I: 16 THE SUN, SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 2D, 1891.
H raOUMNIA'S COURT SHAKEN.
HI'SIAO CItAltr,K AND CAMUElt ST2.VA
H 1 vsBAar o.v tub xmtoxE.
K I BrploraMs Rcanlie of m Tontta; Woaua'a
H g, IntrlBtte at the Bucharest Palaea
H I Capture (ha t'rowa Prince Mile, Vac.
K? X reaeo. Her Dishonored Family, Her laflo-
Hf R Orer tba Qaeon, nad liar Saeeeaa la
It W Miitntng When She Hnd railed o Rale,
Hf i " Tlio Kins of Iloumanla Is ovory Inch a king.
Hi end no moronbln and accomplished sovereigns
Hyff sit upon their thrones than Ulng Chnrle and
H If ttiu romnrknblo wrllor. Carmen Hylva, whose
H f imemsnnd novolBiind mnxlms go tho round
H f) of tlmlltornry world, and wlin Is hid Quocn."
B s These opinions were expressed several years
H , ngo by Sir Charles Dllkuln nn essay on "Tlio
IH f, 1'rcsent Position of I'.tiropenn Polities." nnd
Hi V nt that t lino tow persona In Europe's great
UB 8 world of rcjnlty and diplomacy dlvagroed with
D3 thum. Twenty ears had passed since Charles
SPf of llolienzollorn. a slender, beardless youth,
ffli! I nrilvcd InlJuchtirot undertho assumed numo
Hjj j of I.ehinann, nnd began hi iclgn over nstrango
il l'cnP'0 "' ovory movoment was undor tho
X disapproving oyo of Napoloon III., then tho
H jj leader of tho Continental concert, and
w ld vi-nluro wan e.poctod to end shortly
S In failure. If not disaster: vet lio
H 1 hold Ids own with a firm hand, nml
H t under him tho lioumnnlnn people woro umnl-
5 (Minuted Into a nation with growing trudo.
S education, nud loyalty to Its loicnlng house.
M & JieMdo him his Queen. Elizabeth, Princess of
f Wlcil. worked with all the enthusiasm of her
jj high strung nnd transcendental nature for tlio
3 jji good of his su'iecta. In pence she nursed and
H i ri ' ill''iii
1 'I w
H taught nud entertained tier people. Rhowroto
S out for them their legends, and told tho stories
R of their heroism and suffering in prose and
Hjj M;ctry. In war bho licit ed feed and elotho
l them, and with her own hands cooled tho fevor
H f tho nlcl; and dresned thu wounds otthuln-
H Juruil in tho hospitals. To hnr. nn wollasto
H: Ii.-r KIhb. holoncod credit for tho awaking "of
H Jloumanla'rt conildcnen in its ntronsth and
H Joyaltv to Its own for what tho Hohoozollerns
E . call JiTalionaWncussticin, in wlilcli lios tho now
Hj i end crowint; power of tho Gorman ompiro.
j On May 25 lait, when Itoumaniu celobratod
B I tho twenty-Ufth anniversary of Charles of Ilo-
Hj ! lianzolleru's assumption of ruling power.
H (badows woro eatlicrlnt: to darken this plo-
H 1 turo of a model court. In tho summer the
H I Queen, shatterod in health by disappointment
H nnd anxiety, lay criovintr on her sick bed in a
Hj distant land; tho Kine, at varianco with his
H W etatesmen and suspected by his lords, content-
HR plated abdication, and tho holr to tho Itou-
I tnanlan throne. Ferdinand of Hohenzollorn,
HI miked tar from the great marble palaoe of
I Castle Pelech In the Carpathians. To-day tho
HB elements of this situation are llttlo fchoneed
H and Etna Charles's visit In Berlin latolnOo-
H tober to seek advice from his imperial kin-
H man there Is regarded generally as a sign that
H his long and successful reikis near a crisis,
j U not its end.
H The cause of this romarkablo chango In high
H Eoumanlan politics Is a lovo affair between
Hi1 the Crown Prince Ferdinand and HeltaeVaca
H'resoo, Carmen Bylva's companion. Few in-
H j trigues born of women at court have caused
H , more trouble in modorn tlraos than tho
Mhemes of this young girl to succeed a (Juoon.
k A ber name will live long on tho darker pages
H of Roumanian history, and as hor ambition is
ehaklng that uncertain llttlo spot known as
theBalkan.no present personality in Europe
is more interesting than hors.
Mile. Vaoareseo Is not yet thirty and looks
hardly twenty-live. Bho is a ltoman. as is
every Roumnnlan in his own proud ipoech.
, and she hns French improvements. Hho Is of
H s medium height, dark skin, full proportions
j ' and liau tlio nock nnd arms that painters and
I I aonlptorn copy. Her hair In black, abundant,
;; and wavy; hor eyos aro black, deep ami
j heavy; her lips havo swelling fulness, and
, her forehead is smooth and rounding. Hho In
of the nolilo Ilonmn house of Vaoareseo. and
therein lies tlio koy to lior character. Tho
) noble Ilonuin Iioiimo of Vacarusoo Is perhaps
, tho mostshnmetiil of nil nolilo houses on tho
continent Tho father or Mllo. Ijeluno Is as
Inciipalilo as ho Is degraded. Through his
daughter's inlluenco lio was sont. In 1HK8.
: to Iielcrndo us Ambassador, but finding
that Held too narrow lor his varied do-
Luuchcries, ha secured promotion to tho
CVUMEN- SYI.Vt AD HKLKX VACABESCO.
I ' Kmbnhiynt Ilruiieln nnd subsequently to that
i In itoiiin. In alt three cities ho mniluhltnfnlf
notorious as tho pat inn of n low elass of pub
nwomon. and wax treated with U'lrrcnpimd-
InK tioutoiiipt ly nl her member of the dlplo-
" iiintiu corpi. Ills lite of wllii riot was known
throughout Koiinianiu, but all attempts to
111 lug about hi" recall shattered nn tlio Inflti-
Kiicnof Mllo. HelSno with tho Queen. Mile.
Vacaieseo's llrst eoiislu. hlln an attaohdof
thu Embassy In Vienna, disgraced himself
, goneially and llnally was brought up on
Vi aeliaro of xtonllng a women's juwols, which
t led tlio l'rlneess ICuuss. wliu of thn German
Ambassador in Vlonna. to drive lilm from
k ballroom with tho shouted Inquiry:
I "What are ynu doing here? You wero
not Invited '" An unelo of Mllo. Hene, under
tho nnmoof Claymore, is tho principal scan
dalmonger of tlio tinVpniilanre lloimwinr, and
Is not behind tho rest of hl precious lot In his
reputation of supporting all sortof miserable
wo non. Another undo of Mile, Hehlno keeps
I Ills place us Captain of tho mounted pollen
tmly through her Inlluenco In tho palace, and
i.ih distinguished ulmsolr periodically by
ireaklng away from all rules of Uecenoy ob
', Msrved by the ofilcers' corps, and bv getting
, drunk on must Inopportuno oeenslons.
