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( - THE SUN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1892. y '.H
I aoettlon of submitting to Intuit, contumely.
I a indignity or to nght, I say fight." ,.-
I District Attornoy Jamoa W. Bldgwat Mid:
I ' Tho trouble with Chill originated, as I under
I aland It from an unprovoked assault upon
I Amerloan Bailors, nnd.nsn matter of course.
.niniulttothe Amerlonn Government. From
'I the foundation of this republic tho honor nnd
1 i'lgnlty of our Government has nover boon lm
peached. It was Wobstor who said that It wns
b? to our union wo owo our consideration nnd
M rllcnlty abroad. Hlinll that cood name of our
country, untarnished for so many years, tie
dragged In tho, mmt by a South Amerloan.
niiiiMitlty It they, refuso to apologise, then
' WdSnt Mtehael J. Coffer of tho Board of
AiVsrniousaldi "Settlo tho troublo amicably
if in"sflblei If not. then 1 bollovo In sustaining
!! ' dignity of thn Unrernment at all hazards,
in tho etent of Chlli'M refusal to mako ropnra
timi. tho Administration should nt onco tnko
r lion ti'iidlnc toward bringing tho affair to n
'i-omndlli'lonnr of rubllo Works John V.
A.1 ini" said: " War with Uhllt would bo ono of
il,e mo-it Idiotic things tho United. States
cmild possibly euter Into. If tho Unltod States
u'oilil apply tho samo principles In this aflftlr
that were fusl.ted upon n the New Orleans
Iriiublw with Italy, tho result would bo peaoo
' UimmlsMoner Cotton said : " Chill should be
punished If olio does not at onco npologlro or
make redross. It Is time for the Unltod Mates
to take a stand ono way or tho othon Hour
people nro Insulted or molested. I bollovo tho
united Mates should stand up and assert It
self. In tho ovent of a war America would Win
'"a' f' Orr. President of tho Produoo Ex
rlinnut. snlri: " Althouch I think wo are very
seblo In our war equipments, nevertheless If
i'hlll hatreatod us with Indignity I hone the
United State will sen lo Itnnd Insist upon and
enforce proper protection and respect toward
her cltUcns abroad. I have always looked
upon this matter os one that oould bo paslly
settled by an Intorohnngo of views and
oulnlons without the untortunato ooudltlons
which attend war."
lioss Ernest Nathan said: Dy all means wo
should uphold tho honor of pur country. Ohlll
Is In the wrong and should be compnllodto
apologize nml mako rcdrois. It arbitration
Boss Hugh McLaughlin said: "Chill insulted
us and wlli not apologize. Arbitration baa
failed to give us our rights, when a man Is
right he Is entitled to fight, and especially Tor
hut la righteously hi a.'
F.vL'ongrcssman Felix Campbell sntd: I
faior peaco at all times unless ft Is paid for by
n nation's honor. Whon tho dignity of the
Vnltod States lsntstako.I soy maintain Itnt any
price. If Ohlll has refusod or neglected to sot
tie this difficulty amicably, then tho Govern
ment should tnko such action as will uphold
heforo tho world the honor and pluck of our
Mr. lFonryE,Plorropontsatd: "Delay In this
case would not result disastrously to tho
United btntes. If we had a, strong man thoro
as tho representative of ourtGovernment.thoro
it no douht but that a settlement could b
renched. If oil other means fall, then there
will probably bo war."
Mr. S.V. White dictated tho following: "In
answer to whether a war with Chill would
he justinablo under tho present clreurastanees,
1 think eiortthlng depends on what Ohlll is
goingto do about It in the imniedinte future.
Thero seems not to bo n roasonablo doubt that
our marines wero assaulted and murdered by
Chilian police, as woll aslbya mob of lawless
men. They wero singled out bocausethey
wore our uniform. The plain duty of our Gov
ernment is to make that uniform to be re
spected In the future. That should bo done
peacefully If we con. forcibly If wo must If
I'hlll will apologize and give an indomnlty to
those injured, thero should not be war and
i :ll not be.
"Concerning tho probabilities as to Chills
course, I hopo thero may bo good sense enough
tonvoldawar. but they aron hotheaded hit,
spoiling for a tlcht abroad to avort Insurrec
tion at home. And so there aro very grovo
reasons to apprehend hostilities. Do I ox poet
our Government to stand firm in Its demands ?
Of course it will stand firm. So far tho Ex
ecutlto has had all tho responsibility, and. in
deed, all tho Information. As soon ns tho
facts aro communicated to Congress tho re
sponsibility shuts, and thoro will not, in my
judgment, bo any divided sentimont. We have
many parties, but only ono country, and as
soon ns it Is apparent that our national honor
is Involved Congress will back tho Exocutlve
with men and money without limit.
"In regard tothooutcomo of tho war, I say
tlint for somo time Chill will inflict more dam
age on us than we will on them. Thoy have no
commerce to prey upon, nnd whllo ours Is not
largo compared with that of England and
Germany, it is very considerable. Wo fight
away from home they fight on their own ter
ritory. But when onco there Is tiro a to get
Milps and men to tho front. 3.000.000 aro not
a match for tiri.OOO.OOO. and of courso tho na
tional dignity will bo maintained. I shall ro
gretto see any war. But If it awakens our
people to tho necessity of proper coast defence-
and a fitting navy. It will Insure ub ficrm
now on an unending peace." "
The Honor ana Dignity of the Unites Statu
Must Bs Maintained.
Tho leading men of Jersey City aro almost
unanimous in tho opinion that the United
Statos Government should maintain its honor
and dignity In tho disputowlth tho Govern
ment of Chili, even if It becomos necessary to
resort to tho extremity of going to war.
Gen. William F. Abbett, a son of Gov. Abbett
and Judge Advocate-General of tho National
Ouard.sald yesterday: "I think .war should
bo declared against Chill unless proper apol
ogy and reparation is mndo by the Chilian
Government. The United Stales, with Its
present naval forco and Its resourcos, ought
not to back down from any nation on tho face
of tho earth when it Is In tho right It will bo
a lasting disgrace If our Government does not
insist on having thn wrong righted,"
what do I think of tho propriety of tho
united .States declaring war against Chili?"
asked Col. Charlus W. Fuller, repenting tjio re
porter's ouostlon. Col. Fullor is ono ot the
Prominent llepubllcans of Now Jorsey. Ho
has .served a ioim in tho Assembly and was
htatelbuperlntondont ot Education. " I think
It is a picayune business," he said after a mo
ment's hesitation. "If tho United State Is
polling for a light, why doesn't It tnko sorrio
bpdyof Itsslzo? This dlsputo seems to mo
like a mastiff growling nt iv pood I o, Bupposo
some sailors from n Chilian vossel landed hero
a Jersoy City, went on a rackot got into a
l Km. nud wore licked by somo ot our pooulo.
do you supposo Chill would bo justified in
sending liar uuvy hero nnd blowing us all irtto
in thcreeusV 1 think this dlsputo is only
child s play, and beneath the digultyot full
grown men."
tol. Samuel D. Dickinson, rostmastor of
Jersey City, said: "I think tho Unitod States
oughUlrbttobo suro It is right, und thou go
ahead, '
,'"' Gilbert P. Robinson, who was abrovot
lirlg.iillor-Gonornl onltho Union side during
the lato wur. said: "Thn American II. ic (iughfc
t ho ii protection to an American oilben In
iinv part of the world. Our Government is
altogether too slow. Theto hns boon a groat
Uc.il of timo wasted In dlplonmtlo corrospond
euco over this aflulr. If an American clflijn.
and especially a party of American sailors
wearing tho uniform of our nnvy. cannot land
on n foreign shorn without running the risk of
''In.tiittiipkcd and murdorod, then what pro
tection Is thero in Amerloan citizenship I Jin
c.iioivnrr Yes. tho Government should do
cl.iraw.tr without any further dillydallying."
lupt, Benjamin Murphy, nnothor votuinu ot
I-iI' war, ho Is now Chief of I'ollco of Jersey
uty.buld: "If swot n statements mado by our
siiiluisut tho examination beforo the Board of
oiikvrsof Sun Francisco uro trim, tho Govern
nii'Lt shoulit decline war ngninst Chill without
'my hesitation, unless Chill makes nmpUi
r.nuMi.t-i. Chill should bo Untight to terms. If
joi no other ic.iion than us a warning to othor
ii.uhuis ,,it American cltlzonsiiro always mid
I'lerivhi'ro under the protection of tho Amor-i-'ivMiv
und cannot bo assaulted with iux
I unity,"
.ilayor Orestes Clovelnnd Is opposed to war.
lie mm i ,o not think thn dlffnronoos exist
ing between tho United States nnd Chnfhovo
nmunmd suoh shnpo on pniiur yut as to mako
It wise or proper for us to declaro wur. Tho
J!.iJi"?'V0 cominunicatl.m his Ikioii ordoied
Jiithdrawii .mill I bolloio Chill dosires peace,
imier such circumstances it would not bo
i it for ,i gro.it nation llko tho Unllod States
.'au ,")' dec hirn war.' I know that certain
i.i publlcaiih duMm to proeiuitato h war. in tho
i'V:'v,i",iltwn.rY"ul'l '.,0 popular and would
,;',', f'hat party in again, but to doclaro wnr
ii Ihoutiiioiioi-effort to avoid It is no longer
! i J ,.'iC'.an,J ll,.u K1"0"1 moral sonso of tho poo.
