Newspaper Page Text
f ill ! 6 . THE SUN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1894.
' 111 if wi fi 1 III ymHwx. wsm I TUESDAY, BKiTKMllKK It, 1804. ! rlffl V Ailrtrllwmtntt for Tttr WrBKi.r Set, fowil l fc.SF I' lo-mvntiK moHilnv, roust 1 JicttinVct in iMttrfii i aillirli III ing htoit Oo'clnth. ' r Ivl ' I in 0i,i,orluM',y rr iiiiiitt'ion. & ill ! '" evcrB' Papers wo fllict tho sutijert of tf ! Advertising discussed nt this time morn pnr- i ilculnrly, on the (round tlint It has special v 6 bud Immediate Importance In view of tlie 4 jij Improvement In trndr expected thlsntttttmn, i 1 which already has been brought nliotit tu 3 ' g a considerable extent becnusn nf the ex 'S Jj traordlnnry reduction In tlio supply tif alt t 2 lclndi of merchandise In this hnnds of dealers 6 ffi, ' in nil parts of tills country. u e Whatever the Kencrnl outlook for trnde, ,f jj the RUbjcct would hnvc Krcnt ltnortauco. W ' Aanbuntiantexporlencc proves, enterprise In ij fit! that direction receives Its reward In !oth 3 IS lwid times mid Rood. Tim most successful M jp Eaj j. (advertisers nro those who keep their Imsl- i Si R2 I,,,'', con,tnllt'y lioforo the public, without if ' fjj rcKard to the state of trade. They will not 'i jpflj allow thomsclvos nnd their business to lie , I SS j ' jortrottcn. Kven In n tlmo wlien trndo I f !'.!' called stagnant, Its volume Is Htlll (treat. H i & 'n'"n8 o( ' n """" percentage of Its oi- 1 1 J 1 xrrcgnto rclntlvely to its amount when It Is ! j ffl ' inost prosieroiis, creates bad times, ns they I'MIIm nre called. Kvcn during the last year, ells- tl a ) tlngitlshcd for its depression, the trnnsac- ) i.l! ft I1 tlons In this market were still enormous. !5jjjj jfi The imperative dally wants of Hevvnty mil mm? $1 "on lup'0 make a demand which BiMI ! - ieeps business nlwnys active. The Pit li I "unemployed woro many actually, but j HI B i ' relatively to the nitmlier employed they V IhI 1 "were few. Wages h.ivo la-cu reduced in ti S I inany departments of Industry, but they are ! nil 111 Htlll high here as compared with European j Jj 1 ' countries. The striking Jews of the sweat- 1 1 K Ing shops have got Kieir pay for their work, I t-B ' but in nil their synagogues they have ofTernl & iX.' Hi up a Rpeclal prayer of thnnksudi Ing because v 13! I! i their condition here Is so much Ix-ttcr than f ! I' In Hussln. KverySabliath they have thanked 0 j ' Jj Uod that Ho had led thent to the prom- 5 1 1 ' ised land. Tho consumption of the popu- ! ij - lotion per head Is much greater hero than in 9. ' ' i nny country of Kurojie. Uotli the mechanic f f I ' 1' I n""-tno common laborer nro nccustomed to ( I i I! I i tlnlly luxuries unknown by such working- i j : i men thcro. Tho shops In the poor quarters i l g . , nf the town, the grocers' and the butchers', f J i ffi are supplleil with a vnrietyof food alxiut us i, L ; , irrentns that in tho richest neighborhoods. it ' S' Nowhere elso in the world does the ndver- - gi ,1 J j I: tlser of any nnd all sorts of mcrchnndWo f i vm ' I I nppeal to so vast n multitude of posslblo J ' M I f '- customers as here. The number of people v il ' ' v'u 'lnve nccumulatcil n rompetenco or jr an, ft j vho nro In business or hold salaried places HI HI vhlch render them wholly or largely in- H ?l ileiieudont of adverse trade condltiotis, t 9 'H ' B0 '"r UH "'" sntisfnctlon of their I 9 I E '' luxurious tnstes is concerned, grows 9 S ' fitcndlly. Snrntogn, for instance, was never i II i ' ' more crowdeil than last month, nnd nil i 19 I ' of tho visitors must have len people of this i jfl II"' general sort. At other wntering places I 911 S. r there were crowds as great proportionately Y HJ 'C1' ( to the past. In this country the demund for P .9 j j'jjj f , the wares of tho merchnnt Is nlwnys far MM ; JV,W r irreater relatively to tho population thnn in Mb i ! ! j ' the richest Europenn States. Hence here lie 3' ' j Is surer of large profits If ho succeeds In win- I Hf ' &' ' nlng distinction for his enterprise. f fm i Undoubtedly tho tlrst way of gaining that 1. 9 I' distinction Is to merit the confidence of the B- 9j "ft - . purchasing public and to discern Its needs f 9 I'' anl tastes; but It rnnnot.be secured without p' 9 ,' Tr nlso calling the nttentiou of the public to ' a j . . the business so conducted. The merchnnt's 9 i ' place of business must l)e known. He must t W i fi t put up his sign, nnd in many departments of . J; trade he must make an attractive display of 9 i IJ, bis wares in his windows. He must rstnlt- U j K ' llsb himself inn situation eligible for buyers. 8 ' P ' ' ,nust l"lv enough attendants to watt Jj 1 J tipun his customers; but, If he wants a large ! 9 I . trade, made up not merely of casual cus- J H J '. tonicrs who chance to pass his plnco of busi- I I 1 " - liess, but of those who are attracted to it as 9 I ' ' n distinguished bouse, ho must llrst of all 19 1 j advertise in the (uipcrs. . I I I , . Uy such nihertlsing ho raises his sign iH 1 1 ' I where It will be K-eu by all the people, nnd 19j j f thus he makes his business known to mil- 9J i lions when ntherwisu it would be known to '9f 11 H few out. The development of the modern 9j H-! ' newspaper durlug tho last fifty yenrs moro f S 9 especially has donu more for public en- ( K ' ' llghtenment generally than any other f 19 " menus of diffusing knowledge. It has oc- ; ? f curreil simultaneously with tlie spread i9l 1 ll ' l,l'"Klt'on' lo which It owes its im- l9 If pulse. The renders of newspnrs now rotn- 9J li piise practically the whole population, for J f9j , H! .; Illiteracy, pruportlonntely trilling in this liB i ' vouutry, is fnst nssinK away nltogether. J". 9 m Hence the opportunity for advertising busi- . y.91, B " fundfchtd by a great newspaper is one h9u "! u' '''" ""Ht nlunlde features of our ml- FJ9s t vamed clviliratloii. It enables the tnulrr jBb j! i to make his name nnd his waves familiar . J9F; " t tbo whole public far and near. As a gjUHJ i coueueiue, many mercantile houses fstJ9F ; 1" New York distinguished for their " j9J ' I ' large nnd persistent advertising in such ' iJ59 t 1 ncwspjiHTs areas well known to people in j $l9i ' " "II firtsof the I'nioti ns the mostionspieu- "' ) 9-' fi8 t ""s uf """ l"l,l"c buildings of tho town. $ 9j i S' They have made their names famous by that r Btf I B'"1 ' means, and have won for tlieuiselies a dis- i 190 Kj ! . tinctlnn ns widu as that of men the most i9M 9j prominent in public life. They nre recog- HiI B' j' niml everywhere as lenders In their trade. f9l ' That Is a great opportunity, and it Is f 9f? H ' . lfore every enterprising deuler. Hecuuso '39k X ' "' it many houses, w hose names were un- K 1 " known a few yenrs ago outside of a small i Pl fi ' circle of customers who sought their littlo S fcl' ' ' shops are now centres of u great trade, cele- ,9.'"'t i brated throughout the Union f w i C ,"W If I t1' ''"' ,''M'1- ;i'M-- Mi - In the .Tews, Judaism Is deeply Ingrained. fml f mY lL Ah '"""y HS 10ouu l,r ".OOO of the Jewish mF mi"l' tailors of this city were on strike for higher t V Ui B' w wages all last week; ami Jay after day they W- Inlteml in the streets, or congregatel in their ' li i halls, or sat down anywhere to talk in their B' 1' ', jargon. Hut upon the forenoon of Saturday 9t'' . last the strikers, who had been ery highly hI"- 3 ' excited the day before, were nut to be fouud li 1 ki ut their usual places of rendezvous. Nearly M- mM allot them hwl gone to their synagogues. '" m ' ' WFi !t Thoy were engaged In Divine worship. They .' m' 9 5 wero at prayer. They were listening to the ah B T olceof the rnbbl. They were following a ' mf R " custom estnblikbeI by Moskj, and kept up Hia IM through all the ages ever since his time. In b ft- ?, the hundreds of garrets, rear halts, and :A 11 III ' rickety old edifices, which nro used as BJS If' ' nynagogues in what is called the "ghetto" W&1 WS t- on tho east tide of New York, the Jews on I f llfo striku celebrate! the everlasting name of H I iiSfiB Jaiiveh, hut Saturday forenoon, tho holy I mniv riabUilh. i tffl'P' ""'ls i Jiulal5!11 '" -scw Vork and the b ' B' world over. m ' 1 !