Newspaper Page Text
4 L ... ...iter thBtVaprlvl laat.tea Vatm
r- t I "'!, th m.eror Wlll-
K C"llr.mp " Th M.UtLta.
. .. rvi. 87; The dramallo collaps of
uitrrhas been followed by inch a scur-
hf ".'"fro m the capital ha. not mm be-
"' Bismarck Ml. Every train brings
',..",,. politicians whose parjlea are affected
. -ludlr by the change or whose Influence
?0'i5rf In tfae reconstruction of the Oovern-
l L Several Federal Envoys left town yeater-
f ? morning under the Impression that Thurs-
5.,iconierence had smoothed away all threat-
' I ' nln difficulties, but they are returning now.
All are abounded and perplexed by the sudden
dismissal of the Chancellor, for to most officials
behind the scenea It came as unexpectedly as to
the public at lame.
geteral fwt proving the suddenness of the
trials have come to light to-day. It haa been
ascertain! that the Emperor on Thursday ven
Ini congratulated Count von Caprlvl upon his
-ncces In obtaining for his support a majority
fifths Federal Conference. In the same audi
oes the Kniperor approved of the Chancellor's
A boiler "f mild repression of the Socialist. The
J import fl' en Oct. 23 Caprlvl already thought
Jk Bf resigning WM true on'y to ,nls exlent!
W Be Intimated to the Emperor on that day that
fl be would resign In caao he should not get a ma
ll forltr of the Federal Envoys to support him In
M lb Conference. The report that the Emperor
' bensnred Caprlvl for an article which the
JrSnicJK Zeilung launched against the Prussian
Government Is without foundation and was dl
bredlted from the first in official circles, where It
known that, upon his return from Lleber
Sjurg. the Emperor greeted the Chancellor most
When the whole story shall become known It
fcrobaBly will be shown that Caprlvl Insisted
l bpon resigning against the Emperor's will. He
U known to have expressed his unwillingness to
(present Dr. Mlquel's new financial proposals In
the Reichstag and to have told the Emperor
that, with another Chancellor. Mlquel would
fcar freer hand to accede to the demands of the
V federal States. The Emperor heard Impatiently
this suggestion to reform his Cabinet He
Eventually offered to dismiss Count Botho zu
Solenburg. the Prussian Premier and the Chan
cellor's most vigorous opponent, but Caprlvl
Itill requested that he be allowed to retire.
C ThVofcne Zcttiino. the most Influential
Radical dally In Berlin, eaya to-day In a flatter
ing leader concerning the i ex-Chancellor:
i ,TCount von Caprlvl will be glad doubtless to
be rid of the burden of n thankless office. He
hi fallen In a combat for a good cause, What
ft In store for his successor the future alone can
Disclose. Germany must expect to be confront
kd with prolonged dangers and much political
Confusion." , . ., . , . .
LThe Urutstt KaehHthten, a bitter Blsmarcklan
Colly, passes this comment; "After the trl-
Smpbal fanfares over the success of his policy
no the euccesa of the Conference, Count von
J Caprivl's downfall certainly was a surprise.
Probably the Kmiwror at last recognized the
fact that Caprlvl not a person fitted for tho
I Kreat task awaiting the chief Minister of Htate:
that he was not equal to rcnnltlng the offices of
' German Chancellor and Prussian Prime Mlnls-
., fir In tho manner required for a safe, energetic,
M a.nd unwavering policy."
.gf Tlie Taathlatt, Radical, says: "It was Count
Ton Canrlvl'a weakness that he succeeded to a
political inheritance without claiming for him
aelfthe benefits accruing from the same. He was
thus often placed In a false position through
having measures forced upon him by circum
stances. He thus estranged many who were
ready to support him, whllo ho failed to concili
ate his adversaries. For tho same reason his
poller seemed also half-hearted and wavering.
To this lack of direct and positive force lie
The iVattonol Zritung. National Liberal, says:
Of late years experience has finally condemned
the separation of tho Prussian Premiership and
Imperial Chancellorship. Count von Caprivl's
administration led to tne bewilderment of State
f.ffalrs. The official press never knew rxsctb
n what direction it was tending or whether it
Sat really doing service in tho name of the
banceller. The result waa often an anarchic
situation such as ought never to exist under a
I Government knowing Its own position and prc-
I pared to defend It. Whoever the next Chan-
1 cellar may be be will succeed cum bentfleUi In-
I tentarU. He will be ablo to advocate measures
without hearingthe taunt that he has confused
all proceedings, a taunt often heard in the past
i The .Bocraen-Ceurtrr, Radical Unionist, paya-
v the ex-Chancellor this tribute of respect:
"Chancellor von Caprlvl goes as he came,
without being richer by a single acre, but he la
richer in the respect which he has gained from
the political world than the most sanguine
would once have dared to hope for Bismarck's
The lioerun-ZHlung contains this venomous
paragraph: "Hand In hand with hla tendencies
to the hxtremo Left went measures which the
representatives of Germany's economlo life op
posed strongly. Tho Emperor now will continue
the glorious traditions of tho Bismarck regime.
Caprivl's withdrawal will not injure in any way
(Germany's influence abroad."
The Ifamlmratr Xachrithten, Bismarck's
mouthpiece. Is silent.
'The Emperor's prolonged conferences with
Prince Hohenlohe, Gen. Count von Waldersee,
fcnd Dr. Mlquel kept the excitement here at
fever heat. At 2 o'clock this afternoon It was
Announced that Prince Hohenlohe had waived
bis objections on account of age and had con
sented to accept the Chancellorship and Prus
Elian Premiership. Baron Koeller'a appointment
to be Prussian Minister of the Interior was made
known at the same time. The lieichtanzeigcr
remains silent concerning the resignations.
The Social Democratlo Congress at Frankfort
baa closed after passing resolutions against
piecework and in favor of energetlo agitation
xor women's rights. The next CongTees is to be
held in Breslau under the management of the
present Executive Committee. The delegates
closed their work by giving three cheers for the
Eoclal Democracy and singing the working
inen's " Marseillaise."
Prince Bismarck is expected to leave Varzln
fto as to arrive in Frledrichsrnh on Nor. 3.
Ureat preparations are making for his reception.
The Kladdentattch'B ncandalous attacks upon
Frelherr von Klderlen-Waechter and Herr von
llolstem last winter bavo been recalled by Frel
herr Marschall von lilebersteln'a suit against
Dr. Kleser, owner of the H'MfoVulseie All
Qtmeint Ztllung in Cologne, and Editor Neasler
of Nuremberg. These gentlemen are supposed
to be responsible for the statement that tho
forslgn Secretary Inspired the attacks in ques
tion. The defendants say they can prove their
statement, and propose to call Count von Ca
prlvl to testify. The' trial will take placo in
Cologne on Nov, SO. It is expected to be sensa
tional, V O. It. Breckinridge, United States Ambassador
i to Russia, started with his family on Thursday
u for Knnlgslierg, where be rested overnight be
, tore procwdlng to St. Petersburg.
Baron Kettefer of tho German Embassy In
V W athlngton Is here.
Hae vo Hohenlob Takes the Cataaeet.
Birmn. Oct. !!7.-Prince von Hohenlohe
EcblUlngfurst. Governor of Alsace-Lorraine,
accompanied by Herr von Koeller, Under
Secretary of the Interior for Alsace-Lorraine,
arrived at Pntadam from Htrasburg
this morning. The Prince was met at the
A railroad station by the Emperor, and the two
l drove to tho new palace in an open carriage.
