Newspaper Page Text
SSr I r I 9H 9HH HHHHH SHBHHnHMHli H Hl I!W1 I BB mm bsBSbBBWI H - hhhhI HW8SI 9H H ,"
THE StTN SUNDAY, AUGUST J27, 1893. ' " A VOICE FROM THE WILDERNESS. Among the Gorillas. i:v it li. (iAltNER. letter ot "Th RpMh of Menksyi," A I n ij; MM 'i I.. .' Oarvtr. M IHgtitt ltrrr4. After a 1 IBB voyage f thirty-Mi dare from fngUnd I arrlvod In Gaboon, the capital of the iron !i Congo, whore I wa kindly re ceived I " t lio Ciovornor and others, and ns ,,ri o( u'iy aid tliat theyconhl ronder mo. ThCH mnnltt'nteil great Interest In mi work si, 1 anxiety for its success. pu-. . g my 'ay of soma week there I ao snlrod much Information of great value t.s ma ,1 mt the distribution of various trlbo, 4n nil o ol lb apes. In tho monn time I raid B vi,it totho hlng of tho M'pongw.1) people. In h s country called Dennl. lying on tho south s Me of the liaboon Hirer. The name of the Kim: I' Adsndo Ilopontjombo. which moans the s D of ilopontjombo. who was Kins when Tniil du I haillu was In Africa. The dignity of King In Africa does not rank With such a title In Europe. Hore his powors ro I 'Ut little superior to those of any other native lie works, hunts, loiifs. boss, and lies li. M as others do. I must make an exception of tl.n King of Donnl. who Is by far the best of all the royal Africans I have met. much of which I ! due to a good education and his con tact with whlto men. King Adandd Is an In talllgont man, and well Informed on many Subjects. Ho reads, writes, and speaks Eng lish and 1 ronoh. A visit to tho Kins her is not a matter of lueh pomp and ceremony as such a visit to the ovorelgn of Great Hrltaln. but to me It was novel nnd full of deop Intorest. leaving Gaboon near tho boglnnlng of the year I came to this section, known as Fornan Ya&butby tho natives called KllQeN'KamL The country to which Oils name bolonas ex tras from about 1 south latitude to about l"4.'i south along the coast, and thonoo to ward tho Intorior about throe or four days' journey up tho ltombo K'Kami. embracing the greit luko and surrounding country: and this is tho ti no habitat of tho gorilla, which Gie na tives called N'jlna (N'geena). After arranging hore for a aojourn of a few months. I placod the most of my heavy effects In tho custody of Stc. Anno Mission, and began ajournoy up the Ogowe. I procooded as far s N'djolo. which is about two hundred and twenty mllos from tho coast Along the way I mndo many Inquiries about the gorilla, but elicited little information of any value. At a village called Oulmbluna. near an outlet of a lake called Kzhangn. a native offored me qulto a fine skull of a gorilla in exchange for rum or tobacco, but not having either of these cur rent articles of trade. I could not make the purchase. The animal had been killed near Lake Ezhanga. which lies on the south side of the Ogowe, and about four days from the coast. At Lam larenu, about one day higher up tho river. I was presented with a One skull from near that same lake. At N'djolo, I was assured that five gorillas had been aeen near there only a fow weeks before my visit, and that two natlvo Pangwc had been killed by them on tho south side of the river. But it is very rare that one is ever seen so far away from the ei ast. I did not hoar of one on the north side of the river, and the natives all along told me that they were all on the south side. On my return I went Into the Lake Ezhanga country, whero I had beard they wero abun dant, but on reaching the south side of the lake I was told that they lived farawaylnthe bash, but that ten boys and a canon could take me in one day to the very spot where schools of them revel all the day and howl most of the night; but I didn't go. I must digress for a moment to tell you what a superb lake the Ezhanga is, dotted with Islands, among which are some perfect gems of wild and varied beauty. It Is a sublime panorama. Down to the very edge of the water hang perfect walls of trailing vines and ween ing trees, which look like the ivy-clad ruins of mediaeval Englsmd. Towers of green, of every shade the most vivid fancy can deplot: crum bling turrets and broken arches, hung with garlands of flowers. Here are aome of the most brilliant flower and gorgeous follago I have yet seon In this tropical land. la one part of the lake Is a vast archi pelago, which forms a glgantio labyrinth of covos and grottos. At places the boughs from island to Island almost meet overhead, forming a grand archway of varied green set with tho jewels of the floral queon. which looks as though Dame Nature and her mahls had decked It for their own triumphal arch. Within the deep and solemn shadows of these sylvan naves no sunbeams kiss the limpid waters, and not a voice disturbs their quiet, save tho harsh scream of tho eagle or the wall of the lone ibis. Now and then is 6een some bird with plumage of most brilliant tint, which looks as if his costume wero de signed for such a place, and here and there the Ash disport in some retired nook. When onoe this fairyland Is passod the Waters broaden to an Inland sea. with only a few Islands of a larger sizo. Home of these aro skirted with wide bands of grass, sometimes sweeping away into a long vista between the troos. spreading out its green lap. in which is nursed a solitary hut, which foods the herds of hippopotami that lead a life of idle luxury along these fertile shores and In tho lonely Waters of this sea of dreams. Coming on down the Ogowe I spent four i.ii in a native village of the Orungo tribe. The town is called M' biro, but I do not know wnatthe name signifies, unless it is mud, I was kindly treated by the people, who de Ughted in hearing some of the wundors of my country, The old King was delighted at my efforts to speak a fow phrases of his language, aud vowed that nothing oxcept a former be trothnl rostralnod him from offering me his daughter for a wife, to go with mo to my coun try and sea hoiiiu of the things of Which I had told iii':. At this place I was again assured that tho gorilla lived south of the river. My next point was Kernan Vaz. which I reached In two ilayH' journey along tho Jimbo giiuhi, ouu if the most beautiful rivers one can Imagine. It Is bordered with myriads of stately palms, bamboos, and ferns, relieved by vinos, orchids, and flowers. Hero the monkey re els in tho plenitude of wild fruits, and the limvisant llnds .. safe retreat from crafty Woodsmen, while birds of divers kinds Invoke the si irll of natuin with the voico of song- Ui roachlng Mo. Ai.no I selected a sito for my page and oracled It at ones, It is located In the In an of the jungle, a trills moro than a mile from any human huMtiition. and I named ItJort Ciorllle. It Is in a spot where nothing but tho demons of tl.o bush have uuy Wuo to coino. It was near a grove of plan tain., on Which tho g n!la feasts with tho k u-toot iti imitur meii ber of the Gourmand l lib. He doe not .,,r h ,,., ,or ,M0 IM1t, 1'i.il i ,'l"' '"'''er loan of tho young till.. .n '. , ,'." '''"'"' ""' ,ll"", '""' eftls Willi an appetite oeullar to his ra.-o iiuforomy. ago was quite In order to receive. I had liirflrat call from a young gorilla. Who Mine within about ten ,,.i- M ff?o irtat d,T",".'i'U,h l,UJ af ',"'" ;!' " hand but Hid Dot lire at him. as del red to have him 'all again and bring hi- InniuU. o didn't airy long .but burned ir ;, the bu.h M though ho had something t. ti .. Hi.- third day alter mi c mo was romnloto a ami yofte,, gorillas ..,.. .,,,,, ..,. , ? 'th SS?mHfS!,?S! bflonging to tin niithlon oml Imt more than twoliuudrod i.u-.ls from ih.. housu. A small iia.lvo boj waswItliWiaS twenty yards of thorn when tin-. ,, ..-"., tlio POth in trout of him. Within a lewminubei 1 win notified of tho fact, an I i ... k , ,, " nnd ol . .y..! ,i,em Into tjiohush n.til io, h, a trail. A few hours later lhy wsr. tiei again '' tut ir.llv.is. not faraway 1, ,,lly,.ui, u ley nil not call on at! tbn5 9fr. ' t. I had a visit from a group who earns wthlri some thirty yards uf tho cagS, WS2 .u-i. . so. tens that I could i. t JeVthim bUI I , iud easily distinguish f .or or Wo y. -. ...h seemed to I ,.,ngKi..., in ..(UMy , ' 'i.Hjkind. I supi . .,.. t ,,it lhii werl " inie family Mn tho dy before ' i ro liu eon, lather superior ol Sl.v. Anne ;-:. Hoi' he has twice aoen a family r r.,r, ngin a iluntalii grr.vo, im.l that ' anion the father gi.n ha sat. luintlv ' i""k thefru I whieh IhoolUrsgo-h rio n,l . him . I bave i.M,1.,ti, ?','"., .uice. that gorillas Bra often seen in k.' ' f.iiiilios Of twehe or llft.e,. ,..,,! -''. ne which e,,., to ,o eh el ', h..iu, , tin, one the , Hive, "ill i ' .nil. which means gonlla king ,; ; .M I ellof thai these gl.m.Vl'.Ut .. a 'ii.,i -and a number of fema!,,, ..,,1 . . . . -K "' gorilla evidontly j -a. ' '. hen he once adopts a wife I,s7.'