- Lts of workincmen who are called I 1 Christians go un strike from time to time, E $! 3 but who ' 'ere ,,iat tver bearil of any ' 3Lj M.,X 'MjJy rf trers vtktt than Jew giving 9QW 991 III UMlllll I I9l I he1 to tho ceremonies of their rellgton during tho heat of a strike t We are told that nearly nit of these Jewish sttlkcrs nre orthodox, nnd nil wore their lints in Hie synagogues. Many of them, we are nssured, nre familiar with tho Torah nnd the Talmud, inn quote Hi:v EznA nnd MAIMoniiiks, know well tho itlffetencn be tween kosher nnd trefa, nndrntt prove that f'hlcf Hahbl JAcon Joseph understntids tho law nnd tho prophets better than Dr. Kolt l.Ktt or Dr Isaac M. Wist:, far liettnr than KltAfsKOl'K or Vooiwa vif n. We have been amused by hearing of one of them, who bonsts that he Is nn "nthelst and Annr chlst," but who, linxlng tecetitly lieen lilessed with n son, did, during the strike, glvothntsou tho benelltof IhoAbrnhnmle rlte.ns It was tnstltuteil by the Kntherof the Knithful, somo time after NoAII's Hood. Judnism Is In the bones of the Jews, nnd of nil Jews, from the equator to the poles, Was there ever nny gang of Presbyterian strikers, or of Baptist, Methodist, or Uni tarian strikers, or of Woman Catholic strlk ers, who made It their business to go to church in n body, for tho purpose of engag ing In worship nnd prayer, during n strike f Let us ask tho Hev. Dr. Jolts HAL!., or llishop Sl.Mfsox, or that learned nnd mirth ful priest, Father Kl.ATTKUV, not to speak of the eminent Dominican, Father O'NEIL, or nny of our threo Unlvcrsnllst preachers. Tho Jews of New York, like the Jews of all the rest of tho world, believe In Judaism, and nre rooted nnd grounded In It, Oh, thnt wo could say that tho peoplo who call themselves Christians believe in Chris tianity nnd prnctlso it, either when nt work or when on strike 1 The CntchlngH Letter ii llio Campaign. The report that because tho tariff leg islation Is not satisfactory, tho Demo cratic campaign lookniakers will endeavor to give unusual lmportnuco to n few select ed authoritative Democratic documents', de livered in speech or In writing, denouncing tho Tariff bill, mnrksn new sit nut Ion In party experience. For tlie llrst time it Is thought necessary for n party to run Its national campaign on lines of self-denunciation as well ns of praise. A campaign of reform Is Invoked by tho organization nlrendy in IHiwerand seeking to Ihj kept there. The arguments for reform and tho abuses de manding reformation nre nliko founded on the party's own record I It Is llkcthernt chasing its own tall. Without examining tho list of docu ments which are thus to blaze with a double edge another way to Democratic triumph, wc nro moved to sny that. President CLKVK LAND'S Inst contribution to the subject, tho Catciiincis letter, should le stricken out. As goisl n reason for this ns nny in It consists of the uwful nonsense found in the "deadly blight of treason and counsels of the brnvo In their hour of might " passage, crlblwd from the splendors of LaLLaHookh: " I takn my place Ith the runk nml file of the Demo cratic party who tellce In tariff reform nml well know vthat It li; who refute to arcrpt the results rm tiodliMt In this Mil as the cUmxi of thfi war: n ho arc not bllnilwl to the rct that tint lKcry of Democratic tariff reform has tsren stolcu uml torn In the service of Republican protection, and who hate marked tho places Hhcre tho deadly blight of treason has Idastcd the counsels of tho lrae In Mielr hour of might." Vp do not wonder thnt Mr. Cl.l'.VKI.AXD has not been blind to the fnct that the livery of Democratic tnrlff reform lins been stolen and worn In the service of Hepublican pro tectionism. If any one, nfter rending the following quotation from o speech delivered In tho House of Heprcsentn tives in Decemler last, is not satisfied that the llrst thief and the llrst wearer of the Democratic livery in the service of He publican protection, was the cuckoo Chnir man of the Ways nnd Means Committee, the Executive' most protruded spokesman, the Hon. William Ij. Wil.so, he must carry a vacuum In his skull, I-aylng tlie Tariff bill, the much harped-on Wnxix bill, before the House for its subsequent con sideration, Mr. Wilson' thus spake: "The bill on which tha committee has expended such anxious labor no more professes to lie purged of protection than to be free of error In details. We must recognize that creat Interest do exist whose existence and prosperity It Is no ;art of our reform to Imperii or curtail." The mau who first put the uniform on afterward so mightily objurgated by nn Executive trying to make out that hlscnun sets had been blasted In the hour of his might, wns tills same William I.. Wilsov. He it was who first began to serve He publicnn protection, although wearing tho Democrat lo livery; nnd efforts to prove thnt his title to wear that honored dress Is any better than thnt of the Democratic statesman who followed his track in open advocacy of protection, will add to the Democrats' humiliation the sickening sensntluu that their cum Mign is to be fought with lies; and thai the disgrace of their representa tives is to Imj covered over with pro- testations of honor and virtue where I neither exists. Strike out the C'ATCIIINr.s letter, If the approaching Democratic cam jmlgn Is to exhibit any creditable effort to eliminate the disgusting nnd repellant self-glorification of Mugwump humbug. Strike it out any way. It will surely be In the Hepublican campaign book. Wlio Owns Neeknr Island ? Five of the eight routes named by the Dominion fioverinnent In its recent cull for bids to lay n sub-Paellle telegraph include Neckar Island. That spot also figures lilx-rally on the routes proposed by those adhering to the principle that lsndlng places must be on British soil. Neeknr Island Is spoken of with the same as sumption of British control as was applied to Norfolk Island, Fanning Island, the 1'ijis, the (iilberts, or the Solomons. And jet, as is well remembered, the (Ing of Ilanaliwas hoisted several months ugo on Neeknr Island by the Minister of the In terior, who hurried thither on the steamer Iwalani for the express puros of getting there before tho British cruiser Champion, which was liellevrd to have started thither from Honolulu on a similar errand. It was learned that (treat Britain wanted the island hs h telegraph station in the line across the Pacific. Now we find the London agents of New Zealand, .South Australla.Yictoria, nnd Tasmania all instructed to protest against this act of Hawaii as an unwarranted an nexation, white one newspaper rebukes the " timidity and sloth" of (he Hritlsh Govern ment in not itself annexing the island. All this is very strange. Neckar Island lies nlxnit -100 miles northwest of Honolulu and ICO miles beyond Nihoa or Bird Island, which is conceded to lie n part nf the Ha waiian group. Why should Great Britain at her distance from Neckar Island have the right to annex it, while Hawaii, so near by, possesses uo such authority t As a fact, how eer, Hawaii does not regard