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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 17, 1891, Image 6

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6 THE SUN TUESDAY FEBRUARY 17 1801
I
Utbe j5uw
t
TUE8DA7 FEDRTJABY 17 1891
Lendra Office of THB BUN
41 oe itrtnd BtI
I Alt romNifiteatlan Oid M J4raM4 M HUXK
a WHITE iSu Strand Lonaoa W 0
Nub tr1f > tlei by Hap
DAILY Pr Month a
DULY Tir Ytu OO
I IAILY Ia v o
I CMDAV rr Tm i o
I DAILY AND fiCMDAT ra TU 0
j DAILY AND BUN DAY Fir Month TO
WEEKLY fr Yr M S 0
I rcetaee U yorilxn CotutrtK 4d
TUB SUM Hew York OUt
AdnrUala Sattee
I I DatiT iir 1 SCTDIV 4Ocnli a line anUnary Urerttt
fir large type e nol tod preferred politics G
ent t MSO aecotdlrnto elaatineatlon
Wwaiv eo cent a llnei no ut bar to I
I p t1p rrtferr ploD from 73 cent w X
I Adrfrfi mrni fo TUB WEEKLY Bus
1 faAued tomorrow morning muf be handed in
I f J this evening btfore I oclock
I
All Women or None
The Central Labor Union wastes Its one
I ale when It calls for woman suffrage but
would restrict tho privilege t women ho
I can take an oath that they aro dependent
I entirely on their own labor for support
I I the EufTrngo is to bo extended t any
women citizens It must b extended to them
I all To follow the advice of tho Central
Labor Union would b t establish a elM
i distinction utterly repugnant to the prin
i ciple of our political system We should
I I havo IU oligarchy and not a republic based
on universal suffrage with the bID people
i I a tho sovereign power
Married women work for their support no
Ii less than tho single Wives labor for their
households by attending to domestic duties
I an faithful lilpmeots of their husbands and
the care of children the future citizens of
the State is 1 put upon them Very many of
them too earn money by outside labor t
contribute t tho necessities of their families
If unmarried women require tho protection
f which tho privilege of voting gives do not 1
the marrlrtl noed it fully o much f I
Shall tho State put n premium on collbnoy 1
by enfranchising tim unmated and disfran
chising tho married women among Its
citizens
c tzena
That plan will not work at all makes
1 a vicious distinction altogether evil mischievous
chievous Immoral aud socially subversive
I its tendency The welfare of society requires
quires that miirrlnrjo shall be encouraged
and made honorable Tho bill proposed by
the Cxitral Labor Union would punish it
with political disabilities A girl who trot
marred would sncrillco her light to vote
Except in very few caboa Rile could not take
the oath drawn up by tho union that sho
was dependent for support entirely on
to results on her own labor A man does
not lose his vote because ho takes a wife
I and why should a woman Buffer that loss
because she takes a husband Tho suffrage
Is ot restricted to men who are dependent
for support on tholr own labor and why
should women 0 treated differently I they
are to b admitted to tho franchise nt nil
When tho suffrngo Is extended to women
there will b no such discrimination Tho
qualifications for voting will b tho same
for women a for men Neither will tho
privilege b thus extended until women
generally themselves show 1 desire for It
whether they are married or single I
They can get the franchise whenever they
want It They will not need to ask more
than once nor will they have to mako any
compromises t secure it They can come
In on tho same terms a men and D they
are in the majority they can rule tho State
1 they are 6 minded In 1B89 the women
I New York outnumbered the men by more
than thousand
tB seventy thoud
A man who ha tried It says that as a tern
romry Imcstmont two canes are a success
Ho sprained his ankle tho other day and since
then has bon going about on one leg nod
two canes Too polltcnens ot which he Is the
reclpent overwhere IK astonishing especially
to ODD who thinks thut the nvvntie New
IrHIIe
iorkor ImMit ttiro to le nollto In too street
car on the feiryhonta men give up their
Feat to him nnd two women occupying four
seats KO ht save on one oocnnlon even moved
along HO that he couM aluel < In between
them Still hn prefer his own two lea to bis
twocanos and Ii I willing to bland I only be
can do so on his own feet Ianl
Thcro has been a remarkable chance 01
public opinion paid n fomalu physician of tblf
city In icgml to tho practice of niivllcloa by
women Wo UkOJ to bo frowned upon by ro
Bpootiililllty ridiculed by the papers and
Beornel by tlm regular faculty We ware told
that we had no iltftit to intrude In tie profes
sion that wo woio unfit for It that we could
neor loirn It mv terlo that the law
would bo invoked ngatnst us rind that
nobudy would employ u The medical cchools
for women weru small and uoorly equip od
and It Ini hrt to 111 Rnl rlKlit kln > lof pio
fesiiotb tor thorn hut we wuio not illtcnurnBcd
Iv obstncUH nnd wirkal our war along till
HIP ulasoK lOW Jrm halt mlozon I mtnltnts to
P dazei or nore Tlilniib are clumced now
10 I < Id 11 violent projudcos lualmi ubu
ilUnpi oiirud There must ho over tlflr
ruiruliir iirnctitionera of our tti In tho city and
8oni of f tUtiu have Income of llniXiu a year
rtiey are fiivorail by many wealthy families
an1 the reult ot their notice Is the best trot
of its erlt They arc as wall eiucated as their
mn ulino rivals many of whom era roach 10
hold onciilintlons malI them t m Look at bo
VSomenH JleUlcnl I pvllcke jut opens Iin I I I
eeoth tleet lh liii chumlcal pliyslolrelcal
anaiilitnloiiliM lnboratoriei and Itelairut
le
Iroh ° r < 114 oourt > of umly In three year
anti It has ncurly II huwlrni etuomtn who
have come hero horn ail I tiTer the Union TMi
lookl l likerififb < and J Believe tht In llfir
year titer will 1 ho
M many tloctorS of our ax
U UI the other a mAr Coclor oW
The Complete Defeat of the Trade
Unions i Australia
When tho great strike of Australian work
Ingmen came to an end last November we
outlined tho history of the demonstration
ouUed to hitr te demonstrto 6
for D the fat were at that time attainable
by telegraph We now have an exhaustive
and trustworthy account of the motives
which prompted the strike and of the causes
of It disastrous failure from the pen of on
eyewitness Mr II H CUAMPIOX ono of
the most consnlcuoua friends of labor In
Groat lirltoln It was Mr CHAMPION who
moved the resolution which brought the
London dock strike of 1889 t a triumphant
end and it 6 happened that he landed In
Melbourne jut before the outbreak of the
mot tremendous conflict between labor and
capital that has yet taken place He docs
I Dot hesitate to impute gross blunders to tho
authors and managers of tho strike Indoed
he describes tho workingmen as an army of
lions led by asses lie Is convinced that In
i Australia tho trade unions will never re
I cover from tho crushing defeat inflicted by
te employers after the latter were forced t
I organize in their own defence
II I In tho account of his experience at Mel
bourne which Mr CIIAMPIOX had con
I tributed t the Nineteenth Century ho con I
firms tho Impression made on tho readers of
j Sir CIIAJIWIS DUKES book Tho Problems I
I i of Greater Britain that nowhere In the I
world could labor enter on a test of strength
with capital under such favorable con
ditions Q in tho Australian colonies and
particularly in Victoria There for
parlculady Vlotoril Thor many
yearn powerful trade unions have main
tained In tho towns an eighthour labor day
I and an average dally stipend of from S3 to
O while tho agricultural and pastoral
I districts offered larger pay but vainly the
II demand for the labor needed on farms and
