HkVHIBPVrEi .v .hvk.'? vr'lisisiisisisisisisHsl0siiaiaiaiai
aaaaaaaasftf , ----- - - ' ' ' ' y t 1 1 M , - s. --
sUBeX Bl MONDAY. MAY 2, 18D2.
saaaaBv ' Hk"' Mnbecrlptlon liy MMI-PottLpald.
K? Uft PAtLY.rer Month BO SO
By l PAtl.Y, Per Year OOO
HCji Mmd. Cl'.NPAY. I'er War 9 oo
fasaaaaW'' WMk IM1LY ANP sl'MiAY, I'er Year BOO
g," v IBk DAILY AMI Rl'NDAY, Per llontu TO
saaaaaHst bB? WW.KLY. rati car 1 OO
fassHs'ii aWr I to tcrilgu Countries added.
9 TUB BUN. New York City.
saaH"? Sin Eulicriptioni to The BvHmautiomade-thrcmgh
slHA t'lJfti Ac i'liivAnjiiii; ynrlnioifoWietmcriranr
LBf I. Pi jprfM Cbnipaw nloiiiplareteiwclinl Cumpaii"
Hi;' I, life hat nn agency. Agents telll gite a money order
ssH' I lv receipt for tubrcriptlont, and will forward the
v I ffl tnonev order attached to an order to tend the
'i tit paper for any stated time. free, of any charge.cz
sUB1 & ccDll'ieutuatpcuriouinfirordrr.
m& s p J-
HT fe Tho Tvro-thlrtis Iiiile.
f J fc- Now Ilampshlro originated tho Idea of
a, i National Conventions for nomltiutlnj? can-
HV U dldatcs for tho Presidency. Ocn. Jack-
tI I w BON wns cloctoil l'rosldont in 1823, and Mr.
Hfe ifes Calhoun BorvoU with hlra as Vlco-l'rcsl-
f. ?!l dont. Differences between thorn led to n
HM iin' posltlvo chnngo In their porsonul and polltt-
satt' Iff ' cn relations, ho that when Oen. Jackhon
B; Hi? bocamo tho accepted cnndldato for a Hocoud
Hfr ' ft term, Mr. Caluoun was dropped and tho
sBi P Sf Vlco-Frosldoncy was loft opoa for compot-
K1' I E lflflr nominations.
H- fc g- Tho LeglHlaturoof Xow Ilampshlro IbsuoJ
H'.;f l $ t call for n Domocratlo National t'ouvon-
H j tlon to meet at BnlUmoto, May 21, 18'!2, tho
h object bclnjr to noralnnto a caudldato for
li; 6 fj Vlco-Presldent. Tho number of delegates,
BJ! f v and tho inodo of choosing them, woro re-
HiT ' forred to tho dllTcrciit Htatcs.
H!j A largo attendance boio witness to tho
H j 1 popularity of tho. experiment, as n doclded
H t h Improvement on tho former caucus and
1 ' 1 ft other systems. At that time tho electoral
Bw' t7 votes (iKKrogatod 283, of which 283 had rcp-
H' rosontatlon, and Mr. Van lluuns jccclved
' 1 203 votcri, which mado him tho Democratic
Mj":; t" candidate for Vlco-l'rosldent, and ho was
0, i s elected with Gen. Jackson-.
Tho most roiuarkublo Iticldont of that
; i Convention was tho adoption of tho celo-
BV- ij bratod two-thirds rule, which has been eon-
lH j-' tlnuously rccoKulzod as ono of tho pillars of
j tho Democratic faith for Histy years. It
jT 3 was Introduced by Mr. Saundiiiis of North
Hi' i Carolina in tho follow Inn terms :
;r jr "KrmJrnl. That rnch Ftito bo entitle 1, In tlio nnmlna-
Hji ' tlon to bo uinde ofa cantlldatu for the Vice Prcititeney,
Hjs,l 8 lo a number or votes erjual to tho nmnbe tint they
1 , X- will be entitled toin the Klertornl Colleifeii umlcr tho
H 1 new apportionment In vnMnir for President and Vice-
Hi I g' Preildent, and that tno-thlrdiot tho ohola numberot
I' ' Toteiln the Couentlon lia'll)onei.esfurj' tocuiutllute
Lm: W' choice."
TS ' ,j Democratic loailors in soveml States did
fjt (f Dotllko tho New Ilampshlro Innovation,
M-S nor tho Saundkiis rnlu, which Imposed n
Hi? eovcro tost on tho ambition of aspirants for
; tho Presidency. Gen. Jacksox wrote a
' j ' lottor In Fobrunry, 1833, fnvorliiK a National
.fe !?v' Convention, and tho friends of Mr. Van
' j DuilEN wcro urffout in their ndvocacy of
? 'lis- no now BXP'''cnt ns boinff most ropro-
T &" eontatlvoof tho popular Bontlment. Tho
. I'j) Oonvontlon met at Haltlmoro May 20, iai3,
$ f and Mr. Van Huiien was nominated for
&i if- President without opooeition. Fourcandl-
$ dates. W. II. IIauuison. Huaii L. White.
iksf'Y?-' Danieii AVubstcii, and Willie P. Manobm.
gt fSJ" contested tho election. and thoyrocolvod 124
t5J' doctoral votes against 170 for Maiitin Van
. ,-,' fe Buren.
W 4 Tho noxtDemooratioNatlonal Convention
ft fix' mot at Haltlmoro May 5, 1849, and Mr. Vajj
ft "?' Bobes's nomination for a second torm was
Jr &?s forogono conclusion. His Administration
Jj? i- hod had to contend with tho financial crash
$$ fe'' 1837, w'''cn confrontotl him on entorlnp
Jy p. tho Whlto Houso, and with embarassraonts
' i attending tho Florida war with tho Indians.
fft" Thoso and other causes led to a political up-
ife hoaval. and Gen. IIajuilson was elected as
t" iji President.
k Tho fourth Nntlonnl Convention mot at
$3 i Baltimore. May 27. 1841. Mr. Van Duiien
jfe. a ji entored It backed by a clear majority of tho
c n k; dole&ates. Hut ho had previously com-
K jfj' mltteil himself In regard to the annexation
$ U f. ' Toxlls' "ntl "a,l to carry tho load of de-
e$ V " 'eat ' 1- HA,,1,IS0N". T'o wibo and con-
1$ K ! eonatlvo leaders of tho Democracy, with
W riM feeling toward Sir. Va- Uuiiex,
1 f- K v thought his nomination for a third tlmo
$$ M would imperil tho buccohb of tho party.
Wf FW which was moro Important thun any or all
e I candidates.
& ft te Mr. Saundkiis was thcro and renewed
Eg tho two-thirds rule, which in fact became
i fiffi tho tost of tho divided opinions of tho Con-
&' & P,V vontlon. It was reaffirmed by a vote of 148
T' i $ 118: ftnd Mr' 1,0,,K'WI10 'lni1 b,-'cn Speaker
tL ' tu0 "ol's'(, "' Itopresontativos, wat noinl-
? Jk 5 noted nud elected over Henuy Cl y.
' T From that tlmo forward until 18HS, ono
$' m '& term became tho unwritten law of tho Dem-
k'i M $ ocratlc party. Polk, Piciton, and Huchan-
&2 -M, Yf AN novor encouraged any departure from
S A hj the restriction. Tlioy stood by It In good
' W- faith without u sign of sclllbhiibpliutlou.