this as a case of annexation, but simply as one of taking formal possession of an island which has always been hers, form ing the outermost member of her arehipelagoyuid belonging V the Utter, m Its geographical position tod Um ipmeml direction In which the Hawaiian group ex tends, must show. The reason for her not having hitherto formally occupied It Is to bo found in tho fnct that the Island Is vntfte less for ordinary purposes, although Hawaii could not for that reason assent to allowing n European nation to scire It, thus, estab lishing a foothold nt the extremity of her own domains, Tho pnintof prartteat interest. In iho mut ter for our country Is that, whatever the immediate prospects of receiving Hawaii Into tho Union, it Is universally ndmltled thnt no other iinllou must acquire n terri torial foothold there. Even Congress at the last session linil no ilnttbt on that point, It may lie that by nrrangi'ment with tho Un wnllaii Government, which prefers thnt tho proposed cable should have a landing plncp nt Honolulu, the latter point will Is- chosen for thnt purpose. Two of tho eight routes nlrendy spoken of ns t-otitemptnted by tho Dominion Government tnko In Hono lulu, thus making seven out of the eight which Include either tho lntter point or Neeknr Island. Or Hnwnll might grant a right to lnnd the cnblo nt the latter island on condition of Its own sovereignty thcro being acknowledged by Great Britain. Or possibly lioth places might bo nvolded by the cable. Hut the Immediate point to con sider Is the proposition from Australia that the Imperial Government should protest against Hawaii's assumption of n clnlm upon Neckar Island. Thus, nfter nil, tho Hnwnllnn question mny not havo lieen pigeonholed by Con gress, nnd It may come up ngnln in quite n different form from thnt of Mr. CLKVK LAND'a fnlluro to champion tho ennso of Billy Queen ML. CniidldntrH for .lutlgos. Two judicial officers nro to lie elected on this year's municipal ticket! tho ltctorder and a Judge of the Superior Court. The pres ent Incumbents of these offices are the nble, learned, and occasionally but never unjust ly severe FltKDKIilc'K SMYTH, nnd the utile, learned, and more diplomatic CllAHLKa H. Tut AX. lioth w ere elected on the same day In 1880, for tho fourteen years' term which expires on tho Mist of Do cemlier They lind ns opponents, respect ively, tho nble and popular Republicans, Daniel (J. Hollixs for Hcronler, nnd HoitACi: Hrsst.LL for Judge of tlie Superior Court. Mr. ltoi.I.ISS filled HS.UOO votes nnd Mr. IM'sslu, 1(8,000, the difference of 0,000 not being indicative of the superior popularity of Judge Hl'.ssKI.L, but attrlli tltcd to tho unwillingness nnd reluctnnce of some Democrats to support Judge Tiit'AX. He wns elected by tlie mnjorlty of 11,800, while Hecorder SMYTH defeated Mr. HoL Lixs by 10,000. This year Hecorder Smyth, in tribute to his long and faithful service ns Recorder, will bo renominated by Tammany Hall, and against this there Is no voice in opposition, for he has been throughout, ns before his election to the liench, a consistent nnd cour ngeous Tnmmauy mun ; nnd In the perform ance Tif those duties of the Hecorder's office which nre not judicial, he has been loyal to his political allegiance. Again, his lenomi nation seems to Iks imperatively demanded for public reasons disconnected from politics. Until a short time ago, the renominntion of Judge TltfAX for nnother fourteen years' term seemed likely, but of late nnother as pirant for judicial candidature on the Tam many Hall ticket has appeared In FllAN'fia I.. Wei.LMAX, who hns nchlevcd professional fame recently in the prosecution of cases against tho delinquent election inspectors before JudgA H.M'.ItKTT, and moro recently as the special counsel of the Police Depart ment In the prosecution of the dismissed Cnptalns and others. He Is one of Dis trict Attorney FKLI.oWS's aids; and his nomination, it is believed among poli ticians, would deprive of any force tho assaults on the Police Department nnd rnlly to the Tammany local ticket thesamosortof support which was enlisted in 1800 to tho election of Mr. Nicoll ns District Attorney. Under Mr. Cuokkk's skilful leadership of Tammany tho custom came to lie ac cepted of renominating faithful Judges in the higher courts of record; lint when, a few years ago, llF.NltY A. GlI.DKIlsi.KEVK, then occupying nijout the same relation to Tammnny thnt Judge Tlll'AXdws now, was put upon the ticket for Judge of the Court of General Sessions, he was defeated. How ever that may lie, Hecorder SMYTH Is certain to be one of the nominees for judicial ofllee on the municipal ticket this year, and whether ids associate is CllAltl.KS H, TltfAX or Francis L, Wli.lmas, the interests of the city will not suffer Wilson' IVrliily and Dishonor. There Is nnturnlly n disturbance among tlie people in West Virginia over the Idea of taking off the protective duty of 75 cents a ton from the bltuminouscoal which isoneof their principal products. Astlie Hon. IlKMlY G. DAVIS puts It, " there are .'1,000 or 1,000 ieop!e there who nro depending utmost en tirely upon the diggingof coal and getting it to market. Make coal free and you take from them their bread." Yet, ns we are told by a protectionist writer, "Mr. W. I.. Wll.sov, the alleged Democratic Repre sentative of that district ill Congress, still declares that coal shall lie free; and lie voted under a utrong protest ngainst u rato of -10 cents n ton." How difficult is tho path of perfidy mid dishonor! Had Mr. Wilson btood by tho Democratic platform, to which in truth and conscience he was solemnly pledged, he would have levied on coal, nson every other imported article without exception, a duty of lift per cent, ad valorem. His reputation for truth and uprightness would then have Iks'H preserved, the Democratic platform would have lieen vindicated, and the miners of West Virginia would havo hail nothing to complain of. In renomiTistlnL- (invrrnnr A1TK of Colo, rado the I'opulists or that state are courttug certain ilffrot.- Jlkmfu iVasiltulioa. And In attemptine to make an Income tax levied upon a special class of the population n permanent feature ot the American sstem of taxatlun, the I'opulists of the houth are court Ing certain defeat. Culling themselves Democrats w III not save them from the political destruction which awaits vicious and sntl-Dcmocratlu politicians. Some of the fashionable Protestant churches of tho city that have been closet! during the summer ccaaon were opened last (Sunday, anil other of them will be opened next Sunday, or the .Sunday after next. The inluls ters have tiiul a lone, rest, nearly al a) sunder pleasant circumstances. Some of them have tinplojcd the months of llitir vacation In hunt ing, or camping oat, or fishing, or at the water ing places, or in travelling abroad, even a far as gay Paria, or In mountain cllmblns, like Dr. 1'AHKnrKsr, or In nursing their exhausted frames, or In whisking about from place to place, or In going off somewhere with a lot of pious friends in pursuit of pleasure. Ministers are like other people. In that their tastes differ. We know of on of them who likes to sit on a inako-rall fence whilo the cows are graulng, and of another who likes to catch minnows In a brook, and of another who likes life at Newport, i if-iliiimii'-i m -immmmmtoMum 4 and two or three others who like todoze the summer hours away. They all have a good time for three or more months of every year. They are how, or soon wilt be, back In town, duly refreshed and ready to renew the never ending combat with thstold serpent, the