S In a second carriage was Herr von Koeller and
Lleut.-Col. von Moltke of the Emperor's staff.
r" At the palace the Kaiser and Prince Hohenlohe
had a conference In regard to the Ministerial
Prlnco von Hohenlohe-Schllllngfurst, as the
result of his conference with the Emperor at
Pnstdam, has accepted the appointment of
Chancellor, to succeed Geo. von Caprlvl. and
also the portfolio of President of the Prussian
Council of Ministers, vacated by the resignation
I of Count Botho m Enlenburg.
i The Emperor's acceptance of Count Eulen-
I burg's resignation both as Prussian Premier
and Minister of the Interior U officially con
I At 8 p. M. tolay it was reported that Frel-
R herr Marst-ball von Biebersteln. Secretary of
, Btate for 1 orelgn Affairs, had resigned, and that
Dr. von Uoeuirher, Secretary of the Interior,
was about to follow. Marscbal U cordially hated
by the high-Uriff Conservatives because he ably
supported Caprlvl in the struggle to pass the
Jtusslan reciprocity treaty, Boetttcher is most
unpopular among the Blsmarckian Conserva
Uvea, because tho old Chancellor has denounced
him repeatedly for deceit and intrigue. Tho
Kl .lmprt.lo1 l"duced by these reports is
krthf.t.&f,?iU,?ibe,. clfttn WP t Ministers
distasteful to the Conservatives.
..5SSn.' WiL za Ktenuurg. German Ambaa.
!fi??rr!tf,,rla'Hun-aLrv- B,"l "" von llado
in,r,Bl!ln A "bassador to Slain, are men
. v iiJ? ".W'bl um-.r to Marschall. pr.
Uche1'sp"ce aVUtU M to Uke
J Tho Governorship of strasbnrg lias been ten-
iu'iai ro"sL!jo" "fflce to General Count
fc?.U,V- dfirw;i ,l bancellor ou Caprlvl paid
tU,rfl.lcfU.to,1i? Ambaasadora Ihls after
Jiooj and sUrtut for Switzerland rhls evening.
The Cab.utt iruls hu dulled builntas on the
Ilerlln Doers. Despatches from abroad show
that trading In Parts. Frankfort, add London
was affected unfavorably, aUh.mgh there was
no notable fall of prict-s. At th opening in
Imdon Ueiman bouds dropped H. but recov
ered before the clone. ...
A story Is In circulation that the Empetpr.
white at l.lebenbnrg.saw an article in the
fWnoTie llattltt violently opposing Count Enlen
burg. The Emperor ..Indignantly . requested
Chancellor Caprlvl to disown the article.
Caprlvl replied that he had not written the ar
ticle, nor had he ordered it written, but he de
clared that Its contents were absolutely true. A
breach between the Emperorand the Chancellor
was tho result.
The KCtnUclui ZtUunq says Emperor William
has told the Federal delegates that the anti
social 1st measures will be framed In the manner
arranged by Count von Caprlvl.
Vienna, Oct. 27. The newspapers here ex-
Sress regret that Count ron Caprlvl has been
Ismlaaed. Thcv all say that Austria hopes his
successor will be equally calm, judicious, and
deliberate, and not mercurial and Impulsive, as
is Count Botho tu Eulenburg. All leaders on
the subject have an apprehensive tone, and sev
eral express the fear that Germany is approach
ing a troublous period in her Internal affairs.
siixnr noxina at tths s. t. a. c.
Ira Bonta Furnish Rpnrt to at Bis: Craw
of Members aad Qncata.
The New York A. 0. gymnasium was com
fortably filled last night with a critical crowd,
the occasion being tho first subscription boxing
entertainment of the season. The master of
ceremonies was Benny Williams and the ref
eree Maxwell E. More. Harry E. Duermeyer
and " Dody" Bchwegler were named as Judges,
and tho timing waa intrusted to Bob Stoll and
J. H. Abeel.
The programme opened with a six-round bout
at 132 pounds, between Tommy McGlrr and
W. McNIchol. both of New York. They were
very reluctant to get to close quarters, and ex
changes were light for two rounds. McOIrr
went after his man In the third round, and Mc
NIchol fought back effectively. They mixed
thing up pretty well In the fourth round, and
the call of time was welcome. McDIrr did most
of tho leading In the remaining rounds, and the
Judges agreed in dcclaalng him the winner. The
bout was too tamo to suit the visitors.
Paddy O'Brien, a llcrce 120-pounder from
Brooklyn, then est sail for Tommy Carr of I,ong
Island City. Corr was kept busy In avoiding
O'Brien's wild onslaught until the second round,
when be countered so sharply that O'Brien was
almost In queer street when tlmo was called.
O'Brien's legs went on a atriko In the third
round and ho dropped repeatedly. He wanted
to fight on, however, and was hlshly Indignant
when chased to his corner after 1 mlnuto and
40 seconds. Carr got a unanimous decision,
but the loser waa applauded for his undeniable
Harry Fischer. Greenwood A. C. was doing
too much sprinting In his bout with Max Kane,
P. A. C, to suit the referee, ami ho got a severe
lecture In the third round. After that the two
140-pounders slammed each other energetically,
and there was so little to choose between them
that the bout was declared a draw after the
Judges had failed to agree on a winner. Each
man will find arnica very useful for some days
Pete McGloln of Astoria and Christy McManua
of Long Island City, who were matched to box
six rounds at 160 pounds, wasted no time In
fancy sparring. McManus cut loose with a
great burst at first, but was soon steadied by
McGloln, who made a chopping block of him for
tho balance of tho bout. Few outside his sec
onds will be able to recognize MoManus until
his mouth and right eye are reduced to their
"Chuck" Connors had a much harder time
than was anticipated wtth Hilly Welsh, de
scribed as "the little John L." They were
matched to box six rounds at 13S pounds.
" Chuck" was both aggressive and clever, but
Welsh took the heavy punishment as If It
agreed wtth him. He was back looking for
more after every recess, and countered the
"Chinatown Hero" sharplv at frequent Inter
vals. Connors, however, did all tho leading and
left off an easy winner on points.
aTXitorisx ron the covnr itoosi.
Mr. ainnou'i Picture Will afeaa that
Crime la bat Mistaken Acts.
Edward E. Simmons, the winner of the first
prize in the competition Invited by the Munici
pal Art Society of New York for the decoration
of the Oyer and Terminer court room of the
Criminal Courts building, was asked yesterday
as to the progress he had made with tils paint
ing, "Justice," which is to adorn the court
room, for which. In connection with other deco
ration.', the society will spend 93,000.
Mr. Simmons began work In July, and now has
the middle panel well under way. There are.
In all, eleven more than llfe-slze figures,
on a scale of seven feet, and fire figures in the
middle panel, the central figure of which l
Justice. These five figures will probably be
finished In about a month. There are three
figures In each of the two side panels, represent
ing respectively The Three Fatea and Liberty,
Equality, and Fraternity, for which Mr. Sim
mons haa his material ready, which will be fin
ished in the spring.
The finished panels will be placed on exhibi
tion in January. Mr. Simmons will soon be at
work In a large studio In Carnegie Hall, which
will give him greater facilities than he has at
present. The court room Itself will be deco
rated as soon as the Municipal Art Society and
the city desire It. and the work can be done
In two or three weeks. Mr. HImmons's work,
when finished, can be put up in a night. The
dimensions of tho central panel are eight feet
by fifteen feetand thme of thetwosldo panels
eight feet by eleven feet. The decorations in
the court room will all be finished by spring.
"I am delighted with the progress I have
made," remarked Mr. Simmons, "and I consider
this will be by far tho best thing I have done.
It is an undertaking that could he made a small
matter, or a large one. as the occasion demands,
and the more time I am willing to give to It,
supposing my time is worth something, tho more
the society will gain by It. Hustling does not do
any good In certain directions. I am endeavor
ing to do the best I can. and that requires time.
