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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 15, 1891, Image 16

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1891-02-15/ed-1/seq-16/

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AX trnv axAT OF 0
Y e re Wee 1rgote la tk JtaU
Wkertt JUala flo4 Still Ln Her
t CA 11
NOTOlv Eat JI 111 a ranwar
carriage between Barrentk and NUmb
I ono beard ft little ana school Ctrl
I ask a travelled Philadelphia where the great
and good Benjamin Franklin wu buried
Gracious and prompt aa we Americana always
ways a f supplying let Europeans with
Information he answered that Franklins ashes
reposed In Westminster Abbey
This American man undoubtedly was born
within hat a mile of Franklins tomb in his
own city and mal have passed within a few
feet ot the meanly kept unhonored crave
nearly every day ot his own te Englishmen
mar cherish the heritage to Britain ot Byrona
Immortal genius but Byrons grave is I no
nor a shrine to them than wai Franklins t
Ale townsman
This mar seam incredible to Intelligent
Americans The gradually acquired recogni
tion of Its truth was astounding to me As
1 probably to millions o others who at some
> rod ot life have adoringly pond over the
paces ot Byron It A a forgivable dream of
I youth and early manhood to some day come to
the scenes he knew walk the rJ ground he
trod in England dream in the same monk
I Wralthad cloisters of Newstead and than at his
crave through the infinite splrltreaoh ot lov
ing memory brooding by consecrated soil
endeavor to fathom for my own consciousness
With just measurement ot his career and
1 ealu9 the wretched mystery of his and and
unhappy life
indi ed for the past Y years In froquentlr
Dttsslne through or during periods of travel In
England tbls wish and Impulse have been up
I permost In my mind i and whatever 11 en
caged attention for the time being my stereo
i typed Inquiry of all daises ot englishmen has
been Whero Is the grave ot lshmlD
I Though I bad come to knnw In a geoeraph
i Scat Sense I found It wns with blmllar vague
peits any other body know at all and so few
knew oven this Ioor bit about where Byron
lay that the repetition of the question and re
plo came to possess I melncholy sort of fai
olnutlon her 1IXX answered AtWealmln
Mer tiny that number At Itewstead
Abbey ziany believed his remains rested
In Urcece Au axtonlshingly largo number
were sorely nurzled at the query aud confessed
complete Ignorance Of course any English
I guide rock would answer the question But
midte bunks are for strangers cot residents
And to natoer stranger may have acci
dentally HVUII the two or three Hue statement
that the tomb of Uvion might be found at the
I little Cburuh Of Hucknall In Hucknall Torkard
NottlnKUHmstilre there came a sense of re
I pellent indaflnlteneas ai though Ibo guide
book maker were not quite certain of the mat
ter Ilm ell Even I the statement were ac
cepted as a true one where then mlgtit one
hunt for tho unknown hamlet with BO myttlfy
t lag n name as Hucknall Torkard l I
While wandering la Robin Ilood Land I
unconsciously pasted many times within a few
mili of thu epot where repose the ashes of
Byron But there is no one in thu region to
I call tho strangers attention to tho fact lie I
would hardly discover 1 at Newstend Abbey
three miles dlntaut once the poet property
I and home Nobody Arnold four miles away
even among the owners of the looms l and snln
I dies can tell you how to find Huckuull Tork
ard or yrhy anybody should wish to find I
The pollloiy town Itself la perhaps eight mile
north of Nottingham But one might aak a
thousand of that city hundred thousand peo
ple without Rscertalnlnl just where to find
the place and Inquire of a good many
more than that before discovering that
the town possesea anything but colliers
and coal Alter I had finally made sure
Hucknall Torkard was near Nottingham und
that perhaps tome man of quality was
burled there as It was famously un
healthy I I then twice sent over wrong
railway linen to find It Then I oYr wronl
twohour walk through the dreariest of Eng
fish halfmanufacturing villages over the
worst highway In England brought me past
dreary moorlike reaches and
drar moorlke raobes scraggy un
lovely fields to an utterly cheerless collection
of half cottages and shops Those wore low
cramped Inadequate unsightly The houses
were pinched aidewlne endwise np and down
The windows and doors were pinched Pas
sageways winds closes alleys and shops all
were pinched a id mean and small Every
thing exposed for sale seemed sparse little and
shrivelled The faces of the old woman slat
ternly wives and hosts of dirty children rolling
In doorways and on pavements with pinched
and racgadnalred curs were pinched more
sadly than all e I In tbe poor pinched mor
I was one of those may por llai in Kurope
and leas credit to 19 in our own country
where coal barons huddle and herd families at
profit after first profiting to the extent of
human endurance from the use of vast same
gate dependent labor lbe was HucknallTor
L kard where 3000 miners dig 1000 yards be
low grass for coal at twentyone shillings a
Iras bllnK
woek for halt the weeks In the year and starve
with their families the other half Every
vtrneture wat of brick Every object was
besmeared with the taint ot coal Even
tbo straggling outlying streets and the
flat clayey country round utterly baKe
leicj aud treeless abaSed to have the lllth
and grime ot tbe locality ground into I But
one object within the horizon disk gave relief
wfhln borion
t the hard miserable feature of every visible
thing in Huckn 1 Torkard Away down the
loiiit calories street nearly a mile away rose
a bugs Norman tower nlar dark and grim
and frowned upon tbo town acd tbe mean little
church beneath I as J sensitive of Its sodden
and Inn ate surroundings You will ceo a
bundled towers like I ecclesiastic brothers ot
hoar nza from Ituzance to 1enrlth all over
England They defy time like the Round Tow
ert of Ireland and their origin In essential or
orlln o8sental
decorative architecture Is almost UH In
scrutable Picturesque they are against the
horizon ot an English landscape as the
suggestive sclre in tho elorloua gloaming of
Millets Anuelus but their age and strength
are all els t of merit they possess for llkn this
one of tt Mary Magdalen Church Ik Uuak
nail Torkard they are all of moro consequence
In i apace thau the little tirokeubacked chapel
like churches they quite overshadow
J I was In that little church with the big
tower where Byron lay buried nobo y <
Uut knall Torkard seemed ale to disclose In
IlnquroJ hero and thor 01 those I met and
a either laughed at or Informed that while
they would not deny It wan very wide of their
habit to assort what they did not know
Ah llj could un tell ee mono vicar Phillips
mann tell I eelcame from all whowould o ak
At little slioi 5t I progressed along the street
I was told to ask at the next door and groups
gathered behind me to tan their notes und
shake their heads gravely To be badgered
tnus when searching for the grave of one
kuown bail tho wot Id yet unknown to the
thousands within rifle shot of his own sepul
ture was confuting In Indignation and regret
tiali way up ID street I took refuge from cu
rious and suspicious eyes In a drapers on pre
tense of aonte slight purchase and engaged
the proprietor I man of apparently good In
Intell goiioo in conversation Explaining
my dilemma 1 apologetically related how an
otl r once uron a time bad come to Huokeall
orkard hunting Dron grave aDd was met
byon of the inhabitants with the rejoinder
byron Ah plvor ed 01 15 Ier means
3en CoUnt lien Cauut was 4 note1 pugilist
Anybody In Nottlngbamshire can toll ioz
haro hla grave Is In Bt Muryn churchyard
Irlf ti hurahrrd
I look of kindling Intelligence and sympathy
came Into the drapers face a he banded me
ray change while tie told me thnt very many
ctme to iron a tear on poor old Bens prate
nut as the draper had only been in Hu Ira 1
Torkard for the matter of eighteen months he
could not toll me about tother un I
Alter this I mid my way in silence to the
