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I ! CUBA'S VAST RESOURCES.
' ?l ' f xatvrat. wealth that ttrsir ill SPAIN CAXXOT DISSIPATE. k 1'" ' S fr ( 0r Contribution to thn Government of c I j r Bpcndlhrirt Molhtr Country Have j , ' I I,rt Her Hidden Xlcbe Untouched ' I - . HarWIdnVlntln Boll nnd Her Mlnernln. i F , 'f F Most recent discussions of affairs In Cuba ' i',) have been about thk progress of the war tliat ' ! the Oaban patriots havo been waging for tliolr K ' Independence. It has been auerted frequently ii or almost every publlo speaker that the war has J made the Island "a bowling wilderness." 'and . that should Spain win she would havo gained v ' I Bothlnr but the continued right to rule and tax if h a people already ground down to the point of ' starvation by nnjust taxation, and because of I - i i these statements tho questions most frequently r is asked hare beent "Why should Spain want ' ' K i B to hold Cuba? Why should sho. In her bank- t'K E ropt state, spend almost SIOO.000,000 In a slnglo I It B r t0 ,aDllue Popl who hate her rule, who ' ' Jl 8 never have submitted willingly to It. who nover AOf ft can be madn to do so ?" 'i t 4ft fi 'In the Interest the herolo struggle of the ' JHff patriots for freedom has aroused, slghthas been 1 ? 4 i Ht '0,t of the wonderful natural resources o' the ' f K It' v lIUld Itself, or tho wonderful fortuity of Its '' E II "ott. of the millions of hidden wealth that tnxa- .4 IT f- If tton. almost to tho point of confiscation, has i rl I made It unproflublo.to secure from Its hiding '' V ? 'place. The Spaniards know these things, and ''' Vsi t 'n toam thor BC0 tne Possibility of f urthsr plun- ' Sil? I slsr almost endless and almost limitless. I rlli ' f Italmundo Cabrera, in his book, "Cuba and t fin tr 5 t8 nDttn"'" ' ? iiS t l "Oh, we are truly rloh I I tsv i. & "From 1821 to 1820 Cuba, with her ownre- tEX w I louroes, covered the expenditures of the Treas- t f t tiry. Our opulence dates from that period. $ ff Wo had already sufficient negro slaves to cut ' H i. down our virgin forests and amplo authority to jf force them to work. J sj S "By means of our vices and our lnxury.and In I i J f aplto of the hatred of everything Spanish which . M, ? f Moreno attributed to us, we sont In 1837 the I 1 first little million of hard cash to the Treasury H of the nation. From that time until 1804 o 5S ft continued to send yearly to the mother country ' K I two and a half millions of the same stuff. Ac- j, ' ' I cording to several Spanish statisticians ties t k f nmi amounted In ISO! to J80.107.287. We 1 lu? ' weie very rich, don't you see; tremendously v I rich. We contributed more than 15,000,000 - rTC ' K toward the requirements of the penlnrular war u Sv . $ I3.372.20S. Wo paid in great part the cost A V; ' of the war In Africa. The individual dona- " w i ' $ ttons alone amounted to fabulous sums. &&' I i "But, of course, e never voted for our own -jf Imposts; they have been forced upon us be- 'Ufl '' ; jause we aro so rich. In 1802 wo had In a state j, fe ' i of produotlon the following estates: Two VL : thousand seven hundred and twelve stock f. ' farms, 1,521 sngar plantations, 782 coffe 11 ' plantatlnns,0,175 cattle ranches.18 cocoa plan- U tatlons,: 35 cotton plantations, 22.748 produce ' ' ; farms, 11,738 truck farms, 11,541 tobacco 1 I ;, '. plantations, 1,731 apiaries, 153 country re- H ' 1 sorts, 243 dls'.llleries, 408 tile works, 504 llmo ; kilns, 63 charcoal "urnaces, 54 casara bread i L i- factories, and 01 tanneries. To-day I do not ' .' know what we possess, because there are no K'. V p statistics, and because the recently organized ,f: ( svasessment Is a hodge-podge and anew burden: ')?i j,' but we have more than at that'tlme; surely (V'lt r, we must have a great deal more. Ji jfr t "For a long time we have borne the expenses Vtl$f f! "' "" conT'ct settlement ai Fernando Po. Wo Mlf p'(1 for tho ,11-5tarro1 Mexican expedition. , f.fttf f the costs of the wars in San Domingo and with R l J tho republ'cs of the Pacific. How can we pos- W ' slbly be poor? While Enalsnd, Franco, and . I f Holland pay large turns for the requirements jf.