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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 10, 1896, Image 2

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Hl 2' THE SUN, FRIDAY, JULY 10, 1890. V
! Democratic National Committee, from the plat
Most of tha Pennsylranlnns were not In their
(eats. They were In consnltatlon over the con
ductor ex-dor. llobert K. Patllson of the Key
stono State. It had been decided by the gold
Democrats not to preterit any candidates to
this Contention. The poller of the gold Dem
ooraU was to wait patiently In the Contention,
and fight and protest until the platform had
been adopted, and then, as far an possible, not
participate In the proceedings. Bo last night a
telegram was tent to Paulson requesting him
to withdraw as a candidate for President. Mr,
Pattleon not only declined to withdraw, but he
would not nuthorlro tho Pennsylvanlans to
withdraw his name. His conduot Justified what
has been said all along In these despatches that
he wonld hare accepted tho nomination of this
Convention on anr platform. This has been the
testimony of Pennsylvania Democrats, and It has
not been ealnsald. The Ponnsylvanlans, how
ever. -soon cameln, and ther were a disgusted tot
of cltlnns. They crime In Just In time tohear Sen-.
ator Jones of Arkansas, Chairman of the Com
mittee on Hesolutlons. begin to read the report
of the majority ndvocatlng the f roo silver Popu
HsUoineomo tax platform, and the Pennsyl
Tautens beoaino moro disgusted, but not more
so than their New York brethren. Ex.-Gor.
Plower. Chairman of the New York delegation,
has all along wanted to bolt, so has Perry Bel
mont,and so have a number of other Demo
crats In the delegation, but Mr. Flower has de
cided that he will be guided br the wishes of
the majority.
Senator Jones read his report, which will be
found In another column, and the silver men
punctuated it with applause and howls of ap
proval. When he came to that part In the plat
form which demanded tho frco and unlimited
coinage of both silver and gold, the oheers
rolled out orer the convention, and when they
ended a great voice from the rear of tho hall
roared out: "Head that froe-colnnge plank
again." This resulted In an uproar and another
llorco burst of cheers.
Senator Jones was very hoarse and his voice
could not be thrown very far, but when quiet
came he bowed very gallantly In the direction
of the gallerioa, and ho announced that he would
be very much pleased to read attain the silver
plank. lie did, and there were more cheers
from the sliver men. The popullstlo brethren
were wild with delight when Senator Jones
reached that part referring to the Income
tax. His declaration against the sale of
bonds In times of peace was also well received.
Ills statement that until the money question ta
settled the silver men were opposed to tariff
legislation except to supply tbe deficiency cre
ated by the present Tariff law, was another
point which pleased the free-silver men. The
declaration that the deficit in the revenues was
made possible by the rejection of the Income
tax olause brought oat wild shouts from the
long-bearded and long-haired Populists.
While Senator Jones was reading the closing
portions of tbe platform a stalwart young man
brought tn a great Cuban flan, and attempted to
ware It before tho audience. Chairman Richard
eon split his table as ho .banged his gavel and
roared at the police officers around the rostrum,
" Pat that flat out. Put that man out," and
the bearer of tho Cuban flag was hustled oat
with no more ceremony than If he had been a
Senator Jones then announced that there
would be one hour and twenty minutes allotted
to e'eh,'slde to discuss the majority and mlnor
ItKJeDOrts. Tho minority report prepared by
Senator Hill was then read by one of the official
readers of the Convention. Its sturdy declara
tion! for hard money brought out great cheers
from tha gold men and their sympathizers
from the galleries. The substitutes proposed
forth silver plank and for the policy to be
punned on this question were also uproariously
cheered. Tbe declaration of the minority report
that theatep taken by the silver men in their
tHt.torlty report was wholly unnecessary, ex--ttottf(r.
revolutionary, and ambiguous, and not
in accord with the well-known principles of the
party.'next came for tbe hearty howls of Joy
from the gold men and their friends.
The substitute for the majority report, also
prepared by Senator Hill, which. Instead of
condemning the Cleveland Administration for
the) sale of bonds, commended the Administra
tion for lta honesty, fidelity, courage, and econ
omy, next brought out a great wave of oheers.
It was announced from the rostrum that all of
the amendments and substitutes in tbe minor
ity report wonld be taken up by Senator Hill at
the proper time, and that In the mean time
Senator Tillman would lead off In support of
V the majority report.
At the mention of Senator Tillman's name
there were great cries for -HUH HUH Hill!,
This bad been so all tho way through tbe Con
vention. This has been most marked, not only
to-day, but on the other two days of the Con
vention. All along there has been an apparent
effort to pit Senator Hill against Senator Till
man, and tbe South Carolinian has under
stood this situation perfectly. As Sena
tor Tillman proceeded to the platform his
friends In the Convention gave blm a
reception whloh shonld have offset the cheers
andtho call for Hill, and should have put the
South Carolinian tn better temper than be ap
peared to be when he walked out npon the
rostrum .in full view of the great audience of
fifteen thousand. He was greeted with cheers
and .hisses, and the latter did not add to-fcls'
serenity. lie looked ugly and as Ir be was boil
ing over with wrath, for ho started right tn by
declarlng.hat he wonld Introduce himself to
the Convention "As I really am, and not as the
lying newspapers have taught you to think of
Senator- Tillman has his usually wan and
bunted look. It is a face once seen never for
cotton. When the cheers and hisses which
greeted his first utterance died away he threw
all of bis strength In his voice and roared:
"When this Convention disperses I hope my
tSstJow-oltlrens will have a different opinion of
'""' III?''' thetnan with the pitchfork from South Caro-
$h -JiU lino, I am from South Carolina, which was the
"fi fctv- borne of secession, Great hissing. Oh, hiss if
4p Swf' "f0 lke- Thero Bre on"7 three things on earth
'. IH.' which can htss-a goose, a serpent, and a
& ($, men. end the man who hisses the name
"J,"., fife.' o( Booth Carolina has no knowledge what-
fjj f fE r"r of Its grand history. There were more
?'f' ffpxt battles fongbt on Its soil In the Revolutionary
ST- 'fi' war than In all the other States pnt together.
H U ? "at te" Joa ' do not com8 from the South
S ijj& Carolina of 18(30, whloh yon charge brought
& gfL' about the disruption of the Democratlo party.
W Bj&k. ""0 war tDore declared was for the emanclpa-
r m!' ttonof the black slaves. I come now from a
":& feSr Booth Carolina which demands the emanclpo-
Mi ". lon ' tne white slaves. You charge that In
w sBlsr 1B00 (South Carolina brought about the
!S Ensf disruption of the Democratlo party. I say to
f trip you now that I am willing to see the Democratlo
flT Eg party disrupted again to accomplish the emnn-
'"i W clpation of the white slaves. New York for
' S twenty years or more has been theonedomlnant
W ft'.' factor and dictator of the National Democratlo
i IW pnrty. While we want to thank New York and
fi vfc. Connecticut and New Jersey far the aid ex.
