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Kf'j THE SUN XUfiSPAY. JANUAltlf U, 1B92. '
KU jwstecl thn correspondence, was of opinion V'Wi- tluuwar A.houldJidf)lared the Itouso would iTi TT llPPort him. That was tho tornntr of tho 'ifVWlBF' ' 'lipase on the subjoet. If ttio condition of nf- 'illffKIl i 'I?" warrantod n resort to arbitration, thn WraaawKJ i uovernmontwnuld drmbtloHs lltou tothoof- W!leBBfi,i iff of a friendly nntlon. Imt thpro am some HIbbbbbbV:) i thlnga that cannot bo submitted tonrhltrn VHu tlon, and that may ho the condition ul the con- fHHH.l troversy with ciiifi. I'RT cmu'a onk iiuxAtcn TonrEDor.s. Be HHH$r Mr. Oaorat Astn-Hurniwa, Ch.ircl d'AfTnlres (HHRI ftheCMllan location In vta,sliliiKUm during kHHK . Balmacedn'a administration. kIvim mrao In- IJbHsbCi' ' foresting information In recnrd to tho KID E HHRt tofpedoos shlppml to Chill, which Admiral 'IIIbbbWu WAlkorcahlod from MontotMi'O woro on t o AtHHaV-l war. to their destination. Tills heavy ship- A IbbbT y$ jnent of torneiWa was ironorMly taken as an -HH & Indication of Chill's preparations fur war, nnd XHH . nn vldonco that nlioi Kottlnu ready to flKht JSHH ',. tho United Mntns. Mr. AMn-I)ur.itiu fiijB 5 H p.1 :thstthoe torpedoes woro ordered by llalmn r.HV PC odaand polii for from tho ship load of mono JJ.1H & itom Chill Which was tho ooaaMnn ol so much jt JB rf p xcttomont. Thoy woro Intonded for opera 'if H ? tlons against tho InsurKonta and not against u WB ' r ' l Unltod Mates. tf W ' Mr. Asta-llurnaiia paid that tho Chilians will ;i'fHt' jfl t i flshtto tho Inst oxtromlty if liOHtllitioH are a IB s i' oaco begun, "lint wo iirn only throe million!". ';. V ho said significantly. Lncllshiindtlorinanln- ST loG 't ' fluoncn, ho thinks, willto brnucht htrmiBlyto ft Ijgaf . hear on Chill in tho Interest or peteo. Tho r iKr '. i statement that this lot of torpedoem vvaaor- ft Al ' V ' i tiered beforn trouble with this country arose Is K mm ' corroborated by arromliioiitorilcialnt'hewar ti Hfl '. Dopartmont, who snya that time, enough has ,V r'jmW .' not olApsod slnco thn unpleasantness began to ij HE allow tho contract for mi many torpiHlnon, to bo T ' , i oloBod and tho eoods to bo lluiihcd and 6 PR ' ' ",w,l1, f " IE Jr7B vani.w fut.sk. 'il Vml ' ' ScBtlMenta of Pabllc Men V'non the Threat . (MLS eaeU Uutbroak. T I3H i' i '" "lla counlr' bo Plungoil Into a war with V ''SSI- Chill f Within tho past wook tho conjoctura ' i'( ' and Kosalp which has boon IndulKcd in slnco ri 1 jaj . the atUalc upon our aoamenat Valparaiso has it I pi ( ' i, changod into alarmlnc predictions, apnar- )m ' t' antly aupportod br ofllolal utterances. Whon ' i?7 .' the possibility of war was first sucnostod in fe'jjplj : the newspaper despatches, tho Dopartmont of 'm ." State at Washington promptly donled that any i , Jjl i auoh event had been olllolally consldorad. At upon onr sailor. Americana, mtantns there by cltlEons ot the United States, appear to haTo been conllally hated br Chilians ever slnoe tho revolution which ovorthrow IVilma. reda. It waft not bollorod. howover. that tho Govornment would bo foolish enouch to con tinue tho Insolont conduct which has caused tho present stralnod relations betwoen tho two countries. All Chilians, howevor, soem puffod up by their success In arms against othor .South American countries. The usually wlsonnd conservative statosmsn. If theyllavo nnysuch, nppoar to bo Imbued with the bel ligerent feellne which Insplros tho unthloklni; masses, or olso thoy feol It necessary to bow to tho popular will. Vory few ot the Chilians hnvo any idoa of the greatness and resources of this country. They bollovo wn aro a woakly lot, too much oocuplod with money making to Indulge In patrl6tlm. and too cowardly to do any roat fighting. Thoy. howevor. aro all flghton. nnd are con stantly walking about with chips on their shouldors. I'rom such a pooplc apolo'gtos aro notllkolytocorae. and It looks now as though this Govornmont would havo to docldo whether It will Insist on reparation or let tho matter drop. What do the citizen of tho United States bollovo tho Government ought to do? Toe BuKhasaskod a largo number ot well-known persons for their opinions. No attempt has boon madotto lnfluonoo tho nnswors In any way. 1'olltlca woro not considered In select ing the Individuals to whom The Sum's Ques tions havo boon addrossod. butthoy represent. In tholr varlod occupations, tho wholo popula tion ot this city. It may bo said that all wore proparod to nnswor sorlously, for. In common with all cltlzons, they had reallzod from the tone ot tho recent de spatches the posslblllty.of actual hostilities. Borne had figured the groat expense and hard ship that might result, for. while tho outcome. It thoro should bo a war, aould not bo seriously Quostionod by anybody who understands tho relatlvo strongth of the two countries, yet it vmm .