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: fl-- . THE SUN, FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1892.
ij . ! FltlDAY. JUNE 8. 1893. I'M 9 If nrfrtmitvhe diru irtiA mmnttrifU or -Noalle-i, i ataa ''' MM ,"rt"' ""'" '" " " "" E IB H ' a"-1 tm$4 f" "' IT""- , i Hj 1 The One (Jrent, UnnlUrable, Final Fact. H I Tlio proposition to nominate Gnovnn I Hi 1 Cleveland is to cloct a Demooratlo candl ffi H; dato without tho voto ot Now York, i B Now York's thlrty-slx doctoral votoa Bo ll ; publican, and a Ropubllcan goes Into tho II; Whlto Houao on March 4, 1893. Now York's 8 I ! thirty-. oloctornl votes Democratic, and 111 tho noxt 1'rosldont Is a Democrat, provld- m . '$ log he runs well ol6owhero. ? 1 J I It Is tho situation ot 1881 and 1888 un j f i I chanced, ozcopt so far as tho voto ot tho 3 1 , now States makes tho task of tho Domoo ? I racy a llttlo hardor now. Tho margin at ( ' forded by tho now States onahlos Ilopub 1 i llcan olphorors to flguro out a possible : J i ' combination by which thoy can loso Now s ! York and elect their man. nevertheless. ' i ' , But there Is no arlthmetlo that enables j J tho Democracy to dlspenso with tho thlrty , f I 'i six votes of tho Emplro State Thty are ; jl i 'j j absolutely essential to Democratic success. j jiw, You may twist and turn the numerals ot j ) fit tho table of Stotoa until your hoad swims; i , ;? !( this ono fact remains. ' jl : If j You may pita rainbow on rainbow until ft,', tho western sky looks like Joseph's coat; j i this final fact remains. ; $ , To loso Now York for tho Democratlo it, candidate Is to loso tho elootlon of 189a: and I ' ji tho proposition to nominate Qitavxn Clevb- l( ! i land Is a proposition to go into tho battlo fb: , with Now York's thirty-six Indispensable j J j votes thrown away In advance. I, ' To nominate David Uxxhett Hilt, la to i i j carry New York by 60.000 majority. a j I j. ! Why the Mugwumps Do Not Count. p ", j Wo have repeatedly aflirmod and dem I I ?, onstrated that the Democraoy ot New I jj' if j York Is numerically strongor without j; j the support of tho Mugwump contln ' f gent than with It. This paradox has led a j tjj j Western correspondent to Inquire how It j j: , is possible that a political party, in an Im j ll is i portant and always doubtful Stato. can bo j jUjS I considered as stronger by tho loss of the I 138 j ', support of any number of persons whoso I 111 1 i 1 votes count at tho polls and aro likely to bo Ijil f needed. It Is an interesting question, evl fj j dently propounded in good faith, and we i' ' undortako to answer it for the Instruction I HI of this correspondent and of some other S III '. persons to whom the politics ot the Empire Hflllj Btatosooms to be an enigma. It is simplo jji! enough when onoo you understand It. h J There aro In tho Stato of Now York 80,000 JffwMf , Prohibitionist voters. Last year the exact rl 3)1 ) number was 30.353. A majority of these jji are former Bepublioans. separated from llji i , their party on the single question ot the IH I ; abolition or regulation of the trafSo In ln jjttjjl : toxicants. Such being tho caso.lt maybe jJUJi asked why should not tho Republicans ijjjlj roako the concessions necessary to secure tjjll the votes of theso Prohibitionists, and thus jluj surely and safely put themselves in ama in Jorlty In New York henceforth? The an III IE 1 Bworiseasy. To do so would be to commit 8 nil ft the Republican party to the extreme and l;l unpopular notions ot these advocates ot IRIjr sumptuary restriction. For every vote (ill IF i thus gained halt a dozen would be lost, and lpj . the result would be defeat and disaster. FjfHj j j . t That's why the Republicans, soldom beaten yiJ by more than 20.000 in New York when llji It beaten, are by tho circumstances of the fl II I L case stronger without the 30,000 Prohibition l ; lsts than they would be with them, gill '. The Labor party polled 14.000 votes at tho Jjrjlj K Btateeiectionofayearngo. Araojorltyofits I w j I members are former Democrats, estranged jjlj ij from the party by the Incendiary appealB ljj ' and arguments of Socialist agitators. Why In j should not the Democracy, some persons I u J i might ask. trim its sails tor the support ot u jl ft i this labor contingent, and thus blot out the IJIaii very last chanco of success for tho Repub j ; llcans in New York ? Again the answer is jjlgl easily gtvon. To yield to the radical In iioclaJIstlo demands of those extremists ijjjlf OUld bo to drive from tho support ot 9(9 1 Democratlo nominees hosts ot conservative I IS I . citizens, whose sound views ot publlo policy jnf lead them constantly to vote with the jj9fl ' Derqocracy. For every voto thus gained, jjjjli ( bait a dozen votes would be lost; in a chase III 9 , for the shadow, the substance would inevl 9j tably be sacrificed. I 91 ; So It Is with the Mugwumps, fewer numer- 111 l lcally than the Prohibitionists or tho Social- I Ii j lata. Thoy represent but one political prin- Hnj ' ciple. That is the principle of dlsorganlza- H 9 j tion. Any party In Now York whloh has to H 9( ' do with them, is of necessity defeated. To H 9 gain their support elthor party would be H 91 literally obliged to break Its ranks. It would 9H9I be compelled to doposo and send to the 9H9 ;' rear its most able and skilful generals, to pnU furl Its most inspiriting standards, to 9H 9J smother its most popular war cries, to fore- 9H I r go Its most approved methods ot warfare, 9H I to muffle its bugles, and to spike its guns. 9H I That's what Mugwump control means to 9l I ! either party. It would be as fatal to one as H 1 ' to tho other. 9H 1 j In 1881. with every Demooratlo Mug- 9B I trump, high or low, hot In the chase PJj 9 j v Against tho Republicans, the Democratlo 991 B j s, apmlnoe for Presidont barely pulled through PJI I j , In this State by a plurality of 1,000. 9H I i One year later, with evory Mugwump ar- 9H I j rayed against him. David B. Hill, with the 9H I flower ot tho Democracy in his support, car- 99 i Tied the Stato by a majority eleven times 991 I creator. Again in 1888 Olsvcland, with 99! ' '' the full Mugwump assistance, was beaten 9H II out of his boots in New York; while Uill, 99 Ij . with the full force of the contingent ranged 99'' j j , j; and raging against lilm, won, as the saying 99M if I ' ! " hands down." Lost year the Domo- 9vi l , crate, taught by experienco, did not wait 9H'J !l ,. ' for the Mugwumps to loave. Thoy kicked 99uLlf r' them out. The Mugwumps allied them- HI'lT selves with FAS3BIT. and a Democratlo ma- BI'J '; Jority of nearly 80,000 was the result. The 99JKj9' Democracy ot New York Is a good deal 99J K. 19' stronger without the Mugwumps than with 99pJ n V ' them. They aro an eucumbraoce. They 99J II. J bring. It Is true, the numerical support of a 99Vj Jl 1 - handful ot voters; but at tho samo time 9H B' p - they Introduce disorganization Into the 99WB It ! Democratlo ranks and mako much easier Hlg ji tho battle for the Ropubllcans. R.li t We hope the question of our correspond- 9KS' ' r. ent, why Mugwumps don't count in New 9B i York. Is satisfactorily answorcd. mkl j t Benjamin and Melclilzcxlek. 