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' 4 'fjttfc StJN, MONIUY. SEPTEMBER JL 1894 '
vl f- ' ) MONDAY, SEPTEMOEn ft, 1804. 11 XT " fritn&t who favor sett mtmtucrtpf for I 8 I fatUnlln sets to have nltctrd article returned, J I " ' " "" " 'am, fr " J""no. I ? 'fi 1' t rest. Krwt The City nd Biibnrtun News Bureau Si ft . I at 1 lo Ann street. All Information and Mj H documents for public use Instantly disseminated lo i SB T "'' press of whole country. f Isauor Day. 'J Tonlny will be observed generally as a boll ,r ilny, and unquestionably no holiday of tho if year occurs at a season bo favornble as this ' U for such a festival. The temperature of IjB rarly September makes It a peculiarly 1 If fitting time for the parades, the games, and I f the many ezcorstons Into the country I I which will mark Labor Bay. t , ! Its celebration Unlay will occur under ! Ijj circumstances that are now and unusual. 1 I The opening ot the autumn is Bending back f , 'I i t0VTn tne K180' majority of tho cltlicns in j who havo been spending the summer In the '.. H i country. Tho railroads which will bo carry- jn lng hence, many pleasure, seekers for a day's , 1 imtlng, will bo bringing hither another 'I I jj multitude eager to take advantage ot the ' ', 1 a revival ot business of which they aro ever iHn hopeful, Tho steamers from abroad aro llfi also crowded with returning travellers ijg hastening homo for tho same purpose. j (ra Meanwhllo oxtenslvo strikes are going ou j or aro meditated to resist reductions In wages. Tho new tariff will causo a read on : justment of prices in mnny departments ot . j j trade, and usually as it tends to lower r ft j them it will tend also to lower wages, K Jj j with tho result that laborers will be dU e IR' satisfied and rebellious. Even If they i. 1 ' can buy the samo amount ot goods with ' 1 I the less money, they will bo no better H I content. They nro afraid of the precedent fa i of lowering tho scalo ot wages; but it aj j American manufacturers find that they can- ffl j not competo with their foreign competitors 1 j without such a reduction, of course- it will , jj j havo to come, and tho operatives will havo to accept it. The laborers themselves will ,1S i recognize its necessity, though only after L M I Rtrongreslstancetoit. Obviously, it goods j hitherto produced in this country can be ; '.'' 3k imported at less cost, tho cost of their homo fA production must bo decreased, and generally 'jp by tho reduction ot tho price of labor. iff Morrovor, the disturbance in the labor jfcj market caused by this tariff will bo the m moro unfortunate because of the inequality IS of tho protection afforded by rouu-Demo- IB cratic a measure. It protects some depart- $!( ments ot trado fully, and it leaves others ji : , insufflcicntly protected or unprotected nlto- l Jg j gcther. It Is falsotothe forbidden principle i ' PS l 'F Uxn which It was constructed. uK j What recompense docs It make to labor ? T flH I'' It rcduces wages, but It taxes tho Incomes of 4 9 ' '1' the rich. But what good docs that do labor f j IjaborDaycomeatMsyear.thereforOjWhen I )m '. i labor is uneasy, anxious, and perplexed. J Jffl No Causo for K egret. IS ' Tb8 Springfield Union does not speak very m Intelligently. j 6 " It l to b re zretttd that Tns Sc'i Influence wa i ! ' i'- not exerted two i'sra ngo to tleteat Mr. Cutilam' ' 9' w aloctlon. It knew then u It known now, Uut'Mhan- H , 4t tariff reTliloa on th Dcmocratto principle by $ H IT (Irotiii Oitiuid vu beyonil the bound! of poI. A ffl ' Mllty,' and if It had Uborrd to present hit election It ' m ' '' rould now look back upon 1U work with pro.'ounJ at- SI ! - Ufactlon." 'k W ' ft We lll(1 nr lest t0 clect Mr- CiEVKLAS" w 'm t nni1 tbere Is excellent reason for believing W P that but for the all-Important Issue which W mi - ''""E CN raised and presented, the Issue, ff 'Wt namely, of No Force Iaw, No Negro Doml- f. aj ; '' nation, the solid South might have been I' 3) ' :- divided and his defeat accomplished. jfe ffi ' i 'ue repeal of tho Force low Is our reward Sr 'M ( and our justification. No mutter what eUe 8"' ( ' ns bappened, wo are content with that. ;? jH j, As for the tariff, wt- ndopted the Chicago K a! platform and liuvo never since fail- M ! i nl to contend for It. Why should t.k IS ! I we suppose that the candidate was pruc- H 1 w thlug a gross and revolting imposture ajh m V. when he also apjieared to adopt It, and was 5p 9 &' elected oa its great and memorable plrttati r S f a tariff for revenue only ? Whatever his H ? deficiencies, he bore the reputation ot being , jR h a man whose pergonal truthfulness might Y, 1 : Iw counted upon. It Is not our fault that " IS '': he has proved himself unworthy ot conll- !t ' U f denoe either as u statesman or a man of In- h"': M fe tegrlty aud honor. "' I W Prosporlty In the South. II jf- From all parts of tho South come excel- p lent reports ot material progress. The 'j x Southern corn crop Is greater than ever be- I ' X fore ; the cotton crop Is large and of fine quul- ff L lty. In Texas the latter is the largest that ;.,; M the Stato has raised, and the prospect ot the h B- market is assured. While cotton is now I - !s 6' cheap, it will not dotooverlook the fact that B ? "'x centH a pound for cotton nowadays is a j S K: ' very different thing from what It was n few ' ' i , years ago. People generally havo not yet , ; learned to take into consideration the fact r I ,1 ' - at t'10 moJern bye-products of cotton , ' J are worth nearly two ceuts a pouud more, t J ' so that the farmer's six cents is really equlv- t 1 I ' alent to eight cents. J. f; The corn crop is so large that the South r f i a w'" ear 'avu a "urplus instead ot fig being compelled to import corn for her own fe 9 sa consumption. The outlook for her nrnnu- Si j f& facturlng industries, and her cotton mills In JK K, particular, is better than ever lefore in her jfp B history, and In every substantial and mate- ff ' ' wL rW element of buslnes the general condl- w K tlon of the South is most encouraging and , II fL' satisfactory. , f ' f I a 'u respect of Southern railroad Interests l 1 R tho reorganization ot the Itlchmond Terml- '-' 1 nal system and the merging of the thirty or 1 1 ' forty railroads composing it into the new & I J? Southern Hallway Company Is uothlng m, p short of revolutionary. As affecting South- j i 1 ern business affulrs of nil kinds its slgnltl- &jk ' K, cauca cannot bu overestimated. It means fit :i it the substitution In the pivotal industry and dp if, MP dependence ot the country of order iu the ES 'H' E place of chaos, and of fctabllity and re.siwn- jj ' W bibllity in the place of absolute irreapousi- t- ! ' P" Mllty. Never in the history of railroads p1 was such hojwless chaos and inefficiency jV manifested as in the lulminlstratlon ot R P the thousands and thousands of miles ' L ,' L of railroad directly and indirectly Involved ' 11 ' i ' K 'n tlle Kichmoud Termlual hyttem. Ship- 11 j j Hf . ers could place no dependence upon the A' i " t jp railroads. They had no guarantee that jBr. j K goods conQdetl to them would rca.h tbeir "9 9 tonsignees, or that goods they had bought "' mF wouM ever arrive. And boe all they had . , K no redress. There was no such thing as re- r ' ' m. tovery of loss, even whei the courts hail K ilone their duty and ordered restitution. It I ' ' H was one vast sybtem of inetliclency, mls- I flK management, and woot", and its effect upon f mn lt mercantile business was disastrous. . i I OB The new order of things Is very different. 