shop runs being continually in excess of the
q supply On tho other hand tho politicians
Ii being n controlled by the wish to gain tho
labor vote all the coercive resources of tho
t colonial ant municipal Governments were
1 practically at tho disposal not of capital
I 1 but o labor Those resources however
only amounted t COO policemen in a city of
halt a million Inhabitants and iOO artillery
men In a country bigger than Great Britain
On the one side In a word was perfect
organisation and political preponderance
on the other an entire absence of organ
ization and of the means of defence Never
theless in this apparently unequal contest
the capitalists won
I The causes of the strike were two nearly
I simultaneous Incidents of which the first
was by far tho more Important Tho federated I
erated unions established what was called 1
the I nonunion wool boycott that Is they i
undertook to compel shearers who were un I
willing to Join the Shearer Union t do i
BO under pressure from their employers by I
getting the maritime unions t refuse to
loa or carry any bales of wool that had not
tho stamp of a shop station known t b
worke under union rules The second Inc
I dent was the demand of the Marino Officers
Association of Melbourne for higher pay
Which was refused on tho ground that tho
I association was In alliance with tho Sea
J mens Union Twentyfour hours later the
dom bit their snips and the seamen re
ii 1 a
No J t t t 0
fused t Ball with nonunion officers When
nonunion seamen were obtained the dock
laborers refused t load or unload the
vessels Similar strikes took place In the
and the shipping
other colonial seaport ad to Ilpplq
throughout Australia
trade was paralyzed
te wa trughot ut
The conflict soon extended t other trades
Boras coal from the ships In the harbor ol
Melbourne w unloaded by nonunlonlsto
Upon Its arrival tho gas works tho stokers
withdrew In a body and for tw nights the
groatott difficulty was experienced In light
Ing the streets This a the turning point
ot the struggle Public opinion was aroused
strikers and the Government
against the ster to Gvomcnt
was apludo for maintaining order by en
rolling special constables calling out the
mounted spa a species of militia and
summoning t tho city the small force of
regular soldiers t whom ball cartridges
were Issued Meanwhile tho boycott ot non
union wool had caused the sheep owners t
form a mot powerful combination com
manding from the start an Income of 1 >
000 a year and a defence fund ot 3000000
The Melbourne strike committee finding
that they could not bar nonunion men out
of the gas work determined to out off the
coal supply and thus stop not only tho gas
manufacture but all Industries dependent
steam Including the railways which
upon stam Including to rways whcb
to tho people themselves
in Victoria belong t pplo
As tho cool used In Australia cornea from
Now South Wales an International colonial
conference was called In Sydney the capital
of that colony The first aot of the confer
once a t order a strike of the shearers all
over Australia with thd avowed purpose of
destroying tho years wool orp valued at
100000000 This of course turned all tho
who had hitherto employed
sheep owners ba hither employe
union shearers into deadly foes of organized
labor Tho next not of the conference was
to order n strike of tho coal miners This
t oror c
second edict was repudiated by the men t
addressed and the first directed
whom It was adr a to frt
rte t tho wool shearers had proved
Inoperative tho whole attempt of the
trade unions t coerce employers suddenly
collapsed I had lasted three months and
10000000 In
had cost tho worklngmen 1000 J
eluding 75000 forwarded from London
Mr CHAMPION considers that tho dUas
trous failure of the strike has settled some
questions about which widely different
have been entertained In
opinions bn entrtine I England
I has shown that tho most gigantic fedora
ton ot labor unless It is handled with
greater strategio ability than I available
In Australia will break like an egg against
an Ironclad when faced by the resolute op
position of employers who a also feder
ated I has shown that such federation of
employers however difficult t organize
will tako place and will receive public sup
port in tho mot democratic countries the
moment that labor makes a demand which
to the public seams arbitrary or unfair The
notion that I revolution of society could b
effected by the simple expedient of ordering
all union workmen t refrain from work
to havo been refuted definitely the
Australian seems ben refut delty by to I
The Man with a Pull
There are fifteen Police Justices I this
city and only ono of them EDWABD HOOAN
ever held by popular election tho post which
he now holds by appointment Under these
circumstances it is extremely unfortunate
alike for his own reputation as a magistrate
antedating that of any other Police Judge
In this city and for the Democratic principle
of popular selection that It should have
been Police Justice HOQAU who practically
without such hearing as the law prescribes
discharged on Sunday the expoliceman
MICUAEI LALIT tho man with a pull H
and the assailant under accusation of fel
ony of JOHN DEL The public I thor
oughly well acquainted with the career and
proceedings of LiLLY TEE SCH has
proedln8 TH St l told
all about him
aout
I Is not very many years since through
tho weakness and partiality ot Police
Judges a connection was established b
tween certain offenders against the criminal
tw and the Judges themselves s that
men with a pull enjoyed substantial im
punity and justice was balked at the b
The evil and abuse began by the
abuo bla to unwarranted
ranted dUchargoof individuals charged with
Insignificant acts of disorder Then immu
nity from punishment for greater offences
was expected as a matter of course until
Cnallysomo favored Individuals emboldened
by tho license accorded them organized the
I gangs which for years afterward held in
terror certain neighborhoods of the city
After long fight these gang wer broken up
by tho police ana the ringleaders scattered
among the jails and penitentiaries When
the abuse a at It height It wag checked
by the action of the Legislature la sum
marily turning out of office n the Police
Judges good and bad alike and putting the
appointment of their successors In the hands
of tho Mayor This was an herolo remedy
and one which tho leading Democrats In the
Legislature declared they would havo op
posed but for the exceptional conditions
which then existed
A bU has already been Introduced in the
Senate at Albany by Mr STEWART
6nat Abany SWART of this
city making it mandatory upon tho Mayor
to appoint only members of the boras Police
Judges This bill Is expected to receive the
support of mOt of the Republicans and
many of the Democrats in the Legislature
Another measure not yet Introduced but
soon t be put forward by a Democrat will
prop a return t tho old system of elect
Ing Police Judges I the same manner a all
other Judicial officers in this State from the
District Court to the Court of Appeals
In Albany With a Democratic Assembly
for the first time in years the demands
of the city of Now York ore fo more likely
t receive attention than was tho case when
tho Republicans were In control Accord
ingly a Police Judges bill of some sort is
likely to bo pressed this year and It is un
fortunate that at such a time Justice HOOAN
who is a Democrat should have furnished
so strong an argument against the principle
to which his party is committed
Fortunately the action of a police magis
trate Is not final Tho Grand Jury etlll has
