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f , THE SUN, FRIDAY, JANUARY . 8, 1892. ' ' 1 . I FRIDAY. JANUARY 6. 1892. H Raoaerlrtloa by Malt-Fost-pata. B; i rAII.T. T.r Month SO H ft DAtLV. Per Year OA p , SUNDAY. Pr Vear K V, DAILY AMD SUNDAV. Per Year U DAILY AND SUNDAY. Per Month lO B WFKKXY. Per Year 1 H H Postsge to Koielin Countries added. ft 6 TUB SUN. Nsw York City. V Tho Ballot Lottery. B (1 fc Everybody whoso oyos nro not dazzled by H- 'X' rainbows admits that tho fight for tho lj" Presidency will bo decided In Now York B '. this year. Is It to bo decided on Its merits, M ' or is tho result to bo left to chanco ? Tho " prosont ballot law Is n lottery. Lust yenr S S ' tho Democrats drow tho prlzo. Who will M ? draw It noxt fall r In equity, tho Leglsla- B ' ture should bo Democratic, as It Is. Rut tho BB Democrats must not forgot that Uioy havo BB v iron by a nock. BB Whothor tho Democrats or tho Ropub- BB ( Ilcans are to carry Now York next Novem- BB C, ber. tho Doraocrats, nt least, want to carry BB It fairly. Thoy want tho result to bo fair. BB undoubted, tho recognized expression of tho BB will of tho pooplo. Thoy don't want to owo BB It to tho accidents of a bungling and pcr- BB plexlng law. Thoy don't waut it takon BB away from them by mero accidents. BB It would be Idle to expect that tho olec- BB tlou In New York can turn upon observance BB of the mtnutlro of a law neither demanded BB nor respected by tho pooplo without caus- BK " lng prolonged and dangerous excitement, BB and perhaps gruvo popular disturbances. BB Tho Democrats In tho Legislature owa BB to the country, to thcmselvos. and to re- BB 6 ' spect for government by tho majority, the BB duty of repealing our silly, discredited, and BBl i dangerous ballot law. BH Mr. Sherman Went Too Far. H Tho speech of the Hon. John Sherman BH nt Columbus, complimenting his defeated BB i adrorsary, Forakeb, contained this rather BB. roraarkablo passage: HB I am (ted to ir that In this eenteit I hr beta In HHj my language and my heart tho highest fsellnn of re- Hi . snect and honor for tho gentlemen who hat been my HH ' competitor and who la now before you. ne la entitled HB to the lore and tbe affection ot the people of Ohio; and BBl " on nT ft1"11 nie thli hlf h honor because of toy ex- HH perlence, you hare not nnderrated the high qualities, BB! mental and moial. of Qorernor Foaaxxa." H In reply, the Hon. Joseph Benson Fob- BB $ akeb spoko of his ancient enemy and now BB i successful competitor as "grand old John BB 1 Bhhkmajc." BB S Public sentiment allows a good deal of BB ,. latitude to the amenities of such occa- BB ' ilons. Rut when Senator Kiterman went so BH far as to pay tribute to the moral grcat- BB) sees of Mr. Fobaker, and to declaro that BH he entertained for that person the highest BH feelings of respect and honor, he went a BH llttlo too far. BH It is less than threo years since Mr. BH Forakeb procured from a political agent of BH bis a forged document exhibiting grand old BH " John Sherman as a dishonest public sur- BH vant, a bribed legislator, and acorrupt man. BH Tho forgery was so crude in its execution BH that any boy of eighteen employed in any BH ' bank in Columbus could havo detected It at BH the first glance. The name of John Sber- BH KAN appeared twice on the paper, and the BH two false signatures were absolutely Iden- BH tlcal.havlng been traced from the same auto- HB graph. No man ever writes his name twico HH in succession thus. Yet Mr. Forarejj, HB while declaring that he was " never so sur- HH . prised and shocked in all of his lifo" as to HH discover that grand old John Shebhan was HB a bcoundrel, lias publicly testified that ho HB accepted the forged document. " signatures BH and all, without a suspicion as to their HH genuineness. In fact," ho continued, in his HH public statement, " it novor occurred to me HH ' that thoy were otherwise." HH "What did Mr. Forakeb do when his agent HH ' had furnished him with clumsily fabricated HH evldonco of grand old John (Sherman's rus- HH , j." calUjVr' Did ho glvo tho grand old man un BBl ' " opportunity to say whether the signatures HHj s were gonulno or forged .' No. Did ho call HHj - In any export to pass upon the genuineness HHj of tho Incriminating document ? No. Ktl- HH' fling as well as he could his grief at tho HH downfall of a reputation which at that time HH stood Inconveniently in tho way of his own HH' political ambition, Toraker turned tho HH forged document over to the discretion o! HBf Field Marshal Mcrat H vxstkad, then tho HHI ' editor of tho Cincinnati Comma cial Gazette, HBt &, an honest but sometimes ovorhastygentlo- HH i man who had already informed Fobaeeb HH ti, that, in bis opinion, tho document ought to HH tii be published, regardless of consequences. HH '' When we review tho contemptible be- HBf 'I havior of Mr. Fobaker toward tho Hon. BBh i John Sherman lessthnn three years ago. HHI ""' and when n o consider tho Insult to Senator HHI ''"' Shebman that even tho most charitable HHB theory of Foraker's conduct lmplles.wc aro HHl filled with amazement at the flattery em- HBB rv, ployed by the Senator In his speech at Co- HHl luinbus after the caucus. HBB ', Rut wten wo remember tho part of Sonn- BBBI ator Sherman in the groaf Presidential BH " fraud of 1870-7. our amazement is consld- HBm f erably gualltled. HH ? Bequests for Calvinism. HBb I The clergy In these days are profiting by HHf r' a fashion which has come into voguo among HBf I rich men and women of strong religious HBh convictions nnfl partisanship. HBV " A popular minister, with a rich congrcga- HBV (- tion, s likely to bo remembored in the w ills HBfl of his raoro wealthy parishioners, and if ho HHb ! survives many of thorn he may ietelo thus HHl n vory ptotty fortune. Ry such bequests HHl tho testators proclaim their dovotlon to tho HHl ' doctrines ho preaches and niunlfoht thnlr HBf ,. gratltudo for his spiritual counsel and godly HBV admonition. flflj 1 The minister in town who linn profited HBV r, most in this way is probably the Rev. Dr. BH I JpiiN Hall, tho pastor of the Fit tit A enuo HBV t Tresbyterian Church, tho tlchcHt, nnd, wo BBHj'iV .tollevo, tho largest Pie&bytiinn church iu BBHy ' the Union, if not iu tho world. Ry tho will BHHjr of the lato Mrs. Kodeiit h. STUAi:r ho ie- HHH celves himself $30,000, ami hnmlf-oiuo lega HHH ' cics a'e. bequeathed besides to members of HBHJ-, bis family. At leust one other of his dc- HHH ceased parishioners testified thus 6ubst.tn- HHH'. tlally and liberally to tho souudness both BHHh of Dr. Hall's orthodoxy and character, BHHj and it Is presumed that the sum of the BflBJI legacies to him contained in tho wills HhHTv drawn for members of his congregation HHH who are still living Is largo enough to give BBVH' him a becoming competence, if not wealth. BBHJ Tho will of Mis. Stuart Indicates In many HHVfc ways hor devotion to the old-fashlonod HhBJ Fresbyteiianlsm and her avortlon to tho HBBlir" new theology which lias become rather pop HHHJ" ulaFotlatfvyeoi, even among thoto who HBVJC&, sit under thSsuUnlstratlons of Dr. Hall's HHH sanctuary. It has teemed twir the wealth HHHaft-CIPrcsbyU?diinlhtii wits mi tho otjior hide HaflHIry "-"Jt'ork, at leust, tho toacliliigs ofDr, HHH5 J " vaoto comfortable than the HBBfvg fev, esotCALVDC and the West- HHHs ai -"P1 - ---t'l