Mile. Hcl.'mo ditiurs from the rest of her
nonlo house in two particular. 8 In. I.- Inlet
ligont and brilliant blm Is essentially Fienoli
In training and taste. Many years of her life
wero dsssM In Purls, whero hho got somo
roimuiTionnsnne of tho cloer young women
J Mho feet of Victor Hugo. Hha liad a strong
endency toward amatory poetry, and she was
enoourarred In It by her famous patron, who
read as well nn corrected her versos. "Hliols
a a true pout," he "aid. llor'Thantsd'Auroro"
, won for hern nrlre from tho French Academy,
. and her eollootlon of popular songs nnd trudl
j ilnnsof thn gypsy people of the valley of the
,, Dlnibovltra gave her a ptacu before tho Jtou
V wanlan Aranemy and the lloutnanlan court
J Through Victor Hugo Mllo. Vaearesco was
- Introduced to many artists and wrltors In
V, Paris, nnrt she beeamo consldoralily raised
in hor own estimation by tho attentions re-
celvfd by her us his roeognlzed favorltn. fiho
ncnulretla reputation for umazing qu ckness
;?' nnd proclston of thought. At n plcnlo near
If Oopol'orret sbo was roquestod to mnko a few
verses concerning tho. porsons present. Ten
'v minutes were allowed her fpr tho work, hut In
f" nine minutes sho had rendv several btanras,
raetrlcally eorrect anrf full of apt humor. This
?f i fateful Incident Is said to have been the first
o f of thofrwadihlp between ber and Carmen
I ByaoryuvenPiliobcUj. bhewoseaUeatote
Roumanian court to benmaid of honor, nnd she
eould not have been n-Vaearesco nnd rofused
tho call. That her intimate friendship witn
the Queen began at once Is shown by a letter
wrltton shortly after her arrival to a youna
woman in Parfs. " I have not fogotten you.1'
sho said, "and I often thlnkrof Archucon and
our trip to Capo Ferret My llfo has changed
greatly since then. Inn separated from my
paronts by theaftllctlon of my.adorablo (Juoon,
at whoso side I lead a glad, gay, aud busy
Tho swiftness of tho.dovolopmont of this
ominous mutual admiration society might:
havo boon foreseen by anybody acquainted
with tho warm, erratic effervescent gonlus of
the Queon. Carmen bjylva scorns to have boen
horn Into a world of precocity nnd nerves, nnd
to havo chosen transcendental ways in life.
Hha first saw light In tho valley of the Wlcd,
within sight of the Ithlno and the bnttlomonts
of Cotilentz. in tho rich fragrance of tho
Monol's vine-clad Imnke. nnd in tho dark tra
ditions of tho hills of tho Westcrwald. From
her father, Prlneo Hermann of Wlod.
thinker and phllosophor. Bho inherited a man's
thirst for knowlodgo At the ago when most
children enter scnool sho road omnlvorously.
Hho clammed hor head full of poetry ro
mance, motnphvslcs, Latin. Italian. French,
Kpunlsh, Knglitih. nnd music At 14 she hud
wrltton somo morltoriousversoH nnd a llttlo
li'iU'l. MiaKCHpoaro. ltaelno. Molloro. Tasso,
and Plato were bur almost daily companions.
At the age of 17 she cut numerous Ingenuous
capers at tho Court in iSerHi), to tho great scan
dal of tho Empress AugUBtn. During this visit In
Ilerlln she stumbled clown stairs into tho arms
of I'rinen Charles of Huhenmllorn. her pres
ent husband, who doubtless, now feels occa
sionally that tho holter-skeltcr manner of
their meeting was prophetic of less agroonblo
events of their recent mnrrlod life. Just what
this bundle of titled nerves and gonlus and
impulses became Is known to all who hao
load tho turbulent, impossible nnd morbidly
Inteiiso luges of "Tho Mother-in-law." "In
letturs,'r "Muftor Manola." and "Kdloou
atighnn." from Uio pen of Carmen Hylvii.
Ono of tho many dramatic little scones In tho
womanhood of tiilsgrent-heartod nndill-bnl-uneed
Queen gives a cleMr view of tho nature
which Mllo. Vaearesco moulded to her nurposo
of seating herself eventually uuon thu Jtou
manlan tlironu. During ltoumunla's partici
pation In tho lust liusso-Tiirklslt war Curmen
tyh a worked night nnd day in tho hospitals.
WoundeH HuiimnntntiH usllallv urefer ileat h tn I
loss ot limb, ami consequently tho surgeons
froquontly wero utmblo t porform anuiuta
tions neucs'inry to snvo llfo. Carmen nylva
wa'i present In a ward ono day when n solulor
lelused to gln up his shatterod leg for his life.
"Iain not a beggar." ho said: "i'lllOBO my
life, but not my honor."
"Trim I TiucI" answered Carmen Sylvn.
lou are not a beggar, but 1 nm." and she fell
on her knees beside his cur. "I huve. prayed
onl to Ood. but 1 now pray you to INten to
HI-wish and mine. Let your leg bo taken oft
nnd spare your life to your family, to your
country, and tn inu!"
" And If I do?"
Why. f shall glvo you the most boautlfu!
cork leg that can bo made In Europe. It will
work on springs, nnd lion the war is over you
shall danco at tho palace with yoursons."
Tlio iipeiatiuu was performed iWiilo tho
Queen hold tho soldier's hand.
Into thn wonderful paradise of Castel Peloch
In tho Carpathians, whero King Charles and
C iriuen hvlvu hail gathcrod around them tho
li -t of ltuiimunlus art, music and poetry.
Mile. Vaearesco eamo as Incarnated unrest.
Buo was for sometime content with adoring
anil being adored. Thencumn several Hymp
toms of ainnitlous intrigue. Two Alsatian ad
venturers without u known hlstoiy. but With
somo very questionable polltlc.il acquaint
ances, were Imported to the Bucharest pnl
nco through Vaearesco inllueneo. There
was some criticism of tills among Itou
nianlan Uoynrs, but not a thought of
suspicion in the paiaeo ns to Mllo, Helfine's
uso for her strange friends. Just what was
browing at court Was not surmised until Mile,
vaearesco began to ridicule generally tho pro
posal to marry Crown Prince Ferdinand,
nephew of King Charles, to a German or Eng
lish Princess. She hnd much fun at the ex
pense of tho plainness and slowness of Germnu
Princesses, and her jukes have bvno means
helped her nnd her ambition sineo King
Charles has been communicating with tho
Hohenzollorn as to tho disturbance that she
has raised at his court. The rumor thsn
spread that sho had sot her rap for tho Crown
Prlneo and such hub proved to bo the ease.
That her marrying tho Crown Prlneo would
sot nil Iloumanlannobilitv by the ears: that it
would coniuro up a revolutionary opposition
on tho part of all tho Ilojar families: that it
would shake, if not shatter. King Charles's
hard-won hold on his subjects: that it would
set tlio prospering kingdom back to its daysof
TUE QUEEN'S StOnNTNO KOOlt AT OASTEZ. PEiECU.
plot and counterplot nnd division and
danger, wctn all known to her. but she hnd
a fancy to bo Queen. Tho roserved.
studious, and unoldlerly young Fer
dinand of Hohenzollorn was pretty easy
game, nnd his romantic aud groat-hearted
nunt was too much infatuated with her fa
vorito to reulbo the perils of tho ohase. In
vain liratluno. Carp. Sturdza, and other Cas
sandras of lEnumunian statesmanship warned
tho King that this transcendental lltora-y
hobby at court was likely to come to a bad end,
nnd that the Vaearesco influence was threaten
ing the .sufoty of tho country. Tho King was
blinded by tho Queen, and tho Queon was
blinded or kept in tow by Mile. Uelcne.
Tho Crown Prlneo suddenly developed nn
amazing fondness for Carmen fiylva's literary
oyeiilngsand became omnivorous of all works
of the Carmen Hylva-Vucarosco sort ,Mllo.
Holinn poured, unhindered. Trench wit und
lCoumuiilun sentiment, modern realism nnd
classic romance, into his susceptible Oerman
ours until ho lay in fottors. Ho wished to
Among tlio aristocratic fnmillosof Iioumania
a worm was browing, although the worst wus
not known. Complaints oumo to tho King
thick and fast from nobles and statesmen and
vv-oro communicated by him to tho Queon. but
sho kept her own counsel and In high-flown
angimgo rejnicod among her friends ot simi
lar eccentricity that real lovo had trlumphod
and that u plain Vncaresco and a Prlneo of
Hohenzollorn had found each other's honrts.