B Flvo ex-mombors of Mr. Gnovcn Cleve-
1. KVi'i LAND'S Cabinet and a largo body of other
w B'P ' ex-offleholdors, -who sook restoration to
X; B?f jpowcr and place, bavo been long engaged
ft5 4tf- 'D orffanizlDff a schomo for his third noml-
PHfj; nation ot Chlcogo. They tramplo down
'' H?' " oxpcrlonce ond precedents, beginning
ShTk ' Wasminqton, who put his foot on tho
BVfi attempt to prolong his tonuro as President.
wti iVa!'' They know that whon the effort was made,
K- Ht ' hoaded by Itoeooc Conklio and other
Pji.B, leading Uopubllcans, to depart from tho
B' BR r accepted usago and to glvo Gen. Grant a
if'?' lTI, thlrd'nomlnatlon, with all tho mighty In-
W B ' fluinoes exerted on tliatoccaslon it signally
$. B?;' ' failed. Tho Convention did not venturo to
',' Bta- afftont publlo opinion by such a dellunco of
fr, Wts a settled polloy.
jgfc.JB Tho managore of tho Cleveland third
mS f nomination campaign, who cam nothing for
i&V By the Domocratlo party oxcopt as nn Inatru
a'jlB?a"s'i ttontof their project, now propose to repeal
H jreV tho two-thirds mlo by insidious attacks,
.H $M' ' as a stop toward tl(0 desired object of bolf-(SM-P
1fl Tnoy BUCCCCaC(, at st- foil's. wIlli tho pat-
't'PeL Jonogo of tho Administration, In breaking
' i' j Jlown tho ouo-term rulo. That departure
t 'y kcsultod lu doborved dofeat nt tho polls. Hut
I ' theBOguorrllla politicians who nmsquerado
j as Democrats learn nothing from such les-
r ons. Thoy require sterner Instruction, and
. thoy will got it nt the Chlcugo Convention.
r Thoro uovor was a tlmo In tho hlstoty of
j" j tho Domocratlo party when it was nnrolin-
I portont thun uow that tho two-thirds rulo
v ehould bo onforood rigidly. It applies to all
' '- candidates altko.aud gives abundant oppor-
F tunlty tor conforenoo among delegates In
: deciding tho nomination wisely.
it Dnder this calmluK Influence thcro Is UtUa
Aufer ot the Convention being stampeded
by any sudden lmpulso or rush of fictitious
Tho method of olccllon of dolegatcs from
this Slnto to Democratic National Conven
tions needs only to bo contrasted with tho
method of tho Itepubllcnns, In order to un
derstand why It Is that tho Democratic
party, by Instinct, sentiment, and tradition,
is bitterly hostile to boltors.nnd why thoy
receive nt Its Conventions but small con
sideration. Tho Democratic plan of electing delegates
to nominating Conventions Is Imbed wholly
on tho direct net of tho Miters, who at their
accustomed meeting piiiceH choose by ballot
delegates who, lu turn, ohooso other dole
gates by whom tho nominations nro inndo.
Thus tho nominations nro dictated nnd con
trolled by the Democratic voters tliein
Bohcs, and are fnlrly binding on minorities
as well as mnjoiltles. Tho Itcpubllcan plan,
lu this latitude. Is different. Tliov liavo no
free nnd open primaries. Membership or a
Itcpubllcan organization Is tho condition ot
bUfTrngo, and thcioforo tho great body of
voting Hepubllrniis liavo no voice In tho
choice of candidates, and nro under express
responsibility to supttort them. Tho right
to abstain fioin voting for tho candidates
nominated remains an Inherent ono with
Itepubllcnns, nnd how often It Is exorcised
defeated Itcpubllcan candidates know to
tho cost of their ambitions, hopes, and
In Itcpubllcan States, whero Domocratlo
success Is tho result of political chance, or
of Republican apathy or neglect, tho scutl
meut ot allcglanco to tho rulo of tho ma
jority is loss strong among Democrats than
in thoso uncertain States like New York,
where victories must bo vigorously fought
for, and In tho party strongholds ot tho
South, whoro tho ovcrthiow of the Democ
racy Is icgardcd as a political peril ond so
cial menace. An apt illustration of this was
furnished to tho Democrats of tho Old
Dominion Stnto when thoy were confronted
with tho threat of some dissentients nnd
disorganizes to send a bolting delegation
to a Democratic National Convention. "It
becomes," declared theso Virginia Demo
crats, In convention at Richmond, "n manly
people to demaud of candidates for rcpro-
scntutlvo positions nuu honest aspirants
to decido whero they btund as between the
two great parties of tho country, nnd wo
will support no person who docs not mani
fest his ndhorenco to tho nntionnt Democ
racy nnd IU candidates upon tho Presi
No oncourngomont or countenance will be
gion in Chicago to Ixiltcts. If any such
intend to present themselves thcro as hull
ing from Now York, thoy should not omit
tno lormnnty oi purcnasing rounu-trip
tlckots allowing for tho briefest stop-over
possible. 'Tho Convention will make short
work of thorn.
The Doctrine of Good Roads.
It Is encouraging to noto tho Increased
general interest taken in tho question of
good roads, at shown by tho discussion of
tho means of getting them. A monthly
magazino. Good Roadx, is devoted to tho
improvement of tho publlo highways. Ar
ticles on tho valuo of good roads havo ap
peared in various magazines, and tho threo
prlzo essayB on road construction nnd main
tenance contributed to nn onglneorlng peri
odical, havo been roprlntod In conveniont
form as a handbook for road makors. With
in a fow months, too, tho Stnto Dopartmont
has issued n consular report on tho subject
of streets nnd highways in foreign coun
tries, so that It will not bo for lack of theo
retical instruction that our road makers
mako bad highways.
The throo prlzo essays aro most valuable,
for thoy sot forth clearly and Intelligently
directions for building a good road, and tor
keeping it, onco built, in good condition.
The question of road construction divides
itself into threo parts; Tho location and
plan of tho road, the building of tho same,
and tho surfacing of tho road whon built.
As for tho location of tho road, sufllco It
to say that it should bo as noarly straight
and as nearly level as It can be, with duo
regnrd to economy: nnd that to avoid a hill
a road may bo longthoned profitably as
much as fifteen times tho vortical height to
bo avoided by tho detour.
Tho building of tho road onco laid out is
of tho very llrst Importance Into tho ques
tion of building entor tho elements of
drnlnngo and construction of tho bod on
which tho trnfllc surfaco Is to rest, and of
thoso cloments tho former should com
mand tho more attention. Dralnago
must bo thorough: It must bo provided
not merely for the water that runs from
tho surfaco to tho sides, but also for that
which percolates through tho surfaco, so
that none can He beneath tho surfaco.
Thcro must bo longitudinal drainage by
means of gutters, and sub-surfaco drainage
also, both longitudinal and crosswise, bo
thnt ovory drop that reaches tho road may
bo removed boforo It can do harm. As
Father Tosi bald to tho Popo. " Every dhrop
ov wuther you put In spoils tho punch."
Tho importance ot dralnago in securing a
good road is duo to our sovcro winters; for
lot water lio under tho roadbed, aud tho
first hard frost will freezo it, whon tho sur
faco of tho rood will bo brokon by tho ex
pansion of tho ice, and tho first stop will bo
taken toward making the best rood bad.
As to tho material ot tho road itself, wo
quoto the winner ot tho first prlzo :
" For earth roadi. ai commonly bnllt, there It but
little to tie aald, and they tbould only be tolerated In a
new country or where there la abiolutely nothlnir but
earth of which tomato a road. Yet with earth alone
a very paciahle rond can be made and maintained. If
umclent careli taken to hate It thorouybly drained
and the urfuie ut proper afcap. The peri'e'tent rare
with which eome of the co-called road inrTeyora In tho
cojntry excavate the utcrlt bleu liaa woihed Into
tlioKutttri and replace It upnn the cenlre of the road,
eeaic to indicate a bVllef that the poeraof man ur
pan aud are superior to those or nature."
Whatovor bo tho material of tho road, tho
mannorof preparing the roadbed is prac
tically tho samo every uhuro. Prepare- the
foundation, allowing for prompt drainage,
shape it as tho finished road is to bo shatod,
and roll It thoroughly, to mako n solid bod.
i-or a gravei roan, mo gravel should bo laid
In layors. tho llrst layer six or eight inches
ttlelf. tho second four to six luehos thick,
tho third rnthor thinner, each layer moib
teucd, rolled, nnd allowed to dry boforo tho
next layer lb added.