damnation Is exceedingly disagreeable to, men generally. Tho progressive sanctlftca tlon of Dr. Dnioos nnd tho unlvorsolism of Dr. Abbott would seem to bo hotter adapted to tho tastes of tho rich Presbyterians. Thoy aro accustomed to having luxurious sur roundings In this world, nnd tho possibility that they will bo subjected to tho ovorlast ing tortures of hell in tho world to oomo mustbo Inexpressibly painful to thorn. In pollto pulpits tho dlsngrooablo subjoct is noor mentioned at tho prosont day. It grates too harshly on dellcato sensibilities. Yet Mrs-. Stuabt, distinguished for her wealth, discriminates in hor will against tho now theology, genial as it Is to tho rich and to men of this world. Dr. Rrioos nnd tho Union Theological (Seminary recelvo nothing from hor, but Dr. McCosh and hlH family and tho Princeton Theological Sem inary aro largo beneficiaries. Tho now theology gets nothing: tho old theology is richly rewarded. Many religious and char itable institutions of New York share Iu her bounty, but tho Presbytorlan theological school hard by her own doors is not even mentioned in the testament which distributes millions of proporty for pious purposes. It Is understood that the University In Washington square, estab lished undor Prosbyterian influences, ex pected to profit largely from Mrs. Stuart's fortune, but It receives only $75,000. Instead of tho great endowment for which it had hoped. Tho explanation may bo that Mrs. Stuart wan fearful lest tho collcgo might bo affected by tho now theology of the school of Dr. Rnioos. Any way. it got llttlo. as compared with what it wanted, nnd. con sequently. Its project for removal Is likely to bo laid aside for tho present. rrlnceton, tho special homo of Calvinism, teaches tho theology for whoso diffusion Mrs. Stuart was desirous, nnd Dr. Hall and Dr. McCosh and not Dr. Hnioas, Dr. Parkhubst. and Dr. Van Dtke. are the theological leaders sho followed. She also made large bequests to tho American Hlblo Society nnd the Presbyterian Hoard of Foreign Missions. Institutions for whoso existence there is llttlo reason If the Hlblo is a human and fallible book, and the heathen may bo saved without the preach ing of Christian missionaries. At tho moment, therefore, the old theol ogy is very much ahead, so far as money Is (Concerned, and the impression that tho wealth of Prcsbyterlanlsm Is at tho service of the now theology seems to bo without foundation. The legacies to the Union Seminary reported as expunged from Pres byterian wills since its support of Dr. Rbigos was doclorod aro many, but Prince ton is more than over encouraged in its Calvinism by tho bequests of Presbyterians who have lately passed away. Tho hope of heaven and tho fear of hell remain in tho world, nnd tho loglo of Calvin i9 more powerful than tho speculations of Rrioos. Tho conviction is still strong among men that hell is an absolute truth of religion. State Provision for Old Age In England. The workmen's insurance laws, Invented by Princo Bismarck, seom not unllkoly to find Imitations in other countries. Tho French Minister of tho Interior. M. Con stant, Is known to favor the bestowal of pensions on superannuated Workingmen. Tho French project, howoer. differs mate rially from tho Gorman legislation which suggested it. Tho ox-Chancellor of the Gorman empire mndo the workman him Bclf, his employer, nnd the State, joint con tributors to the fund for the relief of dis ability caused by accident, illness, or old ago. M. Constans, on tho other hand, w ould place tho burden wholly or mainly on the Government. Such appeurs to bo tho intention, also, of Mr. Joseph Chamber lain, who recently on sovoral occasions has declared that tho Stato ought to rescue aged workraon from hardship and suffer ing. His views have been seriously consid ered in certain quarters, and at a lato meet ing of tho Statistical Socloty Mr. Charles Booth outlined a plan by which thoy might bocairlcd out. There is this to be said of Mr. Booth's proposal, that it does not impose compul hory economics upon a workman during ids youth and middle age a feature of the Ris mabck scheme which excites resentment on tho part of tho bonoilciaries. Neither does it authorize ofllcial supervisors to exact from employers contributions w hlch they aro eei tain in the long run to deduct from the wages paid. He causes tho burden In olvod by his proposed proWon to fall indirectly nnd unnotlecably on tho com munity at large. Tho 6um npoded for tho execution of his project would bo raised by indirect tasetlon, and would bo disbursed from tho imperial treasury in tho form of a pension of $1.25 a week, payable to ocry Individual In England and Wales who should bo Rity-llo years old or over. It is probablo that thoso persons who possess udequato means of their own, or who are supported by their children, would tejoct tho proffered aid: but it would bo thelis to take or leavo. If oeiy ouo legally entitled to it should accept the stipend, tho aggicgato expenditure would bo $85,000,000 n year, fiotn which would bo deducted tho $15,000,000 n year now dis tributed under tho Poor law among aged nud indigent persons. The remainder, $70, 000,000, might bo reduced to $JO,ooo,ooo If it should bo deemed expedient to refuso tho annuity to ull butpaupors. Such a curtail ment of tho outlay would bo counter to Mr. Room's fundamental Idea, which Is to avoid tazlug ono part of tho community for tho benefit of another, but, on tho contrary, to tax tho wholo for tho bone lit of ovorybody. Ho Insists that hit scheme Is not open to tho objection raised by political e ouomlstts to almost all othor foims of chat I table relief. It would pauper ize nobody, because It would help nobody until ho wus past helping himself. It would not afreet tho rnto of wages or tho toadlness to work, becnuso tho pension would bo pay able only to those lncanablo of labor. Ho contends that it would Increase rather than decrease thrift, ou tho ground that the de blrotobao for comfort's sake is stronger tha u t ho deal re to ba o for tho sake of avoid ing tho humiliation incident to living In a 'poorhoiiwi or receiving outdoor relief. Ho u en argues thut Itwojild stlmulato enter prise, for tho reuson tnutcourago In busi ness adventure increases with tho sense of security for old ugo. It is not to be Inferred, however, that Mr. Room's proposal meets with general ap proval. The fundamental objection is the magnitude of tho addition to the permanent burden under which the British taxpayer already lives. Rearing in mind tho rato of Interest now payablo on English consols, wo sco that an engagement to pay $70,000, 000 a year by way of pensions to aged per sons would bo equivalent to tho addition of about $2,500,000,000 to tho Riltlsh publlo debt. Such uu augmentation of tho uatlonul InJebtetluess would sorlouily cilpptotho power of iiilslng monoyln cuso of war. Moieovor, there I no guaiau Uiotlmt tho outlay would remain at tho original figure. It seems, indeed, to be tbe (act at present that In Englaud $3.50 per week will suffice for the inaintenanoe of an and couple, but It wouldloeuo to ufflce In J , - -a:..r-l tho caso of a rise In tho prioo of bread, which might occur In various contingencies easy to foresee Anothor objection urgod against Mr. Room'B schemo is that under a Radical Government tho Chancellor of tho Exchequer would bo