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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 15, 1891, Image 6

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IV I 1
f tbe G Uu
I SUNDAY MARCh 15 1891
leadon Offlei of THE aUK
40 Ifi trn4
An reranimlcatlena ihould be addrt4 to FRANK
V KUlTJi isustrand London n da1 t
r The Man Who Did It
One of tho mot potent political docu
ments that can b circulated before or dur
ing the Presidential canvas of 1893 has recently
cently ben Issued from the press ot Uxonax
B Glut printer at Washington
t This pamphlet consists of extracts from
the Journal of the Senate covering tho his
tory ot the memorable light against tho
For bill The record begins with Mr
BOARS motion on Dec 3 1690 to proceed
ceed t the consideration ot tho remodelled
LODGE bill and It ends with tho vote of Jan
261891 when tho Senate by a majority of
one laid the defeated measure aside nnd
proceeded t consider apportionment
None ot the long speeches against the
Force bill a reported In the pamphlet of
which we arc now speaking I simply presents
sents In chronological order tho strategic
and tactical aspects of an extraordinary
struggle The preliminary man uvrs for
position the parliamentary skirmishes the
I prlamentry
protests against the limitation of debate
I tbe cncrgotlo elstonco of the effort to stifle
amendments the appeals for 1 fair and Im
partial hearing the great battle over the
< a rule the masterly handling of the
Democratic minority which at last achieved
ft victory against almost hopeless odds are
i hero exhibited In a compilation from the
official record which makes a narrative with
I rr ma
movement and Interest Intens
I lovement as rapid Intort as n
ts a DUMAS novel
I On every page Is the name of Senator
GORMAN of Maryland and yet from the
I beginning to tho end of the debate as far as
we remember he made no speech upon
the merits of the measure which he was op
posing with all tbo power of Intellect and
a the resources of experience and all the
courage of honest Democratic convictions
I was a victory of leadership not of
rhetorle The leader was ARTHUR P GOB
J This I tho story of one of the great
est services which patriotism ever rendered
t this country In time of peace
The Botanic Garden
Mr CANTOR has Introduced Into the State
nat the bu for the establishment ot a
Botanic Garden In Bronx Pak A It pr
Tides for a mOt Important and valuable ad
d on t the attractions ot New York at com
paratlvely small cot to the public the
measure can encounter no reasonable op
i i ppeltlon
I The land t b sot apart for the garden
Srtth Its museum arboretum and other
r buildings consists of 259 acres In a park
which Is nuw unimproved The society Incor
porated by theblll la t maintain thc garden
I I i and keep It open for the free enjoyment of
I I the nubile within proper restrictions and
i the only charge upon the city is the cost of
the buildings which Is limited t a sum up
on which tho annual Interest is 110 For
th email outlay New York will obtain a
garden which will b a neverending delight
t the people and at the same time It will
bring into immediate use one of tbo mot
beautiful nf the new pak
What such a garden may b made I un
derstood by everybody who has seen the
Eew Gardens of England the Jardln des
Flantes of Para or any of the many similar
botanical collections throughout Europe
Its two hundred and fifty acre would b
rich In foliage and gorgeous In color Every
Und and variety of plants flowers shrubs
and trees would b cultivated and its
great extent would afford opportunity for
artlstlo gardening not presented elsewhere
I this country The people accordingly
would have In it a pleasure ground of pe
culiar attractiveness Entering through Its
I paths and avenues the series of parks of
i which the Bronx forms the opening they
could wander for miles amid scenery n
rural a that of the Adirondacks and not
less varied and less beautiful The access t
the Botanic Garden by the Suburban Ball
road would be easy and the multitudes who
would be drawn thither would be
woud b drwn tither b great
that the facilities for
faolte transportation would
ppeedlly b Increased
The establishment of a great Botanic Gar
den and the enjoyment the people would
find in It would be likely t lead t the open
Ing of a Zoological Garden also and
Ig Zlo lc Gren ad on a
oalo really of New York The
elo rely worthy new
parks afford abundant room for both and
each Is properly t b regarded 8 far n Its
cost Is concerned as a single feature of a
grand scheme of park development For
millions of dollars New York could not do so
much to make Bronx Park attractive t the
people a the society Incorporated by Sena
tor CANTORS bill will do at a cost t the city
Which will b no more than 115000 a year
I Indian Solder
The order directing the enlistment ot In
dians to a number not exceeding 9000 in
the cavalry and infantry of the regular
army marks a new departure In our mili
tary policy Indian scouts have been familiar
tar for many years and are expressly Included
eluded in the maximum enlisted strength of
35000 men But recruiting troops and com
panies of the aborigines for the regular regi
ments Is a different matter and this differ
ence I emphasized by a simultaneous re
duction of the Indian scouts t 150 who are
t b scattered among the different depart
ments Arltona having 0 Dakota the
Platt and the Missouri 2 each and tbe
remainder going to Texas nnd the Colum
bia Theo scouts will therefore b expect
ed hereafter t act only as trxllers while
the Indians organized for the regiments
will conform t the drill discipline and
regulations of ordinary soldiers
zhe project thus set afoot definitely ha
fnl been under consideration and rests up
on sera grounds To begin with the dif
ficulties in procuring suitable recruits for
te army are so great that in spite of many
recent Inducements such A the creation of
a retired list extra duty pay furloughs dis
charge by purchase improved rations and
clothing post canteens and so on the en
listed strength I habitually tar below what
Congress allows and In fact 2000 below a
the present time I was rather odd t ask
Congress at the last session for authority t
Increase the present maximum when the
of recruiting officers could not
Industry rerlUngomcer coul even
reach that maximum Hence the prospect
of an additional class of recruits Is welcome
AaAn one advantage of recruiting In
dians is that they could be taken from points
r comparatively near the stations of the regi
ments They are t b organized as Troop
L In each cavalry regiment and Company
X In each Infantry regiment except that the
I four colored regiments and four white In
fantry regiments will not for the present