The bust country roads aro named aftor
tho two Hiltlhh engineers who dovlecd
tlicin. MoAdam nud Telpohd. Mnc.tdam
l.od roads, or roads called macadam, nro
common enough In thlb countiy. To build
a maeaduml.ed road, tho bed Is prepared ns
iloscrlbud above; on thlb a layer of broken
btoneiblald, McAmu's rule being that no
slnglo Btouo bliould weigh more than bix
ounces. Whon thU hub been rolled thor
oughly, unother thlnuor layor Ih applied,
and above this n layor of wiepulngs. Tel
roiiU'K system lequlicj moto hard work
thun McAdam's, but otherwise :t Is os good.
On tho prepared bud sot iitoue-i on edgo
lengthwlfto across tho rood, breaking joints
in tho several rows, and nil tho Intoistlces
with Btono chips; on this plaoo two layors ot
stouos, rolled arid evened, and above them
fs-jiWiriiii cifitaVittt, rf-s)iifiii.i iiisTl n ;f"'t IMfr
W1 w.Uy'&- iitVttzi
a layer ot arravel ono and one-half Inobw
thick, to bo rolled thoroughly.
Tho maintenance of tho rood requires
constant attention. Eternal vigilance Is
tho prlco of good roads ns woll as ot
llborty. To keep a road In good condition
there must !o no ruts; and to prevont ruto,
mud anil dust must not bo nllowcd to col
lect. In this rulo lies tho whole-secret ot
successful road repairs. Keep tho dust
swept from tho road, fill up any and every
Incipient rut with proper material, and tho
road will be In good ordor.
Good roads hnvo been built In many parts
of this country, btlt no rond over remained
good where taxes were "worked out" in
repairing tho roods. Somo continuous
nnd Intelligent, ovon If not absolutely sci
entific, supervision of road repairs must bo
had. Otherwise all tho time. labor, nnd
money bestowed on building good roads
will bo thrown aw ay.
A rhlludclphia Crossing.
Strango things happen In Philadelphia,
nnd nro scon without surprlso by that do
llghtful sottlemcnt. Consider for a moment
tho mighty powers or privileges possessed
by n Mayor ot Philadelphia in regard to
controlling tho publlo streets. A few years
ago tho Hon. Edwin Halcyon Fitleb. o
gonllemnn who onco had tho happiness to
bo a candldnto for tho Ropubllcnn nomina
tion for President, was Mayor of Philadel
phia. Ono day ho was crossing Markot
street nt Fifth, whon an lncldont occurred
which Is thus dcscrlbod by our estecmod
contemporary, tho Philadelphia Time:
"Aheay team belonjlns; to the Xtltlbourne Mllla
Company, and driven by a man named Qviglit, had
started to rross Fifth street when Mayor TitLaa raised
his cane In Imperious style. Indicating that he desired
the team to stop and give him right of way. QcicittT
refused to heed the signal, whereupon Mayor fitiM
struck one ot the horses a blow nn the head with his
cane and ordered a policeman to arrest the drl er.
"The latter was at once taken to the Central Head
quarters, then at Fifth and Chestnut streets, and the
late Maflstrnto Ilossar R. Smith was giving him a lec
ture upon the enormity of his ortence. prefatory to pres
entation of charges by Mayor Flrtsa, when a message
was sent by the latter ordering Quk.it's release."
Tho Society for tho Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals vainly tried to prosccuto tho
mighty Mayor. Philadelphia recognized
without n murmur tho fact that her Mayor
was supremo over man nnd beast, and thnt
no truck had tho right to como betweon tho
wind nnd his nobility. Wo havo soon tho
power of Mayor Fitleb as a footman. Let
us now behold tho mujesty of ex-Mayor
FrrLEn In a cart. Again wo quoto from tho
"It wss shortly after 10 o'clock yesterday morning
when tho buiy neighborhood of Eighth and Arch
streets was crowded with pedestrians, the large ma
Jorliy of whom were women. All wcro Intent on shop
ping, and the passing of the throng across Arch street
and tho Intersecting thoroughfare was attended by the
watchful caro of the stalwart reserve olllrers whoso
business It in to keep cars, carriages, and other vehicles
from runn.ng over enturcsome pedestrians, and to
shield the latter from unduly Imperilling the safety of
lite and limb. Not an Incident had occurred to mar the
peaceful character of the scene, which, white spirited,
was also harmonious, until a bay horse drawing a
closed carriage and driven by a colored coachman came
Jogging down Arch street at a rather lively gait. As
the team approached Eighth street there was no abate
ment of speed, and, as the crossing was crowded with
hurrying women and children, Iteserve RLiraaun-t
raised his stick in cautionary fashion, signalling tba
dmcr to pause. No attention was paid to the warn
ing, and. as the people scattered out of the way, the
policeman, a brawny slxfooier, seised the horse by tbe
bridle and hacked him over the crossing.
''Instantly the occupant or the carriage leaped ont,
and, rushing up to the oltlcer with upraised cane,
shouted in an angry tone:
'"What do you mean by stopping my carriage f I am
cX'Mayor Fitlvh, and I'U have you discharged for this
" A crowd had gathered In an instant, and some
of the spectators averred that the irate geutteman
brought his cane down npon the oTlcer'a helmet,
others say be merely held the stick before bis face In
threatening style, but all agreed that Mr. Fir.ra was
very emphatic in gesticulation and disturbed in tem
per. The episode did not occupy more than a few
minutes, and tbe excitement materially abated after
the ex.sfayor had reentered his carriage and resumed
his Journey down Arch street."
Doubtless tho offending officer will be
brought to justico, but that is not tho point
ot Interest to tho outside world. To know
thnt a Mayor ot Philadelphia on foot has
tho right of way against carriages and
carts, whllo an ex-Mayor of Philadelphia
In a carriago has tho right of way against
pedestrians. Is Interesting and instructive.
The duties of a policeman at a Chestnut
street crossing must bo delicate. We
mako tho suggestion with diffidence, but
it sooms to us that Mayors and ox-Mayors
of Philadelphia should blow a horn nnd ring
a boll when thoy go along tho stroot.
The Blavntsky of tho Mujnrumps.
Somo of our friends, tho Theosoplilsts.soem
to tnko a narrow and pessimistic view of
tho possibilities and limitations ot whnt wo
may call tho Gay Sclonco of Theosophy.
Thus our great and good friend, tho Hon.
William Quiddity Judoe. told tho breth
ren who communod at tho Convention ot
the American section of Thoosophists In
Chicago last wook that America was not
considered by the Mahatmas as a posslblo
placo of rosldonco.
"Thcro Is no loaccosslblo place in America
whero Mahatmas might exist," said Brother
Judoe. "Do you think Mahatmas could
llvo in Chicago, In New York? No; thoy
would bo asked to ndvortlso. lliero is no
reverence in tho American nooplo. Ma
hatmas could not exist hero. That Is
why thoy aro found in tho utmost fast
nesses of the Himalayas."
Col. Jcixie docs lnjustloo to tho facts and
to tho Mahatmas. It Is likely enough that
no Mahatma of good taste would caro to
llvo in Chicago, for tho air of that town is too
gross, smoko-choked, and variously foul for
such high and sensitive Intelligences to
nourish in. But thoro aro roal Mahatmas,
as roal as any, In this town and Boston.
Drop in at tho lloform Club any night aftor
dinner, nnd you will seo undoubted Mug
wump Mahatmas. Why, thoro are more
Mahatmas to tho equaro yard In Young's
Hotel. Boston, when tho Massachusetts llo
form Club hos a conference 'and season of in
spiration thoro, than can be found from
year's end to year's ond on all tho skyoy tops
of the Himalayas. And just as Col. Judge's
Mahatmas spoko through a rotund prophot
C6s, so do tho Mugwump Mahatmas send
cheering words to a Hobacoous Soor.
Another too timid Thcosophlst needs cor
rection, Wo find in our esteemed contem
porary, tho Minneapolin Journal, somo re
marks mado by Dr. J. W. B. ImFiehre, a
Gophor Thoosophlst, to a roporter who had
asked him If Mmo. Blavatsky projected
her astral soul Into tho Chicago Convention:
" Oh, that Is nonsense. Some newspapers have been
printing Hud like that, but there's nothing In It, Hrue.