In this century of proso nnd roallty," sho
wrote, "lovo hns again manifested its power
desiilto all opposition; and it is from tho land
of the sun. from tho land of Cat men Sylva.
who sings of tho heart and soul it Is from
lfoumunla that this ray of light comes. Down
there a young man und a young girl love each
other as In tlie days or liTvalry. Princo
1'ordlnnnd nnd Mile. Hol&nn Vncarosoo sot be
fore us this precious example of valiant love,
braving tho thousand storms raised by the
shadow of that crown which hovers over tho
bead of tho young Prince. Tlio Roumanian
will applaud this union, and all really patriotlo
hearts will beat with joy whon tho happy
coup o plight their troth ut tho altar."
Either Carmen Bylvu Is a false prophet or
Iioumania has few patriotio hearts, for the
more the Impression got altroad that tho
Crown l'rince was In danger of holng trapped
by tlio Queen s fuvorito tho louder became tho
grumbling around the court of Jluehurest
Tho Quocn. to be sum, partly porsuaded her
husband that thn murriugn wus possible, an
sho hnd persuaded him that tho Vacaresoo
llbortlnes wero fit adornments of Roumanian
embassies; but he treated tho matter rather
gingerly at best, i,nd whon tho stirm of gen
eral Indignation broke ho had no hoart to de
fend a match that always had been against his
better judgment An element In precipitating
this storm was it photograph of Carmen bylva.
Mile Viiciiresco. and Prince Fordinand. King
Charles, fortunately for his crown, was not In
it. i he yuoon was represented In this photo
graph as sitting on a low chair and regarding
with rapt uttention Apollo and the Muses. At
her feet tiro shown thn Prince and Mllo. Helcno
lookinc unutterable things into each other's
oyos. Although but six copies of this photo
graph wore made, the Cabinet got wind of Us
existence, and there was stormy weathor
mound the palace nt Bucharest. Tho King
tulktvil with tho Crown Prince, found him de
termined to marry Mile. Holene. and so con
sentod reluctantly to lay the mat tor beforo tho
Ministerial, Councllon the next day. Hardly had
U'. pfpwu 'rincu gone when Gen. Lahovary.
Minister of War. arrived. As ho spoke with
the hing Carmen Hylva broke In upon them In
a high btata of excitement und tod the Gen
eral thn whole story of tho match. The Gen.
eral said the match was IrapofcBlble. A scene
followed, involving the Minuter. King. Queon,
and tho young couple, nna Carmen.Hylva In a
passion dismissed the General with the words:
I am Queen, and tho opposition of two
dozen .Ministers will not keen me from accom
plishing what I think best"
.The, General went nnd on the next day nt
the Ministerial Oduncll told all about his sorry
experience at the palace. The Ministers gave
the King a lecture on the evljs o.f petticoat
Sov eminent, und unanimously pronounced
le match Impossible. When Carmen Bylva
heard their verdict she falntod. Bho was taken
to bed, ill and prying, und has not yet recov
ered from tho shock. Crown Prlncn Ferdinand
was btliT-nepked. and said he would do as he
pleased. The King oujlbd a council of all tho
statesmen of the, land and llstoood to thoir
opinions. Gen Florescu said:
"Hire, do not take this stop, for It moans the
ruin of you nnd your dynasty,"
Demeterhturctza said to tho Queen:
Dt not forget, your Majesty, (hat we aro
Roumanians. Although to-day wo fight to tho
death fpr your Guvornment. to-iuoVrow. if you
toko this stop, you will stand alone,''
Upon hearing these words tho Queen fainted
again ana was carried to her room. Ber
health was shattered. She was taken by her
physicians to Venlci. accompanied, desnlto
thnprotmtaof all Bucharest. iy Mile. Ueline.
For sevoral weeks repvntod but vnln efforts
worn made to soparutn the women. The aid
of tho besotted VucWfisco In Home WM
Invoked, but ho .oiuld not move his
daughter. Eventually, however, tho Queen
wus taken to Pnllsmta. . Mile. Helene was
paokod off tn another direction, and some
thing llko on armistice vf as negotiated betwoon
tho court and statesmen at . liucharest This
armistice still contlnuus. Tho.Uuoen. moro
ovor. has rallied slightly from tho collapse of
hor nervous system. w0 Is still weak, nor
fancy Is disordered, and stories of hor scream
Ingnnd weeping In tits of temporary aberra
tion of mind have been printed in Vienna
daillos. Crown l'rince Ferdinand has boen a
passivp subject of , ull sorts of matri
monial; projects Involving German or Eng
lish princesses. Ho Is suld to be bont still on
marrying tho young woman who has plucked
eo many well-won laurels from tho hoods of his
uncle ana aunr. ana more nra oniyioomany
reasons to beliovo that his neck Is as stiff us
It evor was-dospito olllcial asseverations that al 1
thought of the match ha been given up bytho
lovers. As late as on Oct. l!Otrie G'auJois an
nounced that a frlenil of the Crown l'rince
had Informed the editor that the lovers
hot! Just met again, and, , had , ronewed
their vows. In coso sho should win. hor sixth
trick, nnd uoeomo Crown Prlncoss. however.
Mile. Ilulono would hnrdlr bo able to win her
seventh nnd bo n Queen. .The alternative for
tho Crown Prince, as expressed by Carp and
endorsed by iioumanlun statosmon of all
"Hire, marry Mllo. Vacarosoo If yon wilt but
It you do you must resign your right ot suc
cession to your brother Charles."
Tho truth of reports as to King Charles's ab
dication is. of course. In doubt. That during
his recent visit tn Berlin tho King discussed
tne contingency with Emperor William IL Is
regarded ae reasonably cortuln. Tho justifi
cation of sueb an act could bo found easily
in the loss of prestlgo by King Charles
nnd his Queon among their subjects.
There Is a strong feeling in Bucharest
thattltoBConesof thisyoarat tho pulaco will
handicap tho King ns long as lio may sit on
the throne, nnd that tho oonlldenco which ho
won from his subjects by arduous nnd wise ef
fort through twenty-five years of his reign,
now lust can never bo regained. Tho ten
dency of public opinion in Iloumanla Is indi
cated thus uy a newspaper correspondent in
"Tho dynasty has been iraurod greatly by
the vvholo affair, especially by the headstrong,
rash, and masterful behavior of tho Queen.
Bliarn words aro spoken concerning her. such
ns, Tlio beet thing she cau do is to lenvo Iiou
mania altogether; in Nouo Vrlcd sho may
make poetry jwd matches nil sho pleases,' &c
The Crown Pr.'nco Is donouneed for 'his ego
tism, his sulktness. und his dependence on
women nnd courtiers.' Even tho King gets off
badly nt tho hands of the poople. who say that
he has ' shown tbut lio has a weak character.' "
Tlio most deplorable rosult of Mile. 'vnea
rcsco'Blntrlgulncatthooourtof Bucharest Is
Indicated by tho last words of this quotation.
Beforo ho beeamo tho victim of his wife's ec
centricities, hor favrtrlte's schemes, and tho
Crown Prince's gullibility there was not a
more highly repected sovereign tlinn King
Charles on n European throne Undor him
nnd through his efforts Iioumania was freed
from tho Turkish yoke and bouiimo it king
dom. With his own hand on the Hold of battlo
ho won this Independence und honor for IiIh
people "I must triumph or die. Farewell."
woro his parting words to bis parents ns
ho led out his army to wnr. Beforo
Pievnn nni Wlndln he showed himself
a typical Hohenzollorn In goner.tlshlp
nnd bravery nnd ntGrhitia h rodo amid shot
und shell at the head ot his men into the car
n ago of battle. Ho has doubled tho lighting
strength of the army, and has bo fortified his
capitul that "not a rabbit could get into Bu
charest alive." Ho has created a lino railway
system, and has built up trade und manufac
ture. Ho has brought art and lottoro to a new
life, and has held in check, as few others could,
tho warring factions of Roumanian politics.
On last May 25 all Iloumanla celebrated the
twenty-Qfth anniversary of tho beginning of
King Clwrlcs's beneficent rolgn. Then came
the revulatlons nt tho palace und iu tho Cab
inet, followed bytho present mistrust, disap
pointment and upprehonulon.
ut: cocldx't kxi.t. himself,
But the Becord lie Made In Trylnc May
Uet film nia dob Hack.
