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R ' " THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 29. 1806. .,-,.., mm
H ( a much lartrar trpa In Otahlte Ths author
H of this Journal measured ona that wa 162 tMt
K' lone and murs than S8 feet broad. Thrssstruo
B turei served, tn loma dlitrlola, for assemblies,
V or for the reception of visitors of consequence,
H but ther were alto used as dwelling houses by
H tho more Important members of the communlt).
B One of the reasons why Otahlte. a centurr
H anil a qnsrter ago, was rrfrnrded by Encllsh
H visitors ns an Island paradise was the ease with
M which nourishment was procured br the Inbab-
B lunts. Nothing Impressed Blr Joseph Banks
M more than this. He points out that. In the
M artlclo of food, these happy people might al-
M most bo said to be exempt from the curse lm-
M posed upon the sons of Adam scarcely could It
M be tald that ther earned their bread br the
BS irroat of their brow, when their chief suite-
H nance, bread fruit, was secured with no more
H trouble than that of climbing a tree aud pulling
H It down. Not, Indeed, that the bread fruit trees
H (row there spontaneously, but If a man. In the
H course of his life planted ten such trees, whloh
H might require the labor of an hour or there.
H abonts, he would as completely fulfil his duty
H to his owe, as well aa future generations, as
Hi would the natives of less temperate climates by
Hi tolling In the cold of winter to sow, and In the
H heat of summer to reap, the annual produce of
the soil. 80 far as these South Sea Islands were
H concerned, nature had not only provided their
Ka denizens with necessaries, but with an nbon
SJJl dance of superfluities. Resides tho bread fruit.
I the earth, almost spontaneously, produces co
H coanuts; bananas of thirteen sorts; plain tains:
H a fruit not unlike an apple, which, when ripe, Is
H found very pleasant; sweet potatoes and yams;
H sugar cane, which the Inhabitants eat raw; a
H fruit in a pod, like a large hull of a kidney bean,
H which, when roasted, tastes much like a chest.
H nut; and the fruit of n tree called wharra, which
B Is, In appearance, like n pineapple. We may
H mention that tho botanical names since given to
H these and other trnlts found In the Sonth Sea
H Islands are enumerated by Sir Joseph Hooker
B In foot notes. Tho Islanders are not confined
B to vegetable food. The sea. In the neighborhood
B of which they always live, supplies them with a
S Breat variety of fish, but these, of course, they
do not get without some trouble. Almost ever) -thing
which comes out of the soa Is eaten by
these people. Lobsters, crabs, oven sea Insects,
nnd v. hnt the seamen call blubbers, conduce to
their support. Of tamo animals, they were ob
served by their first European visitors to hse
hnF, fow.ls.nnd dogv Sir Josoph Hanks loarned
from them to eat the last-namod animal, and
avers that a South Sea dog was next in sue
culenre to an Kngllsh lamb. This he attrib
utes to the fact that tho docs In Olahlte
ltcd entirely upon vegetables. The South Ma
pork alto proved excellent, though some
times too fat; tho fowls, on the other hand,
vi ere no better than the European arletles, and
they wore often very tough. On the whole, the
quantity of flesh obtatnablo was Inadequate to
the number of the people; it was, therefore,
used but seldom, even the principal chlofs not
, having it every day or even every vteok. Cook-
, ery seems to have, been but little studied. The
process of baking used by them was not unlike
1L that employed for what is termed a Ithode
Island clambake. A hole was due In the ground,
wherein was placed a heap of wood and stones
laid alternately. Fire was then put to It, which
by the time It bad consumed the wood would
have thorougnly heated the stones. The heap of
heated stones was then divided, the bottom and
the sides of the hole being paved with half of
them; on these were laid divers sorts of provis
ions. alrra s wrapped up neatly In leaves. Above
these were placed the remaining half of the
hot stones, over which were piled leaves to
the thickness of three or four Inches, and over
these again any rubbish that was at hand. In
this position the food was left about two hours.
In which time Sir Joseph Banks saw a middle
sized hog ery well cooked; Indeed, he was of
tho opinion that victuals, and especially large
fish, dressed tn this way. were more Juicy, if not
more equally done, than w ben prepared by any
of tho European methods. Small fish the isl
anders often ate raw, and sometimes large ones.
Blr Joseph, by being constantly with them,
learned to do tho same, and says that, with tils
stomach, at least, flsb, when eaten ruw. agreed
! as well as when dressed, and. If anything,
was still easier of digestion. To the diet
of the Islanders, prepared with so much
i simplicity, saltwater was the universal sauce;
Kir Joseph found that those who lived at the
greatest dlstanco from the sea were never nlth
out It, keeping it in large bamboos, set up against
tbc sides of their houses. When they ate. a
I. cocoinut shell full of salt water always stood
J noar tticni. Into which they dipped every mor-
I sel, especially flsb. and often left the whole ash
aoaking In it. drinking tho while large sups of It
i out of their hands, so that a man would use,
perhaps, naif a pint of It at a meal. Drink they
had none, except n ater aDd cocoanut Juice, nor
could .Sir Joseph Uanks dlscoer that they hod
any method of producing intoxication. Some
there were who drank protty freely of the En
glish Hquon, and In a few Instance) became
very drunk; but such individuals seemed far
U from being pleased with their experience, and
af tern aril shunned a repetition of it, instead of
tjr. dejirlng it. as most Indians are said to do.
j3 liafore parsing to what the author bos to tell
CI us about New Zealand, w e note that marriage
In the South Sea Islands was observed to be no
W more than an agreement between man and
I woman, totally Independent of the priest; tho
SI covenant.was then generally well kept, unless
r the parties agreed to separate; custom allowed
tnem to part as freely as they came together.
B j As a matter of fact, few people entered into a
l' contract of marriage, but rather chose com-
I plbto freedom of Intercourse, though this was
I bought at tho cost of their children, whose fate.
j in such cases, ws entirely dependent on the,
' father; if he did not choose to acknowledge!
' both them and the woman, and engage to con-
I tribute his part toward their support, the chil
dren were instantly strangled.
: In the chapters allotted to New Zealand It Is.
' indewl. surprising to remark to what an extent
j Sir Joseph Banks was able to anticipate what
we now know of the Maoris. In his "general ac-
t count" of this group be says that he found the
t natives to be of tho sizo of the larger Euro-
L,' poani, stout, cleanlimbed, nnd active; fleshy,
i but never fat, ns were the lazy Inhabitants of
I tho South Sea Islands; vigorous, nimble, and
clerer In all their exercises, lie has seen, be
1 sajs, Df teen paddles on a side In ono of their
'canoes move with Incredlblo swiftness, and, at
the same time, so accurately that not the f rac-
( tlon of a second could bo observed between
l the dipping and raising of any two of
I tbem. To sea them danco tbelr war dance
A svns n spectacle which neter failed to please the
m onlooker, so much strength, firmness, and agll-
TJJ lty it 111 they show In their motions, and sunh
f excellent time did they keep. In color they
S'lj varied a little, some being browner than the
f.j others, but few wero browner than a somewhat
j annburned Spaniard, The womon, without be-
I Ing at nil delicate in their outward appearance,
I weie rather smaller than European women, but
had n peculiar softness of voice which never
I failed to distinguish them from the men. Doth
I sexes wcro dressed exactly nllko. To Sir Joseph
n Bunks it seemed that the dispositions of both
sexes were mild, gentle, and affectionate townrd
1 each other, but ho obtcrveil, what was later to
j ho abundantly confirmed, that the Maoris were
I Implacable toward their enemies, whom, after
j they had killed, they were accustomed to eat,
cither from an impulse of revonge, or else from
tho belief that they thus Incorporated the
streugth And courage of an enemy. Whenever
they met with any of the crew of the Endeavor,
, and thought themselves superior, they attacked
I' them. By many trials the Englishmen found
that good usage and fair words would not avail In
the least with thorn, nor would they bo convinced
by the mero nolso of firearms that the Kngllsh
wero the better men. As soon, however, as they
had felt the smart of even small shot, and bad
time to recover from the effects of the artificial
onurage worked up by their war dance, they
recognized tho superiority of the newcomer
and became good friends, reposing afterward
the roost unbounded confidence In tbem. The
Maoris were not, like tbo South Sea Islanders,
addicted to stealing.
Jn New Zealand neither of the sexes was
found aa oleanly In person aa the natives
of Otahlte: not having the advantage of to
y warm a climate, they did not wash to often.
