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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 15, 1891, Image 21

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Pages 2126 JJJ flfl Pages 2126 j
UTOLU Bamoan Islands Ootober 1890
VLt on the southwesterly coat of
T o Thuku Bay the slovenly whites
Bj u b called the port of Atuona I It a nar
row and small anchorage set between low
Mtj points and opening above upon a woody
rtUiy A llttlo Franoh fort now disused and
jpMrtsd overhangs tba vallor and the Inlet
Attena itself at the bead of the next bay la
Ana la a theatra of mountains which dom
Or UO and liaronil of a grove of nobu palms I
ehelterlntt the huufo uf t tlu traitor Ml Koine
Overhead tlio dj > DIM Join In a continuous mid
totr riof blackbirds mo litmri lustily hll
log the Island oouk springs his jubilant rattle
Id airs bbs golden plumae cowbells sound
tv and near In the grove I anti when you sit In
the broad winds lulled by this symphony
TOO may sir to yourself If you aro able Hot
tsrflftr year > < ntriirip < > Furtlieroti
the nor of the vullev In I tint anti green unit
00111 1 Uoie arvhhurj with atriiipllnj cocoa
Him Through the midst with man ohangas
ltaiuto jj rlw trot and brawls and
eMou 1U OUr when l shoua look
lo willows burl grow In elm
tor and make shadowy pools after ai
anglers heart A vale lore loll rich am
peaceful sweeter Mr a swoeter voice of rura
sounds I bavo found nowhere Ono etroum
stance alon might strike the experienced
here is a convenient beach deep toll Root
water and yet nowhere any patpaos nowhen
any trace of laland habitation
It Is but a low years since this valley was I i
place choked with jungle tho debatable lam
and battle ground of cannibals Two clan
laid claim to Itnelther could substantiate th
claim and the roads lay dosert or were onl
visited by men In arms It Is for this vor
reason that it wears now no smlllncnn appear
ance cleared planted built upon suppllei
with railways boat houses and bath housoi
For being no mans land It 1 the more read
ily coded to a stranger Tho
II 1 stranger wa
Capt John HartIraa Hntl broken arm
tho natives call him because when he tint vis
ited the Islands his arm was In a sling
Cant Han a man of English bin
but an American citizen had conceive
the Idea of cotton culture lu the Mar
w4 i
th ccr
feat I the more ImmadlaU settling of Ta
auxuand give the salient character of tho
NInE They a reckoned at no higher than
four thousand lot but Tahiti with eight
tkouand and Hawaii with fifteen can
effsr DO snob picture of abrupt melancholy
aP In the morning when the inn falls
directly on their front they stand like a rant
wall green to the summit I by any chance
the summit should be clear watercourses
br and there delineated on their face a nar
row I cracks Toward afternoon the light
falls more obliquely and the sculpture of the
mute comes In relief huge corses staking into
shadow huge tortuous buttresses standing
edged with sun At all hours of the day they
strike the ere with some new beauty and the
mind with the same menacing gloom
The mountains dividing and deflecting the
sadists airy deluge of the Trades are doubtless
auwirabU for the climate A strong draught
of wid bid da end night over the anchor
an bay and night t earns fantastic and
atttnnated clonda fled acrou the heaven
toe same dusky flap of rain and vapor fell and
1 on th mountain The land breezes came
vary strong and Gh and the aea like the a
vaiiin perpetual bustle The swell crowded
Into the narrow anchorage like sheeo Into a
fsld broK all along both sides high o the
one low on the other kept a certain blowhole
loundlng and smoking like a cannon and
soent Itself at lat upon the beach
On the aide away from Atuona the shelter
ing promontory was a nursery of cocoa trees
Borne wore mere infants none had attained to
any size none had vet begun t shoot sky
ward with that whlpllke shaft of the mature
tam In the young trees the color alters with
the 030 and growth Now all Is of a grasslike
hue Infinitely dainty next the nib gtowa
B Uhn the fronds remaining green a ferns
cal i then as the trunk continues to mount and
to auume Its f nal hue of graythe fans put on
manlier nod more decided deaths of verdure
Hand out dark upon the distance glisten
against the sun ant flash like sliver fodntalns
In the assault of the wind In thla young
wood of Taahauku all these hues
coil combinations were examples end
repeated by the score The trees grow pleas
antly spaced upon a hi Iward and there
Interspersed with a rack for drying copra or a
tumbledown hut for storing It Every here
and there the stroller had a glimpse of the
Casco tossing In tbe narrow anchorage below
and beyond he had ever before him the dark
amphitheatre of the Atuona mountains and
the cliffy bluff that closes It to seaward Tho
Trade wind moving In the fans made a cease
lessnolke of summer rain and from time to
time with the sound of a sudden and distant
drumbeat the surf would bunt In n ana cave
At the upper end of Vie inlet Its low cliffy
lining links at both Bides Into a beach A
eopra warehouse stand in the shadow of the
shoreslde treoa flitted about forever by a
clan of dwarfish swallows and a line of
rails on a high wooden staging bends back
into the mouth of the valley Walking on this
th new landed traveller becomes aware of a
broad freshwater lagoon one arm of which ne