- ! I ''' ?filTL urn-"""""" """ d-"'' B Jill . thb cnrnsEB tobxtown. li'il! r' Tartoas times slnee then Secretary Blalno nnd MIhI those supposod to be In his confidence as also 'Bill "s President Harrison and otlior morabers of tho j'l! ' Cabinet, have deemed it worth wbllo to dony 'Kill f: alarming rumors. Tho ofUcial corrospondonco viflll 'f was not nearly closed, said thoy. and the Jail I 5 belligerent rumors wero not justified. Still '; Such Information as was obtained from tho t snll t Authorities seemed to support tho hcllof ot I SI '' eltUena generally that the unploasant affair ' tfisl " would be ended satisfactorily to all concornod 'ilia "' without any rooouree to arms. At intenals I Bm ' alarming rumors wero sent out from "tt'ash- ,'Mm ' 'Inaton, but these wero laid to sensational cor- ";'H t relpondenta, and the soml-ofllclul denials that t'ttall i followed allayod tho f oars of sonsltivo souJa. t' HI ' " ut 8 despatches that, havo appeared Bil " lately came from many sources, and wero evl- '"15 dentlr Insplrod by somo one In possession of ;s lljflj ' thefacta. Thero has been no ofUcial uttoranco ,',i3 1 lately which can bo consldorod as roaBsuring, a H$ ' . must be admitted that it would be no trifling affair. The distance to which troops would havo to bo transported would alone mako it expensive, while the defenceless condition of many ot our seaport towns would place them at the morcy of any Chilian war vessel that might cludo our men-of-war and reach our coast White, perhaps. our vessels could easily destroy tho soaport towtts of Chill, it would be difficult to conauorho' 'mountainous portions of tho country. -, bAxkers ox toe issues. ..Arbltr-vtlon Vtr.. But If Tfcera Most Be Wis-. Wfey -We'll Fl-Bt. Mr. Ilenry.W. Cannon.-President of the Chaso National Dank, abd prominent In the Union League Club, said: "From suoh Information as lean obtain I do not think we shall havo a war with Chill. As I K ; TOR MONTKBET. LBI ' and the) war eloud that was latoly said to bo on E'bbR 'i- 8 horrlton appears, somohow, to Iluvo Blj ' nraad. until now tho wholo aky la ovur- KR i'" 'east. -Kor has tho wnr talk ot thoso KKJ ', 'who will bo callod upon to dooldo tho B'Hl '' action of the Unltod States boon con- Hifll ,j'? 'j'jaBed to tho adherents ot ono party MIBi 'J- , only. Tha Beprosentatlvos and Senators who H'Kjl J have spoken boldly lncludo Democrats und HrR I'' Republicans. That a numbor ot tho nation's t-Pffl representatlvesavor taking sovoro measuros V-avJ With the Southorh ropubllo. uuloss nultablo Iw'RO '' reparation for tho tlamago, Inflicted upon us 91'lt ahall bo'speedily forthcoming, is now cortaln. Hfrlli i'i Whether theso aro In tho majority romalns to fcgjl (;':' - The aotlve preparations for war that have He BIh'C been observable tor somo months would ludl- K;Hl - 4 eate that tho Administration has all along bo- KK 4, Uarod in the possibility ot hostilities in spite HJH J--' ot It paclflo uttarancos. It has been persist- Kjll ' ent'y rumored lately, and not denlod, tlmt tho BW v'' recent oorrespondoace betwoen tho authorl- HvpT' i ties of tho two countries has lncioused ratliur Hfl HI' jj" than diminished tho causa of war. That thu HftHw "dignity at tho Unltod Ktatos was originally as- HkHV Ar aaulted in an unjusUflablo manner, und that HkHV '' . tho attaok upon our sailors was brutal and un- HHm 'u 'provoked, aeems now to bo admitted by thoso understand the situation, we have been grossly insultod, and the relations aro very strained between our Government and the Chilian Gov ernment, but I do not bollove war will bo de clared unless t,ho Chilians continuo their pres ent attitude, and are aggrosslvo In othor directions. Of course If. for nny roason. hostlllticN should bo begun betwoon our naval "vossols and those ot the Chil ian Govornmont, or tjur ships should b llred upon or our commorco Interfered with, then war would bo inevitable: but tho Inter ests ot Grout Drltaln are so largo in Chill that I havo no doubt that Government will in the ond Insist that Chili shall mako amplo apology and treat our cltlzons in a proper way. Even it tho President's message submitting tho mattor to Congross shows that Chill Is In tho wrong whloh she undoubtedly is I think this country wo aid bo compolled to submit tho question to arbitration, ns wo nro thoroughly commlttod to that principle when a dlfforenco urines between nations. "Thoro aro, ot course, occasions whon In sults and nolsot hostility cannot bo borne by the United States, or any other country, with out punishing tho offenders, but cortalnly It Is not unpatrlotto to prevent war with a nation like Chill It it can be done-with honor to our- SHI k- ' THB BOUBLE-TUEIIETEI) MONrTOB MliNTo'NOjjon. ValH , "- ' ! HHH authorities at Wnshlnston who hao boon HH A making the omclal Invcstlcatlon. HHHj h Bo far os can bo lparnod. tho Government of HJ i chill has shown no incllnntiou tu atone for HHTli a these insults. In favt, it has been assorted by HHJll M those who appear to h.i well Informal that tho HHjBi (0 tone assumed by Chill in tho latest corro- HHHTlif'' pondenee has been more disagreeable than HHHHlCv at Mi beglnnlns ot the negotiations. It has 14 Uaakaowaall along that the phlllauj, as a HHU1 bmbU. watt Inclined to support tha attack HfftKtiVu-r i - j. - .... ,j.V- ttches. It is very dilllcult topu-Ulct whut tho ocouomto results would bo of a war with a na tion so far uuuv. Largo bums of money would he needed, und tho mnnutactuio and trans portation of war uateriuls would undoubtedly stimulate certali lines ot business and in crease the earnings ot railway and steamship corporations to a considerable extent Unless the war Involved ome othercountrywe would, undoubtedly, in the end. compel Chill, to re imburse us (or our expenses. It Is probable :-.. .rr-..,.:l.