Wo at this country la against war If it can lino
tni 'JZ .to a,l,,l,d' Tho party that preelpl
rw,anWarw'.""weillc.nntl" "ko Chill will
SSiin.?mcrCftt m'stnko. In my opinion. I ara
nSt ?.ir?xeSlit.ft ,l la"t resort, and I do
tlwtltaKoyet?' QU reached
iiotr iue w.ni ovli) bb rdvam.
Otn. llowsN Doesn't Think It Will Cnme,
nut TnlU Mow We'd Meet It.
Gen. 0. 0. Howard. Maior-Ooneral of the
Army, was scon at Governor's Island by a Bus
rejiortor yoMorday afternoon. IIo wns ap
parently more a!arruod.about tho fog tlmn tho
war cloud wliloh Is hovorlng ovor us. Ho did
mt ivniit tho wontlior to got to thick that It
would piovont his coming ovor to Xuw York In
ih evening to deliver his locturo 'on Gen.
nhcrman In the Scotch Church.
When askod what tho prospects were for a
'."L"1 ChiU' ho thought minute and then
V "k '"d,ftrtW,HiAl3tiULCaiWJt
all probable. But still It is within the realm ot
.roMibllltr. A war with England, or Russia,
or Spain, or Italy, or some ot the ambitious
lltllo Oovornmenta in the southern part of
North America is not likely to ocour. but.
hoTerthlos. It Is possible."
Gen. Howard said that the Insurgents ot
Clilllhid beon very muoh exerclsod over the
Itatn incident, nnd by our slow rocognl
ion of what appeared to thom to bo
their rights. Tho Slnto Department Is
laboring ullh wisdom and forbearance, ho
sa d. to settlo ninlcably nil dlfTorences
bt'liyeoii this eminlry nnd Chill, and ha thought
"no department's work would bo sticcessluL
But thoro is imlyono ultlmntonppc.il for tho
final disposition of a dlsputo llko this, if nil
".'."PR B.,nt arbitration should fall.
If Chill should hold out against every rea
spnublu argument." ho continued, "nnd .de
clare llmt sho had boon Improperly treatod: If
she should perpetrate such acts against us as
othor notions hnvo perpetrated at the begin
ning of war. then wur would bo declurod and
'entered unon."
Gnu. Howard believes that tho first thing
Chili would do would bo to ally herself with
som iMiverful nntlon.
NoW'i.lo moet aggrorslon from abroad."
Gen. Howard said, "a country situated on tho
sea should hnvo threo lines ot dofonco. First.
too navy Itself: second, forts, torpodoos. and
harbor- defence vessels, nnd third, tho army
proper, lnourcaso woaro partially supplied
with a navy: wo have some good guns ot old
pattern mounted at principal harbors, and u
number ot submarine, mines that could bo
ntlllted to shutout nnnemy. Then we have
all tho tugs, yachts, and harbor boats which,
Httcd up with n, long spar In front and somo
dynamite, could bo used to protsot the en
tmneA.to tho harbor. With those means ivo
might be nbla to keep an euemy outot our
Pacltlo coast harbors.
"Bntf assuming that thesn should not bo
enough, should an army attack fall, and fur
thon that ono harbor, Snn Diego, for Instance,
should como Into full possession ot tho enemy.
thejiaUold army would have to bo equipped
and organized In ordorto regain that harbor.
" Tho ultlmato dirootlon In which a hostile
foreewould act from San Diego would be up
tboeaast toward Snn Francisco, probably at
tacking San Franoisco at the same time from
thti's'c'a. In such a contingency tho Unltod
Btatos would couccntrnto troops as rapidly as
possible as neurtho front or tho enomy s action
as would bo safe, and mako a rapid movement
toward 1.0 a Angeles. Probably. liowovor, that
place would fall into tho hairds of an enemy
before we could gathor thoro a sufficient num
ber of troops to act against no invading army.
Then wo might concentrate on tho linoot tho
Southern Pacille Railroad, south ot San Fran
cisco nnd tho Sncramonto Valley.
" Via havo nvallablo, probably, not more than
10.000 troops of our present regulnr array for
suoh a campaign. Tho remainder of tho troops
.would bo needed whero thoy aro now stationed
to guard tho people from local troubles
or foreign attacks. Consequently, tho
States would bo called upon to furnish
mon to meet tho foe. A few States would sond
us woll-drlllod militia, but they would bo un
accustomed to field service and campaigning.
Nearly all of tho Statos. however, could furnish
us nothing hotter than raw recruits. Asa re
sult, wo would suffer tho greatest loss ot life
nt Urst.
" Our plrie would bo to confine tho enemy
within ns closo limits as possible until by
equipping and drilling our green forces wo
should ho strong enough to mnko an oggres
sIVo light While we might bo defeated In ono
or more engagements, oventually wo would
cortalnly drive any hostilo forco that could
probably bo landed on our shores. Tho at
tempt , however, would necessarily cost us
many lives and millions of dollars In money
because of our unprepared condition.
" Wo hnvo made groat strides in the last five
or ten years toward this preparation so far as
our navy is concerned. Wo are also making
fair progress so far as forts, torpedoos, and
harbor-rTejenoe vessels aro concerned. Wo
hnvo superb sets of breech-loading mortars
that cover a wide Held of approach and far out:
wo hnvo splendid brooch-loading cannon ot
thn. largest rango and grentost ponetrating
power: ivn havo swift nnd suro torpedo boats:
wo havo formidable floating batteries, and wo
hnvo sencoaut guns which spring up like
magic, do their work, and then run to Instant
"But our movable army lain just the same
condition as to numbers nsitwas twenty years
ago. The largo number of trained soldiers
who camo out of the war of tho robolllon havo
riks'ed nway or aro too old to tnko part In any
uturo military operations. So wo must be
gin, should a war come, at the very beginning
and go vory slowly In order to prepare an ef
fective army, aud then mobilize It."
Gen. H. L. Abbot. President of tho Engineers'
Corps, wns found In his oftlco. sitting before a
groat map of North America nnd playing upon
a typewriter. He wns preparing a report which
he was to tnko to Washington In the afternoon,
and had timo only to say: "Wo can lick Chill
or any othor country without any trouble."
I.leut.-Col. Wood. Ailmtant-Gonernl ot the
United States rpcruitlne serilco. snld: "I
ioirtrftiink that thero will be a wur. War Is a
terrihlo thing, nnd n great many men would
be killed on both sides. If there Is an honora
ablo way to got out ot this troublo wo
ought to find It, Thero are two sides to
evory question, nnd until the full corre
spondence In this Chilian matter Is laid before
us wovought to witho'd n dotlnlto opinion.
Thn longer tho thing is loft alone the easier it
will be arranged. In my opinion."
Net York Hn 14,000) and the Country Mao
1 00,000 Trained Militiamen.
A'dj't.-Gen. Porter was not sharpening his
sword or loading his pistols yosterday when a
Sum reporter found htm, because they did not
need it Tho New York State troops, number
ing now about 13.000, woll equipped and well
drilled mon. could bo massed in this olty with
in twonty-four hours. Just exactly what could
he done with them after thoy wero hero is an
unsettled quostlon. Some of the Notional
Guardsmen assert that thoy enlisted for duty
in this Stato, and that tho President has no
powor to order them out of tho State. If theso
National Guardsmon will consult tho United
States Itovlsed Statutes on this subject thoy
will find that tho President can order the Stato
troops out to ropel an Invasion; in ensoot re
bellion against the laws ot tho United States
or to enforce tho Federal Inws In a State, or It
ono State asked for assistance he mny call out
thomllltlaof any oilier Stato to givothat as
sistance. Tho President Is commander-in-chief
ot tho uraiy nml nnvy and militia of tho
United States. Whether this means that the
Stito troops In tho nvontof a, war with n foreign
cmintry could bo called upon for servlco out
bldo of thn Unltod btates is u question that hus
Ui'ver boon testod.
"I don't think that tho Now York troops
would' bo called on for such scivlce." said
Adjt.-Ooti. Portor yesterday. "Personally I
nm In favor ot strong mensuroson tho part of
thn United States unless ('hill makes sutls
fiHtory reparation. From purely selfish mo
tives I supposo that llui navy out! thonrmy
and ninny of tho members of tho National
uuard iioulil llko to sen hiicIi a war declared.