" Oue of our locomotive firemen was dis
charged at Rochester about ten days ago. but
from a report that was received about blm
yesterday It wouldn't surprise rue if he should
bo hired over again, for his toughness and
tonocity may make him valuablo in soma
emergency on the roadV" said a Now York Con
tra! Railroad man of this city.
"The young fallow's numo isDonohough.
Hogotdrunkarouplo ot weoksago. and as
that Is against the Central's rules he was dis
charged. Then he got drank again, and ft
seems ho kept it up eo long that one day this
week ho blossomed out with a very fair case of
tho jim-jams, which led him to beliovo that the
proper thing for him to do was to commit sui
cide. Mr. Donohough flnt attracted attention
on tho streets of Rochostcr, after making up
his mind to die. by kneeling down at tho side
ofastono horse block and then battering his
head against it with nil the force ho could oom
mnnd. Three timos. according to a eitlzeu who
was a witness to tho quoor scene, tho remorse
ful railroad man pounded his head against the
solid stone, and eacli time tlio blood gushed
from his head. The three blows not having tho
desired effect. Donohough aroso aud, covered
with blood, made a dlvo for a tire plug which
was In tho vicinity. Ho struck tho iron like a
battering ram. head first Tho sound of tho
collision was heard nearly half a block, and
tlio crazy man rebounded sovornl feet from tho
shock. Thoro woro many spectators by this
time, nnd everybody was afraid of him. for ho
kept constantly shouting that bo was tiicro for
blood and death. Ot tho former lio obtainod
plenty, but the latter didn't seem any nearer
after the man's assault on the tiro plug than It
was before Denoln uh had started In.
"Alter butting tlio tiro plug until it seemed
to tho frightenod spectator mat his skull must
bo reduced to a pulp, tho rum-orazed follow
ceased his efforts for a moment He then saw
a man driving down tho street with a team
that was going ut a goml. stiff gait With a
yell Donohough ran iniotbostreetund jumped
directly In tront of the team, ana stood ready
to lie run down. Tho driver, by a quick move
ment succeeded in turning tho horses asldo
sufllclontly to clear the man. and tho wheels of
tho wagon grazed him as they sped by. This
encounter with tho man and the team
seomod to give Donohougli a new Idea, and
away lie tore for the nearest street-cur line, lio
wuitod until a car had come along to within a
few yards of him. nnd thou dashed forward and
throw himself across tho rails. Tho driver
hastily nut on tho brnkosand turned tho horses
out ot tho track and stopped within threo feet
of thu prostrate man's body.
Foiled In his attempts to get hlmsolf run
over Donohough resumed his original tactics.
Quickly jumping to hlsteetho rushed fiom
tho street to thu sidewalk, and, leaping In the
plr, turnod and came down with u crash with
his head on the flagging. Ho ro pea tod this
twice, and although he was now red with blood
from his head to his feet thoro was no evi
dence of any weakening about him. After his
third Iungo against tho stone sidewalk ho saw
or heard anothor car coming, and once more he
ran und threw hlmsolf in front of the horses.
Tho driver of this cur succeeded in stopping it
and lllce a flash Donohough got to his feet and.
with lowered head, rushed toward the car
horses. He struck the heavy Iron-bound
games of one of the. horses with his houd.
That shock knocked him down, but he took
advantage of tho fall to crawl between the
front legs of one of tho horses and placo him
self as near under Its hind feet us heoonld
and then tried to mnko tho horsn kick his
brains out Ho was dragged out beforo tho
horse eould accommodate him.
it'.iT,,,0l!,ufrB.Ilt1.'3 efforts of the poor fellow to
kill himself hud occupied considerable time,
and up to the, time that ho got under the
horse, s foot tmly one, attompt had been mado
to Interfero with Ills plans. That was when ho
made the dash for the horse oar nltor diving
against the pavemont Threo men rushed out
ff the crowd that bad gathered and seized him.
If they hail been ninepins hit with a bull they
couldn t havo gone down quicker. Ho Boomed
to have the strongth of a dozen men. About
the time he was pulled from under thu horse's
feet n policeman had been called to the scene.
By the tlmo he got to the snot though, Dono
hough was running down the street half a
block away. Tho policeman stnrtod in pursuit
Before the ofiloor hud gono far Donohough had
stopped and was overhauling the conto-its of a
garbage barrel tliut stood on the sidewalk.
The policeman got within a fowyardg of him
and saw him break a tumbler he had found in
;L'!! S?rreL nnf! Jn!tn5.,I' fh himself across
the throat with It Th blood spurted from
the wound ho made. The officer says that
the oruzy man then swallowed a piece of
tlio class und dashed .forward again.
Other policemen now joined in tno chase, but
before thoy succeeded In overhauling hlin ho
hud hammored his head terribly with n. big
S?v.,.leiir,,ijkelPp' ttm1 tw,c stutfed his
mouth full of mud from the street and swul.
ipwod it It required tho strength of four po
lieomeu to oyorpower him when at last ho was
caught, and ho had to bo bound with ropos ho
foro ho could bo put in the patrol wngon. The
lillVr'.1ort' lt0!? ,llm woro thut. while ho was
probably as batterou up a man as uny surgeon
was over culled upon to patch, none of his in
juries was neeessnrlly futal. tlio only danger
feaied being from tho uhuuk of gl.tss that the
policeman swears Iu Homewln.ro Inside of
HS2ilhi?Vfth'i ?0' " '"'! JnH nmn gets woll. I
think it likely ho may bu hired over ugntn by
the company, fpr he seems most too valuable
of a reUrMd" "c t0 " ,anw ol '" a I
) IIELP FOR IRISH WORKERS.
Dffi rit.tCTtCAV V1UXX OF tub covk
Her A(HatloB to KiiMnnic'Ut Muklac
oFJaca Bad KmbroMcry'by Irish Womea
-An Xafclbtt at the Calcao Fair. ,
If somo of Uioso eminent persons whoeo diet
Mr. Word Mo alllster regulates noted tho Karl
and Countess ot Abordoon In tho stcamahlp
lists several woeks ago and turnod to their
dog-eared peomgos for further light, they can.
not fall to havtj found that both tho Earl and
the Countess had many ancestors and titles
and estates, and' would bo altogether doslrabio
people to know.
The Earl ot Aberdeen Is a plain, unpreten
tious Englishman who hns oomo ovor hero with
his wife whtlo sho attends to a matter ot bust
noss that Is publla rather than private.
The Earl and Coqntees of Aberdeen aro close
friends of Mr. Gladstone and warm sym
pathizers with the movoment for homo rulo
for Ireland. Tho Earl was Lord Lieutenant ot
Ireland during part of 1880, and In that tlmo
both ho and his wife loarnod a good doal about
Irish affairs. Since, both have IntoroBtod thorn
aelves in the people of Ireland. Tho Countess
of Aberdoon has been ospooially active. She
has organized a socloty tor the betterment of
tho condition of the poor ot Ireland, and has
manaeed in a quiet way to do moro good than
many politicians who have wearied tho world
The Countess ot Aberdeen observed that In
Ireland agriculture ot a poor sort genoralry
was tho only occupatioc of tho people Sho
saw that the hands of the poor womon of
Ireland wero idlo for want of any occupation
(o which to turn thorn. Bho saw that thoso
bands were swift to loam and skilful to oxe
cuto. Sha noticed that in a small way tho
Sisters ot tho Irish oonventa bad trlod to
om ploy thoso hands at tho making of laces
and embroideries, and that whtlo tho results
wero small they woro good. Bo tlio Countess
sot herself to organize. Irish Industries on a
large scale, and raise the making' of laoesand
embroldories into a national occupation tor
Thore was a time whert the women of Ireland
mode laces nnd ombroMerles that were tho
admiration of tho world Tho t attorns they
used still exist in the old books. Those pat
terns were got out and tho movoment was
begun. Tho Countess unod her groat eoelal
prestlgo to got many eittnent pooplo of all
parties into hor socloty, which is callod the
Irish Industries Association. Politics was ex
cluded from tho association, whoso solo busi
ness was to help tho poor to help themselves.