aueaaa during the American war and was at
first rewarded with success His plantation at
Anaho 8 highly productive Island cotton
fetched a high price and the natives used to
debate which was the stronger powerIma
Rat or the French deciding In favor of the
Captain because though the French had the
most ships ho had the more money
He marked Taahauku for a suitable site acquired
quired It and offered tho superintendence t
Mr Robert Stewart a Flfeshlre man already
some time In the islands who had just been
ruined by a war on Taunts Mr Stowart was
somewhat averse to the adventure having
some acquaintance with Atuona and Its noto
rious chieftain Molpu lie had once landed
there he told mo about dusk and found the
remains of a man and woman partly eaten On
his starting and sickening at the sight one of
Molpus young men picked up a human
foot and provocatively staring at the
stranger grinned and nibbled at the
heel NonA need b surprised if Mr
Stewart fled Incontinently to the bush la
there all night In a great horror of mind and
Rot off to cea again by daylight on the morrow
I was always a bad place Atuona com
mented Mr Stewart in bin homely Flfeshlre
olca In spite of this dire Introduction he ac
cepted the Captains offer wai landed at Tea
Iiauku with three Chinamen and proceeded to
clear the jungle
War was pursued at that time almost with
out Interval between the men of Atuona and
the men of Haamau and one day from tho op
posite sides of the valley battle or I should
rather say the olio of battleraged n the
afternoon the shots and Insults of the oppos
aternoorl anl
Iou clans pns < lni from bill to hill ovor the
licml of Mi Htjwnrt ami his Cijlniiracn Titer
was genuine Ilirlitlcei It was like a blokor
uf echoulbuys only some fuol bad given the
children guns One man died of his exertion
In running the only casualty With eight
the shots and Insults ceased the men of
Haamau withdrew and victory on some oc
cult principle was scored to Molpu Perhaps
there day when Mnlpu
In consequence came a Inr
male u I Init < and I party Irom Hnamru csmo
under sate conduct to eat ot I Theo puss d
early by Taahanku and some of Uolpus young
men w r there to be a guitrd of honor > Tby +
were not long gone before there earn down
from Haamau a man his wife and a girl of 19
their daughter bringing fungus Several
Atnona lads were hanging round the store but
the day being one of truce none apprehended
danger The fungus wa weighed and paid
for the man of Haamau proposed he should
have his axe ground In the bargain and Mr
Stewart demurring at the trouble some of the
Atuona lads I offered to grind It for him and
lot It on the wheel While the axe was grind
Ing a friendly native whispered Mr Stewart to
have a care of himself for there was trouble
In hand and all at once the man of Haamau
was seized and his bead and arm stricken
from his body the head at onn sweep of bl
own newly sharpened ate In the IIret alert
the ulrl escaped among the cotton and Mr
amonl cottn Ar
Htonart having thrust the wife Into the house
and locked her In from the outside supposed
the affair was oor Hut the business had not
passed without nolie and it reached the ear
of an older girl who bad loitered by the
way and now came hastily down the valley
crying as she canto for her father Her too
they Helzed and oebeaJoil I know not what
thoyhiul don with the axe It was a blunt
knife that served their butcherly turn upon
the girl and the blood spurted in fountains
and painted them troll Lead to foot Thus
honlble from crlnio the party returned to
Atuona carrying the heads to Molpu I may
no fancied bow the feast broke UP but it Is
notch e that the guests were honorably
suffarnd to retire These passed back
through Taahanku In extreme dlbor
dr a llltlo after the valley beasn to
be overrun with shouting and triumphing
braved and a letter or warning comlnl at the
Imo time to Mr Stewart he and his China
men took refuge with the Pot tant mission
ary In Atuona That night the store wee
gutted and the bodies cast In a pit and cov
ered with leaves Three days later the
schooner had come In and things appearing
quieter Mr Stewart and the Cantain landed
In Taahauku to compute the damage and to
view the grave whlob was already indicated
by the attnb While they Wee so employed
a party of Molpus young men decked with red
flannel t Indicate martial sentiments cam
over the hills from Atuona dug up tbn bodies
washed tnnm In the river and carried them
away on slicks I That night the carr began
Those who knew Mr Stewart before thl ex
perience declare the man to be quite altered
He stuck however to his post and somewhat
later when thn plantation val already well
established and gavj employment to sixty
Toe latter deposed for CAnnlbAllim
Chinamen and seventy natives bo found him
self nce more In dangerous times Tbe men
s1 Haamau It was reported had sworn to
plunder and orasa the settlement letteu
came continually from the Hawaiian mlslon
ary who acted a Intelligence department
and for six wee s Mr Stewart and three other
whites slept in the cotton house at nieht in a
rampart of Ialec and what was their best de
fence ostentatiously practised rUle shooting
by day upon the beaob Natives wore often
there to natch them the practice was excel
lent and tho assault was never delivered
It ever was Intended which I doubt for the
ftI V
7 V
t 2 =
natives are moro famous for false rumors