99lf'( & As the seventh of June draws nigh, any In- IBJ rJ (i formation calculated to throw a gonial light 9JKF ' '' "4 upon the Hon. BrajTAiira Harbison wilt be KKL'l , j welcomed eagerly by his friends. As he WM-1 seoms to need these, and they moy nood fen?, I uoh information, wo are glad to publish, 9Kvf j although we confess oursolves unablo to 9Bj(i. y understand, this sentence from a Harrison 9BK B , organ, the 0110190 Inttr-Octnn ; 991XB 9 -I1UI8. ll.'i) ptrionaUiy U urtctlf lnUlTianM m BBJI'S tt Uh vcr verlUb modom Mku.wutpcK.M KSI j , Evidently a, magnltloont coraplimont to 9K'9B 1 Qn HAitniBOJf is meant, but drat, what Is 99J99Y J It T Is there anybody whose personality U B9J?Ky. , not Individual, and whose Individuality Is not pergonal f Oon. Harrison Is an Ohio, man, and Ohio men aro sup posed to look after the Interests of their Individuality, personality, and No. 1 with unflagging fatthtulnoss. And why Is It a compllmont to Gen. Harrison to bay that his personality Is so strlotly Individual ? That Is tho objoctlon ot his opponents that his individuality is so strictly personal. They object to him bocauso he Is tho Indi vidual and porson, HAnnisoN. Ho would bo a great many dlamotors more popular If ho wore not htmsolf but somebody olso. And what in the sweet name ot Chicago is a "modern Melotiizedkk"? Thoro Is a vast dlssensus of opinion as to what tho ancient Mblouizedkk was. It seems clear, howover, that ho was rulor over a district peopled by descendants of Ham. Docs tho Inter-Ocean think that Qen. Harbison's supposed control of tho Southern delegates makes him a vorltablo raodorn Meloriz rdkk? What do Quat' and Clarkbon know about Melchizedek, any way ? Thoy never heard ot htm, and tholr hearts will not bo sottenod toward Qen. Harrison by hearing him compared to Mklchizedek. John Wanamaesr Is probably tho only man In tho Cabinet who haa views about MKLcniZEDBK, and thoro is no domand for John Wanamaker's vlows at prosont. Good old Col. Diok Thompson of tho In diana delegation may possibly remomber Melchizedek. If so, he ought not to withhold his information. Mklciiizxdbk Is a good name to havo on tho Harrison Bide, but the roaring Blaine mon may not be restrained evon by a grandiose name. " Mr. Chairman," sold an excltod Massa chusetts statesman at a primary when tho bos minion of a Mugwumplan can didate tor Alderman had Interjected an appeal to the manual of parliamentary procedure, " Mr. Chairman, who de hell Is Odbhin' ? McGilucuddt 'a do boy fur de Fort' word." Ten Millions Wanted. Wo have threo colleges In Now York, Co lumbia, the Bo-callod University, and tho college supported by public taxation. The number ot students graduated yearly from tho purely collegiate departments ot the three institutions taken together Is muoh less than tho graduating class at either Harvard or Yale singly. Yet all threo of these colleges are now proposing to renew and extend their edu cational plant at an enormous oxpense to each. Columbia has purchased for 12,000,000 the greater part ot tho property of the Bloomlngdale Asylum in the neigh borhood ot the sites ot the Grant Monu ment and the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. Last Wednesday the so-called Uni versity contracted for tho purchase of a site beyond the Harlem, at Two Hundredth street, at the price of 1381,000. Tho tree col lege In Lexington avenue will go to the next Legislature asking for an appropria tion ot a great sum ot the peoplo's money to buy for It a new site and put up tor It new and more commodious buildings. All told, something like $10,000,000 will be required to carry out these plans for ex penditures in land and bricks and mortar alone. The interest on a capital of twice that amount will be necessary to enable the three colleges to live up to their archi tectural pretensions. They must each pro vide a course ot education so complete and of a quality so high In its distinction that great numbers ot students will bo attracted to the balls whose erection was so costly. Otherwise the money laid out on the land and buildings will be wasted. It is great folly for a man to expend his whole capital on a house for himself, so that he has nothing left with which to furnish It and live In It in a style corresponding to Its magnificence. Such a man is like a beggar on horseback. The grander the material habitations of theso colleges, the more paltry and insig nificant the Institutions will seem, it tholr fame as schools of learning and the num ber ot their students do not extend and increase proportionately. The bigger and the grander their abodes, the more Income they will want to live in them. Columbia College has already an endow ment great enough to justify Its proposed expenditure for a new plant. It Is one of tho oldestrichest. and most famous col leges In the Union, and It can reasonably expect that its capital will inoreose by gifts and bequests correspondingly with the In creased expense involved In tho change. It also needs larger accommodations for its present necessities, and it cannot carry out its scheme of university education without them. It has not room enough whore it is. and Its removal to tho Bloomlngdale site Is In strict accordance with sound business principles. It has lnoomo enough to live In tho new establishment congruously with the magnificence of Its surroundings. It Is not removing to grander quarters for mere show, but because they are requisite for the purposes It is competent to fulfil. The so-called University can barely main tain itself where It Is as a fourth-rate col lege. For twenty-five years It has been running down steadily In reputation, and to-day It stands worse than ever before. In none of Its departments can It bear compari son with the Institutions which command the public respect. It might be blotted out wholly and finally without any loss to education In general or to any one In par ticular who seeks education. Only tho pro fessors would suffer, and Chancellor Mao Ckaoken would be out of a place and a sal ary. Tho public would be actually benefited by getting rid of hlra and his per nicious example, and a great waste ot money would be stopped. The parcel of students In the collego would be provided tor In a college to whloh they would be proud to belong. Instead of being con demned to hall from an Institution of which they have so good reason to be ashamed. Even if It raiueu money enough to buy the land beyond the Harlem, upon which It has made a small first payment, It will be an Importunate beggar tor much more to put into buildings. Even if It gots this additional amount, It will have to go about as a mendicant for a generation to come In order to obtain money enough to live In them, Even If It gets that. It will still be so far secondary to Columbia, and will suf fer so grievously because of Its past history, that students will refuse to share In its un toward reputation. At beet, the number ot students obtainable for a New York col lege Is not enough to give to a single college classes halt as large as those of Harvard and Yalo. The free college In Lexington avenue costs the people ot the city about $160,000 a year as it Is now housed and conducted. The new site and new buildings, for which an appropriation is to bo asked, would Involve In the end an expenditure ot capital upon which the interest would be a large addi tional sum; and, morover, the cost of the yoarly maintenance of the concern would be inoreosed. In the largor buildings, of course, tho students would have more room, but as only fifty or sixty are graduated yearly, leas rather than more space Is needed by them. As It Is, tho city could buy each one of them ' handsome bouse tor the money It expends in carrying them through this college; yet tho Board ot Education nfwi - s, ,i. i.T)EiffSMi:feWl BHsWHsliiMWHMMMMi wants the sum Increased 1 Meantime thoro Is no trouble nbout tholr getting their collego education