- 1 J of their colonies, Spain does not contribute a It single cent for hers. We do not need It. We , i. ; arevadlng deep In rivers of gold. If tho fer- j!f' ; ttllty of our soil did not come to our rescue.'we , J must perforce have become enriched by the J. ; system ofprotectlon to tho commerce of the .' M i '. mother country. The four columns of the ' fe ' . tariff aro Indeed of subllmenventlon. Our ki acricuUural industries require foreign ma- ' W' h ; ohtnery, tools, and utensils which Spain does IM '$ '' not supply, but as she knows that we have gold 5 S 7 f to spare, she may mako us pay for them very hi i '' high, and since our tugsr Is to be sold In the !ij i United States, never mind what they cost. - fl-j H f When there are earthquake! in Andalusia and f' 3 $ Inundations In Murcla, hatred does not prevent 'tI$!i'' oar sonalnzto oar afflicted brethren large Wi t suras. We are opulent? Let us see If we are. Jftjlfl From the earliest times down to the present IfH'ifl the officials who come to Cuba amass in tho fl'fij- briefest space of time fortunes to be dissipated w .-J In Madrid, and which appear never to disturb !ii ? their consciences. This country is very rich. jW ; r Incalculably rich. In 1830 we contributed j - l JB.120.034; in 1840. 80.005.877; In 1850, 510,- . S " ' f 074.077; In I860. 520.010.770. During the ' f. ', war we did not merely contribute, we bled. K ' t Vr'a had to carry the budget of 582,000,000. S ' "We count 1,500,000 Inhabitants; that Is to , ' J v. one million and a half nf vicious, voluptu- ''.$(' . oa Pompous spendthrifts, full nf hatred and Jm S low passion, who contribute to the publlo Kr " charges and never recelvo a cent In exchange; K-1 k who have given as ranch as 502 per capita, and MkV ' who ' tho Prsent moment pay to the state H& V f what no other taxpayors the world over have Bt'a'l over ojntrlbuted. Does any one say we are not KK,! i prodigiously, enviably rich?" HwY f This bit of irony from the pen of a Cuban. MM' ; while Intended to show the poverty that t; r Spain has forced on Cuba, gives a deal of HrrR tt truth that goes to show the wonderful re H KM ; sources of the Island and Its peoole. They H BH :i have been mulcted, as tho writer says, and In H&K I ,Blta ' " ,hey aro "till able to carrv on a war HJEjU; like the present one, that In Its Infancy has KjLf' ' cost Spain more than 83 to every acre on the Hirt Island. It can be valued In acres If the pres Bjtj' i "nt destruction keeps up, for there may be HKjf'' nothing left but the land to 3ght for. Bb'Cl A Son reporter talked a day or so ago Kl f with a celebrated man, a resident of this olty, Hl ' who has large Interests In Cuba and has trav. HK' j elled In all parts of the Island, who knows Its Bl'f people and knows more about the possibility of !' . their development under a proper government B than does any o'her man in this city. H ti A "The people of this country," he said, "have B-JH t no Idea nt all of the natural resources of the 5 f. beau'.iful island. As It stands to-day It Is Hv'fl'- worth 3500,000,000, not counting Us value as El-3: sv naval stitlon, which In Itself Is almost In B K calculable, for It commands the Quit of Mexico. Ef The nation that controls Cuba oontrols the R; J; sir mouth of the Mississippi Itlver. There Is no '?;; denying that fact. But I don't care to speak Km ' of that feature. It Is of the woalth of the lsl MS.!?! nd and its roouperatlve powers after such H,Li ? wars as have been waged there that you want fJV-; to hear. The island contains about the samo Bg' number of iquare miles as tho State of Vlr Hlcy'f, , slnla. There are about 28,000,000 acres, and HjftWj'. not five per crnt, of tho available land has HFjOlw, sver been cultivated. Think of it. They havo Hm ; been growing and cutting sugar cano thero for HhJ''j: S00 years. By avallablo land I mean land B.K . ' with a richness of soil exceeded nowhere In BKw I the world and rqunllod In but fow land, a BVif h. sen tn which almost anything will grow. H, v "Of tho 28,000,000 acres. In round numbers, rl 17,000,000 are to-day virgin forests untouched Bf . 'f by man. Th ate forests, too, of great rich 'jft'l'' nets. There aro thousands upon thousands of H)m jf' acres of tho finest woods tnat grow. Ma K jg . hogany grown there has beon sold in Now BE II York city as high as 5830 a thousand feet. Bf p'r There are forty kinds of the very hard and Bh'tfLU cabinet nood. The forests alone are worth a Bt y?X tnlnt of money. But It Is not here that her Bfc fff " wealth Is. It Is In her mines and In the BK3h fertility of her soli. Her mines are in no BE'rilj- higher state of development than her soil. The -1 ' chief reason for that Is the tremendous tax that f'AV the Uorcrnment of Hratn has put upon mln- fj. tng. Of eery mineral taken out of the earth UK ipaln has claimed CO per cent, as her own. This BBJlH practl.slly prohibited mining, for tho com. BBmJ w pany that undertook It had to pay for the land BBRu i and pay for all tho labor, besides the expense B of marketing the ore, out of the 50 per rent. BBftlL ttat tte tlovemmeut would let It lake. BBHI ' Just recently, however, thero