When tho llidieiy disputes wero under consid
eration wo reooned n eiiiiiiiiuiilcation from tho
Secrotiry of War unking how many Stnto
trooim could bo massed at Ogdunsbiirg. on
tho northern boundary of tho Stato. and our
reply was 10.000. At thn present moment
tliu National (iiiiird of this State could
tnko the Held nt onco without any prelimi
nary drill or instruction. Tho innmliois
ol tho National Guard h.ivn been receiving
tivury year I'M-nlloiit distinction In practical
camp wurk nt lVekskill. and they would know
oMictly what to do in uti netuiil campaign. I
tV) not suppose that It is tho purpose nf tho
Government to Increase tho standing iirmv.
nnd Hi cusii of war tho next ln.t thing tntho
regulars would ho tho Mntotioopn of which
thero ii en now mom than loo.OOO.
Tho me inborn nf the National Guard, ns a
liilo, inn mon of Intelligence, and a littlnex
loilfhco in actual warl.un would mako excel
lent soldiers of tliuiu. Intelligence nnd hruv
ery for nf cnuisu otoiy man Ih biipnonod to ho
liriivo to a degree, Im't ho Is not nil. however.
Thn host liloiid of tho country wns represented
nt Bull Klin, but (hero was lack of discipline,
nnd, tho mon did not know what to do.
Tho members of thu National Guard now
da know what, to do, and all that thoy
noed is experience. I do not supposo
tlrntln the o wilt of u war thoy would hnoulol'od
out. butlt Is posslhlo thut on u call for volun
teers separate oigiiiiizatlons In tho guard
would volunteer. At any rate a discussion ns
to the actual inlue ot our Statu 1 1 oops mid what
they may bo called unon to do In un emergency
Is of Interest nnd vnfiie."
Adjt.-Oen. Porter's last rcpoit shows that tho
Nntlonnl Guard ot this Stato consists of four
teen mgimonts. ono battalion, nnd forty-live
seprato. companies of Infantry. Ilvo bnttoiius
of artillery. one troop of cavalry, and thieo
signal corps. Thisrepoit showsttiiit thornnro
TiHofllcoirt und lU.ra:i enlisted mon, making
an aggregate of 13,743 officers and men. The
Naval llesorve has boen mustered into tho
National Guard since this report was Issued,
and'brlngs tho total up to more tlmn 14,000
Chill Is Too (Small a Nation, Ha Says, for
Vm to Attach,
Dr.Tr.oiT, Jan. 18. Tho Tribum publishes an
authorized Intorvlow with Gen. It. A. Alger,
who hns just returned from Washington.
Abkod nbout tho Chilian war talk, ho said:
"i'ltero Is a good deal of it In Washington,
and war tuny bo thooutcomn of the present
situation. The army and nnvy aro naturally In
favor of It, and their Influence Is bolng folt.
Wnr preparations always excite tho masses of
the people, too, and tho war policy le apt to bo
temporarily popular on that account. But It
does not soera to me that we have yet oxhaust
dJSaJtlmato Qd proper nmnj for effecting"
8 sacoful settlement nf our difficulties with
hilt We are a nation of 05.000.000 intel
ligent, wide-awake, woll-sovernod people, and
wo aro proposing to go to war with a country
whoso whole population docs not number morn
than 2,700.000, which Is many thousands of
miles away from us, and whloli is. In fact, so
intorlor to tho United States that war with It
scorns almost llko trespass upon our owntllg
nlty. It soouis to mo that it would bo both
prudent nnd proper to sond a commission to
i'hlll. provlous to n determination to begin
hostilities, with a view of thus securing ample
repnrutlon nnd avoiding an appeal to arms,
which would probably snorlllcc not less than
10.0(H) lives and cost $300,000,000."
" Whnt If thn eommlsslou failed ?"
"Wnr would then bo lnovltnblo of course,
and I only refer to tho matter of appointing n
commission ns n means of honorably avoiding
hostilities. Tho Unltod States is commlttod to
the polloy of arbitration. 1 would not lowor
the dignity of. tho American ling, but simply
urge that wo Hie up to a standard whloli wo
have ourselvns set. Thoro has boen ono good
result, however, of the war senre. It has con
vinced our people of the nocesslty tor a strong
navy, and 1 nm glnu ot It"
Not lormlrfahU Except Upon Paper, but
Made Up of Fighters.
The Chilian nrruy Is formidable only on pa
per. In 188.1 it contained two regiments ot
artillery, tan battalions ot Infantry, nnd threo
reclmonts ot cavalry, with 1,023 officers and
12,450 men. By the law ot 1894. howsvor. this
establishment was reducod. and limited to
10.410 mon at most.
In 1801 the strength otthe standing army on
paper had fnllon to 307 officers nnd 5,710 men,
organized In olght battalions of Infantry, two
roglmontsof field artillery, throe regiments
of cavalry, one battalion of sappers, and ono
battalion ot coast arttllory. The effe-ctlvo
strength of this army, however, was estimated
by a Gorman Colonel last year ns only ".305
men. for during 1890 no fewer than 1,158 had
Thore is universal liability to service In
Chill, and thoreforo thero is tho fiction of a
"people's army," such as is supportod in
Franco and Germany, but in fact most soldlors
nro pressed Into the sorvlce and aro paid to
stay In it. whllo exortlng all their political in
fluence to got out When political lnfluonco
falls, an unwilling soldior merely takes his
caso Into his own hands and doserts, ns tho
figures just quoted show.
Tourists in Chill frequently havo much to
say about tho. strength and efHclenoy of tho
tiro dopnrtmonts In the largo cities thoro. 1 ho
explanation of this is that every 11 re man is
exempt from military service. As It Is not
customary In Chill, howover. ns It is on tho
Continent to drill thn flro and poltco organiza
tions for sorvlce In the field, tho Chilian lire
mon would not bo any moro available font war
than tho rawest recruits from tho provinces.
Besides Its 2.305 regulars the Chilian Gov
ernment has. In times of peace, a National
Guard of 4H.00'J men and 2,110 officers, to
which every Chilian able to bear arms Is sup-
fiosed to belong. Tho National Guard, like
ho regular army, is much moro considerable
on paper than In reality. At tho beginning of
last year It wns estimatod to contain but 27.000
men and 1.055 officers, poorly drilled and
armod and almost undisciplined. This force
Is divided among thirty-four regiments ot
Infantry and threo soparatn companies, eleven
squadrons of cavalry, and a fow old-fashioned
"Thn organization of tho Chilian army." wrote
a GormanmllltnryauthorltylastFebruary. "Is
n pretty wrotched affair, and patriotio Chilians
have long urged a thorough reform. Tho
training Is hardly bettor than the organiza
tion. So. for Instance tho cnvalry ts drilled
according to tho Spanish systom of 1807. On
tho other hand, tho weapons nf tho regular
army are sufficiently modern. Tho field artil
lery has Krupp guns, and the lnfnntry has
Mnnnllchor rltlos. Tho ammunition factories
nnd repair shops are under tho supervision ot
German officers." ... . .
Not tho least of the serious defects of tho
Chilian army is that it hns an amazingly largo
number of commissioned officers. livery bat
talion has ono Colonel, two Majors, and two
Captains. Tho chnngo, moreover, from tho
fieaco formation to tho war formation has been
n no way provided for.
Thowenknossof tho Chilian army is moro
tho result of poor management of War Minis
ters and Inspectors General than of lack of
good material. Tho Chilian soldlors are' fair
lighters, ns TiO.OOO of thom showed In tho war
with Bolivia and Peru somotwelvo yonrs ago.
Tlieynre. besides, hardy and uncomplaining,
and of phenomenal endurance. In tho last
wnr the Chilian infantry did somo astonish
ingly good marching. Marches of thirty
or thirty-three miles n day, beyond tho
power of the highly trni nod European troops,
woro for thom nothing extraordinary.
Tho caialry showed similar ability to
withstand fatigue. Marching day and night it
several times covorcd sixty or moro miles ut a
stretch. The secret ot this endurance of thn
mountod soldiers is thnt every Chilian is nt
homo on horseback and that every horeo. whon
ridden at a gallop, tho only gait of tho Chilian
cavalry, has almost inexhaustible strength.
Because the Chilians nro famous riders, how
ever, it is not correct to draw tho Inference
that they arn poor pedestrians. This is shown
not only by the work of tho infantry In tho wnr
with Poru, but also by tho records of tho
couriers and professional runnors. Tho latter
otten cover forty-flvo or fifty miles a day. al
though carrying burdens ot forty pounds on
their shoulders. That from such material
lino soldiers can be mado is self-evident
The Available Veeeela at Command la Case
or War.