InNt W tended to us In the past, I want to say to you
Hi M" bere that we havoatlost recognized In the South
Hji that we are mere hewers of wood and drawers of
Hj water, while the great States I hare i imwl
!Hl A bare eaten np our substance. My friends say
Hs H this is not a sectional Issue. I say It is. Hisses
HV I and cries of "No I no 1" J
HV I JL The Convention was In disorder, and It was
HVI S5 two minutes before Chairman Hlchardson
HVI could bring back qulot, and thou Senator Till
BV H man resumed, saying: "Truth Is mighty and
H i I will prevail, and will neither be sneered out of
V existence nor obliterated by hisses,"
1 tilluan heaps riauiics.
HVi Plw Senator Olllman here read a long Hat of fig.
B) "'v,'! nres showing tho dlfforeut populations u tho
HHT two in states and the Increase of wealth In the North-
HsflT era V 4 em and Kastern States for the last twenty-fire
HsBi TllC jyeara. He prefaced his remarks on his statistics
HHVv Vsilavsu1"' kUout'" lo "10 audience: "You will not
BBe YoUr34rcal this part of my speech in the lying
HHV aowspap'ers, for the reasou that they will up-
HB oress these figures," As a matter of fact, there
m -' Were neialx persona within hearing distance of
BB rf -,.'T,r.l
Senator Tillman who eould understand a single
figure that he uttered. Senator Tillman talked
as It he had a potato In his month. It strains
one's eardrums to hear hi! most ordinary utter
ance, and when he cot all Jumbled up on his
figures not six persons in the audience heard
what he said.
Senator Tillman continued to declare that the
Southern and Western Slates had come to the
conclusion that tbey were mere hewers of wood
and drawers of water, while the Eastern States
had been grabbing everything nndor the present
financial system. In carrying out his argument
that there was no sectional feeling In this Issue,
Tillman said:
" I deny utterly that there is any sectional
feeling over this silver issue. The Increased
wealth In the Eastern States which I have gone
over In these figures has gone to a few thou
sand and not to the manes. I have been In the
East ten days, and nine-tenths of the voters tn
those States are for silver. Tha Democratlo
and Republican political maohlnes. by the
. use of money, have stifled the senti
ments of the people on this money question.
I want to say a few words about Senator Hill of
New York. I want to say that the people who
are here behind Senator Hill were the very peo
ple who In 1802 brought about his discomfiture
in this very city."
Senator Tillman then made a trumpet of his
two hands, and, raising himself on tiptoe, he
roared out: "Where Is New York now?" A
do7en voices from the galleries roared back, "In
the soup." and this was followed by cries for
'Hill, Hill." Instantly tho Convention was In
an uproar and the wildest confusion. Chair
man Illchardson had to wore again like a day
laborer In his efforts to bring quiet, and when he
did Senator Tillman resumed, with Just a little
more fierceness In his tone:
"Yon gentlemen might as well understand
that I nm going to have my say." This resulted
In another shout for Hill, and Sergeant-at-Arms
Martin roared to his assistants, "Clean out
those galleries." The folks In the galleries
heard this threat and they shouted back, "Try
It If you dare." Chairman Illchardson ponred
oil on the troubled waters and begged the audi
ence to come to order, and he besought1 all
around him on the platform to aid In allowing
the proceedings to go on in an orderly manner.
Senator Tillman all this time was collecting
new thoughts, and when he saw that he could
proceed he declared: "'The Senator of New
York, under the arrangement of the Committee
on Resolutions, Is to follow me. Cheers. I
tried yesterday to (ret him to go In front and he
wonld not. Not that he Is afraid of any man,
for he fears no man. I am not mak
ing a wanton assault on him. I am
pointing out his anomalous position, and I
declare to you now that even though he has
been the apologist of the Administration he has
been betrayed by that wing of the party. We
begged him not to precipitate the fight for tem
porary Chairman, and when bis turn comes he
will probably tell you why he did not accept our
" As G rover Cleveland stands for gold mono
metallism, we have repudiated him. We are
diametrically opposed to his policy, and why
should we write ourselves down asies and liars ?
They ask us to say that hi Is honest. Well, In
reply I say ho signed a contract for bonds
In secret, with one of his partners as
a witness. Nobody disputes his boldness or
obstinacy. Ho had the courage to overthrow
the Constitution of the United States when he
overrode the rights of the citizens of Illinois
and sent Federal troops Into this State". You
ask us to endorse his fidelity. In reply, I say he
has been faithful unto death, the death of the
Democratic party. We have denounced htm In
South Carolina as a tool of Wall street, and
what was prophecy then Is history now. Sena
tor John Sherman's speech In the Senate In
support of the Administration's money pol
icy was bnt the certificate of a Cleve
land Republican. I tell you that the Demo
cratlo party of the Unttod States will turn out
the party In this fall's election If It dares en
dorse Orover Cleveland here. I tell you yon
dare not go before this country after
endorsing the Cleveland Administration. We
of the Sooth have burned our bridges behind
us so far as tbe Eastern Democrats are con
cerned. We have turned our faces to the West
and they have responded. I have only a few
more words to say( and I know that you will bo
asked to flout this ranter from South Carolina.
You will be asked to do this by time-serving
politicians, the men who follow and never lead
public opinion. Once again I say to you that we
must ref nse to endorse tbe Cleveland Adminis
tration or go before the country stultified. Let
me read the resolution condemning the Cleve
land Administration. Keep quiet and listen at
It. If any considerable number of the delegates
deny tbe truth of the resolution they can be
Senator Tillman again begged tbe audience to
keep quiet while be read the resolution and
listen to It. The resolution denounced the
Cleveland Administration as undemocratic and
tyrannical. The resolution further declared that
tbe Administration was a representative of
plutocratic despotism, and that It had debauched
the system of government, and that for the
bond Issue and financial policy the Administra
tion should be Impeached. The full resolution
will be found In another column.
Senator Tillman was greeted with cheers,
laughter, and hisses as he finished reading the
resolution, and this made him so cross that
when be got the opportunity he howled: "One
word, and I will relieve these howlers who have
been brought In here by tickets given to them.
The Democrats of this country " A voice
from the gallery: " You are no Democrat",
and this so broke no Senator Tillman that he
could not proceed for a moment, and then he
closed his speech by saying that he and his
friends had come here for tha purpose of adopt
ing a platform which meaut what it said and
said what It meant; that thev had got It, and
that they were now ready to nominate any can
didate who wonld stand by tbe platform. Sen
ator Tillman, as he resumed his place at the
bead of the Bouth Carolina delegation, was
wildly cheered by the silver men and Populists.
Again ascended the cries for Senator Hill.