have been con- BBla' oasslons made to Ainsrlcau compaulss, and bVAi ' Iron ore is being mined, the Oovernment;tak Ing only flvv per cent. There are mountains of Irjn ore thore. The supply of it is tnex haustlblt and the richness of It Is unequalled. It Is of the quality that Is used In the manu facture of Bossemer steel. The recently dis covered deposits equal or exceed those on Lake Superior, and aro of equal quoltty, "The geology and mlnoralogy nf the Island aro yet but imperfectly known however. The Government has never paid any atten tion to such matters. Besides the vast Iron deposits thnrn are known to be great deposits of i-onper. Before the last war thero were two great copper mines operated profitably even though tho Government took half of nil the product as Its share and pnld nothing for It. During that war those mines wore Hooded and they have never been pumped out. There aro gold and silver, but In what quantities I could not say. On many of my trips through tho Island I havo been Invited by Cubans to go with them and they would show me whore there was gold. They havo brought snmMes of both ores to me, but something has always happened that has prevented my accepting the Invitations. "In the province of Santiago there are grent deposits of mnngunoso ore. The little Investi gation thnt has been mndo warrants tho belief that there aro millions of tins of It. nnd tho oro Is rlnh and of suporlor quality. Thoro nro great quantities of suit, too, hut that Is n Gov ernment monopoly. Of agriculture, ns I snld, the soil will produce almost anything that Is planted except wheat. Wheat has not been successfully grown so far. Sugar cano and tobacco are the two great staples thnt grow there as they grow nowhere clso on earth. You can plant sugar cano thero and cut It for thirty or forty or fifty succcsslvo seasons wlthont replanting, and I have nevor board of that anywhero else In tho world. I have sugar growing thero, and tho oldest Inhabitants In the neighborhood of the plantation cannot re member by whom It was planted. I hnvo my self cut crops from It for more than thirty yenrs. It costs about 530 an acre In Cuba to plant sugir. That Is, tho first year's expense from the time of planting to tho tttno of cut ting Is 530, and tho avornge yield will be al most 570 an aero. Thero aro fields thnt will yield two and three times that much. Thnt Is tho average for the whole Island. And after the first year tho cost is but 510 an acre, and it may 0e a shado under that. In Loutslaun and In othor sugar-growing regions no crop Is looked for tho first year. In Cuba you plant and out In one year. The soil everywhere Is peculiarly adapted to sugar. It Is also pecu liarly adapted to tobacco. So with coffee. I havo drunk coffee in Cnba equal to the Pnest in the world. "There is no gainsaying tho richness and fertility of the soil of the wonderful Island. Everywhere, from end to end and from side to side. It Is rich In everything. Talk about the cattle of a thousand hills, there are a thousand cattle to a hill In Cuba. Thero are the Ideal pasture lands of the world. We In tho States talk of the cllmato of tho Island and fear tbe fevers and tho dlscasos. Why, the cllmato Is Ideal, In the hottojt summer the temperature Is never so high as It Is In Now York nnd there is no revere winter. There are two seasons. the rainy and tho dry. Thero are no ex tremes in temperature at all. As for tho healthrulness of the Island, those fevers and those diseases that we fear haro not oeno trated tho Island at all. You seldom hoar of yellow fever Inland, and, when you do. It Is not so bad a disease as typhoid Is here. It Is certainly not so frequent. It Is In the coast towns like Havana thatforcr Is a scourge. It abounds there because of tho filth that proper sanitary moosures wonld prevent. "Cuba Is prodigally rich In everything. Sho is rich In flowers. In fruits. In birds. In woods. She is rich In mines. She is rich In agricul ture, and In her riches He her power of ro cuperatlon. her Dower to wage war against her unnatural mother, even though she Is made a barren wilderness. It Is this natural richness that will enable her to recover quickly and boomo a power when onoj she succeeds in shaking off the shackles with which Spain has bound her." rZOTD'8 XTOXDEItEUL rins. A. Fast Which IVhia Once Xsalted Notll. las Cm Put Out. IYon (A Cincinnati Enquirtr, There Is a fire that never dies, and It Is here, and In this world, too. This strange fire Is of the conslstenoy of paste, and Is harmless while In a quite state. The friction caused by rubbing It against a bard snrface will, however, set It aglow, and