Newspaper Page Text
I. THE SUN, SUNDAY. JUNE 25. 18SCT. 5 ,tg v
I EVE'S DAUGHTERS TEMPTED.
I IT0JC4.V5 SKllVKXT OF THIS DAT BE-
I GUILES IlEU 30 lmUMtENNC.IX
V It X In the Mlehast Moelnl Itaaka (hat na
1)1 Ink llanll la Catherine Such Dan.
gfrona Jl-adwny What Uoctors Mat.
Three encs. verr similar ami very unusual,
have crept Into the police report" of tho past
fuiir weeks. Taken as Isolated facts, thorwere
t.iv! enough, but as straws, shotting which war
tho wind of custom blows, thoy woro of start
Tho chlof fleuro In each of thono cases was a
wom.vi of education, culture and position, and
ottulTlclont beauty and womanliness to win
love Vet, at the head at rach pitiful tale was
written tho word-drunkard I
Tim mysterious Caso of Mlnnlo Forterwas
tho first. Sho was taken from tho Everett
Houso. whero sho was sufforlng from the ef
fects of a prolongod dobaucli. Hho died In
Ilollovuo Hospltul, without regaining sum
elont consciousness to make any statoment.
Tlio second was the case of Mrs. llruce Crano.
tho wife of tho artist Bho was brought into
tho pollco court In a stato of Intoxication.
JJer husband acoompanlod her and broko
down completely as ho told tho story of his
Ineffectual efforts to roform her. Sho was
sent to somo Institution. The third woman
was Mr. 1 rank W. l'altnor. who was found
dead in her room at tho United btatcs llotol.
Alcoholism wns the cause, film had liocn
reared in wealth ami luxuiy, luul Imon care
full educated, nnd had lod tho chnlr and
platod thooigaii in an Eplsoopnl church.
lhroo such case, ono following close upon
tho hi'cUof nnotliot. would scorn to liaMi snmo
unusual slgnlllounce. Did they Indicate that
then' I, an incroasa of drinking nnd drunken
Boss nmnnc women? If so. what Is the causo?
In tho llr. t place, there Is such nn Increase
Tlii fact Man questioned by come of the
souicesof Information conultod by The Sun
reporter, but It is proved by the reports of
Bolloiuoliosirlinl. as well ns by the pollco rec
ords. 'J he resistor at Uollevue shows that in
JvN the number of lemalo nlcohollo patients
was 87.": In lsi then worn 1.1)1:.': In 181H1,
J.tlJHi In 1801. "1.154. and In ))-'. 1.211. Thus
there was an Incroaseof '.I'M cases, or nliout
87 I er cent., in four yours. Of course, there
wa a definite Inorenso in population during
tho same lime, but tho ratio wns far loss than
that of tho advanco in alcoholism.
These reports show another interesting fact.
Of the H7.i cases in 18NK only 14 woro fatal,
while of thol.'Jtl oases InlrSii thero wero r.
who died in the hospital. This shows that tlio
I fatal eases wero more than trebled durlni: tho
period when tho admissions increased only :7
per cent. Drunkenness Is therefore not only
much moro generul nmong womon. but tho
vicols also becoming moro dostructlvo in its
This record of facta talllos well with a state
ment mado by Dr. W. 11 Drill, lsltlnc Phisl
clan to Mount Slnnl Hospital. The reporter
asked Dr. Drill If ho considered that alcohol
ism was on (ho Inerenso nmong woman.
" Ab a hnbit. perhaps not. But as a disease
ye," replied tho Dottor.
"What Is the distinction betweon tho two?"
I , "Hy 'n habit' of drinking. I mean tnklng
wine with meals, or regularly, without any
striking effects. Dipsomania, tho name hy
which physicians call alcoholism when it Is a
disease, is a morbid appetite, which rocurs at
intervals with irresistible force. This species
of drinkinc Is on tho Increase. The causo Is
norvous dogenerntion, to which Americans uro
X. H. Crothers, M. D.,innn Interentlngnrtlclo
recently published In a modicnl joui nil. says:
" The terra alcoholism is generally used to de
scribe a class of cases w hlch hnvo become din
ease by continued and excessive use of alco
hol. In reality nn Increasing number of thero
cases begin to uso spirits In oxcess suddenly
and pass rs-Dldly into tho chronic slate. The
use of alcohol is only a symptom and the eases
are not those of true alcoholism, because tln-y
are duo to other cnusos. Inebriety would
be n more nccurato term."
Dr. Crothers goes on to say that tho moder
ate drinker or the past has In a measure dis
appeared. Now wo have tho impulsive,
maniacal di inker, who. after brief preliminary
Btngos. becomes nn oxce&slvo user of spirit.
In thlsolnss come the periodical Inebriates,
who at llxed Interval, duvelop an uncontroll
able, appetite. Tin-Interval between these at
tacks is often exactly regular. In ono case it
vvna'.'l days and li hours; in another HJdiiiB
and 4 hours It Is this abnormal, diseased nn-
-elite for liquor which Dr. Drill says is grow
ng n. ore common among women.
Admitting tho fact thntdrunkonnoss Is moro
pievalont, tho question arises aa to the class
ofsicloty in which it lias gained the most j
ground. It is true that thore lias beon nn in
crease (n tho drinking Iiablt among tho lower
classes but It is not a striking one. huoh in
stitution, for example, as the Isaac T. Hopper
Home nt 1210 r)econdnvonuo. nccommodnte
about tho same number )enr after yem. with
but llttlo variation. Tho Magdalen Homo on
Lighty-eighlh strict has received about 'J5U
'Inmates n year for tho lnt twenty or thirty
years, with very little dllTereueo among tho
unnual recunls. Tlio notice repot ts show an
lncroublng percentage f arrests of womon of
this flap, hut obser,int n.eu and women of
the weld claim that it i in the upperTanke of
society that alcoholism is m.iklng il gains.
Tho statement has ton nftn -na'ki Ihut
New Hoik society women aro moto given to
rirlnkfnf- tntofcittln(r llnunin tt.itn nm Hm
women of any other city In the country. 'J his
is liii'iuestlonahly true If tho range of com
parison te limited to Northern and Western
'lnce. It ma bo that the traditional uso of
lquorin the South niiccs its ,-itis nearer to
he mark. One thing, howvor. is absolutely
certain, and that Is that in no city in tho
Und"( -tates. Snn Frnnclsco perhaps except
ed, is thero so general a public Indulgence In
5 wine t y women us In Kw York, i-an I'ran-
Cisco, (urtl eimnre, is not exactly n larallul
I ca'e, fi.r the cla-s of women who drink in
I piilili.' tlmrn nroof n distinctly dlfTeretit order
from tho socioti womon of New i or1-,,
'flie tlme-honon-d rumnrks nliout tho foml
bIlo habit of snatching fifteen minutes from
nn r.nliirnis shopi ng tout to lunch off leu
cream and cold water must bo r-lsed. Tor
haih it Is I ecauee their mothers followed IIiIh
custou that thi pres nt geiiurutlun thirsts
alter so-ill thing hot and stimulating. At any
rato a growing proportion of feminine shop
pel f. and callers, and mat Irn'o goers, have taken
to dpipi ing into their invnrlto restaurant and
ort'e Ing something which comes in n long
I'cmi! ed glass nnd Is nut taken with n snoop.
At M.iilliiril'H. tlin o-sontlnlly foiniiiliio lilll of
fare, vitl, lis croiiuettos and fnluiN mid Uo
erf am. does not on tuni tlio pagotounnonnro
tho i-hoiiyfobblorx. milk iiineipi, egg nogs,
and other eoneiw tionswitll which tho less rock-le-,s
fenilnlno tlilrnt is nsungcd. At tho III uti'.
wiek, I'elnioiiico'H. tho Waldorf, oruny other of
the f.ihliiniiablo roMatiinntH. tho fairest and
ni"-t Iriciuiiacluible woiui'ii may bo eon miy
f'i -I i itiK iiH-ktiill. rorilitiK or French
li'iueiirx. In the owning, the Indies ntthotablo
drink hatcer Is ordered by tile host.
'llemoiu liarmlo'-aof wines, such as claret
pdfheirr. are iipunienily forsaken In public.
It 1 riuimiingno at the dlnnerortheatro party
st nik'tit, and it is n cocktail orsoinu liqueur In
'I le'lioinodlnnerand lunch nro the occasions
win iithe regulurrnbl" wines uro In use. Thero
arehiiiricdsof women who drink to this ex
tent nnilnroby no iiivnna rountml as victims
of tlieliqiinrnppetllc. Where they will lio in
nie jenrs It Is rot safe to predict, l'erlmps
tl e ;lll be Irmklng brandy, whiskey, rologns.
smililns with alcohol in it. to satisly their
mad craving And then they will dlo In
oe'liliiin iren'ens.and tho doctor will kindly
shut tliu door en ihB family skeleton and sign
niie.iMicertiil 'niii with :i long Latin name of
some i lnam ot tl,.i tienes, thoso modern
cft'K'Vof thellLwhl-h IIhhIi Isholrto.