The Demooratlo leader of New York State was
about to leave his seat In the delegation and go
to the rostrum for the purpose of speaking for
the minority report of the Committee on Res
olutions. He dropped back In his sent, though,
when he saw Senator Jones, Chairman of the
committee, stop tn the front of tho
rostrum and wave his hand for qniet. This was
an unexpected change In tho programme, and
the audience appeared surprised and ready to
listen. Senator Janes started right out from the
flint to contradict the utterances of Senator Till
man as to sectionalism on tho silver Issue.
Senator Jones said :
"I did not mean to say a word, but the oharga
of Senator Tillman that this Is a sectional Issue
must not go uncontradicted by me. I am a
Southern man. I curried a musket for my cause.
I was willing to lay down my life for the Bouth.
I love tho South, and I love nil of this great
country. Cheers. This cause Is not sectional; It
Is not confined to any part of this country, Thll
great question of silver Involves the humanity of
all of my countrymen. When w e find such men
as Arthur Bewail of Maine and George Fred
Williams of Massachusetts and others taking
up the banner of our cause, I ask you how in
tho name of God can any man say that this
question Is asectlonal one, I simply rose tn any
these few words. Cheers and a wild demon
stration, I.OUI) cries von IIII.U
Then the audience knew at Inst they were to
hear Senator Hill. The great roar that went up
for "Hill! HUH Hill!" was perhaps greater In
volume than at any time during the Con
vention, but the audience had repeated this
cry so often that all of Senator Hill's
friends wcro glad Hint at last the audience
wns to be gratified. The delcgntcs from all
the gold States were on their chairs cheering
as Senator Hilt wended his way to the platform.
The Indies wned their handKerchlefs at the
bachelor Democratlo statesman, anil when he
appeared on the rostrum, In full view of tho
audience. Senator Hill got a reception that was
second to none In this Convention. There was no
use of his trying to make his speech while the
racket was going on, and so be stood there and
bowed, and between times he chatted with
those around htm. The New Yorkers. led by
ex-Oov. Flower, gave him a howling welcome.
The Connecticut men, led by ei-Gov. Tom
Waller, made a frightful hubbub. The Pennsyl
vanlans were led on by Chairman Harrlty,
and the Massachusetts men were led by
ex-Gor. William E. Russell. The demonstra
tion lasted ten mlnntes, and it was only whon
Senator Hill waved his hand for quiet that the
audience toned down and gave htm a chance tn
be heard. Senator Hill was never In better
voice. His tones were trumpet-like at times.
He was sonorous and emphatlo and decisive,
and at no time tn his political career has he
ever spoken with such rapidity and clearness of
utterance. Turning toward tbe South Carolina
delegation, he smiled qulzlcatly at Senator Till
man as he began his speech, and saldi
" I do not think It necessary for me to Intro
duce myself as the South Carolina Senator In
troduced himself to this audience. I only wish
to proclaim to you that I am a Democrat, add
not a revolutionist. No such attack as Senator
Tillman has made here can drive me from
from the Democratlo party. It was a
waste of his time to show his Igno
rance of the history of Bouth Carolina,
the State that attempted to break up the Demo
cratlo party. The party lives to-day, and I hope
it will live forever. My mission to-day Is to
unite, and not to divide; to build up, and not to
destroy. My mission Is to plan for victory, and
not to plot for defeat. You differ with
New York on this question, but I believe
that you will listen to New York. New York
makes no apology to South Carolina. Cheers.
We have our Democracy from our lathers, and
It Is not necessary for us to learn It from South
Carolina. Why did Senator Tillman remind
this National Convention of tho wealth of New
York city, and why did ho Inveigh against the
city which Is the Gibraltar of Democraoy I"
Senator Hill then went through his speech,
which will be fonnd In another column. All of
his points were uproariously oheered. He was
heartllr greeted when he said he was there not
to assail the honesty or sincerity of those who
differed with him. Then he took up the plat
form, clause by clause, and rldlouled It and
pointed dut Its unwisdom. Whsn he deolared
that the platform would drive out of
the party gray-haired Democrats and wonld
not have the desired effect of capturing votes
from the Republicans nnd Populists, a long
bearded citizen on the plntform Interrupted
him and said, "Yes It will." Senator Hill
turned quick as a flash and said, "Who Is au
thorized here to speak for thePopullsu?" and
when at the close he uttered this sentence he
was roundly cheered:
"If we keep tn tho good old paths of the party
we shall win; If we depart from tbem we shall
be lost,"
There was another great outbreak of oheers
and enthnslasm when Senator mil returned to
his seat In tbe New York delegation.
Senator Vilas of Wisconsin followed Senator
Hill In support of tho minority report, bnt his
speech was not a success. It was ponderous and
not well received by the audience. He wanted
to know why the Democratic party was to be
launched on a wild career, and why a number
of rilver-mlne owners were to trample on the
old constitutional party.
He deolared that the Democrats of the North,
who have done their utmost for the party In tho
last twenty years did not deserve this result.
Finally time was called on Senator Vilas, and
he gave place to ex-Gov. Russell of Massachu
setts, who also spoke for the gold men.
Mr. Russell was deep toned and vigorous and
he made himself heard all over the hall. Just as
had Senator Hill. He declared that the ma
jority had not been open to argument or to
reason, but that tbey had overridden precedents
and had despoiled the sovereignty of States.
" We made our appeals to deaf ears," con
tinued Mr. Russell, " and there is only one thing
left for ns to do, and that la to protest. If this
Convention will not listen to our protest, this
country will."
Mr. Russell then went on to tell of the Demo
cratlo victories In Massachusetts which had
been accomplished by Democrats who had ad
vocated the same principles as tbe Democrats
of South Carolina and Illinois, and he added
that In those victories no question of sectional
Ism had been raised, but that all had been
actuated by the great principles of the party.
Mr. Russell then deolared that these grand
old principles of the Democratic party for which
ho and his friends had labored and suffered
were now to be given up, nnd in their place
radical and unprecedented measures were
to be adopted. Mr. Russell could not
refrain from recalling that George Fred
Williams had gone over to tbe sliver
camp, for he eald that in this Convention
thore had been one false note from Massa
chusetts, and he declared that he referred to
the episode not In anger, but In sorrow. Then
he turned to tho Massachusetts delegation and
eald: "Do I speak the truth?" and tbe dele
gates, with tho exception of Mr. Williams and
Jeremiah T. O'Sulltvan. roared back "Yes."
"They tell me that a new star of the Democ
racy Is asoendlng," concluded Mr. Russell, " but
I tell you It Is only a flashing star, and one that
will go out quickly and leave ns Ip utter dark
ness. Not a word of conoesslon, not
one word of conciliation have I heard
here from tho majority. and let me
ntter my word of prophecy. When the dark
clouds of prejudice and passion have rolled
away, there will come the sober, solemn second
thought, and our protest will be hailed as the
ark of the covennnt of the old Jfaltli the ark of
the covenant of the faith of the old Democratlo
party." Great cheering.