tbo right of inquiry into every case where a
crime Is alleged to have been committed Un
doubtodly the Grand will
doulelly Jury 1 Investigate
tho LALI case The people of New York
however are much more Interested and concerned
corned in tho aspect of tho case which af
fects Judgo HOOAN than in that which
relates to tho punishment or discharge of
LILLY Not many months ago in what I
known as the BARKEU case wherein the de
fondant wai subsequently convicted in tho
Court General Sessions for an assault simi
lar in character to that of which LAMY f
now accused Judge HOCJAV under similar
conditions discharged the defendant The
Grand Jury took up tho case and Indicted
lUttKcn Ho was subsequently tried and
convicted Ills nose l still undisposed of
pending an appeal
Very likely it will b found on Investiga
tion that LALLY actually has such I
ton actualy haanosuchpull
as Is alleged lut meanwhile It is unfortu
nate that the one survivor on the Police Court
bench of the Democratic principle of popu
lar election of Judges should b engaged In
the undemocratic business ot dlschaulmt
p t r A f S 9
prisoners accused of murderous assault and
prer aua murerl
When the witnesses against them are not
present t testify t tho facts
A Board of State Embalmer
Mr GALKN n Hrrr a member of the
Assembly from Albany county has Intr
duced into tho Legislature a bill t establish
a Board of Embalming Examiners ot the
State of New York and t regulate tho
practice of embalming human bodies
Upon this bill is printed 1 statement that
It was Introduced by request We do not
wonder that Mr Hrrr was careful thus
t disavow say personal responsibility for
the measure
The proposed act would establish what I
called a State Hoard of Embalming Examiners
consist of live to
aminers t Ivo persons t
b appointed by the Bngonta ot the
University from among candidates noml
New York Undertakers Asso
nated by the Undortker Asso
ciation This Board Is t prescribe examina
tions In tho methods art science and
practise of embalming human dead bodies
and after July 1 189t no one la t b allowed
t practise embalming In this State except
physicians and surgeons unless ho shall
havo been licensed after passing the exam
ination thus established by the State Board
ot Embalmers Tho total cost of tho license
I each case Including an application fee
before examination I 1 t b S 25 Out of the
aggregate of the fees received for licenses
the Relent of the University are t pay 1
suitable compensation t the members ot
the Slat Board
This bill is s entirely unnecessary In any
view and Iso Indefensible In principle that
wo are surprised that a Democratic Assem
blyman should have consented to Introduce
It even by request The main purpose of
the measure seems t b t establish 1 sort
in the business
ot monopoly embalming bslne
We havo never heard ot any abu I the
practice of embalming which calls for correction
rection and oven I there bad been careless
ness or lock of skill Income cases we cannot
see any reason why the State should Inter
fere for the regulation ot such matters
I may b suggested that where the
cause of death is not clear the difficulty of
ascertaining what was the real cause has 1
sometimes been greatly Increased by the
fact that the body of the deceased
fac by de person
was speedily embalmed and that In order
wa speiy embalme orer
t guard against such contingencies the
State could properly In the exercise of Its
police power prohibit the embalming ot
dead bodies without some medical or official
sanction This I needful however could
b done by simply requiring a permit from
the attending physician or the health off
ocr of the locality and the point I a good
one Is not touched at all by Mr Hrs bill
The only Board of State Embalmers that
New York needs Is a Board which will
speedily embalm and bury a measures of
t sort
The settlement of the royal sucoceelon In
tho kingdom of Hawaii was brought about
without the slightest disturbance of tho public
peace There was nodemonstratlon against it
by too foreign element which has repeatedly
tried to obtain control of the Government or
b tho republicans who are desirous of annex
ation to the United States or by the partisans
of any other claimant to the succession The
late King KALAKAUA before leaving his coun
try for tho United States had chosen his sister
LHJUOKALANI aa his successor according to
tho power vested in him by the Constitution
and aha has ben acting a regent during his I
absence from his kingdom As loon aa the I
news of the Kings death reached Honolulu
the regent was proclaimed Queen by the Cab
inet and her government was accepted by tho
whole population Ibo has for many oar en
joyed groat popularity and her reign baa bean
began under favorable auspices The Ministry
that was appointed by KALAKAUA with the ap
proval of the Legislature baa agreed to re
main in dffloa under the new ruler
The American Government enjoys special
privileges in Hawaii and baa always held the
most friendly relations with the Hawaiian peo
ple Our commercial Interests there are also
of Importance I I Is therefore pleasing t
know tbat the Question of the succession has
been aattled without revolutionary disturb
ance
A friend in Paterson writes to say that we
ara mistaken abonttha par America has borne
i African exploration Bare you forgotten
he asks PAUL DU CHAILLU born In Louisiana
No Indeed we have not forgotten the bold
gallant and always delIghtful Du OUAILLU
but tho authentic records agree that he was
born in Paris Franca on July 81188X Amer
ica may b proud of him as a citizen but not
as a native
In South American wars the combatants
on both sides are always struggling for the
rights of the people and the rival armies are
trylntt to maintain order by mutual slaugh
ter In Chi at this time the artillery of the
Balmaeedlsts and that of the antlBalmnce
diets are belching In the popular Interest for
te sake of the public safety
ara VHITED STATES AFFISOXTED
It Hepr nttlTC Near she Aesbly
Ctmfum Committee WUdr
As son as the Assembly Committee on the
Census beaan again yesterday in the Superior
Court room on Census Supervisor Murray As
sistant United States District Attorney John
0 Mott began to object and Mr Franklin
Bartlett counsel for the committee protested
Chairman Holcomb told Mr Mott practically
that bo must keep still or eat out Mr Mott
departed with the whole United States on his
shoulders
Mr Murray told nothing of Importance and
was excused until Friday Before leaving the
room ha was eervsd with a notice to produce
at that time ull books parors aud froiucC
latlni to the Federal census token lost year
This wi bring 10 aiijsne tbe ponflot or au
thorltr between the mate Legislature and a
federal bureau oUklaL
IreslJent xUon of the Heath Board told
about OUI tenement cenMia which in 18IU
showed a tenement population of lWiO701
He said that the Health Hoards records hud
boon resorted to by the Census Bureau for in
formation
10rJalon that the estimated population as
takan bv the Health Department from week to
weok was Invariably below the official count
the various censuses until the last Federal
Cnnaus When tha oniclsl announcement of the
last census onuinemlon was made from
Washington the Health Department felt that
there something wrong I the population
wnl
was 1612000 Instead of 1097000 populaton
ousiy work of gone the astray Health Department bad mrtitn
The Health Department made a countl Itself
and found tbat batman the months of January
and July IhtRi there ware 37aiG tenamant
houses In Nawl York In which there should
have been 1 29 7uut Inhabitants In 1 lodging
