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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 29, 1891, Image 24

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H- S4 THE SUN, BUNbAY.' NOVEMBER 23, 1891. ' - , ' -
H EQCENTRIC PARIS DANCES.
B ' JOT KOUIXB BOUOB, TIM CKXZBB OJT
B rAMia akd or rax viimut&K.
B TM Cs tte ta Tmrf-Tha Moatta. Koajrs a
BS ' m flaea for atedJtajMoa Taa Daaeee Mrs.
HI IHw AAaUrad. aad ta faatastla Dancra
HS New Acaia Bnlik8M of Uia Srwt
HH Baa are tk Maw Freneh HekooL
HH Pasts. Rot. lft-Th other night I iru medl-
Hff fating In one of thoee comfortable bamboo
Hjr armchairs that line the antranoe of the Joyous
8bHi Koalin Boage when a triendlr figure stopped
short in front of me.
ajw. "Whsta surprise!" 1 exclaimed. "What are
Hf j yon doing hero I"
J ! "I hare jast arrived In a dlraot Una from
j S Bears' Island." was the answor.
HJ ; "Boars' Island r" I repoated. interrogatively.
HJ fi "Yea. Bears' Island is Uieextremenorthorn
WU 'J possession of Basal a In the White Boo. I was
Hrij sent there by the Russian Government last
HfI MM to make surreys. I stoyod thoro elghtcon
HI AN "AVAWT DEUX,"
1 Bach u tin. stows sdmlreO.
Hi months, and having finished my work I waited
HI for r whaling ship to pass and tnko mo oft
HJ The flret whaler I wns ablo to signal was a
HI Norwegian. She landod mo at Chrlstlanln. and
HA from Christlanla I havo como hore as quick as
HM express trains could carry me. I arrived in
HB Paris just two hoars ngo. and In four days
HH from now I shall have to be In Petersburg."
HH "And tho nearest way to Petersburg from any
HE part of th a glo bo Is via Tarls, eh ?"
HI "Quite so I"
HE "And via the Moulin Bougo?"
HE "That Is my opinion. Au rerofr. Tou can
HE understand, after olchteon months of exile on
HE Bears' Island
HE "Certainly) Certainly! No apology, I pray
HE) yon. Aurtvoir. Amuao-vouablent"
HE And I saw my friend plunge into tho throng
HE Of men and womon who wore promenading In
HB the vast hall decorated with streaming bun-
HE ners and with tho flags of all nations, or form-
HH IDE a ring around the quadrilles that wore bo-
HJ? Ing danced to tho sound of tho muslo of Often-
HO bach. Strauss. Mgtro. Messagor. and of all the
HJ maitorsof Bacchic Corybantle. and voluptu-
HJ ous strains. Truly, I thought to myself, this
HJ joyons Moulin Ilouge Is tho contro of the unl-
HJ) verse. And as I sat ana meditated I saw pass
Hn before mo specimens of all 'the nations
Jj of tho earth and of all classos of
HJ society. I saw English lords and American
H millionaires. I saw tho inevitable British
HI clergyman, acoompanled by his wife, whose
HI expression of astonishment at what sho raw
H was a study in itself. I sawChinese and Japan-
HJ se gentlemen, followed by an Arab Bbelk. I
EH baw the Admiral commanding the French
HI Mediterranean squadron laughing from ear to
HI ear. I saw the Grand Duke Alexis carried off
1' to supper by Mile. Weber, better known as La
Bi Goulue. and tho next night La Gouluo camo
H '' and told mo all about it: how they supped nt
H I Larue's; howAloxis gavo her a hundred dol-
H , lars, whloh was not very much for a Grand
H Duko. However, she had had n good time.
H i and on the whole thought that sho had made
H on Impression upon his imperial Highness.
flj Blmpleglrll Kaiee enfant!
J . In the old days Paris boasted Idallas.TIvolIs,
EJ ' Paphos, Cytheres, and countless Folios. Then
flj . camo Prados, Vulontlnoa, Grandes Chau-
EJ micros. Chateaux Bougos. Closories des Lilas,
EJ " and the famous Jardin Mablllo. Now wa have
EJ ' L'EIys!o Montmnrtre. which scarcely prospors;
J '' Bullior. the well-known students' hall of the
EJ Latin Quarter; tho now Casino do Paris, the
J summer hall in tin- Jardin do Paris, which has
EJ ' taken tho placo of Mablllo. and tho joyous
J Moulin Itouge, which Is at presont tho most
J chnractorlstio of thesa special establishments,
J , end, we may truly say, an institution not only
i of national but of cosmopolitun Interest
J Without tho Moulin Bougo Paris could not
J ;' completely fulfil IU civilizing and enlighten-
EJ log function, for it is nt once n school of Una
J manners and of chorcgrnpliy and on inex-
EJ Laustlblo troaeury of the ideal.
I MSrM
i AV rSADO.
t Admlrtd by lr. Etoira.
That tho Moulin ltougo is a school of man
', ' Bers. aud of tine manners, miy vcem, perhaps,
j '' rather an utarmlna stntoment. For my own
, part I should unvvrlUMi thought of rwonling
I , tlie fact If ray attention had not boon calloil to
It Indirectly by a passuge In Harriet Bcoclicr
I Btowo's Journey to Paris, In whloh she de-
. fc acrlhes a visit to tho Jnrdln Mablllo, nnd
' ipeaks in the most euloglstlotormsof the dell-
;' Moy of the ladies who dance, the elegunco of
i tnoir cavaliers, and tho perfect dihlinHIon
jHth which they oxecuto theauadrllle. When
Mrs. Ktowe was in Paris the glory of Mogndor
Snd Inmar$ was still brilliant, and a certain
panlsh iufluenos. comblni'd with pivutlar
Cymnastie elements fuvnrcil by the uhh of the
Jrinollne. hod already dcvi'lntiod a primitive
orm. of that modern l-rend) quadrilln
,' ' which Is the dellclit and ustonlhliment both
' i of natives and foreigners. In thoho remote
, day tho basis of suceoss In the choiegraphla
;, world wm tho ubilltyto dance on ono foot
i Wlitlo holding tlit other In tho hand, and the
acme of skill and agility was shown by tho
j, audacious and sublime kick which daintily re-
. . tnirveil from Ills head the hat of a gnplng by-
-, stander, generally of BiltUh origin. That
i Ml. Btowe should have louod delicacy, elo-
' (ranee, nnd distinction In such choregrarhyns
' h Wilis bears witness to the fundnmeut.il liberal-
I Ism of thai omliicnt Puritan ludy. And. at tho
i huadrilloiv 1KU i far more artistic and re-
, piiiHl thas the qiindrille of 18."i:j, 1 m por-
' i hap justlllt'd in reforrluc to Him teaching of
i U miinuni's as one of the luturostlag I'Iiusoj of
-: . the Moulin liougu. '
s Certainly It is n very orderly nnd suavo cs-
.0 talilUliniont, nnd ninny ilnd it conducive to
, , meditation, ns it were a fortof lay monastery.
, k. wheroonn can retire for an hour or so from
4 '( the dull ronlitics of light nnd llvo for awhile In
-, ' an Ideal world of foim.eolor. muvemunt, and
sound. Buehnn ustiiblUhnu'iit can only exlbt
'. In Paris. In Ihate.ipltnl nlonucun barcalicid
i i thoHo oolnlltloiiH nt tolenitlon. of broad hu
i5 mniilly, of nntlijue ivilintlon, nud or eo-n.
: , bliuxl cynicism, fensnnlltv, und nmlubillty
; which permit the creation of a Moulin Hoiian
s and It continued existence notonlyns u useful
',' but its mi honored nud respected institution.
