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I: 16 THE SUN, SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 2D, 1891.
H raOUMNIA'S COURT SHAKEN. HI'SIAO CItAltr,K AND CAMUElt ST2.VA H 1 vsBAar o.v tub xmtoxE. K I BrploraMs Rcanlie of m Tontta; Woaua'a H g, IntrlBtte at the Bucharest Palaea H I Capture (ha t'rowa Prince Mile, Vac. K? X reaeo. Her Dishonored Family, Her laflo- Hf R Orer tba Qaeon, nad liar Saeeeaa la It W Miitntng When She Hnd railed o Rale, Hf i " Tlio Kins of Iloumanla Is ovory Inch a king. Hi end no moronbln and accomplished sovereigns Hyff sit upon their thrones than Ulng Chnrle and H If ttiu romnrknblo wrllor. Carmen Hylva, whose H f imemsnnd novolBiind mnxlms go tho round H f) of tlmlltornry world, and wlin Is hid Quocn." B s These opinions were expressed several years H , ngo by Sir Charles Dllkuln nn essay on "Tlio IH f, 1'rcsent Position of I'.tiropenn Polities." nnd Hi V nt that t lino tow persona In Europe's great UB 8 world of rcjnlty and diplomacy dlvagroed with D3 thum. Twenty ears had passed since Charles SPf of llolienzollorn. a slender, beardless youth, ffli! I nrilvcd InlJuchtirot undertho assumed numo Hjj j of I.ehinann, nnd began hi iclgn over nstrango il l'cnP'0 "' ovory movoment was undor tho X disapproving oyo of Napoloon III., then tho H jj leader of tho Continental concert, and w ld vi-nluro wan e.poctod to end shortly S In failure. If not disaster: vet lio H 1 hold Ids own with a firm hand, nml H t under him tho lioumnnlnn people woro umnl- 5 (Minuted Into a nation with growing trudo. S education, nud loyalty to Its loicnlng house. M & JieMdo him his Queen. Elizabeth, Princess of f Wlcil. worked with all the enthusiasm of her jj high strung nnd transcendental nature for tlio 3 jji good of his su'iecta. In pence she nursed and H i ri ' ill''iii li "itfwp 1 'I w H taught nud entertained tier people. Rhowroto S out for them their legends, and told tho stories R of their heroism and suffering in prose and Hjj M;ctry. In war bho licit ed feed and elotho l them, and with her own hands cooled tho fevor H f tho nlcl; and dresned thu wounds otthuln- H Juruil in tho hospitals. To hnr. nn wollasto H: Ii.-r KIhb. holoncod credit for tho awaking "of H Jloumanla'rt conildcnen in its ntronsth and H Joyaltv to Its own for what tho Hohoozollerns E . call JiTalionaWncussticin, in wlilcli lios tho now Hj i end crowint; power of tho Gorman ompiro. j On May 25 lait, when Itoumaniu celobratod B I tho twenty-Ufth anniversary of Charles of Ilo- Hj ! lianzolleru's assumption of ruling power. H (badows woro eatlicrlnt: to darken this plo- H 1 turo of a model court. In tho summer the H I Queen, shatterod in health by disappointment H nnd anxiety, lay criovintr on her sick bed in a Hj distant land; tho Kine, at varianco with his H W etatesmen and suspected by his lords, content- HR plated abdication, and tho holr to tho Itou- I tnanlan throne. Ferdinand of Hohenzollorn, HI miked tar from the great marble palaoe of I Castle Pelech In the Carpathians. To-day tho HB elements of this situation are llttlo fchoneed H and Etna Charles's visit In Berlin latolnOo- H tober to seek advice from his imperial kin- H man there Is regarded generally as a sign that H his long and successful reikis near a crisis, j U not its end. H The cause of this romarkablo chango In high H Eoumanlan politics Is a lovo affair between Hi1 the Crown Prince Ferdinand and HeltaeVaca H'resoo, Carmen Bylva's companion. Few in- H j trigues born of women at court have caused H , more trouble in modorn tlraos than tho Mhemes of this young girl to succeed a (Juoon. k A ber name will live long on tho darker pages H of Roumanian history, and as hor ambition is ehaklng that uncertain llttlo spot known as theBalkan.no present personality in Europe is more interesting than hors. Mile. Vaoareseo Is not yet thirty and looks hardly twenty-live. Bho is a ltoman. as is every Roumnnlan in his own proud ipoech. , and she hns French improvements. Hho Is of H s medium height, dark skin, full proportions j ' and liau tlio nock nnd arms that painters and I I aonlptorn copy. Her hair In black, abundant, ;; and wavy; hor eyos aro black, deep ami j heavy; her lips havo swelling fulness, and , her forehead is smooth and rounding. Hho In of the nolilo Ilonmn house of Vaoareseo. and therein lies tlio koy to lior character. Tho ) noble Ilonuin Iioiimo of Vacarusoo Is perhaps , tho mostshnmetiil of nil nolilo houses on tho continent Tho father or Mllo. Ijeluno Is as Inciipalilo as ho Is degraded. Through his daughter's inlluenco lio was sont. In 1HK8. : to Iielcrndo us Ambassador, but finding that Held too narrow lor his varied do- Luuchcries, ha secured promotion to tho I A I' Wi5 CVUMEN- SYI.Vt AD HKLKX VACABESCO. I ' Kmbnhiynt Ilruiieln nnd subsequently to that i In itoiiin. In alt three cities ho mniluhltnfnlf notorious as tho pat inn of n low elass of pub nwomon. and wax treated with U'lrrcnpimd- InK tioutoiiipt ly nl her member of the dlplo- " iiintiu corpi. Ills lite of wllii riot was known throughout Koiinianiu, but all attempts to 111 lug about hi" recall shattered nn tlio Inflti- Kiicnof Mllo. HelSno with tho Queen. Mile. Vacaieseo's llrst eoiislu. hlln an attaohdof thu Embassy In Vienna, disgraced himself , goneially and llnally was brought up on Vi aeliaro of xtonllng a women's juwols, which t led tlio l'rlneess ICuuss. wliu of thn German Ambassador in Vlonna. to drive lilm from k ballroom with tho shouted Inquiry: I "What are ynu doing here? You wero not Invited '" An unelo of Mllo. Hene, under tho nnmoof Claymore, is tho principal scan dalmonger of tlio tinVpniilanre lloimwinr, and Is not behind tho rest of hl precious lot In his reputation of supporting all sortof miserable wo non. Another undo of Mile, Hehlno keeps I Ills place us Captain of tho mounted pollen tmly through her Inlluenco In tho palace, and i.ih distinguished ulmsolr periodically by ireaklng away from all rules of Uecenoy ob ', Msrved by the ofilcers' corps, and bv getting , drunk on must Inopportuno oeenslons. Mile. Hcl.'mo ditiurs from the rest of her nonlo house in two particular. 8 In. I.- Inlet ligont and brilliant blm Is essentially Fienoli In training and taste. Many years of her life wero dsssM In Purls, whero hho got somo roimuiTionnsnne of tho cloer young women J Mho feet of Victor Hugo. Hha liad a strong endency toward amatory poetry, and she was enoourarred In It by her famous patron, who read as well nn corrected her versos. "Hliols a a true pout," he "aid. llor'Thantsd'Auroro" , won for hern nrlre from tho French Academy, . and her eollootlon of popular songs nnd trudl j ilnnsof thn gypsy people of the valley of the ,, Dlnibovltra gave her a ptacu before tho Jtou V wanlan Aranemy and the lloutnanlan court J Through Victor Hugo Mllo. Vaearesco was - Introduced to many artists and wrltors In V, Paris, nnrt she beeamo consldoralily raised in hor own estimation by tho attentions re- celvfd by her us his roeognlzed favorltn. fiho ncnulretla reputation for umazing qu ckness ;?' nnd proclston of thought. At n plcnlo near If Oopol'orret sbo was roquestod to mnko a few verses concerning tho. porsons present. Ten 'v minutes were allowed her fpr tho work, hut In f" nine minutes sho had rendv several btanras, raetrlcally eorrect anrf full of apt humor. This ?f i fateful Incident Is said to have been the first o f of thofrwadihlp between ber and Carmen I ByaoryuvenPiliobcUj. bhewoseaUeatote I