It is a most Important matter, something never
done before In America.
"There never has been any suggestion that
art had any place with crime, out if one admits
that crime Is not a real thing, but only mistaken
acts, which are the result of ignorance or de
formity, and that no man commits a crime ex
cept to Improve his condition, then crime can be
said to be like art, in that it is a search for hap
piness. If I can express my idea. I do not think
it will hurt the court. I do not see that the
headsman gains by being repulsive personally,
and it remains to be seen If 1 can make a crimi
nal court more pleasing and no less dignified by
the addition of symbolism to its walls. It also
remains to be seen whether or not I can get any
thing new out of my treatment of The Three
Fates, which is certainly a fine subject. The
panel Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity admits
of a wide range of treatment. Is of interest as
applicable to the court, and will be good or bad,
according as I get it out."
THIS DTXAMJTXtt'a TATE.
Tmaeb, Who Threw the Bomb la the Bar,
eelona Theatre, Will Be Execute.
BAncELOMA. Oct. 27. Salvator French, the
Anarchist, who threw the bomb In the theatre
at Barcelona a year ago, will probably be exe
cuted on Nor. 7, the anniversary of his crime.
Paiiis, Oct. 27, In consequence of the an
nouncement in the Matin yesterday that Anar
chists were coming from Polssy. Lille, and
Lyons to blow up the Chamber of Deputies, the
authorities at Lyons made a search of the apart
ments of a number of Anarchists last evening.
Home. Oct. 27. The police of Naples have
seized a number of revolutionary manifestoes
acclaiming ei. Deputy De Felice and his fellow
convicts and denouncing the exceptional laws.
In view of the Government's actlen in dis
solving clubs of Socialist workers, representa
tives of 600 railway men met in Milan to-day
and decided to reconstruct their society, exclud
ing Socialism altogether.
Killed la Her Oraadfathcr'a Ansa.
Lilian Dlehl, the seventeen-montht-old grand
child of Henry Bruggeman, waa killed at her
residence, 00 Ogden avenue, Jersey City, on Fri
day night. Mr, Bruggeman, who was playing
with her on the second floor of the house,
started to answer a ring at the door bell, carry
ing the little one in his arms. As he was going
down stairs he tripped on the carpet and
plunged head foremost down tho stairs. He held
on to the child, but its head came violently in
contact with the newel iHMt. It died immedi
ately afterward. Mr. Bruggeman escaped with
a few alight bruises.
Got, Atklaaoa laaamiratsd.
Atlanta, Oct. 27,-Gov. Atkinson was In
augurated to-day. The House of Representa
tives waa crowded. Three hundred girls from
the Milledgevllle Industrial School were present
to witness the ceremonies. Gov. Atkinson in
his address urged reform In convict leases, elec
tion laws, and better pay to publlo school
"My young son asks me," said Mr, Nogby, "If
we're going to have a Christmas tree this year,
and I (ell him we can't tell yet, that it depends
somewhat on the financial cyclone; that that's a
curious kind of a cyclone, the financial cyclone;
that borattiines it biuws right through a houw
een when you've got all tho wiudows shut, and
break eyerytblug all up: and I tell hini of
courue we don't want a Christmas tree If it's
going to get blown down and everything busted.
He think he'd rather hays one that wsy than
not at all, and I tell him we'll sea."
BMMiiisyiiiii lottiV mtmamm
CONDITION OF THE CZAR.
XT XH TXIOUaitT IXB HAt TJST BE
AtiLB TO OO TO OREEOXl.
KIkk aars;s Snperiateadlas: the rrtpa
rotfsaa Corra-A Htpert that th
Ccarewlteh'a Weddlaa: la Set tor To-day,
Bt. PrrxMBnuo, Oct. 27. A bulletin Just
Issued by the Czar's physicians In Llvadla says!
' The Cxar slept better last night, Hiaappe
tit Is good) and Increased weakness Is not ob
servable." Conrtj, Oct. 27. The King of Qrtcco. who is
here. Is actively pushing the preparations for
the Czar's visit, which Is regarded as still possi
ble. Architect Metaxas has been summoned
from Athens to direct the work upon the villa
Monrepos. The King will remain here several
days longer. The King has Infotmed tho officials
that he has strong hopes of the recovm-y of the
Czar, and regards his coming to Corfu as almost
llr.nt.tir, Oct, 27. The LotaJlansetow ha a de
spatch from Yalta saying that the wedding of
the Czorewltch and Princess Allx will take
place to-morrow. The despatch adds that the
Czar la decidedly better, being allowed now to
take some solid food Instead of liquids alone.
Ills appetite Increases; the oedema It un
changed. London, Oct. 27. Queen Victoria receives a
dally despatch from the Czsr's aide-de-camp
giving the latest news regarding tils Majesty's
condition. Tho Princess of Wales also receives
a dally despatch from the Czarina, who ex
presses herself as sanguine that the Czar will be
able to start for Corfu In abont a fortnight, M.
Beckendorff, Russia's Court Chamberlain, who
Is now at the villa Monrepos, In Corfn. has re
ceived Instructions to complete all preparations
thero for the reception of his Majesty by Nov, 0
and then to proceed to Llvadla for tho Caar.
The Princess of Wales will not go to Russia,
as It has been announced It was her Intention to
"do, unless she shall tie summoned bv the Czarina
In consequence of the development of tho Czar's
Tho Queen has lieen very much pained by see
ing the canards published In the newspapers to
the effect that Princess Allx had boon forced
into renouncing her faith and professing that of
tho Orcek Church, and also Into the marrlago
with the Czarewltch. Contrary to this, every
thing Is harmonious, and the mntunl affection
exhibited by the Czarewltch and tho Princess
shows that their union will bo a love match,
Tho statement, that Princess Allx lias been ob
liged to be rebaptlzed, or to anatlieinatUo the
faith in which sjio was brought up, Is absolutely
untrue. . ...
Among the comments upon the condition of
tho Czar Is a noted one In thnJttclsh Chronic!,
which says the Czar seeks relief from dlsenso at
a spot from which he has driven away the Jaws,
who were accustomed to seek there the restora
tion of their health after having boon confined
In nolsomo towns. The Jews made nltA and
maintained It until driven out and financially
ruined by the peasants who boarded them. As
recently as last month a new ukase, though
generally as yet unknown, was signed by the
Czar, further nbrldglng the rights of tho Jewish
farmers. The article concludes: "May the
growth of mercy be stimulated and the Czar's
mind be softened by his suffering."
This evening's bulletin says that the Czar haa
eaten well to-day. tils heart's action Is some
what better, the crdema has not increased, and
his spirits are better.
COJjD BTOltAOE OS OCEAK ZIITEnS.
It I Not 17d Mueh Except for the Traas.
portatloa of Beer.
Notwithstanding tho development of systems
of cold storage, this device Is not used In soma
instances where one would expect to find It.
Thus, whlloin tho United States fruit Is shipped
overland In refrigerator cars, fruit In transit
across the Atlantic Is part of tho ordinary cargo
of vessels, and is subject to whatever dangers
changes in temperature may Involve. Tho first
shipment of Almerla grupes received here this
season arrived last woek, and the fruit was In
good condition, because the ship's cargo becamo
heated on the voyage. Either heat or cold may
affect fruit or beer, yet both nro carried us ordi
Eight years ago the first California frnlt sent
to tho New York market enme In ventilated ears.
