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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 21, 1892, Image 6

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AJHK" 8aMriM.m MiUI-rtBla.
IrK iun.T. far Month m m
fciK' DAILY. hlTtir .......... tx)
&LHfK .CKDAT. rf Tf ... SeM
fB' DAILY AND eT.NDAT. rr Tsar....; Oe
BaBBBaWaaaK, DAILY AtD SCSDAT. Tar Month .
PHVPv WrELY. Tar Tear . 1
Hrlli renege to leiebrnCoutrlet added,
g'WjIj'V I11E b0!' YertOltic
fBJ Seaboard Protection Pays.
'M1 ? Whatever the result of the eontroTersy
JHK ?L with Chill. It has taught tho value of a nary
"iolK! nnd of coast defence.
'ifHEf ' Soven years ajro, when Mr. TiLDEf
,j Vf! ? wrote his famous letter to Mr. Carlisle on
i H ij : this subject, our 6oaboard was at the morcy
iiWn ; of even a second-class maritime powor. Not
' ill i t " 00 mooro Kun Tras mounted In our forts.
i'jjK ' The foundation of our now navy had
,liS ft been lald.'but coast protection was tin-
f N 1 v. touched. Had not Mr. Tilden's counsel
v9lr5 ',' been hcodcd.woshould to-day llndourdlplo-
x HM If ? macy hampered nnd our action paralyzed In
MjEII'-lf dealing with a llttlo nation llko Chill, from
'? 9 I' 1 " tne defoncoloesnrss of our own harbors.
Jb I As It Is, this work of coast defence- Is
,1 only begun. Lonjr deloys occurred through
f qn I '6 doubts as to the best methods of obtaining
jfa M heavy ordnance; and then In the llttlng up
M 'IS' of a gun factory, tho procuring of sultablo
jjj? i , etccl Ingots, aud tho milking of contracts
-rM ifj for tho supply of guns nnd mortars by prl-
M AM i Tate manufacture. 8t 111, even the degree of
' jfi '.jj preparation seen to-day Is of gieat valuo.
iWi M 'ew powerful brecch-londlng rifles
v m H ' aro va"able at New York and Snn
' m ' M ' Francisco, tho principal ono at tho
r.jH 'H former point being the big 12-Inch gun
jM ,jj mounted at Sandy Hook. Of 12-Inch inor-
v .M tars tho supply Is more abundant, and these
I U iffijj can be hurried forward. In submarine
; flf (si mines tho work of coast defence has been
jjf M particularly advanced, and both San Fran-
ffllljHf cisco and New York could bo adequately
Irjl ' aupplied with them.
'ijr, Tho navy Is a powerful adjunct of coast
fl? j defence and tho flno licet of ruodorn sldps
MB now existing, armed with hlgh-nowor
IfiB f 9 8-lnch and G-lnch rilles. Is a protection to
'Hi. i homo ports aa well ns a danger to any
$85! ;. enemy. Tho Miautonomoh and tho single-
all 1 turret monitois iiunu Into play, vvhllo San
' (SB I H' Francisco will soon bo mndo secure by tho
1U I Monterey, now about to receive its fcteel
km I 9 armor. Of its poworful battery, two
'- jl I I 10-inch guns and one 12 inch nro now ready,
ijH I and tho romnining 12-inch gun can bo for-
" si I wardod Innfewdavs. It would bo folly on
l thopartof Chill. vvlthournrrayof war ships
il B now In tho Pacific and hurrjing thither,
f ' fl to attempt operations against San Fran-
fjj ,1' Cisco. Sho would have moro than she
1 Hi fl' could do to protect her own coast, not only in
r M 'fl bo neighborhood of Valparaiso but in tho
uffi 'I nitrate region around Iqulque. With Chili's
AM tH. enormous coast lino, containing points that
V IB? absolutely require defence more than 800
:,.il miles apart, and the Straits of Magellan
'. I ' also to guard, sho has llttlo sparo force for
1 11 aggr.FUo"operations.
' I 18 The main point to note Is the feeling of
-'- 1 II security gl on to our -own country by the
.' 1 II mere rudiments of coast protection thus
t I jl far furnished. 'With that comes tho thought
I II that these would bo of very llttlo conse-
II - quence should the current trouble have
., Mj I been with a power llko England Instead of
. H H with Chili. Congress bhould take tbo prcs-
i BJ I ent lesson lo heart in Its legislation for tho
iM III . forta and tho fleet.
' Wt ill The UrouDds r Chilian Bravado.
i Hull , It Is natural that many newspapers on the
' H IK' Continent of Eui ope. w 1th the defeotU e In-
t9J IB ; formation at their command, should take
if SB IH ' an erroneous lew of the Chilian imbroglio.
l9 111 ' They reason thus: Hero is n petty and
H IIP poor State, containing at tho utmost 3,000,-
l-BJ Ifl 000 Inhabitants. defing tho resentment of
i'U II ' an ,mPerlal republic possessing llmitlcbs
;) n resources and a population of 05,000,000
CflJ lljl i ouls. To them such a phenomenon appears
H IIb inexplicable except upon tho theory that
'J I! tho Santiago Government is guiltless ot
'WB III' wrongdoing, mid, conscious of its inno-
i H ill " couce. declines to humiliato itself by an
I Q jl apology which the farts do not call foi.
j pj Iho attitude, of Chill does indeed seem
tU 1 at itrst sight incredibly ridiculous except
II lilt ! ' on the assumption of conscious Innocence:
Jh ' andtoreconciloltwiththedeliberatevvrong
C H 111 doing of which sho has undoubtedly been
;XBj '- guilty, requires a knowledge of the stato of
J-H M public opinion in Vnlpuraibo and Santiago
f,fli jlfj ns well ns of the agencies and conditions
jRI jjfi which havo cieated it. 'Jho contemptand
jf II H i detestation witli which wa aro popularly
fl III ' legarded by the Chilians cannot bo ac
'III counted for on the ground that, being Iso-
I III " InUal phybically and morally from tho rest
TflJ Ml of tho world, they aio &teei)od in Ignorance
1'U nnd prejudice us icgaids all foreign peo
)H jjl pies. It is not ttuo that they aro lli-ln-'I
-III y forincdulwiitKnglnnd.Germnuy.orFi.nnco.
iH j or that tlioy regard the natives of any of
'S HI tliobo countries with aversion. If, in the
ifl jjl c.iso of tho United Stales, they evinco both
fBj W iguorancc nnd rancor, this is due to several
iH II' ' causes, for soino of which we are ourselves
H jlJT rebponsiblc, whilo others should be looked
J jjl' s for In the sclMnteicst nnd jealousy of Eng-
iHj jjl' l Huh uud Get man tinders who havo hitherto
ft jl1 1 nionopolizod tho gieater part of Chili's
J IjW' i foreign trnilo. That the mass ot tho iuhab-
-BJ j ItanlHdf Vnlpnrulbo know next lo uoihliig
J tj: v nbiiut tho gieat Aincrltnn lepublio whilu
B jjl tliev know a good deal about England nnd
' 4 ft Germany, Is duo primarily to the fact that
fJa fllr tlioy seldom seo nn Amencnn citizen, llw
if HI III English and Gciman lesidont tiudeisout-
HUl IP iiumbor tho Auipricnu at Ica'ttcu to one,
il(M 1tl ' mid still greater Is thodlbpiopoitlon among
! t ho iasual sojourner s vv ho pass a fo w vv ceks
I iibhoio while vessels aio unloading nnd
i loading. Not only has there been nothing
IB t . 1u our commercial iclutions to diicUthe
n l , attention of tho Chilians to the magnitude
BB ilji " of our resources, but. having allowed our
UK VBu 'i Jvytocollapboaftot thoeivUwnr, wo lmvo
BM ' ' 'until lately shown them no ouneto pi oofs
BB, 'i of our leal ponei in the shape of aunorecl
BBl; rbselbof a hhih i-laxb. Oui own fiilluie to
BBl', "i ruitivulotradu with theii country and tho
BBI-t ' IlibUiiillinniuofoui naval dtiiuoiistintlons
BBat' .;i would, taken by thenibelves, buflico to ex-
BBaK ( plnln vvhy tho Chiliuus bo btiangely under-
BBl,' -A into our capacity ot belt-vindication.