Roumanian court to benmaid of honor, nnd she eould not have been n-Vaearesco nnd rofused tho call. That her intimate friendship witn the Queen began at once Is shown by a letter wrltton shortly after her arrival to a youna woman in Parfs. " I have not fogotten you.1' sho said, "and I often thlnkrof Archucon and our trip to Capo Ferret My llfo has changed greatly since then. Inn separated from my paronts by theaftllctlon of my.adorablo (Juoon, at whoso side I lead a glad, gay, aud busy existence." Tho swiftness of tho.dovolopmont of this ominous mutual admiration society might: havo boon foreseen by anybody acquainted with tho warm, erratic effervescent gonlus of the Queon. Carmen bjylva scorns to have boen horn Into a world of precocity nnd nerves, nnd to havo chosen transcendental ways in life. Hha first saw light In tho valley of the Wlcd, within sight of the Ithlno and the bnttlomonts of Cotilentz. in tho rich fragrance of tho Monol's vine-clad Imnke. nnd in tho dark tra ditions of tho hills of tho Westcrwald. From her father, Prlneo Hermann of Wlod. thinker and phllosophor. Bho inherited a man's thirst for knowlodgo At the ago when most children enter scnool sho road omnlvorously. Hho clammed hor head full of poetry ro mance, motnphvslcs, Latin. Italian. French, Kpunlsh, Knglitih. nnd music At 14 she hud wrltton somo morltoriousversoH nnd a llttlo li'iU'l. MiaKCHpoaro. ltaelno. Molloro. Tasso, and Plato were bur almost daily companions. At the age of 17 she cut numerous Ingenuous capers at tho Court in iSerHi), to tho great scan dal of tho Empress AugUBtn. During this visit In Ilerlln she stumbled clown stairs into tho arms of I'rinen Charles of Huhenmllorn. her pres ent husband, who doubtless, now feels occa sionally that tho holter-skeltcr manner of their meeting was prophetic of less agroonblo events of their recent mnrrlod life. Just what this bundle of titled nerves and gonlus and impulses became Is known to all who hao load tho turbulent, impossible nnd morbidly Inteiiso luges of "Tho Mother-in-law." "In letturs,'r "Muftor Manola." and "Kdloou atighnn." from Uio pen of Carmen Hylvii. Ono of tho many dramatic little scones In tho womanhood of tiilsgrent-heartod nndill-bnl-uneed Queen gives a cleMr view of tho nature which Mllo. Vaearesco moulded to her nurposo of seating herself eventually uuon thu Jtou manlan tlironu. During ltoumunla's partici pation In tho lust liusso-Tiirklslt war Curmen tyh a worked night nnd day in tho hospitals. WoundeH HuiimnntntiH usllallv urefer ileat h tn I loss ot limb, ami consequently tho surgeons froquontly wero utmblo t porform anuiuta tions neucs'inry to snvo llfo. Carmen nylva wa'i present In a ward ono day when n solulor lelused to gln up his shatterod leg for his life. "Iain not a beggar." ho said: "i'lllOBO my life, but not my honor." "Trim I TiucI" answered Carmen Sylvn. lou are not a beggar, but 1 nm." and she fell on her knees beside his cur. "I huve. prayed onl to Ood. but 1 now pray you to INten to HI-wish and mine. Let your leg bo taken oft nnd spare your life to your family, to your country, and tn inu!" " And If I do?" Why. f shall glvo you the most boautlfu! cork leg that can bo made In Europe. It will work on springs, nnd lion the war is over you shall danco at tho palace with yoursons." Tlio iipeiatiuu was performed iWiilo tho Queen hold tho soldier's hand. Into thn wonderful paradise of Castel Peloch In tho Carpathians, whero King Charles and C iriuen hvlvu hail gathcrod around them tho li -t of ltuiimunlus art, music and poetry. Mile. Vaearesco eamo as Incarnated unrest. Buo was for sometime content with adoring anil being adored. Thencumn several Hymp toms of ainnitlous intrigue. Two Alsatian ad venturers without u known hlstoiy. but With somo very questionable polltlc.il acquaint ances, were Imported to the Bucharest pnl nco through Vaearesco inllueneo. There was some criticism of tills among Itou nianlan Uoynrs, but not a thought of suspicion in the paiaeo ns to Mllo, Helfine's uso for her strange friends. Just what was browing at court Was not surmised until Mile, vaearesco began to ridicule generally tho pro posal to marry Crown Prince Ferdinand, nephew of King Charles, to a German or Eng lish Princess. She hnd much fun at the ex pense of tho plainness and slowness of Germnu Princesses, and her jukes have bvno means helped her nnd her ambition sineo King Charles has been communicating with tho Hohenzollorn as to tho disturbance that she has raised at his court. The rumor thsn spread that sho had sot her rap for tho Crown Prlneo and such hub proved to bo the ease. That her marrying tho Crown Prlneo would sot nil Iloumanlannobilitv by the ears: that it would coniuro up a revolutionary opposition on tho part of all tho Ilojar families: that it would shake, if not shatter. King Charles's hard-won hold on his subjects: that it would set tlio prospering kingdom back to its daysof TUE QUEEN'S StOnNTNO KOOlt AT OASTEZ. PEiECU. plot and counterplot nnd division and danger, wctn all known to her. but she hnd a fancy to bo Queen. Tho roserved. studious, and unoldlerly young Fer dinand of Hohenzollorn was pretty easy game, nnd his romantic aud groat-hearted nunt was too much infatuated with her fa vorito to reulbo the perils of tho ohase. In vain liratluno. Carp. Sturdza, and other Cas sandras of lEnumunian statesmanship warned tho King that this transcendental lltora-y hobby at court was likely to come to a bad end, nnd that the Vaearesco influence was threaten ing the .sufoty of tho country. Tho King was blinded by tho Queen, and tho Queon was blinded or kept in tow by Mile. Uelcne. Tho Crown Prlneo suddenly developed nn amazing fondness for Carmen fiylva's literary oyeiilngsand became omnivorous of all works of the Carmen Hylva-Vucarosco sort ,Mllo. Holinn poured, unhindered. Trench wit und lCoumuiilun sentiment, modern realism nnd classic romance, into his susceptible Oerman ours until ho lay in fottors. Ho wished to marry her. Among tlio aristocratic fnmillosof Iioumania a worm was browing, although the worst wus not known. Complaints oumo to tho King thick and fast from nobles and statesmen and vv-oro communicated by him to tho Queon. but sho kept her own counsel and In high-flown angimgo rejnicod among her friends ot simi lar eccentricity that real lovo had trlumphod and that u plain Vncaresco and a Prlneo of Hohenzollorn had found each other's honrts. In this century of proso nnd roallty," sho wrote, "lovo hns again manifested its power desiilto all opposition; and it is from tho land of the sun. from tho land of Cat men Sylva. who sings of tho heart and soul it Is from lfoumunla that this ray of light comes. Down there a young man und a young girl love each other as In tlie days or liTvalry. Princo 1'ordlnnnd nnd Mile. Hol&nn Vncarosoo sot be fore us this precious example of valiant love, braving tho thousand storms raised by the shadow of that crown which hovers over tho bead of tho young Prince. Tlio Roumanian will applaud this union, and all really patriotlo hearts will beat with joy whon tho happy coup o plight their troth ut tho altar." Either Carmen Bylvu Is a false prophet or Iioumania has few patriotio hearts, for the more the Impression got altroad that tho Crown l'rince was In danger of holng trapped by tlio Queen s fuvorito tho louder became tho grumbling around the court of Jluehurest Tho Quocn. to be sum, partly porsuaded her husband that thn murriugn wus possible, an