Chill's best war vessel, and the only one
which gives our nnvy nny concorn, is the Cnpl
tan Prat: and fortunately this has not yet come
into her possession, being still under con
struction at Les Forges et Chantiors de la
MtSditcrrantio ot Toulon. Tho Prat Is an ar
mored stool battlo ship ot 0,000 tons displace
ment, a littlo larger, thorofore. than our
Malno, nnd was launched Dec. 20.1800. It is
belloved that sho Is now complete with tho ex
ception of rocoivlng hor battery. Sho has a
belt of 12 Inchos of stool, and is credited with
a spoed of 10 knots. Hor powerful armament
inciudos. In tho first plucc, four OX inch Cnnot
brooch-loading rifles mounted in bnrbotte
turrets, ono forward, one aft and one on each
sldo amidships. Contrnl loading tubas enablo
those guns to be londed in nny position, and
the thoroughly modorn chnractor of tho vossel
Is shown by the substitution ot electricity
for hydrnulio powor in working tho guns
and turrets, whllo tho latter can bo workod
also by hand in caso of nood. In addition
thoro are eight 4Mnch Canet rnpld-flro guns,
mountod on spoclnl carrlagos in pairs, in
closed turrets, two on each sldo of tho ship.
Thosocarrliites also can bo oporatcd either
by hand or by electricity. The secondary
battery consists of sovon Maxim machine
guns, six revolving cannon, and eight rnpld
flro guns of small callbro. together with four
Canet torpedo tubos. Taking together her
speed, hor armor protection, nnd her gicat
battery powor, the Capltan Prat surpasses any
thing that wo havo at prosent ready to moot
her. Tho quostlmt whether sho will ho do
llvcred to Chill by hor contractors before tho
nutbicak of hostilities, supposing that war
should actually occur, is a highly Important
ono. If sho should not ho so dellvoind, she
would ho of no uso to tho Chilians, since shn
would undoubtedly bo detained by tho Fiuneh
Two othor new vessels. launched nt I.a
Seyno in Juno and Soptnmper. 1800. nro tho
President!) Krrazuriz mid Pioldonto Pluto,
Theso havo been delivered to Chill nml mo
ready for son Ico. Thoy aio protected ciulsers
of 2,080 tons displacement, or just nbout that
of tho Detroit and her sister ship launched
recently at Baltimore, Thoy ham it length , if
'.'OS feet by n breadth of '.Wi. ami am built fur
spoed. Tho Urrnzurl?. In trials under induced
draught, ran six times over the measured
coifse of 1U,' nautical miles, unit hor uiei.igo
speed was 18 2-5 knots. Under iiuttiial
draught tho ronuhes 17W knots, 'i'bo two ves
sels aro certainly speedy, and it is snld that
they can steam 4,500 knots nt the rale of 12
knots per hour, without reconllug. They havo
batteries of rapid lire guns, but wo have plenty
ot much moro powerful vessels to taku euro of
Tho Esmeralda was considered in her day
tho best all-around crulsorof hor typo alioat.
Sho was launched In Juno. 1883, nt thn estab
lishment of Sir William Armstrong ,t Co, bho
is a protected cruiser ot 2,810 tons displace
ment, and originally carried tiro 10-inch and
six (Mnch Armstrong guns, it has slncn been
snld thnt tho heavier guns did nut vvoil; well
nnd wero replaced by olhers, Shu has, ,i
com so. u n auxiliary battory. This was tho
vessel that was sent to convoy tho Itnta in tho
San Diego affair, and there was no little specu
lation as to tho result of a hostile meeting be
tween her and the Charleston, when the latter
ROYAL is the only Baking
Powder Absolutely Pure.
dovolop about 0,500 horso powor, giving her n
speed of olghtoen knot.
Tho Atmlrnnto Coohrnno ot 3.500 tons. Is a
casom'atcd battlo ship, built at Hull in 1874.
from doslgns of Mr. K. J. Heed. Sho was a
sister ship ot tho Blanco Kiicnlnda, which was
sunk by ft torpedo In Cnldcra harbor last April.
Tho former ossol husn new armament, con
sisting of flvu 8-lndi 14-ton Armstrong breech
londors In the gun-deck, casemate, whllo a
sixth originally belongod to tho bntlery but
proved defective Sho also has a numbor ot
notahktss rnpld-flro guns and ' rovolving
cannon in her socondnry battory. Sho has
two abovo-water torpodo tubos forward and
ono aft with a sparo tubo oarrted amidships. It
wan reported somo time ago that tho Blanco
Encalndawas to bo ralBod.lt possible, hut It
remains to bo suon whether Chill will attempt
to uso hor again. At all events, hor mate, the
Cochrane Is an effective ship, with her good
battery and hor ll-lneli armor at tho wator
lino: but sho is too slow, her engines develop
ing only 2.000 horso power, and giving her a
speed of nbout twolvo knots.
Tho Hnascar Is an iionclad of about 2.000
tons displacement, captured from Peru, In
1870. SliowaB built in 1805. nnd has but 4!.
Inch armor nt tho water line, with OS nnd 8
inches on tho turrot Sho carries two 12-ton
Armstrongs nnd two 40-voundors, is slow and
altogothor not formidable, ..,..
The principal othor war vessels of Chill aro
hor torpodo craft, and in theso she grently ox
cols our navy. Most notloeablo among thom
nro the pair of torpedo cruisers, tho Almlranto
Lynch nnd Almlranto Condoll. Thoy wore
launched by the Laird Brothors early In 1800.
and tho former promptly distinguished horselt
last year, shortly after, hor complotion, by
sinking tno Blanco Kncalada, as already men
tioned. Thoy hnvo a length of 240 feet n beam
nf 27.'. nnd a drought not exceoding 10 feet
Thoy have 38 wator-tlghtcompnrtmentB.a con
trnl bulkhead, separating the two onglno
rooms nnd tho two seta of tiollers. Tho follow
ing additional description Is given ot thom by
our Bureau ot Naval Intelligence:
The nmolilnery space it protected by steel bnlkbeidL
vtenillngfrom bllire in trunwnle, sntl tormlnirtbecnal
lmnker. Two pair ut trlple-expanilon ennlnea give
4.G0O 1. II. P. ana an eitlmated speed ot tweuty-one
lottery: Tbree HotchtUs 14-ponniler R. F. O, two
on tbo foreraMle ami one art; rouru-pounder It. it. r.
and tnlntlln. Five torpedo tubei aro ntteJ, ouein
the low and four on broadside.
Themi t ! bnve g-nod freeboard at tbe endi. high
platform torthutiow and stern gunsbelnireeoured by a
topgallant rorecaetle nnd half poop which g-tve ample
apace for the accommodation ot orQccrs and men.
In thelrtrlals tho Lynoh made a mean spoed
of nearly 21 H knots, whllo tho Condell appar
ently did still bettor, slnco In a throo hours'
run at sea, with most unfavorable weather,
with heavy wind and rough wator. sho se
cured 21H knots undor mi Indicated horso
power of 4,350. In hor trials for coal endu
rance n continuous run of six hours at elovon
knots gavo a consumption of only eighty-eight
pounds por knot so that at this rato tho Con
dell hns a steaming radius ot 2.500 miles, with
a normal coal supply of 100 ton".
Besldos theso two vessels Chill has ton flrst
class torpedo bouts and two socond class, and
a goodly supply of Whitehead torpodoes.
which sho has latolyaugmented. There Is no
doubt whatever that she Is better oqulpped
than our forces In this particular, but our
shlps would profit by tho exporlonco oMMn
Blanco Kncalada, which did not take suitable
precautions against a surprise and also WKs
poorly manned.
The O'HIggln". a wooden corvottoof 1.100
tons, built In istt7.wns ilnmngod in an engage
ment with tho Valparaiso forts last year. The
Mugellanos. a composite gunboat of 050 tons,
built in 1874. nnd carrying ono 7-inch ride and
some rapid-fire guns, was damaged at Chaflitral
last April in an engagement with the Lynch,
tho Condell. nnd thu Snrjonto Aldea. but drove
them all off. Tho Aldea. n 70-ton torpedo
boat, wns nearly blown to pioccs In this light
The Clmcabuco. of 1,100 tons, nnd thoAbtao.
of about tho samo displacement, an unarmored
corvotto, carrying small batteries, and with
them mny be put the Pilcomnyo of 000 tons.
Perhaps a word should bo given to tho armed
transports. Tho Imperlnlo. of 2,700 tons and
3.(ioo horse powor. with a speed said to bo 10
knots, wns hullt at Birkenhead. In 1880. for
tho Companla Sud Americana de Vaporos.
Sho was seized by Balmacoda and supplied
with a battery of twelve guns, threo of them
rapld-llring. Thn samo company owned tho
Bio Bio. of 713 tons displacement, built
nt Glasgow in 188, and also our old
acqualntnneo tho Itnta. of 1.70(1 tons, built
at Liverpool in 1873. A third vessel
nt this company, tho Malpo. built at Glasgow
In 1SS2. of 2.2Ij tone, was captured by tho
Congress party from Balmaceda under tho
guns of tho Valparaiso forts. Two othor ves
sels, used as armed transports last ynar. and
holonging to tho Pacillo Steam Navigntlon
Company, wero tho Iron steamer Chiloo of
2.300 tons, and tho Aconcagua of 4.100 tuns.
