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UJT r ' " ' ' Tntt aim TtPRHAV. RMPTT5MBER '211. 1891. E
TUE8DAV. SEPTEMIIEK 29. 1891. ? Hnbaerlptlon by Mall-roit.pald. daily, rer """ i i laming . m . y so DULY. Per Yfii.nm.n,M..i,-i,p..,w oo J' Bl'NPAT, I'er Tear.-.,........ a oo J DAILY AND SUNDAY. rer Year.....-,.,.!, V OO ' , DAILY AND 8UNT)AY. rr Month. . . 70 tmrtrt.v, p.. v.r. imn , t j oo . rostago to Foreign Countries added, r TOE HUN, New York City. The World's Trade and llrlMtli Feilcra- A Uon' a That lmpotlat, or, aa Prof. TnEESiAN pro tj fers to call It, Britannia confederation, In lra- 3 practicable, seems now generally to bo ad mitted by thoso compotent to discus1) tho subject. Borne of these, howovor, havo Jj fallen back on what thoy torm a " Unltod 3 Empire Trade Lcaguo" a Hollvereln or jj customs union of all tho peoples under J tho British line, 'which, whllo enjoying J free trado with each other, should , lmposo dtscrtmlnatlvo duties on tho prod- Jucts of all other nations. It wai re 4 Mrvcd for Mr. Avnnxw CAHVEOin to show i In tho lost number of tho Nineteenth Century 1 that tho latter Hchcrao fa overy whit as uto- ' plan ns tho former. Tlila ho does by put ting tho plain business question whether Great Britain and her colonies would make t" ffood bargains by banding together against '" the outsldo world and giving to each otlior moro favorable tonus thin to outstdora. The answer Is slmplv n matter of llgtiros. At prosonttlio United Kingdom exports mbout25) millions sterling of her products yearly. Of those, all tho British dependencies take but 82 millions, or loss than one-third of thewholo. What, then, tho Unltod Emplro Trade League proposes Is to discriminate against cuatomors who consume 1CS mll . llonsstorllng In favor of thoso who consume less than one-halt that amount. Tho same proportion Is encountered In Biltlsh ex ports, one-third bolng received fiom British dependencies ngnlnst two-thirds furnished by foreigners. If thero vveron piospect of tho colonial auil Indian tnulo growing moro rap idly than tho tiado with foreign nations. It might bo held that tho future, would Justify the sacrlllco. But there Is no such prospect, the former trade tondlng to decline- whllo tho latter Is Increasing. Thero Is another fatal objection to a l'nn- Brltannlc Zollveroln. Tho ad oentos of such a schemo nssumo that foreign nations would remain passlvo in tho fuco of a sovero dis- crimination against their products. But Is It likely that tho United States, which are i . Great Britain's greatost customer, would ; abstain from retaliation If thoy Raw their food ' Staples subjoctod to customs duties In British ports from which tho corresponding staples of the Canadian Dominion were exempt? Is ; It probablo, again, that Gormany, which now takes an amount of British products valued at somo eighteen millions sterling, would ; enduro a discrimination against her exports In favor of thoso from tho British colonios ? Again how would It bo with tho Argcntlno , Bepubllc, which now buys British goods to '"'' the extent of from ton to cloven millions sterling per annum ? Would sho permit her products to bo taxed by British Custom Bouses whon she has a standing Invitation i' to reciprocity with tho United States? Thero ' can be no doubt that If Groat Britain should discriminate against foreign products in favor of those colonial, tho whole- of her South American trade eventually would bo transferred to tho United States, provided Mr. Blaine's system of reciprocity should bo adhered to, la view ot these considerations It Is ob vious that a Fan-Brltannlo Zollvorcln would mean grave loss, if not oommorclal ruin, to v Great Britain. Mr. Cajineoie goos on to show that for tho colonies also It would bo a bad bargain. To begin with Canada, it Is pointed out that at present sho finds a mar ket for moro ot nor products In tho United States than in tho mother country, and finds it, moroovor, to hor advantage to pur Ohaso moro from tho former than from tho latter. Now, If, in pursuanco of tho policy ' contemplated by tho Ur.llod Emplro Trado '' League, our commodities woro subjected '..'- In Canadian porta to heavy dutlos, whllo competitive British waros were admitted froo, wo should undoubted ly excrclso tho powor of rotallntion. Nor would this bo confined to tho Im position of suotOlutics upon Cnuadlan prod ucts as would effectually bar them out ot the American markot. It Is also In our power virtually to bottlo up Canada during ;'i m largo part of tho year. Wo could rofuso to i permit tho transit through American tci rl- ij j tory of goods In bond destined for tho V Dominion. Wo could rofuso to permit tho ' Canadian l'aclilu to connect with Ameilcan railways, and thus corapoto with 4 them on equal terms for tho tralllc to and from tho great Wost and the AUantlo seaboard. Wo could rofuso to allow Canadian vessels privileges in Amorl oan porta which nre doalml to American ves sels In Canadian ports. Tacit to faee with ( the Canadian Dominion no povitt-s ugluut's strongth, but wo do not uio Itlllco a gloat, nor should wo do so unless our nolghbor dls- crtmloatod against our products. Thero Is, i lndeod, no daugor of any such dlscrlralua- tton. It Is much moro likely that, It tho L lb- '- aral party shall triumph In tho approaching ! V election, as it may bo expectod to do, tho I i! . Canadian DomlnlonwllUIIscrlminatoagalnst l'-i the products of tho mother country in favor &',;. of the United States. '.'' If we turn to Australia wo again encounter '' objectlonoof a probably Insuporablo ordor ', . . to a Pan-Britennlo Zollvcroln. Tho Austr.i '. ' Han colonics aro all protectionist, with tho lj" exception of Now South Wales, whoro f tee f; trade Is dolly losing ground. Thoy roly upon 'i customs duties to defray a largo part of ', tnelr pubtlo expenditure. Ihoy even hcsl-J.- tate to enter Into en Auitrr.llan confedora a tlon, lost thoy thereby loso tho customs i' revenue derived from goods Importod from ; one another. If under a Pan-lirl tannic .oil 's veroln they should al3o loso tho Incomo now "'" forthcoming from Imports from Great Britain, they would bo bankrupt; for tho Australian people would not telerato tho Imposition of dlroot taxes to tho extont that would be requisite. In a word, Mr. Cahneoie has demon strated that a customs union betwoen Great ' Britain and its dependencies is as purely visionary as Is their political confederation. Tho Sunday Fishing Lnw. On evory pleasant Sunday during the flailing EPason upward of a thousand por sons llsh in Jnmulca Bay on tho south sldo of Long Island. Noattorapt has been mailo to disturb thcKO anglers until recently. On tho 20th Instant, howovor, numlwrof them woroarrestod aa Sabbath breakers at tho in etanco of somo not llshormen v. ho had boon taken into custody a few days previously for fishing In tho bay with seines, contrnry r to law. Tho Justlco of tho Poaco beforo whom tho Sunday anglers were taken Im posed a fine of $3 upon tho entire party.who paid tho raonoy and wero released, A rcnowal of legal operations against tho flahoruion who lolled tho Sunday law uus i expected on last Sunday, and, according to ono of tho published reports, somo of tho anglers armed themselves with revolvers and shotguns, In ordor to nwlst nirost. However this may bo, tho complainants of tho previous week did not appear, and llsh Ingin tho bay went on all day, as usual, without lot or hindrance. Thoso Incidents, occurring nt a tlmo when wo aro discussing tho expediency of open ing tho World's Talr on Sunday, suggest that somo of our own Sunday regulations hero In Now York aro capable ot