This association. whicV started In 1887,
has a depot in London and anothor In Dublin.
It has a powerful social backing. It has
earnest secretaries, who travel all through
Ireland, taking patterns to Irish hom.es. toach
ineirlsb Angers how to Callow tho patterns,
collecting the laces and embroideries, and
paying for them. There is not the suspioton
of an effort on tho part of ?he organizers to
mnko money. It Is only a irasiness-llkt en
deavor to Increase tho napptnuBs and useful
ness of a poor pooplo.
As those goods wero now to tho market tho
Countess and her friends havu had to intro
duce them. They have mude the Celtio pat
terns popular in Londou. und u the real merit
of tho Irish product has boen shown, tho
things woven at tlio firesides of Irish cabins
or in demand. Although In Its swaddling
clothes, the association 1b an assured success.
So when tlio Earl and Counties of Aberdeen
camo to this country theycamo-to spread tho
demand forth products of Irish manufacture.
Tho Countess wishes that thesu Irish manu
factures shall have a placein tho Chicago Fair,
which snothinkt will boa good nlaco for tlio
wholo American people to raako their ac
quaintance. Tho Irish Industries Associa
tion Is not rich. To make this Chicago exhibit
about S15.000 is required, and the Countoes
hopes to raise this sum in this country. or at
least a gooa part of it.
binco her arrival in this country she has
visited New York. Boston, and Chicagn. and
sho will visit Washington beforo her return
to England. Iu Chicago and Boston she or
ganized strong efforts to aid In raising tho
necessary funds. In Chicago she was es
pecially suocessfuL Sho Is nowtn Now York
to soo what can be dono here.
Hho and her husband and their small daugh
ter. Lady Munorte Adeline Hamilton-Gordon,
aront tho Plaza Hotel, where a
reporter for The Sox saw.Uioiu last night
Tho Earl is a tall, slender man. with a
dark beard nnd a fnco of a student Lady Aber
deen is a tall. strongly built woman. Her face Is
full and hor chocks show that her health and
spirits aro of the best Bho has bright brown
eves that look at ono dlrectlv. Hur halt la
brown, and is not dore In tho latest fashion,
nor, indeed, in any lute fashion. Nor was lior
gown In anyway pronounced. Her voloo is
sweot and pleasant to hear. Bho in practical
and good-humored, an earnest woman, who
bus much heart in what sho Is spending hor
tlmo and money for. She told what arrange
ments she had mado for tho Chicmro Fair.
"We aro to have." sold she. "twoilglble
rooms in tlio Exhibition bull. ling, and one of
thoso will bo wholly encased in glees. Thoso
rooms havo boen placed at our disposal by
Marshall Field, who also takes a wnrm Interest
In our work, uud who. I am conlldetxt will glvo
us hearty cooperation.
'The glass room will contain full-sized
bridal party. Thoso II gurus will bo of wax.
madotorepresont grown and generous pro
portions of the sex they aro to repre
sent. Tho bride will bo arrayed altogether in
tho laces, muslins, and manufactures, as also
with tho artificial wreaths and (lowers of
Irish make. The bridesmaids will bo cos
tumed In laoes nnd toxttlesof different kinds
from thoso of the bride's. Tho motlior
of the bride will ho costumed in black
laces, nnd a bojr page., folding tho
truin of tho leading iady. will like
wise bo apparelled in the fluo homo
inndo clothb of Ireland. Tho stands, eur
Mln, fixtures, furnishings. hangings. poitUSres.
Ac. of the apartments will also present forma
and specimens of the runaissaaco and of
modern triumphs In skill in tho urtlstlound
inlustrial occupations thut aro being so ac
tively revlvud now In tho dear old lund. A
superb too table will ornament tho bridal
scone, spread with tho lovely Belleeck china
ware, which already Is bcoomlngso muoh liked
In America. This section of the apartment
will bo made additionally attractive by tho
" Another Bcono will be thnt of this domestic
household ton years Intor. Thn child Is wholly
clothed In nnpurel mado in different ports of
Irelaud. and tho fathor is soon at the thresh
old In shooting dress, gun in band, returning
front a shooting expedition, clad In Irish
tweeds, loggings and footgear, and his fowling
pieco also laying claim to us fine perfection of
make and potential accuracy of shot us any
mado in othor lands."
From this It will bo seen that Lady Aberdoon
is interested In and has fuith In tho revival of
all branohes of Irish manufacture, bho lias
several or thorichest men in Chicago on lior
subscription list, nnd sho also has many who
ore not so rich but havo a strong feeling thut
hor plan lo worthy. Hho la particularly anxious
that a large, number of people should sul
Bcribe. as Tn this way a wldor intorost in Irish
mauufuctures will ad so.
Would a Mutual Iaanraaca Company or
Horsenieu be Practicable I
Quito as shrewd a bargain as tho purchase
of St Blalzo was. in tlio opinion of horsomen.
his lnsuranco for holf his cost Whon Charles
Koed startled the audience at Tottorsalls' by
bidding 3100.000 off hand on St. Blnlzo ho
mado hlmsolf famous ull through the sporting
world. When ho Induced a representative of a
big English Insurance company to insure tlio
animal for 550.000 ho surprised tho sporting
fratornity quite as much. It cost hlra $4,000
for a limited period, or 8 per cent, but thoro
aro hundreds of owners of valuablo horses who
would like to pay the same porcontago for nn
equal degree nf insurance.
As a rule the owner of on exponsire thor
oughbred lias no way of securing himself
against loss by tho death of his animal. If,
through some . unfortunate accident, bunol
wore to isuddonly killed. Mr. Bonner would
be out all the money thnt the animal hns cost
hlra. Ho It would be with all his other valuablo
thoroughbreds, and with those of other big
There was ones a horse Insurance company,
company should bo willing to take oven a llm
Iterl risk on them. It can iio readily seen that
owing to the comparatively short lives of
ruoeis, ordinary life insurance would not pay;
but why not aceidont insurance I
It seems as if it would pay the big owners to
form n mutual insurance company. They
know that racehorses and thoroughbreds of
all kinds reoeivu much more oaro and atten
tion than the uverngn human being, and that
they aro far less liable to Injury. It has boen
claimed, as an objection to the Insuring of
horses, that some owners aro so notoriously
dishonest that they would put unfair valmi.
tlons on thoir horses and then kill them pur
posnlytogotthuiusiirunce. But tliut Is next
tq Impossible. n horsemen know tho value of
thoroughbreds too well to allow any such de
ceptions. However, to guard against oven
sucii remote danger of fraud tho lnsuranco
men could appraise tho value of animals to bo
Insured, and always keep on the safe side by
sivlDg only policies below tho nppraUed values.
TUB CANADIAN QVCBJlOy.
la the Blsht Bemedjr Anaesallont
Ton Ewr-n oyTns BvttStn Thoodl
torinl comments of Tnr Butt upon tho Cana
dian question have always boen road with
lmportanoe and far-reaching conscquenoos
of a final settlement of our relations with
Canada upon tho basis ot political union:
therefore I desire to reply to somo ot Mr.
Wlmsn's importunities for a treaty of unre
stricted reciprocity with his native land,
through The Sdn.
We, have 1,500.000 native-born Canadians rd
siding In this country. They camo hero bo
causo they could do better for thomselvos or
thoir famlllei than they could by remaining In
Canada. They aro among our very best, most
active, enterprising, public, spirltod. ambitious
and successful citizens. They represent ono
thirdof all tho living Canadians upon this
continent Thoy wore unwilling to wait for
political union. No ono charges thorn with
disloyalty, not oven tho most rabid Tories.