,. i J; 'known wuniiiii pliislclan. who has
SfaiihlTiS " !" ta'ti'-o In thlsclty. sa
IT. tu. . i ' .iftl V"1 '"n alcoholic subjects on
el ! ', i ,n ,'," .k t,1'" '1"e not "'" a ","6
l,v L.i . ' n"""' ""e" "nine to her
L"f. . ', JL- ' re. M,e would ho Mint for
!n nn.tteJ ? "il1""" r lr'il! ' '" nJ w,uld'
tat , ',rv V " "H- "'"I the patient umuls-
"In Li J '' r ""' .""'" '" ' Ik""!".
ftie I'or'ii1"1 "' ," ''.o' no uso nt that
"cohere i'r,n'Vxt ,l"10.1 B? I sny frankly:
llouo? f. " ,n to",undertho Intluenco of
but aflir ?t,'V,rill"ri; ""iV "'ways deny it.
n.imit it a '"."otnlk I pet them to
TJl,a,nlinJ " S"1 "lOUgh BtOiy It F, tOO.
thnii1 m wo",'c'"' Illnd, hnu nequlrod
win at' i 'ifL""-'1' .M-'l-il drinking. Tlio taku
Irikt ft'. ,ri" .'"." '1,,hH "' i h-kc oi n
Sfi.hil T'i i1""1 ' "," thtouhthodu). and
flir In,'"1""11'!1 K .,xer. !""' "" "10 1
. I ' in I i".i"h ""v.'ilnk iiiougli night
!(!n.,fiiriln"ili,,"i. '"I'l'llV to bod undoi the
imoiirtlidiMlil Jit lulin tho noxt day tho
te16!1? 1 "l'i"r '? ,v"' Any.nlli In h. i,e"ii.
1 "1 i1'1 ,Ll', '!'" ,1,r rnnitloii that mmlanio is
Bitllerlng fiom a mveio ho.idaeho. Imi know
n loiiilfttlii' njvcrBu iiinllili.de ot hlna."
.. ). ,a,,do ,l1"';1 "ii'eti drink I"
Whiskey principally. Sometimes brandy.
If they cminot gel theM. they will drink iooiie
oninj thing containing alcohol."
" How ii.ucli do the drink t"
.m,,.".,erhln different cases Most of them
w ll drink Boveral glasses ol whiskey straight,
"lo cans which trouiilo me mnht aio tho
oung women-the girls. With them ltlsn.
Ji'OM alvrnrs u horedltnr at.petlto. They take
(it llrst rerhapH in some sickness, and it needs
but a short time for the cbsb to become ouo for
J Physician. One girl, n patUnt of mine, has
at times a mad craving for whitker, rihegets
-well, drunk-nnd then she Is filled with ills-
IKunandj-cmorro nt the thought of whit she
ni done. She i ronilsed mo faitlifully some
time ago thai sin., would never touch Honor
aciln. but it was not long before 1 was called
therein hiiBtq and found tho had been drluk
Hiotolihnii nlterwnril that after bho gavo
rrothepromlti; to quit sho had tlirnwn away
fur drop o' li junr In tho liouso in order to I e
Irco Horn tho toinplatlon. She got oil all right
frr u tlmo until a Might lllnch caino, and with
'? "'PPS'hK for liquor to htimulato hor. Hho
said u devil Boomed to wlilspor to her to take
W,itB fWPponluL but not lo take anymore.
tiPir800? nd .0 U"ntof whiskey and
took tho toaspoonlul. That was ioujjU to
rnako Iier erarr with tho appatJte, and Bhi
drank tlio wholo quart. It would have killed
her u nausea had not saved her by bringing It
nil ttpngalii. That was three months ago. and
sho has kept hor promlso slnco then, but" and
tho doctor shook hor head. It Is hereditary
with hor. poor girl 1" .
Dr. Grace Pockhnm i Murray said that It Is
not possible to tell whether drunkenness Is on
the Increase Sho nilmlts that, drinking Is,
however. This Incrcnte. she Bays, Is maroly a
roaotlnn. Forty yoars ago it wns moro com
mon than It Is now. I.veiTone.even ministers
nnd flood old doaeons. kopt nil sorts bf "linrd"
and "soft" drinks to offor to their thirsty
gliosis. Intomporanco became such a great
evil that a reform wn necessary. Hho thinks
the tomporani'O movement has scon its height
for tho present and that a reaction lins again
set In. I lie pendulum Is swinging hack again,
and hundreds of families who never had wino
on their tables ton years ngo aro sorv ing It now.
Mill another woman physician said that lu
many cases the habit of dilnklng was pre
coded and accompanied hy tho cigarette Iiablt
The extent of tho prornlcnco of this custom
among girls nnd womon It would bo hard to
estimate, and the tobacco hnldt.so tho learned
doctor says, lmlucos hoth thirst nnd nervous
dernngomont, hnth of which conditions lunko
heavy bids to alcoholism.
As for tho cnuso of It nil. one mnn says
It Is an accompaniment to the Inerensed
laxity of morals in cltlos, particularly
In Now lork. Another mis It Is lie
causq of a lack of rollgious sentiment
In tho community-two answers wlihli
siielltho same thing. Another saa. and ot
others, that it Is lioeauwi this Is a Itivurlous
ngo, nnd tho peoplo who hao acquired wealth
nro llwngnta homostretih gait, nnd nltoholls
tlio whip that hclpa them keep tho pace.
Hovvouirthat may ho, tho wrpent which, no
cordlng to tradition, lurks In tho bottom of tho
wineglass, has nppnrently begun n hoioml
temptntlon of I'.vo. iinil live, nlnsl heems in
clined to listen us sho did of old.
jules jiunnuuaiis, a. b.
Chcsterflctdlnn Methods of nn Enslcru Alnm.
am While Holding tp Two Hinges.
Frt-m Of St. Aowf Glot- Vmerrn'.
On tho trail near IJalllngor. Tex., thero Is a
mound, beneath which lies nil that waitrt lily
of Jules Burroughs. Uo wns a voung man.
educated and rollned, n graduate of somo
F.astern college, nnd yet tlio boy could not re
sist tho temptation and fascination of follow
ing in tho footsteps of Claudo Duval, .titek
bhepnard, Jesse .lames, and other notorious
knights of tlio road. Uo wai a gentlemanly
highwayman In every sense of the word, for ho
help up conches, wavlald tiavellnrs, and
rohbod promiscuously with a decency nnd gon
tlllty that was oh unusual as it was strange.
As to nerve nnd pluck, ho had more than the
usual allow anco accorded to ordinary mortals.
Onn of tils most dvring exploits was to hold
up simultaneously two stngo coaches filled
with paongur. The alTalr occdrrod In tlio
fall ot 1H8 on tho rund between San Angolo
nnd Dalliuger. llurroughs stntlonod himself
on liorsobnck in a coulee or depression In tho
pinlrle, and as thecoaih swept around a curve
tho occupants wero startled by tho llgure of a
mnskod man mounted, who, vvitlinslx-shootoi
in each hand, called out sharply:
"Halt, nnd got out of tho stage I"
Passongors and driver llrst thought ot pro
testing, but a shot laid one of tho horses low,
whereupon seven half-scared individuals
stepped out on the prairie ond threw up tholr
hands, as theywoio politely requested to do.
'J ho lilgltwuvumii. covering them with Ills
rlglit-hnnd weapon, with his hdt hand pulled
a little snekor bag from his belt, and, tossiug
it to tho llrst mnn on the left, snld:
"Unco that over your head, please, and then
rnlso your hands ngnln. Don't make any at
tempt, gentlemen, to bettor jour situation, for
tho llrst ono who makes n movo will bo u dead
man In less than a second."
Number one plucod tho ling over his head
nnd iaIod his hnnilH as nature. Number two
was treated likewise, and soon until tie' soptet
of chagrined individuals were served in tho
snmo manner. '1 hen. in the politest tones Im
iigln.iblo. .-.ml wl'li a courtesy that would havo
slu d lustre on a different si'ene, this modern
.lack t-hepi ard proceeded to reliovo thorn ot i
all their valu tides.
"What havo ou done with your watch?" '
said he to the flMi one in line.
"1 have no watch," was the atiswor.
"I know you have none now, but von had '
oneashnrt tlmo ago. What have ou dono
witli it r"
"I never had on?," replio 1 tho prisoner.
"Are vou alawyor?" Inquired llurroughs.
"Then Iforgivo you for lyin?, ns that is a
part of your profession. Hut by an examinn- i
tlon of your vest buttonhoios nnd jour vest
pocket. I am convinced that von had a wnteh
lesntliuu leu inluutes ago. Now. where Nit?
Tile lawyer, for In truth ho was a lnwyor.
saw atom e that his cantor was as shrew das. if
not shrewder, than ho was. mi he m ide no
more efforts at concealment and answered:
"1 tossed mv vvat'li nnd eh tin out ot the
window when you halted u. It is hlng over
there In tho grass."
"I thouglit8o," said tho robber, pleasantly.
'TloaBe remoo tho little bag that conceals
your handsomo features, step over to tbo spot
und pitk it up lo- me."
Tho luwyei did ns requested. He watched
on opportunity to make a this)) oi, it possible,
to catch the nlglnvaim m off his guard, but
tlio hittei wns not of thai kind, and actually
pierced the unhappy !avyr with Ills iynx-llko
gnre. When tho nlua' le turn pn.ee was pinend
in his hand J unoughs mndon tolito bow to
the owner and handed it back to nliu.
"TrtKe. It, said he. with sarcastic grncc,
"and keen It in re iiembrunco of vour noblo
loinlly to vour profession. No hiwer can
nllord to tell tho truth, nnd I admire you for
your faithfulness to the cause."
After robbing thorn of nil (only $TO0 or there
abouts was obtained) 1 road agent ad-
i drnssed them ns follows:
Gentlomtin. I know you to bo brave men.
