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K j 3
MONDAY, OCTODEIl 6, 1891.
BR Subscription by tl-Fot-pal
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rk DAILY AND 81'SIUY. Per Year OO
KK DAILY AM) SUNDAY, Per Month 70
U''; WEKKLY. Tor Year X
?,', Postage tui'orcltn Conntrlee added.
H"i II1E 8C' N,w ToTl cu'
jf A Vote for the Force .Bill.
4' Tito Hon. Annum V. Oomian. In tho
& , course of n speech nt tho opening of tho
& campaign of tho Murylond Domocrata'iast
S-" Vfook. reminded his hcarore Ith much car-
4 neatness that tho Forco bill Is not doad yot,
r -nd that It will bo uuro to como up again
v In Congress If tho Ec-publlcans oro success-
v- i la tho fall elections:
r'. "That bill will com ntnlnlf ltiaatso li rlleetd.
So not jnlstai tho slim of the times. Hasseehn.
f- Mttl bad Lodok, who Introduced tn bill. M Cnalr-
3 of It Republican Contentions Ite resolv was
J'", for tho Fore bill. Ohio and every BepobUcan SUto
that baa acted are for It. Tbenepoblleen party Is utt-
' seaMy committed to It; their Terr oxUloneo depend
apon II. Ynat qnestlon Is abore lexas end itrava-
$ Banco; It dstermlnes tho queitlon of tho conUnneno of
L the form of government under which wo lire."
?f Every voto cast for PArr and FASsrrr
"$ will bo a voto for tho Forco bill. It will be
f - voto to place tho Republican party of Now
i York In a favornblo position to Insuro Bo-
; publican success In tho Presidential election
and tho Congress elections of 1892.
L ' It Is for the Interest of tho wholo country
jl as woll aa of tho SUto of Now York that tho
W Democratic SUto ticket should bo olectod.
' fe Tho Investigation of Porter.
4. The fepeclal coramltteo appointed by tho
I' Katlonal Civil Service Reform Loague to
ss Investigate tho mcthode of Mr. Kobebt P.
i'1 Pobtck chnrgo that tho ElOYonth Census Is
&ii grossly partisan nnd inaccurate: and they
g attribute tlio badnoss of tho work to Pon-
,'s tkr'b falluro to soloct his subordinates by
l competitive examination.
fTho general conclusions of Mr. Footkb,
Mr. Bonavaiiti:. Mr. MacVeaou. Mr. Dana.
fH and Mr. Eooeks about tho worthlcssness of
Ik tho cousus aro undoubtedly sound; but
vd' thoao gcullomcn havo mauagod to put the
& cart boforo tho horao.
f An honest and capablo Superintendent
&, mlRht havo eonductod n satisfactory census
$ without holding n Blnglo competitive ox-
jii' amlnatlon, or appolntluff n single- Democrat
Til as Bupcnleor, or enumerator, or special
tjjijf egont, or clerk.
'ff' Tho main sourco of tho costlinoss and
'A' fraudulenoy of tho most oxtravasant and
most Ulflhonest census evor taken Is in on
fj; appointment that would not and could not
& havo been mado upon tho competitive (
Sft amlnatlon plan under any circumstances.
K This was tho appolirtniout of Rodeut P.
i, Pobt-b as Superintendent of tho Census by
2fj President Harrison.
Kg,' Tho scandal of tlio Eleventh Census leads
$$ dlrootly to Portsr himself. It Is a matter
j& of porsonal eharoctor and personal fltnoss.
WJ- The inevitable investigation by the Fifty-
j!r ojecond Congrees will bo prosecuted on that
iVji Hue, and not for tho vindication of any theory
'm tt civil service reform.
5?5r Vbo Convict JuUe Advocate-General.
Yesterday Brlg.-Gcn. David G. Swaim,
i m Vhe titular Judge Advocate-General of our
t Army, comploted thirty yea of military
fr service. Ills entrant)o into the regular army
8 yt dates back only twenty-flvn yoars, slnoe he
f 1& was cummlsalonoJ as Second Lloutenont
s g,. . tho Thirty-fourth Infantry from July as,
;, y;, 186B. But he had served through the civil
; war In the volunt-era, buin made Second
f6 Lloutcnint In the Slxty-llfsh Ohio. Oct. 4.
i-i 186J, and Captalu In tho Adjutant-Goneral's
'ivi Department in tho spring of 1803. In a few
lfiv months, therefore ho will havo reached the
.J term of sorvlco which permits the Presl-
W dent to rotlro an officer after thirty years
j upon his own application.
a The projeot now suggested Is that Gen.
j Bwaiu shall apply for retirement, pro-
IK vldod the President will remit the unexpired
(& portion of the sentenco passed upon him by
M, m court martial mora than six years ago.
M Cton. Swaim was appointed to the Judge
Advocate-Uonoral's department toward tho
oloseot th'j yoir 180), and was made tho
'$ head of tluit doiartraont, with the rank of
Jll Brlgadler-Cteneral, by Hates, In February,
m&t" 1881. Tbrco years later, in April, 1831,
wmijl Mr. A. K. Batcuan of Washington, a
nf member of the firm of Bateman Co,
nl V' baukera, complained to Secretary Lincoln
Ri' that Gan. Swacu haj attempted a fraud
l upon b,s "rm by ne3otlat,nK a (Iu8 bill for
Mlp 18,030 whloh he had previously drawn, and
Uvfe ( that be had also assisted In the negotiation
Uh of oertaln piy vouchers, which he knew
Bl'i to be fraudulent and triplicates of out-
Hf$?, atandlng accounts. Mr. Bateuan asked for
Bb?-" court martial on theso allegudons. The
Bf following day lie Informed the Socretary
Bf.' that tho eoso had been amicably settled
BfcSj n(' ft mlsuuderstandlugs explalnod. The
Bp Becrotu ry did not feel at liberty to dismiss
Hyfv the affair In that way, especially as Mr.
B?h Batsman had given his 11 ret letter to the
Hv public press. Gen. Swaiu's comments on
Ml tho facts, as referred to him by tho Score-
BSt' try wore also not thought satisfactory.
Bjifo" Accordingly, a court of inquiry vas called,
Ba' conslatlns of Gen. Pope, Gon. Auann, and
Bj;';'i Gen. Backet. After careful investigation,
Bvf,' this. tribunal reported that the evidence die-
Bf1" closed certain transactions discreditable to
BK an army oftlcer, and "espaolally demanding
BJ the severest condemnation when engaged
Bk' fa by an officer holding the high pusltlon
B, and peoullar relations to the administration
Bfi' of jitstloe la the army hold by Gon. Swaim."
BMa Preeldont AitTUua accordingly appointed
Btt court martial upon Sosrotary Lincoln's
Bf' rooommoudntloa. It consisted of Gen.
BR'i ' 80Hoy d, Gon. Terbt, Gen. oa u-a,
Bk'v Gen. Hor.imno, Gen. Mubiuy, and Gen.
WSk NJBWTON, and Col. O. U. Hurra, Ool.
