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li " THE! SON, tHtbSDAY, yoVEaiBlSR. 1801. "' " T-.' - "' V . " '
B I. " ''-"THUBSDAy, KOVEMBEnM. 1691. fc r " H J- ' , Hnbaerlptloa Ir Mall-roBs-peild. H K ' rUH.T. Per Month MOO M If v DAILY. Per-Tear. fl bo H - BU.tDAY, Pr Tmr 00 B i J DAILY AKI flUNIUT. Ter Year. 8 H ? DAILT AND 8U.NDAT. Ter Month TO H I ; WBEKLY.'.rer Year io B L rctt'age to Foreign Countries added. H Tim SEN. Ntw York City. BBBBBB SI - eaH' r i It The Sun's Candidate. H: Thn Appeal-Avalandie of Memphis Is n H, V jouronl so able, bo Iniluontlal In Its region, H j I , bo candid In Its own expressions of opinion, H' l I nndephlfflilyandslncorolyostoomedbyus, H ' 8 I thairwoilo not hoeltnto to reply to tho dl- H jj . rcct question It now asks : B tu , "Tnr Sen dosin't hold on tolls rrssldentlslbootiis. It bbS - U i '-1''"" boomed IIilu Oomiix. and Our. Whom will It H ti ' iboomnextr' B ' j' Tub Sun will siipport-for tho Domocratlo . , t nomination for President tho candtdato who S f seams to us to possess theso two Indlspen- B8 j eablo qualifications: S , f . Ho niUBt bo a Democrat. $ L Ho must bo a Democrat who can bo elected, Ba j j rainbows barred out. BB j ' I , And wo hope thut the Appeal-Avalanche B8 1 1 t will bo with us. bB , I f .v H II j night Will lie Done ! Bs ' j ' It scorns that tho result ot a fair canvass ' according to law of tho votes cast at the ro- BJ I cont oloctlon will bo to give tho Democratic B 1 I "rrty omnjority In tho Loglslnturoof 1803. Ba I J ? ' ' It is not certain as yet, however, that - I uch will bo tho result. Tho outeotuo Is to ' some extent dependent upon tho view HI ' which tho courts will toko ot tho proceed- i f ' lugs of the Boards ot Canvassers In several Bl 1 counties. Controversies have already arisen B f " In Quoens county, Dutchess. Sullivan, and IBj , I' l Onondaga. In Syracuse, Mr. Justice Kes- BJ ! r I "medx of tho Supreme Court has niado Bf j; J a decision commanding tho Board ot J i l . Canvassers ot Onondaga county to send BS ,' f back certain returns to tho inspectors of B . ' -' t election for correction. This act has oxcltod Bj j J ' & consjdorablo criticism In Democratic quar- a , . tors, and notably has called out tho con- k domnatlon of tho Governor ot tho State. t 1 j On tho other hand. Mr. Juslloo FnitsuAN, In BJ ; I J ' Albany, has Just mado an order directing BJ . xt the Board of Canvassers ot Sullivan county BJ - 5, r ,to reconvene and canvass tho vote for As- BJ t V j semblyman. according to tho returns mado B l y t,m inspectors, and without going bo- BJ r ' J hind sucii returns. This decision is received M j by tlio Republicans with the announcement BJ I ' that the Board of Canvassers will not obey BJ j , the order of tho Court. BJ L r Meautlmo a feeling ot satisfaction pre- BJ J- r valla among Democrats at tho prospect that BJ Y, j tho actual result ot tho election will be BJ J'1 found to accord with their hopes, while BJ i many Republicans express indignation at BJ j ; ' what they call tho attempt ot the Demo- i li. ' cratlc party to steal tho Legislature, i Wo nro sure that there Is not any desiro , : '. t on the part or tho Democratic leaders, or BJ i i J i any one of tho hundreds of thousands of 't uoncst democrats in misstate, to secure a Bj fi "majority in tho Leglslnturo unless it has H hi' f cca n'r'y nu lawfully obtained at the BJ Br L vr polls. Wo oro equally suro that there is no BJ JJ, j I ,v occasion fornlarm on tho part of tho Ro- BJ n f ' publicans lest thoy should ba cheated out !' ' 'ol E,aior"'- " "- actually belongs to Bj (fl " thoni. B M i !, In the act of 18S0, which empowers the B if . f Supreme Court to require tho Board of H j' v County Canvassors in any county ot tho H Stato to correct any errors which may have BJ HI occurred In its determination, tho various Hf H controversies which liavo arisen in regard B SI . ' to tho recent election aro all subject to Judi- I M t; , cial review and decision. It n candidato I H ; TCn0 fi defeated before a slnglo Judgo at Kun ', ; J Special Terra bellevos that tho dctermlna- BJ U 't tion is erroneous ho may tako It Into the Bj II ;- "General Term or appellate branch of the I I ,,.Supremo Court for review, and If unsucccss- I I ' ful there he may go up to tho Court of Ap- II peals. Ultimately, therefore, all theso clcc BT I. ' tlon disputes may bo carried to tho court of B 1. i last resort and there finally and authorita- I tlvply settled; and no ouo has ever yet serl B t , ously questioned tho absolute Impartiality j' , of that tribunal. j , Of course, any judicial decision may prop- I " erlybo mado tho subject of comment and I fair criticism; but it will bo tlmo enough to t" '"question tho motives of such raon as Judgo l l' , Kennepv and Judgo Fuusm an when tho col li ' ; redness of their Judicial acts has been ' passed upon by tho Court of Appeals. ' In no event is thero any occasion for public worry or wear and tear of mind, fl , K The Leglslatuio will not bo stolen; and yet . . if the Democrats are ontitlcd to tho ma I j Jority they will got It. m t ' I Owen Meredith. M ' With tho death ot tho first Karl and jBi r second Baron Litton- u plcturcsquo and mt $ "mclquo llguro has vanished from tho stage II Hi ;' f public life. Ho displayed In somo du- M I ' groo the dl verso uptltudcs of his father and 1 of his unclo; and, although he possessed IIP nolther tho dlploraatio talents ot the one mW: nor tho lltorary ability of tho other, ho I -, rose to groator emlnonco than cither. P '. Nover, indeed, slnco the ossthetie Haduian h j, became Bmpei or of Borne has one who was essentially nothing but a mun ot the world, r a man of taste, and a writer of society verses been called upon to bear such vast ' y responsibilities as devolved upon the author 1 of "Luclllo" wheu ho bccuiuo Viceroy of j , India. I' Born In 1831, Itoncnr Edward Bulwtr- , Lttiox had attained wliol the ltoninii! con- y6ldered consular ugo when ho was bum- r- moned by Disraeli's sympathy for a man of his own typo to fill tho post of proconsul , 'Over a realm containing nioio than two hundred million souls. In his nominal pro- x fcsslon of diplomacy ho had dono nothing P i ; to justify tho apjwlutmcnt, having for " uipro than a quiutcr of a century dlt- , hurged tho modest functions tit uttacho r ' arid 'secretary or icgiidiiii, mitl having only ' recently obtuincd the not ospm.