- "I'-'s. M.. ofcr3,aad a curtain decree of i 4 marital fidelity Is observed. The same prae tlco pi-evails with the native, with one execp tionln favor of the gorilla, and that Is thatt have never hoard of ono selling one of hie wive, which tho natives frequently do. As far a It can ne eald that th gorilla ha any form of government, it Is strictly patri archal, nnd there are ronsons to justify the be lief that thov havo somo fixed Ideas of order and justice. Many of the na tives doclaro that they liavo seen the gorillas holding n palaver, nt which tho king always presided, while tho othor eto.nl or sat in n seinlclrjlo, talking In an excited manner. Thoy do not claim to have Interpreted what was said . r understood tho nuture of their .v.iurrel, bill, as a rule, all natives bellevn that tho z i Ilia ha a language which Is un derstood among tlienisehes and used in tho same manner ns man uses his spooch. To my mind it ii uiuto evident that the habit of tho gorilla Is to go In grout s, although It Is u very common thine: to see one qulto alone . r to seo a single pair ot thorn. 1 think, ns a rule, when you son one alonn It is a young malowho has set out in the world for himself; and the pair Is perhntw a bridal curie. Tho not vtrit I received was by a lino young chimpanzee, who canio to nn opening in tho bush, whore he stoi nil and took n long look at tho sltuntlon. lie betrayed no sign of alalia, nnd seemed half-wnv tempted to coino nearer, but after a halt of nearly a minute ho resumed his march with an airof groat leisure, nor did ho dolgn to turu his heud to soo 11 1 followed him. i Mi the .lav after this a young gorilla enmo within six or I3V0B yards of my cage and took a good peep at me. Ho stood a few seconds, holding on to a bush with ..no hand: his lips wero relaxed and his mouth half open, as If surprised and perplexed at what he beheld. His eountoiinneo did not por tray either fear or anger, but uttor ainnzeinent. I heard him creeping through tho bush heforo 1 saw him, npd 1 don't think ho was aware oT my presence until he was bo near. During this snort visit I sat as still as a statue, and I think ho was In doubt ns to whether I was alive or not : but when he turned away Into tho bush ho lost no time In getting out ot roach. He uttorod no sound except u eupprcssed umphl A day or two later I hoard a counlo among tho plantains, hut could only get the faintest filimpso of them. They were talking but in le. and I don't think they broke any of the stalks. As well ns 1 could determine, thoro were only two, but they were of good size and alike In color. At this momout I hear onotearinga plantain stalk within ala.ut thirty yards ol me. lean only heai one voico. but as they do not talk much when alono I presume there are more of tho'ii not far awav. He is uttering a low mur muring gonad which seems toexpross pleas ure, hut 1 am not yet all.) to translate It into English. Time and patience, howevor. will accomplish that, and much more. It Is a fact worthy of notlcothnt some of the sounds uttered l.y tho gorilla and chlmpunzee are Identical with certain souuus In tho native language, and qulto as easy to find letters to represent them. Op Word In N'Knral. mean ing ye or assent, is exactly tho same as one ound much used by tho chlmpunrco. but not within the scope of any known system of pho netic symbols. The samn is true ot the word for flvo In one dialoct of Kroo. My visitor hasgono from tho plantain grove without calling to pay his respects, but I am now being closely Inspected by a young porcu pine, who doesn't appear to be so shv as his elders are: and just In the rear of my domicile Is a largo school of mangaby monkeys who come frequently to visit mo. Thore are about twenty of thorn, some of which aro very largo, and as I have never disturbed thorn, thoy seom to bo getting moro familiar. In fact. I am seldom without something to Interest, amuse, or edify me. l'arrots, toucans, and scores of othor birds keep up a constant babel, and It is no louger such a novelty to mo to hear a gorilla near my fort. At night I frequently navo a leopard or bush cat visit me: It is then too dark to shoot them, but my Intorest Is contr s-s-stl s-s-stl Oh. the precious moment 1 I have just hadanew and grand experience. lam a trlfie nervous, but I must tell you. While writing the last few lines above, a large dog from tho mission camo to pay m a visit. He hns becomo at tached to me. and has learned the way to my retreat. Ho soon found a bone which I had thrown into tho bush, and began to gnaw with groat vigor. Within a fow feet of my cage Is a small, rough path cut through the bush to murk tho boundary of the mission lands. Suddenly there appeared on thoedgo of this path a huge female gorilla carrying a young ono on hor hack. Bbewae not moro than thirty feet from me when 1 first saw her. and her tread was bo stealthy thai I did not hoar the rustle of a leaf. Hhe peeped along thoedgo of tho bush with tho greatest caution, with her wholo attention fixed upon the dog. In a few moments sho advanced very softly toward him. with tho evident purpose of attack, until she was within a measured distance of eleven feot of mo without having observed my pres ence. I think. The dog was not aware of le-r approach, and she was now within fourteen feet of him. With my ritlo at my elbow I was prepared for a.Mli n in nu instant, as I did not want hor to kill the dog. As I cocked my gun shu stopped, sat down on tho ground for a few seconds, and gave mo such a look of scorn that I almost felt that I had dona wrong to Intorfore. She then turned away un easily and retraced her steps with moderate haste, but sho did not run or betray muoh sign of fear. In an instant she was lost in the bush, nnd not the faintest 60und was uttered. There were doubtless moro of them near by, as the natives say it is very rare to nnd ono fe male and babe alono. but so far as I could see sho was all alone, bho may have been a widow, and if ho, I should think her chances to re main so wore very lino, if beauty goes at par among hor beaux, for she certainly was ono ot th most hideous things I havo over seen. The temptation to shoot hor was almost too great to resist, and tho desire to capture the babe made it all tho more so. but I havo re frained, so fnr. from tiring ray gun anywhere near my case. I could have shot this ono to day with such ease and safety that I almost regret that I did not. but sho may return. I havo had the ploasuro this afternoon of hearing throo othors howling, ono of which appears to be a very large ono. f have been told that the gorilla builds a ''o.lo but or shelter la which he makes his home, but so far! have found no trace of any kind of structure built by him. nor can any native toll me wnero one can be found. I do not believe that he has tho most remote idea of a home. Ho Is nomadic In habit, and I doubt If ono ever spends two nights in the same placo. During the day he wanders about from place to placo In quest of food, nnd wherever night llnds him ho ro malns till morning. Uorlllas aro not noctur nal in habit, and the stories of their howl ing and talking all night aro not well founded. They do sometimes yell at night. I havo no doubt, out I think it is not common with them, but at the first sight of dawn they mako their presence know u. and noonowlll mlstnke tho causa of the sound. One morning about f o'clock 1 was startled from my sleep by ono of tho most terrific yells, within about one hundred feet of my cage. It was not simply ono great shout, but a long se ries of sounds of varying pitch and loudness, and at Intervals of Bomothlng like a min ute they wero repeated for nliout ten or twolvo times, and to my ear appeared to bo exactly tho same oaeh time I quietly turned out of bed and dressed mysolf: I took mv rifle and sat down, and wat'hod until long after sunrise, in tho hope that they would pass by my cage. All the sounds camo from ono direction until tho last two. which Indicated to mo that th.. author of them whs changing his location. My Interpretation of the sound wasithat It was from the king gorilla, to arouse his family, who were doubtless scatti rod off Into diiTorout 1 . .... for the night. Tho sound did not suggest to my mind any idea of fear, anger, or mirth, but blisinoss, and I am inclined to believe that tho chief of I lie clan summons all to tho march when ha thinks it limn to move. The succeed ing morning I heard tho .ame sounds repeated In another direction, and. 1 buspoct, by tho samn gorilla. The usual plotures of tho gorilla do not rep resent him ns I have seen him. Ho has not only a crouching habit, but ho walks on all four of his logs, and has tho motion of most quadruped, using his right arm aud loft log at the same tlmo. and alternate with the lelt arm ami right leg. it Is not exactly a walk or n trot, but a kind of ambling gait, whilo tho . in in i in, .' .. hi... urms us crutches, but lilts ono foot from tho ground n little in ad vance of the other. They do not plaoe tho iialm of tho hand on tho ground, but uso tho hack of the lingers from tho second joint, and nt times tho ono I havo de-eribod above seemed to touch only tho back ol the nails, but this was wlnn sho was scarcely moving at alL 1 .m now preparing to photograph some of them, and 1 Hunk 1 eun give a more roliabio picture than I havo yot seen. As to tho stories about tholr howling all night. I would add that there is a large bird here whl-h makes a Bound very much ilko ono sound made by the gorilla, and it is a very easy matter to mistake it; and when i flrt came 1 was often deceived by It uiysolf, but now I can detect It very, easily. This bird erics ut all hours, and I think it has imposed upon tho honest credulity of many strangers. li is said that at night tho king gorilla se lects a large trou In which ho places his fam ily, and then tales his pluon at tho baso of the tree to wind oil any harm during the night. I very much doubt this story. I think it qulto probable that tho gorillas .habit ually sloop In troos nt night, but from all 1 eau leurnof the king, ho looks after his own com fort and safoty first, and lets his family do a thoy can. I have also heard that tho king always finds a place of safety for Mem before he will attack a foe. but this Is not confirmed l.y any lad that I can obtain. 