BHBL, U Itls.hovvovor.throuKhthoeffoitsotlntcr-
BBE jr' ested foreign residents that what might
BhBJi; . have remained passive Indifference bos been
BBf f converted into active dislike, Slnco the
f if adoption of the reciprocity programme by
BBf g our Government, nnd especially elnco its ap-
BHk W plication to Brazil, tho British and German
BHJi, 'ii traders living at Valpaialso havo pcicelvcd
Bhi - that tholr monopoly of Chilian commerco
BJni ;: was beriously thieatencd. Tlioy foresaw
HM' thatuiecIpiocitytreatybetwcenthoUniteil
BHBi i btatcs nud Chili could only bo nv cried 'by
BHBBjlV .'4 btlrting up so iiuuli iiulmosity against us
BBKl j niiiong tho mar.o4 or the Chilian population
BB9j i as woulil.coeiio the Santiago Government
BBni 'f Into adopting t!in wiiae unfriendly nttitude.
BBB -' ir Thedrittotovcnts6iibscrvedthclrpurpoBe;
I B !fi '.' for Baxuaceda, who favored a reciprocity
BH 'i V policy, was overthrown ; while the Itata case,
IBJ ( the rupture of the cable by which the nitrate
IBH ' -'
IB i
distriot aommuntoatod with Earop. and
oma minor Incident had embittered the
snooessful Oongresslonallsts against the
United States. The situation being thus
rendered propitious, tho English and Ger
man traders at Valparaiso proceeded to
make tho most ot It. first, by sending
a tissue of misstatements to tho London
Times and Continental newspapers, and
secondly, by assuring tho Chilians that In
any dispute with tho United States thoy
could count on tho support of English and
German Ironclads. Having an exaggerated
conception of the importance of their own
forolgn trade, and a ludicrously inadequate
notion of that of tho American Union, tho
Chilians were actually convinced that tho
United Kingdom and tho Gorman emplro
would faco the tremendous sacrifices In
cident to non-intercourso with the United
States for the sakeof shloldlng a petty South
American republic from tho consequences
of Its own wrongdoing. It Is this absurd
conviction which accounts for the stiff
necked refusal of the Santiago Govornmont
to make any reparation or apology for tho
raurdor of soamon wearing tho American
uniform nnd under the protection ot tho
American flag.
wo have no doubt that Seflor Mostt, the
Chilian Minister at Washington, Is an en
lightened man, and that slnco his arrival
among us ho has learned many thlngB which
he would gladly bring to the knowledgo of
his distant countrymen. He has doubtless
learned, for Instance, how incomparably tho
British and Gorman goods exported to this
country exceed In volumo and value those
exported to Chill, and ho is In a position to
see what a stupendous act ot folly It would
bo for Great Britain nnd Gcrmnny to sacri
fice tho former customor In order to please
tho latter. He has also, of course, dlscov ored
to how large an extent Great Britain is de
pendent on this country for brendstuffs. and
that, In view of the failure of tho Rus
sian harvests, a war with tho United
States would mean starvation to a
largo pait ot tho British population.
Seflor Montt must Ukowiso knows that
tho German empiro has lately concluded
a reciprocity treaty with tho United
States, thereby indicating in the clearest
way how high a prleo It sots on tho main
tenance, of friendly relations with this
country. To the Chilian Minister it must,
therefore, bo evident that tho notion that
Chili would bo backed by Englnnd and Ger
many In refusing to satisfy our reasonablo
demands is tho wildest delusion. Ho must
see thnt in tho contest which sho has fool
ishly provoked, his feeble country will bo
left to struggle single-handed against over
whelming odds. As a patriot, he must
deplore the misplaced confidence of his
countrymen In European assistance, and he
must view with Indignation the course pur
sued by the British and German traders ut
Valparaiso whose mendacious assurances
havo brought unlucky Chill to the vere of
a ruinous war.
Club Life In Nevr York.
A new club for this city has been Incor
porated at Albany under the name of tho
University Athletic Club. It Is an offshoot
of the University Club, a very sturdy and
prosperous association, whose rapidity of
growth has been remarkable lnthehibtory
of New York clubs, even at this period of
their extraordinary development.
Tho incorporators of the now club are all
members of tho University Club, nnd they
disavow any purpose of entering into com
petition with it, though they have Used
upon a much lower scale of admission fees
and annual dues. Even If 6uch rivalry was
attempted, the experience of all the well
established clubs of the town Indicates that
the present organization could afford to be
careless of it.
The formation of the Knickerbocker Club,
nnd, moro recently, of tho Metropolitan
Club, has not Interfered with the growth of
the Union, though both of them wero
organized from Its membership. Its list of
applicants eagerly awaiting admission Is as
laigo as over, wo believe, and it is now
meditating removal and the building of a
far larger and grander club house. Tho
piosperity of tho Century Club has in
creased rather than diminished 6inee the
University wab established within Its
ranks, and although the Authorb'. the
Players', and other clubs appealing
largely to men of tho same or kin
dred tastes have sprung into vigorous
life within recent years. Two great ath
letic clubs, the Now York and the Manhat
tan, aie maintaining a healthy existence at
not a very great removo from each other,
though tho Racquet Club has gone Into a
new aud imposing structure in tho same
vicinity. Tho Manhattan took a venture
some step In leasing the costly and spacious
Stewart house, at tho corner of tho Fifth
nv enuo and Thirty-fourth street, but tho
sagacity of its managers has been shown
in a subsequent prosperity corresponding
to its increa&o in expenses. Yet on the next
corner tho New York Club is maintained
During tho period In which these changes
and developments have occurred, clubs of
nil sorts hao multiplied in tho town. They
have been established by tho Roman Cath
olics and by different denominations of
Trotestants. Eating clubs for both profes
sional and businesb men havo been foimed
down town, nnd nio conducted on a scale ot
muchexpeiibu. Many Democratic and Re
publiian tlubs havo been started without
affecting tho piosperity of tho Manhattan
and the Union Leaguo, except to add to it by
beiving ns'iiurserien for thein. Tito vast
luuenso of tho Jewish population and their
giovvth in wealth havo caused tho starting
of Ilebtew clubs remarknblo foi tho ele
gance of tlicii houses, though the barriers
of prejudice against tho admission ot Jews
of eultlv atlon to clubs not composed specifi
cally of their own race aro not now as
btroug ns thoy lmvo been.
The now clubs bcem to be prospering
almost invariably, and yet tholibts of appli
cants foi membership In tho old show no
diminution. The new nie tlieieforoof the
untuio of culonieb established to piovldo for
tliOftO who uio crowded out of tlioold by tho
limltationbof theli inembeishlp. Tho Uni
veiblty Athletic Club, foi Instance, expects
to till its toll with tho overllovv from the
parent oigaulation, the ounger college
gtaduatcs who aro impatiently waltlug for
admission into club life, a sort of existence
which in these days thoy seem to crave as a
necessity, or as a distinction due to their
merits. Membership in a club, moreover,
may bo of practical advantage to very many
youngmen, If notameansof actual economy.
Though thoy can afford cheap and humble
lodgings only, the club offors them a luxu
rious homo vvhcieln thoy can get well
cooked meals at tnodci a to prices, and at
which they can havo their addi esses and
enjoy congenial companionship and extend
tho range of flieir acquaintance. This un
doubtedly is tho explanation of tho gieat
dov clopinont of the dub diirlug ici out eats
ub n featuio of the social life of New York.