nothing will extinguish the flames, which will burn with a blue light and an In. tense neat until the compound is completely de stroyed by combustion. Water has no effect upon It; It can be made into balls and thrown anywhere, and It will burn with a slow but fierce combustion which makes It unlike any known fire. Dynamite and gunpowder requires a spark to Ignite them, and powder produces an explosion, not a regular fire. To Ignite this compound there Is just the slightest friction of rubbing It against some ordinary snbstance. There Is no explosion or rapid spreading of flames, but a strange, pasty substance composed of living fire, which cannot be stamped out or killed In any known way. John Floyd, the dlscoreror, has been for sev eral years delving In all sorts of chemicals, as his numerous Inventions required constant study. One day be wished to mako a certain snbstance with which to experiment, and for that purpose placed In a liquid somo waste sub stances which ho thought would, when dis solved, produce tho wished-for compound. But ho found the material he wanted before the liquid was dissolved, to lie loft tho Jar contain ing the solution on the shelf for several weeks, thinking no mora uboul It. Finally ho thought of using the Jar and, when lifting It down from tho shrlf, some of the liquid bpilt on the floor. .Mr. Floyd thought noihlngabout thu matter till he noticed u son. sailon nt beat about his tout, nnd on looking down found that tho soft pusto which had fallen out of the bottle bad become a mnss ut soft, flickering names emitting an Intense ht'itu He put his fnot mi tbo spot, stamping It out, as he thought, and turm-d tu bis work. When be turned around again hosaw thntln steuU or gnlng nut the lire piutu was steadily burning, that His rubbing It hud only smeared It over the floor, und It was eating Into tho wood every moment. He then threw several buckets of wuter on tho stuff, but the vtatur hud no effect other than In be converted into puffs nf steam, and the fire burned steadily on, cutting its way through tho soft pine flouring, AbUio experiments wore being conducted in the back ota drug store, which as filled with dangerous chemicals, he knuw that something must oe done to'put a stup to Its ravages or the whole place would be blown to utnms, Aftermany fruitless attempts to put it out he procured a hatchet, nnd It was only by cutting outthe entire squaro of wood on which the paste rested that he succeeded In stopping the flro, which burned for at least an hour. Afruidut tho uses to which ibis discovery might be put, Mr. Fluytt bus never made thu secret of thu Ingredients publlo; butiiusajs that the cost of making It Is o smull that It cau easily bo used instead nf tho chi'iinost waste materials. Anil for that ruusuu he will not let the formula become known, for Incen diaries would luku advantage of it and notilnco would be safo from uurulng. I Iid-.ii who uu oil or dynamite nr powder can be easily traced, as some preparation Is ueceeinry. but. with this liquid lire n oilmlna! wliu know its cnuiposl. tlon could burn his way nolrelessly thruigh any door or srt any hoinij on llro by throwing against It a noiai'lens ball of the cnmpoeltiun. 'Iho cost of making thl lliiiild tiro it so small that It can be easily utcd iiteud of cnnl lu healing a furnace. Hut tho most valuable properties are Hhimi which it pusessus which ure absolutely furHgu to tliosu of llro ns known to us. All forms or heat, exicpt that of elec tricity, must ba generated in sumo kind of a furnace and be constantly supplied with fuel, but this lire Is buth flame und fuel iMelt. A bo u I u cupful can bo set on lire and It will burn with a sternly glow fur an hour. This wonderful lire can bo utilized In tho kitchen, and tovescun bodlsponsed with alto gether as entirely useless. In ordur to fry any thing It Is only noces.ary to l.nnglho pan from a wlroand smear oer tho bottom with u spoon ful of the liquid. In on In.tunv there will boa hot flro which will burn forurer uii hour, Hu llmttlieci.nl.tif tho future tun take her llreout lutu the country; It can bu in,ei in couKli.g lu camping: there will 1m n,i cu.u uilU, but tl'u work of heutlng furnaces, or limning flinslu grutco, or running iiiotnis can bo diino by a harmless little epoonlul of paste, which can bo taken around In the vest pocktt. Of Its tirai'llial uses tliro Is no end. for tho subject fset lu Its Infancy, the luentor. think ing but of the harm thut might vuiue. having stopped his experiments. He. however, mje he intends to resume them and find out mnruubout this explosioiiless, noiseless, unquenchable naste, whlchls flro purs and