than for le deeds of energy I wan told
the late French war was a case In
point tho tribes on the boach accusing
thone In the mountains of designs which
boy I had never the uardlhood to enter
tain And the same testimony to their
backwardness lam open battle reached
me from all Bides Capt Hart once
landed nfter an engagement in a certain bay
one man bad his hand hurt an old woman and
two children had been lain and the Captain
improved the occasion by poulticing the band
and taunting both sides upon so wretched an
affair H Is true these wars were often merely I
formal comparable with duels to the first
blood Capt Hart visited a bay where such a
war was being carried on between two broth
ers one of whom had been thought wanting In
civility to the guests of the other About one
half ol the population served day abont upon
alternate aides o as to be well with each
when the inevitable peace should follow The
forts of the belligerents worn over against
each other find close by Pigs were cooking
Welloiled braves with welloiled muskets
strutted on tbe or sat down to feast
No business however needful could ba
dono and all thoughts were supposed
to be centred in this mockery of war
A few days later by u regrettable
accident a man was killed It was felt at once
the thing lat gone too far and tho auarrel
was Instantly patched up lint the more seri
ous wars were prosecuted In a similar spirit a
gift of pig and a feast made their lnvtabla
end tile kllljog of a single man was great
victory and tbe murder of deleDCllel soil
tarlu counted a Iwrole dAed The loot of the
cliPs about alt these islands II I the place nf
fishing Between Taabauktj and AtUlna 10
saw loan but hlely women some nearly
naked some In thin white or crimson dresses
perched lome little surflent promontoriusth
brown prnclplue overhanging them and the
convolvulus ovorhanelnr that as I to cut
them oft the more completely fiom assistance
There they would angle much of tbo morning
and as fast as they caught any fish eat them
taw aad living where they stood I was such
11 Ivlnlwber 1001
helpless ones that tha warriors from the oppo
site Island of Taunts slew and car
rind borne and ate nud wro thereupon
accounted mluhty men of valor Of one such
I exploit I < Rn give the account of an eye I
wltnoa Iortiiiiinso Joo Sir Itoines cook
wet once pullnu an tar In an Atuona boat
vvbe they spied astritnior In a nation with
collIe tley and I pleee of tnpii Tie Atuona
luau cried upon blin In dow near and haves
ernokebecnrso I suppose he had no choice
but he Knew poor devil what be was coming I
to and CUl Jot said he didnt seem to care
about the smoke A few questions followed
aatowneroh came from nnd what wan his
business Then he must needs answer as he
must needs draw nt the unwilcorae pipe his
beurt tha whin drying In bit boenm And
then of a MiilJon a blit low In Joes boat
leaned I over plncked the Btrimwr horn his
canoe struck him wilt a Unite In the neck
Inward and downward as Joe showed lu pan
tomime more axpreaalro than his wordsand
held him under the water like 1 fowl until
his struggles ceased thereupon the
long Lug wo hauled on board the
boats head turned about for Atnona and
these Marquesau braves nulled home rejoic
ing Molpu wns on the bench and rejoiced
with llitn on their urlvivl Poor low tolled at
Ills our tutu day yritli I whlti Ia e sot tie had
Il fear for bluie f They were very good to
rnegavn me plenty gruo never wished to eat
white man said be
Rouser Louts 0TXTXXIOV
Lad tle Ead Is Not YctStartla KtTwcn
trlikt Mile MI Hour cm a Clrculur
Trek Spree Hue Been A eel rated to
1O Mile Tke Future orRatlroitd HInd
The first serious efforts ever mode to at once
double railway speed bv the use of electrla
motors are described by O T Crosby In a
paper read before tho American Institute of
Electrical Engineers recently They wore
made tor the ElectrcAutomatlo Itallroad
Company ot Baltimore lid which was organ
ized about four year ago by David G Weoms
Who although not an engineer believed that
the eleotrlo motor would give very high speed
tor the transportation of parcels Ho first
contemplated having an entirely automatic
< c
service from city to city In small cart and for
te purpose of demonstration a circular track
nearly two miles In circumference was laid not
long ago at Laurel MJ with a gaugo of twen
tyeight Inches An upper rail attached to
the lower aide of a stringer carried
by the cross pieces of a framework served as
an electric conductor and nlso In connection
with upwardpressing wheels as a guide but
the latter lunation was not successfully per
formed the lateral oscillation of the car on so
slight a track being too great Tho locomo
tive was very simple In the original design
three axle carried 23Inch wheels and on
them was a steel box 16 Inches in length 21
Inches height and 8 inches in width A
slight vertical play of tho box was provided for
by springs bnt horizontally the three axles
were in rigid connection Tho moth power
was a electro motor on each axle Early ex
periments showed that a given speed could b
prlmont Ivon
attained with less currant 1 two motors were I
used Instead of throo and the middle
axle was removed Tho motors could do
20horso power of work each at a normal snood
of 3000 revolutions a minute With three
motors in operation the speed corresponded t
a car speed of 250 miles an hour but on the