devil. Theilevllls not as strong In New York as he Is In many other places Chicago or Boston, for example; yet he Is strong enough to give the ministers work In preaching ngainst him and warning their hearers to beware of his wiles. We wish to unite with them In making war upon him, and the particular trait to which we seek to direct the attention ot both preachers and people, Is his si) ness. hat Is happening In Marvtand Is not alto, gfther Intelligible to us. That rioRMAS's perfidious conduct In rrlttlon to ihn tariff Is coming lo lie under stood tiy tho people Is plain. -flWimond Tlmtr. What has (InnMAM done that Is so different from tho ((induct of most other Democratic statesmen In Congress, with Boss Cleveland at the head nf tho irowit? Not one of them ever proposed to live up to tho Democratic pledges by making a tnrlff for revenue only; and the worst thnt can tie said of (lonMA Is thnt ho nlu didn't mean to live up to the Demo cratic platform an more, than tho other. Be sides, ho hadn't been elected on that platform, and they had. This fact shows that he Is nn hnnestcrmnn thnn many of thoso who are now abusing him so roundly. We suppose that, llkealt other Hepublican statesmen, tho Hon. CitAKt.r.s T. Raxton would llko to ho Governor of New York, Whatever his feelings, no man need doubt that he would make a good one. But In tho September number of tho Cosmo DoKMii appears the first part of "Tho Autotil ography of a President." "edited" by Mr. T. C CiiAwroun, tho well-known writer. The story Is that of a country lawyer, nominated and elected to tho Governorship of his State In some Inscrutablo uay, whose ambition to hu Presi dent is fill tilled by the lenders of his party-lie believes that "tho peoplo" elected him for some much more Inscrutable reason. Mr. Chaw foiid. in the first Installment of tho story, pre sents to us tho lawyer as tho newly elected Gov ernor, nml, while not shnnlng the wires by which his nomination and election to the Presi dency aro controlled, Indicates their presence, and affords an Interesting view of the develop ment of tho candidate's character during the campaign. Even moro broadening to the candi date's views thnn the campaign, prnmlso to be his four )cars In Washington; and his account of thoso Mr. CiiAwroun promises to give next month. Tho first part of the story confirms Mr. CliAwroiin's possession of many of the qualities of the anonymous author of ' Democracy." Wc an alt the second part with interest. An accomplished lady, who read nn essay on Wednesday lioforo the Social Selenco Asso ciation at Saratoga, asked this question ; "Why ts It that the average man at fifty years Is upright In form, quick In step, fro-h Unlet, bright eyed, anil, iierhaps, gray.halnsl, while women nt the samo asvareapt to be ttooplns;, languid, weak-eyed, and wrinkled, as well as gray and brow n t" We cannot sny that wo havo noticed that women of fifty nie nny more apt than arc men of fifty to show their ngc. Thousands of women over fifty may any day be soen who are as up right In form, as quick In step, and as bright eyed as tho men of their cars. Very ninny women nro well preserved, vivacious, and at tractive when they have overpassed tho third score of their life. We can think of women of threescore and ten, or more, who com. pare favorably In body and In mind, and In every way, with most of tlie men who have lived as long. Among our earli est memories aro those of a venerated grand mother, who, at a very advanced ago, walked uprightly, with a light step, and had un eye quick to ee everything worth looking at. Why. there are Hundreds of such women In thla'town, und many of them are able to hold their own, ou can liet, against men not as old, who are npt to bo stooping, weak-eyed, languid, shriAdled, and wrinkled. 1'tcicr aur damet, as the French say,, though they bo fifty or far beyond It. They are the light of life and the glory of the world from first to last. The es-aylst at Saratoga, upon whose words w are commenting, is the widow it a genial humorist, not long deceased, Mr. I'niLir II. Welch, who was once a regular contributor to The Su.v. It Is our opinion that Mrs. Welch failed to do Justice to her sex In the passage of her essay which wo have quoted. We hav e not a doubt thut when. In the hereafter, she shall attain the age of fifty, she will revise the state ment which she made at Saratoga, and which. In our Judgment, or In so far as we have been ' able to observo womankind and mankind. Is not defensible. The American Pharmaceutical Associa tion, which held Its annual convention In Ashe vllle, N. C, last week, is a body which takes cognizance ot both science and business. In the , forty years of Its existence it has rendered j some good service to the druggists and apothe caries of the country. Its objects are to guard the purity of all drugs kept for sale, to establish proper methods of compounding and dispensing them, to Improve the art of pharmacy, to sup press baneful compositions, to promote friendly relations between druggists and physicians, to secure the proper training of apprentices, and to prevont the growth of fraudulent practices In the drug business, in the "Proceedings of the Arsoclation," a volume published annually, there are always papers of scientific value. Yet another important body which will hold Its annual convention this month is the Amer ican Public Health Association. Two years ago It met In the city of Mexico; this year It Is to meet In the city of Montreal. Its programme of business for the meeting is extensive, and It touches upon many departments of applied sci ence. Among the eminent hyglenlsts at the meeting will be the Health Commissioner of New York, Dr. CYlira Euson. This body, as well as the other, has demon strated Its usefulness in past years. We fear thnt Mr. John Wanamaklii of i Philadelphia does not regard religion as a thing I of gravity. It was a queer kind of meeting j which he held last Sunday, according to the de scriptions of It given by the Philadelphia pa pers. He preached his sermon In the open air from thetullboardof a"(iospel wagon" behind ahurso with a docked tall, which wore a wblto oilcloth upon which had been painted a passage of Holy Writ, At the other end ot tho wagon a joung woman worked a melodeon, while a )1 low.halred man wearing a white necktie blew a cornet. There w as t haltering In the nondescript crowd; there was a fight at the corner; theie were flies which bothered the poor old horse ; there was a squad of police; there were inci dents other than thoeof solemnil). The sermon of lirother Wanamakeh, who was Postmaster-General under Hahrisos's Ad. ministration, scems'to have been of a er pe culiar kind, as peculiar as the postage stamps which he issued while In office. At times his language was Irreverent, more especially at that time when he said; "Some people seem to think Hon Is a sort of iiollceman, with a big club;" and then he pointed at a policeman. Wo have not been able to think, while reading of Hrotber Wanauakeh's preaching from the Gospel wagon, that his sermon was calculated to give his hearers the Impression that religion is a thing of gravity, the most solemn of all things for mankind. An interesting field of exploration is the joung State of Idaho, and a picked body of mili tary explorers are now under orders to traverse the least known portions of it. They are to leave Fort bhcrman this month, well provided with arms and other equipments, and with Tations carried by pack mules, proceed In a southeasterly direction along the Mullan trail, cross the divide, advance to tho head waters of