'I bo gorilla will avoid un attack unless surprised or woundod: then ho wastes no tune In formalities. Two stories of the gorilla aro in stereotype, and every native will furnish you with a certi fied copy, without the slightest variation of tho text. One is that v. lion a gorilla kills a man ho tears open the Proust and dunks tho blood of his victim; and the other, that a gorilla solzos the barrel of a gun and orushes ii Willi his teeth. The uniform version ol those two ttoriei is Midi n.. to make one bollovo that thev havo been taught Iv rote, and J urn In doubt ne 10 their uuth i-lnp Thoy havo a stioiig tin luru of the while man vain. Thu thrilling Moriim about gorillas stea.itig woiuoa un.l holding thorn as ciptne in tho bush, and of their takln : children nd holding for ransom, ur. mere t'eaksof fancy, and I can find no native of tho laud u which the go rilla U found who LsUarei that euch tiilog ever oeeufreil. but all assert that man, woman, and child fare alike in the hands ot this cruel boast Hueh stories abound where no gorillas wore ever seon, but when you got into his true range his real history loses much of Its peosy. Many of the stories told of hltn. however. In his own land, are novel and curious, but con flicting, and son.e of them ahsnrd: vet all agree In one respect, and that Is that his sav age Instincts and great strength mako him the terror of tha forest, and I havo no doubt that when ho Is In a rage ho Is both fierce and pow erful; but I am Mt ill inclined to I ellevo that both are rated tar above their true value, nn.l Itlsstatodas a current, fact that In combat with the clrlmpnnr.ee iho gorilla always gets whippod and olten killed. I cannot testify to this, as I have not soon such n tight, and thoy seldom occur, yet I havo reason lu bollovo it. I bave hoard a story of the origin of man and tho gorilla, which I shall relate as a queer lit ol natlvo lore. It is confined to tho Gal'd tribe, and appears to be of recent origin, and, to my mind, hasa strong Caucasian flavor; be sides, no vestige of such a tale is found in any olhertrlbo that 1 havo seen. Thev say that l.lnvamliie (Ciofil had four sons who lived with him in some aerial abode. and three (if them came t. the earth, leaving the . Most one with I iryainble. (in tlror ar rival hero they held a big 1 aliver as to what mode of life they should adopt. I he oldest of tho three wanted to build a town and plant somo fruit, but the other two p referred to llo In tho foiost and subsist upon tho wild products of nature. Ac cordingly thoy separated, nn.l the oldest went and built him a town and planted some bn nnnas and manioc, whilo the othor two roamed about through tho primeval hush and ato such wild fruits as thov could find, but they had no lire. Alter somo talk about tho matter It was agreed that the older of the two should go to tho brother lu the town and ask III in for lire, while the younger should lotunln In the bush nnd gather up sticks Of dry wood to bum. Tho one who had gouo to town s on returned with lire, and tho two got on quite well for a time, but wlionthe wet soas m enmo on thev found It more difficult to procure food, nn.l nt last It was decldod that llin elder Bhoula again visit tho town to ask their brother to supply them, and the younger should remain to keap Up the lire: but the youth went to sleep and lot It die out, so. when tho other rutin nod with food, they had no llro to cook It- This vexed tho elder voiy much, nnd a quarrel ensued, In coiiseiiueiiceor whl. h they separated. The youngest brother was left alono In the doop bush, nnd thus cut off, from all fellowship with his brethren he wnn dored about until ho became wild and fiorco. and for want of clothing was exposed to tho went hor until a coat of hair grew all over him. and In this wise came tho gorilla Into tho world. The next older brother, on leaving the ro mote foreet, took up his abode near the town, anrt by this means camo in contact at times with his brother In tho town, from whom ho learnud a few usolul things, anil thus became more wlso nnd civil than the one left In the bush; and from this one came the "buahman, whilo tho progeny of tho one who built tin town aro the people ot the world, ouch I the oiigln on earth of these three kindred races, as I 1.1 by the sages of I inlol. This novel has no woman in It; her oxlslonce remains a question In Gaiol. As a rule, tho natives do not eat the gorilla, and very seldom kill one. but this 1 attrlbuto more to fear than to respect. That great trine of cannibals known ns rangwo. however, slav and eat him without compunction. This tiiho was scarcity known on the coast n few yeais ago. but thoy are shifting like the dosert sands from tho interior, northeast of the Gaboon, to tho cast southwest, until to-day they are found throughout the valley of tho I 'g .we. nnd as far south as hello Kama, on the const. Thev are the Jews of West Africa, and the life and soul of tho trade of this part. They go into tho hush for Ivory, ebony, plassava. aiiddvo woods, and carry thmii for days to find sal.) lor them. They drink mu.li less rum than other native-, and deprecate slavery in all forms, oxcept ns hostage: but they are cruel, savage, aud treacherous, and hold llfo In small value. Up to this time I have not told you of the chimpanzee, which 1 have long believed to be tho social and mental superiors of tho gorilla. My opinion was based upon a study of thir skulls, and 1 was aware that manv great men of science held an opposite opinion: but all the evidence that I can find bore, where they are best known, tends to confirm mv belief. Every Instinct ol the gorilla seems to bo nverso to all human society, and he delights In a life of seclusion In the most remote and dvsolnto j. arts of the jungle; and I have never heard of but ono gorilla that became even tolerant to man, much less attached to him. nnd this ono was a mere Inlant- I have seen a few in captiv ity, but all of theni aro vicious, and devoid of any sense of gratitude Whatever. Un tho other hand, tho chimpanzee delights in tho society of man. and displays many good trnits; and it la not ot all rare to Un.l tamo ones on this coast, going about tho premises at large, and quite as much at homo as any resident; nnd with this short preface I desire to introduce my own young friend, who lives with me in my forest homo. Ho Is n line ineolmejjaot the chlmppnr.es race, and I call him .Motes, be cause ho was lound In a papyrus swamp of tho Ogowe- He Is devoted to rue, and cries nfter me llko a spoiled laby, and follows me liko a pot dog. I do not confine him, and bo goes about in the bush near the cage and selects some of the tender buds of young plants and vines, and returns to mo to he petted and caressed. He Is a great pleasure to me as Well as a great plague, for ho wants to hug mo a 11 the time, and never wants mo to put him down. About lu o'clock every day ho comos for a nap. and when I wrap him up and lay him on a t.ox by my side, heileoos quietly till noon. After a good sloop ho climbs on my lap and embraces mo with devotion, until 1 really tiro of him. Much of tho tlmo I write with him on my lap. and when 1 put him outside tho cage. he climbs up near me, un.l begs ami pulls my sleovo until 1 relont. and lot him como inshlo again. When I leave my cage I usually lake him with me. and when he sees me take my rllloho bogins to fret, until I let him mount my back, which ho does with groat skill, and hangs on to me liko the ivy to a church wall. A fow days since, as we wero i turning from a short tour, 1 sawa young chlm nco crossing the path about thirty yards Irom