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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 05, 1895, Image 6

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I1 JJ C IHE SUN THURSDAY DECEMBER 5 1895
I
I WIJe r Q tttt
I
THURSDAY DECEMBER 6 1805
H J
t t LOCAL NcwLTbe CUT aJul Suhnrbsn Ne wi nareu
b I of the Unmtn Putin and New YORK AJIWCIAW
J 1 rnrtmlnlQl to VII i Ann Urcet All Information and
I anlmtnl for llhln t1P Initantlr disseminated t
J Uie press of tho whole country
j r I j
t i t Cuba and ttio President Message
I I The paragraph In the Presidents message
r t relating to tho civil war In Cuba will satisfy
jJ 4 neither of the combatants It is vague and
f equivocal After n cnreful scanning of hla
11 language wo should not venture t affirm
1t I positively that our Executive is strongly
15 i I I prepossessed against tho revolutionists but
he evidently doe not share the ardent sym
j pathy with which his countrymen regard
tho struggle of a neighboring people for In
T dependence The assertion of tho Presi
j dents Intention to discharge tho duties Im
posed by international law Is I perfunctory
< 11 lp tli trim turn of those duties maybe changed
L In an hour by Congress and Mr CLEVELAND
i refrains from Indicating whether ho wishes
I Congress t recognize the Cuban insurrec
p tionists as belligerents or would prefer to
i have recognition refused The expression
t t I I of hope with which tho paragraph con
U t I 0 cludes that the devastation of armed I
s conflict may speedily b stayed and order
1 t and quiet restored t the distracted island
with sincere desiro
reconcilable either a Blner desir
j upon the writers part for the triumph of
t l the Spanish Government or with an unacknowledged
I I knowledged wish for the success of the
2 t revolution The Presidents real feeling in
It t the matter may b disclosed when Congress
I upon which ho has practically shifted the
t whole responsibility shall accept it by de
daring that the Cuban deserve those rights
which by International law belong to recog
nized belligerents
I Wo have no doubt that Congress will
I promptly accept responsibility laid upon
It by tho President Resolutions t that
I end will at once h introduced in the Ious
and like have
I i of Representatives lke proposals
t I I already been laid before the Senate by Mr
CALL of Florida and Mr ALLEN of Nebraska
I If the text of Senator ALLENS resolution is
correctly reported it is not clear whether
1 be alms t recognize the belligerency or the
i independence of the Cuban revolutionists
nnd he has complicated a simple and urgent
question with n declaration that the
United States ought by treaties ot pur
chase t acquire Cuba and certain other
neighboring islands One thing at a
I I time In the present state of our na
tional finances the acquisition of territorial I
possessions by purchase might not be re
garded by our people as opportune Be
t I fore moreover the Madrid Government will
I entertain the idea of selling Cuba it will
have to become more hopeless of suppress
A ing the revolution and more exhausted
i ii financially than i is now All that the
t l Cuban revolutionists now ask for is the
t 11 concession of that status of belllcrerencv
t jl1 i which would entitle them to demand at the
4 I bands Spain the humane treatment pro
I I scribed for civilized warfare by the law of
I I nations and which would also tend to fur
J ther their procurement of the sinews of
i I I war That is a moderate concession which
1 i f men combating for liberty have a right t
l I request from a neighboring republic and
tho Cubans on their part are confident that
d J I once recognized O belligerents they can
make good their declaration of independence
against the whole power of that mother
country by whose intolerable oppression
they hare been driven t revolt
But while the Cabana at present ask
nothing from us but a technical acknowl
t edgment of the indisputable fact of war
it is a boon the value of which will b pro
portioned to the promptness with which it
I I bestowed Spain it must b remem
I bered denies that war exists in Cuba and
under color of this denial withholds from
Cubans when mae prisoners the Im
munity from massacre guaranteed by the
laws of warfare Every revolutionist when
captured is summarily dealt with by court
martial This means arbitrary and whole
I sale murder and the horrible state of things
has gone on for many months the various
I LatinAmerican republics hesitating t
arrest it by a recognition of belligerency
i I I until an example should be set by the United
States It Is incredible that Congress now
I that It is brought face to face with the responsibility
I sponsibility of saying whether our Cuban
t I neighbors shall be any longer deprived of the
t rights incident t civilized and humane war
I fare will Imitate the seeming indifference
of our Executive and repudiate or postpone
I a duty imposed upon us in the name of com
t I passion and of justice
We also find it almost impossible t b
hero that Mr CLEVELAND would refuse t
conform to a resolution of Congress pro
nouncing the Cubans entitled to belligerent
rights Should he take this
righs unexpected
I attitude it would be necessary to investi
I gate the motive for n course so counter t
the dictates of humanity To that end it
I I may be needful for Congress to demand all
il the papers connected with the payment of
f the Moni claim in order that the names of
0 eli the assignees counsel and parties In
interest may b disclosed and with a view
Of ascertaining what secret assurances If
t any were given by our State Department to
I tho Madrid Government for the purpose of
ti securing a payment which to say the least
I 9a made under suspicious circumstances
f
Our Foothold in Samoa
I For a third time now In his annual mes
mites Mr CLEVELAND has attacked our
I policy toward the Samoan Island and has
f iecoinmcndcd to Congress a withdrawal
I
from the privileges and obligations which
t have como to us under the Berlin agree
i ment There Is no reason to suppose that
I I Congriss will pay any more heed to his
present forth puttng on the subject than it
did to the two that preceded it nor IE there
I any reason to suppose that Mr CLEVELAND
will fall n year hence to recommend
t equally fruitlessly the abandonment of our
t present relations with the islands
i Tho President contents himself at this
t
tlmo with the assertion that our present
attitude toward Samoa Is inconsistent
with the mission and traditions of our Gov
c i ernment in violation of tho principles we