houses 12000 tlodffen In loJnl 1
city como 26000 making a total ot 1293314
Taking this number from 129i3U
would b left only 218167 parsons living ere
private houses < boarding houses hotels and
the 1 000 tlrstOloBs apartment house This
was Impossible A comparison ot the death
rate In some of the ward showed that I the
census enumeration was correct the death
rate bad Increased Instead of decreased Ai a
lea decreued
natter of fat It bad decreased
The committee IdJourpod until Friday after
Sherman adopting resolutions in untl Frdar Uen
rio Orant IluDqnet
The Committed of Arrangements af 1 the Grant
Banquet Committee met at tba office of Oon
Porter yesterday Joseph H Choate was
chosen permanent Chairman and J Heaver
Page Secretary It WAS ordered that the
moneys remaining In the hands of the treas
urer a a surplus over the expenses of list
years celebration amounting to over 300 ba
obO
subscribed to the Grant Monument fund The
mutter of sMf ctlng an orator for the banquet
was referred to Sir Cheat with power Goes
Huraaua and Collls and Mr Page OeDa
tpralue Cl I Ar PlO war ap
pointed an Executive Committee The ap
< IUtl will be held at Dflmonlcoe on the even
hlrtl1r ncrt rl2 thasjmlTersiryof aln Grant
y sp
TnR msir HUn cone
A HibitUntlOB of Pised MKxtnum Peal <
tie for the DlMrctlon of Conrta Martini
WARlunaTON Feb 10A new era in the ad
ministration of justice In the regular army will
begin 1 with the promulgation of the code ot
penalties for enlisted men which has at tut
bean prepared and approved
The present Congress at Its first session
passed an act authorizing the President t pro
ftcrll tho maximum panalty whlon may be In
flicted under all those articles of war which
now loavo punishments to the discretion of the
< Curt Out of thirtyfour articles authorizing
the Imprisonment of enlisted men all but two
leave its duration discretionary with thC court
It may be for days or for years The conse
quence baa ben a diversity of pun
ishments throughout tbo army for the
same offences which must have nn
unfavorable Influence on discipline Even
In tho same command two successive
courts may award different punishments for
the same offence i the same court may pro
scribe different penalties for two offender
who stand on precisely the tamo footing It Is
true that the reviewing officer may diminish
this Ineaualltyj but among such officers there
are differences opinion AS among the courts
In cases which reach the War Department
there Is another opportunity for diminishing
the evil by remitting excessive sentences Yot
a Secretary Iroctor has pointed out this Is
a course only defensible on tho ground of its
Imperative necessity since it tends to Impair
one of tho most salutary elements ol all pun
ishment Its certainty and to porvert the proper
use of the pardoning power
Tho offences in which confinement a tho dis
cretion of the court Is authorized Include
ercton authorizd Incudo de
sertion drunkenness on duty sleeping on
post making known the watchword selling or
misusing ammunition arm clothing or other
property i dlaobedleneo disrespect mutiny
ppwardloe andso on The new coda on which
Col Guido N J4eber acting Judge Advocate
JudlO
General and Major Theodora BcEwon AKolat
ant AdjutantGeneral have long been working
taking up those various offences and tho tub
divisions of them prescribes definite limits of
punishment In pcruaDS four score Inltncl
Taking for example desertion tbo maximum
penalty will Hereafter b In time of peace dil
honorable discharge forfeiture of all pay aunt
imprisonment for two years and six months
Bat this Is for a soldier who Is captured with
out voluntary surrender and boa boon more
than six months In the service wnereas If ha
has served less than three months the mail
mum prison penalty In one year On the other
hand prlon soldier surrenders within thirty
band t the forfeiture of pay and allow
alow
asses he Is llaolo to cooUnement for only threo
months which term Is increased to six month
for surrender between thirty and ninety I days
nl
and to eighteen months with dIshonorable
dljchprgo for surrender alter ninety days un
less ho hoe served less than three months
when I II not to atoeaJ ton months
This example relating to ono of the most
Important oneness will illustrate the care with
which the substitution of a fixed and uniform
ode for discretionary penalties has been
carried out To meat the argument that a
court martial can better judge of mitigating
and aggravating circumstances the courts are
directed to diminish the maximum penalty In
the former casa and It is provided that good
previous servIce ana bravery In the presence
prvous
of the enemy shall ba considered In a mans
favor whlla a definite addition to the code
penalty may be made for previous convictions
within specified times
It Is evident that the now coda has been mad
to conform In general with coe ben Presi
dent Harrison and Secretary Proctor as manl l
fasted In their orders reducing sentence n
one week It la laid the lrotident remitted the
remitlel
unexpired portion of twentysix fcentencefl 0
which was a sufficient Indication of his opinion
that court martial penalties in time of oeaoo
are apt to be too severe The general effect of
the code Is to reduce somewhat the yeverity of
Runishuients but the great gain Is that of unl
ruDI the need of wnleh has boon set forth
by Col Lleber In this strong language
W lb Military Penal Cod aImtaltr4 by
ptrmuintlr couuunud ooorti eonitiilci alwy of
judgs cuea for the stllul tratnIn snd tempers
mint lb ObJUOO 10 uh unniasurei dIscretionary
power although stIll msnlfest I would oat be as srei
a II molt be lb tbolal of ion h opona II
once so our court lar 0mmolo u Ibr ar 10
meet the tititncltt ot particular Cs ic conpond of
Inca rn ttriil u li I men svIIsbio and neceiiullr
th reor nettly dmtriotln tenee experience mil I
calmntMot judgment of their I member ge conie
QUeer of this 10 teot fftir Is that we bays diScreet
tundarli ot pnnlihmtnt rr T llint ID the different
dllrni
department or la elSie wora no uniform intem
governing the wOol arm
Tt > aivenlty of punishment which ba thai prang
up leidi to the me of the pinioning power In lu eauall
qaU
littnn U U t peih Di K ncuurr neat I
think an uuforiuuiu olcII u U set to osy thai In
DO other olvilired country U there a code or penal Iaw
which civil to the persona tntroiud with their xecn
lion men enormoui power orer the ptrioDal liberty ot
she enbjecu pnoaalibru
Nowat lat we shall see change and with
the establishment both of the new code and
the now system of summary court coo pro
vided for by tbo present Congress tho admin
istration of justice in the army should b per
manently Improved Tba substitution of uni
formity for caprice aa far aa this can be wisely
done should Inoreasa the soldiers respect for
the law and diminish that msplalon of proJu
dice to his disadvantage which la eo often tho
cause of discontent and desertion
Not Fighting Windmill
CoL Robert O Ingersoll hai returned from
his Western excursion and explained
WeBter explanod yester
day the report sent from Minneapolis that ho
was to meot Ignatius Donnelly In joint debate
Donnelly to defend his Baeonlan
DODnell Daeolian cryptogram
and the Colonel to uphold this Shakespearean
end of the controversy
I was asked to meet Mr Donnelly mid
the Colonel and debate this question and I
declined I did so because Mr Donnelly claim
that he baa discolored a cipher for Shakes
pears Veil it Is bin duty to establish ihe
truth of hu cipher or theory and not 10 are
clpltnte a debate on lt lam in tba world for
oats and not theories
Foreign Note of Beat Intereit
