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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 16, 1894, Image 2

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I'i f 2 ' THE SUN. THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1891 . :
II . ' ...,MMMn.,nil,B.,nn1nnssn.nSnnnSBnnn ' ' " f
T H .
l ; by Beaalor Jones, who advocate 80 per cent
ad valorem duty and the removal of the differ
'.'IT enlist to the Sngar Trust. Friend of the Piwl.
, dent Insist tht ther will fight for thli action
R, in the bitter end, bat in making these state-
S II ; ,, inents ther simply exhibit their Ignorance of
fit i i the situation. Becretary Carlisle letter, pro-
if . letting against the passage of the popgun bill
K , because the Oovernmsnt cannot afford to lose
3 i j i the revenue that would tfint be lost, woald In
fill! ' Itself be sufficient to cut the ground from nnder
f. 7 f j the feet of the free sugar men, but, added to
f. ' jgi t ' ,ij, there Is ttrong opposition among the
K jj ' most Influential of the Democratic fienators
8 '?' ' against anr further tariff legislation, and
I . whether the Hagar bill It referred to the
Rl'V 1 Finance Committee or whether it ia consld-
$ ered without such action, there la no earthly
J J I chance for Its passage. Congress will either
n.'4 ' adjourn while It It being discussed or a
Hi j formal motion wilt be adopted to Indefinitely
ft' j postpone It and 1U three companion popgun
J '"J , Mill until the next aeeslon of Congreaa, and this
fj a t , meant the death of all of them. If thePrcsl-
!jf M dent does not take action on the Tariff bill dur-
U ?J ing the present week the Senate will be without
i "H annorum, and hit friends therefore feel that lie
a n will recognise this fact and sign the bill within
at the next fort y -eight honrs to that Congress can
n f, formally adjourn and not die of tuspended an.
nl) i matton.
!tv ) f The speeches to-day were ell In the nature of
Jj ' I funeral orations, and each Senator who spoke
h ' persisted in the statement that while he voted
I' for the Senate bill he waa all along opposed to
h f ft. Senator Mills, the original and unrecon.
Hjl ;iS ' tructed free trader, made the speech which hit
i Ru l'i i friends expected him to make tlx weekt ago,
S 1 I , and with which they still think he might have
jlj W (topped the surrender to protectionism and
Hj ' Populism contained in the Gorman bill. All the
jji M ' oTatorensedthe FreeSugarblllasatextforthrlr
1 Sf Ji i remarks, but they abandoned thtlr subject for
fV Jj the purpose of making arguments assuring the
''jfl I pubUo that the Senate bill waa the only one that
n 2 I could ij the Senate, and apologizing for hav-
) $1 5 .' lng voted for it. The speech of Mr. Vilas, the
Iy' one lone Cuckoo In the Senate, was a criticism
If) it i f (be Senate conferees and of tho Houso Demo
fij I i orata generally, and a repetition of his recent
jH . eulogy of the President, who, Mr. Vilas still In
81)) , slats, never intended to make a personal appll
KJ ' eatlon of the charge that the Senators who
ft? '!' foroed the adoption of the Senato amendments
4U i; to the Wilson bill were guilty of perfidy ami
jj i dishonor. No attention was paid to the speech
ffj I ' of the President's advocate except that the Ben
in j ! ate conferees took occasion to deny the Justice
Kll ' of his criticism of their action.
! i -roravx" nii.LS is tuk nr.NATR.
ljrj . Ther Give Henntor Vest an Opportunity to
W I Tarn on the Calcium l.tcht.
j I WAsniNOTO.i, Aug. IS. Uuring the routine
K ' X morning business In the Senato tlio Chief Clerk
V ' I of the Ilouse delh ered a message from the House
9 u . notifying the Senate of the discharge of the
II House conforees on the Tariff bill, and of the
31 fact that the House had receded from Its dls-
jj agreement to the Senate amendments: and
jl further that be (the dirk) had been directed to
If present to tho Senate, for the signature of Its
If President, the enrolled Tariff bill.
if A few minutes afterward the Vice-President
I announced that he had signed the Tariff bill.
I Mr. Quay (Itep., 1'a.) gave notice that he would
I offer as an amendment to each nf the four bills
I putting sugar, coal. Iron ore, and barbed wire on
I) the free list the Mrh'lnley Tariff bill.
J At the request of Mr. Harris (I)em., Tenn.)
I ' I j each of the four House bills as to sugar, coal,
j Iron ore. and barbed wire was taken up and re-
9j I I , celved Its second reading. This formality hav-
fjj-l I-' lpg been accompllshrtl. Mr. Harris roso and said:
j j "I deem it my duty to submit to the Senate
E i j' communication from the Secretary of the
9 I I Treasury, received this morning. 1 send it to
,H i.; the Clerk's desk so that It may be read to the
fl It I Senate.
aw ' If Tne SecretrJ''a letter wns In answer to one
k li .' fly from Mr. Harris requesting an ontclal statement
1 Ik" as to the effect the passage of the bills putting
ii 9 ' )'' sugar, coal. Iron, and barbed wire on the free
I I '' it"' Uit' or elltifr o( tbem, would hao upon the
i M .', revenues of the lioerument. The Secretary
I' ; "T":
fl If sufar alone It placed upon (be free IUt, the ex.
S t peadltDres during the present nsrat year will eiceed
H'.i i J toe receipts to the amount of $23,4"t,03H, and It tbe
H I ji duties are remored from all the articles specified In
Si , jour letter, the deficit will be ,478,03. not loclud-
I I ) Ing any eipendltures on account of the sinking fund,
PJ it or the payment of Ci.Saa.oOO uf Paclfio Kallroad
BJ ii V tonda, which will mature during the fiscal rear. In
KM ', " view of the existing proposition and requirements or
tl 'h h thepubllo service, I am of tbe opinion that It would
U not be safe to place all the articles enumerated In
FV I- 79ur letter, or even sugar alone, upon the Hit, without
SJj i I Impost Uxatlon upou other articles or subjects suf.
W i ' SrUnt to raise an annual rerenue of about ISO,.
!- I ooo.ooo,
M f , fr. Berry (Dem Ark.) moved that the Senate
I i proceed at once to the consideration of the free
, . stigar bill.
K I U 3Ir. Harris 1 feel it my duty to say a word
.B.j and to make a motion to refer these bills to the
M, I Finance Committee. While I am heartily In fa-
B ') f vor of free augar, raw and refined, and have cer-
J I, talnly no objection to putting the other articles
M F dealt with by the otherblllannthefreellst; still.
K41 i In view of tbe communication Just rrail f rom
J if tbe Secretary of the Treasury and the strong
t &m probability (If not the absolute certainty) that if
i' ii these bills shall become law wn will have
V: M during the current sear a deficiency In the
HI Treasury of tweuty-nlne or thirty mQllons, 1
K 1 111 feel it my duty to move tii refer rnch of thos
JVI ilf bills to the Finance Committee, In order that that
Ml Sir committee ma), in dealing tilth thone bllla.ao
j 1 31 deal with them aa to provide aga(ust that Inev-
H I -j itable deficiency. I do not think that Congress
li can afford to adjourn without aurh provision as
" BV Ji- w"1 effectually guard agatnst such deftciency;
mi.Jl-,. and for that reason, and that reason onl, I
', I J move that these bills be referred to the Commit-
V Uf-" tee on Finance.
.; Ilf' Mr. Hunton (Dem..Va.) asked whether an
'B yl" abolition of the one-eighth rent a pound differ-
.sjfi ; vniiai amy on rennei sugar would create a de-
: f ' flelency. lie wanted that differential struck out.
'-? . lr- Harris had no hesitation In saying that it
' l ? could not have that effect. He waa aa much op.
j, I . posed to the differential as the Senator from
I I Virginia was. Hut Ills opinion was that the
(11 1nance Committee ought to deal with
W i 4, those bills, and to ao deal with them
K!jF as to guard effectually against tbe dreaileil de.
MillV flrlenoy. More than that he did notraro to say,
l jjB ' Mr. Berry argued in fuvur of proceeding now
W '. with the consideration of the sugar bill without
p il sending It to the Finance Committee. That bill
W IMl had passed the House with only thirteen dls.
r l,M- tenting otes. Tberu was a great majority of
' iM l ha people of the United States In favor of free
E. ?' sugar, and he lielleved that It was the duty of
t; 'Jfl tbe Senate to take up the bill nuw and vote upon
( ' :jl Mr. Mandersun (Itep , Neb ) Inquired whether
', , Mr. Herry had not voted in fa or of the differ
' BV entials. but Mr. Herry declined to be dlterted
iB'j from his argumtnt,
'. B . Mr Harris-Lean say 'or myself that If these
".? bills are referred to the Finance Committee I
lh shall ask that committee to meet for h ho pur.