Both men and women stained themselves tn the
same manner with lampblack, and with a elm
liar Instrument to that employed by tha South
Soa Islanders, Unlike tha latter, howevor, tho
Maoris tattooed their faces ns well as tholr
bodies. The women. Indeed, wero generally
content with havlnc their lips black, but the
men dug deep furrows on their faces, the
edges of which were ofton Indented. This
nas done to make them look frightful
In war, and It certainly had tha effect
of making them extremely ugly, Tho buttocks,
which In tho South Sea Islands wero tho
principal seat of tattooing, escaped un
touched among the Maoris. Tho latter, how
evor, besides tattooing themselves black, were
fond of painting themselves with red ochre.
This they either rubbed dry upon their skins or
daubed their faces with large patches of It
mixed with ell. Tho latter method was gonor
ally practised by the women, and was not. Sir
Joseph adds, universally condomned by the
English visitors. Tor, If any of tbem had un.
thlnktngly ravished a kiss from one of tha fair
savages, his transgression was written In most
legible characters on bis nose.
The common dress of tho Maoris, as Blr
Joseph saw It in 1770, presented one of theAnost
uncouth and extraordinary sights Imnglnablo.
It was made of the leaves of a species of flag (the
Now Zealand flax), each lent being split Into
three or four slips: these, as soon as they wore
dry, were woven Into a kind of.stuff halt way
between netting and cloth, out of the upper side
of which all tho ends, eight or nine Inches long,
were suffered to hang In the same manner as
thrums out of a thrum-mat. Of tbeso pieces of
cloth two served for a complete drcs; one was
tied overthe shoulders nnd reached about to tho
knees; the other was tied nboutthe waist and
reached to near the ground. They seldom wore
more than one of these, however, and, when
they had it on, resembled, not a little, a thatched
house. This curious species of cloth was
well adapted to shed the rain, as every
strip of leaf served for a kind of gutter.
Sir Joseph adds Hint the men always wore short
beards, and tied their hnlr In a small knot on
tho top of their head, sticking Into It a kind of
comb, and, at tho top. two or three white feath
ers. The women, contrary to tho custom of the
sex In genera), seemed to affect rather less dress
than the men. Their hair, which they wore
short, was seldom tied, and when It was, was
tied behind their heads, and never orna
mented with feathers. Tliclr clothes, as we
have said, wero of the same stuff and of the
samo form as tliodo of the men. Both sexes
bored their ears and wore In them a great a
rietyof ornaments. They also hung from their
ears by strings very many usoftil or aluable
Implements, such as a chisel and bodkin, made
of a kind of green talc; also dogs teeth, or the
nails and teeth of a deccasod relation. The wo
men also sometimes wore bracelets and anxleU
made of the bones of birds or shells, and the
men of ten carried the figure of a distorted man
made of green talo, or the tooth of a whale cut
slantwise so as to resemble a tongue.
Water was found to be the universal drink of
the Maoris, nor did Sir Joseph Banks see any
signs of any Intoxicating beverage being known
to them. Their food. In tho usoof which they
were moderate, consisted chiefly of dogs,
birds especially sea fowl fish, sweet potatoes,
yams, coco, some few wild plants, like palm
cabbage, but, above all, the root of a kind of
fern which seemed to be to them what bread Is
to us. Cannibals, as we have said, they were,
but. touching this subject. Sir Joseph remarks:
"As for tho flesh of man. although they cer
tainly do eat It, I cannot. In my own opinion,
debase human nature so much as to Imagine
that they relish it as a dainty or even look upon
It as common food. Thirst for revenge may
drive men to great length when their passions
are allowed to take their foil swing. Yet
nature, through all the superior part of tha
creation, shows how much she recoils at the
thought of any species pre) tug upon Itself.
Dogs and cats show visible signs of dleust at
the very sight of a dead carcass of their ow n
species; een wolves or bears are said never to
eat one another, except In cases of nbolulo ne
cessity, when the stings of hunger have over
come tho precepts of nature. In whloh case tho
same has been done br the Inhabitants of the
most cl Illznd nations."
We must refer the reader to this remarka
ble Journal for the account of Australia, and of
the vorn.ee thence to the Dutch West Indies, in
the course of which a landing was made on the
coast of New Guinea. A whole chapter Is de
voted to tho state of things In Java, whore tho
Dutch had already begun to establish a great
ii!coisp.cnATiya a envneu.
The Form TJaed Compoard by lllebop Potter
to Fit the Occasion.
A reader of The Sun wants to know where is
to tie found the form used by Bishop Stark ov of
the Protestant Episcopal diocese of Newnrk
when he deconsecrated Inst Sunday the old
Church of the Hoi) Cross at Clurcmont avenue
and Clark street, tbecongregat'on hnvlng taken
possession of anew edifice. The tnuulrer "ays:
"It would be ery Interesting to some of us
'old school Episcopalians' to learn through
your columns how such deconsecration Id sup
posed tu have been brought about. Where in
our canons or rubrlos Is there warrant for a
proceeding with that end In view? and in what
edition of our liook of Common Prayer Is to bo
found any service or order tending to produce
such a result?"
There Is no such office In tho Prayer Book, nor
apparently in any of tho manuals from which
the Prayer Book Is derived. The form used on
such occasions Is composed by tbo oOldatlng
Bishop to fit tho circumstances through which
the proposed secularization of tho church edltlce
Is brought about. Old Urnce Chapel, in Four
teenth street, at the foot of Irving place, on the
site of which a musla ball is now being erected,
was deconsecrated by Bishop Potter on Sept, 0.
The decree of deconsecration which be pro
nounced read ox follows:
"In the name of tho Holy and Undivided
Trinity, tho Futher, tho Son and the Holy
"Forasmuch as heretofore, that Is to say, on
tho-'UlhUay of September In tl v )ear of our
Lord, 1H7U. by our predecessor of happy mem
ory, the Right Ituv. Horatio Potter, 1). 1)., ,,.li .
Bishop of thedlocvreof New York.uceordhi,; to
the good order of the Catholic ( liurcli. anil the
Canons of tills Church In tho United Mutei of
America, tins fabric nas duly ronecrnted nnd
hallowed by the nnmu of (,ruiu Chap.'; aril
forasmuch at tils centum oof lon.-ecrMlon la of
full force and effect until this dato:
"But now, for tho glory nfliod and tho In
crease of Ills Church, it Is rlglill) mid canon
lenlly adjudged Hint tills eenteni not conecni
tlon xhuu'ii bo nuntilled, to tho end that a better
huuse may be hulldeil nnd t'uniecniteil In its
stiiid, by the tittun name and tltlu of (iraca
Chapel, and dnotetl tn tbo name nicred itkei.
ami for tho nurputual worship of (iod by the
same congregation, their children, and others
hereafter: now, therefore, to Hie cliarltuhlo In
tent that they who shall hereafter use, alter, or
destroy tho same, or who shall occupy it for
other than snored purposes, tuny not hu guilty
of sacrilege, orof dishonoring find by the ubuse
of things dewiled tn Ills perlre ami glory,
"We, Henry Cndmnn Pollir. D.D., 1,U D.,
Blshopnf the dlocexe ufurmaid.iiii hcrrbyile
clnroenld sentence of our right rmi rend prode
cesKor to ho rcvoki d and cKtionlcully annulled,
nnd by our dl Inn iomtnsinu to bind and looio
In like cases, do hereby rewikn nnd annul tho
same, and remit this fabric and tho purtcnancis
thereof to secular and I'ouinion ties for nny
lawful and reputable enulonieiit by honest
men for tholr good and honorable work, raini
ness, or profusion, according to the law s of tho
"And this fabric, accordingly. Is hereby for
ever secularized, and tho sentoncn uforo'ald Is
voided and revoked, nnd this place, heretofore
a holy place, and iacrrd to thu preaching of
rind's Holy Word and the mlnlsttatlou of Ills
Holy Sacraments, is hereby pronounced secular
nnd ur.mnseeruted, nnd no lunger within our
canonical Jurisdiction, but glvon back solely tn
the protection of the laws of thu land, and to
none other than such common uses and taculnr
control us by said laws are tecoguized and
"(liven under our hand and seal. In the city
of New York und before divers witnesses duly
published within the walls of the fabric
aforesaid, on this nth day of September, in I ho
year of our Lord Ood and havlour Jesus Christ
one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six.
" (Signed) Hemrv Codhan I'ottkh.
