Newspaper Page Text
HH - 6 THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 12. 189&. iH
HHWHWHWHWaEV , - - -- IIVhYhT
BfA NOVEL DESIGNS IN MUGS.
Hl I FACES, SCENES, AND t'AltlED IE-
HHB-Vj t I ICES OF UEItALDItT.
HHHrHl ) Blanmrck Portrait Mu-tliMll Cameo
IiHHJh j DcalKna of the tVedKwoort Works
DHhTHJ llsllssk Cups with llsmlrtle Devlces-
1 Freaks of the Klla-The Colonial Uur.
WKiTi Whit Is there About ft beer mug which mnkes
LUHl HmkCs " ' attractive ia the average man, even to him
HkRk wl10 neT"r PlorBB " Interior? Whydocol-
HBiarVS; leotors, who never put them to practical use,
hVBmHbP1 gather "steins" with their quaint Herman In-
HHnbasEKi scrlptlons, anil bane them on the walls of their
aaaaVsHrtf dens? How can we account for tho fact that
aV'rwlli ""-men of refined taste, who would discourage
Hll Jj; ne use nt spirituous beverages, frequently
'tl jlV' select beer mum as cifts for their men
LH kI It' acquaintances ? These questions may be an-
2;H 'i if1' swered by another: Why do potters place upon
Hji'i; -'"(-- theo objects the most pleasing decorations and
LVli'lii1 model them most curiously and fascinatingly?
Hv(rM No other article that Is made of clay seems to
HHlK H- '. present such unlimited opportunities farartlstlo
Bfl H ?' 'treatment as does Hie beer mug. Tho sire Is con-
Hf ; ;v Tenlsnt to handle; tho surface Is well adapted
IBfl ,' H' ,5' to receive almost any stylo of ornnmenta-
HHE Ir 35 tloni and tlle finished piece can be made a thing
HHi ' If' ' ' I"'' if not of utility, that may bo sus-
HHl II' pended from a peg, or set on a shelf, or placed In
gVaTf ' IP ' nny one ' B cora f positions to fill some nnoo-
HHf 'If I' cupled corner, where It will please the eye. And
K ' Ifo what Is there mora satisfying to the lover of
R ' IJ pottery than series ot mugs which have been
H I i ''' brought together from many lands, represent-
HJ J) '' Ing the ccramlo arts of different periods T
HYc ' Ik I Pitchers and vales, oandlestlcts and teapots are
hVj ' Pft I well enough In their way, but they do not seem
H fi ' to satisfy tho doslre for odd and curious effects
Hf 'I i i' ssdo these drinking vessels of clay.
Hjff i I ;'-f Beer mugs are produced constantly In novel
U 1 : '-! 4tslgns. Never was there a time when mnnu-
aHlv t r
HBBJI ri ? tiik nkwest nisuAncK Men ix roncEr.jti.sr.
HL'Vif ', factarers turned cut suoh a bewildering pro-
Kvf I ') '.' fusion of beer-mug devices as they do now.
gBjl ;' "i Almost everything Imaginable, from & boot to
j-Kf I ? 'i n Emperor, has been coded In form by the
cMfJ ', , mug makers, and on the plainer shapes of ves-
BSSrf " tels poetry and quotations have been tran.
hT''B ' i scribed, and cameo reproductions from the
HErSf ,' antique have been carved.
SIS 1 L- f pub" men Bismarck perhaps has been the
BrsK ' r- most popular with the modellers. Ills charac-
HA'K 'li' terlstlo features may be recognized In a series
HNaV- :'-- of designs through a gradual evolution from a
RBt' , ;. turnip caricature to a lifelike portrait. A year
H Mb Th ago anAmericantravellinglnEuropenoticedon
Ki P' tne lop ,llflf of a"tt'e shop in a (Jerman city
&H i mh n excellently sculptured head of the German
Hjptl nji statesman which was mode entirely of porce
K'Jw ii, ''" uelmHt llcl an1 al1, no metal being visible
KM LIT "lTC "' tnQmb llft above the handle. This
La 'ill IK was a novelty at the time, and was brought back
""J H'r to the I'nitea States, the flrst to reach this coun
SlW Hr try. Jut soon afterward the design commenced
M B? to, be imported by the enterprising American
if f lR,'. -f',eltr nd recently It has appeared in the
jtt- ""' , -rgerAn'rrlcan cities In considerable numbers.
w 8f i f both in lvorv tint and In Delftblnecolorlng.and
'SjjB j. 'i of two sizes known as the quarter and half lltro
SfB , d ti- measures.
fym ' & TheEtrurla Pottery In Englnnd. established
5'' ; ;; tir the famous Joslau Wedgwood In the lost
'J? Vll'K.lll BLUE ASD WniTE WEDOVIOOD UVO.
I ?3?K7 1 century, still reproduces the classical cameo
. ?j:E:, t deslirns whloh made Wedgwood's name synony-
rj feB'' P' mous with the highest development of the put-
t mi &'' ter's art, and lately some of these have been ap.
' 7 Kl 'mt ')' piled to the surfaces of beer mugs. These relief
I l ( &- decorations, usually In white on a colored
1 " Kround dark blue, light blue, sage green, and
ittjr' ' iS other tints arc clean cut and chaste, and the
"WJkIs f M form nn which they are placed are plain and
WrM ' Olecant There Is no other ornamentation to
'."JBrl J . d nactfrom the beauty of the cameo effect.
fl'B i ' fe Among other recent products in mugs and
I W( ' fy loving cup are some flnu Belleek designs of tho
rf 'Wfll' Oos works of Stoke-on-Trent, which are en-
lr 'm'fh' ' lr,,,y different from other wares, and can be
Mf m'-Uf! feadlly jcognl7ed wherever seen. In the cm-
i"- f'Bfar belllhhment of these Mr. Goss has appealed
mt't principally to the patriotism of the Ilrlllsh poo-
Wlilfe pie Vy employing the armorial hearings of the
Hftl'K nobility, tho national arms and colors. On a
.' EiF'S'.'' lsrgx tlirre-handlcd lovlns cup ho has used the
8KIJWJ arms of the Queen. .Sir Walter llulelvli. anil the
jPE-JijJs Banl of Avon: nn another the royal nrms of
1 faHLJE bcotlantl, the coat nfarmnof the poet Burns
' ? BSl nd of Sir Walter Scott. The WoMi peoplo are
'JtfJiEfi' represented oil a third bearing the arms of
mC 'l! nKti.KKK r.ova cur.
WlIiv.M'' Ubowlng the irmi of Queen Victoria. Blr Walter
: Kfl,v Italelgh, 0f Slmlceipearo,
Key,!' Wales, of I'rlnro Uonelvn. and of Owen Olyn-
Kf r hm Awr. all beautifully enamelled In their proper
,iVfH.' rotors. But all nf .Mr. Urnrn's designs are not of
Is I I if I a heraldic ihuracti'i'. Some of tuem bear lilu-
'It'll 41 nilnalcd Insrrlptlon In antluui) lettering, such
Htftl ill a this quotation on a two-handleil cup:
i V'HlWl Ooinot hnlfi--ay tu mceto n co nlriK Sorone,
i V-Hrlvl lint Uisukriil hi e for hleKfclnifHor to iiuy
mHlJHI And pritr that tliou nir.eht ile-e 1 be to morrnwe,
' iViLMi bohHlt thou tfoe with Jny upun tl wo),
I VMKt Curious effects nre produced (.oiiiptlinrs In the
I .HI I procoi's of burning iHittery. I have heard or
; .-ffiiJBJI I an American potter who nn onoocrasluii found
iii i (St Wt
BlBBli 1.0VINO CUP WITH THE AIIUS or NCOTLANP,
VI BB nOUERT BUI1N8, AMI Silt WAI.TEIl SCOTT.
BSaBB9 that Ills ware when taken from the kiln had
I M met with a strange mishap and unaccountably
Illllll had assumed a mot (antaMlo appearance. The
.BhU t'Rect was mi peculiar that the pieces met with a !
Blal ready sale at lilgli prices, and Micro arose ndc.
IIKl II mamt far more of the same sort: but thu pro.