It was soon seen that this method would not
do and refrigerator cars were substituted. Lait
week, on the other hand. 1.100 boxes of Florida
oranges.were sent to England In tho old way,
having 'ventilation supplied. The cost of re.
frigerator- transportation is very great, but In
the case of California fruit tho bulnesn war
rants the expense. Attempts have been made
to carry fruit in salable condition to Europe,
but three shipments msdo this season all pro od
failures, although it might seem that with
refrigeration such shipments should bo success
ful. Manv of tli transatlantic vesnels are
equipped with refrigerating apparatus, but It Is
used nlmost solelv for meat sent out from the
United States. On the westward passage It Is
not used nt all, as a rule, tho compartment
being filled with ordinary cargo.
So far as could bo learned by Inquiries among
the various transportation companies, only one
of them has undertaken to run the refrigerating
machinery on the pasaco this way. and that Is
the Hamburg-American Packet Company,
which, with the North German Lloyd, brings
to this country most of the Imported Ger
man beer. The company brought here
one consignment of beer In the re
frigerator compartments of tho steamship
Persia. The beer was all in excellent
condition when It arrived, and It may be that all
beer-carrying lines will adopt this Improvement
In time. The apparatus Is the same that is used
for beef. The freight charges on beer carried In
this way are moro than double the charges on
ordinary cargo, but It Is worth while to pay the
increase. In hot weather, anyway, as the lo of
Imported beer during the summer is sometimes
as much as 40 per rent.
The Cnnard boats are equipped with refrige
rators, but at the company a office only one
shipment of beer otherwise than ordinary cargo
was remembered, and that was for a present,
and the shipper got ono of the officers to keep
the beer where the weather could not affect It.
MISS X.1LLIAX JtUSSEZZ'a HETUKX,
She Hay Hh Wa Pleased with Her
l.oadoa Reception, but I Glad to Be Back,
Miss Lillian Russell, who arrived with her
company on tho steamship New York on Friday
night, talked yesterday afternoon at her home,
318 West Seventy-seventh street, of her London
experiences and of her plans for the future.
Miss Russell, who Is thinner than whenshelast
appeared here, said that although the London
people had treated her extremely well she was
glad to get back to America, glad to be back out
of tho London fog and see a little sunshine,
"This morning," said she, "I went out and
sat on a bench In Riverside Drive and basked in
that sunshine for hours, the first I bad seen in
weeks and weeks.
"But the English people are dear to me."
added Miss Russell, "because they received m
so cordially. Heretofore I have had only the
American flag across the wall of roy dining
room. Now, 1 shall have the union Jack twined
across the wall wlllilt. ...
"The 'Queen of Brilliants' has been changed
somewhat from the way It was given in Lon
don." she said, "and, if I kuow anything of
comlo opera. It will please the American public
greatly. I make nine changes In the opera, and
am consequently busy the most of tho time
dressing when I am not at work on the stage."
There will tie in the company which opens at
Abbey's Theatre on Nov. 6 about Mtcnty-fivo
Oile, many of whom were brought from Eng
. Few changes will be made in the cast,
but Dlgby Bell will be the leading comedian.
After the run at Abbey's the "Queen of Hril.
Hants" will bo taken to Boston and Philadelphia.
Mm. Mclba. Will Hla Ta-Nlght.
SAvor Hotel, Oct, 27, 1804,
To the Editor or The Sum Sir; Having
completely recovered from my Illness, I beg to
assure the publlo through the numerous readers
of The Sun that I shall positively appear at
to-morrow night's concert In the Metropolitan
Opera House, when I shall endeavor to atons.for
my absence last Sunday, Yours very truly,
Th BUM Closed for a VTk,
The BIJou Theatre has closed for a week.
This Is due. Proprietor Roeenquest says, to the
failure of Lew Docttader Minstrels to draw
Dropped Bead oa Ills War to the Hospital.
John O'Donnell, 04 years old.of 241 Fourteenth
street, Jersey City, who bad been suffering with
a sore teg, yesterday started to walk to St,
Mary' Hospital in liobokeu for treatment. A
block away from his home he dropped dead ou
Oa Esplolea m Coaty lalaad.
An explosion in the gas tanks of the Coney
Island Gas Company yesterday caused a damage
of 1 500. The loss would ha e been much more
eerlim had not James A. Eustls promptly cut
off the naphtha upply.
Car That fare
I the kind people deilrt. Burn a core Is Rlpast Tb
ula. but ao( for everything. Tbey an for U liver
and stomach disorders, and on givta reUsi -AJ.
irBEir ma xorE iXBa.
Beeae and Formalities Whleh Attead Ml
As soon as It Is clear that the Pope must dte
soon all the Cardinals composing the Sacred
College who are In Rome gather nt the bed
side, and on their knees wait for tho end. The
Sacristan Rshop administers the viaticum and
the extreme unction, the Grand Penitentiary
gives absolution, the Penitential Psalms are
then Intoned, the Bacrlstan Bishop pronounces
the consecrated formula, tho dying Pope, If lie
has the strength to do so, gives his benediction
to the assembly, and tho dirge of tho hymns for
the dead continues to the lost. Then the
Camerlengo, to mako tho official record of the
death, with a small silver hammer strikes three
light blows on tho deal man's he.ad and
calls him by his Christian name. When In 1 878
the dead Pope was Plus IX, (Giovanni Mastal
Ferrettl) the Cnmerlcngo, Cardinal Peccl,
the present Pope, after striking th throe
blow with the hammer, called "Olovannl 1
Giovanni! Giovanni t" Then turning to the
assembly, snld: "Tho Pope Is really dead."
Thereupon, while the nssembly Is kneeling, the
Camcrlengo Intones tho De Prnfundls. The
Master of tho Chambers then removes from tho
dead Pope's flngor tho " fisherman's ring" and
hands It to the Camerlengo, a symbol of the
temporary transfer of the Authority of the Holy
Bee. At tho first plenary meeting of the Sacred
College, this ring, the seals, and other Insignia of
offico connected with the late Poe aro broken
up and destroyed, The temporary sovereignty
has passed Into the hands of tho Sacred College.
In Its choice of a Pope tho Sacred College la
not limited by any law or regulation to Italians,
though It Is 070 years since n Pope of any other
nationality has been elected. The last was
Adrian Florcnt, a Netherlander. Popo Adrian
VI., In 1C'.'2-2.1, whose nearest non-Italian pred
ecessor was tlifl Infamous Rodrlgo Borgia,
Popo Alexander VI., elected the year of Colum
bus's discovery of America. Neither Is tho cot
lego restricted by law to Cardinals or to priests;
any faithful Catholic, even though he be a lay
man, Is eligible; tho Conclave has tho whole
Catholic world to choose from, but for a prece
dent for a layman Pope It would liavo to go
bAck to 1024, when the Patrician Crcscrntlus
became Popo John XIX. The only Indispens
able rules aro that a majority of all the Cardinals
living shall bo present, and that of thoso pres
ent a majority of two-thirds Is rcaulred to elect.
Thus, If the Sacred College hod Its full number
of seventy Cardinals, which It rarely has (tho
latest list contains only sixty-two names),
thirty-seven of these must bo present at the
Conclave, and at least twenty-five of these
would then have to agreo on the same candi
date. There wero fifty Cardinals present nt the
conclave which elected Plus IX. and sixty at
that which mudo i.eo XIII. Pope. Or the sixty
two Cardinals now living who will have the
right to elect the next Pope, thirty-two nro
Italians and thirty belong to other nationalities.