The wonderful grow til ot the popular in
terest In athletic sports, which has occurred
simultaneously, has also made community
of tastes with regard to them a sentiment
to which a new club can appeal most sue-
eeasfullr, so far as young men are con
cerned. This Is particularly the case If It
bo a club for coll ego graduates specifically;
and honce tho organizers of tho Unlvorslty
Athletlo Club have good reason for tho con
fidence thoy express ns to its future. Their
plan Is to, securo the building formerly
occupied by the Racquet Club, at tho cor
ner of the Sixth avenue and Twenty-sixth
street, a etrticturo well adapted for their
purposes and eligibly situated. The oppor
tunity of obtaining such a plnce Is tempt
ing at this time, when tho Incrcaso In tho
numbor ot clubs and the enlargement of tho
old-established ones aro having a per
coptlblo Influcnco In raising the prices
of property specially suitable for tholr
uso. These sites aro few comparatively,
for, of course, a largo block of land is
requisite, and usually It must bo on a
northwestern corner of a handsome avenue.
The Union Club has been searching long
for such a piece of property on the Fifth
avenue for Its new house, but It has not yet
been ablo to buy tho slto at even the high
prlco It Is willing to pay.
A movement for starting still another
athletic club has been under consideration
among tho alumni of Columbia College, the
membership of tho club to be confined to
graduates ot that Institution only, and tho
moro advanced undci graduates to enjoy
tho privileges of tho gymnasium. As the
Columbia alumni aro numerous In New
York, tho opportunity for tho estab
lishment of an association so limited
seems favorable, oven after tho Unlvorslty
Athletic Club has entered Into tho Hold for
the benefit of college graduates moro gen
erally, and although, besides tho Racquet
Club, t hero aro ah eady two athletic clubs
in this city, with a membership aggregating
sevoral thousands.
The Democratic Committee To-day.
The Democratic National Committee
meets In Washington to-day, ono month
earlier thnn In 18S8. when it assembled on
WASHrsoToVs birthday. Tho commltteo
then was in sc-slou for two days. On tho
first day It determined the dato ot tho Con
vention: on tho second it fixed tho place.
The original proposition ns to tho timo of
holding tho Convention was mado by Sen
ator Gohman for July 3. On a vote, tho
dato proposed by tho Maryland Senator
received the support of tho representatives
of twenty-eight States or Territories, while
May 22 had tho support ot ten, and Junes
of nine. On tho second ballot those who
favorl a vory early Convention in May
changed their v otos to June, nnd that month
was determined upon.
That matter disposed of. the Hon. 8. S.
Cox presented, for tho consideration ot tho
representatives assembled, a communica
tion from the buslnoss men of New York
city favoring tho selection of this town as
tho place for the Convention. This was tho
result of tho vote: San Francisco, 15; St.
Louis, 14; Chicago, 13; New York, 2, nnd
Cincinnati, 1. Eloven ballots were taken,
without substantial change, oxcept that
NowY'ork city was excluded from consid
eration. On the eloventh ballot San Fran
cisco had gained two supporters and Chi
cago had gained two. while St. Louis nnd
Cincinnati retained only tho support which
thoy had received at tho outset. At tho
session of the second day two Ineffectual
ballots wero taken, aud then the support
ers of San Francisco and .St. Louis com
bined their votes In favor of St. Louis. On
the fourteenth nnd deelsivo billot St. Louis
obtained thlrtv-two votes out of the forty
seven cast, and was therefore chosen.
Tho representatives of various cities are
in Washington to-day to present tho claims
of their respective towns. It is a fact
worthy of note thnt the number of eligible
cities competing for the honor has greatly
increased, so rapid has been the rise of cities
of secondary iniportanco into the ranks of
the first class.
But another fact is still more noteworthy.
Such Is tho harmony, strength, aud vigor
and confldenco of tho Democracy of the
land, that in every city posslblo to bo con
sidered, the paity is on a fighting footing
and ready to givo battle. The dato to be
selected, whenever it mny be. will not bo too
early for tno Democrats to inaugurate, or
too lato for them to prosecute, vv itli a popu
lar lead"! and under a genuine Democratic
standatd. their winning fight in 1M92.
Although such a recognition of past loy
alty and allegiance, and of the surety of fu
tuic bupport for Democratic candidates, is
not needed, tho selection of New York city
as the placo for holding tho Convention
would be regarded here as a gracious and
timely choice. A delegation of prominent
Democrats now in Washington for that pur
pose will present tho advantages of New
York to those from othei States with tho ac
cents of eloquence, tho lips of oratory, and,
wo hope, tho tongues of persuasion.
The Annual Attack on the Jury System.
Mi . William Sclzeh, member of Assem
bly from tho Fourteenth district of this
city, has introduced into tho Legislnturo a
bill to Injure tho svstem of trial by jury.
Tlilblsnotltstitlo. but such will bo Its In
evitable effect.
Tho meaaino provides for exempting
fioui jury duty tho cabhier, the clUef asslbt
ant cashier, tho teller, and tho assistant
tellei of n national or Stato bank, "and tho
peisons habitually performing a llko func
tion in a savings bank."
There aio nliendy at least fourteen classes
nf pcrbons who aro exempted by stntuto
from porfoimlng Jurv duty in tho city of
Now York. Every addition to tho list de
creases tho number of competent jiuors and
impaiih tho efficiency nnd successful admin
istration of tho system of trial by jury,
There is no good or valid leason why theso
bank officers should bo embraced in iho list
ot exemptions. They ouglit tobhnro their
part of tlio public bmdenn in common with
other business men. The courts possess
tho povv or to i egiilnto tho time of set v Ico so
as to accommodate tho convenience of tho
Juior; but it ! oulv in exceptional cues
that n man's occupation is of such achat
acler us to entitle him to bo leliuvod fiom
juiy duty altocthei.
Thei e is nothing in tho argument that it
is Inconvenient ton national bunkoi a State
bank or a sav ingb bank to bo without the ser
vices of Its cashiei , its chief assistant cash
ier, its tellor, or its assistant teller for a week
or so. These officers ai o all allowed to take
vacations, Tho importance of their duties
does not prevent their absence for a certain
season of recreation orory year; and there
Is no practical difficulty, or none at least
which ought not to bo readily ov ercome, In
tho way of dispensing with tholr 6orvices in
tho bank foi a slioit period lu otdcr that
thoy may dischaigo tho higher duty which
thoy owe to tho public, toseivoasjurymen.
On tho day when Mi. Sulzer Introduced
this objectlonablo bill, an instiuctivo nd
dtosswiis delivered hofiuo tho State Bar
Association at Albany by Ml . Mfm'im.i: M,
Bk.elow of Boston, a welbkuowu lavvjer
and wiiloi of legal text books. In tho
co u r 6o of his remarks Mr. Bioelow em
phasized the importance of tho jury system
In one respect which is often overlooked,
Its Influence la keeping the people pracU
ca)ljr acquainted with tho system ot laws
undsrwhloh they live, by compelling, them
to participate directly In the actual admin
istration ot those laws. We quote his re
marks on this point:
-Th intjljrittm ItMlt, rnnny r rttdr to lT. h
arrtrtd III tMtatntwl whtrr It mr bur tn.
bow It U n Tllpoiilblj, Bat tint It notbrild to
tht'qonllon. Befort joa bolllh th Jar? In clrll
ctt noobt. I lappoit. would aboiltb. It laerlrolnil
f ttt mark wall t&t bnilntin yon btrt In hand. That
tba ptoBla ibould ruiptct and honor tbolawtnaTital
tblnc with attrjr nation, etpeelalljr wltb on ot rapub
llcan toTtrnmtnt. Cut tot paoplt off from dlract par
ticipation In tba administration of tba taw and yon cut
tbtm off larftly from contact with It. o man can
hart any fraat Inttrttt In that with which ht bat no
The obvious advantago arising out of a
system under which overy citizen Is llablo
to bo called upon himself to act. for thotlmo
being, as an administrator of tho law. Is
greatly lessened by overy enactment which
relieves any class of persons from their
liability to do Jury duty.