Ws II prlrtor was unable to prralute it again,'
jjll, slnte be aid not understand how the
p H freak occurred, and being unwilling to admit I
Bj H1 1 i that tbs effect was purely accidental, he ex-
I plained thai he would not continue the experi
ment on account of the ?reat expense of the
process. Such an aocldent appears to have hap
pened recently at the Haddonfleld, N. J pot
tery, where n lot of decorated stoneware mugs,
which should have come out crnv, were found,
when taxon from the kiln, to tie of a beautiful
deep, uniform orange color. Tho effect, whloh
was most pleasing, was due, probably, to Imper
fect burning, yet it would bo lmposslhlo to re
produce It Intentionally.
I I i'ijwijfl ft "ira'i,s sr,w 1 I
!J1W;lJuUc tfj&nkfct bft
A f'Tiipran tb&t tdennilfOt
YifS bljt6 Ut to-morcut L
jr,rWblU tl)0tt n)dtlHii!l'? .
V,! upon trjp WS1 K
4'" I., I. .. M jJ
lNRCIllhKli run-IIAMll.KII III.I.l.r.KK Min.
A now form of beer mug which has Just ap
peared Is a modification of thu old colonial style
ot water pitcher, usually known to collectors as
Liverpool ware, which In the last centmy wcro
abundant In this country nn well as In England,
and are still somettmos found, with their black
prints nf patriotic subjects, memorials nf Gen.
Washington, Masonic emblems, and milling ves
sels. Tho shape Is characteristic and the out
lines are extremely graceful. The example hole
figured is decorated under tho glare with paint
ing of a hop vino on one side and tho factory
A "ntEiK" i rn in vntxnw stoneware.
IIallonncli1, N. J.
mark, with tho flame points Indicating the data
of fabrication, enlarged on tho front. Encir
cling the top and bottom is tho appropriate
A pit of beer, with a Jolly unnR,
Helps a king to worr along.
This form li particularly well ndnpted for re
ceiving thu portrait nf Revolutionary heroes,
aud already an uxcellont head of Washington
has been palmed nn one examtilonf this pnt
torn, which has recently been placed In the
Pennsylvania .Mtn-euin. Philadelphia. Other
portraits, painted In the best t)leof undergla7e
work bv tho foremost nrtlsts "f the factory, will
soon follow, but none w 111 he duplicated. Every
thing considered, the "Colonial " mug. with Its
simple outlines, delicate tinting, and nrtlstlo
treatment. Is, perhaps, a most satisfactory
Jjps A Kmf
achievement The lids and bands are delicately
chased and In perfect harmony with the artlstlo
qnallty of the ware itself.
The metal lids are often embellished with re
lief mouldings of flowers nmt rich chanlng,
while the thumb knobs are modelled In the form
of rosettes, blossoms, or the heads of animals.
And so. It is seen. American potters are keeping
pace with tho beer-mug makers nf Europe in
tho creation of original designs, and arc surpass.
Ing them In the artistic excellence nt decorative
treatment. Euw in Ati.ee Bakiieii.
The near. TlRra, and Other Animals of
the Hldewalk uud hhow Window.
The kangaroo Is the latest animal to be
mounted for use ns a -howpiece and sign. Kan
garoos ore bought by furriers, shoo dealers, and j
dealers in shoemakers' supplies. A wallaby, a I
smaller species of kangaroo, whose kln is used
as a fur as well as for leather, oan be bought
mounted forSIS toS20; a giant kangaroo for
$30 to $50, according to size aud quality.
The bear Is tho animal which has been tho
longest In use for show purposes, and It I still
the standard: It is the most deslrablo of the
mounted nnlmals and the most showy for the
money. A full-sized black bear, mounted in
any position, standing or walking, can be I
bought for $50 tn S100. according to quality.
The taxidermist, nt whoso establishment mount
ed animals may be bought, gets black bears
from this Stato and from Canada, nnd the sup
ply Is still sufficient for tho demand.
Black bear cubs mounted are put to various
uses other than as show figures and signs. They
are mounted standing and holding a card tray
for the recoptlon of cards. A cub card holder
costs about '!'. Cubs, htandlng, nro mounted
as umhrelln stands. Tho cub holds in Its fore
paws a ring in which thu umbrellas aro placed,
and they drip Into a big shell placed nt tho bear's
feet. A black cub umbrella stand co.ts tho
same as a cub card holder. Bear cubs are also
mounted, standing, as lamp holders, nnd sell at
S'JS to $50 without the lamp. Simietlnu-s little
benr cubs are mounted as buxlng figures, with
boxing gloteson their forupaws.lt may ho to
stand indoors In a fur store or behind tho bur in
sporting saloon. A pair of boxing cubs costa
S'Jfi to S.'lO.
The grizzly bear Is rarer aud more expensive.
Mounted grizzlies cost from IH.T) to guoo.
according to size and quality, A fine, full
sized grlzrlv bear, mnuntid, either stand
ing or walking, would cost S'JOO. Such a bear,
standing, would be about eight feet high. The
grizzly is usually mounted In that position.
There are few grlzrly rub, and these are usu
ally mounted In groups with the parent bears.
A group comprising a initio and a female griz
zly aud two cubs would sell for $400 to ?."00.
Polar bears, which am brought from Green
land and Alaska, sell mounted at S100 to S'.'oo.
They nro mounted InvarlrniK positions, standing
and walking, ami on artificial leu or rocks. A
small polar hear mounted standing, and noon
rollers so that It can he easily muted atMiut,
holds In Its fore nnws, horizontally, a short polo
or rod upon which fur gurments or other artl
cies may be show n.
The tiger Is an indoor showpiece. It doesn't
stand the Kim and rain like thu bears, hut with
exposure to the wealhei It. i luini'r color nnd
bleaches out, and tho hide cracks and splits.
The tiger Is generallv mourned In a tierce atti
tude. In a position of attack, or with its claws
upon Itsprev. Tlielargist Bengal tlgi r, mniint
ml. sell nt 815(1 to S.I0U. Tho llnest of tiger
skln. lioimrr, iirethn-eof tho Moiigullun tiger.
Tliosu are made into rng. A Hue. poifuct.
largo skin n( a Monwillan tiger would
b worth S.'llii) simply fur the skin: mado
Into a rug it would tell for S500. A
good leopard can 'bo bought, mounted, for
$?."! a Jaguar lor W1. Thu most tostly of
furriers' showpleoea Is the lion. A good, old
lion with a line, big inaiio would bring S500,
and lions are haul to get at that, l.lous with
small niuncb nio comparatively plenty; a fair
linn can bo bought for $1100 and a lioness for
gl.'.O. homelliuea nrtlllclal linns nro made by
putting u mane nntliu skin of a lioness; Mich,
nrtlllclal lions can be, bought for SIM), and no.
lHidy but an expert rnuld tell the dillurencB.
Tho llim Is genernlly used as an Indoor piece; It
does not wear well out of doors.
Thoorang-outani' Is mounted, standing, ns a
hntlera' showpiece. It Is generally lined In
doors, and Is in ail o to hold a Imi. Seals, both
fur nnd hair seals, aro mounted for furriers uud
All the fur-bearing animals are used as show,
pieces. Tho smaller nnlmals. used chiefly In.
doors, are often mounted singly, hut oftener In
groups, and In positions of attack or holding
prey or carrying prey to their ynung. In a
mountain linn group for cxntnple tho she Hon
is shown carrying prey to her cubs. Among
other nnlmals mounted an t-hou pieces aro
wolves and wolverines, monkeys. Including the
long-haired Egyptian moukes mounted In
groups, tiger cuts, foxes, lnue. and otters.
Amounted snulrrel can be liought for SS.a
inlnlt for 1 to ?."), opnrsiims and raccoons nt Sd
to 38 each, foxes tor il-J, und, liko the bear
cubs, foxes are mounted uUnus umtirellustauds
and card holders.
I ASPHALT VAVEXBXT.
Facta Abotit the Practical Use' of is Bob.
atanee that la n Mysterj to Otologists.
lYom the Buffalo Exprtai.
Asphnltum Is one of the mysteries of science.