the North fork of the Clearwater River, follow the Lolo trail, and return to the fort by wa of Hangman' Creek. They will make a general reconnolsance of those parts of the Ug State which lie between the two trails, for the pur pose of obtaining information concerning their topographical features, the source and coot of the stresms, and the practicable routes for travel. They are to remain out tilt winter sets In. Though Idaho has been a State nf the Union for four years It has never lieen properly ex plored, and the Stato has failed to make provi sion for Its exploration. It Is one of the largest nf the States, having an area of H4.000 square miles, with a length nf nearly 00 miles from north to south along the western boundary. It Is rich In gold and silver and In minerals; but, though over thirty yenrs have passed since gold w as there discovered, Its population at this time Is only about 100,000, When tho Mate shall become better known through exploration, nnd wdicn railroads shall make It more accessible lo settlers, Its numbers may Increase In the meas ure of Its deserts. The annual summer mnncmivres of por tions of the Kuropcan nrmles havo liecomo too old a story tocxrlto sperlal attention, hut It Is clear from those of tho pre'ent season that their valuons a display of the existing condition nnd efficiency of the troops and of the possible ra pidity of mobilization Is still fully appreciated. In hls country our regular army gets littlo opportunity for such practice e en on a most limited scale; but It Is very glad to Improve such chances when they come along. Recently Gen. Mtl.r.s, finding that tho troops Assembled during the labor troubles nt Chicago must bo detained theru for somo time, formed a ramp near Kvanston, known as CampOrrlngton I.unt, where those forces wcro assembled, with tho exception of the Ninth Infantry nnd two compa nies of the Fifteenth. A review and drills werefollowed by tlireedlfferent engagementson a Saturday nnd on tho Monday and Wednesday following. All three arms were employed. In the second battle the attack of Infantry was In extended order, with a. repulse, or rally, on the main line, and a piercing of the enemy's right by a heavy cavalry column, supported by light lot teries and Infantry. In the third battle, there were alternate attacks of cawdr; and artillery nnd Infantry and artillery In edit Inn formation. ll was a successful utilization of the unusual concentration c.f troops It would seem possible In tilnee, where con siderable bodies of regulars and Stale troops nre found, ns nt New York, tu hold occasionally combined mummmcs.whlchwnulit In-of benefit both to thu army and to the National Hoard. Tin: sTit i:tiTii oy tii e jtKjiocjt.tr r jx .vi.'ir ionic. It In Very f2ient Indeetl In Hiiratocn I'ouo. fy-Clusrernor Floss er, Sahatooa. t-ept. 8.- It Is "iii thonlr" hero thnt the ticket to bo nominated bj the Demo cratic Stnto Convention to lie held here Sept. S.i will certainly lie elected on the (Ith of No v ember. There nro no marked divisions nor nny existing causes of dissension in the ranks of tho Democracy, cither In Saratoga Springs or In Saratoga county. There has not been mi much harmony In IocbI Democratic organizations nnd among the masses of tho pnrt In ninny years ns there Is now nnd will continue to Ik' till tho close of the fall campaign and thereafter. And It Is not the harmony of stagnation nnd Indiffer ence, either, but of a renl, 11 e, act e, persistent, and patriotic determination to -Uiort nnd elect all Democratic nominees tills full. State, dis trict, and county. At Democratic primaries held last night In each of the thirteen election districts to ilinose delegates to a tow n convention to be held to-day to nominate a candidate for the responsible and lucrative office of Receiver of Tuxes there wus a good, popular attendance. The dele gates, never more fairly elioen, were men of prominent respectability and representing tho best elements nnd most pure purposes of tho party. And so, too, the Convention held this afternoon, at which .1 nines I). McNulty was nominated for Receiver of Taxes, was ono of thu most respectable. Intelligent, and fairly nnd properly conducted of nny ever held In the town. And it Is tho united and determined pur pose, of Saratoga Democrats that Mr. McNulty shall be elected nnd he will lie. The samo spirit of harmonv prevails through out Saratoga county, and will also manifest it self In the action of the County Convention nnd In tho choice of delegates to the Democratic State Convention, and In the whole conduct of thernnvussand nt the noils on election clay. If Democrats in other counties are us united nnd harmonious and actlec and hopeful ns thev aie In Saratoga county, there can be no doubt of the success of the Suite ticket to be nominated here on the astli Inst. It is patent to all observers of the signs nf the times thnt the prudence of the renominntion of ltnsw-ell P. Flower for Governor Is daily finding more nnd more acceptance ns a popular fact and as being prophetic of assured Demncrutlu victory. It is within popular knowledge that Mr. Flower is a pure-hearted, high-minded, level-headed man. nnd that he hns been and is as able, fearless, industrious. Just, und pains taking in thu discharge of the responsible duties of Governor as nny who has ever preceded him In that high ofllee. The ebb tide which nt one time seemed to havo set In to bear him back to private life has changed, and the flood tide of growing popular confidence, favor, and demand is already felt to bo, carrying him successfully to a second term. All the best Interests of the great htateof New York need now, v en more man heretofore, that Mr, Flower shall be kept In position as Governor, to certify good ami to defeat bad, selfish, and dangerous legislative enactments. And it necsis the accord of the hxccutlve department of the State with that of the general Government to give vigorous vital ity to the greater beneficence of Democratic principles of government. At this great centre of political visitation nnd expression, where, sooner, pcrhaiis, and moio certainly than elsewhere, any chungo in the direction of political popular sentiment is ex pressed and noticeable. It Is now conceded bv leading Republicans that the contest this fall w ill be close, and claimed by leading Democrats that the men to hu nominated by thu state Con vention of their party will win. A. S. I'eask. the sT.txt'oitit j:st.itj:. Mrs, Hlnnford Anxious to do (luttlllitha Development of the L'nlvri-att). Svs Fmancisco, Sept. 10,-The tlrmnlmr to day says that Mrs. Stanford has paid off the last nf the debts duo from the staufoid estate, and Is now anxious for a distribution of the es tate so that she may secure personal control of thu proierty of which she is executrix, As toon as the distribution is ordered idle will begin op erations In a new field. I'nder her personal supervision the erection of nearly half a million dollars' worth of new buildings and tho early extension of the university at Palo Alto to three times Its present magnitude will begin. T he three great (Hates, tho Palu Alto. Grid ley, and Vina ranches, H.UOO, 17,000, and 110,00(1 acres, respectively, have lieen let uut In pare-els by Mrs. .Stanford, with the exception of the vineyard and stock farms and the land neies sary for their maintenance. The estate is near 1 ready for distribution, except for threo claims that are pending. One Is a suit for t7 5,00(1, in. volvlng a horse, which ts jiendlng em uppe.il. and another Is a suit fur 47.000, biought m enth hi a Palu Alto bookseller, who asserts