, " Bishop of New York,
"Oro. K. Ntuof,
"Mat.riM.E K, Baii.iv,
Requisite lo Nneeeea.
"A good heart and good nature commend a
man to the friendly regard of his neighbors."
said Mr. Htnybolt, "but lo get anywhere he
must have a certain amount vf ucrsunal buttle." ,
?r'f ftSr.ySty!; ,'fjft lf-&t"tifi1'te;ti4
xnxa msBK ov ovn stjok.
rive Plsys New to Vm smd. Some IateresW
inn Revivals to U Heen.
Tills week Is remarkable at our theatres tor
Its abundanco of novolty. Five plays not yet
ten tn this cltyaio to lie performed. Two
companies from London nro to bo Introduced,
A comedy of tho past Is to bo revtod with a
favorlto nctress In It. Thoro aro othor attrac
tive changes of bill In both drama and vaude-
llle. A good lot of familiar entertainments
aro continued. Persons with memories more
acute than their discernment, and who are
prono to lament over an Imaginary degenera
tion of our stage, aro n lied to compare tho
jualltv of our theatrical amusements this wcok
with thoio of any "palmy" week In their rec
ollection. Oar playa are better In stagecraft
and morals. Our a:tlng Is not less meritori
ous. There Is llttlo to denloro and much to
enjoy In what Is going on at our theatres.
Wo are to get at tho Knickerbocker to-morrow
a company anil a play with which the the
atre now being built In London for II. Beer
bohm Tree Is to bo opened thrco months henco,
Mr. Tree has planned to dovoto tho Interven
ing tlmo to an American tour, and fle weeks
of It will he spent In this city. Tho plcco with
which ho makes n beginning hero is "Tho Seats
of tho Mlghtv," dramatized from Gilbert Par
lor's book bv tho author, who saya that, ex
cptlng a first act. In which he has tried tn set
forth themuuro nnd motives of tho charac
ters with tho clenrness necessary for tho stage,
he has followed tho printed story, which Is a
romance af tho slego of Quebec, and the con
quest of tho French In Canada by the English
under Wolfe. The oxtraordlnary Indlildual
In this tale Is a natural sou of Eoui's XV.,
desperate and relontless wooer of an unwilling
maiden, nnd a hateful poriecutor of her ac
cepted loer. That Li tho part which Mr. Tree
assumes. Tho players who have come across
tho Atlantic with him nro lod by Kate Korke,
an actress of repute In London. The Imported
costumes nnd scenerv aro sild to lie fine, and
Mr. Treo's stagecraft is nlwn) s good.
Arthur Bourchlcr and Vloltt Vnnhriigh have
been hero eei.nrately as members of dramatic
companies, but since then they hao como to
distinction In London ns the lenders of Mr.
Bourchler's own organisation at his Itoyultv
Theatre, where fashionable favor has been ac
corded to them. Several plu)S have had a
vogue there, and now thoy como back to Now
York with thoso pieces, bringing their Btago
companions along. Thov Iwgln at tbo Bijou
to-morrow with tho "The Chili Widow." a
comedv w Ith farcical tendencies In tho Paris
ian m.inner. Tho French original Is Blssou
nnd CnrrA's "Monsieur lo Dlrecieur." In whlsh
a shrewd and fearless widow substitutes her
self for a pursued wife, and in that guise re
cclvis the attentions of a rou4. Tho Enullih
version is localized to London. Mr. Bourcblsr
plavs n Government ofllclol, who is habitually
rallant to pretty women, and who de-lrcs to
ho Introduced to tho brldo of his priggish
clerk. It Is essential to tho coudIo'k welfare
that tho officer should bo :oJoled. and to tho
widow, impersonated by Miss Vnnbrugh, takes
up tho merry task of fooling with him In placo
of the circumspect wife.
William II. Crar-.c, a thoroughly American
comedian, who has made folks laugh o?great
deal and cry a little, makes his annual pro
duction of a new play at the Fifth Avenue.
This one Is colled "A Fool of Fortune." It Is
tho work of Martha Morton, who has suc
ceeded sovcral times In providing a congenial
character for Mr. Crane to enact. This tlmo
sho has given to Mm a Wall street speculator
to depict. The man Is away up In fortune at
the outset, having won very heavily In tho
game ot chnuco with stocks, and later he Is
away down in poverty, his luck linv Ine turned
agulnst him. Finally, his 6trugglo to regain
wc.lth for his loved family's thku Is success
ful, and ho dies with the achievement. Ho
has been, "a fool of fortune " That Is a prom
ising story to.miko Mr. Crane tho hero of. and
wo may renonably expect a good result. It
Is nOeast a certainty that tho nlei 0 w 111 be well
presented. Ir. Crane ultra) s employs nrara
b.o company und mounts plays handsomely.
Ho has potconed the openlnc until Tuesday,
and so there will be ono moro nliht of "His
Nellie Mcllenry will bring to the Harlem
Opera House to-morrow night 1 new play en
titled ".V Night In New York." which H. Grat
tnn Donnelly, a maker of fnrces,;ha3 written
for her purposes of mlrtli. Miss Mcllenry waa
mc of the ver) first of '.bnsoubrettes to go Into
vaudeville plavs. and she has ever since hold a
placo In that form of amusement. Her pres
ent piece Is said to bo full of incidental d. ver
sion of various kinds.
James J. Corbott. tho prlzeflghter.'Is still an
exhibit on the stage, and thoe who desire to
see him in tho gulsn of nn nctor may find him
In a now drama at tho Grand Opera IlouvCto
morrow night. Tho nlny was put together a
)earajo by Charles 1. Vincom. and has been
In use el'ewhcrc, but not In this city. Tho
character written for t'-.o pugilist Is tnnt of a
iadet nt tho Annapolis Naval School. He In
vents n gun, but is robbed of It, and tho story
rclntes to his wrongs and their final righting,
"Snperbn." tho Hanlnns' cxtrnvaeanza, re
newed, will be a holiday piece here.
The Monday changes of nlll ntour the.itTes
Includo n revival of "London Assurance" at
I).vl)'s, and for thn first tlmo In New York Ada
Behan will play Lmiy i.ny .o'immW. She should
make a breezy nnd uulte Irroslrtabln heroine
of the Boucclcanlt comedy. In which the the
utrlc but ever compulsory fox chaser has held
a place pretty firmly among stage personages.
In the cast nt Dab's, the Daitle Is assigned to
Qcorgo Clarke, the llarcnurt to Edwin Stevons,
the Max to Edwin Vnrry, tho Dullj to Sidney
Herbert, nnd the Charltt to Chnrles Illchman,
In a quadrille, Mrs. Gilbert will be one of the
dancers, though there Is no speuklng part for her
in the'play. "Londoi AS3urnnco" will alternato
night by night with "The Oelsha."
The new innnnger of tho Onloty Is deter
mined to recover tlmt theatre from vaudovillo
to tho leglllnmto drama. 'Ihln radical chaugn
will be u'ado to-morrow night, when "Forgot
Me Not." a play once highly rcgurded In the
Wall icW repertory, will be revived. Tho domi
nant rolo Is Hint of tho herolno, and It will ho
taken by JcHries Low is, nn oiuotlonnl actress of
considerable Inteiitdt). The leading actor Is
Hicharil Mansfield lias pnslponod for at least
two weuks the pr-iliutlon of "Castle Sombrns"
a tho Garden, and will devote tho Intervening
tlmo tn selictlons from his nmplo rejiertory.
His bills advertised for tho present week In
cludo "The Scarlet Letter," "Hichard III.,"
"A Parisian ltomaticc," "Beau Brummell,"
"The Merchant of Venice," end "Dr. Jckyll
and Mr, Hyde." For n week from to-morrow
he announces "Arms and tho Mnn,"
The week's visitor at tho Murray Hill Is
Jamos O'S'cill, who has In recent yeurs figured
as a romantlo uctnr on tours of tho country,
lthough soldom feen In Now Yark, Ono of his
famrito 1 des lias Ikoii Hit adventurous hero
of "Monte Crlsto," .ha Dumas romance in a
etago version. Mr. O'Neill lias good command
of tho free mid fervid stvlu of nrting requlslio
to Interest a inoaern uudlunceln mimic suiro.4
Ings and vnlor.