Improve ment, l'lshlng Is u gentle and harmless sport, almost lnnilablyoorrledon without noise or other dlstui banco of tho public peace and quiet: nnd t hero Is no good reason why persons who Indulge In this pursuit for purposes of rocreatlon should not bo pormlttcd to do so on Kundny, Our law on tho subject of Sunday fishing Is contained in section 205 of tho Penal Code, which prohibits " all shooting, hunt ing, llshlng. playing, horso rnclng, gaming, or other public sports, exercises or shows upon tho first tiny ot tho week, and nil noise disturbing tho pcaco of tho day." An Infringement of this prohibition Is declnrod to bo Sabbath breaking, which offenco Is punishable by n lino of not less thnu llo or moro than ten dollars or by imprisonment In a county Jail not ex ceeding Iho days, or by both such lino nnd Imprisonment. If tho tiffondcr has pro luuslyboen eonleted of Sabbath break lug, tho punishment must bo ii ilnoot not less than ton or moro thun twenty dollars, and must Include Imprisonment for not less than Iho or moro than twenty days. '1 he .stilt uto permits fruit to bo sold all day on Sunday, and also confectionery and newpnpors. anil thus dlroctly junctions tho carrying on of busluess by tho persons deal ing In these articles. Wo cannot porcclvo why It should bo legal and light for allows boy to soil pnpera in tho streets of New York on Sunday morning nnd wrong for him to llsh In Jumnlca Buy on Sunday ufter noon. Thero Is scarcely any form of recreation moro quiet or sober than llshlng, and unless people uro to be forbidden from seeking rec reation at all on Sunday it seems to us that this sport should bo permitted Instead of being prohibited by tho Sunday laws. Tho Public Service of tho Late Mr. Kemblc. Tew men that wore conspicuous In public ulTulrs during tho lush days of Grautism o or rendered to tho causo of honest gov ernment a gioater sorvloo than that which will distinguish, for a long tlmo to como, tho name nnd career of tho lato William II. Kr.Min.u or Philadelphia. When wo llrst beoamo acquainted with this gentleman. Tun Sun was engaged, almost Hltiglo-hnnded, In n struggle with throe of tho most coirupt, powerful, and In solent rings or combinations known to tho historian of American politics; tho Tweed ring not oven excepted. Wo tefer. llrst. to the gang which t tiled tho Navy Department under Scroll Hodgson's notorious leader ship, nnd by collusion between long-pursed contractors outMdo and cm i upt Government oflleluls InMdo. plumloied tho Unltod Stntett Treasury whllo pretending to patch and tinker the United Stnlos navy. The booond combination was tho District of Columbia Bing. of which Alexander B. Shewieiid was Boss. This ring Included somo of tho closoht personal friends und fuorites of tho President of tho United Status. Tho third combination which Tun Sun was then at tacking was thollnirlbbuig King, a gang of robbeis who wero tunning tho State of Pentisj 1 aula In tho Interests of thorn sol cs and tho ltepulillcan party. Tho relations and correlations of theso thrco powciful systems of ecoundrcllsm wero many ami intricate-. Tho man or tho journal who trod on ono was sure to bo struck nt by the poisoned fangs of ono or both of tho others. Tho thtoo rings woro linked, nnd each represented Grantlsm. William II. KcMnr.E,. for example, was at tho same tlmo Stato Treasurer of Penn sylvania nnd tho Pennsylvania member of tho Republican National Committee. The Harnsburg und Philadelphia jobs reached to Washington In a tlioiibanddlfferentwnys. In tho pursuit of Its duty as an honest newspapor. The Su.v exposed the sham of Willi vm II. KKMULEnnd his fellow conspir ators In the war claim frauds. At the samo time tho editor of The Sun was In Wash ington testifying beforo tho committee apK)lntcd to "Investigate" nnd white wash tho rascals of tho Navy Department. On March !M. 1S7J, at about 2 o'clock In tho morning, Mr. Dn was attested in Phila delphia on the train bringing him to Now York. Tho nn est was at tho suit of Wil liam II. Kuvmr.r. who plunged The Sun With libelling hlb reputation. It wnb during this mouth, namely, March, 1972. that Mr. Kp.miile unwittingly fur nished The Sl'.s and tho friends of honest government throughout tho country with ono of tho most efTeotlvo weapons over tinned against intrenched con option. Tho weapon consisted of n phra-.o. and tho phrase occurred in a letter which Kesiiili; hadvvilttensevot.il yciiHonrlior. Thlstelo brated letter has been published In several slightly vatylng versions. Heio It Is: "Tbi n llFrUTkvrnr lsiri'iu , " miiHimnu Mnrcti Si lhtl7 '1 "Mr linn Titun Allow inti to Introltice to jnn my pirtlrular rrliml Mr HsgkokO Fmm Ilo Iiu clnlm of vninn ntiitfliltilJ) that ttoulntie ) ti to to lielp Mm III I'ftt htm ttirotiu'h n uii nnuM no Ho uritW ktan U nOilllluu, ilit Ulun mi 1 blltrnru. oiirn "V II Klllll "ToTitiiv I Corrrr, Tsq , vrnihlnglon, u. 0," In tho legal proceedings which followed Mr. Dana'.s in rest, tho author ot tho letter was compelled to ndinlt, under oath, that he had penned this brief creed of rascality whllo Treasuier of the Stuto of Pennsyl vania. Thophmso Addition, Division and Silence became historic. It caught the public car mid awakened the public i unsolemn. No words over I K-foro put together eouve.vod so com Isely nud forcibly the oMiet formula by w lilch t ho people vv em plundered at Washing ton and nt Han ishurg during the days when Guwrnns President of the Pnltoif States, ltoiu.soN Secretary of the Navy, Sur.i'HKUl) Boss of the District of Columbia, nnd Kkm nr.r. itmblils guug iill-jiovvorfiil lu i'euiiHyl vanlit. If anyone tiling can bitsnlil to havo won tho buttle for Tin: Sitn nnd for tho cause of honest government, It was this pluaso of four words, Inv ented nnd supplied byouoof the vuust enemies good govern ment over had lu the State of Pennsylvania or In tho whole Union, 'Iho subsequent hlstoiyean bo summed up lu a vmy shott spine. Tho ltoiu.sov King was broken. 'Iho SiiEi'iiPun Itlng was broken and the IIoss Fritt Into exile. Kvans, who umleistooil Addition, Division nnd Silence, died In West Philadelphia early in the summer of 1H75. l'lvo yoats later Kemiile himself was sontoneed by a Penn sylvania .fudge to solitary confinement at hard labor In tho Pastern Penltentlnry of Pennsylvania for can ylng his method Into practice once too often nt llntrlsbiirg. lie was pardoned thiuugh the lulluence of Matthew Stanley Qr.w nnd other friends In power. Ho spent tho remitludei of his life In rctliomcni ftom public atr.iirs, rich, I It Is said, and remembered chiefly as tho original professor ot Addition. Division nnd Sllenco, Give him credit now for whit he did for honest government! VIiy He licaves. Tho Bov. Dr. Paoe, a Pn'sb.vterinn minis ter of this town, has resigned his pastorate, preaching his fatowoll sermon Inst Sunday, and It Is understood that ho wilt pass over Into tho Kplscopal Chinch and Its ministry. Ho refuses himself to pnv anything about Ids Intentions as to such a change, neither continuing nor ilettvlugt lie i oiHirt. It may be assumed, theteforo, that ho will follow the Bnptlst Dr. liiitbcir.U x Into tho I'.plsco pul Church. The reason for this step Is probably not any radical change lu his doctrinal opinions und convictions, but ti piefeionco for tho order, system, nnd methods of tho Episco pal Church. Ho Is not n Presbyterian her etic seeking icfiige In moio liberal sur roundings. Ho leaves Presbyterlnnlsm without undertaking to assail Its doctrines, nnd with no soreness becnuso of any as aaults made upon hlin. His standlngnmong tho Presbyterians has always been good, nnd the people of