, pose of considering them Immedlatrfy. And,
! eo fares I am peixinally concerned, 1 shall In.
i W.L alst upon the earliest report consistent with a
s M f fair consideration of the bill. If It ran be done
1 Jl- la three hours I shall gladly have them reported
I'M' back within. that time. Hut I think, dealing
t J J with the probable deHrieucy, that these four
m bills ought to be considered oy tne proper com-
; ym mlttee and this dellclenoy nruvided for. As to
IS ' the Finance Committee being equally divided
, , -m politically. If the majority party be not permit.
- .-1 , ted to exercise ItawilUn regard to the time and
manner of the report, w will promise that one
, V hour shall not pass until I ask tbe Chair to till
f the vacancy, and then we wtll have power to
i y control the matter,
f , I Mr. Vest (I)m J!o.)-Mr, President, It is
with very great relucuure that I find miself
f compelled to differ with the acting Chairman of
t ; ! the Committee on Finance, of which I am a
1 ', r member. I have not the elighteet doubt that if
' I this motion to refer the bills which hae come
1 to us from, the House of Hepresentatlves pre.
; i vailed it will be the end of the consideration of
' I . those measures. The fact has already been al.
; 4 luded to that the Committee on Finance, as now
t f lorapoaed. consists of five Hepublican members
If I and Ave Democrats. Kvenif the benator from
i 4 Tcnneeseeshould nil the acancy occasioned by
t f the death of our late lamented colleague, ren.
. 1 ator Vance of North Carolina, it is well
' known to every Intelligent man that at
5 J this stage of the session, with tbe prob-
', ability of the absence of a quorum in
I 1 one or both Houses within a rery few days it
1 I will be Impoaelble to bring those bills back here
and secure the consideration of them. Inaddl.
all Uontotbe reasons which have been forcibly
r iVK urged why there U no necessity for the refer-
B tlH ,nc ' these bills to the Committee on Finance.
'ilrarl Idealremost earnestly and explicitly tourge
iBlSH another. It Is due to the Senate as a body; it la
IStH3P tlutf to individual Senators, and particularly to
?" JH those of us who have been railed upon tod!.
? IP charge the dlffliult task of members of the
" iBfEj Finance Committee in the majority and
' Bk! members of the conference committee
JBT As I said the other dsy. the calcium light should
W returned on this chamber, and every henator
' m ttf should now axsuine the responsibility before the
y American people of taking this position upon I
the questions which have bren fruitful of scan- I
sm v .- d1- Ad the gross and .miserable scandal that (
has gone or t against the personal character of
many of ui most nnjustly. Tho Penstor from
Nebraska (Mr. Manderson) askwl the present
occupant of the Chair (Mr. Herry) If he rwild
support free sugar after having voted, for a one
eighth flfferenllal in the pending bill, ,J.et me
answer that question. I otrd for that one
eighth differential. I am willing to. stand by
that vote and by the bill as It Is to-day. rather
tliannnte the party to which I belong convicted
befo.-e the American people of ln ompetenpy and
Incr.pacltr and of titter obliquity ns to the
pleJges which they made to the (people In the
tarivassof 1RD2. I was railed upon ns a memlier
of the Finance Committee and aa a inemlierof
the conference commltteo to make atbolcc lie
tween evils. 1 was called upon to stand before
the peoplo of this country and say n rotild tmsa
no bill at all, as our party was utterly Incompe
tent, or I was to taken bill Infinitely liettcr than
the MrKlnley a and gobeioretlm Democrats
nf tho Cnlleil States and rny to them: "I hac
brought oti tho liest that tlio rlrtumVnnres
permlttei. and I hne done inydulv honestly
nnil faithfully as I saw It." There Is no Inron
slstencyjn the position of thoe ho nteil for
the pending bill and who now favor free sugar
or a duty upon sugar which will tirtsluco tlio
revenue wlilch tho Secretary of the 'treasury
ssys Is necessary to carry on the (love rnmtnt.
Mr. President, lam most unfortunate In that
I nm compelled again to say something In tho
nature of rrltlclsm ngainst the present Admin
istration. It has not been many days since the
President of the United Stntes-the head of our
partv, tinder whoe Hag to-day and now I am
ready to light to the death for political reform
and Demotratlc policy declared In n letter to
the Chairman nf the Wnjsnnd Means Commit
tee nf the House of llepresentattvps that the
Senate bill now accepted constituted perfidy to
tho Democratlo party and dishonor to
Democratic principles. The Wilvin bill
came to us with tm tlutv nt all nisin
sugar, raw or rellned. Kerytinl In the letter
the Secretary nf theTreasur) sent to us to-day,
and which wns read from that deik. Is the most
terrible arraignment of that Mil, herausr It
shows that. If paused, there would haebeena
deficiency or moro thnti S.'IO.OOO.onu, and It
would have been necessary to again Issue Interest-bearing
bonds In order to carry tin the opera
tions of the Uorcrnment, It must 1m remem
bered that wo havo Increased duties by tho
amendments adopted by theSennte to the ifoue
bill, and It must Ui reinemlit n d tbutuu hao
prndttceil more reeiiui
Mr. Cockrell (D tn Mo.) We hnil to do II.
Jdr. Vest And m-retnniprlltd to do It. Hut
Irwhal the Secretary uf thtiTrensun now says
lie trnr- nnd I do not gnlnav It what would
have Ih'CH the rondlt loll nf this routitrv with the
Wilson lilll enai led 1 A tlelli lenc) of front forty
tn Hit)- million dollars starlni; Us iiiitui'dliitel) In
the fare, The letter of the Nrctnr of the
Tnasiir ls Indication nf the hill as jmcd b
the Setiute. mill h as has lievli Mild ngnitut It. I
propose before I get through to show that thu
self-rnnstltuteil trlllta of tho new spnper press
Hilt! the ml( mule deniHgngiir uhn nht to pull
down men In high places lit order that they mny
i limb tlit re themsthes, lmo pertertetl tin'
truth, and hiit nsalled thu hill us
lianivid by thu Sennte 111 such fashion
us now tunWtt tin in liefore thu Amerlcnii
peoplo nf gross slander and wilful Ignorant e.
Tht Ht'brrw sunfrstltlim uhlib ttirmil a irtmt
Into the wilderness In order that It might carry
away the sins of thu peuplu still exists, in
times of great tletirt'sMon mid calamity it scape
goat must Mill be found, even nuinncclt lllzed na
tions; and the Senate of the United States la
now Oiling that ixnltlon to thoAmerltanprople.
Much nf this we lime brought upon oursehes.
We hae brought It upon us because wr have no
rule fur tho transaction of busine. For snmu
tears after becoming a inemlier of this
Wly, attructid by the Idea of Its great
dignity anil Its consertatUe character,
I favored tho absence from our rules
of the previous question as It stands.
After my experience In the last the mouths I
have not an enemy In this world whom I would
place In tho position that I have occupied nx u
member of the Finance Committee under the
rules of tho Sennte. I would put no man where
I hae been, blackmailed and ilrlwn, In order to
past n bill that 1 bellee Is necessary tn thu wel
fare of the country, by Senator!) who desired to
force amendments upon meugalnst my Utter
Judgment nnd compel lue to decide thu
quettlnn whether 1 will tnko nny bill nt
all or ii bill which had breu distorted
by thtlr lews and their objects. Mr,
thp Mniiti! Inis Hiitwrlliinn tin ttiH mIhith tn-ilm-
with tlie Ainertt nn jM'tmle, bet aunt. In an age of
progrt'", inhume mid uggrrssle reform, t
ult here, da) nflir day and week ufter week,
while copies of the census reports, nlinauar, and
ccn ntiels, are rend to us: uud under our rules
there Is nn htlp for the miijorlty except to listen.
Is It to Ui wondered nt that In nil uko like this
the iH-nple should at last turn iiikiii n lnnlj nhlth
serins to bo made fur obstruct Ion and not prog
rise? 1 tin not wonder that to-day the Senate
lias become h bj-wonl and a reprouth with the
Iihiso tongues and pens, lHiught and at ting
through eery sort uf mercenury Interest
throughout the Ian .
iiiHToitv ui' Tim srtiAii sciiRiirt.r.