Dui itki w ouldn't do that In an assemblage so public
And I lien I don't bellet e a person n ho hat dled.can pro
ject his astral soul as a living person ran. You see he
has no body from which to act. low, a person who un
derstands how, can easily go into a room, lock the door,
and project his astral soul auywhere through spacs,
(rating his body behind. To this he returns when he
pleases, but a dsad person ah, that Is different I"
Not so much nonsenso as you think. Doc
tor. Thero was a man In Now York known
as tho Mugwump Blavatsky. Ho died on
Feb. 22, 1KI2, and yet ho will project his as
tral soul Into a Convention to bo hold at
HyraciiBQ In May, Tho Thoosophists are
6ousoloss to bomo stunning manifestations.
There Is no good reason why one of tho
new cruiser should not bo collod the Alabama.
Tbe ship would carry tho naron of onu of the
fortr-f our, States. of the American Union., a
6tates)lorislto the Union and to tho flair ot
tho Union as anyone of hor forty-three sisters.
We can understand why tho namo might be
unploasant to our British frlonds. but whrany
American In the year 1802 should object to It
passes our comprehension.
There Is onV distraction of which tho. Idle
class can hardly ever be said to tire and which Mle
people ran hardly be considered capable or avoiding,
and thatls thsdrstrartion of loremaklng undsr more
or lets Illicit conditions The sexual parslon Is
pf all passions thf most wayward, watchful, and read
iest for temptations. Neither land, nnr religion, nor
tradition, nor custom, has vet been able to rurnlsh a
force capable nr keening It whollv wlihiu tho artincial
chanaela which society has provldsd for II.-" Lsant"
U0Dai!taleVr.. ' '
Huch Is tho latost formulation of this moral
ist's Ideas concerning a subject which has nl
ways exercised a peculiar fascination upon his
mind. But the artlclo whleh Mr. OoDKtN con
tributes totho J'orw.i addallltlototho previous
expression of his vlows In tho columns ot tho
fieening litt during tho summer of 18H4:
"There has been no great benefactor of tbe human
race who has not been truthful, faithful to hlstruMs.
disinterested, self-denying. There are very feW who
have been chaste. We are not defending Incontinence.
Chastity Is a great virtue, but et ery man knows In his
heart that it la not the greatest of virtues, that offences
against It have often bean consistent with the posses
sion ot all the qualities which ennoble human nature
and dignity human lite and make human progress pos
sible." For this return to n subject on which the
peculiar orjlnlons of Mr. Oodkin woro already
perfectly understood, tho only motives ap
parent aro prurlenoy ot Imagination and tho
doslro for newspaper notorloty.
Tho Ohio dolegatcs at largo are startod oft
to Minneapolis to vote for llsnaisov, Blsisk. Private
Daunt, CoL Asa Bursar, or anybody else they tee lit
to support for President.-CTretf.mf I'laln Dmlcr.
Col. Auk Hlufsky Is not a candidate Ills
came will not bo presontod io tho Minneapolis
Convention with his knowledeo or consent.
This announcement )b nuthorltatlvo: nnd any
Btatemont to tho contrary is fulso, malicious,
Do wo mako CoL Abb's exact position clearly
Besides tho two twin-screw propellers
that woro launched last wnok from shipyards
In Wllmlnston and Philadelphia, thero was
another launch of great lntorost from a ship
yard In tho Lako Superior port of Duluth. A
big steel steamship, M20 foot In length, aud of
4.000 tons burden, was launched thoro on
Saturday last, tho largest vossel. wo beliovc,
thnt was ovor built on tho lake. She will bo
UBed to transport grain from tho Minnesota
port to tho port of Uuffnlo in this State. Four
othor steamships of tho samo slzo nro on tho
stocks In Duluth. and will bo completod within
a short tlmo. Thoro is now nn excellent pros
poct of brisk tlmos for Amorlcan shipbuilders,
anil wo rejoice in tho fact
An Ohio militia officer. Major M. B.
Ci.endf.mno, In a Bpecch dallvored at tho Na
tlonnl Guard Convention hold at Columbus In
that Stnto. sought to show that it was not
necessary among tho altizon soldiers to put a
wide gulf botwoon ofllcora and enlisted men.
Unfortunately ho wont on In this wuy:
"It may be essentially necessary In the regular army.
In fact, from my observation of the enlisted men In
that body. I beltero it is necessary mado up as tho
United Ststes army Is, to a great extent, of social out
casts, conrlcted criminals who havo dono their time,
and dlssolnte )oung men who cannot atipport them
aeltea. Ollcered by prnfesslontl soldiers, with the
ordinary line of promotion Irtually barred to them at
the First Sergeant's position. It is only natural that
there should be nothing In common between the en
listed mar and his officer; that the one should look on
the other ss a despot and a tyrant, and tbe other re
gard the oae as an animal only to be controlled by fear.''
This has arousod tho indignntlon of Gar
rison No. 44. Heeular Army and Navy Union,
known ns tho Copt John L. Clem Garrison,
which has Its hoadrjuartors at Columbus. It
asks us to ruolish its roply. whloh sharply
attacks Major Clendsnino's statomont:
"It laawellknown fact that soma of the finest offi
cers In the regular service have sprung from tbe
ranks. It may atartle the gallant Major to learn thnt
nowadays the moral and physical qualifications neces
sary for admission to the army are far ahead ot those
for the National Ouard. We be Here that if there were
more discipline and less license among our State regi
ments they would he learning a profitable lesson from
the regular army."
The troublo with tho Major sooms to havo
boon a lack of dlscornmont and of tact
The Tentonle Element In the Union.
Tram tSi lPUm JXilV bVo&e.
Tbe A"e 7faitJ Omrlrr. a neat and attractive German-American
weekly, published In this city, gives
some very Interesting figures showing how great and
Influential the Teutonlo race has become at an element
ot Immigration Into this country.
In Illinois one-half of tbe forelgnborn population It
German. In Minnesota, the proportion Is one third; in
Nebraska and Iowa more than one-third: In Wisconsin
one half, or ono eighth of the whole population; In In
diana, the banner German state, outot U1.0O0forelgn
ers. 80.000 are of German birth, or 65 per cent, of the
Out of 12.000.000 Immigrants Into this country since
1830, e.GOO.OOO 1 e been Germans. Coming from Ihs
most thrifty and beat educated country In Europe,
these people, constitutionally endowed with patience,
skill, and perset erance, have engrafted a solid, thought
ful. Industrious, and peace lovlog element Into the com
posite structure or the Union.
With a pride that Is natural and Just the (Wfrr closes
lit statistical survey with the following remarks:
1. That Oermany has furnished and Is furnishing the
largest amount of immigrants In the L'nlted Mates,
3. That of the total number or professional men and
skilled mechanics Germany takes by far the lion's
8. That the charge ot Intemperance laid to the whole
Teutonic race has no good foundation.
4. That tbe Influence of the Germans on tho life and
prosperity of the United Stales is of the highest rant
and entitles tbem to the encomium that they are the
backbone and mainstay of tbegreat farming Interests
v. .win IVUMtry.
fj. The German has been and contlnuei to be the
founder and builder of the mighty Weak lie lathe
sober, businesslike, aggressive eltlren who Is raising
hU adopted country on tbe strong foundations of hon
6. What the Puritan was to New England the German
it to tbe West,
We do not believe that any fair-minded American
eltlren, of whatever race or natlonaUty, would care to
otter any amendments.
Plenty of Wlsil, at Any Kate.
Tron te CTnntgo iltrald.
Twice recently the wind in Jackson Park has found
tbe engineering strength of the buildings of the fair
Intumcltnt when It was cavorting In very much lit
usual way oa the shores of prairies ending In a great
lake. Excuse given for the fall of the Illinois State
roof and for the displacement Wednesday of tbe shell
of the Liberal Arts building Is that wheu finished they
will be ttroug enough to withstand any wind likely to
come during tbe period of their use, It is necessary to
remind a too optimistic construction department, or
whoever Is responsible for the engineering In the park,
that these buildings are going through an entire win
ter and an entire summer of Chicago weather, From
May 1 to October or Not ember or possibly Dec. 1, 1 HU3,
tbe buildings will have to resist winds that not Intre
qurntly travsl from the south est at the rate of from
forty to slaty miles an hour.