his Immediate church nio reluctutit to part vvlrli him. Ho has mado no uproar In tho denomination to afford excuse for his going, but has gono quietly. Tho Episcopal Church suits him hotter nnd ho will be moro nt homo In It. Tho Itov. Dr. Paoe. therefore, is simply following tho example of many lay Presby terians who aro now found In Episcopal churches. They havo changed their ecclesi astical alleglanco because thoy tiro attracted by the Episcopal liturgy and wero repelled by the so eto simplicity of the worship and tho hard logic ot tho doctrines of Presby tia Intilsm. They wanted to gratify their debit o for worbhlp without being required to grapple with tho knotty questions of predestination, ptctnrltlon, and effectual calling. In other words, they wanted to piny In pcaco. That fooling Is llkoly to extend among Presbyterians nt this time, when their w hole communion Is agitated overtho West minster Confession, when heresy trials are beginning, and tho membership nro ex pected to range themselves on ono sldo or tho other of the light. Many of them nro longing to got out of tho dilemma, for thoy caro littlo about tho questions lu contro vctsy, but havo ft strong religions senti ment, for which thoy want to find com fortable expression. Thoy nro tired of hearing about theology: they want to think only of lellglon. Of thootheis who aro In tho light as bitter partisans, a part aro tending to stricter Calvinism than over, and a port will pass over logically Into ag nosticism. If Dr. Paoe woro a Inyman, his chnngo to tho Episcopal Church would exclto no ro maik, so stiong Is tho movement of tho Presbyterian htlty In that direction, lu the great tow ns more especially. It is only be cause ho Is a minister that the step pro vokes comment, nnd loasonubly so. If ho Is tired of the controversies nnd motnphyb Ical dlscu'slons of current Presbyterlan Ism, may ho not bo representative of ninny others In tho mlnistty who 6hnro the feel ing which Is so strikingly manifested by tho laity ? On nil sides tho religious situation is full of iutereat. A Loan to the City of Chicago. Tho Hon. Shelby M. Cdllom of Illinois lncks an opinion upon a sublect that does not admit of reasonable Indecision. Our estoomed contemporary, the Chicago Her ald, the forefront of tho Chicago Fair move ment, though n'ot In apology for tho at tempted swindlo of a Government loan, asked Mr. Cullom, lately In Chicago, whether ho was In favor ot tho desired $5,000,000 loan by Congress. His responso was. " I don't know yet whether I am or not." Mr. Cullom's reason for uncertainty was his doubt whether any more money Is need ed tit ptosent. and curiosity ns to what had already tieeomo of the amount raised from tho reported prov Ision of eleven millions live millions from tho city of Chicago, llvo millions from Its citizens, and n million from tho Stato of Illinois. Then, thinks Mr. Ccllom, ho may voto for a further loan. It ho thinks that money Is absolutely needed. Appropriating Federal money for tho Pair would, lu fact, bo making a Government loan to tho city of Chicago. That ravenous town ugieed to produce tho Fair upon n se.de entirely fitting to tho requirements of tho occasion, Aftor her promises, which spread a glittering color over the subtle machinations ot New York ami Pennsylvania Republicans, the Fulr has no requirement which can Justly como within the consideration of Congress. To say that money Is needed to mako the Ex position ns magnificent ns It ought to be is merely local Ingenuity for raising tho neces sary fund. It Is a swindle lu invention nud facts. Mi. Ciilt.om should glvo tip all doubt upon tho subject, and, If ho would appear as a truly worthy Senator from Illinois nnd can didate for President, go to work to prevent the disgi.teoof the i hiof city of his Stato by making her hustle to raise the money, nnd not t ast discredit on tho country by giving anv such cheap show as sho lately threat ened to glvo unless the Government would pay her not to. Tho Tvva Corbies. Ono of the banners displayed In tho llni vest Festival with which Minneapolis and Minnesota have been celebrating tho groat ciops and tho goncrnl prosperity vvlilt h mnrk tho year, boio this Inscription: ' VV hi- it l hlnit In 1H i the rimin Ititlanl In Mlnn until kii in Km mil) llimlirlt, Virtli Dakota, Untax),. mo, WaMiKtuii uii I orncm, KOouonoo" Tho St, Paul and Minneapolis newspapers nro full of lutotviews with representatives of all departments of business, all express ing satisfaction with tlio present condition of tt. nio and predicting still greater pros perity In the future. From all pints of the West, from all paits of tliocoiintiy, comes the same story. The crops at n good, business is good, the spirits and the hopes of tho pi-oplo nro high. If but a half of the cvpcctattoiis nro realized wo shall be thankful, This woll-Hiitlslleil nml thriving country the Corsica mi Coiiden und the Claimant have undertaken to persuade that It has boon ruined ami still Is being ruined by the proteitlvo tariff. Ihoso two singular eoinpoumls of mountebank and crank vutut tho Domocrutlo party to shut Its eves, stand on Its head, and sny to the farmers, whoso bains aro bulging with grulii, "Your granaries nro empty on account iif the tariff:" to tho Job beisnnd the country storekeepers, whoso stocks nro bolng sold as fast as thovaro ordered, "You aro prevented from doing business by the t irlff;" to the laboiors, whoso services are In giettor demattd than over, "You can find no work, on neoount of the tariff;" to the well drosped, "You aro naked on account of the tariff;" to tho well to do, " You aro paupors on account of tho tariff;" to a notion digesting Its dinner with enjoymont and peace of mind, "You nro starving on account of tho tariff." If tho Democratic party wero sufficiently far gone with paresis to bo searod by tho croaking of these ridiculous crows. It would be laughed out of sight In 1892. Hired weep ers are nut In demand nt n wedding feast, and crows aio hunted with shotguns, Tho Board ot Health seems nt first sight to have acted hastily In destrnjlng tho erapos sprajed with Bordeaux mixture, If Prof. Oal iovvatIs rlkdit In saving that a man would have to drink nearly eighteen pints of whin mudo from tho crushed grapes to get a sltiglo milligram of sulphate of copper, vrhtlu over twenty lullllcrainsoraauarter of a Brain Is the u-ual minimum dose for a tonic. Something of this sort was lately heard In Boston, when tho Hoard of Health sclrctl a Quantity of Pteiich pens from well-kiiovvii drugi'Ms. and the sclrure vwis sustained by tho courts In spite of tho fuel t hat the adulter ation complained of vvhh no mora than n tenia proportion of sulplinto of copper. Technically, of course, tho Board of Health Is just lilt d, hIiico It Is stifllcloiit to condemn eatables that they should ho adulterated without regard to their Wholesotueness. Hut should not meiotliitnn technical Justification bo reuulred beforo so great a destruction of property? THE I'OPK'S BTATUR VXTKILKD. Const I.onhnt's Gilt to the fnttiollo Vnl. trrxlty lu Wnnutuatou. WAsmxaTov, Sept. 2K Tho marble statue of Popo Leo XIII. presented to thu Cuthollo Uni versity tit Washington by Count Jos. Lottbat of Nuw York, was unveiled this afternoon. Tho unveiling exercises wero very Blmple. and woro participated In by Archbishop Corrlgan of Now York. Cardinal Gibbons, and a largo number of prominent members of the priest hood nnd tho laity. Thostattio Is mado of Carrara marble, and represents the Pope In a sitting position, clad In the vestments ot his unlet. The right hand Is raised In benediction. The statue rests on