tempted to rcduco tho duties on nrtlcles of general consumption and ralso tho sum required for pensions to aged persons by increasing tho lnoomo tax, thus Imposing tho wholo burden on a sec tion of tho community. Ho might also bo impelled to sock popularity by increasing tho amount of tho ponslon, or by making It payablo at on carllor ago. Tho door, In othor words, would bo thrown open to ruin ous oxtravaganco committed In tho namo of philanthropy. There seoms to bo no doubt, howovcr. that tho Interposition of tho Stato on behalf of aged workingmen is in tho air In England as well as on thoContlnont of Europe. It Is acknowledged, too, oven by tho sturdiest advocates of 6clf-help and of lcnvlng tho molntonanco of parents mainly to their children, that Mr. Room's project Is raoro foaslblo and loss objoctlonablo than any othor Bchomo yet presented. The Retail Grocers Union. That usoful and poworful organization, tho Retail GrocorsrUnlon of this city, has rcnowed its appeal to tho Hoard of Aldor mon to adopt an oullnanco requiring that all fruit and vegetable products shall bo sold hero by weight Instead of by measure. Tho offlcors of tho Union, who are striving to secure the adoption of this ordi nance, maintain that It is possible to get definite qunntltlos of theso products only by weight, as there is no fixed standard of measure in unlvcrsol uso: and that tho custom of buying or soiling by tho measure system does not admit of tho certltudo which Is proldod by tho weight system. It Is alleged that there are doalors In fruit and egetablo products who take advantage of tho Incertitude of tho measure sybtem. and that the retailers suffer by tho manipulations of tho jobbers who obtain tholr supplies from tho wholesale receivers, by whom tho trado is in large measure controlled. It is but fair to say that no chargos are brought against tho re pelvnra or tho shlnners by tho Rotall ceivors or mu biupijuio uy u "' Grocors' Union. It Is tho jobbers who are' brought undor accusation. It Is alleged, for example, that there aro Jobbers who know how to 1111 four barrels. In a fashion, with potatoes that came to them In threo barrels, and who aro ablo to handlo other vegetables, as well as some kinds of fruits, with equal deftness and loose ness. This is vory bad business, by which both the retailers and the consumers suffor loss. It could not be carried on under the weight system. The retailer, standing at Ids scales, would immediately toll whethor ho was fairly dealt with, as ho thus tells in tho caso of othor kinds of goods that ho may purchase Tho Retail Grocers' Union docs not deny that there may bo sorno rctall eis who are in connivance jvlth thoso of tho jobbers or middlemen who nro accused of resorting to dishonest piac tlces and profit thereby to the disadvan tage of customers: but tho Union is never theless determined to secure fair play for tho fair dealers. We must now remark that tho change which is desired so strongly by tho Retail Grocers' Union is not favored by tho mem bers of tho Fruit and Produce Trado Asso ciation. Tho rccel ers and Jobbers who bo long to this association allege that tho adoption of tho weight system would in- olvo a loss of more tlmo than can be spared ; that tho average amount of fruit brought to our markets dally runs up to between 20,000 and 30,000 packages or barrels, and that it would bo a cry hard job to weigh such a volumo of material at tho wharves and freight stations. Thoy held a meeting the other day to consider the ques tions at issue, nnd, after giving them due consideration, it woj determined that tho change demanded by tho Retail Gioeers' Union Is Impracticable. Thoy finally adopt ed a resolution prepared by a committee, prov Iding that all Southern fruits, and ego tables consigned to this markot bo put up, proierly packed, in packages, barrels, or crates of fixed blzes, according to the stand ard bet up in tho circular which has already boon mailed to produceis and shippers. This decision of tho receivers is not satis factory to the Retail Grocers' Union. Tho Union will now bring pressure to bear upon tho Hoard of Aldeiraen to secure tho adop tion of an ordinance for tho establishment of tho weight standard, which, thoy i-ay. lias been found both practicable nnd advan tageous in many American cities as woll as in Europe. It does not soom to us that any action on tho part of tho Hoard of Aldermen is needed in tills enso. Tho business ought to bo regulated by mutual agreement between tho pintles in Interest, tho Retail Gio ccrs' Union and tho Fiuit and Prod uco Tiado Association. Roth of theso bodies nrn assuredly iu faorof tho adop tion of an honest, houoiable, and piacticu blo method of cairyiug on their trade, which Is now of gigautio propoitlons. Tho membership of both bodies is mudo up of souslblo, falt-dcallug, and piactiual men.. Wo think thBt, by conference, between thorn, it will be possible to leacha satis factory settlement of tho question In dls pu to without outbldo Interference, and with out invoking tho aid of tho Hoard of Alder men in tho mamigoruontof their business. The Great New York University. Agenllomau of this city has written to Cliancollor MacCracken of tho Unlvei slty In Washington square and to President Low of Columbia College, offering to glvo $50,000 to a common building fund If tho two Insti tutions shall bo consolidated or f dictated lunslngloHiilvcrfcltybystom. As ho truly says: "There is neither necessity uor room for two universities Inthlsclty." It appears that tho schemo which he pro poses, which has been advocated by Tiik Sun for a long tlmo p.i-t, haa been serious ly considered by tho Unlxeisity, and on Monday its count II authorized the appoint ment of u lonimltteo to meet any similar committee which may bo appointed by Co lumbia College to dibciii's the piactlcablllty of tho plan. Tho prospoet, therefore, is that tho subject w 111 bo brought boforo tho trus tees, faculties, and alumni of the two Insti tutions in such a shape that it will ongogo the interest of thorn all; and the more it Is discussed the more desirable will the feder ation appear to be. Roth of theso colleges are now consider ing plans for removal and extension the ex ecution of which involves tho expenditure of great sums of money. For sovoral months tho Unlvoulty has had an option on a silo near the Harlem River, and ColumbU hw lately obtained an option on put of tho land now occupied by tho Rloomlugdalo A-Olum. In both c.isn tho pi lie of tho piopvity Isliiigii; but that uulhy would bo only tho beginning of tht icqiiltito expen ditures addlttonul tothu piesout cost of running thecollegca. Millions of dollars would have to bo put In new buildings, and even if the preuent tites of the lniUtutioos -. wore sold at tholr full value, tho ondowmonts of both Columbia and tho Unlvorslty would havo to bo inoreasod vastly. Neither ofthnm can go ahead with Its schemo for romoval and further development, unless it can ralpo by gifts a sum of money largor than It Is likely to got. with tho prosont com petition between them. As tho gontleman to whom wo havo roforrod says, ho and others who might bo disposed to contribute substantially fo secure for Now York a groat unlvorslty whioh would bo tho roa Bonablo prldo of tho town, uro discouraged lu any such purposo by tho competing claims of tho two colleges. Each