sho hnd persuaded him that tho Vacaresoo llbortlnes wero fit adornments of Roumanian embassies; but he treated tho matter rather gingerly at best, i,nd whon tho stirm of gen eral Indignation broke ho had no hoart to de fend a match that always had been against his better judgment An element In precipitating this storm was it photograph of Carmen bylva. Mile Viiciiresco. and Prince Fordinand. King Charles, fortunately for his crown, was not In it. i he yuoon was represented In this photo graph as sitting on a low chair and regarding with rapt uttention Apollo and the Muses. At her feet tiro shown thn Prince and Mllo. Helcno lookinc unutterable things into each other's oyos. Although but six copies of this photo graph wore made, the Cabinet got wind of Us existence, and there was stormy weathor mound the palace nt Bucharest. Tho King tulktvil with tho Crown Prince, found him de termined to marry Mile. Holene. and so con sentod reluctantly to lay the mat tor beforo tho Ministerial, Councllon the next day. Hardly had U'. pfpwu 'rincu gone when Gen. Lahovary. Minister of War. arrived. As ho spoke with the hing Carmen Hylva broke In upon them In a high btata of excitement und tod the Gen eral thn whole story of tho match. The Gen. eral said the match was IrapofcBlble. A scene followed, involving the Minuter. King. Queon, and tho young couple, nna Carmen.Hylva In a passion dismissed the General with the words: I am Queen, and tho opposition of two dozen .Ministers will not keen me from accom plishing what I think best" .The, General went nnd on the next day nt the Ministerial Oduncll told all about his sorry experience at the palace. The Ministers gave the King a lecture on the evljs o.f petticoat Sov eminent, und unanimously pronounced le match Impossible. When Carmen Bylva heard their verdict she falntod. Bho was taken to bed, ill and prying, und has not yet recov ered from tho shock. Crown Prlncn Ferdinand was btliT-nepked. and said he would do as he pleased. The King oujlbd a council of all tho statesmen of the, land and llstoood to thoir opinions. Gen Florescu said: "Hire, do not take this stop, for It moans the ruin of you nnd your dynasty," Demeterhturctza said to tho Queen: Dt not forget, your Majesty, (hat we aro Roumanians. Although to-day wo fight to tho death fpr your Guvornment. to-iuoVrow. if you toko this stop, you will stand alone,'' Upon hearing these words tho Queen fainted again ana was carried to her room. Ber health was shattered. She was taken by her physicians to Venlci. accompanied, desnlto thnprotmtaof all Bucharest. iy Mile. Ueline. For sevoral weeks repvntod but vnln efforts worn made to soparutn the women. The aid of tho besotted VucWfisco In Home WM Invoked, but ho .oiuld not move his daughter. Eventually, however, tho Queen wus taken to Pnllsmta. . Mile. Helene was paokod off tn another direction, and some thing llko on armistice vf as negotiated betwoon tho court and statesmen at . liucharest This armistice still contlnuus. Tho.Uuoen. moro ovor. has rallied slightly from tho collapse of hor nervous system. w0 Is still weak, nor fancy Is disordered, and stories of hor scream Ingnnd weeping In tits of temporary aberra tion of mind have been printed in Vienna daillos. Crown l'rince Ferdinand has boen a passivp subject of , ull sorts of matri monial; projects Involving German or Eng lish princesses. Ho Is suld to be bont still on marrying tho young woman who has plucked eo many well-won laurels from tho hoods of his uncle ana aunr. ana more nra oniyioomany reasons to beliovo that his neck Is as stiff us It evor was-dospito olllcial asseverations that al 1 thought of the match ha been given up bytho lovers. As late as on Oct. l!Otrie G'auJois an nounced that a frlenil of the Crown l'rince had Informed the editor that the lovers hot! Just met again, and, , had , ronewed their vows. In coso sho should win. hor sixth trick, nnd uoeomo Crown Prlncoss. however. Mile. Ilulono would hnrdlr bo able to win her seventh nnd bo n Queen. .The alternative for tho Crown Prince, as expressed by Carp and endorsed by iioumanlun statosmon of all parties, I: "Hire, marry Mllo. Vacarosoo If yon wilt but It you do you must resign your right ot suc cession to your brother Charles." Tho truth of reports as to King Charles's ab dication is. of course. In doubt. That during his recent visit tn Berlin tho King discussed tne contingency with Emperor William IL Is regarded ae reasonably cortuln. Tho justifi cation of sueb an act could bo found easily in the loss of prestlgo by King Charles nnd his Queon among their subjects. There Is a strong feeling in Bucharest thattltoBConesof thisyoarat tho pulaco will handicap tho King ns long as lio may sit on the throne, nnd that tho oonlldenco which ho won from his subjects by arduous nnd wise ef fort through twenty-five years of his reign, now lust can never bo regained. Tho ten dency of public opinion in Iloumanla Is indi cated thus uy a newspaper correspondent in Bucharest: "Tho dynasty has been iraurod greatly by the vvholo affair, especially by the headstrong, rash, and masterful behavior of tho Queen. Bliarn words aro spoken concerning her. such ns, Tlio beet thing she cau do is to lenvo Iiou mania altogether; in Nouo Vrlcd sho may make poetry jwd matches nil sho pleases,' &c The Crown Pr.'nco Is donouneed for 'his ego tism, his sulktness. und his dependence on women nnd courtiers.' Even tho King gets off badly nt tho hands of the poople. who say that he has ' shown tbut lio has a weak character.' " Tlio most deplorable rosult of Mile. 'vnea rcsco'Blntrlgulncatthooourtof Bucharest Is Indicated by tho last words of this quotation. Beforo ho beeamo tho victim of his wife's ec centricities, hor favrtrlte's schemes, and tho Crown Prince's gullibility there was not a more highly repected sovereign tlinn King Charles on n European throne Undor him nnd through his efforts Iioumania was freed from tho Turkish yoke and bouiimo it king dom. With his own hand on the Hold of battlo ho won this Independence und honor for IiIh people "I must triumph or die. Farewell." woro his parting words to bis parents ns ho led out his army to wnr. Beforo Pievnn nni Wlndln he showed himself a typical Hohenzollorn In goner.tlshlp nnd bravery nnd ntGrhitia h rodo amid shot und shell at the head ot his men into the car n ago of battle. Ho has doubled tho lighting strength of the army, and has bo fortified his capitul that "not a rabbit could get into Bu charest alive." Ho has created a lino railway system, and has built up trade und manufac ture. Ho has brought art and lottoro to a new life, and has held in check, as few others could, tho warring factions of Roumanian politics. On last May 25 all Iloumanla celebrated the twenty-Qfth anniversary of tho beginning of King Clwrlcs's beneficent rolgn. Then came the revulatlons nt tho palace und iu tho Cab inet, followed bytho present mistrust, disap pointment and upprehonulon. ut: cocldx't kxi.t. himself, But the Becord lie Made In Trylnc May Uet film nia dob Hack. " Oue of our locomotive firemen was dis charged at Rochester about ten days ago. but from a report that was received about blm yesterday It wouldn't surprise rue if he should bo hired over again, for his toughness and tonocity may make him valuablo in soma emergency on the roadV" said a Now York Con tra! Railroad man of this city. "The young fallow's numo isDonohough. Hogotdrunkarouplo ot weoksago. and as that Is against