-Iully 'inied t, tilacoof MlnlbttT tiil.lhbon, rim-It tIMIm- ' i, tion us ho hud acquit n hud boon gitiiii'd j 4 under tho pen name ot " Owen Meredith," jl " and Tru not of a kind to commend itself to !l 1 "' drudgea ot tho British Foreign j l g QBot, or to the obor-mlnded statesmen who insisted that a long terra ot service In India was' an Indispensable 'prerequisite for tho wlso governing of that Immense de pendency. They who looked for substan tial vouchers of administrative capacity 'did not find them In tho rapture with which schoolgirls pored over ' Luclllo." nor oven In the refined delight with which great ladles beheld their evanescent moods to 'fleeted In tho dainty rhymes of "Aux Itallens." They not unnaturally thought thero should bo proof more relevant of fit ness to ocoupy the scat ot a Hastings and a Whlle8LKY. But for tho moment order rolgnod In India, and tho outbreak ot a new, Afghan war was not ns yet foreseen. More over, DisnAEiii, who had Just prevnllod upon his sovereign to add to hor traditional tlllo that of Empress of India, desired tho as sumption of tho now dignity to tako plnoo under circumstances captivating to tho Orlontal mind, and for that purposo ho thought ho needed not so much n man grown gray In tho council room or on tho battlefield at a man of broatl culture, quick perceptions, olastlo sympathies, ond lively imuglnatlon. So he passed over time-tried statesmen and experienced diplomatists, and cIioko for tho post of Vlporoy nt a Junc ture which required Imposing, artistic, and theatrical display, a man much moro familiar with tho delicate ways ot drawing rooms than with tho weighty cares of em pire. It was as It Augustus, Instead of banishing Ovn to Thrace, had In a capri cious moment sent him to play a procon sul's part at Anlloch. Whether tho experiment was a failure de pends upon the point of vlow. To a man of Lttton's tastes and temperament, his loaso of supremo power In India was a long Ara bian Night, nor can it bo denied that Dis raeli's immediate purposo was iuiiuieu in tho magnificent durbar at whloh Lord Lrr ton announced to a great array of mighty vassals that their far-off mistress, tho Queen ot England, would bercaftor wear tho im perial crown which had been wrenched from tho Moguls of Delhi. By the splendor of ' tho surroundings, by the romantic associa tions with which the now Viceroy knew how to invest tho scene, tho native princes wero wrought to an onthuslasm which was intense though it may havo been short-lived. On tho other hand, no ropresentatlvo of tho British Crown at Calcutta has ever given so much offence to Anglo-Indians by acts, some of which were creditable to his sympathy for the subject races, but most of which wero chargeablo to Ignorance ot tho conditions under which the English rulo In India was acquired and Is sustained. By fear rather than by love Is nn enormous territory to bo held in thrall by a minority not oxceeding a third ot one per cent, of tho population. If ono chose to hoed the gossip of dismayed and disgusted civil servants, ono might be lievo that Lord Lytton in his viceroyalty united all tho aesthetic brilliancy to all tho vices and all the administrative Inefficiency of tho worst Cjesars. However little ground thore may have been for such vitu peration. It is certain that the reverses at first encoutered by tho British arms in tho ensuing Afghan war wero laid to the Viceroy's account in England, and public opinion compelled Lord Beaconsfield to recall a protege who, to say the best of him, had tho luxurious habits of a Lucullus without his executive and military gifts. So tho only English man of letters who has over had a chance ot evincing the highest qualities of statesmanship, came back under a cloud from India to receive tho poor con solation of an earldom and to dwell tor many years In undisturbed retirement. When nt Inst. In 1887. ho was invited by Lord Salisrurt to represent tho British Government in Paris, the appointment was viewed with much surprlso even by the Tories, who soon porcoived. however, that ho was to bo u more ilgurehead. his acts and even his words at all important crises being subject to explicit dictation from tho Foreign Office. Whilo no one would think of describing Lord Lytton as a great poet, it is no loss evident that in spitoot ample opportunities he failed to prove himself a great man. But th'ero is no reason to suppose that he con sidered his llfo a failure. Ho had his own conception ot the true ond of man. Ho was a follower of Epicurus according to tho view of that philosopher taken by degenerate disciples: and from the day that ho left Harrow to tho last hour of his llfo ho drained to tho dregs tho well-spiced cup of epicurean existence. The Police Courts. Twenty years ago thero wero five Pollco courts in tho city of Now York and nine Police Justices to prcsido over thorn. Theso courts wero located as follows: The First in tho Tombs, at Centre and Leonard streets; tho Second, adjoining Jefferson Market: tho third, adjolniug Essex Market, near Grand street: tho Fourth, known as tho l'orkvillo Court, in Flfty-seveuth street, near thoThlrdnvcnue, and tho Fifth, known as the Harlem Court, on tho westerly corner of Third avenuo and 129th street. At that time tho population of the city was 900,000; It Is now 1,800.000. Keeping pace with this Increase of population, tho number of ar rests for criminal offences has very nearly doubled, but thero has been a wholesome and gratifying reduction In tho number of unapprehended offenders, so that whllo the arrests havo grown with tho population, tho number ot crimes committed lias, rela tively, much diminished. Although twenty years havo elapsed, and although tho operations of the Pollco Courts have. In tho meanwhile, been increased to tho extent wehavuoxnlatiipd.mul nlthnnirli too, it has been fouud necessary to Increase tho nuintKT of Judges from nluo to fifteen, thero has boou, strangely enough, no in creaso in the number of Polico Courts for the disposal of cases lit tho city proper, whllo ono only has boou added In the district beyond the Harlem nnnoxed to tho city In 1874, tho Police Court business ot which Is almost Insignificant. It amounts, according to tho recent report, to an aver ago of about three cases per diem of per sons committed, Nocifort has been mado to subdivide the down-town districts, where the population has Inoi cased enormously, and, as tho result of this neglect, tho busi ness of theso courts is choked, -tho sitting magistrates are overworked, prisoners havo to ue transrurreu long distances through crowded streets, and the odd spectacle is presented of lirtfen Judge? and but six courts, s'o, thut eti'jt wheil ilttcu Judges nio employed in the Court of Spcclnl Sessions, there nro still as many Idle mid unoccupied Pollco Judges as thcto ate Polico Courts In this city. Moro than this, thorn is good reason for bellovlng that tho pressuro of cases so far curtails tho tlmo which rati be allotted to the consideration of each, thut In consc quencuthcilghlijof thuucctiwd nio f.omp tliitt's put In Jeopardy, a'ho extent ot this abuse hits bteii further liicteuscd of Into by tho appointment, or Pollco Muttons, to whom It, committed the cat o of female pris oners brought to tho specially designated station houses in which provision is made for their accommodation. To take a slnglo example ot the, swollen volume ot business ZZSSBbMbBH of ono of theso courts, let us consider tho, Essex .Market district. Including .tho en tire, territory from Catharlno street to Fourteenth, and from tho Bowory. to tho East River. This vast and growing constituency Is larger thanunany for eign cities, and has been Increasing so rapidly that, even In recent recollection, It has boon almost transformed. The popu lation ot this district is about tho samo as that of Manchester, Amsterdam, Marseilles, or Bio Janeiro, and Is moro than that of Son Francisco, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Buffalo, Now