B$ Andbbws, Ool. Buooec, Col. Bbadlbt,
BM OoL AYEB3, Col. K. S. Otis, and CoL
Bi ' Black. This court found Gen. Bwaiu
B&tf not guilty of tho charge of conduet unbe
B( l- coming an officer and a gentleman, based
mjmi on tho due bill of 95,000, and also not guilty
Hijr ' oe-'eot ot duty '" not sporting the trip-
BJk? Ueatlou of pay, whloh was tho oao charged
BW'' -XAlno Uonitow, but guilty ot oonduot
Bntiv' to tho prejudice of good order and military
BJv dlsolpltno, In violation ot the alxty-seoond
BP$ ArtteloofWar. It sentence was suspension
BBX t rom rank, dut, and pay for three years,
BB'l' This Bcntenoo President Anmun deollnod to
EfSfi approve, considering It too lenient A seo-
Kh?' ond sentenco was suspension from his rank,
BBka; duty, and pay for one year, and thereafter
BErT 'to bo reduced to the rank of Major In his do-
BV lftrtment. That was also disapproved. The
Bcgf, court mode a third attempt, and produced
BJkv a sentcnoo o( suspension from rank and
BJ duty fpr twelve yenra ou half pay.
Bfl&'. ThU the sentence, railioi- more than
BwJ.lv half of whloh Gen, Swaiu hat undergone.
Hp'1 ls compulsory retirement for age U duo
BK't De, -ft 1930, mX H was understood that
BB--UIj--lj uiiuil-l'l'Wl1"1 ri "'li
BBBBBBBjRPMPfnBBt? B5Tr' ifin-vr
the object ot naming twelro year aa W
period ot sentence was to carry It until
the spring of 1897. so that he might not
be again In active charge of his offloo. Pros
Ident Anrnun, In approving that eontonoe,
hsd declared that It was difficult for him to
understand how the oourt could bo willing
to have Gen. Swaim retained upon the Army
Register, after expressing Its eonso of tho
Impropriety of his performing tho duties of
his office by Imposing two sentences, under
elthor of whloh he would be deprived of
his functions. "The idoa," said President
AnrauB, "that an oflloo like thotof Judge
Advocate-General should remain vacantia
effect for twelve years, merely to save a
part of 1 omolumentA to Its .Incumbent;
under such circumstances, would seem to
come from an Inversion of tho proper rela
tions ot publlo offloo3 and those holding them,
and Is nn idoa not suited to our Institutions."
Still, this anomalous condition of the office
has existed ever since.
It is evident from theso facta that Gen.
Swaiu would socuro two points In his favor
by tho arrangement now proposed. la tho
first place, he woutd begin to reoelve at once
retired pay, whloh Is three-fourths of the
active pay ot bis grade, instead of tho halt
pay Imposed upon him by his sentence,
which must continue othcrwlsosovoral yoara
longer. In tho noxt place, he would secure
a' remission of sentence, whloh would be
prized for Itsposslblp Interpretation aa an
exereUo of elomenoy In his favor on tho as
sumption that tho final aentonoo was too
severe, or not warranted by the facte.
And the military establishment would also,
It Is arguel.be a gainer by the arrange
ment Tho present Btate ot affairs is most
unusual, tho head of this department be
ing carried along year after year upon the
Army Re rlstor without performing any of
It duties. Although the competent and
efficient dtsohargo ot thoso duties by the
officer noxt in rank. Col. Gdido N. Libber,
has for more than six yoara caused every
thing to go on smoothly, yet It Is a source ot
continuing oommont that the titular In
cumbent of the office which reports upon
every oourt-martial proceeding whloh the
Secretary has to submit to the Presldont
should hlmsoir bo under a twelve yoars'
sentenco for conduct to tho projudlco ot
good order and military discipline.
Moreover, other plans for ending this
anomaly have hlthorto proved f utllo. A few
years ago an effort was made by the friendB
ot Gen. S wax to have his oaso reopened, be
hoving that a moro lenlont vlow of It would
be takon; but no sufficient irregularity in
the proceedings could be discovered.
Thon he was ordered before a Board to see
whethor he could be retired for physical dis
ability; and this schomo also tailed, as the
medical officers did not find him Incapaci
tated for service. A third plan was that of
appealing to Congress, as was dono by Gen.
GnosvENOR'a bill for tho retirement by the
President at hW discretion of any army
or navy officer sentenood to suspen
sion for a period extending beyond
tho time when his retirement would
be authorized by law; but that bill was not
passed. Other projects looking to the same
end, such aa the ousting ot Gen. Swaik
by simply nominating his successor and
having him confirmod by the Senato, have
been palpably objoctlonable on several
grounds, including the creation ot a danger
ous precedent, as well as the overriding ot
the rights left to Gon. Swaiu by the decision
ot the eourt martial. Now, however, tho
possibdity of applying the thirty years' re
tirement law suggests a new resource; and
since Gen. Swaiu's voluntary application Is
necessary under that law, he Is apparently
in a position to suggest terms.
It Is an extraordinary case.
An Imperial Geographer and Judge.
The Institute of International Law, which
met at Hamburg in September, devoted
oonsldorablo time to a discussion ot the
rules of procedure which should govern
arbitrations in international disputes.
This association Is composed of members
who havo rendered services to international
law In the domain ot theory or ot practice,
and of associates whoso knowlodgo may bo
useful to tho institute. Thero aro one hun
dred and twenty members and associates
in all, representing the various countries of
the world, but the representatives ot one
country cannot oxceod one-sixth ot tho
total number. Tho members aro mostly
distinguished Continental Jurists, and at
the Hamburg meeting, which was hold
under the Presldenoy ot Prof. Von Bab of
Goettlngon, no American appears to have
been presont, and the only Englishmen
were Lord Reat, Dr. Thomas Barclay,
and Mr. Justice Soott, who is now en
gaged In Egypt In reforming the judicial
system of that country.
The case which was roterred to as Illus
trating tho necessity of doflnlte rules for
the govornment ot International arbitra
tions was the recent controversy between
the Frouoh republlo and the Govornment ot
the Netherlands In reference to tho boun
dary betweon the possessions of thoso two
nations In South America. French Guiana,
ot which Cayenno is tho capital, lies directly
east of Dutch Guiana, of wljlch Paramaribo
Is tho capital, between the second and fourth
parallels of north latitude. It la agreod
that tho river Moroni or Marowyno con
stitutes, along the lower part of Its
eourso, tho boundary between tho two
colonies. A question arose, howovor.
as to whloh ot tho two streams formed
the upper course of the Maronl. Upon the
territory lying between theso two streams
gold fields wore recently discovered, and
tho French Government granted to the dis
coverers the right to mine in this region.
Thoreupon the Dutch authorities protested,
claiming the disputed district, and an
agroomont was made to submit the contro
versy to the Emperor of Russia for deter
mination. The form of this agroement,
however, was suob aa to compel the Em
peror to dooldo upon one stream or tho
other as the legal boundary; it did not per
mit him to Ox upon an intermediate frontier
if be should come to the conclusion upon
'tho evldonco that such was the true boun
dary, Undor these circumstances the Czar
dedlnod to act at all, and he only consented
to do bo when both parties to the contro
versy changed the terms of the submission
bo that he might deelaro the true boundary
it he should come to tho conclusion that it
was not along the line ot cither river. A
peculiarity about the procedure was that
tho written argument of each party liti
gant was submitted without being com
municated to tho other; so that neither
Government knew what views wore to be
put forward in behalf of Its advorsary.
The Czar decldod in favor of tho Dutch
claim, holding that a stream known aa the
Lava was tho true upper eourso of the
Maronl. This decision gives the gold fields
to the Government ot tho Netherlands, but
tho imperial arbitrator also providod In his
decision that French settlers who had in
good faith acquired possessions in the dis
puted land should retain thorn.