of thorn, therefore, stands In tho othor's light, and both of tliont suffor In prosperity. There may bo obstacles In tho way of their comploto consolidation which are lu supornblo, owing to tholr charter restric tions, though tho groat endowment of Co lumbia College is less tied up by such legal obligations than that of nnv othor college nnd pot Imps tho heaviest obstaeles of tho Unlvorslty chartor might bo overcome by legislation. At least a federation In a sin gle and common unlvorslty system could bomado between the two without encoun tering irromovnblo legal obstructions, and without offending tho prldo which both havo as Independent colleges. A great city Is the truo placo for a great unlvorslty. Tho more academlo department mny do well In tho country or In a purely collcgo Bottlomont removed from tho dls traetlonsot a populous community: but tho epoclal schools and special researches requi site for post-graduato education must bo established and pursued amid tho opportu nities of a great town. Harvard enjoys an inestimable advantago In being near Ros ton, or rather practically within Its limits. Now York is now tho capital of this country, and it is destined to bo the commercial and financial centre of tho whole world. Hero, then, Is tho place for tho groat and compre hensive Now York University: Bndtogethor thoso two colleges can build It up. Work ing apart thoy will tend to defeat each othor In producing a result so magnificent and so necessary. The dlsputo ovor the dual languages of tho Canadian Northwost has started utrosh, nn.1 tliA liVannl. mAmh.ra t thn Intnmhlvnt ana tno trench members or tne ABBommy at Reglna aro throatoning direful things because the proceedings are to bo printed only In Eng lish. This is really tho modern phaso of the old lights bntroen the French and French halt breeds on ono sldo and tho English and Scotch colonists on tho othor thoso stirring old days whon Riel engineered tho first insurrection and "Lo comity national des Metis" forbade tho newly appointed Govornor to enter the country. Thoso diverse elements do not mix woll to this day. and at tholr croatost centre of population they cannot even agree as to the pronunciation of Manitoba. It is Manitoba In Winnipeg and Manitoba at St. Boniface across the river. We welcomo to this city and country tho distinguished Grecian Archimandrite. Pais iuh Ff.rendinos, who arrived hero from Ath ens a few days ago. and whoso portrait adorned ono of tho paces of Wednesday's Sun. Ho has corao to New York, undor tho authority of tho Patriarch of Constantinople, to render service to his countrymen here resident, as a priest of tho orthodox Greek faith. He will llnd in this city a thousand or more of the poo plo of his race, not a fow of whom aro well learned, devout, and prosrTorous. and the great er part of whom will be pleased to obtain from him that spiritual guidance which they have lucked for somo time. Wo wish the Archimandrite every suecoss In the work which he is about to undertako in thointorosiof tho Greeks livlnc In New York. The California Athletlo Club makes a proposition not entirely in accordanco with tho equity of tho caso. but most interesting Although there still Ihes a champion of tho noblo art of lmnd-nmdo self-protection. Horr Hani Sullivan, a gentleman of herculean powers, who can hit quicker, harder, mora often, and more scuthless than any other in divldunl In tho tuimn business, historical or contemporary, it is to long since the first prize lias been diaputod, and tho backing and fill ing of tho various aspirants is so intermina ble, that tho California Athletlo Club invitos all tho grcnt mon to come together for a now tart, and to knock out a champion from a conoral tournament. Nino clovo-flourishers aro named tit to discuss tha championship. They aro requested to come to ban Francisco for tho purpose Fair piny requires that Mr. Sullivan's rights in this matter should be guarded with groat delicacy: but If. In tho faco of such a broad gaugo venture ho will wulvo his title to the championship nnd agreo to this method of mnUiiE ft now ono, there should bo tho most memorable meeting of pugnaciously ablo mon ovor known to tha artistically athlotlo ago of Grocco or to the period of modern civilization. Two recent photographs from tho Congo aro of more than ordinary Interest. Ono of thorn show 8 tho steep und partly precipitous hide of a tovvorlnp hill with beauty patches of v cgotation l.ero and thcro relieving tho naked ness of tho thick, rock strata, whllo many foot lolow nous tho wldo Congo. On slabs jutting out from the rock stand two men. ono a na tive, holdinc guide stakos. It la ovldont that thoy aro surveyors' assistants. Tho other picture is a view of tho same spot Tno reck fragments, broken from tho wall and strewn along tho hillside huvo dis aplxmrod. A broad, lovl highway lias been cut through tho rock. It Is tho roadbod of tho Congo Railroad which Is to connect tho groat nlliitintiil If a ltilll.ltia Jf ttftnivln itItli fliA niitnn valley and us millions or pooplo with tho outer world; and the transformation that an army of w orknien havo vv rought along this rugged hlll sldo may bo typical of great and boneflcent changes which tho completed railroad will usher In on the upper river. This Is tho day that was set last year for tho opening lu tho city of Memphis of the con ference of Southern Muto Agricultural Com n Isslonors. Tho chief object of this conference Is to secure tho agreement of Its mombors upon Homo polio that can bo recommended tocottou rnlsoisfiii tho regulation or reduc tion of tho cotton production of tho South. '1 ho extension of tho cotton aorengo within tho past two or throo years has kept iuico with (ho decline of tho price of cotton In tho mar kot, and tho plantors nio now complaining thut tho cotton crop ha4 become unprofitable to itH raisers on account of overproduction. They are alarmed by tlio prospect of this . yeur'H crop bolug iih big as the crop of 1800, which wus ovci 8,000,IH0 bales, or as big as that of the past year, and selling as low as tho present price of about seven cents a pound that prlco to tho producer. Wo cannot foretell what suggestions will be offered or what recommendations will be made by tho Agricultural Commissioners in the Memphis conference. We observe that a considerable proportion of tho cotton raised In t'.io South Is now used lu tlie factories that havo beon established there, nnd we bellov o that this Is a good thing for tho South. Wo obscrvo also that more corn and more grain of all kinds were raised in the South last ) ear than had boon raised In any previous year. Wo aro pleased also to know that a good deal of attention has recently boon glv en to tho cultlv ation of thoso kinds of semi tropical fruits, to tho growth of which the soil and illmato of our houthout seaboard aro finely adapted. It Is v. oil fortho Soulh to dl vernlfy its agricultural pioducts, toestund lis manufacturing industries, and to adopt all feasible means for the development of its abounding resources. And wo see no reason for supposing that eotton will fall so low In nriA aa to ba an unoroflUbU erop la the Bouth. The Southern Agricultural Commis sioners must take's broad view of things from the bluff on whleh Momphls stands. Anothor steamship from Rio do Janeiro, on which a sailor had died of yellow fever dur ing tho voyago to this port was dotalned at Quarantine yostordny for fumigation. Our re ports from that olty glvo proof that tho rav ages of tho yollow fnvor aro still very sorlous thoro. nnd thoy are hardly loss sorlous In sov oral othor cttlos on tho eastorn seaboard of Bra7ll. Through nearly tho wholo of the past yoar the disease koptup Its deadly work, and Its victims during tho year must havo been countod by tho thousand. Wo shall havo to keep a vigilant watch all this year upon ovory shlpoomlngtoour port from any of tho Bra zilian ports. CUIXBSE CIIItISlI.lX A Letter rrom a French Officer Who W Mude a Mandarin. To tor Emrcm or Tiik Bus .Sir.