- that the price of moat eurlUes dealt Jn on the exchanges In tills country would be torn, porarilr depressed liwar was doelarod. but there is no reasontp believe that ; their value, in the ond. to Investors would be anr loss than now." j. itDWAitD aruMona ron MAcxxtri. AnBinunotr. Mr. J. Toward Blmmona. Ijfldont of tjia Snurth Nationat Dank, nnd promlnont in tho anhattan.Clubtsald: ... "Tim Chilians have always boen a nation ot fighters, nnd am not surprised at tho defiant ittltude Uiey have taken. ,1 cannot but believe, lowovor. that whon the blood gete cooled oft a ittle their warlike Impulse will glyo war to found sense and, statesmanllko diplomacy. Weareacommerelalnatlon.and bellbVo In a peaoofnl arbitration or all International differ ences. Wo recognize tho .horrors of war. nnd no citizen of the Unltcd.fltates would favor a declaration of war against Chill until ovorr moans of sottllng our dlfferoncos through dl pinmacr had been oxhausted. "Of course tho United States must Insist THE CKinXUI CnAMiBTOV. upon a compliance with tho reasonable do rounds sho has deliberately made on Chill, or olse sho would not be ablo to maintain tho dig fled position she now holds among the gront nations of tho world. Our businoss with Chill is very small, as It is with most of tho South American ropubllcs. and It was with n view of oxtendlng our commercial rolatlons with our southern neighbors that tholso-callod ran American Congress was called, which resulted to a limited degree in the 'reciprocity' which has redounded so muoh to tho credit ot Mr. Dlalne. I do not think that tv war with Chill would causa us muoh loss ot trade, bocauso wo havo but lit tle trade to lose. England monopolizes to a groat oxtent the trado ot tho Bouth Amor lean republics, and for this reason Itlsfuarod by some that a war with Chill would involyo us In serious complications with Johnny Bull. But when it 1b considered that wo nro tho best commercial oustomer that England has lean tiardly bollovo that she would bo willing to oonard her trado with us by taking a stand In avor of Chill that would not bo in accordance with International law and fair play. If we should have a war It would bo difficult to say just what the results would bo from aneco nomte standpoint Wo certainly do not want any more torrltorr. and I cannot eeo how a niE CnUlBIB BitTIMOIlB. war. which would cost us a gront doal of money, could result In any material benotlt to us as a nation. "From a patriotic standpoint. I am sum tho results would be most beneficial. It tho Pres ident should issue a proclamation announcing to the citizens ot the United States that war had been declared, and should call upon them for old, I am certain that everybody would for- Ret all sectional differences and rally round le flag." COI. CLEWS IB HCASY IT THEEE MUST HE WAB. Mr. Henry Clows, the banker, and ot tho Union League Club, said: "Tho people of this country, of course, would be better off to continuo to enjoy peaco with the balance of tho world, but tho honor of thn nation must bo protected. It looks now as if a declaration of war on thn part ot tho United States Government would soon become im perative to repel both insult and Injury on tho part of Chili and her people. Tho incentive would be to uphold tho country's honor at all hazards. It would appear to bo a small under taking, ns tho population of Chili, all told, la but 2.700.000 ns ngainst 05.000,000 In this country, but tho expense, notwithstanding, would in all probability amount to at least' t200.000.000. This would havo to bo met by tho issue of 3 por cent bonds, which eoulfi easily be floated, as tho national bnnks would at anr cost or it Is an net ot madness. It is difficult to ooncolve ot anything moro dis graceful that oould be porpotrotod br anr Ad ministration of our Government than tho at tempt to uso tho enormous machinery and rosourcos of this country for such a purpose. Thero la every elomont In It to mako It peculiarly criminal. Con sider. If you pleaso, that wo nro deallnn with a email power just emerging from tho trials of n civil war: thatthat power Isllko ourselves a republic and struggling to foltow our lead in celt-eoornmcnt; romemberhow our brilliant Secretary of Stato hai just lav ished his finest and most eloquent periods upon the subjoct of preserving Intlmato. frlctidlyi and commetclal relations with tho Bouth Amorlcan States and has especially ad vocated arbitration as tho reaaonublo nnd propor mothod of adjusting any dlfferonoos that might In tho futuro nrlso between nny of thorn and oursolvos. And now at tho very first opportunity, upon tho morcst pretence, tho Administration of which Secretary Blalno la tho leading member shows a dosporato doslro to glvo tho Ho to our professions nnd to pros titute our powor as a nation to party purposos. "Consider for a momont tho high stand that tho UnltodStatos has taken on thoso subjects, our submission to arbitration at Geneva, our constant denunciation ot tho horrors of war, and approval ot friendly settlements, our splondod position ns tho leaders ot llboral and genorous sentiment nnd you will eoo how especially criminal such an effort is. 