have them But the remaining regiments
represent forces near the Indian reserva
tions and recruits can 0 obtained with
little of that cost of
oaparatlrely lte Ct transpor
1 fcuion who attends thi enlisting a white
e J0baoi Xothtnatuta aptitude o the J
Ui >
diana for soldiering officers like Gen CROOK
have borne testimony They havo the keen
eye the trained muscles the skill with the
rifle the combative spirit the power ot en
during fatigue and privations and the pride
in military garb and in the life ot a warrior
that will help them In their new career
Still another consideration Is that some
safe outlet should b found for the martial
spirit and longings which cannot b sup
pressed In this race In all the Indian hoe
lllltloq of late years a groat source ot trouble
has boon tho restlessness of tho young men
who hear tho stories of the former glories ot
their tribe and cannot endure being penned
up on a reservation with only ploughing or
eomo kindred occupation found for them
I is believed that one of the ways to keep
peace Is t open an army career for these
young men This belief was t tho bottom
of f the recommendation of Gen RooEn after
JWORD BEARERS outbreak had been crushed
that somo of tho restless Crow Indians
should b enlisted as scouts About a year
ARUBTRONQ to the War
ago Capt AJBTRONO proposed Wlr
Department the organization of an entire
regiment of Indian soldiers But such a
concentration of them I not necessary and
would have drawbirk no that the present
scheme Is l doomed more judicious
The actual experience of tho new under
taking It Is hardly safo t predict Home
good judges think that there will b no
trouble In recruiting the eight troops of
cavalry slnoo tho Indians like mounted
service but that It will be much harder
work to got them into the Infantry Still
ordinary garrison life Is hardly t be dis
dained even by the Indian Infantryman
while the provision for allowing a propor
tion of married Indians to bo enlisted will
holp keep up band or tribal life Llout
OABETS Indian company with its adjoining
village has shown what canbe accomplished
on the plan now to b undertaken upon so
largo a scale
Rapid Transit
I I not surprising that the dullest paper
on earth young Mayor MANNINGS Albany
Argus should b caught In tho swash of local
antagonism t any further Improvement In
the elevated railroads of New York city I
adds its voice against what It calls tho con
fiscation of Battery Park for elevated rail
road purposes I Additional facilities
might bo a grand thing for Westchoater
but the Argus thinks that they would b
death t tbe poor people near tho Battery
who want a breathing spot
T SUNS appreciation of tho value of
subtle breathing spots Is a keen and
thorough a any in town but it is not pr
vented thereby from estimating fairly and
ntelllgently any other matter ot surpass
ingly great and general public interest
The fact about the Battery Park is that
there is comparatively little use made of It
where the elevated lines pass The public
much prefer to wander along the sea side of
It and watch the traffic In the harbor There
is about to bo added t tha t side of thc park
many times more space than would betaken
away from It on the other by the removal of
the immigrants sheds now surrounding
Castle Garden and something will doubt
less be done to make the
ess b building there
which Is at present unoccupied useful and
attractive The propriety of putting those
sheds there originally was to the propriety of
improving tbe elevated railroad as about
one t ten thousand
The elevated road has produced the most
valuable addition t the conveniences of living
ing in New York ever made yet it foils a
fa short of the facilities desired now for
transit as It exceeded what we had before It
appeared A most Important part of the
needed Increase In It ability t meet the
public demand is measured by precisely
those same facilities at southern terminus
which are objected to so strenuously by
critics who like the Argus wrap up their
reasoning faculties in a layer of unbalanced
sentiment or simple obstinacy notwith
standing the fact that half a million people
nearly a third of the citys entire popula
tion crowd upon these roads every day and
are clamoring for better transportation
Sir Gladstones Programme
The platform from which the Conserva
tives will seek the good will of the constitu
encies at the coming election baa been
framed already They havo sought to con
ciliate the trade unionists and the urban
workingmen in general by the appointment
of a Royal Commission for tho ostensible
purpose of investigating the relations
of capital and labor They also assure
the agricultural laborer that they are his
best friends and profess all at once to view
with cordial approval Mr JESSE COLIONOSS
proposal touching three acres and a cow
They have been for some time in the Held
with these seductive assurances and
seductve urancs over
tures and there has been much curiosity
regarding the counter declarations
rgarlnR countr delaaUonsan com
petitive offers which the Liberals would
make At last wo have what I
10 seems an au
thoritative outline of the programme with
which Mr GLADSTONE and his
adjutors have resolved t go before the
They have In the first place determined
t aim a blow at tbe lost bulwark of class
and property supremacy They will de
mand such a trenchant reform of the laws
affecting registration and the apportionment
of seats as shall put an end to plural voting
and the unequal distribution of power
among thc constituencies Every man say
the Liberals should have one vote and one
vote only and that vote should possess exact
ly the same weight in all parts of the United
Kingdom We have pointed out often in these
columns how different Is the state of things
which now exists how at present in some
boroughs one mans vote counts five ton
nay fifteen times as much as It would in
others The masses of the English voters
smart under these Inequalities and there
could be no moro welcome overture than an
offer to remove them
Other features of the Liberal programme
will strike dlrootly at what tbe great body
of workingmen and of men earning In any
calling a modest livelihood believe to 0
grievances In the existing social and
economical arrangements Thus Mr
GLADSTONE will insist that elementary edu
cation everywhere shall b absolutely free
a condition of things which by no meal
exists today in England As regards the
amendments of tho labor laws
amendment desire by
the trade unionists be does not go so fa a
t promise a legal eighthour day but ho
will assist workingmen to secure for them
selves a curtailment of the hours of labor la
all trades that will admit ot It by stamping