' J At onooa concert iinll. a variety show, a place
,' t of amusvment. and a ballroom, it Is above
A nil tlilngH th rendezvous of the marchaiuki
; v 4 amour, ol tho modem Manor Leecauts.
mn -iiiaaTifiB'f ni nifiii mn BiiitrTm
thoso ftrango being who ecom, to
bavo boon created tor pleasure alone,
nnd manifest on' nil orrnslon too almost
animal passivity of creatures without person
ality and possessed only of instincts creatures
whoso only consciousness, ono might ny, Is
that they havo bcon brought Into tho world
llku flowers, merely to smile, tooralt a frwect
perfume, nnd then t perish. Toward thoso
Jtfur$(hi bitume. toward these frivolous coroc j
and unrepentant Madeleines. Paris In very In
dulgont. They nro not considered outjldo tho
fiaie of humanity: indeed, so far as the most
avorod are concerned, they aro hardly consid
ered to bo outside the palo of society witness
many a inarcnawfe rfamour who llvos in a
chateau, gives stained glass windows to tho
Tillage cnuroli. and rccclvcB tho euro nt
her Table So Uio marehande tCamnnr, not
being dospleod , by others meroly bo
cause sho Is surh. does not deBplso herself,
tut retains a eortaln dose of sotf-rospect that
Tarlos betwoen tero nnd 100 per cent Thanks
to this fact snd to tho social circumstances
nbovo referred to. tho Paris rpeoHs does not
sink Into Hint abyss of degradation which Is
the lot of vcnnl loyo in eortaln puritanical
capitals. She is looked upon as an, amusing
toy. nsn curious animal, nnd certainly as one
of tho great attractions of thoFronch capital.
And tho proof Is that, tho moment there is
quostion of nny legislation that might threaten
the froe nnd graceful exercise of hor Industry,
tliero Is Immediately nn outcry In the- press.
i)jd not the gravo nnd judicious M. Francis
Magnard protest recently Inthe .fifaro against
nndue severity, exclaiming: "What would
Paris be without roroflMf" , ,
Bo then, whllo in London or New York an es
tablishment like the Moulin Ilouge would In
evitably become low and rowdy and a placo of
drunken debauchery. In ..Parts it remains
simply gay. animated, brilliant even, but al
ways orderly, simple correct, and amiable, at
least on the surface, and surface amiability Is
nil that one can ask. In this particular rose.
Thus much by way of apology for venturing
to treat In theso grave columns a theme whloh
the superficial observer might be tempted to
dismiss as both frivolous nnd unedlfying.
Bo for ns concerns my own tastes, I confess
that! go to the Moulin Itouge frequently for
purpoos of puro meditation rnther than to
study the dancing, though from time to tlmo t
take pleasure in nscortnlnlng the ptogross
accomplished by this or that pupil of thoso
more than European celebrities Ninl-patto-en-l'ulr.
La Ooulue. or Rayon d'Or.
The Moulin Rnugosuppflosnwrfnt that Is In
herent In civillzon communities: It Is an ex
hibition of humanity. Tho other day an
amiable critic, referrlnc to n suggestion of
mine with regard to tho best way of passing
the time In a restaurant while you are waiting
for tho soup to be served, objeotod some
what to my advlco to employ thoso
moments In admiring tho faces nnd
dresses of tho ladles present "The lat
ter advice." said the critic wo must
suppose. Is Intended for tho few who know
how to observe without being observed. A cat
may look at a king, as the proverb has IU but
men are not cats and nro amenable to rules of
conduct which do not touch the feline world."
The Implied reproach of my kind oritlo rather
troubled mo, because it reminded mo of tho
Anglo-Uaxon prejudice, which I had forgotten,
tho prejudice ngnlnt "staring." In Latin
countries, on tho contrary, this prejudice does
fot exist: you may "staro in moderation,
ndeed "staring" is a manifestation nf ad
miration naturally provoked by tho speo
tnclo of a faultless toilet or a beautiful
fnco and figure, or of both combined.
The Lntln woman who devotes attention
to hor dress and to the agroealdo presentation
of hor whole elegant personality Is willing
and even desirous to bo regarded somewhat
ns an exhibition. As for tho Indies whoprom
enade or sit nn thrones at tho Moulin Rouge,
tlsMronly desire Is to bo looked nt nnd ad
mired, and therefore tho establishment Is of
fxeat Interest to the earnest studont of cos
umo lino, form, and expression. In tho
moving throngs and groups of woman, and of
men, too. who pass before his eyes nn finds
models and suggestions which help him to
fialnt pictures on tho canvas of his imaglnn
ion. as he sees now somo slender form nnd
long prolliA that suggests one of Botticelli's
maidens, now a luminbns and voluptuous
beauty that suggests a Titian, now a strange
nnd piquant brunette which a turn of fanoy
tranforins into a Goya.
THK OOTTAn.
As the beautiful harmonias of a waltz float
through the uir tho movoments of theso croa
tureslircnmo likewise rhythmic and beauti
ful. In a waltz by MiStratheonrcatches strains
of cnpriciouH melancholy which suggest Lnn
ner. Btrauss. or Oungl. and at thnt momenta
woman pusses whoso features und expression
aro in perfect sympathy with tho musical
measuro. For in the existence of the ladies
who frequent establishments like the Moulin
Itougo tho chief educator is music, the chief
refiner la music, the chief consoler Is music,
which lifts them. too. into dreamland und dis
tracts them from the grossly material inter
ests of that special chiuio to which nature nnd
fatality hao devoted them Thus wo may
truly sny that the modern French courtesan
and the courtesan dancer, too. nro educated by
music in accordance with tho doctrinosof Boc-
rntnfi nnil Pfiitn.
Evidently it ii imprudent to examine tho
reality too closely. It is preferable to Inclino
towards Indulgence nnd to avoid seeking the
pervorso and monstrous: otherwise, like the
poet Bandtdalro we should look upon tho
Parisian courtesan as representing barbarism
In civilization and coinnnro her to u beast of
prey, scanning thu horizon now with Indolent
distraction, nnd now with flxod attention. Like
Bnndelairo. too, we should dwell upon tho
triviality and pltiablenxss of hor existence,
which, nevertheless, is an existence of ruso
and combat, like thatof n beast of prey. On
tho othor bund, In the number, wo find suncrb
animals, whose frank nnd bold looks nnd conti
nent bearing manifest joy In living, who
find without effort posturos of an originality
and nf a nobleness that would delight a
sculptor or a painter At tho samo time
there aro softer types which Itnndelalre
refused to soe, unfaithful vestals who
remain bimplu and naive, capricious
and coquettish vestals who love dancing
for the sake of dancing nnd find amusement
in mere movi-mcnt. It Is to theso thought
lofHand morally unconscious maidens. West
ern odalisquos, whom life tho Eastern harem
would have made harpy und respxctable. that
whowo tho romnrkablu resuscitation of (ua
tnstlc dancing in contemporary Purls.
The dancing Is either regulated nnd cos
tumed, or irregular and spontaneous- The
regulated nnd costumed dunce is presented on
the slagoat the Moulin Itouge, at the Jardin do
Paris und nt various varioty shows. It was
even presontod mi the stage of the Theatre
des VuriiUi? not long ugo when Mile, Itojane
took lessons of La Oouluo. and danced
u. naturalistic tias In "Ma Couslne."
Tho spontaneous dance takes place on the lloor
of tho hall nnd consists eltherof nn ordinary
cancan or of a nuadrillo with fanoy variations.