slight track with a car weighing three on8
that rate of speed was not attained of course
The head and tall of the car were pyramidal to
meet atmospheric resistance Another car
similar in shape was mae to be drawn by the
motor car The motors were at fIrst connected
In multiple across a 600volt current but later
the connection was changed and they were
placed In series I
To supply the current contact was made by I
copper brushes set against the upper rail
The return current was through the wheels
and rails The station was inside the circle
about 800 feet from the track In the usual
course of a run five or six speed obsorvors wore
stationed on tho circle at known distances apart
current of from twenty to forty amperes
usually started the oar When tho car had at
tained a speed of 75 to 100 miles an hour tho
about 450 volts The time
line potential was 45 vola tme
limitation of a run was invariably caused by
the failure of the track to serve Its purpose
On three occasions the car left tbe track once
at 45 miles an hour once at 80 miles and the
last time at 115 miles On the two former oc
casions the derailment was to the inside of the
circle the superelevation being about four
Could tho experiments Mr Crosby re
ported bo havtnc as Superintendent of the
Bpraeue Electric Hallway and Motor Company
conducted tho experiments have been mado
on a roadbed and track deemed even occond
class according to steam railway standards of
rail weight io there ran be nooucstlnn that
WOllbt oucston
without any other change the car could bae
attained for several hours a speed ot 131 miles
on hour Indeed I know of no time limita
tion that would have arisen save that from n
limited oil supply The speed attained in the
first round that Is the frt 9240 > feet varied
from 30 to 75 miles an hour The rate of accel
eration from point to point in going round the
circle was Irregular due to grades which
goIng In the direction usually followed varied
from 2U to 25 percent I h fact that the
track which pr always bad went rapidly
from pad to worse during naen run mado It
difficult analyze the records wih a vIew to
Intermlnlng the true coeillclent of traction
The coefficient for mirh a track even In Its
bent condition would b greater than that lor
a track for actual service lae
In a run with a flitbended ear the frt
round was at the rato of 28 mlle an hour
second round 174 milts In another run the
rates of sieen were First round 247 miles
second 42 third 42 In a run with ann
mldsUbeaded earths rates were First round
202 miles second 824 third fourth fifth
and sixth 41H miles each In another run
with apyramldatlieaded car the rates were
First round 215 miles second 70 The high
est speed attained In that run was II to US
mMosan hour The car wa derailed lathe last
run with a wedgeheaded oar average speed
was maintained ai 100 miles an hour The
hlKhe < t speed attained I 110 to 120 mites
but the cur was derailed at the maximum
speed which could derRlor absolutely deter
mined because the car left the track at some
distance from the last two observers I as
clear however that tho final speed was between
tween 110 and 113 miles an aped length of
1000 feet of the track was Injured about 8tx
feet of tho framework wrecked and the ear
famework wreckd
landed about 30 feet from the track having
finally jumped the guard rails while going
over a nil four or five feet high
Nothing more could be done without rebuild
ing and It was suggested tbat the t time was
ripe for plans for carrying passengers 1 well
SB parcels That meant an Increivo In the sire
of cars and a change from an attempt at auto
matic control to control by human Intelligence
on the t locomotive For purposes of demon
stration Mr Crosby pi opened that the com
pany should build a track four miles In clr
oumferenc and run on It a train of two or
three oars drawn boneloomotvf The cal
culations wore for a speed of 160 miles an
hour on a level the crosssection of car to be 4
by li feet the standard gauge the brat possible
track an electromotive force as high as the
art nt Insulation will permit all car to b
connected and present a continuous exterior
a locomotive of about 600hort power weigh
ing about eighteen tons and steel cars weigh
ing live tons each with carrying capacity ot
about live tons The power required for the
locomotive and three loaded cars wuuld b for
150 mllfs tin hour 60horse power and for 120
miles ci2Bborst power provided by two motors
I ihnl arc on a 16Uivvolt current For
tho retardation of a mass of about 40 tons run
ning at 150 miles an hour I was calculated
that a brake pressure of about 6000 pounds
Bhould be applied to each wheel by magnetic
ior the mechanical construction of the locomotive
tlo conltrcton
motive two plans were contemplated One has
a twelvefoot rigid wheel base and no pilot
wheels the other has sevenfoot wheel base
for tie drivers and a pony axle In front free to
move laterally over acertaln distance dragging
the drivers In the same direction In tbe first
design the operator Is I t i between the two
motors where also are to be placed the controll
ing devices In the second design the operator
should be placed over the pony axle the
devices being ohletly in the cylindrical to
parabolic head The conductors are to be In
nn inverted wooden trough attached to posts
placed at intervals of twelve feet on each side