I know. too. that hnd you beon nrmel you
would havo resisted inn. und probaMj Mood
' would have unnecessarily been shed. Map-
Fily. you have acted llko sensibln follows,
will allow each of ou fjO cents for supperro.
night In Dulling, i. In four htirs the other
el ige will be along and I intend toassess them
nil just as I have ou. I am sorry, gentlemen.
Hint It will bu so long coming, but unfortu
nately, that cannot be helped, ion will lie held
prisoners until I shall liavo reieived my por
tion fioin the others. Horry, but It cannot be
' helred. About lace, forward ninreh."
Tho seven discomfited men were mirchod
i about Jtxi paces distant, whore they wero
halted and faced In the opposite direction.
Tho highwayman cautioned them not to stir
! nor to remove the bags, ns h was. watching
i them elnsely and would shoot tho- llrt ono
I who violated tlio order. They wero allowed
I to drop tliclr hands, but advised to keep them
close to their sides, nnd not to make a motion
oi any kind. Four lung solitary hourB those
! poor frightenod wreti lies stood there, and
then tho long hoped-for conch came rolling
down Into tho coulee, where n surprise party
awaited it. I can't say that tho oilier prison
ers wished the newnnivuls ill luck, yet I am
sum thoy were anxious for tholr appearance
on the m nip.
With ills ovo on both parties the lonn high
wayman held up the bocoud tdage precisely as
lie had tho lln-t one. Thero wero six In Ibis
party, and each ono dismounted as requested
nnd formed n lino on tlio prnlriu In front of tlio
vehlelo thoy had jubt left. Tho little bags weto
thrownto thorn, tibd thn poor, frightened indl-
Iduals ordered to phee them In po-itinn. Ihen
ho rllieil tlieni of theli vahmldes, after which
he placed them nlongnido tho others, und read
tho vviioln crowd on nmuulng let ture,
Uo told them of thOhlnof covetousness. How
sad n thing it was to uuciuiiiilatn iielies for
themfolves instead of shaiing with tho poor
and needy, as thoy ought to do, Asfor himself,
a coituln poitl in of his earnings was dovotod to
films. This st'itoinent, Btrango as It may worn,
was In part true, for Hutniugln nctuallv did
contribute to Wiarity. nnd mado it n rulo never
to rob n vvoniun or u priest, lleforo disiulstlug
thorn ho said:
"Gentlemen, you may now reraovo thoso
little lags und drop them, but don l make a
motion lor any othei purpose, or I shall bo
compelled to lesoit to extromo measures.
"I am n graduate at law, getitlemon, but
did not llko the profession: thero wuh too
much deceit In it. No Intention to rullect on
you porsonnlb." nodding to tlio lawser.
"When I leuve you, do not nltomptto catch
me, for you will fall. In n few hours niter
leaving you I will b across the Illn (irnndo
Into Zona I.lbro. whero neither Mexican nor
United Mate laws can touch mo. Ho good
to yourselves, nnd go straight home to ypur
llttlo wlveys. I'm off now. gentlemen, but
warn ou not to movo hand or foot for half
nn hour. Adloe. Inds, nnd better luck next
time." Bajlnc which, lie turned his liorsut.
head and lode slowl) nwav.
In a fnvv iiiliiuti'M the dnsli and flatter of
hoofs told that tho liUliwaymtin was si eodlng
olTataiapid pa'co. in a low minutes iroiun
one spoko. and then all tit oncn tliu wiiolo
i-rovvil tuoke loow. Tlio l.iwjer ejaeuUtnd.
"Well, Fllbed ill" and for ten minutes later
thi air wns Jilted with fatrenks or had langiiago.
'J hat thirteen strong, able-bodied men should
be hold up hyu slncic routl iiuent scomuii al
most Inirosslblo of belief, and el It was, alas,
only too true,
, Juli'i. HtirioughH. with nil his tact, pluck, en
duninco, and slireivdueHS. was doomed at lat
to meet a vlolont. ignoblo death, nnd this
through tho b.iso troacliory of n iiian wlinm ho
had oik n succored. Ono day. vvhllo crossing a
bunch of cliapurral nnd stunted timber, ho run
upon a single .Mexican engaged in lieadlv com
I at with fourAracho Indiana. Tho, light was
an unequal one. and that was enough for Bur
roughs Without a moment's hesitation lie
drew his reolver. put , Bpurs to lils
horse, and dnshod headlong into their
midst One Indian was killed, -ono dospor
ntcly wounded, and the others fled for tholr
lives, 'lhu Mexican's life was saved, llur
roughs accepted the invitation of tho lattor to
spend tho night in hie ciimp. but when nil wbb
quiet and still, and his guest wns soundly slcop
Ing, tho troacherouB Artec arose, secured a
long, keen knife, and without considering the
debt of gratitude be owad his benelaclor
plunged the cruel steel to tho hilt in tho white
Noxt day the overland stage passing the spot
saw the dtad body of a white man lying near
tho road. Tho passengers volunteered their
heip. and In a law minutes the corpse was
burled. A pile of stones and a mound ot earth
yet mark the place.
SOME RELICS OF PIRATES.
Jurz. ZBMAitny riNDS iionn Tit aces
of tub old rnisicnuoTEits. '
The Rained Forts of the Private Colony or
)!adn;aacnr Ontlnwed Europeans Who
llecAme Knight In m Hatsi. Country.
Tho Frenoh traveller, Lo Martin, who has
just visited tho wost coast of Madagascar, snys
that numerous traces aro yet to h found there
of tho freobootors who mado that coast their
haunt for so many years early In tho last
century, Somo ot tho names along that coast.
Bitch as Murderers' Bay. porpotuate the
memory ot tho pirates.
Lo Martin found on tho shores parts ot ves
sels which they had plunderod. and bits ot
tholr old forts, ho sas, aro still scattered
along tho coast, pnrtlculary at St. Marj'i
Island, wheio tho fort built over 100 yoars
ago is still In a fair state of preservation.
Tho pirate, colony In Madagascar wns found
ed In tho dais whon piracy thrtvod. About n
doron of tho most notorious outlaws who had
made tho west coast of Africa a terror to mor
chnntmon. transferred their enterprises to tho
east const. Thoy found on tho wostcrn .shores
of Madagascar favorablo rotrcats to which
thoy could rotlro In order to escape tho men-of-war
that woro trilng to putnn ond to this
form of outlawry. Thcso pirate wero ablo to
CAPT. nOOERS MFETINO THK MADAOASCAIl WHATES
gain great lnfluonco over tho SnkAlavanatlv os,
who In tho early p irt of tho last century wero
not under tho subjection of the mora advanced
I und poworful IIov.is. as they aro to-day. Tho
entire ishnd was In n sav.tgo condition .mil tho
pirates with ihoir guns and cannon woro ablo
to establish tholr supremacy for over ono
hundred miles along tho west eo-ist. Everyone.
of tlio do-en pirnto loidors beenmo kinglet,
bringing all tho chlof under their rulo. It was
tholr policy to lii'ltn rivalries and warfare
nmongtho native tribes and lln.illy to side with
that party of belligerents who. in their opinion,
could bo in tile most uwful and submissive.
Somo of tho pirate chiefs owned many slaves
and supported onormou plantations and
harems While thoy woro conquorlng tho
western fringe of tho big island thoy wore also
preilng uron all commerco that ventured Into
tho neighboring watois. In tlio courso of
forty years hundreds of merchantmen wero
attacked, their cargoes captured, and all their
crews kille I unlesH thoy conseutod to become
part or the p'r.ito bands. Sfost of them, to
save tholr lives if lor no other reason, became
aotj:s ox acihxci: axu jauumtiii:
Tho flexible shaft which Ins como into uso In
machine operations is n tinlquo mechnnieul
device, transmitting rotary motion to any do
sired distance from tlu motive powoi source,
through any number of curve, thus nlluvvlng
the power to be carried to tho work Instead of
tho woik to the power. An improved form of
tills arrangement Is now being Int rod need a
series of polls of Mr ol vv ire, wound hard upon
each other, oaih allcrnetc layer running in an
opposito dilution, and the numlev "funes
in diflercnt Livers van Ing aeeurdlng to
tho work to which the shaft is mliplcd.
On being brought to kw. about , no
Inch nt each end of tlio shift is
braced solid, and to thoso solid ends tho fit
tings are attached, tho one to receive imi tools
to bo operate, I. the other to rocelvo tlio power
from the pulleyincloslng It. which in turn re-
coives ith povvor from a belt. Nnt nense Is
prepare'! consisting or a single coll or special
I squnroBteel wire, its Intornal diameter being
I a loose fit fur tho out-ldo of shift: till is
covered with omo lloxlblo material of a
I character best adapted to the p,urpos, leather
! preferably ovoc which nt either ond a ferrule
ts fastened, and Into this ferrule at ono end is
I screwed tho hand pioie at the opposito end
the frame which curile tho pulley.
j Tho soldering of glass nnd porcelain with
1 metnlslsn novel French proeos-., nnd Its ndnp-
tatlons nro likelytobcasnumorous ns theynro
. valuable. It Isnl-n simple. Tho portion of tho
j tubothot is to bo soldeiod Is Mist covered with
a thin layer of platinum, this deposit being
I obtained by covering tho slightly heatod glass,
by nienps of n brush, with very neutral ehlo
I rldo of ilntlnum, mixed with essential
oil of elnmo-nlle the latter being slowly
I evaporated, and, when tho while nnd odorifer
ous vupors cease to bo given or), the tempera
ture is raised to n red heat: thn platinum is
then reduced nnd covcih the glass tube with n
!a or of bright metal. On connecting tho tube
thus metallized nnd plnced In n bath of sulphate
of copper, to the negative polo of n buttery of
suitable energy, there Is deposited on the
platinum n ringof copper, whicli will I e malle
able and very adhesive It the operation has
been properly performed. In this statu the
glass tube, covered with copper, can be treated
like n genuine metallic tube, and be soldered
by to Iron, copper. Iirnnyu, platinum, or any
metals that can bo unltod with tin solder.