I.rtuslotik for a minute at the hlstor of the
sugar schedule, which has been the rock III all
this debate around whoso ba" the crn-s-cur-rents
and eddies of dlM.us.slnn have lsilled and
seethed. In one end of the I'nlon. In that beau
tiful State of Ixiulslnnu, where the cane grow,
ers, 74 per cent, of whoe prudutt is refined
sugar, and obtain nil the protection that Is given
to tho product of tho mists, tlemanilrtt protec
tion Ijeiimse they represented American In
terests. For in j self, let me say that, allied to
them geographically and by tho ties of blood
and commerce. I hud rather glte to them the
protection than to any other class within our
broad domain. At the other end of the 1'nlim
waa a giant inono)ly, stretching Its briarenn
urmslnto every family anil to every breakfast
table throughout the land, with watered stuck
amounting to $70,000,000. upon one-halt of
which they were paving 7 per cent, and upon
the other IS. and paying It quarterly, nnd with a
surplus of JlH.OUli.OOi) ready for distribution at
their own will among their stockholders ag
gressive, defiant, almost dominant In the legis
lation of the country. Hetvv een those tw o was a
minor Interest uf the beet-sugar producers, so
small, however, as hardly to enter Into discus
sion In regard to the duties to be imposed. Un
der the McKlnlev act a duty upon refined sugar
(the product of the trust) amounts to 00 rents
on the IU0 iiounds, fin cents uihjii the face of tbe
bill and one-tenth differential as to all countries
that Impose an export tlut) ; and as Uermany Is
the only country that Imposes this discriminat
ing duty, and as (lermuny Is the only country
that sends to us the relined sugarthat competes
with our product, the duty uimi refined sugar
under the MeKlnley nt t amounts practically and
really to 00 cents on tho hundred pounds, under
the Wilson bill, about which we have heard so
much, and which Is bo often plated antitheti
cally against the bill o It paused the Senute In
regard to tariff reform, and especially In regard
to the duty upon sugar, tinder thu bill as nrlgl.
nally reported by .Mr. Wilson from the Coin
inltteo of a) and Means to thu Houso of
Hepresentatlves. the duty upon refined sugar
Ithe. product of the trust) was -'.") rents on the
hundred pounds, with the raw material free, aa
It was in the MeKlnley act, and a bounty ex.
tended for eight ) ears upon the raw sugar of the
South. The ilouse of Hepresentatlvea struck
out that duty and sent tn us u bill with free
sugar, raw and refined. That bill was sent to
the Hnanco Committee uud taken chariro of
by a sub-commlltee composed of the senator
from 'lrxaa (Mr. Mills), who had taken the place
of our late lamented colleague, Mr. Vance; the
Senator from Arkansas (Mr. Jones), and m self.
It has been said that we are the creatures of
the Sugar Trust. The liars and slanderers nnd
libellers the miserable creatures who live upon
the garbage and tilth of public life, and whose
hrrad has been breathed mnn by Infected
lungs -dared to make this statement about men
who have gone through those rtv e mouths of la.
bor and anxiety ami humiliation in order to do
their duty to their party.
Here Is the bill to Lw proponed (exhibiting It.l
printed and brought to the full Committee nf
Finance. Here la the sugar schedule as we made
It ami aurt-r.1 upon It, It rommenres with nu
drgrees under IIik imlarist ope tat and imposes
one-huntlr "lll nf a i rut for rarli additlouul tie.
gni up to Ithout any differential at all in
favor of the ..ugar.Trust. It gave a revenue
duty upon the sugars nf Uiulsiana; it gave
nothing to this trust which is said now to tlom.
luate that rommtttev ami the Senate, That hill,
uimn the morning that we proposed it to the
Huiime Commutes-, waa taken out of our
hands ami put before a caucus of I)em.
oc ratio t-Hjnators, without our knowledge
or consent, and for three days we wrangled
and disputed In regard to the terma of
the tariff measure to be proposed to Congress.
'I he end of that diacuMlou wan-and If any Sen
ator herp denies It let him rise In bis seat and
say so-that this bill was rejected, though we
bad made It a better bill than the Wilson bill in
the way of tariff reform, lowering duties upon
woollen goods, lowering duties in the metal
schedule and tbe glass schedule.
Mr. Mills- Ketluc Ing duties 15,000.000.
Mr. Vest Reducing duties $13,000,000, as my
friend from Texas bays.
Mr. (iray, iDeni., Del.) And with more ad
valorem and fewer specifics.
Mr. Vest-And with more ad valorem and
fewer specifics; and it came nearer to my Idea
of what a tariff reform bill should be than any
that had been enacted since the Walker tariff of
into. At tbe end of these three days of misera
ble wrangling and recrimination, we were
turned out of that caucus with the intelligent
and definite instruction to make a hill that
would secure forty-three Democratlo votes and
could be passed by the Senate, To that task we
addressed ourselves. The result Is seen in the
pending bill. 1 shall speak of that bill In a few
momenta: but I desire now in passing to say
that much of It a v ery large inrtlon of itwas
agreed to by me simply In order to escape the
humiliation of going back to the Democrats of
the Coiled States with no bill at all. It is as
well known aa that we are assembled in the
Senate of tbe United States that in this cbam.
ber were some six or seven Democrats, as honest
as I, whose motives I do not now impugn, but
with whom I differ radically and essentially In re
gard to the tariff. It has been said that w e hav e
made a fight here for the benator from Mary
land (Mr. (iorman) against the President. In
1MU.1 1 wrote tbe first letter that tame from a
member of this body in favor of Mr Clev eland's
nomination for the Presidency It was written
to the (I re stone Club ot Denver, Col., and
In It I said that while my personal
relations with the Srn-.tor from Maryland
were as pleas-ant as they could iMlbly be, I
would not support hint for the nomination, be
cause he did not rrprescut my views In regard
to tariff re form; that while I differed with Mr.
Cleveland in regard to lbs sllrer question, I waa
-..vai.n'tii . tsit&iti itfru ja jjjfr-
prepared to support him for the nomination,
ami. nf rourse. for the election, because he stood
fornartl, the foremost representative of what I
lielleved right In regard tn the tariff question.
So I have fought for no man, nnd never shall, I
tielong to no taction. I nm neither of the Ilouse
nf Montague nor Capulet I of York nor Irfiticas.
ler.'I shall light underlay flag which leads to
the Principles! believe to be right, no matter In
whose hands the staff of that banner may lie
placed. I am ready now to follow the President.
1 do not follow him when I know that ne Is com
mitting an Injustice upon members of his party
and doing violence tn tlie n suits that ought to
lie achieved by the Democratic pnrtyinthe com
ing canvass.
Pursuing what I wns saving In regard to the
sugar duty, the result of nitr laliors In regard In
It wns seen In the prnv Mons nf the Tariff bill
which have been nrrrptetl bv the House nf Hep
reentnllvcs. The bill pitsl the Senate, nnd
under rlrrumstnnces vvlilih rnnvlnred many of
us that the margin was sn slight and the danger
sn grrnt that It would be almost rashness tn
bring It bark to the Senatewllh any great differ
ence In Its composition. It has lieen said re
peatedly that there) never hn been a time-nnd
this has formed the staple nf the editorials nf
tho metropolitan press that n bill like the Wil
ton bill in Ha provisions, substantially ami gen- I
ernllt. pntilil 1m tiassetl In this Senate. It I
has been asserted that nothing hut pttru
cowardice or sinister motives kept us from re.
inrtlnirn bill similar to the Wilson bill, which
would havo passed and which would havo forced
t erlnln Senators Into the open, as the expression
was, nnd who then wtiuld not have dared to vote
against It. If there Is n Senator here to-day upon
either side of this chamber whn liclleves that
the Wilson bill or ntivthlng equivalent to It
could hnv u bet n passed in tho Scnnta at any
time, I ask him as a personal favor to rise In his
place and say so, (A paue.
nothing: i.tur. the wilson ntl.t, col'lo iiavk
I assert, sir and I hnv e been In this contest
from tho beginning, giving time nnd labor at
the risk of life and health to the work liefore
me thcru never wns n time when nny thing llko
the Wilson bill could have lieen enacted Into
law. Senators from the great inatiufattttring
Stales or the Northeast look Upon that hill its
murder In regard to the Interests of their con.
slltuent. ntid fought it to the death, 'lhe linn
plhatlons growing nut of tho sugar Interest
assisted them In their opimsltlon toll; nnd with
no rules In the Sennte, and with n majority of
one, possibly of two, and at tho mercy of the
minority. It whs as lniioslhle tn have pit-'td
that bill as for mti tu-dny tn carry
this muss nf marble nff iiu one hand. I
now come tn another plic nf this incisure;
and I shall "nothing extenuate nor set tluwii
might In innlliv." When wet nine Into confer
elite with our brethren In the other House after
the first disagreement, ami It Is uuiiteesinrv tn
go lielilml that I stntiil myself, and 1 iniike I
that remark In tinier to assume the full rtsimti.
slblllty that when the t iinfereiit e !lrt nc nihil it
It was useless tn go nny further with the hill or
with the disagreement with the two llou-in mi
til we had il.Hi"iil nf this .Medusa hi ail of the
sugnrtnrllT toutiiiuiilly confronting us. It was
iigrrttl unanimously that wo should take up
the sugar m IiiiIiiIk In the i illusion uf every
other subject, and undertake tn tome
tu u determination iiism II. We did take It no,
and finally agreed, without u dlv-eiitlng vote In
the rotifereni e. upon a sugar schedule. That
schedule was 4U )icr tent nimit the sactharlne
matter in tho sugar Imported, together with
n differential of one-fifth of one per rent. In
favor uf the refiners, constituting '.'0 1 ents upon
the hundred jkiuiiiIs. Theone-tentli differential
as to countries which ltuimse n discriminating
duty against American sugar wns left out. '1 lie
bounty upon sugar until the first uf January wns
left out, and the schedule, as I have stated
It, was unanimously ugried iiihiii In the
conference, and the sugar schedule eet
aside, finished and accomplished. The argu
ment in favor of that schedule was that
It removed the nebulous and scandalous
accusation that In the 40 cents upon raw and
refined sugar there waa some hidden duty to
the trust, to which they clung closely, hut that
was nut known tn the public. And, ns thu
Chairman of the Waysnutl Means Committee
of thu other Ilouse suggested, when tho 40 per
cent, was placed upon the saccharine matter
alone. It stripped the hill of this objection and
let the whole world know that thu trust re
tell ed '.'0 t ents upon the hundred Instead of '.VS
cents under tho Wilson bill as originally
framed and DO cents under the MeKlnley net.