One of tho most remarkablo specimens
on record of Mugwump reasoning from elec
tion statistics Is furnished by our esteemed
contompornry, tho ..Veto York Tunes. It Is
worth putting In our musoum. It is a gem :
"Amon(thoi who art engaged In thla work pre
renting the nomination of Mr Ciitiuid there It not
one who conld be elected Preildent: thera It not one
who cosld obtain the electoral Tote, at the potle, of tha
State of Sew York. Hill U ot coone, tba rnott con
ptcnone, as be la tbemoit active, most unscrupulous,
and moet Interested of the group He wat aleeted Oor
ernorof New York In 1885 by 11 000 majority and In
I8S8bylM,0O0 In 1811 Mr riowia, who was nom
inated against Mr Hill i withes, wat elected by nearly
fiOOOO Those figures speak eloquently of the real
atrengthof tba man with tho people, but they are not
tba only oneatkat mutt In studied If a aate conclusion
It to be reached. Mr Fiowta a majority was a partial
Indication ot tba strength of the rota In New York that
tended toward Democracy tho moment Hut was not
its obtlnus exponent In tha residential campaign
tba full strength ot that tendency would go toward
That 16 to saw because Hill carried New
York In 1885 by only 11,000 and by only 19.000
in 1888,and becauso Floweii carried tho Stato
In 1801 by nearly 80.000. therefore David
Bennett Hill Is much weaker than his
party hero and could not carry Now York In
1802. while GnovEii Cleveland could.
This is a sort of svlloglsm that makes
tho head swim llko a Nuremberg top.
Hill carried Now York In 1885 by only
11,131, but by how many votes did Cleve
land carry It In 188a ' By Just 1.047.
Hill carried New Y'ork In 1888 by only
19,171, but by how many votes did Cleve
land carry It that same year? He didn't
carry It at all. He lost It by 14,373 votes.
tf anybody has time on his hands which
he desires to devote to so superfluous a task
as the measurement of the relative strength
of Senator Hill and Mr. Cleveland with
tho voters of New Y'ork, the figures which
we have now recalled "speak eloquently"
The Legislature of this State will doubt
lesi do what la proper for the relief of Now
York and Kings counties from the Inequitable
taxation which they bear for tho support of
the infnno lnmatos ot public Institutions. The
question was explainod In Govornor Floweii's
messago to tho Legislature, and moro fully
explained in Mayor Grant's mossaco to the
Common Council, and it was yet again dealt
with In an Albany letter printed In The Bvx
ot tha 15th inst Tho two counties named aro
paying tho w hole of the heavy cxpenso of their
own insane, whilo at the same timo thoy are
contributing a Idrco proportion of tho fund re
quired fur tho maintenanco of tho Insane ot
tho other counties of the State. Mayor Grant
suggests that they bo relieved from the Stato
tax, and it is cortain that. In equity, thoy
should he relioved from it by the Legislature.
It Is to bo presumed that the members from
this county and Kings vv ill see to It that fair
play is secured In tho case.
Americans, oven those of them who live
In the far Went where tho buffalo grass crows,
aro poor hands at gotting up dreadfully secret
soclctioijsUh horrid designs. They aro pretty
suro to tell everybody the secrets and to writo
up tho designs for tho papers Here, for ex
ample, is tho assassination society, or " bocret
Order of Justice." recently raised in thocounty
tf Haskell, in the Stato of Kansas. Tho first
wo hear of it li through the publication of its
programme of action, its platform of princi
ples. Its method of business. Its places
of meeting, and the namos of its mem
bers. Throe of the members have
rushed to tho front with a complete exposure,
and if there beany other members they are
probably ready to do tho same thing- The
peoplo who. It is supposed, were to bo their
victims, have meanwhile found that they do
not possess tho sympathy of tho agricultural
community, and aro therefore demeaning
themselves with discretion.wonderlng whether
there is any uso In prosecuting tho unveiled
There is no doubt that tho " Secret Order "
should be brought into tho County Court, so
thatir It has any othor secret than that which
aiipcar in its name, tho whole of tho popula
tion ot Kansas. Includlnc nil tho members of
the Farmers' Alliance, may enjoy tho sensa
tion ot astonishment.
It Is evident thnt tlio founders of tho "Secret
Onlor" havo not found out how to manago
tilings on tlio Italian plan.
Thcro Is n sin prising acknowledgment In
thoroportof tho Hoard of Agriculture of tho
Stato of Now Jorscy. It is thcro oponly ae
ktiutv Mated that tlio grain crops ot last rear's
harvest in that htato were profitable to the
farmorsbi whom they wero raised. It Is hard
to understand how any Stato Board of Agrl
cultiiro can havo the audacltj to make such an
admission, after wo lmvo heard from so niuny
other Blatos about tho prolltlesn crops raistd
by Iho poor tanner, tlio losses of tho heavy
ludcn agriculturist, tho low prices received by
tho vrobegono grain cruwor. Why, grain
was reall gtotvn at a profit hist jearinXew
Jersey, and tho fact is admitted. "It was a
profitable ear for tho grain growers" Is, the
official averment of tho Now Jersey Stato
Hoard of Agriculture mailo publicly In tlio
Convention now holding its sosslons In Tren
ton, the capital of the Stato.
Tho admission pleases us. It may be tho
beclnningot tho end of tho fannors' melan
choly habit of complainiuc. It is an admis
sion that sots New Jcrsoy at the top of all the
Statosof tho Union, in ountespect at least. It
is nn admission that must tend to raio tho
price nf Now: Jersoy laml, for there are lots of
srnin raisers all ovor tho country who would
llketoi-ettloinahtntu where cuiln raising Is
pioflt'tble. or. In other voriis. is n monoy
muklng buslnesb. Tu begin it.li. .01 thu farm
etsof Kansas, who ralso grain at a lioavy iuss
every j car, ought to movo to New Jersey in
time to sow the seed for noxt year a ciop there.
A Qaea'.loa Abo I'atrt j rolltlcw.
To tub EoiroB o The Buk Siri Your
leader In to-day's paper has the right ring, the
ring that touches tha American heart. In the
event of a war with Ohlll, there will be no
North, no South, no East, no West, no Repub
licans, no Democrats, nnd no substitutes. All
Americans, w bother natlv e or naturalized, will
bo tor America and tho old Tlug. All Mug
wumps will remain English, and contlnuo to
prny for peace at any price and free tr.ide.
i. a. a
rrom the I, una nf the h lurry Eyed,
In tuKKniTOK or TiitSii ijr i, He ut Mill for Presi
dent ' T 1! Hooar,
mutuax, k... Jan 18
What the If aarwoaaM fceal Ob.
from tU WaUrka Obarrsr.
Tha drooling substitutes for thought aaafact la tba
Km rare Raw and tha Waw Tetk JVerfv J
" M
Cat. Kewwar rx at Ceaapttaaeat tatter. Bill
. e Oea. Per tar.
Albant. .Tan. 20,-The National Guard Amo
olatlon of tlds State opened Its sosslons In this
city this morning, and after receiving credoa
tlalsand attending to financial matters list
ened to tho aldress of Its Prosldont, Col Fred
erick Koppor of the Seventy-first Begtmcnt.
New York city. Tho following are the points
ot the address:
Tho naval reserve having bocome a vory
honorable and Important part of tho National
Guard. Is ent Itled to respect and a v oloe In the
deliberations of this body. Tho constitution
thould bo amonilod so as to entitlo that organ
Nation to representation and It be invited to
send delegates.
While tho general Government can. under
ordinary circumstances, man tho forts In
nnd around our harbors, emorconoies might
arlso at anv moment, and aro ovon now Immi
nent, requiring extraordinary moasures. To
moet such demands hoavy nrtillorr organlra
tlons should bo oerfectcd In the lower and
wostorn parts of our State as rapidly as tho
noeessary appropriation can bo obtained for
that purpose.
Tho moet cursory examination of the report
of tlio expenditure of .tho 34W.OOO annual ap
propriation for tho National Guard discloses
the rigid economy practised and tho utter In
sufficiency nf the amount, even for tho prosont
requirements. Tho many unsuprlied wants
which have, from necessity, been accumulat
ing and the actual current oxrensesnnd cot
or maintaining tho guard require an appropri
ation of at least $50A),uuo.