After rovlewlng the circumstances in this
interesting case, Prof. Asseb ot Amsterdam,
one ot the most prominent membors ot the
Instltuto of International Law, Insisted upon
the Importance of general regulations which.
wfl wt w& thnm'MMi-fetsrratiliSM
ahouldproscribotho methods ot prooeduro
In like controversies and should (rive the
arbitrator Just such powers aa tho Czar ob
tained boforo ho would consont to act.
Furthermore it seems to us that in all
cases of tho sort thero should bo an ex
change of tho argument, and each party
should havo an opportunity to answor that
ot tho othor side.
The Facts In the Case.
A correspondent who properly ldontlfloa
himself confesses td still a llttlo unoortalnty
regarding tho relation of tho Now York Ro-.
publicans to tho World's Fair. Ho writes:
Xxonfreui W. a ttuun yeUrr. -pnbUo
meeting In BrooWjro. M4d tht neither Mr. Tim
nor Mr. ruinl dnrthlntodowtthtbo location of
tho World's rtr. Thl hod been deolded In Woihlnf
ton.notlnAUtnr. How U thief UMr. Furt really
Innocent, nod tiu 1 he been boiled r
In regard to Mr. Fassbtt'b and Mr.
P-ATT'a connection with tho Job in ques
tion, tho best testimony is from that unlm
poachablo source, tho Republican Inter
Ocean of Chicago. Not long ago tho Inter
Ocean made this statement, which has
already boon printed in Tub Sum :
"NowTork nd rennejlranln Ropnblloanj working
torether did not little toward flrlni the Tlotory to
The loader tot tho Now York Republlcana
in Washington, and as unfllnohlng a leador
as evor steppod ho was upon this point,
was the gentleman who now presents
his compllmenta to tho 8tato of New
York In tho person ot Mr. Jacob Fassett.
An individual so high in Mr. Plait's
confidence as to rocelvo his nomination
for Governor could not have been kopt so
radically ignorant of that statesman's plan
of campaign for 1892 as not to bo permitted
to understand thoroughly his vlows upon so
important a factor In It as tho humiliation
of tho pivotal Democratlo State. To say
that Fassett did not know what
Plait was doing in reference to tho
World's Fair is to mako him out
more ot a puppet than ho appears In any
estimate of him, howevor hostile. Tho Re
publicans to whom Mr. Platt wouldn't toll
all ho know wore, tor example, that excellent
band of loyal Now Yorkors, now, as thon.
headod by tho Hon. Chaoncet M. Depew,
and among whom Congressman Wal
lace also appears to belong, whoso
submlsslvonoss to discipline we havo
seen rostored through their having rocolvod
tho satisfying cortlQcato of their party's
good faith toward Now York in Mr.
Platt'8 and Mr. Fassett's permission to a
World's Fair bill to go through the Albany
Congressman Wallace Is right when he
says that the location of tho Fair was de
cided in Washington, not In Albany. But
tho men responsible for that monstrous de
cision were tho Hon. Thouab 0. Plait and
the Hon. Jacob Sloat Fassett.
Mr. Flower in Luck.
Thero is much encouragement for Mr.
Flower In tho taot that the Mugwumps
generally scorn to bo flocking to Fassett.
Mr. Godkin's rich Cloughbawn blood was
deeply Btlrred by tho fear that the World's
Fair would be hold In this town and his
corns trodden upon by plebeian strangers
who would jostle hlra carelessly or deri
sively, not knowing that they wero Imping
ing upon a privileged character of tho Sec
ond ward. Therefore. "Labby" falls
upon the bosom of "Tom." Mr.
Geobqb William Cubtib and Mr.
Matthew Hale and their followers are
naturally Republicans when Mr. Cleve
land Is not running tor office. Tho New
York Times la an exception to tho general
Mugwump migration to Platt, but that
journal has to obey tho mysterious law-of
Its being. Tho attitude of tho Times must
bo very painful to Mr. Flower.
But If, as appears to be tho case, most of
the Mugwumps are for Fabsett, that young
man's front name Is not Jacob, but Dennis.
The Mugwumps fought Governor Hill hys
terically in 1889 and 1888, and he was easily
elected. They screamed and kicked against
the regular Democratlo ticket In this town
last fall, and the regular Democratlo ticket
was easily elected. Mr. Flower la In luck,
it the support of tho Times doesn't handicap
him too heavily.
The account of the State of New York
with Mr. Thomas C. Platt (Political Jobs,
Wholesale and Retail, Jacob S. Fassett,
Agent), is something like this:
TU of Sty Tork T. C. T UTT. ' Dr.
To ono World's ralr at Chicago 10.000
To preTonUng ConeUtstlonal Contention 6,000
To aerrlcee In def eltlng Rapid Tianelt 6.000
To prorentlng Reapportionment J0.000
To lerrlcee to tho Forth Bunco Ceneva.... 10,000
Demoeratlo majority -60,000
Mr. Platt (J. S. Fassett. Ag't) may do
pond upon getting his pay. The services
have boon renderod, and they ought to bo
paid for; and it would bo false economy to
cut down the bill. Now York thoroughly
appreciates what Mr. Platt has dono for
her, and is willing to help along a deserving
young man like his agent.
The Kansas Republicans publish a collec
tion of Rallying Hymns, written with little
kill of song craft but someof thom not with
out a certain rude morlt Ono of thoso simple
lays oelabrates tho "Howler." tho Alllanoe
man who weeps and walls and calls on all tho
farmers to do tho same. In eplto of the fact
that tho crops of 1801 are among tho richest
ever grown in tho Btate. Here is a stanza
from the Howlor Hymn:
"He howU of woo, an' want, as' porertr.
An' th wolf that's at oar door;
He bowls ot trans and great monopolies,
A-gTlndln' of the poor,
The Kousae eorn was nerer taller.
And the wheat looke handsome, toot
The orchards hang with f rait in nlentr
for this and ninety-two."
There are Howlers and Wallers outside ot
the Fanners' Alllanoe. Howler Mr from
Texas Is ono of them.
Although tho recent revolutionary move
ment on tho Rio Grande proved a fares, there
are signs ot its revival in a moro serious form.
Mexico Is no longer the land of Insurrection,
and the pronunelamentos of Insurgent leaders
whloh usod to be so frequent there are muoh
rarer. B till tho opportunity afforded to exiles in
Texas of organizing raids into thonolghborlng
republic, at tho risk of violating our neutrality
laws, is about as good now as over, and no very
long Interval ocours between any two experi
ments of this character.
The recent despatch from Consul IUctued
bon at Matamoras shows that Gabza and
Bavdotal are suapocted ot arranging an Im
portant raid llko that which was carried out last
Tear in the neighborhood ot Laredo. Qen.
L-Tcao has notlflod our authorities that 180
men havo already crossed Into Texas in order
t be armed and organized for this purpose.
In the marauding expedition of June, 1800,
tho prompt action ot a troop of the Third Cav
alry, under Cspt Btkxtcb, from FortMcIhtosh,
broke up the intended movomont A simulta
neous march had been made by Mexican cav
alry, and whon some of tho would-be revolu
tionists attempted to oross thoy, found tho
Moxloan troops ready for them on the othor
side, and on swimming back were enpturod br
our forcos. Sandoval was conoorncd in that
movement Ho was formerly an officer of tho
Mexican army, and had also taken part In
revolutions In Central and South Amerioa.
where he is said to have reoetved the rank ot
do-oral. He Is a man et enterprise, and finds
followers In his schemes among thodlesatis
fled MoxIcansjTho, for ono reason or another,
havo left their nollvo country and established
themselves in Texan.
