander VI and south
of the parallel of latitude drawn through tho
northernmost point of Spain Subsequently
S they claimed a far north a the fortyfourth
degree out not further Thus they set up no
pretentious t Newfoundland although they
toon began t send large fishing fleets to that
Island In the amended charter granted to the
English merchant adventurers by Philip and
kara charter framed under Spanish In
laence no attempt was made t restrain them
from sending colonies to that part of the
lontinent lying north of the fortyfourth
lea What checked English enterprise
S kp to the reign of Ellzabethlf we except the
Uxyears during wbloh Edward VI occupied
Ihe throne WM the belief that tbe country
lorth of the fortyfourth degree was not worth I
Menpylng The French kings although good
Catholics did not deem themselves restrained
b the Papal bull from colonizing Canada In
lead Charles IX permitted Oollgny to make
IM Carel IX permittd Oolm a
lettlement i Florida which boyond all ques
tion lay within the limits contemplated by
UeandrVL To the work done by English
Ixplorers And projectors of colonies prior t
1607 Mr Tbwaltes devotes five pages yet in
till space he can only give a faint Idea of the
otlrity which actually prevailed In tbe Eliza
tan ra The most satisfactory treatment of
Ibis theme will b found In the Introductory
Chapter prefixed by Mr Alexander Brown
to hIs lately I published collection of original
loments relating to tile English attempts
to found colonies In North America
capital merit of this book is i tbe distinct
tu with which the causes ot the Revolution
> re shown to have been deepseated In colonial
ilstorr the flnul outbreak Instead of being
limply due to the Stamp act and the asser
tion of a light I to tax British subject unrepre
tented In Parliament was the culmination of a
nmtury of dlxMitUfactloa with the homo Gov
irnment There had been actual rebellion In
Uas8ttoliu eUH Now York and Virginia und
parlous disturbance In most of the other col
inles Thu lawn trammelling the trado and
lavigatlon of the colonists would hale pro
lucid a general uprising lone belare 1775 had
ihey ben universally and rigorously enforced
But this wat not the case until after the peace
I 1763 Public discontent bad previously
ionnd a safety valve in the widespread tolera
lon of smuggling Coincident with tbe eon
iueet of Canada and the extinction of lie one
foreign enemy feared by tbe British ronnles
Ippeared an Inflexible determination 01 the
A of the home Goiernweut tu rntotev the
trade and navigation ucts with roan I OSH se
reritr Taat Is to my while with imn hand It
removed the exterior band which bad withheld
Ihe colonies from ruvult tho ca of French
Mtgreetlon with tho other It aggravated the
Uijunotlre tendencies In the presence of this
louble blunder the practical abandonment of
fee i atteaet to Introduce taxation without
f C
representation did not avail to avert the seces
sion ot the colonies
The author makes plain the lola commer
cial and religious reasons for the slowness
with which th Idea of union for collective de
fence and progress took root among the
colonies At the same time he Is careful to
mark the successive Indications of drift to
ward confederation In this direction New
England took tho lead l As early as 1643 twelve
article wero agreed upon at Boston between
the representatives of Massachusetts Bar
Plymouth Connecticut and Now haven Then
In 1084 Virginia cent delegates to represent
her In the council called at Albany br Gor
Nicholson to consider a plan of union for re
pressing Indian outbreaks Six years later
Jacob Leister the rebel Governor New York
convoked at Albany a colonial congress which
was attended by Devon delegates chiefly from
New England In 107 William Penn laid b I
fore the Board of Tradd a plan providing for a
council composed of two delegates from each
province to be presided over by a High Cora
mlslotier Finally In 1754 the Lords of Trade
themselves recommended general congress of
the colonies for tbe purpose of framing articles
of union and confederation Seven colonies
wero represented In this congress and a proj
ect of uulou drawn by Franklin was adopted
bnt It was rejected by the colonial assemblies
as giving too much power to the Crown and
disapproved of by the home Government as
being too democratic The discussion of the
next movement toward confederation which
came from the colonies themselves belongs
t the second volume of this history
Mr Thwaltos draws attention to the fact too
often overlooked that th thirteen mainland
colonies which revolted In 177C were by no
means all of the English colonial establish
ments In America He does not refer t Can
ado which in 1780 tb year In which the
present narrative ends had not yet been conquered
quered What he has In mind are Nova Bco
tla Including New BrunswickNewfoundland
the Hudson Bar region Jamaica Barbadoes
and other West India Islands tbe Bahamas
and the Bermudas The author outlines the
various causes which prevented Englishmen
In these outlying plantations from Joining
their brethren of the thirteen colonies I In their
struggle for Independence English statesmen
had considered It good policy to favor in the
navigation acts the Island colonies a against
the continental for the reason that the prod
ucts of the former did not compete with those
of Great Britain On the other hand In Nova
Scotia and Newfoundland the ports were filled
with English traders and officers and a great
belt of untraversed forest separated them from
the New Englanders But no doubt the de
cisive fact was that the British fleets com
manded all the outlying provinces except C
ads and that was saved by the great conces
sions to the French Catholics embodied In the
Quebec Act concessions against which the
thirteen colonies made the fat blunder of protestIng
testing The interesting fact I recalled that
Washington appreciated the strategic value of
the Bermudas and urged an attempt to annex
It The Bahamas actually were captured bJ
the Americans 1776 but could not be held
owing to Englands control of the leaa con
trol maintained up to the interposition of
France in the contest
Pelel and Alptat
The third volume of the Heroes of the Na
tions series now In course of publication bJ
the Pntnams is devoted to Ptriclrt and it Is
fully equal In respect of scholarlike and vivid
delineation to its predecessor which depicted
the career of Gustavus Adolphus The author
of the present book M EVELYN ABBOTT is a
Fellow of Ballot College Oxford and Is known
to many American readers by his History ot
Greece His portrait of Pericles Is based upon
a firsthand study of the original authorities
though he ba of course availed himself of
the investigations and discussions of modern
historians of the Fericlean 1S It is not
worthy however that he does not acknowledge
any specific obligations to Grote and has fol
lowed Curtlus only In his description of Athens
Indeed his conception of Pericles considered
as a practical statesman differs widely from