1 E' na Southern Railway is the result ot the 3f practical obliteration of between thirty and ; GS forty corporations, the elimination of mil- i 1 mfr' lion ' bctitlous valuations and unreasonv tBMiiliMfitMiMbiii, ' m inn ble burdens, and tt sets up In their place n solid, resourceful, and vigorous railroad sys tem founded upon modern and scientific economics and of the first efficiency. This has been accomplished by Mr. SAMUEL HPK5CER, In conformity with the general plan and purpose ot tho reorganisation un dertaken by the great banking house ot Dr.F.XF.u MonoAN & Co. Mr. SPKXCKIt, In addition to being one of the first railroad men In tho country, was specially equipped for the problem In hand by his Intimate knowledge of Southern rail road properties, and of those of the Terminal system In particular. Ilesldes, It Is doubtful If anybody Is better qualified for dealing with the familiar ailment of railroad dropsy. When Mr. SPKSCKU was elected President ot the Ualtlmore and Ohio Hallro.nl Com pany, one of his earliest acts In office was to taJte M, 000,000 off the surplus of that great corporation by a simple stroke of his pen. It Is to this gift of Mr. SfEXCKll's that ,we inny attribute the fact that the Southern ltattroad Company enters upon the conduct ot Its business, even after such conditions as have so long prevailed, earn ing its fixed charges and a very consider able surplus. Taken for all In all, the business pros pects ot the South are, at the present mo ment, brighter than those of auy other part of tho country. It depends upon the peopte of the South themselves It these conditions are to continue. What they need Is uninterrupted industry and n sound respect for law. If they have tho good sense to abjure populism, and socialism, and anarchism, and see to It that tho rights of property are observed In be half of great and small, rich and pour, they can be as prosperous as they please. There Is no appreciable limit to their resources, and with industry and honesty going hand In hand, there should be nollmlt to their de velopment. Let them study tho lesson that Texas 1ms learned at such grievous expense aud painful retardation. Her Hkacans and her II0UU3, whom she Is now nt last repudi ating, havo cost her untold millions of dol lars, and have put back her natural and reasonable development by at least as much as fifteen years. Mr. Choatc of New. York. The boom of tho Hon. Joseph Hodges CliOATE for the Republican nomination for Governor of New York seems to be receding, and tho echo ot it grows fainter us there comes from Hhlnecllff-on-Hudson a very cataract of sound. There are plenty ot Re publicans who will regret this sinking of one of the most accomplished, urban, aud brilliant men ot this time or any time. There are plenty of Democrats who look upon Mr. Cuoatk'b political aspirations, If such ho has, with an Indulgent eye, and would prefer him to any other man for Gov ernor of New York If there Is to be a Repub lican Governor of New York. It Is not necessary to have much Imagination to Imagine with what pride a citizen of this Stato would call the attention of a distin guished foreign traveller from Germany or Hungary or California or Boston Neck to Governor Ciioatk. If the Hon. .Toe CnoATE spoke French instead of Greek and English, and lived In the New York of France, he would undoubtedly lie elected President of the French republic, lint there Is nobody like htm In Paris. There Is nobody there that combines nil the learning ot the folk of the robe with the wit ot the boulevards and the breeding ot the Faubourg St. Germain. Mr. Olto.VTE possesses high qualities rarely con joined, irony and eloquence, wit and serious ness, playfulness nnd solidity, the curtest clear logic and the boldest play of fancy. Ho has to pay the penalty ot his talents. There is a certain easy superiority about lif in that causes suspicion and alarm among the fat-witted. There is a smack of the enfant terrlhlc about him that keeps the conservatives In suspense. His brilliancy frightens the rurallsts. Ills incorrigible In dependence gives a pleurisy to the Hou. Thomas Collikk Platt. A more curious thing is this: Some of the Immediate friends of I)r. Chauncey M. Depew of Peeksklll and Homburg are determined that If their favorite can't be Governor and President, Mr Choate shan't. This determination Is founded upon a mis conception. Dr. Df.I'KW Is n traveller of much experience, aud that beautiful sim plicity which enables him to recount with an alsolute sense ot novelty those time hallowed auecdotes for Intruding which into the family circle Adel was punished by his brother, eudears him to all sympathetic observers of human nature. Rut there could be few greater mistakes than to be llevo that Dr. Depew and Mr. Choate are rivals, even after dlnuer. Dr. Depew is habitual; Mr. Ciioatk Is occasional. Dr. Depew caresses his audience ; Mr. Choate stirs his up. Dr. Depew speaks out ot nu ample Peeksklll mind that has lieen too busy with vacations and orations to load it self with history nnd literature, whereas Mr. Choate Is weighed down by lxith these Impediments Dr. Depew tries to a in una his hearers; Mr. Choate succeeds iu aiuuMnghiiuselt. Dr. DEPEW has been no sileut partner In the tetrupoly known as tho Rig Four. Mr. Choate Is a committee of one, a genius unique and Inimitable. Dr. DEPEW is a member of the bar. Mr. Choate is a lawyer. I u one respect Dr. Depew aud Mr. Choate are twins, although the former doesn't know It: neither of them is a politician. The Hon. Levi I. Mortos has golden talents and dignity aud experience; and Mr. Choate, a mere freshman in the uni versity of politics, need havo no shame to give the precedence to this senior. If, by any chance, Mr. Moutov should be elected Governor aud then Presldeut, he would con sult the etemal fitnesses by making Mr. Ciioatk Ambassador at the Court of St. James's. In that ca.se the Irrepressible rynlo would roast the bons ot St. Geouue with the same sweet ulacrity and enjoyment as he displayed lu roasting the sous of St. PATRICK ; and his subtle wit would quicken their apprehensions. The place for Mr. Choate, however, Is right iu this town. The Unltrtl Stuti'a Army Is American. Congrexs wanUsl to know whether our army was really American, not only nomi nally but iu the nationality of its olllcers Hnd men. The Adjutant-General set about ohtaiulug the Information desired, aud when eighty-eight out of ninety-six posts had responded, he tabulated the results. They showed that 09.83 per cent, ot the commissioned officers were citizens, 77.63 per cent, of the non-commissioned, and 73.58 per cent, of the privates. This was not by auy means a discredita ble result; but soon the percentage will be much greater, for a new law, passed at the late session, declares that ' in time of peace nu rxTsou except an Indian, who Is not a citizen ot the United States, or who cannot sak, read, and write the English language, or who is over thirty years of age, shall be enlisted for the first enlistment in the army." The fact Is that, with the career now open to the American soldier, Includ- iMw,ii.iili' mm mill lng the possibility of a commission, nnd thereafter of rising to the highest grades, with the retired list furnishing an assured support for ago after thirty years of ner- Ice, and with tho bettering ot the condition of tho man In the ranks, enlistment In our army Is properly regarded ns a privilege. Congress Is not willing that this privilege should be enjoyed by aliens, to tbe exclusion of thoso who are already Americans by birth or adoption, or have taken steps to become