out the last vestiges of the law of conspiracy
He also pledges himself to bring about
an extension and improvement of the
factory laws affecting children and
also t frame a measure for the purpose
of assisting rural laborers to acquire small
patches of land The latter promlseglras In
Mr GLADSTONES mouth a definite slgnlll
cane It means that ho will do for the Eng <
llsh rural worker precisely what Mr IUi <
FOUR is now professing to do for tho small
Irish occupier namely advance Govern
ment money in order t transform him Into
an owner ot the land be tills Of even deeper I
I and moid general interest aa affecting I
favorably all the taxpayers In Great Britain
except the rch I l the distinct assertion of
the necessity of equalizing the Incidence of
taxation so that incomes which are the
earnings of hard work shall b burdened ta
less heavily than the Incomes rmulUnc
from Invested capital I the same direction
obviously tends the declaration that the
legacy I duties require such readjustment
that they who Inherit treat fortunes shall
bo mulcted for tho benefit of the community
far more severely than they are now
This Is a radical programme I the lat
had constructed It there
Mr nnADiiAVon bld cnstrce It ther
would have bon no difference In any ma
terial particular One cannot fall t note
that It ROCS Just R faas he went and no
Further In the matter of concession to that
Socialist wing of tho tradeunionist array
which happened to bo dominant In the re
cent Liverpool Congress But there Is one
tiling oven more remarkable about this pro
gramme than Its radical features and that
Is the capital fundamental proposition
which stnnds In the very Iront Wo said
two days ago that It was scarcely conceive
llo that In anv circumstances Mr GLD
STONE would disclaim or postpone his long
published Intentions regarding Ireland He
does not disclaim or postpone them He
nails the homo rule colors t the mast
Moreover hu will state distinctly what
changes ho purposes to make In the Home
Rule bill of 1886 concerning tho police the
tenure of land and tho representation of
Ireland at Westminster Ho will hold back
nothingdodge nothing Be will define his
plan In detail and let tho Tories make the
worst of It
A Very Interesting Innovation
The now and very elegant club which Is t
be established at the Filth avenue and Six
tieth street near the entrance to tho Central
Park contains a provision Its constitution
for tho setting apart of a portion of Its house
For tho use of women upon terms and condi
tions to b prescribed by tho Board of Gov
ernors The probable Intention Is t provide
a special restaurant t which ladles may b
admitted and a these ladles wU not b
members of the club the privileges as t tho
Introduction of visitors are extended accordingly
This Is not an entire novelty in club
practice for tho admission of women to the
restaurant of the most fashionable of the
Boston clubs has long been permitted but
there is no precedent for It In the usage of
the loading clubs of this city They a
and have been always for men alone places
t which men resorted to b by themselves
and apart from the restraints imposed by
the society of women It is true that a few
of them allow ladles t visit their picture
galleries only on certain occasions but
those to which the new club will
bear the closest resemblance In the char
acter of Its membership have never
made even that small concession to
feminine tnt and curiosity No woman Is
permitted to enter their doors They n
wholly and awns for men alone No fa
Face relieves tho monotony of masculine fea I
tures in their dining rooms and by Its gen
tle presence refines and elevates the man
ners and the conversation of the ruder
throngs What takes place within tho walls
of these establishments consecrated t tho
use of men alone Is a mystery even t the
ladle of the acquaintance of the members
the unwritten club code forbidding that It
shall be made known to them
Of course this I a very unfortunate restriction
striction not much for the
strcton so excluded
women as for the Included men The ex
cuse for It Is that men have habits In which
they cannot Indulge satisfactorily in the so
ciety of women smoking and drinking for
Instance and that the presence of feminine
companions exacts a formality guarded
ness of speech fatal to the freedom of
nes spech t frdom con
versation In which they would engage Nor
can they lounge and loaf with so much soul
satisfaction as when they arc by themselves I I
They also feel the need of a place of refuge
wherein they can recruit themselves after
the restraints requisite In the society of
ladles Sometimes alas I they would fly t I
I to escape from the severity of domestic
criticism and discipline wholesome though
It may b
l Is reasonable to assume that the exclu
sion of women from mens clubs in all parts
of the world was not made tho rule with
out some good cause But the widening of
the activities and Interests of woman which
hn taken place ofiecent years has tended
t release thorn from tho petty conventions
and restrictions that once may have just
fled the measure Nowadays they do not
hesitate to join men in field sport They
have got beyond the old affectation of ter
ror at any course of conduct outside of a
narrow round of little proprieties ad they
are readier and fitter t meet men simply a
Consequently womeoArenowbeglnnlngto
take part in gatherings formerly confined
to men They at political
t len appear poltcal meetings
and at public dinners and the country
clubs established In the neighborhood of the
town a frequented by them Hence the
precedent lor bringing them Into city clubs
has already been set and by the very sort
of men who have undertaken the foundation
of the new club at tIn entrance of tho Park
for the circle of society which has most
emancipated Itself from narrowness of view
as to what befits womanhood is the circle
which Is distinguished as the most fashion i
able Yet no other women are more lem I
Inlne and more blameless in their lives so I
far as concerns the essence of propriety of
conduct They arc almost Puritanical in
their behavior and the rigor of their moral
Of course tbo more admission of ladles to
a special restaurant of the now club will not
Involve nny radical change in club habits
that will immediately appear The ladles
will be practically shut out from the
routine of tho establishment which will
be the same a In other club But
the Innovation U likely t modify gradually
the whole tono of club life t improve it
and t elevate It At any rate It will b an
Interesting experiment the moro especially
OB It Is to b made by gentlemen of the so
cial position of the twentyfive who have
started the now club and who will continue