t profess and in all its phases mischievous
and vexntioiiH He iiska Congress or
t such legislative action us will lend the wny
to our relief from obligations both irksome
J and unnatural
I among thoso obligations MrCLEYELAND
includes that of
es
occasionally sending a war
S es I1 to Samcmu
alU1 waters on patrol duty BO
as to take our part in looking after the joint
interests of the three signatory powers he
can hardly say thnt tho navy has found it I
irksomu iiniltr his administration for it his
t not liuon performed at I If that Is n duty
express o Implied umlir tho treaty t I him
I been altogether shirked Since March 4 J
I 180 no war vessel of ours has visited Apia
i JI although the islands have been the seat of
f I I disturbances that have provoked and ro
1 l n
ceived the intervention of British and Ger
man ships to see that the provisions of the
tripartite agreement were not infringed
Again there seems t have ben nothing
specially onerous in our obligations under
that agreement for tho last year Mr
CLEVELAND goes back t May 0 1804 for a
reference t this matter that being the date
of a special message of his on Samoa That
message chiefly consisted of a paper drawn
tip by Mr GKKSIIAM expressing tho opinion
that our meddling in Samoa had brought
us only expenses aOl entanglements with
no corresponding advantages Two months
later however on July 0 1804 the Presi
dent was at It again with n batch of letters
turning largely on Baron SAUHMAs report
of a rebellion in Samoa which caused him
to request to b apprised of the attitude
which the United States Government as
sumes toward these unchanged and threat
ening conditions
By that time it had become evident that
the Administration not only contemplated
the abrogation of the Berlin treaty but was
doing Its best t force the hand of Congress
Its purposes were 8 frankly announced all
so widely known that Germany and Eng
land began to quarrel over tho spoils aa if
these had already been secured by our with
drawal from the existing status in Samoa
Australia urged n British protectorate and
in Germany there n nn equal sentiment
for n German protectorate Time Adminis
tration though taken to task by the Ger
man Ambassador for not doing Its part
toward putting down the rebellion ntlll
carefully refrained from sending a war ship
t Apia and throw the situation upon Con
gress n one to b despaired of
That body however was n little dis
turbed by the message of July 0 with
SAURMAs demand as it had been by the mes
sage of May 0 with GIIESHAMS advice and
as it subsequently proved to be by Mr
CLEVELANDS counsel in December 1804
At length the rebellion subsided peace
va restored and the distressing entangle
ments conjured up by the President have
over since given so little trouble that ho
cites nothing on the subject in his present
message later than twelve or eighteen
months ago
Upwards of ten years ago Mr BATARD
then Secretary declared with special refer
ence t Samoa that the islands of the Pa
cific are necessarily dependent in greater
or less degree on our American system of
commonwealths and that we could not I
look without concern upon their passage
under the domination of n foreign sov
ereign This was and is the sentiment of
the American people nnd Secretary WHIT
NEY wan not lacking in his part at that
time This view was not checked by con
siderations of expense and entanglement
and it helped t save for Samoa the degree I
of autonomy she enjoys
That the treaty of Berlin has proved de
fective and disappointing in some respects
need not b denied But there is no reason
for assuming that its defects are beyond
remedy and meanwhile our Government
should do its full duty under it
CoIIla the Oorkonlatu
The Hon CHARLES H T COLLIS a states
man who has as many initials a DAMSEX
succeeded on Monday Dec 2 the anniver
sary of the coup ditat a sinister anniver
sary for peaceable patriots the Hon WIL
LIAM BROOKFIELD as Commissioner of
Public Works of this town Mr BROOK
FIELD was appointed in February last by
Mayor STRONG and it was confidently
expected at that time
expect by many Republicans tme
that possession of this important office
would prove the key to the local situation
by endowing the antiPLATT men with suf
ficient patronage t overcome the numerical
majority in the County Committee of thoso
PLATT regulars against whose supremacy
the selection of Mr BROOKFIELD a so t I
speak an overt declaration of hostility
As an organizer of victory for the STRONO
or ontlPLATT faction Mr BKOOKFIELD has
proved a failure for by a paradox which prob
ably the Hon GEOHGK BLISS is the only
man in the Greater New York able t ex
plain the more patronage Mr BROOKFIELD
gave his friends the weaker they became
numerically in Republican councils nnd
the more patronage ho withheld from the
PLAT men the stronger they grew Ac
cordingly there was nothing for Mr
BROOKFIELD to do but remain in office nnd
make the rout of his party friends com
plete or retire from the office of Public
Works Commissioner and thereby enable
the STROKO men who are looking for dele
gates to the Republican National Conven
tion t rally their forces anew
Mr BROOKFIELD has retired he has been
succeeded by his former deputy Gen COL
Lie COLLIS it is averred will make the
fur fly from now on subject always to the
limitations established by the civil service
regulations under a nonpartisan municipal
administration Gen COLLIS ashistnilitary
title attests is a fighting statesman and ho
will not bo content to rest upon the lau
rels gained or sought by his pacific pred
ecessor Thoso Republicans who entertain
high hopes for the
hops the success of Gen Coms as
a political warrior point with confidence
ali point with pride t the fact that ho
halls from Philadelphia oDd that he was
a Philadelphia machine Republican The
allegiance of Philadelphia to the Republican
party is nearly as strong as tho allegiance
of New York to the Democratic
t Demorato party But
New York under Democratic rule has had
its municipal affairs administered at much
less cost per capita than those of Philadel
phia and officials better
by o qualified to serve
the public Gen CoiLIs was the City So
llcltor with his office at Sixth and Locust
streets and he was for a number of years
a member of the Board of City Trusts
The City Trusts of Philadelphia included
when Gel CoLLIe was a member the
Girard College nnd the Wills Hospital but
they were distinct from those local institu
tions of Philadelphia the Bureau of City
Ice Boats the Superintendency of Fair
hill Square the Bureau of Gas Colcc
tious at Filbert and Juniper streets the