The encouracemont of athletics In the Na
tional Guard bv the inauguration nnd maln
tennnco ot htnto competitions under olTlclnl
sanction and government, was a subiert of
rour consideration at tho last mooting of tho
association. There can bo no doubt that by
this nienns many young men would be indueod
JP'R the guard who aro already mombors of
athletic clubs.
A portion of the. address deals with the uni
form, and in closing Col. Kopper sys:
Comparisons hnvo boon declared odious,
yft with no desire toitetraet from the merits
of his predecessors. It may bo stated without
fear of contradiction tlint to Adjt.-Gen. Porter
is due the credit for devising and executing
tho pluns which have raised tho National
Guard to Its presont efficiency. In tho with
drawing of J-onstor David ft Hill from tlio
Gubernatorial chair tho National Guard lost
the best Commandor-ln-Chlef it has over had.
Always allvo to ita requirements, ever inter
ested In Its progress, ho bestowed on its man
agement his personal attention and sought by
every means in his power to nromoto Its wel
fare. It will ,u a dinicult task to obllterato
be deep Impress of Ids wlso administration.
vhllo wo resret pnrtlne with ono who hns for
so many years proved himself a sincere friend
of the guard, we need not bo far Into tha mes
sacoot his sueeesor to find assurance of the
intorftst Gov Flower takes in tho guard, n con
sideration of his recard Tor its prot.pority hav
ing, been manifosted by his prompt appoint
ment of Gen. Porter "
Thedelegates cjllod upon Gov. Flower In a
body In the morning nnd at nil times during
the day indulged in more or less war talk.
In tho aftornoon tno association voted to
cnangpthe dato of Its annual meeting to tho
second Tuesday in beptember. and also elected
those offli ers- President. Col. illUm J. Hard
ing. Thirteenth Kegimenr. Brooklyn: First
vlce.I'resiclent. Major nmrles L. Abeil. Seventy-fourth
.Regiment. New York: Keoretarr.
Cipt. Irederick L. Holmes, Twenty-third Reg
iment. Brooklyn: Treasurer, dipt David Wil
son. Second Biuterv. New ork: Chaplain, the
Rev. WIUlHm N. Dunnell. Twenty-second Reg
iment, New iork. Tlio last throo wero reelected.
Chlll'a Belter That She Could Whta T.
To the EDrron op The Sun Sir: You
appear to bo surprised at the belief ox
pressed by tho Chilians that thoy could whip
us. I happened to be private secretary to tho
late CnlobCushlng when ho was settling the
Yirginius affair in Madrid. " Butcher" Bur
rlel had just been promoted, and at a confer
ence between Mr. Cusbing and the Spanish
rrlme Ministor. Cnnovas del Castillo. Seflor
Burriel ventured tho opinion that In the caso
of o war between the two countries Spain
would be easily victorious.
" I may ha e to cram your besotted fallacies
down your throat.," was Gen. Cushing's un
diplomatic answer.
Cushing had faults enough, but he was
American from head to foot.
There Is hardly a man In Chill. I suppose,
who doos not Relieve that bis country Is more
than a match for ours. It is a peculiarity of
the Latin race to entertain the extraordinary
Idea that it Is superior to tho Anglo-Saxon.
Terhaps it is. but it has not proven it for 'J, oou
rears. F. p. vv.
The New Chrlatlamlty.
To the Editor or Thb SvsStr: Your kind
notice of my idea of the "Now Christianity"
was exactly what I meant I never saw the
expression "Tho New Christianity" bofore.
You must havo coined It, and I think it covers
(no of the lending ideas in the change and
progress of modern thought. TnE Son Is cer
tainly doing a groat deal in its editorial de
partment to help on the cause of truth and free
religious Inquiry.
Thanking ou for yourcourtesy and fairness,
yours sincerely. Peter MacQueex.
Brosxviixe, Jan. 20.
Bend a Foetal lo Coluaatlaa afeaae.
If with rage you holler when you see a silver
If tha Chinese civil service finds favor In your
If you're absolutely doting on kangaroo
If for total tariff-smashing your spirit pines
nnd sighs.
If you want a candidate who is wonderful In
Send n postal to Jimmlo Means
JImmlo Means ot the Burg ot Beans.
I'll tell you on the level that we're going to tho
And tho wickedness of politics must give us
alia pain;
And it is the good man's mission to obstruct
the politician.
And to makn ono front of war against such
men as Hill and lilnlno:
If you nro with tho good, wo'd thank you it
jou would
Bend a postal to Jimmlo Means,
Mlstor Means ot the Burg of Boans.
If you look upon tho caucus as a wickedness
of Orcus.
It a primary jou never by any chance at
tend: If you regard a workor as blacker than a
And think a voter '11 bo corruptunloss Inbooth
ho's penned:
If you aim to represent the better clement,
Hond a postal to JImmlo Menns,
Means, James, of tlio llurg of Beans.
If you cvor hid been tost on tho waves of
thought in Boston,
You would know that theie Is harbor for all
tho tramp cranks;
If your brain-sails aro In tattors, why, there It
llttlo mattors,
You can lit up and refurnish, for they sell
brain-yarn in hantB;
If you want the Ship of btate to brace up and
Sond a postal to Mlstor Means,
James Means of thu Burj of Beans.
Mister Means U uot ,i imnrtj. but the foundor
of a part.
The great Columbian pait that will rnko tho
Mugwump4 in:
Hehasstookln nver notion that they kneol
to with devotion,
Hehasoffered strong attraction to their cheek
and to their chin;
Mug. with Stuffing on the brain, moan no
more, but ease thy pain ;
Bend a postal to Mister Moans.
Jacobus Means of the Burg of Beans.
The Columbians are rising In a manner most
'Gainst tho cohorts of tho Workers they will
fight and never flinch;
The Mugwumps swift are nearlug tho point of
Torthobold Columbian lendeis havo got on
'om n cinch.
And nil who would be tiuo to tho Claim-
ant's 'l2
Will si nd a poMal card to Mister Means,
James Means of the llur.- nf Do iuk
Oeltlag l'p a Ci uals.
"Thla la tn unntua'ly full metilugottha Wrltara'
Club. Isn't It t'
"Tea The Secretary said In hie notice that every
one preatnt would be aiitd to read one of big own
ivK. cvaiox novnis, Aftr oAtzsnr.
Tatrtjr-ela-. Mare Paiattaa Setae m Wktclt
It lax Hale So Ditllta ITcre Fatal.
Tho tolturo room tn tho Custom House
looked Hkoaplcturo gallery lato yesterday
aftornoon, Tho lights wero dim In tho gloomy
room, but glistening ail about wero heavy gilt
frnmos. nnd In them were valuable paintings.
Thbtewcre thlrtt-slx pilntlngslnall. Thoy
had been seized In tho morning by Treasury
Agent Charles H. Trnlltcur and Customs In
spector Thomas Brown. Tlioy wore lugged
down to the Custom Itouso on two trucks and
later wele on exhibition. Collector Hendricks,
surveyor Lvon. nnd other customs olllclals
examined them.
Tho thlrtj-slx paintings wore valued ap
proximately ut Sir.tHai They wete all origi
nally In tho art ntoro of I Hiilridiin A Co., ft
West Twenty-second fctrcet. Sir. hplrldan was
on hand himself In tho seluie loom to wit
ness the fatu of the treasures In wlili h lie bad
nn Interest. 'Iho chnice nn which tho paint
ings wero seized Im that they were smuggled
into thin port. Tlioio Is Is tin rorord it Is
claimed that tho customs duties wero ever
paid on any of them.
t'ol. Traltteur has visited most of tho art
Btores In tho Last and Wostslneo Iho soiruro
oftlio "l.jon in Ambush" nnd "Aux Arms" In
Minneapolis. Theso seizures developed tho
information thnt for several years honest art
dealers in the Fast havo been greatly Injurod
in their business bv tho great mini berof paint
ings smuggled Into till port. 'Ihuelnim was
mado yr-btorday that thosniugclots havo been
aided In their work bv customs officials in tho
ranks at this port, Tlio batteries will eubso
quentlv be turned upon these officials.