citizens. Good luck to the boys In blue I Tlio Story of a Pioneer. A noteworthy family reunion was held on Wednesday last near one of tho summits of this continent. The descendants of the Rev. AAIlox GoolitER celebrated the hundredth anniversary of his settlement on tho lime stone hills of what Is now tho town of Litchfield, In Herkimer county. We once heard Horatio SEVMorii, standing In the open nir not fur from there, make one of hts peculiarly entertaining nddresses, lu tlio course of which he spoke of an Interesting topographical fact. Within a radius of a few miles, he said, arose "springs whoso waters found their way Into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Info tho Atlantic Ocean at Sandy Hook, Into the Chesapeake Ray, and Into the Gulf of Mexico. Tlio commanding figure and resonant voice of the noblo old wtates man seemrd to Im? Invigorated by the atmos phere of the eminence from which he was shaking, aud the eloquence of this passage was something to bo remembered. The story of Dominie OoouiER's venture epitomizes the successful settlement of the Empire State. Iu 1704 Aaron GooiiiKU mid two others paid one hundred pounds sterling for tho passage of twenty jwrsous from Liv erpool to New York. They ascended tho Hudson River, probably In a sailing vessel, mid started up the Mohawk In a fiatboat, poling where the current was gentlo and haling their craft with lines where thero wcro rapids. At Fort Schuyler, now the city of Utlcu, they disembarked and liegun to look around for a home. Many of the set tlers thereabouts wcro suffering from fever and ague, and tho newcomers, wanting none of it, struck into the wilderness of tho adja cent hills. They followed tho blazlugsmailo ou tree trunks with the axes of still earlier settlers until they wero near the sum mit of which Governor Seymour spoke so eloquently. There they chose a homo site. Within the lives of some of these settlers the farm lands that they had passed by in the Mohawk Valley wero worth $200 on acre, while the actual value of the land on which they settled has never been anywhere near that figure. Rut theso sturdy settlers thrived In their less favorablo location. They had come from an estate In England leased for the period of three lives, and the lease had run so long that the owners were accustomed to say that none of this family ever died. They wero long-lived lu this new country, and if they didn't becomo well to do early in llfo they had years enough In which to accumu late a competence. They also multiplied and Increased, for, it the soil and climate were not the most favorable for producing large crops, thero was nothing the mat ter with the location for rearing large fam ilies. Up to the present time the descendants of Aaron' Goodier have numbered S5U. Seventy-five persons connected themselves with tho family by marriage, making 331, of whom 197 are living. Members of the family have gone from the homestead inns many directions as the water flows from the springs Governor Seymour talked about; and, from all those directions, they enmo back last Wednesday to celebrate ou the lawn In front of the two-story stone house that was built iu 1820. The oldest member of the family present was ninety-four years, the youngest was his junior by about ninety three years and eight months. In the com pany wero one State officer, a few Judges, various professors and professional men, and, of course, a goodly representation of "the cloth." As wo have said, the story of this family Is an epitome ot the settlement of the Em pire State, especially of tbe bills whence corao so many men of sturdy frames and sterling qualities to win places among the successful business lenders In the great cities ot the republic. A Hero or Other Days. We are of a forgetful generation. We cannot keep In our memory the name of one iu a hundred, or even one in a thousand, ot the marked characters ot our age. The two foregoing sentences have been written within view of a Texas paper, which tells of the transfer to a new owner of the saddle which, over fifty years ago, belonged to tho once famous warrior, Santa Anna, and which was captured by his proud young American foemau, after he had un horsed him in battle. As we read alxmt the llou-headed saddle In the Texas paper, wo had this thought; How mauy of the txiysof to-day could tell us all about SANTA ANNA, that fierce Mexican revolutionist, dictator, generalissimo, cas-tle-stormer, . serene highness, conspirator, abdlcator, and exile, ot whom hoity-toity career our gramlslres used to tell stories In the years of the war for the lib eration of Texas ? How many of the boys can tell us about his feats of arms against the Emperor Iturbiuk, and after ward against the Spanish invaders, and suln sequently against DusT.uiENTE and Guer rero, and next against Col. David Crock ett aud Col. RowiE (of the kulfe) and Col. Travis, and finally agaiust Gen. Taylor and Geu. Winfield Stott, and ouwanl till the time of the second Mexican empire r How many rau tell even nbout his woodrii leg, not to speak of his tips and downs Saxta Anna was one of the extraordinary men of the century, about whom Americans had occasion to know a lot during thl twen ty years after 1838; but we guess that the Americans of this geueratlou have pretty nearly forgotten hint. The boys ought to ask their grandfathers about him, if their grandfathers were Iwrn in the T'ntted States. As for his war saddle, which has just been transferred to a new owner: it is heavily mounted iu gold ; It is gorgeously embroidered; it has u high horn, bearing a lion's head with silver e)es ; its trappings are rich and lieav) , it was captured by KM HuL'bTONin a horseback combat, while the bullets flew thick and fast around. The Mexican war was the most romantic of all the wars iu which our country has been involved. What we especially desire to say here upon this occasion, is, that . American boys should study history. Codfish, mackerel, and seals having ceased, for the present, to be disturbing elements la oar relations with Canada, whales now take their turn in creating a commotion. American whalers are accused of rapturing whales within tha territorial waters of the Do minion at the mouth of the Mackenzie River, which empties into the Arctio Ocean. They are also aaipected ot trading with the Indiana there by selling them goods on which no duty U paid. It U admitted that our whale ships have of UU year taken tho liberty of wintering at the mouth of the great northern river of this conti nent, and It Is not beyond the realm ot possibili ties that If they should sight a whale disporting himself within a marine league of the land In that region, they might nut rest content with daring him to come out Into the high seas. Rut It really looks as if it would be carrying seal for British rights to an expensive length. It a cntter of the Canadian protection service shonld tie maintained In the Arctic to keep Yankee poach ers from the Queen's whales. While the Hon. SHANNON BlSSELt, Is mak ing Buffalo happy, the Run. Dakdt Jones, First Assistant Postmaster-General, Is sitting In the sent of letters and enjoying himself. Re sings all day In tlio same sweet voice that was wont to witch the Ynle Olio Clnb In 1874. Whoever hears this irnthctlo Illlnolsau sing "Baby Has Kklpin-d in Buffalo." "The Trumpet Call of PltANK MoVkaoii," "r'ltAUK IiAWt.llS La ment," or "Cuckoo Slust Not Worry," has a great hlppliiess and a pure musical treat. For thrco days tho Hon. WILLIAM JEN Nl.Mis liliVAV, the Boy Orator ot the l'latte, has had the edltorliil pngo of the Omunit