churchyard A high iron fence surrounded It
The gait was locked and the gravnbordored
walk leading to the church entrance seamed
uirgeftlve or disuse of the place either for the
t I the solace of the living or care of the dead
Dreading further inquiries of the dea
walked around the dark and drear old spot
hoping to find snmo war of entrance alone
This was unavailing Returning to tbe gate I
saw across the open apace below the
square I crowd of bedraggled women
and children watching my movements
attentively One with a babe at her breast
and three little ones pulling at her ragged
skirts held aloft some huge jangling keys
Then tbe crowd laughed at the slcpalllng and
my elamefacad nod of acquiescence and part
o > Its hungry members advanced to the gate
They were scrawny savage creatures all with
bale let brut beads and with a trop lb
woLflh young tagging after I bought them
all off save tbe one with the keys on condition
that the gate should b locked after ux nnd
by the time my guide and her brood had
effected thin every one of her former com
panions had disappeared with shrill rallerr
pnlon dlappard ih hrl raUer
into various dramshops ol the square below
That one oould make such pilgrimage In
England t the shrine of anyone of her mighty
dead and find It within such pliably mean and
abject suryeujidlpp is a degrading reproach
oa the whole XngliatppeakJeg race Only the
ghouls who have Deemirohea Byrons name and
rime could come here aDd not r out with
paiD Incredible Alia grief bellttlement at the taunt and shame of tali
Tie sOddn w mal dawdling her keys b
fide me and staring vacuously at the mesgr
light above the chancel was fU iron 01 th
fhleDsat Torct WIW
Insensate lorgetrulnesa and oblivion to whlol
0 these poor relics of one ppwuslns sublime
amino have been doomed I asked her falter
ing It a great many vliitors did cot come to
t ifarys Hie11 ajl not eerd ItV lilt I were 8
But ware there not fn al a years time 200Q
or SOpo f Bhe laughed outright Ir Informed
me that not enough came to provide l any
decent family witb pint a day This I
a new view of It Byrona grave not worth for
Income a pint of beer a day I Well were there
10007 Bhe book her beiyj eontampnously
Did I 600 oome each rear Were there 2COT
Nivir ultr tfttIr mon onr wen th1 res
torittlon co be
tttlol ntortO occurred In l 1888It Is a
sounding significant word The little Old
burcu a then I ruin with the exception ot
the tower Apparently not i1bOOwa eipn4
U The wan its uPD Tb roof ii
whole A commonplace Cut window is I stan
Iniaboethealtr A tlnobaooelwisedd
aDd little bO atr oUraNpl1 were put I a At
Ill obaDo1 above the choir is this
the right of the UUMU aboT te tll
memorial tabletI
I the vault 555th
kire rnaay ef hu uautm sud BUmeUer a ki it4
wlr LI n remelU or r
Otort 1 Gordon MoiT Brott
lora Byron it Itokditle
I a tOe coteiy or LMCUM
The Ali ho V Chlh WulS
lie wee bets la L10a 1 the
53IefJasO17 17
I M at 11h 1r la tyissern teat Orme es the
l t
IeiiI In the f lorloaf tumpl te mtore that
eeentry te her aucieSt r4om ana renews
llli tltttr the HonortMe
Il r Miry Lento
riietO tbl > utlil to hu tatmory
There are also a small tablet In memory ot
Byrons daughter Augusta Ada who became
the Counted ot Lovelace and died In 1853 at
the ago of SO just her fathers age at death
mural monuments of the second Lord Byron
and his six I 0 DL and the hatchments ot the
poets mother Theie are the only adornment
of the bare walls of St Mary But the most i
Intense and solemn Interest of the dreary Place I
is where yon will kneel I luat within the chancel I
rail upon the raised stone floor Bet In ibis
chancel pave Is square block ot rare itouso
antique marble a gift of tIli King of Greece
It le I about two feet square Upon this marble
within a wreath of laurel wrought f brass Is
tbe simple InscriptionnvitoM
Died 1
April iv 182t
Beneath this Is the Byron vault now her
metlcaily sealed Besides the scattered bones
of his wild and redness ancestors the vault
contains the remains of tbe pot preserved In
a lead eotlln which rests directly underneath
rt dlreotll
the tablet and tbe bodies of his unhappy
tempered mother to the right hand and of his
daughter Ads sole daughter of mr house
and nearton the left ml
All this can learned from the parish reg
ister a quaint old parchment book dating
from the time of Henry IlL Defender of the
Kalth The fact and date recall that on the
dissolution in IMO a certain Sir John Byron
Lieutenant Bherwood Yore received the
priory of Xewstead and all Its tithes and pos
sessions The old abbey being ruined br the
savage brutality of the ltonndheids this In
significant chapel ot that time bam the
Place ot worship and finally u the ownership
of the seat of the Byron twice passed Into the
hands of itiiigersthe burial place of the fated
fland Oo back through all Its hlstorr and
nothing will be found but irascibility Insanity
homicide and regicide The wonder Is not
that the poet Byron I a no more calm and
steadfast soul The marvel ii tat from the
heart and brain of any one of the line could
come so supreme a battle against the accursed
taint of heredity enabling the enmeshed blood I
lt beredlty
brain and soul in so brief a straggle to add
finch surpassing lustre to the pages of genius
That Is the only lust attitude In which any one
can approach the study of the poetry the liter
ature above all the character of Byron or In
which tbe conscience should permit any right
minded rersou to kneel at this almost unknown
and wholly unhonored grave
When you recall that the remains of this
groat poet were refused admission to the
statelY portals of Bt Pauls and Westminster
when you learn a yon I from the aplyela
brained first famllle ofSottlngbamshlr that
no more is I made of Byrona grave because
he was never quite approved of In Notts and
WI yon leave the spot standing in the deso
late churchyard of HI Mary yon shudder
Ingly contemplate the mental and material
beastliness and grime of tbla shrines endron
bDtlne will all remain one of the saddest
memories ot your life And it is a heartaching
thing that in the Infinite compassion wltn
which humankind In wont to bold Its dead the
ashes 01 lipton could not at least have been
placed near the murmurous waters and the
gray walls of the wraithpeopled NewsIest he
M loved and mourned Englishmen are not
themselves If this meagre tribute to a Eng
llsbman of Immortal fame b not sometime
bestowed KDOAB L WAJUhux
HI Vain Beatell with HU With fibs Hab
ttable Lodgings In the Bit Town
LONDON Jan 27 But I thought Kensing
ton was awfully swell I read so once In Her
per1 aalil
We were standing the American girl and I
at tbe end ot a blind alley In that famous section
tion of London once described bJ a produce
merchant from Chicago a being fashionable
as hI and twice a expensive I was our
fortysixth slop In a hunt that had progressed
for three days There a the house In which I
we bad been assured br a voluble real estate i
agent having an office la the Strand were I
most charming rooms that could not fall t
delight our fancies Most respectable was the
laY that presided over the mansion and
quite particular about her tenant At tour
guineas a week the apartments were a prize
We looked upon tbe house and sighed It
reminded UH of the Noahs Ark of our Infant
days Tbe memory of our majeBtlo fat In
Fiftyninth street at home swept over us like a
cold spray and our ugh deepened t groans
Oh I really thought Kensington swell
repeated Dorothy This la I like the ragged
home edge ot Harlem Im discouraged Take me
homeWhy my dear I said endeavoring to In
fuse a lightsome energy into my voice you
have only seen fortyfive lodging houses ao far
There are several thousands London Sot
of them lam quite sure are light enough to
read In and not all of them are decorated with
dried grasses and A flowers
Then we went up the little walk leading
from the gate to the door of the fortysixth ot
our lodging houses The driver ot our hansom
was doubtless looking with oynloal eyes upon
our backs Like every other Londoner he
knew us for Americans and was aware that
we woro searching for the vulgarity of knodern