Orleans, Pittsburgh, Detroit, or Wash ington., Yet tho prlmltlvo spcctaclo Is horo presented ot one sitting magistrate, In trusted with the preservation of poaco and observance of law, his Jurisdiction extend ing from klto flying to murdor, and his de cisions having to do with the custody and commitment of minor children, tho support of wives by their husbands, and tho imposi tion ot $10,000 a year in fines. In tho Essox Market Court last year 25,000 persons wero arraigned. Hero, as olsowhorc, tho Judges presido.ln turn, but thero is nover moro than one acting in each court. Nor is tho condition of things very much better In tho Yorkvllle Court, which, wheu the boundaries of it wero established, was In n thinly scttlod region, tho population ot of which has grown amazingly. There Is need of moro Pollco Courts; a subdivision of Police Court districts, to keep pace with tlio lncrenBO of station houses, and with the, expanding business of theso courts, and an opportunity for the six un employed Judges to servo tho city, thoroby relieving their associates, and justifying tho pledge made at tho time tho bill adding to their number was passed und received tho Governor's approval. Income Tax as Well as Free Trade. The St. Louts Repullic copies, or pretends to copy, whut it offers to Its own readers ns The Sun's exhibit of Mr. Mills's opinions on free trade and so forth, as gathered from a speech mado by him at Minneapolis about thirteen mouths ago. The citations pub lished by tho It (public aro these: "Ttt tride will VIII truitt deid ti doornail. And yet the American projile IniUt on lending men to Conaresa that vote for protection. "The Almightr made ut dependent upon each other We muat exchange the thlnga we do not want for thote thing! we mutt have. And to do thli in nuK hart aim lulrf IratU. " Mint in ft t trade, tree labor, free ipeecti, and a free pre. "Wo would be exporting our articles ot production to all parte of the world if tfaorcit Cixtklakv wai Frel dent of the United States." "Thissouuds like Mr. Mills," remarks tho Republic, " and If ho did not say it, ho ought to have said it." If our eatocmed contemporary is so ready to quota with approval all that Mr. Roanit Q. Mills may utter in his wildest moments ot bersorker enthusiasm, why did it take the trouble to draw its blue pencil carefully and heavily through ono of the most sig nificant passages in tho platform ot which tho abovo is tho mutilated remainder? Wo ifefcr to Mr. Mills's dictum of 1890 concern ing income taxation : "Lery a tax nu Incomes and the wealthy men of the country, and you'll see prosperity. Tho Republic should icstoro this essential part of Mr. Mills's political creed to its proper place. Tho incomo tax proposition belongs just after Mr. Mills's announce ment that " ire mil hare absolute free trade," and just before his declaration, " I believe, in free, trade." Wo observe, by the way, thut during Mr. Mills's recent expedition into Long Island, in search of votes and under tho pilotage of that eminent friend of American Industries. Mr. Thomas G. Shearman, the free trade candidate for Speaker was reported as re marking to a Brooklyn clergyman: "I am not a free trader. That is u concoction of the enemy." In view of tho utterances quoted above, it Is Incredlblo that Mr. Mills has mado any statement of that sort to a Brooklyn clergy man or "to anybody else. Like nittny other roHiicctublo cranks ho prides himself espe cially on his moral aud intellectual coumgo. and it is not prohablo that uftor tolling the peoplo of Minnesota that wo must have ab solute frco trado and that ho behoves in free trade, lie is ready to swallow his own words and his self-respect in any such fashion. Why, he would at onco loso tho valuablo csteom of tho Republic. But tho Republic must accept Mr. Mills just as ho is, Incomo tax crank as well as froo trado crank. To present him as a frco trade crank merely, suppressing his avowed opinions about Incomo taxation, is to de prive its Mibsoiiri readers of part of their money's worth, to toy nothingof tho injus tice to Mills. It is tho duty of the War Department to send ns Inrgo a force of troops to the Itlo Grunde us mny ho needed to prevent tho Mexi can bandit CIatuia from using American soil as a basis of rebellious operations ugalntt Mex ico. The Gaiiza uanic which has been raiding in northern Mexico for nearly two months, was formed, or at least tho nucleus of it was formed. In Texas, ami it has ropoatodly taken refueo on this side of the Rio Grando when pursued by Mexican troops, though Gen. Stan ley's cavalry force on tho frontier Is under orders to prevent it from entoring our terri tory. President Diaz has communicated some im portant facts about tli subject to tho Mexican Minister nt Washington for (ho Information of our Government . In a recent dosp.itch to Seflor ItoMEito ho says: "Ciusno Oiiut orgaulred In the territory of the United States, in violation of their laws, an armed band of about eighty men. As the boundary Hue Is so extensive he was able to cross at a plate when Ibeie were no troops, and whtle these, and some armed ranch men, started In pursuit, he rubbed the unprotected villages he fouud on his way in the thirty ur forty hours which he remained on Mexican territory. He then crossed over the Itlo Grande to Texas without be ing molested or Interfered with by the proper author! ties of the United States. He and a few ot Ms men are now reorganizing and recruiting tn two ranches in Texas nrsr the frontier, and, so far, without any inter ference from anybody." Tills Is a serious business, and tho com plaint of President Diaz is ot a very grave character. The duty of our Government in the premises is obvious, and mud bo performed without any delay, though all tho cavalry regiments in our son Ice should bo needed ou the Ilio Grande for its performance. We cannot permit the iolatlon of our neutrality laws under any clrcunutancos whatever. The gorgeous Ico palaces by which the fnnto of the city or St. Paul has boeo bhu-oued abroad In other yeais nro not to bn seen there thh winter, though the weather has been freezing cold nnd tho snowfalls havo been heavy during tho past week. The Winter Car nival Cornmltteo of the Bt, Paul Chamber ot Commerce has decided by unanimous vote "that. Inasmuch as Ice palaces give the rest ot tho world tho Impression that St Paul Is the coldest place on earth, it is tlmo to quit build ing tlieiii." And thus mankind can nover more behold those gllitorluc spectacles thut have shed lustro over Bt. Tnul nnd redounded tn Its glory, tuut drew visitors to It, drew money t.i It, caused It to be tulkcd about, and tilled with wonder tho souls of all who buw them. It Is a mistaken policy that tho Carni val Committee has adopted, and It Is founded on a fallacy, the fallacy that the people who heard otthe building of lee palaces In St. Paul got the impression that It is the coldctt place on earth, colder even than the great city on the Nora, where 'Ice palaces havo 'boon seen. Tho fact is that tho people who study tlio movements of tho thermometer In St. Paul got no each impression, nnd know very well that the weather Is no