Geologists nnd chemists differ widely as to Its
origin, and all sorts of fantastlo theories havo
been advanced regarding It. In America It Is
generally held that it Is olosoly related to coal
und petroleum, A French scientist who has In
vestigated the limestone Impregnated with
asphalt In Sicily claims that the formation Is
duo to largo masses of shellfish which In somo
way wore crushed, burned, nnd then pressed In
the surface, tho Bhell of tho fish making the
limestone and the rest ot the flsh making tho
As mysterious as asphaltnm Is Pitch Lake In
tho Island of Trinidad, the principal source of
tho asphaltnm which has bcon used to blanket
over 13,000,000 square yards of strocts In this
country, This lake, or pot, Is only 1111 acres In
area, yet It has yielded up many hundreds of
thousands of tons of nsphaltum. No matter
how much It dug out tho excavation Is refilled
with tho curious substance In two or threo
wooks, and thus It Is that tho level of Pitch
Lake Is never lowered.
A mulo nnd a cart can travel over the asphalt
lake, but thcro nro soft spots In which tho ani
mal would sink If it stood still. The teinporn
titfO of tho nsphaltum In this natural and Inex
haustible, reservoir Is normally n llttlo above
tho temperaturo of the atmosphere, but thero
aro Indications all over the Island that at some
time, nges nnd ages ago. Pitch I.nko boiled over
anil tho liquid nsphaltum covered tho Island,
It Is found in crevices nnd depressions, but this
"overflow" nsphaltum Is not used for street
pavings, for t lie forest fires which have swept
the Island havo destroyed tho valuo of the
material and new furcpth hao crown over It.
'1 ho overflow also formed lodges of asphnltum
on tho sencoast, and the wonderful wearing and
lasting properties of tho material nro proved by
tho unnltured condition ot the ledges which pro
ject Into the ncenn nnd are pummelled and ham
mered constantly by tho w at es.
Tho asphaltum Is dug nut with mattocks nnd
picks, loaded Into buckets, nnd taken directly
to the tessel of nn overhead cablewny. Tho
wharf Is nboutn mile from thu lako. and the
buckets aro dumped Into ton v ns-cl'R hold. The
nsplinlttim Is taken to New York nnd other ports
and there rellncil, for crtido nsphaltum cannot
boused In paving otrtots
Tho rcllnlng process Is one of slow application
of heat and precipitation, nnd three tuna of tho
material aru required to make two tons of ro
llned nsphnlt. 1 ho product Is put Into barrels
and shipped to the p.ivlng companies.
By means nf mncnlnery speiially adapted to
thu purpnso the asphaltuui is placed In thu great
melting tanks, where It Is incited down. As
constant agitation la necessary, a number nf
Jew of comprp-sed air are Introduced nnd thu
liquid nsphaltum ltlrrd in all parts.
A certain proportion of the residuum nf petro
leum is put Into tho asphaltum to act as n flux
and melt tho substancuat a lower tcmpeinturo
than it would otherwise melt. The purpo'-o of
this Is to save all nf theolls in the nsphnllum,
which are volatile at high tempeintures. This
mixture when dune. Is culled the "paving
On tho other side of the yards are large,
revolving drums, in which sharp, clean sand Is
heated to about 1100 degrees of temperature.
This sand, bv an elevator, is delivered Into a
storage bin itbovu wiial is called an "nsphnlt
mixer." Between tho storage bin and thn
mixer Is a measuring bin. which holds Jut tho
right charge of sand for tho mixture. A lever
releases the sand and it falls Into tho mixer.
Thero Is then added a certain proportion of
powdered carbonate of lime, and then u meas
ure of the asphalt cement Is filled at tho tanks
and moved lo the mechanical mixer on a trolley
and dumped Into the mass.
The mixer has a number of Iron nrms revolv
ing at u very high speed, and It thoroughly com
bines the nppnnit cement, mind, and carbonate
of lime. A movement of a lever dumps the
material, which Is called a "street inlxtuie."
Into a cart waiting beneath, and thu mixture is
then taken to the street to lw paved.
'1 he preliminary work of paving a street with
asphalt begins on the -ubgrade of thosireut.
This Is carefully graded to within eight nnd a
half Indus of the proposed llnished Mirface. If
thero arti any sporgy or suft places in the Mib
grade. or If a trench has lecently been made,
the liKisudlrt Is dug up and freh earth is tilled
lu and well rammed down, ai.d theiitheeu
tlr roadbed Is rolled with n twelve-ton roller.
Upon this foundation a six-inch lied of hy
draulic cement concrete Is laid, mode of hvdrnu
lic cement, clean, sharp sand, and broken stone.
This concrete Is well rammed, and after It baa
"set" It N ready for the blanket nf'nphalt.
It Is absolutely necessary thnt this concreto
bed ahould Ih tioneatly laid and that the speci
fications should be faithfully carried out, for If
this concrete bed Is ma well laid tho wearing
sur'ace of the roadway will toon betray the
loose character of the hidden work.
The wearing surface Is made of asphalt,
usually laid in two course the "cm-hlnn." or
"binder." and the "surfaee"coat. 'I he nephalt
street mixtuiu Is brought to work at a tempera
lure of t,VU or .100 degrees. The cushion tout
may be from one-half to one inch thick, and thu
1 surface coat la thick euouitli to umke thoenliro
sheet of asphalt two and one-half inches thick.
'I he hut mixture la dumped Into the street,
nnd the workmen, with hot rakes, spread It
evenly from curb lo curb. Iron tampers and
smoother", also heated, finish theburfnic, w Inch
is then rnilid with a hand roller, then with a
flv e-ton, and last w Ith a ten-ton roller.
'I he street mixture contains from 1:1 to SO per
cent, of n-phnlllc cement, from S'J to 05 per
cent, of clean selected sand, and from j to 15
lie- cent, of pulTeri7ed carbonate of lime. Be
fore the heavy rollers are ttas-M,l over tho sur-
face coat a Mnail amount of hydraulic cement
! Is swept over the mrfnee, nnd It is thoroughly
I pressed into tho street mixture by the heavy
For vears the great objection to asphalt street
pavements was due. to tho fact that it rnuld not
be repa.red with an Invisible "patch." .Many
times an asphalt pavement la dug up by r-ewer
builders, or for the purpose of laving gas or
vvatir pipes The asphalt blanket was c tit open
with axes, nnd after the sewers or pipes had
been laid the trench was lllud up und a new'
coat of asphalt was laid on.
But it was Impossible to incorporate the new
with the old Itliout leaving scars, ridges or de-pii'i-lotis.
If thu day was cold when the re
pairs were mado the old surface was In a con
tracted condition, w hllo the now- surface, being
heated, was considerably expanded In a few
days the patch wna below the surface, and every
vvngon that riilltd over It deepentd tho hollow.
In hot summer weather thn expansion of the
surrounding pavement had a tendemy to push
the new patch up, and a ridge was made.
But thu Invention of tho surface heater gave
tho asphalt people the best end of tho nrgiiment.
This heater Is the delight of the small boy. He
follows It wherever It appears, fascinated by
the (lames which pour out of tho burners. The
boater is n horiontnl tank containing gasoline,
on Iron wheel-, with a low hood projecting from
miller the tank aud placed a fen Indies nbovo
the street surface.
I'nderthe aslmstos sheet of the hood n series
of burners direct tho flames upon the nsphnlt.
An nlr pump on tho gasoline reservoir tnires
the gasoline to tho burners, where It comes In
contact with the heat and lit onco turns into
eras. Tho healer weltflix Trill ootittili nml I-
pushed over tho pavement. In the practical
operation of repairing thu heater Is placed over
thn space to hn repaired and thn heat Is turned
loose. In n short llmo tho entire surface of tho
pavement undor tho hood la softened and Is
then removed with a hoe. Only enough of the
old surface Is removed to Fecure a clean, fresh
surface Fresh asphalt mixture Is then laid
over tho clean, hot surface, and the new and
old immediately become as nuu. Tim patch Is
raked, trumped, nnd rolled until It Is level with
the surface, mill In n few days tho Joints of tho
patch havo disappeared.
ALI.ICIAIOU REX UK.
They Ilnn't llnvr Much llelore They Are lOO
Tear Old, and '1 lieu Tliey HurnrUu You,
hem Iht ,Vric OrU um 7unr-Pfjrturtut.