us. and I tried to Induce Moses to call bis little cousin: but ho declined, and I accused him of being proud bocause ho was mounted an-l tho other w as afoot, and henco ho would not speak to him. I am trying to teach Moses to spak English, but up to this tlmo have not succeeded. He tries to roovo his lips ns I do. but makes no bound. However, he hasonly been in school a very short term, ami I think he will loarn by and by. I am also tryln..' him on some simple problems with blocks, und sometimes I thlnlc he Is doing qulto woll. 1 am giving him somo lossons in cleanliness, and he listens with pro found siloneo to my precepts, but when it comes to taking a bath Moses is a rank here tic. Ho will allow his hands to bo washed, but when It conns to wetting his faco no login will convince him that ho needs It. He has a great horror for large bugs, and when ono comes near him ho will talk like a phonograph, and brush at it with his hands until ho gets rid of it. W hen ho sees or hears anything strange, ho nlwavs tolls mo in a low tone, unless It coatee too near, and thou ho announces it with a ell. At times I refuse to pay any attention to him, and ho will fall down, scream, and sulk liko a very naughty child. Ho is extremely jealous, and does not want any one to come near me. I havo made him a neat little house, with hammock and mosquito bar. and ut night 1 tuck bun In. and he sleeps quietly until lalo lu tho morning, when ho crawls out, rubbing his eyes, nnd wants his breakfast. lie wants to try every thing he sees ran eat 1 must now toll you of tho most novel nnd singular thing known of the chimpanzee, tho native name of which Is " N'tylgo" iVoheego . All natlvo tribes In this paitof Africa uso somo species of drum to mako the mu-le for their frequent dancus. Tho drum usod by the Vhami is called jVglWmi. and tho dance Is called Kanjo. The chimpanzees have a sim ilar fete, sot to similar music. Thoy meet in great numbers at a certain place m tho busn. nnd boat their Btrango turn turn, which the natives cull tho N'gilma N'tylgo. Tho per former makes a pocullar humming vocal sound while ho boats on bis mysterious drum with groat : "ill. durlug which time all the others go through a series of frnntio motion which resemble a dance, and which the nn tlvoscull tho Kanjo -N'tylgo. When the muiio ceases, the dance ends for the tunc, and all tho grout, join In a loud, wild shout. Altera brief pauso the daiico is resumed, and those fobthitios nre often continued for two or II i hours. At intervals the uiusl ian is relieved by nnot hoi ink ii. g his place, and tWO at a timo have been known to beat and hum. 1 huvo heard of this In many pails of frica with sumo blight changes of detail, lit havo as often been as-uied that It had dolled tho .i.lli of all woodsmen to escort In tho real charactoruf tho drum usod by ilium in this unlquo .N'kanju. homo assort that thoy I .at Up n a doad tree, others that thoy uso .1 encavo pi I of wood or bark, whilo Hoii.a cm. loud Hint they atilko tl.a l.roast with their ban. Is: but during my eojojrn hero I have been shown what 1 bell. no is tho gcu . in.. .N'gilma N't) Igo. H la a peculiar si ot prion reus eartu, of irregular shape, but usually about two feel lu diameter, and formed of day superimposed upon a soil resembling peat It appears to bo artificial, but thonutives cannot tell whether It is uatuial or made by tho N'tylgo, but it is I. inly certain that n la used by tho chimpanzee us described, and it Is not a bad imitation of tho native K'g.tm.i. 1 have examined ono of those with much care, and I um inclined to believe that u is artillcial, as U is isolated from all hlmllur clay, un.l ap pears to havo boon kneaded. I have, as yot. seen but few chimpanzees since 1 huvo tuken up my abodoat I ijrl U or Ilia, but I bopo to eiiioy i ono puv.itu interviews with them before I decamp. it isdilllcult foi mo to tell you what it is 1. 1 bo uhiiio in the bosun ol tho N'Kuinl forest. No fancy can portiay tho solitude of such a time and place, .lust now tho elements are In an angry mood; tho II. under rolls along the sky. until the earth recoils aud trembles at the sound: the wind shileks through tho ji.n . as if to find a refuge fiom imioi.din: wrath: the pouring rain pursues it with the snood of fear; the lightning waves Its torch, und glow ing chains of lire fall. Mich Is the win in which tile long and dreary nights approach my her milage. Aii. I yet 1 am content among the I s iii. ii shadows of the wilderness, lor i.a'uro make mo her confidant, and every hourd, vulges somo new secret ; and n.y cage alT. ids me such immunity it .on danger that 1 can sit quiescently and witness all her t pvite, a no eu ever witnessed th.'Ui befviw. A DOO TIBItT WlJIt COJfSKQVKKCB. Mr. Flolir'e !; leitlane'e oejslat aa Unofflelnl Doe llnvn a Tim-. RrrrfOtoWDi tad Aug. K -Although there Is a tax of $2 each on nil members of tho canlno family of the tender sex. and a tax of $1 each 00 all of tho sternor sox of that family In In diana, a trustworthy authority, though un official. asorts that Indiana ha moro dogs within hor borders than any othor State in tho Vnlon. With till assertion Is also coupled one that Aurora has moro dogs than any othor town of Its sizo In tho State. The Indiana dog enjoys a wondorf ul freedom. Thostrootsarohlsor hors at all hours, pro vided he or sho Is clad In a collar boariug the official stamp that he or sho Is tax-pabb Tho Indiana dog Is not subiectod to tho humiliating systom of muzzling. If the unofllclal dog bites on ho mnv bo killed and ho has no redress. Tho official dog may bite you If ho likes, and If j ou kill him you must settle with his ownor. Mr. Jacob ITohr, markod for reference by his townsmen as Jake. I a conspicuous citt ;:eo of Aurora. IIo is conspicuous chlofly be cause of his olnstlclty as a consumer of tho on llvonlng bevorage known lu tho category of Hooslordom as toar paunch, and for tho far sounding offorvoscence of his animal spirit WhSB tho properties of that beverage which liavo given It Its namo nre actively at Work w thin hltn. Sometimoago Mr. Flour had n falling out with Citizen Xeoc. ono of Aurora's chief men. The dlflloulty aroso over a differ OQee of opinion as tothovaluo of Mr. 1-lohr's services In tho mattor ot cleaning out a cow stable for Citizen Noes. Mr. I'lohr appraising it nt fifty cents, and Citizen Noos fixing upon twontv-flvo cent as a big outside viluo for the work. Mr. ITohr took tho proffored twenty live cents, but took it protesting!!-. Tho other day ho sn.l a very nolBy jag were promenading tho stroets of Aurora whon. in tho buslnos part of town, they camo faco to faco with Citi zen Noos. Thoy at onco tackled Citizen Noes and demanded tho twenty-five cents they claimed was duo on the stablo-cloaning job. The demand was rofusod. and Mr. I'lohr nnd the jag gave Citlzon Noes a thump lu tho nock. A scuffle Instantly followed between tho throo, and tho rumpus was ma.lo moro interesting by Citizen Noos's dog jumping In lo tho aid ot his master, llo barked and made a great fuss, and. although no other dogs wore In sight just then. In less than ton sc onds dogs were seon flurrying to th scene ol tho disturbance from all directions. One dog promptly pitched into Citizen Nceb's dog. and was immediately grabbed by another dog. This was tho signal for a gonoral freo dog fight, nnd in less tlmo than It tukos to tell It at least twenty dogs wore mixed ud lu a promiscuous battle, without ono of thorn having nay idea of what It was all about. Tho big dog fight took all intorest away front tho liltlo scrap botwecn citizen Neos and Mr. I'lohr and his jag. and it camo to a sudden end. In a very short tlmo tho stroet was near ly blocked by oxcltod pe .plo ot all slzos. ages, and sexes. Hocking to sen the dog fight. On one side of the stroet whore tho battle of town dogs was raging a I Ig crate of live chick ens Btood on the sidewalk In front of a meat market. Near by Btood Dr. Hall's familiar old horse and gig. waiting while the Doctor was making a call on a patient. Tho tide of battle finally surgod over against tho crate of chick ens, and as about twenty dogs hurled them selvos, yelping, snarling, snapping, and biting nt each other, against It. over it wont. There was no bottom to tho crate, and the frightened chickens rau. flew, and jumped away, helter skolter. in all directions, adding their Bquawls to tho general tumult. A few of tho dogs that had boon able to wrangle only on the outer edge of thought saw better inducements in tho escaped chickens, and gave quick and earnest chaso to tbem. Three dogs caught one chicken at once, aud tumbled with it right under the feet of Dr. Hall's old horso, and although he had never been known to do such n thing In all his life, the tumult beneath hlui was moro than IiIb equilibrium could stand, nnd bo started on a run down tho street Dr. Hall's each dog, being also old. bad lain on thogig