simple. wbj ALONG THE MEXICAN LINE. HOW TUB JIOVtiDAIlT JiBXITBBN THE TWO llKPVni.lCti IS UAKKED. Htene or Iroa Monnmeats) Deetgaat It Thronzhout tbe Nearly Bevea linn, dred Miles from El JPneo to the raelfle. From tht Chicago Record. WASittsaTo.v, Nov. 20. Thero need be no further controversy concerning territorial rights on the Mexican border, for the boundary lino has boon resurveed and remarked with massive stone and Iron monuments theentlro distance from El Paso to the Psclflo Ocean a little less than 700 miles. From El Paso east the Rio Grande Is the boundary. The work was done by an Interna tional commission, under a treaty concluded botweon tho L'nltod Stntes and Mexico on tho 20thof July. 1882, and a final report was sub mitted to the Secretory of Slate yesterday by Col. J. W. Barlow. Corps of Engineers. United States army. It consists of 700 type-written pages, copiously Illustrated with maps and drawings and photogrnphlo views. It Is signed by all tho Commission, nnd under the treaty lis conclusions nro binding upon both Govern ments. Tbo American Commissioners were l.leut..Col. J. W. Harlow and First Lieutenant 1. I). Gnlllard, United Stales Engineers, and Assistant A. T. Mosmau of tho Coast nnd Geo dctlo Survey. The Commissioners on the part of Mexico wero Sofiors Don Jncobo Blanco. Valen tine (Isms nnd Copt. Caspar Martinez Caballos. The Commission held Its first meeting at Clu dad Juarez In November, 1801, when a general plan for carrying on the work In ooncortwas formed, and tho actual labor began about the 1st of February, 1802. when a party of about sixty persons, with tho necessary animals, wagons, camp equipments, supplies, and scien tific Instruments, wont Into camp on thosltoof monument 1, on tho Hlo Grnnde, near El Paso. Tho boundary was originally marked by about fifty monuments, hut they were not of adurahlo character, ond nearly all of them wero dis placed, decayed, or destroyed by vandals. Tho Commission was nblo to Identify tho location of forty-threo of them, and those which wero par tially remaining wero restored nnd mndo per manent. Tho resurvoy nnd remarking of tills boundary became nccessnry to pro entcontlnunl controversies betweon citizens, civil officials, and thu nillltnry authorities nf both countries. Astronomical absrriatlons were inadn to deter mlno the latitude und longitude of tho first monument and the precise location of tho boundary. Stellar ob-ervnlions wero also ued to verify the locations of tho original monu ments when they were found. There are now 2ftH Iron nnd stone monument", w hlcli give nn average of ono to every two nnd one-half miles, lu many plnces. part.culnrly trlirru the country Is thlcklv settled, they aro not more than one mile apart, nnd thu widest lntemil Is lle miles. Conspicuous positions werecbosen for making thorn intervlslble, and this was nrronipllshcd with marked success. There are only two monuments throughout the entlro dUtaneo of 700 miles from which tho next ono may not bo observed. No monuments were set on thnt part of Iho boundnry formed by the Colorado itlver. nor along ibo Hlo Grande. ..,,.. Wherovor material was nccesslble shafts nf stonu twelte feet high and about six feet In diameter nt the base wero erected. In tho deserts, where stone could not be found, iron nits used. The Iron monuments are six leut high, two feet xquore nt the base, and tweho inches squnru at thuton of theshsfts, which ter minate in pyramids. They are bolted to concrcto foundations, or tosolld rock, whenever possible. Uii tho north faco of all monuments Is the In scription: ! BOUNDAHY Ob' THE UNITED STATES. ; Treaty nr 1133. : ; rteStablUtieU l.y treaties of 18S2 8U. : : Tho destruction, dlsplaeetueul. or dH.Vcemsnt : ; or this monument Is a niHlemesnor punishable : ; by the United States or Mexico. : A similar Inscription lu Spanish appears on the Mexican side of tho shaft. On the east side of each are figures indicating its number, and on the west side nrc two sockets placed near the top to receive a flagstaff or raugo polo. No. lis about two miles west nf the city limit of El l'aso; No. 25 is a fewanls from tho sea, near San Diegn. fnl. Tho Held work of tho survey was completed In nineteen months. It Included thu topography of n belt tbrco nml one-half miles wide tin each sldu of the boundnry. Each section of the Commission obtained the necessary data on its own sido. but both parties worked along to- f:other. Monuments Nos. 2o5 nnd 25U. being ncnted at important points nnd In tbe midst or a thickly settled countr, wero carefully and handsomely rebuilt of granite and marble. The original monuments had been nearly carried