A Job Ahead for Foraery Fo raker.
JYom fAs Clntlaml Hai itfaTer.
It McKlnley's name la preented to the National Con
vention,, Foraker mutt perform the cmee, and It would
be the bitterest pill Joseph hat ever been compelled to
JViwi (III Chima Ttmn,
Tint Pen continues to couple ibe namtt of Hemp
Watbburne and partus In a manlier most effective to
tbe f rlendt of tbe latter,
Vom A rftusfngfrni Frflng filar,
" So the rook Is going to leave " raid the husband.
" I don't know. I discharged In r to-day and she tall
the would think It ucr.
Jeia rAe (7ufrft July 'f.
Perhaps all I lie civilised planets formerly htdtalli
wutu they were In their couietio ur monks tttte.
Romance," a, monthly publication, devoted
entirely to tbort ttories by the best authors. It ant with
a new cover and with various other typegrtphlcat Ira
provemenu, which aervt to commend II tits uure to
. A STHXKINO l'AttALlEU
Claw and Van Barea The Bcwnbllenna and
To Tits Enrron or Tn Bvx-Sin He
cenlly Got. Brown of Ooorcln. In a very strong
letter, called attontlon to rnuttors of past his
tory arising out of tho celebrated and novor-to-bo-foreottbn
campalsn ot 1H44. and qulto
aptly drow a comparison of Mr. Van Huron's
claims for ronomlnntlon nttor ho had been do
foatod by Harrison (grandfather) for tho
Presidency at tho gonoral oloctlon In 1840.
and of tho claim of Mr. Clovoland for ronom
inatlon now, aftor his dofeat for t!io tamo
ofllco by Harrison (orandonl In 1888. Tho
comparison or Annlogy might haobcon on
larged, and It Is not yet too Into, nor Is It lm
nropor nt all, Inn froo and open dlccusslon of
nil things connected with and having a boar
lnc upon bo grnvo nnd important a matter, to
extend it, in strict conformity tnhUtorr.
It is history, written nnd uncontradicted,
thnt in 1844 Mr. Clay, tho gallant londor. and
tho Idol of tho Whig party, was anxious, ns
woro his frlonds, to havo Mr. Van Huron nomi
nated by tho Domocratlo partr. bocauso thoy
folt certain, with tho stoln of previous doffat
upon htm, whllo ho was l'rosldont nnd held
all pofslblo advnntacos to command tho situ
ation, his dofeat at tho coming election was
nlmost assured. Thlsvory anxious desiro of
Mr. Clay and his frlonds to havo Mr. Van
Iiuren nominated operated lnrgoly upon
tho Domocratlo party to catt him nsldo nnd
select nnothor. which was dono. and Sir. I'olk
becorao l'rosldont. aud not Mr. Clay. In truth,
no moro poworful element contributed to
bring about this soloctlon than this ardent
wish of Mr. Cloy and his frlonds for Mr. Van
Buron's nomination. And It Is woll known
how Mr. Clay was disappointed, and how ho
cxprossed his disqulotudo at tho result, and
how ho regarded tho sltuntton as wholly
changed by tho rejection of Mr. Vnn Huron.
All this will more fully and moro neatly np
poitrtothoroadorby laforencn to Mr. Ulalnu's
"Twonty Years of Cougro.h." Vol. 1, chap. 'J,
p. 20. Ac
Now for tho application.
At tho prosont time oory Ropubllcnn, from
tho highest to tho lowost. In place or out of
placo. ofllclal or nou-ofllclal. hosltatos not to
say Mr. Cleveland of all men Is the only man
tho Democrats should nominate aud they
havo no kind word, not even a soft expression,
for any other of tho very prominent ond worthy
names mentioned In regard to tho 1'tvsldency.
Indeed, so anxious nro they about It thoy,
with much ompha9ls, roeommoud his nomina
tion to Democrats, and to nn unsophisticated
mind would seom to bo sorry unto roal
nnguleh thoy had voted against him nt the
Inst election. Thero aro men, Iiono3t, of plain
nnd direct Intentions, nnd many of thorn skep
tical enough to doubt tho high imtrlotlsm nnd
unselllsh purposes ot tho Republicans In their
wishes and desires i canceling the Domocratlo
nomlnoefortliol'residoncy. and nro much In
cllnod to tho belief that as hUtor is philoso
phy teaching tho example, nnd as history so
often ropcats Itself, thoy aro moved nnd no
tuatod by tho samo considerations precisely,
ns woro Mr. Clay and his frlonds In reference
to Mr. Van Huron's nomination In 1844. as
read In tho book of tho faithful historian -tbovo
referred to. who was uhv.iys ono of tho most
dovotod admirers of "Harry ot tho West."
Then wo must reflocr, without at all ques
tioning tho great sincerity of motlvoof tho
Ropublieans In clamoring for Mr. Clovoland's
nomination. It Is but human naturoarcorull.
and we cannot help It. for ono making a very
doubtful contost to desiro n weak adversary,
ono who can be easily overpowered and de
feated: and this is truu in nil htruggles. from
tho juvenile game of school children to tho
groat conflict for mastery and control of tho
biggest oni pi res.
To foar tho Greeks, though they bring gifts,
was wise when uttered, and timo bus conso
cratod its wisdom. Howaro of tho ndvlco of
tno onomy nnu ao nor purmlt him to plan and
arrange tho battle. Ho, as we are f roe, in tho
absence of a bettor rule, to judge the future
by tho past, wo should but lot tho light of that
momorablo political struggle shino In upon us
nnd givo us wisdom In tho approaching cam
paign and leave Mr. Clovoland to his wcll
oarnod quiet and roposo, and look, elsowhoro
torn standard lioarer, ono for oxamplo who
has novor known dofoat, but has, hotter ovon
than Ciesar. "tho foromost man ot ull this
world." won ovory baltlo.
Another Item connoctod with that strugglo
of 1844. as viewed and bo woll portrayed by
Mr. lllulno In his book already mentioned,
may not bo without its importance horo. Mr.
Van Huron had beforo that received two nom
inations undor tho two-thirds rulo adopted at
tho suggestion of his friends. At the Conven
tion of 1844 somoof his friends, seeing that he
had a majority of tho delegates already
pledged nnd instructed for him. mado n stren
uous effort to repeal this rulo nnd udopt a
majority rule, which gavo riso to a heatod and
angry debate; but tho two-thirds rulo ro
mainod. and what was boforo a shield to pro
toct and snvo Mr. Van Huron now booarno a
sword to cut him down.
Even now it is bruited about that Mr.
Clovoland's friends, boliovlug that ho will go
into tho Convontion with a majority, intond to
hnvo tho two-thirds rulo sot asido and adopt
tho majority rulo. But this must meot with
tho samo fnto a like attempt mot with in 1844.
and if It should bo truo (which It will not be,
howovor) that Mr. Cloveland will havo a ma
jority, a poworful ond nggrosslvo minority
will stubbornly demand that ho shall bo sub
jected to tho samo test which has boon twice
Imposod to his bonollt: nnd tho party will soe
that this demand bo granted and tho time
honored rulo stand. Its wisdom wan fully at
tostod in 1844 ; so lot It rulo for 1802.
Theso aro precious lessons ot tho past that
should bo studlod and closoly thought ovor by
inoso oi tno nomocracy who aro taking part in
shaping tho vory important canvass now upon
A Democrat who Desires Victoby.
Washington. April 2a
On Illatorlc Ground,
JVom the JliUtimnr Sun,
krt iril12rJSsDi0ioct.'i8t"attho now Memphis
fll,i0r,iVl,,,chl"1 af, "!! M' P'nt wnorb in
May. 1541. Hornando Do Hoto. with his band
of fearless followers pushing westward, flrit
Bighted tho Father of Vatoraandsot up u Sort
of military post- Tho oxcavatlons for tho lm
raonso abutments on tho eastorn batiks at
Chisels Mound have disclosed a numbor of
rude warlike Implomouta used by thoso apart-lards.
Foat Writing and Very Faat Hpeaklaaj.
from ih$ JMmt frr I'ttM.