Ernstns Wlman Is preeminently the greatest
living Canadian resident In the Unltod States,
a broad-minded, generous-hearted, clear
sighted, oarnest student of oubllo affairs. For
a quarter of acontury ho has boon an actlvo
and Inspiring workor among us, always loyal
to tho host interests of his adopted country as
ho saw them, intensely loyal to his native land,
and over on tho alert to promote Its honor or
Its commercial and financial development I
honor him for his dovotton to tho interests ot
his countrymen, and I appreciate tho mngnl
tudo of tho servico ho has rondorod at his own
cost and exponse to tho pooplo ot Canada.
He lovos the Canadian pooplo. Bo do
I. My residence of twenty-flvo years
among them was ono long object lesson
of their sterling worth and high character.
As I havo said on many other occasions, thnv
are our cousins and our equals. Thoy are
Americans tn principle, policy, methods, nnd
aspiration. They are geographically and
commercially inextricably bound to us. Thoy
aro separated from us by a sontimontal
political tie only. It is for our host Inter
ests and tholrs that tho political tie by
which they are united to another continent
should be forever severed. Tho Canadian
question can nevor bo Anally settled until It is
sevored and Canada is left froo to arrango her
No living Canadian see? more clearly than
Mr. Wlman docs tho immense value to Canada
of free accoss to this markot secured for a
long term of years. He sees, for oxamplo.
that the iron minos on the south shore ot Lake
Superior 'aro supplying 10.000.000 tons of ore
annually to various furnaces in Ohio. Penn
sylvania, Michigan, and Illinois; that a small
royalty of 50 cents por ton for the ore yields an
annual income of $5,000,000. or the Interest nt
Ave per cent on $100,000,000: that equally
gooa mines on tho north shore havo no pro
ductive or convertible value: that freo access
to this market would place tho Canadian mines
on a par with tho mines on tho south shore.
He sees that in Nova Scotia tho Londonder
ry Iron mines, whero iron has been
mado of oxoollont quality for nearly
forty years, only a few miles from
tidewater at Halifax, can be bought for half a
million dollars, including blast furnaces, roll
ing mills, Ac. He sees the Nova Scotia
coal mines close by almost unworked. Ho sees
near at hand an almost unlimited supply of
shipbuilding timber, nnd ho says Given free
access to tho market of tho United States for a
long term of years, Halifax with its suporb
harbor would become the Glasgow ot North
America. Ho sees that Mr. Blaine has laid tho
foundation for a mighty trade with Spanish
America in tho near future In all kinds of
machinery and railway supplies, 4c, and
that Halifax has the location and command of
tho raw material to secure a largo pereontago
SLl tr?dfl ifT?,h? c?uy only share In tho
heneflts of Mr. Blalno's treaties. Ho soos
that the Londonderry iron mines and Nova
Hootla coal mines, which now have very little
Fi?TOft,ye alue. would then-be worth $100.
000.000 to tlie province ; that Halifax would
bcoome a great shipbuilding and manufacturing-seaport,
and that Its largo oonsuming
population would add Immensely to the value
of all the agricultural lands of Nova Scotia and
Prlneo Edward Island. Ho scos clearly that
Montreal would bocome tho greatest rival of
New ioik on the Atlantic coast, not only as an
Importing nnd exporting city, but as a crnut
munurai'turlng centre, und that with a popula
tion of a million It would enormously increase
the convertible, value of the agricul
!uraLJunds of ho Frovince of Quoboc:
that tho same results would follow in Ontario
and tho Gonad an Jvorthwest: thnt popula
tion would flow Into Canada and cause a raar
yollous increaso In convertible values of all
kinds of real property. Ho understands that
without tho increase In population there will
bo very little, if any. increaso in productive or
convertible values. Ho realizes that If the ox
pdus now going on from Canada to this coun
try continues there will bo a steady decline in
convertible values: thoroforo no wonder ho
Importunes tho United Htates to givo his coun
trymen freo access to this markot
Mr. imun asks us to give Canadians all tho
rights, privileges, and boneflts of American
citizenship that they mny become as prosper
ous as we are and that they may bo able to at
tract emigration that would otherwise eome to
us to themsolvcs, and that their most ontor
prislng nnd ambitious sons and daughters.
who are now coming to us by tons of thou
Bands, may bo willing to remain at homo. Ho
invites us to adopt a policy that will glvo Can
ada mon. money, and markets," whllo sho
insists upon flaunting the English flag In our
facos and In being controlled aud directed bva
foreign monarchy. '
I am willing to glvo Canadians oil the bene
fits of American citizenship upon tho same
terms which wo require of Amurlcan citizens,
! th?.thoy sliallassumeallthadutlcs.ro
sponslbllltlos. nnd burdonsor citizenship and
"wear to dofond tho Amorlcan flag, and on no
Woure building at great cost a navy to pro
tect our commoioe: from whom? Not from
Hpunlsh-Amerlcnn republics. Not from Japan.
China, or Australia. Not, from France, Ger
many, or Italy. If wo could blot out tho Eng
lish navy our expenditures for a navy would
bo usoloss and unwise, a waste of capital and
labor. Wo aro determined to socuro tho lion's
TtHilk Qh10utra',P i?fiTrHouJn Am,ri(,V aml the
British and Spanish West Indies. To get oon-
trPA'. f w.'' shall eomo Into actlvo competition
with England. Tho value of tho trade Is Im
mense even at tho present tlmo. nnd in tho
comparatively near future will surpass in Im
portanco the most sanguino expectations of
m1,,l'DeH "' ardent admirers. England
will not surrender oontrol of hor South Amer
ican and West Indian trado without u struggle.
ItlBthlsprospoct that justiilos our expendi
ture for a navy. .
Our most vulnerable point to-day is upon
R'JJ-VrJS'.'rJT" 'K,unlnrs'' W1,ll, Population of
MJUIMJOU tho danger Is not serious, but with a
population of J0.OUO.0tH) it would become most
serious vyunout an onorrooitH expenditure for
inriis??i RD .JuvSWlfLf '""J a population of
liMXjauoo or 2O.0UO.000 our commercial and
financial uffalrs would be in a statu of constant
alarm whonovor a misunderstanding nroso
between London uud Washington. Had tho
S??1ilww?!wvr,,t'Cnn"')il ln fwniMjnaooo,(ou
or 10.000.000 England would hnve rooognlzed
the so-called Confederate Btates of America.
2KLUJ,S SPun?.rsr Probably would havo been
dlyldod. To adopt voluntarily a policy that
w 1!.rnJ2,l,"r 1'ieroaso the population of Canada
whllo it is under tho control and direction of
England would lm madness on our purt The
experience, of Canada, as revealed by her
eonsusin ltfl and 1M01, proves conclusively
that Canada cannot obtoln population to
any extent while sho remain a British prov
Inco unless she obtains free hccbss to our
markets. Why should wqudnrt n policy that
uA'i Br,;,1,,y .Mto'iptlien England'H power on
this i continent I Yte now sell to Canada itj per
cent of hor Imports, and we uro steadily In
creasing our percentage, wtilla England's per
pontage Is deereaslng. Why aid ln miking a
Glasgow of Halifax, a Liverpool of Montreai.a
Manchester, Leeds. Birmingham, and HIiHlllold
r.f Toronto, Hamilton, London, anil Ottawa.