of the track and a little more than live feet
above tho ground The calculations for sate
speed on curves wero 7 miles an hour for 1000
foeiriuilusup to 1118 miles for 8000 feet To
foeullus mlbs
demonstrate all that Mr Crosby ha outlined
would cost about 1300000
Taking the commercial aspect Into account
tho cost of a line of 1000 miles n from New
York Chicago was estimated to b about
thUuOO a mlo The operating expenses and
the charges for maintenance of way were esti
mated to be about 400 for a train running on
a schedule ot 125 miles an bour The receipts
for an average train of two cars having each a
capacity of 10000 pounds freight such as ox
iiress und mall matter or fifteen passengers
with average train load of 16000 OU9dv or
twenty possencorM wore estimated to beabout
looa I Is believed that a 500mile line con
necting Boston New York Philadelphia Baltimore
more and Washington would be more profita
ble than tho 1000mile line prlt
In reviewing the plans Prof Henry A Row
land and Dr Louis Duncan of Johns Hopkins
ant Hopkol
UnlvorMty Bay
We believe from tho data obtained that the
values are not foo low and that the horse
power which Mr Crosby calculates not less
than tho amount reaulred The possibility of
n train being derailed by an obstruction on the I
track increases with tho Breed At speeds up
to nine1 miles however there seems no In
crease In the number of derailments In the
case In Iluo ton tho centre of gravity ot the
curb Is very low and It would be difficult to de
rail them on straight parts of the track The
radius of the curves should of course be
great but not so great as would be
re 11 til rod for an ordinary train going at these
hlch speeds The question of safety Is how
ever almost wholly a ciuostlon of track con
Htructlon Considering the form of the pro
ropned train It H comparatively light weight
making a Jess omand on the track It Is cer
tain that with a cniefully constructed rood It
could attain with safety speeds which would
be Impossible with trains as at present con I
structed As these latter have several times
Indo di < > miles mid often made 80 miles It
would seem that a speed of 120 miles or even
more with tbe electric cars would not be out
aide the limits of safety <
T Propose Hen of Ore do Peyetere
Gift Near tb Cuteklll Range
an John Watts de Peystar has given to the
Order of the Brothers of Nazareth a farm near
Mlllbrook Dutcbess county N t on which
the Brother propose to erect buildings for the
accommodation of Inebriate men seeking t
are now under the direction of one of the com
muniy and It Is bnlloved that bore will find
interesting employment In the industry Car
pentering cabinet making and other trades
are to be taught
The sketch from the OAurcAmrm shows the
arrangement of the buildings In the centre
Is the general dining room The homo for con
valescents Is two storien In height containing
two wards for ton patients each several pri
vate rooms for special patients and a large
reading room The school building Is three
b ee
4 w
1I i
l V
rofortn and boys that need to be removed from
the temptations of city life before they can bo
utterly corrupted They are to be on very
high giound tho southern end overlook I
the close valley ot tile Cutiili range Agri
culture and floriculture are to be vurrlod on
and special att ntion Is 1 lu be citron tn raising
poultry by artificial means Two Incubators
stories In height with Accommodations for
forty boys The homo tQ consumptives Is I In
n onestoiy building The building for the
llroihoH adjoins the central building on lie
I oast The chapel occupies I space lId tll
with Bents for ion persons The buildings are
I to bo built of natlvo Mon The community Is I
ono Church of the 0rtfunlzatlon of the episcopal
Havoc 11 North Wood Lumbermen
FnHlht Utlca gerald
A gentleman who travelled 1M miles by trail
in the Adirondack last summer In Hpeaklnu
of the work of the lumbermen and tbu ellecis
It baa had on the country said
Where they had lumbered around the small
ponds we found the water greatly diminished
and In many cases great stretches of marsh
have been found The sheet of lumbering In
lave bon
the case uf mountain streams has boon to form
a sediment upon the stones the water be
comes discolored and ollen unlit to diluk
and this too where but n Miort time ego
these si ream a were In Una condition tmo clot
water running pror mnl coveie I rocks ami
gravel button b here the lumbermen Hood I
the I stream and drive Ille not only gullies out
the bvd of the stream to agreat extent tearing
away the bank and otherwise lajurtns IU
natural beauty but aa a rule since there Is
no i > hate lafi l all fishing Is destroyed and the
tmnllLht striking the bed of a brook left jn
such I condition with even the most gone
evaporatlnu h so rapid us to lesson the water
supply that unless the stream should lead
where there was an abundance of green Umber
It would actually dry up during the summei
Holt timber affords a great deal of shod
so much that thr Is usually I a heavy growth
of moss In siieh places especially on the moun
tain sides The soil where spruce grows Is
vary light the roots growing near the MIrface
The n suit of putting heavily In sui h timber II I
Unit tin smaller tree loft as a i iiilo blow
down und the hunllah I let la lllli tIle nio g
TIB illeanlroin lt91 of dali urtfuled at the
outlets of the larger Jake Is toralietbe water
