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SSr I r I 9H 9HH HHHHH SHBHHnHMHli H Hl I!W1 I BB mm bsBSbBBWI H - hhhhI HW8SI 9H H ,"
THE StTN SUNDAY, AUGUST J27, 1893. ' "
Among the Gorillas.
i:v it li. (iAltNER.
letter ot "Th RpMh of Menksyi," A
I n ij; MM 'i I.. .' Oarvtr. M IHgtitt ltrrr4.
After a 1 IBB voyage f thirty-Mi dare from
fngUnd I arrlvod In Gaboon, the capital of
the iron !i Congo, whore I wa kindly re
ceived I " t lio Ciovornor and others, and ns
,,ri o( u'iy aid tliat theyconhl ronder mo.
ThCH mnnltt'nteil great Interest In mi work
si, 1 anxiety for its success.
pu-. . g my 'ay of soma week there I ao
snlrod much Information of great value t.s
ma ,1 mt the distribution of various trlbo,
4n nil o ol lb apes. In tho monn time I raid
B vi,it totho hlng of tho M'pongw.1) people. In
h s country called Dennl. lying on tho south
s Me of the liaboon Hirer. The name of the
Kim: I' Adsndo Ilopontjombo. which moans
the s D of ilopontjombo. who was Kins when
Tniil du I haillu was In Africa.
The dignity of King In Africa does not rank
With such a title In Europe. Hore his powors
ro I 'Ut little superior to those of any other
native lie works, hunts, loiifs. boss, and lies
li. M as others do. I must make an exception
of tl.n King of Donnl. who Is by far the best of
all the royal Africans I have met. much of
which I ! due to a good education and his con
tact with whlto men. King Adandd Is an In
talllgont man, and well Informed on many
Subjects. Ho reads, writes, and speaks Eng
lish and 1 ronoh.
A visit to tho Kins her is not a matter of
lueh pomp and ceremony as such a visit to the
ovorelgn of Great Hrltaln. but to me It was
novel nnd full of deop Intorest.
leaving Gaboon near tho boglnnlng of the
year I came to this section, known as Fornan
Ya&butby tho natives called KllQeN'KamL
The country to which Oils name bolonas ex
tras from about 1 south latitude to about
l"4.'i south along the coast, and thonoo to
ward tho Intorior about throe or four days'
journey up tho ltombo K'Kami. embracing the
greit luko and surrounding country: and this
is tho ti no habitat of tho gorilla, which Gie na
tives called N'jlna (N'geena).
After arranging hore for a aojourn of a few
months. I placod the most of my heavy effects
In tho custody of Stc. Anno Mission, and began
ajournoy up the Ogowe. I procooded as far
s N'djolo. which is about two hundred and
twenty mllos from tho coast Along the way
I mndo many Inquiries about the gorilla, but
elicited little information of any value. At a
village called Oulmbluna. near an outlet of a
lake called Kzhangn. a native offored me qulto
a fine skull of a gorilla in exchange for rum or
tobacco, but not having either of these cur
rent articles of trade. I could not make the
purchase. The animal had been killed
near Lake Ezhanga. which lies on the
south side of the Ogowe, and about
four days from the coast. At Lam
larenu, about one day higher up tho
river. I was presented with a One skull from
near that same lake. At N'djolo, I was assured
that five gorillas had been aeen near there
only a fow weeks before my visit, and that
two natlvo Pangwc had been killed by them
on tho south side of the river. But it is very
rare that one is ever seen so far away from the
ei ast. I did not hoar of one on the north side
of the river, and the natives all along told me
that they were all on the south side.
On my return I went Into the Lake Ezhanga
country, whero I had beard they wero abun
dant, but on reaching the south side of the lake
I was told that they lived farawaylnthe bash,
but that ten boys and a canon could take me
in one day to the very spot where schools of
them revel all the day and howl most of the
night; but I didn't go.
I must digress for a moment to tell you what
a superb lake the Ezhanga is, dotted with
Islands, among which are some perfect gems
of wild and varied beauty. It Is a sublime
panorama. Down to the very edge of the water
hang perfect walls of trailing vines and ween
ing trees, which look like the ivy-clad ruins of
mediaeval Englsmd. Towers of green, of every
shade the most vivid fancy can deplot: crum
bling turrets and broken arches, hung with
garlands of flowers. Here are aome of the
most brilliant flower and gorgeous follago I
have yet seon In this tropical land. la
one part of the lake Is a vast archi
pelago, which forms a glgantio labyrinth
of covos and grottos. At places the
boughs from island to Island almost meet
overhead, forming a grand archway of varied
green set with tho jewels of the floral queon.
which looks as though Dame Nature and her
mahls had decked It for their own triumphal
arch. Within the deep and solemn shadows
of these sylvan naves no sunbeams kiss the
limpid waters, and not a voice disturbs their
quiet, save tho harsh scream of tho eagle or
the wall of the lone ibis. Now and then is
6een some bird with plumage of most brilliant
tint, which looks as if his costume wero de
signed for such a place, and here and there
the Ash disport in some retired nook.
When onoe this fairyland Is passod the
Waters broaden to an Inland sea. with only a
few Islands of a larger sizo. Home of these aro
skirted with wide bands of grass, sometimes
sweeping away into a long vista between the
troos. spreading out its green lap. in which is
nursed a solitary hut, which foods the herds of
hippopotami that lead a life of idle luxury
along these fertile shores and In tho lonely
Waters of this sea of dreams.
Coming on down the Ogowe I spent four
i.ii in a native village of the Orungo tribe.
The town is called M' biro, but I do not know
wnatthe name signifies, unless it is mud, I
was kindly treated by the people, who de
Ughted in hearing some of the wundors of my
country, The old King was delighted at my
efforts to speak a fow phrases of his language,
aud vowed that nothing oxcept a former be
trothnl rostralnod him from offering me his
daughter for a wife, to go with mo to my coun
try and sea hoiiiu of the things of Which I had
told iii':. At this place I was again assured
that tho gorilla lived south of the river.
My next point was Kernan Vaz. which I
reached In two ilayH' journey along tho Jimbo
giiuhi, ouu if the most beautiful rivers one
can Imagine. It Is bordered with myriads of
stately palms, bamboos, and ferns, relieved by
vinos, orchids, and flowers. Hero the monkey
re els in tho plenitude of wild fruits, and the
limvisant llnds .. safe retreat from crafty
Woodsmen, while birds of divers kinds Invoke
the si irll of natuin with the voico of song-
Ui roachlng Mo. Ai.no I selected a sito for
my page and oracled It at ones, It is located
In the In an of the jungle, a trills moro than a
mile from any human huMtiition. and I named
ItJort Ciorllle. It Is in a spot where nothing
but tho demons of tl.o bush have uuy
Wuo to coino. It was near a grove of plan
tain., on Which tho g n!la feasts with tho
k u-toot iti imitur meii ber of the Gourmand
l lib. He doe not .,,r h ,,., ,or ,M0 IM1t,
1'i.il i ,'l"' '"'''er loan of tho young
till.. .n '. , ,'." '''"'"' ""' ,ll"", '""' eftls
Willi an appetite oeullar to his ra.-o
iiuforomy. ago was quite In order to receive.
I had liirflrat call from a young gorilla. Who
Mine within about ten ,,.i- M ff?o irtat
d,T",".'i'U,h l,UJ af ',"'" ;!' " hand but
Hid Dot lire at him. as del red to have him
'all again and bring hi- InniuU. o didn't
airy long .but burned ir ;, the bu.h M
though ho had something t. ti ..
Hi.- third day alter mi c mo was romnloto a
ami yofte,, gorillas ..,.. .,,,,, ..,. , ? 'th
SS?mHfS!,?S! bflonging to tin niithlon oml
Imt more than twoliuudrod i.u-.ls from ih..
housu. A small iia.lvo boj waswItliWiaS
twenty yards of thorn when tin-. ,, ..-"., tlio
POth in trout of him. Within a lewminubei
1 win notified of tho fact, an I i ... k , ,, " nnd
ol . .y..! ,i,em Into tjiohush n.til io, h, a
trail. A few hours later lhy wsr. tiei again
'' tut ir.llv.is. not faraway 1, ,,lly,.ui,
u ley nil not call on at! tbn5 9fr.
' t. I had a visit from a group who earns
wthlri some thirty yards uf tho cagS, WS2
.u-i. . so. tens that I could i. t JeVthim
bUI I , iud easily distinguish f .or or Wo
y. -. ...h seemed to I ,.,ngKi..., in ..(UMy
, ' 'i.Hjkind. I supi . .,.. t ,,it lhii werl
" inie family Mn tho dy before '
i ro liu eon, lather superior ol Sl.v. Anne
;-:. Hoi' he has twice aoen a family r
r.,r, ngin a iluntalii grr.vo, im.l that
' anion the father gi.n ha sat. luintlv
' i""k thefru I whieh IhoolUrsgo-h rio n,l
. him . I bave i.M,1.,ti, ?','".,
.uice. that gorillas Bra often seen in
k.' ' f.iiiilios Of twehe or llft.e,. ,..,,!
-''. ne which e,,., to ,o eh el
', h..iu, , tin, one the , Hive, "ill
i ' .nil. which means gonlla king
,; ; .M I ellof thai these gl.m.Vl'.Ut
.. a 'ii.,i -and a number of fema!,,, ..,,1
. . . . -K "' gorilla evidontly j -a.