soat asleep during all tho excitement, but whon bU life-long comrade, tho Doctor's horse, started to run away, he awoke, gazod on the unwonted spectacle of tho horso mov ing at that rate, without anv one to urge him. leaped from thogig. and followed the runaway at a gallop. Now, there had been a mad dog searo In tho vicinity a few days before, and a timid citizen, benjamin Smith by name, wus much worked up over it- On tho day of the dog light Brother Smith had come from a side street Into the main street just about tho time tho owner of the meat market. Bore over the escape of his chickens, had waded Into the dogs with a club and scattered them in all directions. Brother Smith heard the noise and saw tho dogs, one of which was tearing up thostre ttowar.l him. hurrving to escape sundry stones thnt woro being Bhiod in ins direction. Timid Mr. Smith made up his mind at once what the trouble was. and started back up the stroet like a wild man. yelling at the top of his voice: "Mud dog I Mad dog 1" Ho reached the corner of tho next street In his wild rush just ns Mrs. Davis was soming out of tho side street around tho corner push ing hor baby carriage which was loaded with ono threo-months-old baby and four pounds of boof. which Mrs. Davis hud just purchased for dinner. Hrother Smith collided with tho baby carriage, knocked it over Into tho gutter. and landed there himself among the baby, the bcof, and tho carriago fixings. He was up lu a second and away again, yelling "Mad dog '." at the top of bis lungs, and never stopping to see what damago had been done by the upset. Mrs. Davis saw tho dog coming up tho street. Sho grabbed hor screaming baby out of tho gutter, plunged through the adjacent door ol a lawyer's office, nnd fainted (.way. with the baby screaming in hor arms. The lawyer run out for holn just as the dog cam.) along, got a snill of Mrs. Davis's four pounds ot mef Intho gutter, snatched It up and How faster than ever ut. the bide stroot. whore he disappeared In nn alley. Meantime Dr. Hall's old horse had made tho circuit of tho town, turned into tho main fltroot some blocks above whero he hud started from, and was loping down the stroet toward that spot, with tho faithful coach dog bringing Ufi the rear, his tongue lolling nnd the moist uro of fatigue dropping from his mouth. Tho horse and tho dog wero approaching Deacon I'.rown's house ns lirother Smith ran by yelling "Mad Dug !" Tho Deacon was In his yard. and. looking up the street, saw the Doctor's horse running and the lolling coach dog altor It. "Goodness mo!" suld tho Deacon. ' The Doctor's dog has gono mnd, and is chasing the poor old horso to bite it!'' He ran In tho house and got his gun. He got into tho street bofoia tho horse and dog had i :. -.-I, nn.l. hurrying . ut. put tho gun almost against the pet innocent coach dog's head and blow its brains out. Dr. Hall came out to gut Into hi gig a fow minutes alter tho horse had run away with It. and on hearing the nstoiiudlng new started on a run in tho wnl.e of th j dorollct establish ment. Ho followed It ovor its entire course, and came In sight ot it us it was passing Dea con lirowu's lion-... and saw the Deacon go de liberately out and shoot tho coach dog down In cold blood. Ami no money eoulcl havo bought that dog. No explanation the Deacon could mako camo within u uillo of cooling tho Doctor's no. and the Deacon will havo to an swer in court for tho shooting of the Doctor's log. Airs. Davis camo to nil right In the lawyer's ofilco before tho lawyer got buck with help, nnd hns presented a bill to Hrother Smith for tho repairing of her baby carriago and for four pouuds of beef. Deueon Urowu charges Hrother Smith, also, with being re sponsible or the shooting of tho Doctor's dog. and will expect that timid and exoitablo citi zen to make good to him whatever ho may bave to pay the Doctor. Tho meat market man is trying to find out whether Uwai official dogs or unofficial dogs that got away with ton of his twelve chickens, so that ho cun collect Irom tluir owner If they were official, Of fill in m with bud If thoy were unofficial. ' And one of two things has got to lo dono,' he "urs, "and that . ratty doru KUddon. If wo don't want this town all upset again. We've either got to have a law piisbod that'll chain up our dogs and muzzle 'em, or elso wo must make up a purse of '-' ceuts nnd pay .lako 1 lolir that Noes claim, if we don't this town won t never bo sato to live in again." Mr. ilnrrrit'a dpcrlente aa a -, from 11,4 ifuri.ini, Ortuimiun. " The first time I was in I'oi tlaud." said The alrii ul Manager Henry c. Jarrett. " was in IrU'.i. I same around tho Horn trom New lork as supercargo ot three ships bound for snn ! raneisco. After we had discharged our car goes 1 had Mine, littlo leisure tlmo on my i, iei n ... I I ... n lu I,- I to iouio to tins coun try and lake a look ul it. 1 1 .ok passage on the Sea dull, one of tho very first steamers that ever cume up tho Columbia lliver. The bb.wit.g of tho whistle caused considerable fright among tho Indians along tho bank. I be ugh i up irom Sail iianclsco a hogshead ut sugar on speculation. When we lauded in l'oitian.lthuhogahend felloverbourd. but was soon fished out- The sugar was shout 160 pounds heavier aflor tho acoldent, but Isold it. water aud all, for lij cents a pound. The sugar cost me ill oents a pound 1 bought a largo lot of potatoes here by the bushel at a very low price, end sold them In San Irsmisco at ill a pound. 1 also t...k back with me four turkeys, and l"!d a sailor if he would hitch them up with atrluus und drive them through tho stroets of .m 1 rsqoisco and sell them ha c.-uld have I'S per oent. of the proceeds. IIo sold tho turkeys for J'.'i apiece to a coupb. ol restaurant-keepers, who wsnted the bird us an n I vei i issmouU 1 bu wus just buivlu I huat uu ... IbiU ' nntrr. Mirir, xirie rui.r m i.i.noo. At IIU Matera CommanS ne naatiaS ta t'erlata Deatk at the Itrnr'a ,1m,-. NonTHWOOD, Aug. 21. -Hoars have been seon around this eltloinent reoentlr. nnd Hill Har den hns been busy setting hi traps. The other day a lumberman coming through tho olghty-milo woods thought bo saw a bear caught fast In ono of these trnps near the edge of tho woods down by old Edwin Morris's cabin. A party of men wont up with guns, but the alleged boar proved ti bo a sbophor.l dog, who was whining with a broken log In tho trap. A bull it on. lod his misery. That lnoldent turno 1 tho convorsitlon of tho gossip nt the village storo that night upon tho subjoct ct boar nn 1 dogs. Aftor all tho old sett jars had rolatod their experlonces aud hnd advanood tholr thoorlea, a foroman of one of tho lumber camps fuilhir un tho WostC'an adn told this story : " ir you'll turn off to the rl-ht on the road to North lake, about ton mlloi from hore, you'll oomo across a groat boulder on the sido ot which Is marked: 'lleio lies Dawn, ngod ." yoxrs and 3 months. Ho was brave and true, and died In the performance ot his duty. This stono Is erected to nil memory by his sorrow ing mastsrs.' That stono marks tho gravo of ss faithful a dog as any man evor owned. Perhaps you won't bo ablo to road the writing on tho Btmo very easily, for It was put there a good many years ago and wasn't cut very deep, but It was plain onougli whon 1 saw It last, about ton yours ago. I was quite a youngster whon Dawn did. I lived on a little farm that father had cleared UD thoro. 1 hid a lot of brothers, and father nn I mother had to hustlo to get onough Tor us all to eat. lawn was our only pet IIo wns a chunky bulldog. IIo wus awfully ugly to look at. aud two of his tooth showed ovon when hi jaw woie shut tight, but ho was true as steel, and that good naturod wo could yank his tall, pound him with sticks and stones, and ram our flngors In his eyes, and ho wouldn't budge, but only grin ana wag his tall. "Well, ono day mother and I wore going through a littlo patch of woods when wo camo across the biggest bear I've evor seon in theso parts. Ho was poking his noso through tho bushes and didn't bco us until mother rolled, Thon ho lookod Up at us curiously and growlod. Most boars will run. you know, if they see anybody, but this fellow must havo boon in a bad humor, for ho just stood and lookod cross at us. I pi''kud up a stick and threw it nt him. thinking that would searo him. Tho stick struck hltn on the noso and seemed to mako him angry, for ho growled savagely. Mother was awfully scury for a woodman's wlfo. and sho just scroamod at the top ot nor voico and rushed for tho house. I was a pretty boll youngster, and atood my ground, tailing sassy to tho boar. Ho growlod again two or three times, but didn't make any move until ho heard a noise in the bushos. It was father and Dawn. Mother had told father I was being eaten up or soinothiiig. and he had grabbed his gun an 1 como ll.kety-spllt through tho woods, with Dawn right behind hlin. T'no boar must havo scented danger, for ho made lor one of the trees, nnd was crouching on one of the upper limbs when father and Dawn came in eight. " I pointed him out to father, and he bango 1 away at him. The llrst shot to .k offoct. for It tumbled him ovor. but in falling he caught a limb below and clung to it. Another shot made him let go again, but again ho caught a lower limb and held on. It took four shots to bring him to the nemnd. Ho landed in a heap, but got upon his hind foot at on-o and faced us. Ills mouth was open and his tongue rolling from side to side, whilo his eyes just blazed. Tho blood wus turning his cout rod. but ho wus angry olenn through and full of tight, " ' Daw n.' says father, ' take him.' "Dawn had boon lying at our feot growling all the time, but whon father said that ho rushed for tho boar with a will. Ho Was too cunning totncklo him In front, so lie rushed past him and jumped for his back. Ho landed right on the lack of his node and held on liko grim death. Tho bear grow led just onco. Then ho juit his big paw around and grabbed Dawn by the scruff of the neck, and pltohed him over Into the bushos ut least twenty foot away. Dawn wasn't hurt a bit, and was on his feet again in a minute. Ho lookod up at father, and I'll taKO my oath If there wasn't a look in his eye tl-.at Bald as plain as words. 