Superintendent of tho City Morgue and i
the Board of Highway Supervisors Gen I
CoLlie held under s partisan Republican
administration in Philadelphia the two
offices we have referred to Then ho came
over to NewYork to grow up with the nation
so t speak and later on allied his political
fortunes with the Republican party here
through the Union League Club of which
he I an active member The confidence
of hopeful and expectant Republicans
based upon his political achievement
in Philadelphia may not b misplaced
in Gen CoLLie but we admonish them
that under the present administration of
city affairs the men brought from other
places to revive regenerate anti restore the
Republican party here by holding ole
under It to the exclusion of resident RrpnlH
llcans have not been NO successful as to
strengthen the popular belief in the cer
tainty of Gen CoLIIia success
COLLIe hn perhapH what may prove to bo
a stronger clnlm t favorable consideration
politically He is a uativ of the county
Cork the most populous of the counties ot
Ireland and famous as the birthplace of
some successful American politicians Who
has ever heard of a Corkonlnn who was not
successful in American politics n Corkonlnn
who had any leisure time t devote t the
fascinating science inducing other men t
agree with his views of public questions f
Irishmen In all lands have proved to
be successful politicians By energy
diligence courage and keen penetra
tion of tho uses of diplomacy and
the need of concession and conciliation
they have established their title t public
recognition for qualities which esp
cially In Australia Canada and India
have been l shown in the face of enmities and
animosities almost Insurmountable COLLIe
then Is a Corkonlan He comes t New
York nnd to tho post of greatest politi
cal prominence her as Commlnstonor of
Public Works by way of Philadelphia
and with what may b described as apolitical
from thnt inter
political passport always Intr
esting antiquarian town Yet the vigor of
the battle whlh his friends declare ho is towage
wage against PLATT is not of Philadelphia
origin it is to bo n refreshing reminder
CorkWhat
What will bo the result of the vigorous
political activity of Brevet MnjorGcu
CHARLES H T COLLIe tho now Cominls
dotter of Public Works t Will ho smash
the record of Republicanism hereabouts
and utterly annihilate the prodigious power
without patronage ot THOMAS COLLIER
PLATT t Or will ho be taken into camp an I
n trophy of truce by the overwatchful civil
service reformers who made victim
serce mae a easy victm
of his predecessor BnooKFIELDf Will
PLATT demolish CoLLIe with a few well
directed blows in the Legislature which as
sembles in Albany next month P Will the
New York Board of Aldermen which has n
veto power of tho requests ot the Commis
sioner of Public Works In some depart
ments take n hand in the game P Walt and
grme
see says the Man from Cork The early can
nonading began on Monday and before an
other Monday there may b a general en
gagement When it is 1 over will CoLLIe b
among tho victors or among the victims t
The Lesson of Barbara Aub
One of the most unfortunate and baleful
inferences which may be drawn from the
LANOERMAN case is that there is a liability
convictions in criminal
bility t unjust convictons
cases but It is an utterly false and unjust I
liable inference Dr AUSTIN FLINTwho was
a member of the Commission that investi
gated the charges against Superintendent
BROCKWAY of the Elmira Heformatory has
declared recently that of nil the great num
ber of convict witnesses examined in that
case not one protested his innocence of the
crime of which he was convicted and many
openly acknowledged their guilt Similar
testimony showing the extreme rarity and
remote possibility of unjust convictions is
given by all those who have made a specialty
of the study of penal Institutions and their
convict population
In cases of the particular class to which
that of LANOERMAN belonged there is how
ever n peculiar danger of malicious decep
tion and perjury upon the part of the
woman making the criminal charges which
ought always t be considered by both
the Court and the jury It is not too much
to say that usually the assumption should
b that the chances are ngalnst their truth
This is not because such brutal crimes do
not occur for actually they are committed
with a frequency which shows how exten
sively tho merely bestial instincts and
ferocity remain uncontrolled human
ity It is because unhappily for the
ends of justice the real victims ot the
brutality are so much more unlikely to
make public their shameful injury than
corrupt women almost invariably under
the suggestion and direction of far viler
men are disposed to fabricate the charges
for purposes of blackmail The sympathies
and prejudices of the jury too are generally
the more enlisted in favor of the feminine
accuser because with rare exceptions an
offence has been committed by the incul II
pated man though it may be against the
moral law rather than the statute law The
man may not have been criminal under the
Code but morally he Indefensible
Tho charge brought against LANOERMAN
by BARBARA Ann was peculiarly provoca
tive of reasonable suspicion A woman who
visits a bachelors apartment under the cir
cumstances related by her in her own testi
mony is presumedly not a modest and de
cent woman The vile career of LANCER
MAN and his notoriously unclean associa
tions must hnve expressed themselves in a
manner which would have revolted and
frightened such a woman if by inadvertence
she had come upon him as BAHUARA Auu
testified she encountered this fellow She
would have fell from the door If she had
been such a woman Inferentially there
fore the very vileness of the fellow made
improbable almost impossible the assault
with which she charged him Moreover her
method of approach antI the pretext she
offered for making it are well known as
frequent among women of bad character
I was an old trick understood by tho police
from long experience and of course its
motive and the opportunity offered by it
wore recognized at once by a man of tho
experience of LANOIUMAN In New York
thero have always been women who
employed such devices to capture such men
and the amount of blackmail collected by
them from the libidinous fools of whom they
have made willing victims has been in
tho aggregate enormous It Is a criminal
business as regularly established and classi
fied as definitely in tho catalogue of the
police as the green goods business This
case of BARIIAKA Auu bore nil the outward