The Instant Mr. Ruesell stopped speaking the
nndlence found n new hero. For the last day
or two there have been spasmodic cries for
William J. Dryan of Nebraska. Thoy have
been like the rattle of musketrr In a
skirmish. There was no concentration about
them. Rut nil this was changed, as
If by prenrranttement, when Gov. Russell ended
his speech. From all parts of the Convention
hall a great roar went up for "Bryan, Rryan,
llryan." These cheers were continued and rolled
on and on, nnd "The Hoy Orator of the Platte "
started for the rostrum to make a speech In re
ply to Senator Hill, especially, but really to
speak against all of the gold men and
in support of tbe majority report on the
platform. Mr, Rrynn Is a smooth. faced man of
middle life, nnd Ms dark hair Is long and wavy.
At times he Is as pallid as Senator Hill. Ills
rhetoric and English and his oratorical gestures
were almost superb. He Is a clever speaker,
nnd Is quick to seize and appreciate the points
that will gratify an audience. Ills voice was
clear and resonant and his bearing graceful.
He is the Idol of the silver camp, and If a vote
could have been taken immediately after he
hod finished, he would, without the slightest
doubt, have been nominated for President by
acclamation. Tho Nebraska delegation greeted
their ynnng chieftain by waving bandannas,
the bands In the Convention played their mer
riest tunes, nnd the oheers could not be stifled
except by Mr, Ilyrnn himself. He, too, at last,
as Senator Hill hod done, waved hl hand and
restored order. Mr. Dryan's opening sentence
"We are clad In the armor of a righteous
cause, nnd this Is stronger than the army of
error which Is being led against It."
Mr. Rryan wns not possibly acquainted with
the programme that had been outlined by Sens,
tor Tillman, for he went on to say that at tho
proper time In the Convention a motion would
be offered to lay on the table tbe resolution of
Senator Tillman, which condemned the Clove.
Hnd Administration, Mr, llryan learned of his
n Istaxe later on.
"We wll not bring Inlo the great silver Con
vention personalities," said Mr. Rryan, " for the
reason that Individuals are but atoms, while
principles are eternal."
Mr. Rryan sketched the silver movement
from the day of its Inception in Washington on
March 4, IttOS, and he told how that within
three months from that time the silver men
! V
knew that they were in control of the Demo
cratlo party. He deolared that the work then
done demonstrated that brother was arrayed
against brother and father against father, but
that made no difference whatever. "Old lead
ers have been cast aside," said Mr. Drran. "and
new leaders have sprung up to give direction to
thlscause. I say to you that Individually wecould
have been glad to compliment Senator Hill
and make him temporary Chairman of this
Convention, but our people would never allow
blm to be pnt In a position where he
might attempt to thwart their will. There
Is no hostility to the people of Massachu
setts, but we represent here people who
are their equals before the law. You say to us
tbat we should not disturb your business Inter
ests, and we sny to you that you have disturbed
our business Interests. The man who works
for wages Is ns much a business man as the
employer. The man who keeps a cross-roads
store Is as much a business man as
the merchant of New York. The farmers of our
country areas much business men as the mem
bers of the Board of Trade. We speak for the
smaller class of business men, and not against
the business men of the Allantlo States.
We tpsak for tho pioneers of the wilderness.
Our war Is not one of conquest. We are fighting
in defonoe of our homes and our children. We
have entreated and petitioned and begged and
we have been disregarded and mawked. Wo
will beg no longer. We will petition no longer.
Wo will defy you." Great cheers.
Mr. Bryan's speeoh resulted In one of the
wildest soenes in the Convention. When he
had finished he struggled to get to his place n't
the head of the Nebraska delegation. He
was mobbed by his friends, who wished
to grasp his hand, and meantime
a tremendous outburst of enthusiasm was over
all tha Convention, except where the gold men
sat. At the head of eaoh delegation In tho Con
vention Is the name of tho State suspended to a
The Texans pulled their polei from the floor
of the Convention and marched to where Mr.
Bryan sat. In qulok succession the poles of
South Carolina, Tennessee, Indian Territory,
Kentucky, the Virginias, Wyoming, Utah,
North Carolina, Georgia, Oregon, Kansas,
Colorado, Missouri, North Dakota, Mich
igan, Ixmtslana, Alabama, Arkansas, Mon
tana, Florida, Iowa, Idaho, New Mexico,
Illinois, Washington, Nevada, and Ohio were
uprooted, and the delegates, marclrlng behind
them and shrieking at the top of their
voices, congregated around the Nebraska
delegation, and cheered and howled for
Rryan. The band came in and tbe tumult was
nproarlous. Instantly delegates began to make
polls of their delegations for Bryan for Presi
dent. The shrieking and the bowling went on
all the time, however, and this scene lasted
twenty mlnntes.
Then tbe delegations with their poles marched
all around the hall shouting for Bryan, and
every mother's son who saw tha ecene believed
that the Convention was to be stampeded then
and there for tho "Boy Orator of the Platte."
It was a scene that the silver men will long re
member. It was a scene that touched Mr.
Bryan himself, and at ono time his eyes were
mo uiNonrrr report rejected.
At last order was restored, and Senator Hill
for the minority made the formal motion to
substitute the minority financial plank for the
majority plank, and he called for a roll of
States. The vote was taken, and the silver men
won by OSO to 303.
The States that voted solidly against the mi
nority report were Alabama, Arkansas, Cali
fornia, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois,
Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisi
ana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Mon
tana, Nebraska, Nevada. North Carolina,
North Dakota, Ohio. Oregon, South Carolina,
Tennessee. Texas, Utan, Virginia, West Vir
ginia, and Wyoming, and these Territories:
Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Indian
The States that voted solidly for Senator Hill's
minority report were Connecticut, New Hamp
shire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Wiscon
sin, and the Territory of Alaska.
The States which divided their vote were
Delaware, Florida, Maine, and Massachusetts
(three silver men voted In the Bny State), Min
nesota, Washington, and the District of
Senator Hill then oalled for a roll call on his
amendment which commended the Cleveland
Administration. The vote in opposition to the
amendment was 6B4 yeas to 357 nays. Not vot
ing and absent, 0.
Tbe States which cast their solid vote
against commending the Cleveland Ad
ministration were Alabama, Arkansas, Col
orado, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mis
sissippi. Missouri. Nebraska. Nevada,
North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vir
ginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, and the Ter
ritories of Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma,
and Indian Territory.
Tbe States which voted solidly to endorse the
Cle eland Administration were Connecticut.
Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan. New
Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsyl
vania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont,
Wisconsin, and the Territory of Alaska.