Experiments mndo at the Main collieries,
liothorham, England, havo demonstrated the
great ndvantago ot tho shield, or bonnet, as a
protection to mining lamps, which would
otherwise Immodlatety explode In a strong
current. Hut still moro Interesting, perhaps.
Is tho invention ot an apparatus for testing
safety lamps, in resroctto thclrrolatlvo merits
as II ro damp detectors. The apparatus Is a
wooden box, with an Inlettubo foi gas at tho
top and an oullot for air nt the bottom, and tho
mixture can be so vnrlod that any desired per
centage of gas may bo obtained In the air.
Tills device. It appears, fails to verify tho gen
eral belief that nn ordlnniy Davy Inmp can
detect three percent, of gis, and. Indeed, with
nny of tlio newly cnntilvod lamps, the Per
centage had to bo greater to show an) Indica
tion on the flume. An exception to this gen
eral result, however. Is mentioned in tho caso
or n I. imp titled to burn henznlinn through
sponge, n inmp giving a brilliant light, and by
u very delicate arrangement tlio flame can be
lowered until it assumes tho character of the
liunnen burner flamo: tho.glass of the lamp is
also "frosted " a certain distance up, so that
even tho most ralnuto elongation of tho flame
Is Immediately detected by means of this
lamp; one-fourth percent, of gas does not es
In view of tho fact that no mothod of chemi
cal e.nalysls Is available for determining the
quality ot vulcanized India-rubber, a sorles ot
vnlunblo experiments havo been made by
Vlttdlmiroll nt tho bt. l'otershurg Technical
Instltuto, by which the following conclu
sions are arrived at: First, Indla-rubbor
should give no sign of superficial cracking
whon bent to an angle of 1H0 dogrces after
live hours' exposure in a closed air bath to a
tomiornturo ot r'5 degrees U. tho test pieces
to lio sl centlmoties thick: second,
lubber that , does not contain more
than hnlr Its weight of metulllo pxldos
should strotch to five times Its length
without bronklng: third, caoutchouc, free
from all foreign mntter except tho sulphur
usod In vulcanising It, should stretch at least
seven times Its longth before rupture: fourth,
thn extension measured Immediately after
ruptuie line tnken place sliould not excaed
Vi percent nt the original length of the test
Piece of rubber, (his tt plsee to he from three
to twelve mm. long, three nm. wide, and not
morethan six mm. thick: tlfth. softness may
bedctrminod hy measuring the percentage
of ash formed on Incineration, and may form
the basis for deciding betwoen different
grades of rubber for various purposes.
Inorderto arrlvo at a satisfactory solution
of the effect of wldo-tlro or narrow-tire
wagons on roads a sorios of exhaustive tests
have been made by the aid of a dynamometer
recently, and tho results, as described In a
California paper, show that broad tires, of any
width that would be really Draotlcal. would
not make good roads, simply having ! ten
pirates themselves, and thus the force of out
laws was greatly augmented. .
Homotlmes the chiefs would send vessels
rigged out as respectable trading craft to
Luropo to replenish their stock nt urms and
munitions. It was vory seldom that tho truo
oharactor ot those vessels was learned, nnd
thoy would roturn to Madagascar with enough
powder and guns to supply tho piratos with
material for many months of aggression.
They wero always carotul not to attack mon-of-war.
but there were few peaceful vessels
that could withstand their assaults.
Hero tho famous Capt. Woods ltogor,n slaver
In tho days when shv Ing was lcgltlmnto cnter
prlsn, found tho pirnto baud about tho year
1715. Tho outlaws ho met had lived whoro ho
found them about a quarter of a century. It
had been long since they had received nny sup
plies from Europe. Only eleven of tho original
stock remained, but they woio surrounded by
children nnd grandchildren, supported petty
court, nnd considerably lmprossod their
visitor with tho slro of their retinues. All
woro common sailors, and not n mnn In tho
outlaw crow could rend or write. When tho
Plrntos saw the big ship enter their harbor
thoy were at llrst Inspired with terror, but
thoy soon learned thnt the ship was thero
simply lor tho purpose of buying slaves, and
so they ventured aboard, nttendod like prlncos.
Their stock ot Luropean clothing had long
I eon exhausted nnd they were clad in tho
skins ot wild beasts, while their foot woro des
titute of covoring. Isolated ns they long hnd
I eon from the world, they did not botray the
sllghtost Interest in tho news of Europe.
Thov sold many slaves to Capt. Itogors in ex
chance for cloth, and Inn few days thoy wore nil
attired onco more In European garments.
Tholr professional Instinct noon nssortod It
self, nnd they laid plans to seiro tlio vessel.
The consplrncy was dlseoverod through tholr
efforts to induco ltogcrs's sailors to join them.
Tho Cnptnln thought he was not trong
I enough to risk n light with tho pirates, and so
i ho entered all his men to refrain from any In
, tercouise with the shore, nnd a day or two
later ho sai'e 1 out of tlio harbor,
i In 17JI ,fiilin l'laintnln was tho most povvcr
I fill of this pirate band. Unowned 1,000 idav on,
and was so confident of Ids stiongth tli.it ho
i mcdltited the conquest of tho entire island.
1 Tho nitivos, however, wero able-to rally In Mif
' llcient number to worst him win n hoadvancod
I intotho luteiior, and ho wn-s i di-.guMed thnt
he shook the dust of Madagascar off his feet
i and oneo moro brcimo a puate on tho high
set The fjtoot this outl twihlof is unknown.
Alter his lime the pirnto colony gruliiallr
I nhii! out. Some of its mombers wero mur
i deren by the natives and others left Mndngas-
cur and went on piratical cruise, nnd most of
thorn onded their adventurous careers on gib
bets. At that time the " est Indies vv.-s tho
haunt of n great many pirnto nn I a number
of tho Madagascar criminals died on gallow.
tho remains ot which are still seen not tar
from Kingston. Jamaica. Long before African
exploration bepan m earnest tho Madagascar
plrntov had entirely disappeared, ond it ionly
bv tho relics of their long sojourn on tho big
Island that wo aro romiuded now and then of
the day when the west coast wa entirely In
tholr power and they lived there thn rulers ot
the untlvci and the destroyers of commerce.
dcr y to cut up poor roads than does tho nar
row tiro. It Is urged that tho liirm to vvngon
lOBds commonly occurs when the surface is
saturated with rain nnd the roadbed Is suit
nnd sleldlng. so that nt such times loaded
I vohlcle having wheels with narrow tires cut
put ruts moro or less deep, acoordlng to tho
length or the wet spell and the amount of
use to which tho roadway is thus sub-
. i6,,!d: whon. however, the roadbed is
solid and care taken to promptly fill up Ine
in ihtlos created hy tlio wear and teal of tho
' mrfaee. under thoso -lroiimtanees nirrow
tl-e. to all Intents nnd purpose, nro no dl-n I
v.intitge to tho to idheil. vvhllo the) are limine
tloimlil) ,.f greater ndvant wn to tho vehicle.
I Narrow tires tend to lighten drnft In dialling
lends over smooth roads ami over those that
.iifisott. hut over surfaces tint nro sand) or
Holding in their nituro tlio wide-tiro wagons
give tlio bet ii'sult. and are according!) bet-to.-
for general III Id use. Again, aeonsfdern
ti n i to bo noted K that tho supply of mateiul
for felloo-. in tho caso of wide-tiro wagons i,
les-, abundant thin that which Is suitable for
narrow tin-s; vvldo-tired w.'u-ons being, on tins
aooi'iiiit. moro expensive than thoso having
1 tires of tho usual descriitlou. a diffcroncu liable
to bo still further increased.
An important question has latoly been dis
cussed before ono of tlio societies of cnglncciB
in England, niinoly. tho economic possibilities
ol tlio gonetatlon of clectro-niotlvo foreo In
1 tho coal llelils anil it application to Industrial
centres. In dellning tlio most ocononiie and
praeli'iilly idcil method of converting heat
1 Into work, with tho mechinicnl facta at present
available, such realization must dopond. It Is
declared, on the conversion of tho solid fuel
iutoaguspouscondltiytiasa first prorcquislto:
tlio abstraction of tho nitrogenous value from
tho fuel and its conversion Into a condition
buitablo for agricultural fertilization : the direct
combustion of such giscousfuel in tho com
bustion ) Under of a gas motor, for the convor-
Mon of tho thermic into d) mimic energ), and
llnallv, tlio transformation r trunnmiitatlon of
thlA u)ii imle Into olei-trlo energy or into elec
tr.miotivo force. Tlio conclusion is that
tho ultimate possll lo results of n fuel
gas ami gas motor plnnt. on n largo
scale, is, that with such a plant, tho dsnnmlo
power inclose I In tho Indicated card of pres
suro of m cylinder will be oqulvnlont to the
raising or elevation of H't.OOo pounds, one foot
high, in one minute, which may he obtained
with nn exiiondlturo of from five-eighths to
ono jound of solid fuel. At present, these
conditions cannot be economically obtained
from nny other form ot mntor-generntlng
proceduro or plant than n gas engine; tho
steam engine motlind lias nn associated loss
far gioater than the gas engine, and. although
it is possible to convert the fuel Into n gaseous
condition nnd recover tho nitrogen, there are
losses attending tho employment of sucli a
proceduie that partly neutralize the gain, nnd
tills even when tlio operttlona are carrlod on
uador the most favorable ciicumatancos.