Among tho paintings aobod vesterday were
works to Meissonior. Alma Tadema. Rousseau.
Marehettl. Dargct. .lost! lllco, Glojn Ilsrbera,
A. Charpln. Bertnlon, Trovon. .fulos Dupns
Do Nouville. Henner. Dauhlgny. Dlnz. Ch.
Jaca.no. Kortuny, Do raticechi. Anclllopl,
Cecconl. Van Marko. Huet. Zlem. nnd Cnrot.
They will bo hold for further Investigation
and appraisement. Further seizures of paint
ings uro expected this week.
Nnlloanl eSuara and War.
To the EDrron or The Sirv 5ir: In an In
ten low repwted In to-day's Suvwlth AdjL
Gen. Torterln reforenoo to State troops avail
able in evontof wnrwlth Chili, tho Gcnornl Is
reported as saying "tho President can order
the State troops out to repol an Invasion, in
easoof robellion against the laws of thu United
Btates. or to onforco the Federal laws in a btnto.
or If ono Stnto asked for assistance ho may
call out iho militia of nny other Stnto to givo
assistance. " Whether this means that
tho Stato ti oops in tho event of a war with a
foreign country could bo callod upon for ser
vice outsldo tho Cnltod States Is a question
that has never boon tested."
Tho powor of tho President, as defined by
nrtfele II., section 2 of tho Constitution. Isns
follows: "The President shall bo Commander-in-Chief
of tho army nnd navy of the United
States and of tho militia of tho several Stntes
when called into actual rervlcoot tho United
Adjt.-Gen. Forter seems, in this Interviesv,
to make tho great error that sominvhavo
mado before, ot confusing tho National Guard
with tho milltln I presu'iio thnt In speaking
of "'tnto troops" hn refors to tho Nutional
Guard as now organised.
Every citizen ot tho United States between
tho ages of IS and CIO, phisieallycapabloof
r-e irlng arms. Isipsoarin militiaman This
Is one of tho burdens of i itlzeiiNhip and can
inuowa be avoided. It isiompuNun.
Untlie contrail, ineinbur-diin in theNational
Guard l purcl v"luntur and ti"t compulso
ry, that K the joinlii:,-H voluntary. Iho Na
tional Guuril of thu repeetivo btates nro or
ganized bodies under tho laws of such State.
Tho dutlsnnd obligation assumed when en
listing In tlio National Guard of uny State nro
fcololv to thnt Stnto. nnd tho liablfllj forcer
vice must necessarily be eo-.tousho with tlio
llmitHof such Stato. While membership In
the Nntionnl Guard of an Stato does not in
an wa relievo any eitlzenfrom tho burden
cast upon him ns u militiaman, neither does It
increase such burden so fnr ns It relntos to
the Lnlted Stntes In other words, his mem
bership in the National Guard In noway af
fects Ids llubilitv ns a militiaman, nnd neither
increases nor d.crense. the power ol tho United
Stntes to demand his sen lees as n militiaman.
It will Iiero.idll) seen thnt the militia and tho
National Guard aro ontln ly separate and dis
tinct while over gunrdsinin mut nevessii
rilv he a militiatnnii jet no militlamnii need
bo a guiirdhuiaii unless lie voluntarily enlists.
This distinction has been repeatedly hold bv
the courts of thu sevoral States. In a court
martial of which the writer herved ns Judge
Advoejito charges wero preferred ngainbt an
ofllcci n( tho National Guard for speaking dis
respectfully of his commander-in-chief, tho
President of tho United States. It was held by
thoeourt thattho President was commnndor-in-ehlet
of the militia, lint not of the National
Guard, and that u court composed of National
Guard oflleers baa no jurisdiction over thuac
cusod foi the offence nlleged, nnd tho charges
wero consequently dismissed. Tho laws of
tho United states aro very conipleto nud
voluminous relating to tho cnlling in service
tho militia of tho several Mates hut may ho
briell) statnd ns. Ilrst. volunteers, nnd ufter
ward drnlts. tho Stnto hiving tho power to
cliooso'llm oflhers nnd full control until tlio
troopsiuo mustered into thu service of tlio
United Stntes
There can be no question that tho militia,
onco in tho service of the United States, can
be sonttoany iinrterof tlio glubo tlin Prosl
dont mny deem lit, as vns tho case in the Mex
ican wni.
It is ouunllv certain tintno gunrdsmnn. by
reason or bin oiill-tment In tlio National
Guard, can hncomptllt-d to do mllitnry duty
outside of the Stnto in which ho is a member
of tho Guard.
In ono mmiso tho name national is n mis
nomer, and such orgnniralions should ho
called state Guirds; jit in another sense it Is
not n misnomer, ns experience proves that,
organized and equipped as ourNntlonnl Guard
is. It will l;ft tho ilr--t to volunteer to enter tho
Held to uphold the honor of tho nation
Nt.w ionh. Jan. In. li i.e. W.
The Chinese Siindnv tsphonl question.
Tntur Triton or Tin sts , Vv attention hue ben
calleiltn a letter that appeared In Tin- M lam weelc
tinned h I.llln In ihe leiier there were repCAted
the abure and inLiUlujiuit. tint hde .a; pea-el of
lalmer the tcntiire ..t certain t'hm-se Huijou
kindly p ibllsli thU answer '
1.1 have neier nppi.e I Ihe mtolnnsry effort to
Chnatlanlre the ( hijieie hit baie eirnrs'ly as.ltted
In the ettiirl fur scleral je.ir
2 I ralle I attention lo the rhjrrtmn thit hnlheen
made tu lue enip'imei!t nf jnin,. Imlie. j. lenebers
lnthcjtemn:riiein,iil tu-Uea lurmil tn tltj:..
Ingof toinenhat inetly k It b) I lu pupil to llio.e
;ri,'l;,r"k,",l0,1lhl".',ily lepejled the na-nllllM
llial li I tiocii mj ibe I ht our 1U1..1, iinner r. lerriir
tmaiepniilmlieilin II. lull n m lerofltm ,,r 1 -l, : 1! .
"?'; ;'. eiilitlnl -Human Mnrkii,rU email
.1 Intl.. c.nlr.iirr. 11111,- l 1I1.11 11,,. ,,em
hal c.i nil. mmrlaif-a lnim.cn t'n I iiiir-enut 1
aidieailiri in libit smne ,.f ll,erLir. p.,r..iLlof
lhlr suit I sjiiI shit t una repel', tlui I ,'ibe 1 rt,
en riieumatani 1 a 1 rea-ar.l .111 '1 MitcriiiarruVei J. 1 .
uinaUeaaiulK unrmiel illielati.