Uen. Btaxuct will take good care that the
neutrality laws are not violated through any
want ot vigilance on his part Ills energy last
year was fully appreciated by President Dims
as showing the good will of our Government
Already Company E of CoL Tzx'a regt
monthas boon eont from Fort Clark to Fort
Ringgold to reOntoroo that post Tho facility
with whloh tho Wo Grando can bo crossed
makes it nooossary to konp tho region well
patrolled whon a violation ot neutrality is sus
pected. But tho military forces ot tho two
countries usually act In harmony, and prob
ably have never been on bettor terms than
during tho last two yoara.
Congress conventions havo boon called to
mot on Saturday evening taext in tho Tenth
and Twolfth districts. Wore it not for tho
doathofone Now York Congressman elected
last November, and tho resignation ot anothor.
no candidates for Fodoral oflloo would no bal
loted tor In tills town this yoar. Thotwo vacan
cies in tho delegation aro In tho Tenth district
caused by tho death of Gon. Stinola, and in
tho Twelfth, occasioned by tho resignation of
Mr. Floweb two weeks ago on bis nceeptanco
of tho Domocratlo nomination tor Governor.
Theso two districts comprise, substantially)
that part ot tho town which lies botween
Sovonth avenue and tho East Rlvor, and be
tweon Fonrtoenth and Eighty-sixth streets.
Within this torrltory thoro Is a voting popula
tion of 70.000 ettizons. a constituency larger,
In fact than that ot any eounty In this Btate
oxcoptlng New York and Kings, and larger
than the to .1 voting population of Dolawaro,
Florida, Oregon. Rhodo iBland. or Nevada.
About 20 per cent of tho voters ot New York
eltyllvoln theso two districts, and both aro
Tho Chicago Tribune editorially Informs
its readers that the late Hkbman Me-vhjjc
was tho author ot tho charming and well
known romance, " Nobby Dick." This novol
otto, as wo understand, has long enjoyed a
dosorved popularity in Chicago's highest lit
erary oircles. Tho announcement ot tho au
thorship of " Nobby Dick" will eloar uo what
has boon a perplexing mystery to thousands
ot cultivated minds.
According to Mr. Wabd McAllister, tho
modern American man of fashion is a vary
different portion indeed from "tho grand old
English gontloman," as ho is colobratod in
song, or than tho mon who graced society In
tho days of Washington or of Misison. "The
man of fashion," says tho modorn master of
oeromonioR. "must havo friends in business
oircles. Whon ho has nvallod hlmsolt ot such
f rlonds in tho sorious acts of his life ho in turn
gives an equivalent for their business ability
by taking by tho hand thoso who are powers
In their own sphoros but powerless in the so
cial world, and by giving them privileges and
pleasures for which otherwise thoy would
vainly seok and ask."
In this short paragraph Mr. McAixistxb has
not inaccurately described his own special
functions, which aro not wholly usoloss nor
noeossarily undignified : but are thoy not char
acteristic rathor of a court chamberlain, or
some othor servant of pooplo ot fashion, than
ot a fashionable man as such ? Such soolal
services would confer but little distinction In
a smart club on Fall Mall or in tho moss room
ot a fashionable reglmont In London, or oven
Simla or Bermuda. It is natural and laudable
to estlmato highly or at least to doscrlbe
euphemistically one's spoclal vocation; but is
not Mr. MoAixisTEn unduly narrowing tho
meaning of "man ot fashion" when ho makes
it apply solely to himself ?
buylocks y wAsmxaxox.
I Order to Protect Treasury Clerks alnt
the TcnBr-cat. HhaTcra.
Wasbtnoton, Oct 4. The order just lssuod
by Seoretary Foster, providing for tho pay
mont of the employoes of tho department every
woek instead of twice a month, as has been the
custom, is intendod to protect thom agalnBt 10
per cent a month shavers. Many of the em
ployees of tho Oovornment hore are in dobt to
a greater or loss extent to those bloodsuokors,
who are willing to run the risk of advancing
thom small sums of money without security at
10 per cent a month. Thoro are Very fow
clerks who can go to any straight business
man or Arm and borrow $50 or $100 without
security, though thero is a reasonable
certainty that nut one out of GOO
would fail to moot tho obligation. Thoreforo.
lending money to dorks who aro temporarily
embarassed has grown tobeavory profitable
business with certain brokers who are not
afraid to take tho risk. Tho profits on tlio
loans are so great that an occasional loss
makes no impression on the business. Whero
the broker loses a hundrod dollars by one
elork he makes a thousand on tlio rest If i
clork novor pays back tiie monoy borrowed tho
interest ho pays on it usually amounts to throe
times tho principal boforo ho works himself up
to the point of repudiating tlio debt The result
is that tho clerks pay dearly for anyoxtmva-
Sanco which has placed them in tlio hands of
Of reeont years thero has boon a war on tho
usurers, and" while n washerwoman might be
ablo to collect hor bill from a delinquent clork
through his chief, tho usurer has boon gen
erally given to understand that tho depart
ment could not help him in his business. Re
cently, whon u usurer complained to the Hoero
tary of War that a olnrk would not pay bor
rowed monoy, it was discovered that the clork
had already paid $200 Interest on $100, and
still owed $80. Tlio Secretary roooramendod tho
clerk to pay tho $80 at his convonlonco, but to
pay no more interest
To still further relieve tho clerks there has
beon a custom in voguofor aorootimoof per
mitting thom to draw money between pay days
occasionally upon tho recommendation ot the
chief of tho division. Mr. Foster's new order
will do away with thin and will permit all om
ployofis to. draw, their monoy every woek.
Whethor they will bo any rioher becauso of
tills order in anuoetion. but they may like It
better to havo a llttlo money often.
TUB BAVAXNAU BTIUKB JtESUXED.
Now Men Take Hold, However, and tho
(situation la Not Bcrloua.
Bavannab, Oct 4. The colored strikers
learnod yesterday morning, after it was
thought that tho striko had ended, that tho
railroads did not intend to take them back in
a body, but would placo thom on the samo
footing with othor appltoants. This meant
that a large number ot thom would bo loft out
The result was tho strike was again declared
on. Llttlo or no difficulty is now experienced
in loading and unloading cargoes at tho
wharvos, as men aro coming in from
tho country Jo replace tho. strikers
in crowds. Thero are nearly 1,100
new hands now at work at the Control Railroad
wharves, .400 having arrived yesterday from
the Carolines. A crowd of. Hungarians and
Italians are expected from Nov York on Mon
day, Tho Savannah, Florida and Western
Railroad now has nearly its full complement ot
men at work at the wart. . .
Business Is. rapidly regaining Its normal
tone and will not bo further affeoted. The
strikers' funds are running low and thoy can
notsoouro credit but In smte of thin they have
not attempted any kind of vlolenoo as yet
The total number of men out now is about
The) Croatloa of Chicago.
JYvni U Ckieago Htnid.
Chicago created herself when nothing was before her,
nothing aronnd her; the starting of tho town and
tho country were tlmollaneoues their growths were
from on' and th same cause, and looked one and
the ssino way. The cause was dlrlne, and to he found
In God's purpoie toward tbls richest and fairest por
tion of the conntryi and the looking was, bowerer long
tho delay may be, to an Inevitable snd th unquestioned
leadership, among aU the cities of this western bsal
tpbsre. of Chicago.