the Central's rules he was dis charged. Then he got drank again, and ft seems ho kept it up eo long that one day this week ho blossomed out with a very fair case of tho jim-jams, which led him to beliovo that the proper thing for him to do was to commit sui cide. Mr. Donohough flnt attracted attention on tho streets of Rochostcr, after making up his mind to die. by kneeling down at tho side ofastono horse block and then battering his head against it with nil the force ho could oom mnnd. Three timos. according to a eitlzeu who was a witness to tho quoor scene, tho remorse ful railroad man pounded his head against the solid stone, and eacli time tlio blood gushed from his head. The three blows not having tho desired effect. Donohough aroso aud, covered with blood, made a dlvo for a tire plug which was In tho vicinity. Ho struck tho iron like a battering ram. head first Tho sound of tho collision was heard nearly half a block, and tlio crazy man rebounded sovornl feet from tho shock. Thoro woro many spectators by this time, nnd everybody was afraid of him. for ho kept constantly shouting that bo was tiicro for blood and death. Ot tho former lio obtainod plenty, but the latter didn't seem any nearer after the man's assault on the tiro plug than It was before Denoln uh had started In. "Alter butting tlio tiro plug until it seemed to tho frightenod spectator mat his skull must bo reduced to a pulp, tho rum-orazed follow ceased his efforts for a moment He then saw a man driving down tho street with a team that was going ut a goml. stiff gait With a yell Donohough ran iniotbostreetund jumped directly In tront of the team, ana stood ready to lie run down. Tho driver, by a quick move ment succeeded in turning tho horses asldo sufllclontly to clear the man. and tho wheels of tho wagon grazed him as they sped by. This encounter with tho man and the team seomod to give Donohougli a new Idea, and away lie tore for the nearest street-cur line, lio wuitod until a car had come along to within a few yards of him. nnd thou dashed forward and throw himself across tho rails. Tho driver hastily nut on tho brnkosand turned tho horses out ot tho track and stopped within threo feet of thu prostrate man's body. Foiled In his attempts to get hlmsolf run over Donohough resumed his original tactics. Quickly jumping to hlsteetho rushed fiom tho street to thu sidewalk, and, leaping In the plr, turnod and came down with u crash with his head on the flagging. Ho ro pea tod this twice, and although he was now red with blood from his head to his feet thoro was no evi dence of any weakening about him. After his third Iungo against tho stone sidewalk ho saw or heard anothor car coming, and once more he ran und threw hlmsolf in front of the horses. Tho driver of this cur succeeded in stopping it and lllce a flash Donohough got to his feet and. with lowered head, rushed toward the car horses. He struck the heavy Iron-bound games of one of the. horses with his houd. That shock knocked him down, but he took advantage of tho fall to crawl between the front legs of one of tho horses and placo him self as near under Its hind feet us heoonld and then tried to mnko tho horsn kick his brains out Ho was dragged out beforo tho horse eould accommodate him. it'.iT,,,0l!,ufrB.Ilt1.'3 efforts of the poor fellow to kill himself hud occupied considerable time, and up to the, time that ho got under the horse, s foot tmly one, attompt had been mado to Interfero with Ills plans. That was when ho made the dash for the horse oar nltor diving against the pavemont Threo men rushed out ff the crowd that bad gathered and seized him. If they hail been ninepins hit with a bull they couldn t havo gone down quicker. Ho Boomed to have the strongth of a dozen men. About the time he was pulled from under thu horse's feet n policeman had been called to the scene. By the tlmo he got to the snot though, Dono hough was running down the street half a block away. Tho policeman stnrtod in pursuit Before the ofiloor hud gono far Donohough had stopped and was overhauling the conto-its of a garbage barrel tliut stood on the sidewalk. The policeman got within a fowyardg of him and saw him break a tumbler he had found in ;L'!! S?rreL nnf! Jn!tn5.,I' fh himself across the throat with It Th blood spurted from the wound ho made. The officer says that the oruzy man then swallowed a piece of tlio class und dashed .forward again. Other policemen now joined in tno chase, but before thoy succeeded In overhauling hlin ho hud hammored his head terribly with n. big S?v.,.leiir,,ijkelPp' ttm1 tw,c stutfed his mouth full of mud from the street and swul. ipwod it It required tho strength of four po lieomeu to oyorpower him when at last ho was caught, and ho had to bo bound with ropos ho foro ho could bo put in the patrol wngon. The lillVr'.1ort' lt0!? ,llm woro thut. while ho was probably as batterou up a man as uny surgeon was over culled upon to patch, none of his in juries was neeessnrlly futal. tlio only danger feaied being from tho uhuuk of gl.tss that the policeman swears Iu Homewln.ro Inside of HS2ilhi?Vfth'i ?0' " '"'! JnH nmn gets woll. I think it likely ho may bu hired over ugntn by the company, fpr he seems most too valuable of a reUrMd" "c t0 " ,anw ol '" a I e--lM I ) IIELP FOR IRISH WORKERS. Dffi rit.tCTtCAV V1UXX OF tub covk XESS OFABBltDKBS. Her A(HatloB to KiiMnnic'Ut Muklac oFJaca Bad KmbroMcry'by Irish Womea -An Xafclbtt at the Calcao Fair. , If somo of Uioso eminent persons whoeo diet Mr. Word Mo alllster regulates noted tho Karl and Countess ot Abordoon In tho stcamahlp lists several woeks ago and turnod to their dog-eared peomgos for further light, they can. not fall to havtj found that both tho Earl and the Countess had many ancestors and titles and estates, and' would bo altogether doslrabio people to know. The Earl ot Aberdeen Is a plain, unpreten tious Englishman who hns oomo ovor hero with his wife whtlo sho attends to a matter ot bust noss that Is publla rather than private. The Earl and Coqntees of Aberdeen aro close friends of Mr. Gladstone and warm sym pathizers with the movoment for homo rulo for Ireland. Tho Earl was Lord Lieutenant ot Ireland during part of 1880, and In that tlmo both ho and his wife loarnod a good doal about Irish affairs. Since, both have IntoroBtod thorn aelves in the people of Ireland. Tho Countess of Aberdoon has been ospooially active. She has organized a socloty tor the betterment of tho condition of the poor ot Ireland, and has manaeed in a quiet way to do moro good than many politicians who have wearied tho world with oratory. The Countess ot Aberdeen observed that In Ireland agriculture ot a poor sort genoralry was tho only occupatioc of tho people Sho saw that the hands of the poor womon of Ireland wero idlo for want of any occupation (o which to turn thorn. Bho saw that thoso bands were swift to loam and skilful to oxe cuto. Sha noticed that in a small way tho Sisters ot tho Irish oonventa bad trlod to om ploy thoso hands at tho making of laces and embroideries, and that whtlo tho results wero small they woro good. Bo tlio Countess sot herself to organize. Irish Industries on a large scale, and raise the making' of laoesand embroldories into a national occupation tor Irishwomen. Thore was a time whert the women of Ireland mode laces nnd ombroMerles that were tho admiration of tho world Tho t attorns they used still exist in the old books. Those pat terns were got out