It'urld JfrruM lu commission, but no article tit his has appeared In It. On Frluny night he dictated an elghteen-colitmn paragraph to twelve type setting machines, but lie tiecamo heated after the first thousand words. Elevenof the machines broke down and the twelfth w as blow n out of the w Indow. To-night ha will make tho experiment of writing n lib a hot poker ou asbestos tablets. It Is a painful fact that so far no medium bin been found cnpablo of receiving Mr. Brtan's Incandescent languago without shrivelling up. Garbed In mufti, a long yellow linen dus I tcr over his liauborgeun and Jack boots, his hel met draped In cabbage leaves, his spurs In curl pniwrs, Cnptain-Oeneral OHKEXltAMlEiuade the rounds of the Boston fortifications yestcrdny. Ro made requisition oa twenty-flvo of the prin cipal druggists for nil their holdings of sodn water. Tho whiskey of the Ancient and Honor ables and Boston Lancers required tills meas ure. Hnltator, the Captaln-neiier-il's famous rrtrogado kangaroo hopper barb, cast a Mioo over tho Cass Monument for luck yesterday afternoon. Sattator's diet Is shorts macerated In sparkling Moselle, und It Is nu wonder If hols n bit lively. Between U:lu A.M. nndlOi.'lS 1. M., the Captaln-tJpncral coundrd tlio slugaii, piped all hands to grog, let loose tho dogs of wnr duly equipped with leader and muzzle, cried Havoc, bent the alarum, kept the bivouac. Issued rations from Obeh's, billeted tho Boston Cadets on the Algonquin Club, bade the trumpet to tho cannon speak, flashed his Damascus blade, called to arms, and smoothed his wrinkled front. With n view to testing the solidity ot the tall buildings of Chicago, tho Marquette Club has Invited tho Ron. Joseph Benson 1'oiiakeii, technically known as Fire Alarm, to romo to that town next month and throw his heavy voice. The result will be awaited with feverish Interest. In 1 8S3, whllo hurling his volco at tho Solid South, Private Korakkh killed two goats at a dlstanco of three hundred yards, broke duwn half a rallo of railway embankment, and wiped out a rolling mill. Chicago Insurance men havo done all In their power to prevent hts coming. The Hon. JonN ALLEN of tho First Mis sissippi Congress district has got delegates enough to Insure his renomlnatlon, and there Is joy In Itawamba nnd Oktibbeha. Mr. AT.I.F.N has an awful responsibility. Re is in tho hu morist line. Re has to live up to himself. It must be painful, but his desire to entertain the Rouse conquers jicrsonal considerations. Ra will go back to tho old scene with a still choicer collection of old aaecdotex. And yet he U a good fellow, and most good stories are old. It pleases us to get any piece of news from South America that lsinot about war, conspir acy, revolution, or something else of a sangui nary hue. The last week of August was a week ot International festivities at tho city of Mon tevideo, In which three of the republics, to wit, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay, took part. The naval vessels of the tlireo powers saluted each other la tho port; the Government of Uruguay welcomed Us foreign guests; the authorities of the capital feasted them; Montevideo was dec orated In their honor; the people ot tho city fraternized with the visitors. All the scenes of the period of festivity were attractive; all the Incidents of It were pleasant. This International episode is all the more pleasing In that the three contiguous republics are rarely ever on good terms with each other. But a few months ago Brazil and Uruguay were at swords' points, by reason ot the Uruguayau policy during the civil war In Brazil; while be tneen Argentina and Brazil there are unsettled questions of a dangerous and delicate kind. At Montevideolast week all disputes were for gotten in tbe general hilarity. May the friend ship between tbe three South American re publics last alwayl Smokeless powder Is all right, but the need ot the hour is noiseless words, so that pro fessional conveners like tbe Ron. KL'ciexe Ueiis and the Ron. J. Bodouontauo Sov lUKiuN can yawp to their own satisfaction without bothering tbe rest of mankind. Our esteemed contemporary, the Chicago Inltr-Octan, is mighty severe against the prire fighters, and calls them unpleasant names. But the prize fighters are full of great moral lessons. Their extreme deliberation In regard to fighting one another teaches us that time was made for slaves. In the frequency and ferocity of their epistles they Inevitably suggest the King Of the Cuckoos. Their hats are their npeaklng tnim petK, and so they aro much like manynthermen. (ilvn'emachance. HoaietUloK I.Ike TfaU Wonlil 11 o. AUAr, N. Y., Sept. :i. -To Alls "In reipunte ra tn Tery largo number ot suextln made to me that I thouM Uertirti niy attitude with reference to tlio Dein ratlo Ktate Convention, I oddren myielt to tho lirmorrata of New York, anil beg leave to ujr that In the approaching Conveutlon I desire tote regarded aiaaoldltr In the Democratic anuy, ready to receive the rotumandi ot my fellow citizens of llkepersua ilou lu public policy w lib uiyself, w nether those com mands Involve leadership or ter' Ice In tbe ranks. " Having been for the pat three yean ruatlnuumly on American soil, performing, to thebet of my ability, the Important duties which devolve bylaw upon the Chief Executive of the Empire Slate of New York, and knowing what I do about the resource, capacities, and nerds of the Admlnlitratlon, by actual contact with the prescribed machinery fit government, and not by tranutlantln observations or while repre senting my fellow cltlseuata dUtanee remote from the United States, I aver In ID ilucerest terms that If the Democratlo Convention shall nominate mo for Governor, I will accept the trust founded la me, following-. In such respect, the course of my distin guished predecessor, David 11.11111, who was a candi date for reelection at the close of bis first full term, ami wbovi majority. 10,000 lu 1BS.1, reached nearly VU.UOO o er tu's Hepuullcaa oppuueut In 1 SM. MWhlleIajn,y the oplulou, from observations not made at adlstauvs!. but at home, that rxlstlu- political conditions are nilltVproi'lUoii to my reflection by double le hia.orliyjf9L'OJo. whuh I received when eleiteJC'overuor lu s5U' am sincerely of the con vlciIuiUjataiiiajufH, one half lorOU per cent.) of tlieprAlousngiir,. .',,'.".000, would fully serve tbe rcqulreisesu.yCf the occasion aud redouud to the best lutesfiol the Demucrllle party and of the Ktate of New sort "K. r ri-owEB." Addre all communications, until further not I.e. AlbanjuN. Y. A. Coaaeetleut Democratic Oplaloa, Vo Ik Hartford Timtt. The President has furnished the Kepubllcaas with material for attacking the Democrats, and they are using It. Tbe J ii could not remain silent In view of these tacts. Frankly It has given lu opinion In regard to them. The President will one of these day, feel a sincere regret that In an bcur ot anger be permitted himself to so bitterly assail the Democratlo Uepresen tatlves who secured the new law ta place ot the McKtsley act. And the -resident's assurance that tariff agitation Is to be kept up, only tends to embar rass the Dcmocratla party, though It Is our belief that tt will be very difficult to secure material chance In the new tariff for many years to come. It Is here to stay. Tale Wsva Not rt-esu "Lall Ravakav. irons 14 t4tUto JounuiL It was not Tom Hoot who called the new tariff a " bill opetflJyaod dish onar,"1 xns xnovazB la mrn inn moos. An Aetrnlos-et-'a roreeaat of Cleveland' l'ot-tnaea. Made In March, 1890. from A Arena, This paper was submitted