t rule it under the authority of the consti
tuUon adopted by them I
The Abolition of Seals
Senator LINSON of Kingston has Intro
duced In the Legislature a bill which Is en
titled An net t provide for the disuse of
private seals I provides that a seal I
I shall not b necessary t the valid execu
tion by any person In his private or Indivi
dual capacity of any conveyance or other
written Instrument hereafter made but a
signature without seal t any such convey
ance or Instrument shall be as effectual for
all purposes I a seal were affixed thereto
Thom Is a further provision that after the
fuiBsafrn of the bill a Bal upon a dood or
other writing shall be no bottoi evidence
Unit them was a consideration for the con
tract than a signature without a seal
This proposed enactment will make a riidl
cal change In th law of the State of Now
I I York ana In la its
Sork ac1 our opinion wit present form
It legislature ought not t receive the approval o the
There does not seem t b any valid objec
tion t changing the law so as t mae seals
bonds deeds and
no necessary upon bnda de ad
other written Instruments On the other
band we can seo no reason for providing
that when a seal la used It shall b deprived
of the legal effect which It now has and
has had for a century under the
law of England and New York I
may b well enough t dispense
with the necessity of using private seal
but when they are used they should still b
allowed the same efficacy that belongs t
them under tho ancient rule of the common
law that a contract under seal is valid
without reference t tho consideration I
n man chooses to employ a seal ho should
still have tho benefit of the legal doctrine
that thc seal Implies a consideration the
meaning of which as expressed by Prof
PAUBOVB In his celebrated work on Con
tracts Is that the act of sealing Is a delib
erate and solemn at Implying caution and
fulness of assent on the part of tho person
by t whom It Is performed
The Legislature should b chary of mak
ing changes In the common law I Mr
LINSONB bill is passed at all it should b
abridged BO as to omit all that follows the
first clause and t read a follows A
seal shall not b necessary to the valid exe
cution by any person In his private or In
dividual capacity of any conveyance or
other written Instrument hereafter made
and a proviso ought to b added to the
effect that the enactment should not b
deemed t abrogate the rule of the common
Inw that a Implies a consideration for
the contract to which It is affixed
Today March 1 I the anniversary of
the birth of that treat chieftain of American
Democracy Its daring exemplar sincere and
sturdy champion nnd rigorous defender An
DIIEW JACKSON It I 1 an occasion well worthy
of all honor bl people of the United States and
In no place should Its celebration be felt more
heartily than In New York city
The whoop which went up among Western I
Democrats for Gen JOHN M PALMER at a
Presidential candidate did not deter the Hon
DAVID BINNKTT HILL from warmly congratu
lating him by telegraph upon his election as
Democratic Senator of Illinois I
The newly seated Democratic member
from Montgomery connty Mr Dwrxn has
moved to enlarge the Stats Bailroatl Commis
sion by adding to It a representative of the
telegraph operators recommended by the
Knights of Labor and a representative of the
Farmers Alliance The simplest I rule for form
lag the Ilallroad Commission wonld be to take
Its members solely from the two great con
testing political parties Mr DWTKBB plan
will add to the political complications a body
that ha plenty of politics In It now
That beautiful addition t mans summer
costume the lash cannot be expected to
survive the coming summer even I it lasts
over the 4th of July The haberdashers in I
genuity ba been at work on Land now we I
have an Improved sash patented and chris
tened which I used to cover a ordinary
leather belt buckling around the waist and
saves the wearer the trouble of tying It him
self This will abolish the sash Tho tying
of It br band provided that little modicum of ar
tistic labor which was really the secret of Its ex
istence Making It maohlnemade with
lalnK mahinemade wih clasp
and buckle gives It character
Ilvu a chaacter common
place utilitarianism and the sash part I
bound to drop off leaving the belt bare The
only thing that can save I will b for the lead
ing sash patron the Hon THOMAS BIUCKCTT
REED of Maine to reject the buckling sash and
stick to the original form
We observe that Mr BURKS of the MIs
souri Legislature ha expressed the opinion on
the floor of the Senate that under Its present
management the leading Democratic paper of
the State the BI Load Republic baa been
a cure to the Democratic party That Is an
extravagant view to take of tho situation It
cannot be justified bl the record Notwith
standing Major JONES expressions of mis
trust regarding Missouris next eleotoral vote
Missouri i still a Democratic State
People who may b tempted t rush West
ward for the purpose of taking claims
in the new lands that have been opened
for settlement 10 Oklahoma Montana Idaho
South Dakota and Wasblngton would do well
before starting ont to lay In a stock of infor
mation about the region In which they would
like to settle The land speculators and town
lot boomers have been sending out Iridescent
accounts of the millions of fertile acres that
are awaiting the hand of industry and the
splendid sites for cities In which property will
be steadily on the rill and the fine times that
tbo first comers are sure to enjoy for the rest
of tholr lives Well true enough there are
many wide and attractive regions west of the
Mississippi River and on both sides of the
Becky Mountains in which land can yet b
purchased cheaply or obtained freely and In
which towns will Hereafter be built butt must
not be forgotten that there are also arid blz
zardbreeding desolate rainless regions In
which the farmer cattle raiser and trader
cannot flourish
There ae of course many schemes
some of which have been before Congress
for Government Irrigation on a vast scale and
for turning the blizzards skyward and for
securing a regular rainfall at the proper sea
son and for other changes not to be brought
about In the course of nature but meanwhile
the settler who goes to the sterile relons has
a hard time and Is not likely to stay there long
I ho can get away Almost every year the
Legislatures of several States bovoud the Mis
sissippi Mrs asked to make appropriations for
the relief of famishing settlers Within the
pat few weeks appeals of this kind have been
made in Kansas Nebraska South Dakota and
Idaho and delegates therefrom have been
sent out to other States to try to raise money