tbe estimate formed b the two writers He
avows himself principally Indebted to the re
cent histories of Greece by Duncker Bnsalt
and Holm I Is an interesting fact that in his
account of the transfer of judicial powers from
tho Areopagus to the popular jury courts H
Abbott brings forward a evidence for one assertion
sertion page 80 a quotation from Aristotles
Constitution of Athens This Is the very
treatise long supposed to have been lost
which Is now said to have been discovered in
the British Museum among some manuscripts
lately forwarded from Egypt I the authen
ticity of this treatise can be completely estab
lished much of the book before us a well as
of a other works dealing with the constitu I
tional history of Athens may have to be rewrit
ten Meanwhile It is well to remember that
the famous forger Simonldcs who died not
long ago was able to victimize so eminent a
scholar as Dindorf with one of his sham antique
tique codices and that he also sold for a large
sum to the Khedive Ismail a spurious manu
script of Aristotle Whether the trustees ot
the British Museum wero deceived bJ Simon
ides Into buying a fictitious memorandum
ostensibly addressed by BalUarlus to Jus
tinian has bean denied but they have had a
sufficiently trying experience to make them
receive with caution the Constitution ot
Athens which purports t b the wishedfor
work of Aristotle
There Is only one other Athenian who can bei i
compared with Pericles We refer of course I
to Themlstooles whose distinction Is I Im
mensely enhanced by the fact that unlike the
most illustrious of his predecessors his rivals
and successors he started under grave social
disadvantages Pislstratns Mlltlades OIls
tbenes Arlstldes and Clmon were all aristo
crats So was Pericles his father Xantblppus
was of an old Athenian family and his mother
was an offshoot of tbe Alcmaeonld stock the
most splendid and powerful rooted In Attic
soil Like Pislstratns before blm and
Alctblades after hlmthe latter was also an
Alcmaeonld Pericles a patrician who
AlcmaonldIercles was patrican put
himself at the head of the plebeian party He
differed from both in the majesty and
austerity of his demeanor His wonderful as
cendency over the poorer citizens was won i
not by flattering words but by solid services i
and only once In his lifetime was It shaken
I was from this point of view that Plutarch i
was justllled in comparing him with Fa I
blue Cuuctator and his
Clnclator as regards con
tempt for the minor arts of the politician
tician be has In modern English history I
a counterpart In Warren Hastings Onlr once I
In the assembly or the law courts did Pericles
depart from the stern and cold deportment
With which he alone ventured to confront the
fierce and omnipotent democracy The occa
sion send a shaft of light into the recesses of
his character I a when Aspala had been
brought to trial by her enemies and before
a prejudiced court on the charge of impiety
and still more odious offences She was In the
uttermost peril when Porlcles came forward In
person to defend her Then it was that for
tbe first and only time tbo Athenians saw
their greatest statesman overcome with emo
tion wringing hU hands and pleading as men
plead for their lives with the tears and vas
elonato entreaties that Greek manners per
mitted In a court of justice I Is pleasant to
remember that tbo woful exhibition was not
frullleus and mat Aapasla was set frea
On the relations of Pericles to Aspasia the
author ot this volume has Home interesting re
marks which lead him to consider at
length the position of women In Athenian so
ciety In general It may b said that In Athens
respectable married women existed solely for
tbo purpo e of bearing and rearing children
Secluded and totally uneducated in a literary
or uitUtlo House they wore as utterly cut off
from tie life of the community a are the In
mutotol an Oriental harem They were not
imperious and licentious like the tiiurtan
women they wee modest und chaste but
they were nullities Pericles himself In his
I Immortal Funeral Oration could find noth
ing better to say to the widows of the fallen
and the wires 1 of those who bad survived but
that she Is I the best of women whose name ls I
never in the mouths of men for D or evil I
Yet as Mr Abbott reminds us page 855 in I
Yet a elsewhere women were onehalt ot
the community and not an unimportant half i
elng that they were the trainers ot the rising
lela tbeJ wr te trDer t rna
generation Plutarch tells us how Themis
1utarh tll
tocles spoke ot bis son a the most Influential
person In Greece for he said the child
pron rle his mother hIs mother rules ate I
rule tbe Athenians and the Athenians the
Greeks Yet although Influences of a do
mestic kind they must certainly have e
ercteed very few record ol the respectable
spectable women of Athens during the
fifth century BO have survived The only oc
casions on which we get a glimpse of them are
the festivals and funerals From her early
childhood a pretty girl might share In the rites
and ceremonies of the city When he crew
older she took part In the Parathenalo proces
sions older still she worshipped with other
Athenian matrons at the Thesmophorla and
to her lot it fell to discharge the last duties t
the dead Conventional respect was hers but
forlutelleetual companionship she was entirely
unfitted For sympathy for stimulus no
Athenian of the age of Pericles thought ot going
He resorted rather to the class
log t his wie le rlord rater
of hetalrso or companions To these as Mr
Abbott points out page 194 Aspasta of Miletus
belonged although she was the noblest as well
as one of the most beautiful Open relations
with such women were tolerated though they
approved in the
cannot bo said to have been appryedln
masculine society of Greece There was a show
ot reason for snob toleration Not only did the
hetalrio have recourse to the various feminine
arts in order to beautify their persons but
some at least sought to train and enrich their
minds and Impart a seductive charm to their
conversation In the latter particular they bad
an Immense advantage over the Greek ma
irons who knew nothing of society In the
modern sense and were unlnstructod in any
thing beyond the duties of the house How
and when Aspasia first attracted the grave
and lent Pericles we do not know No his
torian can tell us whether she drew him from
his wife or whether the short and somewhat
unhappy years of his married life were ended
before he made her acquaintance What is
certain is that Pericles entered into a most In
timate relationship with her which continued
for the rest of his days That she ever became
his wife Is asserted bJ no ancient author of
credit and her son bJ hIm was unquestiona
bly regarded a Illegitimate But whatever
her position the bond which united her with
Pericles was very close The two lived together
gather In perfect harmony their tastes
sympathies agreed In the company of this
cultivated and lovely woman Pericles
found the relaxation which he would not so
much A deign to seek In mens society It I