4 I pri-ie-lltel Jl IIih len.i'll (,t lie.e t A itlrr.a Ihe
I he remit nf ll.ei- ) ,,i r h h' i tllr ,'B ;","J
nd .aloof u.men sill Kir irailie,l l.l tlwini.ee
III Vnerlul aillllieiruel irea'urill lnli,,,Jne"i"
!!?' iStiZ'tt'ZXlV" "" "'"" "" "'"
- Iliel-o - 1 Hadmn l II III. I'-ealdei t , r Hie
t Mnew . 1. .... 1 itm-iN in anna, r nf lii.a, I lii
ne.e nnliai. Ieeialliiieii. lie ha.nn " I if
liehani.tliiapllHl Ih.ae nateuielit. k l.l. Ii 1.VM1 , i
tiil.eumrii.ioi.lii.. ni.par-iiil) m.oihii ni, ",
llnha.lml hi.iimiitlnii caleli,, ihe., ri l? ,1. ".
icrtfilli nnaio Hut pera oil bi ., , ,, , ai,,,,,;.,.
a r.',"ru.,;"ur"pr",.,;,r,!., " ..'
li I1I011 1. prop, .eloilial In tll'an les'inn vith a lew
Irre.ronilHli tilnesf llio.lll.u Hi, i s VihY
T, !i ZWl'V:? ""r "'t'euirnl. a I !,.', "'',
will 1 11 el h m before bit iiiuiUt.rial I ret ireii of ihe
VI I l nurrli or before tb lulliialera u bo.V .iJojii ,,
be append. .1 to III. rmul ir It.ue.l I,) tin ( 1, '.
vw elation is nr.u'ar full or ini'.iiiierie ; ,Tr th.
place here 1 u.elu. mun. dm nine ita, mi be 111,1 . 7 1
Viy,i"!";e', , ' lh'" - I. .labial 1 fl l" ",'l"" A
frmn beta nd u fen Oniniinin hn 1 1 their ii.ii.iill
'.".?'."!;..,' Ii,,'".r.vii';,i'y"v' "
" e rttn?r nv, itimiit r.i nf. tn j t . inri nf at
ahuain a lirnther minuter ho lii id. nir, has d n
a. oineii tob. the ( nm. ,. i tm,i ', . 1 r 1" u 10
baU"e Tli sri...il .nunt I. lem'liel I nil,,,1
ZV: ",. " ' r" ,,.Jt ,,,1!"' -l..i..n ai it ?.. u,Ver
il no ll,ee iui ins an 1 ,1 h 11 leie. belr 1 l.lr nl'i 1.
D "Ui'S""1"""1 iohlin I Invite th, it"?,
ur, b I. lia.uwin v , , ,
t'areei- of the Red Necktie,
rnrl rhmtr Vim.
rrbaeuoartiU of appaitl haa cier bad aueh a
popular run in this country as the red tie. Ttiecrata
haaaaapt over tba ent're country from the Attautle to
the r-aclflo coast, and In ararjr hamlet andpralre Til
lag, city and ton the red nerktla hlaies. ho roum
man s wardrobe was complete unleaa he wat tba hanpr
possessor of at least several of tlu.e ties. The craw
haa already tieijun to aub.lde woul 1 not be correct
toclalm that rvds" arj dej.l, but they .re a'ovilr
atlniraaay, '
Tlie Crent iiiimn Ciune Not In Favor
iVowi tU J', Iklity ,i Ut ti.t
The members of tonitrcit aa mle.du not .ee why
they should v ote a pres-nt of ; () u lo I LU .o
A nuultt lii llie fuse,
ll)i lll.vma-Mav.nin, Mi,f IMIcheii' it d n'
jo' ncvrmule ha- Wba' )o' if.t.u
S'aelllnol'niihen-'rin. a heap on de crondur'o'
dithyuh mule. Mlaf lllgdns. If dl.hyuh mule don'
tack to klckln' It iwan lo CoonWIle, but If dlahroh
nulattcktto klckln'. laa dead culled la'm'n. shi' -a
There are 46.6 aawtnllla rnnnlnr la the suit af 1 jH
VTasblrtten. with a total dally euttlnt; capacity a( I
8.421,000 feet. 1 H
There wre 141 dlTorea casta in fcotlanalatt yttr ' aeaaaaaaal
aeacalntt IO the year prevloua. Rltty-thret of tha obIbIbIbIbI
action, were hroueht by hntbanda and eighty by wlt, H
A twitlon. Ma, trenebman. while laudlni tba aeBBBeBeaBi
rabbit as an article of food, dellrered himself as foi. ,H
lnwtl toutakeone rahbett andttlnhlm, tnl I Jon
aallef haveathlcaen" 'H
A dally newspaper puhllthad In South Africa tn lb. iH
Fiifllth language baa Just entered tha forty asrtata, ibI
year ot lit riltlence. Tba paper la the .Vatil II (!.., H
pnbllahtd In I'letrrmarllrburi; ' H
Nun resident hunlara are Informed that htreirttr BeBeBeBeal
they mutt'pay a lee of tlu into tha county tretauy jH
and lake out a license from a Justice of tha react ha. iH
fore they ran Ian full shoot came within Ihe boonis at
Vale, county. That unusual provision of tha county
game latva was enacted atasteclal meeting ot the I eeBeBeBeal
Hoard nf Supert Itors at Tenn V an last week, H
During the year 1HJ1 there were surreyal at the H
port of Dangor 1&.tMStn feet nf dry pine. T.lOSSul H
feet nf green pine. IIMCO.'. 741 feet rf tprnta, an H
XI 604 844 feet or hemlock, funlpar, clar, Ac -a lo t H
of ie4 08."aM feet. Thla It 14(xs)000 lest fin In
18P). and B 000 OOO leva than In last) Tba grrtUit H
falling off wat In aprucaand pint and tha decline was aH
chiefly due to the dciuoralltatlon of tha New Vcrg H
btaln and Cromwell, who we-e tentencad tothe H
Maine Slate prltcn rnr Ufa for the mnrdrrnt Cam ar H
nirron ot Ihe Pester Hank, hare not lost a days won Lbbbbbbbbbi
since they entered the prison, foweli, tne I ewttm, H
murderer, receirea a liberal pension which he aena al
tor luiiirlra that are allowed. Ha hat a special bran!
nf cigars manufactured In nocklaid. Chandler, ho H
la serving a aenteno for forgery, la the prison orgai ut,
andhehascompisedastack of mnilc. some of whhk aH
he Intemla to publish aflrr hla release H
About thirty years ago Vtotra Rtarllngano oth- H
put two traall rlncks ot sheep on Vunhegnn, a b'eak ant ,H
rucV) Island off the entrance to Penobscot Bay, tei ee. v
Ing that sheepcnuM take careof thtmaelves slmr-tt aeBBBBBBBBB
anywhere. Rlnce then the flocks hare 1m rea.ei to an H
aggregate of 250 head, running wl d an) receiving nt
attention whatever. Once n jearmnliav, gone I t'ie
I.Ian, 1. driven the sheep Into a pen and she.rMtlifra LH
and marke 1 thelamba The sheep are nus nwpel t y H
half a doien peraona. some of w houi have not s-tn t is .
for twentj jaews
one ot the most persistent beggara In ro-ilni,
Mr, la a collie dot which la vrery fond of rimicintits.
Thecnllle In eompauy with his inlalreaa rlsttelabvk H
ery one day latt fall and perceiving some dnnghnuts la H
a ahnw caae he aat down and p eaded by meant ot H
abort, sharp bark, for a treat, Tne tUrk gen-rou r
fed the amsrt dog hut now be wishes that bebadut, ,
for every da alnce th.. collie haa appeared to beg for
more tloughntita. If the shopdooria closed be win wan H
outside until annie one npena it. and then dodje in ta H
get hla regular free Itinoh H
Some grevt hunting wna done In th, closing dava of H
the late bunting senson In Maine A party of H, sta H
sportsmen, with A It Iiouglasa of t tistls a. gulls H
chased n ten year oil moo.o Tor eighteen day. b-n
one of the part) ahot hltn The animil weighed ato at
TOO pntinda and rarn.1 pplen.lld antler. Twornonvt.r
hull inoose were br luglit tliln Sebec Station n few dua
after Christmas h.vliu, been killed nar ahmakan-a
Ijvkeby P.njamln WiNHlwer.l and Horace Poreoftt H
Linton One of the he.,., nl h antlera. weighed s H
pounds the other 871. poutifte, and tbo larger am e-g B
had a apreadof 4 feet 1 Inch.