Tho latter is said to havo 14 li knots speed.
Sho was Injured In thoCnldera light wltli tho
Lynch nnd Condoll.
Somo minor craft such ns the school ships
for tho naval collngo at Valparaiso, which hus
nlnoty cadets, ana tho despatch nnd sailing
vessels, nood not ho mentioned in detail. Tho
porsonnol of tho Chilian navy consists of nbout
Summing up tho wholo matter, thn Prat Is a
300 officers and about 1,000 sub-officers and
really formidable vessel, but Is the only one
that nood glvo us much concern. Tho Coch
rane. Lsmernlda. Krrnzurlz. and Pinto, with
thn torpedo fleet headed by tho Lynch mid
Condell. would cortainly hnvo to bo looked out
for. but thoy would bo quite overmatched by
our vossels.
The forces that can be Immediately brought
to bear on our sldo against Chill comprise, to
begin with, n dozen modorn steel unarmored
vessels of the protected crulsor typo, mount
ing moro than 100 high-power, broooh-loudlng
ritlos ot tho (1-Inch and 8-Inch calibre.! in
fact our only steel cruiser which has not been
mndo available for this purpose is tho small
est of them, tho Petrel, which, with her four
guns, hns beon sent off to China.
Beginning llrst with tho vossels now In tho
Pacillo. ready to bo concentrated along tho
Chilian const, wo hnvo tho Baltimore, of 4.400
tons, carrying four 8-lnoh ana six 0-Inch guns ;
thn Charleston, of 3.730 tons, carrying two
8-lnch and six O-inch guns: tho San Francisco,
of 4.083 tons.cariylngtwelvo (1-inch guns; tho
Boston, of 3,100 tons, carrying two 8-Inch and
six (1-Inch guns: tho Yorktown, of 1,703 tons,
carrying six il-inoh guns. All these vossels
nro well supplied with rapid flro and machine
guns In their secondary bnttorics.und all havo
good spoed, tho Charleston being classed as
nn IS-knot shin nnd tho San Francisco und
Ball i more ns lu-knot ships.
Turning from thesn vessels on tho Pnclflo
station to AdmliallWnlker's squadron now nt
Monteildeo, roady to proceed to Chill through
the M raits of Magellan, wo find It Including
tho flagships Chicago, 4.500 tons, with her
splendid battery powor of four 8-Inch mid
eight 0-inch guns: the Atlanta, of 3,100 tons,
with twoS-lucli and six 0-Inch guns; tholloii
nlngton, of 1.703 tons, with six d-luoh guns.
All llieso aro modern steel vessels, and wo
need nut reckon tbo wooden craft on that sta
tion thu Ks-iex, 1,375 tuns, und tho luntle.
BOO ton.
Tim third squadron Is that of Bear Admiral
Baiiernlt (lliernrdi, which is now stationed at
the West Indies, ready also to be sent forward
it needed. It Includes the Philadelphia, 4.324
Iniis, lil knots speed, nml twelve iMiieh rlllos;
the Neiiiiik. 4.H8.I tuns, and also earning
twi lieil-iuch lilies, now lifting nut nt .Soilolk
In ii'lu the Hiiinidrnii: tlinConcnul, 1,703 tons,
with sK (Much guns. To till- squadron nlso
belongs the famous old wooden ship Hear
sui'.'ic which sent the Alabama to tho bottom.
Bc'l'leh tliCMi vessels wo h.ivniiii thu Pacltlu
coast the iiiipiiitunt baibetto-lurrot eoant de
fender Mnutoioy. of 4,048 tons, hhn is tho
malt laigclv lolled upon to tncklo the l'rat.
She has less speed than Mm latter, being de
signed only for sixteen knots: but sho carries
n tremendous buttery of two l'-Mnch nnd two
lo-lii.'li guns. Tho former propel nn 850
pouiid Piujecliln with a churgo of 435 pounds
nf powder, They ma carried In the forward
luriel. which I iiiotecteil by steel plates four
teen Inches thick, whllo Mm 10-Inch gnus
will bn in the niter timet, protect
ed by llvluch plutc. The hull minor
uf this vessel Is Hi inches at the mai
iiium, a hum' distance amidships, coveting the
eiuiues ami ii'iiga,:ines. IVu waul ami aft tho
thickness it. decreased, ll alsiit.ipors amid
slilpi. Iioiii 10 Inches at Mm top down lo il
inches. This ves-el call bo luade ready, it l,.is
been re potted, within two iiiouthi'.iind in fact
she evpcels to Im toady In ample season to
meet tho Pi.lt. should hostilities come
Uu the Atlantic const vie have Mm Mi.intono
mnh, nf :i.i:ni tons, carrying In her turiets four
lo.lni'li liieeeh loading lilies. She has a less
filed ho. u unit protection than thn Prat, her
inu.iliium plating, which Is on tho turrets,
being 11' indies, But something of an offset
Is furnished In tier low Ironliu.iid. She Is. Ill sf
nfiill, intended for hathnr defence, but If tho
Pi at proceeds from Franco to Chill sho may bo
found following In that direction. In her lim
ber defenco work sho Is to be aided by tho
single-turret monitors. Sumo of theso aro
already getting leudy for sorvlce. and It is
pioliublo that ut least hiiirndozeiiof them, nnd
put Imps mote, will bo filled up. Supplied with
sunlit uf Mm sui plus H-lnch and U-lnch guns
Mieyiun liciif evcellerit seivien as harbor de
remit is. being iibhi tvilli their light iliiiiipht to
gn into w.iluis where u licaiy hum.. ad cannot
Wo should also by no moans give the
Chilians a monopoly of torpedo work, since tho
NlcboUon's liquid Bread, tbe famom malt tonlo, la a
liquid food for the aid ani an Inrlioratlnf tenia for
tbeianfoid. TbimeitpoDiUx article ex UnkUo, Try
H TOttTMU-sm, . . ..... ..
Vesuvius, tho Gushing, and the Alarm are be
ing fitted up for thnt purpose, nnd the. supply
of Howell and Whitohoad torpedoes hurried
forward. Ofonrwoodon vessols, tho Iroquois,
Mohican, and others could aid, If necessary,
and tho nteol Dolphin would take part as a
despatch vessol. Merohant vessels would also
bo fitted out both as transports and as armed
Thu upshot of the whole mailer is that otic
navv would be abundantly able to take earn nf
the Chilians, even with tho services of the Prat
conceded to them. Should n happy nnd poaun
fill settlement end tho presont trouble, as wo
must slnoorely hope, our navy will neverthe
less havo had n most valuable experience lu
tho art of getting ready In a hurry for possible
Monitors at 'Cent-tie Island Ordered to he
Prepared for tJervlee.
PntUDEtrniA, Jan. 18. After ygarsof com
parative idlenoss, tho Leaguo Island Navy
Yard to-day began to show signs of llfoand In
dustry, In puraunncoot orders from Washing
ton tho formidable monitor Montauk will ho
prepared at onco for sorvlce. A forco ot men
wns put to work this morning, sufficient to
oqulp t ho vessel for son In throo weeks, though
Cart Coghlin, acting commandant at the Isl
land, said thnt It urgent nocesslty requlrod It
the Montauk could bo equipped In a week.
Capt Coghlan added that the two other mon
itors at League Island, the Nahant and Jason,
could also be gotton ready for service In a
week. Though the orders from the Navy De
partment wero brief and unexplained, tho of
ficers at the yard naturally construo them ai
bearing on the Chilian troubles.
"Tho Montauk," ho said, "has not been ont
of tho water for elghteoii years, and sho is a
vessol with only her engines and suns aboard.
That is to say, sho is dismantled, as thero was
no occasion during a long period ot Idlenoss to
havo her equipped. Sho is preserved as well
as It is possible for any boat to be. In ordor to
presorvo the engines it is necessary to sop
aratomanyof tho parts, and it Is almost like
building n now onglno to put them togethor.
It will tnko fifteen men threo weokstodolt.
As I havo Inferred. In caso of omorgoncy wo
could put her In condition in a woek. Tho
guns havo ajways been kept in order. She has
two of them, and they are rilled guns, nnd
throw a 15-lnoh shell. It would tuko ono woek
to put tweuty-flvoor thirty tons of ammunition
in tho vessel. Tho powder is put in bags, oach
charge ready for the gun, and the shells aro in
ensos. Wo havo no orders yot to put in nm
munition. The Montauk Is 1,875 tons displace
ment The complement ot each ship Is from
100 to 181) officers and men."
Capt. Coghlan was asked whether the de
partment would bo likely to sond the monitors
to Chill In caso of wnr. Ho said It would be
dangorous to do so. Ho regarded thom as
being admirable as means of const and harbor
defence, hut it would entail groat expense to
tnko thom to South America and would also
consume muct timo.