- It scorns to mo just that any ono having any knovrledgo on tho subject should bring it to bear In tho cnmpalgn so justly begun against that class of Chlnoso who aro responsible for the immo rality of certain Chlnoso Sunday schools. I had tho honor, about twonty-flve oars ago, to bo mndo a mandarin with flvo buttons, through tho Instrumentality of tho Marquis Tseng, nt that time Prostdont of tho Emperor's Privy Council, a mombor of the reigning family, nnd latorChtaoso Ambassador ntiiondonandl'arls. A mandarin with flvo buttons and privileged to woar a green hat Is tho highest office to vv hlch a foreigner may attain. Yellow Is tho color strlotly rosorvod for tho royal family, and mandarins of nine and soven but tons must bo chosen among natives of high rank. In my capacity of mandarin I was called upon to prcsido at a tribunal in one of tho most turbulent divisions of tho southern part of tho Chlnoso empire, on tho boundary lino of Yun-Nnn and Fo-Klon and Laos of Cambodge. It Is from theso districts that como thoso pirates who infest tho south ern coasts as far as the Straits of Formosa and tho robbers who usod to plllago tho vil lages of Anam and Slam, and who boearao eclobratod by the nnme of "Black Flags" dur ing tho war In Tonkin. On this account I think that I know enough about tho omlgrants from China to bo able to rocommond nnd ad vlso measures of precaution and soverlty.ovon to expulsion, against tho Chinamen who come to this country. I dosiro, howevorw to do justice to the healthy-minded population of tho Chlnoso om plro. Tho generality of tho Clitncso are mild of disposition, quiet of habits, and deeply at tached to tholr homes and tholr families. But, on this vory account, thoso who glvo up tholr homes and their families fall to a depth of degradation which cun bo equalled by no othor nation. Crimes committed by tho criminal class of Chlnamon are seldom kuown among civilized communities. According to tho laws of Confucius, exilo from ono province of tha empire to another is a penalty fnr more sovere than death by hang ing, hxiln from one city or from ono village into another is considered a greater punish montthnn throo yars in prison with a yoke about tho neck. Tho punishment of otllofrom ono provinco into anothor is only surpussed in severity by slow deutli or by decapitation. Plow death is Inflicted by tho cutting ofT of tho limbs and joints ouo nt a time. This punishment is resorted to only In case; of crime against tho royal family, ospoclnlly against tho Emperor, vvlio t cpresents tho divinity on earth. Decapi tation, u hlch is supposed to kill the soul as well as the body, lc reported to In cases of murder and piracy. Almost all other crimes are pun ished by banishment to a diKtanco greatorthan threo days' journoyfrom tho empire Those, therefore who voluntarily emigrate from their homes, elans themselves with criminals, and, unless thoy are guilty of crime, they have lot all respoet for what tbo good Chinaman holds most dear and most sacred. The lovo or homo is strongest in tho north of China. Seldom does a northerner emigrate. Most of tlioChinamen who enmo to this coun try are from tho south from that region where thn river and ocean pirates nourish. Since franco and England havo sent fleets to pro tect tholr commercial interests aKiilnst theso Pirates, the latter, not daring to live on land in their ovn country, havo been compelled to seek foreieu shores. In this country, greed Tor money and tho visible force of tho law are all that keep them in submission. huch arotho peoplo whom wo nro trying to conv ortto Christianity with our daughters and nur sifters) Wo nro Irving to oonveit thorn from thirty centuries of Buddhism by telling them of One whom wo depict in thn attitude that . i Chinaman 13 only familiar with in con nection with a condemned criminal. Tbeliovo that Chlnamon protend to accept Christianity merely as a matter of business. It brines them clients. In China ovory convert receiv es fifty cents when baptized, bomo allow them selves to be buptircd as ofton as threo times n day. That is where tho monoy goes that wo contribute hero to foreign missions, and tho lists of conv orts which we seo in some relig ious journal are tho aliases of thoso Chinamen who have taken to being converted ana profit ablo vocation. .1. .1. V. M.. Formorly an officer of tho French Nav y on the China station. xm ed or nujuBua. A Wliconnln Protest Acalnat the Degrada tion or the Democracy. From lit Af htvj Tlmt. Tha If non of the political history nf tbo Pemocntle party seem to repeat themselves so far as the ruliDff elements lo tho btalonf Wisconsin from our present L'nlted SUtca Senator to l,oernor are concerned. o sooner In power than theytr) to reverse the order of things by transplanting Murcwttiupcy to the high places of true Dcroocratio principles, as taught by Jef ferson lc olden times and Tlldcn In modern times. W'e no sooner gain tower than Cle eland and his ofIce holding circle proilalra that If Cleveland Is not the nominee in 181'.: there will be a. revolt I The AMaml 2Viiim would remind such Democratic traitors that, from Hie best political Information nt hand, it has a doubt us to whether Cleveland was ever eletted to the Presidency. His totalled claim to It risted on Utile over 1,000 votes In ISew York Pit), and whether these votes were ever rast for bim is a serious doubt to loyal minded Democrats after the result of tb8S. If this line of lensonlngbe true, then it would serm suicidal from a political standpoint lo give firover Cleveland a third nomination for the rregldenry, cptcially so aa no Democrat can reasonably state that he ever had the political popularity to be vKcted to tho I'resldenc-), Lx President Cleveland and his ofltietinlders are at tempting todlsrupt the Democrat lc party, Tbe press cf Wisconsin hj traducing tbe leaders of Democrac) Hill, (iorman, 1'rlsp, and iSprlnger have dug their own political graves. Tbe) have almost mad It Impossible for ihe Democratic partv to elect a successor to Sawer to be I'uited Ststos Senate The MilmwUt Jmirnal, tbe organ of V'llar, hatruined his Presidential chances lu their tagerness to whip Into line the sires and sons of a true Democracy, that worship Hill, have faltb in f.orinan, revere Crisp, and respect hprlnger, In its blind chato after the third termor, Qrover Cleveland, for tl Presidency. There is a pov. r greater than all of this trio com bined, and it will manlfo.t lite f In the State and "Na tional conventions, when we have an opportunity to express ouroplnlon free from the arts of bribery and bribe givers. At this early dsy It would look to any man reasons bly Informed on the polttli al outlook In Wisconsin that