At Lapeer on Tuesday Walter M. Reason,
ofllclal stcnographor of tho Hlxth Judlel"
Circuit, wroto In ono mlnuto. from dictation
a.'4 words of unfamiliar raattor. and sill so'
fluently correctly road tho samo. Tlinl ut wos
mado boforo Herbert W. Hmlth ami Howard ?i
Jonos. This is at the rate of near y " worths
SfoMhio' r" lloason Clulms th0 &"
Foreign Note ofJleol Inter.!,
A Judne at Leeds has decided that "a promise of
marnaie may bo made by other ways than by words
by a shake of the baud, for example, or a wink of the
eye, or a thousand other modes." A young woman had
a drawing master who gavj her every reason to be.
llete that he loved her-sbort nf saying so. ,Trte
letters descanllngnn tho "celestial Joy" of thoso who
can "pour out their souls to each other;" took.. r
woman at " a helpmate to man, not a toy for an hour "
and freijuently wrote "Oh. Jane!" After two yrait
he broke off tho acquaintance, una later wrote to ibe
lady'etoUcltoni "If ou have a letter of mlno where
in direct marriage Is stated, Irrespective of my podtion
or her position, I am willing to see further but you
have not." However, following the Judge's' Instruc
tion, the Jury gate the lady 100 damages.
AyoungAhlr.or member of the cowherd caste In
Oude, wascarrjlnir a calf on bis shoulders and the
animal fell and broke Its neck, Theroupon he bocamo
anoutrast and the ilrahmans "communicated him
for sU months. During this time he bad to leal Hie
life of a beggar with a rope around his neck and a por
tion of the calf's tall nn his shoulder, performing pil
grimages lo various Hindoo shrines. No member of
bis family could Kite biu either food orshelirr After
the six months ere up he came back to his village and
lived In a temporary grass-thatched bouse Then a
man of tbe low est rasiebejan his purification. A bar
ber shared his head and pared his nulls and burned Ibe
hair and nails with tbe hut. Then tbe cowherdtr
plunged Into the river l-urju, and after be bad feaeted
tittr Mrahiiantandaliuulrril of lua birtlnea he re
eutervd Ike cuwbctU caste lu full slaudiua-.
TUB POACttEttS AXD TUB VAXltOt.
No Likelihood that tke Rrltlah Cotambta
calera Will Tlall tke rrlbylor Rctclon.
WA8iirNOT0ic, May 1. The Victoria vcsiol
owners who are crodttcd with a purpose to
" beat the modus-" by transferring tholr craft
toQormnn. Mexican, or othor foreign owner
ship, will not find this ooutse all plain sailing.
In tho first plnoe. thoy havo claims for dam
agos pondlngon account of Inst year's prohibi
tion ot sealing lu Retiring Hen, and It is clearly
gratuity that tho British Government makes
In proposing to Indemnify thorn. As Mr. Whar
ton Bald In his effective lottor of March 22, de
molishing sundry British assumptions. It Is
hnrd to see "how tho cltbons or subjects
of either of tho treaty powers can. by
any rulo of Invv or equity, support any
claim against their respoctlvo Governments
growing out of such necessary trcdo rct-tralnts
as the Governments mny lawfully Imposoto
promoto tho Inrgor conditions of tho publlo
good nnd International ponco." His. accord
ingly, not to bo prosumed Hint tho British
Govornmont will permit Its bonellelarles to
defeat tho objoct of Its own international
agreement, whllo paving thorn for what Is
supposed to bo their obedient nnd lespectful
submission to that ngroomont. Thoy cannot
play fnst nnd looso In this way: and. slnco not
ono of their clnlms for Indemnity has yet beon
passod upon, wo nro hardly to suppose that
thoy will bo foolish enough to risk tho dam
ages thoy nro otherwise certain to rocclvofor
last year's losses.
Thoy might not only snerlllco rlalms already
matured should thoy put their vessels under
other flags, but clnlms thnt mny maturo dur
ing tho present year and until tho decision cf
tho arbiters Is reached. Damages hereaf
ter, should the decision bu against us. will
hnvo to bo pnldbyour Government. Hut tho
ngroomont forthitt purpose Is based upon tho
supposition thnt tho Mctnrla ohi.n refrain
from endeavoring to enter llohrlng Sea nnd
In good faith conform to tho intuitu nccmti.
lq suppose thnt our Uovornniont would con
sider tor n moment any claim of an uvvner
who hnd put bis vessel under a foreign Hag,
and enteted Holirlng Se.t In evnslon of tho
agreement. Is nhsunl. Tho Jlrltle.li Columbia
vesel owners roenhu already coneei-sloiis far
nhoyo anything that our Gtivoinninnt consid
ers their due. anil It Is hardly conceivable thnt
they would Hiierlflee tlielr bird in tho hand In
the war now suggested.
Mtlllnnotlier fllllleulty Is tho Improbability
that any foniign nation would Incur the hostil
ity of maritime enuntrlc as powerful as Great
Britain nnd the United Mates by assisting the
Ioehers In their proposed plan Transfers
and registries aro irt a simple matter, ar
ranged between private persons, with which a
(lovornment c.innnt Interfere. Maritime laws
nro strict and customs. iilleers vigilant. Tliero
is no ovldenco that anv foreign Government
sympathizes with tho destructive pelagic seal
ing carried on In Hearing twa. So far as can
bo ascertained fiom the correspondence bold
hy our htate Department a few years ago with
foreign liovemments nicer than Orent llrltiiin,
tliey are friendly to tho protect to protect seal
life, hvon wcro this not so. they would hardly
connive nt the schemo ot llrltisli Columbia
seniors to ovado the Inws of their land.
huniioslng the transfeis to be effected, what
would tenting vessels entering Holirlng .Sea
under n now lla z bo uiile to iicc.miiilish They
would bo run down, bonrded. and sei.ed. Our
vessels would fall Imek nn tho old statute
whloh forbids such healing. Tho prohibition
does not rest on the i lm i ier.xti nlone. but it
hns subsisted for twenty years by virtue of
our own laws. Those laws woio not directed
against llrltlshvoh-clshpeclllcally. but against
nil vessels. Tim prohibition is still lu opera
tion, and only a few months ngo President
linn Non recited It In a proclamation which
Congress roquiros lim to ir.suo aiinunllv.
l.Veliwhenu slnglo revenue cutter like the
Corwln or the Hush patrolled lleliilns Sen,
many arrests worn made ami many -oil skins
cnnllscnted. Hut this summer wn slmll hnvo
ut lenst half a dozen naval and Treasury vos.
sols lu llohrlng Sen. while tho Ilritlsh Govern
ment Is bound ut le.ist to nid In executing tho
ntoilim riteitili. A Victoria sealer which, after
the provisions made for Indemnity, should sot
at dollanoo the laws of the two nations and by
ntrick soek to ovado thnlr operation, would
have it hard time If enptuiod whllo soullng lo
Tho probability Is thnt tho eastern half of
the sen will bo left alone by the punchers. In
spito of i ho talk about sailing under other
flags. It Is tho Russian side of the sea that Is
likely to sailor. The bold raiding of tho Com
mander Islands lnsl year by a nart of the Moot
that was prevented from carrying on its op
erations near tho I'rlbylov Islands will bo re
niembored. This year the bunting on tho
Itussinn side Is likely to bo Increased. Neither
tho Hritlsli vessels nor our own hnvonnjthlng
to do with thnt. and It does not nppenr thnt
Russia checks pelnglo sealing unless carried
on elnso to her shoros and perhaps accom
panied, as last year, liy actual landing on
those shores. Hnvoo in the senl herd that
frequents her rookeries may therefore bo ex
pected during tho coming season.
No Getting; Vied to Earthquakes.
From tht Sin rnse Chronirle.
It Is a curious fact that tho earthquake
scare is the one danger to which wo enn never
become aa"ustomod by familiarity. The of
tener wo feel it tho moro wo bocome demoral
ized. I ennnot bettor lllustrnto this than by a
story told mo by Col. llalloy I'eyton. United
Ktntes MlnlstortoChlliin 18T2. and City At
torney of Snn Francisco In lKStl.