' '. hen he once adopts a wife I,s7.'-
"I'-'s. M.. ofcr3,aad a curtain decree of
marital fidelity Is observed. The same prae
tlco pi-evails with the native, with one execp
tionln favor of the gorilla, and that Is thatt
have never hoard of ono selling one of hie
wive, which tho natives frequently do.
As far a It can ne eald that th gorilla ha
any form of government, it Is strictly patri
archal, nnd there are ronsons to justify the be
lief that thov havo somo fixed Ideas of
order and justice. Many of the na
tives doclaro that they liavo seen the
gorillas holding n palaver, nt which tho
king always presided, while tho othor eto.nl
or sat in n seinlclrjlo, talking In an excited
manner. Thoy do not claim to have Interpreted
what was said . r understood tho nuture of
their .v.iurrel, bill, as a rule, all natives bellevn
that tho z i Ilia ha a language which Is un
derstood among tlienisehes and used in tho
same manner ns man uses his spooch.
To my mind it ii uiuto evident that the habit
of tho gorilla Is to go In grout s, although It Is
u very common thine: to see one qulto alone . r
to seo a single pair ot thorn. 1 think, ns a rule,
when you son one alonn It is a young malowho
has set out in the world for himself; and the
pair Is perhntw a bridal curie.
Tho not vtrit I received was by a lino young
chimpanzee, who canio to nn opening in tho
bush, whore he stoi nil and took n long look
at tho sltuntlon. lie betrayed no sign of
alalia, nnd seemed half-wnv tempted to coino
nearer, but after a halt of nearly a minute ho
resumed his march with an airof groat leisure,
nor did ho dolgn to turu his heud to soo 11 1
followed him.
i Mi the .lav after this a young gorilla enmo
within six or I3V0B yards of my cage and took
a good peep at me. Ho stood a few seconds,
holding on to a bush with ..no hand: his
lips wero relaxed and his mouth half open,
as If surprised and perplexed at what
he beheld. His eountoiinneo did not por
tray either fear or anger, but uttor
ainnzeinent. I heard him creeping through
tho bush heforo 1 saw him, npd 1 don't think
ho was aware oT my presence until he was bo
near. During this snort visit I sat as still as
a statue, and I think ho was In doubt ns to
whether I was alive or not : but when he turned
away Into tho bush ho lost no time In getting
out ot roach. He uttorod no sound except u
eupprcssed umphl
A day or two later I hoard a counlo among
tho plantains, hut could only get the faintest
filimpso of them. They were talking but
in le. and I don't think they broke any of the
stalks. As well ns 1 could determine, thoro
were only two, but they were of good size and
alike In color.
At this momout I hear onotearinga plantain
stalk within ala.ut thirty yards ol me. lean
only heai one voico. but as they do not talk
much when alono I presume there are more of
tho'ii not far awav. He is uttering a low mur
muring gonad which seems toexpross pleas
ure, hut 1 am not yet all.) to translate It into
English. Time and patience, howevor. will
accomplish that, and much more.
It Is a fact worthy of notlcothnt some of the
sounds uttered l.y tho gorilla and chlmpunzee
are Identical with certain souuus In tho native
language, and qulto as easy to find letters to
represent them. Op Word In N'Knral. mean
ing ye or assent, is exactly tho same as one
ound much used by tho chlmpunrco. but not
within the scope of any known system of pho
netic symbols. The samn is true ot the word
for flvo In one dialoct of Kroo.
My visitor hasgono from tho plantain grove
without calling to pay his respects, but I am
now being closely Inspected by a young porcu
pine, who doesn't appear to be so shv as his
elders are: and just In the rear of my domicile
Is a largo school of mangaby monkeys who
come frequently to visit mo. Thore are about
twenty of thorn, some of which aro very largo,
and as I have never disturbed thorn, thoy seom
to bo getting moro familiar. In fact. I am
seldom without something to Interest, amuse,
or edify me. l'arrots, toucans, and scores of
othor birds keep up a constant babel, and It is
no louger such a novelty to mo to hear a
gorilla near my fort. At night I frequently
navo a leopard or bush cat visit me:
It is then too dark to shoot them, but
my Intorest Is contr s-s-stl s-s-stl Oh.
the precious moment 1 I have just hadanew
and grand experience. lam a trlfie nervous,
but I must tell you. While writing the last
few lines above, a large dog from tho mission
camo to pay m a visit. He hns becomo at
tached to me. and has learned the way to my
retreat. Ho soon found a bone which I had
thrown into tho bush, and began to gnaw
with groat vigor. Within a fow feet of my
cage Is a small, rough path cut through the
bush to murk tho boundary of the mission
lands. Suddenly there appeared on thoedgo
of this path a huge female gorilla carrying a
young ono on hor hack. Bbewae not moro than
thirty feet from me when 1 first saw her. and
her tread was bo stealthy thai I did not hoar
the rustle of a leaf. Hhe peeped along thoedgo
of tho bush with tho greatest caution, with her
wholo attention fixed upon the dog. In a few
moments sho advanced very softly toward
him. with tho evident purpose of attack, until
she was within a measured distance of eleven
feot of mo without having observed my pres
ence. I think. The dog was not aware of le-r
approach, and she was now within fourteen
feet of him. With my ritlo at my elbow I was
prepared for a.Mli n in nu instant, as I did not
want hor to kill the dog. As I cocked my gun
shu stopped, sat down on tho ground for a
few seconds, and gave mo such a look
of scorn that I almost felt that I had dona
wrong to Intorfore. She then turned away un
easily and retraced her steps with moderate
haste, but sho did not run or betray muoh sign
of fear. In an instant she was lost in the
bush, nnd not the faintest 60und was uttered.
There were doubtless moro of them near by,
as the natives say it is very rare to nnd ono fe
male and babe alono. but so far as I could see
sho was all alone, bho may have been a widow,
and if ho, I should think her chances to re
main so wore very lino, if beauty goes at par
among hor beaux, for she certainly was ono ot
th most hideous things I havo over seen.
The temptation to shoot hor was almost too
great to resist, and tho desire to capture the
babe made it all tho more so. but I havo re
frained, so fnr. from tiring ray gun anywhere
near my case. I could have shot this ono to
day with such ease and safety that I almost
regret that I did not. but sho may return.
I havo had the ploasuro this afternoon of
hearing throo othors howling, ono of which
appears to be a very large ono.
f have been told that the gorilla builds a
''o.lo but or shelter la which he makes his
home, but so far! have found no trace of any
kind of structure built by him. nor can any
native toll me wnero one can be found. I do
not believe that he has tho most remote idea
of a home. Ho Is nomadic In habit, and I
doubt If ono ever spends two nights in the
same placo. During the day he wanders
about from place to placo In quest of food,
nnd wherever night llnds him ho ro
malns till morning. Uorlllas aro not noctur
nal in habit, and the stories of their howl
ing and talking all night aro not well
founded. They do sometimes yell at
night. I havo no doubt, out I think it is not
common with them, but at the first sight of
dawn they mako their presence know u. and
noonowlll mlstnke tho causa of the sound.
One morning about f o'clock 1 was startled
from my sleep by ono of tho most terrific yells,
within about one hundred feet of my cage. It
was not simply ono great shout, but a long se
ries of sounds of varying pitch and loudness,
and at Intervals of Bomothlng like a min
ute they wero repeated for nliout ten or twolvo
times, and to my ear appeared to bo exactly tho
same oaeh time I quietly turned out of bed
and dressed mysolf: I took mv rifle and sat
down, and wat'hod until long after sunrise,
in tho hope that they would pass by my
cage. All the sounds camo from ono direction
until tho last two. which Indicated to mo that
th.. author of them whs changing his location.
My Interpretation of the sound wasithat It was
from the king gorilla, to arouse his family,
who were doubtless scatti rod off Into diiTorout
1 . .... for the night. Tho sound did not suggest
to my mind any idea of fear, anger, or mirth,
but blisinoss, and I am inclined to believe that
tho chief of I lie clan summons all to tho march
when ha thinks it limn to move. The succeed
ing morning I heard tho .ame sounds repeated
In another direction, and. 1 buspoct, by tho
samn gorilla.
The usual plotures of tho gorilla do not rep
resent him ns I have seen him. Ho has not
only a crouching habit, but ho walks on all
four of his logs, and has tho motion of most
quadruped, using his right arm aud loft log
at the same tlmo. and alternate with the lelt
arm ami right leg. it Is not exactly a walk or
n trot, but a kind of ambling gait, whilo tho
. in in i in, .' .. hi... urms us crutches, but
lilts ono foot from tho ground n little in ad
vance of the other. They do not plaoe tho
iialm of tho hand on tho ground, but uso tho
hack of the lingers from tho second joint, and
nt times tho ono I havo de-eribod above
seemed to touch only tho back ol the nails, but
this was wlnn sho was scarcely moving at alL
1 .m now preparing to photograph some of
them, and 1 Hunk 1 eun give a more roliabio
picture than I havo yot seen.