comfort in a home lie had doubtless driven
Jeyed Americana about the neighborhood
of Kensington for ten years or more and had
acquired a oontemptlfor their Inability ever t
be satisfied with Hood plain British pokl
nets One may always fatigue a hansom
driver or a duko In London br reaming for
sunlight or a sofa cushion
What especial gardens are these asked
Dorothy looking up and down the row of
houses an we stood on the stoop like a
couple of Patience on a monument after
having dropped the knocker resoundingly upon
the blistered door of our fortysixth
There was a grain of American humor la the
young ladys Question Bhe bad found put that
in nnlnicton an alley a called gardens b
cause of Its total lack of flowers
This If i not gardens I replied This Is
Phlliemore drove or something the sort
Ah rejoined the sarcastic mature from
NPW York I should bare known It would be
called a about grove because there are no trees anywhere
About ten minu tes Inter the lady owning the
toy house In Pblil emore drove arrived < the
Inside of the blistered door and opened II
Tn customary ten minutes wait on the
step ot a London lodging house would b sat
isfactory enough If alter that lapse of time
one were treated to a sight of femininity with
its hair combed but the Invariable apparition
of an obese person of the female stripe looking
quite floppy in a red flannel gown of polntully
plain cut and twisting tbednsty tanaTesof her
trosies around the top ot her head with her
right baud while she prevents hrel from
protruding through the trout of her frock tIm
the other U not suitable reward for such delay
tb e
lay especially when the delay is conducted in
a cold fog
Our fortysixth landlady was a finished study
In grease spots She bad more of these dlO
rations on her front than the Prince of Wales
has medals In fact I she had hopes qt get
ting mea spots on her she would have
had to put on another dress for tbe accommo
dation of the one she wore was already taxed
to the fullest limit lae
t Bo like the fortyflvo others murmured
Dorothy a number fortrslx stood blinking at
us iv the doorway
I tisAl myself begun to think that possibly
mA1 beln
London landladies had especial Mother Kve
of their own they were so very similar to each
other and unlike the rest of their sex
We wai sent by Mr Minks ile rest estate
agent I began In the way tbat I had stereo
typed for myself on mr ft days hunt I
rent believe you have was apartments t
rnt tried to Impart a mellifluous Kngllsh
melody to mr speech for I dreaded the vnl
turous sagacity that awakens In a Kensing
lecll Itlnlnn
ton landlady when sue is confronted by mil
Ilonalrlem from America Then I reamed
rL ri
that my accent could not save us for Dorothy
hat confessed our nationality was so pretty
Nninbariortysix waa overpowerIngly polite
Folltenpea In London Is I ao salvellka and co
pious tbat It is saddening to realize it la d
rIb guinea The gentlemen who alt Of
boxes IU the theatres are uuder expense
therefore they can afford to put their bat on
between the acts while conversing with ladles
but the woman who has rooms to rent I
keenly alive to the beauties of ooqrtesy and
al tie OlrY nnd
dispenses aDkndnc It to prospective tenaats la dazzling
The landlady made an elaborate confession
t having one or two fascinating suites that
she was desirous of filling with attractive ten
ants tier first empty rooms were on the
around floor of the mansion
Krea the drawing room she said throwing
open a dunonlnrtd door upon a mall seotiou
upa mallt 01
gloom which after our eyea had become
Used to It wh found to be punctuated here and
there by extremely naked chairs a wood out
et the Duke ot Wellington on a rocking horse
a memorial wreath under a glass globe and
two candlesticks made of white crockery r
Ind b dtlck male hi this was what
the landlady termed a bedroom It might
have proved such when the lights were gpTng
Four guineas a week 1 presume said Dor
othy In her premature way
Yes four guineas a week ° responded the
landlady tOlr J flI suupoio Mr finks told you
the terms
< leo said Dorothy I knew they ware
four guinea room wuen I aw the memorial I
wreath By the way do the candlestick of
crockery ico with the suite at that pricer
The landlady tjO by thla timeuot her haIr I I
twisted up Into 1 a mound aud nailed with a
hairpin Tail enabled her to elsie br hands
across her Iront and assume an all ot repose
broken only br the since pots
Well the price le I not Incluxle I YOU see
aba raid In reply to the question put to her
lights ate one and six a day Urea two and
six and attendance two shilling
ttnIDoe chilblains at about thirty
dollars a week mused Dorothy she llcnted
a match to lock at what teemed to b a small
open grate with accommodations for a pound
Weshould want breakfast served Incur
room of course I sid and would always
rom to onr dinner Nov what is your
charge tor breakfa U i
Three shillings each thank you That gives
meat or flub eggs toast and tea or coffee
My sarcatlo coomaMon wits examining the
cambric covers on ton chairs and 1 knew the
thought going through her mind
Three ehllllng each for breakfast aha
was Halln Thats over llu a k Our i
dinners will 1 I average 13 a day for we must I
have a little wine Thats J30 a week and the
rooms come to the same amount Sixty a
week for bare living expenses Leaving the
question ot clothes and amusements aside
liow are we evar going to manage I on an In
come of I n week r
We had coma awar from home believing we I
could hire Marlborough House and have trpj
ooulc Ilr
flee on everything we ate for 12500 a rear My
oonsolenceleae acquaintances bad said that I
London was a cheap city They maY Indeed
not have been conscienceless I Come to think
of lit none or theta had ever lived I cheap In
London hut they were willing to bellpve that
1r llnl blo tllt
they wet9 needlessly extravagant while here
and to credit the ancient proverb that says the
city Is one of small chares
clls get II guineas a week for tbla cult In 1
the season said the muslsal voice of the land
lady out of the dnrkneto
80 the ottyflve others told us ° observed
Dorothy I am expecting to b Constan
tinople or my grave when that season or your
arrives By the way do von burn coal or con
fectionery In these rate coa
Oh coals madam repijed the spotted
lady not appearing to catch the full meaning
ot the sarcastic ones query And coals are
verY lab lust now t e are really
Yes rejoined Dorothy a lady having a
house jut off Piccadilly said she wM buying
bar coat from a jeweller at present Were lOU
ever In America r
No madam
AhI maam four guineas a week for two
rooms that have no < lght no belt no com
fortable furniture and no conveniences what
ever seems a very reasonable price t you
Oh yes madam We never lets them 1 lee e
Across the half light that stole through tbe
window the frozen breaths of us three floated
like white streamers it was remindful of a
December morning on the veranda ot an Adi
rondack hotel
rODdlOI facilities for making Ice cream are I
should judge unequalled said Dorothy
And with these words she walked Into the hall
and laid her band upon the door lat h t
We did not DUI the rooms in Phltlamore
Grove The driver of the hansom cab and
seen his horse looked carefully at us I we
emerged from the house and both coughed
dldalntnllr Suffering from bronchitis ai
the were they yet had a healthy contempt for a
couple of steamheated voluptuaries who could
not enjoy the misery of cold feet or rejoice In
the darkness of the tomb
Shall we try a fortyseventh I k0 A
we stood in the gray breeze preparatory to en
tiring the cab
trlDK replied Dorothy with a feminIne dee
sion that wa unanswerable We will go back
to the hotel
We were living at a fashionable hostelry In
Blaokfrlars at a dally expense of Il2 We had
tried economy in a socalled private hotel in
Jermyn street I had cost ue tf a day and the
steaks were tough sows bad shut our eyea
and plunged at 112 We wanted a golden
dream to look back upon when we should have
finally become submerged In the Styx of lodg
ing life The hotel In Klnckfrlars was in real
Itr of most rare Quality The table dhote