marks of belonging to that peculiar variety
of criminal enterprise
Moreover the very composure of BARDAIIA
Attn under an examination of five hours
which produced so favorable nn impression
on Recorder GOFF and by him was commu
nicated to the jury suggested that there
was something rotten in her case I was
not ns consistent with outraged Innocence
ns would have been more hesitancy mid con
fusion She told n terriblo title nntl it was
Imnlly possible that n girl who really was
us shu described herself to be could havu
related it In n crowded court room without
abject sliimo overcoming her
Recorder Con however was deceived
wholly by this manner though In Itself so
provocative of reasonable suspicion and it
cannot bo doubted that her now confessed
perjury was successful with the jury be
cause of the charge which ho made under
tho influence of that complete deception
rime verdict of guilt was a natural and
almost Inevitable consequence of the
falbo and sentimental bias displayed
by him His extraordinary proceed
ings subsequent to the trial indlcaUi
very plainly that IIP I felt this responsibility I
nnd Knew flint 1m nnuld ho held to account
for it There appears to b no doubt that
the reason Influencing him In his unprecedented
dented course In obtaining n confession of
perjury from tie girl was that he had r
1
celve privately evidence prejudicial t her
character Ho saw that the terrible mistake
ho hind made was bound to b exposed and
ho went to work to rectify it for himself be
fore It was too late by extracting the con
fession from her
For this we are not disposed t blame the
Recorder except so far as t say that he has
proved himself t be n man of Impulse of I
sentimentality of a defective and unbal
anced judgment and hence utterly unfit
for a judicial place I is no now exposure
for throughout thoLEXOW investigation ho
exhibited an incapacity to see or feel tIme
obligations of justice which moo his nomi
nation all election a Recorder nothing
less than a public outrage In that investi
gation ho showed t every lawyer and to
every Intelligent man whose sense of justice
unclouded wherever Mr
was uncouded that GOFF
may belong it Is not on the judicial bench
His course In the LANOERMAN case only
confirms the judgment which was then
formed by everybody capable of drawing and
willing to draw the reasonable conclusion
that n lawyer t whom it was possible 1
could not b made a magistrate holding the
exalted place and wielding the vast Influ
ence of the Recorder without the degrada
tion of the Court of General Sessions previ
ously made Illustrious among tho criminal
courts of tho world by FREDERICK SMYTH
and his distinguished predecessors in the
Recordership
Tlio Promotion of Judge Pcckham
The deserved promotion of RUFUS W
PECKHAM to the Supreme Court of the
United States will leave a vacancy on the
bench of the Court of Appeals which must
be filled In the first instance by the appoint
ment of a new Judge by Governor MORTON
This new Judge is certain t bo a Republi
can and the representation of the Demo
cratic party In that court will b reduced
from three to two members As the Court
of Appeals Is now constituted there are
four Republicans Chief Judge CHARLES
ANDREWS and Associate Judges FRANCIS
M FINCH EDWARD T BARTLETT and AI
JUT HAIGHT and three Democrats Asso
ciate Judges RUFUS W PECKHAM JOHN
CLINTON GRAY and DENIS OBRIEN
Thero will doubtless b many Republican
aspirants for the seat t b vacated by Judge
PECKIIAM especially in view of the proba
bility thnt tlio Judge now appointed by the
Governor will receive the nomination of his
party for the same olllco when it is filled by
election next year and furthermore b
causo of the confidence which Republicans
generally entertain that they will be able to
carry the State of New York at that elec
tion Several candidates for the appoint
ment have already been mentioned Al
though their friends are thus taking time
by the forelock perhaps they are not un
wise as Judge PECKHAM may b regarded
a certain of confirmation by the Senate at
Washington
Attention is called once more t the fact
that the city Brooklyn with its great
mass of legal business second only t that in
this city is without any representation in
the Court of Appeals Indeed since the
court was reconstituted in its present form
in 1880 Brooklyn has never been repre
sented upon its bench by an elected Judge
Gen BKKJAMIN F TBACT was a member of
the court and a very distinguished member
for one year but it a under an appoint
ment by the Governor and not by virtue of
an election
These considerations have prompted the
suggestion that Judge PECKHAMS successor
ought t be either tho Hon WILLIAM W
nnnnmrtl nf Rrnnlrltrn tbn ni > nmlnnf DL
J
miralty lawyer who was recently a candi
date for one of the nominations for Supreme
Court Justice in the Second Judicial dis
trict or tho Hon JE SE JOHNSON an equally
distinguished member of the Kings county
bar whose friends unsuccessfully sought to
have him made the Republican nominee for
Judge of the Court of Appeals this year
CELORA E MARTIN one of the Justices of
the Supreme Court in the Sixth Judicial
district carried off the prize however and
is to succeed Judge FINCH in the Court of
Appeals on the 1st day of January next
We ore sorry t say that the indications
from Albany are that the hopes of the
Brooklyn Republicans in respect t the
successor of Judge PECKHAM are likely to
b disappointed The coming man appears
to b Judge IRVING G VANN of Utica
Judge VANN has just been rellected to the
Supreme Court In his own district for a
term of fourteen years Nevertheless it
appears that he is willing to resign and ac
cept an appointment to the bench of tho
Court of Appeals for one year taking the
risk that his party will nominate him for
that court in 1800 and will succeed in tho
State election then to be held Judge VANN
sat in the Second division of the Court of
Appeals during the entire existence of that
tribunal and made an excellent record
Our Trade with Japan A Question of
Unusual Gravity
We guess that those of our business men
and manufacturers who strive to throw dis
credit upon that report recently sent from
Japan by the United Press about tho new
efforts of the Japanese to enlarge their ex
ports to this country have not taken the
trouble to observe the growth of Japans
commercial en tcrprlso within the past few
years which was checked temporarily by
the war with China They may not have
noticed how Japan is reaching out for for
eign markets in nil the countries of Asia
nnd also in America and even in Europe