a pedestal of white tii.trlilo live feet In height, tho total height of the statue and pedestal bo lng fourteen feet. The figure Is tho work of Glussoppul.ucittl. the famous Italian sculp tor. Tho total cost vvns over J'JO.IKXJ. Throo sides of the pedestal bear Inscriptions. The presentation speech was nimbi by Arch bishop Con Igan. who briefly referred to tho brilliant endow incuts of I he Pope, of his ardent lovo for learning, and his desire to give to others tho benefits of his attainments. He spoko of the flood ot light which the Holy Father had by his wisdom poured upon ninny of the most Important iiiieMlons of thn day. of his svmpiitlilos with the pitopln In their trou bles, of his lutcre-t lu their welfare ami In the Catholic university, nud expressed thnhopj that ItHstiiilontsvvoiiliI endeavor to Imitate his Ipiodiiuulltios for the lieni lit nut only of t hem Helves, but of their eoinitiy and thi'lrl'liiirelL Ho thanked Count Imbiit for his gilt ami for bis otliur tntinillceiit donations to the Catholic Church. Cniilinnl Gibbons then. In a verv few re marks, iiccepted the statue on behalf of the university. Hethanked the donor for the gift and hoped Its presetico would bring ninny blessings to tho tinlvotslty. The exorcises were opened and closed with singing hy the unlversltv eliolr. Among those present were Bishop Xardetti of Minnesota, Archbishop Elder of Cincinnati, HNfiop Keane, rector of the unlversltv : the lllght ltv. Fiitliiir Clia polio, ('.iiidititor-elect to the Archbishop of Hnnfii Fo: the. ltev. Father Hllospi.i of st. Alov spin's, Washington; tho ltev. Alphonsiis Walsh. O S. A . and the Very ltev. lr. Kenna, O. S. A . of St. Patrick's Church. Home, ami the ltev. Father .1. Mackln, l aster of ht. Paul's Church. Washington. The formal opening of the theological course of the university took place this morning. Hi c tor Ken no. in a brief address to the students und faoulH, otitliuingthe Work before them. nn: st tics or isdiaxs. DlMnpcrcrmrnt Itrtucrn the Court nnd the t'onitnlvHltiiK'r f Indlun AfflilrN, Washimitov, Sept. 28. Tho Commissioner of Indian Affairs has received n copy of nro cent opinion by Judgo Greene ot tho District Court of tho Territory of Oklahonirt. directing tho restoration to his parents of an Indian boy placed in tho Government Indian school at Chllui-co by tho Indian Ofllco officials. Tho father of tho boy began habeas corpus proceed ings to secure possession of his son. who. un dor nn act passed at tho lnt session of Congress, bad boon compelled to attend school. Judgo Greeno held that ns tho Indian Onion had not issued, ns required by tho act, rules and regulations to conivcl the attendance of Indian children at schools provided for them, tho retention of tho boy contrnry to tho will of his parents was Il legal. The effect of this decision as regarded by thoCommlssionorof Indian Affairs is likely to prove prejudicial to tho schools, and It is tho Intention to earn the caso to n higher court. The Judge In his opinion took tho ground that the right of a parent to tho cus tody of his children belonged to an Indian as well as to n white man. Commissioner Morgan, whllo recngnizlng that this decision Is based on a technicality, sajsthat It Is contrary to thn tendency of all recent Indian legislation, inasmuch as It failsto recognize the trite statu, of un Indian, which is that of a ward of the nation, Gen. Morgan savsthat there is an erroneous opinion pre vailing as to the true relations existing be tween tho Government nnd the Indian. Ho cites as a ense In point tho verdict In the trial of tho Indian arraigned for tho shooting ot Lieut Cse during the Into hioux outbreak, which held that the offence was in Incldel.t of n state of war. and was therefore not legally murder. This construction. In the opinion of Commissioner Morgan, erroneouslj recognizes Indian tribes n sovereign powers, fin be lieves that Congress should enact a law ex plicitly defining the status of luill ins, and will make a n commendation to tills effect in his next annual report. Who Kilted the Fair I To tub F.niTon or Tub Hun Sir: "Who killed tho Pali i" according to one of tho guiltiest consplratois in the gang, "is an his torical und in t a political imiulry. It stands now in about thosnnio category as the Burnley murder, or thn connection of Burr with tho Blennerhnssett conspiracy. Tovoteon It would be ridiculous." Alas, what a pitiable show of logic Is herel Do Independents ulono of nil political parties never tr to judge the future by the past; Would not a discussion of the Dnrnle) murder be very much In point If this were a jenr nftor tho murder, and a tool, it minion of Mary, the beautiful, wvro a candidate for Mayor of Fdlnburgli? And was it not Burr's connection with tho Illennorhnssi.lt conspiracy which drovo hhn Anally out of public life and made his name justly or unjilMl) a h-woril thru tghotit tho hind It is Impossible to nia'.o this subtllo distinction bit ween history and politics, for politics is oplv hlstor in the making. The history of .Mr. Thomas i. 1'latt Is his political i luiractor, and the little episode of the World s Fair is significant only as proving that diame ter and the character of his creatures to be unpatriotic, selllsh. and malevolent. Do Inde pendents believe that character should hive nothing to do with election to public ofllies, or do they know ant wu ot ascertaining a man's chanuter except by a littlo historical n si urcli l A. Meltn und Mr, 116 llniorc. To tmk liuril er Tur si v c,r I inn frpi tlifl drill U' intltli I 'Sotnettilll liml III Vlilie ' Hlilili iiirri In iluj In Tur sii ri-lntluu to the urrml nf Mr trnnks renin on tin rlmririi nf krim 1 lirinn, 1 n firrcil by Mr Mmirla ollinorr, In risftu r tin- Mini of ft 000 liofiirnl'tii'l tin1 ilifrmlniit tlim )nriuontlQ coit uf t entlrtti ttiiiru limrrutirlilM, tin Into rullr 1 to bo tonbtitln from tlir lilrnn iiotrrnmriit permit lon for tbo e MnMlthn.ent if a great irninlillmr houne ami for tlie wole rlirht tuiroilurc npi ri in Unit muiiiry Itivlc of the vratiiltotu rlmrtr mralina thn Met Iran ottlriuU, wh! b Mr llrrinan Aaron tnouiftit him me tar) In make In rtcfonro of IUr client, anil In uriler to explain ttie exlrs'inllnartl) lune iletar In neruriiiKMll frnnrbUe J mutt a) that the) aro eutireh iiroiinilieM XI) iloeriunent han not nhen and U nut likel) to vim piirh a romeielon ana I coiitraituteit In Tiik Sim nf ilia rah ull ttie resort to tt st effect .hlcli rlrenlnte'l lant June Vlr I ofltim a eelieme in therefore ag far Al Ilia vauiulliitf establishment le roiirernett not n gem Ine one i ItturHo i harifiWl.vifalrtiof Jlexuu Waimsgioi, I) I , Sept I'll Not Iluaaell, but Itoawell. FVoiii le tint Itrrmnltf Timv The Hon nnmell I' fiower U the peioocratlc candi date forlioveniorof ewVorx, A .Niiturnl Inference, VVII!le-r)o j ou like milk lr Stnj-Iatet Maylate-Not pauicularl my little wan, b) do jrouafkt wmie-Riitcr njt ru ntw Icaw until ih com come hem. xr mmatiATiax question: Propoalllons Itrsnrdtng It to be Brought Iteftore CnnBreo. WASntKOTOv, Bcpt. 2a It Is known hero that several amendments to tho Immigration laws have been prepared for presentation to Con gress, and thero Is no doubt that tho Immi gration question will bo brought up early In the session. Many membors may bo In doubt as to the action that ought to be takon upon It, but its Importnnco to tho country Is appro bended by all of them. Tho subject has been ropoatedly Investigated within recent years by Congressional commit tees, and all tho Information thus gained Is to be tumid In print. At the last session of Congress tho IiOilgo Immigration