exactly as here pnbllsheit the third week In March, 1693, a duplicate copy being then filed with the librarian at Washington. At the moment when Drover Cleveland took the oath of office, the celestial sign "Cancer," which the moon roles, was rising on the eastern horizon; hence the moon, which denotes the pnbllo and In this case the Democratlo party also (because Cleveland represents that party), Is hts ruling planet, or. In astrological nomen clature, "algnlflcator." Ordinarily, a person de noted by the moon In a nativity Is not, "astro logically speaking," gifted with very great tenacity of nurposc, but In horary or state astrology tho conditions arc varied somewhat. The first thing observable In tho accompany ing horoscope Is that tho four cardinal point, viz., east, south, west nnd north, marked lit the figure, aro occupied by what aro termed "mov ablo" tlgns. This Is an evil testimony for the stability and enduranceof tho Democratic party, and Is nn equally bad testimony for tho lxjllcy of tho Administration. Hence tho course of events will be singularly marked with serious and con flicting clemcuts of uncertainty with regard to tho methods which wilt bo observed In a great many Instances, sometimes arriving st conclusions or decisions with remarkabto exhibitions of speed, nnd at others with an equally exasperating degree of slowness. Tho President's judgment In mnny cases will bo decidedly at variance with the policy which the pnbllo wilt expect to emanate from the head of the Democratlo party, which will bo the causo of producing some extremely unpleasant con ditlons, and sharp criticisms not entirely calcu lated to multiply his earthly pleasures; and he will hate a far moro troublesome, annoying, disappointing, and anxiously vexatious time of It than any President has had since Lincoln. This Is owing to tho moon, his ruling planet, being In close conjunction with the malignant Saturn In tho lower quadrant of the horoscope. During Cleveland's Incumbency thero will be discovered some startling mischief, or somo feurful calamity, something entirely out of the general run of nrrnlrs lu cominctlnn with somo of our public buildings, In which tho general (loxerntnent Is Interested; but If It is ufn crim inal nature, " Lord help tho criminals." This strange prediction Is based on tho position of Uranus In tho fourtli mansion, and Uranus has ever been held to signify odd nnd entirely un expected calamities, such as enmu lu strange and singular ways; tho precise nature cannot bo foretold, but tho probabilities nro clearly Indi cated. Observe It well. Tho navy will bo Increased by decided meas ures, and tho enil will justify tho means (wo want a good navy). Jupiter, ruler of tho slsth house, placed so powerfully In Aries the house of Mars, and Jupiter ruler of tho fiery trfpllclly being ruled In turn byMnr, who Is defiled as the god of wnr, prorata tho beat and most powerful navy afloat, and furthermore de note the glorious success ot tho men-of-war If ever called upon to exhibit deeds of valor. As for Cleveland .personally, his administra tion will bo market! by his success In hi en deavors to carry out against heavy oads what ever he undertakes to do. but the public will dissent In various wa s. Tho Rouse of Congress will not be very kindly disposed toward him on account of the position of Mars on tho cusp of tho eleventh house, nnd just when ho thinks ho can fully rely on his friends therein for support there Is nn cxtrcmo liability of tbelr utterly falling him. and so creating unlooked-for d lsaster to the Administration. Tnoytnoyat first appear to bo hand In glove with him, but It Is only transitory, for those who havo sworn or pro fesed friendship for him will bo very liable, to turn traitor to him. However, In spltu of all these uvll Indications, he will somehow carry an element of success with him and this will pull him through until near tho close. But In 1803 the clouds begin to lower. This will be on extremely disastrous period; affairs go wrong, personal friends provn false, treach ery and disappointment show their gaunt and haggard features In every corner, nnd trouble boils the kettle. Then the cloud is lifted for a short time during tho middle of the year: vain hope, tbe end is unfavorable. Ill" Administra tion begins to lack that foreefulness the peoplo expect. Though occasionally brilliant rnuji d'ltnti will servo to lighten tbe gloom, noverthe. less the fulness of success Is lacking and the lines of tlmo draw close toward tho end. But tho most disastrous time of the whole will eventuate. In 1K0U. nnd tho close of his term w ill witness the must, stnrttlntr ehnncrpR In Him nsillt- wltticss the most startling changes In tbe polit ical history of the United States. The indications point to an entirely new party, tho formations of new principles, new men, and new Ideas, which will lead to the relegation of the Democratic party to the black forest of oblivion. Tho Cleveland Administration enters with the blaro of trumpets and n blare of glory-, but will depart under n cloud of sinister condition", nnd at that eventful tlmo tho following prediction will be verified: " Tho Democratic party will fail to elect its candidate in 1X00 if It places ono lu tho field." In conclusion I will sty that I am entirely un influenced bv personal feelings, but offer mv predictions based on tho rules of tho science of astrology alone. I nnmipcn to conviction of the falsity of tho art, but my critics must furnish absolute proof", based on drmnnatrabln ele ments of fact, ltiMead of parroting the words of somo would-ho authority which Is no authority at all. And I offer this article in advance of any ever published In America, so that tho pnbllo who are Interested can watch the events accord ingly. Julius Kuickho.v. For Woman HatTrsige. To thi Editor or Tim Su.x Sir; During the past few months the pros and cons of woman sutfrago have been turned over and over, the question has been exhaustively discussed from every point ot view, tlio arguments ot all the "Antls," whether male or female, have been met and vanquished; but In every case they have fallen back upon the one seemingly Inex plicable argument of tho depraving Influence of the ballot. What does this argument mean? Will those who have used It so effectually In tho Constitutional Convention please explain ? To further elucidate the question which puz zles mr, let me quote this favorite, argument as It appears In a letter published In The Sum of this date. TJhe writer says; "It waswlth a clear foreslghtedfless that they (Constitutional Con vention), In refusing her the ballot, not only strengthened tho bulwarks of our country so cially, morally, and politically, but saved wom an, generally speaking, from a degradation from tho taint of which she wuuld never have been entirely free." What does all this talk of "taint" and " deg radatlon" In connection with the question of woman suffrage mean? Can it be the right ot suffrage In the hands nt male citizens alone has become a chamber of corruption over which hangs a moral miama that woman dare not approach lest she. too, become "degraded" by Its Influence 1 If this be tho condition of our traditlonnl system ot male aiirfrngo only, then let all good citizens unite to tenriUmntlienuixf draperies from Its "sacred" preiincts and let III the sunlight of woman's purlfving Influ ence, that the ballot may Im purged of lis demoralizing tendencies. And this Is sure to come, though the Constitutional Convention has dared to nppoe the annual march of progress. (If such legislators an am lent