The bull Issued to regulate tho next Conclave
confirms to the Sacred College the exclusive
right to elect tho Pope, nbsolutoly excluding
any intervention on tho part of the secular
power; all previous rules as to tho duties of
civil mid municipal magistrates In connection
with the Cnnclao are done away with, leaving
tho regulation of all matters concerning it In
tho hands of tho Cardinals. Should the Pope
die at Home, the Cardinals present must decide
ntonce by a majority vote whether tho Con
clave shall ho held out of Rome and out of Italy,
or not, if held In Italy, the moment any pres
sure Is brought to bear on it either by
private persons or by the Government,
the Cnuctavu must dissolve anil reassemble nut
of Italy. Tho Pope expresses his personal wish
that, considering thu peculiar position of tho
Holy See, tlioiu'XtConclavolioticldoutof Italy.
In times past, France, Austria, mid Spun
have vetoed Papal elections, mid these countries
still claim tho right to etn; lfan one of them
wero to try to exert lau It, It li very likely that
Italy would claim tint right, too. Tlui PajialSeo
has never acknowledged the legality of these
claims, but the possibility of the Interposition of
a veto undoubtedly has weight In the selection
of it candidate.
The funeral of the Rev, Samuel Davlcs Alexan
der. D. I)., who died at his residence, 072 Lex
ington avenue, last Friday night, will take pine
to-morrow morning at 10:30 o'clock from the
Phillips Prcsbyterlnn Church, Seenty-tllll
street and Madison avenue, of which Dr. Alex
ander was pastor emeritus. The Interment will
take place in the afternoon at Princeton. Dr'
Alexander died suddenly Of heart disease. He
was in his bed only one hour before passing
away. Dr. Alexander was of old Virginia ex
traction, and came from a line of Presbyterian
ministers. Ills father. Dr. Archibald Alexan
der, was the founder of the Princeton Theologi
cal Seminary and Its first professor, ami his
grandfather, tho Rev. Andrew Alexander,
was a noted Presbyterian preacher In Virginia.
On his mother's side ho was descended from tho
Rev. James Waddle, the famous blind preacher
of Virginia, celebrated In Cooper's Huy."
llr. Alexauderwas born In Princeton, N. J in
1HUI. lln was graduated from Princeton Col
lege In lM.'lK and from the Theological Seminary
In 1H47. Ono year later ho was ordained. Ills
first pastoral chargti was In Philadelphia. He
then removed to freehold, N, J., Mid cama to
this city on May A. lM.'nl, to Iw pastor of the re
cently organized Fifteenth Street Church.wlilch
was where Nllsnon Hall now stands. In thu rear
of the Academy of Music In 1HH0 the church
was removed to Its present site, becoming the
Phillips Presbyterian Church. Dr. Alexander
was thu third pastor of the church, ami retained
the charge until four years ago. when ho retired.
Dr. Alexander wus for twenty-five years stated
clerk of the New York Presbytery, whlrli otllce
ho held at his death. Ho was strictly orthodox
In his views, anil sided strongly against
Dr. Hrlggs. He was nn author of con
siderable note In his Church. Among his writings
nro "Princeton College During tho Eighteenth
Century" and "Tho Presb)tcry of New York."
Dr. Alexander was engaged In compiling a work
on the Presbytery, nnd laid down his pen an hour
before he died to tuko his bed. Dr. Alexander
leaves a brother, Henry M. Alexander, of the
law firm of Alexander & Green His brother,
the Rev. Dr. James W, Alexander, who tiled
several years ago,was the immediate predecessor
of Dr. John Hall of the Fifth Avenue i'resby.
terian Church. Another brother, the Rev. Dr.
Joseph A. Alexander, was for years professor of
tho Oriental languages In Princeton Theologi
cal St-miliary. Dr. Alexander was never married.
Ho lived tor twenty-five ears In tho house 153
East Seventy-eighth street, but a few months
prior to his death moved to 072 Lexington
avenuo that he might ho near his brother Henry,
who lives at 10 West Fifty-fourth street.
State Senator William Conselyea Trophagen
died at his home In Nynck at about midnight on
Friday night, in lit fifty-seventh year. Mr.
Traphagen was lrn In the State of New Jersey
In Not ember. 1WIN. his father having been
prominent in New Jersey politics as a Democrat
and at one time Mayor of Jersey City. Ilewa
educated at Rutgers College, took up the law
profession, and practised In New York city for
several yeurs. He was a stanch Democrat, and
was elected to the State Senate on the Demo
cratic ticket from tho Tenth Sennte district.
Now York city. In lMMI, nnd sened one term.
For several yeurs Mr- Traphagen was a summer
resident 'if Nynck, returning to his home in tho
city each winter. In May, 1M0:I. however, he
decided to beconio a permanent resident of
Nyack. anil purchased a spacious and attractive
Gen. Amos Heekwlth, l P. A retired, died
In St. Louis on Friday night, after an illness
lasting thriti months. He was born In Vermont
In 1H2.'S. Ho entered West Point Military A cud
emy and graduated in the class of lK.iO. He
entered I ho army as Second Lieutenant of Ar
tillery nn July 1. 1H30. lie was chief commis
sary on the staff of a number of Generals dur
Inu the i h 11 war, and accompanied Uen, Sher
man mi his march to the sea.
Mrs. Julia Augusta Munn. wife of Orson D.
Munn, publisher of the Sitentlftc Amrrtuiii, died
at her home, 14 Eat Twenty-second street, on
Friday, after an Illness of two years. The
funeral services will be held to-morrow morn
ing. Mrs. Munn leave two sons, Charles A.
Munn and Henry M, Munn.
Mrs. Josephine M. Bacchus, wife of the Rev.
Dr. J. G, Bacchus, rector of the Church of the
Reformation, In Brooklyn, died on Friday night.
Sho belonged to the old Stockbrldga family of
New England. She Lad beeu married nineteen
years, and leaves a sou and two daughters.
James Goold, Assistant Landing Agent at Ellis
Island under John E. Moore, died yesterday af.
ternoon at 'his residence, 10H Sackett street,
Brooklyn, of pneumonia. Mr. Goold waa !H
year old, and had assisted In the landing of em
migrants for thirteen yearn under Mr. Moore.
Gcorga Slew art of Yonkers was found dead In
bed yesterday morning. He was. fit years old,
and had been a resident of onkers since IHliii.
He was a contractor. He was fur many years a
deacon of thu Reformed Church.
Mrs. Jennie E. Illnghnm, wife of James N.
Bingham, died suddenly at her home- in Halsted
place. East Orange, yesterday of heart failure.
Babbct Utr br Uissi tfa Tsml,
Ciiicaoo, Oct, 27. Vincent Dogonwlcz, a
Russian laborer, who Uvea at 1UU Cleaver street.
It confined at tho West Chicago avenue police
station under accusation of burglary. Mrs. A.
Christian of 04 George street says she think he
stole $0,000 in cash from her lost spring. Mrs.
Christian buried S0.U0O in an earthen pot in the
cellar of her house. When he went for tho
money she discovered that u tunnel had been
dug from an outbuilding underneath the cellar
floor and the JU.000 -vaa gone. A shovel saldtto
belong to Dogcuwlcz was found there.
BLESS PAINE'S CELERY COMPOUND.
Mr. and Mrs. Ruff Were Restored by It to
"There Is no doubt that the life of most wo
men at the present day Is a complex one," says
the iodic' Home Journal, " and In the large
cities the demands made upon time and strength
are legion. No wonder so many fall by the way."
Even women of the privileged classes know
what fatigue means, and the weariness resulting
from overtaxed nerves, that is more Intense and
moro depressing than anything known to tired
When frequent headaches and neuralgia give
warning that the nerve tissues are not being
fully repaired after hard work or anxiety,
further mischief will bo avoided by feeding tho
brain and nerves with the wonderful nutri
ment, Pnluo'B celery compound.
Nature Is a gentlo mother, and soothes while
Palne's celery compound builds up the body
according to nature's plan.