At tho Moulin Rouge thu old ami original can
can is not dnnnpd at all: Indeed, in theso days
nt liberty nnd oven license, tho cancan, having
lost the savor of forbidden fiult which It hail
under tho omplre. Is danced very llttio except
at Ln Yiilvtto and in tho low quartors of tho
LA OOUI.UR (MLI.E. WEBErA
Jnwn. In modern French chorccrnphy. as In
lltpi.itur.i mid pointing. thoolutToiiiii toward
fplrltimllsni or townid tho fantastic rather
than toward umteriallsm, whe ens the old
Ireiich canenn, with all its symbollo rloliueas
'.R01,uJ'e' 11 essentially material.
' What Is the cancan V" This question. I can
Imagine, la asked by some country cousin, and
K . .,
mmmmsssmJbmBBsssmmsssssasmm
Ihe question Is not oasy to answer.' Indoed.lt
is so difficult that I ptefer to take advantage
of tho explanations which Heliirlch Heine
rompoocd lor tho benefit of the readers of the
Mrtuous it;ff!itr! tlate'de. In the days when
thu cancan was prohibited, so fsr nt least in
armed force can interfere with tho I'XMjsslte
noss of movement. So, then. Heine detlnes the
ennchn ns "u dauce which is ncer executed In
decent society, but only In rather improper
plaeos. whero tho. man who dances It. or tho
woman by whom It is danced. Is Immediately
seized nnd turned out of doors by tho police.
Tills oomtnnt participation of the police in tho
Pleasures of tho people." contlnuos Uolno. is
a singular nbuso. and all foreigners nro aston
ished when they see several policemen, or
cariiet rte Pari s. watching severely each dance.
It Is almost Inconceivable that a not on can
Sroservo Its gayety and Its passionate lovo cf
ancjng la spltoof this shameful surveillance.
But Fronchlcvity makes Its most joyousbounds
precisely at tho moment when It. I Impris
oned In a strait waistcoat: nnd nlthough tho
cyo of the police prevonts tho cancun from
being danced in n frankly cynical manner,
tho dancers of the low balls nevertheless
manage to reveal their prohibited thoughts
by all kinds of ironlcnl mfrrcflaU and by ges
tures of exaggerated decency: and, thus tho
veiled sensuality apnenrs moro shooklng than
nudity Itself. But it is not only the ro
lations between tho sexes which form tho aub-
Iect of obsceno dances in tho low ballrooms of
'oris. It sometimes scorns to mo ns if tho
dancers In tholrdnncomndo gamp of all that
Is regarded ns noble and sacred In tho lifo of
man. Yes. the people havo lost faith In sub
lime sentiments: Impotent boosting has so
disgusted the people with Ideal tilings that
they see In them nothing but empty phrases,
nothing but humbug and blague, us they say
in tholr slaug.
GJUIXB D'EOOUT AMD IA. GOULUE,
Ready tor an "Avant Dttn."
Just as this desolating way of looking at
things is represented In tne dramatic type of
Robert Macalre, so is it manifested in the pop
ular dance which may be truly considered to
be tho veritable pantomime of Robert Mucoid
anlsm. Tho forelgnor who has any Idm of tho
character of Robert Macnirowlll understand
theso indescrihnbla dances, this dancing mock
ery and persiflage which scoffs not only at tho
relations between the sexes, but nlo nt social
relations nnd nt all that is good and hoautlful
in the world, at enthusiasm, patriotism, fideli
ty, loyalty, faith, tho family sentiments, hero
ism, and divinity. I repeat onco more. I am
always overwhelmed with unspoakable sad-
fiess when I sco tho lower classes dancing in
he places of amusement of Paris."
Heine is severe and doubtless just, but In
any ease there aro distinctions to bo made
and degrees to lie marked. Caurau. which
appears originally to have meant a great
tumult or nnlso In a company of men and
women Is noted by Llttrd as n familiar and
even a vulgar wont Nevertheless it is tho
nnmo nf tho French national dance, whloh Ib n
quadrille, exocuted with tho accompaniment
of movements of thearms, legs. head, and loins
which are not jroeognlZHd by tho official dnno
ing masters. These variations seem to have
been introduced during tho July monarchy In n
nobert-Maealrian spirit of disrespect and
mockory. They havo persisted ever since that
time. Curing sixty yours the cancan iins been
the national French dnnro and to the present
day it remains thu national dance. Only, we
must remember that tho propriety or impro
priety of the cancan is entirely a question
of di'grco; tho basis of the dance is
tho harmless quadrille; tho most exnsper
ated form of the cancan Is tho ohsceno and vio
lently gyranatic dance which Heine has de
scribed which is familiarly known as the
etiahut. that is to say, tho coarse and popular
cancan, htdeou. monstrous. Indecent, and epi
leptic, such us It is still danced by tho scum
of Paris in the low balls of the faubourgs,
such ns it Is sometimes dunced In the more or
leBs attenuated form on the stage of tho cafe's
concerts, undor tho name of ijuaitrille natura
hate in scries of popular chometT dances. Be
tween these two extremes of tho unadorned
quadrille nnd the dreadful chahitt exists the
elegant and decently lascivlouB Parisian can
can nnd the varieties of fancy quadrilles which
have como rocontly Into such groat vogue.
Buch Is the qu drillo danced by two men in
scarlet coats and black knee breeches, with
earahrr etui in tho stylo made famous by tho
Yokes family, that is to say wheeling move
ment of the legs and tho grand swing of tho
lee ovnr the head of a partner, the wholo end
ing with the oratid ieart. to which Nini-nntto-on-l'air
and Rayon d'Or add a somersault.
Klni-putte-en-l'iilr is tho typo of the black
haired, sallow Parisian ouvriere, small fea
tured, not nt all pridty. but wiry, nervous, in
telligent, and full of will nowor In trivialities.
Her uge? Lot mo sny thirty to thirty-five.
Her great delight in life nnsntways been danc
ing in publio balls und the rocent vogue of
fancy quadrilles has ennblod her to start a
sort of dancing school, nnd to form pupils who
dance nt the Moulin Itouge. the Jardin do Paris
nnd elsuwhere. until fortuno Invites them to
othor occupations in tills world or another.
Nini teaches her pupils tho ossentlnl gymnas
tics of tho modern fantastic quadrille, which
necessitates considernblo special dislocations
which 1 will proceod to explain, for one of tho
greatest joys of lifo Is comprehension, and
there is perhaps no phenomenon so base that
It cannot acquire interest by comprehension.
Tho drst thing that Mnl tenches hor pupils
Is to swing their legs forward as high as they
can and without bonding tho knee. Tho object
if to swing tho log straight out from the trunk
in such a manner that It describes almost a
completo semicircle, the too passing from thu
round tou point over the forehead or near
io forehead, tho skirts being bold meanwhile
daintily with tho finger tips. Thlsswinglng of
the legs must iio pinetlsed standing In tho
same place, walking ami rovolvlng. Perfection
Is attained when the swlnzof tho leg Is so sure
and sharp that tho toe will just eatcli the brim
of a tall man's hut and tend It spinning.
SATOX D'Oa AND LA RAUTEBFU.S DOIKO THE
"CB0I8KMKNT."
This swinging of tho leg has to bo practised
with porsletonny until ull thu ligaments con
cerned beeonio sunplo nnd the swing free nnd
limber. Tho pupils practise ono by one nnd
then two together, holding each othor by tho
hnndsnnd executing the movements In uni
son for the step of en aeanf dur. A woman
who has learned thoroughly tho art of swing
ing her legs, nnd shows coquotry nnd
daintiness in the preliminary gesture nf deli
cately picking up her lace skins nnd revealing
tho fnam-llku whltcnes of hor frilled under
clothing, can hope alcendy to distinguish her
self In a quadrille. Inasmuch as elm can com
nose hor solo exclusively of this swinging of
tho leg repeated unto rntlpty, or sho can walk
round the ring leaning on tho shoulder of her
cnutllPrand menacing with. her agjlo too the
hats of nil tho nnlooliois In tho front row.