Tatosophy and Obesity.
Vom li Botton HtralJL
As Theosopblsts maintain that they can at will cans
their spirits to wander through spac rUTdot the
hindrance of ths body, they should make great eon
verts among obese persons, who heretofore bar pot
their faith In antl fat remedies.
-Jtator Is niggardly with her dalnUet." tstd Sronson.
-Not a bit of It," relumed Ulcks. "Ttjti U BO Unit
to th Usees la the vorld.'
xojs hosts TiBtr or mabmisos.
TV-at Thor Roy In lacUoaapotto About Mr.
BlaUo aa tho rresldeat.
iNBUNAroLra, Oct 4. The anxiety of Presi
dent Harrison's managers In this Btate to
learn something concerning tho real inten
tions of Mr. Dlalne so far aa the approaohing
nomination for tho Fresldonoy la ooncernod Is
becoming alarming. They assumed for a
Umo that tho President and the Secretary ot
Btato understood each other, but now word
oomes from Washington that there Is no euoh
understanding, and that nelthorthe President
nor any membor of his Cabinet has an under
standing with Mr. Blaine. The fact has leak
ed out that thoro novor has boon anything llko
an lntlmaoy between the Presldont and his
Boeretary ot Btate. and that there has long ex
isted a posltlvo boldnoos botwoon tho famillos
ot those distinguished gontlomon. Tho fact
is now recalled that Mr. Blaine has never ao
companlod tho Presldont on any ot his
oloctloneorlng trips over the oountry, but has
let tho President go it alone, whllo he re
mained at homo and persistently appllod hlm
solt to the dutlos ot his offloo until ho oamo
near ruining his health.
One of tho President's nearest frlonds said
in a rocont conversation that Mr. Blaine was
so short and business-like in his Intercourse
with tho President aa to cause ramatkn. Ho
will not watt ono moment to seo the President
no matter with whom he is talking, but will In
terrupt the buslnoss or lntorvlow, and loavo
the momont tho business in hand is concluded.
He has novor "loafod" about orvlsltod tho
White Houso as ho did whllo Garfield was its
occupant and as tar as Blaine's family Is con
cerned, thoy lot tho Whit) House pooplo so
voroly alone, excopt when official otlquotto
posltivoly requires their prosonco. It is also
said that tho Prosldent is greatly annoyod at
Blaine's stlonco, and boeomos posltivoly pet
ulant whon any ono of his intimatos broach
theauestlonofBlalna'scandldacy. Ho rays: "I
know nothing whatever of Mr. Blaine's inten
tions on tho subject and have beon without any
direct Information from either Mr. Blatno or his
physician as to Mr. Blalno's condition all sum
mer." Of course ho nan had reports from Cabi
net pfTlcors and mutual friends who have visit
ed the Beorotary of Stato at Bar Harbor, but has
Bo director accurate information from Mr.
lame or his physician, as ho would havo had
ho were personally interested.
A.ThIs Information Is supposed to have como
through Mr. Howard Oalo of this city, who has
beon an employee of the President's law firm
lor the past flftoen years, and who has recently
returned from a visit of several weeksduration
to the President at Capo May, and who rtocom
paolodhlrnon hln Now England trip. Thoup
Bhotof It all is that Harrison's closest and
most zealous frlonds horonroof tho opinion
that Mr. Blalno is greatly flattored by tho men
tion of his namo. In connection with tho noxt
Blnco Mr. Cale's return the frlonds of Attor-
&ney-Gonornl Miller do not sootn nearly so con
PVM MIJ.ler wi" ! transferred to tho
nlted Htntos Court of Appeals, and tho friends
of Judge Woods still affirm that tho President
has never boon guilty of Ingratitude or oow
ardlco. and that ho will put that gentloman on
tho boncli. They are somewhat fearful thatho
may appoint Miller aa United States District
Judgo in tho. place of Woods. That would
creato a good deal of fooling horo, as thoro
pro a. dozen very influential attorneys in
training for that place. Hon. J. M. Butlor. ex
Benator MaUonnld's law partner, has been
summoned to Washington by tho Prosidont
and t is believed that he will bo asked
to tako the Presidency of tho Inter-State
Commerce .Commission latoly vacated by
J00 pooloy. It is not believed here
thnt Butler would aooopt tho vacancy on
tho Court of Claims, with whloh his name has
boon mentioned, and besides, hin bearing Is
very dofectlve. which would impair his useful
ness on tho boncli. This would not bo so bnd
in the Intor-Stato Commeroo Commission, as
most of tho arguments in that court aro sub
mitted in tho shapo of briefs.
Harrison's friends havo written him to eome
homo to vote nt tho municipal election, whloh
occurs Oct VA. , They are also anxious that he
should attend tho Atlanta Exposition, to which
ho was recently invited. They bellevo that
speeehmaking is Harrison's forte and that he
can do moro for himself by travelling over the
country, making short speeches and remain
ing only a short time in any place, not long
enough to let people get well acquainted with
him. than ho can by any other method. Har
rison is. also imbued with tho idoa that ho
elected himself by his speeches during the
campaign, and ho Is not averse to admiration
and applauae. 0. B. E.
THE BUOnXESX ITZ-C.
It la Recalled by Another Short Oao Ke.
cently Frohatod la Peaaaylvaala,
"I read In a Now York paper the othor day."
said a formor member of tho bar of Luzorne
county, Pa., "an item about a will rocentiy ad
mitted to probate in MoKoosport which only
contalnod twenty-four words, and whloh, tho
itom statod, was uniquo among wills, beeause
of its brevity. I was reminded by this that tho
shortest will on record is ono on file in the of
flcoot the Register of Luzorne county. That
will, includlngtho signature, contains but nino
words. It was written with a load pencil on a
half sheet ot note paper, and Is as follows:
Emily li. Minor is my heir.
..-, ... t . .HiUAH K. MiNxm.
The will when found was enclosed in an
nnvolope. whloh was endorsed. 'Bead this
when 1 am dead.' Tho maker of the will was
a blind woman, and was famous in her day as
the 'Blind Poetess of the Wyoming.' She was
a daughter ot the Hon. Charlon Minor, whose
'History of the Wyoming Valtoy ' in among the
rarest and most valuablo looal histories evor
written. Ha was also the ablest and best
known journalist in Pennsylvania halt a cen
tury ago. Ho founded tho Villaa Hecord of
Wcetehentor. Pa., and subsequently the Afner
Record. In Wilkosbarro. He represented tho
West Chester district in Congress several
terms, and was one ot the first to develop the
anthraoito coal Interests of tlio Lehigh and
"Miss Minor, his daughter, who died In
1874. was blind from childhood, and loarned
to read by touching tho wood types in bor
father's printing office. Slio was the first person
admitted to tho Pennsylvania Institution for
the Blind who could road boforo entering. Bhe
early dovolopcd poetical genius, and tho earllor
raagozlnon and periodicals contain many ot
her contributions. Bho wan possessed ot a
marvellous memory, and when her father was
collecting data for his pronosod history ot
Wyoming sho, accompanied him on his visits
to surviving plonoorn of tho bloody days of the
valley, listened to their narratives, and recited
thom word for word to hor father on returning
homo, whilo ho put them upon pnpor. Home of
thosoaro strikingly graphloandsttrringintheir
language. Her will, although it disposed ot
largo and valuablo Interests, and although
there wore many heirs at law. was admittod to
Srobato without nuostion. The legatee was a
tvorito neico ot Mies Minor's."