A change, of theatre Is niado bv "My Friend
from India." which lis H hail n yood time nt tho
HIJou, and now inovts down to Ilojt's tocon.
tlnue. Its voguo as long ns possible. Theiowlll
heno ultei.itluiij., the rist. Walter Perkins
is Mill tho turner turned Thno'oMi, Frederick
Bond thu mistaken hot, E. A. Abide thocon
splrntoi. Marlon OlrmiY tho iiishionablu satir
ist, and May Vokcs thu caricature of a Herman
There will bo grapnlo depletion of poverty,
with Its Jnjs unrt mriowe, at tho Columbus
tli m wet k Hi,, play "Tho Hunshlnu of Puro
d!o Alley," with Its thomu nuggjnted by the
refrain of a pooular ditty, anil tho treatment
quite, in thy vein 0f unoxaggerated realism
which lias been extolled In more jcriouslv pre
tentious pieces. Tho pictures of lire in the
slums are true, and at the same tlmo aro not
Southorn scenes In the Bowery are Involved
In the performances of "Down In Dixie" al tbo
People s. Of course, negro music, fun, and
charaetf rlratlnn make up the bulk of this pop.
ulnr entertainment. There Is a melodrnmatlo
wrr In tho play, and for a serious Interest,
calculated to excite the audience, but the sen
timents and humors of negrolsm constitute the
winning quantity of what Is done.
Ine drollery of Oejrge W. Monroe M an lm
personator of j0yal Irish women will provide
amusement at tho Star, wfc.r0 bo will us Uio j
test vehicle for Ma talents, "A Happy LUUa
Home;" In which ho appears In trousers aa weit
an skirts. This farcical Piece Is plentifully In
terspersed with vaudeville, and tho company
Is snld to have been formed with a view to giv
ing Incidentally a good variety show.
volunteers easily ablo to give a good enter
tainment will undertake to do in at tho Four
teenth Street to-night for tho benefit ot tha
wtdijw ot lycandor Ihompson.
The smooth running of tha current playa Is
not altogether without Incident. At the hun
dredth performance of "Rosemary" at tho
Empire nn Tuesday nlgbt, souvenirs "of a
character that will certainly surprlso" are to
bo distributed. John Drew's engagement haa
a month left to It, and then the Charles Froh
man stock company will bo brought home to
act inadrnxtnttc version ot Stanley Wcyman'a
"Under the lied Kobe."
To-morrow night's performrnce of "Brian
Bom" st tho Broadway will bo Its fiftieth. Tho
souvenirs are declared to be "the handsomest
ever glvon away In a Now York theatre." Tho
Whitney company is to remain hero with tho
Irish romantlo opera one wcok longer, and
after thnt Fanny Davenport will fill a month's
engagement with a round of tho Sardou pieces
In which she has distinguished herself.
Whnt Is billed ns a holiday edition of "Jack
nnd tho Beanstalk" will be performed at the
CaBlno to-morrow night. In other words, a
lot of new songs, dances, and other lnterlopa
tlons have been nrepared for this gav extrava
gtn.'a. More comicalities have been devlaed
for Mr. Donnelly and M. Olrard, now mnslo
for the Misses Leasing, Perkins, Orborn, and
Holllns, and now mechanisms to help tho fun
of the pantomimic pajsogea.
This Is the last week of "Tho Mandarin" at
tho Herald Square. The comlo opera with
Chinese tendencies haa lieen steadily Improved
In words nnd music during In term at this
theatre, and is now fit to be sont on Its tour In '
tho best possible order. The ensuing play
hero will bo "Tho Olrl from Paris." a French
farco which comes to us by the way ot London
andlwhlch wo shall got at the hands (and feet)
of n Hlco company.
Only ono week Is loft of the time belonging
to "Ilonrlng D'ck nnd Company" at Palmer's,
tbo name of which theatre Is changed back to
"Wnllnck'a" Maurice Barrrmoro's com
bined efforts ns dramatist and notor has been to
his accldcd advantage. The rolo of the, outlaw
In .rood society, with a redeeming quality of
goodness In his nature. Is wlnsomo ns he plays
It. E. S. Wlllard Is to appear horo a week
henco In "A Rogue's Comedy."
Auguste Vnn BIcne will concludo his en
gagement t the American this week and then
goon a tour. His performance as nctor and
musician In "Tho Broken Melcd)" has not
failed In his expectation to command atten
tion here, as It did In England. Ills unique
personality, nls equally singular methods of
acting, and shovo all his plnvlng of tho 'cello,
inrn prnv rd Interesting, in ono w av or another,
to mnnv thousands of New Yorkers.
The Lyceum has lieyond a doubt found that
rire nnd vnlunble thing nn adequate leading
actress for Its stock company. Mary Mnnnor
Ing, who made her American debut in "Tin
Conrthip of Innln" pesfceses youth, beauty,
graceful distinction, and emotional power.
With a combination of such deslrnblo quali
ties, she seems bound to remain. a-Cshe ha
been thus far. a very conspicuous figure on our
stage. Sho has excited much Interest.
Thoso bovs who are named In the title of
"Two Little Vagrants" arc having ever) thing
their own way t the Academy of Music, as
was bound to be the case. The alay is a stren
nous melodrama, it 's performed with general
force, and somo of Its' settings are very slight
ly, but tbo eurcess Is after all due principally
to the vvlnomo pair of wandering vagabonds,
whose adv entures are the Irresistibly appeal
The way has been further cleared at the
Gnrrlck for "Secret Pertlco" to stay theie as
long as It is wanted, even though that shnu'd
be to the end of the season. Jo) n Hare's en
gagement has been shifted to the Knicker
bocker, and that of a Blsson farce to tho Gar
den. So the .vardrnmn. with Its fetching sit
uations nnd Its generally admirable perform
ance. Is fortuuato In bclnr ablo to remain un
ditur!x'd to profit by Its success.
The Fourteenth Struct has lieen a fortunate
theatre for Joseph Arthur. He made one suc
cess there with "'llo htlll Alarm." another
with "BI110 .lan." nnd. although bo next en
countered failure with " ho Cornerocker." he
Kinw all right ngaln with "The Cherry Pick
ers." It Is announced that the fifty pcrf"rm
ancos of this war melodrama will be Increased
tont least a hundred before It Is sent away
from this house to travel.
'I he Herman play at the Irving Place will be
"Oibildof Menschcn" all this week, the ac
ceptance of It bv thosuppo.-tersof this tbentra
having been sufficient to warrant such a ron
tlnuanru bejond what Is usual. It illustrates
with 11 moral and with amusement the lack of
polIh In some moneymakers and the lack of
business sense among somo folks of culture.
The performance bv tho Conrcld company is
In nearly every respect commendable.
No an nouncement Is vet made from the
Oljn pia of any change of play from "Santa
Maria," tbo Hnmmcrstoln comic opera, nhtch
for about three months has held the tage of
the theatre In tha. big establishment. Nor
does the -eek brlug further alteration In the
company performing tho piece. The Arctic
ballet and scenorr remain a glittering exhibit,
nnd he episodo of the court trial is an episode
of popular fun.
Continuous vaudeville has one new recruit
this wcok in Max Fisman. who, with Lillian
Purkhardt, will appear nt K"lth's Union Square
In a new comedietta called "Dropping a Hint."
Blondl. too, is a newcomer here, nnd he will give
his Italian cpera specialty in a condensed
form. Two shining llgats among the specialists
of the programme nro Bonnie Thornton, who
talks ballads to moro effect than most vocal
ists of her grace sing them: and Press Eldridgo.
a Joker that blacks his face and dons grotesque
garments. Tho cinemntograpbe still bas an
inning, and other entertainers that aro here
are Hie Morcllos, Iorlanx and Wnndell, Leols
"Vftchell. Conwell and O'Doy, Mile. Flora.
Sexton and Miller. Dobson and Travis, and
The Sidmans, two sketch players that are neI
to Pastor's, head Its roster, which Includes
Williams, ventrlloqnlst; Olivette, prestldlgl
tatcur; Fanny Leslie, contortonlsb; the Sa
Vans, Josephine Sabel. the Donovans, Ber
nard Dyllyn Olive. St, Clair and Loreno, Ed
win Latcll, Katlo Ilooney. tho Craig trio, and
McCale and Daniels.