some sort of contract about suunl) Ing books to the unlversl- I ty. The other claim h I lie S1.1,!10(i,00(i claim I against the Stanford estate which Attorney. General Olney has presented on behalf nf tho ' (iovernment lo. Mrs. Stanford as executrix. This suit Is an annoyance lo Mr. Stanford, because so long as it is unsettled it will prevent her from I spending a dollar of the cstntu In Ivhalfof the I unlversli) The Stanford nttorne) are cloliig ' what they can to expedite a settlement. I .Mrs, Stanford has been arranging to begin ' large operations at Palo Alio next surlng. The present quadrangle and thu few brick buildings i In the reor are but the nucleus nf the great groups of buildings planned by Senator Stan ford, and his plans are tube carrhd out. If iw. flble, without change. The present quadrangle s to 1 enclosed b a larger and still more handsome one, and several buildings aro to (lank it. The plans for early enlargement of the In stitution include a large amount of new ap paratus, the purchase of an.ooti hooks, the em ployment of a great many professors and in structors, and the opening of new detriments Ws Aceept aast Approve, To the EDiroaor The Scs-Mr I offer ou lb following, and feel assured you will accept II. It la a very true Utile story and ItlU very much la IU four short tinea: TBI oscnd ou nris. The Grand Old paper It The es. It's full of science, news, and fun: Us equal neter did eilst -Tbs Orand Old Paper heads I he llil. Airscu,0.,lut. 8, 1M1I. wm. OiciArr. Mr, Dickey aad Iturul ReKltra(lon, To Taa Eorroa or The Srs-&i; lu the report of the rrtJay ouj hi teuton of the Constitutional Conven lion your types report roe tj opposing Mr Mchult't hill lo prohibit the Legislature from passing any personal retlstratloa law for the country district. My re marks were la favor of the 1411. I stated that the farmers of my district were opposed to any reaulre tucnl that they should rerUurlnpWwn. aaaSTtlS country (tutrices, ererjDudy knows senboly els, ttwra was no need of any personal registration. Will Una sar. - VVken yoei see ttla Tu Res it u i AUAjiTiept. . isi. Wiuujs p. Pkxxt. ggWiigiWftlggWgfcri r.tECTRtCXTT O.V WA ft TJSSSKt.a. It. r.e fbr Motors, n. Well a r Mb. rtlgtinls, nnd Commnnleittloa. WAsntNOTOs. Sept. 10. The decision 111 , favor of the expediency of employing electricity for turning the turrets of our war vessels now under construction and not too far advanced for the substitution of this power In the place of steam, Is Interesting as another gain for (he moro mod ern motor. The posslbllltr of so doing has long been understood, but the final result reached seems to havo been duo to the experiments made at League Island Navy Yard onotieof the single turret monitors, a relic of the civ 11 w ar. The question of tho placing of the dynamo on a naval vessel lias nlso been carefully stitdletl, and It Is found that, taking Into consideration their security and that nf their engines from Injury, together with the least ClTect possible on tho compass and tho best distribution nf their power to all parts of tho vessel, and, finally, the absence of frco steam and moisture, the eh na mo room should be beneath tho water line, near thecentroof the vessel, and near the hollers. The dynamos should not bo In the same room with steam or either machinery, as an accident to tho latter might disable them In merchant Bteninersand In some foreign tiavnl ves-cils thev are placed In the main engine room, and this brings the machinery more together under the same attendance; but on a war ve-sel there Is less iiirtuiilty for overhauling nn electric plant after each trip, nnd hence care must bo taken thnt t lie insolation of the dinamosanel tnndlictnrs is not nlfectcd. A further point to be considered In n war ship Is that tlie greatest enre must be exeiclsedsgnltist the failure of tho light at a critical moment. , , , . . The Introduction of anelectrical plant as tho Illuminating power of n modern wnr vessel has long been fumlllnr and habitual lu our navy, ns In the navies of foreign countries. 1 he methods of Installation nnd the character of the appa ratus have also been gradually Improved. Not only ordinary Illumination but search lights midnight signals have, of course, been oiiernttil by edcLtrlcltv, while tho telephone can be used on shipboard and electrical appliances nro also available for revolution and helm Indicators and telegraphs. , , , As to scare h lights nnd slgnnK it Is evident thnt tho final solution of theproblemseonnrcted with them has not been reached. Some vessels use u weal number of small search lights, ar ranged to produce a nine around the vessel, while others employ u small number of large lights, the latter plan being favored In our own service as more economical and convenient. A position for search lights nenr the wnterllne might be best for smooth water, but as they nre al-u needed In heavy sens, tho) have to bo placed higher, and then the problem Is to keep eleurlKith nt the blnst of the heavy guns and of the secondary battery. It Issnld that electrically cool rolled piojccleirs, which allow tho beam of Unlit to be mowit and trained by an operator stationed even iitn dl'tiint isiint on the vessel, iisniav be most convenient, were flrt designed id our Newport torpedn station, though first brought nut nticcrssfnllv In Frame. Hut the most recent isilut of Interest, pcrhnps. Is the use of electric motors, of which turret turning Is the luted example. Their develop ment bus been slow, partly from their costli ness, mid parti), ll is said, from tho fact that the far greater demand fur motors on land has absorbed attention, slnenthe conditions on ship board may reipilre a different sort of apparatus. In a review of the subject made more than two yenrs ngn by Knslgu Illandln. it wns stated that In our service the unly uses to which electric motors had then been put worn for ventilating funs, raplil-Htc guns, ammunition hoists, train ing the guns, and this last only experimentally, and operating tlie vnhe of tho steering en gine. Hut it wus added that electricity could be further used to advantage for nil hoists on deck, fur tho torpedo (lis. charging apparatus, for steering, for ash hoists and for workshop machinery. Thcprac tlcul addition of the turning of turrets to this list is certninly very Impnrtnnl. Knstgn Illan dln refuted the nsMTtlnn that the weight of tho dynamos and engines was a dccllve argument against using electric motors, saving that spe cial generating sets would not linve to bu In stalled for motors used lu tlmo of peace, as the power for Illuminating and other purposes would be adequate; nnd further, that ev en for motors need lu time of vvur It was merely n question of difference In Iho weight of the electric appa ratus nnd that of sti am. hvdraullc or air pumps nnd pipes. Theetllclency, cleanliness, conven ience, und ease of lepnlr of electricity aio also in Its favor. and. in fact, there seems little doubt that Its uses wdll he multiplied on shipboard In the near future. . .YfCliMOCl iiujiascj:. An Amerlenn Defends Two X-ndlea In Illue fields and Wins is llrlde. Voiil fie St. Luuit lllobt'Utinoetttt. A very romuntio wedding was tolcmnlzcd at Illuefields in Niueiragun on Tuesday. Aug. "H, In which a St. Louis boy, widely known In the best circles of the town, l.ouis D, Peiignet of 4,'J45 I.lndcll boulevard, teas united to u voting lady whose life nnd whose sister's life he had gallantly protected during tlie worst times in the recent revolution in Nicaragua. Mr. Peugnct went to lllueiields some time pte 1 v lolls to the uprising, aud was