Tho catching up of tho skirts is tho point
upon which Nlnl chlelly Insists: It must ho
done gracefully; tho eyes must be fixed on tho
publio all tho tlmo; tho equilibrium of tho
dancer must never seem to be In danger; in
short, fa primula tupan is a most difficult point,
and mnny women who swing their legs woil
but havo not been horn with tne gift of grace
never succeed in executing this detail with
the ease, thu elegance, and I will eou say the
charm which tho great Mini displays,
M'SA"' thing, which the pupils learn is
collod the "guitar." One leg Is raised until it
forms almost a right angle n ith tho body; Iho
tibia is helil with one hand, ns if It wcio the
neck of a guitar, and with tho other the dancer
protend to thrum tho btrlnga. This llguro Is a
prolllu effect, end though not difficult to hold.
It is unpleaslng unless attention Is paid to
every dt-tul of attitude und to thu careful drop
Ing of theskiri!).
After this comes tho port itamira. or " present
arms," In which llgmo the leg Is swung ss
high as possible, caught by the aim and hold
against thu shoulder. Tim great diflleulty In
tins Igutu is for tiiu duncerto malntulii lii-r
equilibrium.
, A dilllcult variation of those last two figures
Js the rrahiririrnf. or crossing, in which tho two
dancers swine their legs to a helglitintcrmo.
alary between tho guitar ond Ibo pmttaiiMi,
aMfiiffinTT-Tiiii iitiiiiiiTii rinrin innia
hold the leg with one hand, and hook thelrfeet
together. Thlleseeklne n fugacious centre of
gravity. This flgurn Is very difficult, nnd un
stable nsn card castle. . ,. ... ,
Now we come to a mere contortion, without
charm of nny kind, merely a tllfuen): and paly
postuio namely, "tho leg bohind the bead." a
mnnstiousclownoiy. .
1 Inally we must mention tho arand (tnrU
which Is n figure of the old cancan. In which
tho dancers suddenly sink to the ground with
one, leg stretched out on each side at right
angles to tho body, boforo and behind.
v I A.1 ill II
$!
THE LEO HACK OP TUB DXAIX
Such aro tho peculiarities of the eecontrlo
contemporary canenn or fancy quadrille, In
which gymnastic difficulties predominate und
mark, as It were, with so many points of aston
ishment the datntv intermediate tripping of
tho regular quadrille. In the contemporary
fancy quadrille the rftlo of tho male dancer has
been mducod to tho merest utility: ho Invj
Tory little show on his own account: in com
parison with the brilliant figures and the daz
zling skirts of the woman, tho cavalier's cnmlo
entreohsts and agility of limb attract very llt
tio attention: but ho nevertheless remains
useful and necessary, no must'bo thoro just
In the nick of time to give his hand to tho
woman with nn exactness which only n quick
musical ear can achieve. For all theo figure".
It must bo romombored, have to bo exocuted
while tho muslo Is being played nnd ncoording
to the figures of the quadrille. The muslo will
not watt, and tho dancer must not get loft
. Buch is tho danco of Nlnl-pntte-on-1'alr and
her pupils of Knyon d'Or and La Bauterollo. of
Fond l'alr and Altilinite. and of tho illustrious
couple Grille d'Kgnut nnd La Oouluo. who are
famous, I am told, all over the world, and
are certainly among the greatest and moit
gazed upon curiosities of Paris. To dance as
thoso women dance is tho dream of dozens of
slmplo girls wno dwell upon tho heights of
Montmartro and L'llgnan Court That this
dance, with Itn eceentrln flffnros. the serin nf
high kioks, the "guitar," tho port dfarmes, tho
"leg behind bona," tho "crossing," nnd tho
grand erarl, is ai.cnutlfulnrnn edlfyi p specta
cle, no ono I imagine will pretond: but it is curi
ous and novel " true-lln-do-slMe," and tho
greatest attraction of that world-famous cos
mopolitau promenade, the Moulin Rouge.
Danced to tho muslo of Offenbach's Lo YIo
PariBlcnne." the fancy quadtlllo of tho Moulin
Bougo with Its bnslsof light steps and movo
menus, the solo objoctof which Isto display tho
person of tho dancer in all that sho possesses
of charm, coquetry, and sensual provocation:
tho dazzling exhibition of uplifted skirt that
reveal only more skirts: tho flashing oyes, tho
perpetual emtio, tho imperturbable self-possession
of tlie womon ell this must, I sup
pose, appear slightly devilish and pervorsoto
those who soe it lor the first time But tho
LA BACTEHELLE DOIKO TUX "OUAND ECAlrT,"
dnnce of Ninl-patte-en-I'nlr Is modesty Itself
and mere playful eccentricity compared with
the daru rfu renfrp. which formsono of tho side
shows of the Moulin Itouge. rive or six Arab
women or Tunisian Jowesscs dressed In Orien
tal costumo danco in turn to the sound of a
piano, of tnrboukg. and of tambourines. In
epito of tho anachronism of tho piano, and in
splto nf the modernity of tho audlonce. those
women nnd their dances remain of another
age: It Is the dance of the age of the patrt-
f,rehs. of the youth of the world, tho dance of
ho mysterious East, where onr human In
stincts were ilrst formulated In acts and sym
bols. In the ritual of worship. In tho hieratic
sultatton of tho priestesses of Ashtaroth.
Theodobb Coils.
JTATXES'S 10,000 BXAKES.
lie Balsas Tliero for Profit and Clears About
SCOOO a Tear.
Vom rA CisrOmaff ErupHrw,
Gainesville. Mo Nov. 1& Probably tha
oddest occupation ever followed by man Is that
of an old Tennesscau who lives about throe
miles north of hore in the Ozark Mountains.
It is Goorga Jaynos, or, as ho is known In this
neighborhood, " Snaky George." Jaynos came
horu from the mountains of Tennossoo several
years ago. and followed the occupation of
hunting for n living. Ho novcr got very much
ahead, but managed to oko out a good living
for himself by tho sale of camo and skins. He
brought with him from his old homo the art of
making snako oil, and sold several pints dur
ing each season to thu various druggists in
thin part of the Btato. and always got a good
price for it, as it was of au excellent quality.
The rocksof tho Ozark Mountains abound
with rattlesnakes, and It was not long beforo
Juynes saw that if ho went t it right ho had a
bonanza In tho business, iie looked about nnd
found a pioce of rocky land on the south side
of tho mountain, which was utterly worthless
as far ns agriculture was concerned.
Ho ontorod this land as a homestead, nnd
bogan improlng It In a most peculiar nay.
Instead of clouring off tho rocks ho tried to
fct mors there, and sonu ho had bulltn veritn
lo snnkes' retreat. Tho hillside was honey
combed with holes, and everything that a
enaknoould deeiie to make life a pleasure was
added ti the spot Whilo he had ontorod 100
acres, he only utilized about forty of them,
lln built a house of stone, but cemented It
thoroughly inside and out, for, while he made
n living oil of snakes, ho did not caro to have
ton clnso a companionship with them.