and tho movoment was begun. Tho Countess unod her groat eoelal prestlgo to got many eittnent pooplo of all parties into hor socloty, which is callod the Irish Industries Association. Politics was ex cluded from tho association, whoso solo busi ness was to help tho poor to help themselves. This association. whicV started In 1887, has a depot in London and anothor In Dublin. It has a powerful social backing. It has earnest secretaries, who travel all through Ireland, taking patterns to Irish hom.es. toach ineirlsb Angers how to Callow tho patterns, collecting the laces and embroideries, and paying for them. There is not the suspioton of an effort on tho part of ?he organizers to mnko money. It Is only a irasiness-llkt en deavor to Increase tho napptnuBs and useful ness of a poor pooplo. As those goods wero now to tho market tho Countess and her friends havu had to intro duce them. They have mude the Celtio pat terns popular in Londou. und u the real merit of tho Irish product has boen shown, tho things woven at tlio firesides of Irish cabins or in demand. Although In Its swaddling clothes, the association 1b an assured success. So when tlio Earl and Counties of Aberdeen camo to this country theycamo-to spread tho demand forth products of Irish manufacture. Tho Countess wishes that thesu Irish manu factures shall have a placein tho Chicago Fair, which snothinkt will boa good nlaco for tlio wholo American people to raako their ac quaintance. Tho Irish Industries Associa tion Is not rich. To make this Chicago exhibit about S15.000 is required, and the Countoes hopes to raise this sum in this country. or at least a gooa part of it. binco her arrival in this country she has visited New York. Boston, and Chicagn. and sho will visit Washington beforo her return to England. Iu Chicago and Boston she or ganized strong efforts to aid In raising tho necessary funds. In Chicago she was es pecially suocessfuL Sho Is nowtn Now York to soo what can be dono here. Hho and her husband and their small daugh ter. Lady Munorte Adeline Hamilton-Gordon, aront tho Plaza Hotel, where a reporter for The Sox saw.Uioiu last night Tho Earl is a tall, slender man. with a dark beard nnd a fnco of a student Lady Aber deen is a tall. strongly built woman. Her face Is full and hor chocks show that her health and spirits aro of the best Bho has bright brown eves that look at ono dlrectlv. Hur halt la brown, and is not dore In tho latest fashion, nor, indeed, in any lute fashion. Nor was lior gown In anyway pronounced. Her voloo is sweot and pleasant to hear. Bho in practical and good-humored, an earnest woman, who bus much heart in what sho Is spending hor tlmo and money for. She told what arrange ments she had mado for tho Chicmro Fair. "We aro to have." sold she. "twoilglble rooms in tlio Exhibition bull. ling, and one of thoso will bo wholly encased in glees. Thoso rooms havo boen placed at our disposal by Marshall Field, who also takes a wnrm Interest In our work, uud who. I am conlldetxt will glvo us hearty cooperation. 'The glass room will contain full-sized bridal party. Thoso II gurus will bo of wax. madotorepresont grown and generous pro portions of the sex they aro to repre sent. Tho bride will bo arrayed altogether in tho laces, muslins, and manufactures, as also with tho artificial wreaths and (lowers of Irish make. The bridesmaids will bo cos tumed In laoes nnd toxttlesof different kinds from thoso of the bride's. Tho motlior of the bride will ho costumed in black laces, nnd a bojr page., folding tho truin of tho leading iady. will like wise bo apparelled in the fluo homo inndo clothb of Ireland. Tho stands, eur Mln, fixtures, furnishings. hangings. poitUSres. Ac. of the apartments will also present forma and specimens of the runaissaaco and of modern triumphs In skill in tho urtlstlound inlustrial occupations thut aro being so ac tively revlvud now In tho dear old lund. A superb too table will ornament tho bridal scone, spread with tho lovely Belleeck china ware, which already Is bcoomlngso muoh liked In America. This section of the apartment will bo made additionally attractive by tho Irish tapestrlos. " Another Bcono will be thnt of this domestic household ton years Intor. Thn child Is wholly clothed In nnpurel mado in different ports of Irelaud. and tho fathor is soon at the thresh old In shooting dress, gun in band, returning front a shooting expedition, clad In Irish tweeds, loggings and footgear, and his fowling pieco also laying claim to us fine perfection of make and potential accuracy of shot us any mado in othor lands." From this It will bo seen that Lady Aberdoon is interested In and has fuith In tho revival of all branohes of Irish manufacture, bho lias several or thorichest men in Chicago on lior subscription list, nnd sho also has many who ore not so rich but havo a strong feeling thut hor plan lo worthy. Hho la particularly anxious that a large, number of people should sul Bcribe. as Tn this way a wldor intorost in Irish mauufuctures will ad so. ISSVUINQ IIORSE.1. Would a Mutual Iaanraaca Company or Horsenieu be Practicable I Quito as shrewd a bargain as tho purchase of St Blalzo was. in tlio opinion of horsomen. his lnsuranco for holf his cost Whon Charles Koed startled the audience at Tottorsalls' by bidding 3100.000 off hand on St. Blnlzo ho mado hlmsolf famous ull through the sporting world. When ho Induced a representative of a big English Insurance company to insure tlio animal for 550.000 ho surprised tho sporting fratornity quite as much. It cost hlra $4,000 for a limited period, or 8 per cent, but thoro aro hundreds of owners of valuablo horses who would like to pay the same porcontago for nn equal degree nf insurance. As a rule the owner of on exponsire thor oughbred lias no way of securing himself against loss by tho death of his animal. If, through some . unfortunate accident, bunol wore to isuddonly killed. Mr. Bonner would be out all the money thnt the animal hns cost hlra. Ho It would be with all his other valuablo thoroughbreds, and with those of other big horse owners. There was ones a horse Insurance company, company should bo willing to take oven a llm Iterl risk on them. It can iio readily seen that owing to the comparatively short lives of ruoeis, ordinary life insurance would not pay; but why not aceidont insurance I It seems as if it would pay the big owners to form n mutual insurance company. They know that racehorses and thoroughbreds of all kinds reoeivu much more oaro and atten tion than the uverngn human being, and that they aro far less liable to Injury. It has boen claimed, as an objection to the Insuring of horses, that some owners aro so notoriously dishonest that they would put unfair valmi. tlons on thoir horses and then kill them pur posnlytogotthuiusiirunce. But tliut Is next tq Impossible. n horsemen know tho value of thoroughbreds too well to allow any such de ceptions. However, to guard against oven sucii remote danger of fraud tho lnsuranco men could appraise tho value of animals to bo Insured, and always keep on the safe side by sivlDg only policies below tho nppraUed values. TUB CANADIAN QVCBJlOy. la the Blsht Bemedjr Anaesallont Ton Ewr-n oyTns BvttStn Thoodl torinl comments of Tnr Butt upon tho Cana dian question have always boen road with Breatsatlsfactton. TmsBuNappreolatosthevast lmportanoe and far-reaching conscquenoos of a final settlement of our relations with Canada upon tho basis ot political