prophet, whine vision pierced the gloom of his on n day and floods with light tho dawning of our own era, a): "When the houuhs thereof are wit lined, they (-halt be broken off; the women shall come ami set the m ou fire; for It Isupeopleof noun, dcrotnndlug; therefore, ha that made them will not have compassion upon them, nnd bo that formed them will show them no favur." Nmi YoitK.Aug, :io, lb!M, ,f. A. i. Tbe Fruit ururegoa. To tub Euitok oy Tub Scw-Mr: Tho nn known but patriotic Oregonian who. In jour is, sue of Aug. UO, rises to the defence of the Web foot State and so aptly demands Justice tor tho unquestionably superior fruits ot our State, yet stops short of the entire truth, fearing perhaps to overwhelm jour readers with too much de scriptive lusclousness at once. Not only ure the fruits of Oregon superior In flavor and keeping qualities to those of Califor nia, and consequently tulablo at a much hlght r price In the market where they are known, but iu the matter ot apples, and especially of peaches a fruit ray "Oregon" friend entirely fnrgeU in his communication the .State stood preemi nent In coumetitlun with tlio wurM at tlio t'lil vagn World s l-'ulr. Oregon's apple orchards are overrun every au tumn with fruit buyer from California, who buj up the crop and poik and market them as California apples, thus uddlug bj stealth lo their reputation, and lu like pmuortlun Injuring tho reputation ot Oregon by concealment of theso facta. 1 hope to m-o the day aoou when the In couiiiarablu fruits of Oregon will be sold lu this city ou their merits; and upon such a basis they will appeal tu the tasteuf the better ctaxsrs of consumers, and realize, a they must, a higher aud preferential price. To eat a non-Irrigated Oregon peach iu prime condition is a foretaste of hea en. 31 ix I'uacht of Oregon. Irfrd Sallsbarj'a Ideal Hrldesroosn, JVous f At Spectator, Said the Toad, while padng slowly Tbrougb the wood from e.t to west, Usui on Undine In the thicket Uer wuoe phjslque mstched him Ustt " la her sttn more darkly spotted 1 nsveherejesabrucbterxleent 7 Have h( r toes a wluer webblu? f lias sne greater Ivnitth of limb r Is sbe waiUnx ou the outer hkirts ot forest, she I'd wed I" Yes. but tangled are tbe footpaths. Dark tbe brantbes overhead. Wgl they ever meet, those ta-lors ? tuiluax.aelei.ted. tried. He tbe one Meal brUetom. r t the true Idtai bf Mil ,T. ; xns snips jlsd xnsin sxaxxoxs. The lrlbntlo of the CrsvUere and the Ke.enrortlng of8nai-o. Washixotox, Sept, 2.-Aft.r the continuous and mostly unsuccessful struggle of Uie Navy Department for several years to get ships enough In commission for the current needs cf the country, there Is at last a prospect of relief. In a couple of month there will be a respite for some temporary duties, and by that time, also, eight or ten vessels now under repslrs or await ing them, or being made ready for cruising str rice, will have became available. The close of tho Behrlng Sea patrol dnty for the season will release m fewer than eight vessels for other service, and, In fact, two of them have already gone to the Astatic station. That station wilt then, unless the end of the war between China and Japan and the occur rence of unforeseen demands elsewhere should alter the programme, be strongly reenforced. It now has tho flagship Baltimore, -1,000 tons; the Concord, 1.T00; tho Petrel, 8D0; the Mon-oeacj-, 1.370. Polbly the Monocncy may tie ordered home In order to make use of her crew for somo newer vessel lacking a complement, yet that might bo regrettable, since the useful old paddtcwhceler Is of value for going up Chlncso rivers where heavier draught ship could not make their wnj". These four ves sels will bo joined soon, probably, by the Charleston, 4.0J0 tons, now crossing the Pacific to Yokohama; the Machht". 1.080 ton, which Is to go to the Asiatic station by wa; of tho Suez Cnal; probably her sister ship, the Cas tlne, 1,030. slncn both theso vessels are of light draught, sultablo to that service; probably, also, tho Yorktown, 1,700. now ltj Behrlng Sen, and the Bennington, 1,700, repairing at Mn.ro Island. These nine vessels constitute tho strongest American fleet over In those waters, and would remove the complaint that our Asiatic Interests are not sufficiently guarded. The Pactflo station will doubtless fall heir to motof the Behrlng Sea fleet, since the patrol work mnst Im all done over again next year, be ginning in April. Admiral Beardslce will nave at command the flagship Philadelphia. t,.124 tons; tho Munteroj', 4.1UH tons: tho Mohican, 1,000; the Marion. 1,1)00; the Adams, 1,3701 tho Alert, 1.050; tho Ranger. 1,020. Outof these It ahotihl be possible to spare ono ship for tho Important port of Honolulu, where It was tho custom for years to have a vessel stationed. It should lie jKisslblo to have another at Apia, and It Is thought that tho Marlon will lie assigned to that duty. Hut she Is jet to get her crew and to be returned to commission, while a ship ought to have been sent to Samoa months ago. In a couple of months there will also tie ready the new and crack racer Olympln, 8,500 tons, nnd the Boston, .1.1811. the latter now under lepslrs; but theso line war ships probably cannot then be used, simply from lack of men. unless other vessels, such as the Monocacj-. aro put out of commission In order to supply them. Perhaps Congress at thu next session will lemedy tills defect. Tho coast defender Monterey will bo used this month by tho California naval militia. The Pinta Is permanently at Sitka, and the Thetis Is at Mare Island for special duty. The Albatross, now In Behrlng Sea. is tho Fish Com mission vessel. Thu North Atlantic station has Jest now n large number of vessels available for It, but with tho new dlsposltlonsulrendy mentioned Admiral .Meade's commnnd will bo decreased. Its prin cipal vessel will bn the New York, 8.180 tons, whllei the others will probably bo Mlantonomoh, ;i.0!i0; tlio Atlanta. ll.lHD; cither tho Cincinnati or tho Bnleigh. ;i,l:i; thu Montgnmerj'. '-'.OOO. and tho Marblehcnd, also '.'000. This will still give a strong force, especially as on this coast, engaged in special duty, nro thu Dolphin, 1,488 tons; the torpedo boats Cushlng. Ericsson, and Stiletto, nnd tho Vesuvius. Olio tons, which mny bo altered from a puuematlc gun to n torpedo cruiser. Affairs In Central America and else where nlwnys give the vessels ot this station plenty to do, but perhaps bv another summer they will bo uble tu find leisure for practice manrcuvres. Tho South Atlantic station was also a buty ono during the lliallliin troubles, and the nerev sityof keeping it sttnngly rcOnforeed Is obvi ous. It Is nowthoughtthatthe flagship Newark, 4,081 tons, will return to thut station from Capo Town, whither she went for docking. Instead of keeping on Asiatic waters. Tlio antic, 1100 Ions, will undoubtedly remain nt Montevideo, and It now seems likely that tho Detroit, S.000 tons, which distinguished herself on that sta tion, will return to It. On the Kuropean station the only vessel nt present Is tho Chicago, 4,800 tons, and she Is to come back next spring for new machinery, which will take her for a long tlmo from active service. Her place will be supplied by tho San Francisco, 4,08.1 tons, a fine and fast cruiser. But there Is a disposition to give European no tions a sight of somo still newer and faster ves sels, and accordingly It Is propostd to rcenforco tho station with tbo Columbia, 7.380 tons, nnd either the Cincinnati or Ilnltleli, li.lKil tons. There is really little need nowadays of a Euro pean squadron, nnd tho station