As to tho stories about tholr howling all
night. I would add that there is a large bird
here whl-h makes a Bound very much ilko ono
sound made by the gorilla, and it is a very
easy matter to mistake it; and when i flrt
came 1 was often deceived by It uiysolf, but
now I can detect It very, easily. This bird
erics ut all hours, and I think it has imposed
upon tho honest credulity of many strangers.
li is said that at night tho king gorilla se
lects a large trou In which ho places his fam
ily, and then tales his pluon at tho baso of the
tree to wind oil any harm during the night. I
very much doubt this story. I think it
qulto probable that tho gorillas .habit
ually sloop In troos nt night, but from all 1 eau
leurnof the king, ho looks after his own com
fort and safoty first, and lets his family do a
thoy can. I have also heard that tho king
always finds a place of safety for Mem before
he will attack a foe. but this Is not confirmed
l.y any lad that I can obtain. 'I bo gorilla will
avoid un attack unless surprised or woundod:
then ho wastes no tune In formalities.
Two stories of the gorilla aro in stereotype,
and every native will furnish you with a certi
fied copy, without the slightest variation of tho
text. One is that v. lion a gorilla kills a man
ho tears open the Proust and dunks tho blood
of his victim; and the other, that a gorilla
solzos the barrel of a gun and orushes ii Willi
his teeth. The uniform version ol those two
ttoriei is Midi n.. to make one bollovo that
thev havo been taught Iv rote, and J urn In
doubt ne 10 their uuth i-lnp Thoy havo a
stioiig tin luru of the while man vain.
Thu thrilling Moriim about gorillas stea.itig
woiuoa un.l holding thorn as ciptne in tho
bush, and of their takln : children nd holding
for ransom, ur. mere t'eaksof fancy, and I
can find no native of tho laud u which the go
rilla U found who LsUarei that euch tiilog
ever oeeufreil. but all assert that man, woman,
and child fare alike in the hands ot this cruel
boast Hueh stories abound where no gorillas
wore ever seon, but when you got into his true
range his real history loses much of Its peosy.
Many of the stories told of hltn. however. In
his own land, are novel and curious, but con
flicting, and son.e of them ahsnrd: vet all
agree In one respect, and that Is that his sav
age Instincts and great strength mako him the
terror of tha forest, and I havo no doubt that
when ho Is In a rage ho Is both fierce and pow
erful; but I am Mt ill inclined to I ellevo that
both are rated tar above their true value, nn.l
Itlsstatodas a current, fact that In combat
with the clrlmpnnr.ee iho gorilla always gets
whippod and olten killed. I cannot testify to
this, as I have not soon such n tight, and thoy
seldom occur, yet I havo reason lu bollovo it.
I bave hoard a story of the origin of man and
tho gorilla, which I shall relate as a queer lit
ol natlvo lore. It is confined to tho Gal'd
tribe, and appears to be of recent origin, and,
to my mind, hasa strong Caucasian flavor; be
sides, no vestige of such a tale is found in any
olhertrlbo that 1 havo seen.
Thev say that l.lnvamliie (Ciofil had four
sons who lived with him in some aerial abode.
and three (if them came t. the earth, leaving
the . Most one with I iryainble. (in tlror ar
rival hero they held a big 1 aliver as to what
mode of life they should adopt. I he
oldest of tho three wanted to build a
town and plant somo fruit, but the other
two p referred to llo In tho foiost and
subsist upon tho wild products of nature. Ac
cordingly thoy separated, nn.l the oldest went
and built him a town and planted some bn
nnnas and manioc, whilo the othor two roamed
about through tho primeval hush and ato such
wild fruits as thov could find, but they had no
lire. Alter somo talk about tho matter It was
agreed that the older of the two should go to
tho brother lu the town and ask III in for lire,
while the younger should lotunln In the bush
nnd gather up sticks Of dry wood to bum.
Tho one who had gouo to town s on returned
with lire, and tho two got on quite well for a
time, but wlionthe wet soas m enmo on thev
found It more difficult to procure food,
nn.l nt last It was decldod that llin
elder Bhoula again visit tho town to ask their
brother to supply them, and the younger
should remain to keap Up the lire: but the
youth went to sleep and lot It die out, so. when
tho other rutin nod with food, they had no llro
to cook It- This vexed tho elder voiy much,
nnd a quarrel ensued, In coiiseiiueiiceor whl. h
they separated. The youngest brother was
left alono In the doop bush, nnd thus cut off,
from all fellowship with his brethren he wnn
dored about until ho became wild and fiorco.
and for want of clothing was exposed to tho
went hor until a coat of hair grew all over him.
and In this wise came tho gorilla Into tho world.
The next older brother, on leaving the ro
mote foreet, took up his abode near the town,
anrt by this means camo in contact at times
with his brother In tho town, from whom ho
learnud a few usolul things, anil thus became
more wlso nnd civil than the one left In the
bush; and from this one came the "buahman,
whilo tho progeny of tho one who built tin
town aro the people ot the world, ouch I the
oiigln on earth of these three kindred races,
as I 1.1 by the sages of I inlol.
This novel has no woman in It; her oxlslonce
remains a question In Gaiol.
As a rule, tho natives do not eat the gorilla,
and very seldom kill one. but this 1 attrlbuto
more to fear than to respect. That great trine
of cannibals known ns rangwo. however, slav
and eat him without compunction. This tiiho
was scarcity known on the coast n few yeais
ago. but thoy are shifting like the dosert sands
from tho interior, northeast of the Gaboon, to
tho cast southwest, until to-day they are
found throughout the valley of tho I 'g .we. nnd
as far south as hello Kama, on the const. Thev
are the Jews of West Africa, and the life and
soul of tho trade of this part. They go into tho
hush for Ivory, ebony, plassava. aiiddvo woods,
and carry thmii for days to find sal.) lor them.
They drink mu.li less rum than other native-,
and deprecate slavery in all forms, oxcept ns
hostage: but they are cruel, savage, aud
treacherous, and hold llfo In small value.
Up to this time I have not told you of the
chimpanzee, which 1 have long believed to be
tho social and mental superiors of tho gorilla.
My opinion was based upon a study of thir
skulls, and 1 was aware that manv great men
of science held an opposite opinion: but all
the evidence that I can find bore, where they
are best known, tends to confirm mv belief.
Every Instinct ol the gorilla seems to bo nverso
to all human society, and he delights In a life
of seclusion In the most remote and dvsolnto
j. arts of the jungle; and I have never heard of
but ono gorilla that became even tolerant to
man, much less attached to him. nnd this ono
was a mere Inlant- I have seen a few in captiv
ity, but all of theni aro vicious, and devoid of
any sense of gratitude Whatever. Un tho other
hand, tho chimpanzee delights in tho society
of man. and displays many good trnits; and it
la not ot all rare to Un.l tamo ones on this
coast, going about tho premises at large, and
quite as much at homo as any resident; nnd
with this short preface I desire to introduce
my own young friend, who lives with me in my
forest homo. Ho Is n line ineolmejjaot the
chlmppnr.es race, and I call him .Motes, be
cause ho was lound In a papyrus swamp of tho
Ogowe- He Is devoted to rue, and cries nfter
me llko a spoiled laby, and follows me liko a
pot dog. I do not confine him, and bo goes
about in the bush near the cage and selects
some of the tender buds of young plants and
vines, and returns to mo to he petted and
caressed. He Is a great pleasure to me as Well
as a great plague, for ho wants to hug mo a 11 the
time, and never wants mo to put him down.
About lu o'clock every day ho comos for a
nap. and when I wrap him up and lay him on
a t.ox by my side, heileoos quietly till noon.
After a good sloop ho climbs on my lap and
embraces mo with devotion, until 1 really tiro
of him. Much of tho tlmo I write with him on
my lap. and when 1 put him outside tho cage.
he climbs up near me, un.l begs ami pulls my
sleovo until 1 relont. and lot him como inshlo
again. When I leave my cage I usually lake
him with me. and when he sees me take my
rllloho bogins to fret, until I let him mount
my back, which ho does with groat skill, and
hangs on to me liko the ivy to a church wall.
A fow days since, as we wero i turning from a
short tour, 1 sawa young chlm nco crossing
the path about thirty yards Irom us. and I
tried to Induce Moses to call bis little cousin:
but ho declined, and I accused him of being
proud bocause ho was mounted an-l tho other
w as afoot, and henco ho would not speak to him.
I am trying to teach Moses to spak English,
but up to this tlmo have not succeeded. He
tries to roovo his lips ns I do. but makes no
bound. However, he hasonly been in school a
very short term, ami I think he will loarn by
and by. I am also tryln..' him on some simple
problems with blocks, und sometimes I thlnlc
he Is doing qulto woll. 1 am giving him somo
lossons in cleanliness, and he listens with pro
found siloneo to my precepts, but when it
comes to taking a bath Moses is a rank here
tic. Ho will allow his hands to bo washed, but
when It conns to wetting his faco no login
will convince him that ho needs It. He has
a great horror for large bugs, and when
ono comes near him ho will talk like
a phonograph, and brush at it with his
hands until ho gets rid of it. W hen ho sees or
hears anything strange, ho nlwavs tolls mo in
a low tone, unless It coatee too near, and thou
ho announces it with a ell. At times I refuse
to pay any attention to him, and ho will fall
down, scream, and sulk liko a very naughty
child. Ho is extremely jealous, and does not
want any one to come near me. I havo made
him a neat little house, with hammock and
mosquito bar. and ut night 1 tuck bun In. and
he sleeps quietly until lalo lu tho morning,
when ho crawls out, rubbing his eyes, nnd
wants his breakfast. lie wants to try every
thing he sees ran eat
1 must now toll you of tho most novel nnd
singular thing known of the chimpanzee, tho
native name of which Is " N'tylgo" iVoheego .