A new and effective machine, working auto
matically, lias been invented for the manufac
ture of link belting made from Bheet steel, nnd
is adjustabloforall tho different sizes. Tho
steel Is fed from tho roll or coll by nn auto
matic roll food, bringing the ond of the coll
about mldwalTon the die, whon the first stroke
of tho press comes down und perforates tho
link; In the upward movement of tho slide, the
stock Is again fed forward the space of ono
link, and. In tho second downward stroke of
the slide, tho link Is formed and end turned
down, nnd at the eame time a ram on
tlio buck bide of the machine Is forced
up ngalni-f the turned end ot the link,
which forms tho hook; when tho slide and
ram retract, an nutomatlo knock-out comeB
Into m tlon which forces the link from the
dies, at tho same time the stock Is being foil
forward for another link. In this manner, one
comploto link Is made at onch stroke of tho
press niter the llrst link has boon mndo Tho
speed Is nliout forty strokes per minute, and
thn weight of tliia press Is somo Bovon thou
At nrocont mooting of tho Enclneors'KooIoty
of Wostcrn 1'cnnsylvanla. a paper was read
and a discussion had on tho subject ot nickel,
from which it appears that tho nickel deposits
at various places in the Unltod btatos which
maybe vnlunblo nro In Oregon, Nevada, and
North Carolina. A trial of the North Carolina
nro is reported as showlngan averago of about
'Jpercout. of nlckol. although some samples
were obtained running up to 10 percent; the
Nevada ores are abundant In quantity and
comparatively rich, but they are arsenides of
nickel nnd illlllcult to reflno; tho Oregon
ores nre ot the slllcnto class, and have not
been developed in commercial quantities. In
regard to tho welding of nickel and steel, an
examination of rolled sheets thus treated is
snld to reveal no evidence at the edges aa to
where the nickel ends and the steel begins,
though of courso the outside Is mostly nickel
and the Insldo atoel-the nickel Is welded
to both aides ot tho sheet of steel, mak
ing a non-oldlzablii article having the stiff
ness of ordinary steel, and convenient for va
rious uses. Metallurgists are of the opinion
that, for a variety of purpose!, a steel with
a high percentage of nickel mar prove of con
siderable practical value, and the progress of
experiment, in this direction will ce watched
with muoh Interest.
SINGING TO THE CYLINDERS.
now oiiace cnvitcu cnisms wbbb
cAuaiiT ron tub vnuxoaiiAVii.
Episodes la the "Work or Mr. JEilvrard CI at-.
aae. who Gathers Ifpont he Wax Rolls the
llest Hunan Voices and Inalrumentnllon
and nistrlbnte- Them Oirr the "World.
A mnn stood In the belfry of draco Chureh,
about otcht feet bolow thn chimes. Ono of tho
bolls rang; the man pressed a button nnd
shouted In a voice so loud thnt any sklppor
might bo proud of it, "Tho chimes of Urnce
Church, Now York city, as plavod by Miss
That night the chimes were heard In Albany,
tho next night In Chicago, In less than a week
In San Francisco, and two woeks lntor people
In London wero llstonlng to tho music of tho
Tho man with the strong lungs was Mr.
Edward Clarnnce. There Is no mnn living
whoso voice Is heard sootten In so many parts
of the world nt tho same time. For tho last
throe years ho has talked and sung Into
Phonographs. Day aftor day and wcok after
week ho stinds In tho mlddlo ot a room nt'.'oT
Fifth avonuo and talks and sings. As fast as
ho fills tho wax cylinders that rocotd ills
sounds thoy nre shtppod nwny. nnd In a few
vveoks Mr. Claranco's volco Is ulrod In tho sa
loons of California nnd tho drug stores of
Mnlnc. and In hundrods ot parlors and public
places. Many other people talk, sing, and play
musical Instruments In the samo room, but ho
always makes the announcements In tho drop-n-nlckel-ln-tho-slot
phonographs, nnd tho man
who Is heard saving, " Mr. So nnd So will now
sing this or that" Is Mr. Clarance. Ho is al
ways looking for ideas, for something new
and original, and so ho dotormlnod to take tho
music ot tho chimes of Graco Church.
He took tour phonographs to the belfry and
placed thorn under the bells, tho big brass
horns bolng pointed upward that thoy might
catch tho sound. Whon tho phonographs wero
In tholr propor position a messengor informod
Miss Thomas, who was Bcatod at the key
board bolow. Tho bells aro rung byoloctrlclty,
nnd when sho received word that ho was
read), sho touched n key which rang tho cue
bell and was an announcement that she
wns about to pla. When Mr. laranco
heard tho cuo loll ho pressed a but
ton and nn electric current was enr
rled from a number of batteries to tho pho
nograph. After Miss Thomas rang the cue
bell sho counted vory slowly to five While she
was counting, Mr. Claranco shouted tho an
nouncement of what was to follow. Tho wind
was strong and a man speaking in tho ordi
nary conversational tono could not bo hiard
moro than thrco feet nway, but Mr. Clnranc
and ills voice wero equal to tho occasion. lio
did not seem to oxcrt hlmolf, hut had ho
made as much noise nn the stroet he would
havo been heard sovoral blocks away. When
Miss Thomas had llnlshel counting. Mr.
Clarance linn finished talking, nnd sho began
playing bho llrst plavod the melody with the
singlo bell nnd then pl.no J the second
verse ot tho selection with the iilto.
Whon sho finished she waited exactly two
mlnutes.during which timoMr.Clarnurcplncod
new cylinders In tho phonographs. W hen the
timolind expired, sho counted to five again.
When tho hand of Mr. Clnrnnco's watch howed
that tlio two mlnutos had passed, he mndo an
other announcement, nnd nnothor soloctlon
wns played. By tnls arrangement thore was
no delay between tho announcement and the
pl.iving. Miss Thomas plaied an hour every
day for a week, nnd at tlio end of that tlmo Mr.
Clarance had over "00 "records," ns he calls
the olindors which have received nn Impres
sion of sound. Most of thorn wero shipped to
the lumen cities in tho various Mutes, some
were sent to Europo, and some wero kojit in
the city for concert and exhibition purposop.
The ro-ults vroro more favorable than had
been expected. Tlio sound ot tho bells was
reproduced, unaccompanied by any jarring,
and the vibrations woro recorded perfectly.
Ono ollnder was sent to Mr. Edison, who was
not only pleased but surprised at the porfoct
successor tho attempt.
In his search for things now nnd original
Mr. Claranco has formed the acquaintance of
nearly every man and woman In tho city who
can play an instrument or sing uncommonly
well. Thoy w.ttch him as closely as he watches
them. When be hears a good volco he drags
tho owner to a phonograph, and if he hears n
new song that Is sure to become popular he
makes tho singer leave It on a wax c)llnder.
nnd as fast as new songs are Introduced lie
learns them und sings them into the phono
grnplis. lien ho wnlks on tho Itlnlto he docs not go
far betoro he is cornered by a professional, lor
those vvliobo work is acceptable aro well paid,
and somo of the membors of the proosiou
thus pick up n good many dollars in thu sum
mer when the) othorwlse are ldlo.
"Hero's a new song." sa)s th- professional.
"It's never been henrd In publla yut. but It'll
ben winner, sure." Ho hums It, aud If It is
catchy or for other reasons likel) to he a suc
cess, Mr. Clarance will ho sure lo make an en
f ligament with tho stngerandglvohim a trial,
f tho trial Is satisfactory theurllstlsongHged.
and receives a liberal compensation. The
amount tho singer receives does not de
pend altogether nn his or her reputation, but
upon ability to sing so thnt the phono
graph will successfully emit tlio sounds,
home singers whose voices sound well in halls
have not been able to produce as good results
as othors whoso aro inferior to thorn as sing
ers, homo voices cim be heard moro dis
tinctly than others through thetclcphono.nnd
the same is truo of the ptionoginidi.
Ono )ouug l.idv. an aetiess. who wanted a
trial, forgot to bring witli hor thu music of tho
song sho was- to sing.
"That doesn't matter. "sild Mr. Frank Dantu.
who always pln)s tlio piano accompaniment,
"just hum it over onco and I'll cntcli it."
"Oh, no." siiiil tho )'ung lady. "I alwns
pliyiny own accompaniments. 1 guess I can
get along without the music."
The oung lady had a good volco. nnd Mr.
riaraiice. desiring to humor hot a little, winked
to Mr. ltantn, vvlio left tho piano, and alio took
Ills place and sang to her own InstrumentM ae
eoniii.iniment. Any audience would havo en
cored her. for the note rolled out as fast aa
thoy d- from a drum. W'hc-i she finished Mr.
Clai.ineo started tho phonog-aih for her bone
fit nnd let her hour her pi Ding, thorn was a
tumbling mid n jarring accompanied by some
wild shrieks, and sho confessed that slut was u
' " l'erlmps ou will now lie willing U rocelvo
Instructions," snld Mi. Clarance. "It took Mr.
ltantn two months to get tho knack ot pLolug
foi a phonograph, and wo haven't time to In
At another tlmo n vorv pretty nctress who
wanted a trial was Htaiullng ill front of four
plionoiaphs, receiving Instructions.