killing the timber along lbs shore llu watr a
proauolng large area of mar aa
5 A
Ha end the Hqnlr Remember Borne Homely
People They Once Knew
I Banlro who wore the humllest many ever
heerd on or knowd 7 said tho Old Settlor one
Wall Mal or replied tho Squire I never
nee Nosey Vraselpecks uncle Jako Blybox but
from all counts bo must ha ben marchln
long In the front ranks o tho bumllesto tho
humlyln his day an slneratlon Now thar
wore lllar Blmmsa ol mule Laddybuck That
mule were so old tht folks around the Corners
ustty say that he kim thar with the hills n
growd up with em Anyhow Laddybtifk
hadnt ben knowd to scacoly look higher
his knees In twenty year n nobody couldnt
rccomembor won hed ben often a
walk n a dura slow walk at thaI Ez fer
haiti skeert the mule hod bon dashed at by
bars n yelled at by painters more time tbs
he bad hairs moat n1 no bar ncr no painter
had ever pit ben knowd to make Laddybuok
a much ez prick UP one car Ho had even ben
drav suddenly enter the Wild Gander llldge
brass band ez I Itruok UP to play a tune one
gener1 tratnln day ovor at the Corners n all
Laddybuck done wore to kinder squat V
shiver a Isetlo Then ha went on by tbo band
thout turnln his head to look at om
Nosey Frazelpock wore keepln tavern at
the Corners long In them heydays o ol1 Lad
dybuek mo n his unole Jake Blybox were
makln him a 111t lllar Blmms drav over
with the mule one day V let him standln
front o the tavern tame ez hed done fe twen
ty year V better Uncle Jake Blybox had the
roppytatlon o bln tho hnmlleat man the were
In all that kentry but I dont blleve him nor
his folk nor nobody else bad any idea till that
day jest edzaoly how humly he actly wore
Itiar had a nice lively visit with Nosey n Un
cle Jake n long in the artornoon he got up t
start fer hum Uncle Jako went out o the tavern
with 1m The mule were standln facln the
door 11 hadnt even wunst gone to the bother
0 shakln the flies often his ears all day long
Ez Uncle Jake stopped out the mule kinder
opened his eye moren usual n they popped
wide open n Laddybnck raised his head
Ez he looked at Undo Jako his eyes begun to
bulge He stood for a eooond ez if he couldnt
believe his Itoo n tht be mus be dreatnln
Then he stuck his ears straight up In the air
n rared up n pawed n snorted like a mad
threevearol Then ho got down on the
ground agln give another look at Uncle Jake
n then turned round like a skeert buck n
went snortiu away toward the Corners so
fast that he were out o Bight In less time thn
It takes to tell It hi s trail belu1 blazed by
pieces o Wars gig tht ho strung along ez he
lar ao
went Evrybody had been so took back by
Laddybucka onheerd on pformanco tht bo
wer oil fore they kd put out a bad to stop
Thats a mighty skittish mule y got thar
Blat said Uncle Jake innercent oz could bo
Inr Yaaasl said liar
They never tol Uncle Jake Wit skeert the
mule cause be were glttln old n they didnt
want to hurt his foellns but oer Jrael
peck paid Itlar fer the gig They mowt ha
hen bumller men thu Uncle JaKo Klyhox
dowo Majorbut 1 lbs was histry haint got em
After a hearty laueh over Uncle Jake and
Laddybuck and an exchange of compliments
With thebqulre at tho bar the Old Uettler sad
wlh Member the ldll aulre ez nasty live
over blyont Callus Ridge l
Eight by Gaiu MaUouIgal Ban crossln
a8NorhsaidTbere6ld I Settler Them was the
sheep sniffles Tldflts Dont y member we
usety call em tbe sheep sniffles Tidllts cause
the want one of el from their y ller noun
up through tbe famly o nine young unit a
their can n mammy to the ol brindle steer
teIr wat cRux seemed to hey a cold in the
head Course y dol Talnt them I mean
but the Tidttts tht lived fnrder up on the
Bldge on the edge o the bU windfall what bl
Colter killed the big sixprom buck with 1
fence rail Ymember them TldQta dont y
Hqulr I
BSBhrdsay sol assented the Squire N
nice folks they was too But about HI Colter I
klllln that sIx procK buck with a fence roll
kiln done Itl I
Watl exclaimed the Old Settler SiColter
never killed that buck I Wull quire that
bout ez cleancut a way o callln a feller a a
ez I ever hail run agin mo I
Who fcald you was I liar demanded the
You said SI Color never killed that buck
with a fence rail didnt cried the Old
Ioter I did I exclaimed the Squire
Wull I said he did kill It with a fence rail I
declared the Old Settler I that hamS callln
me a liar wut in Sam Hill Is It then V
the Ufa Bquire you see bl Goiter kill that deer asked
No 1 replied the Old Settler
How do y know ho done It then 7
He tol me so bgosh I
Ob 1 he tol yo I
Yes I He tol me so I
HI Carter couldn lie could he
He kd lie I he wanted to I spose Tha
halos no law to pvent him I SpIO
Wull then howm I callln you a liar 7
Y siniwatod acv way r
YJ ilwata I Pub I Yet tetchier thn a snap
dragon I Y start in by akIn me who were the
bumliost man I ever knowd or heard on n I
tel y n then y start off on numpln tht haint
pot nuthln to do wIth buuily bike V end up
By quarlln You ortor
But nol on Hquire I the Old Settler Inter
rupted The Tidllts did boy sumplu to do
with humly folks I wore jlstgointrasty
wen y went off a flyln on HI Colter n the six
prong buck I y ever know Ketury Ann Pep
perwell 7
No snapped the Squire
Y missed a good dual Hquire aId the
Old Battler smoothly She were a corker
The Bquire grunted
She wore some kInd of a relation or other