frco, or nt loast at an oxponfio to tho city for all tlmo whloh would bo less than tho oxponsoof this conoern for a single year. For $150,000 tho city could buy sovonty-flvo scholarships in Columbia Collego, which would onablo It to sond that numbor of studonts there In porpotutty; and they would get a vnstly bettor oducation than this concern offers. Accordingly, tho only ono ot theso threo collogos worthy of support Is Columbia. It Is tho pnly ono whoso oducatlonal future Is promising. Tho others simply Btand In tho way of tho development of tho genuine unl vorslty which New York neods, and which Columbia olono has tho chanco of bocomlng. It will bo first al ways and tho othors far behind, strug gling along as oducatlonal paupers and mendicants. Wo do not say this aa portlsons of Columbia, but bocauso It Is a view which overy sonslblo man who looks Into tho subjoct must take. Every cent of monoyexpendodon tho miscalled University or on tho ono-horso freo collego 1b as much wastod as if It woro spent In buying a fifth wheel for nil tho carts and carriages in town. It is squandered absolutely. The New Army Pott In Vermont During tho present session the Senate has passed a bill authorizing the Secretary of War to accept, freo of cost to tho United States, a tract of not less than 800 acres of land on tho lino of railway between Burling ton and Hlghgato, in tho Stato of Vormont, and to construct thero n military post. This bill Is awaiting tho voto ot tho House ; but recently Mr. Grout attempted to ad vance Its consideration by incorporating the substance of it as an amendment of fered to tho Sundry Civil bill. It was clearly outotordor there, being now legislation, and eventually Mr. Grout was forced to withdraw it; but boforo doing so ho tried to avoid having the point of ordor raised against it, and frankly disclosed tho im portance ot tho subjoct and tho advantage of a prompt decision. In making this at tempt ho read a letter on the subject from Gen. BcnoFrKLD to Secretary Elkxkb : "IhTth honor Is raportthat tta wtlt-oontlderad mUlurr pollor ot tit Unlt4 StatM, In ?lw ot tho potilblo oonttng oner ot war with Grt&t Britain, ln cladti prompt and enerfatlo affrejtlro aetlon toward certain Important ttrattfto points In tho Dominion ot Canada. To ha prepare! tor inch aotlon It la ot Tltal Importance that permanent military potta b main tained at oonrenlent polnta naar the northern frontier. at each ot which mar b itattoned tho naeleui ot an army, to ha oompoaed mainly. In tho arent ot war. ot the state troops qnlokly aaaemhled troa the naif hoot ing Btatae. Tha place named In this hill, on the Una of railway between Borllnfton and Hlghgato, la perfectly well adapted to tha porpooe had In Tlew. and I think It would be manifestly wise to commence at tola time, ao far aa therein contemplate the) preparation tor the atahltahment ot each a poet." This new post Is to deal with Canada in tho event ot a war with Great Britain. In a previous communication to Secretary Proctor. Gon. Scropield hod explained that the special purpose ot the forces there gathered would be to have at hand a body of regulars, artillery. Infantry, and cavalry, to bo joined by State troops, who " might immediately unite to take the initiative in euoh military movements as might be requisite to prevent the enemy from using his waterways to move gun boats into the lakes." The point selected would undoubtedly be somewhere in Franklin county, the north western corner ot Vermont,near Lake Cham plain. It would also probably be at High gate, the township nearest the Canadian border, or Swanton, Just south of it, or St. Albans, just south of Swanton. All these places are on tho railroad to Montreal. In explaining this measure, after recall ing the stratoglo Importance of the Cham plain Valley In former wars, as associated with the names ot Amherst and Howe, of Bdrooynb and Allen, ot Pbevost, Mc Covld. and MoDonotjob, Mr. Grout brought out the fact that in tho civil war. when Bennett Yotjno. at the head of tho Con federate contingent in Canada, sought the most feasible and accessible point ot attaok, ho selected St. Albans. Again, when the Fenians, a few years later, proposed to in vade Canada, they selected Hlghgato as their rendezvous, as it was only fifty miles from Montreal. It was further assorted that more than a third ot the entries of goods from the Do minion come through the Vermont and Cham plain districts, in close proximity to the proposed post, and more than half of the goods conveyed In .bond. Of the six canals to be considered, the only one on the south side ot the St. Lawrence Is about an hour's run by rail from St Albans. These canals at present admit vessels drawing nine feet.and It was asserted that thirty-six existing British gunboats, carrying 106 guns, could pass through them. The pro posed deepening and widening would admit twenty more, carrying In all over 900 guns. Regarded simply as a measure ot preven tion and ot economy, the establishment of this new post should bo .promptly effected. It really promises to accomplish, at slight expense, a large part ot that lake protec tion which would otherwise have to be ef fected by the building of elaborate forts and the mounting of costly guns. Besides, the mlschiot may in great part be done whon hostile gunboats are once in the lakes. The true plan Is to provide for cut ting the canals, so that tho gunboats will novor get there. It roust also be kept In mind that the building of this new post may be offset by tho abandoning of some old one, at a point no longer needing a garrison, and the solo of tho land and the material. Garrisons should bo placed where they are needed. Accordingly, either the Senate should, un der its rules, whloh are not identical with those ot the House, provide for this meas ure in tho Sundry Civil bill, or the House Bbould tako up tho separate Senate meas ure directed to this end. Blackmail. Two delegations to Chicago, two State Committees, two party platforms, two sets of County Committees, and a divided Democraoy: such is tho blackmailing threat ot tho Claimant and his mtulons In New York. Tho price of peace Is the nom ination, contrary to Demooratlo usage and demand, of a defeated and discredited can didate, for a third time. To such a threat, so odious, so treason ablo, 60 audacious, and so undemocratic, there is but one answer. Defy the blackmailers I It was a correct remark, founded upon knowledge, which we recently madn, that the University ot Chicago is the first modern uni versity to throw orea all lis privllese. its pro fessorships, and Its degrees to women on ex actly the same terms as to men. It is a mis taken remark, founded upon misinformation, which Is made by the Chicago Pott, that the UnWorsltr of Michlcan has carried out the samo system (or years, and has womon among its professors and fellows. Wo inform the bit that no woman has been appointed to a pro fessorship or a fellowship In the Michigan University. The manaxsr ot that institution dlseriminat against women, and barolr toler ate a law at thorn amonjt its tutors, and do not .Tv.ifit 6wmifW-. j !.' s i . 'W,tiz. ,ur.'.