Having arranged his farm to his satisfac
tion, iio sot about getting lnhobltr.nto for the
Eilnce. In this ho experienced little trouble,
or tho hills abounded with the reptiles, and ho
now how to catch and hand I o them without
dangor. Ills daily excursions wore taken with
tho vlow of bringing homo a new resident for
his farm, und his live stock Increased with
wondorful snood. About four years ago ho
completed his work of stocking his placo.
and now ho In reuping tho benefit of bin
acumen. Snakes are everywhere on the
place, and on a warm day tho sight on tho hill
back of the house would give a drinking man
the Impression that " ho had 'om ngaln." Itat
tlosnakesof nil sizes and conditions aro seen
lying around in profusion or crawling over the
rocks, squirming nnd twisting in heaps, whllo
the deadly whirr of tho rattles makes muslo
Which strikes terror to th liqart of ono unac
customed to tho situation. Abovo ull Is that
terribly nauseating odor which fills the wholo
air nnd drives away any one not accustomed to
faiioh an ofjensivu scour.
. "Hnnky Cleorgo" estlmntos that thoro nro
10,000 tiill-grown rnttlesnnkei on the piano,
and says that ho kills an average of 2,000 every
soason. lie only kills tiiuiri during the months
of Heplembor nnd October, for thon they nro
the fattest nr.d are full of oil. They aro got
ting ready to go Into winter annrtors, and are
in prime condition, llln method of cntoninc
them Is simple. lie has fed them In a certain
cleared spot ever slnco they havo boon on the
Place, nnd they now como thero rogulnrly.
Whon he wants to begin work he stands
on nn oh voted rock near tho placo,
nnd witli a slip noose of wlro catches ns ninny
ns he eau uso and kills them. He then takes
tho bodies tu his house, whero he throws them
Into a caldron and render out tho oil. This
no packs In heavy bottles and ships to various
wholesale druggists over tho oountry.lt being
used In tho preparation of various liniments.
Ono good-slrod rnttlerwlll ninke n pint ofoll,
Snd this brings Sl.hOornets Jnynes about a
ollur after ull oxpensss of ronderlng, bottling,
nud shipping are paid.
0ned lor Libelling a Hone,
ttmn tht (7i(tngtt TrPitiie,
CnAwyonDSViLLE, Ind Nov, 10. Joshua Mo
Kenulo, a wealthy but eccentric citizen, to-day
filed nllbol suit against thp Crawfordsvlllo
ifoiirnal for $2,000. making T. 11. II. McCain
nnd J, A. Green defendants. Homo woeks ago
several of MoKonslo's friends caused to lie
published an article in reference to a horsobo
lougtngtoMcKonslo, which thoy averred nto
soun und was constantly fed upon It, iielng too
old to out corn. In his complaint McKenslo
fays ho has suffered great mental uuguishnn
account nf tho article and that now as hn
passes along the streets ho has been pointed
nut In scorn, ridicule, mid contempt at tho
owner of a soup-entlng horse. Ills friends.
fcquaintancos. and enemies ask him at ull
lines concerning the health aud progress of
ho famous soup cater, tho condition of tho
oyster market, thnprioe of beans, and other
wise bold mm up to contempt.
aasfiaMaaaaiMianii.nif ir' - - naijaaw aaawii
xtniTthn oxrsiES.
The rtoinnny In Ireland, Scotland, nnd Kng-Innd-Huted
In tha Fltat Country, Tbrr
Are Very Well I.lked la Ortnt rirltara.
Los-Do. England, Nov. 10. naving wandered
among gypsies In America for moro than a
quarter of a century, and for tho pott tiro
years having given much tlmo and attention
to n study of the gypsies In different parts of
Ireland. Scotland, and England. I think that
a survey of theso British nomads, with a fow
points of contrast between them and tholr
American brethren, may intorest many Ameri
can readers.
Thero nro not nil told and this Includes
skulklngolty Romanies.unknnwn In theirtown
oentionsnsmemborsot thpgypsyraco more
than 0.000 gypsies in Ireland, of whom
barely 1.000 follow tho procarlous but roman
tlo life of tho road. Irish Catholics, and par
ticularly the lowliest of tho peasantry, without
exception hold them In something ltkontur
rlblo detestation.
Letn gypsy spno-wlfo or fortune teller oneo
Blip into an Irish cabin and begin any of her
black art conjuring, the 6tnoke of war will nt
onco rise above that spot Calling on all the
category of saints In ono shrill and mighty
breath of appeal, tho Irish mother will treat
this gypsy choat to such a whirlwind of evic
tion as may bo hoard for half a leaguo away,
Tho very thatohlng would bo pulled from the
roof. If necessary, to speed and force the battle
for tha homo against tho grucsorao wiles.
And ray gypsy friends tho world ovor know
this fact so well nnd bitterly that universally
with their race Ireland Is termed, in recogni
tion of Its barrenness for their purposes, tallah
lodlte, or the unlucky and accursed territory.
There is a marked difference in Scotland. In
proportion to its population there are more
gypsies In tho Land o' Cakos than In England
Scottish traditions and literature, especially
the ballad poetry of Scotland, aro full of gypsy
countryside lore and superstitions whloh have
been theoutgrowth of a very genial and close ro
tation between gypsies and Scottish peasantry,
Gypsy blood Is known to courso In tho Telns of
many of the Scottish nobility. These, people
actually secured the countenance, if not tha
favor, of James IV. James V entered Into a
lencue with "John Fuw, Lord und Earl of
Llttio Egypt" in 1540. directing nil in author
Ity in his realm to onmnel tho roturn to Faw's
submission all those Egyptians who had re
belled against htm, and that all ofllears should
assist In detaining and punishing tnos people.
"In conformity with his laws." no that, ns the
edict read, the said John have nocausoot
complaint in time coming."
This Fow. whose shrewdness stamped tho
genuine gypsy upon his character, was tho
progenitor of tho many tribes of Fnws. Fans,
or Falls, who. with tho Bnlllies. hnv hcn tha
most noted and numerous of Scottish gypsies,
whoso descendants I havo found In rospect-
6 bio numbers and condition throughout tlie
nlted States.
Tho environs of Edinburgh nnd Glasgow are
full ofgypsies who aro superior in physique to
their English brethren about London, Birm
Inghara. Manchester, and Llverpoot In
Tweeddnls.Annnndalr, and Nlthsdnle are many
families of gypslos whoso rospoctabillty and
Individual means, although they lend a roving
life, would eompnio favorably with thoso ol
tho small farmers of the some regions. The
gypsies whom 1 have mot in Aberdeenshire
and Perthshire aro not so well off. but art
liked and wolcomod among the peasantry
W Ithln a few years much good fortune, from
a pecuniary standpoint has como to Scottish
gypsiOH through the vast increase of summer
visitors. American as well as English, to tho
highlands nnd Islands of Seotlnnd. They to
sort to the vicinity of Oban. Rotnsssy. Invera
ray, even cross to tho outer Hebrides, and aro
found In every romantic glen In the Tros
suchsand slnng tho highland lakes. Theso
aro gradually abandoning tho lifo of the road
for tho greater and quicker profits of "show
gypsies in summer, and during the winter
seek lowly quarters In cities.
Tho smallest and the largest collection nf
gypsies I ever found In 8cot7and woro, respec
tively. In tho tar north andnttho very southern
boundary. Tho first was discovered ono early
morning In July. I was coming with an emi
nent northern Presbyterian divine from Grand
Htrathzlass over tho bleak moots, down
through fairy OIn Orquhnrt.toDrnmnndrochit
by Loch Ness' side. On one of the fern-spread
braes of a llttio loch stood a solitary gypsy
tent the tiny woollen hood of the true
Hornnny. Its Baps wero skewered close.
The inmates wero asleep. It was tho ti
niest snuggest homo human oyos ever b
heht I could not but repent aloud to my
reverend companion some gypsy sayings, per
haps 0.000 years old. such ns, "Firm as a
rounded hill are the tents of our people:" "My
lovo's breasts ar as hillocks of amber, as
bright tents burnished by the sun:" "Our
tente are llrm against tho sand wind." and,
"As still ns the red stars sleep, shall nestle
eur txnts In tho valley," But as tho startled
look in the dominie's face merged Into Ineffa
ble Bcotch scorn. I presently desisted.