away piecemeal bv relic humor, but as much of tho old material as remained was utilized, und thu new monuments aro now surrounded by fences of steel pickets eight feet high, which will protect them from future vandalism. Sume of tbo monuments were set lu places that wore almost Inaccessible. It mattered not whuro tho proper point fell, upon tho side of n bristling cliff or upon tbo cret of a dlz?y (mountain peak, n shaft was placed exactly jthsre. Nouument No. 15:1 Is bolud to tho orost of tho Cerro de In I.esna. a peak rising abruptly from tho mldt of n level plain in southern Arizona. Its sides nro nlmost perpondicular. Tho name, w lilch means "Tho Awl." is particu larly impropriate, and tbe top nt tho crest is not more than one toot squaro. Yet a monument wns placed there. Joe Wheeler of Tennessee, a daring nnd cool-headed climber, succeeded in scnling tlic nlmost ertlcle precipice, nnd made a lino and tackle fast to the peak, by which others gained tho height. It was necessary to blast olT conslderublu in tbe rock in order to givu sufficient room for the base of the monu ment, but it wns Dually erected, and now forms a conspicuous landmark. Tho Commissioners are qttta modest In de scribing their perils and Buttering, for when they crossed the Tule and Yuma deserts thn wnter for men nnd autmitls had to bo hauled 100 miles, and while they wero working at So. noyta the mean tcmpcinture wns l'jtl" in tho slindo. It will thus be seen that the work wns performed under grcatdlfiloulty and embarrass ments, yut not n man wns HI, nor nn animal died from causes due to the heat or natural conditions of the country. On the edge of the Tule deert Is thn TIJnnns Altas. Tho namo signifies "High Vessels," or receptacles, and designates natural tanks hol lowed in Ibo rocky mountain side. Thero nro Beveral of theso tanks, ranged nne above tbo other. Whatever rnln may fall pours Into them, and. If stitllclunt in qunntlty. fills them successively from the topmost downward. Usually u tolerable supply of warm, vapid wnter, covered with green scum, is to be found In some of lhe-o tanks. If not In the lowest, then In noxt, or the next above. The third groat desert crossed by the Interna tional boundary occupies southern California from thn Colorado to the wnlis nf tho ro ist rnuge. Tho Hold party worked across this In enrly summer. Although not the hottest at that season, the Colorado desert Is alwnsliot uud hideously repulsive. For miles and nrles it stretches awaj, far ns tho oyo enn rench. n yellow glittering rxpnno of nowdury snnds. formed into ridges nnd dunes. These sands are nearly ns vulnttlu nn wnter. Ihn slightest breeze whisks litem up and bears them on In an ever Increnslng i-loinl. Tho action Is best shown in the fuel that In one night n nnd duno twenty-six feot high oltcn forms or illsnntienrs. Frequently thn air becomes so thoroughly Im pregnated wltli Hying sands that vision Is ut terly obscured. Nntlilng whnlever can be dis tinguished, tho driver cnu sea no trace of his teuuiornf tho person sharing his seat. Hunh storms may last u few minutes or ft few days It was often necesssry in screen the faeo from thu biting winds. Hon ever, not n cnonf sun stroke occurred on tbo survey. I'pnn the sandy plains, where thu heat Is greatest, tho air holds but llttlo moisture. It was therefore possible to work when tho mercury In tho shade Indl catod from 100 In 12;i. Thu nights wero strangely cool. Tho men got In Iho field ns early as possible In the morning, but from 11 o'clock until :i no work win possible, thu bent causing thu atmospheru to waver or flicker. This ren dered the instrument!, useless for tho time. Tho mysterious uiirnge. of which much has been told, was oveiy whuro M-im along tho boundary. What resolved Itself Into a number of scattered boulders appeared to the view nf a party of umpluyeus ns a small nnd regularly iald out city, ko perfectly were tho stiuetsnud blocks of buildings defined. Thu Illusions of distant lake, with linuges nt waving trees mirrored it, their clear, cool depths, were most common. Frequently a Jack rabbit sourrylng ncross tho plain took unto himself tho propor tions of a full-grown steer. Only onn point was left unsettled by tho Com mission, and that will probably be referred to arbitration, ns it Involves the ownership of about. 