for the sufferers who had undoubtedly been
allured to regions la which they should not
have settled Their hardships ought to serve
ai a warning to other people who think of
going West without knowing anything about
that part of the West toward which their eyes
mar b turned
That able lurid and highly sulphurous
journal the Truth Seeker It Insidiously and
satanically booming In Its correspondence the
nomination of Gel HOBJCHT U INOEMOLI for
President of the United States Though de
mons may wag their fiery tails In fiendish joy
at the thought of Dop their own DoD running
bell bent for election they are still doomed t
msappomtment Oct INOZBSOLI will
INUXIOL wi not ac
cept the nomination
Tk Letter Let Have the Letter
From tin Klcbnonl Tuna
Buch alittir would bare prouauly bon preferred by
ia methodical a DUO u Mr CleriUnd and when ice I
busy ba may b able to And m t be received It and I
irU USa it I will be quilt M Interesting M that Mr
WstMnra ears be wrote to dorirnor UUL
Conmoi Heaps Xe Invaluable
from tla San aitkmlu tatty ffprill
For rrttldent la IBM i DaviS I II111 ot Haw fork
rletformi A commonMan tariff U a neciealty
WarmUB to Thoae with TnTltatlOB
from tla WMMnpliMt filar
No Irl neither BipreiinteilT Simpson nor mush 1
r salads In I Maryland cempetg ntng laid Senator
JeRer Hot bi continued we are going to talk
wbentrer we rccelr tn Invitation to do to
Tb Tim ofth Civil War
I m > tla trvuAfnjton Star
Secretary Proctor bat iiolied that tbe I of the
HbtUigu lif u > AorllUIMI aa4anOf Let 20 Lead
New Picture at the Metropolitan KHMITB
Another Rembrandt has been added recently
to 0 the One groan of pictures lent bl Mr
Havemeyer to the Metropolitan Museum I
Is the threequarterlength portrait of a
mlddleaa I man and from the purse In the
hand Is called the Treasurer It Is a good
example of Rembrandt tn his more common
place mood but suffers by comparison with
the Older which Is still the pearl of Item
brandts so far a America Is concerned In
deed I II In many ways loss Interesting
and less admirable than the two Bores
teyn portraits though painted at a later
date It is I richer In tone and moro
suave in treatment As a piece of char
aoterlzatlon It lacks the force of these
and the whole blame can hardly be laid upon
th model notwithstandldg ho Is not a very
virile person Mme Van Uerootoyn gave to the
youthful Rembrandt a chance to show what he
could do with an energetic and Intelligent I
distinctly prosaic countenance but we foci that
she must have been the better man In the
houoeliod for her husbands portrait reveals
one of those temperaments where a superficial
selfsatisfaction amounting even to pompous
ness Is based on a weak will and vague opin
ions ne was probably a kind spouse but he
must haTe been always a tedious and some
times a trying one for his firm and sensible
wIle But the very fact that we read all this so
easily proves the strength and decision of
liembrnndts rendering of his head In the
head If the Treasurer we read far less We
are hardly certain whether be was really as
weak as he looks or whether he was unfortu
nate In that he failed to interest his painter
Turning now to the room where the Mar
quand pictures bang where each now work
wins greater Importance from the fact that It
has been given not merely lent to the public
wo find that five new pictures have been added
within the past few weeks One Is a charm
Ing small landscape with cattle by OUr de
lightfully golden In tone and showing no rea
son why one should doubt Its authenticity
Near It hang two large portraltsby Fran Hall
much the finer of which Is i No 14 called In the
catalogue The WIfe of Franc Has No date
given and the picture cannot b Identified
In Dodos catalogue but it must be a compara
tively early work from the freshness of Its color
and Its freedom from the blackish tones per
ceptible even In the splendid portrait of a man
now in the DurandItunl gallery It shows
us I stout jovial friendly middleaged
parson whose bunds are comfortably
folded where her waist once wa whose ra
ther sensual cheek and drooping Up contra
dicting the keen glance of her eye give ns the
impression of a person not devoid ot Intelli
gence but male and moro attracted as the
veers went on by the charms of Idleness and
good Dutch cheer We do not admire her err
much but we like her Immensely and we have
nothing but admiration for the way she is
painted God firm drawing masterly char
acterization and spirited but as yet sober
brush work are enhanced bl a clear attractive
color scheme In which the black of tho dress
and the white of the laces are enlivened br
tho pink Btrltics In the skirt Tbls Is an excel
lent Fraus Hale and delightful picture to look
at though It lacks thaslnenlarly subtile charm
of the Psalm Singer recently shown at the
Union League Club and the dashing power of
the masculine portrait already spoken of The
other new Hals No 10 Is not so good being
distinctly blackish In tono nasty though very
vigorous in execution and not remarkable
a a piece of characterisation I Is the por
trait of a man seen at threeQuarter length
as Is usual with Hall and standing with his
right hand on his hIp The costume Is
black except for slashings of white in
the sleees I comes from the collec
tion of the late Earl
ton tie of Buckingham
shire while tie Omans portrait was
obtained from dealer In London
a and I
once belonged to the collection of the Earl of i I l
Bessborougb This we repeat Is an addition
to the publics treasures of which we may well
be proud and Its companion Is welcome to
for until they oame the Museum contained
only the portrait of two gentlemen No 28
with which little novor In the world had any
thing to do the small Smokers No 27
which Is a clover sketch rather than I picture
and the two exquisite little portraits lent alas
only lent I by Mr Havemeyor I to these could
now b added the DurandIluel portrait and
the FisherGirl which Mr SchausImported
benefactors of the Museum might then well
turn their attention lor a while to some other
great painter
An attempt ot this sort was made when the
other two pictures recently given were bought
for one bears tbe name of Holbein and the sec
ond of Moroni Unfortunately however
neither seems to deserve its title The
nelber Il tto Hol
bein may give the untravellad tome Idea of the
way In wnlch Holbein conceived a portrait but
I does not show the way la which he painted
one and of the Moroni little more can be bad
than that I suggests in scheme the great Ve
netian school Moroni was a pupil of the still
greater Moretto and followed his master In
giving a ruddy tone to the flesh and great
solidity and beauty of color to all
accessory parts of his canvas and
though he did not equal his mas