"Now don't sing us you do on tho stage." said
Mr. Clarnnce. "Don't let ono noto drop to tho
footlights and then throw the next one to the
gallery. Hlng with llltlo feellnir nlmost none.
All tho notes should bo oqunlly louiL"
Ml. Clarnnce mndo the announcement and
stepped bauk of thn phonographs. While a
short Introduction was being pl.ied on tho;
piano thn young woman said. "I feolso funny.""
"Don't say anything," said Mr. Claraucn.
"Hemomber that you are in front of the
" Oh. ot course." she said, and laughed.
After she loft Mr. Clarance Bald something
that did not sound very nice, but socmnd to bo
true, an he hnd wasted four cylinders on her.
To tho English Binger who had just come
across the water, and had never heard or a
phonograph, a trial was glvon. Mr. Claranco
told him In . few words what a phonograph
was, and the Englishman interrupted him
sovoral times with nn Intelligent "Awl" in
structions were given him, but as soon ns the
current wns turned on he began coughing nnd
clearing his throat. Mr. Clarance made the
announcament and then said: "Don't cough
that way again."
"Awl 'And w'y not. might I awsk?" tho
"liecauso you'll hear the cough. Every
Bound will bo reproduced."
"Awl Ho it will. Uloomlng funny."
Mr. Claranco lost his temper and roared,
" llut 1 cawn't ting un "
It was time to sing, and be did not finish the
sentence. Hut as soon as he quit singing he
Bald, " Sang blooming rotten, doncba knaow,"
" Now Just listen to yourself," said Mr. Clar
ance, as he started the phonograph. This Is
what was heaid: ' ,,
"Introducing Mr. Willie Chasei who'wlll
sing 'After thellsll.'
Coughing and clearing the throat
Short sllonce. "Awl And w'y not I awsk?"
' . Another short silence. "Awl So It will.
A third short silence followod by", "Out I
oawn't sing un " '
.Than tho song and " Sang blooming rotten,
. "I cawn't understawnd It at all, donoha
knaow," lie said. "Quite a puzzfotomo."
A number of descriptive pieces have been re
produced on the phonograph, but' none were so
pophlar as "The Night Alarm." whloh was
original with, Mr. John p. UpMlng, a musi
cian and bandmaster. Tbe.pieoearnw many
Biokels, end people u the Ufa cities as well
' ... r- .
Aa thoso In tho smaller ones listened to It In
wonder nnd astonishment. 1 ho listener hennl
the music ot a lintid, which was interrupted bv
loudoriosot "Firol" "1 Ire'" rhi-ro woro loud
shouts, n rush of poople, nml a buzz of voices.
Then the tiro bells rang and a lmn reel came
dashing down tlio street, tlio i.'-nig ringing, tho
iron-sliod lKMifsclattorlng.il dthchcav) wheels
milling oct tlioHtiini"- The sounds werofalnt
at first, but glow louder ii'id Intidor as the
machine apbrnac lied, and vvlie'i It arrived tin
driver yelled to hi liores nml they stopped.
A fireman wn he ml giving conuniiniN, nnd
when lio veiled, "Unwind Hi it lio.o1" the
horse ngain stinted down thn street, thnhosn
wns unwound, tuni th-re wen- more shouts
and commands. I'liena ntntis il 1, "Como on:
It's nil out." Another nskeil. "Whero wns Ity"
Tho reply wns. "I don't know: but it didn't
amount to anithlng." nnd tlio piece cnuio to
nn-niL Tbo thing was so clever thnt peoplo
lmnglhod tho) heard more than they did, and
many poisons lnllod thai they heard tho
engine working, the steam escaping, nnd tho
nnlseof the water ns it vvint thiough the no.
zli of the hoe.
Mr. Holding's method of pto-liirltigtho night
nlnrin was simple. While ins mind was play
ing four or live men cried ' I lie1" ""1 lio
Tho musicians stop! eil pin) Ing and ran wild
ly about thu rooin. vih eh un tlio ruhoftho
people. All of t hem talked, making the buz
ot tho v.. lees heard In the phonograph. A
small hell served as tlio tin-bell. 'I he sound
of the horses' hoof was muih bvamau who
struck a stone with two inal ots. tlio sound
being faint ut llrst but louuer as the horses,
wero supposed to bo approaching tho scene.
While this man was sti Iking the stone another
was stt iking n gong A thin! mini waswhlil
Ing a poll-'eniiin's rattle, which ma-lo the
rumbling ot tho wheel of tho machine.
At llrst lie ston t ton or tivolvo feet
from tho phonoginph. Liu ho nrproncli-
ed It as the mnn with tlio mallets
struck hiiilor. These three men worked to
gether, the nolsogrowiug loitdorlii uniformi
ty, and the) ceased when the nole was loud
est, as It was then supposed that tlio maohtho
had arrived at the ll 'e, nini ot tlio men as
sumed tho part of the fireman, who gave com
mands, and othors took tliu l art of thn si ec
tators. who said that It was nil out and didn't
iimouut to iitDthlng. Of coitr-u everything
was dono In regular o.'der, aud tho apparent
riiiifnnn wa systematic. V pel son stind
ing in tho room would havo in aglncd that ho
wns In the raidstnf neiowd of lunatic. Tlio
etloct was much the nin.-as that observod bo
hlnd tho scenos of n since.
"I don't know why It is. but h ilf of tbo pro
fcsslonnls who sing tor me havo gunulno at
tacks of stage fright," said Ml. I larance. "It's
strango thin u man or woman who can face n
crowd ot n couple or thou.ind or moro nnd
nover feel nervous should tn-inlle like a lent
and somclhnes bteak dnvvtf when singing in
this mom in the presence ol only two or
three people. Tomans It is be nose thoy
will nftorward hear for themselves
tlio Impel foctlons n'ld defeil ."osepli Mn.-..
7lotta. who plain nn tiunbli-iKlllled with water.
wnsibi)ing lor mo one day. I ho tumblers
nfo tuned by Increasing m decreasing the
nmoiint of wntoi In thein. as n vio'ln is tuned
by lengthening or shortei Ing tho htrings,
Mazzlottn used the notes ol t In- pii.no in tuning
hi tumblers und then timed u selection.
W hen I let him he u It he was di-giisteu. and
made mo thi-iw the ollnder away, lie hnd
discovered that thn titmhh'is -veio not prop
el lv tuned, nnd spent half an hour in ro
"(illinon-'s i-nnd always gives good results.
Twenty-then' the mcml el sit in this room
nnd I lay just as though they were In the open
air ot n hall. The I und come lui.li, nnd I
tnke ns many 'records' -i possible, using
twelve phonograph I gon-'n'lygi t ten cm d
'recoids' out ol the twelve in th it w.iv. The
cylinders nn-not lost when lb" 'record' isn't
perfect, ns the) can be .nived and nil tho
noise llteralh cut off of them, so that thoy can
he used again, but with the rinse of dllmorn's
hand en them She, can tie son! lor Sll C)lin
dors with songs ri wn-th fro u al to $''.
"'1 here Is n kni k In virgin,; oi playingfor
thn phonograph Hint I can't explain, und it
outl only le acnulred in p-nilhi-, I've tiled
hard to tench some good .inge.s. who hnvo
(ailed. Again, some very pour slngors nro
successful o uo cannot bo understood and
some c.iii't bo he.u il. 1 hnv e In on he ird, from
n phnnouruph. too. by every : orson In a crowd
siAitiriMr: ISltIAs or.riAxm: fvca.
They IIiit a Flcrt or tslcoii nnd Sclto mera
nnd limit the -fii' Willi !) irtH.
Skattlk. Juno 1(1. -A licet ol ndnyon vessels,
sloop, nnd schooneis, owned and manned
by Indians, whoso neciuuti m is pelngio
sealing. Is n ncveltv boasted tho hta'oof
Washington. The thrift) tribe is known ns
the Nenh l.'ny Ind.ans, v, hosi, reservation
nbutbonCnpo Flatter), having aw iter front
ago both on the I'ai ilic ocean and tlio Straits
of Snn Juan dn i'uea. '1 he capo Is thu most
northwesterly spot in tho I nlon, barring
Alaska. Nenh liny Indents thu rosorvatlon,
nnd is the Inst sheltered h.irhor on the simile.
Theliciullnnd of the cape piolects it from tho
swoep of the ocean winds and tho continual
wcep of tho sea. whb li hr il.s over the rocky
projection. It Is a tplc,il pi n" o' rofugo for
tho vessels of n trlPo of maiino Indians in
tho ocean. ) et not of it
Among thilr fellow Slw.ish tribes theynro
cilled Maknii. Tlio village huts nnd white
cnitnsos dot the curving shore with alternate
stretches of beach and foil iged giound lying
between. 'I ho smoko of their llrcs finds its
way through rude chimnejs to tho pcntaeostal
berths of the Kulro biro, or Japan wave, which
tomrors tho whole northwest coist. Its
warmth Is often felt liko n rush of air from an
ovun. In tho cold season Its iulluonco is tits
most noticeable Llkotlio other tiibes of wa
ter Ind'ans thoy aro nt homo on tho main and
in tho forest, each contributing its resources
to their prowess. Civiibnlion has not )ctcropt
sufficiently clore to their nllctted domain to
Interforo much with their primitive existence.
As a consequence they exist In comparative
retirement, and follow (heir rather peicoful
Instincts, but do not ho!tale to trade with Hie
settlements on tho south shore of tho straits.
Tholr loarly catches of seals and llsh yield
the tribe man) thousands a ) car.