Mr. President, for five long months tne waves
and winds had ruaretl around Congress In re
gard to sugar. Cartoons, i tutorials, lying t orre
epondents, uud demagogues had accused the Sen
ate of hav ing been sold out to the Sugar Trust.
Kverywhere aud uny where, by night and day,
the question was in legard In the sain uf the
Senntutu that monopoly. When we had agreed
with our brethren of the llinin'. and tlienugur
duty had been disposed of, we fondly Mipimsed
that the gnat obstacle tuiigreimt nt had been
rrmov t d, and t hut w u should then he fair and em
bratellkebrethreu.und stand as one liefore the
American people, linuglneoursurprisuwhun we
found that the Insuperable obstacle was nut In
the sugurtlilty, but that it came from the duty
uihjii t oul and Iron ore. From the UUthday of
March, when the lieuding bill was made publlu
to the world, to the Tth day of July, when the
President wrote his celebrated letter to Mr.
Wilson, nu Intimation had been made to the
members of the Finance Committee that u bill
.vithatluty upon coal or upon Iron ore. or iimiii
lioth, constituted perfidy to Democratic prill
clplrs and dishonor to Democratic policies.
sir. recurring again Pi an unpleasant subject.
I hope for the last time, I say I liavn no quarrel
with the PresldenPif the United States. I
made no attack upon the President of the
United Stutes. Thu Senator from New Vork,
Mr. Hill, did mo injustice when he put
ne In the classic riilo of the envious Casca
to stab Ctt"ar ut the foot of Pomiey'a statue. 1
simply deft udtsl the motives of myself and my
colleagues upon the Finance Committee against
the Imputation in the Presidents letter. If it
were necessary for me to-day, luortler to remain
In publlo life, to retract one word of what
1 said tn the Senate, I should not utter it.
No man has n right to perpetrate an Injustice
uimn another, no matter how high his position.
After tho President of the United States had
told my colleagues-fur I had not been to
the White House-that the bill as we
were preparing u wnuiti receive Ills aupjiort
although he said lie preferred free t oul nnd free
iron-still. It would receive his support; and
after we had given our labor, our energy al
most our lives to thu preparation of thu bill,
the President then comee liefore the Amerkan
people and denounces u measure which he had
failed to denounce liefore, although he knew its
prov Islons. This w as an act of gross Injusth to
those of us w ho had suffered fur more than he.
Tbe result has been, and will be, under existing
circiimatani es, that the best campaign docu
ment furnished the Republicans of wlilch wo
will not hear t he last until t his ranv ass is ended
w 111 lie that letter uf tho President denouncing
the Senate, without exception, for having
framed the bill, the provisions of which are now
necessary, according to the Secretary of tiie
Treasury , to prev ent the Issue of interest-bear.
ing bonds to tarry on the lioveriimeut.
Now, Mr. President, after two days or more
of amicable attempt at adjustment and 1 beg
to say here and now that for each of tho con
ferees on the tiart of the HmiM Ipntiienliiili-
most sincere iiersonal regard, and have no com.
plaints to make of their action In any way what
ever after two days more of attempted amica
ble adjustment we offered to the conferees on
tho part of the IIouo to allow the sugar ached
tile to stand as w e had made It, and to w hlch w e
all agreed, and then that they should take
either free mill or free iron ore as they pleuM'tl,
We offered them to take either free cool or free
iron ore, stating to them that It seemed to us
fair to adjust the differences between the two
btslles by their taking ono half and leaving tho
other hulf as the .Semite had voted It,
All this time, let It le understood, that the Sen.
ate conferee!, personally agreed with the House,
hut vve were there as ronierces, representing the
Senate, standing by the votes of the Senate, in
structfd to maintain the position of theSeuate.
While 1 did. not consider myself bound to tbe
extremity of standing by all the amendments of
the henate without exception, and without
further amendment, but w aa preiutretl to glv e up
many of those amendments In order to tav e the
bill, yet. at tbe same time, as a conferee on the
part of tbe Senate, I considered myself honorably
bound to defend and advocate, aa far as possf.
ble, the Instruction which had been given to
me. When this proposition waa made to the
Ilouse conferees to place one or the other upon
the free list, either coal or Iron ore, they ex.
pressed great gratification, anil said that the
spirit that we had manifested would be met by
them In the same ronclllstorv and friendly
manner. They went out for consultation, ami
after some two hours came back and suggested
that It would probably be best to take freo Iron
ore Instead of free coal. We told them that that
was a matter to be determined by them, and we
were perfectly willing to make thu i hange.
Wo then adjourned with a sort of liar,
llamentury peace for the second time, con.
eluding that the matter had been fully
udjiibted, and that we ion Id make a re.
Iirt. We suggested to them, I should have
said, at the same time, that we had knowl.
edge of the Senate and the close votes that must
ik i ur here upon any disputed question; that it
was not kafe to go through all of thei-e schedules
and tut down duties, aud that it would be dan.
gerous to come buck to the Senate with reiluc.
tlons upon the metal schedule, the woolen
schedule, the cotton n-hedule.t he glas schedule,
and the other great schedules In the bill. The
next morning we met again in conference, and
our freinds (rom the House then Informed us
that they hud concluded that it was best to have
free coal Instead of free iron ore, aud we said,
"(lentlemen. take your choite; we ran be happy
with either if t'other dear iharmer is away.'"
After we had concluded upon free coal and
had settled the sugar question, the Chairman
of the conferees on the part of tbe House then
stated that he considered it his duty, and that
.of his conferees, to demand that we should
take up the whole bill and go through all of the
schedules and agree to such adjustment as
would not endanger the fate of the bill in the
Senate. We again Informed him that while we
were personally willing-but I will speak for
myself alone-while I was personally willing to
agree to any report that thev might see proper
to make, in order to get the lull pawd through
the Senate, we again assured them that
to commence this general reduction or
Are Ysa tteasltlve
Inebriety is a dUrase. Private, confidential
cure by famous Keelcy Remedies. Address
Manager, LtJ West 3iU st.--tdc.
even any reduction of the duties In the
hill would endanger lis passage through the
Senate, and that this was the great peril to bo
avoided above all others. The House conferee
Insisted upon these reductions: and from the
beginning to the end of this whole conferente
the trouble was- and I say It most respectfully
and kindly that our friends In the other House
could never bo made to understand that we
knew more about the condition of affairs In the
Senate than did they.
Their Idea seemed to be that for some sinister
or hidden purpose we were molding nn open
vole. They coiitinnallr demanded nf us tn take
the hill back to the Senato. with such amend
ments as you youraelvts contelved with us
ought to he made, nnd there let tho Senate, In
the broad, open tight or day, vote upon this prop
osition. We, on tho nther hand, with one view
under heaven, so far ns lam concerned, before
me -the Idea nf avoiding the absolute destruc
tion nf nil tariff legislation during this Congress
-assured them, and every day confirmed us
III our opinion, that If the bill emit
back it vould bo defeated, nnd tho t'outi
try would lie told that the Democratic
iwrty wns too Incompetent to make nnv
tariff bill nt all. While we wire heMtattng nil
tbn Illume rnhfuMsia it ore llialstlntr lituin t ibttw.
up nil these schedule, and wo were warning
I liT-m against the Inevitable result -the Senator
from New York (Mr. 1 1 lilt Introduced his reso
lution, which brought nbout tho vote, the Ho
vote, hi which the ('hair gave the deciding vote,
so well known to the Senate utiil to the public
After that there was no rotifcrencc, because
that vote demonstrated lieyontl all sort of ques
tion that what we had raid tu them In n gnrd to
the opinion of the Senate was absolutely mid In
evitably correct.
the srvATE mi.r. !ir.rr.iirn.
Whnt are the salient points In (he Senate hill
which have la-en so much derided and abused?
vMinthns the Democratic party uf the country
given to the Amerltnh peoplo In lhe shape of
tariff i eform ns compared w ith the MeKlnley
act? A false Issue has lieen inndo lieforn tho
people, and made deliberately and Itilentlouillv,
for sinister purisjses. It bus been telegraphed
nnd written nnd snikcii everywhere that the
question was lietwiru the Senate bill nnd the
ltoti litll. Thiitnevirwastliequtstliiii. It Is
ns false ns the assertion so often made tint this
Is it Democratic tsitmle. 'Ibis Is not u Demo
emtio Senate on tho question nf tariff reform,
nnd neverwns. It never will In-ns at prcetit
inustltiitnl. Hut It hns lieen an Id ev try w hero
that the question vvn lietwecn the Wilson hill
uud the Senate hill. The qutstlnu hn lieen all
the time In tut en the Stnate hill mill the Mi
Kinley Ian: Hint was the tholte tu be made,
and t very mini who unilir-tissl the situation
knew U.