ter In virility of characterization and
nobility of manner ha did not fall
very far behind him Any one must realize
this who remembers the famous Tailor with
bis big shears and striped jerkin which hangs
In the National Gallery In London or the other
fine Moronls which there keep him company
But this Moroni Is at ouco imllld und blackish
In tonu that Is I to say I Is I pretty poor piece
of painting A great master has before now
painted very black A witness Franc hale and
other groat masters have at times shown us
pallid shapes But a blackish pallor Is anoth
er matter This canvas looks a I tha paint
had been thinned with ink and water and
though it baa a certain dignity which speaks
remotely of Venetian grandeur of mood It Is
weak In characterization and one of the least
attractive pictures In the Marauand room
Many years ago when describing the art
treasures of England Waagen noticed the host
of pictures some of them very good which bore
without due warrant the nume of Uolbeln In
England lie says people are much too free
with this name and oren seem to ferret mat
this master stands at a remarkable height as
regards truth In conception delicacy of feeling
for nature and accuracy In the elaboration of
details co that his bait portraits stnod with
honor beside those of the greatest masters
sudu as Raphael and Titian What Is said
here of England might have been said just as
well of Germany nboio a myriad canvases
largo and small good and bad haTe bon at
tributed until very recent years to Holbein In
short until the birth of that exacter criticism
fathered by facility of travelling and mothered
by the Introduction of pbotogrtphy until the
birth of that criticism which Is based on a com
paratlvo study of all of an artists existing
works and drawings everything painted any
where near Holbeins time ana In anything
Ilka his manner was attributed calmly to him
The present portrait says tho catalogue
represents Archbishop Cranmer and comes
from the Loin of a Mr Jose Ituthln North
Wales I Is dated Ifi39 and a seal affixed t a
sheet of paper on the table behind which the
whitebearded fIgure stands has been deci
phered a bearing the arms of Crnnmer and of
the see of Canterbury Hut all this does not
prove that Holbein painted the canvas while
there are many technical proofs that he did
not None of his solid skill In drawing is re
vealed and the bands In particular aro curi
ously Inefficient The figure Is lat whereas
the strong unexasgeraied relief of Holbeins
portraits I the despair of later men wbnn they
try to paint with effects of lighting
as simple an his Neither lu color character
ization nor ensemble Is there much evidence
of Holbeins hand all one run say of the tlc
turo with assurance Is that I belongs to the
school 01 Holbein and this means simply Shut
it II I conceited as Holbein was wont to con
celte a portrait of the sort Of course It would
be as rash to say flatly that Holbein did not
paint this picture as that Moroni did not paint
the one which bangs next It Qaly an expert I
entitled to use lueh words U thee Bat any
I amateur at all fanlllar with Old World gal
leries l is justified In saying that I these pie
I turn I have an historical right they have but
little l I artistic right t the names they bear
They may b originals but thy a not good
There Is no rashness at all In saying that If
a i Institution like the Museum purports to
Inform I I visitors with regard to the artists repr
ented i on Hi walls It should engace a new
hand 1 to prepare IU catalogue We are told that
as a portrait PAlntor Moroni was second only
tn I Titian which M I rubbish and that Titian
often referred the Bargames who apulled
to I him for their portraits to Moroni whose
style i and method were much like his own
The final part of this assertion Is ruhhsh too
unless we feel that every rslnter who studied
I and i worked anywhere In the neighborhood of
Venice painted like Titian and as to the
first 1 part It would be Interesting I an authority
woie advanced especially a Moroni belonged
not i to the Bergftmes but to thn Brcsclan
school i The catalogue gives the date ot his
birth 1 as iMP while Woltmann and Wojrmann
give i It ss about 1125 and we are told that
I Holbein was born In U9G and dldJ In 1554
while the true dates are 1197 an 11543 I More
over Holbein Is called a OcrmanEngllsh
painter simply because ho painted during his
later l years In England where there WAS no
Englshmnn who could possibly have influ
j t enced him in any war and then we rend In
I 1526 nt the earnest solicitation of Henry the
Eighth this eminent painter was Induced to
I visit England where after fulfilling his duties
at court be painted nearly all tho distinguish
ed men and women ol the period I would
be hard toorowd more misstatements Into the
same number of words than are crowded Into
those In 1520 Holbein was well and hon
orably known In haste where ho lived and In
neighboring cltlei but he was impelled by
untoward circumstances to seek his fortune
elrewhar Probably no one la England
solicited his presence there but Erasmus may
have urged him to go 8 I was 1 letter of In
troduction from Erasmus to Sir Thomas
Moro which brought him recognition and
orders for portraits Immediately upon his ar
rival In 1523 he returned to Dale and I wan
net until he went again to England four years
later that he wa > taken Into the service of the
King Errors as flagiant as these swarm in
the catalogue errors of fact and error ot
criticism both but these aro perhaps enough
museum to show that It Is a disgrace to a great public
Went dunning la Fall Dr
From the Brunnrtct Ttmet
At 1 oelook Monday night 1 party of ten
gentlemen who had been spendtngtbe evening
pleasantly at an Informal ball at too lakyl Isl
and shut house concluded they would havo a
pig hunt O before retiring without taking
Urn to change the dress suits Wi which they
were attired they tlunu their rifles across their
shoulders and lot out Into the jungles of Jekjl
In quet 01 wild bOis The agreement bxfore
starting wa that every rlfl should ho fired at
the first pta that broke cover They frd not
proceeded very far before one of the gentlemen
had the iniMortune to trip and fall heavily
through a bunch of nalmattoos and Into btalr
or water about a foot and a hal deep
Sixteen shots were tired In quick succession
from the rifles of tho other members In the
direction of the noise each one thinking a pig
had been started During the fusillade the pla
I lucky sportsman was afraid in put own his
nope above water and when after the firing
had ceased the hunters rushed to the spot to
I Und their lame they discovered Instead of a
wild hoc their balfdrownedcomi anion The