would call forth hosannoa from McAllister and
the rooms were large and filled with aa much
1 rom I murky London days could supply
The cabman took us to the Kensington sta
tion of the underground railway where we took
train for our princely abode
tran Lt ns said Dorothy as we oat tinder the
garish lamplight In the thirdclass carriage
remain at our hotel until all our money is
cone and then commit suicide Dont make
me go Into one of those graves at four guineas
a week
There were tears In her eyes Fortrslx
London lodging houses are sufficient to un
string a sensitive girls nerves so 1 did not re
buke her for her weakness J took her band
Dont go to nieces dear Remember w
haT not fatten on the other side of the river
yet There la l another London over there you
know and very likely the apartment are dif
ferent Perhaps the bedrooms have windows
and who knows but what we might run across
a true enough American fat with gas and
Ia ane
steam radiators
Well responded the disheartened girl
MJOU may do the other side ot the river alone
Fortysix disappointments are enough for roe I
and I really cannot keep up any longer Oo
hire anything you like and I will go and die
there > enveloped In furs and with a bullse > e
la tern at my belt
The train stopped at the Lndgate station
Dorothy dried her eyes and I helped tatoD
alight Vre felt a miserable a two Americans
alone In London without a home can tel when
January fogs are blowing througb the air nnd
their very small reserve fund la being eaten up I
at the rat of two pounds ten a day I
They trt > Droll nd Catldlea With None
antis and Hear Virtue
The lifelong duty lot a Japanese woman IB
obedience and submission From their In
fancy the virtue ot submission Is 1 Impressed
upon them as the one par excellence In a
womans character No one oan deny who baa
seen or knows anything of Japanese women
tbat they are essentially womanly as yet there
Is swagger among them no wish to be a
poor Imitation ol the stronger sex no agitating
for womans rights They are the gentlest
housewives in the world Certainly they are
not brilliant but then they are never loud
One mar walk through the poorest quarters ot
Toklo a city a large aa New York and never
bear a harsh voice or see a scowling face In
most cases the wives are bal treated br their
husbands the law giving them no protection
from absolute cruelty A husband has the right
t divorce his wife for no more cause of com
plaint than that be 1s I tired of her In Japan a
divorced woman for whatever cause Is never
married again nor can she return to her own
people Chamberlain In his Things Japan
ese says A man may divorce his wife for
disobedience barrenness lewd conduct jeal
ousy leprosy and so on But dlvoroo Is not
common among the lower orders I It worth
the trouble when a man may have a many
felpmet as he pleases and a wife Is not con
sidered a thing ot enough Importance to become
come a trouble Nature baa made these
women a bappyHouled people who do not feel
the burden of their woes When Infants
they learn entire submission to their parents
The father has the perfect right to sell them at
any age to the foulest means of livelihood in
tke country it being considered a much more
grievous sin to rebel against the revered
parents will than t go willingly and obe
diantlr for a term of rears to a life et Immo
ralltr and 1 much 1 this recognized that a
Japanese man would rather marrr a girl who
had bean sold t an Immoral trade for years
than a woman who was loud voiced illsobe
client or n und ilout Hubmleslon to their
fathers first then to their husbands and
when widows their eldest sons leaves them
no chance ot Independence They are born
degradation under thn yoke and In few I cases feel any of its
One very nice fellow well educated and very
vr eoatead
canon influenced by Western ideas who wa I
every way a kind husband and Intelligent
friend astonished me one day by introducing
to me a MtoDllhe I told him 1 had not beard
of the death of his young and eharmlng wife
whom I bad often mat and expressed my grief
My wife la not dead hut divorced I roved
her very ranchmore man this one but mr
parents did not like her and Insisted on my
alt her Dotlk tried for some tin t
make peace between them for mr wife was
good and beautiful nod loved me aa 11 loved
bAullful oD
tier but my father would have none of her ao
1 divorced her and BOW I do not know where
h dlorcl baa no home no money a ter no
woman of her position woull receive her In
her house I have married a wile of my
fathers choosing and there is I peace once
more In our home
A wife must be entirely obedient to her
fatherinlaw an well ntr her husband When
once married she sees very little of her own
people Tbe hufeband seldom encourages her
parents come to the house tihu belongs
now entirely to Mm and his neoplA
There la I one tblne to be Mid In favor of the
Japanese women adopting European ilresrf In
place of their picturesque native one whluh U I
by no means so unlvonmloa supposed They
take a better position generally wheQ they
Iller IAltlon
wear European dross and arc treated with
more rosuect by their husbaniK A Japanese
husband will open the door for his wife iinii
let hr pass nut In front of him when she Is
wearlncn badly flttlnitillHtrePslnelyuglyBerlln
dress with her hair done ur In European style
proportionately badly while her Pretty sister
who baa retained her gracelul kimono
of Colt orSpe walks behind her lion rs
ble master opening tho door for him
to pas out No caricature < could do jus
tice to r Japanese woman In European
dress In the first place the dresses aro
usually oldfashioned lorman ones and the
corsets over which ther are worn are as often
an not put on upside down rather interfering
with the set of the garment which sot cover
has not been altered to suit the diminutive
size of the wearer Nines It left the cheap Her
man factory White kid gloves also much too
large faclory great request at all seasons of the
year and ate Hhown UP by huge paper cults
worn well over the hands A hideous hat too
heavy with flowers and feathers which have
long since cenred to mr completes the cos
tume which commands co much respect the
substitute for the dainty delicate colored
ortpe kimono and picturesque bead dress of
the native costume
I once SAW a truly amusing sight at a large
dinner party given at a European hotel to the
Japanese Ministers of the Legation and their
wives Tbe women were all dressed In Euro
pean dresses and a few of them looked charm
ingly pretty very suchlike dolls In their long
trains prtrhTerT satin but very piquant and
lovable dolls They have such deliciously nat
ural and vet coquettish manners I waited
Impatiently until the rather long dinner was
over to catch another glimpse of them as they
came down stair arm In arm quite English
YOU know like a party of children masque
rading Their dresses were really very pretty
er prUJ
and they seemed almost accustomed to wear
Ing them when I I reminded ot the absurd
fly of the whole thing by two or three of them
picking UP their ski rts In the most unconcerned
way exposing themselves to the knee Poor
little I women f There were the pretty French
slippers and dresses but where were the stock
logs The native dress knows er such arti
cles a cloth boot with divided toes doing ser
vice I for both
I Is only when one becomes well acquainted
with the customs of the people that one real
izes that those bright little creatures more
Itl oreaturl mor
like hummingbirds or butterflies than human
beings have to bear any of tbe trials and
abuses that are tbe cnmmcu lot of all man
kind To tbo casual observer they are the
nnpnlest and gayesthearted people In the
world who though charmingly lent 0 and
naturally well bred alvo one the impression
that they are almost Incapable of the power of
thinking or having character enough for self
control Often have I longed to read the
thoughts which fill the gayly bedecked little
head or some veung maiden as she comes
tripping along the garden pntb at Bhtba play
lug the koto or Ibo hews tinging some plain
tive lot song dressed in her very best de