A OHAIK ELKYATOR BUJtSED,
Oao of tho BIb Structure la Baltimore and
It ConUata Destroyed.
Baltuioiuc Oct 4. Elovator A of tho Balti
more and Ohio Railroad Company's system,
situated at Looust Point was destroyed by Are
about 7 o'clock this mornlug, togothor with all
the maehinery and the 135,000 bushelsof whout
which it oontalnod. The loss, which is hoavy,
is covered by insurance, Elevator A cost to
construct and to put in tho machinery $500,000.
It was orooted In 1871 and is said to have boen
the first elovator on tlio Atlantic coast Its
capacity was 500,000 bushels. During the past
year it has been used for what Is known as tlio
"bay trade" for wheat brought In vessels up
Tiie Are did its work quickly. Half an hour
after thedtsooveryof the flames tho roof and
walls had fallen. The flames had possession
of the elovator, so completely that whon the
tlremon arrived it was abandoned to Its oer
taln fato, and tho men gave their attention to
saving surrounding proportr. Blazing boards
and plooes of timber were, carried to.a con
siderable dletanoe, and. falling upon plors and
fhips, kept seamen and llreboat and tugboats
may putting out tho many fires thus started.
Tho Aro Is attributed to spontaneous com
bustion. The elevator, It i understood, will
not be rebuilt . Elevators li and 0. have a
capacity respectively oi 1,000,000 and 1,(300,.
Co-teat for Bank Xxaa lnr Brew's Plaeo,
PBitDSLTBiA, Oct , Charles H. Dengler
of Pottsville and Dr. John! Btoner of Media are
rival candidates tor tho place held by Bank
Examiner Drew, who was dismissed for
dirollctlon ot duty in tho Keystone Bank case.
Their oontost may preclpitato further hostility
between the two Pennsylvania Senators and
the President Dengler is endorsed by Quay's
old enemy, Sam Coach ot Pottsville, who
throw the Kopubilean county of Schuylkill to
Pattison by f.OOO Plurality in order to dofoat
pelamater. Tho President la said. to favor
Iiosch's candidate against Btonor, who Is en
dorsed by Quay. Cameron, and Congressman
elect liobinson. Lotteli acted with Chris Magoe
and other at the late Republican Btate Con-
Joutlon In defeating In the Committee, on
solutions a plank nominating Secretary
lalne tor the Presidency whon Quay desired
tne Convention to put forward the Maine
OZAUBIPS ZATS8T ACHIEVEMENT.
A. XJttle More Truth About tho Sonrcea of
ThoiVrMamf jrn(etcTOocl:cTot Albany gives
plaoo to thoso remarks:
tlorrah for Capt. Olaaler and the true eonrco of the
Mltsletlppi I Even the scoffing Sox and the Incredulous
Aihuy ttnet cannot withstand the affidavits ot ths
gcogrsphers of th Ulailer expedition.
Most ot tho rcspoctable newspapers of tho
country havo protofrod to leavo unnoticed tlio
latostaohlovomontsof Olazlorand tho frlonds
who are eager to sharo his reputation, know
ing well that notoriety, howovor unsavory, is
the breath of tholr nostrils, and all thoy are
Booking. Tho performance oftho iVrss and
Knickerbocker forms a notablo excoptlon to
tbls scnelblo poliar.
This Albany newspaper devotes so muoh
language to hysterical laudation ot Olazier
that It apparently has no space to tell what ho
and his gtiosts realty accomplished on tholr
jaunt to Lake Itasca last eummor. Wo will
perform that service. Thoro aro men who
novor heard ot Olazlor, and it may help thom
to classify and catalogue him If Tub Bun, In
this plaoo. briefly enumerates tho crowning
achleromonU of himself and his admirers In
1. They confirmed his right to give tho namo
"take Olazier" to Elk Lako. which ho claims
to havo discovered In 18B1 a lake which wan
mapped with IU tributary brooks by Nicollet
in 1830 (It boing thon an estuary of Lako
Itasca), which wae surveyed and named by tlio
United States Government In 1876. which was
visited by Julius Chambers in 1B7- andA.H.
Blegfried in 1870. and dosorlbod by both ot
thoso gentlemen in tho nowspapor press.
2. Thuy honored tho memory and discoveries
of Nicollet by depriving the largo stream
nearly two mllos long, emptying Into tho
southwest anglo ot Itasca, of tho namo ho
gavolf'Tho Infant Mississippi." and apply
ing this name to tho brook 1.100 foot long that
connects Lako Itasca with Elk Lake.
3. Thoy contributed to tho truth ot history
by declaring. In the poworful languago of Gla
zier hlmsolt. that both Schoolcraft and Nlcol
lot affirmed Lako Itasca to bo tho source of tho
Mississippi. They failed, howovor, to explain
how it happens that the "Bources of tlio Mis
sissippi" aro marked on Nicollet's original
map. now In tho Government archives at
Washington, fully two miles south ot Itasca:
nolthor do tltey attempt to explain what Moot
let moant whon ho wroto of tho largo southern
feeder of Itasca abovo rororrod tons "tho one
remarkable abovo tho others. Inasmuch as its
course is longer and its waters more nbundant:
so that in obedienee to the geographical rule
that tho sources ot a river aro those that aro
most dUtant from Its mouth, this creek is
truly tho Infant Mississippi."
They improved upon tho work of tho sur
veyors and special agonts of tho Minnesota
Historical Hociety. which, in the functions as
signed to it. is by taw a coordinate branch ot
the Stato Government, by wiping out tho no
menclature ot tho Itasca region, ofllcially
adopted, and substituting names of their own
deviling, in which tho family of Glazier and
his admirers aro gonorously remembered! Tho
Legislature ot Minnesota last spring sot apart
thirty-five squaro miles as the Itasca stato
Park. Its surveyors and workmen havo been
preparing tho reservation to servo its purpose
as a public resort Points ot topographic and
hydrographio intoroet unnamed by tho oarly
explorers, havo received names, most of thom
in honor ot the men and their famillos who
have oxplored and mapped this interesting
region. Those names, to tho number of fifty
two, havo beon duly confirmed by tho State
Historical Society. ThU high-handed and
presumptuous proceeding has boon sternly re
buked by Mr. Glazier and his admirers, who
have afllxod tholr own nomenclature to such
features ot tho region as are doemod worthy
to stand as monuinonts of tho achiovomonts
colobratod by tho Olazlor expeditions ot 18U1
5. They have proved to their Intenso satisfac
tion that "Lake Glazier" is tho "true source of
tho Mississippi" by a process of measurements
and reasoning of an eiastio quality not hitherto
employed by explorers and geographers of
repute. They have, for instance, entirely sup
pressed on their map tho important hoad
stream of tho Mississippi known as Howard
Creole. Thoy have shortened Nicollet's Infant
Mississippi to 7,307 feot though tho actual
extreme length of Nicollet's discovery from
Lake Itasca to the Mississippi springs at tlio
Hauteur dosTerres has beon officially deter
mined to lie 11,120 feot This astounding feat
ot diminution ot course implies tho ability to
enhancotho importance of other streams, and
tho Glazier party has been equal to tho occa
sion. 0. They have declared that "the basin drained
by the feeders ot the Glazier lake is larger
than that drained by the stream IMoollat's in
fant Mississippi emptying into the south side
of the southwest arm" ot Itasca. Tho bril
liancy of this generalization is apparent at a
glance. Elk Crook, which carrion the waters
ot alt theso feeders of Elk Lake into Itasca,
is at the mouth, according to Hopowell Clarke,
seven feot wide and eight inchos deop. The
Infant Mississippi, whore it joins Itasca, wan
at the time ot J. V. Brewer's survey forty feet
wide and two feet deep. The Infant Missis
sippi Is perennial, while ths llttlo rlvuleta flow
ing into Elk Lake do not rocoivo a drop of water
in wintor, and are dry during much pf the
summer, save in exceptionally wet poriods
like the past season. J. V. Brower, the Com
missioner of tho Itasca Btato Park, wrote:
"No one of tho several brooks flowing into Elk
Lake are of any great importance, and all of
thom were dry In August lBSQ." It is upoa
these olusivo llttlo brooks that Glazier founds
his pretensions as the only original discoverer
of the ultimate sources of the Mississippi.