colder there than It Is, for example. In Minneapolis. Let the' Carnival Committee, thorefore, bofora tho ond ot Do oember. reconsider and rovorso its Illogical decision. Chicago Is famous for its shambles. Ban Francisco tor Its Goldon Gate. New Orleans for Its cotton markot, Philadelphia for Its Quaker Ism, Boston for its culture. Brooklyn' for its churches. Bt Paul for Its Ico palaces, and Now York for Its brains and beauty. Nolther bt these cities can afford to loso tho attraction, orattractlons. by which allot them havo grown great, with New York forever at tho front. This astonishing Item ot statistical In formation about Brooklyn appeared on Mon day In tho columns ot the Eeenlna ibif. " lu the Eastern District the water famine will be felt very seriously If It Is not ended within twenty-four hours. A deficiency ot water would throw a great num ber ot men out of employment. The breweries alone employ about 25,000.000 men." Doos "LmtT" Godxix ovor got drunk vul garly drunk ? Tho Stato Board ot Agriculture ot tho Stato of Maino was attackod by Farmer Barton the other day, on tho ground that it was not helpful to the farmors,'"as it did not teach thorn how to mako moro monoy with less la bor." Ho made this attack on tho Board at tho mooting of tho Kennebec County Pomona Urange.hcld In thotown of Windsor, and he waB sustained by other farmors of PomonaGrango. Tho charge- thus brought against tho State Board ot Agriculture Is of a most damaging kind, and Is calculated to endanger Its exist ence. Tho Board is u costly Institution, sup ported by taxation: it publishes reports ot its sclonttfla experiments in agriculture: it holds stated meetings, the proceedings ot which uro printed In tho papers: It sends an annual re port to tho Legislature, and it lias a secretary who conducts its correspondence. But yet, and notwithstanding all the learning and tho energy of Its mombors, if "it does not teach tho Maine farmers to make more money with less labor." It Is not worth Its salt and does not earn Its wages. FarmorBiivroN's practical tost of Its utility was mado ot tho best quality of Maine lumber. Tho Rev. Dr. Byder of Gloucester has astoundod tlio membors of his church, sevcrnl of whom nro fish dealers, by preaching a sermon on tho question: " Can n fish dealor be n Christian ?" Ho doserlbcd tho " tricks ot tho fish buslncss,"as practised at Gloucester, in a way thut must havo convinced his hearers that the alarming quostlon can be answered only in tho negative; and he painted tho fish dealers in a way thut ought to scare them, if they desiro to save their souls. Yet ho did not provo conclusively that they aro any wickeder than butchers, grocers, or milkmen. The question of the Ilov. Dr. Htuer is a hard ono for us to answer, so far as the Gloucester flshdcalor,snroconcernod: and yet we ore con vinced that in New York thero may bo fish dealors who aro sound Christians, and who even apply tho ethics ot Christianity to tho flsh business. A correspondent of the Tribune suggests that there be a competition of poets nt tho Chi cago Fair for tho purposo of producing nn American national hymn, nnd then a competi tion of musicians to set it to music. National hymns worth anything are not likely to be pro duced to ordor. and tho amount of trash that would bo written to no particular or somo very common metro, if tlio verso makers wore let loose upon u national hymn, would make the insano asylums put up notices of "Standing Boom Only." National hymns aro born, not mado: and if tho three or four airs which might be called Amoricnn national hymns are of -foreign origin or full of foreign reminiscence In thoir music, let us remembar that wo aro a composite nation and be hnppy. It is hoped thnt none of our esteemed morning contemporaries will fall Intotho error which seems to havo bad wide currency inn telegraphic despatch last evening to the offect that " Point Barrow Station is tho most north erly point in tho AVostorn hemisphere inhab ited ull tho year round by whito people." Greenland Is in tho Western hemisphere. Is a part of America, and Upcrnavllc on its west coast, whioh has been tho homo of whlto mon tor many years'. Is a iittlo ovor 100 nautical mllos north of Point Barrow. , The philanthropic Idea of helping to clvlllzo Africa is tho motive that is drawing many a dollar Into tho treasury ot the African companies. It is not of ton that peoplo are moved by purely bonovolont Impulses to ad vance monoy for railroad surveys, but such in stances hnvo occurred in Africa. Barouess 'BuitDETi-CouTTS has given tho sum of $.',", 000 toward surveying tho railroad muto bo tweon tho Indian Ocean and Victoria Xyanza. The sum or $50,000 is bolng raised by popular subscription In Kncland to maintain Capt. Lvoaiid and his Iittlo forco in Uganda, and thus preserve whlto ascendnncy there. Every steamboat except ono built for tho great lakes Is tho fruit of private or publlo generosity. The Scottish millionaire KTKriiKNbox gave thou sands ot dollars to build the road be tween I.nkurt Nyass.i and Tanganyika, of which, howover, only forty mllos has yotbeencompletod. It is gratifying thnt. tho vast amount of unselfish service in Africa's hohalt is fruitful; for in spite of setbacks and discouragements tho eflorts to reclaim the continent are muking steady progress. A Afro-American Wa rails;. fmrn lA Aw York Agi. Nerer before In the history or the Republican pirty In this state was it more generally domoralied than at this moment, Ur, Piatt has men lit to lx. note the Atro-Amerit an Republican at every point, and the Administration 1ms followed bis ont'niptiious treatment, nbllo he has liven the lesder or a white taction rather than or the party at large. Rvrause of the extraordinary manner tn which Mr. I'latt and Mr. Harrison hae treated the Afro-Americans of Hit. State a person cautious and con aemitive has estimated that 13,000 uf 30.000 Afro American totes went to rloncr that should cute gone to Fassett. We shall stand at our post and do battle for the Re publican party becanse It Is our pleasure to do It. but with the Administration at Washington und the leader ship or the parly In New VorL dead against the race here, we shall play a losing gsine. The Democrats will continue to gather in more and more Afro-Ami rican votera. TaamkaglTlDC Day! With grateful hearla let all give thanks, All lands, all stations, und all ranis s And the cry comes up along the way, tor what shall we give thanks to-day t For peace and plenty, busy mills, "The cattle on a thousand hills," Kir bursting barns, wherein Is srorcd The golden grain, a precious hoard, Uhetbanlsl For orchards bearing rosy fruit, For yielding pod and toothsome root, Ahd all that God declared was gooj In hill or dale, or Held or woodi Olvethanksl For water bright and sweet and clear, A million fountains far and near, For gracious streamlets, lakes, and rills That How from everlasting bills: OlTetbanlsl For summer dsws and timely frost. The sun's bright beams, not on ray lost, For willing hands to sow the seed And reap the harvest, great Indeed: Give thanks! For hearth and home-love's altar rlrei For loving children, thoughtful sires; For teudsr