union: therefore I desire to reply to somo ot Mr. Wlmsn's importunities for a treaty of unre stricted reciprocity with his native land, through The Sdn. We, have 1,500.000 native-born Canadians rd siding In this country. They camo hero bo causo they could do better for thomselvos or thoir famlllei than they could by remaining In Canada. They aro among our very best, most active, enterprising, public, spirltod. ambitious and successful citizens. They represent ono thirdof all tho living Canadians upon this continent Thoy wore unwilling to wait for political union. No ono charges thorn with disloyalty, not oven tho most rabid Tories. Ernstns Wlman Is preeminently the greatest living Canadian resident In the Unltod States, a broad-minded, generous-hearted, clear sighted, oarnest student of oubllo affairs. For a quarter of acontury ho has boon an actlvo and Inspiring workor among us, always loyal to tho host interests of his adopted country as ho saw them, intensely loyal to his native land, and over on tho alert to promote Its honor or Its commercial and financial development I honor him for his dovotton to tho interests ot his countrymen, and I appreciate tho mngnl tudo of tho servico ho has rondorod at his own cost and exponse to tho pooplo ot Canada. He lovos the Canadian pooplo. Bo do I. My residence of twenty-flvo years among them was ono long object lesson of their sterling worth and high character. As I havo said on many other occasions, thnv are our cousins and our equals. Thoy are Americans tn principle, policy, methods, nnd aspiration. They are geographically and commercially inextricably bound to us. Thoy aro separated from us by a sontimontal political tie only. It is for our host Inter ests and tholrs that tho political tie by which they are united to another continent should be forever severed. Tho Canadian question can nevor bo Anally settled until It is sevored and Canada is left froo to arrango her own future. No living Canadian see? more clearly than Mr. Wlman docs tho immense value to Canada of free accoss to this markot secured for a long term of years. He sees, for oxamplo. that the iron minos on the south shore ot Lake Superior 'aro supplying 10.000.000 tons of ore annually to various furnaces in Ohio. Penn sylvania, Michigan, and Illinois; that a small royalty of 50 cents por ton for the ore yields an annual income of $5,000,000. or the Interest nt Ave per cent on $100,000,000: that equally gooa mines on tho north shore havo no pro ductive or convertible value: that freo access to this market would place tho Canadian mines on a par with tho mines on tho south shore. He sees that in Nova Scotia tho Londonder ry Iron mines, whero iron has been mado of oxoollont quality for nearly forty years, only a few miles from tidewater at Halifax, can be bought for half a million dollars, including blast furnaces, roll ing mills, Ac. He sees the Nova Scotia coal mines close by almost unworked. Ho sees near at hand an almost unlimited supply of shipbuilding timber, nnd ho says Given free access to tho market of tho United States for a long term of years, Halifax with its suporb harbor would become the Glasgow ot North America. Ho sees that Mr. Blaine has laid tho foundation for a mighty trade with Spanish America in tho near future In all kinds of machinery and railway supplies, 4c, and that Halifax has the location and command of tho raw material to secure a largo pereontago SLl tr?dfl ifT?,h? c?uy only share In tho heneflts of Mr. Blalno's treaties. Ho soos that the Londonderry iron mines and Nova Hootla coal mines, which now have very little Fi?TOft,ye alue. would then-be worth $100. 000.000 to tlie province ; that Halifax would bcoome a great shipbuilding and manufacturing-seaport, and that Its largo oonsuming population would add Immensely to the value of all the agricultural lands of Nova Scotia and Prlneo Edward Island. Ho scos clearly that Montreal would bocome tho greatest rival of New ioik on the Atlantic coast, not only as an Importing nnd exporting city, but as a crnut munurai'turlng centre, und that with a popula tion of a million It would enormously increase the convertible, value of the agricul !uraLJunds of ho Frovince of Quoboc: that tho same results would follow in Ontario and tho Gonad an Jvorthwest: thnt popula tion would flow Into Canada and cause a raar yollous increaso In convertible values of all kinds of real property. Ho understands that without tho increase In population there will bo very little, if any. increaso in productive or convertible values. Ho realizes that If the ox pdus now going on from Canada to this coun try continues there will bo a steady decline in convertible values: thoroforo no wonder ho Importunes tho United Htates to givo his coun trymen freo access to this markot Mr. imun asks us to give Canadians all tho rights, privileges, and boneflts of American citizenship that they mny become as prosper ous as we are and that they may bo able to at tract emigration that would otherwise eome to us to themsolvcs, and that their most ontor prislng nnd ambitious sons and daughters. who are now coming to us by tons of thou Bands, may bo willing to remain at homo. Ho invites us to adopt a policy that will glvo Can ada mon. money, and markets," whllo sho insists upon flaunting the English flag In our facos and In being controlled aud directed bva foreign monarchy. ' I am willing to glvo Canadians oil the bene fits of American citizenship upon tho same terms which wo require of Amurlcan citizens, ! th?.thoy sliallassumeallthadutlcs.ro sponslbllltlos. nnd burdonsor citizenship and "wear to dofond tho Amorlcan flag, and on no other terms. Woure building at great cost a navy to pro tect our commoioe: from whom? Not from Hpunlsh-Amerlcnn republics. Not from Japan. China, or Australia. Not, from France, Ger many, or Italy. If wo could blot out tho Eng lish navy our expenditures for a navy would bo usoloss and unwise, a waste of capital and labor. Wo aro determined to socuro tho lion's TtHilk Qh10utra',P i?fiTrHouJn Am,ri(,V aml the British and Spanish West Indies. To get oon- trPA'. f w.'' shall eomo Into actlvo competition with England. Tho value of tho trade Is Im mense even at tho present tlmo. nnd in tho comparatively near future will surpass in Im portanco the most sanguino expectations of m1,,l'DeH "' ardent admirers. England will not surrender oontrol of hor South Amer ican and West Indian trado without u struggle. ItlBthlsprospoct that justiilos our expendi ture for a navy. . Our most vulnerable point to-day is upon R'JJ-VrJS'.'rJT" 'K,unlnrs'' W1,ll, Population of MJUIMJOU tho danger Is not serious, but with a population of J0.OUO.0tH) it would become most serious vyunout an onorrooitH expenditure for inriis??i RD .JuvSWlfLf '""J a population of liMXjauoo or 2O.0UO.000 our commercial and financial uffalrs would be in a statu of constant alarm whonovor a misunderstanding nroso between London uud Washington. Had tho S??1ilww?!wvr,,t'Cnn"')il ln fwniMjnaooo,(ou or 10.000.000 England would hnve rooognlzed the so-called Confederate Btates of America. 