recorded tbat ho never left his house to go to
his dolly duties without taking a tender leave
of Aspasla
We have said that Mr Abbott bas a lower
opinion ot the statesmanship ot Pericles than
that put forward by Grote and Curtlas From
this point ot view he Bet him undoubtedly be
low Themlstocles and apparently also below
Clmon who strove to avert the rupture with
Spar and Who believed that a relation ot
amity between Attica and Lacedaemon would
Inure to the highest interests of both coon
tries a well a to the collective Interests of
Belles Looking back we can see plainly
enough that Athens was doomed from the be
ginning of the Poloponneslan war No match
for Sparta In the field exposed to Incessant In
vasion by land and to the annual devastation
of her fields rescued from starvation only
by tbe shipments of corn from tbe Enxlne she
staked her existence on perpetual victory at
sea Perpetual victory should have been
recognized as unattainable Clmon saw this
Pericles did not or If he saw It be deliberately
uot I
ly sacrificed political security to Intellectual
dominion If ha seems at heart to have cared
less for politics than for art and literature the
preference which cost Athens her empire has
made mankind his debtor For the preference
there Is no doubt that his Milesian mistress
tre to a large extent responsible Tbat is
why Aspaaia fills so large a place in Landers
imagination JL W 1
Changed Condition IB the Monkey Cage
Since the Comlnc of fw Anthropoid Infnnt
o4 Las Z5ieptld 11
There was on exciting time Among the mon
keys at the Zoological Garden yesterday
Since the birth of the cunning little one sev
eral days ago great consternation has pre
vailed in the evolutionary family I seems to
be not only the Idol of its fond parents Lut
also the joy and pride of the entire group
Different ones shared In fondling And coddling
it and the quarrels and knock downs whlflb
have occurred in the efforts of the otber mon
keys to get possession of I bate produced
Borne remarkably ludicrous scenes
lomo of tbesa funny incident took place early
rtordJ frightening one ol tbe nliznt watch
men bal out of his wits Just as be was about
rounding the garden on the last patrol of his
bent Karen had his attention di
rected to the monkey house by a terrific com
motion So great and unusual was the up
roar that the man was startled Nearly every
morning the monkeys welcome the day with a
general clatter but this time the noise was
appalling All sorts of sounds such as only
monkeys Al good lungs can produce min
gled with ithrlll Bbrieks piercing yells and loud
screams were issuing from tbe Quarters giving
the watchman tbe Impression that some small
animal of prey bad got into their cage and
was slaughtering the monkeys or else a dead
ly battle among themselves such as ha oc
curred several times was In progress Hasten
ing In 18 8era as his feet could carry him he
found the army of monkeys formed In a circle
around arml their number chattering and
shrieking while they clambered over one an
other rolled about the floor and Indulged in
other strange and unaccountable antics I
Bedlam bad been turned loose In the big cage
the contusion could not nave been more the
uproar or the scene more ludicrous
For several moments the watchman stood an
amuod spectator astonished and bewildered
at the strange performance wnen suddenly
one of thy larger of the cunning creatures ad
vanced to the monkey In the centre Seizing
the infant which UP t this time was un
observed by the man the large monkey gave a
big leap and made off with It Up the side of
thA cage ho ran like a squirrel holdbnw the
baby in one arm and climbing with tbe other
while lit oiorn monkeys with lungs lice
brl tea kettles followed In hot pur
suit with the fienrUd mother all screaming
chattering and shrIeking to the full extent of
their vocal capacity Around and around the
Kidnapper who seemed to b the most Agile
and fleetest of foot of the lot ran holding tile
Infant charge secure to protect it from harm
Meanwhile tbe excitement aud confusion ap
peared If possible to Increase Inttmid of
turning and bonding him off the foolish aol
mals continued to chase him from tho rear
fiequeutlr falling ovir one another In their
precipitate ruth to recover the baby
In this manner they tan around for several
moments The watchman bewildered as well
as amused at their capers stood by enjoying
tbe funny scene at a lots to know what to do
Finally the big old monkey which bad stolen
tho precious infant suddenly turned Into the
centre of the cage to where the mother sat
when he grabbed It from her arms Stopping
wbel Irabbd I
abruptly he leeme rru bid defiant t the
pursuers and while they evidently seized with
a fear to approach collected about blm In a
circle and chattered as they bad done abuut
the mother be held it tenderly to lila bosom In
one arm and stroked Its little body alt <
tlonotelr with the other Thus caressIng It
for a moment he handed It back to Its glad
mother and there was joy throughout the
whole family
As a result of this incident Lady Jane and
her baby Itoslno were tranbferred later in tbe
day by Heart Keeper Byrne to a special ago
where there are only three or lour other mon
keys rite baby I A christened Itosina by an
admirer of Roslna Yokes the dramatic star
adnrer since this young one was boiu turf few
days ago there ba been the greatest time
among the monkeys Bald Keener Byrne
anfonr nil seem to be just as thoroughly in
love with the little creature as ever I family of
girls were with an Infant brother The mother
appears to realize tbat they regard It with
affection and she baa undertaken to cul
tivate this affectionate feeling by loaning
it out to othors to nur e In conse
queue It has been banded about from
one to the other until In the general ud ml ra
tion Its stomach has been forgotten and it has
not ben receiving nourishment frequently
enough This Is I not Intentional neglect on
the part of the mother When she loans 01
there trouble I In getting it back because the
ettnl 111
pass It from one < another I is a err hardy
little creature and seems to stand an amalug
amount of handling Ilms others caper with it
very gently however and understand as we
al 1U entr bowenrl it requires tender treat
ment blm I have moved lit mother and It
Into another cage whir there are onlr a few
others it will noi be neglected for there are
not so many to coddle it
l The little Oic which has created FO much
commotion In the monkey family oluhs only
about a pound Its limb h < dy and head are
perfectly developed end In general appearance
It Is also a counterpart of Itsi ient except It
is In color a dark pink Its diminutive body is
covered with a slight growth of One hair of a
yellowish hue It 1 nursed at the breast of Its
mother after the same manner M a baby
POE woitia 1X
Kitty Neat
ioste l
All II the OeKtn Vale
1m 1
Oaberlboi wllme k1 I estag at her bM
oai II syse wit dea f DtV
wits tblllbt daeetal throats
ABA air taaer lira b his al the roes en the ties