The human machine must hnve fuel. This
grand invlgornlor and strcngtlicncr Is ablo to
restore tho tlellroto nerves to robust health by
feeding thorn rapidly nnd abundantly with the
peculiar elements they find It so difficult to ex
tract fir themselves from the ordinary hearty
diet, A great nerve doctor, famous In two con
tinents, says th.it nnj woman whoso nervous
strength Is at nil depleted must either take tlmo
to rest at any cost or replace the wornout tissues
with Palne's celery compound.
A woman should never be too tired to smile.
Palne's colery compound Is to-day busy In Its
mission to homes everywhere In the land, mak
ing sunshine, hopeful faces, and ready smiles
rATHEJt M'QVUIE'S SEW ClIUKCll.
To B Bedleated To-day-It Replace the
Oa Burned I.KSt Year.
St. Mary's Roman Cathollo Church, In Vernon
avenne and Fifth street. Long Island City, which
was destroyed In the big fire that wiped out a
whole block In that city on July 21 of last year,
while tho pastor, the Rev. Father John Mc
Gulre. was absent tn Europe, has been rebuilt,
and will be dedicated to-day by Bishop McDon
nell. The church Is a facsimile of the former
structure, whlcn had been completed only a
short tlmo before the fire. Tho old church
costSl-.'ii.OOO. ... ,. , u
As thu brick walls of the old church were
utlllrcd In the rebuilding of the present struc.
turo. It reduced the expense greatly. The church
I wholly of brick. It lias a tall s teeplc. with a
hlaco for a clock. Many of the handsome
stained glass windows that decoratetl the inte
rior of the old structure have been replaced In
the new edifice. Father Mcdulro has been con
nected with this parish sixteen years. Tho new
parochial school und the pastor's residence were
also destroyed In tho lire, nnd Father McGulro
also lost alt his personal effects.
Gle Cote. L. I., Oct. S7.-Mlss Mary Law
reuce Perkins, daughter of Mrs. C. L.Perkins
of New York, was married in St, Paul's Episco
pal Church in this village shortly afternoon
to-day to Mr, Waldron Klntzing Post of New
York. The ceremony was performed by the
Rev. Dr. Robins of Philadelphia, assisted by the
Rev. Samuel Maxwell, rector of St. Paul's,
and the Rev, J. S, Preseott of Say.
ville. The church was elaborately trimmed
with foliage plants and yellow and white
chrysanthemum, it being a gold and white
wedding. The brldo wore a handsome gown of
white satin, trimmed with point lace, and car.
rietl lilies of the valley. The bridesmaids were
attired In yellow moire, brown hats, and carried
yellow chrysanthemum. They wero the. Misses
Eleanor Robinson. Margaret Morgan, Beatrice
Post, and Katherlne Gaudy. The best man waa
Mr. Itegls Henri Post. Tho ushers were Messrs.
Wright Ptt. George Blogden.Jr., II. P. Per
kins. George Perkins, Mr. Fairbanks of Chicago,
Fletcher Huntington. II. De F, Lockwood. Ken
neth Taylor. Edward Renshaw Post, and Arthur
Before the bridal party entered the church
Miss May Cecilia Willis, organist, played selec
tions from Wagner, Schuinnn. Grelg, and A.
Schubert. As the bride entered, leaningon tho
arm of her brother, Mr. f, Lawrence Perkins,
the chorus from "Lohengrin" was playrtl by
Miss Willis, and after the ceremonyshe rendered
tho wedding march from " Midsummer Night'
Dream.". , ,, . ...
After the ceremony n wedding breakfast was
served at " Pembroke." the country residence, of
Mrs. Perkins, near this village. Moro than
eleven hundred Invitations to tho wedding were
Issued, the guests being brought here on a
special train from Long Island City .Added In
terest was given to tho weddiiiK by tho recent
engagement nf the bridegroom,' brother. Regis
Henri Post, to Mint Beatrice Post, ono of tho
bridesmaids. Miss Post is the daughter of Urn.
Henry A. V. Post. The father of tho bride
groom, Mr. Klntzing Post, was drowned several
years ago while trying to tave the life of u
child. Sir. Klntzing Post was n cousin of Mr.
Charles A. PosJU
The Elevea Eatombed Mlasra Read.
Ibok Mountain, Mich., Oct, 27,The work of
rescuing the eleven imprisoned miners at the
Pewablo was accomplished between fl and 7
o'clock this morning, ami they were hoisted (o
the surface as sound as a dollar, after having
been entombed for moro than forty-three hour.
You Might Make
A selection of bettor Furniture
in some other store than you
can in ours, but we doubt it.
When you got ready to liny try
ua, and if we can't pleaso yon.
it won't be the limit of either
of our stock or of our methods
of doing business. Visitors are
De 6raaf & Taylor Furniture Co..
47 and 49 West 14th St.
where there was sadness and the weary looks of
Mrs. Jennie A. Ruff, whose portrait is given
above, writing from her home In Sebewa,
" My husband has had a stomach trouble for
over a year, from which he suffered the tortures
of a dally death. He could eat scarcely any
thing, and what he did eat soured on his stom
ach and caused him to bloat so terribly that life
was only a burden. He tried physicians to no
avail, and as I was taking Palne's celery com
pound, ho thought he would try It. In a short
time ho was surprised to find thnt he could eat
anything with no bad effects; the bloating Is all
gone and his stomach Is In good condition.
"I hail suffered for years with periodical
spells of sick headache; pen cannot describe
what I suffered at such times. For the last two
years I noticed that my nervous system was
getting all out of order; I had no appetite and
was getting to be a mere shadow of my former
self. I was nervoiis.weak, could not rest nights,
nnd felt gloomy and low spirited. Before I had
taken ono bottle of Palne's celery compound I
began to feel liken new person, and now, after
taking bIx bottles, I nm enjoying perfect health,
I have not had a spell of sick headache in over a
year. My nerves nro all right, my sleep is like
that of a healthy child, and I feel more like one
thnn llko a woman of thirty. I do all my own
work and bless Palne's celery compound for
what It has done for me and mtno.
" We have used In our family IS or 15 bottle
of Patno's celery comiHiund. Doctors' bills are
now unknown In our family."
IUE TIllST aEllXAS BIIEBIFF.
Ha Will Take Orflea la This City am th
First or Jananry Nat.
The city and county of Now York and this Is
one of the few certainties of this year's election
will have, after Jan. 1, for the first time In Its
history, a German Sheriff. It is one of the pe
culiarities of New York politics that since the
establishment of the Sheriff's office in 1020 no
German or German-American has discharged
the duties of the place or been appointed or
elected to administer Its affairs.
The rival candidates for Sheriff in this year's
election are William Sohmer, the nominee of
Tammany Hall, and Edward J. II. Tamsen, the
nominee of the Republicans and the anti-Tammany
Democrats. Both men were born in Ger
many. Mr. Tamsen is a native of Hamburg,
but has lived In New York since childhood. Mr.