T total lavlni bank depatlta In rnuala on Jao I
were 779 000000
r f Oo
Grate Vienna according to the census o last De
cember hu a population ot 1332823
T fancy for the lance la I creeping late Borland II
being proposeS to arm the front rank of draroona with
lance
IeA
A combination of a organ and violoncello Invented
by M Dnjardla b Uen thown at CnrUUn MlMoni
house In Part
Mont Carlo le I very dill this year There art two
table less I than lait year and the crowd about thou
In jiloyli I rot cay In any respect
At the Convocation of Canterbury Arobde con Dent
ion lutrodtced bit promised reulntlon condemning
Ha RaMS but the Convocation refnied to act upon I
BUlla bs the largest royal family of 1 clvlllied
countries On Jaollb twentruventh living Haitian
Grand Unit wa bra The Banian Grand Dncbeue
number 4lnbteen
Vacbtimen who do not like the black tar In their
deck seams can now get It white a whit pitch having
been Invented that can b ran Into the seams hor and
which will then Hand the suns heat In any climate
One million sad a halt men work In tti coal mine of
the world Of thai Kngtand has 51VUJ United Stale
youu Germany > 1 Meglnm looouo Kranc
oou > i Austria Know Rnaila 44CKXX Tho worlds
mUieri of metal number iooo ooa
Caucbard Ihe new artbuying prlnoaof Iarlt gave a
dinner to celebrate lila purchis of The Angeles
One of the feature of the entertainment waa a com
memorative medal la diver In the napkin of each
guest On on tide there wa an engraving of The An
gelut and on the other the dale of ISa dinner with an
eiplanaiory Inscription
At a conference between Mr Ben Tlllett the labor
agitator and some Congregational clergymen working
In the Bait End of London Mr Tlllett laid that the
working people wee eeilly roicbed br religion Influ
no1 tho clrgrran approached them lu a common
lens way But hews very emphatic upon the nllllty
Of the promise I of future reward Tin rawardi must
b promised on earth
Bocletle for the abolition of rower at funeral art
being organized In Baden Germany Tliparnt oclly
In Wiesbaden wm founded by olergj also against lbs
bIle oppoiltlon of all gardeners In tin neighborhood
who denounced their notion In public meeting and lu
the newspapers Th direct impala to the movement
was clvn by the retested experience that at Louse
fonerala the flowers occupied e much space that In
adequate room was left for the moumeri Al the
funeral of a high official named Von Wurinb recently
llooo worth of flowere 10 blocked th haUl and filled
the space around coffin that half ot the persons who
wUhed to attend the lernoti war compelled t wall
In the rain onutda The new loclelr propos to allow
only relative to lend Cower hereafter
Sweet XeM to > lllaat
IWMI reel t him lender and brlgst
laat mighty Captain of our nghll
III country owe him bouQdlai pralie
For faithful lervlce all his day
With sword and brain true to the right
When treason rose In deadly mla
Tide gallant fearless modern knight
In duty sought lb battles blaiel
Swet rest to html
la the last years with hair grown 11e
To ee him wti a pliaiing sight
Children were happy lu Ma gut
Women and warrIors sought bU way
Illi tractou manner rae delight
ireil rest t bl I
Zawsas I Cawuas
I p 5 fl
TIm POLITICS OF THE BUX
An Importune ITnpnblUheel Dnenaetait
AajrteweDt Between oxKlaa Milan end
the Regent of the Hervlan Oovermmemt
ViCTiu Feb STbls document has hither
to been kept secret and Is now mail public In
oonf eausnco of the aggressive attitude taken
at Belgrade by the exQueen Nathalie during
the past six weeks
Done In Belgrade tn th royal palace 23d
of February 1889
Ills Majesty King Milan Land tho Royal
Regency appointed on the basis of the 70th
article of the Constitution desiring to specify
clearly their mutual relations as well as to
settle all questions naturally arising from tho
resolve of King Milan In consequence of which
ha has resumed the royal throne on tbo 22d of
February 1889 and transferred the royal
power to biB Majesty King Alexander I have
ngrcod to place on tho minutes what follows
vlr
1 The Itoyal Regents consider I their duty
to state that tho act of abdication of his Maj
esty King Milan I is voluntary and executed
from hIs own motives despite all tho efforts of
tho undersigned regents to dissuade him from
such a atop and to convince him of tho neces
sity of hits still remaining on the throne of his
glorious ancestors on which ho oould now
more than ever render services to his dear
country and Increase thc prestige the throne
by his rich experience obtained In tne States
eporoDce
affairs a well as by his brilliant gifts with
which Providence bas so bountifully endowed
him The Royal Regents cannot bountuly enter Into thin
business without expressing their regret that
all their efforts In that direction were unable
to convlnoa King Milan or to turn him away
from Ills decisive resolution which he has
a u tlls executed
9 In consequence of such a situation the
Iitualon
royal Hegents use note of the declaration of
rya leclaatoD
his Majesty King Milan that ho reserves to I
himself the right of sojourning In Borvfn of I
leaving Servla and returning to this country
whenever he chooatta to do ao according to ala
own wants and desires and all this the more
mOr
fully considering tbat tho article 72 of Ibo Con
stitution reooanues his rlubt to look after the
Ue
education of hu Ion the younc King
oln Klnl
3 To refute beforehand all the suppositions
01 llooltonl
which mllnt not hu In accord with the new
position of King Milan be believes I to b his
duty to declare formally to the Royal Regents
that he has nn Intention whatever to Interfere
In the State affairs of Berla but that on the
contrary he will IMng lu the country or
abroad always tot an example of his devotion
to the existing legal order In Morris
4 The Itoyal Hegoney their part declare
thotnsehes ready and willing to undertake
that to his Majesty King Milan whenever he
should choose to sojourn In Hervla should be
rendered all the royal honors which would b
collide with the honors due only to the reign
ing sovereign On his part King Milan In
lorms them that while sojourning abroad ho
will use the title of Count of Takovo
5 On the demand of King Jlllon the Royal
Regents will place ct his disposal a court sec
retary and an officer to perform the dotes of
an aidedecamp to his Majesty
ed The Itoyal Regonts take Dole of tho desire
of King Milan that the Marshal of the court
aidesdecamp and orderly officers court
bythodeersa 0 lh02ltlns t his Highness
Prince Itoyal Alexander should be coniirmed
by tho Royal Regency a such to his Majesty
the young lung
te 7 His Majesty King Milan declares that
hailng In vlrtuo of the seveutysocond article
of Ibo Constitution the exclusive right to look
after the education of Ihs King during his
11
minority he Is decidedly oppoaed to every di
rect or Indirect Influence of his divorced wife
the mother of King Alexander on the educa
tion uf the same inasmuch aa bo consider
I oonlder
that her Interference would have tho most in
jurious Influence on the education of the
young King Co
oUOI Royal Regents having taken note of thla
desire of the King have submitted to him the
proposal tbat the young King may ovary year
eo1
on the occasion of great fates or holidays
once or several times In the course of the year
accompanied by his Governor go to ea hla
mother in such place abroad as King Milan
conjointly with the Regents should ilelgnnto
Ills Majesty King Milan declares that he ao
copts this proposal of the Itoyal Regency 8
tblloyal
8 His Majesty King Milan communlcatesto
Mlln
the Roral Regency the act by whloh when ho