-it give them a fair share ot tho honors, and aro evlilontly hostile to tholr promotion. Thoro con ho noiuioh dlacrlmlnntlnn In (ho now University of Chicngn. Women will hold profossora' chairs thoro. womon will olilnln nil the honors to which thoy may ho entitled, and a Bourn" of Womon will havo suponlslon of the Woman's College. Women havo been generous in tholr contributions to the funds of the new university. They havo already subscribed $00,000 ot tho $150,000 needed for thewomon's halls. It cannot be Improper to say hero that a large sharoot tho eredtt for establishing those foundations must be ao oorded to an accomplished literary Indy ot Chicago, Mrs. Maboahkt F. Sullivan. It was she who took the initiative in the undertaking. Burely Amorlean women ought to havo fair play, dua honor, and all their rights In an Institution of learning, the interests ot whloh thoy havo striven so hard and done so muoh to promote. ThoIIon. Ubnrt Watterson repudiates tho statements respecting Mr. Blaine pub lished In tho Buffalo Courier on Tuesday last In tho form of an Interview with Mr. Waiter son. " I know nothing whatever ot any Inter view," he says. "I regard tho newspaper intervlow, as It Is now employed, as a pure im position allko upon tho publlo and the party Interviewed. I am not a reoluse, and cannot be held accountable for soraps of disjointed conversation picked up by chance and rushud Into print." In publishing tho statements attributed to Mr. Watterson. the Courier romarkod that It had the testimony ot tovoral other wltnossos to the same purport We dare sar these will now be produced. Brig.-Gen. Davtd S. Stanley has been retired by reason ot having reached tho stat utory ago. His servloes in the army have al ways been morltorious. and during tho war ot the rebellion they wars exceptionally bril liant A man of unquestioning patriotism and prompt courage, ot quick and sound judg ment, foreseeing to-day the emergency that Is only rovoalod to the world to-morrow, we re cord hero our high appreciation both ot his character and his achievements. Tho Rev. Dr. Db Costa had something to say about newspaper men In hlB sermon ot last Sunday. Be told his church that there are " many writers for the daily press whoso pens are directed by their capitalistic em ployers," and who must write as they aro or dered to write, under penalty ot dismissal. " Poor paragraph era I" he oxclalmed. "I for give them." Wo sar that if the Rov. Dr. Db Costa Is able to forgive such hypooritical hire lings, we are not. They are deserving only of scorn. They are far mora contemptiblo than Pktkb Funk. They ought to be damned. No newspaper that is worthy of respect would employ them. Not one of them could hold his pen for a day In Tub Sun ofQoo. The Sun re quires no man in its service to be false to his own conscience or his judgment or his man hood. It does not interfore with the personal rights of any ono in its employment Wo reckon that tho Rev. Dr. De Cobta Is not familiar with the manners and the methods ot all the newspapers ot this city. On Decoration Day this week, not a few of the survivors of tho Confederate army joined with the veterans of the Union army In decorating the graves of theiUnlon soldiers who tell during the war. and in extolling their valor. This was right On the same day. the Americans living In tho city of Mexico decorated the graves of some of their old comrades who are buried there, and at tho same time decorated the monument raised In honor of the Mexican soldiers who fell In fighting tho American army during our war with Mexico. This was right. In Japan, there Is an annual holiday, author ized by the Government, in whloh tho people of all parties unite in offering floral and pious tributes In momory of tho soldiers who fell on both aides in the two great civil wars in the modern history of Japan. This also is right A curious illustration of the Important results often produced In nature by apparently insignificant causos is afforded by the little islands on our Pacific coast, a little west ot Los Angeles. Dr. Gordon Yates says that sheep hae found tho succulent herbage growing along the shores dainty eating, and have de stroyed most of it It was theno plants, how ever, that formerly bound the sand to the beaches, and now that they are gone the loosened sands, driven by northwest summer breezos.has drifted over tho Islands, already killed montof the treos and shrubs, and tho Islands. In oonsoquence. are rapidly becoming uninhabitable. As tho residents cannot abol ish the wind or the sand. It may be neoessary to banish the sheep to save Ban Miguel. Santa Rosa, and the other once verdant islands from oomplete desolation. Ufe Still -Worth Living. rum Ikt A'aif Bom Dally Palladium There may be a greater newapapar aomewhere In thla world, bnt none la baring qalte ao muoa fnn joat now aiTasSmt. , This If ggwnnp Impostor. Voei CAe Put-KxprU4. Wa Ilka to aee men rerolt on eonrlotlont hot thero la aomethlng lneipreaalbly mean In the action of tho eneaklng minority at Syraeoaa, which lacked the cour age to tight for the oontrol of the party In the regular Conrentlona at Saratoga and at Albany, and la now trying to ateal It. We have aeen many curloaa political gamea played, but never aaw before a political movement etarted without a abadow of technical right and carried on without a pretence of a moral Uaue. Ob tha Unswnmv Mlandar of 1S88. Aon (Aa Ckicaga IfrroiJ. Sociuna. May 3.-i(l!t'e popularity with tha mum haa been evidenced by hla auperlor atrenglh at the poUa. Mr. William Puroell of tha A.,r iaiondeulee that Hill would have been defeated In 188S had It not been for the Republican exclae vote. Edward T, Jonei. who waa the Democratlo candidate for Lieutenant Governor on the ticket with Ooiernur Hill, and who had no apeclal claim 011 the eicUe votea. waa elected. So waa Judge Oray, on theaame ticket for Judge of the Court of Appeal. Judge Gray waa not an liiuo on tha liquor quettlou. and ran 3.1)47 behind Hill In Erie coun ty. Indeed, he ran 4S behind Cleveland there, but be waa elected by e,45 over Judge Rumtey, And no one, remark! Mr. fureell, ever charged him with telling out the rreeldenttal ticket aa a meant of obtaining that majority for hlmeelf. Uolat With Their Uwa I'etareL. f Dua. W Daily GlaU. . J?J!5tl!I0m.".yn' uncontrollably pathetic about tha announcement that too much rain water prevented a meeting ot Prohibition!,., ,, owatonna. Now, Who Can Tola Bo I from U Granufero Pail) iTaronf. galor tne-tbe fat man, with a trained hog and avlli- A Volvoranl Truth, From (A roM.Ktprtts, "Po you believe In the ,un epnt theory I" "Certainly, if you aee It In the aun It's ao." IVher to Flail lll Ideal. OM tl4, button os, or enli ber handi In a little houeework g.'uV.-ornVrM'r! Sffifc'S,,M TU ,0 "J" ,"UU- Tho Molluaka' Union. VvmU,o...iW rM ilraler. !?,'.. I"1": "llor t all abnat the holitere' atrlke t" i.zSi!2,teSZlll leathering data for a book on Amer- ica)-ureat ood ! what a country I llnrtterv on a atrlke. Muil make a note of that, aon't you know. BadahUtle nrolprocltlto. MeMtiJw, lilt. Abhor dltelmulatloa. -Av-cna-Ue jy. SOa) Ue who haa dona wrong. Be ll eoufeued openlyi lie who ha, sinned, Uonltaa It In prayer. rdllneUAo. The proud heart Breeds tha bate Ufa; The baaa Ufa aU4a vicious deeds. JkrdummnrkUfhm (tar. iii. BOClURltX FARMERS. Trying to ltecover From (he Efftcta of Too I.nree Crop or Cotton Aikek. 8. C. May .II.