lighting the eye with such a charm of delicate
color from the soft gray of her kimono with
here and there just a glint of rosy pink and
white to tbo raven black htilr dreceed with such
Infinite care the slightly swaying motion of
her supple young body and the exquisite
curve ot her neck noticeable In nil Japanese
women forming a perfect feast of color aud
motion How lone this little person has taken
to produce this butterflylike etteot of her per
son Is her own business but I doubt if any
lady In Mayfalr could afford the tluio to her
toilet which this little maiden has devoted to
hers The hair dressing alone probably took
two hours and iierfunilne and bathing her
sweetsmelling body perhaps more for the
Japanese are great on bathing morel painting
the lips with gold to bring out the whiteness
her glittering teeth and powdering her fresh
young face wore other points of dire impor
tance to little Wave of the Bea Young Jap
anese girls have quaintly poetical names
Vave oi the Hea being one of the favorites
Youth is everywhere delightful In Japan I
is a paradise ot babies suit young mammas
who delight to romp and play with their chil
then all day romp is I mother with her
baby on her back its little head wobbling
shout from Ide to side while she rushee along
a faSt aa her narrow kimono will permit
watching the soaring of her kite which looks
wonderfully like a real hawk as It darts here
and there nt the mere of tne wind soon the
entire Inhabitants of the street will crowd
round her old men and maidens schoolboys
and children wild with excitement over the
flight of the paper hawk
Japanese homes aro always clean and fresh
bavin no urnlturo or carpets to collect dust
ClunlooS U rortllnh one of the many vir
tues of a Japanoa housewife In tho poorest
houses uno can sit down with the same care
less pleasure 04 In the finest and there Is al
ways something artistic to pleuHO tho ere If It
Is only along bamboo out like an orsran pipe
full or treeD sweetsmelling tiger HUSH ar
ranged with Inimitable grace at each joint
Old age In Jnpnn la not so attractive though
It Is seldom crabbed Hag In the only Word to
apply tn t the picture which rises In my mind of
something scarcely humau very ehrlrulled
very yellow very skinny with ehrlle
Vry rlo Sklll wih course gray
hair which IIIR ionic slnon ceased tu have the
care which youth d vntes to It with grinning
row of jet black teeth ul iviug a most uncanny
appearance to the possessor It Is mill quite
customary In the country parts and among the
lower classes for tilt women to blacken their
teeth on the event of their marriage It shows
devotion to their honorable husbands and Is I a
sign that the wives will receive no attentions
from any save him And surely It issnfegunrd
enough for one cannot Imagine anything
more fatal t the beauty of I fresh young face
than a row of jet blncK teeth A Japanese
Jt x
woman is indeed a curious mixture thong
bruUBht UP with 1 very low standard of
morality Her ears are accustomed to all
aorta of 1 conversations for the men talk A
freely before young girls as among tbemfelves
Bbe has little respect for truth her Highest
ambition being dross and a peaceful life Btlll
one cannot help comparing th women of I
JaPan In many wars favorably with Western
women There is no drunkenness among
them such a thing unheard ot amool
devoted mothers faithful wives submissive ar
a fault gentle and courteous In the poorest
classes HO sympathetic and womanly that one
cannot fall to levu them Their childish en
hiinlasm over small things and lightness of
bean under almost nny clrcumetancen have
the effect on ones mind that JHPHU in I fairy
and of trrownuu children whom one must
love for their lovftbleiiesn and quaint beauty
jn spite ni their many grievous faults of
which bot remembered they are unaware
055 TTujr to Turn a Hal
from tto PMIotilftiU frni
Five large gray rats are the peculiar pet ot
Charles rerklns who lives ou Noble street
near EI btb The rodents evince great affaa
tlou for him following him qbouttbe houuellke
too houslk
dogs run UP his sleeve and come out at the
breast nestle around the rim I of his hit and
perform a variety of tricks such a leaping
through a wit a hoop and drawing I epoch tour
or them acting ua horses and o ub as < driver
answered Asked how he had tamed the rats Perkins
U is I very easy when you < know I bow
Will what Is the bow
Simply 1 trap a rat In 1 cage and then ex
amino him care7ully to 8t If he Is young and
not too vicious Having selected a proper spec
men I take him to the yard and drop him peo
barrel hal filled with water I be tries to
flarubT up the sides I throw him back and
kOll1 hll UI tIle water until bo Is I completely
eibauated When bo lejunt I Ibout lo to under
I take him out pour a little brandy down his
throat with a syringe and take him to the
stove where r wrap him In a piece of blanket
coddle jbe and mires him bock to life Ho
lre to
grateful is he that he remains mr slave forever
alter fawns on me and becomes quite a Pt
The BUtT M a HfMlal dace Told n la
the Castes Xeetanrttat
I was a crisp October afternoon Outdoors
the Yankee town ot look Hill Conn was
gar with brilliant autumnal foliage Birds
wore singing gladly In the bright sunlight un
der the exhilaration of the clear cold atmos
pliers In th tower ot the town church the
marriage bells were ringing joyously The
whole town was astir with expectation The
big farmhouse where the happy bride dwelt
bustled with th preparations ot the auspicious
ceremony A Yankee wedding la an event of I
varied and picturesque Interest at all time
Dwellers in big cities seldom get iv chance to
witness a ceremonial so quaintly elaborate
and attractive Ittls always well worth a city
mauVjourney Into the New England forming
districts to enjoy the spectacle
Tbe bride ot this particular lovely October
day was a typical Yankee belle She was the
beauty ot the town Her bright black eyes and
her raven hair had set the hearts ot many of
the country swains thumping ocstntlcallr when
she danced at the country balls or was the
prized guest at the morrr corn husking A
city chap who had had a taste ot the sea and
had seen much ot the world had won her heart
Ha had captivated her with stories of adven
ture and won her finally by th superior ease
ot his manner and skill ol address He was
rather abort In stature with a little black
moustache and an abundance of good humor
His eyes sparkled with health and he I
chipper as the little bantam rooster that was
boss ol the fatmyard
The farmhouse door stood wide open after
the good old New England custom in hos
pitable welcome to the guests that were al
ready beginning to arrive The Interior ot the
farmhouse was decked with festoonery of
greens and autumn grasses A tall clock tbt
uad stood for a century in the corner of the
Wide i4 ticked musically The blushing
bride studied the dial with a rich flush upon
her cheek She was charming In her wedding
gown ot homespun stuff Her female rela
S ves had been busy for hours arranging her
gown and dressing her hair She stood u the
associates parlor oft the wide ball awaiting her female
The guests drove up In groups from all aides
In farm wagons decked with greens and In
oldfashioned country carriages The women
folks alighted and hurried f to kiss the young
alabt lounK
bride elect effusively and to study her attire
The bridegroom stood out at the cat to wet I
como the visitor The men folks lingered t
congratulate him heartily At the side of the
house a big I barrel of elder was propped upand
the men folks all took big draughts of It The
brldecroom in accordance with the custom
Wtt4 bllired to drink his own health with each
caller He bad been keeping i up for an hour
steadily and by the time the clergyman a
Itedly tie tme
due he bad grown joyous to the point o I hilar
ity The men folks kept shaking him by the
bund constantly and he made many allusions
though of a rather vague cnaractar It muit b
tlouKb lu
confessed to tbe big liandsome dog that the
men folks admired Hjhad never been able
t agree with the dog The animal aaemed to
know that the dapper fallow a going
to take his mistress oft and he Interfered with