Mr, Wlman has declared on lifty occasions,
when addresslug puble meetings In Canada,
that unless Canada could obtuln rreo access to
pur market for her surplus products political
union was Inevitable. I entirely agree with
tlm' r . Contribution to Truth in March lust
ho said, Itoolmoolty and, continuance of
British connection go hand in hand. " In this
statement I also agreo with him. Why. then,
SSiS1!.' ft. U'AMY .Vf "I'clproeltyf We have
only to let tho Canadians severely nlnnennd
atun early duv they will assert their right to
control their Intercourse with other nations.
r?oy wl" 'fr,0""1 n American nation with
Interests wholly and entirely American, free
from direction nnd control by any European
J?3w.iV' Thpn.and not until then, should we
adopt a policy which will Increase Canada's
population, woaltli or power.
ln view of the fact thut our population does
not exceed, on tlio nv erage, twenty persons to
the squnro mile, whllo thn uverugo of nil
Europe is ninety-four. Mr. Wlmnn's argument
bused uiioti our inability to produce u full
supply of food products, Is very wonk. Ho my t;
IiidMd. lth Hie lncrM nf population in IbU
coanlry at Iu iire.ont rate. xpnrt will 11 u aurUU
"' In I" flail Ull yar. Vhl'a In Ilia next hall
eauinry.jhoukttheMuulmc rronorilona hole good of
city iucraaaa and asrloultual axfiantlca. tbara wuf be
Ural auouia frcdnctd nadir xlatloi modi, ol
... tu. ir - '. - , v......... . ,
., . . va
SJPWl, 58th ST. 3d AVE. -
ODB HTOCK IS NOW REPLETE
SICII IIOJLIDAT PBE8KXTH, COM
INCt TO TUB JKTrr.I.HY niHINHHM.
HOT.tTAIRE JUNGS (rata St.OO tip,
Hnblra, Emaralda, Mapphlrca, Tarqnolae.
MAKQTJIHE JKINt-H from OO up. HO
DROP EARRINGS from SA.OO up. I,A(!
PENDANTS from 810.00 nn. ItRACEI.E
81 COO an.
SCARF PINS and Btlciplni from sa.OO up.
NTCDHfromtS.OOop. COLLAR BUTTONS
I.OCK.KTS from lO.OOtin. VICTORIAS "d
RtTRIES and Sanpnlrra from I8.0 tip.
Tba abova ttonaa ara A LI. ear orn Imeortatlon
SOLID SILVER CHATELAINE
SOLID SILVER IirNTING.frointv5.aOup.
SOLID SILVER HUNTING, for boys, from
14.K FILLED LADIES' AND GENTS'
movement, warranted 20 jtart, from 910,00 np.
SOLID GOLD LADIES' VvATUnES, flna
SOLID GOLD LADIES' WATCHES, with
SOLID 14.K GOLD LADIES' WATCHES,
Flna 14 and 18-k LADIES' WATCnER.tlchly
atari, FLEUR DE LIS, PORTRAITS, Ac
SOLID SILVER, with flwlit movamentf.
SOLID BILVER, with Elrln or Waltbam mora
with extra btary eaica, at SIO.OO.
SOLID GOLD ELGIN or Walthata from
SOLID 14-K. GOLD, with ELGIN or Waltbam
SOLID 14-K. with Uoward moromtntt, from
A WRITTEN GUARANTEE GIVEN
SOLID GOLD JEWELRY WITHOUT
RINGS for Children from OSc Dp. RINGS (or
LACE PINS from 8I.OO up. EARRINGS
BRACELETS, Loextt. Ladlas' and Genu'
SCARF PINS. c. alio at exceedingly low
We also bare a tin Una ot Solid 6Urer and Plated
celled. All goods warranted.
Holiday rreaenti selected sow will be retained until
1AM8ERV BROS., C
OPEN EVERY EVENING DURING
enlinre to feed tba population on thla continent, unle'a
larje area are lnoladud next door to tba United States.
Mr. Wlman. knowing It to he a fact that wo
have the largest surplus in 1801 of food prod
ucts wo ever produced, should not have written
such trash. It is not creditable to his judg
ment. He must base his Importunities for
reciprocity upon stronger grounds. The ex
cess of exports of wheat trom Canada over
imports of wheat into Canada has averaged,
for tho past ten years, less than S.5OU.O0O
bushols annually. With the largest crop I
Canada has ever produced, her surplus for
ltfttl will not exceed 10.UUU.U00 bushels, while
our surplus will roach, in all probability, 250,.
000,000 bushels. How absurd to argue that
within ten years wo shall be ln any degroo de
pendent upon Canada for our supply of bread I
Canada is now dependent upon us for her sup
ply ol corn and hog products. If she did not
rocelvo thorn from us she would not have, with
a full crop, any surplus of wheat for export
Again. Mr. Wlman asks us to open our mar
kets to Canada upon the basis of reciprocal
legislation, rather than by treaty, for a fixed
term of years. Mr. Blake, the greatest living
Canadian statesman, has pronounced Mr.
Wlman'splnn "an unsubstantial dream,"
I first visited Canada ln 185 and made a
carefnl Investigation of the agricultural possi
bilities of the province of Upper Canada, now
Ontario, and since that time have been an
open a -d avowed advocate of the political
union of the two countries. I went there to
reside in 1881, and returned here in 18tJ. I
am familiar with the agricultural, mineral,
and lumber resources of ail the provlnoes.
Canada does not produce anything which we
do not either admit free or produce ourselves
in excess ot our consumption. Why should we
open our markets freo to her surplus products,
aud not to similar nroduets f rom Mexfeo. South
America, and European countries so long as
she insists upon being controlled and directed
by a European power adverse to the develop
ment of our foreign trade?
Wo havo an Inexhaustible supply of Iron ore
for centuries to come. Why should we volun
tarily adopt a policy which will causo capital
and labor to be expended in opening and de
veloping Canadian minos, and thereby bo di
verted from ourown mines? Tho iame condi
tions exist as to other loading industries.
Mr. Wlman appreciates tho enormous power
which the largo coneumer has to open the
markets of the world to Its surplus products,
and also tho power of a nation which is Inde
pendent ot every other nation for its food sup
ply and tho produots of skilled Industry to
mako advantageous commercial treaties witlt
other countries, and ho Is Intensely anxious
to soeure all tho advantages of our position for
his countrymen by inducing us toadmlttheir
surplus products freo int this markot. that
they may be sent to nations with whom we
havo made liberal trado arrangements, as
Mr. Wlman anneals to our hearts nnd not to
our judgmont whon ho endoavors to persuado
us to enter Into a treaty of reciprocity with
Canada, If ho will direct his energies to con
Vert his countrymen to demand Independence
or political union with this country, ho will ap
peal tothelr judgment, und in due tlmo will
succeed. His appeal to the Amorlcan people
Is like rowing against the stream, while ap
pealing as suggested to his countrymen will
bo rowing with the current
When Canada has the power to do so and Is
ready to ontor into a treaty of commercial un
ion for a definite period, which will In ofTeot
extend the MeKlniey tariff to tho Arctic fciea as
rognrds all other nations, with absolute froo
trade between thin country and Canada, wo
muy wlsoly, trout with her. Until that tlmo
we can only honorably treat with tho Im
The exodus from Canada to this oountry has
boon greater inl 801 than over boforc. und is
Increasing. Why should wo adopt a policy
which will chock it The exodus from tho
1'rovinco of Ouoheo this year Is suld by good
authorities to amount to ii'i peroent. otttio
population, nqual to a loss of 4.00U.UOO people
for us, a serious strain upon tlio oreutive force
of even a prosperous country. It cannot con
tinue without n marked decline In the con
vertible value of real property und Investments
in manufacturing Industries.
Mr. Wlman will nevur succeed in converting
a majority of tho u:.OOaooO or Amorlcan peo
ple to adopt a fis.cnl policy which, will tend to
delay 'their attaining commercial supremacy
in both North und Houtli America and the West
Indies: ono that, will m,.nrrth,,n v..nin,
power on thlH continent and Increase her do
slro and determination to maintain her au
thority oyer it largo portion of If. It will ho
comparatively easy for him to persuade hU
countrymen thut political union will secure
for them for all time ticimo ull and far more
it'ed" reciprocity will securu to them for a llm.
.-,,. "spending much time, money, energy.
ffi'iwWnnSrr0 'nii Ui"rt .Power to pereuado
fM.OOO.OOp to adopt n trade po Icy advorse to
their best intorests and the future peace of
this continent. He nuvei- v,ll Hiieoeed. Hi. j
wiisilug Ills energies If he will expend "ho
iV'e'T8,1" IHrurttIln t Ills fHiow country?