-TI10 Southern plonter realized a lowor price for his cotton the past season than ever boforo. The general verdict Is that overproduction Is tho cause. With a crop of 8.000.000 bales In 1800-01 and a larger one than that In 1801-2. more cotton was raised than could be utlllzod. It was not so much tho fault of nn lnorcased ncroace In ootton as an unusually Inrgo yield o er pre vious years. Tho steady decline ot cotton has aroused tho plantor to his dangjr. and he It casting about to seo what can be done to avert another largo ylold and bring back tho old prices of the staple. It cotton goes down to flvo conts a pound noxt yoar It will swamp the average farmor. bocauso ho cannot raise and market it at that prloe. Ono of tho first things done was a universal docreaso of acreage In cotton. A careful com pilation of tho aoreago being put In cotton by the South Carolina farmers the coming year shows that It has decrease J 25 por cent That Is, while thero will be about as much land cul tivated as bo fore, morn attention will be paid to corn and grain. It Is a homely but true saying down lieio thatthn farmer must raise his own "hog and hominy." It ho has Ills smoke house and corn bin In the West and de pends upon his cotton alone to pay for his sup plies as well as labor.lt Is only a question of tlmobeforo ho goes under. Ho has the plant lor raising otorythlng lie noods on his farm, and, by doing so anil making cotton his profit crop, he can succeed. Why doos ho not do It? The main reason Is that the farmer is In tho nanus of his fnotor or merchant. Ills supplies to run lilm" whllo his crop ot ootton is being planted, worked, and harvosted. are ad vanced to him as ho needs them, and a lien Is taken on tho growing crop. Consequently, nouah cotton must bo planted, not only to satisfy tho Mod. but to reoompunse the farmer besides. It ho could got ahead enough to run hlmsolf a year, ho could thon raise his hop: and hominy and boa freeman. Tho Hen law wasaeroatholpto the farmers at the start, joon after the war. when they had nothing but their devastated lands, and ll helpod them on their foot If when they could standalone tho law had been renoaled, as In Uoorglo. It would have provod tho salvation, of tho Bouth Caro ina farmor: and not until It Is repealed will he be freo from tho bondage of tho factor. Tho present depressed condition of affairs has romoved thn scales from his eyes to a cer tain extent. The factors and merchants havo beon unablo to grant the calls for advances made upon them this year, the outlook not being sufficient to warrant it. and to a certain extent the farmer is shifting for himself. Ho Is using loss fertilizer: is planting more oats, rye. wheat, and corn; Is raising moro stock than In former years. To tho incxperlonced ere this is not noticeable, as along any of the lines of rallwuv aero after ucro shows the tops of the cotton plant pooping above tho ground In lone even rows of green. The farmers aro not discouraged, although many came out on the wrong side of tho lodger when thev settled account at Christmas. It Is admitted generally, however, that Cotton Is no longer hinc. Tho Idea that everything should he sacrificed to his sway is not held now. Along tho coasttruok farming is receiv ing morp attention than over. Upland rice is being tried, and tobacco is 'obtaining a firm foothold in sections of the State where It has never been grown before. Tho manufacturing resouroes of tho State aro being devoloped. and that helps tho farmer to a homo market for his products. Ono Slanter has set out on his plantation on the avannah Rlvor more than o hundred pecan nut trees, and In n fow years they will be capable-of bearingthe nut, whloh finds a ready market at the North. The farmers aro on the right track to re. covor themselves. They have to compote with a large number of men who. having failed nt business, rent a farm and plant cotton to re cover their losses. As n rule It l a losing f:nme. and tho factor usually has to bear the iruntofit. JJtit tho cotton haa been raised, although at a high cost and. ot course. holDS to swoll tho sum total of bales. IX IS XOT CLEVKLAXD'S WAX. A. Good Suajceetloa, which the Prophet Will Never Take. To toe Enrroit or The Sun Sir: It may be presumption of mo to mako any comments in tho great strugglo between ox-rresldent Cleveland and Senator Hill: but If tho great body of Democrats that will meet in Chicago on June 21 are so short-sighted as to nominate the ex-Fresldent although I don't profoss to be a prophet, any one of common sense that Is posted a llttlo bit can plainly see he will do In '02 as ho has dono In '88 ditch the party. Tho ex-rresldent Is somewhat like Joe Lannon too heavy and slow for '02. Then why not step aside and make room for a great leader who la abreast of the times, that nulck. keen-witted, clear-brained Senator? If only the ex-l'resl-dont would take some friend's advice and. like an honorable gentleman, help to nominate and a Iter nurd help to elect the greatest leader of the Democratlo party 1 Every sound, honest-minded Democrat must confess there is no man inside the Domocratlo party who has done as much for the past years as Senator Hill. If ox-Prosldent Cleveland would only do as mentioned above, he would be prawed. honored, and respected ns long as he lived, and when ha has long passed from this life his memory will bo held green In the hearts of tho cream of tho Demoorataof tho Empiro State. The Mugwumps aro like sour, stulo buttermilk: you can't use it for biscuits orinanyothorfnrm; so it is best to let it Ho, for the moro you stir It tho worso tho odor: so you see it Is best to let the Mugwumps rest. In a word, sir. we hae it from the greatest and best authority, "the worker shall receive his pay:" tho dullent mind In the Stato knows who that moans. We have It from the same authority, "to defraud the laborer of his wages Is a sin crying aloud for vengeance." This Is exactly what the Mugwumps and buttermilk Demo crats, with their pet candidate, are trying to do by all means, right or wrong, to defraud the greut leader. Senator Hill, ofnls well-earned fiav. But every sound, fair-minded Democrat a the great State of New York sincerely hopes that there will be more honor and brains in Chicago on the 21st of next June than to permit any such thing. Most respectfully, ...... MtCHABL DOLOCOHTT. WrLLABD. N. Y.. May 31. DR. JtAIXSFORD'S CUVRCII SALOONS. Tie we or at Liquor Dealers' Oman. Von 1A FTit,4 ad Spirit GiikI; The ltov. Dr. Ralnsford. tho rector of St floorgo's Churoh of this city, has contributed his share to the current literature on the saloon auostlon by suggesting that church going people should go into the liquor busi ness with the view of mltlgnting its evils. The saloon, he says. Is the poor man's club, and It should be made as Innocent and as attractive ns possible He wants Ills church people to open saloons whero worMngmon may got beer, light wines, coffee, and chocolate on Sundays as woll a on week days. Wo look upon this proposition from a prac tical standpoint, and shall offer a few com ments that will readily susgest themselves to a liuuor dealer who has some experience in his business. The first question which naturally arlsos is: Will the experiment pay ? Under ordinary cir cumstances no corner saloon In this city can exist on the hale of boor and light wines alone, for the simple reason that the demand for those drinks is not sufficiently lnrgoto payoxponses. It is tho hard stuff or splrltuouR Honor which is relied upon to make up tho deficit that would otherwise appear nn the balance, sheet of a well-appointed saloon in this city. It is true, thero are a few concert gardens and boor rooms In this city In which boor Is the staple drink, that ha proved a flnanolal success, but these eHtnbllshinenU are patronized bra large number of people und are financially huconssful only by reason of tho largo sales made therein every day. If Dr. Ilalnsiord can get oniiugli patronage ho may be able to mnko his church saloons pay. That supposition leads u to tho second