'Some persons with a Btrango disregard of tho Immorality of unneeoBssry war will talk ot the advantages from an ocondmlcal point of vlow. of letting looso our navy and our soldiers upon Chill. Thoro la an absence ot moral sontimont about this which isdIOloult to un derstand. In the first place war could glvo no permanent help to this country or ita com merce: war and commerce aro tho antipodes of each othor: war moans destruction, while commorco Ib tho handmaid of civilization and prnspority: war means uotlilni; but death and ruin in a uroator or lessor dogreo to all parties enneernod. ' Then there is a certain element, too. of bul lying and meannoss about it that should bring tho blush tonvnry Amorlcan cheek. Would wo go to war with Great lirltaln. on such a provoca tion as this, whllo an oxnmlnatlon was pond ing in British courts? Would wo insist worer nny great and powerful nation concorned. that such nation was bound bv testimony taken only on our sido nud not entitled to bo heard I Tho wholo thine i so monttroun that It is al most impossible to discuss it with forbenr nnco. Hos President Harrison forgotten that his Administration hat not yet settled with Italy for tho murdcrof ltallansubjccts slaugh tered In cold blood? "War with Chill would bo a step backward. Wo look on with mingled wonder nnd compas sion Whon wo sco nil Eurono on the verge of a torrjilo conflict nnd twelvn millions of men ready to start on tnclr mission of destruction. Wo havo been congratulating ourselves that wo were removed I mm such temptations as press upon them. Wo havo been a little in clined to boast, perhaps, of tho advanced nnd epllghtencd Christian snlrlt of our people, which would teach thom forbearanco and solf control and would hold back their hand before , j CATITAN PRAT. Sladly absorb tho whole of thom as a basis for le issue of national ourrency. in which evont tho Issuing of such an amount of bonds would really have tho effect of lnilatlon in the end. "The first effect, however, would bo a shock and cause a momentary depression, but it would bo shortlived, as would also tho war, for tho reason th at tho pooplo of this country. North, South. KaKt and West novorworo ho, etmncly unltod ns at proseut. and noverwni patriotism so overflowing ns now. I doubt whether thoro could hi found ono single vdcu out of tho 05.000,000 ot this entire nntlon which would not buck our Govornment In ovorr way necessary. Tho wnr, if therein n war, will bo short, uuiek, and decisive, nnd cunnot full to result In victory to our sido. ana the cost of it will bn fully covorod by an In demnity which will bo oasy of attainment, as the nitrato ralnen of that country, which oo long to tho Chilian Govornmont, aro valued at 2OO.OTX),00U This great property would doubtloss bo accoptcd as tho Indemnity. As nn evidence of tho valuo of thcFo mines. CuL North leasod thom for but a few years ,and made eighty millions therefrom an a clean profit" George G, Williams, Prosldcnt of tho Chonu leal Bunk, said: "It Is n nation's duty to protect tho rights ot its cltlzons abroad. thoy struck to avongo an Insult olthor real or supposed. 'What Is thero In this caso to justify such speed V Why cannot arbitration decide as well as arms whether wo bnn been outracod or not? What a strango mockery it is In this last decadoof tho century that wo. tho American gooplft, must burn Chilian towns, bombard hlllan ports anil slaughter Chillnn cltlzons, bucnusa Chili does not fiuiUcloiitly hasten to HPologlzo for tho wrong which perhaps sho uc4r oommittedl "I havo croat faith In the sense of tho Ameri can people, but I know that tho cry of war units all our citizens under tho Hag of the na tion, und I huliov o thnt it Is upon this that tho Administration relies. It romalns to bo oun how fur tho sobor socond thought will pnrinit thlsnppoulto bruto unreasoning force to bo hoard and oboyvih . No gront nation was ever tho lofsor bocauso of its forbearance. CBpeclaWy with a woakor power. Wo shall provo nothing by Bonding armed ships to destroy prospurnug towns. Tho day has gouo by-wlinn thomuro oxurelso of forco upon another peoplu muy IKiks unchallenged and be applauded bocauso successful. Thero must bo a moral coorclon in ti o act ot levying war. Honor must loudly and clearly domand It Poacoful meth ods must bo exhausted und Mho wrong made TUB ESMEItALDA. CHILIAN. hut this looks to mo like a case ot large dog on a small dog. To bo sure. If the email dog bites the large dog's heels ho must take the conseauonces I think that If the matter had boon In different hands from Mr. Blaine's and Mr. ltain's we could have escaped war and war talk alto gether. A llttlo politeness sometimes helps greatly In dispute of this kind." MZDznxc jr. commit ton peace. TtaU Nutlea U Great Enough to Forbear la m DUputa with m Wkir Power. President Frederic R. Coudert ot the Man hattan Club and a lawyer ot international ro nown. said; "Tho attempt to embroil this country In war with, Chill it either a manifestation of the desperate condition ot tha Republican, party, "audits' determined effort to cling to power tooclenrfor dispute Wn are too great to bo bullied and not great enough to ho in thn wrong. If tho sword of tho country Is drawn othcrwlso thnnina jUFt raufu. wooto thoso who draw it Th'o party that takes up this des poiatn und last resort to parpetunto its ascend ancy forgets thut wo havo one hundrod yearn' education behind us. Burning Chilian towns will bo a poor battlo cry in tho next election. Better rtiy; Wo might huvo wanod wur, but forbore in order to keep pace with the advanc