the young mans pastime of swinging on the
gate in the moonlight with hla sweetheart
The bridegroom shut his left eye often In a
brd rom
friendly wink at a tall lank youth who looked
as If he had stepped out of the pages of one of
I ha 001
Ulckenas novels The lank youth l a high
white choker with a green stock broadcloth
I ahotr wlU
trousers that war akin tight and stooped
wr sllQ
short in the leg several Inches above his
ankles He had bright red atockinca aId his
feet wer shod with daona pump He r
ceived the winks of the bridegroom with a
solemn dignity that savored consuming sad
tat aor R
neil The lank youth as I matter of taot con
sidered himself In the category of victims ot
unrequited love He was certainly in the rank
of the lefts The winking and dapper bride
I groom had come from the city and cut him
i clean out In his suit for the roung bride
hand But he was a close friend ot her family
and he compelled by country etiquette to b
present and watch that detested city chap
walk off with the prize
The minister came up while the bridegroom
was endeavoring to forgive all and join in a
bumper d the bard elder The minister bad a
smart rig of his own bnt be had walked from
the church to enjoy the bracing October air
He bad graduated from a theological seminary
In the city the rear before He was a tall
handsome youth with cheeks roar as fall
pippins If It hadnt been for his sober suit lal
black and stiff white choker man familiar with
the city would have taKen him fora fly drum
mer or city lawyer It became evident In bait
a second that ho knew a thing or two Th
bridegroom reached o his outstretched hand
as I be saw several hind held ontln greeting
When he bad finally succeeded in grasping the
substantial band held out to him the roung
dominie drew him away 10 hi e rOJ of
farmers around the barrel of hard cider and
leaned over and whispered in his ear In the
friendliest pOFllbl ton
See here Charier he said roud better
brace up a llttln Just take a run down the
road to the Post OfHee and let the otters
sample that older The walk will do you good
Loinlnle cried the bridegroom wringing
the ministers band I always said you war
a brick Ill co you a mile ak r
I lacked half an hour of the time fixed for
the wedding ceremony The city lover took a
half hours walk la the bracing breeze and re
turned with hardly a trace of the hilarity born
of the elder draughts The dominie Ingenious
ly Maved meanwhile oft Inquiries for the missing bridegroom
Hea all rignt lies gone down to the Post
Office to see ir there arent some telegrams
from the oily Hea expecting some
The rival la the green stock and shining
pumps looked at the domInic bard The rival a
face had the peculiar look of man Who doubts
the truth ot what be hears He smiled grimly
Tho dominie saw the smile but let it pass His
own face wai like that of little Georges in the
oldfadhionod colored prints ot the Instructive
cherry tree episode The bridegroom bounded
Into the parlor and said 10 tho dominie Ins
loud tone Telegrams delayed
All the company gathered in the parlor a few
minutes later The bride and groom stood
under a bower of greenery Behind stood the
rival In red stockings and polished dancing
pumps Vlth the generosity that is some
times rharacterlttta of the city feller who pets
the girl he bad asked his rival to be his best
man The man who bad got loft bad consented
lie got his reward when the ceremony was
ended His was the first kiss after the groom
and the young dominie No words can de
scribe tile Im erlinr despair that marked
the oiculatlon Then all the other men
folks cumo up und gave the bride a kiss on the
right cheek They were explosive smacks
The groom paid n similar tribute to all the
other women He did It with the air of the
busy city man who hasnt got much time to
waste They were rousing kisses though all
the same lie threw Into them an apparent
heartiness that prevented any suspicion that
any part of the ceremonial ninue him weary
The Kuests talked away at each other like a
house iillru for about an hour more and then
It was time for the wedding banquet It was
spread in the cheery dining room a big place
where several scores uf people could sit at
ease There were several tables some of them
Improvised J hay were ladou with pumpkin
lues puddings nud rarorr roasts In the
middle of the main table wan a great bowl of
ancient china It wax tlllnd with punch
made of mixed liquor slitter and
more Insidious than any thing the
able artiste of the Old Guard can
brew The happy cupli > were toasted
aualu and axaln by tIm men folk and there
were speeches of congratulation by the younger
ones The ut own kept growing more and more
uneasy Ho couldnt touch louKuroBmipe the
inevitable task of answering calls for u speech
on his own account The wedding punch had
been making sad havoc with his somuch
The table seemed Inspired with it desire to
dance a Hlghlaud Iling or some other terp
elchurean extra acance Hu held on to the
sides of his chair to retrain its individual de
termination to join In the jrlddy dunce
Finally Ibis demands of the men folks for a
speech could no longer be ignored The punch
hud made them voujleroue The ftlty bride
uroom caught the tabe and lifted himself up
with the studious care of H man who is carry
lug a keg of nliroulyierlnb or a peach blow
vane He looked about him with excretslon
01 unmistakable weariness
Thank mwfully he said with labored elo
cution Mush thlul mush bilge to coo
wish Hpposh tusk hid speeab malt not m
for buIve triud ibid do tea I can Iwato
hayhlothalve got tipsy twlsh toda an1
tlmh ash ruunh ash any man can do Uier
ban liiuoe Mush oblige thank you all tidcl
Let all bo merry ush A stirring sbell
He dropped back into the chair with a thud
amid tumultuous hamtclapplnii with his bead
spinning like a top The whole room went
rout d In a mad whirl The women folks rose
and took the bride away with them to the bri
dal chamber It was the country custom for
the matrons at Hit > wedding teas to act aa a
committee of escort
The moment the women were gone the
bridegroom climbed unsteadily to his feet and
staggered oat Into the night air to commune
with the Hblnratars He hungover the palming
fence of the garden for nearly an hour The
departing guests oonsld lerately lelt him alone
IP the moonlight It wa as much as several
of them could do to look after themselves
Without wasting sympathy even upon a very
happy bridegroom
When he turnedto go back to the oldfash
ioned house he faced two men wlio were
trundling a wheelbarrow down the path to the
roadway Limp and unoonsolouit on the bar
row with his red stockings and dancing pumps
dangling over one aide and his queer chimney
pot bat resting upon his gorgeously figured
wnltiont lay the lank rival and bet man
Untimely exultation braced thy unwell bride
groom He waved bis own hat deliriously
Hooray Hooray Iblo be cried Tbasb
the bes thing toys Ive sheen today
He leaned against the fence and watched
the odd procession until it was lout In a bend
ot the road Then he turned around and
walked up lo the front door of the farmhouse
with a fine show ot dignity The city tirldn
grooms hair stood on end when he threw
open the door There at the foot of the old
tall clock lay tho big dog that had taken a
strong dislike to him It was twenty f < ot from
the threshold to the foot of the wide staircase
Ills step wan still unsteady from the effects of
that rich and royal hom brf > won punch and
his brain was distraught with the problem of
how getto the staircase without arousing the
firm objections ot the dog He balanced turn
self for what he fancied was a dash for lire
Than he tilled over a heavy oaken chair b lde
the tall clock Ho loll with a miiihty crash
One of the farm hands who hid lingered to
take down the Improvised banquet tables
dashed out ot the dining room The farm
bond was a brawny fellow who knew the dog
house meBald the bridegroom the chair
tell down >
Then as the farm hand stepped between
him and the dog to right the big chaIr the
bridegroom made a twentyfoot dash for the
staircase and gained It before tbo big dog got