David B. till! was lbs rir-t choice for President and Horace Boles of low a for V Ice President. If this ticket dislodges tbe Mugwumps from the lines ot tbe Democratic part), well and good. Cleveland s nomination, bow ever, Is an Impossibility, Oun-suulus Another Nnme for Kug-ene Field, tVom tit Ttrrr Unit Fjitt TnrSct esysi "Atlera little itidr and meditation we 1 aebecouiccoiivliuclthat the llei.Dr. Gunsautus. tbe far Nined Chicago poet, Is only another name for that Hashing, evauesonit, and toguUh genius, Kugene Field," There ere nny persons in Terre Hauls who will readil) give ere lence to this belief. Which The frtkt Hsresfltr ( IUpubUC4B Mnt BtUt4 Quite possible! But, Murat, tell l's, which IKrastterl Uesvenorllellt Against the Theatrical I-ovc, To Tint. Editor or TrkSum 5ir; Theatrical people and others have suffered from the passage of the outra geouslawln reference lo stsge chlldrin. (sow, why don't they go to work and have It stricken trom the statute utiok Instead of tusking so man) complaints I net lno.uou signatures from the people tohaveit re. pealed H cuu be doue I am willing to taie suiii a document arojnd for signatures. VYhu wltldiaw upu ilociuitiil P. II lll KIM IU Wrtt light) third slri 1 1 Nen VorV.il), Foieliodlnic. Mom if,e 1 1 1 nji fii Hit Trtlunt, Bessie (aged 81 Mamma, what kind of a house wUl I live In HI go so tsssvnn I . alatntuo-I don t know, exactly, J sar, but 1 1 will be a beautiful, happy, and delightful one. BessleTyot execUr .sstUflsd'-aVut wUt IX lbs J Salter XJBW JIATIS03 TOR XM! XATT. A. Chance la the Ctaeelfleatlna of TVar Teav ela to a fjlmpler nasi. WAsnwoTos. Jau. 7. An order Just Issued by Secretary Tracv accomplishes through ad ministrative action what has long been sought of Congress through legislation. The register of tho vessels In our navy shows In Its classifications what scorns llko a strango Incongruity, nndoortnlnly is a source of con fusion. Wo find tho Novvnrk. of 4,083 tons dis placement, nnd tho rhlladolnhln. of 4.324. put down as first ratos, whllo tho Texas, ot 0.300 tons displacement, is only a second rate, as also Is tho Maine, of (1.048 tons. Agnln. whllo tho Hartford, of 2.000 tons dlsplncomont. nnd thoClnclnnntl. oflkl&'l. ato socond ratos. tho big Puritan, of 0.000 tons. Is put down its a third rato, although sho has nbout 2,000 tons dlsplncomont more than tho Ban Francisco, which Is n first rato. Looking furthor at tho list ot third rates, wo find among them tho Amnhltrllo and, tho Terror, of 3,815 tons displacement onch, whllo the Atlanta and tho Boston, of 700 totm less. are among tho socond ratos. Wo also llnd tho little Yanttc. ot 000 tons, and tho Mnchlns,ot 1.050. In tho samo class with tho Monndnook, of 3.81D tons, and tho Puritan, ot 0,01X1. Tho key to this apparent Inconsistency Is that undor tho regulations which hnva sub sisted for many years, armorod vessots aro rated according to tonnngo moasmcinont. but othors acoirdluc to tonnngo dlsplncomont. Tho changes In tho rules for ratings nro. to some extent, a reflex of tho prourcss In naval architecture. In old times tho rating was based on tho number of guns oarrled. This was tho rulo In tho British navy as well as ours. Our statutes provided that ships of forty guns or more should bo first ratos: thoso of twenty guns or more, socond rates: thoso ot fower than twenty, third rates. This was all vory well until monster ordnanco in tuirots tool: the placo of rows of small guns It would bo absurd to put a tremendous 12,000-ton armor-clad, earning four 100-ton cans, inn lowor rato than a GOO-ton snlllng ship, mount ing half a doren llttlo smootli-nnro, which were more popguns in comparison. Nor oven when secondary batteries camo into voguo did thoy make tho old method or rating by mero numbers of guns longer practicable. Then followed tho rating by tonnngo, but with the distinction already indicated. That Is to say, first rates were to Include steamships of 4.000 tons or more In tonnngo displacement, nnd Ironclads of 3.000 tons or morn In tonnage measurement: second ratos, steamors ot from 2 000 to 4,000 tons displacement, nnd Iron clads of Irom 2.000 to 3.000 tons menHuro mont: third rntes. steamors of from 000 to t tWM trtn a 1 1 nt-,1 iinttiv itnf unit t rArinlrirl c rt trtm z.iMwionKiiispnicemonc imu ironciausoi irom 1,200 to 2,000 tons measurement: fourth rates, stenmors of too small displacement for third rnto. also despatch vessels and storoships. , Wo nowsoe, accordingly, tho origin of the apparent confusion already Npokon of. Tho armored cruiser Mnlno lias 0.048. and tho ar mored battleship Texas 0.3(H) tons displace ment, but neither has 3.000 tons hv measure ment, nnd they accordingly jco into tho second class instead ot tho first. Tho bnrbettn ship Puritan, although havinc nbout 0.000 tonsdts placeraont, tins only 1,870 In tonunco measure ment, and thus does not roach the class ot second rates, tho minimum of which, in tho caso of ironclads, fs 2.000 tons displacement. Accordingly she falls among thn third rates. Tho double-turret monitor Minntonomoh. which carries tho most powerful guns wo havo ever had nflont. has 3.81.ri tonB dltplncement. but only 1,2Tb tons lnoiiHuremont. and is also, therefore, classed us a third rate on tho regis ter, Uko tho Itangur. with her 1,020 tons dis placement nnd one small gun '1 ho official roglstor now adnys glv os displacement s only, so that tho clnsRllkatlon becomes mvstorious to the gonorul reader. Ithns long beon obvious that with tho change from wooden to steel vessels, tho protection of tho latter by steel decks, nnd other changes in construction, tho nrtlllcial and eonfunliiK dis tinction between the methods of rating iron clads and other war vessels ought to bo set aside. Tho last Congresn was so far porsund cd of this fact that both branches agreed to substitute n simpler method of rating. But they differed as to tho proper way of miming tho vessels of tho navy: nnd hlnco botn sub jects were Incorporated In tho samo hill tho wholo measure failed. Hocrotary Tracy has probumably discovered in Ills administrative powers tho authority to make thn dosired change In ratings, nnd has published a circu laratnondingtlio first paragraph of chapter 1 ot the nav y regulations so as to read as follows: Ships of nnl above f. 000 tons displacement will be classed aa br.l rates those or and above .1 OOO but be low r.ooo tone displacement as aecond ratew, those of 1 IXIO and abov e. but bf tow 1 OJO tona dlsp'at erne nt. as third rates, and alt those of lese than l,ooo tons dis placement as rourth rates Slnco this is exactly tho svstom to which the Senate and the Housoagrnod in thn last Con- fiross. it is well that authority should havo icon found to accomplish tho change, without waiting for a legislative action which could not have been expected in season for the next edition of tho register. Tho changes effected by tho now classifica tion will naturally bo numerous. Tho Maine and TexnH will becomo llrst rntos. and tho Puritan will bo promoted from the third rate to tho llrst. 