ing civilization and growing humanity of tho age nud to tho a icbsonio thu rest of tho world." ""-" xnc jik.vcw axii inr. bah, Ge, Horace Porlrr Wouldn't tii Surprised tu Hee u Wur Other Views. Gen. Horace Porter said that he would pat be surprised to seo a war with Chill : tills coun try certainly has sufficient provocation, and, It Chill, Intended to npologlzo sho ought to havo done ao tho moment the outrage waa com mitted. Chill has been regarded generally as a nation from which no reparation may bo expoctod, and all tho other nations would rejolco to seo tho United Btatoa eccura hor rights In this case. We don't want war, but unless wo can get satisfaction wo shall have to maintain our nationat dignity nnd resent this lusult. England has saved many wars by an nouncing publicly that sho will right a subject who has boon wronged, even if It la on the othor sido ot the globe. "I don't think that a war would affect mat ters at homo much. It would stimulate busi noss somawhat. perhaps: but it wouldn't afloat our commorco. Judge Leslie W. Russell said: " It would be tho height ot folly for Chill to engage In a war with us. and I bollovo that lior loaders roallze this fact Thoy seem to mo to be simply cater ing to tho fooling of hostility against Amorlcn among tho masses, and I think that tho momont it coraos to a question ot twoen tho United States and ChlH may boofno so Involved with tho comlna p61ltical light betwoen tho two groat parte that the suocess ot tho present Admin istration in the campaign mar rest upon tho outcome. It this happens, then the wolfaro ot tho Republican partrwlll receive tho greater consideration. Setting polltloa nsldo and viewing thetrouble slnglr.Ishould think that iUnlBhtbe possible to ndfust tlio diracultr without either oountrr acriflclnf Wt'ttVfiU"' Tax Department hollevosthat there wlO be, no trouble betwoen tho two countries. ''Chill has,, not treatod us with very much consideration,' Tjo said, but it Is dimoult terns to ap predate .the- dispo sition of thophlllana. eyaro hotblopdcd and hasty, and my do things without dolibor- "'insp'ootor Byrnes-It tho trouble cannot bo eettlodnmtcBDly. Pmfor war. and I want to sayrlghthorotliBtl belfeyewo con adminis ter a sflund thrashing to Chill. Btroet Clonnlnff Commissioner Brannan I have a notion that the trpublo eouid be settled in a short tlmoltwo eent our pol co forco with thelrplpht rL? vh1"' Fm .American enough to bellov that whoever insults one ot ' 7 S I Attain pr. t. d&W fg$&$ I ' ' """" I. . i. ' ' "" . - r , , J TXUAHAISO HAEBOn. .ill retract or fight they will retract A oountry with 3,000,000 ot people cannot stand against a nation like ours, which has demonstrated its ability to enpo with difficulties la comparison to which this matter is hut a trifle." Klihu Root said: "Wor la to bo de plored, but It la not tho worst thing by any means. It Amorlcan sailors nnd citizens canuot bo protected without fight ing, thnt) let us fight until tho last ship goes down and tho last dollar in tho country is BptUt" Lawyer Francis M. Scott whilom People's Municipal Loaguo candidate for Mayor. nuld: "Ongonornl principles, 1 do not bollovo in going to war at all. especially in a case in which it would bo a big fellow against a llttlo ono. It tiiay bo nooeBsary. from Information which lain the hands of President Hurrison nml Secretary Blaine, that wo should go to war with Chill, hut I should bo Incllnod to doubt It" Kx-Corporatlon Counsel Henry It Boekman of 111 Broadway said: "If Chili refusos toof for an apology wo ought as every self-ro-spectlng nation should, to compel her to do so. Kv cry attempt at u peaceful solution should bo Sxhuusted before a declaration of war le made, n account ot Chili's trado with England, it Would bo Impossible to calculate how far reaching n war with that country might bo. If war Is deolarcd. howovor. I believe iu prcsslug it with thn utmost vigor." Judge Fitzgerald said: "I do not see the neeosslty ot war. I nni opposed to hasto. I btllovo. of course, that the dignity of the Uni ted States should bo maintained, but I think thero ought to bo some poacoful solution ot tho diniculty." District Attorney Do Lnncey Mcoll enld: "From my prosont understanding of tho situ ation I am docidodly of the opinion that thoro should bo no war. This country is too power ful to ho justlllcd in mnklng war upon Chili. It would look as though the Amorlcan oaglo was fighting n mosquito. I bollovo that all this talk ot war Is raised for political purposos und Is notjustlllod." City Court Judgo John Henry McCarthy said that thero undoubtedly a war party in Con gress and rhajt a-flght with Chill would ho a good tluoclor a groat numbor of naval offlcors who nro nnxfous for nd ancemont "Our lighting mon," said Judge McCarthy, "believe this oountry can whip uny nation In t ,o world, and when thoy hoar that any nation lu.s had tho temerity to llout us they nro up iu arms at onco und won't llston to anything that doesn't savor of war. Of courso thoro is no doubt of our ability to whip Chili. Tho only quostlon is how long it would take. The Chilians can fight, and tholr familiarity with their own country would mako It difficult tor us to comiuor thom speed ily if thoy preferred to fight under covor and refused to battlo in tho open." From a political standpoint Judge McCarthy raid ho bcliovod the Administration