chance to catch him He tumbled noisily up
the staircase and fell flat from extreme ex
haustion on the floor ot the bridal chamber
By Jove Charley thas a corking good
story sad the throng at the oafd In the
Oasfoo building as the narrative ended There
were a dozen In the party and they were
ouamng generous bumpers ot champagne
The men were clustered about a welldressed
man ot short stature with a black moustache
ana merry twinkle In his eye
Its a true story too said the little man
for I am the bridegroom and was there I
have asked you to crack this quart of flez with
me because this la i the eighth anniversary of
my marriage to Mrs Barton She was the
pride of the occasion
The company seized the little mans band
and snook u with a fine ardor that bespoke
sincere friendship Ho smiled and set them
up again He was Charles Barton theatrical
manager and traveller He says that ho has
been all over the world but never met with an
experience that paralleled that memorable
Connecticut wedding of almost a decade ago
yVip That tho nations vie with eaclf
A JL other In according praise to
the Royal Baking Powder
C AN BE The Government ot the
United States has given the
Q A Tf Royal the highest place In its
report ot the great test made
by tho Chemical Division ot
the Agricultural Department
The Canadian Government speaks emphatically in
Its praise and reports it highest of all in leavening
power Professor Valado Government Chemist of
Canada says The Royal is pure 23 per cent
stronger and far superior to the others
Tho highest official medical authority of England
says the Royal gives the highest possible yield of
leavening gas that its ingredients are the most ap
proved and that it contains nothing deleterious to the
most delicate stomach from a hygienic point of
view one of the greatest boons that could be given
Told at the Fall of the Cortala After the
Itrat Act of the Opera
When the curtain went down on the first act
of the opera the old whitehaired fiddler among
the first violins who had but recently joined
the orchestra turned to his companions and
told the following remarkable story aa he
thrummed the strings of his own Instrument
During a recent visit to the old country In
search of health I thought It would Da an ex
cellent opportunity to find a choice Instrument
I travelled slowly through sunny Italy con
stantly on the alert for acme sign that might
lead to the finding ot such a violin as I had al
ways had In mind but which I had never seen
One day I came to a duatylooklng little shop
with the sign Violins Repaired and Old Vio
lins for Salea taring through the little window
I entered and found myself In a lowwalled
room redolent with the musty smell of an
tiquity Upon the shelves which extended on
either aide of the room were a number of via
llns some labelled with the owners name and
some with the date of making And such an i
array of old violins I There were violins 200u
years old I
The proprietor came forward with a very
pleasant makeyonrselfatbome sort ot an
air and I at once made known the character
of my visit He said It would give him great
pleasure to show me through his stock und it
I found anything that I wanted all right and
It not U was all the same to him as the pain at
parting with one of Lila pets was so great that
the money port of the transaction could not
make up for It
He at once began to explain the history of
some of the different Instruments At last
coming to one of the oldest looking and at the
same time one that showed that It bad always
been well taken care of be began something In
this vein Here la a violin that is human It
has been In the same family for over 600 years
and readily recognizes any member ot that
family although many generations have
passed away since they came Into possession
of lists wonderful instrument Of course I
was paralyzed with wonder and could not Im
agine what all this meant 1 asked the price of
It Tne price of it i hp exclaimed In wild ear
Krlae The price ot It f Would a mother sell
er child r
I now began to understand what he bad
meant when he called It human and told him
that Intended no harm in asking the aues
tjon I really wished to buy the finest violin In
the world He smiled and replied If you will
come here this evening nt 9 oclock you can
see the most wonderful sight ever known to
mortal man At that hour every night since
the violin has been here tne little girl who now
owns It comes to caress It It is truly a won
derful sight I thanked him and promised to
be there I spent the intervening time solilo
quizing and wondering what was In store for
me and If the mysterious violin were really
human A human violin Whoever heard ot
such a thing What does It mean i I kept say
ing to myself over and over again
When night came I hastened to the little
shop again feverish with excitement When
I entered there wan an oppressive stillness
not a sound of any kind was heard I walked
to the rear and found the proprietor with his
elbows on his knees and his head In his bands
apparently In deep thought I spoke to him
and he looked UD wlinawlld imploring look
which changed oneof delight when be recog
nized me
Oh Its you is it Glad you came hive
often wished that some one could be present
when the child I told ron of Is I here It la al
most time for her to come Ah there she la
Now for the most wOnderful most sublime
He did not have time to itnlsb for all at
once from the old violin on the shelf came the
clear and distinct do with wonderful vibra
tion and sweetness ns though a master hand
bad drawn a bow across It No sooner had the
first sound died away than It was succeeded
by another The old man reached up and took
It down and handed It to rue As 1 tool the In
strument It repealed the do hiram and
again not only could I hear tho sound but I
could feel the constant vibration of the whole
violin At last I recovered rom my astonish
sent and asked what It all meant The od
man smiled and told mo that It wan as much of
a mystery lo his ai It was to mo but that
always as coon as the little girl entered there
was a continuous sounding of the violin until
aha took It
handed It to the little girl and to toy sur
arise the sound of the lhratlonH ceasoti l hhe
ptepped to the cane In which the bwe were
kept and taking one began to play And such
music such divine music I 1 nevor heard Its
equal before and I never expect to again
At this juncture there was a sharp rapping
by the conductor with hU baton AS ho nailed
the players attention to this score The musi
cians played It as U i they wero In n hurry to cat
through the act when this curtain wn ruug
down again one of them ranched fur forward
and whispered to the whitehaired old lladler
In a hollow excited olce Well what then f
Why I awoke was the solemn reply
Long Dlituitte IHiiclitcr
fYon AnJIanapi ii WwI
Did rou ever laugh br telegraph Probably
pot It would hardly pity u hen nn reflects
that U would cost a cent or two met i chuckle to
express his sense or amusement hu lefralns
from manifesting It and lets it un
But laughing U done by toluuniub It U the
telegraph oi > ratorn wit Indulge In this lox
ury and mostly be night operators who have
more tim than the dnr neonli When an
operator benonie lonely anti ills sounder arc
cllcitlug nut IIIIBSIWO not lntemlod lot him
lie calls up some friend operator maybe n bun
red squares away and opens a conversation
A conversation of uqrue annul be contin
nod long before something fuuuyls said It
then beiomns the duty of the operator to
laugh This he does by making four dots then
one dot and a dash thus Bpelllng
ha Thus to all jokes he replies ha ba
Bornetfmes to make it easierhe sajshl that
Is four dots and two dots
The laugh by telegraph Is necessarily cold
and sardonic It does not bubble irresistibly
to the surface It Is the result of rUllberoto
purjose When one Inii HUMhlivit nullcontrol
to iauah itt this way probably his tribute to
your joke U not what you would desire But
the operator la I often shaken with laughter bo
fore shaking His key with It so to speak
Telegraph op raiora have a few other con
versational expressions among them bra