They probably have not taken ac
count of the rapid extension of railroad
road communication in Japan or of
the establishment there of foundries
and machine shops mills cotton factories
shipyards and all kinds of manufacturing
institutions They may not have thought
of tho enlargement of Japans commercial
marine or of f her subsidizing efforts to ex
tend the measure of her steamship com
munication with American ports or of the
numerous native products for which she is
hocking markets They may not have ob
served how great already are Japans ex
ports to this country as compared with her
Imports from It or how small are her ex
ports to England as compared with her imports
from it Wo doubt whether It
ports 0 I they
took these things Into consideration they
would riilluulu the despatch about Japans
now business projects In the Unlt d States
At this moment we may indicate a few
lines for thought
J Tho Japanese workmen engaged in
manufacturing Industries are exceedingly
Ingenious expert nimble and diligent
hardly t b equalled in these respects by
those of any other country In tho world
I They work for wages which as com
pared with those prevalent In this country
ire light Indeed An Intelligent Japanese
Mr Ft SATAIIO TAKNO has recently pub
llshed some exact figgres about the wages
of skilled and unskilled workmen in Japan
those who are employed there under the
modern system of industry aa well a those
under the native system W may ear that
I
o
the wages of skilled operatives In Japan are
about oneseventh or onotenth as largo as
in tho United States
III There seems to b in Japan a sufQclcnt
amount of capital ready for Investment In
manufacturing and commercial enterprises
of all kinds thnt promise profit Moreover
is obtainable advan
European capital obtlnablo upon
tageous terms I
IV Tho manufactured goods and articles
of varieties in far
many arletes produced Japan are
beyond tho wants of that country R that
they can b exported in vast quantities to
any market and could speedily lie increased
by machinery to any desired extent Their
cheapness is one of their main attractions t
all buyers
Japans best market for her manufac i
tured products over one hundred of which
have been classified by n Toklo commission
house is tho United States and the Japa
nese have started out t make provision for a
voluminous expansion of their exports t
this country Besides the bronze articles
silk goods carpets and other manufactures
which they already furnish to us they can
send us at low prices metal and wooden
wares cigars lager beer luclfer matches
and plenty ot other things both useful anti
ornamental
The Japanese get money for the greater
part of what they send 1S They import
but little from us They buy in England
they sell In the United States
The matter is one of gravity
Golf
Letters of disgust and Indignation at the
Recorders theatrical abuse of LNOERMAN
whom ho was compelled t discharge b
cause he had been proved innocent
of the charge of which GOFF had
helped to convict him have poured into
THE SUN office in too great a volume for
printing All the pages of THE SUN would
b unable to express the condemnation of
this first fruit of Reforms hysteria which
is felt by the Now York public
GOFF can do but one thing to serve the
administration of public justice with the
loyalty owed to it by every citizen Ho
should resign Ho is unfit for the bench
In other words the Government has paid In
gold more than nine tenths of Its United state notoi
nnd still owe them all I ha paid in gold about
onehalt of Hi notes given for Mlver purchases with
out extinguishing by such payment ono dollar of
r hl bl6
these notes tYom 1rtttdtnfctnelatuli Zltttaoe
New York lanes
And now for the purpose of removing tho
burden the President proposes t pay Interest
on It forever
The Chicago Ilccord is owned by Mr
Vicron F LAWSON the President of the
Chicago Associated Press and In common
with other newspapers had confided to it the
other day the reports of the Comptroller of the
Currency and tho Secretary of the Navy These
reports were not to be printed until Dee 2 m and
Mr LAWSOK pledged hil honor that they should
be withheld until that date and then naturally
enough printed them two days In advance of It
The occurrence would not be worth noticing
bnt for the singular fact that another news
paper In tho same town theJnfcrrwTn tnntt
umo
the matter as partaking of tho nature of a per
sonal Injury or affront and In Its Issue of Tues
day last expressed a great deal of feeling over
It What did tho InlcrOctan expect from a
man of LAWSONS character 2 There ie I no man
In Chicago who Is bettor acquainted with Mr
LA WSONS character and antecedents than Is the
Hon WILLIAM PENN NIXON tho editor of the
InterOcean
What does the Hon WILLIAM pretend that he
expected of LAWSON The lon WILLIAM re
minds us of the historical gentleman who find
Ing a trousers button In his plate upbraided
the restaurant waiter Whereupon that func
tionary retorted Vhat dye expect In a ten
cent hat plato of uaah a silk umbrella and a high
On Tuesday the first working day of Con
gress bills for public buildings amounting t
3550000 were Introduced in the House and
others amounting to 4000000 In the Senate
the latter exclusive of one for Increasing to
1500000 the cost of the St Pauls building
As in no cases hero reckoned wore the bills du
plicated we have a record of big sums struck
for In this opening raid
Amerlcus Annlston Salem Ala and Salem
Ore Fitchburg Stockton Ilolyoko Aberdeen
Deadwood Butte City Newport News Spokane
Falls and Wnlla Walls figured among the
places thus demanding buildings Mr SOUIUE
modestly asked for the Slate of Washington
alone four buildings aggregating SliOOOOO
In only a solitary case apparently that of Amor
icus was so little as 0000 asked This part
of the draft on tho public revenues has thus
started with vigor and despatch
England dare notseize the Brazilian island
of Trinidad after Brazil has refused to submit
thq quest n of its ownership to arbitration
Sure as anything Brazil would light for her
property and England knows that the greatest
of South American republics would bo a
stronger adversary than Venezuela
At this time England wants territory that
does not belong to her In Venezuela Brazil and
Alaska She might a well look for bad luck
on this sldo of the Atlantic
I Is an erroneous opinion of a correspon
dent of Tm Sut that the English market for
American cheese will be ruined by our printing
the facts as to the nature of the Intermixture
known as Chicago filled cheese Tho English