All natlvo tribes In this paitof Africa uso somo
species of drum to mako the mu-le for their
frequent dancus. Tho drum usod by the
Vhami is called jVglWmi. and tho dance Is
called Kanjo. The chimpanzees have a sim
ilar fete, sot to similar music. Thoy meet
in great numbers at a certain place m tho
busn. nnd boat their Btrango turn turn, which
the natives cull tho N'gilma N'tylgo. Tho per
former makes a pocullar humming vocal
sound while ho boats on bis mysterious drum
with groat : "ill. durlug which time all the
others go through a series of frnntio motion
which resemble a dance, and which the nn
tlvoscull tho Kanjo -N'tylgo. When the muiio
ceases, the dance ends for the tunc, and all
tho grout, join In a loud, wild shout. Altera
brief pauso the daiico is resumed, and those
fobthitios nre often continued for two or II i
hours. At intervals the uiusl ian is relieved
by nnot hoi ink ii. g his place, and tWO at a timo
have been known to beat and hum.
1 huvo heard of this In many pails of frica
with sumo blight changes of detail, lit havo
as often been as-uied that It had dolled tho
.i.lli of all woodsmen to escort In tho real
charactoruf tho drum usod by ilium in this
unlquo .N'kanju. homo assort that thoy I .at
Up n a doad tree, others that thoy uso .1
encavo pi I of wood or bark, whilo
Hoii.a cm. loud Hint they atilko tl.a
l.roast with their ban. Is: but during my
eojojrn hero I have been shown what 1 bell. no
is tho gcu . in.. .N'gilma N't) Igo. H la a peculiar
si ot prion reus eartu, of irregular shape, but
usually about two feel lu diameter, and formed
of day superimposed upon a soil resembling
peat It appears to bo artificial, but thonutives
cannot tell whether It is uatuial or made by
tho N'tylgo, but it is I. inly certain that n la
used by tho chimpanzee us described, and it
Is not a bad imitation of tho native K'g.tm.i. 1
have examined ono of those with much care,
and I um inclined to believe that u is artillcial,
as U is isolated from all hlmllur clay, un.l ap
pears to havo boon kneaded.
I have, as yot. seen but few chimpanzees
since 1 huvo tuken up my abodoat I ijrl U or Ilia,
but I bopo to eiiioy i ono puv.itu interviews
with them before I decamp.
it isdilllcult foi mo to tell you what it is 1. 1
bo uhiiio in the bosun ol tho N'Kuinl forest.
No fancy can portiay tho solitude of such a
time and place, .lust now tho elements are In
an angry mood; tho II. under rolls along the
sky. until the earth recoils aud trembles at the
sound: the wind shileks through tho ji.n .
as if to find a refuge fiom imioi.din: wrath:
the pouring rain pursues it with the snood of
fear; the lightning waves Its torch, und glow
ing chains of lire fall. Mich Is the win in which
tile long and dreary nights approach my her
milage. Aii. I yet 1 am content among the I s
iii. ii shadows of the wilderness, lor i.a'uro
make mo her confidant, and every hourd,
vulges somo new secret ; and n.y cage alT. ids
me such immunity it .on danger that 1 can sit
quiescently and witness all her t pvite, a no
eu ever witnessed th.'Ui befviw.
Mr. Flolir'e !; leitlane'e oejslat aa
Unofflelnl Doe llnvn a Tim-.
RrrrfOtoWDi tad Aug. K -Although there Is a
tax of $2 each on nil members of tho canlno
family of the tender sex. and a tax of $1 each
00 all of tho sternor sox of that family In In
diana, a trustworthy authority, though un
official. asorts that Indiana ha moro dogs
within hor borders than any othor State in tho
Vnlon. With till assertion Is also coupled one
that Aurora has moro dogs than any othor
town of Its sizo In tho State.
The Indiana dog enjoys a wondorf ul freedom.
Thostrootsarohlsor hors at all hours, pro
vided he or sho Is clad In a collar boariug the
official stamp that he or sho Is tax-pabb Tho
Indiana dog Is not subiectod to tho humiliating
systom of muzzling. If the unofllclal dog bites
on ho mnv bo killed and ho has no redress.
Tho official dog may bite you If ho likes, and If
j ou kill him you must settle with his ownor.
Mr. Jacob ITohr, markod for reference by
his townsmen as Jake. I a conspicuous citt
;:eo of Aurora. IIo is conspicuous chlofly be
cause of his olnstlclty as a consumer of tho on
llvonlng bevorage known lu tho category of
Hooslordom as toar paunch, and for tho far
sounding offorvoscence of his animal spirit
WhSB tho properties of that beverage which
liavo given It Its namo nre actively at Work
w thin hltn. Sometimoago Mr. Flour had n
falling out with Citizen Xeoc. ono of Aurora's
chief men. The dlflloulty aroso over a differ
OQee of opinion as tothovaluo of Mr. 1-lohr's
services In tho mattor ot cleaning out a cow
stable for Citizen Noes. Mr. I'lohr appraising
it nt fifty cents, and Citizen Noos fixing upon
twontv-flvo cent as a big outside viluo for
the work. Mr. ITohr took tho proffored twenty
live cents, but took it protesting!!-. Tho other
day ho sn.l a very nolBy jag were promenading
tho stroets of Aurora whon. in tho buslnos
part of town, they camo faco to faco with Citi
zen Noos. Thoy at onco tackled Citizen Noes
and demanded tho twenty-five cents they
claimed was duo on the stablo-cloaning job.
The demand was rofusod. and Mr. I'lohr nnd
the jag gave Citlzon Noes a thump lu tho nock.
A scuffle Instantly followed between tho throo,
and tho rumpus was ma.lo moro interesting
by Citizen Noos's dog jumping In lo tho aid ot
his master, llo barked and made a great fuss,
and. although no other dogs wore In sight just
then. In less than ton sc onds dogs were seon
flurrying to th scene ol tho disturbance from
all directions. One dog promptly pitched into
Citizen Nceb's dog. and was immediately
grabbed by another dog. This was tho
signal for a gonoral freo dog fight,
nnd in less tlmo than It tukos to
tell It at least twenty dogs wore mixed
ud lu a promiscuous battle, without ono of
thorn having nay idea of what It was all about.
Tho big dog fight took all intorest away front
tho liltlo scrap botwecn citizen Neos and Mr.
I'lohr and his jag. and it camo to a sudden
end. In a very short tlmo tho stroet was near
ly blocked by oxcltod pe .plo ot all slzos. ages,
and sexes. Hocking to sen the dog fight.
On one side of the stroet whore tho battle of
town dogs was raging a I Ig crate of live chick
ens Btood on the sidewalk In front of a meat
market. Near by Btood Dr. Hall's familiar old
horse and gig. waiting while the Doctor was
making a call on a patient. Tho tide of battle
finally surgod over against tho crate of chick
ens, and as about twenty dogs hurled them
selvos, yelping, snarling, snapping, and biting
nt each other, against It. over it wont. There
was no bottom to tho crate, and the frightened
chickens rau. flew, and jumped away, helter
skolter. in all directions, adding their Bquawls
to tho general tumult. A few of tho
dogs that had boon able to wrangle only on the
outer edge of thought saw better inducements
in tho escaped chickens, and gave quick and
earnest chaso to tbem. Three dogs caught
one chicken at once, aud tumbled with it right
under the feet of Dr. Hall's old horso, and
although he had never been known to do such
n thing In all his life, the tumult beneath hlui
was moro than IiIb equilibrium could stand,
nnd bo started on a run down tho street Dr.
Hall's each dog, being also old. bad lain on
thogig soat asleep during all tho excitement,
but whon bU life-long comrade, tho Doctor's
horse, started to run away, he awoke, gazod
on the unwonted spectacle of tho horso mov
ing at that rate, without anv one to urge him.
leaped from thogig. and followed the runaway
at a gallop.
Now, there had been a mad dog searo In tho
vicinity a few days before, and a timid citizen,
benjamin Smith by name, wus much worked
up over it- On tho day of the dog light Brother
Smith had come from a side street Into the
main street just about tho time tho owner of
the meat market. Bore over the escape of his
chickens, had waded Into the dogs with a club
and scattered them in all directions. Brother
Smith heard the noise and saw tho dogs, one
of which was tearing up thostre ttowar.l him.
hurrving to escape sundry stones thnt woro
being Bhiod in ins direction. Timid Mr. Smith
made up his mind at once what the trouble
was. and started back up the stroet like a wild
man. yelling at the top of his voice:
"Mud dog I Mad dog 1"
Ho reached the corner of tho next street In
his wild rush just ns Mrs. Davis was soming
out of tho side street around tho corner push
ing hor baby carriage which was loaded with
ono threo-months-old baby and four pounds
of boof. which Mrs. Davis hud just purchased
for dinner. Hrother Smith collided with tho
baby carriage, knocked it over Into tho gutter.
and landed there himself among the baby, the
bcof, and tho carriago fixings. He was up lu a
second and away again, yelling "Mad dog '." at
the top of bis lungs, and never stopping to see
what damago had been done by the upset.