roar dots and two dashes Indicating surprise
Eiocvriotf Aim run STAGS
Why Many Actors Despise a Hckeel ci
Oratory Training
I am often asked How much did it help you
to study elocution Would yon advise m
to tako a school ot oratory course
The answer depends upon a rood many
things One iloe nt like to say Yes It you
have enough Intelligence and talent to profit
by what you ran learn there Otherwise you
will come out a more or lets beautiful me
chine It la pleasanter to try to tit the answer
to the personality of the questioner
Im afraid I might seem untruthful It ny
replies were collected To one whom I could
see In ImagInation struggling with the Pol
ish Boy and frantically gesticulating I have
said No dont do It It Isnt worth your
while To another with a Rood stock ot
brains and apparent talent I said By all
moans Go to tne School ot Oratory and
say I sent you
Theie seems to be good reason why ealt
rated audiences should be suspicion ot the
average elocutionist There Is hardly a
household without Its masculine or feminine
usually femInine member who recites and
really way down deep want to not What Is
more she will too If the time ever comes that
she Is appreciated For my own part while
I have enjoyed thoroughly many of the read
ings which I bavb heard Id rather hear a last
years tune on a hand organ than sit out The
Maniac again
The trouble la that people dont bring the
same amount of intelllgenoa to bear upon dra
matic efforts that they do upon other art mat
ten For elocution la an art though we have
few good exponents Any one can learn a
piece put In some gestures Indicating the
village clock or avauntlne tho villain II bibs
the courage ot his convictions It not he can
KO to some noted teacher and got them put In
for two dollars Then he la all ready for the
next church sociable In the name ot what
other art could such atrocities be committed
Yes of course we have vocal cords and inns
cbs by nature but they are uneducated We
are not artists In elocution limply because we
live move and have our being Why think
We have to learn even to articulate By na
ture we can make only cries and Inarticulate
sounds Bill Tounyaon can express my mean
inc better than IWh
Wh nml
An Infant grioc in the nlf ht
An Infant erring for a llthli
And with no lufut bat a err
Most delightful Indeed Is i such elocution u
that of 1roC JhurchUI of the Andover Semi
nary or ot the late Robert Raymond I know
people who enjoy a good reading more than s
stage performance A readers province U to
suggest and the picture as presented to the
mind is only limited by our own Intelligence
and Imagination
If we go to the theatre we want to find our
picture complete oostumes scenery every de
tail of the actors appearance We must there
fore trust ourselves to the Judgment of the
scene painter and the liberality and taste of
the manager What we need most at this
time Is better picture makera on the lecture
platform more intelligent Interpretation ot
the lines better vocalization on the stage
Daniel Frohman said tomeUoodl I when
told him 1 bad had a School ot Oratory ooarye
When I told J MT Bill he said Too bad
Experience has taught me that It is wiser to
ear nothing about elocution to ones fellow
actors In their opinion reciters are one
notch above that abomination amateurs
Mr path was not a rosy one during my first
experience In my ingenuousness i told tha
I was not only nn amateur but aq elocution
jail But I knew a thing or two before joined
another company and now wild bones
wouldnt drag it out of me I don mind tell
ing you of course that I ever was an ama
teur or knew elocution from volapak Yet el
ocution la the art of speaking and gesticulat
ing with correct expression
Dont actors want to speak and gestlonlaU
With correct expression 7
Why yes I suppose so But elocution means
to thorn something affected something Oar
fewsballnotrlngtonlghtlsh There is rea
son for this feeling homebody gets sick aa
amateur comes to the rescue and ten tone
she will claw the air for the cneetlde In a
most heartrenderlng fashion Naturally
those who Imvo been born and brought up la
the profession and pride themselves that they
never had a lesson lay all the blame t
elocution It seems plain enough that n
was a lack of elocution
What Mo I think of theVDelsarte system
I know It Is valuable There are people who
try to It ovary tone every gesture to Us ruUs
nnd thy fall because there are not as many
rules us emotions I bad a chance to watoh
the rerilta of the study and practice of the
Delsnrte nyst ra by more than 100 people dur
ing two rear I know that those people whe
absorbed the principles and whose work was
guided by them accomplished good things
If one would devote the time andJntellJgence
to Ihrt study ot expression as I like betu
to call ItI which hu devotes to music we shoW
have better work Tun average young woman
thinks nothing of spending bar time bitwesi
tier twelfth and twentieth year in piano play
lug and thou probably cant plisywitbout her
musIc Yet to think of spending that amoqnt
ot time on learning bow to use ones muicjei
and developing understanding would be In
sane says the elocutionary aspirant As eon
wjlentloualy as the ulanlst practises his scales
should an actor or reader practise his alec
elsis and for the same purpose
Tho muscles can bu trained to respond to
every emotion They always move In tbe same
way for exactly the same emotion Just as
surely as strlklne a certain key on the piano
will always produce the same tone so surely
will nn emotion without Interference from the
will always product the same results on Its
body This JJelnarte recognized but be did not
live to formulate Ms dlsooorles
Some general rules we can follow We knq
that onsoious weakness tukus strong atti
tudes that opposition tin gesture should
be simultaneous In tragedy and comedy In
faroo suocessle there are many suth
guide poAts In the way ot tho student of ex
pression But to expect to find A rule for
overT modified emotion the human ulna u
canuble of Is absurd
C know that the tendency of anger In toward
exprusihe gestures Just exactly what KM
tines a person would make who felt at the
santo time anger and chants for Instance no
human using could say until all the circum
Dtnneos were oonMdered
Let UH practise the emotions love hat fear
auger jealousy roteiiup pure and slmPjfc
noting their etTeots uteri the body It will
train the muscles to not In accordance Shin
over another emotion must be eoimJdereJ s
an elemuut It will leave u different eiiact upon
the loilr TtiU prai > llia boars the Mime rela
tlonto lluUlitd iork that thprnctlonotc s
iloo to such results its it Joselly cites us tot
the time wan wlifii litu proiubly tat it tuli
whoro to put the t ih nil li under and iclit know r
he iiovliuu counted nlond 1 hate irou tOO
Pie who would not Study their tarts itliertoaB
In leuin the words fur fear uf eictf I UD
Uullulitful rioHlnn Votes snyu site knows
oven gouturiifbe le to moat the tulle of > < < ice
in whiili ovury word Is to hi > liioUn teiore
going tt Ii the bulge and Yt v Hdiulfo i r
Hiontnnelty iiirrlck said I do not dr
trend ton tlnvt t Insilrailon i tM > ull > medloi
lily iixviilin Ami xomobody utle luis aJ
Ierlul enuly isnuvtiiere to I t bOnd Hie
iirilnt iniiat < route It by snilhftc cii < i IC I
inLtit Lo I ii BOI idi a to dii tlnaiil i w < rstedMj
Pill theta mi In late if ibn dod 111 IC tUi
Jlome monies lung liner oonslcneil 10 the
otili Wo layactor i poonle ought to par tflOi r
attention to what these big people hare tos51
One excellent thing about u good ebol0 l
orator educatIon is 1 the habit one f1 < C
thinking about what mraulnu there IsluYi
sentence One la not allowed to BaWJ
words words woids We all wnntto apf
natural Those who slimly what HIB 1ers r 5
whom Im In irmtMtlnc wiril I iii tiiidor suCh
< lrvuinslHnre < U hue onnulio uiura > l < bi
Our irienl who tIuws 1 hln clothing from BW
vou1no when the 011 itir is ImptrronDiinl
would oo DBrfecllv calm Is plnylag naturalf
Horn tlmo p npln tli mebut you protawr
have your own ndnlou about my acting

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