would not bo ndvarse to a war. ne it would help tho ohnnces ot tho Republicans to elect a President in tho fall. Ho said: "A fight with Chill." continued Judgo Mo- my oountrrmon should be made to tool that wo won't stand that sort of thing. I'm for war. It It's necessary. - Police Commissioner McClavo Tho differ ences between our groat oountry and tho llttlo country of Chill ought to be sottlod with out rosorting to bloodshed. Powerful na tions like England. Germany, and Franco adjust their differences by mediation, ami I don't see why our trouble with llttlo Chill cannot bo disposed of in thosnmo manner. Not tor one moment havo I thought that wur will bo necessary. Of course, ns nn American. I believe that we should resent any nation's Insult to any ot our oltizens. President Hunt of tho Board of Education Wo should protect our citizens, even it wo havo to go to war to do It Superintendent of Public Schools Jaspor The Unltod States, like England, ought to rot net nor citizens whorovor thoy are. If to o that war is necessary, wo should engage in it but it I had my way I would settle tho mat ter by arbitration- I don't bollovo in war. but ot course, there mar be casos whoro It cannot bo avoided. Coroner Schultze's voice Is for peaoe. Ho thought the nation should avoid war until every honorable means to preserve peace had been exhausted. Coroner Sbea said he did not bollovo in tho country's rushing heedlossly Into wnr. Coroner Levy said he wantod peace, but it must bo tho peaco which tho great Hebrew Disraeli secured for England at the Berlin Conference peace with honor. Deputy Coroner Donlin defined his sonti mont moro In detail. He said: "First tho country should glvo every opportunity com patible with honor caloulatea to enable our alstor republic to see tho orrora of her ways. If sho be In error. That falling, all meanB should bo taken to uphold tho honor and dig nity of tho country." UP AT THE QBAND CESIBAT. BTATIOX. Dr. Depen-, I.lent. II. C Dnral, and II, Wal ter Webb Are Disposed to Peace, Chauneoy M. Depew was Intrenched in his offleo In the Grand Central Station whon a re porter found him. He was ready for anything. Ho hnd this to say ot tho war prospects; " I do not ace what this country would gain by a war with Chill. It cannot bo said that it would add to our dignity, bocauso thero Is such 'a marked difference between tho ro sourcos of the two coun trios. It strikes mo that tho situation Is on a par with that of tho vicious street boy who has thrown a snowball at a man. It would bo undignified for tho man to chase tho boy. and It he did, and caught him. the sympathies ot the onlookors would be with tha bad boy. Ther would TOK CITY Off SANTIAGO. Cqrthy. "niay permanently nITect our trado with all of tho South Amorlcnti lepubllos. !o'-i-etury Blalno in evidently allo to thlb. and In order to protunt this trado may push recon (illutory measures (on satisfactory ending, t-etrytnry Truey Is un ablo lawyer und. like Sir. Blnlno. ho is a diplomat ot no mean ability. If theso two gentlemen uio earnest in adesiro that tho friendly relations between thlHcountrynndCliilishouldo.mtinun.it seems possible) that poaco ranylm maintained with out thu siiorilleo of any dignity," Corporation Counsel Clark (.aid that ho could not seo how this country could possibly reap unv benollt from u light with Chill. "yiilesswa nro actually forced Into It," ho said, "I think tho best thing tho Administra tion of this country can do is to maintain thn nr?ont poace. I beliovo tho better class of Chilians aro friendly to us. and that It this country has anyonomlo-) In Chill thoy aro to bo found among tho lowor classes." 603TE enr orriciALB, They Regard Hie Wnr TulU a a Republl. cuu lletlce to Ouln l'oiuiliirlty. Prosldcnt Voorh I j of tho Pollco Board, when asked his views on tho threatonod war with Chill, said: "I think tho differences between the two nations can be settled by arbitration. Iflnot it will bo tho fault of tho mon who com pose the Administrations ot both oountries. Nations, llko Individuals, should sottle their dlfferoncos by arbitration. I beliovo that tho rights and the dignity of American citizens should bo maintained, and If this cannot bo accomplished without war, then let us havo wur." President Wilson of tho Hoalth Board-I do not believe Ithore wllllbo war. I think when it comos to tho point Chill will back down. The two oountries nro so un evenly matched that tho idea ot war. to niy mind, beams ridiculous. Of course, tho rights of American cltlzons should be pro tnctcd. 1 think this troublo with Chill will huvo tho effect of Inducing Congress to mako appropriations by vliich this country will be able to form tho grentubt nu y In tho world. ' Comptroller Myors said: "The trouble be- omonstrate whon tho man started to thrash ho boy, andthopollcemanwho enmo up would probably want to know what In thunder tho man meant From all sides would como tho cry: 'Why don't you tako a fellow of your size?' It seems to mo that It would bo wlsor to broak off all rolatlons with Chill, diplomatic nnd commercial, and to treat hor as wo would tho kingdom of Uganda. "It thero is a war It will be vory expensive. It will be nocessary to, transport from 7D.000 to 100.000 soldiers at loast If ono of Chill's gunboats should got through thu blockade formed by our meu-ot-war. it might como right up