PJfiJ'r".1 Independence. irp It ea union will
stimulate and promoto the development of
Jim enormous natural rehomeis of (iinada.
lupldly inoreiiin tho popii atlon nml add lm
inensely to tho productive and convertible
vii no of her assets Hnd remove tho most pun ,.
illdo "uuhu of 'war m this er.mlnent, hi will
see tlio Canadian i question to which' 0 ,';
Sto Hr.mu.t'.n thought and persona offort
llnally s ttled beforo March 4, l)7.
n?!l"firo,,0f',l,,,,,.i,li"w t'"hi fodeeldo
first whether sho will boeomo an AmerP ii
nation, with Interests wholly and I ontlVv
Amorlcan, or whethor eh., will remain an a
pondage of the llrltlbh Gown. Jf?hu ie?l
to become an Amerle.in nation wo may nl"oy
deal with her with the greatest llbt'rallty, on
f 'nil ?'!" ,l!u,,,:1" "" l.'"'lht" upon remn nln
W$r the ''hWlon and control of the Briilsh
frPJn!1.; wo 8"oum ,rSnt ,,,,r ''XVctly as wo treat
The Phlloaopliltnl nmabletir.
tr"ii a awn ltll,i .(utIuv.
iT..,?2inims,,1,ol,lnrr"n:,"i-,nts of Emerson's
h inblebeo aio iwnul nr. Tilem iiiu a few
queens lelt over from eaeh neM In thenutumn
itiMin .November crawl Into snug places
where they hliiernato. gathering pollen in tfi
spring nnd laving their eggs In It. Only thn
Ilbt'ir? -wrylvi-H. all tho workers nnddrouSS
lying, so tluit everymhumblebeo hive Is Twined
In u clear state, as schoolboys and farm utf
verr well know. Ilut thoso loos are nhtlcSi!
tw vr&VSSff m0i Perhttpa W'SX
LEllS AND 1 31 POUTERS.
WITH A MOST nElL'TirUI. LINE OF
PBIHING EVERTTHING PERTAIN
CLl'HTF.R RINGS, with romhlnallnna nr
Ac., n-OHi SS.OO itp.
REW EARRINGS from HS.OO up
E I'INs aad UROtll'HEM from SB.OO np
TS n-om SIO.OO up. NECKLACES rroai
SLEEVE nETTONS from S.00 u?.
from 4MVOO up.
Queeu flialni. mounted wlln PUmond.
end are mounted tn tho neirejt and moit eiqiiliHe
WATCHES, rmin Sl.00 np.
WATCHES, with ELGIN or WALTIIAU
Rwln morcin'nti. from SIO.OO up.
i'AAllS or WAI.TIIAM moremtnti. trota
heavy caeei and nicely engraved, at j.ao, tot. u
emcrared. enamelled and ttedded with dlamonde ai
from UT.OO upward.
menu, at 89.00 each. "Our specialty." The itme,
movements, (rom Ms OO up.
WITH EACH WATCH COR THRU
Ladlea and MlMei from 91,00 np to SCO.
trom BIJMt np.
Wate, Optical Coodi, Clocae, c, which cannot be ax
seeded. ty leav Inj a imall depoilt.
or. 58th St, and 3d Ave.
THE MONTH OF DECEMBER.
ir&EItE BXPBBOJt niLLIAX BUNTS.
His Great Ceuttle ot Norweglaa Loss om
The most curious of Imperial residences ia
Emperor William H.'a Castle Itomlnten. near j
Thoorbudo tn East Prussia. It was planned i
by a Norwegian architect under the Emperor's 1
supervision, and was put together br
Norwegian builder. His ideas for it
construction the Emperor got on his
first journey to the North Cape. It is In a
groat wild forest that covers some eeventy-flva
, square miles of rough and rooky territory,
abounding In the finest deer that ran on tbo
Continent Here the Emperor delights to hunt,
as his ancestors bunted long ago In the days
when Hohensollern first became a royal name.
For tho dandified and namby-pamby Parforea
hunts at Potsdam, on which natty roans
Lieutenants and high society belles rids ssfelr
ovor hill and dalo in pursuit of halMamad
boars, William IT. basso liking. He ts alls
WIIXIIM IL, nt HUNTIXa COSTUUX
horseman, and, despite his crippled arm, is an
almofctj unorring marksman, and so he cares
only for tho, chase thut requires both horse
manship and marksmanship. The proverbial
enduranco of the bucks of the Komlntener
Heath gives him an opportunity to exercise all
his skill, and that lie lias not exercised It in
jaln Is shown by the almost unrivalled collec
tion, of antlers at Custlo Itomlnten.
The castlo near Thperbude rests on a made
rL'i'iS. i ?SS 85,'eetlcncr. 70 feet wide,
and 12 foet high. It Is or unhewn trunks of
horwogjan plnelltted. not nailed, nt the cor
n.;rA ortho better preservation of the wood,
all the walls aro heavily coated with vornlsh.
Otherwise, thoro Is not even an appearance of
ornamentation. Tlio cracks were stopped
with cotton covered with bark. No tnpettrr
or screen hides thn rough Interior of tho walls,
except in the dining room and thn Emperor's
study, which, have, wainscoting five feet high.
Evoryroom has a huge, chimney of old Kor
wSff,nniPu.ttwn.9f 0,a Norwegian brick.
l.ho kitchen of the cabtle Is set down in Uio
rock foundution. Above it andt ln tho ralddlp
J,LthPi c"iyu '.'u"''lng is the dining lull.
S"1?." tho ni?0Bt antlers that haw
rewurded tlio i.mperor's two Hensons of hunt
".'t.n Itomlnten Ilenth. One huge tnblo
stretches down tho middle of tho hail. Th
chairs are larze, rough looking, nnd entirely of
or carpet, liehlml thud nlng room is h small
Himi ment to whleh Uio food la raised "n
i u hi .waiters from the. Uiteheii to bo prepared
J '" i"'J " l".',,l;',, Hlf k' "'hi low iiiiildlng is
r ml." "Ti" l'.51!! "Iul ! ,-uunnDdod by ve
riindas on ooth Moors. Tim oast wing has a
ii i .'i!0nv',,',r.,,f "'!! '"r'urniid a high st.ifT. from
e.Li ' "a i1,!.1 flilIIl'""JiiB. the great black
u . '1..A" 'il", Indicates that, this part f
t ho cnstlu Is fur the spec a life ol tint
Kmpernr. On the groun 1 floor of tho ea"t
wing and open nir into h HininV, ' r,rZ
i .'.' ln.-', '"',Cupi'' room. Next In this
Jhii'10 t;ml"''"0f " audlenee I'hamher. lievond
!.t! ',' t'J.V.'J' 'n!"0','','? E'nperor'M Immediata
Sn'iVf''i'.i ? " rlehly carved st tirwny and
t?? .Vii -iP.'1 """r lrt the Kmnenir'H "Inenlnn;
f iS'i?.!1 UZ ""."UstTHSH bedstoaj. a ifesk.
a table, ntii nfew miliary msp... from the
balcony i efoi..thlH room th Emperor hns a
m.'iSirWi V'.T '.'vor " .'Omlnten Vahei
tViT H.n J, 'iH i.l,ll"!k ym""" ' Mrest tq
'""VRi-'J" i"n ll". houndory nf the
in "leepln room is n study where)
th.. Lmperor writes tho despatches which
keen tne wires Hi Berlin lint during his hunt.
S?hiJM, VV,'nnd Vi" tu'ly " nt"artmentB
Th'i'JTU .""""l-giiehts and a bathroom,
favo-.si Jiirht" ,!,""ulUH hedrooms for less
vOl'i'.1' K" r."'kr .'"mdntlnn, Its odoriferous
Norweglnn pines. Its huge open llroplaoea, and
its great ,! fj,rf Bt. unioliiod by Ihe brestS
well1 ir?iirViJi,Byon' Vaiti nomfOienT Is is
USSffiSi"1" tteiT the eflervesoing ondoTSTa
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