know all about this lastnauiodsubstance they
had driven It from their market before ever wo
spoke of It It was detected by their inspectors
as soon as it was sent to them from Chicago it
did not take them long to discriminate between
the dishonest choose and tho genuine They
know that there U I no hotter or more wholesome
cheese In the world than the genuine American
for which there Is a steady English demand
I It had been noslble to palm off thn rM < nn
thing upon the English as tho true American I
there Is no doubt that the Eugllsh market for
our cheese would soon have been ruined but
that danger has been averted
We think that we have rendered a service to
all American cheese consumers In this case
No filled cheete
In tho report of a sermon preached by a
minister of 0 New York church we notice this
remark
Ministersas a rule are afraid of their wealthy
congregations fear 10 ell I tliem what they tlilnk
because I might offend
I there be such members of the ministry
they ought to got out of their pulpits and get
Into some honest business They are 1 disgrace
to tho ministry hypocrites perverters of the
Gospel wolves in uheepH clothing They nro
peculiarly dangerous to tho touls of those whom
they are said to b afraid of
When a reasonable bnt helor of marriage
able ago I In love with a thoughtful spinster
who reciprocates his affrutlon mind when thcio
la no legal moral mental or other barrier te >
their marital union they ought to get married
ali that wIth the approval of their parents Jn
these times thorn are far too many old bache
hors in New York o I
Hero la an amendment to the Sanitary
Code for this Ity that has been adopted by tlio
Board of Health
No milk which has been naiwil adulterated re
rtuceilorchansed In any nspnt by lime udiliiion rn of
water or other snUunep ur by l thn rcimttoaI of en at
hal he 1 brouitht Into In ktttl tr rfinil for ulo I
nt 1 laco Iti I the rli > of Sow York nor shul uy
Otis keep IIV or uler tnr olle II the salti city amy IIY
nol milk ciy 01
This In A stringent measure und Its terms are
to bo enforce by time health Inspectors Tho
execution of It ought to add t tho assurance of
milk consumers for over > roar the Ueat
41r 4
Board has striven constantly t prevent the In
troduction ot milk drawn from cows affected
with tuberculosis which milk Is far moro harm
ful than that which U t watered There Is I not a
doubt that the Board has been largely successful
It will require much greater vigilance t secure
the enforcement of the now provision as It U I
easy for a vendor of milk t water It before de
livery to his customers nnd It would bp bard t
keep watch over the thousands of milk vendors
In tho city Tho Health Hoards definition of
the term adulterated milk Is I scientiSt very
elaborate and highly watered with words
beyond the common understanding
At the end of an editorial paragraph on the
dignity of dress printed In the FAentng Jot of
Monday last we tImid this Interesting and Intl
mate statement of personal experience
Nobody who has ever assisted at the robing of an
English Juilco can deny that the process seems t
transform him anti make him seem more and other
than a familiar friend
I Is quite true ns the Kvcninej Foil remarks
elsewhere In the article that the
elewhero same tl power
of dress In making certain Impressions on ob
servers Is ono ot the most familiar phenomena
of civilization What puzzles us is I why the
editor of the Etr 11110 lot should attach no
much Importance this sound but not
lucb ortahce to sou especially
olaly novel observation that he keeps on print
Ing It In his newspaper not varying tho lan
guage from day today employing tho same
words throughout and ending with the same
account of tho Incident so proudly narrated In
tho extract printed above I tho article on tho
dignity of dress kept standing in the Post omen
marked m th sat 1 month or o 0 d t f
like an advertisement Tho tnt time we read
It I excited mild curiosity Tho next time we
wondered who the deuce tho English Judge
could bo nnd In what capacity OOOKIIC assist
ed at his toilet
The OIoboDcmocrat accuses us of taking
from Its columns without credit tho testimony
of JOSEPH PUMTZBR In the PtJLrrzEnPort
Ditpatch controversy
I is not so Wo did not borrow I word from
the GlobeDemocrat Our report was In our
bands for publication on Saturday NOT 28
The ffloheDcmocrnt printed the stuff on Sun
day Nov 24 That is the whole story
4JV OLD JUDGE TO A NEW OXJS
Judge Dnlr Make Home IbiS Valuable
Hucumtlon to Judge BleSInhon
84 CMNTON PLACE EIGHTH STHKET I 1
NEW YOKE Nov 27 1800 f
Mr DEAR GENPUAL Allow me to congratu
late yon on your election to Judgeship In tho
Court of Sessions which I do not only from my
fooling toward you personally but because I
think you will make a erood criminal Judge In
expressing which opinion I am not without ex
perience as to the nature of the omen and
what It requires When half a century
ago I was appointed a Judge of the
Court of Common Pleas the three Judges
of that court were also Judges of time Court
of Sessions When the Recorder who was tho
solo law Judge of that court did not hold it
from sickness absence or other causes one of
the Judges of the Court of Common Pleat had
to tako his place and a I was the youngest of
the three Judges of the Court of Common Pleas
that duty was usually assigned to me and dur
ing the seven years from 1844 to 1851 when the
omen of City Judgo was created I presided In
the Court of Sessions many times and tried some
Important cases among others that of time Astor
place rioters then a case of great public Interest
It occurred to mo that It would probably in
terest you as you sea about to enter upon tho
t
duties of tIme office to know what my experience
has been respectnl It nnd what 151 think espe
cially required In It I do not know esp
have or not made the criminal law a matter of
special study or had much practice In tho Court
of Sessions I you have not I would remark
not
that that branch of the law Hen within 1
narrow compass a compared with the ex
tensive knowledge of the law that Is re
quired for the efficient discharge of the office
ofce
of Judgo of ono of tho higher civil courts In
my time a few books 1 found was all that Ire
qulrednusseli on Crimes Barbours Criminal
Treatise Koscoos Criminal Evidence with what
relates to that kind In genoral workson evidence
eVldnce
such as Qreenloaf and the enactments respect
ingcrlmesand their punishments In the Revised
Statutes much of which labor is now lessened
by tho codification of the criminal lessene
criminal code now In use The chief duty of a