nnd other bills on tho subject woro taken up, and the Owen amendment, ns reported from the Hotiso Committee on Immi gration, was adopted. hlnco the Treasury Department took super vision of Immigration at our ports last year agents have boon sent abroad to gather facts about the rush of foreigners to tills country, ami a shoit time ago a speelalCommlsslon was sent to Europe to collect further information about It. Mato Convention, both Republican nnd 1)01110001(11'. In thirty oi moro States, have de manded additional legislation for tho regula tion of tho foreign lnllux. In August last Senator Chandler, the Chair man uf the Henato Commit too on Immigration, prepared Ids "Twelve (Jitcstlons Circular." In which he asked for suggestions concerning desirable amendments to our present Immi gration laws. The circular was iiddressid to everj body who had any suggestion to offer, and ho has received a vast iiiimherot replies to the uilestlons which It presented. It Is to be presumed that he and the other members nf his committee, which had authority to con tinue its labors during tho recess of Congress, will examine these replies, and will draw from them, as well as from direct personal investi gation and thn reports of picvlous Congres sional committees, tho knowledge necessary for tho preparation of a comprehensive meas ure to be submitted to Congress. Provision must bo made for tho proper In spection of the Kuropoan Immigrants now coming hero through Canada. Largo numbers of them have coinii In that way this ear. and among them havo been many who would not havo been allowed to enter this country through our ports It will certainly not bo easy to devisou method of fully guarding tho linn of our Northern frontier. Moro stringent provisions than thoso thnt now exist must also be made for the exclusion of paupers, felons. Imbeciles, and assisted Im migrants. The present car's reports of lunn Vcasvlums, nnd especially of those In Now ork State, give i vldiiuce that large numbers of domenteil nlli us have been shipped to this country within the Past fewvears. Among tho arrivals have been thousands of persons who very soon lux a me objects of charity or Inmates of public Institutions. As for assisted Immi grants, they nre constantly coming horn per sons who nre assisted lndliectly or under dis guise or In other vvavs that prevent tho en- lorcctneui ot the law against their immlssion. Tho Chandler Committee must provide somo means of dealing with such cases. One of Ninntor ('handler's twelve questions is In regard to contract labm Immigrants, and, if immigrants of that kind are undesirable, an effective method of deluding them must be found The present law hus been Interpreted In such a wul In the courts that viryfnw of them can be deliaried under It. The commit tee has ascertained that they are biought hero In neni ly cverv ship earning steerage passen gers from Furope; that lontrmts are mado with them by ageutsin foreign countries, nnd that ati) where between 10.000 and 1'UOIK) of them huvn arrived at our ports since the be ginning of the oar. There Is a vast amount of evidence mi this subject to begone over b the committc '. Including that regarding thn fraudulent practices of passenger and labor ag'-uts In vnrioiis countries of hiirnpe. The question of the Immigration from Rus sia has also bei n taken up h the Chmdler Committee, which has nut et devised any statutorj method of dealing with It. There aro maul propositions btfore tho committee. One of them favors a In avy bead ta upon ImniUiants; them nro others that favor a pecuulaiv iiuallllcitlon or an educa tional or a moral ijuallllcatlou; there Is an other providing thai all immigrants shall ob tain certificates of merit from American Consuls in Furope: there Is another for restricting Immigration to a fixed amount nuiiii.ill. nud there nio still others for prohibiting It altogether Thero Is one suggestion the adoption of which might prevent trouble Ilk-that nt New Orleans, when Italian subjists appealed to tho Italian Gov ernment to redress their grievances, ft pro vides that all Immigrant. u won as thov ar rive lure from 1 ur ipe. shall repudiate their alleviation to the tiuvornmeuts ofthooountrtes from which tlioycuine. At one tlmo tills . ar there was trouble with thoetoanishlp companies nt New York about thut provision of the act of March last which requires them to take back to Luropo those of their passengers who may bo debarred fiom landing: hut the companies aro nut now re sisting that legal re juiremont Assistant tHorotnr Nettleton of theTreas ury Department has bom led to believe that the debarring of even a small number of undo slnhlo immigrants has boon of advantage hy preventing the coining of mall) others; nud ho holds that tho enforcement of still more strin gent regulations would lead to nn Improve ment lu tho ehuriuter of our Immigration. Thero Is no doubt thnt our Immigration laws nre iinsatlpfaitoi. and tho American peoplo will take nn Inlere-t In any practicable project foi their nmoniliuent Hi it may be brought bo foio Congresi, bj tho Chandler Committee rorcs o.v . tmm niLis. No DemocrnfM Apprnr on the 'WorklnKmen'n ANHrmll Illnck 1.1st, Theofllcers of labororgauli'atlonsaroclosely conning the report that has just comn Into their builds concerning the records made by tho members of the I. gWntiiroon bills of Interest tomganirod labor. Tho report Is made by tho Fccutlve Conimitten of the htato Working men's Assembly. and it contulns thestntement thut It Is based on a thorough and exhaustive examination of thn journals of both houses in thu Legislature. In tho Assembly tho test is made b tlioiutiou upon nlno bills selected by the committee. They urn the Stato Printing bill, tho Collar and Cuff Prison Labor bill. Tho Weekly Fit) meat law amendment bill, the Scafloldlug bill, tho .imenilment to section H)H of the Ponal Code (thn onnsplrno section), tho ltapld Transit bill for New York city, the Cap itol Appropriation bill, and tho New York Cus tom House bill, special mention is mndo of tho Assnnibl) men who voted for seven or moro of thcKn nine bills. The New York memborsln this list am: liliimeuthal, llrodsky, Connolly IJrv polchor, heiilgiin. ilocho. htillluin. and hulzer. Tlinllrool.lni members are: itrnes. Farlo. Cooney, Mcllride. (Julgley. Shnaf. hhli Ids, and Sutherland. Favorable mention Is given to thoso who voted for live or more of the selected measures Tho list Is; Now Yorkers Dlnkelsplol, Duffy, Faiquhnr, Foley, llolcomh, Martin. McMahon, Mnllaney, Hohmcr. Koiithworth. Hteln. and Webster. Drooltl) nltes Cnhlll and () Connor. Those who voted for four of the bills nro elnssnl ns "lukewarm friends of labor." but no names of New Yorkers or llrouklynltoK nro found on this list. Tliosowhosn records show Mint thev rnteil for three or Iiim of the tit.it measures urn blacklisted. The straight-out Republicans from each count ate the sole oc cupants of po-ltinns on this black list, Ui. drothofNow York and Asplnall of Kings. The Senators aro elassllloil on u different basis, their twovenrsof service bringing two sessions of the Legislature Into review. So there nro tlftei n selei ted measures considered In their case. The six additional ones nre taken from tho record of ISfHi and nre tho Mine Inspection bill, thn llallot Reform bill, tho battels' nnd printers' Anti-prison Labor bill, the General lleglstintlon bill, thn Female TiP'tory Inspectors bill, and the Snrfacn Railway Ton Hours Labor bill. Special mention Is accorded to hctintnrs Alienrn, ( nntor. Ives, and Roeseli of New York and Jacobs and McCarren of Jlroik 1)11. who voted for eleven or more of these bills. 