"Do you know," fald Co!. Ben Citsnn, leaning
back in his chair, " that alligators are tho most
nITeotlonato creatures on earth? It'safact. And
tho sense they havo! They're wonders. They've,
not mora sense than n dog. How do I Know y
Haven't I educated 'em? Ain't thero nn alliga
tor lit) j ears old In Bus Allemand Bavouthot
would work his tall to the bono .or mo If I asked
him to? Say you makn mo tired, What nro
on laughing nt? You get a gallon of molnssus
and along-necked botlluund I'll slum-sou how
hi taiiiH alligators. It's the easiest thing on
cai Ih, They're so nlTcclimmtc.
"tin .In mi aa, lMh.5. 1 vveul to lies Allemnnd
Bayou fishing, A negro named Baptiatc I'm tier
hud Just caught an alligator lull vcaisold. I
could tell by tho rings around him, You can't
train a young alligator. That's funny, nlu't It
I naked Baiulslulo sell him to me. I paid him
S4,ll5, uud .Urn, thul'a the ulllgator'a ntiue. was
mine, I put nchnin around his neck. I'lieii I
golinun loug-uucked battle, tilled It Willi mo.
asses, und walked up to hllii. Ho opened his
Jaws to nab me. That was my chance, I
shoved thu neck of tho boitlo in Ids mouth,
lust back of Ids ears, where an alligator
has no teeth, I tilted thu hotllo up, Jim
lasted the iiioae and begun wagging
his tall. Ho hroko llaptlslo's ieg, but that
was an accident. Ho was us gentle tu a
setter dog from tho nilntito ho tasted tho mo
lasses. I Ittught hliiiu lotof preltytricks how
to catch lllis. how to stand on his tall, how to
chew tobac co. Finally 1 harnessed him up to a
boat. He looked around at mo to seu what I
wanted, I reached over the sldeof the boat and
pushed him a little. Thru ho understood. OIT
ho went When 1 pulled on tho rope I hud
around his iu-ck he was nonplussed for a min
ute, ho' i i soon caught on. and now when I go
to lie- e'miiid'B 1 never havo to biro anybody
In Pun mi canoe. Jim attends to currying
inc am v imn I want to go,
"Sin ilo von kiinivJliu Is as glad to sco mo
whenever I pass that way ns If ho wus u relative
of mine. Whin's that? Of courro it's the
truth. Ask BiiPtlste. Ho takes cure of Jim for
me while 1 am in Now Orleans."
LINCOLN'S KINDLY WAYS.
JtECOKZECrXOXS OF A TTOXAX XTUO
novo u t ms a in.
Ilia Klmiile, Direct Conversation nnd IIUTJo.
adorned Cottrteay nt n White Ilonee Din
ner I'nrtv Mrs, lljrer..TennlnES' Flret
l'nhtuhed Account ' Her Call Cnonlllra.
In October, 18114, I went from Falrmount,
Mo., to Washington city. In behalf of Daniel
Hnydon of Scotland county, who had bcon
captured nt Helena, Ark., fifteen months bo
fore, nnd was confined In tho old Alton, 111,,
penitentiary, which had been turned Into a
On tho train I mot Col. Thomas Tnrncr of
Kreoort, 111., and col. Hancock of Chicago,
Prosldent of tho Board of Trndo. Col. Turner,
who was a long-time friend, Informed rao that
thoy were going to Washington on a delightful
mission, Tho Union League of Chicago had
passed complimentary resolutions In fnvor nf
Mr. Lincoln, upon hlsrunomlnntlnn, nnd theso
two men had been chosen by tho leaguo t
present them In person to tho President,
We arrived In Washington on tho fourth day
nf tho month. The cltj was crowded to over
flowing with guests of every class and peoplo
nf ctery land and clime -mothers, wltcs,
daughters, sisters, and sympathizing friends
on different mlsalnns of mercy. Officers nnd
soldiers thronged tho streets: thn hotels worn
filled with onicers nnd their wives. At thn
White Houso pc iplo sat uniting, day In and
day nut, for nudlcnces with thn President.
One could scarcely git nround through tho
expectant crowd, many of whom told me they
hnd bcon thero for weeks.
I went lo tho Whit- House unannounced nnd
entered the President's prlvnte office. When
I entered he raised his tired eyes. As I ad
vanced, and before he spoke, I said:
".Mr. Lincoln, yon must pardon this Intru
sion, hut I Jut could not wait nny longer to
He then reached nut h'a hand and said:
"No Intrusion nt nil, not tho least. Sit
down, my child, sit down, and lot me know
what I can dn for vou."
I suggested that probably he was too tired.
"I nm tired, hnt I am wnltlng tn say gnod-hy
to two friends from Chlcngo who are going on
the train at seven."
I briefly explained to him tho case lefore me.
wising thnt Hn den had been In prison fifteen
months; that ho wusn I'nion man, forced from
his home bv the -ibels; thnt his wife had died
slnco ho bad been In prison, leaving five little
children with his very nged mother, who had
lately Iot her e.veslght. I had n largo envo
lope filled with letters of recommendation from
different olllcers of the Department of Mis
souri; nlsn a petition drawn up by myself,
signed by the I'nion nelghl orsnf Mr. Haydeu;
appended to It a certificate of their loyalty,
signed by the County Clerk. Wnllnco Permott,
who had affixed tho seal of the County Court.
To nil nf the nlmvo Senator John B. Hendorson
had added an endorsement for mi df In strong.
Impressive language. When I offered my
naisrs in the President he didn't touch them,
but nid. without raising n hand:
"Now, suppose vou read them over for mo.
Your eves are younger than mine. Besides,
as I told vou, lam verv, very tired."
B) nccident. the petition was the flrt thing
i I ti.nk UP. When I came tn John B. Homier
' nn' name, Mr. Lincoln reached out nnd nld
I quiik.lv "let me see that." As he glanced
over it to the bottom, he laid the niper down,
' s'anped his hand noon the table, nnd ex
claimed: "Plague on tne. If tint in't John
Henderson's signature. Well, I'll iclease this
Tirin Just ln'cause John Henderson asks mo
i tn dn It. I know be wouldn't nsk mo If It
i w-au't right, nor nd nnv one here that would
I dn nn thing detrimental tnnur Government.
Come In to-rmnow nt S o'clock- mind, nt K
o'clock precl-elv. Bring that petition with
John HendiT-ou's name on It, and I'll fix you
n joucan get this man out nf prison." Ho
then asked me several questions nlmut men
nnd matters In northeast Mi's url
At this moment tho dnnroncnod and Col.
Turner and Hancock entered. He greeted
them lu a verv nlThnnd manner, motioned
i them to scat, then turning to Col. Turner, ho
"Why, this must bo tho woman you told
At this the galltnt and handsome man roso
"Yes. Mr. Lincoln, this Is the daughter of
an old frte id nf mini, at.d I mj that you may
hear what -he his tn sy and grant her re
quest for my sake."
"All tlgbt. Colonel: all rlcht. Sit down."
Our mingled conversation lisfdnlout half
nn horn. As we wcro rling to go Mr. Lin
coln, addressing nil three, ald .
"N'n'v yio' folks havo come with your fnvors
tn bestow and petitions to 1m graiiiod. I have
promised to do nV ih it his been asked of me.
und said the Unest things f could In what has
been be-tnweil. Mi I think 1 ought tn have nil
wav next, and what I havu tn ask Is thst vou
nil three come aru e.it dinner w Ith me to-mur-,
row. Will you do It."'
1 Of cnuriso we a tented with profuse thanks,
nnd as wo said gnod-b he reminded us.
"N'o foimalit at dinner tomorrow. Not a
At this moment I remembered and said :
"N'ciw Mr. L!"col"i, vou have requested mn
to be 1 ere nt s 'u the morning. Prny tell me
hou I am to get In."
"Oh. 'he usher Is onlv a slender llttlo Irish
man. If he lefu'es tn let volt pass, slan him
down tho steps, and walk in as vou did Just
A moment Inter the President tnrnod tn me,
held nut his hand, and smiling like summer
"Ynu c on'.o when I tell ton. mv child, and
you'll get In as uro us jour'e illve."
I wall id brlsklv tn the Whlto Housn tho
next ino-iilng and stood at tho head of tho
stalls, waiting for mv watch to sni the mo
ment. not In the least guessing how I was to
get permission tn enlc r. Standing nt tho
corridor nearest thu door I had p.isacd through
the il,i lofnre. I heuid somo one say:
"This way, Mrs. Bors."