was for a long time allowed to lapse without sensibly Injuring our national Interests. Still, vessels in thoso waters could be easily recalled to the home const If needed, or sent through the Suez Canal to tho Asiatic or Prxlflo stations. Such nre the dispositions of tho vessels an they now seem likely to be made. Of course, between now and tho last month of autumn, when they nro expected to tako effect, tho change of events may modify tho programme. Several of tho vessels already spoken of are not yet under orders, and several not yet In commission. But them seems to bo n good prospect, at last, of having within a few months enough ships available to supply current needs, it may also lie hoped that Congress next winter will resume with more vigor than at the recent session tho work of reconstruction, and especially will pro Vidu for enough crews to man tho existing ships; for that Is one of the pressing needs. Ml Wlllard and Her Uottlo Criticised. ttwn the rttttbvra Wtpa.'ca. CiiAtrrAfguA, Aug. 27. Cnnntnun.ua Is the birthplace of the W. l T. l. nnd there Is?, per haps, no place In the countrj- where the temper ance spirit Is stronger. The member of tho W. V. T. V. here nre iu a stato of turmoil, owing to tlse fact that yesterday at dinner In thepublln dining room of the hotel Frances Wlllard and Iady Henry Somerset drank from a very suspi clots looking bottle. On investigating It was found that the beverage was a brand of unfer mentcd wine which hud been largely consumed here this season. ThestulT is pronounced harm less nnd qulto lienetlvial. but many of the tem perance ladles do not see It In that light. "It may lie unfennented. but. Just the same. It makes the raco red," snld n leader In tem perance circles here while discussing tho matter. No matter what the effect of the drink may be. the inujorlty of tlm peoplo were, temperance and otherwise. Inclined to censure Miss Wlllard forherBct; for. us President of the great W.C. T. I'., they hold she should, of all people, avoid tho mere appearance of evil. Whatever people may think. Miss Wlllard did drink tbe golden liquid, pouring It nut ot a regulation w Ino bot tle, and, what' more, she enjoyed It, too. t'ojotex Alter the Melon. iVonv the Kaiuuie Cttv Tlnie. A remarkuble slorj1 of the sagacity of ani mals comes from Chej-cnneiniiutv, Oklahoma, 1 here has been little or ro rnlu thero this sea. son, nnd nil thu springs havo gone t ry , so there Is no place for the many wild animals abounding lu that section to qnench their thirst. The. soil there Js well adapted to watermelons, nnd hun dreds of acres have been planted by the scat tered settlers. Since, it lias become so dry tho farmers II ml that for the first time the loyote are after their melons. Win ti an animal romes In a watermelon patch bo Jumps onto a melon until ho c-rarKs It, then Inserts Ids nose Into It nndquenejie his thirst with the content. As noon as one dr-eovvrcd this he communicated tlm fact to tho others, und our entire melon crop bids fair to be destrojed In thWwuj, A Church VVIioso Ievve Are Not Numbered, To TUB EniToit oyTlluStr.v Sir; I attended service hist Sunday In the Judson Memorial Church In Wtuhlngton Square south. I was quite familiar with the fact that the seats In thl church nr free, but the fact wus emplm. sired to me strikingly by tho discovery tbnt the ptiw are not numbered. I v. us never bnforo In a church whose pew wero not numbered. Nuw Vuiik, Aug. '-iS. t'liiiKiiKior.it. rjarrson and Poe. To tub EuiToit or The Ms -Str Fraersnn, the eiwiyist, st j led Hue, the poet, the Jliiileman." The one poem, "Tae Haven," will live, as long as the laugiuge Is epokru. However mrrlturlous may be thettiouijUtfulifcMys of Kiiierson. tln- will soon Imi forirotliiu. The fame of w will grow brighter alel b.Uuler lu each aUvunvlng sear. X. liauoxus, Nrpt. I ISuslurss Itevlsliiz oa Ibe i:ualera Hbore, iVonv the i'hUiuUljJtiit Jiecord. Tbe good times are making themselves fell every where. Down un the Ksstern hhn of Maryland the Ushers brought up ,s soft shell crab '.'IS Inches long aial&lu.hKlde. Common Trait of lb J1rt 1'rcaldeat and Use Latest. Yom the Sorolk laiuleuiri. Neither Crorge Washington nor Orover Cleveland could be free from all of the v. eaknesses of men. Good N'eus Tor JSostoa, Von the LtwUton Evening Journal. There are mos gratlfjlng prospects as to beans. Sens from Madagascar, Trotn the JfuJdcascar .Vesrs. ltadsgascar Is deetltoto of Indigenous ruminant. Then hbe Falatcd. Fiomthe Jn4ianapolie Juuntal Looking up suddenly she brheld the bearded face of a man, with a gleanung knife between his teeth. Then she faluled. - It was no wonder, for she had beta carefully reared. tad bad saver ttcu any one cat pie la that immr. BVXBEAXS. ttlslnlficsntof the conservatism of hotucirsp. tri that although gas has been used for cooking now about sixty years Its use Is by no means general, an t that, too, In the face of a great cheapening In th cost otgss and a vast Improvement In the convenience, economy, and effretlveneis of an stoves. Herbs are occasionally peddled about the streets at this season; bonnet for making a tea that helps to eurematarls, mullein, pennyroyal, and a few other familiar friends ot the country wife. They are soM by th"bunch"at 10 cents, and they find some but. ers, tn spite ot competition from the druggists that call themselves botanists. The native wltd milk weed ot these parts, which grows abundantly and rankly,was eaten by our grand, fathers as a substitute for asparagus, and sometimes especially cultivated as food. The young shoots wet cut close to the ground In the spring, cooked as apar agus Is, and served with a butter sauce. They have the taste of very young string beans. Newark elder Is almost forgotten, though It was famous In all these parts half n century ago. TrenWa champagne, too, Is no longer famous. It was tnsd from elder and honey, and It counterfeited posuUr brands nt the Imported article. The business was car ried on uion a large scale, fion or 400 girls and bo; a being employed In making wlrker baskets for the champagne manufacturers. An old newsper quote this ehnmpagne at " $7 per dosen In baskets." -(Joldllsh Inhabit most of the waters ot Central Tark, i specially the Lotus l'ond, and live through tlm winter, but they thrive vastly better In water Unt I always far above, the freeslng point, and hi suclt waters have been known to Increase with astonishing rspldlly. The 1'ark lakes are always drnsely Inhab ited with fish, and the number of ealftsh, great and small, Just below the outlet of the Winter ejus tier pond Is so great that a crumb of bread tossed Into lb water sometimes brings a dosen fish to the surface. A pleasing characteristic of the autumn flowering shrubs now tn bloom is the rich aromatio odors tlisy bear. The odor usually belongs to the leaves mora perhaps than to the blossoms. Hauy ot the plant ar medicinal, as tho bourse! aud the pennyroyal, and they seem to have garnered up through long month of waiting alt the richness ot spring aud summer that Is expressed In odors, nnd to havo dded an arnmstln quality that seems ierullarly autumnal. A walk In Die fields and woodlands now Is a sort of orgy ot the olfactories. Uryant Park already has the mellowness of au tumn. Its trees are shedding their Uaves nnd the sun shins falls through them upon the asphalt end th sere grass wllh nutuuin like effect. The place la charming now, for In spite of Its proximity to tha Sixth avenuiv elevated and to Fifth avenue, tho eastern end ot tho park Is comparatively qutct, lis peace I pleasantly accentuated