Now. whnt have we done? The hill which the
Utilise has uii eptctl ami whh h has now giine, nr
will gn In n few hours, tu the President of the
I nlltd State-, puts wool, lumbei. .i!t. nipper,
hurl ip. lugs mid tottoii bagging, fiax and
hemp, all agricultural Implements, iiittim ties,
nnd binding twine absolutely on the free list. In
ntitagonlsin to the provisions of thu MeKlnley
law. On null and iron tiro the duty hns Ik en
decreased from "A rents to 40 rents u tun. On
lend nre the duty has been decreased ont'-half;
nu Hit anil tin sheets it has lieen decreased
line-half; on woollen gmsls the citadel of pro
In Hon. lhe great fortress of monopoly mid
outrage in the .MeKlnley law -the duties have
la en retimed 50 per tent. Iheyhave been re
timed MM percent, tm the metal schedule, -J'J per
tent, nn cotton goods, ill per cent, on the glass
Mliediile. '. percent, on t hcmlcals, when the
llousu bill reduced the duty only Hi) per cent,
c.uhi'AIiihov or TAiiirr nil i.s.
If Senator and the opponent of the Demo
t ratlc party would take the trouble, lieforo thev
t rltli se It further, to turn to the comparison uf
the Tariff and Administrative acts of 18110 and
the bill II. It. 4.HIH, being report No. ASH, In the
1 Fifty -third Congress. If they will turn to the
comparative statement from the Trensury De
partment, they will find this summary: Under
the preent law tho per cent, is 4U.5H;
under the House bill, as.fili; under the Senate
bill. iltl.HN. In other vvunls. between the Me
Klnley act and the House bill there was a differ
ence of 14 tier tent.; between the MnKlnley net
and tho rennle bill there Is n difference of over
11 per rent., being a differential beT een the
House nnd Senate bills ot three per tent.; mid
we have sugar Included In ours, whltethe House
bill cuine to us with raw and refined sugar free.
So It appears, Mr. President, that all this scan
dal, nil this vituperation, nil this criticism. Is
UIsUlii difference of three per t ent. between the
t wo hills, w hen w e hav e made t he immense step
In advance on the path of tariff reform of put
ting wool upon the free list nntl have reduced
the duty upon woollen goods fio per cent., when
we have put lumber uin the free list, salt upon
the free list, nnd havo reduced the duties upon
lead and rlnc; and still we are told that iu fram
ing the Senate bill we have been guilty of per
fidy to Dfiuocratlu principles and dishonor to
Democratlo policies.
Mr. President, a single word and I am done. 1
am glad now to be able to speak as an American
Senator uud not aa a conferee. My friend from
Maryland (Mr. (lormnu) suggest cd to mo that I
should say something In regard to the deft
rlency. The Secretary of tho Treasury has In
formed us that If the duty Is taken off of sugar
there w ill be adeficlency of f.ltl.dOO.IIOO. I make
nols'iio with the Secretary of tho Treasury. I
regret that this was not made known to ua lie.
fore; but, since It has coinu to us now, I tdiall
not avoid the Issue. If It be true that there Is a
$:to,000.000 deficiency to bo creutetl mid Imiids
tu be Issued, w by should we send the bill tu the
Huntite Committee never to be heard of agilu?
Why should we not grapple with this proiHjsl.
Hon now? What are committees furextept to
give Information to the Senato ns to tit tails?
u ho does not know all about the sugar tlutv ?
Who Is not prepared to act upon It?
If to make augar free w 111 create a deficiency of
J'10,000.000, then why not put 40 cents on raw
and refined, and leave It there? Why nut take
the responsibility, each one for himself, before
tho American people, and see that there is no
protective duty to tho refiners nt all. Tako Mr.
Theodore Havemeyer, President of the trust In
1NHH, at his own language, when he mid that
the refiner of the United States could hold their
own with those of any country In the world.
Why should vve continue this scandal? Why
should we lliiw send tho hill Inft, il
tomb and put the seal ot tho everlasting
upon It, and then have the American
Iieople say: "Oh, yes. they did their work for
the trusts, and then they were afraid to face
what the representatives of the people hod sent
them in the shape of a free sugar bill" ? Why
cannot we settle it now? Why shall we put It
off? Where stands the majority ot the Sennte
uin the sugar question? Why force n few of
us to be the scapegoats of popular Indignation,
of scandal and defamation, everywhere r Why
not let every man stand nut and answer tn his
name and say what he thinks should be done,
and go buck to his people with the result?
Sir. I am tired ot evasion, suspicion, and lies.
I want the truth to be known, nnd let each man
assume the responsibility for himself. Another
word and I am done.
Mr. Harris liefore the Senator from Missouri,
my t ulleague on the Committee of Finance, c on
elude. I should bo glad for him to state, aa ho
opposes the reference of the bill to the commit
tee. what remedy he would suirirrst for thu
threatened evil of a thirty million dollar de
ficiency in the Treasury,
Mr. vest 1 have endeavored to make that as
clear aa possible. I should Impose a revenue
duty upon raw and refined sugar. I understand
my friend, the Senator from Arkansas I.Mr.
Junes), has an am etnlment prepared, w hlch
he showed me this morning, that meets all
doubt about a deficiency. It answers the becre.
tnry of the Treasury comnletely.'and relieves us
of all the nebulosity of defamation which has
been so rank In the country for the last five
months. 1 have, for myself, always advocated
free sugar; but I am willing. In order to mitt
the demands of the Treasury Department, to
vote for the amendment whit h theSenator from
Arkansas has preiutretl and will offer, I will
say one more word, and then I am done with the
subject, 1 hope, forev er.
Mr. President. It Is not pleasant ever to In.
dulge In personality, but my attention has been
railed recently to an Infamous statement, tram.
Ing from a generally reputable source, mode In
tliepubliopress.pl the effect that my at tlnn In
rrgurd to the letter of tbe President to Mr. Wil
son about the bill Id been dictated by a
feeling of revenge against his r.xrellency, be
i all jo h had Ignored me In rtganl to the
patronage of mv &tate. 'lhe Senator from New
ynrk (Mr. Hill) was kind enough in his ton
eluding speech, when he played in the role of
Marc Antony and when some people susiK-ctetl
that he would like really to have played Maro
Antony, and tome to bury Ciesar, not to praise
him he was kintl enough to aay In his conclud
ing remarks that after these gentlemen, this
classic group had attacked our modem Caesar,
"hekiuw nm what private grief I might have."
Mr, President, 1 have nn private grief; but I
wish toacknowitsjge. In the most publlo man
ner, my gratitude to the President for having i
rt lieved me from all responsibility in regard tu ,
appointments in Missouri, if there is any thing
in my public llfo which has afforded me any
pleasure, rral and substantial, it has been the '
fact that the President, in the exert ise of his
constitutional right, of which I do not complain,
Informed me that he no longer desired my ad
vice in regard to Missouri patronage. Not
again during this Administration will I stand
in u crowded anteroom looking into the
anxious and haggard faces of expectant
officeholders. Not again will I be ad
mitted in the august presence. Nor will
1 watch the shallow s possibly produced by in
digestion -that tilt across the r.xrrutive brow,
and feel my heart sink as each shadow cornea
aud goes; not again will I la damned at coun
try Poet Offices, upon village corners. as an in
grate w ho has given no offices to his friends.
Sir, were it not for this tariff debate and this
tariff discussion. I could now Indulge in the
ecstasy of that well-known hymn ;
Triers shall I bsthe my wearied tool,
Iu seas of endless rest .
And sol a wave of trouble roll
Atrou my prscsf ul breast.
I have nothing to complain of on account ot
patronage, lam ready to follow him now, as
tbe old bcutt follow ed the bannerof bruce.wheu
he fought fur country and tor honor, I fight for
no uiau; I fight for my principle, my part) . and
my country. Men pa away like the clouds
from the evening sky; but principle must live
forever, blr, when any man living accuses me
of personal motives In what 1 have done in con
nection with Ibis bili-but my connection with
It la now ended T simply answer him as Mar
mlon said to Douglas i "Ijord Angus thou hast
Sir. Jones of Arkansas (Dem.) gave notice nf a
snbstltute. which ho would offer for the House
bill. The substitute Imposes a duty of .10 per
cent, nil valorem nn nil sugar, and a cents nnd
4 rents per gallon on molasses, according to
Mr.Mill(Dem.,Tex.) ehnrncterlrcd the Tariff
Mil a now passed a a mot remarl-iMe measure,
one which did not reflect I he sentiment nf a thou
sand people In the United tntes. Ho was not
amiss In toying that not n Itrpuhtltati favored
It; thnt not a Populist fnvnrcti It! and he would
not be far from the truth In siylni; thnt the
great massof the Democratic party condemned
It. It wn the product nf live or lx Senators.