Mrs. Davis saw tho dog coming up tho street.
Sho grabbed hor screaming baby out of tho
gutter, plunged through the adjacent door ol
a lawyer's office, nnd fainted (.way. with the
baby screaming in hor arms. The lawyer run
out for holn just as the dog cam.) along, got a
snill of Mrs. Davis's four pounds ot mef Intho
gutter, snatched It up and How faster than
ever ut. the bide stroot. whore he disappeared
In nn alley.
Meantime Dr. Hall's old horse had made tho
circuit of tho town, turned into tho main
fltroot some blocks above whero he hud started
from, and was loping down the stroet toward
that spot, with tho faithful coach dog bringing
Ufi the rear, his tongue lolling nnd the moist
uro of fatigue dropping from his mouth. Tho
horse and tho dog wero approaching Deacon
I'.rown's house ns lirother Smith ran by yelling
"Mad Dug !" Tho Deacon was In his yard. and.
looking up the street, saw the Doctor's horse
running and the lolling coach dog altor It.
"Goodness mo!" suld tho Deacon. ' The
Doctor's dog has gono mnd, and is chasing the
poor old horso to bite it!''
He ran In tho house and got his gun. He
got into tho street bofoia tho horse and dog
had i :. -.-I, nn.l. hurrying . ut. put tho gun
almost against the pet innocent coach dog's
head and blow its brains out.
Dr. Hall came out to gut Into hi gig a fow
minutes alter tho horse had run away with It.
and on hearing the nstoiiudlng new started
on a run in tho wnl.e of th j dorollct establish
ment. Ho followed It ovor its entire course,
and came In sight ot it us it was passing Dea
con lirowu's lion-... and saw the Deacon go de
liberately out and shoot tho coach dog down
In cold blood. Ami no money eoulcl havo
bought that dog. No explanation the Deacon
could mako camo within u uillo of cooling tho
Doctor's no. and the Deacon will havo to an
swer in court for tho shooting of the Doctor's
log. Airs. Davis camo to nil right In the
lawyer's ofilco before tho lawyer got buck
with help, nnd hns presented a bill to Hrother
Smith for tho repairing of her baby carriago
and for four pouuds of beef. Deueon Urowu
charges Hrother Smith, also, with being re
sponsible or the shooting of tho Doctor's dog.
and will expect that timid and exoitablo citi
zen to make good to him whatever ho may
bave to pay the Doctor. Tho meat market
man is trying to find out whether Uwai official
dogs or unofficial dogs that got away with ton
of his twelve chickens, so that ho cun collect
Irom tluir owner If they were official, Of fill
in m with bud If thoy were unofficial.
' And one of two things has got to lo dono,'
he "urs, "and that . ratty doru KUddon. If wo
don't want this town all upset again. We've
either got to have a law piisbod that'll chain
up our dogs and muzzle 'em, or elso wo must
make up a purse of '-' ceuts nnd pay .lako
1 lolir that Noes claim, if we don't this town
won t never bo sato to live in again."
Mr. ilnrrrit'a dpcrlente aa a -,
from 11,4 ifuri.ini, Ortuimiun.
" The first time I was in I'oi tlaud." said The
alrii ul Manager Henry c. Jarrett. " was in
IrU'.i. I same around tho Horn trom New lork
as supercargo ot three ships bound for snn
! raneisco. After we had discharged our car
goes 1 had Mine, littlo leisure tlmo on my
i, iei n ... I I ... n lu I,- I to iouio to tins coun
try and lake a look ul it. 1 1 .ok passage on
the Sea dull, one of tho very first steamers
that ever cume up tho Columbia lliver. The
bb.wit.g of tho whistle caused considerable
fright among tho Indians along tho bank. I
be ugh i up irom Sail iianclsco a hogshead ut
sugar on speculation. When we lauded in
l'oitian.lthuhogahend felloverbourd. but was
soon fished out- The sugar was shout 160
pounds heavier aflor tho acoldent, but Isold
it. water aud all, for lij cents a pound. The
sugar cost me ill oents a pound 1 bought a
largo lot of potatoes here by the bushel at a
very low price, end sold them In San Irsmisco
at ill a pound. 1 also t...k back with me four
turkeys, and l"!d a sailor if he would hitch
them up with atrluus und drive them through
tho stroets of .m 1 rsqoisco and sell them ha
c.-uld have I'S per oent. of the proceeds. IIo
sold tho turkeys for J'.'i apiece to a coupb. ol
restaurant-keepers, who wsnted the bird us
an n I vei i issmouU 1 bu wus just buivlu I huat
uu ... IbiU '
nntrr. Mirir, xirie rui.r m i.i.noo.
At IIU Matera CommanS ne naatiaS ta
t'erlata Deatk at the Itrnr'a ,1m,-.
NonTHWOOD, Aug. 21. -Hoars have been seon
around this eltloinent reoentlr. nnd Hill Har
den hns been busy setting hi traps. The
other day a lumberman coming through tho
olghty-milo woods thought bo saw a bear
caught fast In ono of these trnps near the
edge of tho woods down by old Edwin Morris's
cabin. A party of men wont up with guns,
but the alleged boar proved ti bo a sbophor.l
dog, who was whining with a broken log In tho
trap. A bull it on. lod his misery.
That lnoldent turno 1 tho convorsitlon of tho
gossip nt the village storo that night upon tho
subjoct ct boar nn 1 dogs. Aftor all tho old
sett jars had rolatod their experlonces aud hnd
advanood tholr thoorlea, a foroman of one of
tho lumber camps fuilhir un tho WostC'an
adn told this story :
" ir you'll turn off to the rl-ht on the road to
North lake, about ton mlloi from hore, you'll
oomo across a groat boulder on the sido ot
which Is marked: 'lleio lies Dawn, ngod ."
yoxrs and 3 months. Ho was brave and true,
and died In the performance ot his duty. This
stono Is erected to nil memory by his sorrow
ing mastsrs.' That stono marks tho gravo of
ss faithful a dog as any man evor owned.
Perhaps you won't bo ablo to road the writing
on tho Btmo very easily, for It was put there
a good many years ago and wasn't cut very
deep, but It was plain onougli whon 1 saw
It last, about ton yours ago. I was quite a
youngster whon Dawn did. I lived on a
little farm that father had cleared UD
thoro. 1 hid a lot of brothers, and father nn I
mother had to hustlo to get onough Tor us all
to eat. lawn was our only pet IIo wns a
chunky bulldog. IIo wus awfully ugly to look
at. aud two of his tooth showed ovon when hi
jaw woie shut tight, but ho was true as steel,
and that good naturod wo could yank his tall,
pound him with sticks and stones, and ram
our flngors In his eyes, and ho wouldn't budge,
but only grin ana wag his tall.
"Well, ono day mother and I wore going
through a littlo patch of woods when wo camo
across the biggest bear I've evor seon in theso
parts. Ho was poking his noso through tho
bushes and didn't bco us until mother rolled,
Thon ho lookod Up at us curiously and
growlod. Most boars will run. you know, if
they see anybody, but this fellow must havo
boon in a bad humor, for ho just stood and
lookod cross at us. I pi''kud up a stick and
threw it nt him. thinking that would searo
him. Tho stick struck hltn on the noso and
seemed to mako him angry, for ho growled
savagely. Mother was awfully scury for a
woodman's wlfo. and sho just scroamod
at the top ot nor voico and rushed for tho
house. I was a pretty boll youngster, and
atood my ground, tailing sassy to tho boar.
Ho growlod again two or three times, but
didn't make any move until ho heard a noise
in the bushos. It was father and Dawn.
Mother had told father I was being eaten up
or soinothiiig. and he had grabbed his gun an 1
como ll.kety-spllt through tho woods, with
Dawn right behind hlin. T'no boar must havo
scented danger, for ho made lor one of the
trees, nnd was crouching on one of the upper
limbs when father and Dawn came in eight.
" I pointed him out to father, and he bango 1
away at him. The llrst shot to .k offoct. for It
tumbled him ovor. but in falling he caught a
limb below and clung to it. Another shot made
him let go again, but again ho caught a lower
limb and held on. It took four shots to bring
him to the nemnd. Ho landed in a heap, but
got upon his hind foot at on-o and faced us.
Ills mouth was open and his tongue rolling
from side to side, whilo his eyes just blazed.
Tho blood wus turning his cout rod. but ho wus
angry olenn through and full of tight,
" ' Daw n.' says father, ' take him.'
"Dawn had boon lying at our feot growling
all the time, but whon father said that ho
rushed for tho boar with a will. Ho Was too
cunning totncklo him In front, so lie rushed
past him and jumped for his back. Ho landed
right on the lack of his node and held on liko
grim death. Tho bear grow led just onco. Then
ho juit his big paw around and grabbed Dawn
by the scruff of the neck, and pltohed him over
Into the bushos ut least twenty foot away.
Dawn wasn't hurt a bit, and was on his feet
again in a minute. Ho lookod up at father,
and I'll taKO my oath If there wasn't a look in
his eye tl-.at Bald as plain as words. 'It's a bad
business for poor Dawn, master, but I'm ready
toobey Orders. Eat her didn't understand, and
simply t. 1.1 Dawn to "Take him 'again. OUlck
ns a wink Dawn was on the boar's neck again.