Vat a yeas aaa for a lay
I lily outn la avwy way
That ttaln fair as May for my in lv to fatal
Bvrr art ot Un ut asa eye
road lad with IsH try
14 seed with oeusiue I sigh iii a e Ii vats I
let that nonlnc t at lot trace
Ut the triiblejn my facet
she eaud with ttmld pass sue marinated m y nan
ASS a bIeee ro mae
rd a klno I bar can
Aid Mia content bar want t span without see wort ef
ItM amid the bloomlnc bowora
Id base rambled on for hour
With my buinlBl Flowor et blowers U < w HoavoBS
pint domti
III But see Iamb he took a till
At her PU till I all WM spIlt I
Aad crying Vil bo L Hut I Lilly dtrtol homo
Ain rucnvii GIAn
A Literary Solution
Y UU Lttmri WnU
We steed In the booktort tornhtr
slit ebatuni of this I Md ot that
Mrhtit ktpi tint with the feather
That stoat to bar aalniboroaib hat
On Sttvnion Stockton and KutUac
And POI galore she ontboita
But how to propose to btr rtppllni
With rauifo and lanthtu 1 ffltutd
On this cnt and that on she tarrIed
To 01 thur I olae on the shelf
ThU t u > l Ix Hntvt Tnounmamtt
AtHiurdl I and I Ibolbto mJI
But those who hat tnrd ismay I tartly
Bt m r m
lit truittd to know I nplitd nre
I ttll JOa th Id I la cnrtiy
Tlit lOne of th aSS to dtndt
The task for Mlntlon I vtntarad
Is bow to b t inserted though poori
I know that 1 onint to D censored
lib looking to iwttt and demure
nay voice wa to low twat the border
Of thought whets It brttli I word
nWomtihtihtiald solve ti In erect
To prove that the book U abtnrd
Cnuil Knovul ou M
Only One
osi 1A4 bOStON bMTMTe
tt wu a pitiful mlitak
An trror aad and grim
I waUtJ for the railway train
me light was low ani dim
It cam at last and from the ear
Thee tttpptd a dainty dame
And looklUK up and down I lit place
abe straight unto mt can pad
Oh Jack iht crttrt Oh daar eld Jack rAnd
And klutd mt aa she ipakai
Then looked stale and frtchta4 crIed
HOb what a cad mistake I
I said Fordvt mt maiden fair
That Lam not your T la
And aa raised the kin you gave
ill lualfhtway give I led
And stool IbM night I ban often steed
On lbs platform lightid atm 1
Bnt only oncla a man whole life
Do inch things come to him
The TTomni Getting the Upper Hud
jrrvn W Ross Make
I fhoati of women dad a ell
Steal back t alh
thtn vtrtly at tonight I on tattM t me
Upon my hearth
And the Llqnli pathetIc with miner Mara ot hit tonal
Was like Ana a pialntlv oiitant years murmur from ra aontt
Think not that I am com to Oi ski d
Tblt bUowtJ night
TO ottlp or tht crt ot the died
Or ttll their plight t 4a
1 I could A Dot ntw sleep tune for rang lot the Obtm bats
4 Kw birth to woman 1 toed the pain wtUl
1 rhythmic clang
MKwMrtb t woman Oncenorugbhatshe
Tochoottbtr plo r
Kor plan bad Sb say aa HUBS courtesy
DM grant her grace
Somitlm by beauty trok or acoUtnl
Grim fat she oroMd
Bat when from btr obtluno she unbent
Her power 110
0 0 woman t be robed at last and crowned
With dignity OrWe
Walkluc with urttd held your chasm neat
Dnfetttrtd frt Jou naRI
l barbarous tradition of the put
Loosed from your set
LIa ncbtlt goblet held to you at 1e
Jirluimmg and sweet
Target Dawn net thott dashed for whom the sky too late alas I
And to their spirits drain a silent glau
or such am L
lo a
Bt to lb Chrlitriei bills Good will toward men
1eice on the earth I
And unto womtal chIme they forth agau
new a New f r
If ghost of women dead a century
SI bed c arh
Than IbIs btlla same mr hour hearth on earn ant talked t me
boa MAT RuST lint
Beau Old JLmflOB
mm the Chicago Dotty jrnot
When I was took In London la the fall etSi
Well to ipy in Oxford street this tantalizing signs
M A Splendid I Uoraot cbtav fo Caalf ot Man r
Upon the vaunted bargain and It was a noble book I
A near on I ve leo MID nor can I bop t in
The nnt bt edition richly wand and clean a clean can
And jut to think I for tbreeponndi ten I might ban
bad that Flu
When 1 was broke In London In the tall of Ml I
Down at Noetdas In the Strand found one f attf ol day
A portrait that 1 pined for a only manlao may
A print of Kme Veitrla she Courtbid years ago
Wu know Bartoloula daughter and a thoroughbred yon
A clean r and handsome print I war and cheap al Chit
Thafwhit I told the salesman u I choked a rUing
sob r
But I bUD arnnnd Notada aa It were a holy brine
When I was broke In London In the fall of t l
At Dna In Great Ruuell trI were autographs
And ialora Tr used to let mo con that preclona store I
fcometlmei I read what warrior wrote sometimes a
kIns conmiuid
Bat ouener hand silO a dpol Tens writ In a meagre
Lamb Brron Addison and Burnt Pop Johnson
I needed out a paltry sum to comprthtnd the 01
Vet when Friend Davey marked em down what ccliii
I but decline t
von I wu broke la London II the fall of set 1
Of antique heap swords and spears I taw a vast and daullng
That Curio Fenton offered ma a prices patting cheap
AI4 obi I the quaint old bureaus pro the warming pins
of oral
And the glass lovely 1 hideous freaki I found In pewter and 1
ADd oh i the sideboards candltilleka the cracked old
china plate
The olork and apoont from Amsterdam that antedate
all dares
Of such superb monitrotltlei I found an endless mine
When 1 was broke la London In the fall ot IS
Ob ys that banker after boon thai others Idle by
The battered thing that pleat the tool though they
may vx tb eye
The slIver plat aDd crockery all aanetlflod with grime
The oaken stud thai bat deflecl tbt tooth ot tnvtoot
T musty telnet the pickled print the mildewed
blill plaYs
And other contly relic of malodorous decays
Vt only can appreciate what agony was mm
When lr was broke la London r tb fall of aft
When In the court of natural things I ge t my re
Let no ImposIng epitaph mr martyrdom record
tletther IB Hebrew Latin urocnor any classic I toeraa
Let my lung lira thouSand triumph over human grlifa bi
Rut In pUIn AngloSaxon that he may know who tki
What freaks aionlilng panga Ive bad while on the bunt lo
Let then tbu line be writ upon tbt slab 1 bat mark my grave
Dtceaitd ira rt11 London IB the fall ef 51 I
Btroua Tip
mm uu warm frown
tpJ tbawra bt nightly playtd wlthta h ebanbar
And over opposite a maid would nifhtly alt and slab
t Wby eyes grisT 10 rd yon r e oi maiden fair T Why art year
Why ell yon at tb window ttttrt when I shah be
In bedS
lam from Boiton gentle iii beaatdeu hll
A feminine phlloaopher yon BOW before yon see
I know a ekawm It I a corSet and thai a a nitl I oom
And corn bura aa ion may not know t 1 lust the same I
Bat yet I eannot elpbtr out and rightly est t rlgbta
Althouih nlKbta Its what I think aUoai and dream about o
Why bewho over oppotltcdotb Ifbtly play on hen
It net Hi ancient whavltlt lbs Blbl unicorn ler
And If fo a Ilille corn be called a cornet properly l
Why not a boruttt Im appalltdi the thing doth
pnl ml
And inn Wawin nbc sIghed and moved the man t ardent pity
And a little romance that began owing to the shaw
The JaVa nt Jeraalem Xtllrof4
fVom 1 CAc < Mo Davy Jftwt
A tortooui there double Iron track aitaOon bar attatlon
A locomotive lug obr tender ttuku a coach with IU8 raoUa
Sow postal can sod baggage ttoi av > I vltl pat
en make p