.. " loUw-Halirojinrt of theChief of theBuroau
of Ordinance." said Capt Coghlan. " thoro was
provision malloto disarm the monitors of their
10-inch smooth-boro guns nnd aubstituto the
latost pattern Sand 10 inch projectile throw
ers, but I think. If thoro is going to he a war.
thn prosent armament will be employed."
Thoro nro eighteen monitors owned by tho
United States Government Seven aro at
Bichmond, throo at I.eagua Island, ono at
Brooklyn, one at Annapolis, und ono at Maro
Sav Francisco. Jan. 18. The crulsor Balti
more now at Maro Island Navy Yard, has re
ceived orders to leave on Wednesday for tho
South. Sho will go direct to Acanulco orC'al
lao without a stop. Nothing can be learned to
show that she will be joined by thn Charleston
or the San Francisco now at San Diego. Capt.
Schley mid nil tho officers of the Baltimore,
whoso crulso has expired, have asked to be re
assigned to tho ship, on the understanding
that trouble will occur with Chill. Nearly all
tho time-expired sailors on the cruiser havo
nlso reCnllsted on a similar understanding. It
is nlso stated that tho Mohican, ft wooden ves
sel, hns beon ordored to loava in a day or two
for Panama. Tho Mohican is now nt Mare
Island nearly ready tor sea.
PUnalng o Wake Tugn Warlike The War
Fever at Man Diego,
Sav Francisco. Jan. 1R Although Com
mandant Bonham ot tho Mnro Island Navy
Yard denies It orders hnve boen received hero
for all officers on shore loave to report at onco
to tho Admiral of the Facifla squadron for
Four officers are stationed at the Union Iron
Works supervising the construction of tho
Oregon and Monterey. These aro Naval Con
structor B. W. Steele. AsslstantNaval Construc
tor A. W. Stab!. Chlof Englneor F. Kutz. nnd
Lieut Flynn. inspector ot electrio light
ing. A well-known naval officer snld this
aftornoon Mint a "rush" telegram had been
received by these officers from Washington
on 8aturdny aftornoon to report Immedi
ately to Admiral Brown for special duty.
Admiral Brown is now on tho San Francisco
nt Snn Diego, and the officers have already
reported to him by telegraph and are now
making nrrangoments to leave for San Diego ns
early as possible. Tho San Francisco tins her
full complement of offieors. so tho orders nat
uially glvo riso to tho impression thnt somo
Immediate action Is going to be taken by the
United States Government.
Despite denials that tho Government is
looking after Spreckols's new tug Fearless.
Admiral Irwin nnd Cnpt Schley wore again at
tho Union lion Works on Saturday nnd In
spected tho monster tugboat. Tho Captain
was particularly pleased with the Fearless,
nnd said bho would mako a splendid toipedo
The only thing nooded. ho said, was to nut
protective armor over tho eugine room. The
tug can bo completed In about two weeks. Sho
Is 102 foet in length. 20fenttn breadth of beam,
nnd has it depth of hold of 18 feot. Sho has
it splendid electrio search light nnd could
mount two or throo 0-Inch guns. Hor Indi
cated horso powor Is between 1,100 nnd 1.200,
nnd sho can steam 10 knots un hour and carry
coal forallfty-dny trip.
Thn naval reserve here has established a
bureau of naval intelligenoe. nnd every effoit
Is being mndo to get nil Information regarding
San Francisco Bay, Its strong and weak points.
Mm beat place for nn ongngumoiit, if
such a thing bn unavoidable, where to
lav torpedoes, Ac. A canvass will bu
also made of vessels In port to estimate the
number nf available ships that could bo used
In case nf war. what tugs oould bo converted
into torpedo boats, their coaling and steaming
rapacity, nml, in fact, over) thing port. lining to
luit'.il warfare.
At San Diego thoy hnvo tho wnr fever very
badly. Gen. I). 1- Coon opened to-day n re
cruiting olllco for tho llr.-t brigade nf volun
teeis font war In Chill. Tho town Is wild over
the reports from Washington.
Tho cruiser I'liaileston Is not expected to
lenvn before to-morrow. At Maro Island 1.000
tons of coal aro being put aboard the Balti
more. A largo foiconf machinists und copper
smiths uro working on her.
Ilrrw 86XO Irnm flunk and Disappeared,
Albeit L Coles has been missing from ids
home. nt0o2 Tinton incline, sinco last Thurs
day. He was in business ns n mnnufactu
i or of sllterwmo for thirty.two yonis
mid lotired a few yc.iri. ago. He went lo tin)
I'liion IiliiioS.iilngs Haul; and drew f2fio nn
tho day heillbappeaieil. Ho has a wife and a
sop. Alt:-. Coles called at Pollen lleaduiliiiters
yesterday anil had a geueial alarm scut out.
'idiis was uuortoil ni liitoNlcntlnn and nr
riigued at thu .IcITeisnii Market Com t last
ln,l jy and i.i dUchaiged.
Dr. MrUonlcle Sets a (Slay.
Justico Dikruan Imnded down a decision
this morning granting a stay of conviction and
judgment of iiffirmunco In the case of Dr. Mo
Ooulgle. who was tiled and convicted uf man
slaughter in causing the death of Annlo Good
win liy malpractice. Tho Judgo grants the
stay pending un appeal. Ho also continues
the bail bond,
I'osli Dead Between Ike Track n.
Patilck Murphy of Hastings lived at Trenton
6tioct, Yonkers, nnd was n brakem.in oil tho
Now York Central. Ho was fouml lying dead
between tho tracks ut Sixty-seventh htieet
mid Ninth liner nt 0 o'clock last
night. No ono seems to know how he met his
death. The tulliond men report that he was
crushed to death whllo coupling cars. There
uro no visible injuries.
t.ASt'uJ,t'..e,00S i! . 8"f"5i row
bialib. A bottle at Mao's Core for CouiBSUta SrUl
L..jffj'it.i??iiLu. Mogiy "-ff?? i
A Menallfnl Hpeetaele Presented In the Had.
leon Hqunre Harden Aanentbly Roome-i.
Sir Moger De Coeerlejr Danced and n Colli.
Inn End the Evening.
Tho youth nnd beauty of Now York society
braved tho Inoloment weather last night to
wltnoss In tho Assembly lloomsln the Madison
Squaro Gardon n spectacle which had been
tho chlof themo of Mr. Ward McAllister, morn
ing, noon and night, slnco tho last Newport
Benson, shortly after tho closo of which he
decided to glvo a New Year's bull.
The details ot last night's ball had beon so
fully discussed that there was lltllo or nothing
left for wonderment. Tho colorsof tho deco
rations, the monu. tho leader of tho cotillon,
and many other Incidents on tho programme
wero known to everybody weeks ago. How
ever, tho nffnlr was an amplo proof of Mr. Mc
Allister's ability us a manager of social func
tions. His first duty on entering the Garden build
, Ing at 10 o'clock was tho assigning of each
llvorlod sonant to his post of duty. Then with
n critical eye ho cxamlnod tho work of theflor
ista in tho ballroom, in tho hallways, and
down In the restaurant and then with
his confreres of tho Executive Committee. Mr.
LlsponardStenmt and Mr. Henry W. Blbby.
who was substituted for Mr. Johnston Livings
ton, who Is In mourning, ho lias preparod to
recotvo tho lady patronesses.
Thoy woro Mrs. Astor. Mrs, Bradley Martin,
and Sirs. Edmund L. Baylies. Those ladles
wore on hand curly to rocolvo tho guests. Mrs.
Astor was attired in a hnndsomo gown of white
satin, nnd was ablaze with mnny diamonds. In
cluding her famous stomachor. Mrs Bradley
Martin was In pink satin aud Mrs. Baylies was
In a henutiful gown of black sntln with a waist
of pink and gold brocade. Her ornaments
woro diamonds.
Tho Assembly Room never looked more at
tractive. The front of tho balconies woro
hung with llomau gitrlnndBof pink roses, whllo
under each electrio light bracket on tho sidos
of tho room wus suspended a basket of pink
rosos. looped up Willi pink ribbons. Tho musto
stand nt tho west end of the room was
banked with palms, behind which Lander and
ids musicians were stationed. In tho hallways
nnd on the stnlrways leading from tho Twon-ty-slxth
street entrance, up to tho ballroom
floor, wero palms nnd tropical plants effective
ly arranged. The smnll room up stairs, which
was originally designed for ft supper room,
but which wus used on this ocension for
dancing, was handsomely decorated with
flnwors und palms, Tho front of tho muslo
balcony, whero tho Hungarian band played tor
the diincoi's, was docked with plaques of
whito lilacs, whilo tho bare whlto panels ot
the walls woro covered with ."plaques formod
of clusters of dlfferont-coiored roses and
bright spring flowers, from which woro trail
ing Ivy and .Inpaneso vinos.