The fact is that Elk Lake and its llttlo tribu
taries form a part of the ultimate reservoirs of
tho Mississippi, They nro the smaller and
less important part and no plagiarist from
Schoolcraft no detractor of Nicollet, no porson
wiio has been denounced by tho whole geo
graphical world as a fraud, will bo able to
chango tho face of naturo or falsify the maps.
It may Interest tho J'ren and Knickerbocker
to read an extract from one of sevoral author!
tatlvo letters disposing of tlio latent Glazior
pretensions. These lettors have not yot boon
published, but will see the light In duo timo.
Tho following wnn written by n gontloman
who was with the Glazier party whilo It was
evolving its recent discoveries:
While I enjoyed the very pleasant compsnlonihln of
the Ulsrler party, all the obstrvstlone wtiloh oar brief
tlino alluwed us to make confirmed the accuracy of J.
V. Brower's work in that region.
Mr. Brower mado tho official nurvoyoftho
Itasca district for tho Btato ot Minnesota, de
nounced Glazier as an impostor and a falsifier,
und Invited him to bring suit for libel, that ho
might make good hlBohargos.
On Aug. ,3 last Gov. Morrlman of Minnesota
wroto to tho Commissioner ot tho Itasca Btate
Park that in view of the fact thatacortain
porson had ronewod his claim to have discov
ered "n now sourou of the Mississippi," and
"has caused changes to be made In tho maps
of our Mate In support of such discovery." it
was desirable to havo somo doflnito
and eorrect statement ofllcially made as to
the hydrographia and othor features of tlio
Itanoa basin, gainod from a thorough physical
knowledge ot the same, to tho ond that facts
regarding tho ultimate sourco of tho Missis
sippi may bo ostabllshoil and published for tho
hunofltof tho peoplo of this Btate." Ho there
fore atikod for a report from Commissioner
Brower. That report has boon published, it
Is a lucid and able exposition of nil tho tacts,
and Is accompanied by n lino detailed hydro
graphic ohart of the ultlmuto souroo ot tlio
great rlvor. It can bo obtalnod by any one by
enclosing a two-cont stamp to the "Commis
sioner of tlio Itisca Btato Park, Bt PauL"
SaerlB ob m Paeine laluad.
A scaling sohoonor that etoppod at ono ot
the villages of Attu Island, the most westerly
of the Aleutian croup In tho north Pacltla
ocean, was able rccontly to give a little roliof
to the sufforing natives, numbering about
ono hundred and fifty. Several years ago It
was a great place for soa ottora, and whon a
fur company established a trading post thoro
many Aleuts wore attrnctod to the island, but
whon tho company moved Its store tho notivoa
were left there. Tlio Island is barren, abd the
natives must llvo on ilsh and, sea lions. They
drink tho oil from the sea Hone, but as they
havo nolthor boats, nor hunting outlltathe
supply is small. Tucy mako clothing from
anything they can get luting thankful for
gunny bags that may bu left by vessols that
pass occasionally. One woman was found
who had boen on nor back for three yearn on
account of a broken leg, the bono not having
been set The Indians cannot get away, and
must soon perish unices relief bo sent
JYoin UtoUrn aWy,
nis nam Is Duke of Kite.
Keys the Kb am Clan Doogb.
Wales's daurhier Is his wife.
Hays the Sham Clan Pougb, e
iter pa Is tut and kind.
ler yoathf ol ma refined,
lot bergrandina never mind.
Ssya the Sham Clan Uough.
II telle as we are Doffs.
Baye lbs Sham Clan Dongh,
Bat we're restly Highland roughs.
Says the Bbaui run Itougo.
But hs's punctual In his psy.
Bo we follow day by day,
Son In law of rumiug K
Bsys ths Uuam Clan Doogb.
Poke of riarenre's i err long,
Haye the Sham Clan Pougb.
But ho Isn't very strong.
by the sham ciaa Doogb.
And It Oeorge should eink at see,
Wales's daughter Queen would be
Of Kneiend and of w.
ZOSTl TITO LEVERS. B
What iTaa neeoene or that Healed Freight B
Car from Vancouver I
Lost-A freight car containing Chinese LK
lepers. Whon last heard of the car, bound V
for Now York, wan boing rulledout of Van- K
convor. The lepers wero Insldo, with a cask BR
of water and a barrel ot bread. Tho car door Bv
was soaled. The ear should havo reached Bft
New York a woek ago, If tho Canadian Paclflo Bft
Railroad succeeded In getting It past the au Bt
tlioritloa on tlio United States bordor. Frlonds B
of tho lepers would llko to know what has be- BS
come of them, and so would tho New York HP
Health Board. P
Tho lopors aro Oung Moy Toy and Tsong H
Ding. Tho formor belongod to the North Kl
Brothor Island lazaretto, and tho latter es- vBM
caped from tho Charity Hospital. OungMoyToy Bf
was ent awny.hy the Health Hoard to join B
a party of thirty, of his eountrymon who
mf V.,mtnliic tnfhlna. and Tseng Ding went BE
with him Arriving atvancouvor thor found -K
that tho othor Chlnamon would not travel with H
iS,,m.i -11111! J!11 tho. Canadian Government HE
would not let them stay In Vnnoouvor. They B
were in n quandary until nnonlclalputthom R'
in tho freight car with provisions, sealed it up, -fi
and sent It off.
The news of this was telegraphed to New B
l ork. Nelthor freight or no rlopors have boen &
seen or heard of in this city since. The car 0
muy havo been wrecked sompwhore and the li
lenorn ground up into llttlo hlt. It may he Wi
sidetracked somewhere, and If provisions have m i
runout tho lepers mny. now be starving to
death. It is not Impossible that they havo sue- ' I
ccedoil lit escaping from tho car nnd are now mi
running laundries. It wnn thoughtthev might RS
have reached Now York and lo. In hiding here Wi
tinder tho protection of their friends. Inquiry iP
in Mott street yesterday showed that this was li
very unlikely. Tom.Lee.thobosxofthestrcot, Is,
said that his snbiecte wore deathly afrithl ol $
the disease, and there wasn't a mun in the iw
ftrqet who, would dare to harbor a Mctlm,
Thoy would mibscribn monor to got rid of
them. ' said Tom. " but that's all." i
A. friend who was with Tom backed him up.
and asbprted an proof that when tho lepers ?
wero in Now ork tit work in their, laundries,
before the Health Hoard discovered that thoy t
were lepers, no Chinaman would work for t
thom. and thoy hml to do all tholr washing S
tliomselvop. Chinatown was a llttlo nervous
pvor tho report that tho lepors were coming a,
bne k, and nt least a dozen Chinamen talked
with said that If.thoy Bltowod thomselves la Sb-
tho city the Health Board would bear ot it ft.