Newcomers at Proctor' Pleasure Palace
are Sibyl Johnstono and Lynn Adnms, who play
a short comody ontitled "A Woman's Way,"
and John Wilson and Bertlia Waring, who
come from burlesque and are paired In singing
and dancing. Paulino Hall Is In her last week
at lector's Twentv-thIrd Street, the Mldgo
loys and tho Kossows being conspicuous among
Anew fcaturv 0 In muslo hall gymnastic! will
bo shown to-morrow night at Koster A Dial's
by tho Zcdnras, one of whom will be shot
across tho auditorium as the nrrow of a huge
crrss.bow. At tho c:.d of her flight sho will
bo caught In tho hands of one of her compan
ions. Specialists In continued employment
are the Gllnserettli. Lew Dockstador, Williams
and Wnlkor. O'Brien and Havel, and Wernor
and Holder. A new blograph picture will show
the Prlnceton-Yalo football game. The Bar
rlsons aro In their last w eeV here.
A burlc-que entitled "Brian nuroo" has
been talked of at Weber A Fiold's Broadwuy,
but there la small chance thnt another bur
lesque than "Tho Geerer" will bo needed this
teaon. He piirforman"e8 aro prefaced by an
hour and a half of variety show, to which
this week's contributors are Bessie Bonehlll,
Thomas J. Hynn, Mclntyre nnd Heath. Moure
nnd Staley. nnd Boss and Fenton. The last
named pair have a comlo sketch In burlesque
of "Oliver Twist."
Tho Cherry sifters are still nt the Olympla
Mus lo nail, where they promise a scone from
"Trilby." in whloh Ella I; Svengall and Eftlo
sings "Ben Bolt" In a manner that Is truly
heartrending. A recitation entitled "The
Dying Child" also falls to the latter. The
Hnnlons, the De Forrests, the Florenze troupe,
Aiuann, tho Poluskls, and Alexander Martens
arc also In the bill. A eom-nendahls contin
ued feature of tho Winter Garden's midnight
vniidnvllle Is the spirited and exciting coniost
nt bicycle polo.
Aggregation Is tbo word thnt "omes nearest
to being truthfully descriptive of the grouped
wonders at Huber's Museum, but It's hsrdly
long enough and rather too easy to pronounce,
hero aro the performing elephants, tho human
plncuihlon, tbo big-headed boy, who smiles at
times in a way that Is really human; a rooster
orchestra, a lightning calculator, and a clown
donkey. Besides these there is a variety show
that Ukes In a "royal" trio.
A group that la satlsfylnjtly awful haa Just
been out on exhibition in the Eden Mnste wax
works. It shows a jurdMin and nurses at
tending two wounded soldiers.
Vaudeville concerts come this evening at
Weber & Field's Broadway, where are Willis
Bweatnam and Eessle Bonehlll, at Proctor's
Pleasure Palace, with William Pruett. Llzzla
B. Ravmond, and Marie Bell listed; at Proc
tor's Twenty-third Street, where Paulino nail
alngi, and at the Olympla. where there Is al
ways a numerous foroe to draw from,
rOXMB WORTH XKABXNO.
Ta Batty Aalesp,
Ood keep you, dearest, while the morning sna
LUnts up the world and the world Is brtgtit:
And then at last, when tbe day Is done,
Ood keep you, dearest, throujh the long, long nttht.
Ood keep you, dearest, when the earth Is gay
With singing birds and fields In bloom
When summer's verdorefades away
Ood keep you, dearest, through the winter's cloom.
Ood keep you, dearest, from day to day
Throufhoot this Ufa. When I am dumb.
And when your fair form torns to clay,
Ood aeepyou, dearest, in the life to coma.
Tha Spinalis: Wheel.
Beside her wheel my ladye sit, and (pins the llvstent
The drifted wool htr fairy tooeh like matle melts
Oertes, she Is passing fair, fairer than verse may toll.
She winds the skein about my hands, ana round my
hesrt a spelt,
Ths sunbeams dsnctni In her eyes dare me a kiss to
From gcntlt suitress Dorothy beside hsr spinning
Scorching down the Donterard,
Chewing gum, and pedalling hard.
Ting Unci Almost knock me flat,
Dliry tie. Fedora bat.
Itcarlet bloomers : 'Tlsapletore
stakes my rery senses rest
What was that! task. Oh.mtrtly
Dot astride her spinning wheel.
Kastrr Kail. Ltok.
Tha llsli In tha Mas.
Circles and bubbles atop of the waves
Where Jaeky plunged through to thedarkettot graves
Down, down, deep down, far under the blue,
Ilaklns a splash that tho sunlight danced throogh.
Aud It's marked In the log book, the hole In tht tea,
"Lat. South, 10 50; Long Wtst, 03."
Frock coats, and blue shirts, ro clean and so nsat.
And Jack dressed In canvas from hts head to his fsel.
Sewed ud tight with canister, grape, and black shot.
To carry him straight to the burial lot
That'4 down, deep down. In tho deep of theses,
Whero many a sailor and lubber there Pel
"Man Dying Jib downhaul! " "Iloyal clewlines stand
" Clew garnets and buntllnrs: all hands pull air ay I
" Weather main and lee cro'Jvefc-braccs now haul I"
"Shake a leg there, my hiartles, don't ye hear the
pipe's call t "
Now the ship's all aback with the wlod at her head.
And ready fur quarters to bury the dead
Frock coats on the weather, bluo shirts on the lee.
Marines on the poop deck, a hraro show to eft.
And tbe tky-pllot's dretied In his Sundsy.besl rig
And Jack'sln hli canvas, there, terred un so trie.
All ready to plunge the gay sunlight through
Aud make bubbles and circles atop of tho blue!
L'HARLtK II. Ilonxiim.
Into our prudish baxon world hn came.
With charities that showed our creeds' deceiving;
Ills greeting, anadlcul For lorers. leaving
lilt 'Trtlby's ' footprint on Cie dutt of fame.
Kdwird a. UnrisoTos Valxstipi,
A FroeeMSloa mf Daya
rrom tht SI. XichoUJL
The great days and the amall days,
Tbey come and go to fast;
The nring dajt and the rali days.
The summer itayt, and all days.
They take tnelr turn at last.
Need winter dayt be drear days!
We lauah at tlorm ana cold.
For fhrlttmas days are dear dayt
And full-of-nappy-oheer dayt
ur all tbe young and old.
Drxi-i IIakt Stosv.
Tt nn ' Utldtr Quickrn Dough$,m
Lore-ln a mitt In every garden growt
Tleslde the hollyhock, beneath tho rotat
Love-In a mitt makes evrry rote lett gay.
And takei tbe lily's gold and leaves her gray.
And turns the poppy pale at w Inter tnowa.
Sir Humble-boo will none or It. nut goet
Straight for the tunflower In the garden-cloae.
And spiders' webt of silver will not nay
l.ovo In a mitt.
Who garners tt we w iti not, nor who towt.
Nor to what end Its mlttv blorom blows;
Only ltt blue ejea meet ut, day by day,
Till half w e wish the mlstt w ould btow away.
Who kuowt true !.ove be sure he also knows
1 ovo-ln a mUt
la Colby Uryaa'M Ureal IXIvnl I
fntmtfe Arornjla .tate Journal.
What mean the order. Uncle Sam.
For rlflns hrhttit ami new,
I'nlets It Is jour a hi me to lam
The wtiulo Catllllan crew r
If thlt tt not an Idle dream
Permit me to InsUt
That when y u earn oat the scheme
I'll tplll nil AnR'o-Smon ror.
I'll fltthf and trrrlv ileed.
If t can pace it foreign short
With Colby in the lead.
If In the conflict he should fatt
Fro-ti hts !il?h slepplne hott
n-reed by a :.panuti lanuon ball
A half a foot ucross
What Joy rlzht then to be around
Amid tho bloody strife
To baodaxe uu hit bleeding wound
And save his bloonilDR life.
For Colby never coul 1 be killed
Cnniplrtel) and otitrle'it
Unlest his tunic ii old tilde wat filled
Wlih blawtled d j natnlte.
The Wild Rider.
The wild white ass Is saddled.
And pan lug at tbe door.
And. with his brains well addled,
Chlldo bryan mounts once mora.
Hit saddlebags are loaiUd
With silver speeches stale;
Ills armor It corroded
And ragged stlvrr mall.
Shutall the winds up.
All the thunders calk 1
Throttle the calllopen
Dr3 an't going to talk.
All toundi that vibrate.
frklp, ihut up, get out !
For the record breaker,
Hryan.'a going to ijiout.
Chllde Bryan loud rejnlcet;
Ills fain Is bright as day.