transferred the royal rower to his heir the
King Alexander he had resolved to appoint
the mem hew of tho Council pf apJlnt
Mkola Krstioh and Dr Lazar Dokloh to b the
trustees for the management of the civil list of
King Alexander I and of his other property
which be as the reigning sovereign has to en
joy In this management they will have to
conform to thn Instructions which King Milan
conjointly with the Regents of King Alexander
may prescribe
The iioyal Regent aware of this act and
cODtderlll1 to taeuty to keep up thedignity
01 the klnltltber and late rler and sovereign
tOTerelln
oreenlB bave doclaed thattbeywily together
with Iho trustees of the civil list of King Alex
ander 1 during his minority place at win die
posul of King Milan L an amount of thirty
thousand franca 180000 francs a month at a
bank to b named by his Majesty
MZZut in m
IIABKOVICII Fov RiBTicn K B Mlr 1 p DEL
IIBA riowf r tao
A letter Advocating Colonluttoa a m
We Measure
CfE N Fob 18ExCnlted State Cent
mlsslonor A J Williams a member of the Loyal
Legion gave out for publication today
1lon Iae publcaton today a let
ter written by Gon Sherman to hits brother
Senator John Ehorman In 1862 while the
former was at Memphis I 1 aa follows
MEMPHIS Tenn Aug IS 1862
MY DUB BBOTHEB I have qot written to
you for EO long that I suppose yob think I have
dropped the correspondence For six weeks I
was marching alone tho road from Corinth to
Memphis mending roads building bridges
and all sorts of work At last I got bore and
found the city contributing gold arms pow
der salt oDd everything the
sai enemy wonted I
was a smart trick on their part thus to give up
Memphis that the desire of gain to our North
ern merchants should supply them with tbe
things needed in war I stopped this at once
and declared gold silver Treasury notes
and salt as much contraband of war
as powder I have ono man under sentence of
death for smuggling arms across the lne and
hope Mr Lincoln will appiova It But the
mercenary spirit of our people is too much
and my orders aro reversed and I am ordered
to encourage tim trade In cotton and nil order
prohibiting gold silver and notes to be paid
for It ate annulled by orders from Washing
ton Grant promptly ratlflad my order and all
military men bore saw at one that cold spent
for cotton went to tho purchase of arms and
munitions of war But what are tbo lives of
our Roldlors to the croilm of the merchants
After I whole roar of bungling the country
has at last dlRcovarod that we want more men
All knew It last fall us veil us now but It was
not popular low 18uil000 the General evi
dently intended only 13000UO men are re
rjulred when 700000 was deemed at 8Uld ho
loro 1 will take Imo tn work up these raw
rocrultH imd they will ren h tie In Octal or
when we houlil he in JacUon Meridian nnd
MulKburg btll 1 must not growl I bate
iurpu > ely nut lack and have no light t crlti
rise save that I nm clad tbo tmpers htnoat
mldublo last found enemy out we to ure combat at war and have a a
oi iouri0 I appmvv tim Confiscation net and
would be willing to revolutIonize the flovern
mont 80 IW to amend that itrtMe of the Con
stitutlon which fnrlds the forfeiture of lund
to the heirs My full 1 loll wo must colonize
the country tie HOI I ijoginlulag with Kentucky
And loiuirwoa nnd should iemoo 4CUIUUOO
of our people at once south of the Ohio River
taking the farms and i tarnation of the rebels
1ilepioro tbo war onl a much as over but if the
thing has to be done let the means be ade
quate Dont expect to overrun fucli n coun
uXJet I
try or subdue ucl a people In one iwo or five
Ivo
years I Is the task of half a < ntnry
Although our army is thus fa South It can
not stir from our garrisons Out men are
Ufn
II
Killed or captured within Mhtoi our linos I
have two 11111001 Imremlneand Ilurlbuts
iiliqut laOUJ men am building u strong fort
and think this Is to bo pun of lbs in pot H and
dllOIH
basso of oparailins for future movcmome
The loss of llallocL is almost fatal monl bavo
no ono to renlaio him lnt > toadof having one
heal wa have five or six all Independent of
rncn other I expect our enemies will mass
their troops and fall upon our detachments
before new reinforcements come I cannot
learn that thorn are any large boll s of men
near us here There are detachments at Holly
Springs and Benntobla the present termini of
the railroads from the South and all the peo
ple of the country are armed as guerrillas
Curtis Is at Helena Illhtt miles south
and Ort at Corinth JJrHKKs army
from Tripoli has mood to Chattanooga
and proposes to IOlot Nastnillo Lexing
ton and Cincinnati They will havo about
70000 men Ilunli is near liuntstillo with
about 800 and IsuploJ detachmentaottho
new levIes can be put In Kentucky from Ohio
and Indiana In time The weather Is I very hot
and lIIK cant move hue forces very fast but
I fear bo will give trouble Mr own opinion Is I
wo ought not to venture too much Into tbe in
terior until the river IK I afely In our pusses
flop whnii we could land at any point and
strike Inland To attempt to bold all point
would demand an army too large even to think
of We must colonize und settle as we eo
bouth for < n Missouri there In as much strife
as over Enrmlop must Do tied or trans
ported to some other country Your affection
a baL county w I PHv > tTi
r
S7ZR 8vtra rKAn FOLLOWED
A Proposed Colomjr for rplle tle l CbS
Htato of Now York
The need for an Institution for epileptics
In this Stats which has been demonstrated
recently by TUB BUN baa bean brought to the
attention of the Legislature by the Introduction
of Sonato bill No 190 on the 29th tilt by
that wellknown nubile benefactor Ool lull
Brown The text of the bill la I as follows
An Act providing for the appointment ofCommli
itontra establish a colony for tplleptle In the Stale
of Nw York
T people ot the Slate ot Mew Vcru rermenied II
Senate and AKembly do onset as folloirii I
SICTIOK I Three persons two of whom are residents
of Ifew Tack county utilni expert knowledge ol
the od ot epileptloi and the epileptic Inline and
00S ot whom is I a reticent ot etteheiter county bal
b appointed ty the Ootettor within ten day after tin
pulse of thIs act and hal commute s Commlailon
t dtt rmlna upon tbe manner of providing for th
education employment care and treatment all the
epileptics and eplleptlo Inline of thti Mile Includlui
hoes now oonf re aleit In the almihouiei and scans
asylum upon tiabllo charge and alio those not under
State or county care Said eommlsion is anthorlied to
Itleel a lite la Weeleheiter county as ussr ai con
venient lo New York city to consist ot not more than
three linnJred acre ot farming and wood landi ta
adopt plan which hull furnish vroTlilon on th cot
Uf or pavilion yitm nlttmalelr for from 005 ihot
and to two thousand eMItntlri inch plane to Include
Method of heating lightIng lewerajo water nupply
and prevention of dancer Item ttr and In addition to
accommodation for dwelilni lurooiea to Inclnd
schoolrooms workshops a hoipltal a pathological
laboratory and outbnlldlnn for agricultural Uorloul <
tural hortIcultural and dairy purposes
tall Coramlulon shall provide ha land needed by
purehai or otherwlia
Sic a The member of laid Commlatloa befor en
Urlorupon lbs duties of their offic shall take and
subscribe an oath affirmationbefore some competent
authority falthfallylo discharge all thedutlti required
of them by ibis act They shall each be entitled to re
calve Ih necessary expense Incurred while dUcharc
lot the dutIes assigned them
Sic a When said CommissIon halt have selected a