'IHO neres of land lu tho river bottom be. twenn the cities of i;i l'aso nnd C'ludiil Junrnz. I niter the ticaty nf IHiW iho Hlo Uruntlu Is tho boundary butweuti the two nations fmui El Paso east, but It luu pi nved n very unreliable marker ami frequently changes Its course without, notice during the spring Hoods. Sometimes It Mruys over Into .Mexican toirltory and sometimes It takes a short cut across tho possessions nf Unole ham. Hut nn notice has been tnken of Its nnmniiif deposition because theland (sprue thnlly valueless, nnd Iho uildillu nf tho rhcr is considered the boundary wherexer It hoppuns tube. Hut In this particular case the disputed tract is worth ruuslduriihlo inonej.and Is owned by citizens of the I'm led Mutes. It Includes all Uio flats biitwuen the two towns, anil rmnen within twenty feet nf Iho Pitntit I'd Kallrnad station. Tins land was originally in Mexico, and would be there still If the lUer had not chatiKii! Its couire. Now, however, H Is on the north side nf the stream, nnd the Ameni'.ins w ho awn it insist that It is n part of thu I lilted Plates. They have protected lliolr properly by dikes, so thai tbe Itln lirnndo cannot tumbler it again to .Mexico, and Iho qUeMlon will have to be referied tnnrbiiimiun fur final settlement. On iho Utb of May. lBOH, n treaty was con eluded between Mexico ond the United States for the appointment of a Commission to Inves tigate and report upon various questions bear- ins upon the distribution of the waters nf the Wo Grande, and the proposed construction of an International dam near Kl l'aso. which aro of vital ImiKirtatico to tho agricultural and manufacturing industries of that section. Capt, Derby of tbe United States engineers nnd Col. J. Kamou do Ibnrrola of Mexico, with several assistants, havo the work in charge, nnd are how engaged In making preliminary surveys. A glance at the map will show that tbe itio Grande lller. finding Its source In Colorado. Mows southward through New Mexico until It reaches El l'aso, where it turns south eastward nnd becomes the dividing Hue bo tweon Texas nnd Mexico. For three months In the jeur. during tho rainy ssason and the llmo of melting snows, tho liver Is bank lull. For nine months in tho year it is nearly dry. because of evaporation, which H very rapid In thnt climate, nnd bocnuso the wnter Is so extensively used for Irrigation In Colorado and New .Mexico thnt It Is exhausted before it reaches El I'nso. Asa nnluinl conse uuenco citizens of both the United Stntes nnd Mexico who reside below El l'aso havo suffered serious damagu by being deprived of water fur Irrigation nnd for their stock, without consider. Ing tho advantages It might offer In the way of Silver to drive machinery and In tho lower Hlo rondo for navigation, it Is estimated that the damngessullered since tho treaty of lBS.'l. which mndo tho river common property botweon tho two nations, amount to 518,000,000 on the American side and 81.000,000 on tho Mexican side, and theso claims should all He against tho United Mtates, because our people, have ex hausted the wnter. Tho Mcxlcnns hato had little or nono of It, except during tho seasons when thoy needed it the least. Some years ago Col. Anson Mills nf tho United States m my proposed to solvo tills problem hy constructing a tliim across a narrow gap be tween iwu mountains through which tho river Hows. Nnturo seems to hnvo intended that Bomu such thing should be done. The gnrge Is only a short distance from theoltrof El l'aso, to which it gnve a name., Preliminary examinations were made some years ago hy Engineer Follette of the United Stntes geological survoy, but they were not thorough, nnd no borings havo yet been at tempted to determine the strata to be en countered nnd the kind of formation that can be secured as a foundation for the walls of the diiin. This, of course, Is very Important, as It will be necessary to provenl filtration of tho water aud secure the dam against the enormous pressure of tho floods, A general survey bus shown that a dam 4UU feet long and HO feet high will furnish a reservoir 10 miles long. 2 miles wide, and 00 feet deep, or about U0 squaro iniies llnenl measure, which would be suiliclcnt to hold tho entire present flow of tho river for a year and furnish Irrigation for mil lions of acres through tho entire valley. Those who have seen the Irrigated gardens nnd farms along tho bonks of thai river know what this means. Five years ago, when Engineer Fol lette mndo his survoy, the cost of constructing tho dam wns estimated to be S1.100.0UO, but now it will cut much less becauso of the Im provement In machinery and tho lower prices of labor and material. More than halt this money will bo required to remote tbe tracks of the Sunta Fo and Southern Pacific railroads, which run through thu gorge. Tho dam Itself will not cost morn than $500,000. but tho grade, of thu Santa Fo Railroad will have to bo raised for more than fourteen miles and that of tho Southern