1 avorablo mention Is made of Senators Ilrown. Stadler. nnd Stewart of Now York, and llurkett of Rrooklvn, who voted for eight or more ot them. Thn lukewarm list, made up on tho basis of tho support of but seven of them, con tains tho names of no New York or llrooklyn Seiuilors, nor does the black list, on which some up-oounti Republicans nro placed for voting forli ss thnn six of tin m. IVrntlirr Indication. Shopper-! want nomel'iln fira lllilnttnionilrcM suleiiinfln I Itittt autumn drceea 'm r YeVm WVia fold a ifood ileal 'in, nine, tho vcuther drooped from India (Ilk to tercel 'in Atitnmnal, , Voni fh IU4 n (Swrlec, Varl colored nter now aro l, rorutlus- n. I ami ilfi, 1'nMurr ot the trnwrinjf cow are In ttel villi the iiinihriiom Moll, I uh and rrHtrrnut now the grant! are. ThUtle-tii ii the meitdowi t pray, Caniihiirati d CI alt an 1 cape ur hearing resurrection day In the fTainps the maple learei ara Fired with periodic flame Hire and ther the walnut thlerei aro J.Aiishtitff hi the farmer a aim. In I lie iientl le he ffrateaar Hrfiriit with thai uhuh nnrmttt Imparti, On the , tump the candltair aru .Mrinii Iheir laonifeal cru Merit und the par ten ptanti are, Krn.lf.ire tiaetenillk their fate !.eri where the canine numn aro oettint rather nut of date Vernal ml returned wlih thankf ' are At tbty ort bare been before. And again tin football cranki art ltliu for cia. another gore, MtlUfClt CANADIAN POLITICS. nd Other .t-rader-Tl. '" " ,. uenc, or the TroOner or Quebec-Domln-Ion finance nml Annexutlon. Half a century has passed slneo the union of ITppor and Lower Canada In 1840. under a sys tomof responsible government, brought Into closer sympathy the English and rrench clc mentsofthotwo provinces. The conquest o Canada by Hront llrltnln had been effected fourscore years earlier. In 1700. when Men treat, the last French stronghold, surrendered. At llrst tho lot of the French settlors was somewhat hnrd. but just beforo our own Revolution It was Improved by tho Quo in e. Act of 1774. rocognMng tho Ironch olvll laws, authorising tho official uso of tho French language, establishing religious rights, nnd removing various griovinces. Nearly half a century of comparative political tr.imiulllty followed.untll 1812. when race nud religious disturbances wero ronevvodntyucbec. founded on the dispute between the Assembly nnd tho Govcriior-Uunenil over tho doslro of tho former for a grentor control of tho expendi tures nnd tho public oftleos. In 18.17 occurred Paplnoau's famous movomont for a Canadian ropublic, which, howover. was soon sup pressed, and then cimo tho now prlvllegos given to the French In tho Act of laiS and tho union of 1H40. which was put on a still better basis In 18411. The scitidnls In Canadian affairs now undor Invvstlgvtlon perhaps lend a timelier Interest to the rev low of this half CDiitury of union on thoFrjnch Canadian side, which Is made by Dr. Prosper Bender I n tho Xe " Minium! Mnja tine. Hedoesjustico to tho hoirty loyalty of tho French element ns expressed by tho de claration of Sir Oeorgo Cnrtlor that "wo aro Kngllslinion. speaking French:" and of Hlr Etlenno Tncho that "tho last gun fired for British supremacy In Canada would bo flrnd by a. French Canadian." Yet ho shows also tho scourco of appeals to French race sontlmont In practical politics, and tho reason why It can be used as a destructive forco. A quarter of a century ago Uppor Canada contained noarly half a million moro people than Lower Canada, and her consequent demands for rep resentation by population produced a deadlock In legislation, out of which came tho Dominion of to-day. In this now political orgnnlratlon, says Dr. Homier, "without the aid of tho Froneh no Important political step can bo taken." They hold tho balance of power, and their lenders are usually so sagacious, cour ageous and loval to party engagements ns to mako them valuable colleagues and powerful opponents. ,, ,, ..,.., Tho ablest and most distinguished of theso French Canadian lenders, tu Iho llrst quarter of this century, was Sir H polite, Lafontaliie. . ... 1 oil I ..... C....U. CaII... 1 Wltn norm iiuu nil ucuiHU vi.inv. iwuvhi .. -u latter secured tho praiso of Sir Hohn A. Mac donrtld as "the most far-seeing and practical of tho pnlltlclsns I have known." Cartlor nnd Macdonahl worked In cooperation, thn former possessing tlio courage, ikteimtnutlon. and fidelity of the llrlton. united vv Itli tho v ivuclty. cleverness, nnd courtesy of his own race : Mnt of the great undertaking!! nnd reform carried In tbo i aiiadiitn I'nrllament elm a 1S40 either originated with or Here fluttered by him auih aa the act abolluli tug tho remaining enuimerciitl ami polltltal restric tion, the reiieai of the nal Igatiutl Inu and difleretitlal ilutlen, oiiritructl hi or thu ilraud Trunk Halluay: lleolproclty rp at) itll the t'nltcd Stati . the aboli tion of nelguorUi tenure, and the mittluiicnt or tbo cb rg rrMTiea Somo of tliei.i- lneaiiirea aroim d feel llign njllul in violence to Hume nhlill hue drrtHll lilllvtr-iat attiutlon to the Iriidl queiitlin Tho tpll code. the. tode or procedure, tho ladaMre, tbo relAloll of the vitrloun educational Iivh 111 fnwir of a more cmuputo an 1 uniform at Mem, -Arre other enaitmeiita prerloua to the union of all the llrltuh prnlncea under tho Act of Confederation The trmt or VVanhlngton. the Inter coliinlftt Ilillwaj. the great lniiroMmenl uudextenidon of the cauul M)iiteni of I'auadn now tbo eiual nf all) in thenyrld were follow td b) tho purchase of the North wtHt. glilng a now and nnt impiro to Canada To open up and foiter tho aettlemi nt of tho lien region, aa well aa to bind all parte of tin new union from the At lantic to the Pacini cloiie togt tin r for mutual bonetlt and autiiiort, the Canadian I'acUlo I(ollay wan built Vlimt of Iheae great enltrprUe sir Ueurge Ilied to aeo completed befure hU lotiunted ileath. and he trul) de acrved thle gratification Sm h labors an 1 achiev ements rorm the ftaplo of his fame, which will long be a aacred tnaiture to hta iouutr)mou Sir Hector I-nngovln. thn Hon. Wilfrid Lnu rior. a brilliant orator and sterling patriot, and tho Hon. Honoris Mercier, I'ri,mo Minister of the province of Qtmhic, a-man of excellent judgment and a master of dobato, aro other examples of admirublo French Canadian politi cal loaders. That of lato years political friction botween tho French of Quebec and tho British of On tario has become mnrkod Dr. llendor fully ap preciates, but ho points out that party loynlty IB a happy offset to tbo perils of rnco and religious animosity, and that, "to their honor bo It said, even agricultural constituencies, containing n French Canadian majority, havo returned British or Protestant representatives, mainly influenced by political or party motivos, nnd somotlmos despite tho vigorous efforts of Frencli fanatics." Again, ho finds from J.'Electmr, a local Quebec p ipor. that whllo tho Protestants havo only about ono-tenth of tho population of tho prov Inco of Quebec, nnd havo a majority In only six outof sixty-llvo electoral districts, they havo ten members In tho local House, while In the legislative Council, whoro they aro only entitled to three scats, they havo live. Tho Toronto Globe concodos that tho l'rotosfintu of tho province rocnlvo moro than their share, by population of tho appropriations for schools. Educated rronch Canadians nro easily moulded Into politicians by natural tasto for public nffairs. fluency In speaking, nnd pleas ing manners. Mnnv bavo reeeived excollont training for tho clergy: not a few havo been the sous of farmers: men llko Lafontnino. Morln, l'apinenu, , Labergo. Etlenno 1'arent, F. X. (inrneau. L Abbd Forland. Bedaril. Car tier, and Letellier began their careers as tho clerksof notaries or law vors. When such men show pow er. the habitants follow w 1th enthusi asm whoro they lead. Tho Froneh Canadian lenders also fully and frankly play tho gamo of politics for all It Is worth. Oratory possossesa grcnt power with tho French peasants, and sometimes thoy scorn to caro too littlo for the means by which political success Is at tained. In comparison with rondy wit In dobato or tho capability of making un earnest and stirring appeal. On election day tho habitant wears tho colored ribbon of his party In hat or buttonholo. Tho toutors or cabaleun call for the voters In vvugons. with ribbons nt tho horses' heads. Tho rival teums indulge In races, which add to tho excitement. Homo times an active touter or influential oltlirnn is kidnapped or Imprisoned so as to prevent him from working on election day, as In tho caso ot the Hon. 31. 