ninth, r, gentls wives, v ho Itll u.ir hearts und bless uur lives; l.'hc llnmW tor heaven's care Ufa s journey through, F'or health and strength to dan and du, . For ears to bear, for eyes to see Earth's beauteosa thing i ca land and atat Olvethanksl . U. A. Eipdib, Btroast Coshshosi e FTem ss Cltntam Conaty Htsaoerat. To nrt EDrron or Thb Buw Sin Your edi torial article tn last Saturday's 8vn on "The Speakership" U tho right thing at the right tlmo. It will strike a responsive chord In tho hearts of thousands of Democrats. For some tlmo there has been a growing fooling thnt the Mills business has gone far onough. Tub Su.n'a outspokon warning gives expression to that sentiment, and calls a time ly hull. Mr. Mills Is undoubtedly a gontlorann of high character aud untmpoachnblo reputation, but In the present .stato of affairs he Is not the man for Speaker of tho Domocratlo ITouso. The oxporlonoo of 1888 must not bo repoatodl Tho itcpublloatis would ask nothing hotter than to raise again the cry of " Froo Trado" In the BtntH of New York. To elect Mr. -Mills would elvo thorn 'that oportunlty. Tho de luded bond of Domocratlo nnd Mugwump edi tors who nro so oager to "emphasize the tariff Issue." by putting Mr. Mills In tho oltalr of John G. Carlisle, should havo boon at tho polls In the rural districts ot Now York In 188a Jf they had boon there, titer would havo seen hundreds ot strong and Influential Democrats walk up and voto for Bonjnmln Harrison, forced to do so by Cleveland's untimely mos ssgowhich, alas, too strongly "emphasized tho tariff Issuo 1" In Clinton county, for Instance, names could bo mentioned, high up In business llfo. of Domocrats who loltod Clovoland and would bolt him again. If such men as theso aro driven from their party olleglanoo by tho froe-trndo cry, what can be expected of tho rank and tlio? If theso editors succeed In electing Mills In 1801 nnd nominating Clevoland In 1802 there, will be a repetition of '88. The Slugwumps nro Indifferent as to dofcat so long nsthoy carry out their porsonal whims: but Demo crats and Democratic Congressmen surely will uotcommtttho cycloponn blundor of placing such u radical as Mills at tho head of the Dom ocratlo procession. The tariff watch doubtless needs its works cleaned and repaired, but watches should not bo repaired with sledge ham mors. For Success i 1802. PiaTTsnunan, Nov. 24. 1II Naate Is David Bcaaett Bill. To the Emion OFflnz SvHSin I notice In rourpnpor this evening you say "Senate and Houso Safe." Now of all mon. howover anx ious nnd however good nnd tried their Democracy, who wns It that did the most to save both Houses of the Legislature '! It wns somo ono man In this State who did moro than all. and it is not too much to say thnt. without his efforts.no ono would havo ox posed the falsehoods of our opponents, and no ono would have prevented those voryamiablA llcpublfcans from actually stealing both brnnehos of the Legislature. No rending, thinking man will have to In quire who thnt ono man is. Yet. even the llorfrf begins to soe that Cleveland Is a long way behind that one man. and hence It talks of Chnpin as tho next Democratlo nomlnco for President, and faintly hints of Flowor as a possible candidate. Well, let us wait. Tho peoplo' begin to sco that action and not mere pretension must win. v .. -c- . n. Ai.wats a Democrat. New Yoiik. Nov. 24. nilla Before the Park Department. Tho Park Commissioners, nt their meeting yostorday. discussed tho bills which it is ex pected will lie brought up in the Loclslnturo this winter afTocling the department. Among tho bills considered were tho Park Police pen sion bill, the bill for enlarging and Improving the parade ground In Van Cortlandt Park, the bill for improving the Third avenue bridge a bill authorizing the Board to locate themenag-f-rlo In any park tho Board chooses to select, a bill for the oroction ot a soldiers' and sailors' memorial arch nt Fifth avenue nnd Fifty-ninth street, n bill for constructing parkways in tho annexed district, a bill tor improving Costlo Garden in order that it may be used ns a pub lie museum nnd aquarium, and a bill provid ing for the payment of land damages growinc nut or the construction of the new MeComb's Dam bridge. Dennlto action on the bills was dcluycd until tho bills are minutely examined. rorelsra Notes or Heal laterest. The Russian army Is cultivating the use of bicycles. Mawenet Is writing a new comlo opera upon Mo lierc's "Amphitryon." The late William II. Smith is supposed to have left about two millions sterling. A new composer. Slgnor Marettl, has produced an opera named "Vlndlce." In Bologna. Critics pronounce htm to tie a rUal of Mascagni. r lve great hmjllsh warships are now declared to have guns which are unfit for service. These rango from 110 ions to 07 tons. The French Tft-ton guns, bowel er, are i-ald to be Mtlsfat-tory. inei oairman onue iiundersneld rower Loom Wear, ers' Association protested before the Labor Commission against the emplojmentor married women, tn the neg lect of their domestic duties and to the too great com petition with men. Otero Is dancing and singing at the Wiuter Garden behind the notel Central In Berlin. Wnen she made her first app-arance tn that city, scleral weeks ago. the dramatic critic of the i,e amrier spoke other per formance as,"o sensuous that the police might be well Justified in stopping her," The German Relehstas; will he asked to appropriate l!S.O0O to the Imperial secret service this year In stead of II 2.00 J as heretofore. This Increase ts due tu the Government's intention to restore to Its rightful owners the Cuelph fund whlib has heretofore sup ported the secret service. The hot water boxes are to be taken out of the rrencli rait ay carriages and warmth is to come from boxes filled with acetate of soda. The boxes are filled with so da in a solid state, which is HquefJed by being plunged into hot water. As It solidifies, which lakes Hie or ix hours, It steadily gii es ont heat. Ti. Herman Princes Intend to celebrate their golden weddings next year. They are Duke Ernst of Ssxn Tohurg Ootha. married on May 3. 