boy shouldered the game and carried It back
t the club house fully persuaded that mid
I night very well dreH together stilts and pig hunting dlJnt go
Prairie Cattle Are Well
from thf InterOcean
DALLAS March UThe flffo nth annual
Convention of the Northwest Texas Cattle
Growers Association convened yesterday
morning The range cattle cnnntrv all along
cate cOlntr
the line of the plain from Montana alonl
Gulf WAS represented and the report from the
whole range country with the exception of a
few drouehtstrlcken spots was oxoepton range I
rattle have been particularly well preserved
during Ibo pat KBBKID Very little Buffering
has been occasioned by storms ant Inlerlol
Ing was good Ml through the winter It Is pre
dicted that If cold weather bolds off for the pre rt
of the season range cattle all along the
line will b fatter usual and In better condition generally
Tho Wtttlnf Waited For a Fnerat
mm uu CTiteaao Trine
Jamai O Campbell pastor of the Methodist
Chinch at Vest Lafayette end Jllsn Mora
Date of this city were married thin afternoon
at tbe residence of the brides aferoor
Darter The marriage was delayed for some
time owing to marae tbat the late A 1 Luse
tbe trp founder of Chicago was Miss Darters
dlvircrd husband The discipline of the Meth
odist i hurch says most positively te minis
ter hal not marry a divorced woman while
her husband lives and this canned the delay
The wedding WAS In the same bouRn Where nix
years beforo President I Tuttle had married
the same bride to A P Lute
The Proposed Tax BUI Personal Property
To ua EDUo or Tn SuaSr The dllorUl In ibis
mornlnii Bixentitled The Proposed Tax Bill pr
lenti the qutltlon thereby rod l with admirable clear
nen and torc
Tbe advantage to rut eltate owner of freedom from
taxation of pertonat properly la I appreciated by filly
owner and the opposition coiaee from tbe farmers
The farmer ancne that tbe money leadar eats ala
prlncloal and intend rutty while Iba owner at the
farm work hr4 and oennot In I recent year mat a
pioilt on tbe farm product to my nothing about the
depreciation In marketTalne of the land
The real remedy for tbe farmer t to cheapen the rate
of interest on hit mortgage and t Increaie thedamand
for his farm product
The only way lo do this la I la bonus b aopptyot
personal properly In Ibis locality
Encouragement to owners of personal property I lo
cale their connlry ratt or tnuloeitlD New York State
would mult In Increased population with ooniegaeat
demand forfarm prodncu and cheaper railroad r < > tee
and teller transit faclllttei until the market value of
land In farming parts of b State would bring prices
In proportion t tbe attraction of nature
In New Tort lb real battle 1 to convince b
farmer that the removal of taxation from personal
property la the flnt step In the direction of tti own
pecuniary Improvement QIOHOE w ELLI
NiwYoai March 13 IB3I
Taxation Drove Them Aero Ute Congo
mm the xmdnn Ttmri
Information ha been rId that all the trader on
tba COOl except one Dutch buule hail removed I
the left bank of the river to escape the tremendous
taxes irS impediments enforced eluoe tbe commence
ment of the year by the tree mat Tbe trader who
have Ihli gone under Pnrtugueie jnrlidlctlon declare
that tledmieiof the latter ara light comparad with
those imposed t > r tie Congo Stat It Is tnilan ced that
one moderate house ould bar to pay jsu for a iplrlt
licence at Borne and the came at Vatada while land 1
taxed alo much per yard which tax li 1 doabled wbtn
factories are erected on the land heavy ftacal burdana
back sri also mploytta paced on canoes surf boats and whit and
Let Dad Enough Alone
from Ike n ladilpiitoi Record
This tirade aralnii wearing tlghu on th stag seems
t be an immensely popular toe laid Mr StumpS
OhI horrors said Mia Slumps I hadnt heard of
It Von dont mean to say that mot gIrls ar braiea
enough to appear without even tight do your 1
S A Tektlaionlal
lie an Jlropiy went to see ope o dim pliyi by
Shakespeare lai lilglif itld Swlprir the newiboy
Any good t asked retle
Not much rooty good Shake aint llarrlgao
from lie HfUAinoron dOOr
The snide are beautiful laid the mother softly to
her roungtii boy
stahl Tie memma > be mOrmonS they an out of
In Ball Attire
rtme the aihtittm dOor
HeAre you going to tlie Fader ha reeiltf
Mielln cn I r I ve nothing to wear
lleW ell hut that enough I
sleep und Death
fntn lUt genius till Tttia
Whoa sleep drop down te < IJe my lore and me
Altliougli ilie s ears the countenance ot a friend
A leaioui me we prove her In the ml
In leparaia barks tar out on dramau < see
She lures our weddd l icuiL It td winds blow free
Arid trill Ce wide sport br tiles l that lOad
Toward lieud unknown worlds Mot one our strange ware
Tbruugn the long night wblli sleep look on In gtss
01 death he kludtr than thy > iIep l Menu
wi en < t thr rail we luuriirr tortli ai me dy
Tlro > Kn tht iiitnerloui and nnntlne I strait
Tiilaiil > nioi IU am than lbs iclit oh dreauu
close 01Cc e tonbr let our iHnl slay
urelie with cos swift mote atinlallaie I
it U beet Ii break up a catarrhaleomIn luearl
by uIn Dr U Jaycee hgeuWract 54 ttmpiy staisi
7OmOQk flah Ld isuy4d
WUA2 n aonnt Old itr SOCZBTT
The favorite resort of society people In thrsi
Lenten dais Is the theatre Thontre parties
and theatre club preceded by l dlntipri or fl f > t
lowed br suppers Rio the rnso and whether
the performance be good or bad the play In
torrstlnir or the reverse the playwright Phalts
spear or Bardou signifies but little so that r
the right not mist tojtoihor in the place that HI
Fashion ba > decreed tobe meet dailrnblct
Oo > > a < tlonntlr the locality soloitod Is the Met
ropolitan Opera house Miss Flora Davis took
thither a part r of sixty on Friday night an4
bronchi them back after the Urt rfornmnca
nf Die GCttrrdnmmorunir to supper and
dancing at her fathers house In Washington
square All the belles who are not In florid
or Bermuda were there and possibly enjoyed
themselves all the moro for the temporary ah
sense of their dearest friends and confllnntss
A curious change has recently taken place la i
the sea ° on of Lent Hitherto It tins had only a
religions Importance among a haute I class la
the community but this rear It has RusumM a
distinctly society aspect as a bridge b < Ueen
the winter season of dancing and racketing
and the period of spring coaching races and
ynchtlno parties Special Interests and occu
pations bare been assigned to it an a period
for Intellectual progress and improvement op
the one hand and of athletic exer < If es for the
strengthening and beautifying of the ph slqus
on the other Never have there been co many
lectures and on such variety of topics at dur
ing the last four weeks lectures fiolentldo