1 hete. also, will bo found, of course, the Massachusetts, tho Indiana, tho Oregon, and tho Now lork. besides cruiser No. 12, now popularly known ns tho Pirate, her sistor ship No. 13. nnd. ilnally. the 5 500-ton vessel, build ing nthnn Francisco, which Is to receive tho nnmoor n Slato. Next tho Chicago, tho Baltimore, tho Phila delphia, tho Newark, and tho Han Prancisco will be ehnnged from first rates to second rates, which will bo all tho better, as thoy boar tho names of cities. Thoy will join tholr com rades ot similar names Uko tho Charleston, tho Lancaster, thn Ponsacolo, the Atlanta, tho llotou, tho llnlelgh. tho Cincinnati, now al ready among tho second rntos. To this class also will ho raised tho monitors Amphitrito. Minntonomoh, Monndnouk. nnd Tetror. and the coast defender Monterey. Then wn shall llnd tho Hartford and Omaha dropped from the end of tho list of second rates to tho top of tho third rates, nnd tho untlo from tlio bot tom of thn third rates to tho top of tho fourth. To theso arrangements mny bo addod by legislation tho amendment of thn stntuto re lating to tho names of ships, and at all ovonts tho improvement in ratings Is manifest Forelsto 'nte or Real Interest. The Chinese are beginning to show up In Africa. Two thousand women became artists In the year 1K1I. The rtusslin Government has adopted tho Canet quick nrtnggun. The expectation Is that the returns for India will show a decrease In leprosy. Tbe Paris Opera is about to produce a four-act opera, "Melusine," written by Prince Troubetzkol of the Russian Lmbassy, There la a new sanitarium In tbe Riviera for tbe In halation of ozone for the cure of most weaknesses, par ticularly tubcrcutosls. The latest location for a watch Is In a door handle There is oue In a shop In Bond street and another In the handle of a doclor'e biougham The Prince of Wales haa begun to sign himself "Ed ward," Instead ot "Albert Idward." Indlcatlnr tht wniu, iiisirMn ui iiwci. iwu, inuicating tuet when King he will Iks Edward VII In consequence of a recent verdict against a publish ing Arm. It Is said that some Loudon publishers talk of requiring au Indemnity from authors agalust proceed ings for libeL In V lenna there Is a club of rich men pledged to marry poor girls. If a member marries a rich girl ho la fined S2.000, the money being presented to some worthy im pel untoue couple engaged lo be merited. A oinpany making aluminium In Neubauaen have again low ered the price of that metal from eight to Hv o marks a kilogramme. Thla price la one third that of nickel and onl) 20 per rent, higher than ro.iper. Or Bide reports, before thelto)al tieognphlcal Red ely In Madild.the dlseoverr of a strange piople in C'actris living in cuvos and Inaccesstb'e retreats, speaklug u curious Isngusge, and possessed of u hairy akin, Wales seems to be teeming with revoliers A Judre in lllamorganshlre said in a summing up that peoplu In his district "seem to go about wllh reiolvtrs as if they weru walking atli La or umbrellas There mustbo more ot llieiu than rakes of soap M Ibe loumlerot trench Journalism," Ttiophrite fleuaiidot. Is to be roaiunemorated b)at.tatue llewai by profession a pli)alclan and bturlel the f.iMirilr m.inr, Ihe llrst irrmb newspaper, In lit II, Ho als established the first J'o I U I'iM, nnd died poor. Irsulcin Susiuue Morgenrntti, M yean old, il.eJ re cently In abject squalor In vioUllng. near Lubeck. For nisny yeais aba bad gatheret ull her tire wood on the hlf bu uy and had drawn monthly upon the poormaiter, Uvenlually she starved to death. In her mattress were found bank books and securities showing that she bad more than tlO.000 Invested, and stockings full ot gold and sliver colu were dlsrorcred In dirt heaps and under the floor. During the Mocsrt centenary at tba Imperial Opera House In Vlenua an old geutleinan applied to the Court Counsellor for a stall at the "Magic Flute," the booking otrlre having told him that the house waa sol I, Upon being atked why lie was no anxious to see the " Magic Piute," ho said that he hal seen it llrst r formed at tho Vienna Jipera lluiur, and bewnntidto seeitagalu It was first pla)ed 111 Vienna Just eighty jears ago. when tho oil nun was 11 He gut a seat. The Danish rulpt,r Ua.selru N nnkl'ig a group rnniineiuoiailvu if the m.Mui wnMiiig of Hie King i.'i'lo i-, -i or Dm ti.irk i in tonnilxlon from 'hero) tl rimlllrsofl n.lJiid Ifiissls and llrirco II will repre sent Denmark surrounded b) threo Ilons bearing the ro) alaimt of Kugland. I'.uuls, and tlreeie Around the pedestal will be bronis medallions of the Dfty-ons childres and traudcalldrea of the royal Danish couple, wkobsveglvenaCssrlnatoBttaala, future, Quseato aUsla4,MilaUuf wcjrssoa. ,.., ,u TUJIXKD OVT Or TIJt COtntTXT. rnrri lie Formd the, Tlhctaaa rotUe, hat They Would Not Admit lllaa to Lhasa. Tho explorer llonvalot has told at length 1 MVi how ho attempted noarly two years ago to 1 mako his way Into tho holy city of Miasso, the ohloftownof Tlbot. and tho manner of his de- H . feat. Ho mora noarly succoodod than any of . his recent competitors for that honor, for he camo within thirty inllos of tho olty, whlla r Prejovalsky and other travollors within thn r lasttwonty years havo boon turnod back with. V out any coremonv at a greater dlstnnoe, o Bonvntotspont more thnn a month and a half In conferences with tho ituthorltlos of the . sacred city ot tho Buddhists, nnd whllo they fccW emphatically declined to admit him to their ldo olty. thoy dismissed him with many prosonts pr0 nnd an escort to holp him on his iournoy. tro11 Ko vvhlto man has entered I.hnssa oxcopt la 0(,c' disguise. Only throo or four havo reached th a' clty.onoof whom paid for his tomorlty with cut. his liro; and It will probably bo long before ox. ,. tilorors are able to omulato the feat ot Fathers ", lino and Oabot. who. In tho gulso of Chinese, '' cntored tho forbidden city and roinnluod thor. h8 for somo tlmo. '' It was In Kobruary. 11300. that Bonvalot't ,, llttlo party, after torrlblo sufferings during wocks of struggling through tho snow and "0I bitter cold of tho lofty plateaus, approached Jj.oa Tongrl Lake, north otLhassa. Tho Tibetans of " the sacred city had heard of tholr coming, and a deputation with n military escort had boon t0., sent out to seo who tho strangers wore. Bon. valot did not know whether they had come for Jln poncoorvvar. Ho drow his fifteen mon up In "' Hghtlngnriav. Thoappronchlngeolumn halted r nta llttlo distance. Through his Interpreter " llonvalot sent word that ho did not understand c' why an armed forco had marched out to moot on him. Ho was armed, too, and thoy mutt not ' approach nearer with tholr arms Hn would lfl rocoivo their chiefs and convlnco thorn that nix party had come as friends. J Throo niubnBsadors after h llttlo while nn- me proaehed for it conforenco. It wns with dlfll- ,. culty that conversation was carried on. 'J he s"p nmbnssadors Introduced themselves ns tin tlo envoys of tho Tale-lama and of tho Amban of coi l.hassa. ThoTiilo-lanialsthehlghostroliKlous authority of tho country. Tho Amban Is an Important f unctlonnry a soit of Secretary ot n Htnto. They put tlio strangor on thnwltnes Ot stand. Thoy. wished to know who thn party woro. to seo tholr pnpors. nnd to learn tho oh- ", loct of tholr visit. Bonvnlot gave them all this I information. Ho told them no had been ill- Cv treated on tho road: that tlio Tibotans lis " had met would not soil him provisions or pact; ; animals. Tlio ambassndors oxpresscd sorrow 8 nthlsllltrnntmeut. 