Sohmer has lived In Now York for thlrty-tlve
It Is not easy to get an explanation of some
things connected with local politics from local
politicians, but the explanation of the failure of
a German-American to hold, heretofore, the of
fice of Sheriff Is easily obtainable. Until 1HU0
the SherltTe office was the most profitable in the
city. The tncumbant was paid by fees, and
thoso have in times past amounted Inasmuch
as $100,000 a year. The patronage of the Slier
Itt'a cilice Is also extensive, and among politi
cians the placu has been one uniformly regarded
as the great political prlzo among municipal of
fices. The Sheriffs term Is fixed by the Consti
tution nt three years, without tho pnnslblllty of
limitation by any act of tho Legislature,
and tho holder of this pobt Is not sub
ject to removal except on npeclflo chargrs
which are approved by tho Governor of
tho State. I'nder these circumstances, with
tho coiniienbHtion thus ample and the protec
tion nf tho incumbent so thorough, a nominee
for the office nf Sheriff In New York has always
found It to be a condition of his nomination that
a largo cumpaign assessment should bo paid by
him or on his behalf by friends. Some Shriev
alty canialgns have cost more than f 50.000;
fewlebu than J'.'.YOOO. These sums, of course,
have had to tie paid In advance. Irrespective of
tho Uiuo of tho election; und a candidate, there
fore, who would spend S40.U00 or $50,000
ould have nn surety of Its recovery. Oermnn
American politicians In New York are pro
vurblully frugal and cautious, and tho accep
tance of a nomination by ono of them which
would entail a preliminary outlay amounting to
a competence has had tho effect of deterring
them from taking any such action.
Thus Shrlevaltz nominations have gone to
those, who were prepared to spend money for
the success of their party nn a liberal scale, and
Instances ure nut rare In political annals of can
dldates thus favorably disposed. In supplying
the sinews of campaign warfare, who, after de
feat "went broke ' as a result. It is a some.
hat rcutarlablo fact tliut though evteral New
York Sheriff wrremenibcra of other organiza
tions than Tammany when nominated, but tine
man actually put up or endorsed by Tammany
Hall for Sheriff tit New York for more than
tneuty-fiVK learn lias Hiiflerwl defeat. 'Hits
man was Col. William It. Roberts, tho uiisnc
C(ful Tammany candidate nf 1H70,
Tho she id's officii is now mi longer a place
maintain! by fees. After Jan. 1 tho new
Shtiiff gelt n specified salary of J'.'O.OOIlayear.
'I ho fee t,o Into the city treasury. The depu
ties, it'iluctd in number, get a Mated salary, too,
Soo-i Jan. 1 New Vork will have, whatever the
outc.imenf the election may lie, a German-born
Sheriff fur the ttit time in -"50 years.
Oeriaaay Retaliate for the Ulierlailaatla;
Duly oa lleet Kugar.
Washimjtun, Oct. 87.- That the purpose of
Germany In prohibiting further imports of
American cattle Is a letallatlon against the
I'm ted States for tlicillscrimlnatinsduly placed
ou tho beet Migar productions of Ihn empire Is a
fact generally accepted in diplomatic circles.
The greatest reticent e is manifested at the Ger
man Kinbasty in discussing tho order of the
Imperial Government. '1 he oiJlclals of tho em
basay do nut know whether their Government
has r.ny purpose, ulterior er otherwise. The em.
busty ha merely acted as a metlium of com
munication between thu Berllu Foreign ODlte
and the Ameilcaii Department of State, llejoud
this tho otUcial profess Ignorance.
t'rlse la riervla aad Hpala.
llFiiKADi; Oct. 37. The Nlcolalevlch Minis
try hae resigned, and their resignations have
beeu accepted. A new Cabinet lias been formed
with Nicola Chrlstlt'li as Premier.
Mauuiu, Oct. '.'7. A Ministerial crisis isim.
pending. There is a great deal of distention lu
the Cabinet arising from a variety of causes,
and It is thought probable that there will be an
outbreak at the meetlug of tiie Cabinet Council
which will result in the dissolution of Uu Ministry.
JtAIZWAT CONItVOIORB. '
How They Are Choea-Thlr Ckarar. 5f
, latte. Untie, aad Pay. "
Observant railway travellers are sometime 1
heard speculating whether personal appearance J
has anythlng.to do with the choice of passenger f
. train conductors. The Inquiry grows out of the jjjj
fact that tho average passenger condnotor Is a. Rf
man of good appearance and good address, and gC
the answer to the inquiry Is yes. Thebrakeman '
that is of loutish, awkward figure or repulslv 'JflB.
face, ho matter how efficient nnd faithful, Is not ' JjlK
likely to bo promoted to the post of pa- '91
eenger conductor. Freight conductors and pax Mtiv
sengerbrakemen aro In the line of promotion. vmul
Tho man that has reached the post of frelgb Mil
conductor does not deem It a promotion to ba ifflif
matte brakeman of a passenger train, and inoh wit
a transfer Is seldom made. The freight can 'JKjY
ductor usually hopes to become a passenger S-1
conductor, and gladly take advantage of op- ',! 1
portunltles that seem likely to hasten his pro- S.
motion. He la sometimes called upon to act aa Jffiii
conductor for an extra passenger train or a 'SH : ,
Sunday train, and he cheerfully accepts assign vsjf
ment to such duty because It usually means ffjl
that sooner or later promotion will come, 1SJ ,
The passenger conductor Is the master of his 1 '
train, subject, of course, to telegraphto order Sf j
from headquarters. Such orders come In ,TK'''
duplicate to both conductor and engineer. Tha 'Jli;
orders are In fact written tn manifold so that H j
there shall be no excuse upon the face of th WM
order for Its being construed differently by th aU
two men. It used to be that these orders cam 3D
to the conductor only, and were by him com flr?
tnuntcatcd to the engineer, but It waa found wu
best to mnko each responsible for the fulfil- -tjH
ment of orders. You may see at any railway fjm
station a local official approach the conductor ,. JW
with a manifolded despatch and then deliver j Jgjj
Its dupllcnto to the engineer. In the absence of j VE,
orders the conductor's word Is law. He Is re- tWtsi
sponsible for the safety of train and, passenger, :2, I
and he It is ttiat determines what shall be don ItOil! !
when an emergency arises. ... ... i 3F 1
The conductor has usually learned In th LSJi! ,
freight service the rules of the road and th IMiMtj
physical features of his run. These rules aro iVll!
ever present In his mind. If he be properly , M
qualified for his work, the rule applying to any j 15J
emergency comes uppermost nlong with th 1 tfJM
emergency Itself. Ills quick car recogntres In- I i"5gjj
Btantly any signal from tho engine, nnd dlstin- i tfNjtt
finishes tho whistle given a mile before a station C jSl
s reached from any signal of warning between jEfij
Almost all welt-managed roads require their wSsi
conductors to wear a uniform and always to tie TiiBi)
neat In person and attire. Intelligently man- 'frrtl
aged railways now Insist that conductors shall iHslS
bo patient, polite, and ronslderato toward pas- SKm1
sengers of every sort, and the old-tlmo martinet 'WVW
who conducted his train as If the passengers all
were children or Inferiors to be kept In awo has 'H?r,
almost disappeared. The conductor now un- s!m?M
bends a little, and although in these parts still a i jjfcll
taciturn man, ho nn longer snubs the Innocent IKUM
questioner. In tho South, Indeed, the conductor 'It'll
has an engaging heartiness In his conduct WOI
toward passengers, and his gallantry toward at- wSv!
tractive women Is n delight to behold. Almost 'JSKmli
nobody tips the American railway conductor, SfSiSI
though some foolish persons give him cigars. K.VJ
The duties of the conductor really lcavo no room is'Hl
for tho tip. Ills relations aro with the passen- iftjttrH
gers collectively rather than with tho Individ- . JtMl1
ual. Perhaps this Is why tho American conduct- I i
or seldom nets up tu tho Instructions given the I JNK
French railway employees to be cagor to oblige j 'jft-tt
Passenger conductors receive from $7B to ' saijj
$125 a month. Perhaps a few receive as much SfjIB
a.iSlftOa month. Tho pay Is highest on express jjfftfll
trnlns, though there seems less for the conduct- VJIA'ffl
or to do thero than nn way trains. Tho express tBtVl'l
conductor, however.has to know all about tickets I B45.TJ
for all sorts of puriwscs, and to be acquainted S wiAu!