With budere dnttert swItches and the toughing alto
malic Drake
This la modern the orient gem nrtl pride and Syrrat gaudiest
The railway salamI tobam that I t ply twixt Jaffa aaa Janv
111t sacrd matey cewl the 5111 whes yea
hear it bell I 1 r
Beware O camell when rewcjuda ske wklsttts skitS
lblr sweli
1 nln of that tibiae iced BBBM I te saoetra
travelS Snare o
> e ware Boybtwar tne n nd I that peddle boks she awfml paasmt
Blat ton trusting to oonderan In their specious a yon nay have Ma
The tramo wbloli the knavish ply twIxt Jade and Jerw
Anti when ah I when the bonds fall due how paatlnf
wroth will wax the BIo pa
Prom XtUia mount lo > azarttu will spread the cry
From llebrun 10 Tlberlat from Jordan bank unto the
Will tine profane anathema agalait that dunned ao >
nonolyl1 ta
And A Orll A shepherd folk with socklass Jerry Ia4
lag them tot wt Ir J
will swamp that oerpwaUoa Use twixt Jaffa a41n
The WoteNColer Exhibition
I Is difficult t estimate from a to rear
the relative excellence ot lan exhibitions
80 perhapswe are wrong In thinking that this
years collection of water colors taken a a
whole is I not 1 good as those ot last season
and the season before But I Is I very safe to say
that not for several years have we bad a water
color ehow which contained 1 few pictures of
exceptional value or Interest
I must have been an easy task t select the
one which should occupy the lot ot honor In
the centre of the long wall of the south gal
lery Almost without seeing a contribution
from Mr Winslow Homer a hanging committee
might rationally reserve this place for It I
the present large exnmrjle does not In aU ways
how him at his very best it Is still a fine Im
lrsslva skilful and delightful work and b
yond question the chief picture of the collec
tion It Is I called Mending the Nets and Ik
with some exactness a reversed vtrslon ot a
composition which Mr Homer had already ex
ecuted upon a etchers plate Two young
women evidently studied during the artists
stay in England a sitting side br side on a
bench the one seen In profile a she
stoops over the folds ot a treat nt BUS
pended from the wall in front of her
and the other one In a threeauarter view
This girl Is not occupied with the net but
with berneedlea and stocking In her lar raises
her arm to draw the ram from a ball which
lies on the ground and bends her head and
ers t follow its movements Even Mr Homer
bas not painted a more successful figure than
tbla or one In which beauty fo evidently
from combination ot and
springs fm a combinaton dignity
grace in the lines and I Is I admirably let oft
by the more prosaic type and simpler attitude
of Its companion In color too the figures
It companIon to tbellr are
very good and the only fault is that the back
ground ot white wall hardly explains Itself
with sufficient distinctness as being a wall
and seems to have little pictorial relationship
to the figures The Impression Is I conveyed
that the group as such rather than the scene
as a whole has Interested Mr Homer but his
point of view ono accepted only pleasure and
admiration a excited by the result
Next to this In excellence and for
tl i uoeleco ad pure
beauty above even this we are Inclined to I
place Mr Charles Hatts Spring Food No I
448 which hangs directly opposite It is I not a
large landscape and Its elements are very sim
ple merely a stretch of river with a sloop In
the middle of the current a low reach ot partly
wooded land beyond and a foreground ot
rather ragged turf and some clamps of willow
bushes I Is just a ordinary New England
scene studied on the Charles Diver and it has
been treated with no attempt at even tho Ideal
ization which mar come from the choice of a
peculiarly poetic effect of light The Illumina
tion Is as simply I conceived as the other ele
ments and yet the result has great dignity
marked individuality and singularly tent
make Indlvldnaly a Illulal potent
charm The charm springs doubtless from the
tender yet vigorous color and the agreeable
character of the handling but the
dignity without question from the harmonious I
monious arrangement of the lines ot i
the composition and of the masses of toll
age Perhaps It I Mr Pats practice with I
the etching needle which has taught him how I
to compose alesson which our landscape
painters a a class just now most need to
learn It Is pleasant to know that this picture
was among the first to be sold When one ot
our watercolor exhibitions bas been open a
week or two and we go about with an eye to
the little yellow tickets which tell where
purchasers have paused and pulled out their
pocketbooks their aggregate testimony is act
produce a feeling of discouragement tem
pered by bootless Indignation Wby should
our best men try to paint their best when the
poorest work of their poorest associates seems
to b preferred by the public I would fur
nish a curious commentary upon th rela
tive degree of Intelligence possessed
by American artists and the American
public could a list b printed ot the
painters who are most highly esteemed taking
a the test since It is the only thermometer
which marks the pulse of popularity whether
they do or do not support themselves by tbelr
painting Every one who bas much t do
with artlstle coteries carries such a list pretty
well made out in his mind The wonder is
tat I does not discourage him from future
effort whether his task be to paint
eaor whethe tk b or merely
to comment on painting But fortunately our
best men care less for popularity even when
It means a bit of butter on their bread than
for art and those who appreciate their earnest
work are grateful for every such sign and
promise of improvement In public taste as Is I
given by the favor Mr Platte lovely picture
immediately won There Is however a lad
amount of evidence of another kind given by
the yellow tickets this year
Among the more conspicuous pictures which
are good Is Mr Chases threequarter length
portrait of a lady looking her shoulder
prtrat 100klD at
the spectator No 32 It 1s the
to I same attrac
tive Hpanlshlooklnc face that he has often
painted before but it must be confessed he
has sometimes painted it with greater success
or at least has used it to make a more charm
ing picture The heavy body color In this ex
ample affects the eye less pleasantly than Mr
Chases brush work usually does An admi
rable little figure le Mr Chlldo Hassams
Fisherman Mending His Nets No MS and
an admirable study of supposedly latract
IblOubJet a New Elland street is the same
artists No 75 It shows a street in Glouces
ter Mass closely built with no great masses
ot foliage to soften outlines
rolao oftn outne or mitigate
the crude color of bright fresh paint
and a vivid yellow horse oar Is prominent In
the foreground Yet the result is not only
vigorous and spirited but harmonious and In
teresting Mr Haseams largest contribution
the Fifth Avenue No 6 Is Immensely
clever In treatment but perhaps too violent In
tone for wholesoulod acceptance even by
those who halo learned from many recent