Hut they had lieen hetweetr the devil and the
deep sen, and they had gone tn the sea rather
than go tu the devil. laughter. Ho
hud mi aisi'.ngle to make for It, lo
calise It was liettcr thnti tho Mi Ivlnley law, and
was tho lst they could tin under Uterinum
stances. He did Hot script It. however, as a
filial settlement nf the qui stloti uf tariff, reform,
Hut It wasn sttp, n uhstiiiitlnl step. In the pol
icy nf cutting tin the fite list nrtlt les that enter
Into manufacture-, He now favored the House
hilt tn put sugar mi the free list, ami ho would
have It considered and pacd now. nntt not have
It referred In the Fllinnict ntinulltee
.Mr. .McPherson n.ktil Ml- Mills whether. If
sugar were mnile frie. there wmild not be a tie
fit lency nf 830.00tl.0im In the Treasury ,
Mr. Mills replied In the negative, end 'aid tint
Mr. Cnrllsle's estimate had been made on the
Important lNH.'l, hut that thr Import would be
Increased so largely under the new hill ns would
more thnti make tip the climated deficit.
Mr. Harris Mid that hevvuuld rather be eulilrd
by the statement uf the Sect rtnry uf tho Treas
ury thnti by the st-itement nf the Senator from
Texas; nnd he moved to reft r the Sugar bill to
the Finance Committee. He declared that ho
would never consent tutho adjournment of Con
gress until Provision hud lntn made to avoid
the bankruptcy of the 1 rensury.
vii. ta iiit'i.ir tii vr.T.
Mr. Vilas (De Wl i replied to Mr. Vest's
statement ns tn the in Hon nt the Democratic,
caticuswhen the m mile hill wu first reported
to It nu the 'JOlli nf March That bill, Mr. Vilas
declared, was a Justifiable hill In Its general fea
tures. Hut the caucus then vot'sl for free Iron
ore. nnd the Fluant e Commltteo hail not car
rlcd out thnt vote. It had actnl on the general
liehest to prepare it hill that could command it
majority of the votes In the Senate, nnd had
n imrtcd a diiiv tin Iron tint as well us nu toal.
.Mr. Vest corn tttsl whit he tlulmid to bo a
mltatemeul on the lmrt nf .Mr. Vilas.
.Mr. Vilas saltl that liu and Mr. Vestwerenot
nt ndlffiri lite; but they weru speaking uf twu
tllfft rent reports. The hill had been discussed
In the Senate from Marth '.Ml to May 7 forty
eight days; It hud (sen tnlk.nl about, fllihus
teied against, and debated, ufter n fashion, but
not n step Iu advance hml been made. And
w hv ? For the reason stntetl to-day by the Sena
tor from Missouri and Texn. that thern wa
no lit inocratlc majority In the Semite, so far us
liirllT eefiirin wits t out i rtietl nn innlrirlfv that
would follow-the principle of the party astx
prrt tl by Its constituted uuthoritlts In caucus
and on the Finance Committee. There wns une
other thing, Mr. Ha said, which ought to bo
tinderstiMid ns Senators weru having plain talk
nbout the facts. 'Hint wits that most nf the
uinciidmeutK put upuu the bill In the Senate
weru made ut the liitnnceof Heptihllcnn Sena
tor, and w Ith the expectation on their part that
tin v would nut bu fought for In iniifernnce.
Mr. Alll-on (Hep., lowal suld that n to the
amendment which he had offi red, and which
had been agreed to, thcru was no such under
standing. Mr. Vllus then defended the President against
the utiliuadv croons tit Ml. Vest. He ussiired
that Senator that the President's allusion to
party IK-rtldy hud lin reference tu hint; mid he
expressed his regret that that senator should
think that huetiuld bum custsl of p irty perfld)
or party dishonor he w ho bad bt eu su honestly
uud zealously laboring Pi bring nlsiitt the result
uf tho passage nf a Tariff hill. As to the asser
tion that the Wilson hill could nut have passed
thu Senute, Mr. Vilas said that the Finance
Committee should nut have subjected all Demo
cratlo Senators to the consequence-) of that fear
without giving tho matter a trial Iu tho Senate.
There was thu point wlilch he made.
Mr. Vest remarked that thetlilUuiiltv all the
time was that the House conferees, like the
Senator from Wlstouslii. Imagined that tho
Senate ronferee exaggerated the obstacles In
tho way of passing any thing that could lie re
ported in the Senute t handier. Finally, he said,
all the Senate conferees agreed to tiller to the
House conferees was that they would reiiorta
disagreement tn eucli Huuso and lettach House
vote on thu disagreements. Ho himself hud
even said to the House conferees: "Write out
v our report and I will sign it without even read
ing it." Hut they said "No, we have got tho
power to prevent uny such report, and it cannot
be raude.
Mr. Vilas said that the Democratlo party bail
lost such an opi-urtunlty its was rarely In the
providence of Uod nfferetl to political parties.
And v Idle ho lamented It and would not attempt
to conceal his regret that it had not done more,
he by no mean undertook to say that It had not
done much. Cuming to the sugar bill. Mr. Vilas
" Let us tako up this bill and let ns put a duty
on sugar, a revenue duty, without one single
particle of gift tn a grtut monopoly, nnd with
out clothing thu hund of ctirjiorate greed with
any of the grrnt isiw era of Government to levy
tuxes on every lioine nnd every family in the
land. It Is easy to deal with the subject. Wo
need mi reference of the bill to the Flnnnce
Committee. We need no further Incubation of
the ntibjfU. Here, III the light uf day, let us
take this bill mid (leaving a duty on sugar
a a revenue tluty) let us eliminate from
.it by suitable umeliilment nil thine ad
vantages given to the Sugar Trust, and
send tho bill back, to thu IIoue of Hepresenta
tlves. Let us do thai, nnd, my word for It, at
least I affirm my liellef that when that action
shall be takin there will be u cry of rejoicing
from tho -irople of the country , from nun end to
the other, that at last their great Uovernmeut,
their Congress, with its two Houses, Is not the
servile dependent of a Sugar Trust or of any
other monopoly in the land. lApplailse.)
When Mr. Vilaa resumed his seat. Mr. Man-
derson (lit p.. Neb.) said that If no other Demo,
erotic Senator desired to rev eal any more of the
secreta of the great Democratic cliarnnl bouse,
he wtiuld move that the Senate adjourn. Ho
withdrew that motion, however, nnd Mr. Dolph
(Hep., Or.) moved to proceed to thu considera
tion of executive business.
'1 hat motion wan defeated yeas, IN; nays, 34.
The two Democratic senator from Louisiana,
with Mr. Kyle (I'op., S. !). voted aye, and the
Republican Senators. Messrs. Dubois, Carey,
llaushruiigh, and Pettlgrew, with the Populist
Senator, .Mr. l'effer, V oted no.
mil PAi.UEit nrcrr.Mis the dill.
The discussion on the Sugar bill w as resumed,
and Mr. Palmer (Dem , III,) nddressisl the Sen.
ate. He said that ho voted fur the Tariff bill,
which was now In the President's hands, along
with his Deuioc ratio friends, and whatever re
sponsibility might rtsult from It he arceptetl It
without thu slightest hesitation. The Demo
crats bad done the very best thev could. The
bill was a Democrutlo meaure. and thu Demo
cratlo iiarty had to assume all tho responsibility
and all the credit for it. He doubted tho wit.
tlom and thu propriety of the party ills,
cusslnns which the senute had heard to-day.
There w aa no occasion, ho said, for members of
the Finance Committee to defend themselves,
'1 be country knew huvv faithfully ami earue.tly
those Senator had exerted themselves to se
t lire the best possible result. The abolition of
thu dutv on wool wns Itself a triumph. The
sheep Industry Itself was benefited, he usserted,
by free wool Tho ago of humbugs was rapid.
ly passing aw ay, und the day was past In this
country when tho people timid be dec eh til by
that humbug, protection. One of tho services
of the tariff bill was the destruction uf that
miserable delusion which had kept the wool
fimvvtra of thu West attached to the protection,
at party.
Talking nf the augar lxiunty, Mr. Palmer con.
demned it ami referred to the support of it by
tho PtimilUt.
Mr. Ky le (Pop . 8. D ). said that the Populists
were In fiver of fulfilling every contract made
by the United States with its humblest citizens.
" My friends, the Populists." said Mr. Palmer,
" Insist on the fulfilment of every bargain where
they have got the long end nf it, (laughter.) I
doubt whether they would have been so ion.
sclentlous about a broken contract operating in
favor of other people."
"Do you not regard It as an Injustice," Mr.
Kyle asked, " to refuse to pay tbe sugar bounty
this year f"
" I do." Mr. Palmer replied, " but the reten
tion of that bounty was too much to pay; or
rather, vve could not sat r I lice all tlial the Tariff
bill contained for the sake of paying that
Mr. Palmer woundup with a defence of the
Democratic party for the Tariff bill as passed,
lie would say to the peoplo nf Illinois: "We
have presented to you a bill thatU.lf the Presi
dent shall see proper tn sign Ir liuore laughter
audi tako for my elf the full and absolute re
eponslhility f or ev ery prov islon of it."