Ills hat Is full of vohes
O, what a i best sonorous.
In windpipes most louiptetc,
alegaphonout of ihorus.
And trumpets on lilt fett I
fie hohli his head so proudly
, As If It weighed a fun,
no yellt to extra loudly!
"nilrrab! Sixteen toons'"
The wild ait kicks nnd capers.
And speeds along like tin;
"They'll put me in thu papen,"
The Chllde is s w 1th n grin.
O, won't tho ptatni be burning.
The rivers run with fire.
When Bryan oomes achurnlnic
With Jimmy Jenet for tqnlrel
The geytera thut tlielr damper
And for their rival hark)
Tho little gophen scamper.
And bark a fr'enaly bark.
The mountains greeting mutter.
And let Chllde Ilryan past;
The rivers grin and splutter.
Buoying up the wild whits ass.
The silver In the Powell
Of the earth beglni to quakt:
Smiles the rncka with unsten trowels.
And tayt to William, " Shaksl"
O, capillary frondags
Of rnpullttln woodt,
That tcorn the rator't bondage.
And wax lu multitude!!
O, cranrs of all descriptions.
With Intellectuals crass,
Fall bow Into conniptions,
For Chlldo Bryan and the aail
A son of Fatu prophetic,
Ilo'i riding on amain,
The hope or the paretic,
The Joy of the Iniane,
till hat with words It teething.
Ills lips cannot tie still i
A smile hit face It wreathing.
Hall tn Some Ttople's Dill 1
Shut all the wtndi up,
Allthe thunders calk ,
Throttle the ra1llnpe.ii
Bryan's going to talk.
All sound! that vibrate.
Skip, ihut up. gtt out I
tor the record breakti,
Atcyaa, 't going M spout.
JTOTXB AKD QVtSItlEB.
Itrferrlnr to the question nf "It. D." In yonr Issue
ot Nov, 10. allow me to sar that highly polished
shoes reflect the heat at well as the tight raya of
the sun. whereas dull or dusty turfaees absorb
thole rays. That sueh It a fact Is clearly demon
strated In the case of bran andirons placed near a
nre. I would like to be Informed as tn the origin
of the phrase, "At sixes and sereni." used tn the
sense of being unsettled or all awry I lias It ever
been traced to the Babylonian metre, which Is a
syiteni of sixes and sevem ? J. II. N.
The phrase has been traced hack through Bhake
spearo and Chaucer to the Towneley Uyttertes,
which date from about tho fourteenth century.
Some persons refer It to Job's troubles, others !o
the six working days out of the seven week days,
others to the unlucky number thirteen. It seems
not to have been traced to the Babylonian metre,
which It really sevens and sixes, not ilxct and sevens.
1, riesaename the best books to give a fair knowl
edge of the history nnd manners aed customs of the
Assyrians. Egyptians, tlreeks, and Itomant. 2,
Kindly Indicate the beat succinct histories of the
United States, Ireland, France, and England, nnd of
tue ltoman Calhnlla Church. 3, A. M,
1. Trobahly Maspero't "Life In Ancient F.gypt and
Assyria" Is the best book In English on those two
countries; and I,anclant ou Ttoman antiquities,
and Gardiner and .Tevoni on Ureek antiquities
would help you at to flrrcce aud Homo. S. nig.
gtnson's history of the United States Is good; so
are tho "student's histories" of France and Eng
land. Mat.Gcoghrgan'a Is a compact hlrtorr of Ire
andt histories or Ireland are fear, tho story of the
country being treated generally only tncldi ntally
with thnt of Oreat Britain. There Is no brief hit
lory of the Roman Catholic Church; you will have
lo look for lu history, In modern times at all events.
In the histories of the Continental countries.
What Is the origin of the expression "It's all In
my eye and licit) llartln?" Is It from the inng,
"III, Betty Martin, tiptoe Due? Ctittssis.
Tim moit probable acconnt of the orltMn of the
ttory It this from Lichfield, Hnglandt A constable
gavo testimony before a Justice against some gyp
tlet, especially against Betty Martin. When ho
had finished she rushed upon him and blncked his
eye, with the remark that hli testimony wat "all
my eye." Afterward he was teased by the boyi,
who called after him, "All my eye and Hetty Mar
tin," Tho phraso does not come from any psalm
or prayer beginning, "O mlhl liealr Martlne."
In Sh.'rman's "Memoirs," at published In tho ,Va
ffonnl Tribune, It Is aald that the steamer Central
Ann r! was lost ntT the coast of flcorula In 8ep.
teinbrr. 1K.17. Is the fleneral right as tn the roar
and place? I was looking at th stenmer the aflrr
noon she sailed out of Asplnwall. nnd 1 have alwavs
Indie veil that she was lost off TlBlteras In R5. I
knew her well as the old George Law. I remem
ber distinctly that two psssengers refused lo sail
In her. ns thei thought she was not sesunrthy. I
don't think he has the story rlaht In reirurd to the
vvnj In which the N'orncirlan hsrk Three Hells
came to flut the women and children who were In
the lionts I afterward became acqnslnted wllh
some nf those that were picked up In the Imnta and
was ahlnmste with ono of the very few men thnt
were saied We talked It over many a time. Ir
that wreck did not take place tho year of th big
comet. 1H38, I will have to revise my memory.
J. O. M.
Thn Central America foundered Sept. 12. 1R57.
Wo guess (7en Sherman wat pretty near right on
the other points of the story.
now many ropet doet a full rigged ihlo need
F, F. O.
An eminent naval authority tellr us that she has
as many ropes as there are boards In a house, and
that she needs every one.
Wilt von please ttate In your Rnndav edition tf
tho f)llnwlnr stHf-Tnents are hlsmrleillv correct,
vlr.- "Benedict I.X was Pope nf Home at the aa-e
of IS years. He soon threw off the external de
cencies of hit office and his Pontificate was dls
graced bv every conceivable excess, and In order
to win the hand of a Iidy for whom he had con
oelved a passion, he sold the Pontifical office to
John, the Arch Presbyter, who took the name of
Oreeory VI Trior to this, however, the citizens
or Rome iBsemhled and elected another Tope. John.
Bishop oT Snblnn, who took the name of Sylvester
III In the mean time Benedict was brought back
to Rome and so tere were three rival Topes, each
denouncing the other's pretensions and combating
them by armed force." Deuttast.
The ttatement It historically correct. Benedict
was "Intruded" Into the Tapacv, the approved
"Lives of the Topes" puts tt. In 1033, when only 11
or 12 years eld: he was driven out of Rome by the
Itlrent In tOli, when "Sylvester nt. Was chosen.
Benedlot returned shortlv. and sold the Tan icy to
John XX.. but drove hlsn out of the Vatican by
forco of arms. Then John Oratlan, Arcbprlest of
the Lateran Church, had himself eleulvd Tope It
was charged by buying up the rirdlnalt. so there
were fourTopei. In 1045 the Council of Sutrl,
backedup by tho Kmporor rfenry III., deposed tho
four and chose Clement II. fie died in three
months, poisoned. It was said, by Benedict, who
regained the throne In 1047 and kept It until 1040,
when ho reilgued and retired to the monastery of
Orotta Kerrata, whero he died In 1034 "old and de
crepitthat ts, at the" ago of thirty three years,"
Please Rive me tho hlttory of the old trotting
hor.e, American Olrl. S. s. R.
American Olrl wa- by Ames's Caattui M. Clay,
out of an unknown dam; she was foaled In 1669.
had a record of S-IO. and died In 1875.
Where were tho uld Chatham Theatre and the
old Franklin Theatre situated? W W. c.
The Franklin Theatre was opened on Sept. ,
1S33: It stood on Chatham street (Park row), be
tween Jamet and Oliver streets. It was closed tn
18o3. The Chatham Theatre was opened Sept. tl,
1830; It stood In Chatham square.
To settle a dispute, will you pleats let me know
how manv Htates there v. ere In the Tnlon at the
close or the war S, T. B.
There were thirty-six states, there were also nine
organized Territories, and one unorganised Terrl
tory, and a Federal district.
I would like very much tn know bow the suit
that France brnught against the United Statel for
damages rigardlng the losses at the fire at the
World's Talr terminated. E. E. R.
Tho trench Government brought no tult agalntt
this Government. There Is noj court In which It
could have brought suit,
1. In which Trotldential campaign were there
elsht candidates for the Presidency and eleven for
tn VIee-Presldencv? 2. Which President for four
years was absent from the capital more than ono
fourth the time, or 3-13 days? 3. Who wat noml
nated as the Presidential candidate by all the ele
meutsof the anil slavery advocates organized as a
Republican party? E. T.