painters that there are more purple and bluish
j I tones In nature than the Philistine sees And
somehow Mr Hossnm bas for once missed the
character of his subject It Is more easy to
believe we are looking at street In Paris than
In New York Several little landscapes also
how Mr Hassama sincerity and skill but
there is nothing here which quite comes up to
the level he touohed In some of the works
shown last autumn by tbe new watercolor
society of which ha Is President and nothing
so brilliant and Individual an his pastel of last I
spring which Is only to say that we must
criticise a man with a record A we should
never b tempted to criticise a new comer
The character of the chosen has
oblaote scene ha cer
tainly been caught by Mr Tryon In his Win
ter Central Pak No 7 and I Is I a lovely I
little picture despite the fact that It gives but
a hint ot the city in the distance over a fore
ground of low brown vegetation sprinkled with
snow and the same painters Evening No
351 Is almost equally good MrWlless Hot
house Flower No S31 Ic I not up to tbe stand
a d he has set for himself Toe little figure
called With Thoughts Afar No 409 is I mbre
satisfactory In treatment but the color of the
scarlet dress is I a little crude and there
Is little of a body inside it Tbe DG
butantc No 319 seems to us the best of
the three a delightful study of a pretty dark
haired girl In a green cloak and black furs
with just a hint of pink beneath them to com
plete a charming scheme of color Beautiful
execution of a broader more washy sum
mary sort Is shown In Mist Oreaterexs
large studlee of peasant girls beads especially
attractive being No 870 where the light falls
on the taos through a white umbrella I
would hardly be possible to go further In the
graceful a of suggesting much by means ol a
Uto welldirected labor Mr Francis Dayo A
Good Fortune No 302 a lifesize halMengtb
of a young girl In pink Is I technically clever
but and In
loud iu color rather puerile
feeling Mr Coffins Buzzards Bay No
161 a small picture of a boy In a sailboat Is
firmly handled strong and good in color and
excellent in the expression of the quality ot
the atmosphere a vigorous bit of work alto
gether Mr Sterner a new acquaintance who
ends his work from Paris contributes an ex
cellent study ot a Dutch Girl seen In pro I
file No 214 and a pretty little picture rich In
color of a child in a green gown No 65 And
by aJ of contrast to teM we have Mr Sym
ingtons Irun No 867 for which I would
have been very hard to find a more Inappro
priate title than Modesty
Among the decidedly good and Interesting
figure pictures la Mr Horatio Walkers Even
ing No 385 where a peasant leading home
his cow In the softest kind of a rosy twilight I
It may bo questioned perhaps whether In the
effort to realize the tender mistiness ot the at I
mosnhoro Mr Walker baa not given a little too
much of Its quality to the figures a well con
sidering how near they are supposed to be t
the eye But tho artifice It such I he Is I emi
nently permissible In view of the general
truth and charm bf r tho picture And another
interesting and poetic work from tho came
hand Is I the smaller Pastoral No 14 Mr
George Wharton Edwards likewise sends a
composition where figures and landscape are
of almost equal value a weUdoslgnod and ex
ecuted picture of peasant women and a child
walking amid white sand hills called In the
Dunes North Holland No 29 It seems t us
more successful than either of his other con
tributions though these too a among the
worthy things of the collection
Conspicuous among the landscapes for In
dividuality as well for beauty Is Mr Ooht
mans large Silvery Night No 117 I Is I it
we remember a somewhat different version ot
a theme which he exhibited painted In oil at
the exhibition of the Society of American Art
ists last spring But the change of medium
has given a result isTSD aore pleasing than
the first and It Is Interesting to see how poetic
almost fairylike a scone can be wrought I
given the right point of view and the right I
hour ot witchery with tho commonplace ele
ments of North American foliage and archi
tecture Mr Whlttemores Old Road Across
the Posture No 178 and especially his
May No 43 with Its blossoming apple
orchard deserve attention and so does Mr
Charles Personas Road Scene Devonshire
No CO a pretty little bit ot shadowy roadside
with bright glints of sunlight falling through
the trees Mr 0 W Eatons landscapes are
good as usual and Mr Francis Murphys
while by war of contrast we mar look from
these essentially American products at the
poetic yet vigorous Calf In the Meadow
ot Mr George Foggenbeck one ot
the younger Dutch painters of the day
Mr Charles Curran sends this year instead of
the interiors or the outdoor figure subjects
which we might have expected several tiny
landscapes with cabbages In the foreground
charming In color and well treated with a
miniaturelike delicacy and definiteness Mr
Will H Robinsons In a French Garden No
390 Is one of the most ambitions attempts at
brilliant color that the collection Includes and
by no means unsuccessful lu reaching har
mony as well as brightness In his Belling
Fish on the Beach Holland he bas worked
in a very different key but again with suc
cess and his groups of figures have mona
vitality than we often find In versions ot
these now thricehackneyed scenes Mr
Rebns Iridescent Sea No 820 deserves a
word of mention and so does Mr Rein
harts unpretentious but clever Sketch
No 420 showing a bit of a foreign street
Mr Hopklnnon Smith contributes one
ot his gay lively Oriental scenes Plaza ot
the Talede Mosque No 109 and Hiss Grace
Pomeroy sends as has nappened before the
best roses on the wall Catharine Mot mots
No 192 In color they are not quite so fresh as
some of her previous flower paintings but In
drawing in composition and In the expression
ot the delicate texture yet heavy substance ot
the roses they are extremely good Near to
gether In the north gallery hang two excellent
little landscapes by Mr Boltou Jones Not 32
and 34 and beside thorn Is Mr Hamilton Gib
sons Rocky Pasture Autumn This is en
tirely successful but as much cannot be said
for bis little study of clover and spiders webs
called The Morning Gossamer No 422
osfiamer seems hardly the word for BO solid
looking a substance as Mr Gibson shows and
tim execution has in general a Christmascard
hardness and overelaboration But it is easy
to forget this looking at the many small land
scapes from tho same hand for it none ot
them except the ono wo have named attracts
Immediate attention each has points of genu
ine excellence
Mr Francis Townsend a newcomer we
think sends a very wellstudied Heifers
Head No 389 and Mr Phlmlster Proctor two
studies of animals one with deer in a land
scape and the other with a grizzly bear on a
rocky hillside which please us none the less
because they seem to show an Intelligent ap
preciation of the water color work of Barye
An excellent picture Is Mr Wlgginss Sun
light and Shadow No 49 with a flock ot