hero , and do a groai deal of damage. I believe, too, tlmt it would tip difficult, to conquer Chill complotaly. If wo wnntod to selzo the country wo piobnbly would havo no dlffloulty in tuklng Valparaiso, Santiago, and tho othor soaport towns, but tho i.hllianH could maintain a guerrilla warfaro from tho mountains forever. Wo might. I tup pose, tiko possession of tho nttratu beds. If vvurmioHld bo declared I havo no doubt that It would bo supported by tho buntlmont of tho people, 'i'horo ur plenty of pooplo In the country willing t light I would suggoxt that if war is dt-cldud upon wo tako this courso: Destroy tho seaport towns and tion put the rost of it In Peru's hands. Lot us take possession ot Peru she would bo only too cud to consent to this and supply her with money, good offloors. nnd the munitions of war. Thut would glvo us a good basis to work from, and Chill could be brought to time more eatliy." Lieut Harry C. Duval, holdler, clubman, nnd railroad expert, honed that hostilities would ho avoided, liut believed llrmly that tho dig nity of thu Unltod btates must be maintained. "I believe we can overlook In Chill's con- - ...J Wtta Bsby wm HcX, v five bar Ositorla, Wkin she wm C'bllA. itie cited far CsMorU. When tha became Vlia. aba door ti Cattorla. Wbaa aba bad Cblldren. aha fare Item Outer, r... t- i 1 m' Hi JRflTffH, Cnrrlrtrjffl. rc. I iH pireRcTKBXLooa I HH! TROTTING STOCK AT AUCTION'. I M Tbe tonowtnu aslea will commence each .Uv B HHI at 10 o'clock, at lli H AMERICAN INSTiTIITr! nUU.niN'n. f HHai May., between fl3l nnd oath ale., New tri I! SBaaaH wbera the boraea may be laen Iff fataaaal In barneet If deelred faaaafl on the track (Hadlr), within he bulldlt.c aaaaai (Address correspondence to 107 Jolinii . Tl'ESDAT and WEDSrBDAV, Jan. 10 and 20, Ihjr Hi HHl elnatntfoottba aaaaal UWI1LAUN lltortl.Vl BTt'D, HJ -HHJ The iprorrrtr ot HI HHl Mr. J. u. PAVS. tee, Maia. HJ HHl OrarlOOIiaad. epmrrlln( all tbanrnol Mitrcoi,) H HHj younif Block and all Sinlllone, excepting Alcvitarn i aai BBaaaaaal Ale!tsnder1Tha maraa are by aucb ureal airea M, . J BBBi aladlara. WaSrewood, Ollllnaa, .KeiituoV) I'm',, aaaaaaaal Almont. AdmlnletrMOT. Daniel I-amberi. Sun,,,,; MM Alcanlara, Jar aonld. Tborndal. Bndelit. llartj i ; eentlnaf.OentralKnot. ruyler. c. eilnted to av,V HI Hal lata and Nutwood. Tha colia and fllllcanr- c!ilci, i H Alcantara, Alorone. Nominee, and Airnnio. The tmt.e Sal aaaaal will beanbjeot to Impaction from Suturrtnj, Jan. in until sold., Hl niURSDA V.Jan 21, 1S03, fl HHl roneignmenta from H eAtaaal Wr. ItOBBnT SttUI.. I'hlladcltibla, DiH HI HHl Hal faaaaa Wr WALTER R. fllU-ET?. Itoalyu, N Y Mr. Kteel'e honaa. 40 In nnmlxr. Include the rer t.u HI HHl trottlna: alalllona Krla Ktlntle. S.JMaiidTcuii.lciuti, SiJf,'! alo brood marea by Thornton, Alcnntara fiai. aal aaaaal Onward, Happy Wedluni. Keniurky I'rliice The M'-r, aal bbbbbI Ktartle.andoilierRreat elrea,tinleitnVu(nliiut,l' iilu faaaal (brntbartnlhadatnof Arlon, 3ilOH twovriirsl I'tm," H pVVaaal let.2tli, Tadlar, 3i27M(twoyeaiti o of i:iccthMiecr. bbbbbI and Don Montetlb. 2.2).ulior Llertlonoer. M.oalut aal aaaaal ot apaady young eolta by nooduut aud Epatdet. Mr. Wlllfla'a boraea. 17 In number. Include the innrb Hi HHl vonnr stallion Oalltnrnla Ktnir.by luy wuvee.2 Ir.u aaaaal and rouryeanlnr eolta by him: tha (aeteuiunn Cdn bbbbbI trlda-o. atDl.by Eldrldite ont ot I,ady Muut, a 2n an I H bbbbbI nveof hlaetialeonynuii(i!illlnnby Antuvn o 5 piL and soma yimnuxnareahyBliliiry, Aicaaar. Cujlcr. nj bbbbbI Wilt Crocker, son of Electioneer. " Tbeboreeawlllheanbject to inipectlon from K,Uur B day, Jan. iu, nntu sold. . H HBH FaiDAT. Jan. Hj M closlnrontltie aV sbbbbI TKUTTfMI bTlll SapJ Vleura. WILSON' t 1IA.VDV, HJ Hl Cymblano, Ky. fHBj Orer ISO bead, comprlllnillrmiil Mares voim; Mick, HI HHl aBdallllorsesownedby tliailnua.irepilnii th-rani' B ( stallion Snltan. site of much ot the jminve Im k hi l l.a fj faBBBl aalaand by VAblcb uioslof Ibe briM.il timre.iirc In t'si l faaaal Tbe creat prices thai hare been paid In Nt-n WL i'i MM fBBaal past years in tho salea of Mr. U .r Eose of Co'irnnr i sTaaaal (who bred Sultan) for tho stock n Hint hnrko nib m ii H SAbbbI nlm an objector interest to ninny l:ii.tern un ti. tf Mi I & "AbbbI forlbatreaaonMessrs. Wilson ,t llatiUybnvn ii,iurf Quest consented to brio him from Kentucky n'nl ;ilw MM MBH SL'LTAN, 2.2. ON EXIIIIUTION HHJ prior to and dnrlnx tha tale. H HHl The Brood Mares of this consignment am livmirn SAbbbI aires aa George Wilkes, nobert Mi ilrrgor. Itl villi... MM HbbbV PbaUaa. Alcyone, jiourbon Mllkos, Alciirnr. Almnnt H fAfaaV Bine Bull. Victor tilsmarrk, lialianapuU-, Ac. Thn MbbbV Colts, Fillies, and Driving stock nre y 8ulli.ii Mm AbbbV tnopa. OeorfBBImmonmaud Kocklnxliani. Tno Imr.. HbbbbI will bo aubjeel to inspection f rum Tbe lav,. inn. I'.i.uu. fm HVAbbI til sold. 