engaged In husi j ness for St. l.ouis houses throughout the isthmus. When tho trouble came on, nnd the rinters 1 selr.ed the town, vounc Peugnct and several other Americans armed themselves to protect 1 the huiies. who were exposed to Iho most i I palling perils. Gen. I.ecavo, who commanded the Nicaragunn troop-, had left hisw lfe and her I risterin the village, not anticipating anj emeute, ' nnd it whs these hapless women who fell to I voting Peugnet's charge. He got them safely Into u stone house, with a large, well-guarded cellar, nn one of the side streets, and there, dur ing thu whole of the sack and the lighting he i kept guard over them, gun in hand, permitting I no one to enter the premises but knoivn friends, nnd frequently having to face desperate, ilruiik I en rioters, w ho were searching for Mnic. l.ecayo J everywhere. When order was restoresl and It was safe for , the ladles to reappear, Mr. I'eugnet evidently , found that the close association of three days , with the pretty lining donna had sealed his fate, and he proposed and was accepted upon the raising of tho state of siege. There wero pattrnnlund maternal consents and blessings I to be secured both In Nicaragua, and Mlssouil, but the gallantry nf Peugnet's uctence nf tlie I ladies in the one place ami Ms father's prido in i the young man's pluck and endurance In the 1 other miutv all of this mere formula. The west ding was hxed for Aug. ,(, and the Illuefields mail, which is now due, will doubtless an- I nounce the marrlnge. The new Mrs. I'eugnet rnmes of one of the oldest and wealthiest Central American fund- I lies, she is an heiress nnd is connected In thut carefully guarded lino of tlie"gente ttnu" with must nf tlie Spanish Amerlenn aristocincy lie. tween the city of Mexico and liogutu. She was i educated ut New York, at Pari, nnd at Madrid, and besides thu usual accomplishments which j mini: ladles of her station have, she is a fin ished linguist nnd a highly trained musician. Wills D, I'eugnet bears a name tonally well known in St, Umls and New York, Ills grent I grandfather was an officer In the Imperial Guard of Napoleon, and fought under the Kmjieror up to the crash at Waterloo, Itelng Ihoreitighly , trusted by the Honauarte family, ll was he i who arranged all the details of the escape of Joseph, the ex-King of Spain. In company with .In-ejih lionnparte. who was. of course, travelling incognito,' he made his way to Canada, utul thence Into New York, where, near Cape St. Vincent they built the quaint old homo which was Intendesl to bo the refuge of tho Kmperor hlmiclf. If ho could bo rescuesl from St. Helena. It was a I large mansion with sixty ruoms.wlthniioddnh. i Kcrvaturv on the top that g..vo It among- tho sailors nn the tst. Lawrence iho name of the "Clip and Saueci" house. Napoleon, of course, never escaped. Uud the huuso was the home of two generations ot the I'eugnet family It was built uhout 1810. It was burned to the ground nfew v ears ago, shortly before tho death nf Mr. Peugnet's untie. In tho family there are ie. tallied many priceless mementoes and docii incuts of the Honaparte family in America, and the Napoleonic c illt.soiullxl.is still strong upon ever member. Slulne I'rlsonens Gloriously lliuuk, I Itms V r txt7.ls.( Iklltn ficw. I ,,.t.l,'?T. s,'r"' Some time ugu Slain 1 on. stable Mrnrsnf Morrill raided a saloon ami se- I 'iired ii qiiHMity nf liquor, which was trans- I IKirted in the Jsll, ind siorid inn iatr.nl nxitu in the; building to which tml the nflher had a ke) Tlie prisoners knew of t'u cur- leuie and r-.ituidav exiiulcil sonic UM plan for n Jolly spree, lly drawing the heavy Isills which held he lock they rotced an entrain c to the room and were soon welling In the choice quality of rcsl-eje u hleh W common to the Helfast-HliKin. 'I hev wurkiil the scheme sowe that t lie y were Mldisciii ered until they were how ling drunk ard painting the Jail Interior a very lurid hue. The i.ftlcers had Ies trouble In subduing them than was nntlci paled w hen the gang was mrprlatd in the midst of their merrj tanking. Man and Cat Ilrlten lir by u It at. Ji-ow Iht fsiuy tiiittrn Argii , Mr. Hoyle. In the employ of Alvln Smith on Long V hurl, was nivagelv attacked bv a large rat a day eir two ago, that leaped direct!) for his throat, und, upon being brushed away, at once renewed the attack wltli so mui h nerceiiess as to compel him to flee for safety. Net wishing to give up the attempt to kill him, Mr. II. uguin rrcewed thu Ml tempt, only tu m driven above stairs again. A large eat with an excellent reputation as a ratter was looked up and next luiresluctsl oil the scene of irife. but even pussy dldn I find things a; all to her liking and turned tall rather suildriil) u the last accounts his ratthlp was "holding tho for " XtceesMrjr llqulpnseat. "I want to gel a bullet proof reset," h said to a tailor. - We dont make them, sir' as lb reply, "I'm very sorry. Do you know where I could bo supplied I an lo make few pollUcsi spccUw la nvxnxAMs. deposit nf corundum hs been found nsnr Mef. asn Station, Delaware county, fa., and n com pin i rf rtillsdelphla capitalists seeks to control It f.-run. dnm Is worth about $V0O er ton -One reatltes the Importance of the stiUtiiuiMnor electricity for steam power In auxlllarj cnttini n board our men of war when It Is recsllwl tbst s huls ship may have from twenty fire to forty such nin , The education of sn electrical engineer ts becom'ue. more and more necessary to a natal officer. -According tu some estimates, twenty per rent, and, according to others, as large as setenti per .- , of the blind one their affliction to the nesllgewe of mldwlvea snd others Immediately after the birth of such unfortunates. The blindness nrlslog from this cause Is absolutely preventable by at le ael tno simplt) means. "Welt, gnod-by till I see you again," seems to I . the customary form of farewell with tli Adl-on.ls.k guides. Perhaps It Is their English entilralfnt tor "An rerolr." Many of the guides am rrencli I ana dlnns or of French Canadian parentage, ami thryenrt monly speak a corrupt French, the remnant of their bringing up. - It Is the silence of the Adirondack w Hollands Ihst Impresses the visitor at this season. Rave the ix. slonal cry of a woodpecker, fie voice of neither lieitet nor hint Is ordinarily hevnl. No living rreslurc Is t isv thle save at early morning or at evening lnlhew.vt lands linritrrlng the region of civilisation, and the solitude, disturbed only by a faint Insect hum li oppressive. -It Is the custom In some parts of the West for ths Mayor of any small city In which n circus h n. hlblted to give the niauagrr, after the perfortimncc a letter ecrllf) Ing to the morality and Interest nf hit show anil to the absence of gambling games and .lis ceptlve tricks. Armed with such eerlincatc thei f ii trnielstothcneit town and boldly asks the i null, denceof Iho public. F.spenslre furs are not the thing for the Adlron dacka winter. A few- Invalids hare them, bin most liersoiis, rich nnd poor, drlvo atmut In coon skin iner. inenls that reach from neck to heels. Tlirre arc com. paratlecly Inexpensltu when bought outright nnl many of them nre I Ircd for the w Inter season. Thy are not needed when onelsrxerclslng. but are almost a necessity for persons who sit still Intheopen sir l'erhsps no resident of Sew York greases his Wots, and the practice of lioot greasing Is much lessrommoa the country oierlhsn ll waslicfnro gum hoots and gum overshoes w ere chespened and Improved. Nee cr tlieless, there nre places In tho United states where a receipt for Isml grrase that shall