sheep and a stormy sky and one of the most
attractive most Individual most sincere and
yet poetic pictures in the exhibition is Mr
Pitss The Moat No 420 a veritable little
gent in its way In tho Meadows No 451
by Mr Arthur Dawson a Venetian study No
473 by Mr Bogus Snowing No 503 by
Mr Buoklln Chrysanthemums No 548
br Miss Dohn Miss Redmonds well
handled large study of German Field Pop
pies No 483 and several pictures by Mrs
Nlcholls and Mr Gifford are among the re
maining good examples Nor should one over
look Mr Trlsootts wellpainted and sunny
Cliff llofil No 461 which 1 the best of three
interesting works from bin band As for Mr
jVranzeas two large picture even the must
careless observer will scarcely overlook them
The bold and perhaps exaggerated way In
which he has used purple tones In the one that
shows a girl waiting under a urea for a ferry
boat and Is called Un Anpel No 247 may
blind one a little to Its technical excellence
and the spirit shown in the figure It is un
fortunate that tne other called Forenoon
No 259 has been hung over a door for It Is dis
tinctly batter in tone charmingly composed
and full of genuine outdoor light
And now wu may pass with a pretty clear
conscience to the exhibition ot the Etching
Club which this year Oils the corridor instead
of the west gallery as heretofore When
however we bae noted the fact that repro
ductive etchings have this rear been excluded
from the walls and that the handsome Cuba
logue almost too large to use as such contains
on essny on etchings signed with Initials
which lead one to charge Mr James D Smlllle
with its authorship not much need be added
in the way ot Individual criticisms Mr bmll
lle lilmself Mr Jllelatz Mls Dlllayc Mrs
Uetohell Mr Bachor and a few others send
prints which are attractive to the ere al
though in but few ernes do they re
veal much Individuality or force Mr Fen
nells work In always workmanlike effective
and Interesting but lu three etchings at all
events be IH not so well worth looking at and
not nearly so well worth studying as In the
beautiful eiiauiluk > drawings with which
exhibitions of other Boris have made us
familiar it Is only Mr Whistler In a couple
of small examples and Mr Plan In a longer
series of larger prints who will long detain
the eye of tbe true lover of etching Of Mr
Whistler we need not HP ak In detail at this
late day oontantlngonrselvuawitb the citation
of a imssage from lbs catalogue which well
characterises bis work In successive stages
The trxiiiendous energy here says J D S
the luiOk Impulse the unerring bund Is as
plainly snown In the realistic treatment of brlilc
wulla and architectural anti shipping details
lit Whistlers early thames views as Itls In the
hasty Impatient and muny times meuure
treatment of his Inter Venetian und Amster
dam platen Although m years this one et < heirs
mannnr of treatment has chaugod so widely
yet the etchers impulse remains the same
The changes ore physical rather than Intel
lectual Tha unerring band of the young man
has grown to be impatient and Is In baste to
jot down the mark that must stand now a sym
bol whore yvars ago he was content to make
many marks to explain themselves to his us
yet Imperfectly educated admirer It in
Whistlers later Impatient mood that the
little examples In the ixenentcolloction reeal
Therein no ImpAtlenco but much freedom
spoutunloty and vigor in Mr Plntts contribu
tions anti always that feeling for dlgulflnd
composition which when speaking of bis flue
water color we ventured to attribute to hU
practice with the needle Only a born ar
tist however could learn even after years
of snob practice to compose so well ait Mr
PI att the proof Is patent In the works qt
others all about him who have practised much
longer than be lu knowledge of what to at
empt and what to leave untold in the render
ng ot detail where it will toll and Its suppres
lmi eiiiwbere iii the great art of ebowlnr the
Scone without showing all its facors ion well
as in the tupdamentah tack of telethng the
right scene for such a purpote Mr listt is
dlbtlnotly at the head of American etcher
Compared with these Int lleoiual merits even
hla technical aocomplUhinent stems less Im
portent If indeed one can separate thought
from technique In an art so subtle and so far
removed from the mere Imitation ol nature
XOAJOSO rim P170N00R4pn
How tko Melody or the Popular eig
aid Banjo Plftyer U Hftnrtt
Half a dozen men were assembled In the rest
room of a house In Filth avenue the otka
ftornoon examining some curious looklngrna
chines which stood on a raised counter In the
centre of the room Attnobed to each much a
was a big bras funnel shaped like the mouth
of an exaggerated oar trumpet An odd llttU
cylinder that looked soft and greasy revolved
at moderate speed back of the point of each
tunnol On the other side ot the double glass
doors that divided the room from a much
larger one in front three negroes and
a negress wore listening intently Their
heads were close up to the doors and
an expression of expectancy rested upon thslr
faces Presently four of the men In the room
arranged themselves Ih trout of n similar nun
ber of tunnels while the other two went in
back and bouan to manipulate n number ol
belts and screws connected with the machin
ery Then one of the men adjusted the fun
nels so that they were close together and tbs
smallest ot the quartet a pudgy man with a
square smoothRhuvon face Mopped forward
and said In a voice so loud that It made th
listening darkles jump
The following selection Is Annie Itoonay1
It was sung on Feb by the Quartet
ImmedIately the anarlet began to King la
fortissimo The darkens did not have to strain
their ears to hear but they followed the sinn
log very closely nevertheless They seemed to
be more Interested In the methods of the slug
ers than In the result As foon as the ont
was finished the singers sat back and die
cussed their work
That ought to have taken all rluht flUd
one but what I dont understand is The
the machinery halts every once In a while
Seems to me the battery IB out nf order
One of the men behind the machinery now
manipulated another screw and ntesently the
machine repeated In queer strained tonei the
song that bad been poured Into it Tnen the
quartet got up and sang another none in the
tame fashion to which the darkors listened
as intently They woro waiting for their turn
Every day the families who live In the hutnei
adjoining the one In which this performance
took place luarthu strains music and the
sounds ot highly pitched recitations licrlaina
tlons speeches and dialogue Every day
also a lot of people come Into the oDlc
on the lower floor of this boats rind want
to secure engagement to talk Into the
phonograph on the upper story Nearly all
these persons are professionals borne ot tlmm
expect to be paid for their services and otiiurs
dont Home are satisfied with the advertising
they expect to get out of their fllnitng and
talking and some merely wish to graiUy their
vanity The man who has to judge of the Ht