2KLUJ,S SPun?.rsr Probably would havo been dlyldod. To adopt voluntarily a policy that w 1!.rnJ2,l,"r 1'ieroaso the population of Canada whllo it is under tho control and direction of England would lm madness on our purt The experience, of Canada, as revealed by her eonsusin ltfl and 1M01, proves conclusively that Canada cannot obtoln population to any extent while sho remain a British prov Inco unless she obtains free hccbss to our markets. Why should wqudnrt n policy that uA'i Br,;,1,,y .Mto'iptlien England'H power on this i continent I Yte now sell to Canada itj per cent of hor Imports, and we uro steadily In creasing our percentage, wtilla England's per pontage Is deereaslng. Why aid ln miking a Glasgow of Halifax, a Liverpool of Montreai.a Manchester, Leeds. Birmingham, and HIiHlllold r.f Toronto, Hamilton, London, anil Ottawa. Mr, Wlman has declared on lifty occasions, when addresslug puble meetings In Canada, that unless Canada could obtuln rreo access to pur market for her surplus products political union was Inevitable. I entirely agree with tlm' r . Contribution to Truth in March lust ho said, Itoolmoolty and, continuance of British connection go hand in hand. " In this statement I also agreo with him. Why. then, SSiS1!.' ft. U'AMY .Vf "I'clproeltyf We have only to let tho Canadians severely nlnnennd atun early duv they will assert their right to control their Intercourse with other nations. r?oy wl" 'fr,0""1 n American nation with Interests wholly and entirely American, free from direction nnd control by any European J?3w.iV' Thpn.and not until then, should we adopt a policy which will Increase Canada's population, woaltli or power. ln view of the fact thut our population does not exceed, on tlio nv erage, twenty persons to the squnro mile, whllo thn uverugo of nil Europe is ninety-four. Mr. Wlmnn's argument bused uiioti our inability to produce u full supply of food products, Is very wonk. Ho my t; IiidMd. lth Hie lncrM nf population in IbU coanlry at Iu iire.ont rate. xpnrt will 11 u aurUU "' In I" flail Ull yar. Vhl'a In Ilia next hall eauinry.jhoukttheMuulmc rronorilona hole good of city iucraaaa and asrloultual axfiantlca. tbara wuf be Ural auouia frcdnctd nadir xlatloi modi, ol ... tu. ir - '. - , v......... . , ., . . va SJPWl, 58th ST. 3d AVE. - MAXVFACTVR1XG JElfliL HOLIDAY ODB HTOCK IS NOW REPLETE SICII IIOJLIDAT PBE8KXTH, COM INCt TO TUB JKTrr.I.HY niHINHHM. FINE DIAMO HOT.tTAIRE JUNGS (rata St.OO tip, Hnblra, Emaralda, Mapphlrca, Tarqnolae. MAKQTJIHE JKINt-H from OO up. HO DROP EARRINGS from SA.OO up. I,A(! PENDANTS from 810.00 nn. ItRACEI.E 81 COO an. SCARF PINS and Btlciplni from sa.OO up. NTCDHfromtS.OOop. COLLAR BUTTONS I.OCK.KTS from lO.OOtin. VICTORIAS "d RtTRIES and Sanpnlrra from I8.0 tip. Tba abova ttonaa ara A LI. ear orn Imeortatlon dtilfniof letllnn. LADIES' SOLID SILVER CHATELAINE SOLID SILVER IirNTING.frointv5.aOup. SOLID SILVER HUNTING, for boys, from 14.K FILLED LADIES' AND GENTS' movement, warranted 20 jtart, from 910,00 np. SOLID GOLD LADIES' VvATUnES, flna SOLID GOLD LADIES' WATCHES, with SSO.OOop. SOLID 14.K GOLD LADIES' WATCHES, our apacUlty. Flna 14 and 18-k LADIES' WATCnER.tlchly atari, FLEUR DE LIS, PORTRAITS, Ac GENTS' SOLID SILVER, with flwlit movamentf. SOLID BILVER, with Elrln or Waltbam mora with extra btary eaica, at SIO.OO. SOLID GOLD ELGIN or Walthata from SOLID 14-K. GOLD, with ELGIN or Waltbam SOLID 14-K. with Uoward moromtntt, from A WRITTEN GUARANTEE GIVEN TKAHfr SOLID GOLD JEWELRY WITHOUT RINGS for Children from OSc Dp. RINGS (or LACE PINS from 8I.OO up. EARRINGS BRACELETS, Loextt. Ladlas' and Genu' SCARF PINS. c. alio at exceedingly low We also bare a tin Una ot Solid 6Urer and Plated celled. All goods warranted. Holiday rreaenti selected sow will be retained until 1AM8ERV BROS., C OPEN EVERY EVENING DURING enlinre to feed tba population on thla continent, unle'a larje area are lnoladud next door to tba United States. Mr. Wlman. knowing It to he a fact that wo have the largest surplus in 1801 of food prod ucts wo ever produced, should not have written such trash. It is not creditable to his judg ment. He must base his Importunities for reciprocity upon stronger grounds. The ex cess of exports of wheat trom Canada over imports of wheat into Canada has averaged, for tho past ten years, less than S.5OU.O0O bushols annually. With the largest crop I Canada has ever produced, her surplus for ltfttl will not exceed 10.UUU.U00 bushels, while our surplus will roach, in all probability, 250,. 000,000 bushels. How absurd to argue that within ten years wo shall be ln any degroo de pendent upon Canada for our supply of bread I Canada is now dependent upon us for her sup ply ol corn and hog products. If she did not rocelvo thorn from us she would not have, with a full crop, any surplus of wheat for export Again. Mr. Wlman asks us to open our mar kets to Canada upon the basis of reciprocal legislation, rather than by treaty, for a fixed term of years. Mr. Blake, the greatest living Canadian statesman, has pronounced Mr. Wlman'splnn "an unsubstantial dream," I first visited Canada ln 185 and made a carefnl Investigation of the agricultural possi bilities of the province of Upper Canada, now Ontario, and since that time have been an open a -d avowed advocate of the political union of the two countries. I went there to reside in 1881, and returned here in 18tJ. I am familiar with the agricultural, mineral, and lumber resources of ail the provlnoes. Canada does not produce anything which we do not either admit free or produce ourselves in excess ot our consumption. Why should we open our markets freo to her surplus products, aud not to similar nroduets f rom Mexfeo. South America, and European countries so long as she insists upon being controlled and directed by a European power adverse to the develop ment of our foreign trade? Wo havo an Inexhaustible supply of Iron ore for centuries to come. Why should we volun tarily adopt a policy which will causo capital and labor to be expended in opening and de veloping Canadian minos, and thereby bo di verted from ourown mines? Tho iame condi tions exist as to other loading industries. Mr. Wlman appreciates tho enormous power which the largo coneumer has to open the markets of the world to Its surplus products, and also tho power of a nation which is Inde pendent ot every other nation for its food sup ply and tho produots of skilled Industry to mako advantageous commercial treaties witlt other countries, and ho Is Intensely anxious to soeure all tho advantages of our position for his countrymen by inducing us toadmlttheir surplus products freo int this markot. that they may be sent to nations with whom we havo made liberal trado arrangements, as ourown products. Mr. Wlman anneals to our hearts nnd not to our judgmont whon ho endoavors to persuado us to enter Into a treaty of reciprocity with Canada, If ho will direct his energies to con Vert his countrymen to demand Independence or political union with this country, ho will ap peal tothelr judgment, und in due tlmo will succeed. His appeal to the Amorlcan people Is like rowing against the stream, while ap pealing as suggested to his countrymen will bo rowing with the current When Canada has the power to do so and Is ready to ontor into a treaty of commercial un ion for a definite period, which will In ofTeot extend the MeKlniey tariff to tho Arctic fciea as rognrds all other nations, with absolute froo trade between thin country and Canada, wo muy wlsoly, trout with her. Until that tlmo we can only honorably treat with tho Im perial Government The exodus from Canada to this oountry has boon greater inl 801 than over boforc. und is Increasing. Why should wo adopt a policy which will chock it The exodus from tho 1'rovinco of Ouoheo this year Is suld by good authorities to amount to ii'i peroent. otttio population, nqual to a loss of 4.00U.UOO people for us, a serious strain upon tlio oreutive force of even a prosperous country. It cannot con tinue without n marked decline In the con vertible value of real property und Investments in manufacturing Industries. Mr. Wlman will nevur succeed in converting a majority of tho u:.OOaooO or Amorlcan peo ple to adopt a fis.cnl policy which, will tend to delay 'their attaining commercial supremacy in both North und Houtli America and the West Indies: ono that, will m,.nrrth,,n v..nin, power on thlH continent and Increase her do slro and determination to maintain her au thority oyer it largo portion of If. It will ho comparatively easy for him to persuade hU countrymen thut political union will secure for them for all time ticimo ull and far more it'ed" reciprocity will securu to them for a llm. .