To a party of friends in 1HWI ho said: "Hot p.
Its of no use talking; wo can bocome accus
tomed to all dangers, no mutter how Immi
nent, by familiarity, except tho dangor of
enrthnuakos. Tho morn you feel 'em tho irforo
you don't liko 'om. nnd tho worse you hnto
'em. I hnvo honrd tho whistle of bullets and
tho roarof cannon In battle, und never dodged.
But my experience in Chill took the stnrcb out
of mo. I had boon but a few dnys In bantlngo.
tho capital of Chill, when I visited the lending
storoon the I'lazn In thnt city. While stand
ing behind tho countor. in nn Instant, without
nny premonition, tho proprietor nnd twenty
clerks simultaneously leaped tho counter ami
rushed out of tho front door. I looked ut
them in astonishment, anil snld to my
self, 'Aro thoy crazy? Whnt's tho mat
tor with themr" Slowly thoy returned to their
places. I askod thorn what was the matter.
Thev replied. 'El temblor! Didn't you feel tho
temblor?' To mo It was a triflo. Two weeks
later I was giving n swell dinner to the dlplo
mutio corps In Snntingo. In tho midst of It
came a temblor, n vory lively ono. nnd overy
man of tho party loapod from his scat and
rushed for tho door orthe window. I said to
mysolf. 'Of ull tho cowards I over met with,
these people exceed.' Hut. boys, I hadn't been
lu that country moro than threo months before
no iiunrtor-horso In Tonuosseo could beat mo
in a break for tho front door whet one or those
temblors mado his appearance. You enn stand
ballots and cannon balls, but tho temblors will
Notts of the Hebrew".
The rabbis nf this city are urging Ue.tr people to hold
all weddings and f unerala In tho sj imirognes
In the lb brew Orphan Asylum of this rlty there are
600 Inmates, or 351) boys und 247 girls. Tbeaslum Is
in flue condition
The new building of the Proollyn Hebrew Orpt-an
Asjluni will be ready for occupancy this ear, aud per
haps lu October.
Tho JrtrUh. Vroyreu says that In this conntr Jews ot
the bearded sex aro apt to favor religious reform, but
those of the other sex are more ruiiserwitlte.
There will be a series of weekly recepll.i-i In tho He
brew Technical Institute during the ni'.iith ot May,
and visitors will bo enabled to Inspict all departments
A chomplon ot Judaism woul.l like In know " w by it
Is that soineJewirb glrN prefer I" illrl with men of the
Christian faith rath, r than ith the j .-ung meu of their
The pr"J ct for the establishment or a Jew isb-Amerb
can Historical smletyls well supported It will be
possible luci.llrd.i uiais rf Mintcrl.it relating lu the
lllstor) of Juliilsm III the I'lillrdMnlis.
Tbe.l'n'-'e-'i" ''!' promes lliat ihn .lews establish
a great society w htch shall " le.ii b our Christian fallow
citlrcns whit Jlidvlsm reall) In, lin.1 how little II differs
frniu I hrlsllault) in Its crfo nf morality nud ethics."
A im'W week I) pn per In pure Iltbrevrhusbeen founded
in Ibis rlty. The Amrrimn hrtull 1 i)s that there have
been three or fi.ur attempts lo establish papers hero In
the Hebrew language t.ut that all of them have failed.
The wrfaiii iti-iulife sns " It Is nu slur on Chris
tlvulty to mslnt.iln that there is a larger proportion of
tranmresloii nf tin-Ten I'ommandmentt In Christtn
domthiiiiauiiing Ibo people of any other religion, even
the p man Chinese and the Hindoos."
The JwiiA ToW ipiaks contemptuously of "those
long bearded Jews who believe that the touch of the
t'hrisllan Is ilcfUing and that our conduct In life tlionld
be pntti rued after the habits and whims of men who
llted before the art of printing was Invented."
Tho llusslan Jewish refugees in this city are still be
wailing the lot of their bretbern on tbe Russian fron
tier, ho are stillerlug untold hardships In tbelr effort!
tiigittuthe l'nlted Stales. Tbe words of lamentation
lu the Hebrew 1 ingutgo are very expressive snd Im
pressive, llabbi (irossmau recently delivered a sermon on
"Modern Jiidal.in," In which be taid "There are no
dogmas In Judutitu; It Is all lite. Ancient Judaism hat
loft to the world no slateuienlot belief m.d no sys
tem of principles, tluily brcai.se v.urJs are uot con
duct and a catechism Is not religion "
"I bavuoflcii wondered," sa)s a writer In the Jurist
Vv'm. " what Shakespeare's antecedents could have
In en. The chances are that he was quite Independent
of bis surroundlugs, aud In this respect more Jew than
Christian. I do not wish to make Shakespeare out a
Jew; 1 care uot whether he was or not. All I have to
say Is that lu bis cosmopolitan character be Wat
ilrap.c') u harmony lib lUu Jewish uUid."
TUB LOTTO COIVMBIB.
A Reply lo Mr. Henry IlarrlknVa'Reranrka
on the Allege! roHrnll.
To thk Enrron or Tiik Suit-Sir: You have
allowed Mr. Henry Harrlssoconsplcuout spneo
In your columns In which to denounce ns
spurious aud fraudulent n certain portrait of
Columbus painted by Ixironzo I.otto and How
In tho city of New York. Mr. Unrrlsso's In
formation about the plcturo Is so erroneous
nnd. In consequence, his logic Is to very bad
that In justico totho plcturo Itself I hope you
will nllow 1110 an opportunity to correct the
misleading Imnrosslon he hns made.
As for Mr. Unrrlsso's pnrncmphla ncsnllyes.
which for tho urent nart nro mere technical
quibbles qulto unworthy of the historian of
Columbus, ono mny pass them by bocauso
(hey h.ivo nothing to do with the plcturo
cither ns n I.otto or ns a likeness of Columbus.
Thero nro n great many things In this world
that aro "not true" about Columbus ns well
ns other people, but It Mr. Hurrlsn cheeses to
deny every "not true" statement that he mnv
sou "In prlutod slips, nowtpapers and maga
zines" ho must not irrlcvu If people smllo ut
him for his pnlnj.
Sweeping nsldo his Irrolnvant ronmrks nhrmt
Ilsnnland "C'nmorlno"iind I.otto and to como
straight to tho point, the ght of Mr. Unrrlsso's
communication is this: Ho h is been Inforuled
from "prlntod sllns. nowpnpet. nnd nintu-
sillies" that "the rrcsent owner lof tho
picture! states that It was puluted in 1501"
from life at (Irairula. Columbus died in lrXxX
Mr. Hurrisso finds thnt the portrait holds In
tho band n map "that happens to 1 o nothing
else than tho mappa iiimiki constructed by tho
German Johnniies ltiiyseh In 15(n nnd pub
lished with tho soennd Issue of the Homo l'tol
omy of thut yeur." Tho dates conflict. Ww.
"tho plcturo Itself, viewed nt least ns a iir
trait nf Chrlstonhor Columbus, Is a sheer Kal
The logic is qulto brilliant and reallr incon
testable if only the facts worn right, nut whon
It Is said and I sponfc by authoilty-tluit tno
plainly painted date .' tho picture Is not 1.VJ1.
but l."ii'.. what becomes of Mr. Ilurrlsh'o'a
logical struetuief It bills to pieces like 11
liousoofcnids nnd leaves the plcturo just what
It has beon ever since t came into Amorlcan
hunds. n ciiuvus for which nothing whnfcvvr
hns as yet been authotitiitivolycl.ilini.il. Tho
"proseut owner" does not care to "claim"
anything moro than what the plcturo Itself In
dicates, und. strango as it may nppenr to .Mr.
lIarrisso.lt is not his delro to iinntn" tho
Plcturo or to "huuibug" eithur himself or tho
.Mr. llnrrlsso. however, can senreely bo ex
cused on the ground of having received mis
leading Information Instead oi ncln' mis
led ho Is trying to mislead hy i-tuteiiiiints I hat
sound like truth and yet am negatively false.