Tho .Madison avenue foyor on the ground
floor wasconvortod Into a conservatory, and
hero a numbor of tho guests suppered at
small tables. Tho walls were covered
with evergreen in which wore hundreds ot
twinkling electrio lights, whose glass bulbs
wore covered with shades of pale yellow gauze.
Tho glass partition betweon the corridor and
tho restaurant was removed and tho wood
work covered with Ivy leaves. Tho walls of
tho restaurant wero also covered with ever
green and thu columns wound around with
ropes of rosos.
It was a Jato beJJL it being past 11 o'clock be
foro tho informal dancing wns begun. Tho Sir
Boger de L'ovorley was danced short
ly before 12:30 o'clock. In the llrst set, known
ns the Patriarchs, wero Mr. McAllister,
who danced with Mrs. Lovl P. Morton; Mr.
Lisponard Stewart who had Mrs. Bradley
Martin as n partner: Mr. Ilonry W. Blbby with
Mrs. K. I Baylies, Mr. John B. Ireland with
Mrs. G. L. Kingslnnd. Mr. W. Bayard Cutting
with Mrs. Cornelius Vandorbllt, Mr. L. K. Wil
mcrdlng with Mis. W. C. Whitnoy. Mr. 0. M.
Tookonl with Mrs. I. Townsend Burdon.
Col. Crosby with Mrs. W. B. Cutting.
Mr. E. if. Taller with tho Mnrouiso doTailey-rnnd-Perlgord.
Mr. K D. Itnndnlph with Sits.
W. D. Morgnn. Mi. J. N. A. Grlstiold with Mrs.
.To. H.lChonte, Mr. John E. Parsons with Mrs.
Percy Morgan. Mrs. F. Pendleton with Mr. U ('.
Baldwin, and Mr. Alex. S. Webb, Sr., with Mrs.
In the second sot were: Mr. Kllsha Dyer. Jr.,
with 3Irs. Petor Cooper Hewitt. Mrs. L. K.
Wilmerding with Mr. W. S. Welles. Mr. Sidney
Dillon Kiiney with Mrs. Pierre Lorillnrd. Jr..
Mr. Hamilton Fish. Jr.. with Mrs. Clement
U. Moore, Mr. Brudish Johnson. Jr.,
with Mrs. II. 8. Wells. Mr. Heber
B. Bishop with Mrs. Charles If. Marshall. Mr.
Augustus C. Gurneo with Mrs. Goorgo B.
Do Forest Mr. C. S. Aborciomblo with Mrs. Do
Neufvllle, Sir. Hoyuard McAllister with Mrs.
J. II, Beeckman, Mr. F. S. Wltherheo with
Mrs. W. Storrs Wells. Mr. Clarence Caryvtith
Mrs. J. Smith Hadden. and (ion. Frod Pfvisou
with Mrs. Hnnry A. Bobbins.
Tho dancers In tho young woman's sot were
Mr. John Jacob Astor. who danced with Miss
Willing, Mr. L. L. Baylies with Miss Fannlo
Tailor. Mr. Button Willing with Miss
Allda Chanter, Mr. M. do Mnuny with
Miss Knowlton. Mr. F. II. Baldwin with Miss
MoAlIister, Mr. Templo Bowdoln with Miss
King, Mr. T. J. O. lthlnelundor with Miss
Gaudy. Mr. M. A. Wilkos with Miss Scott Mr.
Harold Brown with Miss Mario Wlnthrop. Mr.
F. Delano Woekcs with Mrs. A. P. Montant.
and Mr. ItohertC. Sands.
Tho fourth sot was mado up of thede'bu
tantosnnd tho young bonus. At the conclusion
of thn dances. Mr. McAllister, with Mrs. Astor,
led tho lino to tho sunpor room.
After supper. utl:3o o'clock, theootlllon was
danced, Mr. Lospenurd loading with Mrs.
Burden, who wqi-o n gown of whlto satin, om
broldored with silver. Sho woro a necklace
and tiara of diamonds. Protty silk ribbons
were tho favois. Following tho English cus
tom, tho oottllou was danced without interrup
tion for ono hour und a half.
Tho toilets of tho Indies wero fresh and
many of them beautiful.
Miss Elizabeth Grcctio was In a gown of
pink sntln ttimmed with chiffon and silver.
Mrs. Dwight Greene wits in blue brocade,
whlto satin front, embroidered with gold.
Mnie. do Barrios woro a gown of pnln green
vclvot trimmed with sable. Her jewels wero
opals nnd diamonds.
Miss Apiuicio was In yellow broeado nnd
chiffon. Mrs. B. T. Wilson woro gray biocado
and point lace: hor ornaments wero diamonds
and pearls. Miss Graeo Wilson woro a gown
of cowslip yellow silk mid chlilon. ornamented
with knots of turquolso blue velvet.
Miss Mollor was In a lalnbotv silk gown,
tiluimod with bluo chiffon. Miss Helen Dlns
moro woro white watered silk trimmed with
silver spangles and heliotrope vulvet ilbbous.
Mrs. Lugeuu Schieffolin was in pink satin and
Miss Wood was attired In whlto broendo, tho
front veiled with silver tulle, caught up at
tho bottom of tho skirt with a fringe
of pink hyacinths nnd clustom nf morn
ing glorlos. Tho waist was ileeollotliS with
n bertha nf silver tulle, edged with silver
filnge. There was a cluster or pink hyacinths
and morning glories nn Mm right shoulder,
making ft sliikinglv effective gown. Mlrs
Woods's ornaments wero diamonds.
Mis. Dnnlup Hopkins worn a superb gown of
whllo brocade, trimmed with point I. ice nml
brown sable. Sho wore n necklace uf diamonds
nml penile, a tiara ot diamonds, ami a number
id diamond stars and other ornaments on tho
cot sage.
Mis. John C. Wesiervelt was In n Wnttenu
gown nf ilolet icK'.t, with point l.icu trlm
iniiig". Miss 1'lslo Hall wns In whilo brocade,
trimmed uilh gold laeo mid pearls. She woro
u necklace of pcuiK
Miss Flora I'avis wns iilllred In a ihvlntv
1'iench gown of mauto eicpo do cliino mid
ills Florence Weslertelt wnie n gown of
tuniuolso blue bilk, wltli Venull.in luce tiliu
miugi.. Mis. Ldward Cooper was arrayed In a gown
of poarl giny broendo. draped Willi whllo
chllinii. She woio a necklace of peal Is aud
several pearl oriiainentM in hor coiffure.
Mi.s Georgette Kldd wits nttlied in pink
sntln, Mio waist being tilmmcd with iosu
leaves and roses, Jli, (jeoigo W. Kldd vynrna
bountiful gown' uf sti.nv-colured satin
tiimmeil, with deep vellow velvet and velvet
lo-e of ull Mia shades of pale lo the deepest
yellow. A necklacn of jellow amethysts
shaped like he.iitsease llmreis. completed ono
uf thn most sinking toilets In the loom.
Miss t'aiueion was in blue and siltur hro
cade, and horslter, Miss Anno Cameron, was
In blue satin mid. silver, tthmm-d with whilo
point bun. Miss Katluulne Cameron was at
Mied n pine green s.Ulu. tilmnied with chiffon
mid silver,
Mrs.lloglnnld Henshaw Ward was nttired In
an Imported gown of whlto satin, combined
w i will ii brocade, the cors.-jgo being madu
Willi a fall of whllii chiffon. Mrs. Ward woro u
So Happy.
relieved mo ot a severe Blood troublo. It
hits also caused my hnlr to grow out again, as
It had beon falling out by thu handful, After
trying many physicians In lain, I urn so happy
to find n cure In S.s, 3. (J II. I'l.liKin'.Galtoc
ton, Tex.
S PIIRPS Dr fordoc out germs ot disease
g VUnemniV nd the poison as well,
o It is entirely vegetable and hsrmless.
0 i Treatise on Blood and Bkln mailed free.