1. In no campaign. But In 1872 electoral votes
were cast for eight persons for tho Protldsnsy and
for ten pertons for tho Vice Trealdency. Jf. Watnt
It Andrew Johnson? 9. John Charles'Fremont
(Fremont, aa ho signed himself).
There It a legend of an Indian tribe who. drlvon
southnard by the colonists, reached the tract of
country now known at Alabama. This country
the, endeavored to remain tn. one nf their chiefs
exclaiming, "Ilere Is rest " or "Hero we have
rest," Will you kindly give me the correct ac
count as well as the correct Indian wordlne of
Here It rel"? T.
IV e do not know the name of the tribe; perhaps
It was tbe Muscogee tribe, or perhaps the CrteVn.
There leems to bo no certainty about tho meaning
and origin of the word. Some pertsnt ta) It linn
Indian word, others that It Is Oreek which It It
not. Somo sa. as yoj tay, that an Indian chief
exclaimed, "Alabama," meaning, "Here we rest,"
others." that It was Bienville, the French explorer,
who uttcrod the word.
When was the doctrine of tho TrlnityTlrst pro
mulKitcd In tho Christum Church? Wos there anv
opposition to Its adoption? w. t. p.
The doctrine of the Trinity It a'fuudameiital dot
trine of Christianity, tuoitgh there have been from
the beginning various opinions at to ltt meaning,
and as to tho three pertons In tho Trinity.
What chances hat a young man of rising In
tho Unltnd States army should he enter at a prl.
vate, nnd also would jou udvlae any one who ti
militarily Inclined to cullsi? c. V. I..
Theoretically any enlisted man In lb army hat
an equal chance ulth any other enlisted man 10 ob
tain a cnmmliilnn. Practically, ho hat not In
practice, tho sons of army oflleors alone have a
co.ince at the shoulder "ilrapi. Men who enlist
without having friend among tho officers seldom
rise higher than Pout Ordnance Scrneantclci, nr Tost
Commissary nr Quartermaster Sergonnvlrs, A
young man mUht enlist with good results, the term
liontythrrn oars, ho Is looted after proierly, ho
:an learn agrevt deal, and leave thn arini -s Ith a
good character an 1 vt'!i plenty of money.
Is tho following sentence constructed inrrectlyi
"And theflrst tinu.-ht and thu bono nf the friends
wat that telex r ipnin Inquio would tirlnsr liifnrnia
tlo'i.".vc A loiiiendn Itiut "was ' Is useil torreetlv
and II usrerts tiat mo verb should be ' were' Will
you I li.i-e decide thoinntoutloii and give ri unn lor
yourdecislou ? vuumu 4
Blsrhtht. The aubjeoti of the verb are thouclit "
aud " hope," the subjects being plural, tho verb mutt
bo plural Inform.
if. X, HutUr.Tat Sex ;ubllihei no book on ro
porting or nowtpaper writing,
r. r. It, Whitney's "Etienltati of Faillsh Oram
mar" and HIlTs "Elementa of Rhetoric" aro ex
cellent books on their respective mbjerts,
r. J. R. New Vork haa gnne thus In Presldtntlal
elections itncr IH.In: 18(10, Republican; 1094,
Republican: 1888, Democratic; 187)!, Kapubllaani
1870, Demosratlc; 1830, Republican, 1HS4, Demo,
rratlo; 18SS, Republican; 1B1, DomooratUi 1C0,
ram avit'a acnooz ron CAnm ;MW
ft, a. run a. "MM
A, B, and O play a five-point game of euchre, A "iUU
has three points and B four, when c dealt and .assaml
picks up the trump, A and II taku thren trlcxt, ril- 'aaaaal
rbrlng o and adding two points to their reined. !'jaaafl
tire scores. Who wins? I'., K, Blocih. iH
It Is a He. ImW
In a game or catch five, or hlih, low, Jsek, with ''Mm
D pot n counter. Is the game out to the player who aaafl
Jioldi the ate nnd i'.oim it or do bands nil have to vMU
bs played, where two plavers are twenty each (gam's assfl
twentv-onel, and neither of the two are dealers? 'Maaafl
The leader leads tray of trumps. plyrr to left ilMm
holdtaco nnd Is twenty, but plaja fl spot, nerl 'aaH
plover u, next plater, who latnintr, playsjacat dH
and calls out, Doci the ace, which has not oeen 4MU
hown to board, go out before the Jack? 'taH
Wm Coorrn. i WMM
The ace wtni. MaaH
In a gsme of pinochle, toward Its close and count. "iB
Ing as the game proceeded, t claimed the g.me with '-SMW
taking the final tnek. tnelndlng the extra ten for VH
such final trick, which ten wns necesssrv to put fUM
m out. Mr opponent protests nn I elnlnia Iran. saafl
not make the claim or such ten In declaring sum- Mm
clent to go out. Kindt) decide and oblige. '('sasai
J. nr.so. 'MW
Tou win, "ilMm
A, B, and C nre ptavlng pedro. A his one to g vaasai
out, B has ono to go nut, and c has three tn go rut, fH
It Is unterstood that tie nee coes out first, ileueo ' tfaaaal
second, Jack third, game fourth, nmi pedpo nflh. - Haaaal
II deals, C bids one, A lasses, B refuses one. there. itaaaal
bv ho mul make two lieforo he can count. II Vasal
makes It diamonds, playing the ace for hlvth, A VaaH
pHra the deuce ts lira, n makes the came nnd MM
claims as hn umiln high and game be iiuide hit two ' ' risl
points, and aa he plaved ive for high vinnis thn tiaaaal
game. O claims that A wins because ho Played Vtxaal
law. Will J on klndl) decldo this ennui for us nnd Vtaaal
thus decide the arnger? D. W I.twm. tiMM
H wlnt the game. Having made what hn bid, his ' fsaai
ace takes precedence of all other points. Mt
A and B are playing pinochle. A melds a once IN iH
trumps and lays down an exrrs king nnd -latms sbH
tn trumps. B claims he must forfeit the -Hi trumps. Mm
Who la right? Jons Miu-iir, '3MM
Thr fentnr hand rAU a fonr run. ptnr Th" Jnn mmm
lor r. "N'otcroft, I hno nre i-inK" H: thf rn- IvH
lor en., a Mipienco nf rMir Thn Jnnlnr hit, ' " VijH
"Not piMM,. I hivi a facqt'rr.'f nt fire. 11, unit in -'3H
otlior Mi,ic..ri nr nvct in.' The m-nlor cnlU four 'H
nc 14, tliin umlcrft M Jpftfl calllrn: nun, 13. Now vrlH
ran Hit lunlor reck-on hi hnml n a ivt'l.up ani v'rH
o tir. In other votyi. cm Hip Junior hind rerlc -''jH
on a rrrlqiip on uolnt nnd MMurti " nlnnr v-hm .v'H
tho won. or ht a quator7e. cr tiirr.' tlinl I jtood. In Zmmm
M hand? Maintos IUtuir!: IImmW
Thn Junior scores Ofi. Thi It the rulo: "A . H
ptquo t nbtnlnM on the neon of thirty twine mad A 4.1
by a pin. or. In hli hand alune, br ivnrM thil 1
rrckon In orJer before niirttiliitr that lilt o-Irer ''MmM
nary can count " lu tht caoe the Jnnlor't corea H
for point and n;uenee take precedence oer any KH
ihtnc tho ftenlor can nro re. H
Ilnoehle 1. Can nnr player meM 00 qneenrt by H
counting the queen whlrh h htn ti1 to meld IBD , f'tjiH
trumps n one of bhM qiioens If. 1Yhlt--, n. ", ll
aud l are placing, A nnd C arc pa-tnrr It and 1 'iH
nre pinnern Henri t nre trumpi A lead th 4 vl
of flpndpti. n hai. no Kp.vtcft ho plain the n nf ':H
tienrt. C hn Kpalcrv he play tho t nt npade. D l
hm no pade but he hit trumps with which lm fmW
fan neat hl partner and aluo tin irurnpa with htei j-xH
he enn pl.iy below hi partner. The dl'putr or polni ''Mm
I tht: I I) ronea or must he beat the 0 of henrta H
trtimt t. which his partner but plajed? J. 1). M. 1
Hrldeeport. Conn. "" TH
1. Yet, 2. Ho H not required to beat hli partner. H
In a irarne of draw poker, when the nlnrert call vl
for card, are they all obliged to discard at the re.