0555 of applicants has n hard time ot it ovca
atonally The other day he came down and
said to the manager
Those women arc no use to us They cant
sing fur sour grapes
live minutes later two strongvolied women
came down the stairs lu a hurry and waltzing
Into the ortlce of the manager wanted to know
what arrangements ho was prepared to make
with them Thar wore iznormit of the dt
olrlon against them But they intlmalul tlmt
they did not have very much respect for the
judge anyhow Thoycomolainel his luck
of courtesy Whnnthoy hoard that ho had
reported that their voiced were not lit to ha re
produced by the phonograph they Marled for
the stairs leading to his onion with au energy
that frightened the manager partly out ti > his
wits By the time he hail recovered his e ml
llliriumthey were going sip the Htulm two run
at a time ilo ovet took thorn hut IOurlt Ititiul
cult to restrain them lie tried soothing syrup
for some time in vain
It Isnt because your voices are not good
correct sweet and all that he said tfl t
course not Iam sure your voices ore very
line In fact your reputation i4 well known to
me But as a matter of fact letting his Miles
drop to a confidential whisper voices c in be
too good for thin purpose A ery snoot vcloo
wont do Piittla ones and those of other big
singers didnt KO well at all
Alt his eltorts were wasted however The
women looked at him with withering scorn
lou cant deceive us that way nuld the
elder of the two vehemently We mo no
spring ohlckeno ThIs whole business la a
rascally proceeding That Hoouniirel yru have
got up there la unfair and unjust lie only
recommends his own tools ve would not
have cared It our application had been reject
ed by a competent judge Everybody has bin
own opinions I presume but the Idea ol beIng
Insulted into the bargain We will sue the
company for libel that Is what we will do
Then they MampeJ out leaving the manncer
much relieved at their departure
All sorts of people come to our office nd
the manager and want to bo allowed to sing
Into the phonograph Many of them cant
sing at all and even some who are good sing
ers do not seem to be able to use their voices
effectively We are overrun with applicants
and have lots of noted people on our list Vo
employ a man ti du nothing but play the
piano for the vocalists The man who tests
their voices listens to the applicant while he
sings a few bars and it be thinks
the voice suitable he spends considerable
time In Instructing Its owner in the
way he should Ring Into the phonograph
It Is very dlUleult to do that well Many of the
applicants want to throw a cartload of patboe
into their voices or sing in a stagy tone and
strut about melodramatically as If they were
before an audience That wont do at all The
tone must be natural and the words distinctly
spoken Articulation le a very Important ele
ment in securing good results The singer
must stand still at a certain distance from the
receiver and King loudly and clearly Not one
out of ten ot the singers who appeal to the pub
lic possesses a voice suitable for the phono
graph We find it especially difficult to obtain
a suitable female voice The quality of the
tofu seems to be too fine and too thin A bari
tone Is the best voice ion our purposes Al
though most of our applicants volunteer to
sing for nothing just to have their names re
peated by the machine we pay a good and
suitable singer well We dont nave much use
for tim high class operatic airs but find that
the popular songs take much better
The company keeps a book In which are
written the names of all the applicants and all
the parsons Who have sung or spoken into the
phonograph Ed Stevens of the Casino corn
pant has been there frequently and so have
number of other comic opera favorites The
Twentrtnlrd btreot Theatre band pours Its
melody into the phonograph about four times
a week Any number of trios quartets quin
tets and sextets are on the list All the
cylinders on which these songs have been re
corded are labelled and put away on their
roper shelves The same song or recitation
R i frequently repeated on half a dozen cylinders
The latter are rented out to the owners ot pho
nographs or are put Into the nlckellnthe
machines The other ditv a party of young
girls went down to the Edison works in broad
street and listened to the voice of tpe pho
nograph for some time One of the men
connected with the company put up a
game on the girls and made them
think tbat Mr Edison himself bad been aware
of their coining and had talked Into the ma
chine for their benefit The alleged Wizards
voice expressed his gratification at the pres
ence of so many lovely girls and Invited them
ail to come out to his home In Llewellyn 1ark
Fortunately the girls did not accept the lnlta
lion although they were very muon pleased
with it The Wizard wuuid have probably been
much surprised if he bad found a lierr of girls
coming up to the front door of his house some
afternoon with the conlldent expectation of
finding him ready to receive them The appar
ent mystery of the phonograph still continue
to draw Urge nuiubeis of iieoplemost whom
Beem to regard it as one of the creations of the
Old Nick himself They lltten polite nhlle
attendants explain tho workings of the ma
chins but continue to look Incredulousti
thebes and seem restrained only by sense ol
propriety from expressing their unbelief
XxpeiirneIa Imdloatlaa That They Woole
frvm SM Imton Wtmf
In the Berlin Zoological Gardens Prof Paul
Mtyerbelm painter of animal life baa been
trying the effects of the frrurant weed on va
rious denizens of the gardens with results
which are as novel ua they are undoubtedly
amusing Chief among the subjects of his ex
periments was the brown bear lie declafSe
that the common brown beaus ore genuine
enthusiast for tobacco When 1 puff LU
cigar smoke Into their cag be relllergi >
tnerrtish to the front rubbing their noses
and backs against the bars through which the
smoke has penetrated This Ptofe or with
acme temerity once rxperlmentn on tne lion
Lbs creature was asleeo and this was the mo
ment selected for putting a volume of to
bacco smoke In his face Did he ai
once wake up with a savage growl lash
his tall and springing at the bar
ehake the massive Iron Not at all He awuM
and stood on bis legs1 which seems a naturjJ
enough attitude to adopt and sneezed pow
erfully Thn he quietly lay down on his 41u1
and elevated his nose as If asking for
second dose It may be news to come D5tU1
allsts to hear that goats stags and llaniw > P
detour tobacco aud cigars with reroarMyJ
nomewhat 01 a
satisfaction It Is certainly
waste of the material to let a prlnij
Ilttvaua be bolted In on gulp by aa
unt lupe but the Professor WHH aCt0
sled fiya praiseworthy deIre to diwover
dclentltio wish to gut on
facts and also by a
good terms with creatures whom it was I
business to sketch I made a persOn
friend he writes of en Uceedlndll in1
U clout gnanaco or wild Uansby itnpl7 lww
lug jiiJn MaIn sod again with oDa000

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