lourteen year ago Benjamin simps.n and fam"y
pasted through Bingnrnn their way from Bll leforl to H
Arooatoo. count) Tley travelled tn a big rnr.ree. H
wagon dravnby a pair of horses, which had been pr
vidtd for them by the citizens of Btdderonl tor tha H
famtl) were In reduced circumatancea. On either s'da H
otthe wa.otinppc are! the legend. " Aroostook or Bust, H
an Itt-e outfit attrccle 1 much attention along the route, H
Simpson dldn t " buat,M but is now a prospermia farmer H
InGlcnwood one of thericheat aectlona of the garden H
countv. anl ia ab).it tn receive a pension from tha
(.overnment fordiaabilttea resulting from long service -H
heforetbe matt In the nav). H
ome of th Vlalno coast dweUera are no batter o3 ggH
In respect to achool nni church privileges than the peo- t
pie of the remote Vroostook wllderneas who never tea H
an thing much except tree's and bears A man who
livea on Great Dfimonl Island, Portland lower bar- H
Isir, haa three cbl dren of achoot age, but there la no H
acbool on Great Piamond, and therefore be appealed to H
the Mayor of Portland for assistance tn tha matter. It 'H
haa been arranged that tberblldrenahaU be transport- H
ed daily, at Ihe clt) 'a expense to Peak. Island, where
there is a school It isn t ever) poor family who have H
a private aleainboat at their disposal daily, as In this H
case, an 1 the children enjoy tba dlatfnctlon about aa H
much as the) do the trip. H
There wat quite a heav y fall of snow In Mobile, Ala,
latt Thurtda), an event of great rarity and of equally
great interest to the Inhabitants. It waa the Sratanow
in five jcart. and the fifth In aeventy years. About
half an Inch of anow fell, and the landscape had an ap-
pearance which the Mobile people are mainly familiar
with only in picture. The last snow atorra there waa In
1886, when three quartera or an Inch fell. On Dec 20, fH
1870 .imnchea of snow rail, the heaviest anow storm H
ever known there The snow storm preriouatothat waa H
in January. 1851. and the one before that on ran. 16
1821 when the mercur) got down to 6e above aero, and LH
there waa good sleighing in the atreete ot Mobile. There H
have been three sleet or ball atorma In addition to the H
wlntr) vlsitatlona mentioned above IH
A short Urn) ago a lei Hug Scotch newipaper H
printed a letter from a correspondent who sought for Ll
information and advice in regard to emigrating to H
Australia The expectation waa that the Inquirer
would get tome advice from aome Australian reader of ,
the paper. He did A man writing from Sydney offers
the following advice to the eager emigrant "first, H
change jour mind. Second, take a course of lessons H
irom an arrohit in lightning changes We have no H
climate onl) aamplea and we show a great man) In
twenty fojr hours Third, take a lire belt. Four'l.
letjojr clothes he mu 1 color They will assume tint
hue vory soon, anv how. lifth. take a rew hogshealt H
of carbolic acid. Tbo people have never seen their way ,H
to knock a ten per c-nt. dividend out of a dralna.t
a. heme hence they do without nne. and aak you. H
'What do yon think of our tramwaya:' blxtb,buya aH
return ticket." iH
Fnrelcn Notes or Real latereaf. H
In 188S the orthodox Church of Ruatle made Is SUS H
prose'ytca Irnui the Lutheran Church cam. 1 Ono, H
from tho Iton.an Cu'hollr, iu)i; from the Jewish. 7j7,
from the Mohammedan, 3 lit H
Some painters in ficueva are palntlnga panorama of H
the Uerueai: Alp. vvlilrh villi have a height of M feel H
anla width of 341 feel, to go to Chicago Tne who a jH
will coat about S.K-OOo.1 It waa nil aketched from Ilia H
summit ot the Minnliclitn ,mio fert bigh H
llon'iuKers latrolleaa tho Ilicheas il I'et. In fie H
rocrta of the Department or I In 'vine, baa hal a JH
giai.llau appointed for her spenltlirltt sou. Jacque. H
?luno (nraud de Crii.aold IV. a Duke i! Irra t,u,re ,H
heb-talneof age nn Nov. Ill I8"l he haa contract.-1 H
nn iiniurdlate indebtrdneas aiuonntllK lo flooouo l
ha.lnluccd hla mother tn uLe up fl'.raX) worth n;
hiannlea anl hnaiuorlgiged hl.ettalea rortaoonav,
bhorlly before the new ) ear the Statistical lustliuis -H
In Vta.trl 1 mu le ruhllf the n tults nf thu last census n
Spain, accordliu; to whlin the countr contains N HI.
r.Jt males and 8 'r.t ton females, or a total populan ,a H
of 17 5ilT, IISJ The ie'soii w ho can neither read n r
write nunihir II 'i ,t ,;i, who ..u re I. but not ru, H
lai.'CH)", who ,. ii hull real and wnle 60044,1.
There .ire In hpatn IS M) I r, tubmen. 07&'i IVrii H
g.ra-. ", TI'i ln.li.lini.il .187, ltnll.ini, 1K2H i..- H
nihil, '.'il Miirn.Jiu an I lilj Ilti.siana t'ula.pnp
In 1 lot, u in II l-7 M.lnd haa tls.' 044 lliliabilaula, IH
against venr. mu
In ilieiluirih ni laiiiivn, Sweden three couplet re-
roenllitglltrreioiiFrulloiiaof two famlliea. were map
rlelnnlir, '.o Tne tlrai icremony united the w 1- H
ower J II a-lin d Hljeuraold and the widow, Mart.- H
r, li l nrl.lm i -Jho'n,, me second, Jonas Ink II .' M
1 ' nvulovir aud harah Johanna hadgvlst. n.t
Pjoholm The two grandchildren who were ni.-ti'l H
la. I werj John i'eler Ih-Bli nd, 24) eara old, and Anna H
I narlntie . irvi.t In j ears old Theso three genera vH
th nam hii'esaud brldegroiuit Ihe together now in tH
(riiidf ithrr lli.g'und s furm
Ju.t br,iro hri.tma. liana Egerleln 9 yeara r 1. H
s nt rioiu hu homo In hpandau a Inter to fcmper r H
William In uhlrti be , u, that he and hla )ounger -H
hi ilhei htl Ion.' wnn ni unlforuii riles andswnrdi H
l.ielrf.ither vv ho was u Ker.cart In the Prussian ami). (H
wvttirii ik or to huj these thnui for them, and they H
therefore heraed that the migin li.i r ihe small irn s H
aud nnlilai) clnihesouiaronn b) the princes OnNe H
Veurs vie there arrive I at ihe hgeneiu house in pa H
dauuurk g.'froiii I'oladain eriilolnlng two liltle 1 1 H
met., two swords twodruma and twntiii) rlfleaof na fH
'SSmodtU Accompanying the b s wat an aulogra; a H
Idler from the tuii.eror. exhorting the two little Ff -r H
ieln. to learn to use 'heir arms for the defence of Ljj ijH
peror and empire.
Col. Bale's Oallsuatrr.
'ran (A OaUulim Daily f,'nn. H
eb'nea""7 m' th,oe " T woman ive H
- - saxexexexel
Oalsg U.u (or Waat ef tba Isr. H
Jro"! Its fa liun ,;.)!. .Waal JH
roV,.T.',,r,,l, r)r.'',,' w111 '" lnane Ton sta tie i' H
,""- '" U'" l'!"" b' m,t u1 mairisJ lH
,' m"': ',".? rd the awful revo'atl ns H
couXVtrJ,,.idr:v.,L,rdo.,..U w" "' l""'r n1 "' H
foueldertnpr tllr Natur. H
) ,., 1 ("Aon?., Dally Trillin
too ,!';i",,oJ,""",' ' ,""ln' thl.overroat I. a te 1 tH
alolrllall.t,UVh.lt'l,,0,.l', Prompt Amellorailon I B
Mr. BIHu.-Ve. ' "'"' ao0r' '"' "" I eaaaaaaaaaaal
t1.r8.'"l,-Tlieii l.tth.coatgo It will he old ancoik I axetexetl
when It gate to the fallow that naeia it I M
wffrhbr.i1Sf.0FKc.0'2,1MDr D-Jrne'aMipcteraal. I 1
wnica auhduaa the Innaumatlon, and hatvla tka eat- I aaaaaaaaTeTal
.van, .tUttlu threal and liii-3t; """ 1 IjH

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