'It's a bad business for poor Dawn, master, but I'm ready toobey Orders. Eat her didn't understand, and simply t. 1.1 Dawn to "Take him 'again. OUlck ns a wink Dawn was on the boar's neck again. Again the bear reached around with his big taw and pulled the dig away: but this tlmo ho didn't throw him. Instead, he brought him around in front and took him in both taws. Dawn struggled and enanpe I at the bear, but didn't wiilne or cry on e. The bear held him up to bis mouth and ran his teeth through his belly from head to tail, ll let the poor dog's vitals out as quick us If he'd been cut opou Willi a razor. Then tho tear dropped him and faced father again. It did look as If he was laughing at him. lather wns angry clean through then, and I. who hadn't boon a bit alarm. ! before, mst sat down and bawled over poor Dawn, lather pumped leal Into that bear as last as ho could work his gun. but it took sev.n more bullets t. finish him. We had his meat on our table for a week, but I wouldn't touch It. My brothers nnd 1 hurled Dawn nt Iho place whore ho was killed. o roiled the boulder a long distance to tho grave, and wo fixed up the Inscription from one wc saw on a tombstone over at Ninety-sis Corners. It took us a long time to cut It with our poor tools, but it was much longer before we got over grioviug over poor Dawn." l.USAR LOVEitS. Tbe Man la the Hum. lias a (Sweetheart. They have no eye for the romantic or beau tiful, those musty, fusty old astronomers from Cambridge to Sit, Hamilton, or elso thoy would days ago have Informed a delightful world All tl.o worla lov a lover thattheman In the moon has a sweetheart; is. In fact, a lovor. And thoy aro kissing thoro. too, thoBo lunar lovers, kissing In full view and are not oven blushing about it ' "air ' l2arkisiW V ' -' " f "" -' K.-V . - ,,.- ip -,...-' V-J' THi: MA IN TIIK MOON AMI Hl' RWEBTBEAST. There is no astronomer at hand to explain this, nor toll how long tho wholly dollghttul state of affairs Is to lust, so readors of To Si n should lose no tlmo In taking a view of tho moon, for the phenomenon may fudo from eight In a few days or nights. If you have strong, clear vision this interest ing couple may bo observed by tho unable. 1 ere. but tho outlines of tho visitor, tho beau tiful girl who has joined tho man In tho moon, can bo seen better, of course. II y u use a pair of opera glasses lu peej.lng at them, i on will sue iho man In the moon, rejuvenated, iuvig oruted. and gcnoinlly spi'iieoibup and Im proved, looking down, n't ut you, but at the face ol the pale, lair girl who Is to Iho right as you look, ber piolllo culling olT i ..n of bis full face, for hi r lips aro approaching i.i . Her sweetheart's the man lu tho uioon.ftn'l he ought lo bo ml,:hty glad to see her. for sho has not been up thoro tovi-lt bun since last September, nearly a v ear ago. Then, as now, thoy foil to kissing dirci I y thoy met, and then. as now, they aro luckier than any mortuls. for, so far as luuar observations purruit us to judge, there Is no one aiotiul to rnmlnd them that what they are doing lb wicked. Aud yot they uuuiii to be enjoying it. Cleveland's Team or Feminine l'reaehera. Jif. .1 tf-9 fA.eiJ.i lltxtt.L Ci.rvF.i.sNU. Ami- Ml MISS Munlock nn 1 Miss liu k, who have been called to the pulpit of Unity i lunch, have arrived 111 Cleveland. Whon asked how Soon they expocle I to begin work In this city they haul their Intention w ll to I., nl.e in, ir 111 -i in. p. .nan eo I. ,".c ii i in the pulpit about Slid. 1. "We have never preached togoth -r as yet." sail Mis Murdo k. "but we bave studied to. gether fi r a ioiu time.. We iu-t back from England, where we Lave l.eeu taking a course oTetu. lies at Oxford, let re -'..ppm.: In Cleveland, how. vi, wo visit, 1 the S.uids Fair, We are tiers now for tlio puri ate ot re ceivlng suggest! his Iroin th. i Hoard ut Trus tee. We shell pi ot... i 1 1 appear in tho pulpit together not alternating, a touio t cople bat o u ix,"t .j. I us to du ' CASTIXQ OCT DF.ritS. Row It I Dow, FVorn tht Fiffnrn Tho possessed woman of Olf Is cured now, n tby tho doctors, who woro unnbloto do any thing for her, but 1 y tho UlSotogloal science of the cur6 of the i-orlsh aud the firmness ot Monslgnor Ooux. Hishop of Versailles, which shows that eSOJeJAfn has Its reasons for ox Istence and thai "possession" Is as real as hystotla. As a mattor of fad. tho Churoh has nrvor laid down hor arms In tho prosanco of the devils. Thoro nro four prlncirul signs through which Ih.' possessod ono Is tecognizod. I. No known remedy rolieves him. II. Ho speaks of Inci dents and facts beyond his naturnl reach and which nobody hns rovoale.l to him. 111. Ho forotolls ovonts an 1 stioaks soveral languages unknown to him before his affliction. IV. In tho presence or a priest and at sacred cere mor.le i he tremble, suffers pain, writhes, aud lla'-phomes. The Calhollo prlosts, nn.l especially tho Dominicans, have from awav back luactls. .1 exorcism. According to the ennen the exor cist belongs to one ot the minor orders which P'-ocodo tho priesthood. Ho must bo humble or heart In his ministry, and. If he operate with any thought of display, be risks for him self t no contagion of tho evil spirits that Btlll romnin to bo east out. Ordinarily the ceremony takes place In tho church. In tho presence of tho faithful as sembled at praver. particularly at the feasts of tho Nativity, of the 11. surrcctlon. of tho As eension. of lontacost. of tho Irgm Mary, and of the Apostles. Aftor the morning mass, to which tho possessed ono assists, the exorcist puts on tho suipllce, and assists the priest who puts on the wolet-colorod cope, the symbol of the pains of purgatory. Iho patient who has confessed then npproaches. A stolo Is passed around his neck otlo the devils thnt havo becomo tho lunstors of his body, Thon the sign of tho cross Is mado upon him, and he Is sprinkled with holy water. In Latin ttio devil Is commanded to toll his namo. to say whother or not ho I nlono, nn.l why he Is thore. finally ho is ordered to do part. Tho conjuration In any other language, and especially In Hebrew, is useless. Hebrew Is resorvod for Satan himself. Tho Ftageilum auanonunx contains the most comploto formulas of exorcism, o mslstlrig of well-known prayers mingled with tho most ancient and tho utrangest appollatlons of Cod, such as (ih, Adonal I'etragrammaton.and oth ers, which come in part from Chaldea, from I'll rnoeia, and from dreeco. The words aro lu t posed to possess In themselves a certain rower of evocation of celestial virtues which torrify the infernal legions. Tho words ot Christ, according to Snlnt Matthow. I, ''. If. aro the most in use to drive out evil spirits. If the demon does not retire immediately, tho exorcist takes n painted linage represent ing htm and throws it Into the consocrated lira along with lnconso. rue. and sulphur with strong mystic odors. Intending to prove by this net that he will send the evil spirit back Into his natural eloment, hell. This done, ho places upon tho head of the possessod one the Hook, the Holies, tho Crucifix, and sometimes even tho Host, the last and invincible remedy. Ac cording to tho authority ot certain demono graphs. the devil then comos out through tho noso of tho p at lent. In tho ancient monasteries they mado tho exorcist curry upon his person cortalnamulots containing protective formulas. Sometimes those formulas, written upon pieces of parch ment, woro swallowed. In tho process of di gestion tho exorcism, was accomplished with out fatigue. In our days ovorolsm has taken refuge In In Trappe. Tho clergy