18. to the Trlncess Alejtaudrlne or Baden, and llranrt Duke Charlea Alex ander of Kaxe-Weluiar-Eieenacb, married on Oct, S, 1842. to Sophie, daughter of William H. of Holland. Turkey's circular letter tn Us diplomatic, agenta con cerning Hebrew Immlgratlo-i. says: "To prevent the spread of disease nmong our people. sulIi as must be caused by Hebrew Immigration, tho Porte forbids He. brow Immigrants Turkish tenltory. Ship companies must ulnar to transport such Immigrants to this emplie, n our ofllclals wl,l nluso to let them land," Birlm'sCIt Council !s considering proposition of the I'nlverssl Hectrlu Company to build three under ground electric r.illn ays. One line would run east and west, another north ami south, the third around the city, The tralus would run thlity-three feet below tho curb In Iron pipes eleven teet in diameter. Three mil lion dollars are reudy for the construction ot the east and wei t line. Dentin Fichte In Aachen n.is vemenred Iwowceka ago to nine months' Imprisonment and the payment ur S123 damages to Fran Helena Schmidt of Aachen, be cause be pulled ont ell her teuth ai.d charged her $100 for a set of false ones, Frau Schmidt wished to have but ono tooth pulled and told him so, but while be had her under the influence of laughing gas he took out alt of them. Five months ago richte'a Orst assistant drew all the teeth of a Jesuit priest under similar circum stances, and was sent to prison for three mouths. At the rmiMM-s in bis honor on Kor, 2. llelmholta told thus how he came to the study of medicines "Iwaaa nervous, sickly boy. I was thirsty for knowledge, but Iwaahsndlcsnped by a shockingly bad memory. For philology and history I was Inciuacifatedby this defect. I liked geometry and could remember It because it was a logical whole, but yet I had a longing for something more real, Then I came to physics, which I liked, but pb sirs as then a poverty-stricken scleucc, so I bad to give it up; and so I was brought eventually tu the study of medicine." Finally Helmholts acknowledged that be bad worked, not to help science, but to enlarge bis own knowledge, A Hlsnplri Truth Wall Xxareaarat. Vesi (s AJitrtittmmt erte JVcrA sri'cea Jtefrie. The A'eitA Jsuriaui finim It essential to every Ameri can reader who lines to keep up with the timet. Hit) Hearth Eaaeel a JLatt. Hnnksr-Evsr line I can remember, Mist Flypp, I have searched (or the beautiful, the true, and the good. Miss riypp-Ob, Mr. Hunker, this la to sudden. But you may speak to papa. Ola Mind Unburdened. from ti. MorniOD-I hear Stlvey met the prince, tin mmintr, Norriin-'hat ill. I Mivoy say tu him t Jaiiieu Apuluglzid fur being uu American. A. Mattcr-o&fact Adorer. The Adorer Sir, I want to marry you daughter. The rarher-WneUI Marry that 'dear Uftfi tasxpe Hj.eJ.lnBoeaBiBtl. sHr, you suprUe me. """ The Adortr-Voma off, r 4 J OCR BOVXK ATl&STia- DKFBQCEt, The TSa trrttlat CtattUatfrtm Cat HstMeraa fa Key. Wae. WAsmxhTOS. Xov.'-SX-One of tho most noticeable recommendations In the report of Qcn. O.O. Howard, as' commander of the De partment of tho Atlantic. Is that Trbeo 'Heads and Port Itoyal Sound should be defended by works on Hilton Head and Tybee, Parry, und Bt. 'Helena islands. With these would fbo joined, of oourso, submorlno mines; and tHo navy In duo ttme'mtght furnish forpodo boats. Importaritstops havo been takon fortho pro tection of' tho Atlantlo coast from Tortland down to Korfolk. and now battorlos at somo of the moro Important' points "have been begun fortho rocoptlbn'or gun and mortars now under construction. -11111. from Fort Mon roo to Koy West the seaboard Is ot present do foncelees. THore Is 'not evon n coast garrison between tho former point nnd Fornnndlnn, so that In this respect the condition ot the coast is worso than boforo the eivii war. w If we look at tho Bermudas, wltcro England has a strongly fortlflod'naval station and ron rlnzvous, wo tlrfd hat'-thodistnpce;thonoe i to Wilmington Is 074 miles: to Charleston. 7(2 mllos: fo Havannah. 8 injloa: to Ht Augtis tlncHOO mllos.' North of Wilmington thodls tanco from -tho Bermudas to Ujh coast of North Carolina even diminishes. Keoplng In vlow the high speed nnwlriven to war vessels, it Is evident that a hostile squadron, secretly assembling nt the Bormudas. which ore con nected by telegraph with Halifax hut by no direct cable with the United. Btates. could ap pear oft our South Atlantlo .potts after a com paratively short run. cMl!ngat tho Bermudas, it would have ou ample supply left tor opera tions on our coast ' . Itmnstbekoptlnmlnd that wo really nro not separated by the broad pcoan.from tho nearest posslblo European enemy, but only by thofew'hundrod miles Intervening. between our ports and such stations as Halifax nnd tho Borraudns, or thn various West India islands 1n forolgirpossesslnn. ' The roeommondntlnn ofUon. How-aid in .regnht to fortlfylnc the ooasts of tho Carolinas. Georgia, and Florida is therefore based on palpable .facts. . Tybeo Island Is al the mouth of the Savannah, and works there would protect tho 'rivor and tho city. Broad River and port linval Bound, a lit tle to the north, always regarded as waters of Importance, ns shown by tlio Hilton Hond ex pedition early in tho olvll wnr. beoqmo nddl tlonnlly sofmm-thenowdrvdock now under construction thero. while the nnval station is surntogrowlnVnlun'from Itseltuhtitm. ' Tho Fortincatlons Boiirtl of JS85 picked out on this const, between Fort Monroe and tho (llllf. for ilnfonffl hv nArmnnsnt wnrba. KAV West. Charleston. Ravunnah. Wilmington, and Cumberlaud Sound, in thatordcrotrelntivc)tm portancn. Gon. liownrd is sold to tinvo been struck by tho oxpedlonor of manning. For Jefferson at tho Dry Tortugas and Fort Taylor ot Key West, now only In chargo of sergeants as property keopers. Lone ago sites .for two martello towers at Bey Wost wore selectee?. Tho fortifications proposed for Key West aro a turret containing two 10-jneh guns, ten 12 Inch guns In barbetto bnttories, thirty-two 12-inch mortars, six torpedo boats, and a qunntitvof sttbmnrinn minosJ Tho total ap proprlntlou estimated for Mils point wns 3.X.500: for Chnrloston, 2.244.5M: for Hnvnnnah. $2,243,000: for Wilmington. $1 U42.000: forCumborlnnd Sotlnd. W3,000. It should be said, however, that somo of theso ports on the Southern coast could bo partly de fended against n nostilo squadron by the inter position of obstructions In tho channels, so that In this respect their wants aro not so urgent ns those or moro Important harbors ou the North At Inn tie coast. An interesting proposal Is that which Is to Ije made by a South Carolina Congressman nt tho coming session for placing garrison In Charleston harbor nt Fort Moultrlo. Tho proposition is n reminder that for many years this Important harbor, the scene of groat mil itary and nnval operations both In the Itovo littlnnarvand tho civil war, hns been without the sorvicesof oven a single company ol nrtil lorymen. No doubt this lack will bo supplied when thero are modern guns to spare for it If not Bixmor. slnre Chnrloston Is placed first In order of importance by the Fortilleatlons Bonrtl I among tho points south of Fort Monroe until Key est is reached. Hook Bnlnglnc la India. iron Ike Ismdnti StamtarJ. Madura. Ot 2l A tew days ago. in Phn.