in quiry: WllltliH Dootorgetonouchouetumers? We have considerable doubt on that score. Jf those beor. Mine, and coffee wiloons are run its a tender to the church, the frequenters of thum will naturally be people who are In some way or other attached to thn cliuicli. Dr. llamsford will find that his church Falonns will not draw thn crowds whom he would want to see therein, on account f the mihioii char acter which In tho I'Uhlie mind would eoon ntturh Itself to his experiment, Mon will refuse to go ton church saloon for the rfainn reason that they would not like to bo seen alteudiiig the McAuley or similar missions. Aa Dr. llulnsfoid has squarely placed lilm soil In a portion in which lie recognises the necessity or the saloon and the Impomlblllty to relorm tha human nppetllo so us to make men abstain entirely from thn use of intoxi cating liuuors, m ak why not oxleml the Bvruyuf hlhhuinunli'liii; Iiiiiui,ieu and rhtiruh toleration totlitiulsncsalooiisii his parish I There am many saloons In m. tiorg's parish which nr.i not run with tho idea uf making drunkards of tho customers. The owueis 01 these places are decent fellows, who detebt a drunkard and would not sella glass ot liquor to a man who is Intoxicated. Let Dr. llalnu ford adise his hearers to frequent thoso saloons und by thlr patronage remodel them Into a realization of his Ido.is. That experi ment will gle Dr. Italnsfnrd an opportunity to determine, without any financial risk on his part, how far actual oxporloiico Is likely to vludlcutu the soundness of his judgment. (.LUipurullvely Xlcppy, from Uf: He-Ara you happy, now that you're married t 8b f-Cem paratl vely, lie Compared with whom 1 6He Compared with mjr buabaal. JIIB MISSION INDIANS. ' Their Fast rlevaece ana Their Now Source of Trouble. WAsnrsoTON. June 2. At the Instance of Mr. Vast the Senate has dtrectod Secretary Neblo to Inform It whether it Is true that Agent Itust lately deposed Cabazon, the hereditary ohlot of the CoahuIIlas. and put in his place, against the wishes of tho Indians, a man named Billy Williams. Tho Senate also wants to know "what has caused the discontent now existing In said tribe," and what steps have been taken to rcmovo this discontent Tho Coahullla Mission Indians of California, numbering about 800 souls, living near San Bernardino, aro a Docullar band, and. lndeod, acoordlnjr to Mr. Dawoa. who has seon thorn, "thoro aro no othor Indians llko them In the United Statos." Thoy are apcaoeablo, tom perato. Industrious, orderly community, who woro undor the caro of the Jesuits tor more than a century while California was a part ot Mexico. When Moxloo sooularized tho do mains ot the Churoh. these Indians at the Jesuit Mission lost tholr protootors, and the annexation ot California caused whltos to drive thorn from the lands they ocouplod. Iteadors ot Mrs. Holon Hunt's Ramona" will fully understand all this. In his first annual roport Sooretary Noble noted that about twenty reservations had beon set aside for tho use of the Mission Indians since 187G, varying In extent from 88,475 to 80 acros, and aggregating 223,054 acres. Home of theso reservations, by roason of an Incorrect description of their boundaries, did not Include the very land whloh It was de signed to reserve, upon whloh the Indians were living; In other the Southern Faotfto Railway Company claimed the odd sections, and there woro also individual olalms. Soma of theso Indians woro occupying Government lands not set off as reservations, and some were on private grants, and. ot course, con stantly llablo to be driven off. Yot their occu pation antedated, perhaps, tho adverse titles. Mr. Noble made these suggestions: The correct ascertainment and determination ot the mine of pereone who have asaerted claims or made set tlement on the reeervatlone should not be longer de layed. AblU providing a commission for thla purpose haa been frequently urged upon the attention of Con frees, and It baa several times paaaed the Senate, but baa failed to recelvo anal action In the House ot Bepre sentaitves. The necessity for such legislation is again reported by the Commissioner ot Indian Affairs to be of the 1 utmost Importance for the welfare of these Indiana, and It la hoped that tha approaohlng aesaion ot tha Congress w(u not adjourn without providing prober measures concerning these lands. " In his next annual report the Secretary re turned to the subject declaring that "the Mission Indians, whose rights were fully recognized and respected by the Spanish and Mexican Governments, have suffered euoh wrongs under our Government that they have formed the subleot ot numerous offlolal re ports during the last twenty years. The Exooutlve Department has done all that was 609,1616 to proteot them In the possession of loir ancient homes and villages, and to re press the enoroaohmenta constantly at tempted upon their lands, but through tho failure of legislative action their situation has grown worso from year to year. Innocent set ors have also doubtless been deprived of just rights and made to suffer undeserved losses through the inability of the department to properly discriminate between thorn and wl iul JlSB5'i!.8.eiL8-" . ?s must- therefore, be evident that this band has suffered grievances enough to entitle It to the consideration of the Government; and If It Is true that a person whom they do not like has been made their chief through any unwise or unauthorized action of their agent the subject is worthy of the Senate s attention. It should be said, however, that at tho last session of Congress tho long delayed bill for tho relief of the Mission Indians, which had passed tho Senate during the Forty-eighth, lorty-nlnth. and Fiftieth Congresses, failing each tlmo in the House through want of proper attention to it. became a law. The object of the act was to determine and adiustthe rela tive rights of the Indians and the settlers to the lands In dispute. Under that aot, ap proved Jan. 12. 1881. a commission was Im mediately appointed, consisting of Messrs. A. K. bmiley. J. B. Moore, anf 0. Q Fainter, who were afterward assisted by Mr. F. D. Lewis. Mr. Smiley and Mr, Painter are well known friends of the Indians, and the Com mission completed its work In a satisfactory manner. The Southern Paciflo Railroad Com pany agreed to take other lands In exohango tor the allotment whloh they claimed on the Coahullla reservation. A bill to ratify this ar rangement has been passed by the Senate in the present session and is pending in the House. It It becomes a law. these Mission In dians will no longer be wanderers, but will have homes near Ban Bernadlno. with small severalty allotments. , As to tho new cause pf trouble, aooordlng to letters olted by Mr. Vest the CoahuIIlas. as long as they have been known to whites, have been governed by the Cabszon family as chieftains or sings. One of them, who died a few years ago 1 at Indio. Is said to have reached the age of 140 years, aooordlng to records at the Catholic Mission. His authority de scended to his son. but It appears that Mr. Bust, the new agent considered the present Chlof Cabazon as a bad Indian, who prevented his people from working and was anxious to keep them, under his control. Mr. Vest pro duces a letter to show that this aoeuBatlon is unjust and also an interesting petition drawn up by a leading Indian. Mr. Will Pablo: Thla la to satisfy Capt. Jim. living near tha Indio station, and to-dar we had council and made our peti tion. Said and we all do not know anything about a Chief William