Both the method and rasulta -when jH
By rup of Figs is takon) it is pleasant' iH
nnd refreshing to tho taste, and acta- jH
gently yet promptly on tho KidneyB,) ,iH
Liver and Bowels, cleanses tho sysi jH
tera effectually, dispels colds, head" I H
aches and fevers and cures habitual t .jH
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the v 1HH
only remedy of its Kind ever roC' '.---
duced, pleasing to tho taste and ao" jH
ccptablo to tho stomach, prompt in. iH
its action and1 truly beneficial in its anananni
effects, prennred only from the mostY ' ,H
henl thy unci aprceablosubstances.italV ''H
munv excellent qualitiescommend it, ;iH
to nil nnd havo made it the most ' , j)
popular remedy known. , ,i
Syrup of Fiprs is for sale in 60a ;'jH
and 81 bottles by all leading drug ajjjjiiiH
gists. Any reliable druggist who siH
may not hnvo it on hand will pro- '..--H
cure it promptly for any one who lH
wishes to try it. Do not accept any jH
substitute. .iH
lowsviue. ky. new romc h. r, 'iH
superb tiara ot solltntro diamonds nnd a neck- 'anananai
lace nf pearls nnd diamonds, und crescent ananaaai
half moon", and stars of tho samo gems wort 1 1 1 H
displayed on the corsage. ---
Mrs. .Ionian I . Mott. Jr., was In a rloh cowr 'anananai
of.thoFlrstir.iupIro mndo nf pink satin, wltl anananai
a full train edged with snhlo. bho woro i aBBBBBB
nocklaco of pearls nml diamonds, and man' H
diamond ornaments woio urrangod in hi jjtttttttttttV
coiffure mid on her uorsngo. KaVaVaVaB-i
Mis'. Kitty Baticock was In cinl blue sill jH
trimmed with rosobuds. Miss Mamie Bal ,-
cock was In ugown ot pnlo bluo silk, drape' jjH
wltli white ehilTeii. Miss llarbay woro anananai
dainty gown of pink sntln nnd tulle nnd soi IB
oral pearl ornumouts. including u necklace. H
Mrs. Arthur M. Dodgo woro a hundson lM
gown of heavy black satin, trimmed vvl jH
silver. .Mrs. Froderic Do l'cybter wus in whli naJnani
broended satin. BH
Miss Kminlo Ttynr wore n gown of ti -H
shades In -Silo green satin, with it corselet : anananai
emeralds and crystals Miss Union Van Ool .'IH
landt Do l'eystor was In n Bimplo gown 'H
whlto silk, trimmed with silver. H
Mrs. .fames Mnckin woro a superb Won 'anananai
gown of white satin, mado after tho First K' 'nanaanai
pirn style, with a train of whito tulle spnngl 1-BBBVaB
with crystals. Narrow bands of sablotrlmm aaanaai
the front mid neck of tho drefs, and n, Ion 'anananai
sash of Nilo green satin fell at the h B
sldo nf tho sklit. Mrs. Mack In woro mai ------
handsome diamond ornaments MissChon iaVaBBBi
was in light green fnllle, trimmed with chin jl
und i.nrrntr ribbi.n bows. BH
Mrs. Benjamin Wood woro a striking gov aaaEanni
of trocaded mnlro untiaua In a delicate she-. ..eHSanai
of in. line. Tho long train was 'anananai
bell shaped, and handsomo gold e --
broidery outlined the seams. Bare old In jjVJH
was draped i.cross tho front ot tho sk, 'anananai
Tho V-slmped waist was trimmed with g 'Enaaaaan
nuibroiilery und had u borthu of the samo r, PbbbbI
laco fulling over tho shoulders, making -IbbbbbbI
diuped capo sleeve and showing the m 'Banana!
Mrs. Wood woro muny handsome diamond bbbbbbbI
namento. iMHSJ
.HisH Killtb Hall was In shrimp pink sa' .IbbbCSI
and tulle. MNs Konio-han woro a rich go Bbbbbbi
of scarlet chiffon combined with black. M 'jH
Osgood woro palo bluo silk trimmed w bbbbbbbI
Mi's Evelyn Burden worn a Worth gown --
whito tulle nnd some linn I'omo turquoise 'lH
nament. Mr. Clement C Mooro wns In whi 'bbbbbbbI
satin nnd point l.u-e. Mrs. V. V. Barlow Wi enBBBaan
a toilet of pink and whilo silk, trimmed w M
cold spangles. Mr.W. K. Strong was in wh. 'aBBBBaan
sutln anil point luce. '"aaBBaaa
Mrs. Henry Barber woro gray satin, embro' IAbbbbI
cred witli silver: her ornaments woro d jPbbbbbI
monds. Miss Barboy was In pink satin t. . - STXHSI
tulle, yEj
Ini.lgnant When Aakrd irlle Wae Connect - ' IhbbbbbI
w Ith the Ilnnlaley Case. ffBBan!
BiuvEit, To.. Jan. 18. Senator Quay and I IbbbbbI
vld Mai tin ot Philadelphia woro tho most I, IbbbbbI
portant witnesses examined in tho Star ill KbbbbbI
suit. Martin tcstlflod that ho camo to Quay I 'hbbbbI
campaign funds, and received $1,000 in. ca wSbbbI
nnd Mm Senator's porsonnl noto for $0,0t vibbbbbI
The note could not bo discounted at tho Mm kJbbbbI
and Quay gnvo Ills personal chock for Un ftvfjBB
amount. It was discounted later, and .Tol iesSBni
Biirdsley gavo him it certillciitu of deposit ifnliBBai
tbo Keystone Bunk. Ho gavo tho cortlllcato . nVeaBa
Quavnt Washington. uSbbbbb
Senator Quay testified that ho was asked l'WU
glvo monev to tho campaign fund, nnd rointi ivIS
thn transaction as slated by Martin. IIocou V-Kllt
not swear lo his endorsement on tho c fattier
tillcnte, but swoio to tho signature on I. js ytVjB.
cheok. lie said ho bad met John Bnrdsb i'VlSS
but onco. Ho admitted Mint ho was roa' uf'tfnV
liable for $IH 000 to the l'hiludolphia cuuipa. rtHX
for campaign purposes. HnHt-"'
When n-l;ed whether hn was connectod wi I,$1
the Bnrdhley steal he icplied. "Thnt is falsi TSWifai
It was developed that Quay sont thuoortiflci. HFwln
to tho Heal oi Bank, but had not Indorsed "V-frwU
His assistant cashier. H. 1'. Mono, stated on t f '.b'iSI
6tnnd thnt ho had done it for him. btato Chn JTrrn
man Awl rows and Senator l'orterworn nl StjCI
examined, but nothing st.titliiig was elicit IfisrjHi
The plaintiff tested, und court adjouruod i . fffSsari
to-moriowii.ornlug. rflrfj&M
Trying to ,InallO Hie Electrical Ezeeutl VfifilaH
'",,v- Mil
At.niNT. Jan. IK. -I.lbi I Ico T. Gerry. Alft MEM
P. Southiilcl.. and .tlatthew Hale, tho El j)fl
trical invocation Coiumlssiiin, presented i tBeei
il.-.Lornt.' icpoit to Mm Legislature to-rtuy t HraH
ing to ju-tilr the piovlsimmiif tho presont li Renal
iipiiu-t pulilihiiig ni'Ouiints nf exeoutloi. aBBaaani
'Ihey ijuoto fiom Mm l.'i I'limti I'ust un a sum. Bananas!
nf whnt u uotvspupcr should be, mid tli -VJ----I
quote fiom thn big imunlnu New Voile da II
us einiuplesiif what Is luinted forthn pub.i Hai
under. i mistaken v lew oiMioili'tlesofu noil (bbbbbbbI
paper. The lepoil is voluminous. It gives anaanBaal
hlstoiy hi the law of executions from 18 bbbbbbbb!
down Then iheiu Is a Constitutional art asanasS
guniellt about tho present execution law. I (bbbbbbbI
llourke iMkiiin'a lllniiiT to Hcantor.II' Banana!
Wasiiini.-iiiv, .Inn. 18. Beprosontatl ?, asanas!
BouiKu c.i.'l.r.in gnvon dinner to-night at I nannae!
new homo, Mm handsomo Bobosnn House. .'H-bH
MMeel'tll slieei. in hnnurof Senator Hin.-'J , HH
otbei guerts wero Senators Blackburn, bbbbbbbI
Seiiitui 1 In llr. Justice riiilil. und Boprvsen ' '
Mies Spiiiiger. Fellow, ditchings. Hat
WiihhlnMoii. John U. Wurnur, Coombs, Out, i '
Ileibeit. und Turnoi. ' BHJ
The in ice of WolfTs Aetna Blacking i ' fPfR
SOcvji dottle, and it Is cheap nt that. 3 PMl
rosts moro to fill a bottle with AcmeBIacl. rfifiB
ing than nth liquid Dressings oobt com MIM
pletc for the i...irketl including fancy boir- &KbbbI
artistic stoppers, and other paraphernal!!.. Paf 3H
Wc till tlit lilutkinynvt the package. it'iilm
As It Is our desire to fell Aoir, Itr.ArKIK JSffl 'If
cheaper If pusi,ibc, but Und ourselves m Jja K,
Hbln In tlo mi nwlin; tn Its plckcul cost t vutsS
milking, wo bold u prluuf irj'lly
$10,000 i
Open for wm
Competitior m
Until tlic Htriiiy of January. 1WI, to be pal IbWbbbb!
tn any uuo who furnishes n forinuln em. lufaaani
bllng in to inuke It ut such n iirlie thnt i nSaaBni
rctuilri etui piolitubly stll Hut iPe, ubotlli VbVbbbb!
Tl costs li'c. to find out nli.it I'lK-IlON i ....H
and docs. A whole page of inforinatic, jH
could not give a correct idea. Pik-Roi jH
is the name of the only paint which make H
plain whito glau look like cQlore4adjtc. PlnaBni
WwVaUi WtfUffl I KU mv '- '

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