- vandan. a little village, of South India, thero was enacted a scono' which would naturtllv send a feeling ot horror through the soul of any man. It is n ceremony to propitiate the Ooddess of Evil Destinies, and consists in tho swinging aloft of a man by means of two Iron hooks embedded In -tho muscles or his bnek. VV 1th up other support than this, hn la swung, dangling at the ond of n long pole, tor over an hour. Years ago this ceremony was performed once a roar, but ns it-was discountenanced by Lord Napier's Government in 1807. It. was abandoned: It Is. howeer. to be roVivod now. acoordlngtotho statements ot the managers prtbnfcsthal. and tho fnitlal step has beon taken by Its ee ebrotfon on Oct 21. Publio misfortune, smair-pox.'cnttlo disease, famine brought to the minds, of tho peonlo that a re newal of the hook swinging whs necessary, so men were selected, from certain villages, and lots cast among them. One man being thus chosen.'ho'WBs put into preparation for tho ordeal through which ho was to pbss. On the day announced for tho brutal exhibition a largo number of Peoplo had gathered, nnd the victim was brought out. Acurvpd knlte was thru, through the muscles ot the hnckou ono side ot the spluul column, nnd an Iron hook tollowod in Its path. This was repeated on the other side, nnd by the two hooks thus placed he wns 5.1?.'' t ,.n.8 ond of J1 1'0'0- Th,s po'e wns about lltty.rcet long, and nt Its micldlo nolnt resto,! on the cnrl or a stout benm, rising. up ftom n cnr." Tho benm Itself on which the pole rested was about twenty foet in height. As soon as the hooks wore mndo fast to the ond of the nole. tho victim wns slowly raised nloft till ho wits some forty feet from tho ground. Tlio car was then drawn about tho streets amid tlio shouts, gronns. nnd nrnyors of the people. An Iningo.of the orTended goddess wns carried nlpng just behind tho carpresumably thatsho might witness what was being dono for hnr. After nn hour nnd n quarter the cnr hnd re turned to Its starting place, tho .pole was low ered, nnd the victim was brought to thoground. The fearful strain ot, the hooks had unused them to partially tear their wnr out. But the strength of thu mttcle and skin may he ap preciated from the fact thut they were able to sustain without complete- laceration for this long ponod tho weight of a well-dot eloped man. The Tones, tho honUs. and tho knlfo' were given to the victim to be kept by him forthreo months, during which tiniohn is at liberty to go among tho people, nnd. showing them, re eelye gifts of money. After three months they will bo kept In tho temple. Government was apprised that this hook swinging wns to, take iilnce.iiiul wns petitioned to prevent it: but ropllod thnt. ns it w.vs volun tary suffering. It was not in its province to interfere. The Derivation or Hollar. Irmit f Sin FrvMnwt ft rnhirle. Few persons have ever troubled themselves to think or tho derivation or the wottl do liir? It Is from thu Uermn thai IvhIIovI. and e.imo Into uso In this way some .100 years ngu. There Iho iittlo hll or m ning city or district In .Northern, Bohomie railed Jonchlmsthnl or Joachim's Valley. The reigning Duko of tho reg on authorized this city In the sixteenth cnlled "jonchlmsthnler." Theword "joaehltii" wnH soon dropped and the nnmo "thaler" only ratalned. Tho pleco went into gouernl um In Germany Bnd also in Denmark, whore T tho orthography was changed to "ilnlor." whoiico It came Into Bngiish. and wus adopted by mir forefathers with sumo chatigea in tlio spelling An Klcrti Ic Light as a root IVarsaer. Vww the Olfytntltu,, Onr.r.oK Citt, Nov. 17. E. K.' Chnrmnn in awakened Inst night by a sevoVo pair? In iw foot, and found that his bed 'was on flro" hS seized wraps and finally succeeded In smother, (tig tho flames. Mr. Charman was detained I u his storo lator thon usual last nighlvand unon reaching his home retired. ancT tKoutrhtfUHy Pjuce.d.(f,B incandescent eiectrlo I ghf under the clothes to warm his foet Ho Went In ki...?i. byt,theI bfuSe!rl bedfe"W &$2& The TlUea will Caae. Whitb Plains. Nov. 25.-To.dar was set downforthohoarlngof tho executors of tho Samuel .1. Tlldon will beforo Surrogate Coliln As citations hnd not been, served on some Sf the witnesses the ense wasnot heard. lawyer Vanderpoel. counsel for Ucoja-o' liTJIdon tl nophew. asked for more cltati "nt," The ?oio granted and the case sot down for Dec"l An Indoor dam., . "k?mn Wli7lTAb' ' U ta" " "' English nPart'n"1"" rotl"I,""P D'ekenft CrlckefoB the Hodman Hoiret-Wslt. give me' that. 'A- Tetfa Tawp. Whsn Tale asplret to break a Use And her athletic fame enhance, She almost alsrere teem to bead The Issue to Its pjoper.end. With prowess, nerve, and vigilance. And this, except In wild romance. To all la patent at Arst glance. That earthen pots have sudden end When they with iron pots contend And Jersey pipkins hat e tout! chance. When Vtle'asplres. lUtUUKtLotUt Mil,. latkoeaaea AkrMA, The. new ftmeHriajr ltt-Aia, - . . . . p rttmiAX, or tuts. , ernes w. fib 1 ' "y l ' ' ' -! Services THtld ot nr Home at Ir-rtncia. Overlooking; Btudaoa. " The: funeral services 'over Mrs. Mary Pto9, Field, the wire of Cyrua W. Flold, tins hoij,. 3 o'clock yesterday ntternoon at the house In Irvlngtpn-on-tho-Uudson. Tho friends in (h, city were taken to D'obbfl Forry onaeppclai train. A number'ot' persons who were unabU to be present sent letters and telegrams, Tho services wero conducted, by the Bov. Arthur Brooks of the Church of the, incnrnntlon In HT parlor overlooking the Ilttdon. Thnfricn', and relatives gnthered In the adjoining lihrarv and In the conservatory. In tho hull v,n.s ni tloniid tho Mcndolssolin Quartet, which a-,,-several hymns., Tho colTIn, which wns eo erM Willi dark purple broadcloth, seomed to r.t In a bank of flowera, . The services wero hrict The oomn wae .borne by six or Mrs. Kind's sorvunts. to tlio hoarse, in which it wns tnltvu to tho , Sleepy Hollow Comotory at Tnrntuvi At somo time tho body will bo removed to thn oomoterr In 8tockbrtdgo. Mass. Only about a year, ago .Mr. and Mrs. FIMJ eclobrated their goldon wedding. flt7.VfllM.VS. A farmer at Mission Bottom, Or., dug up a turnip In his patch the other day that weighed 16 lbs Its man shamefully abases his wife In Sets, Mont., halt a yard of crape It tacked on his dnnr u ( reminder that any trouble In the future III be follow by a call by an'undertaker. The Ohio State Asylum for Epileptics, now in inj-,, ot erection at aalllpolla, It the first Institution ef in kind In this conniry. Of the large number of epllepi,,, In Ohio, about l.COO art expected to enter the ne asylum. The copper-colored Choctaws dll'lte the. blsu aklnned negroes, and have adopted n law for II, fl- . .. rluilonfrom the Choctaw ronutry. The ChoctuTr,' . like the whites not less thtli the blacks, and hold that they themselves are the cream of creation. nvPnator Thurinau of Ohio, who ties Jm" i t'r. brated his seventye'glith birthday, as elrtn mi'nn greis In 184 at Its youngest member, ud reMred fMm the Senate ten year ago. tin Is remarkaMy vlnipu-i 111 .body and mind, and loiee to teller ihegtral in.u whom he knew tntho ears cf his youlh. There are not many of the retail grocers of tlil, , r who keep up the old hnhlt of riv.liir Chtlstn.ns clriMi their customers; and the Jersey City rrweis. m iv kept it up until this year, arc protesting agalnrt In continuance. The most highly esteemed gitts lli-re have been fat turkrjt or bottles of ntskry. There were 1S7 women patltnts undergoing neat. inentatthe Keeley Institute In Dnijht. III.. i,i -., ,.i,-. The average nnmbernf women going there tor t.vt mentis Increasing nil the tlme.and it Is said If It,- ,i cresse continues nt th prnportlonste nicotine pa. I few weeks there will soon be asmany r.oinen is nu.i patients there. The closest readers of the Boston newspapers tiava not et been able to Ond In them any lie s of the ap pearance In llostou'a streets of ladies wearing the nl breilatedandmudlrss dress tli.it tins had so many nd rocales there since it war seen at Chautauqua. It m to bb brought out when the winter weather ramv. .ui.l the weather has heen wintry at the Hah The school for the bos of the Apache ir.V nt Mount Vernon barracks In Alabama, ts a surest. 