'M J For catalognea address H HHl J'ETEK C. KEU.000 CO. Anrtlon-ir.. WmWM 107 Jniuist.. Ni'v FLANDRAU&CO., I I 372, 374, 376 Srcome St., I H I hhI Broadway, 51st St, and 7th Av. I M BARGAINS. I BECUXD.11A.ND VEIUCI.r.l HHJ iHsndnnav, flrnnahame, Hj HHJ Cnbrloleia, letorlns. Mm ! Ten Carta. Io-i.o, (( Katrnaloa Top. Phaetnue, H fi-fAfJ Slog L'arlo. Warconis, H IKH Huckboarde. Hpldcra. H tAfVAfJ Doctor' Vehlclea. wnaonell'', H faaal Uane Beekatrays, O.Pnt. HmiauuTv IbbbbI Cnrialu Kockawaji, Ijsnduuleta, Mm H "Vllluae Carls, . HnrreH, H H And Other otylca HH LOWEST PRICES FOR CASH. I H m. Bwl BBBBB duct," he said, "what wo would not tnlor.it i HJ HHJ from a powerful comity, llko Groat firitnl'i. - for Instanoa Rt 111. I do not think w nn afford to allow oen Chill to be too "fl'-u'lv. fH Asfarnsthoexrenso Is concnrncil. I nni mii H HH a country llko ours cannot allow any amu'.o't ot monov to stand in tlio way of nsscrtlnK lur propor dfcnlty." aaaaal Mr. H. Walter Wobb. Third Vloe-Prtsldont f HHJ thv Kevv York Central and nmomburof tln - Vandorbllt family, was nskod what he thought H bbbH the attitude of tho Unltod 8tntts should bo. "I think wo should wait." ho replied. "I nm opposed to 'wur. most decidedly. Wo H should not bo hasty." J TUB PULPIT IS FOR PEA CI.. H kk Vlewe of tbe Iter. Itobert C'ollrer, Irur. H HHJ Brlcaa, Dr. Ills, nnd Kubbl Oottbrll. Hl The Rev; Robert Collyor said: "I always fo-l H HHJ delicate about exprosslntt nn opinion upon a HHJ mntterot this kind, tor I am only nn nd ptl H HHJ citizen of this country. But I cortalnly hoiu H HHJ thoro will be no war. Chill. is only a llttlo bi' H HHJ of' a follow, and it sho woro to co bolting H Hl airalnst this creat slant ot n nntlon slm H HHJ wouldn't ho ablo to cot above his knees. A B HHJ mlchtycinnt Is this country, tlm most i oner- H JHH fulcreaturo in tho world! Dutwar vvonld bo H HHJ a croat mistake." H HHJ " As It looks tome," said tho Itev. Dr. Charles H HHJ A. Brices, " thero Is no need ot war, hut if It HHJ should turn out that tho honor of the natlmi H Hl demanded it, I should bo In favor of It. Ho Hj HHJ would bo n poor citizen who should fall to H HHJ stand by his country. I tiust. IIiourIi. Mint Hj HHJ tho difficulty will bobottlcd by dliilomr.cy. Wo H Hl havo moro to loso by wnr tlmn Clilll Im". In H HHJ ourcivllwnrwohadanoppnrtunltytocoolhivt' HHJ afow nrlvatoora could hvvrnp tbo :ra nl .iu enemy commorco. It woulil not hxik vvll. either. In the eyes nf elvi7ud nations, fur .1 Croat power like tho United Stntoi to l'u to war with a nation so much her lufotior. Chill has just had a, war. and her wliil.'M orothoroforo oxporienccd. nnd tlu (lllltoiltv H throueh whloh Bho has jif-t pasi'd '.iut't H havo crlnplorl hor much oxcpt lliuiiii'lilh. And ns to llnnncos. Great llrltaln's iiMloiiijr H toward thin country would ilnuMlcs K.-i-ii Chill supplied with funds. Then tlnru .11 ) Franco and Germany, too. wliloli would bo up. posod to any outbreak on thiiKnutlt Aiiii'ilciiii H coast bocauso of tho illsiilvuiit.ie it wo.ild M brliiK to tholr morchnnta." bbbbI lU'ibbi Ouhtav Gotthell Hi Id: "Tho United Hj jHH Btatos co to war with Chilli A tuition ol "" HI HbH UUU.UUO inhnbltHuts to tako uiniiin nu'nln-t H ffl ono of iOO().0(K or 3.000.1 UIO Inlmbltnutsl Un HHl the facet of it it looka nbsiml. On Knr.il principles I nui opposed to all war. but I il rocnBiilxo casos in which It Niii.cm-nrv. lam Inclined to think that Jlr. lllaliio would llko to H seo a 'Xholtev. Dr. Morsnn Dlx wild: "On saner il I principles. I liolicvcthoiu will Im no v,ir. Mich mWM matters usually adjust tlicuibolvos after .1 BTaBBi time" HHJ TT.1R FEEBIXO IS BUOOKT.TX. I kLX Peace irPoanlblr, but u Proper Hiitler.iillim H HHJ ut Auy H H Mayor noocly of Brooklyn, siieuUn;; of tl.u H HHJ Chilinn situation, snld: H HHJ "Ours Is n country vory cousorvntlvo and H HHJ very slow to place Itself Inn position uin-re H HHJ war Is Inuvitablo. Xlm fact that Consiuilnn H HHJ not, as yet, discussed tho Chilian ulT.ilr. xli' " H HHJ that thero Is n propor prcjiidlcnucnliit ur- HHJ rotmdlncthomuttorwIthuiiyombumiiMiKnt-. H HHJ Tho courso ot tho Chilian (iiiviTiiinoiit Iu thli HHJ matter, from what I can learn, is lrrali.in.il HHJ and unheard of, Tho only losult uf tliclrc ' H HHJ duct will bo war. Inevitable but juslllli' c HHJ Tho dlcnlty of tho ropubllo must hu upheld ' H HHJ Burroeato Qoorce 1). Abbctt said: "Warn H HHJ a calamity tobontoldod, butwocannot nlT -r 1 H Hl to sink our international rights In an)' viuf. H HJ It It comos down to a iiuestlon of Ixlnft H HHJ snubhbod or lowered In thi eyos of oilier us- H HHJ tionr, tlicn I say war. I foar, hovvove. tra HHJ havo too much coast front unprotected, nn 1 H HHJ that Chill Is nearly ns woll equipped for war m H HJ wo are. It It Is possible to avoid conflk't It U HJ wise to do so, Slnco it has como dow:l H HH BBtSBBBaBBaamBBaBBBmtaBBBBBaBBBBBAaBaBa bbbbI HVaBBBal WITH ELY'S CREAM BALM I arbltdcanba treated without pain and villi ferret Hj HHJ safety. Try tbe remedy) It cures Catarrh. Hj HH My eoa basbecuaruicted wltb nneal caiarrb 'l"" Hj aHH quite young. I v as induced to tryBly's Cream IK, ". Hj HHJ and before ba bad used one bollle thai diMuiremrle HHJ catarrhal smelt had all leltblm. lio appears at veil si WWM any one. It is tbe best caiarrlt remedy In the market Hj HHJ -J. C, OUISTE1I3, Areola. 11L H HHJ Oae ot my children bad a very bad discbarge tvn BVJ heruose. Two pli)ilclans prescribed, but witboal ti. H H erlt. Welrlcd F.I'CrcsDj llalm.snil, much to our sli- HJ prise, there was a marked improvement. Wei oirn -1 Hj HHJ using tbe Halm, and In a short time the dlscbairfo Hl curod.-u. A, CAItV. Corning. .V, V, H HHJ Apply Uatm into each nostril. Il la Quickly Abior" I- HHJ Olree Relief at Ouce. frlce Wceuts at Dcuil. ! I. HHJ orbymalL Wlp 9m EI.TT BBOH,, Ot IVarret) St.. New Turk. W HHJ