The lnrgi-st agcregation of Hqottish gypsies,
now sadly dwindle I. is at tho bordor Toviot
dalo town of Yetholm. Those might bo enfled
house gyples. as they occupy thatohod cabins
in Kirk letholm, tho property of the Marquis
ofTweeddalo. held undor the curious tonuro
of " nineteen times nineteen yenrs " at a nomi
nal rent But few families remain. Nearly
all thu old stock has died off or emigrated to
America, though no longer ago than 1847 they
mustered from round about over COO souls and
.'JOOnsses to esport the remains of their old
king, canny Wull(Wlll) Faa. from Coldstream
to tho burying ground at Kirk Yetholm. It
was hero, too. that my lato friend, the bright
est, wittiest and most sensible gypsy woman
that over lived. Queon E&thorFau. reigned so
long, so wisely, and so well.
Thoso Yetholm. as wall as all other Scottish
dram or road, gypslo elilouy subsist by hawk
ing carthun tin. und whito iron waie. horn
spoons, scru nbers," and " bosoms," tho latter
n sort of willow broom, about tho country.
Thoy travel as far Into England as Nowcastlo
and htaffordsblre for thu earthenware, buying
faulty pottory cheaply, und selling the samo at
a good protlt Tho remainder of their wares
thoy make in a rude way among themselves,
tho womon being quito ns adept us the moo.
Borne drive assos beforo their little carts, out
moro possess tho hardy "rdioltle" or Shetland
pony. For their own shelter at night their
enrts nro "whuramol'd" or"whomoru." that
is, turned upside down.
Generally Bpenklng. the gypsies of England
aro comfortable gypsies In proportion to tho
distance they maku their haunts from tho
f:roat centres ut population. Tho same
s measurably true of all other English
lowly folk. Tho gypsy class, which ui.io In
cludes all manner of travelling and tramp
ing non-gypsy vagabonds, tho radical Im
Rrovement of whoso condition has become the
ttroio work of George Bmlth of Coalviilu,
never pilgrim far from London. Bristol, Bir
mingham. Manchester, and Liverpool. Their
members sally out from those cities and forage
around nnd urnund them In well-defined elrv
clos. going and aiming as they aro prompted
by impulse or scourged by necessity. They
nro Bodouius of civilization, indeed, nnd
tholr reformation or estimation would prove u
public good. My own observation ntid experi
ences have been almost wholly among another
and a bettor class, nnd tho latter Is more llku
our American gypsies thun any of the Romany
In all foreign lands.
Probably thu most Idyllic form of gypsy lifo
yet remaining in England may bo round in
Wales and thu English lake district of north
ern Lancashire, Yiurtmoielund. and Cumber
land. 1 have been much among tho "states
men." or landowning peasantry, of tho latter
region, as well as with tha gypsies there. Per
hapB 1 have questioned OoO small farmers and
others as to tho gypsies' status among thotu.
Ihaonuver secured an answer unfavorable
to the nomads. On tho contrary, much
as is the case in remote countrvsfdo dis
tricts in America, the irypsiOK' annual com
ing Is lonkeU forward to with eagerness
am) delight: whllo tho summer market day
nnd tho little village fair would bo shorn of
much of tholr attractiveness wero the gypsy
folk absent. Nor could I learn In all tills ro
mantic region of a single not of downright
dishonesty on the part of nny gypsy within
tho memory of man. fn the winter lime, those
who follow the Umbrlan summer route, katr
or houso usually in tho larger Lancashire
towns, such ns A Ignn. Bolton, Preston, Iliack
burn. Colne. Lnncastor, and TJlvurpton, and
though tho beer mug tiavels gajly among
fliotn during tills period, they aio generally
liked nnd often respoctud Ju tho nelgboi hood
of their habitations.
Again, in Voikshire, away from Its manu
facturlng towns, the gypsies huo well-tloilned
routes of travel, nnd ruo never seourg.-d or
cruised by the comtabuhuyns tlioyntu In tho
midland shires, whore chiefly they havo como
under Mr. Hmith's observation, In Wharfednle.
in tho vicinity of Ilkley.ai'o mnny families of
respectable gypsies. Dp about Northaller
ton they nro the only countryld poddlars
and tinkers, and do much In the w.iy
of buying and selling horses and other livu
stock. In Lincolnshire and Nottinpham
shlie, from Grimsby to Trent, nnd par
tlcularly about jNottlnghnm and llucknall
Torkard.uio very ninnv prosperous gypsies,
whosu families can bo traced nearly ns far buck
nsHomoof tho nobility, and oftuii with quite
as favorablo results. In tho county of Norfolk
I have passed socio nf tho most delightful
ilqys of my life as Iho guort of gypsy famHlon,
who. making summer house boats of large
punts, provldo tho hosts of sportsmen thnt nn
liUHllyresorttotho "Bro.ids." or marshy lakes,
with wicker baskets und bait, nnd often act ns
guides to tho most deMrablu Ushlog and hunt
ing grounds.
In all the wed nnd southwest of England tho
gypsies uro welcomed nnd tientad most cn
orously. In Cornwall theyaro generally called
'ugrom mon." as tho sturrly Cornish folk
fhnsoll persons, oven to commercial travel
lers, literary tramps, and tourists, who for any
reason wander from plaoo to place, while in
wales a simpler, more unsophisticated, kinder-
A '
Memember, Croup
GoneraUy comes like a thief In tho nisht. It may nttack your child at
any hoTir. Are you prepared for It? Ayer'a Cherry Pectoral gives speedy
relief in this disease. It is also tho best medictno for colds, coughs, hoarse
ness, sore throat, nnd all disorders of tho breathing apparatus, Is prompt
In Its action and pleasant to the taste. Keep it in tho house. C. J. Wool
dridgo, Wortham, Texas, says : " One of my children had croup. Tlie caso
was attended by our physician, and was supposed to bo well under control".
One night, I was startled by the child's hard breathing, nnd on going to it
found it strangling. It had nearly ceased to breathe. Realizing that tho
llttio sufferer's alarming condition had becomo posslblo in spito of tlio
medicines it had taken, I reasoned that such remedies vrould bo of no
GYail. Having n part of a bottle of Ayer'a Cherry Pectoral in tho house, I
gave the child throo doses, at short intervals, nnd anxiously tvnl ted results.
Irom tho moment tho Pectoral was given, tho child's breathing crow
easier, and In n short tlmo it was sleeping quietly and breathing natu
rally. Tho child Is alive and well tc-day, and I do not hesitate to say that
A.yers Cherry Pectoral saved its life."
"I am never without Ayer's Cherry Poctoral tho best romedy for
croup." Mrs. J. M. Bonn, Red Bluff, Cal.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Aycr A Co., Lowell, Mats.
Sold by all Druaait3. Price $1 ; alx bottles, $5.
hearted peopledo notltvethanfh gyples All
Welsh people lovo them. They nevor loavo
Wales, annther ore as much an Integral port
of tho concreio social structure as are tne
Welsh peasantry themselves.