Again the bear reached around with his big
taw and pulled the dig away: but this tlmo
ho didn't throw him. Instead, he brought him
around in front and took him in both taws.
Dawn struggled and enanpe I at the bear, but
didn't wiilne or cry on e. The bear held him
up to bis mouth and ran his teeth through his
belly from head to tail, ll let the poor dog's
vitals out as quick us If he'd been cut opou
Willi a razor. Then tho tear dropped him and
faced father again. It did look as If he was
laughing at him. lather wns angry clean
through then, and I. who hadn't boon a bit
alarm. ! before, mst sat down and bawled over
poor Dawn, lather pumped leal Into that
bear as last as ho could work his gun. but it
took sev.n more bullets t. finish him. We
had his meat on our table for a week, but I
wouldn't touch It. My brothers nnd 1 hurled
Dawn nt Iho place whore ho was killed. o
roiled the boulder a long distance to tho
grave, and wo fixed up the Inscription from
one wc saw on a tombstone over at Ninety-sis
Corners. It took us a long time to cut It with
our poor tools, but it was much longer before
we got over grioviug over poor Dawn."
Tbe Man la the Hum. lias a (Sweetheart.
They have no eye for the romantic or beau
tiful, those musty, fusty old astronomers from
Cambridge to Sit, Hamilton, or elso thoy would
days ago have Informed a delightful world
All tl.o worla lov a lover
thattheman In the moon has a sweetheart;
is. In fact, a lovor. And thoy aro kissing thoro.
too, thoBo lunar lovers, kissing In full view
and are not oven blushing about it
' "air ' l2arkisiW V
' -' " f "" -'
K.-V . - ,,.-
ip -,...-' V-J'
There is no astronomer at hand to explain
this, nor toll how long tho wholly dollghttul
state of affairs Is to lust, so readors of To
Si n should lose no tlmo In taking a view of tho
moon, for the phenomenon may fudo from
eight In a few days or nights.
If you have strong, clear vision this interest
ing couple may bo observed by tho unable. 1
ere. but tho outlines of tho visitor, tho beau
tiful girl who has joined tho man In tho moon,
can bo seen better, of course. II y u use a pair
of opera glasses lu peej.lng at them, i on will
sue iho man In the moon, rejuvenated, iuvig
oruted. and gcnoinlly spi'iieoibup and Im
proved, looking down, n't ut you, but at the
face ol the pale, lair girl who Is to Iho right as
you look, ber piolllo culling olT i ..n of bis
full face, for hi r lips aro approaching i.i .
Her sweetheart's the man lu tho uioon.ftn'l
he ought lo bo ml,:hty glad to see her. for sho
has not been up thoro tovi-lt bun since last
September, nearly a v ear ago. Then, as now,
thoy foil to kissing dirci I y thoy met, and then.
as now, they aro luckier than any mortuls. for,
so far as luuar observations purruit us to judge,
there Is no one aiotiul to rnmlnd them that
what they are doing lb wicked. Aud yot they
uuuiii to be enjoying it.
Cleveland's Team or Feminine l'reaehera.
Jif. .1 tf-9 fA.eiJ.i lltxtt.L
Ci.rvF.i.sNU. Ami- Ml MISS Munlock nn 1
Miss liu k, who have been called to the pulpit
of Unity i lunch, have arrived 111 Cleveland.
Whon asked how Soon they expocle I to begin
work In this city they haul their Intention w ll
to I., nl.e in, ir 111 -i in. p. .nan eo I. ,".c ii i in the
pulpit about Slid. 1.
"We have never preached togoth -r as yet."
sail Mis Murdo k. "but we bave studied to.
gether fi r a ioiu time.. We iu-t back
from England, where we Lave l.eeu taking a
course oTetu. lies at Oxford, let re -'..ppm.:
In Cleveland, how. vi, wo visit, 1 the S.uids
Fair, We are tiers now for tlio puri ate ot re
ceivlng suggest! his Iroin th. i Hoard ut Trus
tee. We shell pi ot... i 1 1 appear in tho pulpit
together not alternating, a touio t cople
bat o u ix,"t .j. I us to du '
Row It I Dow,
FVorn tht Fiffnrn
Tho possessed woman of Olf Is cured now,
n tby tho doctors, who woro unnbloto do any
thing for her, but 1 y tho UlSotogloal science of
the cur6 of the i-orlsh aud the firmness ot
Monslgnor Ooux. Hishop of Versailles, which
shows that eSOJeJAfn has Its reasons for ox
Istence and thai "possession" Is as real as
hystotla. As a mattor of fad. tho Churoh has
nrvor laid down hor arms In tho prosanco of
the devils.
Thoro nro four prlncirul signs through which
Ih.' possessod ono Is tecognizod. I. No known
remedy rolieves him. II. Ho speaks of Inci
dents and facts beyond his naturnl reach and
which nobody hns rovoale.l to him. 111. Ho
forotolls ovonts an 1 stioaks soveral languages
unknown to him before his affliction. IV. In
tho presence or a priest and at sacred cere
mor.le i he tremble, suffers pain, writhes, aud
The Calhollo prlosts, nn.l especially tho
Dominicans, have from awav back luactls. .1
exorcism. According to the ennen the exor
cist belongs to one ot the minor orders which
P'-ocodo tho priesthood. Ho must bo humble
or heart In his ministry, and. If he operate
with any thought of display, be risks for him
self t no contagion of tho evil spirits that Btlll
romnin to bo east out.
Ordinarily the ceremony takes place In tho
church. In tho presence of tho faithful as
sembled at praver. particularly at the feasts of
tho Nativity, of the 11. surrcctlon. of tho As
eension. of lontacost. of tho Irgm Mary, and
of the Apostles. Aftor the morning mass, to
which tho possessed ono assists, the exorcist
puts on tho suipllce, and assists the
priest who puts on the wolet-colorod cope, the
symbol of the pains of purgatory. Iho
patient who has confessed then npproaches.
A stolo Is passed around his neck otlo the
devils thnt havo becomo tho lunstors of his
body, Thon the sign of tho cross Is mado
upon him, and he Is sprinkled with holy water.
In Latin ttio devil Is commanded to toll his
namo. to say whother or not ho I nlono, nn.l
why he Is thore. finally ho is ordered to do
part. Tho conjuration In any other language,
and especially In Hebrew, is useless. Hebrew
Is resorvod for Satan himself.
Tho Ftageilum auanonunx contains the most
comploto formulas of exorcism, o mslstlrig of
well-known prayers mingled with tho most
ancient and tho utrangest appollatlons of Cod,
such as (ih, Adonal I'etragrammaton.and oth
ers, which come in part from Chaldea, from
I'll rnoeia, and from dreeco. The words aro
lu t posed to possess In themselves a certain
rower of evocation of celestial virtues which
torrify the infernal legions. Tho words ot
Christ, according to Snlnt Matthow. I, ''. If. aro
the most in use to drive out evil spirits.
If the demon does not retire immediately,
tho exorcist takes n painted linage represent
ing htm and throws it Into the consocrated lira
along with lnconso. rue. and sulphur with
strong mystic odors. Intending to prove by this
net that he will send the evil spirit back Into
his natural eloment, hell. This done, ho places
upon tho head of the possessod one the Hook,
the Holies, tho Crucifix, and sometimes even
tho Host, the last and invincible remedy. Ac
cording to tho authority ot certain demono
graphs. the devil then comos out through tho
noso of tho p at lent.
In tho ancient monasteries they mado tho
exorcist curry upon his person cortalnamulots
containing protective formulas. Sometimes
those formulas, written upon pieces of parch
ment, woro swallowed. In tho process of di
gestion tho exorcism, was accomplished with
out fatigue.
In our days ovorolsm has taken refuge In
In Trappe. Tho clergy aro somewhat averse
to it. while at the same timo thoy do not refuse
to rulmit it. The man win. breaks tho spells Is
very old. Hut Iho devils cast out by tho good
monks am reduced to tho tormonting of ani
mals. I'lgs aro their favorites. Thon tho old
spoil smasher whips them with beads and
sprinkles them with holy water, and the pigs
recover and become happy, because tho devils
go away.
Mr. J. K. Huvsmans has been oHo to speak
dc vim of tho power of demons and the elll
oacity of exorcisms. Moreover tho eminent
writer was woll acquainted with one of tho
most learned demonographers of his timo. tho
AbbS I'ouUan. who ran through hell in his
barefoot, nnd holding tho host in his hands
Either at tho Church of Sanetot or the
Church of Sennevlll... I received this curious
document from M. dilbert Augustln Thierry,
tho author of f'i.' Ame en Peine, the euro of
Petites-Dalles, In curing the p, ssessod says a
special muss, called the "red mass" or "mass
of tho martv is." Hod llowors aro placed upon
tho altar, and tho priest wears a rod stole.
The church is draped In purple.
But, stranger still, a few years ago tho wife
of the editor of u leading Catholic journal In
Paris being tr uhled by evil spirits, witnessed
the death of the Dominican priest who was en
deavoring to exorcise hi r, and who wns unable
to guard himself against tho forces with which
ho wus contending.
etomethlns; of the Method Kxplalned by Her
TlrcleeM Inefriietresa.