aro somewhat averse to it. while at the same timo thoy do not refuse to rulmit it. The man win. breaks tho spells Is very old. Hut Iho devils cast out by tho good monks am reduced to tho tormonting of ani mals. I'lgs aro their favorites. Thon tho old spoil smasher whips them with beads and sprinkles them with holy water, and the pigs recover and become happy, because tho devils go away. Mr. J. K. Huvsmans has been oHo to speak dc vim of tho power of demons and the elll oacity of exorcisms. Moreover tho eminent writer was woll acquainted with one of tho most learned demonographers of his timo. tho AbbS I'ouUan. who ran through hell in his barefoot, nnd holding tho host in his hands Either at tho Church of Sanetot or the Church of Sennevlll... I received this curious document from M. dilbert Augustln Thierry, tho author of f'i.' Ame en Peine, the euro of Petites-Dalles, In curing the p, ssessod says a special muss, called the "red mass" or "mass of tho martv is." Hod llowors aro placed upon tho altar, and tho priest wears a rod stole. The church is draped In purple. But, stranger still, a few years ago tho wife of the editor of u leading Catholic journal In Paris being tr uhled by evil spirits, witnessed the death of the Dominican priest who was en deavoring to exorcise hi r, and who wns unable to guard himself against tho forces with which ho wus contending. HOW 1IEI.EX KSLZSH WAS TAUQI1T. etomethlns; of the Method Kxplalned by Her TlrcleeM Inefriietresa. Fycn Or iffinjlit Aj l-jicitonch: Tho most Interesting foaturo of tho Educa tional Congress was tl:o appearance of Helen Keller, under tho kind and skilful guidance of MIbs Annie M. Sullivan, her teacher. When a babo Helen Kellor became Mind, deaf, and dumb. When Miss Sulllvun, a young woman of unusual beauty of form and feature, stood before the au. Memo bosl.lo a girl. who. excopt for the sad sign of blindnoBs in the largo eyes, gavo proraiso of still greater beauty, hor faco glistening with a ruiture that painters try to express in the ecstacy of angels, hearts soemod to stand still, it wus a faco that had never consciously looked on the distortions of passion or pain; tho mirror of a soul that could not imagine tho outward appearance of Bin nor re mem born ny of tho dis cords ot life. In ber presence it wns hard to apprehend the fact that her world lay within ours, without sun. music or speech. No one who saw it will forg.-t tho impulsive fluttering of her yo.uig. white hand us it sought her teacher s faco or round, white throat; the sat isfaction when tho contact ot hor dollcnto white linger tips gave hor what sight gives us; tho flash of light over her face when, with hor forefinger resting on liorteacher's lip. she road the answer to tho question Bhe had asked by the twinkling digital movements in her teach er s palm. There were those who wept when she repeated audibly, with u depth of feeling sho alono can feel; Tetl me net tn mournful numbers I.tli) in but an euq.ty areata All woro invltod to ask questions, yet not ninny. lid so: tho occasion seemed sacred. "How did you teach hor the first word?" somo ouovonturod at last. " Her first word was 'doll.' " was tho answer. "I guvo her tbe doll, placed hor linger on my lip. nnd spoko the word. When sho wearied of tbedoll I took it from her. und when 1 returned it again gave tho movement of tho lip. Tho eo -olid word wa 'mug.' I used the cup from which sho drank, but becomo convinced that sho hud not a clear idea of tho liumo, but that It mount tohor also water or drink; so I ono day took ber to the pump, and as tho water was flowing into her cup. had her hold her band In tho stream, and then putting ber finger on my lip gavo her the word 'water;' th n I again gavo her tho word 'mug.' The idea that everything lmd a name, the comprehension of nouns, was u great revelation to hor and camo thon and nil ut onco. sho was greatly excite. 1. A nurse, with tho baby sister In her arms, was standing near. Helen Immediately put her hand on, its faco to know Its namo. 1 told her baby.' and sho caught it at once. Then she sto. .pod down and patted the ground to know what It was cm ... I. She learned many words tnnt day, and thoso words sho never forgot" "How so. n after sho lou rued words did she frame -entencesV" ''Immediately." "Woro verbs harder to learn tbnn nouns ?" "Not nt all. I began with such words as nit.' 'stund.'and tho like that were easy to illustrate, 'repositions trouble her most "How does sho get un Idea of the abstract?" "1 canuot telL It BeumB to be with her or It comes." "Has she ony distinguishing sense of mul eal ibiRtion r" " Vos. veiy distinct. Sho like music. "Is her vocabulary largo." "Very largo. Sho expresses' her6olf fluently and Is choice of w.rds.' "What books docs sho llko boat?'' Kvoty now ami then lb" white fingers flut tered to the teacher'), liuo for just one delicate 1 touch a linger look it was -and now thoy tested un Miss Sullivan's lip; "loll tho people-whut books you liko best?" Helen's face was an open book of her mental 1 processes. Mie repeated each word after Ml-s Sullivan, but hot Hated a little ou the words "tell" and "y.ui." the 1 Tightness of her fuco dimming for I hu Instant, As uon as she com prehended tlio question, which sho did In ad vance of Its completion, tho flush of Intelli gence enmo. and when she turned toward tho audi. i.e. f r she did not seem at any tlmo to lose her location, sho said with spirit: "(ih. 1 have lead so much thai It is very bard b . ay what 1 like best, but" waiting a moment 'l.llllo Lord luuntloroy' " and then followed luridly iho names of several vv iks. Boiiie of whl. li. It would seom, could hardly bo understood by any one who cannot kn w s iUiid mid color. " How do you r.'ii I " "by raised ' tieis nn.l by my teacher- " 1 noticed w lion y.ai 1 loiioiincod for her you nr.icula'ud with an e .vug. orated aiolion .f the lips.'' smd otic. " Is ii ; 1 1 at n.ei ssui y ;" " Her ' aching was I eg. in in that wav. I do not think it is ne .--a. y or best. 1 aitiitiito tii . I ... ill iriiy of he. v... o lo that i. uehauicul a. 1 1 n which htf USe. I ll.iuk it would ba... i ... n better aipi I juat as easy it sin hu l been I SPOkell to Will ll" usual ill o vein. Ill " tu leply to tbe iu slion of i.ei knowledge of ttio abstract. (Ion I uton i-markud that tho great.st development in tbe cube ill Uolvu , . kellvr Wb that ol tut epjjltiul, a H T-,-: SftfaoMijyorftAjftjEwwff .c - :v r.jSfcjfcjiai- faaamJeMeaiVselenJPSJJea 7 : IFIl BTAXa BY Till! I'T.ATFOHM. B imps Ames t'nmmlnc'a Mpleaitld SATiiralBB ta the I BH Sonth on the Question or Kree Blrtrer I '''"' Kg ;'?.? Mr. Cuur-iit; :-. Mr. Speaker, first I desire IS KjlF jj thank my colleagues Mo-srs. bitch and CO" I kS vert for Iholr kindness la reserving ton mln- I ?S ulos r f their timo for ice. -fiSz Sir. I reeognb-.o tho fact (hat Iho people ot Nll this country demand action nnd not talk. I I "158 bad not lntonlod to (resp.iss upon thelndnl I rip? gcne.f the II. ..isi until I heard the arraign- Is WhM ment of tho New York Democracy by the gen HK BR tleman from Mississippi Mr. Stockdalel night I before last. Tho New York Domocraoy nee4 no vindication. Their fealty to the party li S proverbial. Hut the Southern Democracy netst vindication beforo tho poorlo whon they a I ralgntbo Now York Democracy for their sup- J port of ftrovor clovelun.l In (his House. Mr. Spoakor, Ireprosent a district In whieh thoro aro very few banks fowor, porhaps, than In any other Con gros- lonal district In the) fl I'nlted Blatos. I represent one of the oontrM of tho teeming and tolling millions of New H York. It has in someof Its proclncts whatyom HI . find nowhere elso on the faco of the earth, e ( population at a ratio of a million to the eqnare) HH mile. Nofannerin thelnnd. howovor poor. lire) JgS In tho equnlora n.l tho misery of someof thee ; men. (iverC.Oiio working men and women era IsBfl crowded ln(o ono block. 8omo of thom have MSil raised tho black Hag not tho red flag with 4 1 ajjeli tho yellow flag In the offing nt Quarantine. It i has been in. 1 lie. 1 u ith tho word. "Work e (j; flH broad." j H In standing hero nnd speaking to this Houea ih Bl I roprosent that cry for bread, for work. Th Sa i only work thoso peoplo can got Is trom the i r iBsl manufacturers and merchants of New York aafl city, and they toll tnotn thoy cannot give them 1 ' IbH wotk until this purchasing clause of the Bher- H man law is repealed. I'rnsldont Cleveland, ia j LB consonance with the plain letter of the na- JVI tlonal Democratic i, at form, has asked for its '.. HH repeal, and tho New lork Domocraoy unanl- BeH mously sustains hlui In his rciuost. This I ' , kfeS the sole hoad and front ot their offending. M Applause.! ... "!.''