Their sclioon'-r Amatoui. a well-Knit two
masted craft. Is now alongside ono of the
honttlo docks. Cupt. !-chti)lor Coltnx, who
commands tho ve-sol, Isono of tl.o high tjpes
of thn Mnkahs and a lellatlo skipper. Ills
crew is made up ol a dozen cf Ilia biaves each
an able seaman. Shi- sidled In with all the
sangfroid of an English bail: out Ir.uii Liver
pool. On account of her strange crew she Is
quite a curiosity to all who visit tho water
front. Hor mission up tho sound is to dis
pose of a earjn of sc.-il-k n. tho result of the
lleit's l,it erulsn along thocoisl. It was no
trouble to dispose of the commodity ut $12
per skin. 'J In-modus vivemll has hud tho ef
fect of slHTeiiing prices, nnd the skipper has
business tuti noiigh to know it.
Unlike the whites, thesj redskins tako tho
Real with the spear. The) mo wonderfully
prolleient In the iim' of this :inti'ttiateil weapon.
Thesetl is lnv irtably thli gime which rniosi
ltssnotitabov i tlio surface within u radius of
ten ).ud of tbelri iiioen lt.in-1, dotheymnko
uso of tho double-barrelled gun- they tako
nun o kindly to their j ivolln-llko missile When
hiiutU'g two mnn taken .moo, leaving the ship
orschooner to criibo about the vlciiiliv. In
tlio management of their hewn ei dar shells tho
MiiknliHiiro iihiiiiept iih u Sioux with his mus
tang, lintii hiliitota uso the paddlo until tho
game is scouted, whon thn mnn at the prow
uoosiiip apeni throwing, llut the other H just
us llableitoseUeaelunceat n bobbing seal as
his companion, 'ihe canoes are so liuoiant
that they lido tho waves like a m a-giill.
W Itli u long line ol s -a grass attached to Ills
sponr, ho keeps his wenthureye out for Ills
sleek-coated victim. With unerring aim lie
buries the Lathed head in thu hoty i tl
seal and drawl the linn taut. Thn strlc'.en
uulmiil dives, nnd line Is given much Hie snino
m. In whaling, Ity degrees tlio boat indrawn
lo him. mil they club him to death 'llieuu
rnB is either marked b) u buoy or towed to
tile vessel ut once. 'Iholi eiiisn old n I ads
thorn sixty miles seaward, hoinotlinos they
will follow it head u lung distance tin mi
lli-lirlhg Sen, such trips being usuilly
very .profitable. Hut us a genenl rule
they confine the hunting groun Is within thn
limits of Cape Disappointment on tlio north
und (tray's Harbor on the south
,'lho four hundred men and nuth on the
Makikreseivntlnn mn) be din ed Into three
clusjies seal liunteis. llsiu-rm n and turners.
Ilnisp few who stay nt lioim f oin the chase,
proiA lew x' (aide., fin ts. v , while othoiH
anilfe for salmon, which (an b- yoked almost
constantly In the id hlng 'lers aiouii'npe
Hwtory proiunntoi y. The silmon they sell
Inlhe towns and cities on i 'sound.
."Ilefore tho whiles settlnl about us," snys
Skipper Colfax, "we vveie triippers too. and
bear nnd beaver and iimik were our gamu.
llutnoivitisdillcretit. Ml th land Is taken
'hy tho white man. tlio Indian Is
orowdod down c1in upon the sea. The
bear and beaver havo all gouo Into
the Olympic M itnuis Wn hnvo many
old men among u- continued the Inriiau
snllor chief, inn ilroimv. reminiscent tone:
"somo of then, are so old Hint they havo long
forgotten when thoy were boin. n hundrod
years nnd irorn ago, ni.iibc, Thoy do not
work. Thrv out nl "tl und smoke, Most of
their day s-iento li - muh watching the
sea, and the slop g I . 'lb ) ore waiting to
tako their canoos on the Ion;: voyngu Irom
which our old men and women never como
back to us, 1 was li rn ut Capo llatlsrv. and
our oldost men lived thoru as long as they can
remember. A long tlmo ago wu had wars with
other Indians, but 1 don't remember them,"
There are two lai go stores In the village on
the bay kept by the natives, who have also
primary schools for their children. Tho tribe
has no religion but thu nnu nature gave them.
The Government does not provide for them,
and some day they hope to get a patent for the
reservation land. Thus this handful of Cape
Indians paddle around II n the dying sea of a
past century, unknowingly drifting to leeward
ot this life.
WOMAN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE. $ I .
irotri:n rntnt tub akic rortir ; t& if
rtBMABr fob onus .isu vuildbbx. wM a
Hospital Feature of the I. lr,w Fin Mr f llrj 3
r.illicrt Hlrnetnre lve I'lcntj- or Prne. V, S)
tier o Ita Fnlr Students-Comfort la Villi ?
II Wont Tor lMtlenl, lttcli or l'oor. , Qfls 1
Thn Now York Inllrmnry fur womon nnd 'ijjljf
chlldroti was Incorporated In 1HI. ntMJI Enst iMrlll i
Fiftconth stroot. and throo ) cars later It nddod x'iSffll
to Itself tho hospital. For olovon years after 'tmH '
tlio Infirmary began its work. In lSI-f. there $fp4! '
w is nn hospital or dispensary opon to womoc gBWiili M
Btudcnts In this country, though two mod loot Jfl " ':
colleges, ono in lloston nml tho othor In rhlla aS,l' I I
dolphin, ad'iilttod thorn. Muni students worn, viiffl-. '
from tlmo to time, ndmltted to tho Infirmary (V-
forprlvato Instruction, nnd as tholr number 1V, ',,
incrensod it was considers 1 oxpodlont to os- 'vW f :
tnbllsh n woman's medical collogo in conneo jf ,'Jh j il
Hon with tho lnflrmirr. Through tho deter Smt' 1
mined efforts of Drs. Elizabeth nnd Emllr Up
lllnokwell, nsslstod by tho trustoos of the In itt'vv
Urinary, a ehartor w is gr.mto I In IHikj by tho - '.sJ? J
Htato Logilnturo for the college wlildi has M ivjj; -il
steadily grown and dovolopo.l for moro than a. x m M
auartor ot a century. ffii i' r7l
Meantimo olhir womn's collogos have; s M ( -V
sprung up. lint must of them with bo low 'liSllf
standar I of 1 iMruction that tholr degrees are ' tlPJ J (
considered worthless by tho profession Tho ! K j
curriculum of tho Woman s Medical Collogo aJ'iH
nnd slnndnrd of oxcellonro requlrod for grud- tkjj' I
uatlon equals that of tho best mod leal schools '''i!,?f '.'
for mon In this country, and it has the dlsllno- I'.'ff- '
tlon ot having established tho first chair of rftll i '"
higlonoln Amorlcn. It was also among the 1 rtklj j i
flrBt two or throo medical schools of the J5 j,Jj 1 ' ""j
country tnoxnet ontrnncooxnnilnntlons.whloh iis!1' i
It did ten enrs boforo such examinations ""rifli f
wero required by Stato law. iiS)
Whon the collogo was ostabllshod In 1R(15 (j'l'Ji'i! i
tho Infirmary was movod to Its prosont build i it'J I
Ing, o Livingston place, and the old Inllrmnrr I'iukii i
was reflttod for tho collogo. but was soon out- itrjjf i'
grown. In 1880 n lot was purchased for a now j'PI'
collogo building on tho cornorof Livingston Kwlii '
placo aid linst Fifteenth stroot facing Stuy- fj Mik t
vonnt square, and tho following Hutuuor a -f 5 jftsfl j
building was erected at a cost of S57.000. Tho rL4!lf!$
front of No. II Livingston placo accommo iVii' '
dales tho house stafT. whoso rooms In tho In jjili j! ,
flrmary as well ns tho former operating room. i!l!h (ji it
hav e been nlteiod Into wards, this arrangement ''Im 4i A
greatly Increasing tlio accommodations for pa I j, -5j'v
tients, and forming one of tlio most important 1, r i
pot tlons of tho future pormanont hospital. -i a ' 1 9
'Iho now chlldron's ward at tho loftot tho ' IV I 'l$i
front door Is an nlry. cheerful room, contain i .f- i fai
Ing twolvewhlto Iron cribs. Thorois an aqua. "(I'i I aIs
liumof goldfish for tho weary clilldish oyos to , ;;tt l W
feast upon, and pictures of the Madonna and ' lij l 4
tho Child wIioeo tondorness for the "llttlo ' M J l'
ones" novor fulled. Llttlo chairs and toblos So 4 Jrl
aro ready for tho uso of little convaloscents f 'f
and dainty white screons, covorod with wild M
roses aro nt hand to shut away n crib whose '-KiH si
occu'rant ts too ill to onjoy companionship. J vj ',; J
Four bods fn this ward are partly endowod, ,Wi' ', I
one by tlio .Sunbeam Circlo for the use of the "l i'i i I
Society for tho Frovontion of Cruelty to Chll- M fM P
dren. one by tho Mission Aid Soolotvof St jfr'Sj 11 "' H
Ooorgo's Church, one by Mr. and Mrs. Octavus .,, fti -4 H
Libb,in momoryof their son, Arthur Man liVli H
nlng Libbcy, nnd one in memory of Annie M (' r H
TilTany, n large full-longth photograph of g'i: t '
whom is plnced noir tlio head of tho orib. SlfMi ' B
On the P.r-.t floor, too. are the reception and tj ti t H
sitting room. Fewing room, and lavatory. iUS i I
Each lloor is similarly equipped, and the "livi i i
plumbing is of tho most approved kind, eaoh Jj'Ji! I ' H
lavatory being supplied not only witli hot and fKt'i i ' H
cold water, but also with an ariangement iJ I ': H
for turning on clouds of steam, which maybe tbil 'si H
shut into tho recoptaclo by air-tight covers. fflh i ' H
On each floor Is a gus crematory for !ho do- ., Mb'I ,' H
structlon of dressings and other noxious ac 5r'ljtJtl 1 9
cumulations of a hospital. GyraT' ' H
On tho second lloor nre the private rooms of 3SSR f li H.