quett of the dealer trefore he commenced to dc ilt ViaH
or I It the!- option to dUcard lu turn a they .nre jVH
tTMclTr card J SLwciunr.n. 'ifll
They discard In tarn as they are to receive card. mmM
1. A and C emrnge In a partnership frame nf eaehr 41
against D and V. A deale. and afor ni the other 'AImm
hare pafced picks up the trump nnd play ajone, fWm
U playa alone ae-amet him. A net four rriela ott tMsH
of the lire. How many nolnts doc A wnri! t?. If JWmu
B bad euchred A bow many point nould n pet? -H
A. n, C, V. fl
1. One. ?. Two. i1i
To deelde poker bet, will yon kindly inform ma ?Mm
throuch rour paper who wins' A hut n flush tee, sULH
three, four, nereo, and ten. n ha klnz. Jack, ten, H
elcht, and seren, also a fluh Turos Httzcuu. hI
A win. JB
In catno can a player bare two butldj nn ta vfl
table at the name time n V Wood. Vafl
riaylnc royal catnlno I hold an ace. little calno, H
atiu two other car In. I make tt 14 nn my turn. 1H
Am I compelled to take it, or can I rebuild or mnk Um
It 15 to my 1 ttle casslno? J. J. D. Imm
You in u ct take It. fimW
Will von pleae let me know the rentlty In m J"iH
tame or auction pitch (catch loi" for playlnt? out nf $mw
lurn The clrcuintnnct'i are a follos,s The rntno SM
1 10 pntnta, catch low. partners, an th tcore la IH
H M, Thnt Is. two i olnts nee led for either a 4m
win. C Ii dcalinR und II bld thr nhlch no on rmm
rale V acieptt three nnd B pluhe club, with ifrH
ace. Klnc. leven, and elcht. A hold tho Jackf ------- 4ttH
deuce, four, und five of clubs.. I) and C hoU no fM
trumpi ..club . B lead ace an I kin? of triiMpi - iB
and then leads n em nil di.mioml, MhicU hit part- - Amm
ner. n. takct with the ace of dnmond and lead imm
ba"fc he ae of apide. O plivs rniill pa le. but 8mm
before It hat a chance to play A pliyf jack of YH
trump, club, and claim the enmt, think In ho &H
wa 0. finds that be wa onl M. -ind takes up Aafl
the Jack and pta his deuce of trump anl then 'ijHH
leads hi Jack or trnmptand clilm? the tntine. If 'Jmrnt
Ana compelled to leave hi Jtcfc that mciM com- mm
pel him. A. to lead, and a II ttll hat two trump H
It woul 1 trump A lead and catch the ace with hU $M
other trump. F. O. C, Boston -SH
A, harlnp eipoved tha Jack, was compiled tt WmW
play It on te cnll of either of hl opponents. Tht tjB
Is. If either opponent objected he could not Taka rfl
It tip and pUy the deuce. There ts no other penalty fH
for p la j Ing out of turn than that It exposes tb t4
card, which may then be callod. H
a, n, and C were playlnic a same nf draw poker, Vrnm
and A was deallnr. and It called for cards nd A, -1
should turn one face up, should C and A. If vhey wH
stajed In, get their cards before D rot what ha , 3H
callei for In tho drw? J. W. m U
In place of a card fa-ed In the draw the dealer " -H
mut serve the next card. Smm
What are the chances of throwln; one acenndav
the following conditions Two dice, two throws? tvH
H. O. Ill ibold. Mm
With one dice the chance of turning up an a!1 T.I
one In fix thrown. With two dice the chanc U (jM
twice as good, or one in three throws. Therefore, Ifl
the mathematical expectation Is that a player Mm
throwing two dlco will get tn o thirds of one aon tn
two throws, or. In other words, he haa two-third ,
of a chance to set an ace In two throws. - V
" Sir are playing poker. No. 1 Is dealing, t ante,
3 comes In nnd ralstu the bet to the limit, A haa col i
ptcktd up his cards and bats, "I have only fouri 4
cards," and claim a mlfdeol. Tbe dealer lnslsUj V
It I not a mldcal, and No. 4 mast take another' i
card from the deck. Who U right. Alvats But;
It is a misdeal, -
In playing four-handed pinochle, partner, pade i
trumps, one pi .yer held ace,two kings, queen, JaMr. f
and wn of trumps, for nlch he claimed a meld of "j;
I0J. ISO trumps and 40 cramps. He claimed h
could form a combination with the queen already 'V.
In the ISO trump by Introducing hit second klnc V
of trumps, arguing that he had as much right to .,,
this as he woulrt"u',Tp to Introduce the Jack of dla
monrt and nirld 40 plnoehlo where l.'iO ispadrs) .
trumps were atrc.a melded The other player J
would only allow him 150, Kindly say who 1 richt, j!
and give correct meld, H.J M. S
The uther plajer are right. The rneld Is 150. 4v
In a game of ea!no, A holds two ace, a fonr,
and n flic, and then Ik n four upon the toard Ha -St,
inakci the four n flto b plirlii an n upon It, v,J
iYhcn lit next pln conns nrouiitl he i1imn' unothar V
ace upon Ins build of nc and iWU it -u. ills op. &
poneut ileclnrts 11 annot N ilonc, ni d we will 3f-
abide bv tour decision -. Can n plnr make f
second butld befttre he takes up hU ll '
I M-ranrsv, a
1, As play was wrong. 2, Yr. 4p
Which Is th winning throw In poker dice, or torn T
highest, aces or sixes? IlrrTB. ll;
lu draw poler a enrd Is exposed In the draw, I AC
tho ptarcr lo whom if If dealt nblUfd to ("ike tha 4v
exposed enrd or piohlhlled from til-fn,' it p
I Ni iMtrET.
He is prohibited from taking ll. It Is di il. Jj
PokerIt 1 a condition are pn(. meaning, of J
course, ace or better. The deal 1. pa e 1 nbotu a ft
half dozen lime Hnallr A opi'iit. tin pot All 4
come In and draw card" A bctx u .hip, II anl O a
call him, A "njr. after looktur. "I haw twos aud mi
threes," II stxs norhlt fr, and V n-t. I hivn ffi
king and nines." A sajs. riiut bfuts me," Hpt sv
C throws his cards Into the lrk afier hlinwtiifr &)
them, nnd takes the inonej, lien nn unlnireN jr
el pari tell A thut he has three time W lilOs
wins? A C n.-.unt IUamiu J
C wins the pot, i
In plavli.g crlbbtje A pliied 2,11 plaved 8, O f
plnjed 1. making n run of ihru It (la. el S, A, f
pmod 4, nn I clnluts a run of fit II, howtvert
ntjh lm Is not (milled to It, I he right? J. It. Ji
A's score Is fUu for the run .ml two for the flf 4j
tetn, , If
Plnoe'ile Three Inn led. H and C are raJH Yi
(bio, ni luKt deal en-li 1 leld 100. Jendfc, t.ibes ft
trick, nnd claims nut M taken urnni crl k, ant 1
claim out C rltlnift that f niil khnuld pi iy the v
hnud out. Should 11 un I c Iu the titnd t oris, y
'J el tu k win a 11 1 tftlmr. mm tie v in iKrceil upon 1V
Im fore start Inu u.i., ' ill'., inun miiih low man 9f,
SlllCk." W M . t.litirT!l. RiM
C loses. A plajer 1 nut a soon tu ho make) ' 'W
1( 000 points anl clJiiih auif, ! g
In a game of pinochle, towarl It cloie. In conn. i 1
Ing as Urn game pro. re led, I cltiiaed the game la . 5
taking the tlntl trtk, Includlug ihotxtralen for 'M
such final trkk which 10 was noccsiiary to put : &
me out, M) opponent prnUi nn I rlulins lean '
not make the claim of ueh ten polu. In declirlug 5"
sufllclcut to to 1111. Kludly diet I . '
Ikit'OKE I'stJ, ,
You art entitle 1 to claim the gsme. 1
IMeate state lu your column tho Urgest hand U V
Thirty B In hnd and two for his heelt, I'
A Is nlnti 0 Is sight. A and D euchre O, who4 1
four T-n Ii tbw gams. Who wins, A ox li U, A