Looking up I snw. at tho further end nf the
corridor, tho President motioning for me to
come. I walked up to whero ho stood, and he
grasped my hnnd warmly, led me In. nnd In
troduced mo to William H. Sewnrd and Mr.
Nicola. IIj at down bv Ills desk, rca-heij
out for the petition, wrote across tho hack,
Ilelease this mnn cm older "n. - . A. Lin
coln," As hu humleil It straight buck tumuhe
"Mrs. livers, that will get vnur man out.
And tell his poor old mother I wish tn Heaven
It wn in my power tn give her back her eye
sight, so sho might sio her sou when ho gets
home tn her,'
At tho tllnifer I was seated at tho right nf Iho
Piesldeiit. Col. Turner on Ids left. Mrs. Lin
coln, the two lms. uud Col. Hancock occupied
tho rost of the table. When u dish of any
thing was brought, tho President reached nut
for It. handled tho spoon like an onllnary
farmer, saving tn nil In Ids retch: "Will you
havo somo of this?" dishing It Into our plates
liberally. And so It vv-'s thiimghout tho uliolo
dinner, a" ho hud sulci, truly Informal,
A. II. B. J.
triTxrssKs io ai.ims.
A Nbadv Trade Wlilrh Flourished nt One
Time In the New Vork Courts,
Thn elder Wilier In "Pickwick" win, as nil
admirers of Iho works of Illckeus well know, a
great believer in thu utility of nn alibi ns a
defence in both criminal und civil actions.
"Never mind thocha ncter," said Mr. Weller
to his Fon, "slick to thoalleybl, Nothing Ilka
nn allnvbi, Sammy, nothing. Vereier lie's
ngnlu' to be tried, mo boy. a alleybi's the thing
to get him off."
This siigo iiilvico of Mr. Wellcr's found fro
qucnt coiroborntion In thn vlowsof criminal
lawyers III town up lo it veri few cars ago.
Thero were twent,aud even un, cars ago
more criminal luwyera than there nro to-day,
and tho eiii'iluiiiuuls and fees of criminal law
yers wuro materially lurgor in the ordinary run
of cases than now. As a consequiui-e, cases
wero mori) often defended limn they uro now,
nnd pleas nf guilty were much ruror. Then the
nllbl witness was a necessury. though usually
imu c Iconic part of tho machinery of defence in
criminal r. Thero Is, in crmlnnl proced
ure, no heller defence than nil alibi if sustained.
Alllil witnesses were therefon- very much In de
mand iinlll Juries began to mistrust them, nnd
thu penalties for Iho crime of perjury wuio vis
ited upon rouio of thu delinquents,
I'm" a lonslderablo limn inn mendacious ami
Mhsldlil testliuonv of professional alibi wit
nessua obtained c redence fiom Jurors, and some
of those vv Uncases, in quote their own language,
"nude, a good thing out nf It " Juries In rrlmi.
nnl cases ure usually sympathetic- vvheie iinout
eldo pressuio lb brought upon them. and it is th"
part of thu charge of every .ludgt In n criminal
case lo infoi in tho Jury that the prisoner at tho
bar is entitled to ever) reasonable doubt, If,
therefore any uncertainty ensto I on tho point
whelheror ma the pilsoner was actually pres.
entnt the time ami plai enf the ullcced crime,
he vvua entitled to the benefit of it. Hut, llltlu
by little, thu prosecuting nlllccrs became uc.
qunlnted with tho Ideiitli) and ricouls of the
professional alllil witnesses. One or two were
prosecuted Others were scared ulT, Tnocoin.
luurcclal vuliiof tho services or thu others wits
decreased, and Dually thu whole nufainua husi.
iioa was ubandomd, never slnco to be revived.
ItVLEB OF TUB HEART AND HAXD.
An Institution AntednttnK by Thrte-q.anr
terse ofs Centnrx thn Fire Patrol.
In the halcyon days ot old New York, when
alarms ot flro were sonnded from the wooden
boll towers, when policemen carried lanterns
nnd rattles, when the entire Flro Department
was a rolunteer force, before the days of steam
fire, engines or hones to pull tho trucTcs. the
Heart and Hand Fire Company existed for the
better preservation of property Imperilled by
fire or by water used In the extinguishment of a
fire. This primitive Institution, tho prototype
ot the present Are patrol system maintained by
tho fire insurance companies, was composed of
forty members, who met In March, Juno, Sep
tember, nnd December, on tho first Monday of
each. Anyone absenting himself from ono ot
those meetings was fined two shillings.
The rnlc.s of tho Heart and Hnnd company
provided that each member should be provided
"with two good bags, made ot Raven's duck or
other cloth oqually wldo and good, consisting ot
not less than threo arils each, with proper
strings." Those bags wero to be marked with
" the Initials of the owner's Christian namo nnd
his surname at length." T'non an alarm of flro
sounded from a watch tower every member of
tho company was to ropnlr forthwith "with his
bugs, and hat on, to tho house or otoro most In
danger and endenvor to the utmost In Ills
power to anvo the e (Toe Is therein by care
fully conveying them to some conven
ient and proper plnce, to provent embez
zlement of same." Those members of tho
Heart and Hnnd company vvoro distinguished
among other firemen by tholr badgo, which
made them the aristocracy, so to apeak, nmong
the New York Volunteer firemen. Each mem
ber ot tho Heart and Hand had the right to use
Its distinctive badge: "A round hat with a
black brim and whlto crown, with n capital
Unman letter 'IP with a heart In the middle."
Thus embulIlBhcd and ornamented any one of
the forty members of the Henrt and Hand ob
tained freo entrance to and egress from a tire.
One of the rules of the Henrt nnd Hnnd com
tianv provided that "every member shall keep
his bags, hat, and onu copv of the rules and
orders in some convenient part of his house, to
be easily como nt In case of fire." It might be
Inferred f i om this rule that members of the
Heart mid Hand company took with them, on
the signal of alarm, copies of tho rules and
orders to guldu them In their task ot saving
property from embezzlement. But surh wns
not the case, for these rules nnd orders, though
uniformly kepi with tho hat nnd bag of each
member, wero to bo leftln tlmoof danger In tho
hnuso. It was made the duty of the President
of the company to nppolnt nl intervuls nf three
months two membeis to Inspect tho hats
and bags of the members, and particularly
tn seo that "each member had his flro bags, hat,
and rules and orders In prnpur order nnd a suit
able place." If he didn't a line of two shillings
was Impo-ed. and this tine had to bo paid on de
mand tn tho Secretary. Any member of the
Heart and Hnnd company who failed to dis
charge this pecuniary obligation on demand In
curred another fine nf nut less than one shilling
nor mure than eight shillings. At tho end of
each vear. at the December meeting, all unap
propriated fines were "applied to such pur
poses as a majority of tho company may Judge
proper." One such purpose uniformly Judged
proper was a ball or a reception at which there
was dancing participated in by the female
relatives nnd friends of tho flro fighters
and property protectors of tho Heart
and' Hand company. On theso festlvo oc
casions. In the month of January usually,
inch member of the Heart nnd Hand company
wore his blnck-brlmmed and white-crowned hat
with the capital "11" upon Hand "with a heart
In the middle," but he left his bags along with
the rules and orders nt home, and It Is recorded
In some of the quaint chronicles of tho tima
that somo niembersof tho Heart and Hnndoom
, Pany took a longer time to get home nfter these
j festal celebrations of January than they did tn
reaih a lire In which properly belonging tn
burghers was In peril. The Heart and Hand
I nsa iciatton served In Its time. It is probable, a
I vi rv useful purpose, for In those days nn alarm
of tire brought to tho spotu number of plck-
pockets. lowdleH nnd marauders who utilircd
the excitement in steal whatever wns pnrtnblo
and nf value. There were nn tire lines in those
data nml no cordons of policemen, and the vol
unteer llrnnun were ton busy with the flames
to look after the pickpockets and robbers.
A faiili; OF A SI' A 11 It on:
" IttlslnesiM nrfore I'lf aaiirv " as n Precept
Needn alodlrslnc M nterlnllr.
As the plain-looking but Intelligent llttlo
mother Sparrow was bopping about the street
the other-iluv. nicking up a variety of food bits,
a peron dressed In whlto clothing and carry
ing a big broom came along nnd began to sweep
tho dirt of the street into a heap In the gutter.