Mr. Walsh I Dem., (ia.) expressed his regret
that Democratic Senators should decry andile
nounce a measure, the entire responsibility for
which the Democratlo party uus in honor
bound tu accept, lhe bill was, at best, a cum.
promise measure; and, as such, nn Democrat
should feel that he was compelled to aimlugixe
for its deft ts. He presented for publication In
the litturtl a statement tn show w hat the com
paratlve effects of the bill would be.
As the Senate was about to adjourn Mr.
Chandler (Itep., N. 11.) created much amusement
by saying In Imitation of Senator Harris's tone
and manner on frequeut occuslons when the
Tariff bill was before the senate, "This whole
day has been w listed iu useless ilf bate. I want
to know if the senator is not prepared to fix an
hour to-morrow when the Senate will vote on
tbe pending Question?" (shouts of laughter,
"It Is always." Mr. Harris replied, with hit
You Need
a Telephone
in your bouse, your office, or your store, and yet
you may not know that the Metropolitan Tele
phone Co. now makes a new rate to small users
1100 to J ISO per year, according to use. Writ
to let Cortlandt sU, or call up TcL SSI Cortland t.
usual severe dignity. " with profound atntlon
and generally with admiration that 1 hear any
suggettlon from the Senatnr from New I lamp
shire. And I always regret, a lw now,
when I am uhivble to givo him a perfectly run,
frank, and satisfactory tnw-cr. ,,, ,.,i
Mr. Chandler mill 1"""".?,''' "?,r.,.J i
borrowing bis minis) A """frj"? .".n,tfc:
say to the Senator, waits upon his answer. ILon
tinned laughter. ... hic.i iMsli
" 1 admit," Mr. Harris retorted, that this l a
suffering country ; and It ha suffered ven-many
months because nf tlietondimtnf tlje Senator
from New Hampshire and h "'WW.1",",;
II.augliter.1 lint not tn prolong lblexceetllngly
Interesting and Important discussion -between
the Senator fmm New Hampshire andmyscir,
unless he hanker! to make a reply - ..,
" I simply want the Senator." Mr, Chandler
broke In. In his most aggravating stv e. W flx
n time when the country may be relieved from
suffering frnm either nf it."
"Whenever tbe Senator from New Hamp
shire." Mr. Harris replied In hi moat cru'hliig
manner, "will consent tn lie nbsolutely silent,
that time will come. More laughter, Imovo
thnt the Senato do now adjourn." .....
The motion was agreed to. and the Senato at
fiMi.l adjourned without voting on the motion to
refer the Free Sugar bill.
1WSZXXSS OF cosaitEss.
The Hnadrx Civil Hill Attreett To-The Be.
flelency Hill HHI1 In Dispute,
WAsntMiTON, Aug. IS. The House reaaem
bled to-day after n day's rest, and the members
showed the relaxation from the strain of Mon
day's session by a general llstlessnces. A bill to
enable the Secretary of Agriculture to more per
fectly carry out the purposes of tho act of March
H, tHlll. providing for Iho Inspection of live
sine k ami meats that are the subjects of Inter
state commerce, was passed, after a brief
statement by Mr. Hatch (Dem., Mo.) of the
necessity for It. Al present, Mr. Hatch said,
the law was Ineffective, prevent tbe shipment
and sale or t arcasscs condemned by tho Inspec
tors nnd ordered tn lie sent tn rendering vats.
A hill was passed atithnrlrlng the construction
nf n bridge over Newark liny by Hudson nnd
Union counties, N, '.
A hill providing that alt contracts hereafter
executed for thepaymentnf any sum of money,
whether In gold, silver, ur coin, may bo dls
rhargtil by nny money which Is by law a legal
tender for ihn payment nf debts when the con
trift matures, was discussed for a tlmo without
art Ion,
'I lie conference report on the Sundry Civil Ap
propriation bill, uf an agreement on all Items,
was agreed to.
The report nn the (leneral Deficiency bill gavo
rise tu iv discussion of tho Item appropriating
Jl.HOO.UOO to pay the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company for the transportation of troops, mails,
and merchandise, under a Judgment of the Su-
Freme Court, w hlch was not concluded when tho
Inun adjourned,
In the Senato the conference report on the De
ficiency bill wns presented nntl agreed to, the
only matter still left in dispute being thu amend
ment of the Senate appropriating ll.HOII.O'lll to
pay the derrro of the Court nf Claims In favor
of tho Southern Pat iflc Itallroatl Company,
Mr. Sherman moved to recede Irom that
amendment, as It wa qulto plain that tho
House would not agree to It. The motion was
not ngreetl to, nnd a further conference wus
The conference rejiort on the Sundry Civil Ap
propriation bill, with agreement on all points,
wa presented. Inquiry was made as to the
Senate amendment appropriating $103,000 for
the families nf the twenty-ono Government em
ployees killed In the Ford's Theatre disaster.
Mr. Cockrell (Dem.. Mo.). Iu charge of there
port, said that the House conferees would nut
Hgree to that nmenament, but that the conferees
hud provided for a commission of five Senators
anil live Hepresentatlves to conslderfthe subject.
After debate the rewrt w a agreed to.
The House Joint resolution providing for the
extension of the appropriations till Aug. !M waa
taken up, amended by fixing the time for Aug.
SO, and passed.
When the Tarir Hill Will So Into Kffeet,
Wasiii.notox, Aug. ir.-The new Tariff bill
wtll go Into effect at midnight of the day It re
celves the approval of tho President, or becomes
law by operation of tho ten days' limitation, and
not from Aug. , as provided In the measure. An
examination of the authorities made at the
Treasury Department shows that n law cannot
take effect uimn a date prior to Its enuctment.
and tho Federal Supremo Court baa sustained
this law under the ex pot facto provision of the
Constitution. Many telegrams of Inquiry re
specting the new law were received at the
Treasury Department to-day, ami It appears
from these that Importers nre sninew lint con
fused as to thu date tile measure will take effect.
The TurlfT mil at the White House.
Washi.voto. Aug. 18. The Tariff bill was
delivered to Private Secretary Thurber at tho
Executive Mansion at 1:10 P. M. by Repre
sentative Pearson, Chairman of the House Com
mlttee on Knrolled Bills.
Orange Democrats Hay He line Been False
to Ilia Trust.
Orakoe. N. J.. Aug. 15.-The East Orange
Democratic Tariff Heform Club at a meeting on
Monday night adopted tbe following resolutions,
which were glv en out to-day:
" irherrtw. As we meet. Information has
reached us through tbe publlo press that the
Democratic majority in thu House of Hepresen
tatlves at Washington has decided to accept the
Tariff bill recently passed by the Senate of the
United States; and,
" irirrnu. Wo learn tlut this action was
deemed necessary In order to thwart the ma
chlnatlons of so-called Democratic Senators to
defeat all tariff legislation and thereby continue
in forre the MeKlnley bill; and.
" H'nrrnn. Having caiefully watched the
actions and doings of the Heprcsentatlv e In Con
gress from the State of New Jersey In the con
test of the Democratlo party for decreased taxa
tion we conclude as follows:
"IttmJiol, That thu Junior Senator from tho
State uf New Jersey, James Smith, Jr.. lias
proven false, not only tn the principles of the
party which he pretends to be a member, but to
the promises he made at the time he waa a can
didate for the position he now holds,
"Jlrmlveil, That as Democrats, believing In the
principles of our party, as enunciated nt Chi
cagn in lull".', we declare that the Democratlo
party is not the proper place for defenders and
protectors of mouoillc3 created to rob the peo
ple. " nttulettl. That to the President of the United
Stale, drover Cleveland, to William L. Wilson,
nt Yv est Irglnla, ami to the mass of the Demo,
t ratio Hepresentatlves In Congress, who have
made such a sturdy fight In the interest of the
people, we extend our heartfelt thanks and the
assurance that In the uoinmlng battle pi relieve
the American people from the grasp of the
trusts and monopolies, created by Hepublican
legislation, they may rely upon our uctive and
earnest support."
Senator Hoar's Characterisation of thn
1'resldent If lie Hlsrns lhe TarlnTBHI.
WoiicESTEii, Mas., Aug. 15, -Senator CJeorgo
F. Hoar arrived home from Washington last
night, and when seen by a reporter said that the
Tariff bill In Its present form ts nothing more or
less than a bill for tbe protection of the seats of
Democratic Senators. He could not see how
President Cleveland could veto It. because by
doing so he vv ould send his whole party to smash.
" If he does not veto It," said Senator Hoar, " be
will stand before the country a disgraced, dls.
credited, ami beaten man beaten by (Iorman."
The senator did not believe the President
would allow tho bill to become a law without
his signature, because that would be "a shabby
proceeding." F-JTcets or the Tarir Bill.
Rochester, N.V Aug. 15. -Since the passage
of the Tariff bill on Monday afternoon, business
at tbe Custom House has Increased enormously.