41'lioy wouin sen that audi jr lnhospltnlitv was not repented. He should u'i bear lu mind, however, that those who had III- .' usod him wore renlly savagos and not civilized " Tibetans. Asfor Bonvalot's proposal that hn "i bo pgrmlttod to advance to Uiassa-they would submit it to tho authorities, though they had J no expectation that so romarkablp a request S." would bo granted. Thoy would return to Jn l.hassa. Bonvnlot would bo provided with sup- Yl idiot) and must remain whoro he was to await ir th answer. ...... . ... . aVr They went back to the olty. A small force of Tibetan Boldlors enenmpod on an elevation f' where they could soa the explorers' cntnp. " Throo days later n cloud of dust announced vv tho approach of a largo party from the sacred city. Tho Amban himself had come. Ho was i. surrounded by twenty chiefs of more or less 2, importnneo nnd hud bosldes it largo escort. ". With duo formality a meeting was arranged T "I havo orders." said tho Amban. "to stop , you and compel you to turn back.". It Bonvalotdoclarod that ho could not return: l that his party was not ublo to oross again ths I! frightfur wastes through whioh they had come. JJ Most of tholr horses und camels had perished. " "Then ho askod," says Bonvalot. "if wowers E Bussians. I replied that we were not Ths S Amban and his chiefs did not seom to be oon- L vinecd. Tliou the Amban asked us to doscrlbs " ourjoitrnoy. Ho wished to know the number of our horses and camels. Ho asked our names nnd nationality. Ho Anally decided that wo , must bo English." Tho conversation was car- t ried on under difficulties. Bonvalot's share ot 1 It was turned into Mongul by ono interpreter J and tho Mongul version Into Tibetan by an other. Tho llrst conference lasted Ave hours. , Tho Amban. after repeated talks, was finally i oonvlncod that there waB a people known as tho French : that tho visitor were Frenchmen. I and that thoy were friendly and harmless. i Htill ho insisted that tho party mustturn back. ' Bonvalot said ho could not and would not. r Tho Amban said ho would die In his camp before he ev ergot permission to enter Lhassa. j Whethor hn would be allowed to go on his way J east to Tonkin was another matteii H would return to Lhassa nnd ascertain. Jstssawhtla ample supplies fortho support of teto nnwn would bo prov ided. Five days had now eUpaed sinco the arrival of tho Amban. Sovoral hours . each day thoy dov otnd to conforenoos, but lit- I tlo had beon accomplished. , A few days later the Amban reappeared with , anothor largo partv, and nogotlatlonB were r- . sumed. Tho whole ground was gone over J tlmo and again. Every tlmeBonvalotbroached . tho question of a visit to Lhassa he was either I told bluntly that such an Idea was impossible. , or tho subject of conversation was changed abruptly. Finally tho authorities doclded that , he might coon his way toward Tonkin, and 1 they would supply him with provisions and 1 guides, for which ho should pay in trade , goods. Tho Amban had many conversations , with Bonvalot on gnnoral topics. He , nskod a great many ouostlons about France. He wished to know tho position of women in that country. Were thoy beautiful ? Ho talked about the astonishing inventions which the English had introduced into India Ho had heard of thorn, but had soon nono of them. "Havo tho French machinery also r" ho askod. " Havo you great boats which trav el through tho water without sails? and have you books I" "Whon ho loarned." snys Bonvalot. "that we had many books treating of all the ques tions that interest mankind, he expressed his astonishment that we had travelled so far. ' Why,' snld ho. 'visit distant countries whon you can rend all nbout them without leaving your own homos t As for myself. I have never had any dosiro to leavo Tibet. Ihe books ot our religion nro all I require.' This groat functionary had evidently no modern ideas, but was content to live iu peace in his own country vvithout vexing his soul with great problems-. The word progress had no meaning for htm. It wns n little more than six weeks bofnra Bonvalot left hiscump near Lako Tongrl to pursue tils eastward journey. Ho had been defeated in ono of tho main purposes nf his otpoditlon. but hn was not discouraged. Ho folr that ho had accomplished what othors had failed to do he had fully ovplained tho nut uro of his undertaking to Tibotans lu high posi tion, and liad won their friendship. Thoy had not repulsed him as they had othors without giving him a hearing. Thoy parted with ox- firessfonsof good will on both sides, and an nterchango of handsome presents. Bouvalot brought homo with him a largo variety ot the best manufactures of Tibet which had beon given to him by thn rfllelals. who said they worn his friends, though thoy would notpor mit him to entor Lhassa. Married on a DrawbrldgeC Fwmil totttmh-tM iTiigufrer-wi, "Icamo very near disturbing a marriage In tho lower bridge inht night?' said Bridge keener Allen vn&tordny., ' About o'clock I noticed sn oral buggies loaded with darkeys drlvn in tlm bridge. Thoy nil stopped boneath the llrxt light and began getting out. Think ing it wii4 a ciowd of drinking pooplo and they had stopped lo drink in tho bridgo.Iappronchoa them fortho purposoof making them motoon. lien within a few steps ot tho crowd, to my surprise I heaid a minister In 11 very low voice repeating thn marriage) ceremony. Just then I caught JivvlillTnf tlio bridal cologne and also Iglit oftiiohhlnyt.Hk of tho brldn's oostumo. Tho ceremony performed, the party moved on. and I learned it was an Alabama couple thut had eloped to tho Georgia bide to wed." Notes ortke llebrawe. Both the library and the gymnasium of Ihe Hebrew institute are well attended. There are entertainments, literary or musical, almost every evening In the lec ture hall of the Institute. Jear!yI,000 a month are expended In this city by the Hebrew Charities In supplying free meals to Ibe need) Immigrants from Russia. There Is now project for establishing a new aoup kitchen for the brethren of the Ludlow street region. The New York Jewish Ministers' Association will co operate with tbe Hebrew free achools In establishing a normal school for teachers. It is Important that ths education of the boys and girls of the families of the, Jewish Immigrants should be properly provided for. "We are Jews, not Hebrews," said Rabbi Landtbtrg Ins discourse delivered In Temple Berlin Kodeth, in Syracuse, U. V. He added; "It is neossisry for ns to repeat that ws are Jews, bectut ws believe In tbe Jew leh religion;" and again he emphasised ths remark; " We are not Hebrews, but Jews." The Minister ot the Treasury In the Italian Govern ment, Slgnor Luztatl, Is a Hebrew, His career has abow n that he Is a financier of remarkable ability, and all his skill Is needed to rescue the Italian Treasury from the slough in which It Is sunk. There are now eighteen Jew ish members of the two Houses of tbe Ital lun Parliament. Jon ish ) iiugogucs are built so aa to fare toward Je. ruaaleut. and the proposition 10 build one facing In an othci direction lias stirred up the llrrtu Journal of this rit),Hlilibsi)s! "It would not bo well for the Israel j or today to recognize, In ajinbo lc form even, the turn ' Ingot the back upon Palestine There has already been too much un Judaizing of Judaism, Too far has the 1 process gone of turning oar backs upon the rrlndplss and Ideas that found their first world-eonmierlaf dis semination la that Holy Land with whisk Us glwaMI 1 MVVIftolvnseU WtntUJrt."