Tho rilfiorones between British eirsles and
American gypsies Is astounding. But. after
ull. it is only n difference of condition. Tha
evolution of our gypsies from fenoranoe ana
degradation to opulence. Intelligence, ana
some considerable educational acumen is j
simply the result of liberation from a hard
and ofton grinding life hore. which anywhere
fosters the worst of human traits: precisely as
the British lowly, transplanted from u lifo bat
tle for mere existenco, shortly become with us
mon nnd women ofton of competence ana fro-
The Britishjowly orehard to get along with
anywhere in Ireland, Peotland, andEngland,
because they suffer sorely from grinding labor
Snd. to us, a poverty almost Inconceivable,
rltish gycBls like their Oorglo brethren, are
degraded nnd bestial Inst In proportion to
their decreo of poverty. The same family
which philanthropist Bmlth finds shivering
nnder a rotten sheet by tho English hedge,
with perhaps not evon n skinny hedgehog for
the Sunday dinner, transferred to America,
nevermore Is found among lawbreakors. nnd
In ten years' time becomes ono of tho vnst
army of ever-weleorqod mlddlemon between
American farmers und metropolitan live-stock
market, riding from hamlet to hamlet ip
wagons like palaces, and literally eating their
ample food Irom plates of burnished silver.
Edoab I WakemjlS.
rnnAcnnn and haux
The Queer Story of liar Wopemeat With
lilm la a Bed Wrapper.
Vmh flU rarMfa fflafa.
Iassrjto. Mich., Nov. 2& The Bor. Waltor
S olson. the Port Burwell minister, and Miss
osabol Teetzel. tho school teacher, who
cloned with him. went directly to tho office of
Q. A. Bmlth. a lawyer, whan they arrived, hero.
They ventilatod their tale of woe, nnd then
went to the Commercial, whore the woro as-
flgntd separate rooms on different floors, nnd
hese they have continued to occupy. Thoy
registered under their own names and havo
made no attempt to conceal their Identity.
Nelson has been quite attentive to tha young
lady, but has had no conversation with bor
othor than in tho. publio parlor.
To n reporttr Nelson admlttrd that be was n
married man. but said ho could prove that
thero was a reason for his not living happily
Sith his wlfo. to whom he was married tu
entrevlllo. I1L, a year ago last Boptombor.
Ho says he wa compelled to leave tils wlfo
throo days after marriage, a separation to
which she agreed. Sho was not at Port Bur
well when Nelson left His wife was a Miss
Olive Weiss of Cnntrevlllo. whore Nelson
was ordained into the ministry. Upon leaving
his wife Nelson went at oneo to Port Bur
well. He says ho did not Intend to etopo
with Mfss Teetzel. but that he called nt Miss
Toetzel's rosldcnco with a rig and asked hor
to go out for a drive. Hhe rejuod, but finally
consented to go for a short drive only, as sho
did not wish to dress. Bho was clothed In a red
morning wrnppor, and. putting on her hat nnd
throwing a light shawl about her shoulders
she got into tho buggy with Nolson, who tolls
tho following story of tholr subsequent ad
ventures: "Wo drove out toward the country deeply
ongrossod with our conversation and not
aware that It was growing late. My matrimo
nial affairs formea the chief toplo of our con
versation, and when we finally got ready to ro
turn homo Miss Teetzel nskoa mo what the
people would say about us being gone so long,
and hor dressed In a morning wrapper only. I
bow at once, that we had unwittingly acted
very foolishly, but I could not suggost the
slightest oxcasn for our foolishness. As we
woro approaching Miss Teetzel's residence I
suggested that we drlvo on a little further
until wo could devise n plan to relieve our
selves from emtarrassmpnt
"Wo werethon driving toward RtThoma.and
after talking tha matter over for some time,
I suggested that we go on to r?t Thomas, and.
as I was going on to Illinois to apply tor ft di
vorce, she could rotum home In tho morning,
which was then rapidly approaching. Sho ac
quiesced, and on reaching Bt Thomas she did
not appoar willing to have me leave her. but
rather ovlncod a disposition to go along Wbou
I asked hor if she would like to go with mo sho
replied that sho would, ever so much, I pur- '
chased two ttokets for Michigan, and on tho
)'ny here wo formulated plans for tho
uturo. Wo woro to locate in some small placo
where I could obtain omployment us a minis
ter and sho could tench. I was to go ahead
with my suit for divorce, and as soon hh it
was obtained we wero to bo marriod. Now
thnt is nil there is to the affair. We, saw a
lawyei. und he advised us to stay In Lansing
and assured us that we could not bo molostud
on any charge,"
Whon urrestod thoy wero not takpn to tho
lockup, but merely Informed that they wero
under arrest The offleor does not Interfere
with them in the lonst, as ho remains down in
tho office while thoy do not go out at all.
A CASK'S WILD COVBHB.
Down a Kterp Mill In Wan Francisco with
Viidlputd Klght or Way.
2oil Uu Sin fVttiidM CSrmM
Thero was a lively commotion nt the Tolo
graph Hill ond of Kearny streot yc-terday
alturuoon, nod that no one was injured was
ulinott miracle. Near Vnltejo street on
Koorny, is a wino saloon whero many gallons
of wine ure consumed. The proprietor left a
huge empty wino cask on the uutar edge of tho
sidewalk. That part of Kearny street is on
Telegraph Hill, the steepest block iu the city.
A drunken man fell agalut tho cask and
started (trolling. A second later it watt limit
ing great bounds through thenir and coloring
twenty Icet of street at a single flight l'ooplo
seeing the danger blioutod to thoso down tho
street; to got out of the way. Broadway wns
cleared at u single bound, and tho cask nar
rowly missed crushing u luundry wagon Into
splinters. On it went at a Palo Alto speod.
scattering peoplo right and left. A Union
street cable car was stopped in tlmo to prevent
a collision. Thu running cask evidently meant
iiiisohlcf. and, apparently to prove thu superi
ority of wino over water, it headed for Hr,
Cogswell's fountain on Kearny street
and . Montgomery avenue. Temporanco
riconlo may say that there Is a moral
In tho fact that it tlld not demolish tho
granite fountain. erecti by thu I)octor to
his own glory, A bundle that a frightened
iiedestrluti dropped turned tho cask a-tlde so
hut It barely missed the cold water resort.
loweer. it ljok its rcvongo by smashing tv
small fruit stand all to pieces, scattering thu
fruit In every direction. Tho lower dook of a
bootblack's rtaud was carried away, and a
cigar stnnd got n blow thut ruttlud down tho
boxes on the shelves.
At last tiiopjisk was stopped near Jackson
street by colliding ith a hitching post. Tho
bootblack immediately claimed, the cask for
tlioilamago to his stnnd. Tho owner of tho
caidc stood at the top of the hill and wisely de
cided that it was butter to ftuy whoro he was
than to venture uuiuug those whoso plaoes had
been wrecked.
Chanced Her lllod.
rrom th, DttroU Frte Pru$
Aatrnngamnnrnng, the bell of a. house on
Cass avenue, and. when a slmrp-visaged fo
iunl opened the ilooi. ho asked politely
" Do you keep ho.irders here '
".No. Ir, we don't. This ain't no boarding
houe. nor won t be whiit, I'm in It!" ",Uh
"i.xi!iiu nm. mid.im. I must hnve been
mMnfurmnd: pernups yon rout rooms I"
,V. I don t rent room, i-itlier, ami I think
you havo , i great ileal of Impudence to come
Iicio ami ring our hell on any such errand. I
dare say you want n chance to rub tho house
Von look like that sort of gently." "u"'i-
"htrnngc," mused the man. "but your dn.
sorliitum iwrees exactly uith one furnished
me of a lady in this neighborhood who in" i irt
opened nboai ding hnuse: 'l'nlr enuiiiltlon.
line color, eoldnnhalr, beautiful Ilgtiiu, t
uce. i,irk!lngpyi' " ' ""-'
Oh. 1 don't mind renting n fow rooms to
Bpnteol people. 1 will Bhbwv.m what wu Invc
?'. Jl mu$ ,)0 ,2,m,u.0.no Vfjjo knows mo sent
jouhoro, Com right in. Your uppearrineols
i0.,.BJ0o,i,e.0.Pnou8h- now centemin when
A 5S" Out
Ho got tho bwt room in the bous
VOTES OJV SdEXCXI AlfB XXDUSTBT.