As this Interfered somewhat with tho pursuit of
the sparrow she ilewnway up to the window sill
other friend tho Man, and finding him there, as
usual, in his easy chair, she said:
" I have observed thai the different Individ
uals of your race follow a great variety of vo
cations. For Instance, your work seems to bo
of a nature. If I may Judgo by appearances, that
Is very different from thnt of tho fellow down
thire cleaning the street. You nro muchcleaner
nnd much more comfortable every way, I should
sa. than he Is. Do me the favor to explain how
It happens that ho should prefer sweeping the
street to a llfo llkii yours."
" I would with pleasure." said the Man, " If It
were so. But he does not prefer hla life to mine.
Ho finds It very disagieenble."
"Is that possible?" asked the Sparrow In
astonishment, "Why, then, does ho do such
vv ork ?"
" Well, porhnps. I cannot make It clear to yon,
but the individuals of our race, with rare ex
ceptions, choose tho employment by which thov
can mnko the most money. Now, you birds hnve
no money, but let me see nro you acquainted
with tho habits of bluejavs?"
" Well, tho hluejay Is porhaps noircr to tho
human race In Intelligence than any other bird,,
It Is bright in many ways, hut It Is especlallyso
In thnt It gathers food during pleasant weather
nnd stores it e.wat for uso when tho ordinary
s urces of fund are depleted. Most of our roco
devote their energies, re gurdless of their tastes,
to such labor as will enable them to lay un the
largest stores for n rainy day. as we say. Ills
th's provident spirit In our rnco that leads to
what wo enll enterprise. Itpiid mm Into tho
wilderness m carvo farmsmttof the solid green;
It takia t hem to the desert plains, whero
thev pass long vear-. enduring great
hardship, that they may Increase their herds
and Hocks; It holds them to n llfo
In funis mm huts In thomlnlngcampsamongtho
iiii'iintnlii snows, where the precious metals ore
dug from the enrlh. Thev are willing, as wo
pay. to sacrifice a present pleasure for n future
good. They do nnt nil succeed In accumulating
the stores they aro after-Indued, tho great ma
Jorltr of them fall altogether, but Ihey are
buoyed up ronatnntlv by tho hnpe that they will
be able eventually to leave the disagreeable
lives they lend, to forsake tho surroundings and
society that nro nnt Infrequently abhorrent to
them, and begin tn enjoy tho comforts nnd lux
uries to which their nntuinl tastes aro suited."
At this moment a black ant npneared on thn
window sill. The spnrrow was about to peck
at It. but tho man stopnod her.
" Walt." he ald. " Do you know the manner
of life of the nnts?"
" Verv well," reulled the spsrrow.
"Good. Then I may sav that tho wsrst of
our race tins held up the mil in n model cltl7en
because It devotes all Us energies to rccumu
luting, in pleasant weather, great atores for use
III vllo weather, I hope you understand tho
drift of what I hnvnsnlci. because If vou do, nnd
net accordingly, you will bo greatly benefited."
"Thank you for ynur good wishes," re idled
the sparrow, "and I think I understand tho
drift of what vim havo said better. If ou will
pardon me. than what yon or your raro dn. And
i can't help adding that I hear with profound
amnement that, with all your boasted Intelli
gence, you have In )our creed rejected tho ex.
ample of the birds who tako nn thought for tho
morrow, nnd Iwivo chosen Iho slave-driving,
underground drudgery of the ants as tho llfo
best sullid for thn development nf your rnee,"
TALE'S Ot.lt CIIAI'EL (IOZXII.
Thu Keuiovnl of nn Old I.nndranrk of the
University to lie Complete Honn,
New Haven, July 11. The work of demolish
ing tho old rhnpel nt Yale has been begun nnd
w Itliln iv month there will be no trace of It left.
The students upon tholr return in September
will find only the North. Lyceum, and old
South Mlddlo bulldlnga of thn old brick row
The old chapel was dedicated on Nov. 17,
8'.M, within n year of the tlmo the corporation
voted to'.bulld It, Tho Huv, Dr. Jiremlnh Dny
wns President of Yale at the time. The rhnpel
had n finntngo of flfty-slx f -et and n depihof
seventy-two feet. As originally built It was
throe stories In holg it. This Included tho gal
leries. Tho upper story abovo tho main au
dience room was divided otr Into twelvn moms
used exclusively b students, tbnvi) tlu-vi
wna an iiltir occupied by Iho college library
illllll 1H47, when the old lllirnr was built.
The old rhnpel, until the dedication of Battel
('Impel, Juno IS. 1H7H, was used for college
linot'ia nd services. After tho building of
Battel Chapel It was divided cur lino recitation
rooms. Uk demolition mnrks the removal of
another of tho old landmarks at Yale, and
general regret m manifested that It must bo.
With a bottcr understnniUnp; of tho
transient nature of tho ninny phys
ical ills which vanish before proper ef
forts gontlo efforts pleasant efforts
rightly directed. There is comfort in
tho knowledge that so many forms of
sickness ore not due to any actual dis
ease, but simply to a constipated condi
tion of tho system, which tho pleasant
family laxative, Syrup of Figs, prompt
ly removes. That is why it is the only
remody with millions of fumilies, and is
everywhere esteemed so highly by all
who valuo good health. Its beneficial
effects aro clue to the fact, that it is the
ono remedy which promotes internal
cleanliness, without debilitating the
organs on which it acta. Histhercforo
all important, in order to get its bene
ficial effects, to note when yon pur
chase, that you havo the genuine nrticle,
which is manufactured by tho California
Fig Syrup Co. only, and sold by all rep
If in the t-njoyment of good health,
and tho system is regular, then laxa
tives or other remedies are not needed.
If afflicted with any actual disense, ono
may bo commended to the most skillful
physicians, but if in need of a laxative,
then ono should havo tho best, and with
tho woll-informed everywhere, Syrup of
Figs stands highest anil is most lnrgcly
Dfied aud gives most srcncral satisfaction.
J.'XI'EItT ItAXK woteic.
Method nnd rtystrm In llnndllntc Montr or
Vnrloue Morta and Denomination.
JVom tht Ration Fvrntna Tmnicript.
On stepping Into nny of tho large banking
houses down town ono Is almost wickedly
tempted to liken tho functionaries behind the
bars to so many caged animals. But the sharp,
quick. Intelligent faces of these men forbid the
thought. Unce Inside these iron bars and per
mitted tho privilege to pierce tho Inner depths,
an ordinary Individual finds much to awaken
wonder. This la particularly true of both the
paying teller's and receiving teller's depart
ments, whoso workings Indeed are peculiarly tn
unison. Here tho fragments of silken tissue
that pass dally through our hands as dollar
bills arc undergoing a strictly systematic dis
cipline, each bill being rigorously scrutinized
and carefully handled and dealt with according
to Its Just deserts, good or bad. Tho position of
the paying teller's esslstnnt Is ono which re
quires the strictest precaution and unfailing
attention of him who holds It- a quick, alert
mind and nctlvc bruin, capable of doing at least
half a dozen things at tho same time. This '
clerk's hours aro irregular and uncertain some I
days long, some short much depending upon I
the deposits made through the dnr.
The banking hours are iisnall irom H:30 In
the morning to L' o'clm k in the afternoon, nnd
the majority of peoplo are under the Impression
that there Is i.utlilug more to do nt the latter
hour but for the bookkeepers to cloao their
great volumes and the teller to lock up the safe
and all retlie simultaneously. But if those who
hold this nutlon ot bank clerks' hours should
happvn into the bank two or three hours later
they would still liud these men as busy ns bees
and deeper In work. If po-slble. than at noun.
Among moat of tho Important tank, of the
city the depoalta made daily average from ."100
to 400. some of which are amazingly large. It
Is a little startling to see the depoalta mode by
somo ot the well-known llrnis of this city nt
holiday time, as well as by the railroad com
panies after the many legnl holidays, but more
strikingly is llsovvlththedepo-itsof some of the
large dry goods stores -after ono of ihelrccle
braied "mark-down sales" or "bargain dats."
Muny of those latter deposits. If piled up sepa
rately, would form a series of little pillars thrft
would put a man of U feet completely In the
shade, each valuing from $40,000 to $50,000,
and composed chiefly of SI and S" bills.