criminal Judge is deciding whether evidence
when objected to should or should not
be received and I may fay tho most
Important duty for It is errors In
this respect that put upon the city tbe borden
expense of having 1 case tried over again and
occasionally a failure of justice from the death
or absence of witnesses For this roason a
1
criminal Judge in my opinion should be thor
oughly acquainted with thn rules criminal
evidence and evenwhen ho t It reaulres erint
core and discrimination In the appllcatloiTof i
them When I hesitated and was in doubt I
always asked tho counsel for the ground of his I
objection tho result not infrequently showln
that It is easier to object than to give a valid
reason for it I
The qualities in my opinion most requisite in
a criminal Judge are patience forbearance
avoiding as far a possible any contest with
counsel a very close attention to the vltt
that the innocent may not suffer nor the guilty
escape and above mar especially in the ease of
the young to temper Justice with mercy A
close attention to the evidence will enable
tho Judge tho more easily to bring it to
t
to
gether and marshal It so that it may be pro
I
pre
sented to tho Jury collectively in his charge
which great Judges like Lord Lyndhurst
and Chief Justlco Oakley of this city did ea
tlrely from memory and so thoroughly that
nothing escaped them As a general rule also
1 Judge should refrain from expressing any
opinIon a to the facts which like any general
Iko
rule has Its exceptions for the result Ieneral
long experience in the trial of causes
extending over forty years has convinced
mo that the collective attention experi
ence good sense and Judgment of twelve
men ns to the fact Is better than tho
opinion of any Judge however able It is also
desirable that a criminal Judge should have
mixed somewhat with the world so as to have
at least a tolerable knowledge human nature
and this you should certainly possess having
been so much in publIc life
With the hope that what I have said will not
be recanted its intrusive tinS < with may best
K amyIdneta nWaI1vytruT
wishes 1 sin my dear General very truly
° IIAULE3 P DALY
Gen M T 1cMAnoN
JIzw I vIrus
An Anthem for the Hpenker of the FUj
fourth Congress
Well
I like this
I was expecting It
of course
Hut anticipation of what
A man yearns for
Doesnt make It
Taste any worse
When he gets It
And I have got It
Ah them Hen and mil
And the rest of you
Oct on to the
Kroo advertising
Yours truly
Is setting out of this
Subsidiary boom
AB U were
Dnnl moo tvl b
YouwiroRerdt
Hut I digress
Uncemorolslt I
Whero once I sat
And if my right mmmi
Has forgot her cunning
Or my toiigun
Cleaves to time roof of my mouth
Ihatcnlhearilorit
J > V therilol think
Tho Bnitlpmiii nn HIM
Opposite silo of tie hosts
Will oUine anything
Of that sort MTineatlng
limo Irctimamhleni air
Adjcreut mm lime
iPeakere chair in iii Fiftyfoumth
ily Imory omitted me once
Very well
And I loire hal no
Occasion InstiulHute
Another for It
Time Czar
Con do no wrong
And If Im not Czar
Who the illckcns Is f
XccilleM to Ssk
For echo hn
Uropporta cog
And falls to work
A rcpl
Ilut goutlemen
TiilnulneKS
Tho COar seems to have It
Time Mr has II
Md I do my tvorst
Jim the Pif tyflrsti
Well
Watch for the PUtytoutiv
yzw YORK AX1 THE CONSTtTVTlOS
An Appeal for n Mnnnment lo oromeran
rule This Stnte Kntinenlloii
The Regent And Committee of Snfctyof tius
Poiiitlikecptio clmptcr ot the Dauchtcrs of the
American Itovolutloii will present to tim State
Legislature at limo coming setalon a bill Hiking
for nn appropriation for a mttmmmmrnctmt to corn
memornto the ratification of the Federal Con
stlluUon by tho ftnto of Nan York
A circular sent out by time nntiglitcrs of the
American Ilorolttllon says that tho adoption of
time Federal Constitution by tho sixty delegates
cleclotl from New York iOnic for n ill nii > iinn f
that subject and asscinblcil nt tIm Court House
In Iauchkcriulo In Juno 17ss Is worthy of
commemoration not only on Its own account
but also bccnuso of the clmrncturs of those mint
Inc up time convention iimonq a beam were llnrn
ilton Jay nuol IlvlnK tin I hrclrcnlnrnilds
Few events to bo comparwl with It In 1m
portnnco hnro tnknn plnci In our stalo our
country or time world Wo hold that onn of tlie
greatest event in time hmieiory of the world was
time founillnit of tills American Inlon If nil the
other of time thirteen States had ronscnlcd to
the Union and New York Mono Imd refined time
Union would havo been nn Inilio llilllty bo
cause of the geographical position of Now York
rUEOihiiDcd with Its back against the for J
cltth soil of Ciinndn and Its point projecting Into
the sea without Its accession time result would
liars been not the United States but thin dli
united States Time hour In which limo final vote
was taken In Now York was of that critical
period tho critical hour
Scriptural Prophecy In Relation to th b
Present Nltuntlnn In Turkey
To THE Ention OP Tun SUN Sfr With re
Bard to the present condition of affairs In Tur
key It U of interest to consider them as having
n possible connection with Scriptural prophecy
In Matthew xxi v and Mark xlll are recorded the
words of Christ relative to time shins of Ills sec
ond coining It is a common mistake on the
part of commentators to refer thojo to event
that are already past despite the fact that they
arc specifically stated to refer to events con
nee ted with time last days See Matt xxlv a 1
The begInning of tlio end was to bo marked
by a simultaneous occurrence of wars and ru
mors of wars famines pestilences nnd earth
quakes In diver places Malt xxlv 0 7 Sj
The occurrences of time last j car Iwo markedly lit
accordance with those signs Following atid
accompanying these things was to occur a
Brent tribulation Matt xxlv si and a
prevalence of also Christs working wonders
Matt xxlv 24 In regard to time Tatter the
Philadelphia llcrortl of Sept 10 unys This
year seems to bo prolific In Us production of
messiahs With reference to time former
I There aliall bo great tribulation such OR was
not since the beginning of tfco world MatU
xxlv 211 tho present Armenian persecutions
seem accord TUB SUN having recently on
several occasions borne witness that this mas
sacre Is without a parallel In history
Time Scriptural prophecy as to the domination
of Jerusalem la recorded In Itev xl 2s And
the Holy City shall they tread under foot forty
and two months fortytwo montlisoqual 1200
dayyears limo Turk camo Into possession of
Jerusalem A D 017nnd In A 1 048 tIme Caliph
Omar erected the present mosque the site of