The German substitute of cast tren hollow
bricks for tho present clay article Is thought
by some practical Judges to p-sses certain
qualttiot of adaptation to building pur-
poses which entitle It to more than a passing
notice. As doscrlbed. the shell Is so thin thnt
I the brick weighs Ices than one mads
of clay, and a wall may be built of it
without the use of mortar, nor is any skilled
labor required in laying thorn, the upper and
lower sldos of tho bricks being provided with
grooves and projecting ribs which fit Into each
other easily and perfectly, of necessity in
soring greAt strength; there are also
two long circular openings In tho upper
side of each brick, arranged so ns to
receive projections on the loworsldenf thnt
which Is placed above It nnd ns one of thesn
firojectlons is hook shaped, a solid hold is
hus secured. After tho wall Is built it Is cov.
ered with paint which Closes nil the cracks.
renders tho construction air tight, ns well as
prevonts any rusting, nnd by tho use of certain
Bnlnt materials or coverings thp surfac can
e mado highly ornamental. The durability
of suoh a wall Is not a matter of doubt, and
may be considered as nearly fireproof, as is
ordinarily attainable.
An improvement In turbine wheels consists
in tho application of a rubber cushion to its
buckets, in such a form as prevents tho disper
sion of the jot into spray, which oc
curs to a greater or less extent upon
striking a metnllio surface, The mo
tors are oontnlnod In a spherical case
with Battened sides, nnd tho inlot pipe is
forked to deliror near the centre on both sides
of the motor. This delivery is Into two cham
bers, or resorvolrs, on eithor side of the central
arms carrying the bucket rings and Imparting
motion to tho shaft Each reservoir Is pro
vided with fonr jet heads, and ouch head with
three let holes one-sixteenth Inch In diam
eter, lined with bronze, making twenty-four
delivory jo to In osch motor; these streams, de
livered at an angle of forty-five degroes, striko
upon tho buckets contained in n cold roiled
cooper buokotrlng. and each ring contains
120 buoketn Tho resorvolrs aro bolted to tho
frame, with load gaskets botwoen. and by tho
construction of the buoket rings an excess of
weight and all liability to rust are avoided.
As compared with ordinary wheoln, those with
tho rnbbor covering show a dlfferencoof 30
per cent superiority. The rubber ns thus ap
plied of course does not cover all the bucket
as the dlsobarge Up is left free.
The adverse opinions expressed by some
metallurgists as to tho Improving effect of
aluminum on tbo quality of steal, does not
appear to be shared by Sir Froderick Abol,
certainly a good authority In this lino of inves
tigation. Tho Influence of aluminum, when
used In small proportion upon tho properties
of gray and white cast iron, is fully admitted
by him. and especially Its effect in promoting
tho production of sound castings, and In modi
fying the character of white Iron inn similar
manner to silicon, causing tho carbon to
be separated In the graphitio form. The
probable beneficial connection of aluml-
Rum with tho industries of Iron and steoi.
o remarks, naturally directs attention to the
great practical Importance, In tho same direc
tion, which has lately beon acquired by certain
Sthor metals, whloh, for long periods suocoed
jg their discovery, have olther hoen only of
purely scientific intorest and Importance, or
havo acquired practical value In rogard to
their positions In n few directions quite un
connected with metallurgy for example, the
Innuonoeof tbo metals manganese. chromium.
and tungsten upon the physical properties of
iron and stool,
One of the latest and most practicable appli
ances In the way of hoisting engines has been
turned out by a Milwaukee machine company.
The drum in tills caso is thirty foctln diameter
j by eleven feot face with steam cylinders of
forty-two lncaos diameter by oighty-four
Inches stroke, both cylinders having Corliss
valves with Boynolds's outomatlo cut-off: this
gear is also so attached that tho cut-offs
nro inoperative whon tlie onginos are
starting a load or moving slow, but they
can bo instuntly applied at any time
by tho operator, nnd by their uso perform
a given amount of work with nn np
precmblo sating In steam ond fuel. The valve
gear Is driven by a lay shaft loeatod alongside
the englno frame and operated by gears trom
tho drum shaft to it being attochod the steam
rovorslng gear pf n novel design and simple
l?.tm Aorako band Is located at each end of
tho drum, theso hands being operated by a
patent stonm and uravlty gear, by which ar
rangement tho brnko prossuro can bo varied
ns required, and tho brako always applied,
eyen though the i steam supply to the engine
should bo cut oft All levers for handling the
Snglno in olther direction and operatiug the
ruko mechunlutn aro on a raised platform.
6team pipes havo beon rondo In England
from tho ramie flbro. In carrying this out the
material Is subjected to trcmondoas hydraulic
pressure, and, having the property of boing un
affected by moisture, will nolthor shrink nor
swell, bealdos being a non-conductor of heat.
Those pipes aro said to havo twice thotonslla
strength of steel pipos.
Tho now process of making tin fruit cans by
machinery is r,ald to nrovo a decided success,
both mechanically nnd financially. Tho nm
chlnolssocoutrivod ns to cut a pieco of tin
Into four parts and then pass thorn to a foodor.
whero they aro noized by a rovolvlng wheel,
by which tho eau is formed. Bynnother unique
process It Is completely soldered, after which
ilia mnp line tests It by dipping t In hot wator
nnd mibjectlng It to pressure. When finished
the r-an has no solder on tha inside nnd Is
wholly froe from acids.
Another process has recently besn brought .
forward in tho treatment of iron, viz., that of
comparing it by dipping it into tnoltud copper,
the surface pfthn iron being protected by a '
inycr of molted oryollta and phosnhatla acid:
nniL'iv.w'",n Iwjnorsed, tho metal Is connected
with the nosativo pole of a buttery, tho cop.
poring Is done more rapidly.
The clnglo Industry orranking firearms gives
employment to somo 40,000 workmen in tho
Mego district alone, in Belgium, and tho
proof house In that city Is tho oldest, and by
far tho largest establishment of thu kind in
Kurope, and probably In tho world Every
firearm manufactured in Baletum has to bo
proved nt tha Llftga proof houso boforo it is
allowed to he sold, with thooxooptlondf cer
tain arms thut aro allowed to be sent to a rnc
cgnlred proof house, nf Birmingham, for
rihtance. to be proved: and tho proof master,
in addition to Ms ordinary dutie-.. is specially
delegated by tho Gcvciriment to Inflict ami
(ontn) nil tire irmsin.ido In the fclngdnin.wlth
the exception pf tho in lltary rillo mado at
t leOovcrnment factories, which tlo not pass
tbo Lleat. proof house. Vvoty double. I arrelled
rift find shotgun has to bo proved three tiini s:
ilisl. eiifh barrel, separately: second, tho two
bairols ih en soldered together, nnd, llnally,
fitter the. breech action Iiiih been attached: and
th- chargu of .powder In considerably moio
powerful than thnt used nt other proof houses.
Mmmus paid for his work on u Kim. unless
tho mm piuses the tlircn proofs t-atlslaotorlh.
An Italian nnglneer has originated a syftem
b which ho proposes to titlilzo the power of
trains i unnlna down grade; that is, ho has de
jUed a machine for compressing air ns the
train gocfc down, whloh can be used to uctuuto
tt ly?.r V tn6 'I)1' o' te engineer, aud to
Mlittho looomc-tiye on up grAdea.

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