Fycn Or iffinjlit Aj l-jicitonch:
Tho most Interesting foaturo of tho Educa
tional Congress was tl:o appearance of Helen
Keller, under tho kind and skilful guidance of
MIbs Annie M. Sullivan, her teacher. When a
babo Helen Kellor became Mind, deaf, and
dumb. When Miss Sulllvun, a young woman
of unusual beauty of form and feature, stood
before the au. Memo bosl.lo a girl. who. excopt
for the sad sign of blindnoBs in the largo eyes,
gavo proraiso of still greater beauty, hor faco
glistening with a ruiture that painters try to
express in the ecstacy of angels, hearts soemod
to stand still, it wus a faco that had never
consciously looked on the distortions of
passion or pain; tho mirror of a soul
that could not imagine tho outward
appearance of Bin nor re mem born ny of tho dis
cords ot life. In ber presence it wns hard to
apprehend the fact that her world lay within
ours, without sun. music or speech. No one
who saw it will forg.-t tho impulsive fluttering
of her yo.uig. white hand us it sought her
teacher s faco or round, white throat; the sat
isfaction when tho contact ot hor dollcnto
white linger tips gave hor what sight gives us;
tho flash of light over her face when, with hor
forefinger resting on liorteacher's lip. she road
the answer to tho question Bhe had asked by
the twinkling digital movements in her teach
er s palm. There were those who wept when
she repeated audibly, with u depth of feeling
sho alono can feel;
Tetl me net tn mournful numbers
I.tli) in but an euq.ty areata
All woro invltod to ask questions, yet not
ninny. lid so: tho occasion seemed sacred.
"How did you teach hor the first word?"
somo ouovonturod at last.
" Her first word was 'doll.' " was tho answer.
"I guvo her tbe doll, placed hor linger on my
lip. nnd spoko the word. When sho wearied of
tbedoll I took it from her. und when 1 returned
it again gave tho movement of tho lip. Tho
eo -olid word wa 'mug.' I used the cup from
which sho drank, but becomo convinced that
sho hud not a clear idea of tho liumo, but that
It mount tohor also water or drink; so I ono
day took ber to the pump, and as tho water was
flowing into her cup. had her hold her band In
tho stream, and then putting ber finger on my
lip gavo her the word 'water;' th n I again gavo
her tho word 'mug.' The idea that everything
lmd a name, the comprehension of nouns, was
u great revelation to hor and camo thon and
nil ut onco. sho was greatly excite. 1. A nurse,
with tho baby sister In her arms, was standing
near. Helen Immediately put her hand on, its
faco to know Its namo. 1 told her baby.' and
sho caught it at once. Then she sto. .pod down
and patted the ground to know what It was
cm ... I. She learned many words tnnt day, and
thoso words sho never forgot"
"How so. n after sho lou rued words did she
frame -entencesV"
"Woro verbs harder to learn tbnn nouns ?"
"Not nt all. I began with such words as
nit.' 'stund.'and tho like that were easy to
illustrate, 'repositions trouble her most
"How does sho get un Idea of the abstract?"
"1 canuot telL It BeumB to be with her or It
"Has she ony distinguishing sense of mul
eal ibiRtion r"
" Vos. veiy distinct. Sho like music.
"Is her vocabulary largo."
"Very largo. Sho expresses' her6olf fluently
and Is choice of w.rds.'
"What books docs sho llko boat?''
Kvoty now ami then lb" white fingers flut
tered to the teacher'), liuo for just one delicate
1 touch a linger look it was -and now thoy
tested un Miss Sullivan's lip;
"loll tho people-whut books you liko
Helen's face was an open book of her mental
1 processes. Mie repeated each word after Ml-s
Sullivan, but hot Hated a little ou the words
"tell" and "y.ui." the 1 Tightness of her fuco
dimming for I hu Instant, As uon as she com
prehended tlio question, which sho did In ad
vance of Its completion, tho flush of Intelli
gence enmo. and when she turned toward tho
audi. i.e. f r she did not seem at any tlmo
to lose her location, sho said with spirit:
"(ih. 1 have lead so much thai It is very
bard b . ay what 1 like best, but" waiting a
moment 'l.llllo Lord luuntloroy' " and
then followed luridly iho names of several
vv iks. Boiiie of whl. li. It would seom, could
hardly bo understood by any one who cannot
kn w s iUiid mid color.
" How do you r.'ii I "
"by raised ' tieis nn.l by my teacher-
" 1 noticed w lion y.ai 1 loiioiincod for her you
nr.icula'ud with an e .vug. orated aiolion .f the
lips.'' smd otic. " Is ii ; 1 1 at n.ei ssui y ;"
" Her ' aching was I eg. in in that wav. I do
not think it is ne .--a. y or best. 1 aitiitiito
tii . I ... ill iriiy of he. v... o lo that i. uehauicul
a. 1 1 n which htf USe. I ll.iuk it would ba...
i ... n better aipi I juat as easy it sin hu l been
I SPOkell to Will ll" usual ill o vein. Ill "
tu leply to tbe iu slion of i.ei knowledge of
ttio abstract. (Ion I uton i-markud that tho
great.st development in tbe cube ill Uolvu
, . kellvr Wb that ol tut epjjltiul,
H T-,-: SftfaoMijyorftAjftjEwwff .c - :v r.jSfcjfcjiai- faaamJeMeaiVselenJPSJJea
7 : IFIl
B imps
Ames t'nmmlnc'a Mpleaitld SATiiralBB ta the I BH
Sonth on the Question or Kree Blrtrer I
'''"' Kg ;'?.?
Mr. Cuur-iit; :-. Mr. Speaker, first I desire IS KjlF jj
thank my colleagues Mo-srs. bitch and CO" I kS
vert for Iholr kindness la reserving ton mln- I ?S
ulos r f their timo for ice. -fiSz
Sir. I reeognb-.o tho fact (hat Iho people ot Nll
this country demand action nnd not talk. I I "158
bad not lntonlod to (resp.iss upon thelndnl I rip?
gcne.f the II. ..isi until I heard the arraign- Is WhM
ment of tho New York Democracy by the gen HK BR
tleman from Mississippi Mr. Stockdalel night I
before last. Tho New York Domocraoy nee4
no vindication. Their fealty to the party li S
proverbial. Hut the Southern Democracy netst
vindication beforo tho poorlo whon they a I
ralgntbo Now York Democracy for their sup- J
port of ftrovor clovelun.l In (his House.
Mr. Spoakor, Ireprosent a district In whieh
thoro aro very few banks fowor, porhaps,
than In any other Con gros- lonal district In the) fl
I'nlted Blatos. I represent one of the oontrM
of tho teeming and tolling millions of New H
York. It has in someof Its proclncts whatyom HI .
find nowhere elso on the faco of the earth, e (
population at a ratio of a million to the eqnare) HH
mile. Nofannerin thelnnd. howovor poor. lire) JgS
In tho equnlora n.l tho misery of someof thee ;
men. (iverC.Oiio working men and women era IsBfl
crowded ln(o ono block. 8omo of thom have MSil
raised tho black Hag not tho red flag with 4 1 ajjeli
tho yellow flag In the offing nt Quarantine. It i
has been in. 1 lie. 1 u ith tho word. "Work e (j; flH
broad." j H
In standing hero nnd speaking to this Houea ih Bl
I roprosent that cry for bread, for work. Th Sa i
only work thoso peoplo can got Is trom the i r iBsl
manufacturers and merchants of New York aafl
city, and they toll tnotn thoy cannot give them 1 ' IbH
wotk until this purchasing clause of the Bher- H
man law is repealed. I'rnsldont Cleveland, ia j LB
consonance with the plain letter of the na- JVI
tlonal Democratic i, at form, has asked for its '.. HH
repeal, and tho New lork Domocraoy unanl- BeH
mously sustains hlui In his rciuost. This I ' , kfeS
the sole hoad and front ot their offending. M
Applause.! ... "!.''. H
Hut. sir. I return to tho arraignment of the , ;'., t M
distinguished gentleman from Mississippi, -i . fesH
burn and i eared in the llopnblioan Stato of ,)$-. , HB
Pennsylvania. I ut representing a Mississippi .. HH
district. Sir. the country Is suffering in mora H sbsh
senses than one. It seems to be suflerlnsT Yv- bHI
fnm a fearful surplus of statesmen and from ivK BH
n dearth of politicians. lApnlauso.) The gen- ...fjjt BH
tleman from Mississippi went back to. the N . tt)SH
(In. .,ig,. Convention lu bis assault upon the . sS9
Now lork Democracy. I nm loth to follow lu ii BtH
his footsteps, but justice to tho New York De- -vi,t tjHB
moeracy. in my opinion, demands it He said iilo. sbsbsts
that two-thirds of the votes from the South I aas!
w.ro givon for tho nomination of (Irovor ; PHii
( lowland at Chicago. Ho might havo made It : pffiP
four-fifths, and still havo boon within the I Ui'-vse
limits of truth. 1 1
Theso votes were cast In (ho face of letters SBH
from (.rover Cleveland defining unqualifiedly .V HeHl
ids attitude upon the propositions beforo tha Lflif' ' .
House. Applause.! I will not uuote them. ;
Vou all recoguize thorn.