sits aod complied In all reipeow with the provli one ut
section lot this act a report thereof shall be made In
writing by isiS Communion lo th Governor who shill
thereupon appoint leten manacnra who iball atiprov
of the pun and let the contract and hive charge of
the erection of the bnlldlnn u provided by law Said
managers halt ta appointed and confirmed according
to the law governing the appointment ol maner of
other Unevolint Inetltutlen ot thle Slaist provljed
that lbs said Commlnlonire and manager shall not
enter Into any contract for the erection of laid build
ton until lbs money ha been appropriated by the
Legislature lo pay for the tarn
Sic 4 Tht there bo and U bereby appropriated onl
of any money In tbs Treasury to the credit of ths KID
eral revenue fund not otherwli approprlMed ID turn
of 10OJ for tbs eipeni of laid CommiMlon and for
th purpoie of complying with the provlilon of lection
oils ot thle act
The account of eipendltnra Including the eipeuie
of the Communion shall u audited ana allowed by the
Comptroller of th Slat
Sac a This act ball take effect Immediately
At a meeting ot the State Charities Aid Asso
ciation this resolution was adopted by the
Board ot Managers In reference to this bill
Bttotwd That the Board of Manager of the Slats
CharlUM Aid Allocution hereby heartily endorse the
principle of Senate bill No limo entitled An Act pro
viding for lbs appointment of Commlulonen to caleb
lUh a colony for epileptics In the Hut of Nw York
sod believe that In lu pauage lies th correction of a
great evil ID i the care of this elate of dependent people
The Ktw York MKlicalJountal In Its issue of
Feb 7 1891 contained an excellent leading
article in reference to the bill which U re
printed below
On tha monument ta John Howard In St Paule Lon
don U is I said that the man who devotee hlmielf to the
reod of mankind tread aa open bat unfrequented path
to Immortality This warn true to Uoward time It la
not trn In our The growth of human Idea chine
larks the nineteenth century Something la our day
has Bn don for almost every class of the dependent
population Barneit effort an mad to relieve offer
ing Time money and affection are everywhere lay
bhd freely Yet tn the mldit of all this largess
User remains one forgotten mar the epllep
tlo The condition of ibis unfortunate la truly
pitiable Often an ontcajt from hi family and
left to shift for hImself expelled from schools from mo
Uws of eipedlincy denied industrial mployment
shunned to a great extent hy companion who fear
and dread the Hidden and mysterious ttackr left too
often to grow up In Ignorance and Idlenear this un
happy victim of a hopeless and dreadful malady li de
nied admlMlon Into the
general hoipltal when perma
nent seclusion become necessary and Iforced to seeS
refute as a last rsort In th alunshouse or un an Lasso
airman Vet the epileptic Is endowed by nature wild
aa ranch intelligence u ordinary human beings and 1
capable of education and alt rapport To condemn him
to the oolty of paupers and Inaan people I a a cruel
luJuiUe Wan Inhumanity to the forgotten man U a
blot on modern olvtiiiatlon It is I animated that there
are a hundred tbooaand epileptic In the United state
a tenth of a million persons suffering for want of com
bLeed medical inperrnlon education Industrial train
ing and social life together with recreation and def
nit physical exercise tolled to their condition A hun
dred thoniand dead weights oonitllnt a heavy burden
for lbs State From the point of view of toclal econ
omic of humanity ot religion of everyday ethic
and of pure lelflihoe i It la altogether a mistake to
Ignore the ned of a large claw of Innocent who are
thorn deprived of poMlbillttea by an silver peraonallly
There It but one kind of Initltntlon that can meet the
necessities of tboee who suffer from epllepiy > o
asylum ne large hospital no ilnrle building whatever
ltnlze1 II appropriate forth purpose Itmuit bean
establishment combining many uuuiuat features It
must have ichooliand teachers for the education of the
young office shop of all kind a dairy a farm gar
din and granaries A croup of mall hoiplial and
aiylum building together with a church a theatre a
rymnaalum a bathing aiiabllibratnt a laboratory pre
sided over by killed patholtgliti bent upon the pOsSible
discovery of th cam and cure of epilepsy art alto
among the ixentlal Bach a place would not be
a hospital In the ordinary sense of the term It
would be a village In itself a colony for eplleftlca Al
ready In Germany Belgium France and Switzerland
such colonies suet the outcome of the loving thought
ana latwr of one man Twentyfive yean ago Lutheran
elKyyman and loclal economIst Pallor Von Bodtla
wlmgh became alive to the need ot epileptic and
itafted a model colony on a farm near Uanovtr Ger
many where three or four patient were nnl received
Sow the little settlement baa a thotaand Inhabitant
happy In Ihe threefold blessings of education employ
unset and medical treatment Fifty are houses and
cottages are icattered m gardens over lime apt acres
X beautiful woodland and meadow the whets preient
ng tbe aiuict of a thrifty village
America U awakening toils duty In this matter ef
Slate care for epileptic Following the example of
Ohio New York at lait remembers the forgotten man
A bill prepared by Dr Frederick Feterion of Sew
fork recently presented lo the Legislature aims to se
nre for the eoilepla an environment that will pre
serve hIs power of body and mini and develop the
qualities of both that are eitentlal to good cltUcnialp
Ve hope that lbs WIU which we print elsewhere In
lilt Ilue will soon become a law and that It will
ptadlly bring to hundreds now In bluer need of IK
effective active operation the training and car sasen
tiat to their preiervatlon dovetopment and poutble
curs ti hue those unfortunate may not reach poll
lone of eminence tinder Ihe new dlipeniatlon they
rill not be debarred from any attainment In education
hat tulle and temperament permit nor from the n
rcle of any qualities conducive to their own personal
welfare and happiness For the lint time In American
history theeplletillo will have a fair chance
The Oetoxenarlnn Ilrltlah Mtutrinean
On the lilt of this month Mr Gladstone made
one of the most Important speeches of his life
In the British House of Commons It was
seventy minutes In length and the octogen
arian speaker dcnu aiod himself like a man In
his prime Its subject was tbe IlellglouaUlB
abilities liemonl Bill which ho fnvorin but
which was delouted when brought ton vote
Tim onernble utatoBinitn wa often Intor
ruined In tile iourae of his speich but be tae
always on ike I alert nnd liia reiillos woio
prompt lila oko was rooiiatit throughout
and his gestures were energetic The Iondn
2vhgruuii6 says The old muso ol Mr tVlad
Etones voice w as over uresput ami the entire
address from Introduction to pcrnratlon woe
of an eloquence so muunutlc that ucreivllnz
speaker In the debut were ompelled to hark
back upon Its beauties nod rnariol ut them
The ltBiU Triinlt ComruUiilonerm
The Ilnold Transit
Commissioners had an
executive eesalon lu tholronice In the Farm
era Loan ana Trust Company building U2
William street at 2 oclock yesterday after
noon TLo meeting adjourned until Friday
Feb 20 nt 2 i oclock when an executive session
Will be held and at a oclock there will be a
public meetlug for the nbinlralun anti discus
zion of plans sail BUBgestlons for rapid
transIt
1realclcnt Steinway said that ho wished to
doiiy a report tjtbu oHoct diet he bad declared
In favor of tlie Thorpe intern Us said
I hme not expressed an opinion regarding