The States which divided their votes on the
question of endorsing the Cleveland Adminis
tration wore California, Delaware, Florida,
Maine, Minnesota, and theDtstrlot of Columbia,
Senator Tillman, after the vote had been an
nounced, got up on bis chair In the South Caro
lina delegation and, addressing Chairman Rich
ardson, said:
"As I understand parliamentary usage, a vote
not to commend Is a vote to censure; but no man
strikes a fallen foe, and I shall not proceed
Senator Tillman called for a roll call
on the majority report of the Committee
on Resolutions. The vote In support of
the majority report was 038 for to 301
gainst. The States which voted solidly
for the sllver-popullstlc-lncome-tax platform
were Alabama, (Arkansas, California, Missis
sippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada,
North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon,
South Carolina, Tennessee. Texas, Utah. Vir
ginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, and the Terri
tories of Arizona, District of Columbia, New
Mexico, Oklahoma, nnd Indian Territory,
The States which voted solidly against the
Convention plntform were Connecticut, Now
Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylva
nia, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont,
Wisconsin, and the Territory of Alaska. Mas
sachusetts cast twenty-seven votes against the
platform and three votes for It.
The other States vhlch divided their votes on
the platform were Dolnwaro, Florida, Maine,
Maryland (twelve votes against It and four for It
In Senator Gorman's Stuto), Minnesota, and
Tha silver men roared with delight when the
result was known, and Senator Jones of Arkan
sas then suggested to his friends that a recess
be taken until 8 o'clock. It was then
nearly 0 o'clock and the Convention
had been In session from 10 o'clock In
tbe morning. It had been a wild scene most of
the time, and Senator Hill's efforts and the
efforts of Mr. Flower, William O. Whitney, and
all the other gold men had proved fruitless.
But nil had made a good fight, and It remains
to be seen what tho gold States will do In the
way of electoral tickets for the platform and
tho candidates of tbjs Convention.
sjpeeehee ef mil, Tillman, and llrjnn
Xlemonstrntlone of Enthusiasm,
Utf the Unltrd JYeu.
Convention Ham, July 0. The third day
of tho great Democratlo Convention opened
with clear skies and bright sunshine. The
usual delay was experienced In getting the pro
ceedings under way. They should have started
at 10 o'clock, but an hour after that time most
of the seats of delegates were still vacant. The
spectators, however, wore present In masses,
and those of tbem who may bare been lovers of I
Irish muslo were entertained by the band, sta
tioned at the back of the plattorm, whloh
played a succession of Irish airs, beginning with
"Minstrel Boy" and closing with "The Harp
That Once In Tara'a Halls." While the band
was playing a troop of delegates from Iowa en
tered, with the red and blue purple bannor of
their candidate, Horace Boles. The Incident
was merely noted by the crowd, but evoked no
At five minutes before 11 Senator White
of California, the permanent Chairman of the
Convention, called the assembly to order and
said that the day's proceedings would be opened
by prayer by the Rev. Thomas E. Greene of
Grace Episcopal Church of Cedar Rapids, la.,
the same clergyman who offered prayer yester
day. In his prayer to-day he asked that the
Convention should be true to Its responsibilities
and brave for Its duties; that tn Its plntform It
should set forth truths founded on the princi
ples of trnth and Jnstloe, and that It will re
dound to the benefit of all the peoplo and the
uplifting of humanity. He also prayed that the
candidate of the Convention for tho Chief
Magistracy of the repnbllo should bo a man
with olean hands and a pure heart: that through
his efforts the people might be lifted nearer to
heaven, and finally that the angels of pesce and
prosperity shall bless the whole land,
inn rr.ATronM read.
Representative Richardson of Tennessse was
called to the Chair. Senator Jones of Arkansas,
Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions,
read the platform as finally adopted by that
committee. The applause called out by the
opening passages was. of a very perfunctory
character, being thrown In whenever tho
speaker paused at the end of a sentence, with
out much regard to the sentiment expressed.
The dlffiodltles of hoarlng In the vast hall were
made plainly apparent, and Mr, Jones's voire
was in very bod condition. At the mention of
free coinage there was a cheer, not very loud or
long, however. A delegate In the rear asked that
this plank be read over again, and Mr. Jonss
The Bailey amendment as to national banks
was substituted for the plank published yester
day. As the reading proceeded It was apparent from
comparison with the platform as yesterday pub
lished that some one hnd gone over and had
amended the grammatical construction of the
sentences In numerous particulars. Even the
denunciation of "government by Injunction,"
supposed to be peculiarly a Chicago Issue, failed
to eliott a response from the gnllertcs, probably
for the reason that Senator Jones's voice bad
become so indistinct that the allusion may not
have been heard.
When the Cuban plank was reached some one
In the front aisle unfurled a Cuban flag and
waved It, bnt this effort at theatrical effect was
promptly suppressed by the Chairman, who
rapped sharply and commanded the Sergeant-at-Arms
to "haul down tbat flag." This was
Immediately done, and the Incident was thus
brought to an Ignominious close.
As he finished tbe reading of the platform
Senator Jones said that at the reonest of a mi
nority of the Committee on Resolutions he
would now present certain amendments that
wera proposed by the minority: also two amend
ments tbat would be proposed by Senator Hill
of New York. All of them would now be read,
after which, by agreement, two hours and forty
minutes would be allowed for debate, one hour
and twenty minutes on each side. He hoped the
Convention wonld listen patiently to what was
to be read and raid.
Tho minority report was thereupon read by
one of the Secretaries of the Convention as fol
lows: iimoniTT REPonT.
delegates, commuting- the minority of the Commutes
on Resolutions, nnd many declarations In the rsporft
of the majority to which they cannot give their as
sent. Soms of these are wholly unnecessary. Some
are 111 considered and ambiguously phrased, while
others are extreme and revolutionary of the well
recognized principles of the party. The minority
content themselves with this general expression of
their dissent without going Into a ipeelflo statement
of these objectionable features of the report of tho
Rut upon the financial question, which engages at
thla time the chief ehare of publto attention, tha
views of the majority differ so fundamentally from
what tbe minority regard as vital Democratlo doo
trlneas to demahd a distinct statement of what they
hold to as the only Just and true expression of Demo
cratic faith upon this Important Isiun, as follows,
which Is offered as a substitute for the financial re.
port of tbe majority:
We declare our belief that the experiment on tbe
part of tbe United Statea alone of free silver coinage
and a change in the txlatlng standard of value inde
pendently of the action of tho other great nations
would not only Imperii our nnancea, but would retard
or entirely prevent the establishment of international
bimetallism, to which tbe efforts of the Oovernuient
should be steadily directed. It would place this coun
try at onco upon a silver basis. Impair contracts, dis
turb business, diminish the purchasing power of tho
wages of labor, and Inflict Irreparable evils upon our
nation's commerce and Industry.
Cntll International cooperation among leading no
tions for tbe coinage of silver can be secured we
favor the rigid maintenance of tbe existing gold
standard asossontlal to the preservation of our no
tional credit, tbe redemption of our publlo pledges,
and tbe keeping Inviolate of our country's honor. We
Insist that all our paper currency shall be kept at a
parity with gold. Tbe Democratlo party Is the party
of hard money, and Is opposed to legal ftender paper
money as a part of our permanent financial system,
and we therefore favor tbe gradual retirement and
cancellation of all United btates notes and Treasury
noti sunder such legislate e provisions as will pre
vent uudue contraction. We demand that the no
tional credit shall bo resolutely maintained at all
times and under all circumstances.