1. Felletler at Qucboo lust year. Occasionally nn appeal to musclo Is matin by the bullies Jter a brat), but nowadays tricks nro oftener apt to be played with tho ballot box, Ht nfllng tho boxes 1b somotlmos resorted to, and even a liberal distribution of Induce ments to vote in tho shape of "money de posited in thn palms of tho children or of tho Vetera wife, stock breeding privileges, pres ents of groceries, pucklng pigs of popular breeds," Are, lint Dr. llendor makes It evident that the spirit of party fidelity nnd a proper eonso of honor nro also oxocedingly strong among tho French Canadians, making a great proportion of tlio votes unpurchasablo. T ho llnapo.es and good name of Quobco havo been much hurt by corrupt politicians. Tho province started nt tho formation of tbo Do minion on nn equal footing with Ontario, yet i in inttor tins now a surplus of 7.000,()00 nnd Quobeo a ilobt of J20.U00.000. Had all tho btatesmtmof Quebeo been like Premier Joly. whoso name was iisjiionymo for probity, this stiitoof things would not havo happened. But. tiiifortiinately. visionary projects havo boon pushed In Queboc bec.iuso they would bo of Party bonetlt, whllo an unfortunate habit of tho peoplo is that of looking to tho Govern ment for ovorjthlng: !'. ?iJ,ri',,.L" "'"'tin parlih, a wharf or landing on arltir bank or a highway, ur public atrurture of an) kind I hoi no eminent must be urn,, aled to through. II.ii iHiuular reireientallea or other hading cttinna Hiicliiuone) baabeen Inliidlcloualy pent lu tlila man lier. In.teaii of people being taught' to ilepcn I upon their own effort! an lrourcc lu Ontario wo Und material cunlriut In tlila ropact, v""""u "u """ As for annexation to the United States, tho party having that .Project In view includes both trench mid British Canadians. It Is not largo in numbers, but is inlluentlat in trado centres. Ita best weapon Is probably the In eOU'lonoy of ho Dominion political system compared with ours. One solid -net Is the frKwi' f Canadn'H debt from $W;niiU42in T870toM.W,i)(MMH)) In IHiH). wtli very ifttlo comparative Increnso in population and trado. Ofcourse. ra lwas and cana s account for a part of this increase, but the striking fact ft that. whllodurJiigthat period our cm ntrj' Iibh reduced Its debt Irotn tVili to l M u'r fie aVL Uituida has run up hers from J'.'l to M7. et or ?10,000,(X) Is contomplated. It Is also an nrguniont for annexation thnt so ninny InnndTatis emlgrnto to tin. I'nited States, lo fewer than 2M.000 going last jcar. Oiito V c"it '"l"'1' rif ''ranadlnns. necord g to Jtlt. eS'ln1"'. .',n.,":Vlk."i "l,h,,r ,,f '"' t"' sub sttutcsBiiggosteilforthnpresint political sis titn'J?, ,m' IT""'"'''! loglslntlvo ions, II, n tlon of the prov luces the) won hi bn to,, gn nt Iv V'i ''nh".Ml while In a fedcrnti, t, wl Ii i?c,it ouiM1" WW" ,lln l'"5- W "lid lie oVershl, . nSi !; iAu.' ""ie'V nml oupreiiin power in inan ft?. mB h iftLnlJa'Cri M0 '"J"'1' clioerlsle, ,y them, nnd, In fact, uncertn tity as to their for. SeFvvnVi'MM1 f "i" 'iY1'"'1 "' COn: ?SP.StJvn l"llu''noo. tending to keep the ndvo bom "toThT"'!1"" ,n ft "'""'I uilnorl y among v hi?6 limp k""'"1 ,nuy ' ' mu le",!U o A Dravvl.nck, PI1 the edltorof tho fnit Xifuin, accept tout Pieni t" r ' "V I.lgnedVVhlttler, nila, t0 ,a lllnabot cake There wa, on. dUappointment In It ih..rt ltllT.Wluttrgotr.idforli. l know i BWJIEAM8. The cihtbltlon which opened In the Iilanl of m, I Thoniaa, Donlih Weil Indlet. on Aug Id, and which I wnailnd of rolnlaturo World a Fair after thamodM I of the Jamaica. Kablbltlon, deilgned greatly to beheft I the commen In! Intereata of tholiland, Uaald to bate been n tremendona uccr Convent hair" la n article well known to tti trado anil highly prlacd. When, young woman latin the veil In the Itoman Cathollo Church her hair ii cut off, niulthetremie are told for the benefit of the con vent, An the hair U cut pretty clme to the hevd, ttia trecnretnnallylonr, and thua "convent halr'Mm a apodal value, New In In ginning to come of hard time lat winter among the Indiana of the far north. In Ilrltlth America. The people at Yurk factory, on the wrtcoatof Hod on Hay. i onld not procure deer, nnd Indian children at tho Factory Itkolf itarvod to death. It wai not until aprlng brought plenty of geee mid duck) that the iuf ferliigra removed. A French geographical rewapnper maVet no leu than tire bhmdera In tho twenty-one lltiea which It gl e to reporting tho nowa of tho Feary expedition. It i nil tho t iiterprleenn "expedition to tho North Tola," eav a that I.h tit I'enry broko hl leg " near the knee by a fall on the Ice." and that tho party w 111 advance thia fall from thilr hcndquartrranl Mct'ormack Day toward the northern llmlta of t.reeiiland. wherothey will pan the winter: almilhat an ejpedltlon U now orgaulilnj hero to rev Ictual the Pi ary party nest eprtng tlreat innumli of aand and oyatcr ahella found ron the eeaalde In lower Iielawaro are eald to boot Indian origin Tin. Nantlioki , it trlbo that hualertlta nam upon thegeograph) of l'eiinii)lvanla.t varlouapolnti, wero nccuatuinid at the approach of winter to mora fouthw aril Into lower Delaware, and there to feed all winter long upon lleli and ojelera. The mnunli mark the great ramping grounda nf thn trlho The Natitl coke, a large river of the penlnaula, perpetuatet the uamo of the tribe and etrengthena the tradition. The people along the Columbia nil er thought they vera prepared for am thing In the flih line after the marvelloua run of tntinon which hai been literally chollng the river tlila ee-iaon. but they were taken nbick tho other day when four whalea rroised the bar andawamnwny np theetream. They were big fellowi and dlrported themnehee In s lively manner, owning the river for the time being, the atramboata wera very cartful to give them all the aea mom they wanted. After having all the fun and making all the excitement they dentred, tho whalea wani bark to aea again. The Kngllah newapupera publuhed at Yokohama have been exchanging euch compllinenta as rival West ern edltora aometimea rung; al one another's head The editor of the Japan Jfufl sas that the editor of the Japan Gmme lea" local dotard." whllo the edltorof the Japan Gurtt' accuses the edltorof the Japan Jgiflof "audacity and Impertinence," and saya he has " de scended to gutter Journalism " The wrangle Is enter taining the foreign population, whllo natlvea who can read hnglish look on and wonder. One nf the rivals was formerly an officer In tho Itrltlsh army, and the othat went In Japan as a missionary, W hen we remember that only ten years ago the peo ple of L'ganda and