tlio tosldnnt physician and tho superintendent 'ilra'A'1 Bl
a privato ward, containing four boJs. and dlKf1 1 i H
three private rooms for pay patients. iHrBpE1 1 "1 H
Tlio third lloor contains the nuise's dining HlMl, L.t! H
room, tlio assistant housekeeper's room. bath. 4'uS!fl6 1 1 El
rooms, u surgical ward iicioiuiiiodalltig six "i 5ns t ma
patients and a ward containing ton beds, two '.rail: i H
of which nro endowed in perpetuity by tho fV KSh -J H
Lucrotla Mott Dispensary and infirmary for i ibs'fs.i "' H
the usu of indigent women and children. The .- $, -j H
beds nro to ho known ns the I.ucretiaMntt Bed W-ffl .1
nnd the Emily lilackwcll lied, and with them Vlffliii - H
patients from llrookljn aro tohavepiecedonce MJIn ti - H
when such apply. silB'IlK Jyi"l
On tho fourth floor Is tho drug room, which - iW, i't j
would strike horror to the soul of a Christian iWi ,ir ' H
Scientist. On this lloor, too, aro the three bed ,?L'f ' ' H
rooms and joint sitting-room of the "in tilt pi ,
teines." or liouso staff of physicians. llslfl I;- H
"It Is so restful," said one of thoso young ffiM ji f'H
womon who conducted tho Hun roporterovor 'Sjff -hi "
the building, "altera day spont In the routine ijlM Is . n
of hospital duly, to have n homolike room of ;ffi(!' ,' (ml
one's own to rest and read In." , JSJffi J'l " H
Thcserooms. wlthtlieirdranorlos nnd books. flfil ' Hi
nnd thu sitting room, witli its drop-light ana . !fil, JI, H
ntternoon to v table, nro a pleasant contrast to , IBml HJ
tho hospital wards, which must necessarily bo ? sftjltll t'7 H
somewhat hare. Near ut hand Is tho nunssry. 'Jtjvj J) i. &
whore six or seven tiny atoms of humanity lM i H
slept or walled unconscious nliko ot their re- ) slsF i i'i H
cent entrance into a world of sorrow, tholr l(li,'' -i IH
robes of dainty white, with pink and iS'lllW , HI
blue ribbon nrmiets, nnd the enrds bub 'Mi -' HI
bendod over their downy heads Inscrlbod ifi!ll : HI
l!aby liessle. nged 4 da)s."or "Twin liaby ifPll ' i HI
Until, aged 'J days." Ono of tho twin babies, In iSlllfJJ " HI
whom the spark of Ufa was feoulo at birth. 5ffiM I HI
peacefully slumbers In an Incubator, a glass slrlV1' J) HI
box provided with n thormomotor. and a rotary Iti'-i,'' HJ
contrivnnco for tlio constnnt introduction of tl J'' 'J Hi
frosh nlr. Under this trentmont thu tiny vital K' y ' v( Hi
spnrk. which might othorwiso havo beon ox- t '( , T Hi
tliiguished liy tho broath of a zophyr. was be if H ,l riHl
lug gently fannod Into the transitory flame s"d! ', i'ilHI
culled life. go x ','
On tli fifth floor thorn are throe isolating IJEp ' AlH
rooms forsoptic patients and tho servants ; i viH
rooms. 'Iho bl.xtli and top lloor Is almost en Sfiu tiJilH
tlrei) given up to tbo operating room, with its !?, ' 'MHI
immense skylight and tlors of raised seats. mi ijHI
The few necessary artlcJos in the room aro JWr ' HJ
mado of opaque glass, which can be thorough W'!H ' '' H
1) cleansed with hot water. Adjoining tho ','!-I' sH
operntlng room is tho "recovery room." with ItlFi-'i 'SHj
its nirrow wlilto bed. and oppislto is tho i'M '-,yHI
etherizing room, containing a long tnblo. Kiln Ki HJ
mounted on wIkoIb. for conveiing the patient ft'RilF IHl
from room to room when under the Influence jt .-li S HI
of tho opiate. iihr ' -sf HJ
Tlio basement contains nine clinic rooms and Sir?! IH
ndrugrooni oi dispeumr). Here womon nnd SllJl I .'HJ
childien congregate every morning to be 0l ' '-JiHl
floated for the various il1 with which thor SvftKi .riHI
ma) be aflllc'teil, the pns-'iibed drugs being ifli? "HI
furnished Hicm .it tin- iiiilfomi prieo of ton Ijfif I' HI
centH each. About KOI") new patients nro j h ( 'jHl
tnxited nniiuiill) 'liiis service ntitcdatos the 5H'.ii 2 Hi
orguiilzati-iu of both Hie inllimiiv ItHOlfnud I'M & ,?H1
tho college ei'iu, eete-l with it, boinnliii: ns It tHTJ. ft -letHI
did with the litiii lispensiiy in Tompkins J If E f jHJ
squnro In 1K.VI, wli-'ii on tluei-ilavsof the vveok I IF fi iHI
"indlgriit woiui-naiid i lilblien living within a ' f $1 J 3 J Hi
reasouablii dlstrnee ' inUlit leave thoir iinmos i m. '-3 Hi
for free, itti'iiilai it homo 6 IPS VtHi
Many of the teuuiiiunt-housn patients re J .l'i '"2 Hi
nulro not only modleino, but food and clothing $l . IHl
(luring llliiess nnd convnlOHcniico. Tho great I 2j ,fHi
est obstncie in huh vvorK is rue ignorance, sa w in 3,"mnl
pnrstitioii. aad ontlro disregard of hyglnno of s'lfri! ; J3H1
Hiepitieuts. but ns a nile their gratitude Is MHi ' -vsHl
sincere, huiunof them liavohliigularldoas of SHIll i MHI
tbo province if a physician. Often, in case of HKL 'uHi
thiidiiitli of a pitlent insured after phthisis iHHv) "'?HJi
li is be'iiii, in whli h case Insurnnoo cannot lie (jHHB Hb
c ,le ted, n li I lil Is sent for the "death lines." wHHr'Hfl
orcctlfl ate of death, with a request that tho , IHHV'Hfl
cause of death be falsified. tivMuM Hl
I 'lease, doctor." said a boy of 10. "father IBJP' HJ
says wilte that she died of nmonla and pleu .tflnw ;-Hi
risy, for lie noeds eomo now clothes and a hat, rill KB1 'HI
nnd wo all want now shoes." 7,3HeTi .-"Hal
'1 hoy consider It nuro perversity nn the part 'i'.IIHfl .HJI
of tno physician to refuse to comply, nnd snr - rVE7? !HB
that only cliarityilnetors" write consumption ,1, UbsI-'HI
in placo of 'amont.i," moaning pneumonia. Hor H
Til BY BILL BO A GUIS.ZLY. ' t ffi 1 HI
llrnln Wim f,nsNnrd mid Tied to iv Tree He ZrB' V4l
loin lie lVas shot, fH JH
T.toma, Wash , June l.'l-Ono of the largest if! !
grb.ly benrs ever killed In this State wa 'iff '-iHl
lassood and afterward shot near Asotin, In tho L ' H
l'alouso country, on thoothursldo of HieCas-
cade Moitntalnb, a foivda)sago, by Ilonryand j ' ''''lVJJ
Frank Hanson. The two mon wero riding ' tly :'M
along the river hills looking for stock whon i Hfl
tlieycamo unexpectedly upon the big grizzly, ; WJ i"H
who was moving slowly along In the road. A BJl '-'ewJ
llruln heard tho tramp of tho horses and i ' BA -Hal
stoppod long enough to turn his head In tho -' Mn rVg
direction ot the approaching team and uttor a j W'i ' H
longgiowl. 'ihun ho went awaggoring along "1 Mlw-Hfl
at n llttlo raster p ice than he had boen going. lilffHl
The two brothers examliio t their rifles care- R JKHI
full) mid put spurs to thulr horses. When MiIbHH.
they got within a fow yauts of the hear he HJw Hani
ro-e upon his haunches and displayed his lW HI
teeth slgnlllcnntly. While ho was doing th s ' ill 'Hal
the men got their rawhide lariats, andln an i ;!ff'HB
Instant llonry Hanson .had his lariat around ' Jt'-bHJ
bruln's neck. Ills brother quickly located the B - S-JHJI
iionsoof hi lariat in tho same place. The i,'M Hi
gilr.ly iniide one pass with his paw und broko Ir K 'HH
ono of the lariats us U it had been a common wSifHJI
P eco ol twine. Ho tried hard to roaoh tlio Kli-HD.
otner lariat with his paws, but he couldn't. - rAt'i.HH
and in a few momonts he was fighting mad. ISHJ
lie bit nnd clawed mound, but he oould not r Rr'K'HH
getaway. The i lariat had been wound around i' IM'Hi
a tree, and Henry, Hanson took a position. W MHIHH
where ho oould get good aim and shot tho fJf, IHFHHI
sUtigglUiB animal. It took Ave shoute kill hlto. M-ZMM
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