artlstla literary and dramatic to Kay noth
ing of discourses on cooking mllllnerr and
dressmaking these last quito frequently with
a musical accompaniment by the Hungarian
band Even American history the most pro
sale of studies has come prominently to the
fore and large class of fashionable womti
are listening to lectures on colonial and cr
colonial times possibly with the hopoof ua
earthing some forgotten ancestor whnta
miniature can be painted to order and wtiOM
name will figure well In a family tree
Others again who consider that they owe
as little to ancestry as her do to posterity
have joined classes In fencing posturing and
high jumping studying Spanish models care
fully both In public and private and attaining
to very considerable proficiency In the Car
menclta methods as well as In the more mod
est and graceful dancing ot the London Gaiety
troupe but having always in view the Improve
ment In grace suppleness and agility of the
human form divine Sewing classes which
were formerly the stronghold for Innocent
pastime and flirtation have fallen quite Into
disgrace and ladles luncheons though fre
quent and sumptuous bare not been more
numerous than at any other time of the tear
A very superb and a very pleasant one was
given by Mrs Herman OelrlchH on Tue dty
when the table cloth was of delicate pink slit
without any show ot luce or apery sprinkled
hero and there with roses and violets while
fl > < ck of snowwhite dotes emblematic of Inno
cence and ourlty were grouped under it filmy
covering from the base of the chandelier
The only wedding of the week was celebrated
at tho Roman Catholic Cathedral on Thnra
day and transformed Miss Claire Coudtrt Into
Claire do Cholsoul a pretty name enough and
moat suggestive of romance and poetry la
the centuries son by The church ceremonies
were stately ami Imposing and the bride
looked radiantly happy In the contemplation
of the prospective honors of her new llle
The Thursday Evening Club was entertained
the same evening by Mrs Qrlsw I at her house
ia Ninth street with a medley of songs yenta
tlons and legerdemain which was mot amos
leg and heartily enjoyed br those who braved
the wind and tim rain to be present
Hunting on Long Island was resumed oa
Wednesday Borne half dozen of the more
enthusiast member of the Meadowbrook
Club joined In the run bendfi by their M F
II Mr Hitchcock who returned from England
In time to escape tao great blizzard which cuts
an end to hunting there for this spring There
was another run yesterday and there will be
two every week hereafter until the slat of the
crops forbids their further continuance
Cards will soon be Issued for the wedding of
Miss Nannlo liayard daughter of Mr Clove
lands Secretary of State to Count Lewenhaupt
otHwedon The marriage will take place at
the old 13avard mansion In Wilmington soon
after Easter and from the social prominence of
both families will be an important event la
Washington and Baltimore
An cngogomontbas recently been announced
between Miss Laura Tuckerman daughter of
the late Lucius Tuckerman of this city and
Mr James Lowncles of the South Carolina
family of that name and a wellknown lawyer
in Washington
One of the most interesting Easter weddings
will be that of Miss Maud Jaffray and Mr Hoi
Us Hnnnewell of Boston which will take place
on the 8th of April at the residence ot the
brides grandfather Mr E B Jaffray
Although It is still two weeks to Easter ar
rangements are already making for the re
sumption then of the festivities which have
been suspended during Lent Tb first Im
portant function Is to be a dance at Mrs Ileber
B Bishops on Easter Monday preceded br
dinners given br Mrs W D Bloane Mrs Henry
Bloane Mrs Mills and others ot the cay st
Besides these invitations are out for a number
of small dinners on Easter Sunday which will
ba as lively as the sacredness of the day and
the fatigues of its celebration will permit
The many friends of Mrs William Waldorf
Astor will sjmpathlre deeply with her In the
death of her mother His James W Paul of
Philadelphia Mrs Paul was a very lovely wo
man as good and true at heart as she was
beautiful and attractive In person Her chari
ties were widespread and her death will be
sincerely mourned among the poor and needy
at her home In Vlllanova as well as among her
large circle of relatives and friends In Phila
delphia Br this sad event Mrs Astor will
again be thrown Into mourning and her sum
mer In London will bo passed in seclusion
At the latest advices Mr W K YundorMlfs
yacht Ah a had arrived at Uenoa on Its way to
Nice Cables from Cadiz report that she Lads
rough voyage across the Atlantic but that all
on board were well
It has bean a matter of surprise to those who
have attended the sale of Mr Brayton Ivies
collection of porcelains and curios that so few
of the wealthy men and women of Now York
have shown an Interest In It The collection
was ono of the richest and rarest that has ever
been exhibited here selected with taste > and
judgment and absolutely regardless of expense
It was expected that the art galleries whore
the Halo took placo would be crowded with
wellknown people but Mr fibber II Bishop
and Mr William C Whitney were almost Us
only competitors outside of dealers and bro
kers Very many of the choicest bits wiot to
Chicago and other Western cities while the
gem of the collection a lawless crystal ball
which In Japan would bo an objict of
religious worship was sold to a gentleman la
Brooklyn for a thousand dollars leas tbuult
coot Very few la lies were present at any
time Had such a sale taken plrre at dtlile 1
Hansons the great art dealers lu London tt >
street would have boon blocked with currm3
everyday and the salesroom crowded with
artists Connoisseurs wealthy wullknovrn
collectors from among the fashionable and
aristocratic eats
An amateur theatrical entertainment In aid
of a summer home for colon wmnon d
children is l announced tn take rlucn at the
Berkeley Lyceum on V < dnunday and llmri
dny evenings of thU wiuk London teellr
acme that pet drama of ambltlout amateurs
will ho produced with Mr John II lllrlJjr
Even Wendell Mr Qrenvlll Janice > ir
Albert La Montages Miss liamsny and hiss
Bblppen In the leading part Uilh iuca
east the actinic must necesarllr bo xco I
The Hasty Pudding Club of Harvard sr
nouni e its nnnnal pcrformnncs at tie BOO
liHttun AthlitliCltihon I I tho11 t imd4 hoi Aim
Ap or anal op ieim vlti a i Micnnir 1 i >
bio ana imiosslhletober lord nmne
and a fare called Two Old Orndn will form
the laughterprovoking programme and those
Will dl
who love a good corolo performance v
WU to secure their ticket U i tlm

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