Wll.lams. ' Seeond, that alt we. the aliislon Indians living In and near the Indio atatlon. and had a talk upon our old Chief Cahason, aa he ta our chief and ha never has resigned yet. and yet wa. the undersigned nndar this latter, and we are one mens. The purport of this document Is evidently that they want no Billy Williams to rule over, them. Hut It Is fair to say that the agent may have found somediffloulty with the hereditary chief in his efforts to break up tribal relations under the new allotment system. Commis sioner Morgan will no doubt be duly heard from In response to tho Senate's resolution ot Inquiry on thts subjeot II. OIllTler obi the War of I MO. Vest (As London Standard. (Through Dalslal'a Agency.) Fakir, May 4. M. Emtio Ollivler. member ot the Aoademy. ex-Premier of France, and the confidant of the Emperor Napoleon 1II..U about to publish a work ot seven volumes, which will roviow the Franco-German war of 1870. and describe his own action with referenco thoreto, which has been made the basis of so much hostile criticism In France. A roquost for an Interview with reference to this ques tion and othors was granted, and your cor respondent found him In his charming home at l'assy. M. Ollivler says: What Is above all unjust is that I. the scapegoat or nattonarvanity, who wasejocted from tha Ministry nn Aug. 0. lR'O, am made responsible for the dlrasters brought about by the accumulated Incapacity and fol lies of the Ministry of Oen. rallkao. I bad decided upon the retreat of tha army to Paris, as well as the return of the fctnperor and Martchal MaoMahon. But what was done instead 1 Pld I. against the advice of rvrrjbody possessed of common seuse. send a hundred thousand men Into the trap of Sedan a demoralized army led by a vanquished Oeneral, tofaoa three victo rious armies, when the flank movement ot the Crown Trlnca was a foregone conoluslon r All that was done against my will, and It la In great part tbos, who w era themselves the cause of the disaster who now, either covertly, or behind my back, cast on me e ery respon sibility for our misfortune, and vent upon inelheehe grin reaulting from their own disappointments. I rer tslnly rniild uot have promised iktory. hot i'arls wonld not te had to undergo the terrors of a siege, and I should hae opened negotiations Immediately after tha lurreuder of Metz. Mental Wear nnd Tear. rom tht Atl'inui llwWiWiw. Col Verger has a nfuro insli named Sara employed alnut Ills 11 aee. and je.lerdny ham wanted some cleri cal work dime, llesuiil H es, I nuiils jer ter write ue a letter ter my gal In Wico." "All right. Sam, I'll do It" Ha, yer got "le paper and de Ink and da pan, ,ah r ' Yes. sm, jro ahead." " Virile Thompson street, her lork." ' MI ruhl " IU i er got hit written 1" 'Ve "Alleblllt t" "Certainly." "tli lias ) ergot written! Read hit ter me, boss." " 1htirnnn street, New i rk." 1 liat'srisbt ! rile y.ty de fourteenf." lis, i rr got hit dua n, boss, already t" i,s !'"' Uum Jokln'. Head hit ter ma" Mat Imirleenth " I imii 1, ml, mi has got nil down all right. Now ho, rrad It 11 1 iAor from de berry beirlmiln' " llisuipson street. New ork, May fourteenth " l.ate nrlit tthew I sa. boss, let's r..' awhile. 1 te tued. My head aches Ilka hit was g winter split." Thn Ceuturv for Juno Is a memorial numbor mill lale I'.oswall Smitli Mr, Edmund llossa run irit'un, a touching Utile poem, and Washington tllad dm, tlieltet.ll. I. hueerer, A. II Bradford, and f P. iKidfre lell nt Mr Smith aa they individually knew lilm. lr Albert Shaw, who has been In our rousular sen Ire, d, scribes " Budapest, the Klsa of a New Metropo 1," and Joseph I'ennell contribute, fascinating sketches r( the Twin Cities of Hungary. Mr. Btadman writes on Melancholia " as an element of poetry James Jeffrey Itocbe sings of r.eld's battle In the harbor of lajal against three British war ships) while Mr. T M t'osn lakes tha Allantlo sleamsblp at tha aubjeel of a poem. The aerial novala are roniinuedi so I, Signor Casielar, study of Columbus; and Mr. IlearyB. roller begins a new novel " Tha Chatelaine et La TrlBlte." Tat Ulna , Halloas et tha number are wtndirtoliy good, BUNRKAM8. A man living at Bnrka. Vt . haa saved an tha mspia t sugar ha hat made In tha past fitly years, having anW ea hand a considerable quantity of tha boiling of 1st) and hit entire crop ot every year since, the whole sir, gregatlng 10,000 pounds. It la all stirred sugar an4 has kept perfectly. Nobody knows why hehoardt the sugar, and he offers no explanation. fishermen and other dwellara In the Conneetlenl Valley are alarmed on account ot the remarkable da. ereaee of abed In the paat taw years In that once fa mous shad stream. In twe or three yeara tha nuraher of the fish taken yearly In the river has fallen front 40,000 to less than 35,000. and up to date thl, leaeeri only about 1,000 shad have been caught Aunt Hlttle Streut of Harrington. If e sow M yearg et age, la tha daughter of David Brown, who waa three times married and wae the rather of twenty-Are chtW Aran. Tha laat tour et thla Interesting family were born at one birth and were named Europe, Asia, Atrlea, and America, respectively. Tha Quartet died In tnfaacy, and Aunt mule la tha sole survivor ot the twenty. ne. Cremation la gaining greatly In popularity In the continent et Europe, etpaelaUy In France. During last year 0,741 bodies were cremated In franca, and the aecond big crematory In the cemetery et fare la Chaise haa had to he enlarged. Three new crematories ware opened In Germany during 1881, and Italy now hag twenty-two, aevaral of them perambulating affairs, moving from place toaUee. The alx giant spruce trees which hare bean sent from the Mootehead Lake region to Chicago, to be used as pillars la tha Maine building at the fair, will give visitors a bettar Idee of Malne'a Umber resources than would an equal number ot pines, for, although tha old title ot "fine Tree State" will always cling to her. It ta really a rnlinomar In these latter days, Maine being much more ot a apruce tree 8tate than anything else. The Bt. Mr. Moore of Boston basin his possession a diary kept by his great-great-grandfather In lots, at whloh time the latter began hla ality years' labors at a minister in Portland, Me. The old-time paraon raoordg in the diary that en one Sunday hla opening prayer lasted an hoar and a quarter. end he remarks that he was "wonderfuUy sustained throughout." And In those days it was the custom for tha congregation to stand during prayer. ej L a Llbby ot Burnham, ate. who haa large cattle Interests In Montana, sayt that If the farmers ot Maine would live In shacks, aa they do In Montana, with no furniture te apeak of and the coarsest ot food, no Ban days, no belled shirts, no top carriages, ns pianos or other articles of luxury, they oonld make money Jail u fast at It U made In the West Mr. Llbby thinks that a year In Montana wonld cure a Maine farmer ot grum bling at hla native State. Seven-eighths ot aU the lobsters caught on the At lantlo coast of the United states are taken In Maine waters, the shores of Hew Hampshire. Massaehusstts, Connecticut, and Long; laland furnishing the rest. Soma One lobsters are taken oS Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, the Isles ot Shoals, and Cape Ann, but mod of tha oaten wait of Maine consists of smaU and In ferior flab, whloh, are fast disappearing on account of the great demand and consequent orer-nehlng. A few daya ago tha Columbia River waa reported te be awarmtng with mlUlons of dellcloua little fish known aa oolaehana It