The minority also feel that the report of the major!,
ty Is defective In falling to make any recognition of
the honesty, eoonomy, courage, and fidelity of tho
present Democratlo Administration, and they, there
fore, offer thefnllnwlngdealarallon as on amendment
to tbo majority report:
" We commend the honesty, economy, courage, and
fidelity of the present Democratlo National Adminis
tration." Pavtd B. ntu. New York.
WnAJist F. Vn.ss, Wlsoonsln.
Oxoaos (lRiT. Delaware.
Jous Pnxsnss Pox. Harylaad.
Xavnra W. Daxw, New Hampshire.
a O. noun, Uatne.
. J. FAuutu. Vermont.
lTrsna IUaajsoN, Connections,
DiriD s. Basin, Ithods Island.
TnoisAs A. O. Wkaootx, Mloblgon.
Jambs E. O'Daixn, Minnesota.
Jonx U. Itcasxij, Massachusetts
Robert K. Wkioiit, Pennsylvania.
Wiixuk R. Stxxlx, South Dakota,
Allan McDxkmott, New Jersey.
The amendment endorsing the Administra
tion of Cleveland was read by tbe Seoretary aud
cheered. Mr. Whitney rose with tbe New
York delegation and Joined In the cheering, but
Mr. Hill retained his seat.
The amendments proposed to be offered by
Senator Hill were then read, as follower
1, but It should be carefully provided by law at tbe
same time tbot any change In tbe monetary standard
should not apply to existing contracts.
2. Our advocacy of the Independent free coinage
of sllvet being based on the belief that such oolnarte
will effect and maintain o parity between gold and
silver at tho ratio of sixteen to one. we declare as o
pledge of our slnoerlty that If such free coinage shall
fall to effect such parity within oue year from lta en
actment by law, such coinage shall thereupon be
riTcnrnitK tim.man rpeaks.
The Chairman then announced that Senator
Tillman of South Carolina would now offer an
amendment and would be heard for fifty min
utes. This statement met tho favor of tho au
dience, nnd at 11 :!I0 Scnntor Tillman mounted
the platform amid much npplausn. Ho raid
that he would no more than make partial allu
sions to the Important planks In (lie platform.
He would begin by Introducing himself to the
representative of the Democracy of the United
rlooo s
Are purely CKiHnble, contain bskbsjjs
no drastic cli'iiK, nnd lire easy Ea
to take, easy to opunitc. IJ IS
Houso the ltror, stimulate "
the stomach, cure constipation. 2Cc. The
I oaly 1'UIb to take with Hood's ijarsaparUla.
Ax our Speelal Sal of Suit at $10 and SIB, tee are ptftnry much more than fJVe
tnonr' trorfi.
States, "as I am," he said, "and not ns the ly
ing newspapers havo taught you to think ma."
ICheers. lie hoped they would carry Away
from the Convention a different Idea of "tho
pitchfork man of South Carolina" from that
which they now held. He came from the land
of seoesslon, from South Carolina, f A hlss.l
"Ah," said Mr. Tillman, turning in tho direc
tion from which this came, " there are but
threo things In the world that hiss the goose,
the serpent, and tho man." (Cheers and laugh
ter. Ho did not know whether he could ray be
was a representative of all the Southern States.
Shouts of "Yes" and "No." He had gone
through fourtcon Southern States since April
last announcing n new "Declaration of Inde
pendence," free silver at 10 to 1. Cheers.
Since tho war the South had been Democratlo
nnd last election It was solidly Domncratlo'
Whllo tho South thanked tho Demoo"
racy of New York, Connecticut, and New
Jersey for Its assistance and cooperation
In the past and for Its protection, tho
South hud realized, long since, that Its peo
ple wera but hewers of wood and drawers of
water for the North and East, to which they
were tied In bondage, and were having their
eubstnnce eaten out. The people of the West
had also come to realize for tho last few years
that the conditions of the South and West were
Identical. Hence It was found th.-.t the Demo
cratlo party of tho West was here in almost
solid phalanx to help to rcllovo tho South of
that Incubus. Slight applause.l
henntor Tillman went on to give figures from
the census, by way of comparison. In order to
show how the Eastern States bad gained In
wealth over tho Western and Southern Slate
for tho last decade. He said he knew tbat th
newspapers would not publish his figures, but
ho Mould state them to his hearers. It had
twen asserted yesterday by a delegate from
Masaohusetts (Mr. George Fred Williams) tbat
this wns not a sectional Issue, but he (Mr. Till
man) asserted that It was. IShouts of "No,
no!" "The truth Is mighty and will prevail,"
bo quoted, and went on with his figures. These
figures, be said, proved tho trnth of 'what he
had said, tbat tbe people of the South and West
were nothing but hewers of wood and drawers
of water for tho East, ana that their substance
had been going to the East by reason of tho
financial system and Repnnllcan legislation.
Up to this time Senator Tillman had failed to
stir up any sympathy or enthusiasm, and the
audience began to give evidence of impatience
and disappointment by shouts of "Timet"
"Time!" although he had only occupied twenty
out of bis fifty minutes. This demonstration
plainly Irritated htm. but his anger was still
more aroused when a band In the vestibule be
gsn to play a popular air. The Sergeant-at-Arms
shouted out to some of his subordinates,
"Stop that band," but the muslo went on In
spite of lhoe orders.
"Where," Mr. Tillman asked, as soon as he
could bo heard once more, "where Is New York
now? Cheers. Where Is Its leader?" A silver
delegate: "in tbe soup." This was greeted with
hen Mr. Tillman succeeded In getting an
other spell of hearing he spoke of the news
paper uonunclatlon of himself and his silver
friends as a "lot of howling Dervishes and sil
ver lunatics," and the audience shouted Its ap
proval of that opinion. The men who opposed
nlm four ears ago when he was a candidate for
nomination for the Presidency, he said, "are
now at his back."
" Oh, boll It down," came as an Interruption
from one of the audience, and the whole audi
ence took up the ldeu and shouted o that Mr.
Tillman was forced to be silent for some min
utes. Ihe r-ergeant-at-Arins threatened to clear
the galleries unless order wns preserved, but
the threat waa not of the slightest avail, tho
fact bolng that much of tho uproar and oppo
sition came from the sections where delegates
Proceeding. Mr. Tillman said he knew what
was coming from the Senator from New York,
and simply met It In advance In order to explain
why be shall offer a su bstltuto to the resolution
of Mr. Hill. This speech, he was aware, had no
connection with the platform, but as Grover
Cleveland stood for gold monometallism, and
this Convention had denounced that, for them
to be now asked to endorse Grover Cleveland
was to ask tbem to write themselves down asses
and liars. I Laughter anil cheers. They wero
asLed toonaorsenlshonesty. To tnls he opposed
the fact of Cleveland signing a secret contract,
vlth his own partner as a witness, which gave
$10,000,000 to a syndicate. Cleveland's cour
age had consisted In overriding tbe Constitu
tion, which made both gold and silver the
money of the country. His fidelity was similar
ly ridiculed. Mr. 11111, he said, now appears
here as Mr. Cleveland's sponsor and apologist.