'1 he receiving teller on taking In the smaller
orsundr) depualta passes them over to hla as
sistant, whose quick eyes acan their contents,
examining and proving each one separately as
ho docs so. '1 hese in, turn fall into the hands of
the pnj Ing teller's assistant, from whence they
spring to either a glorious resurrection to make
onco more the circuit of tho globo or forever
sink lu oblivion. But before reaching Its tlnal
destination In the bank the sale-each Individ
uul dt'iKjsU has gone through the xupervla'on of
at least threo people. Thus are avoided, ua far
as possible, all errors or mistakes, and traced, if
there beanysuch, tothelroriglual source. Thus
the bank olllcers, over shrewd, ever cautious,
auffer thrm-elvcs to run no risks, but everstand
securely upon the stanch rock of prudence,
ready upon all occasions, weapon In hand, lu
Having received orders from the paying teller
as to how he wishes the cravvers ai.d lafo
stocked for the day. his a-sistaui begins nt once
to unbind tho fetters of tho dense piles, and
soou the desks are strewn with ihts big display
of wealth, it presents a patchwork appearance
of singular character. He takes tho large de
posits separately and with wonderful skill nnd
energy, and with still more wonderful patience,
wades through themazesof the muss, a seem
ingly never-ending task. and. to say the least,
a most tedious one. Ho atnrts off to make
up $500 packages of S." and $10 bills, throw
ing nut In aystenitttlo order the ragged
nnd time-worn bills of nil denominations.
Loch bill Is carofully examined and smoothed
out, and whon each package Is complete
It Is slipped Into a neat little white
paper band with the amount It contains clearly
stamped upon it us well as tho signature of him
wliii Isrcspon-IMc for it, Tho bills of the larger
denominations, thnt is to sav, tho f-iO. S30. and
S10U bills, art, usuallj made uu Into packages
of ihuusnnds. and tha&iiio and Si. 000 bills .ire
laid iway Independently of nny stated amount.
Having llniahed with the fives and tens, the
counter takes tho ones nnd in oa In hand. Theso
nre likewiso dealt with and strapped into bnnda
of twenty-Ilvea. Hftles, and hundred dollars.
1 he good bills being thus sorted out, tho ragged
are gono through and counted uu separately.
I heso latter bills, after a respectful perror n
nnce of tho last rites, aro ultimately committed
to the Uames at the nutlonal capital.
Hood and bad ar for tho time placed together
and fooled upaocording to the straps, In order
to prove whether or not the llgnrvs agree with
thoso given with the doposiu The good bills
aro then stored away and tho rugged ones of
each deposit nio token apart and amassed to.
geiner through the clay. When, in duo season,
tho business of sorting has onded.nnd not a
good bill Is anywhero o bo seen, Ihey are then
taken and put up In still more convenient order.
The legal lenders or greenbacks, tho sliver dol.
lar bills, coins and national bank nines, all
ranging from tho lowust denominations to tho
highest, aro carefully separalul from each
other nnd tnken in series nnd put into snaps
respectively of hundreds. Hvo hundreds, and
thousands. I bus all tlio "legula" are kept to.
gether in lives, tens, twenties, and soon, with
the "silver" nnd "nationals." Theso aro sent
to nshlngtcin to be destrn ed, and occasionally
to tho rMib-lrcttsurv, nml for them in return
thorn nro sent back good bills.
It would seem tint most of tho memberH of
the largo business concerns of our proud c Ity
undeioiuncl to a dcgieo tho leiin " onnk etl
quelto" ns thnugh they hnd bn-ked In Its ele.
lueni a llfetlmeand hint been taught from clnld
hood to uncle rsinnd lis legltliiiule meaning.
1 he arrange their deposits v Ith a method tho
most satlaf.irtcirv Imujiiirihlii to the haul; c erk.
odellghi to behold. 'IhU itguluiity. vvhllo It
clUilnctl shows (,(, ir,,i,u. ( il0iiiugh
business mini, is ottunded Ith little or no eirnrt
on their part, but It means tn the bank clerks
the saving of no infinite ninount of hnrd. irilng
labor. This method cnnsnts of placing all tho
bills, clean or rnggcd.of the larger ileiicimlnn.
tons together on ton nf whatever li package
tcieyi'hiioso to make, keeping ho SI and G"
m h,ir,l.,;lily "i'iK1,"' V"11 "" 'I'1"1'' tlle ''h'fk cm
with llttlo dlllculty make rapid be.idwuy
through his arduous work for hu knows what
he Israelii)!, llieao deposits nre ini-iu to the
eyes of the teller mi ordinary dny, but mnia
eapociall anon heavy ones w hen they have nil
they can do to IliiUh up by II ci'i lock.
It Is Intercstliig lonoli. the marvellous rapid
ity with which un expert goes through the bills
counting, sorting, straightening, and proving,
all at thu tamo iiiiio. You observe ihni often,
times he abruptly throws out a certain bill
across the desk, far apart from the rest, with a
"I here!" most strougl emiiliiisled nnd liiime
dlntcly spurs up lo regain hs usual pace, not
Hie least illsconcertod l'ho uninitiated la struck
mute by the sudden exclamation, ataita ner
vonsly, ond Unres blankly at the man whom ho
suppiuiatu have been bitten liy nn Invisible
scorpion or reptile Closer scrutiny proves this
particular hill 'o bo a counterfeit, though It has
taken tiieoiitaider fully llftreu minutes lodls.
tlugulah the difference between it nnd the gen
uliio bill, much to I lie dl-giut of the cxperl.who
nl a single glance delected It, going as he was at
the rate of a mile a minute, and discarded it as
quickly although It burned him, -
THE AMISH SECT IN OHIO. W
QVKElt.T.OOKIXG XEIOIinoitS OF H
Till! CAXXOX VAXtmtATE.
Where They I'rmv the Line llettveen Xlae- Hj
fill nnd Vain TlilnKa lroaperona In Mplte B
or Jlret-j thing -Obi Hun llender'a Hat, !H
J-Vom fii Chicagn Record. H
Wandering around nmong tho crowds of bu. B
colics that are drawn to Canton dally to see 9j
Major McKlnlcy and tho delegations that coins $
to pay their respects to him, listening to the iST
mnslc nf tho bands and vvntchlng the Artworks, 3K
nro sntno odd-looking people, with Qut-srlsh. H
lints nnd clothes, squaro-tocd boots, long beards, jfl
and haircut Inn peculiar fashion, Thoy never H
seem to ill-play any emotion, hut lake every no. i
curreticu ns n matter of course Theymovode- iH
Ilberntcly lu groups of three or four, and seldom I-H
nprnk ono to another. When thoy hnve had BB
enough of It they climb into wcll-palnted HI
wagons nnd drive nwav, yH
They belong to the Amlsh sect of Mennonltet, HH
and aro the followers of Jakop Aina, a great H
preacher and tender, who lived In western Hi
Pennsylvania sixty or seventy years ago. Their Hi)
fathers came from eastern Germany, on the u
Russian bnrdcr, and they nre famous for their Hj
thrift, their tenacity ot purpose, nnd many HJ
ficcullarltlos. There are a good many of them KRf'1
n ytnrk nnd Wnyno counties, and I'm told that Hatr.
they make excellent citizens, although they ar K,
lint progressive nnd do not bellevo in education. IE
Their children are sent to school nut 11 they ran 4Pr
rend, vv rite, and cipher, vv hit h the think is the i
oxlent of useful knowledge. All else Is vanity
and t-exutton of spirit. They have no news. IE
papers and no books but tho Bible, "'
which they Interpret literally, and follow the tm
teachings of Christ, who Is their example. They IH
never shave their faces, because He Is supposed 11
to havo worn a beard, but I notice that the up- H
per lip of every man Is bare, which may have Kb
some peculiar significance which I was not able EL,
lo discover. The hair Is cut nl the nape of tho Pr
neck squarely and evenly, and people say that '
they put n crock over the head to get the proper he
length and legulurity, Tho womon do not cut Hf
their hair at nil. but braid It both In front and IH.
behind, nnd thoy never wear colors. Their HJVx
gowns are either white or black, nnd entirely flw
without trimming or other ornament. And one B
of tho funniest things about their clothing Is Hj
that they nover wear bullous. 1 could not ells- Hjes
cover why. Their clothing, of both men and HJ
women. Is fastened by tape or books and eves, HL,
They render unto Cresar what belongs to Hr
Cn'snr, and pay their taxes promptly and with- HtV
out quest on: they nro opposed to lawsuits and Hcl
settle all .Inferences by arbitration: they are H
extremely hospitable unto strangers that per- Hat
chance they may entertain nn nngel ur-awares, Hpl
and nover charge n wa fnrer for either bod or IH
board. Their houses are all built upon the same H..
plan: they do their cooking over open fires in H
tho old-fashioned way, nnd hnvo plenty of Hg
whnlcsouio food, which they raise themselves. Hr
They seldom buy anything at n grocery or a H
market, nnd weave their own cloth. They have H
high four-post bedsteads, w Ith n lick of feather Bl
under and another upon them when they sleep, Htl
There nre nn carpets upon their floors, and they H
seldom uso stoves, but heat their houses with Hc
open lire. !