Collector Houck say s that CIO barrels of whiskey
were taken out yesterday afternoon. The busf.
ness at the Internal Kevenue office has also In.
creased, and tbeeinployeesare kept busy,
England nntl the Tariff Bill.
Lomhox. Aug. I5.-Heports from Leeds, Jirad.
ford, and Huddersflrld indicate that tbe Eng.
&llsh manufacturers of woollens expect great
eneftts from the passage of the TarilT bill.
'Ilief'nU MM Hat, tic says that the Hradford
manufacturers kept tiulet while the tariff ques.
turn was pending, aa they feured any utterances
from them might affect tbe prospects of the bill
unfavorably. Now, how ever, they rejoice openly.
rather Kwallkowskl rtnja He Wnnts to
have Ills Flock front the Jews.
Pass vic, N JAug. 15. -Tbe Polish Church
of Michael the Archangel has gone into tbe
grocery and butcher business In Dundee, and. If
the expectations of the pastor and trusters are
realized, they will enlarge the stock by adding
dry goods and general merchandise. A store has
been opened on Second street, and four men are
employed. Father Kwaitkovvskl Is 30 years of
age. and his face bears the stamp of extreme
earnestness. He says his motives for starting
the store are to prev rut the Jews of Dundee
from robbing his people aud to add revenue to
the church.
He says the reason bis church Is poor's be
cause of thestrauge fatality which prompts an
old country PoUtider to kteek a Jew l.li store
keeper whenever he has a dollar tut ptnd, Tin.
Jew taxes advantage of bis simplicity, and
?" ftk? rife '"V1" "e4- The Slavs of Dundee,
!X? bit,Un'r fsTaiiiat the Jews than arn tbe Poles.
The Slavs also want to get rathe Kwaltkowakl
oul because be U a Polaadar. awajutowssu
Bring, comfort nnd Improvement ant)
lends to iKtronal enjoyment nhea
rightly uscu. j.110 ninny, who live bet
ter than others nnd enjoy life mote, with
lew expenditure, liy moro promptly
ndaptinc tho world' best products to
the need? of phyaital being, will attest
the value to lirnlth of the pure liquid
laxative principles embraced in tho
remedy, Svrup of Tigs.
Its excellence is duo to its presenting
in tho form most acceptable and pleas
ant to tho taste, tho refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of n perfect lax
ative: effectually cleansing the system,
dispelling cold, headaches and f evert
and permanently curing constipation.
It has given satisfaction to millions and -
met with tho approval of tho medical
profession, bccnuo it acts on the Kid 1
neys, Liver nntl Uowcls without weak
ening them and it is perfectly free from
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Figs is for sale by all drag.
gists in GOc and $1 bottles, but it is man
ufacturcd by tho California Fig Syrup
Co, only, whoso name is printed on every
package, also the name, Syrup of Figs,
and being well informed, you will not
accept nny substitute if ouercd.
t.itjs irASiiixaTOX topics.
Kk. Speaker flred'a Fortheomlnsr nnd T1sst
ly rolldenl Cartoon.
Washinotov, Ang. IB. Ex-Speaker Heed ts
at present at wore upon another political car.
toon. Illustrative of the battle over the Tariff
bill. His sketch will represent the bird- crow
that supplied tho quill with which the Presl
dent is supposed to have signed the Gorman
compromise bill. Cartoonist Reed says it will
require a high degree of artistic skill to properly
picture tho bird and the pen, and therefore his
effort will be something more than a mere off.
hand sketch. Accompanying the picture will
lie a list of statesmen who do not want the
famous pen. It Is now customary in legislation
for the men who arn Instrumental In the passage
of Important bills to ask thn President to give
them tho pen he uses to make the bill a law.
The list promises to he long, nnd It will probably
tnntaln tho name of a number of prominent
Democrats In and out of Congress. Mr. Heed
will also attempt to give a list of those who do
want the pen. Thus far ho has not found any
one to place under that heading, and he may
1111 out tho column with sturs. '
The House Committee on Kaval Affairs to-day
nutborlred Mr. Cnmmlngs, Its Chairman, to
submit n preliminary report on the armor-plats
Investigation. Tho report. It la understood, will
briefly review the testimony taken. and will rec
ommend an appropriation to enable several of
the alleged tlefcctlvn plates to lie removed from
the v essels on w hlch they have been placed and
to test them balllstlcally ,
Secretary Herbert to-day gavo John Gillies
of New Vork and his attorneys an opportunity
to show cause why Ulllics's contract for build,
ing the dry dock In tho Ilrooklyn Navy Yard
should not be cancelled. On July 37 Secretary
Herbert gave Mr. Ulllles twenty days in which
to make Ids argument, which would expire to
morrow, but a few days ago he telegraphed the
contractor that the. matter had gone on six
months too long now, and tbe contract would
be declared forfeited to-day unless the depart
ment was convinced that the dock could be
completed In the specified time. The only rea
son, it Is said, that the contract has not already
lieen cancelled Is thnt doubts have arisen u to
the liability of tho bondsmen under the terms"
of the Instrument. Flaws are said to have been
discovered In the Instrument, which would ap.
(ear to relievo the liondsmen ot responsibility,
antl the Uovornment would lose what has al
ready been paid under the contract. It la also
claimed that (Uii. U. F. Tracy Is a mealier of
the law firm which cares for tiie legal interests
of Mr. Qlllles'a bondsmen, and that this Arm has
informed the bondsmen that they are not liable.
Final orders were telegraphed to-day by thn
Secretary of the Navy to Capt. George W. Oof.
fin, commanding tho cruiser Charleston, direct
ing him to leave Hnn Francisco to-morrow and
proceed to Yohohnma. where he will report to
Commodore Carpenter, commanding the Aalatio
station, lor runner orders, commodore Car
petiter left Han Francisco by the mall steamer
of Aug. 7, and will probably await the arrival
of the Charleston at Yokohama and use her aa
hlstlagshlp. The Charleston will stop three days
for coal at Honolulu. She will proceed at cruis
ing speed, vv hlch Is about 10kuotsanhour.no
effort la Ing made to reach the Asiatic station '
In an unusually short time. Tbe Charleston is
almost the exact counterpart of the Japanese
Nantwa Kan. having been built from tho same
design. Her guns, however, are less powerful
than those ot the Japanese ship.
Court Martini of Capt. Johnson.
I.EAvxtwonTH, Kan., Aug, 16. The court
martial of Capt. AV. 8. Johnson. U, 8. A retired.
Is in progress here. Capt. E. II. Crowder la act
ing as Judge Advocate. The evidence shows)
that Johnson, as far back as 1883, violated army
regulations by not liquidating his debts. A
claim of $100 held by Drill Ilros. of Denver had
been pressed, hut no attention was paid to lu
although the war Department had ordered him
topaylu Cant. Johnson was tried in 1RH8 for
duplicating his pay account, and again in 18113
for the same offence. He was retired for wounds
received during the war, and now resides at
bprtngUeld, Mo.
The Weather.
The slight storm which was central la the St. taw.
rence Vslleyr yesterday has been crowded northeast
ward by a hlxn barometrto pressure, which canve
down from Prlttib America, esuslng a fall In temper
ature of from Sa to 1 8 orer all the Lake botes. This
cooler weather will be felt In this city to-dsy. With
the exception of scattered showers over the Lake
States and la the St. I.awrence Valley, the weather
wss generally clear. The dry, warm weather still
continues over the central Ststes.
Id this city the weather was cloudy anil threatening
to the morning, but generally clear during the reel of
the day. la the eveolag there was a sharp thunder
lorrn with brief ralo. Highest offlclal temperature
83', lowest S7', average humidity 83 percent.; wind
south, average velocity tea mlles'an hour, barometer
corrected to read to sea leeej, 8 A. M. 30 01. 8 P. K. i
ft) M.
Tbe thermometer at Perry's pharmacy tn Tn tva I
building recorded the temperature yesterdsy as tot- f
lowi: I
1801. 1801 J BUS. IMC I
SA.M .. ? 70' 3 80 P.M.... Hi' i I
a a. yi a 70' S P. M.. . Hi' 80'
UA M. w 7' urn 7s M' ,
UU 77 711 18 Slid 74
Average . 78yt
Awa.eon Aug, lo.levs. 74i'
For Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, flirt
cooler, northerly winds.
lor Massachusetts, llhode Island, and ConnecUeat,
f sir. cooler, southwesterly winds, becoming northerly,
tar tutttr Aui York, fair; rookr; narfAsaeUroj
tot eutera Pennsylvania and New Jersey, fair)
cooler, south winds, becoming northerly.
ror the District of Columbia, Delaware, end Mar.
Und, fair, cooler, northwesterly winds .
ror western TrVnuirlrsnla, fair, cooler, vsrtabla
winds, becoming northerly. '
For western ew York, fair, northerly winds.
Simply prepare your
A dvertisement
Call the Messenger.
American District Messen
ger Service J
at the disposal
of our
No extra Charge.
Boy knows the rates,

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