Reread these lines from Byron's "Don Jnau"
and npplled them to the New York Senator:
If. fallen In evil da) s on evil tongues.
Milton appealed to the arenger Timet
If Time, the avenger, execrates his wrongs.
AnU makes tho word ' Mutonlo " mean "sublime,"
lie delguvd not to belle his soul In songs.
Nor turn his Tery talent to o erlme;
He did uot loathe the sire to loud the son.
Hut closed the tyrant-hater he begun.
The point of the quotation failed to reach the
audience, and It fell fiat.
The people of the bouth nnd West, Mr. Till
man continued, are being Impoverished by the
finananclal system, and can't buy the products
of tho Northern factories, and the consequence
Is that theso factories are Idle, and the home
markets, which the Republican party has al
ways clamored for, ore partly or wholly de
stroyed. The farmers of the North and East
are Just as Impoverished as we are, and ure
ready to Join the army of emancipation. Soma
" As to tbo claim of the Republlcanpnrty that
the Democratic party should be turned out be
causo of Its Incompetency," he said. " f want to
read to yon an extract from the speech of it Re
publican Scnntor (Mr. Sherman) three months
ago In tho Senate, in rnmnn-mlallon of the
Cleveland Administration." He then read an
extract from Mr. Sherman's speech, anil said
"That Is a certliicateof Cleveland's Republican
ism, so far as that Is concerned. Shouts of
"Good." Sherman ent over with his Repub
lican gold bugs to Juin Cleveland nnd todecrysll
ver, and now it Is prnposod lo ask the American
peoplo to roonrd tho President for his treachery.
111 the American people turn down the Demo
cratlo party, which has spurned and repudiated
this man's policy? Yes, If you adopt an en
dorsemout or hltn or his Administration, You
dare not go to the people of this country
nnd nek them to support 1 our ticket, no matter
whom ymi nominate, with an endorsement of
Cleveland In your Platform. We of the South
have 'burned our bridges,' so far as the North
Is concerned, and have turned our faces to the
West, asklngonr brothers of the Western States
to unite with us In turning the Government over
to tho condition In which our fathers loft
It, and the West has responded. Hut you
of tho West must get the RonubllLan silver
men of the West and the Populists to endorse
your platform, or you are beaten." He knew
appeals would be mado to thorn by the time
serving politicians not to listen to tho mouth
ings of this South Carolina ranter, but he
warned them that unless they repudiated Cleve
land's Administration they would gu before the
country stultified. "I therefore," hoaald, "offer
ns a substitute this resolution. Now, listen and
be quiet," he added, "If any considerable num
ber of those delegates deny tbe truth of It they
can express It by their votes. But those of you
who know It Is true are culled upon to express
your knowledge by your vote,"
, Mr, Tillman then read his resolution as fol
lows: We denounce the Ailnilnlst ration of President
llevilondaa undemocratic ami tiraunlcal and as a
departure from thone principles which are cherished
by all llbertj.lnvlng Aliiercans. Thereto powerhae
been tried tn thwart the mil of the people as ex.
tin-awl by their rcprrsrniiiUie In Congress. The
appointive power has been ucd to subslillio tho
preiis. tiMlruuuoh Comrresa. and to oreruwo nnd con.
Irol riiiirna lii tlm free rxorrhe of tnelr constltu.
tlonal rights os voters. A plutocrotlo despotism Is
IMUBOUL'ht to be established on the ruins of the re
public. e repudiate the construction i.lncwi on the
financial plonk of tne last Democratic National Con.
eiillon h) President Cleveland aud Secretarv far.
lisle as contrary lo the plain meaning of Kngllth
words, as l-lrg un act of had faith, deserving the
severest censure.
Tho Issue of lionds In time of peace with which to
hur gold In todivni colli obligations parable In silver
or gold, at tli.- option or the Government, ond the use
of the prnvi-cda In defray the ordinary etpensi-s of
iliodo'eriiment, are both unlawful aud usurpations
of authority di serving Impeachment
Clirera nnti IiIs-uh Interspersed the reading,
and Mr, Tillman eald:
"Ono w oid more nnd I will relieve these
howlers, who have come hereon tickets glvun
them, of the disagreeable duty of listening
to me,"
A dolegate from Maine arose nnd called out
"Please explain to Maine," but the Chair ruled
that Mr. Tillman could not be lutrrruptod and
the delegate took his sent. Mr. Tillman went
on to say that the Democracy now had tha plot,
form that tliey wanted. Cheers.
Senator Jones then took the btand to spent, for
the platform as submitted hy the committee
Ills tit st komence. brought ehierlug. He eald he
disagreed with the Senator from South ( Vro.
linaln his statement that this waB a sectional
Issue. He was a Southerner, but he loved the
whole country and was willing to lay down hl
life for It. tWlld cheering.! AS queiuJS "wil!
not sectional, but tnvolvod every country. The j-
Democraoy believed as he did. In liberty and X
union. He believed the whole people should M
stand together. f
Just then David B. Hill moved to the plat- !
form to speak for tho substitute plank, and a b
scene thnt approached In enthusiasm that of yt
last night, when New York cast her 78 votes for
the minority report of the Credentials Commit
tee, began. Dolegates stood on chairs and
waved bats, fans, nnd Handkerchiefs. Mr.
Whitney roso with the rest, and the sight of his
erect figure brought many to their feet. Tho
galleries seemed to rise as a man, and the
waving sea or hats, newspapers, and everything
at hand that could bo made oonsplouous rose
and fell nil over tho ball. The attempts of
the Chair to still the tumult were unavailing,
and. although most of tbe delegates resumed
their scats aftor -.everal minutes of cheering,
the galleries would not be quiet, and yelled and
shouted with hearty good will. All this time
the object of the demonstration stood calm and
cool, facing hisenthuslastla friends. He showed
no feeling and glanced straight ahead. Then
gradually tho tumult ended and finally silence
Mr. Hill began In slow and dlstlnot tones.
He did not, ho said, propose to pursue the course
of the Senator from South Carolina, Ho would
nor at the outset, " 1 am a Democrat, but I am
not a revolutionist." Cheers. It was a waste
of time on the part of the Senator from South
Carolina to assume that tbe Convention was
Ignorant of the fact that that Bute had at
tempted to break up the Democratic party In
18U0. But the party lived to-day, and be hoped
It would live forever. Cheers. "My mission
here to-day." 6enator Hill oontlnned, "Is
Jo unite, not to divide applause to
build up, not to destroy renewed ap
plause to plan for victory, not o
plot for defeat. Cheers. I know tbat I speak
to a Convention which, as now constituted, does
not agree with the views of the State which I
specially represent on this occasion. Bat I know,
too, that you will 'hear me for my cause.' New
J ork makes no apology to Soutn Carolina for
her attitude. Applause. We take ourDsmoc
racy from our fathers. We do not need to learn
It from the State which my friend represents.