Victoria Nyanaa were almost un known totheworld.lt Is surprising to read that the mlsslonarlea there recently sold In a few weeks 4.000 reading sheets printed la tbo native language. They st-nd word that tbey could sell 10.000 copies at once If they hud them Tbey say the people are most anxious to acquire the art of rondlng, and that their eagerness for books is nstonUhlng "Aalnngns wo had a reading sheet or a book left." writes one, "a crowd swarmed around us day and night, and hundreds were disap pointed when the supply gave out " In July, 1H8S, camo that terrible explosion In Japan which blew- tho mountain of handal Han Into the air. killing many people, whllo the fragments of the shattered mountain falling Into the rlvera dammed, them so completely that three largo lakes were formed. The agricultural land waa ruined by tho ashea and lava that covered It. The great calamity seems to be pro viding Its own compensation, for most of the men ot that dletrlit have turuul their attention to fishing In the three new lakes, which are said to teem with fish of various kinds They aro thus beginning to recoup theiuneh es in measure for the loss tbey sustained by the eruption Ijui.1 titles run back a-Iong way on the peninsula ot Detawarn and Maryland. One Aldrlch, a farmer la northern Delaware, sold a farm not many yean afo, and the title deeds that he paesed were dated weU back Into the seventeenth century, and they bora the signa ture of tho Indian chief from whom the land waa originally bought The property np to the recent sal ha 1 d-stended In the family by Inheritance Wnen th United states Oovernment was seeking to erect a strno ture on Wallop's Island, a sand patch off the coast ot Accomac county, Va, one Snoed came along with av seventeenth century title, and gave no end of trouble) before his claims were sallsfled. "Washington Mews" Is a private street running from University place to Fifth avenue. In the rear ot the fashionable homes fronting Washington square. The name, perhaps, occurs nowhere else In the city, if Indued It la to be found In any other American town. The word ilew " has an odd and Interesting history. It means primarily to change, then to moult, or shed feath ers asblrdsdoatcertalnseasons. Tbenthenonncameto) mean tho place where hawks were keptwhllaxDoaltUur then to mean a cage, and flnaUy. since nawka wara kept In and about the stables, to mean any stable. Tna term Is still common enough In English towns. All tha bouses bordering Washington Mews ara either tablet or the homes of servants. When the growing West attains Its fan growth It U going to be a truly good as well as great eoontr. Tha morals of Its rising generation are looked after In av way to mako Chief Brown of Newark wild with envy. Terhaps the condition of the elders Is the awfol warn ing that spurs on the legislators. Falonse City. Ws4b, has a curfew hell. Instituted by city ordinance, whloh Is rung at 8 o'clock every night, and every boy an4 girl under the ago of 10 yean is thereby warned to skurryhome If any snch are caught In the streets when the tolling of the bell has ceased, without a per mit from their parenta, they are promptly arrested anol a fine results. One or two Montana towns have similar regulations, and some newspapera are recommending the idea for general adoption. Rome time when tha young people of Palouse City have a big froUo on hand there will be material afforded for a new version ot ' Curfew Must hot Itlng To-night." "The Origin of Strikes" wlU make an Interesting book when some man with Iota of courage and industry undertakes to wrlto it, and perhaps one of his particu lar gems would be the strike over a funeral which oc curred In Pittsburgh last week. Several men were fatally injured in an accident at the Homestead fitsel Works, and when the third man died last Tuesday tha metal wheelers wanted to quit work until after the funeral. The superintendent objected because tha cupolas were full ot molten metal and the aospensloo of work would entail heavy loss. But the men Insisted, quit right away, and were promptly discharged. Then all tho other workmen promptly vent out on strike and the bosses had to turn to and ran out the metal. Long conferences ensued and resulted in a compromise by which the men returned to w ork on condition that 7S per rtnt. rhould be allowed lo attend the funeral. No ordinary map shows the correct boundary of Del aware, leaving aside tho long disputed question aj to whether the soalled "Flat Iron" at the northwest corner of the State belongs to Pennsylvania or Del aware, the maps still fall to define correctly the west ern boundary between New Castle county, Delaware, and Ctcll county, Maryland, There Is on this boundary line a tiny wart like protruberance that is never marked on the maps It originated In this fashion; Whenjfssoa andDlion were employed to define the bonndartes be tween the possessions ot the Peons and those of tha Calvert . It was stipulated that a north and smith Una should be erected at a point midway between tha (hesspeakellayontheone slda and Delaware Bay on the other. It was further stipulated that this Una should be drawn aa nearly ai possible a tangent to circle whose centre should be at the Court House la New Castle and whose radius should be twelve mile. Furthermore, It was stipulated that should the north and south lino rut off a portion of the circle, the portion cut off should belong to New Castle county. A portion of the circle was cut off. and tt does belong to New Castle county, as the stout granite boundary stonea still show, but the fact Is known to almost no one and the maps are dumb upon the eubject. The little wart con. tains only tw o or three acres.and it has long pusiled the residents of the regfon to know why the boundary stones took that queer kink, -' Trunks have not Increased In slie In recent years," the baggage master said "The steady Incrsass of travel caused Ilia railroads to enforce more strictly their rules concerning the weight of travellers' bsg gage, and that checked the growth of the trunk. Tre so railed Saratoga marks about the limit of the trunk's development Larger trunks are sometimes rsrrlst. but usually they aro owned by drummers or others en gaged In special pursuits, bomo drummeis carry a great quantity of baggage. A dry goods man mey have H a dorcu trunks I have known a carpet man to carry a II truck lend of samples packed In big telescope II cases Doubtless he had to pay out more fcr H extra baggage than for his own trsniporta. H Hon Travellers generally carry more baggage than the did twenty years ago. The s)stem M of checking has been greatly Improved, and many H more poluts are readied, and It Is essler to get sround H with a trunk than it used to he. The great majority cerr) milt one trunk, or mabo two. but some travel lers havo Mleeu or twent) pl ces'of baggsge or more. Sarah Hcrnhardl has had as man) as HID plecei Very few trunks aro broken In handling when you consider the large number handled Suppose a man stacks np agolnut a 'JoO-pound trunks be can't handle that as ha would a 10 pound package. A man who lakes a trunk of that weight off a carriage or a wagon leapt lodrop Itnllltlehardonthe counter, and the 111) who owns t thinks It Is being handled roughly but it Isn't. There Is a knack In handling trunks that rrmesby practice onl) Ilaggsge men metre no spei lal training, but they must be strong lo, tart with, tho rest they gain by ex perlence We still gel many Alms) trunks, but gensr l y spesklng they are better constructed than tbey used to be, people find that tt ca)s to get dutabla trunks," I TTTni if a-' -!.