Improve upon ths various old fashioned combinations of lierswnv mil tallow thai used to look, when cold, like froetnn the lionts, would tie hailed with Joy, -Admiral Meade was merely a lieutenant at the out break of the civil war, nnd he did not attain the rsnk of commander until three years after the close of ths conflict. It Is several yesrsslnce there has lievn a man nn the list of Admirals that held higher rank than lieutenant-commander during the civil war: hut such rank meant a good deal more then than now, as the exigencies of the war placed the rrsponslblllt) of c one mand nn many lieutenant-commanders. Well to-do folks that undertake helpful nnret among the poor of the east side are struck with the ill tlnctliro New York characlerof the lads In that region. They take easily to organisation, and conduct their own clubs with spirit and care. They can talk. tis, and they quickly catch the speech of their helpful friends. When It comes to dauclng, which Is one of the amusements at some of the east side guilds, thess lads arc aa much at home as the well-to-do that cuius down to their aid. Post Ofllee regulations ngainst accepting foreign coins arc disregarded along the Canadian border, where the Canadian 23 cent piece has n wide and f res circulation on this side the line and Is accepted with out hesitation by postmasters. They accept even Canadian hank notes, and there seems to prevail a thorough International comity as to money, l'o,t masters nnd men hams are astonished when visitors from regions further south hesitate at accepting Canadian money In change. Almost the whole liody of the upper ranks of the naval engineer corps ts made up of grizzled old fel lows that entered the navy as third assistant en glneers before such a thing as a cadet engineer had ever appeared at the Naval Academy. These men have had to acquire lu the course of active duty a v ast deal of technical knove ledge now drilled into fiituro engineers at the Academy. Such know ledge becomes more and more serious In volume v ear by v car as wnr ships become more complicated, and the wonder Is that busy men, some of them of very moderate schooling In youth, have been abto to bold their own with a rapidly advancing science. "Those Irish negroes In the West Indies said a New Yorker, "can't be funnier than the Frenchman I onco fell In with at a place where I was summering that Is, provided his education went on as I saw It beglu. lie was a waiter, and his Instructor In the Fngllsh was an Irishman with a very rich brogue, I once heard the Frenchman asking his Instructor as to the proper English phrase for the order to set down a dish with rare, and the prompt response was. "Set It down alsy;" a phrase that the Frenchman conned with faithful thoroughness. He ought to hare been quullfled lit time for service at that somewhat famous New York hotel where the chambermaids speak French with an Irish brogue." htrollcrs In the tumble, at Central Park, Inward sunset last hunday afternoon, walked through my rlads of harmless mosquitoes. The heavy rain after long drought, on the prev lous Saturday, had ev Idtntly rev li Wed the " wigglers" tn every stagnant pool, and the Sunday's miwt heat had hastened their emer gence Into fully winged mosquitoes. Walking from the lioat house toward the Belvedere, one could see, tn facing the nearly horizontal sun ravs, that througn all the distance the air was swarming with pallid, at tenuated mosquitoes that hovered as thlcklv as mltri lu a sun ray. They were not vocal, nor did they attack the pedestrian, but they flapped against hia face, filling his eves and nostrils so that one seemed to Is; breathing mosquitoes. It manifestly was not their time fur biting, but they no doubt get down In business directly after sundown, and their full voice and appetite were much lu evidence to the romantic I couples who occupy the park benches of a hunday ulglil. rorelgn Notts of Real Interest. A winter palace has just been added to the attrac tions of the Jardlnd'accllmatattonln Paris. The mala btilldlug contains a large concert hall that will accom modate 4,o0( persons. Marshal Ilatalue'a son has lately returned from Mrilco, where be tried In vain lo obtain the restllu tlou of his mother's property, confiscated by the Mes lean i.overnmentf The family Is now in ahjeci poverty, CokV ioetlcal drama, "HeveroTorelll," originally produced at the (Meon, has Just been bruughtnul with success at that'omtdle Francalse, with Albert lanu bert and Paul Mouuet, who were In the original cast, and Mine, Oraudis. M, Camille Janavn, formerly Governor of the Cono Free State, has Just gone lo Chill aa one of the arhltra tors to settle the differences ttween that country anddreat Prllaln In the matter of the Indemnities l Iilng out of the late civil war. On the occasion of the Both blrlhdav of Ernst Cur llus, the historian or cJrrek art, Sent. 14, his butt la marble w 111 be unveiled In the museum at Ol) mpla l fnrettioQuvrrumenl authorities aud representative uf the university and foreign schools at Athens. lu the India Ofllee IJbrary Is the largest collection of printed Sanscrit booktluthe world, larger than the tine In the Urltlsh Museum, and comprtslug man? early and rare editions. These are now beluge'atn legurd by the former llbrurlau.Pr Itost.wbohstalread puolhhtd the eatalogue of the Uanscrlt manuscripts lu tlie nibce. Of over Ove million children In elementary schools In KjiKland only suu.Oou pay for their schooling, and of lhc half a million pa no more than a penny a week, according lo a recent ofnclal statement. C)f the" voluntary schools "In which the wbnleur part uf Hie I ill I lou Is paid by the parents, Soon revel in Irom 10 to J0 shillings a head fortne children In at tendance, l.iitii) between 3 and 10 shillings, and 8,'Xli) under A shillings. The roval fanilli of F.etgland seems tohavea taste for brooches. Mrs. Oieen, the nuro who hat len at tending tlie Infant prince, lately reccelted anion tier f presents from Iliem. The yueen ga e her a (lis in net and ruby brunch, the bike anil Duchrs of York p diamond und sapphire one. the Duko atone a gold imo containing a lis k of the bsby'i hair, the puke and luiihe or Teck. however, gate? her a silver cream pitcher aud asugarlsml Mr-A. J. Evans, who recently ezploted Crete, lel!er (list he bis found lu the figures on man) stout- - gems lb bleroglvphlc writing of the sic of Mvcenas. and on some he niidteirii alphabetic symbols. "The Cretan simLoli, both pictorial and alphabetic, btlom In the main bithe secuud inllleulum 11. C, and lo the da of the Mvitneran lis lllutlua." Of the later class of eugrated gems be was able, thanks to theCrtlan superstition, lo collect a great pumber The women tall ihem "milk stuues.'" and wear them rouud their nesks as poteut charms. Mr. Kvans obeatnesl sums from the older womvu.exe banged some stones of smslt arclnrologkal value for belter specimens, and pro. cured Itnprculout where the owners would not glee up I he talisman, (if ttuulai, the moat Imprrsslte primeval rulu la l rele, he says "The city seemed have been deserted before the dawu of history The walls sud buildings are almost, without exception. Ixitu la a rude 't'vrlopeen' stvlr, sud there It nolhln, visible that can lie safel railed Hellenic.' Wall ll wilhlu wall, terraces above terrace, and what " hardly lie paralleled elesew here, the dwelling hoases themselves of the same Cyclopean construction are partly oiaadlnj within the walls. From the u.'ro-ii, hrUbt opens out a panorama of sea and land oiis of lbs colossal ruins around.'' Fishing si lb Thotiaud laUuds during the whole