by the activity In sight oa every side, hlx weeks heuce the square wilt still be snug nnd pleasant, because ot the reservoir wall that keeps off the north wind. -Knot racing and at good speed Is no new thing hereabouts. J.C. Mcvens offered 11,000 In 18.18 to tlio man who should run ten miles In less than an hour. Tho raco took plnco at Union Course, J.ong 1st and. and three out of nlao competitors persevered to) tlm end. though only one, Henry Stannard. a Con tiectlcut farmer, covered the distance within the specified time. When allowance was made for the ex. cess of the track over one mile It was found that Stan nard had done tho ten miles In 80 minutes 44 seconds. Ills fastest mile wnt 0 minutes U(t seconds, bMug his best, aud bis sfowest was n minutes 'M seconds. The native poplar or American tulip tree grows to One slso and shape In these parts, anil ts one ot th noblest ot ornamental shade trees. It has been famous wherever It Is natlva for the height and atrauthtness of Its silvery trunk and the rich green ot Its fnllag. One of the most notable tulip trees, and one of the largest trees ever measured In the East, was the great poplar ot Dinwiddle Court House. It measured forty. threo feet eight Inches la circumference three feel from the pones, and rose perpendicularly without knot or blemish ninety feet to Its first limb. It Is said that the diameter ot the tree Increased tea feet la thirty years. These were the wages of labor In Dataware and Maryland 100 years ago: White laborers, by the day, at any time of the year. Is. tvd.; free blacks, about Is.) labor In harvest, s. 6d.; frro blacks, by the year. S bs.; hired slaves, C7 4s.; overseers, 23 10. All these workmru received board and lodging besides. Canal dlggera In those parts then had 36. per month, with board, lodging, and all necessary. The hired slaves received clothing also. Tbo building of the 01 ty of Washington at that time raised mechanics' wage at Ualtlmore. Hatona working at the new city re ceived 6s. to 7a. per day. Carpenters, 4s. Hd. tora.1 and negro laborers 36s. per month, board and cloth ing. " When I quit my tenement-bouse washerwoman, preparatory to getting married," said a New Yorker, " I was astonished to receive from her a note ot regret and congratulation, couched In a very fair Imi tation ot tho light and airy ton that a woman of fashion might hav taken la consign ing a bachelor friend to the married state. It was a note quite beyond the powers of the old lady herself, and was undoubtedly the work of her daugh ter, who had grown out of a cash girl Into a type ; writer. I fancy, how ever, that no man In any other country ever recetv cd such a not v from his washerwo man, though I once knewaRotou woman who had her laces and fine linen washed by the temporarily embarrassed daughter of an Irish Carl, and soma friends ot mine In a Jersey town went to the wedding of their colored washerwoman's daughter to find a handsome piano In the house and thu bride a proficient performer on tho Instrument." Foreign Note oflteal Inter, A meeting was recently held In Westphalia for the purpose of organizing Christian workmen, both Prot estant and Catholic, Into trades unions. In order to counterbalance the effect of tho Soclsllst unions. At the recent meeting of the llrltlsti Association an Instrument applicable to structures already lu position was deA'rlbed that can measure a longitudinal stratr as small as one luo.oooth of an Inch. l'rof. Herman of Kontgsberg recently read a paper before the British Association on "Vowel and Conso nant Sounds" Jn w hlch hi described tho methods that enabled blm to repruduro photographically the move ments of a plato oa w hlch tha vibrations of the voice were made to fall. Of thirty-two Bishops appointed by the Tope to w horn the Italian florernment has heretofore refused the rxrquatur, right have Just received It nnd tbe rest will get It bofore October. It Is expected that th question of th.. appointment of the Patriarch of Venice w 111 also lie solved soon. The Marquis of Durfeiin and Ava. as Lord Warden of the Cinque Torts, has lately headed a movement to preserve the historical buildings ot the ancient port of Itye, Including Ypre Castle, built more than 700 years ago, and the Land Gate, erected In 1360. Seven hundred pounds Is needed for the project. Mrs. Teresa Vlele, formerly a Miss Orlflln. has Just been decorated w tth the grand cordon of the Cbefekal by his Majesty the Sultan of Turkey, In reward for "services rendered to the Ottoman empire " by th paper read at tbe Literary Congress at the Columbian Fair at Chicago, on " Turkey and the Itellglon of Islam," Tbe Vlscaya. tha belted cruiser Just completed al Illlbao for the Kpaulsa navy, attained In her trials un der natural draught only, a speed of 18.0 knots. Tha shipyard whero she was built Is In a remarkably fa vorable position, for tho raw ore can be brought tn at oue end and a fully equipped war v esse! turned out at the other. Kerapen, In Cermany, will soon celebrate tb slg hundredth anniversary ot Its existence with a festival procrsjlon representing tha history of Qennany front the German w arrlors of Cesar's time to the soldiers who fought against Napoleon. In the procession will lie rrprewutcd Thomas A Kcmpls, th writer of th "Imitation of Christ," who was a native ot th town. Pauperism has greatly declined In England aloe Wl. The proportion uf child paupers baa changed from 3 to V.S per cent., that of the abla-bodled from 1.4 to .3 per cent., and that of the old pauper (abor 60) from 81.3 to 13.7 per ceut.of the population of th several ages, blnce 1838 the paupers who are not able-bodied have decreased not only relatively, but absolutely, by UO.00O. Cardinal I-avigcrte's plan for tha civilisation ot Africa ts to be tested. The Brst caravan of 100 African pioneers reared on the Algerian and Tunisian farms ot the confraternities founded by him have Just Isft Marseilles for Madagascar, where they are to settle a agricultural colonists. Another hundred will lie sent as aoou a these are established, and other companies are under orders to go to the Soudan, th Toaareg country, the Tchad region, and the Congo, where Ibry will spread the Catholic faith and French civilisation. Prof. Peal, the ethnologist, recently dvsi rlbed to the Aslatlo bocltty Ibe coudltlou of the brad bunting Nagas on the borders of Assam. The women are lo blame for the rontlnuauce of the praitlie. Ibry tauul tbe young men who are not tattooed, and tbe latter go out aud cut off head to exhibit to them, fully half ot which are those ot women and children. The area occupied by tha tribe Is uot more than tw rnty miles square, but In It during the past forty years more thsa 13,000 murder; have been committed for th sake of these ghastly trophies. One of the Incouveulence to traveilers In Ibe coun tries cf the I-atlu Monetary Cntou la the constaut withdrawal of the Issue of different mints aud th passing of tbe coins, uo longer current, upon strangers. The French Government, to reduce tbe vUl.has Ju.t published a placard wttu reproductions of tbecolna that are out of date. They are no fewer thau thirty, srveu In number, and include those bearing the baby fate ot little King Alfonso, with the date IsVl, lb dollar of F-xnpcror Maximilian, lb ave-franc plec cf Joachim Murat, 1813, some of tb Swiss rolni. and all the Papal coins. A supplement shows coins UU cur rent, and include thoso of th first Napoleon, imuni them on of 1813, representing bins as First Consul, endue of 1813,wUa"apoloD,Kmperur., oa 06 tlil as4 r lUpuUiattTraacaUHcatitfUisj,-. i