1 ie Apache boys there are taught to speak the Knglish hn guageand to give up the wajsnf saiagcry; they w, ir white duck trousers and coatr; theyevei surrender tM gioryof their tribe, which Is their Ion,- b'a-1: h.ilr.nni tome of them are said tobonr:to.i to "make mocer ' Henry Page, who will sit la the next Congress frna the Eastern Shore district af Maryland, wasnot a This by birth, bnt assumed thn name of a relative. II. s father la the Hon. John W. Crlsfleld. an aged lawyer ,ir rnnrese Anne, Somerset county, long active In tl.s business and politics of the Eaatern Shore. He founUrl and built up the amphibious oister paiklug villsg-e t Crlsdeld, on Tangier Round. Two boya outlnaboat near Boston Island, Rioili Buy harbor, last week, raw two big eagles ftghtlnr in thealrtwohnndred feet above'the water. The tslons of one bird became entangled In awing of tin-oibsr, and both fell Into the sea. When the bns ror; up to them one of the eagles showed fight, and ther were obliged to kill It, but the other was capture, t alhfr.nl now ornamenla a Bath restaurant. He is ahsnJiuuie bird, and measures six reet rrom tip to tip. The changes that are going on in the South bs-e affected even Columbia, tbe capital of Kouth Carolina, which in old timet was the most pompous and soporirle city in tbe country, and a favorite residence of th- Mg planters. Tbe canal has been porchased by Boitua capitalists, who bare put up the funds tor the erection or cotton and other mills along in banks, and the up land newspapers aro now- prophosylng that Columbia will yet be the greatest manufacturing city o! lbs South. Ilarkson Uickmau. a famous farmer of Susies county. Delaware, set the fashion in his own umnty of keeping watermelons In the rind till Christmas lllik- I man's melons were famous for size and flavor all over the county, and ttie neighbor who received one r. tlirlltmas esteemed himself -peculiarly fortunsts. Hlckman'a method of preserving tbe metont wts fo coat the rind thickly with a varnish that en.'tns"y excluded the air. Tbe flavor of the varnish teldom pea etrated to the meat wlthtn. I have a swop for you."salda uniting Koutltrn woman to a Northern acquaintance, and then w. II. s letter's pu.rled understanding the meaning or tl.s localism was unfolded. To give one a swap utoirtnil something complimentary received from a third person Thn term is so used, apparently, because one relaihtnr pretty speeches rxpecta a like return: s a swap ! really an e-icbange of crmnllroents i-htained at thti.l baud. Another equivalent is a "tell," and the worn in who tearna that a friend has a tell for her expetu a compliment. ts many as 10,000 of the natives of Japan have let ' their' country thta jear to seek fortune else-ther.'. Japanese colonies are now flourishing In the Oamltue. Bonln. and Ladroue Islands or the reclrlr. ocean llii Government of Japan bat recently established a Bj reau of Emigration, arid it baa already received n-itl-e. from tbe Governments nt Mexico. Canada, and Aiutra lla that Japanese artisans and farmers will bd wl comedln these countries. It la probable that the .ut flow of population from Japan next jear w Hirer s..r pass that of any previous car. Delaware College, situated lu the v Itlogo of Vw sri. Del., began Ita career nearly sixty j eirs ago. bat -.lo, I Its doort for ten years because ot a murder of ci.o l dent by another. Several atudents wire ac.t.nd of the crime, among them a son of the Chancellor ilitn 1.1 office. .No one was convicted, bowel e.-, and not oi..r tbe t'hancellur'B son, but -mother sisdent, ewn in gravity inspected. Is now dead. Meanwhile ti a college hat been revived, and nov.-. for the tint time rt Its history, baa uttalned.tn tbe prosperity ot nn etrcii football team. The modern camels new iotb-i nihil ttautaot Delaware, and football matches are nw.ir-1 at tiowark with much IntcicsMibt utnnlxud with a,. prehension. In a abort "local "a Both la newr.iapertcl's of tin damage caused by "the last earthquake." aud reciles the Items pretty n.uch as the itocl quotations an-ie tailed here. "In Moeomoco," saa the pers-rn p . "the walls of tbe rhurcb and of seieml other lnil.tm-.s were badly cracked ; lu Huicho the church -us -..ii'i-i what d'injaged also; lu L'hurusanl th- i.-itlu tonne shows a bilge crack thrrmgli its mill... on. I In r.i.uui ,, where I bu shocks were rvpeattil tit she,ri ..ilenfilsior lite da) s, the thuich stteplu tell ,:oimi and tiieti nluuitf ginerully suffered loiislrierable .tinusg- .Hun- l.-iif.rs wero ilestroed mid tie itihnbltn its parsed t-e.vr.il Uaa and nights In the open Air" 'iteii tho piper io Cecil, n-lth the othei ll'lil g,u- i , the day. A BloninlngUiu paper vinitl.L. foi tlio folir.wfti'; ni acrlptinti as being copied 1altiif,illy t-o-n a toml'iione now aundlng in the tiury.ug -.round ot the MeltioJist l'rotefct.titdcnoiuli,vtl"ii tu a-....i'jh. III t : tii. : . Wife ot .1, rem-. i Ws-.r in : : pied :'oicintr Hi. lwiu r..'e. 'Iiicnrio : I ; ijiuiilhs. hit, vi4 n In,, nnJ f.-UU- : I ; f,i -ufn luvaeiif.r i ha rot- : ; loslin; iitri-o is : : I'liHih I ram i, : : .i.iiii rtiTiuiiiJ. : : Vtlt.iiim Ha. ton, ; ; J Walters. : Hen- Is how a Colombian poet, a fere'd lover of hit natlia land, slut's tho ili.ll.-Ms and tt ructions .! I.'ls own beloved country, tJunecr really knows n coun try from the descriptions nt al.en trau'llert. who. with natnral prejudices, record hlai, views; tbe patriot'! description Is needed tu tone dni.-n and tout, up the plctuie, lleruistht natlio pin I of I'aiiuni, in rifim nient Irnni a book of "Isthmian llhme," irn.t jr putlls'aed lu Tauania and i'uiiueinlil b the local ;iirts fur Its poctlu tire and graphic r'Mm . I'ey.ind the ri.aim-. Plu-r rc piiths ft-ra'cr unknown Willi a spider 'ri--t.il, each pcuV, A scorpion 'ntintii cslIi Mtnne; 'fl heie the boa cr.itstrlolur llisfutal loitiitui.i boldr, And to hit, slimy ti"ciu Ills hapless victim lohlr Ii.ere hAs Just been Issued a little book heir nv 'i'"n Its back a glided hull's besd. tbe Ictttrs ' II and I. I ' and the date "Hill," Hlsthe year book oftler York tilde and leather Club, with ruoius at M, I street, Just on the tdge of the Swamp, Ihe vluli. I.s-a many others In the dowp-lown district, exists prima rily tor the purpose of furnishing a comfortable plare where members may obtain a good luncheon at moder ate rates. The existence of this and other such clubs marks a comparatlttly new era In buslusss liat.it Some hundreds, perhaps tome thousands, ot New York businessmen refute to accept the alluring "iuic lunch "invitations hung out In all parts of thedcmii. tow n commercial world, and deliberately take nu In" r cr more from the Solid day to appease the Inner mini Luncheon clubs of a dozen or ruuiu are not iiucomiiii.ii. and there aro niauy curious and Interesting rales got. erlog such bodies. Ou such tlubof long standing uu poiss tbe doty of catering upon tbe first man that complaint of the current administration. The noon hour dadi many interatUng aooltl gatherings aUorsr the region popularly topnoitl lobe dtrottl til day loot to meaty grabbing alone, i t