Laughter. Need I remind this Demooratlo
National Convention that the great oltr of New
Y ork never gave a Republican majority. When
other cities have failed to respond. New York
was the Gibraltar of Democracy. Cheers.
"The question which this Convention Is to de
cide Is: What Is the best position to take at
this time on tbe financial question? Inn word, 1
the question presented is between international 8
bimetallism and local bimetallism. If there are
any different points In It. they are not repre
sented either In the majority or In the minority
report. I therefore start out with thla proposi
tion, that the Democratic party stands to-day in .
favor of gold and silver as the money of the E
country; that It stands tn favor neither of a
sliver standard nor of a gold standard, but tbat
we differ as to tho means to bring about
the result. Those whom I represent and
for wboin I speak the sixteen minority
members of tho committee Insist that
we should not attempt tho experiment
of the free nnd unlimited coinage of
silver without cooperation of other great na
tions. It is not a question of patriotism. It'ls
not a question of courage. It is not a question of
loyalty, as the majority platform speaks or it.
The minority has thought it was simply a ques
tion as to whether we wero able to enter on this
experiment. It Is a question of business. It is
a question of finance. It Is a question of eco
nomics. It la not a question which men, ever
sp brave, can solve, I think. Mr. President, that
the safest and best course for this Convention
to have pursued was to take the first step for
ward in the great cause of monetary reform
by declaring In favor of international bimetal
lism. Applause.
"I am not here to assail the sincerity of a
single man who differs with me. There are
thoso aroand me who know that In every con
ference on this subject I havo treated tho
friends of the free and unlimited coinage at tho
ratio of IS to 1 with respect. 1 am hero to pur
sne that course to-day. I do not think that wo
can sorely Ignore the monetary system of other
great nations. It is a question about which
honest men may differ. I believe that we can
not Ignore the attitude of other nations on this
subject any more thnn wo can ignore
tholr attitude on other questions of the
dR5 . J1?0 Jhnt " ' "Id by en
thusiasts friends that America can mark out a
course for herself. 1 know that that idea ap-
r-ala to the pride of the average American, but
beg to remind you that If that suggestion bo
carried out to lta legitimate conclusion you
might as well do away with our International
treaties, with our commercial treaties. You
might as well do away with nil the nrovislons 1
In your tariff law that have relation to the laws
or other countries. In this great day when we "
are connected with all portions of the earth by
our shins, by our telegraph cables, and by all
the methods of Intercourse, we think It unwise
to attempt this alone. I think It unwise, farther,
for the Convention to hazard this oontest on a
single ratio.
" What does this majority platform provide ?
The Convention could have contented Itself
with the single statement that it was In favor
of the remonetlzatlnn of silver and placing it on
an equality with gold. But Instead of that your
committee has recommended In addition a plat
form which makes adhesion to a single ratio
10 to 1 the test of Democratlo lorattv. I doubs
the wisdom of entering Into details. I doubt tho
propriety of stating that a ratio of 16Utol or
of 17 to 1 Is a heresy, and that a ratio of 16 to 1
Is the only true Democratlo doctrine. I see be
fore me distinguished Senators, friends of free
silver, who have Introduced In the Senate of
the United States bills for the free nnd unlim
ited coinage of silver at the ratio of SO to
1. I beg to remind this Convention that same
of the candidates who are proposed for nomina
tion -men whom I respect and whose honesty I
admit have voted time and time again In Con
gress for other ratios than 10 to l. And yet you
are here to nominate your candidate on a plat
form which limits and restricts the position of
the Dem.-cracy to one single ratio. With all
due respect I think It an unwlsoatep. I think
It an unnecessary step. Ithlnk it will return to
plague us In tho future. I think wo have too
many relations with other great nations of tbo
world for ns to Ignore their attitude.
" Your proposed platform says that the poller
of gold monometallism Is a British poller. Its
authors forget to tell the people of the country
thatlt Is aFrench policy also. Tbeyforgetto tell
the people of the country that It Is a German
poller also. They fall to remind you that It Is A
Spanish policy also. They fail to tell you thnt
It Is the policy of the wholo number of Govern
ments represented tn what Is callpd the Latin
Union, therefore. 1 think It looks a little. Just
a trifle laughter, like deroogogulsm to sny
that that Is tho policy of a single nntlon alone.
" Mr. President. I regret also to say tbat your
platform contalnsnnt one single worrlln favor of
International bimetallism. It would not hnve
been necessarily inconsistent with tho platform,
but there Is no declaration whatever that It Is
the policy of the Government to attempt to
bring It about. The minority platform declares
expressly that It Is the policy of the Government
tp make efforts to bring bimetallism about:
that It wonld bo safer to do It: that It would be
wiser to do It. and that we would run no risk on
the great question of tho flnanoes of this re
public, " I do not Intend, tn tho brief time allotted to
me, to enter Into any elaborate argument of this
question. I assume that this Convention de- a
sires, as the people of tho country desire. ft
that every alher dollar coined shall 5m the
equal of every other dnllor coined, ICheers
I find no words In this platform In favor of the!
maintenance of the parity of the two metals. I
find no suggestion of what Is tn bo done In rase A
the experiment falls. Everything Is risked on f
the mero fact that silver shall he given free
currency at the mint. In my humble opinion,
the very policy which Is condemned In this plaN
form Is the policy thnt has kept your greenback
currency and ynursllver dollars at a parity with
gold during tho past years. Cheers. You
think that times ond conditions have chanced.
e think that you cannot Ignore Ihe fact of the!
grent production of silver In this country and
thnt the cost of Its production has fallen
greatly. That la a very pregnant fact- which
rnnfrnnta all the wnrld-thnt the rnst of silver
production hat been reduced nonrlyone.half.
If the American people were brave were
courageous. If they had the spirit r.f' '70. as
this platform savs, would thoy. simply nnd
alone make copper the equal of gold.ormako
lead the equal of gold ? If bravery. If mural"
can produce these results, then It can niakn anv
metal a money metal. Rut I tell you It Is a,
quest on of economics: It Is a question of flnaii
fi".1.1' fiV.'iJ '" lUMtlnnor resources, and "n
that it Is the Judgment of the minority of th"
rnmin tteo that the safest cotirso lit,.
lk hn first treat tr tn f5vnr of ,n.
icrnatlonal bimetallism, and to stop ther"
I know It has lieo-'nld thnt In
some particulars this plank In the minority
platform agrees with thnt of our Republican I
Children Cry for t
Pitcher's Castoria. 1
r .

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