with a much longer run than the conductor of a t iflwSj
local train. Thero isnlnrge proportion of slngln ls8jFl
men among conductors, and mauy of theso men fiffi&iil
live at hotels. Some that are absent from homo iftfPlI
on alternate nights havo a Box and Cox arrange- i 'EflHA"
ment for occupying on such nights a iXjWI
room that sonio other conductor occupies , KSm
on other nights. Somo railways pro- lT.ii
vide apartments where conductors abnent from , l&aiil
home may loaf and sleep upon the payment of a j rSrc.ili
small fee. Tho conductor often lives at a travel- I Mlf
lers' hotel near the railway station, nnd obtains ffflWiH
an ulwtement of regular rates In consideration of ' kWQjii
tho custom that he is nble to bring to the house. 'sSiltM
This enables him to llvo cheaply, and as hs , jjlaCaP
usually gets his uniform clothes from a con- fyKTit
tract tailor nt low rates, his expenses are light. rBi'h
The prudent conductor, therefore, especially if I ffl
unmarried. Is ablo tn save a large part of his , kVtBI
poy, and a conductor at the end of thirty or , . fKjtl
thirty-five yenrs' service often finds himself abl i, mfMi
to retire with n comfortable Income. I-iPiwW
Most travellers aro familiar with the device tsKtlli
employed as a check upon conductors In lieu of 'SHlH
tho bell punch and the cash register. It con- ttKilt
slsts Of a atrip of paper bearing characters to M?A
Indicate dato and mileage. Some railway 'jaKwr
used to make these redeemable to the amount ''liuli
of 10 cents at any railway ticket office, that r Mg
amount being added to the fare of the passenger ' 1Kj
neglecting to buv a ticket before boarding the aSltf
trnln. This feature of the device has been ' 'SBWt
abandoned by many roads, and few passengers wmmi
pay any heed tn the little figured strip of paper. , 3m.
Nobody outside of railroad circles knows 'mflf
whether the practice of "knocking down" Is JrjHi
common or not. A dishonest conductor Is rarely i'mVUY
prosecuted. If his guilt Is established to tho ' Smim-
satisfaction of his superiors, he Is dismissed with ; M fij
no assigned cnus, and the guilty man seldom mt m
complains. So long as dismissal Is accepted In m lit
silence the union to which the man belongs ' 31 a!i
mnkes no effort In his behalf, but if he demand M im
to know the reason of his dismissal and denies w Mil
his guilt, he may procure tho Intercession of the , iM 'Jl
union. It rarely happens, however, that a con- aE 't?'
fllcl between the union nnd tho company come i M
out of such n charge, as a man is not dismissed 3$ ih
until his guilt is so well established that even t J ,&
his fellows can bo convinced. '. WSfiaf
With all the taciturnity of the passenger con- ', MttlWe
ductor he comes to have an acquaintance with a B'fi'JB'
great many regular passengers. Tho conductor I'JaSlKt!.
of a local train has a nodding acquaintance with l-WMFOi
scores of men. Conductors on express trains be- SnavOT
twren New York and Albany. Baltimore and tMSJtt'
Washington, and tho large Western cities lying t.aM (-
within the compass of a slnglo run come to f W 1'
know many public men and others that travel , CJfgj i
frequently. Tho Pullman conductor, however, toPi'
is the one that really makes friends, for his run j Ml I ft
sometimes extends for 1.000 mile, while tho "JHlti
runof the ordinary conductor seldom exceeds lWfJ
300 miles andds usually under 200. The Pull- "WHaP
man conductor Is a man of comparative leisure 8m fl;;
and low pay. His wages may not be more than WtAU:
half thoso of the hustling fellow that runs a 'JSStT'1
shuttle, train up and down tho Harlem rood be- t-xtrV
tween New York and White Plains. The differ- Wllii
ence between the two Is seen In their faces, man- . isKW;',
ner.nnd movement'. The ordinary passenger con- , Ssfijlj:
ductor Is quick, alert, saving of speech, economl- l ,SMr
caloftlme. Ho snntcheit fifteen minutes' leisure jiBBr
tosorthlt tickets or figure up his accounts. Ho JaWM!'
alts upright, with the look of a man ready for ami?,
instant duty. He decides upon the instant any 'SMri
question presented, and has his will of subordl- t lgS((
nates with small ceremony. The Pullman con- ''jRiitll
ductor, on tho other hand, may talk for half an ttaoViif!
hour with this or that traveller. His face Is l"SSWt
seldom careworn, nnd Ills movements are de- 2MS llr
liberate. He will stand five minutes advising (W, 8;
with a puzzled traveller, and sit dreamily at Ip'lilK
ease for t lie better part of an hour between eta- fft JJfl
tlons. Ho Is not responsible for the safety of Wl'-i
the train, not even for that of his car. He Is BV
merely tho hotel clerk, minus the traditional ' ' jFi ; f-
dlamond and the proverbial hauteur. ?',
Ine or Southern Hallway SecarttU. ' ,fM
Messrs. Drexel. Morgan Sj Co. will begin th Vfl
distribution nf the securities of tne Southern VI' '
Railway Company on Nov, 'J. s jj.
Th Weather. -JS C
Th storm whleh ws on tba lower ltw Enjruead . V&. H
coast disappeared Into the ocean yestsrday, whll lb JuS '
storm from Indiana moved southeastward and wa --'iSt'l (
central on the North Carolina coast attended byUfbt ' jjll
rata over Virgin! aud North Carolina, and brisk to ilvW
light winds oa tho coasts. It wll probably pas ifltVW 1
eastward OTer th ocean and not t dangerous. jTfflP !
There was a second depreMlon of moderat power llfil i
eentral over Wyoming nd South Dakota. f fljf B
Itwaiftlrln this city; jrsterdsy'sblfheatofflolal 'vBi 1
temperatur 67. lowest ; averag humidity BT ill I
per cent.; wind north, average velocity U mils aa ' SjS '
hour; barometer corrected to read to sta lmlat it . jiit!
A. M., 80.00; 3 P. M., 80.01. 'jfltL
The thermometer at rerry'a pharmacy, Ben build- ' jHh?,
Inf. recorded th temperatur yesterday a foilown Wwt
tA.il M OV SrSOP.M eg ' mK 9
Sa.ii f GSM ar.u ej i--jBvfl
11SM." .......I. .6' tVM Mid f Bfl 'fctll
Average JJffi rWTl'.
At era on Oct. 27, 1BV3. H' IrUMli
wuiiisotos roaicAxr ro scidat. vvS?1
warmer In western and northern portion. tji j
for railtrn yta York, air; north vimU Mtta0 'uKVg
loxJufJk, wrntrinnortlurnporHoH. zM
Kor eaiteru Pennsylvania. "w Jtrsey, nd Duv jivlsJ
ware, generally falri east wind. ' mJ
For the Plttrtctof Colombia nd Maryland, gDrHy rf.
fair; northeut winds shifting to south; llnt chasi ea tgl
In temperature. ,. III
For weitera New York, fair Sunday; southeast i 2 l
wlndt; warmer In eastern portion. i ?) lj
For western Pennsylvania, fair Sunday; outhal , j 1(J
winds; rnir. j
YOU CAN 1
Advttaany friend of your that I tflllcted with say
facial lileinlth to uw :
Fould's Arsenic Soap 4i
It Ulhe only soap that meets all rrqumrmenU fur th mi '
skin nd completion. 50c. by mall for a four-ounr w
ok. At 11 drug-flits' or kt Depot, 318 oTa A V.,Kew j I V
York. 1 ' M
fSa a , Btama Tor Saatsd Oak, f fig
1 ' i m