to the Tldllta n had a clearln wutb a heap o
money over on Bouter Hun Me n young
Pet Tldflt was woikm the woods together
one fall n Peto Buys to me
My cousin hetury Ann Pepporwells
comiu down to visit us for a spoil hue say
he Bhes got durn snug charm upon aI
llouger says he V bettor take to droppln
round our way now n then n caslonly Buys
he awlnliln
> I I hadnt took to coin with Mrlar ylt n not
bavin any cal In my eye list then I tol Pete
bgoeb tht Id drop round his way some
evenln V I winked ez hard et Pete bad I
hadnt never seen Ketury Ann n nobody
didnt seem to know her round Gallus Ridge
that beln considable outen her bailiwick UKI
drop inter a snug olearln waat lumpln tbs
were turn In UP ery day 0 I thort to mnelf
tbs I I Id ketch Keturrl it ee 0 Itl down
on her place on ai Houzer Bun Id JIt be
about fixed n the lust lulng I knowd mebby
Id be Hburft or lumpln Ihlnf who Knowd but
the Ixgisltttur mowt sail around my way I
had an Idee Id like to go to the Leglslatur1 In I
them days but known vat I know now n
heein wet I see Im kinder thankful bgosn
tbs my posterity wont boy that agln em
1 were chuck full o Keturys olearln n
Shurffn the Lealslatur1 the cleaf start
ed fer TidlltB to make my lust call on Ketury
Ann Twere long late In the fall bout the
time punklns was In season n squirts was
geiherin In their last stores for winter V
an lied their heads all ulnted toarda their
cold woather dens Fer all tht I were late in
the fall ins weather were warm ono o them
decalvln kind o1 days tht make y wanter put
Ice in o llyuor Wen I got to Tidfltvclearln
I wore good n light ylt but drawln on tonrds
night Jist outside tlm hOUM two or three rod
lllll Johnny Tidflt were settln on the ground
with a punkin Ho had hollered It out n1 bad
cut a face In it fer a jack lantern V hed made
I leetle tho nlltlredest uglipstlookin mug of
I 1 had ever se Pole Tldfltn1 his mammy
fltt malm
hot out on a log nlh the door I walked up n
spoke n we was talkin V abbermn away
wen I looked toard ono o the winders H
being ut
Wil sa71 I I thoit Johnny out vender
were blldin about Ibo humlleitlooKln juek
lantern I ever em11 save hut whoa er made
that tin in tho winder yander lias boat John
nv a for numlluosH more twenty plnts It
haint anyways nigh ax big sz hlsn I I
but oowhlr I says wen Its lit up itll
6kear the of boy blsself Inter fltsI says hJ
Hfiulra y kIn magma my foellns wen I
see that luck lantern In SIte winder jerk Itself
n walk away I I turned looked at Iete V
hll mammy sLeert like Iete were stufrln
hlit but oat toll In bin mouth n hU mammy wore
tl said Pete soon ez be kd make out
to speak1 that were Cousin Ketury Ann Iop
perwelll I
I dknow bow I got away from that n back
hum 1110 but 1 thInk I must batuok wlnal
ut say 1lulr I OOlllhnlIhtvl Wet a
match Hetlrv Ann I hosey Fraoellpdeki
Uncle Joke would hl wade wouldnt they
On the Death of he Iiir IIIII
frnm Ikf GltAt I n < KTat
or all I ef flit I loin I rrtrkeit In tn 1 < Uit days SBd Bl < kU
cf lbs session tb iiiiinni slid best IIdtalfad ap
ni Mr I MiceUr JTtiliUni tne Conj r Hat Wl
III Orates tat llvluc Greed DO marsh
A > uk 4
BB OA TOLinn rnit JIKTT AT aniaar
WOOD fOn 140000 IIKAD
erTelyyo Y mr he be e toe5ard
at the EatraBee etch Ot City or the
Dead t greet IU Silent CKUene
No figure li more familiar t the under
taken of New York Brooklyn Jersey City 1
and the towns for miles around than the abort
stout form of Patrick Laffay whoso duty It I
to toll the bell I funeral processions are en
tering Greenwood Cemetery For nearly a
Quarter of a century Patrick ha performed
this mournful tuk and a Imor faithful bell i
man never tolled I bell whether It be In tbs
tower of a cemetery archway or In a mode j
church or stately I cathedral In twentyfont
years he baa missed but a few days from his
post of duty and then only because of sick
ness or death In his own family
As for himself the exposure Incidental to his
dally work seems to agree with hIm for I
would be hard to find a hardier or more rugged
looking man of 62 years who for nearly half
that time has had a occupation that required
him to b almost constantly in the open air
Patrick looks aa rugged aa a hornyhanded 11
fisherman or a stalwart mountaineer He is I
abort and stout with a smooth face that shows
but few of thwrlnkles of age He came from
county Longmald Ireland where ho was bora o
C2 years ago
1j 1 j
w t viJ J
Patrick is the first to go to the cemetery
in the morning and the last to leave at night f
At I oclock he unlocks the big Iron gates oUhe 1
main entrance and puts the offices In order
After the officials and clerk come novoral i
hours later he Intrusted with messages and
sometimes money to convey to the Now York
office at 26 Broadway Ho returns late In the
forenoon and in tho afternoon is busily oc
cupied with the funerals that come In an almost
most endless procession for nearly two hours
between 230 and 48U oclock ooary
A HUM reporter found the rUled bellman on j
a recent afternoon on duty under the arched
gatunar It was cold and mustering and Pat
ricks sturdy frame was warmly bundled up
Ha wore a thick fur cap a heavy dark blue
overcoat which reached to his knees and thick
woollen tautens His ruddy countenance and
pturdy physlqu mod rld pleasIng picture of
health and ma The reporter bad hardly
made known uls errand wben Patrick oaplod a I
funeral procession about to enter the FHth av