tba merits of any system If my own DM
Prfjject could be sported 1 would have the via
uctaystoin of Berlin up In Gods free sun
WHAT mt Ana ATJ TAIKIXO ano
The fast driving which In London last yeas
resulted in 2SO deaths and 6000 lesser sod
dents Is a direct result of smooth hard pave
meats In Now York great Increase In sect
ilouts from the same cause may be looked for
K4 nccomranlmontanf our Improved roadways
Nn olisnrvatit Now oilier whether bq rides or
walks can have failed to notice how Instantly
almost every horse iitilckon his gait the In
atticS he feels the change irma cobbles to M
Phult lurthornmro ino < t men Tot out their
hosas on tio good roruid ao that there li more
fast driving In town tlian there over used to bo
in tIn noisy days of stone pavements
A man who had boon telling his wife about
the wonderful free lunches that ore spread la
drlnklni haunts caw the wagon of a free lunch
factory drive up to a saloon in upper Third
avenue so he halted his wife that aha might
soothe edibles taken Into the saloon Whit
she saw among other lbuiigs was i
boiled huh Icing on the bottom of the wagon in i
a dripping moss of gravy sliced tomatoes and
no one can tell what not The driver took the
lion In his bands put it on a Plato and than
fODpod as much as no thought bqet of the
gravy off the wagon bottom into tao aitb
Miss Elsie Do Wolf who Is coming over to
moke liar American dubut In Thermldor u
a society alrl who acted side by side with lira
Potter during that ladys experience in Ni
York as nn amateur actress There was si
nays more or loss rivalry between the two
Women aud thU rivalry was sai4at one ttn
to have grown so bhtor that Mia Ue Woi
thuntonod to uo on the profosslnnafstaire and
continue tier oirorti to render Mrs rotter nn
liupny Tim rocont doclalon of Mlso Wolf
to nmko her pro oislonni it but In Now York
iitottt the tints that Mrs Iottor R expects
home In taken as nn indication that aho Intends
11 curry out hot threat bbe U by no mean ao
nlnllrV ° llTiV iIrs hotter > but It la g i
omit liellMi tlmt sho huts a more arnplo
stok of ilrainittlc cenltis than the first of Now
lurks remarkable oerles of Cleojiatrai
The Italian barbers this city must restrain
their tempera it they would retain their cue
totnors According to reports printed from
time to time many of their hops are disgraced
by barrels and sometimes by light and eev
ornl of hem lmu mutt been atalned with
blood Tbeso things are bad for their intel
floss and the offuudors are liable to punish
mOOS
A wealthy business man said yesterday eon
corning the cbampaeno war The aeants In
thin city for the large champagne firms abroad
may brlni UD suddenly against a brick wall If
they dont look sharp This agitation Is duo
chiefly to them Theto men apparently think
they can ask and obtain any price they cbooo
to put upon the Trench article hunt as a mit
tor offacuhotol men and restaurateurs are be
ginnIng to use more Hxtonalvely than ever be
fore clmmrnsni made in California The lat
tor ot course docs not compare in delicacy of
flavor with the best Imported wine but It Is a
good wholesome drink and rather tbnn par
lour dollars for the imported article with no
assurance ugilnn Its further rlso In price
many customary will use the California wine
and leave the other alone There are some
people blessed with more money than they can
spend who would assoon ulvo ten dollars for a
bottle as three and a half but they nrn few la
number and are not the purchasers who bur
and drink the most cbampauno
The word pusher is rapidly multiplying Its
meanings The silversmiths aro now manu
facturing a table implement which thry call a
pusher It looks something tike what bar
tenders call a drink mixer and IB i for use by
little children in pusblnu their food upon their
forks Hut a pusher is also a cocktail and
nowadays when two bachelors dint out to
gether one is ant to hear one ask the other If
ha does not feel like a pusher before the meal
and a chaser or elans of brandy after It
I cant get rid of my boyish feelings said
a septuagenarian and I feel half the time as
if I were just about to begin life with the fu
ture all before me When I saw a lot of school
mates playing in a park tbo other day I
wanted to rush In among them and enjoy the
sport When I see the young fellows and girt
ftpnedlne through the streets with light atep
I walk along as last aa any of them Whan my
grandchildren aro taking their fun In the too
story I often go UD to join them ana carry on
as they do Is It second childhood or Is It
silly Not a bit of It I have felt boyish all
my life yet have always boon a practical and
successful man I would like to put on a pair
of roller skates now and take a flyer In Can trail
Park but I must tlgn xoma checks
It Is rare that anyone of the Chinese rest
dents In this city becomes n Christian Great
efforts have been made to convert them zany
meetings hate been hold for that purpose 10
clctleshavo been got up to Instruct them In
the gospel missionaries have labored among
them and sermons have been preached to
them In their own language A few of them
will sometimes be drawn to a meeting thor
will listen to what Is said and make no objec
tion to it nut they depart without giving any
sign that even the slightest impression has
been made upun their minds They remain
piigana after bearing about Christianity thor
qliugto the superstitIons of tuclrruco they
do nut give up the ancient ceremonies of thalf
own religion and they etlll worship Joss
When Cbong Chor was baptized at the Chinese
mission last Sunday tbero wore a good many
Chinamen among the simulators but eaters
could be lonrne I toots was not ono of them
willing to follow his evampU To them tbeibsn
tlsiu was merely a curious spectacle
The Jewish clement In this olty does not ap >
pear to be Interested In the mammoth peti
tion to tba powers of Europe In favor of a
conference to bring about the establishment
ot Palestine as n Jewish nation The Turk
Ish Government sate an intelligent Jew
must be broken in pieces and destroyed Le
foro It will give UP its Asiatic possessions and
the European powers know full well that this
would Involve them all la a tremendous war
6Blifil yet got poesesulon of Palostlne but
we must wait till the twentieth century for It
and a mammoth petition from America cannot
be of soy account
Claus Sprockets the California sugar king
ran over from Philadelphia to Now York yes
torday for a fow hours For several years ho
has boon a lion in the path of the Sugar Trust
and that octopus much to its chagrin has
never been able to down him Bpreckels la
getting alone lu yearn his hair is quite white
but he has keen restless blue eyes and the
nervous activity of a tnnn twenty years young
er than he really Is Besides he poss < set a
bulldog teniilty Inherited front his Oorman
ancestry Ho has three large usar retlnerles
on the racltlo nint and is muster ot tha
sugar trndfl bjtweon San Francisco and tbe
llanallitn Islands whttro ho owns extensive
sugar plantations from which be tranS
pona thi > raw material to bis Califor
nia refineries In ocean learners which he owns
The Wg trust hits mode all ports of overtures
to Sprockets to join Its ranks but ho liSa
always declined them with thanks When be
came ast ami established A sugar rellnery In
IhllaJoli hla tlniH carrying the war Into the
enemy country the ni mbers of the trust
were amao < l at Bpreckoie Impudence and
jppned a bitter warfare against him lint tlis
M suaar Ling stuck back with his usual
pluck uid ha ib stliM ery much on deck

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