waa the beginning ot the annual great run of the flsh, which lasts usually about tea days. The ooiaehans furnish tha Indiana one of their princi pal Itema ot food for about six month! ot tha year, five canoe toads of fish were caught by a few Indiana with the old-rathloned rake the Drst day of the run. Before coal oil was common the Indiana dried the fish In great quantities to rurnlth light In the winter. There was considerable Inerrousneaa among the population of Cartervllle. Mo, eome weake ago. besides a marked increaaatn the attendance at church and Sunday school, because In a sine mine there the ore, at a depth of only eighty-five feet, waa ao hot that 11 could not be handled without heavy glovea. Afew daya ago ono ot the State geologists made some Inveatlgv tlona and reported that the great heat was caused by the decomposition of pyrlte. and not necessarily bo cause of any proximity to fluto'a domains. Flnce then the attendance at the revival services has fallen 09. An Astoria fisherman haa a tame aea lion, which follow, hla boat aa a dog trota behind Ita master. He brought up a baby sea lion In a net one day during the Ashing season, and the helpless little creature bleated ao plaintively that he took It ashore and cared for It. All through tha winter he fed It and It became greatly attached to him. This aeaaon the aea lion haa accompanied him vary frequently. It swims astern ot the boat and takea a Uvely Interest In the Ashing. When the net Is hauled In the queer pet comes along side and barka in Ita strange way until it geta an allow ance ot the flsh. II. O. b'pear of Lisbon Centra, Me, built a fire In the wash room of his house the other day and Immediately there was a great oommotlon In the chimney, no put the fire out and took the funnel down to Investigate, and found tha chimney choked with swallows. After an hour's work the astonished householder euooeeded In clearing tha chimney, and then he had S2S black ened and aoffooated swallows In a heap on the weak room floor. The blrda came the day before, and, find ing the large chimneys where they bad previously nested closed by netting, made their home la the ell chimney with the reported disastrous result, John Beattle ct Vew Haven olalms to be the owneg ot the oldest aeawortny oraft in the world. The vessel Is the Wasp, asoboonar pnrohaaed by Mr. Beat tie In 1870. She waa built at Cohoes. on the Hudson River. In 1811. The Wasp la older than the whaleahtp Stonlngton. that la to be taken to Chicago to ttv World'a Fair. For yeara attar being launched tie Waso ran as a Hudson tlver paoket. and along points on tho Found. Once, when lying In the North River, ber crew mutinied and murdered their Captain. The murderers were hanged. The vessel la now employed in carrying granite to the breakwater off the mouth of the harbor. Rome New York doge go out of town for summer vacations Just aa their masters and mistresses go. and not alwaya with their masters and mistresses. Art en terprising colored man has setup a summer resort for dogs In New Jeraey, where the board la 8 a month for big doga and less for Utile ones. The keeper of tho resort has a family of boya whoaa duty and pleasure It la to take the canine boarders swimming every day. Some member of the famUy calls for the dogs when they are to leave town and returns them to their urban hornet when the vacation la over. The big dog ot a famous actress spends hla summer at the canine retort, The frontispiece of the new year book ot the Adiron dack League Club Is a cut of tbe club's new house. Mountain House, on Little Moose Lake, Herkimer county. In the body of the volume la a out ot tho club'a other house. Forest Lodge, on Konnedaga Lek e. Tbe club owna 104,000 acres of Adirondack's land, and leasaa exclusive bunting and flaking rigbta In 7B.000 acres more. The total acreage nnder control ot tho League equala more than one-sixth the area et Herki mer county. The club houses are forty miles apart, and the trail between them Uea wholly through tho laada of the club. More than DO.OOO acraa ot the clab'a land la la primeval foreat. The club haa lOOrnembera, Tlerre Loll haa an Intense fondness for animals, and he baa been aurroundad alwaya by pete doga, birds, and aU kinds of tuned and feathered fneade. On board bis frigate he alwaya had eahla constant companions a West African parrot, named Fldex, and Neptune, an English spsnleL A new anaodote ot Pierre LotL throwing a pleasing light on hlaamlabla character, Is told In Tarla. While In Brittany one sum mer severalyears ago bis dog. Neptune, feU off a bridge Into a river, striking its head against a stone, for a moment Pierre Lot I stood dismayed. Then he Sung oR hla coat and plunged Into tbe river arter the dog and aucceeded in bringing It, wounded and Insensible, safely to land. The California State Board ot Health haa aent out a clrculsr entitled "Tbe dangers arising from taking oil the hat out of doors during funeral ssrrlces " It at tacks the custom strongly, and urges that one fuotril Is often the cause of many, because the friends 01 the dead stand around In the open air, even in Inter, for many minutes, while the body Is beln carried rroua house to bearse, or while the ceremonlri, at the grate ere taking place. The Board asks minutr. an 1 chiefs of lodgss and others who may hare elms at fun-rals to "glto tho beneficent advice to remain covered, and avoid discomfort and danger." Thepmnt Is made that remaining covered, when reini'vintf the hat meant peril to tha health, la no disrespect te the da I. but simply a wise and humane precaution There was an interesting dls-ovfry of remalnt et mammoths and other prehnturin euimals under tha atreeta In the heart of Ii Ion a week ortwoalnce. Workmen who weroexcurating the iireets for sewof age works came upon th reiuaiui at a depth of twenty, two feel below the mrf.tr r" !"C tusks of a mag. moth weretlrst dlscm-re-l aiuongapil' of bonaa. pre. ably of the tame animal Ihe luiks were broken, e-rt when complete they measured boteen nine and tea feet In length, and one plei e nearly two feat la circumference. About fifteen fe-t away from theao remains the lower Jaw and other bones of a younger mammoth were found, inter unclassified bones were alsofound. It lssald to be etideut that the animals died at the place wheie the remains were discovered. It Is highly Interesting to coiitra.1 what mutt have bean tha appearance of the e'cue when these mam niolhs were graiuik-on LonJous site with the appear ance of the same spot tvosy -Rome lime ago Ts cr told of a rnrlons newspaper published at tbe tj' Salisbury. South Africa, called the dil.-ioIi"l''' " ' ' "- Timu. The paper la the aire ot a -el of foolersp. and Is not prinlsd Thenrliialr " "' " contributors Is re produced by tbe beW ,upi process. In noticing and cnminenllng en that i.torge Augustus Bala says he knows of a more cur ui specimen of newspaper print, log that was published In sotao part of tbe Deccen. In which eaiellent U't 'graphlo alone was abandant. The Anglo Indian j.uiirailon." ho ssjs. "was pub lished every moium,' lithographed on a square of white cotton stun After bslng perussd It could be ullllredas4 packet nendkerrlilefi and In tbe cienlug lhie.iM,,ii Utuel -4 v,js returned to the local dbobea or washerman, nho, after It had gone through the requisite levator) processes, returned It to tha news papsr office to be reissued to subscribers. Whether there was an UUm t Itua, lithographed on Frsuc cambrlo with lace borders, for the us a ot tkt ladles e , Ue cantonment, I am sot aware."