enue gatcwav A few strides brought him to
tho lower He gave tbe rope a pull and the
bronze bell announced tho arrival of another
funeral traIn Then he opened a llttlo door
pressed a lover and thus set in motion tome
machinery which would keep tbe boll tolling
while the bears and carriages wore winding
UP tho snowcovered slope leading to the arch
way Tills machinery is automatic und will 7
ran until the hell has tolled eight times
11n bl tnles
This done the bellman waited the approach
of the funeral train just as ho had done thou
sands of times before Ha had waited the Pi
tmel i
sage of modest processions wbero there were
but one or two or throe carriages besides the
hearse and be had waited the arrival of al 1
most endless oortlgea of seventy eighty car
riages liable sweethearts 100r husbands
and wives and graybearded patriarchs had
ben borne away by the thousand past the por
tals where this rugged bellman stood grimly by
People of every age and condition have In his
day been carried to their last resting place I
bn t
from the humblest children to men of wealth
frol wealtba
distinction and national fame lie has tolled
the bell announcing the arrival of such dis
tinguished dealt a 8 K Cox James Gordon
Bennett jorGeD nalleok Gon Thomas 0
Dnkin and Gordon W liurnhatn
When a Goron procession reaches the en
trance It is tbe bellmans duty to announce at
the ofllco the name of the undertaker having It I
in charge He rarely has t slot to inuulre
for be knows nearly every undertaker In New
York Brooklyn Terser City Hoboken and also
man on Htnton Island and many of the towns
on Long Island Iland only when a precession
comes from some distance that the bellman
canoot cal thl undertaker by name
When the procession yesterday had cum
near enouch to that he could see tbe under f
taker be strode into the ofllce and addrosblnte
one of the dorks at the desk saId > simply
William Daly wa the reply
That meant that Wil him Uuly waa tho grave
digger who had had charge of alKelugtliocrnve
for the body that had now arrived The bellman
man received the announcement strode out of
the olllc and then ran at I kind ot wallowing I
gait olc a hundred yards and called out Vats
name to I > oremnn Timothy Kntiellok of the
grave diggers Kanotlok spoke to Daly and
soon ho In company with throe ntbor men
armed with shovels were following In the
wake of the funeral procession which was >
now winding slowly along lantscuPI avenue l
From this time on the boll was tolling o t
ot the time for an hour Procession artur pro
cession wound up tho anowcorell elope un
til it seemed almost as though they made an
endless cortege In each cake the undertaker
face was familiar to tho bellman und each
time he went through the routine of announc
ing his name and summoning tho crave
number of Intermentslast year at Green
wood was sixteen a day The cemetery on
date say that la a fair ateragn for twentyfour
years post Allowing that to bo true the bpll
man baa len overliuuuo funeral pi occasions
pass the gates And supposing that there
wore on the average ten carriages t each pro
cession and tour persons to each carriage lie
has seen more than 140UOOO carrlaeu In
funrrsl procrsslon and containing more than
ebOuOUO occupants And sot thU speita
bust rio ni death seems only to have made him 10
Patrick is as uncommunicative ashIs faith
ful There U not a suggestion romance In
bu makeup bo long aa the funeraU com
and go according to rule and lbs bell toll and
the gravedigger go about their duty he 1 s
I dont have much time except to attend to
the funerals ho said 1 see them come and
go and that la about all I know about them
The only thing be seemed to remember that
was at all out of the usual routine was the
blizzard That was a bad time Indeed he
said It was the only day I know of when
there wasnt so much as one funeral came Into
the cemetery The Know was BO deep that they
couldnt get here The next day one came In
and the bears got to the tomb but the car 4
rlacos had to stop just after they had gotten
through inn gate 1 remember that time that
the snow was two or three teuton the level and
that it wan piled up in drifts here and there
ton or twelve feet high
And you were her through it all
Oh yes trust me to be here Hut It was a
pretty tough time And to think of It not a
single funeral one whole dayl
Bockle Jerry Wonderful Bilk
from Ita fit Louli KffuWe
I talked today to an intimate friend of
° Bookless Jerry Simpson and I got a butter
insight Into the Kansas ttutexrnans character
than I have had heretofore lie Is an uulund
nut free radar I and I had the privilege of HBO
leg tlis draft of a bill which he will Introduce
ill tlijt IlItysecondCongrobg almost its soon alt
this house railed to order 11 consIsts about
ten lines and is nlhlll tlo If you consider the
primary meaning ot the term nihilism for It
propose to annihilate Uuioin lions from
the face of the earth I iiuote trom memory
Hoilion 1 proposet to abolish all systems of
national taxation Section J provides for rale
log all revenues by proportionate levies on he
coteral Htutux and the third and last section
refleCts all prffeut hews In conflict with Site
tenor of the bin The Western editors by l the
way who refer to Simpson u Presidwntlal tim
her are gray off lie wee bpn in tisw iiiu
wlok and it not eligible
a 4

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