. H Hut. sir. I return to tho arraignment of the , ;'., t M distinguished gentleman from Mississippi, -i . fesH burn and i eared in the llopnblioan Stato of ,)$-. , HB Pennsylvania. I ut representing a Mississippi .. HH district. Sir. the country Is suffering in mora H sbsh senses than one. It seems to be suflerlnsT Yv- bHI fnm a fearful surplus of statesmen and from ivK BH n dearth of politicians. lApnlauso.) The gen- ...fjjt BH tleman from Mississippi went back to. the N . tt)SH (In. .,ig,. Convention lu bis assault upon the . sS9 Now lork Democracy. I nm loth to follow lu ii BtH his footsteps, but justice to tho New York De- -vi,t tjHB moeracy. in my opinion, demands it He said iilo. sbsbsts that two-thirds of the votes from the South I aas! w.ro givon for tho nomination of (Irovor ; PHii ( lowland at Chicago. Ho might havo made It : pffiP four-fifths, and still havo boon within the I Ui'-vse limits of truth. 1 1 Theso votes were cast In (ho face of letters SBH from (.rover Cleveland defining unqualifiedly .V HeHl ids attitude upon the propositions beforo tha Lflif' ' . House. Applause.! I will not uuote them. ; Vou all recoguize thorn. You men ol the South have ears to hear and ; kSbe eves (o see. Y'..u have at least common school jgt oSBl educations. You understand (irovor Clove- fjjf EBB li.n I's attitude. No man. friend or foe. ha ulW iQJgsg' .... accused him of being untrue to hie eon- H HH vletions. Ho is as firm here as tho rock of B . i:;jM Gibraltar. He abates not a jot or n tittle of I v ' . iBjirg thom. Vet. sir. lu tho face of a repootod pro- I iSSa test of iho New York Democracy, over two- I .. thirds of tho Southern delegates to that Con- EH I vention forced Mr. (lovolanu's nomination for rajS (ho 1'residoncy; Missouri voted solidly for j nH lcm. Arkanias voted bolidly for him, and ! HE other Southern States In duo proportion. r I A committee sent Irom tho New York dolega- ,I8J SlB tlon tried lu vain lo obtain a hearing from the MB Arkansas delegation, and on that committee, s I - B9Bi sir. wero two delegates who bad voted for free EHH siivcr n the I I'lj -ilr.ss Congress to preserve) DOME s 3 tho South from the horrors of a Force bill. I iHaE lApplli l-e.l QjUMI Now, sir. tho tlmo for theso gentlemen from Ml rtJBrRH the South b. entor their protest was thon, not fUSSS to-day. IGroot applause 1 Tho lime (or you rejg'Wsi men from Miss uri to Buy thai . u would do- . .(AevJ sort tho stau. lurd ol tho Democracy unless lroe JB coinage was accepted was then, not to-day. 4Hsl The New York iJemocrn y, sir, b wed hum- SJ bly totlm will of thai Convention. Thoy loyally ' jSH accepted its can. iidato und its platform. 'J her faBai did more. 1 say to you men of the South here ; 9HB to-day. that It was their vote that gavo you tha JK BHJ nlank for tarilT for revenue only. lApplause. 1H9I They have never deserted the South In her ' HBB hours ol trial. They stood by hor years agoeven BHI to Iho brink of rebellion, and they wero anion; i iHI the first to extend the right hand of fellowship BB after the war. They stood by you Is crucial iiiMr M9 moments In the Fifty-first Congress: but they ' HB will not st in.i by any man in a treasonable at- t HH titudo toward tho Demo 'ratio party. Common, I ' sJ honor, let alone chivalry, re.juiros that thev ft BhB South shnll not desert them after planing them UM in tho situation which they occupy to-day. lH : A pi. la isc Y'o aro supporting your candidate) ! I tB nnd your I'm lent honestly, loyally, and I ( afl proudly. We merit pruise, not denunciation. f fl Bonowod applause. . 'r-"- ' I will except one Southern State from the f H list. Mr. .leaker the i lu.-kv little Common- ' ' HHfl wealth ot South Carolina. Her delegates at i Chicago, nppati. ntly awake to tho realities of i HHs) tho situation, cust everv vote but one against iHSBf BBfl the nomination of Mr. ( lovelnnl. South Caro- iHH Una in this House to-day occupies the earn aflV Hfll nttitudo. All but one of hor ropresentativee lu i HHL) this Congress refuse to accept tho recornmen- j H88 dation of the President's message. BflB Hut. sir. (ho Now York Deinocrnor obeyed I BHB the mauiluto of tho Chicago Couventlon. They 1 Be jjggBMB went to (ho front in lino of battle. They led a I SSIeS chargo liko that of MacDonald at Wagram. H8H Thoy pureed the enemy's centre, and tho I Democrats of tho West and South closed In upon Us Hanks and routed them. Sir, theNew York Democracy to-day stands by tho pledges j that she made at Chicago. She accepted not I only tho nominee, hut tne platform, and . The Si eakor pro tern. .Mr Urookeblre In the) j chain The time of thogcntleman baa expired. Jjd Mr. Kyle I object to tho extension of time. Mr. Cummlngs Air. sjieaker. mark that a I di-tinguishe.i gentleman from Mississippi I ,JB mado this unprovoked attack on the New lta York Demoer.cy, and a gentleman from Mis sissippi (Mr. kylc onjoots to any reply. -i. Mr. Turner- i will yield to the gentleman the three minutes ho deblres. ICriee of I "(iood'" and applause. Mr. Cummlngs I heartily thank the gentle- Mt Hfll man from lieorgln. Now. Mr. speaker. I want Smt HnB to say (hat Nowork. in accepting the noni- j HHfl inoo. accepted tho platform. Mie stands by j eflB9 its loltorand its law. and sho finds no "glitter- h1'jjl lng catchwords" in its construction, Bhe W jESSJjjjjs stands by tho nominee und platform. What is J iiigiSi the platform I Did it do dare fn lavor of there- itAJ JH&BaB peal of the Shorman a t, with fron coinage BHsl at ICto 1 or 17 to 1. or anv other ratio' No. lUHfl sir. Then, why Is It that gentlemen here who M 9HB advooato this quallllc ition of tho President's BHI recommendation, under a threat of betrayal HH of tho party, are to.luy accusing Now Yorg BHl Democrats of repudiating (ho platform? 8H9 Mr. li .in "i Hi. mil... you would not agree) MH to give us fron coinage at any ratio. H Mr. Cuuimiiigs Tho National Dnmooratle HhB Convention refused y. .ii. and wo humbly bow HH1 to thu will of tho Convention. You voursolvea HB are tho repudiators of the work of the Conven- Jl. j BBI Hon nnd not tic New York Democracy, you i flaT . yourselves are confessedly responsible for tbe wKhS selection of the President ol the I'nlted States, ixgijajg and V u yourselves, in view ot his letters be- fl v 3 tsfsS foro tho nomination ..u.iht to havo the man- SeffiH liuess and (ho common honesty to stand by iTSBEfl the Democracy of New lork in carrying out JIMM his recommendations. Wo aceo.tod your BHBI choice, im.l you ought to stand by It. Loud HaH npiiauso.l BI Mr. Houtner- After you have got on tho plat- , .. BiHl Mr. Cummlngu Aro you on (ho platform, my HBH ml Bflfl think QH H Mr. Cummlngs -Can you show where tha H platform doehues for the free coinage of silver , BflflB I iajfl Mr. l'.oatnor-; hecausoyou are all ngalnit I H freo coinage, and will not give us freo coinage I HH at any ratio. ... afl Mr. (unimtngS'We stand by the platform. H but you tire tp.t willing to trust the I'resldeu HIH you selected In tiio faco ol the protest ot the BM New York Democracy. Wo trust him. iou do B M Ih nn. honorublo i Mr. I think the flflg K1 Southern Democracy, who nfter reading the m Newl.uk Democracy a less n. nm teaching Hi H i lu-. i. .:, the lussoii they aro learning to- Jl )H day. B i Mi Rontnoi will try to give you a better Bfl one next tune, iliughtor.l SJjW fflj Ml. i iniiigs IIo is u poor doctor who re- ) fuses his own medicine. Tako It like men. I flH stand by sour party. Never desert your ool- bbjj ors. The geiiileiuiiii from MlBsourl (Mr. Hatch) bud something to say about sand. Save your I sand. Cou noed moro of it. 1 ollow the exam- HHB I lo of the engineer, and i ray for It. Don't got HHH up hero, a we have soon houlhorn Democrats HHB do. day nfter .lay and night after night, fllfl Coached by guerillas fl un Colorndonnd Pop- HHH ubst jayl.iiwiioib Ir. in i.aiisus. arraigning and HHH condemning the Democriitlu 1'ienldent of the ! I luted -tiles for standing by tho people un I tho i i. i . ol the national Domocraoy In II HHH convention assembled I olid applause. HHH Stun. I thnNevv V rk Democracy a the New , HHH I York Demo racy stands by yoin President nnd mat 1 II . Ire-1. lent and our I lesn lent, and the black IBH flflfl finan. ial . loud will soon roll iwsy and the na- I J tlon resutue the road tu prosperity. HHH Hero Mr. eu, un,. tu :s -. in . u . pi rod. BflHI A lllliiilou- lliu.o. .4gMpP . ,-,.,;.).".. 'I I Charley Poyd of Crave c ur Lake claim i'-t&s&sffi th it lie owns 'hi fli.inii.li.il beer nnd whiskey 'MgBjji .liin.in bin ro in lb,, wo 1 1.1. I he animal is i 'WlmS years u I and I v. i .-mall. V. hull pet luitted. IggqjflpgBn 1 li . ter the bnn in .not walk . up tu the bar PflsHl nnd iik is i in v I'b as inn. b e .i .. and pleas- gjjJaBU in,. . lo I be o blest patrons .1 I he place. One fl i d ;,.-: ek ll .1. i' k ill , gi ih- - ot beer auu M i. nie.'i 1 i d" le f.-r more, and did not jcpli show ani evidences of drui.keiine. una 'MMzBsm alternoou it .li ink llfteen glusseaof boor and T-lr two on, His .d whl key, a tor which it went "'filler 1hp 'W JWj