The Amlsh do not havo churches or paid H
preachers, but meet for devotional exercises and H
religious Instruction nt the most convenient HP
hnuso In the neighborhood, and the elders lead iHw
the worship and teach the young. They wash Hb
each other's feet and have religious dances, but H,
no sports or games, nnd take life very seriously. H
In politics they are decidcly conservative and
vote the Democratic ticket, nut this enr they H
are decidedly opposod to the freo coinage of IH
silver because thev believe it to tie bad finance, HI'
and will probably support .McKlnlcy if they H
tako any pirt in the election. Thetr elders ara H
coming to town a good deal these days tn learn H
n Ixi til the financial situation, because they do M t
not read the newspapers and get their Inform- .
lion by hearsay. J ,
The Amlsh ure all rich. They hnve large, fer- fB
tlle farms and fnt red barns, nnd always seem alt
to have fine crop", even when the harvests of Hit
other people fall. Their economy nnd frugality HJ
and natural ability as traders are the sources of B
thelrweullh.forthey neverspeculate nnd always Hjl
buy and sell for rash. Kormerlv thev burled Hj
their money or bid it away in old teapots and Hie
stockings, but nf late years they have been will- HJ
ing to invest In mortgages upon farm property Hi
and have accumulated n good deal of the best B I
real i -tnte in the countv in that wav. Hi
Mime nf the mish hnve drlftea away from H
I the peculiar customs of their fathers, but they HI
never abandnii their hnblts of temiwrance. fru- Hit
I gallty, and ihrilt. One of therlchel families la H
' the-e parts bears the namelnf Bender. They HJ
formerlv belonged to the mish sect, but for HJ
I some reason dropped their religious connections H
and gave? themselves up entirelv to money. H
I grubbing, nt which they have been exceed. HI '
Ingly sucie-sful. The aged father lived nn Hi
n large farm a few mites west of Mas. H ,
sillon with four sons and three daugh. Hj
ter. None of the children married, H '
1 The old man died a few years ago and three of IH
I the tamily have recently followed him. leaving Hit
three sons and ono daughter to add to the hoard Hj
they have accumulated, but nobody knows how HJ I
large It i or where it Is kept or who will spend HJ i
it after they are gone. The popular impression H
Is that they have thousands nf dollars btirled Hj
in the woods thai surround their residence, and H '
they are continually receiving threatening let. H
ters commanding them to reveal the hiding R
ln- or they will be murdered In their beds. HT
Years ago thev used to bring these letters to HJ
the police at Massillon nnd ask for protection, HJ ,
but It has become nn old stnr. and tbey are said H
tn burn alt their letters unopened now. for they Hi
know or no one w-hn would wnn: to write them Hi
on nny subject of Importance. Mill the theory HI
i of burled money is so widelv believed that the Hi
police would nnt be surprised nt nny time to H)
hear that they had been attacked by tramps. HI
."some nura ago they bought a farm nn lb Ml
eastern side of the city, nnd paid SS.000 for It K
in cash, most of the money being amall coin Eg
pennies, nickels, and silver. Tfl
Short Iv before the old man's death his hat fti
blew off while he was enssmg the bridge over f'f
Tuscarawas Blver. and. landing in the water. It Sa
floated clou n the -tream lie ond nil hope of re. fjS
coverv. Ibis win an event of great importance Bw
In their lives, and thefamlly was called together
for council. 'I hev discussed the subject all day, M
nnd finally decided thnt as ho was well on in ill;
yenrs and very infirm it would be a waste of &
monev to buy him another, so he went about I?
after that with an old "bawl over his head. A
Adam Bender claims to tie an expert with the 5)
divining rod. and has surveyed thrlr farms ?S
until he has located all the springs and 'everal Me
banks of coal. They will not allow the de. fflr
posits to be opened for the roason that tl.ey be- Wi
licvc the supply of thnt useful article Is likely Ft
Jo run short ufter a few? years, when theirs will Br
be worth money. And there Is a popular bcllnf W
that Adam's skill In this respect is well founded,
for several cnr ago they struck a " horseback1 8&
at the I pper Pigeon Bun mine, and he located W
the vein on tho other side with a switch. A
' horseback." In tho parlanro of coat miners g
clown bere, sn bigbcmlderor ledge of rock that ft
breaks the v-ln. which, on the other side, nsu- 1?
allv strikes off In an eccentric manner and in I?
the direction In which It ought not to go. fr
After tho "horseback" was struck at tho If
I pper Pigeon Bun mlno the company smile E
mnny shafts and spent n good dual of money V
trying to recover the lead, without success. ft
and when they weio about giving it up Adam B
Bonder came wandering over that way and was U
Informed of the dltllculiy. S
"I reckon I can find It." he snld. and started S
for the nearest clump of treos. whero he cut a Si
birch switch ahout live feet long, which ha
trimmed down carefully, leaving a fnrk at tho
emnllerend. Taking this in his hands. he start- I
ed to walk back and forth over tho field, mut-
tering Mime, gibberish which superstitious peo. i
Plo think is very Important. The crowd fol-
lowed with skeptical curiosity. Finally, after I
about nil hour's worn, ho stuck the stick In tbs E
soil, and again .ild. quietly: u tu fc
" I reckon your coal is there." W
Iheownersof tho mine paid nnattentlontoths I
performance, as It did nnl aeetn possible that a I
vein of coal could defy nil known laws of natnrs 1?
and resume Its exist? nro in such a direction, but 1
the curiosity of tho miners was gieat o tumuli to
take the risk of the labor. nnd they sunk a shaft
VV V,'or,"wr account whe.e Adnm'had placed
hi-divining rod. And, sum inongh, they found
IliO LOHl. FsV
a XA.ss.tr r;;;r suoir. , ir
The Inlereatlni: Ierlonii"ineo or a Ilorso
It Is the easiest thing lu the word for a horse
to cat from the gioutid stundlng-that Is the
wuy It feeds in p.uniojbul a hnrse that was
standing In Nassau street, tho other dny. at
tached to n delivery wagon, ntu from the
ground in n way that Inteiosted everybody who
r-tralghtenlng out hl forn legs In front of him,
at an angle of nboui forly.five degrees, some
thing as a dog straightens out his fore legs In
stretching, ho lowered his body at the shoulders
to about half its usual elevation nbovo the
ground. Then ho Inclined his head downward
between Ills e-s until his lips touched the
pavement. Ho didn't mu-il to bond his nee
more than liilf as much as ttniua ham Mn
iiocessniy if .ehail reinnmed standing wit J Vs
fore legs upright. It was like fea, '",7 ?
."ieioiit.hnpcil crowd gathered In front of
tho hoi .e. one hoi n of the crescent lie g on one
sidewalk and the other on tho o her Some!
bod 1 pill a pear dim n on tho pavement i betvveoS
lie horso's fi-H o,u went Ills J "t "iVd dowS
he lowered his body and then deliberately T2
iicllnc dhis -Mud and o!ml . th o poar- and
then he straightened up mid al It. Ml to the
gn at enjoj mem of the crowd, One man sale?
I allium ought to have hi,,,, and "et when he
"trn'gliteneil up ,! ,V(l .landlngat rest ho V.J
Just a ciiod-looklng horse w hum , "hody woTihl I
V'V'v'ri'"." J'.'se" lor tho prl horae grmnns?
as ip.avnrfffl rriSKKn, w1