-,,. "spending much time, money, energy. ffi'iwWnnSrr0 'nii Ui"rt .Power to pereuado fM.OOO.OOp to adopt n trade po Icy advorse to their best intorests and the future peace of this continent. He nuvei- v,ll Hiieoeed. Hi. j wiisilug Ills energies If he will expend "ho iV'e'T8,1" IHrurttIln t Ills fHiow country? PJfiJ'r".1 Independence. irp It ea union will stimulate and promoto the development of Jim enormous natural rehomeis of (iinada. lupldly inoreiiin tho popii atlon nml add lm inensely to tho productive and convertible vii no of her assets Hnd remove tho most pun ,. illdo "uuhu of 'war m this er.mlnent, hi will see tlio Canadian i question to which' 0 ,'; Sto Hr.mu.t'.n thought and persona offort llnally s ttled beforo March 4, l)7. n?!l"firo,,0f',l,,,,,.i,li"w t'"hi fodeeldo first whether sho will boeomo an AmerP ii nation, with Interests wholly and I ontlVv Amorlcan, or whethor eh., will remain an a pondage of the llrltlbh Gown. Jf?hu ie?l to become an Amerle.in nation wo may nl"oy deal with her with the greatest llbt'rallty, on f 'nil ?'!" ,l!u,,,:1" "" l.'"'lht" upon remn nln W$r the ''hWlon and control of the Briilsh frPJn!1.; wo 8"oum ,rSnt ,,,,r ''XVctly as wo treat The Phlloaopliltnl nmabletir. tr"ii a awn ltll,i .(utIuv. iT..,?2inims,,1,ol,lnrr"n:,"i-,nts of Emerson's h inblebeo aio iwnul nr. Tilem iiiu a few queens lelt over from eaeh neM In thenutumn itiMin .November crawl Into snug places where they hliiernato. gathering pollen in tfi spring nnd laving their eggs In It. Only thn Ilbt'ir? -wrylvi-H. all tho workers nnddrouSS lying, so tluit everymhumblebeo hive Is Twined In u clear state, as schoolboys and farm utf verr well know. Ilut thoso loos are nhtlcSi! tw vr&VSSff m0i Perhttpa W'SX LEllS AND 1 31 POUTERS. PRESENTS. WITH A MOST nElL'TirUI. LINE OF PBIHING EVERTTHING PERTAIN ND GOODS. CLl'HTF.R RINGS, with romhlnallnna nr Ac., n-OHi SS.OO itp. REW EARRINGS from HS.OO up E I'INs aad UROtll'HEM from SB.OO np TS n-om SIO.OO up. NECKLACES rroai SLEEVE nETTONS from S.00 u?. from 4MVOO up. Queeu flialni. mounted wlln PUmond. end are mounted tn tho neirejt and moit eiqiiliHe WATCHES. WATCHES, rmin Sl.00 np. SS.SO np WATCHES, with ELGIN or WALTIIAU Rwln morcin'nti. from SIO.OO up. i'AAllS or WAI.TIIAM moremtnti. trota heavy caeei and nicely engraved, at j.ao, tot. u emcrared. enamelled and ttedded with dlamonde ai from UT.OO upward. WATCHES. S7.SO up. menu, at 89.00 each. "Our specialty." The itme, sao.oo np. movements, (rom Ms OO up. as.oo np. WITH EACH WATCH COR THRU DIAMONDS. Ladlea and MlMei from 91,00 np to SCO. trom BIJMt np. Chains. prices. Wate, Optical Coodi, Clocae, c, which cannot be ax seeded. ty leav Inj a imall depoilt. or. 58th St, and 3d Ave. THE MONTH OF DECEMBER. ir&EItE BXPBBOJt niLLIAX BUNTS. His Great Ceuttle ot Norweglaa Loss om Xomlatea Death. The most curious of Imperial residences ia Emperor William H.'a Castle Itomlnten. near j Thoorbudo tn East Prussia. It was planned i by a Norwegian architect under the Emperor's 1 supervision, and was put together br Norwegian builder. His ideas for it construction the Emperor got on his first journey to the North Cape. It is In a groat wild forest that covers some eeventy-flva , square miles of rough and rooky territory, abounding In the finest deer that ran on tbo Continent Here the Emperor delights to hunt, as his ancestors bunted long ago In the days when Hohensollern first became a royal name. For tho dandified and namby-pamby Parforea hunts at Potsdam, on which natty roans Lieutenants and high society belles rids ssfelr ovor hill and dalo in pursuit of halMamad boars, William IT. basso liking. He ts alls WIIXIIM IL, nt HUNTIXa COSTUUX horseman, and, despite his crippled arm, is an almofctj unorring marksman, and so he cares only for tho, chase thut requires both horse manship and marksmanship. The proverbial enduranco of the bucks of the Komlntener Heath gives him an opportunity to exercise all his skill, and that lie lias not exercised It in jaln Is shown by the almost unrivalled collec tion, of antlers at Custlo Itomlnten. The castlo near Thperbude rests on a made rL'i'iS. i ?SS 85,'eetlcncr. 70 feet wide, and 12 foet high. It Is or unhewn trunks of horwogjan plnelltted. not nailed, nt the cor n.;rA ortho better preservation of the wood, all the walls aro heavily coated with vornlsh. Otherwise, thoro Is not even an appearance of ornamentation. Tlio cracks were stopped with cotton covered with bark. No tnpettrr or screen hides thn rough Interior of tho walls, except in the dining room and thn Emperor's study, which, have, wainscoting five feet high. Evoryroom has a huge, chimney of old Kor wSff,nniPu.ttwn.9f 0,a Norwegian brick. l.ho kitchen of the cabtle Is set down in Uio rock foundution. Above it andt ln tho ralddlp J,LthPi c"iyu '.'u"''lng is the dining lull. S"1?." tho ni?0Bt antlers that haw rewurded tlio i.mperor's two Hensons of hunt ".'t.n Itomlnten Ilenth. One huge tnblo stretches down tho middle of tho hail. Th chairs are larze, rough looking, nnd entirely of CVSTtB KOMINTEV. or carpet, liehlml thud nlng room is h small Himi ment to whleh Uio food la raised "n i u hi .waiters from the. Uiteheii to bo prepared J '" i"'J " l".',,l;',, Hlf k' "'hi low iiiiildlng is r ml." "Ti" l'.51!! "Iul ! ,-uunnDdod by ve riindas on ooth Moors. Tim oast wing has a ii i .'i!0nv',,',r.,,f "'!! '"r'urniid a high st.ifT. from e.Li ' "a i1,!.1 flilIIl'""JiiB. the great black u . '1..A" 'il", Indicates that, this part f t ho cnstlu Is fur the spec a life ol tint Kmpernr. On the groun 1 floor of tho ea"t wing and open nir into h HininV, ' r,rZ i .'.' ln.-', '"',Cupi'' room. Next In this Jhii'10 t;ml"''"0f " audlenee I'hamher. lievond !.t! ',' t'J.V.'J' 'n!"0','','? E'nperor'M Immediata Sn'iVf''i'.i ? " rlehly carved st tirwny and t?? .Vii -iP.'1 """r lrt the Kmnenir'H "Inenlnn; f iS'i?.!1 UZ ""."UstTHSH bedstoaj. a ifesk. a table, ntii nfew miliary msp... from the balcony i efoi..thlH room th Emperor hns a m.'iSirWi V'.T '.'vor " .'Omlnten Vahei tViT H.n J, 'iH i.l,ll"!k ym""" ' Mrest tq '""VRi-'J" i"n ll". houndory nf the in "leepln room is n study where) th.. Lmperor writes tho despatches which keen tne wires Hi Berlin lint during his hunt. S?hiJM, VV,'nnd Vi" tu'ly " nt"artmentB Th'i'JTU .""""l-giiehts and a bathroom, favo-.si Jiirht" ,!,""ulUH hedrooms for less vOl'i'.1' K" r."'kr .'"mdntlnn, Its odoriferous Norweglnn pines. Its huge open llroplaoea, and its great ,! fj,rf Bt. unioliiod by Ihe brestS well1 ir?iirViJi,Byon' Vaiti nomfOienT Is is USSffiSi"1" tteiT the eflervesoing ondoTSTa