You men ol the South have ears to hear and ; kSbe
eves (o see. Y'..u have at least common school jgt oSBl
educations. You understand (irovor Clove- fjjf EBB
li.n I's attitude. No man. friend or foe. ha ulW iQJgsg'
.... accused him of being untrue to hie eon- H HH
vletions. Ho is as firm here as tho rock of B . i:;jM
Gibraltar. He abates not a jot or n tittle of I v ' . iBjirg
thom. Vet. sir. lu tho face of a repootod pro- I iSSa
test of iho New York Democracy, over two- I ..
thirds of tho Southern delegates to that Con- EH I
vention forced Mr. (lovolanu's nomination for rajS
(ho 1'residoncy; Missouri voted solidly for j nH
lcm. Arkanias voted bolidly for him, and ! HE
other Southern States In duo proportion. r I
A committee sent Irom tho New York dolega- ,I8J SlB
tlon tried lu vain lo obtain a hearing from the MB
Arkansas delegation, and on that committee, s I - B9Bi
sir. wero two delegates who bad voted for free EHH
siivcr n the I I'lj -ilr.ss Congress to preserve) DOME s 3
tho South from the horrors of a Force bill. I iHaE
lApplli l-e.l QjUMI
Now, sir. tho tlmo for theso gentlemen from Ml rtJBrRH
the South b. entor their protest was thon, not fUSSS
to-day. IGroot applause 1 Tho lime (or you rejg'Wsi
men from Miss uri to Buy thai . u would do- . .(AevJ
sort tho stau. lurd ol tho Democracy unless lroe JB
coinage was accepted was then, not to-day. 4Hsl
The New York iJemocrn y, sir, b wed hum- SJ
bly totlm will of thai Convention. Thoy loyally ' jSH
accepted its can. iidato und its platform. 'J her faBai
did more. 1 say to you men of the South here ; 9HB
to-day. that It was their vote that gavo you tha JK BHJ
nlank for tarilT for revenue only. lApplause. 1H9I
They have never deserted the South In her ' HBB
hours ol trial. They stood by hor years agoeven BHI
to Iho brink of rebellion, and they wero anion; i iHI
the first to extend the right hand of fellowship BB
after the war. They stood by you Is crucial iiiMr M9
moments In the Fifty-first Congress: but they ' HB
will not st in.i by any man in a treasonable at- t HH
titudo toward tho Demo 'ratio party. Common, I ' sJ
honor, let alone chivalry, re.juiros that thev ft BhB
South shnll not desert them after planing them UM
in tho situation which they occupy to-day. lH
: A pi. la isc Y'o aro supporting your candidate) ! I tB
nnd your I'm lent honestly, loyally, and I ( afl
proudly. We merit pruise, not denunciation. f fl
Bonowod applause. . 'r-"- '
I will except one Southern State from the f H
list. Mr. .leaker the i lu.-kv little Common- ' ' HHfl
wealth ot South Carolina. Her delegates at i
Chicago, nppati. ntly awake to tho realities of i HHs)
tho situation, cust everv vote but one against iHSBf BBfl
the nomination of Mr. ( lovelnnl. South Caro- iHH
Una in this House to-day occupies the earn aflV Hfll
nttitudo. All but one of hor ropresentativee lu i HHL)
this Congress refuse to accept tho recornmen- j H88
dation of the President's message. BflB
Hut. sir. (ho Now York Deinocrnor obeyed I BHB
the mauiluto of tho Chicago Couventlon. They 1 Be jjggBMB
went to (ho front in lino of battle. They led a I SSIeS
chargo liko that of MacDonald at Wagram. H8H
Thoy pureed the enemy's centre, and tho I
Democrats of tho West and South closed In
upon Us Hanks and routed them. Sir, theNew
York Democracy to-day stands by tho pledges j
that she made at Chicago. She accepted not I
only tho nominee, hut tne platform, and .
The Si eakor pro tern. .Mr Urookeblre In the) j
chain The time of thogcntleman baa expired. Jjd
Mr. Kyle I object to tho extension of time.
Mr. Cummlngs Air. sjieaker. mark that a I
di-tinguishe.i gentleman from Mississippi I ,JB
mado this unprovoked attack on the New lta
York Demoer.cy, and a gentleman from Mis
sissippi (Mr. kylc onjoots to any reply. -i.
Mr. Turner- i will yield to the gentleman
the three minutes ho deblres. ICriee of I
"(iood'" and applause.
Mr. Cummlngs I heartily thank the gentle- Mt Hfll
man from lieorgln. Now. Mr. speaker. I want Smt HnB
to say (hat Nowork. in accepting the noni- j HHfl
inoo. accepted tho platform. Mie stands by j eflB9
its loltorand its law. and sho finds no "glitter- h1'jjl
lng catchwords" in its construction, Bhe W jESSJjjjjs
stands by tho nominee und platform. What is J iiigiSi
the platform I Did it do dare fn lavor of there- itAJ JH&BaB
peal of the Shorman a t, with fron coinage BHsl
at ICto 1 or 17 to 1. or anv other ratio' No. lUHfl
sir. Then, why Is It that gentlemen here who M 9HB
advooato this quallllc ition of tho President's BHI
recommendation, under a threat of betrayal HH
of tho party, are to.luy accusing Now Yorg BHl
Democrats of repudiating (ho platform? 8H9
Mr. li .in "i Hi. mil... you would not agree) MH
to give us fron coinage at any ratio. H
Mr. Cuuimiiigs Tho National Dnmooratle HhB
Convention refused y. .ii. and wo humbly bow HH1
to thu will of tho Convention. You voursolvea HB
are tho repudiators of the work of the Conven- Jl. j BBI
Hon nnd not tic New York Democracy, you i flaT .
yourselves are confessedly responsible for tbe wKhS
selection of the President ol the I'nlted States, ixgijajg
and V u yourselves, in view ot his letters be- fl v 3 tsfsS
foro tho nomination ..u.iht to havo the man- SeffiH
liuess and (ho common honesty to stand by iTSBEfl
the Democracy of New lork in carrying out JIMM
his recommendations. Wo aceo.tod your BHBI
choice, im.l you ought to stand by It. Loud HaH
npiiauso.l BI
Mr. Houtner- After you have got on tho plat-
, .. BiHl
Mr. Cummlngu Aro you on (ho platform, my HBH
ml Bflfl
think QH H
Mr. Cummlngs -Can you show where tha H
platform doehues for the free coinage of silver , BflflB
I iajfl
Mr. l'.oatnor-; hecausoyou are all ngalnit I H
freo coinage, and will not give us freo coinage I HH
at any ratio. ... afl
Mr. (unimtngS'We stand by the platform. H
but you tire tp.t willing to trust the I'resldeu HIH
you selected In tiio faco ol the protest ot the BM
New York Democracy. Wo trust him. iou do B M
Ih nn. honorublo i Mr. I think the flflg K1
Southern Democracy, who nfter reading the m
Newl.uk Democracy a less n. nm teaching Hi H
i lu-. i. .:, the lussoii they aro learning to- Jl )H
day. B i
Mi Rontnoi will try to give you a better Bfl
one next tune, iliughtor.l SJjW fflj
Ml. i iniiigs IIo is u poor doctor who re- )
fuses his own medicine. Tako It like men. I flH
stand by sour party. Never desert your ool- bbjj
ors. The geiiileiuiiii from MlBsourl (Mr. Hatch)
bud something to say about sand. Save your I
sand. Cou noed moro of it. 1 ollow the exam- HHB
I lo of the engineer, and i ray for It. Don't got HHH
up hero, a we have soon houlhorn Democrats HHB
do. day nfter .lay and night after night, fllfl
Coached by guerillas fl un Colorndonnd Pop- HHH
ubst jayl.iiwiioib Ir. in i.aiisus. arraigning and HHH
condemning the Democriitlu 1'ienldent of the !
I luted -tiles for standing by tho people un I
tho i i. i . ol the national Domocraoy In II HHH
convention assembled I olid applause. HHH
Stun. I thnNevv V rk Democracy a the New , HHH
I York Demo racy stands by yoin President nnd mat 1
II . Ire-1. lent and our I lesn lent, and the black IBH flflfl
finan. ial . loud will soon roll iwsy and the na- I J
tlon resutue the road tu prosperity. HHH
Hero Mr. eu, un,. tu :s -. in . u . pi rod. BflHI
A lllliiilou- lliu.o. .4gMpP
. ,-,.,;.).".. 'I I
Charley Poyd of Crave c ur Lake claim i'-t&s&sffi
th it lie owns 'hi fli.inii.li.il beer nnd whiskey 'MgBjji
.liin.in bin ro in lb,, wo 1 1.1. I he animal is i 'WlmS
years u I and I v. i .-mall. V. hull pet luitted. IggqjflpgBn
1 li . ter the bnn in .not walk . up tu the bar PflsHl
nnd iik is i in v I'b as inn. b e .i .. and pleas- gjjJaBU
in,. . lo I be o blest patrons .1 I he place. One fl
i d ;,.-: ek ll .1. i' k ill , gi ih- - ot beer auu M
i. nie.'i 1 i d" le f.-r more, and did not jcpli
show ani evidences of drui.keiine. una 'MMzBsm
alternoou it .li ink llfteen glusseaof boor and T-lr
two on, His .d whl key, a tor which it went "'filler
'W JWj

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