Too Wea to Control Urr Oern Subject &
An Explosion Coming. W
Ban Fiuncisco. Cal., Oct 4. The Occidental R
and Oriental steamer Bolglc arrived this morn- K
lng. bringing advices from China to Bopt 3. ja
Tho China Mall of Bopt 3 cays : fp
" It sooms llkoly that compensation will soon L
bo paid by China for tho damagos during the
rccont riots. The French claims nt Wuhu are W,
already settled, and others will be amicably "f
nd jus tod soon. Tho treaty powors, howover, ' );
find It moro difficult to porsuado China to open -f
Hunan at tho time when so many nations are V
following tho example of tho Unitod Statos la ?
tholr treatmont of China. China Is too weak ,,-
to protoRt effectually against this bad treat
mont ot her subjects, but tho conduct of ,;
tho Americans, who have shown hopeless ,
incapacity in dealing with tho Chinese, has not 'A
boen obBorvjHi with indifference. Only the 'J
other day Li Hung Chang sanctioned the pro- ,".
posal ot tho Chinoso Consul at Ban Francisco j'r
to trnnsfor all tho Chinose coolies in Amorloa .,
ro bloc to tho gold mines in the Amur district
"Meanwhllo tho Government at Peking ;
seems to realize tho danger of mob rule. A
tendency is being manifested formllitary Gov
ernors of provinces. TheManchus seem to be
afraid of an outbreak. Tho probability is that
tlio present crisis will pass over. There are
not yot sufDciont combustibles for a big ex
plosion, but an explosion Beems Inevitable."
Tho A'orti C'Afna Aevs says: "During the
last fow years all tho Ministers of the powers
it Poking have put up with Insults and humil
iations. It thero is war. and there, will be un
less China moets our demands fully and hon
estly, these antl-miEsIonary riots will be
merely an exciting cause: real causes bave
beon accumulating for yoars.
"Thechief offender Is the province of Hunan.
From it emanates all tho lying pampbiots and
placards that stir up the i peoplo. There was a '
very large fire at Chung King on Aug. 8. when
tho fire engines were brought out only two In
thirteon wore found to bo In condition for use.
It was noon discovered that thoTaotal of ths
city had dismissed tho flro crows andemhei
zled tho money provided for their mainten
ance. A mob of 10.WO attacked his dwelling
two days lator and It was only with tho great
est difficulty he escaped boing torn to pioeea. . . j
This outbreak gave rise at Shanghai to the A V
rumors ot another antl -missionary riot"
SEW WAY TO SATE BAnOSDEBB.
Who la Fooling; the Cloahnafcers sued How
Many or Them Can Vote! '
The Executive Committee of tho Clockmak
ore' Union reported yesterday to the union
and to tho Central Labor Federation that thoy
bad boen visited by somo Democratic poli
ticians, who made proposals to the effoct that
If tho cloakmakors would endorse tho Demo
cratlo ticket for tho city and county.Rhclngold.
who was convicted of tho Jamaica vitriol
throwing, and. possibly, Joseph Barondess.
would bo liberated.
No ono. it wan reported, would listen to this
proposition. Ono of tho delegates eald that
the matter would come up again, and that
they might rouko an arrangement by which, if
tho liberations took plac Urft, tho city and
county Democratlo tickets might bu sup
ported. This gave riso to n furious discussion. One
delegate said that Barondess and Itheingold
might be savod by tho independent Labor
party. This was greeted with laughter and
cheers, nnd a howl arose when nnothor pro
posed that they should seo what iheKonutili
can pnrty would do. Finally a coramltteo of
three wus appointed to bbo if tho Executive
Committoo's report was true and report on it
Barondess was soon by a ku.v reporter yos
tordny afternoon In tho Tombs. Ho had re
covered his good spirits, and said ho had not
yet severed his connection with the union.
"I never Intended to run away," lie contin
ued, "and simply wont from Montreal to Quo
beo on tho cattle boat becauso I had no money
nnd wanted work. How ould 1 stay when
Mrs. Gluenk told mo she would snrrendorme ,
if I did not give hor &0) whon I had no money
t will ho a year boforo my ease Is decided, and
would havo been bank In lime."
Barondess could not say whether his lawyers ',
had given up his case or not .c
KEPT THE BAItllATH.
That la, Kept 1,99 Immigrant Hneitcrtaa ).
In Three btoerase. "'
Tho tall, gray-mustachod war veteran tho y
stood guard attho ontrnncotothe Bnrgo Office jg
yesterday said ho would rather fight one ot g&
his battles over again thon go through tho In- '$
qulsitorlal tortures ho nubmlttud t from sun-
riso to sunset It was all bocnuso three steam- A
ships, La Touraino. tho Island, and tho Kalsor S
Wllholm IL. wore not allowed to land their mn
steerage passongors yesterday. Thot three Itfe
ships got In on Katurdny night with ;,
1.24W finmigrnntfl. who had to swelter v;
all day and night In the steerage. The men '
nnd women who besieged the Barge Omen .ma g-
thronged Buttery Park wore frieniiii of the lm- I ' ,
migrants. Gon. O'Bolnio. the Assistant (m- UJ
mlssloner of Immigration, decided on h.itur- MM
dny to eloe the Barco Ortlco yctMay . f
Whon Assistant Secretary Nettloton gtn per- fi
mission to Gen. O'lieirnn to lot tlio Iiihietnr E
have a Sunday holiday, it was understood that b
the welfare of tho immigrants ehoulti bo taken
Into consideration. 5)
For Bpanleli Sufferer br Flood. 81
The mombors of tho Kpanlsh Chamber ol jE
Commerco ot 88 Wall street, at a meeting hold
In Tammany Hall last woek, appointed a com- 'm
mlttoe consisting of P. B. do FJorcz. 33 Broad- J
way: A. Ueynos. 4(1 Exchange place: Joaiuln 3
IJera. 13H Pearl stroit. and Joso Mo. Menen-
doz, 'SS2 Pearl streot. to solicit -subscriptions H
for tho benefit of the sufferers by the greet M
flood In central and souUieustorn Hpaln. which s
on Hpt 11 swept away tho town of tXinsuegra, s
in tho province of Toledo, killing SAMX) per- $
sons, and devastated the provlneei of Almeria i
and Valonola, The sufforing in those provlncss
is very great i
No. ' Cemetery riot. t t
Typographical Union No. 0 has adopted aa ,?
amondmont to the rules for the scale of work 1
by whloh thoso working on holidays on weekly u
papers shall recolvo 20 conte an hour extra. J
The Entertainment Committee reported thai ,t
thoy had netted tlio sum of $51 ,;' .', elf"
proilt to tho union. It was decldod that this B.j
should be augmented to 1.1XX) for the pur- f
chase of plots in two oemoterics, one catholic, sa v
ono Protestant .:
Daughters or the Revolution lu Saratoga. Mi;
Babatooa, Oct 4. A local chapter of the K
Daughters of the Bovolutlon was organized
hore yoeterday by tho General Corresponding 1
Secretary. Sirs. E. H, Walworth. The Bogont
has appointed Mrs. John It Putnam Presi-
dent Mrs. Putnam has severul lines pf do- ,!
ent from tho family of the renowned 0a, j
lerklmorof theMohnwk Valley, and who ,
.a;Mfer? , r. .--, - ..-
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