tbo temple From that day to this time Holy City
has been literally trodden under tho foot of the
Gentile heathen licglnnlng with 0117 the lSOO
yearn will terminate in 1H07 and beginning with
043 they terminate InlllOM
Christian believers may therefore confident
ally expect that prior to 1003 the Holy City will
be delivered out of time band of tbo Turk Iho
events of the present hour are In line with the
fulfilment of this prophecy Daniel xl 44 40j
xxl 1 have a possible relation to this subject
PHILADELPHIA Dec 2 x LI
To Improve tlie Troller Fender
To THE EDITOH OF THE SUN S < r Permit
mote call attention to the fact that the fatal de
fect In all the lifesaving fenders so far tried In
Brooklyn is not In the shape of the part that Is
intended to lift too victim from the rails The
trouble all arises from the fact that the scoop It
attached to the swaying body of the coach The
car simply BOOS galloping over the rails The
forward end sways up and down until the lip of
the scoop rises eighteen Inches and even two
feet above the pavement when the car is running
atahlgli rate through an unevenly paved street
At ordinary high rates the lip of the scoop rises
afoot from the pavement In any part of the
city Let any reader watch the cars and see If
this bo not so
So long as the fender is t attached to the body
of the earto the platform an It Is now that
must of necessity sway no and down as the car
passes uneven places In the track slaughter of
the innocents will continue There Is no con
ceivable way of keening the Up of a fender
down to the rails so long as the fender Is at
tached to the platform
But to state the defect Is to surest the rem
edy If the fender were Secured to the track
frame having no connection whatever with the
swaying body of the coach almost any sort of a
scoop would serve < for the simple reason that
the lip of the fender would never bo lifted above
Its normal position by defects In the permanent
way or by any other cause If would always be
found right down to the pavement ready to do
its duty OBSEIIVER
Brooke Eligibility for dime Football Field
To THE EDITOH or Tax BunSir Dy reference to
the Harvard Crimson of May 1 1603 we flail among
the rules agreed to with ti of P for the football games
of93 and 04 tIme following
Rule III Time limit
No student whether he has represented one ormoro
colleges shall take part In the Intercollegiate contest
for more than four yean and this period shall begin
with the year in which as a player upon a university
team ho tirsi represented any college Ac
dr flroote before going to U of m piayed for two
years on theSwarthniorecoiiege team Sworibmore
ii a member ofthe Intercollegiate Autistic Association
and had been ewardeil prizes Conroy won third place
In the pole vauil in 54
Mr itrooke piayeml on the U of P Learn against Mar
ant In 03 nd aio In mm4 ills ptxmylng in its was
eieriy arm avaston of the 113 and 54 rules and was not
in harmony with the well cstabiishemi principle In col
ices titer athletIcs that four year Is the mlmis for a coinpe
This is sent you because Mr Smith In his statamea
pubiilhed in your issue or Dec 3 says that no role was
broken nor prineipie Iolate Naw iLsyxx
Band
To rat EDITOS or Tiiz SOSSir Referring to
Sandys query In to days Issue at to how sand
comes to masse pluck I would rempeetfuily suggess
that beiook up the word grit In Webster
UlCTIOIlBT
Grit given In Websters as In other dictionaries as
synonyms for pluck comes from the AngloSaxon
artet or crroithat Is sand or gravel ant come
from sand therefore Instead of sand coming from
grit This Is no explanation why sand should e
prris serve or courage
SUNBEAMS
While reading the Iliad for an hour yesterdaytS
seemed to us that the people of the Homeric ate waM
lest wicked than tbose of tali age
Six bunter of Traverse City > 511mb have this tsU
killed thirty deer half a dozen wlldcau and a great
quantity mail game rabblU partridges and tha
likeBear
Dear trapping Is a profitable business In Vila
this year One trapper of Urlgbtoii readied 3t cm
one bear lut week418 for the skin 5 bounty and
two gallons of oil at II a gallon
U might bo uppo ed that the greatest number of
straw hats would be worn In the Soulh and outhorB
countries but time fact It that In proportion to the
population more straw bats arc worn In the North
Missouri furnishes yet another negative answer to
Shakespeares query as tonhilhrr micros anything
In a name lludd U time namn of ono of the most popu
lar belle In the town of Illih Mill II In In u umrby
town tbat tho eloquent Aldt > rman btainmvrjobn lives
Bloomer bavu blosnonml out on 1 orly llllo Creek
away up and out near the hewi rat rim of Dm Yukon
Hirer Alaska Two niim on ibm Ir way to join their
husbands went uearlftK them for tomfort and con
venience In travel A wlilto woman U something of a
rarity In that riKlon mi n > l > u > IWO t while women
In bloomer fairly slartlrd the iota TS
What uuiivari to Iw a now tort of a jurymani fit a 4
ness limit may him Ixcn nnlv a rolncJdence was
nntod nt a trial In Iorllaml Mo n few day Ago
where ft bcll was accuirdof running Into a tenet
andcaUHlnita serious accident Two of the jurymen
selected to try limo case hmt attlllclul legs and two
others nrro lime I wlilln not riiu ot the remaining
eight was a blryclo rlilt r
Not on are Limoutmers inerrit rarity In the South
but In many regions wen bidding by omen Is con
ildercdnot entirely rc5icrtab An Alexandria
newspaper cnlleil attention tilltorlatly n few days
ago to two casts of womt WI o had lit en thrown from
bicycles and seriously Injured sitU iiiadi tho curious
comment m That uven brut nature ulthorssuch torn
bo > Um U shown ly the mot that the latter accident
was caused by a Itmg whUU seized limo lire ot the
rear wheel with lit iroth
On most railroads alI m a traveler the freight
cars far outnumber limit ra runcr turn but there Is
one busy real < l running many imsvnxcr cnrs that has
no few frilnlit cars Hint who n an nro MOII along th
line they are sure to attract auitulmi anti that U the
ele > ntclroanihliclty i i I June M IUISCIKII iar
on this road klaiidingon time trail near the Flflj
third street station of the Ruth DMIIIIIK lovutwl hut
I have never s en un euva il hoi f n Ight cjr I multI
If thero are atm > There are iinwnrr Uat cars on lha
elevated road that ate ujiemi to carry material rails
and ties and 10 on sad sipplirs for stations such is
coal but these are to f wln number and torartl
OMB that they Ox our attention when wt do ass thI
I
1s

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