It may no will, therefore, to contradict somo
id thum ufter Mr. llurrtsso's own rhetorical
" It Is not true" that tho present owner" of
the plcturo ever claimed that " It was painted
In loijl," or th it It was " painted from life at
(iranada In 1W" It was painted In lfilli by
Lorenzo Lotto, prolmblv at Veulce, probably
from a sketeli oflolumhtis made oy somo
local Spanish artist, and probnblv thlssk-deli
wus brought t" cnlco ny Angelo '1 ret Unit
"It ih not true" that tho map held In th
hand "happens to bo nothing else than tho
I'lnnpi tiiiinti constructed by tho ttonmiti
Johannes ltiiyseh In l.iDK." it is primarily a.
map of the West Indies with u skirting line of
tho north coast ot llrnzll at the bottom. It lo
sembles the Ituvscli map In Homo respects,
but It Is less extensive anil tho spoiling of the
names ot tho islands Is difToient. If "the
falslllor Immediately and greedily copied" tho
lluvsch map. whydld lie not greedily copy nr
Indlciitotlic whole id It Whydld bo change
tho spelling of tbe names? Theio will hes.nu.i
attempt luiule hcicnlter to explain why; hut
at I in sent it Is sulllclent to nny thnt thero was
a niiip iirougiit from ."Mutln to Venice In 1 -' -t
by Angelo Trovlsuu (Trlviglnnol. Sccretarj of
tho Venetian L'mbnssynt tlinnnda, fnrDoincn
Ico Mallplero, the historian and .Senator. Tlmt
mnp Is now lot, but It must lmv been know in
Venice In Lotto's time nnd he mny have followed
it In this picture. It seems n favoiite method
of reasoning with Mr. llnrrisse that hecnuse a
thing no longer cxM therefore It has uo his
toiie weight, und that because u circumstance
Is not of record therefore It novor happened.
For instance, lio makes "bold lo nny' that
l.otto never "sot foot" In Spain. Why Be-
cntisci thoro Is no record of It Uy the samo
process of reasoning Michael Angelo never
saw the Arno because It Is not so stated in
Florentine documents. As for tho disputed
mnp.lt is n matter of noconsequenco what- v.
ever whether it is a painter's sketch of tho f.
Trevisan map or n variation of tho ltuyaoh
mill). It dous not affect the authenticity of tho
picture, or the possibility of its bolng Colum
bus, lu tho least degree: but-
"Itis not true " that this. or. ncoordlng to
Mr. llnrris-o. tho Iluysch map. "Is n map of
Drnzll. which ho Columbus novor discovered
or claimed t have discovered or visited at any
tlmo." It could as woil be snld that tho map ,
of Europe is the map of hpaln. Mr. llnrrlsso
knows vory well thnt the ltuysch man Includes
not only tho northern part of Uiazll, but the
West Indies, Fiorldu, aud tho Atlantic coast as
far north oven as Greenland. He known very
woll thnt tho Lotto mnp does not include
Florida nnd the const to the north of It. that It
merely indicates tho northern lino of Dra7.ll.
nnd tlmt it principally shows the West In
dies. His statement that either map "is a
mnp of Hni7.ll" Is a wretchod quibble that
"makes of history n delusion aud a farce"
moro effectively thnn nny action of "ovor
7nalous pntriotx" horo in Amotion. If Mr,
llnrrlsso has written his Columbus histories
In tnnt way. It is no wonder thnt tho (Irvnt
Discoverer cuts such n sorry figure. Kuci
writing Is not tho "historical Information '
his correspondents askod him 'for. but sumo
thing wori-o than special pleading.
"It Is not trim" thnt tho date on tho Lotto
portrait is "bogus." or thnt tho log-glass and
volume of Aristotlo nro "Impudent inven
tions." Mr. llnrrlsso has boon venturosomn
with his mako-bold-to-snys. therefore I may
venturo to think thnt Mr. llnrrlsso hns never
m-en this cnnviis nnd Is throwing oat wild
stntoments about It on information received
from a bad photograph or it worse engraving.
Even had ho examined tho canvas with a
mlcroscopo we should senrcoly bo willing to
accept Ills opinion al.ont It. Amnnwho Is on
record in tho statement thnt hodoesn't "nolleve
that tho portrait of Columbus was ovor drawn.
crved. or painted from llfo" would cortnlnly
not muko u' competent Judgn or a competent
juryman, however brilliant his qualitlos us a
Hut enough for tno present. Somo authori
tative statement about the Lotto portrait will
probably be made huloro long. In the mean
tlmo the public would do well to ronorvo Its i
judgment. As for Mr. llnrrisse. bu vvns In
formed n month ago that his " historical In-
formation" about the picture was misinfor
mation, but having long ngn copyrlghtod , ,
Columbus and nil things Columbian he could
not resist tho opportunity to assort his monop
oly oven against the wrltois of " printed slips. V
nowsnnpers. nnd ningn7.1uos." Their " tiu-
founded nnd audacious assertions" called .for
"a roply." It is not ninicult to knock down a
man of straw, ospoclally if ono has set it up
for knocking down purposes. t
John C. Van Dykk. .
HtiTiiF.ns CoiXEaa New Ukuxswick, X. J., i
April 30, f
In tbe new catalogue of Vale't post (.rvtuaoj de- If,
pvrtment notice Is given of the opening of tl.u di-part-
inent to college graduates of both sexes.
-Amherst College Is now among 'lie American ooP jh
leges which authorise their students lu apjsvrln r:ae- Ip
siculgarb. Tile seniors of Amherst bare Just begun to M
wear the cap and black gown In chapel. g;
Tho Tacunia papers tell of the Interest that hsi ueen f
aroused In the Slate of Washington by the respect "t L
the opening of the Puyallup Indian rcertOlui The h
laudofthei'iiyallupslsftrtl.o, welllliubrsi I. and cou- J
tains mineral and coal deposits. if
-Inaomeof the business streets rf this illy both j
skill aud taile are applied lo tbe am low .Ire-sing of (T
many establishments Thrre am win l.n .r.'rrs who l
possess a genuine artistic arireliinM hi 17i rcfTocte. '
are not easily obtained won .." I ' " '"rietyot jr
colors An expert sajs tlmt mii mil ' l,ll. "" j
and scarlet, yellow and brunii, '' ln eBeeiivs)
-A letli r from Alaska r.iiiiain n ' reunt nf several i
projects (nr llio iliieiipuieii' '' H'" Hknn roal I,
mines, and It also sa, that f .. d nonlng will be actively I
prosecuted Ibere tni suuunn he Alaska fisheries I,
re growing lu Imp' rime ,.nJ Dure Is an Inunsuse 1-
supply of Alaska "lm '" "" '""" ' b"
trust was rereuilj .' nod Tin Alaskans bate pelt
tioued I'oiwress for .in .'! ruj.rMiK.iiof 55,O00 to bur.4
raiktraile.'russthei mku' ' ' ,
-Among tlirsiruin.'illil of .sow Vork arethoseto
besiennt He docks. II II" thlirestllig to look .it a
itcaniliip.il' A"11" " bunl for Kurope at to
look at steamship I I "' turuieun Immigrants com.
lug Into I"" The outwvrd boju I Americans are apt
tube li si plrtiiresjiio In their garb than tbe lucomlug
fnie'guers II I. istuuatid by Ibe agents of lbs sleaui.
, ip cm lnanlci that mure than 1 W.OOO Americans will
i irit l.ur' !" tnla yr, and that at least sU times at
many buiopeant will come to tho l'nlted Slates.
-The recent -igns of activity among the Syrian reir
dentsif thlsril). who number about 1,000, aro Inter
rstli.' 1 hey now haie n weekly paper of their osu,
printed here In irabir.anl ibe also have formed an
organli itiii aw""' ll" b'i,n c""61' """"
Yuri, w Inch ill bare a free reading room and school V
for the benefit uf those who need them. The Sjrrlsus I
of this city hie In txlreme siualor and poverty I
near tbe Hattcry; yet out ot their leaders. Ameer lld- I
dac, who Is a doctor and a acbolsr, tayl thai aioo4
uian more iiamlgrauti flow S;tl wlU lanl hers ltd
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