Pacitlo for more than six miles and a new right or way will have to bo fouud for them, which will be expensive. THE -VElr AKXIESIAS PATRIARCn. He la Poptilnr, Moderate In l"oltttea. Mad Able to lreoch In Four l.anBnnsee. Mgr. Malacblas Ormanlan, tho new Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople, whoso portrait from a photogrnpn tnken recently Is printed here, wns elected as tho successor of Mgr. Ismlr Han by an almost unanimous vote of the General Armenian Assembly on Nor. 18, and wns ac cepted by tho Sultan, after nearly a fortnight's delay, on Nov. 20. He hod previously been Bishop of Armash. He Is described as a very popular mini, a flno scholar, being able to preach In four languages, and a moderate man In politics, eanslly acceptable to the Armenian community and to the Porte. The Sultan's dc lav In confirming him, therefore, caused a great deal of uneasiness among the Armenians. If "m If AI.ACniAS OnUAMAX, AnMEMAS PATHrAHCn. He is the son of a Constantinople apothecary, and Is 55 years of ne. He studied nt the Uni versity of Home, tnklng thodegreoof Doctor In Theology, l'hllo-npby nnd Cnnon Law. Ho broke away from tbe Roman Catholic Church, when tho crisis come among the Armenians, twenty yenrs ago, over the election of Bishop llassoun, who was later mnde u Cardinal ny Leo .Mil. as Patriarch of the Armenian Catho lic, and entered the Gregorian community. He was afterward made HIhop of Erzeroum, hold, ing that see from 18hl) to Ih7; subsequently becoming Professor of Philosophy at the Academy of Etchmladzln. and then becoming rector of the Patriarchal Seminary at Armash and Abbot of the monastery of Our Lady there. SllK WAS A TASKKE REBEL. Mlsa T.avtan Dsiksri, Her HnOVrlne Tor Itio Irtfnt Ciii and Her Becoal Snath. Nxw BntTAls, Dec. 6. The recent burial of Miss Lavlna Dankers In the little cemetery attached to the Congregational church at Campvllle, a few miles below Torrlngton, on the Naugatuck division of the Now York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, brought to a close tho last chapter In the life of a somewhat celebrnted woman. In 1801 Miss Dankers lived with her father and mother, a younger sister, and a brother In n little town In northern Massachusetts. When the first news of Beauregard's attack on Fort Sumtor reached her homo. Miss Dankers, then 20 yenrs old. built a bonfire to show to her neighbors that she wns In sympathy with the South, and thatshe rejoiced because the South cm troops bad begun hostilities. The young rebol often afterward expressed the wish thnt the Soutli would bo victorious. Her sentiments were shared by tho other members of tho fnnillv, nnd they Inst no opportunity to show their feelings. So emphatic did they become In their denunciation Hint they soon wero known as the copperhead family, and were ostracized by I he other Inhabitants of tho llttlo tow n. Miss Lnvinn's family at that ilmu was ivoll. to-do and she was betrothed to a young mnn of wealth. When she drclaied her alleglnnco to the Confederacy, howovor, ho bioku off tho en gagement and rofused to have anything further to do with her family, Tills broke the spirit of tho girl. If not her heart, nnd a few yenrs inter, when her father ni.d mother died, she moved with her brother nnd elBler to the llttlo village In Connecticut where, nfler thirty years of benevolent work, she died and was hurled. BARRKRI AS A miSOKER. Iler Coadnet In Harked Contrast to tbe Other Tombs Inmate. Any one who has seen Marin Barberl In tbo Tombs and observed ths contrnst between her and tho other women prisoners cannot fall to tako an unusual Interest In the caso. Maria Is as gcntlo nnd modest In her behavior as most of the other women are sullen and agercsslvo and coarse. On this account shc.has always been allowed a great deal of freedom. Before her trial camo on she spent most of her lime sitting on the window sent beside tho matron's dosk, hut sho wns never Idle. Sho crocheted yards of Inco. and wliou she wusu't busy with her needle sho was reading and studs lug. Her crochet hook has scarcely been touched, however, since her trial began. Sho Is far too nervous and.under ton great n stialn for thot. Slip Is In tho court room nil day, mid has her upper as soon us shu returns to the prison, but Matron Hardy mis that .Mm la has eaten ut most nothing al ull since the commeiiciment of tho trial. She is locked lu tier tell a. about tl n'nlnck, nnd thou shu reads und studies by tho light of her candle until It is time to put out the lights. The other evening sho pleaded tu bu allowed tu sit up half tin Iiutir longer than usut.1. suing thnt shu was afraid she would fnigei lie r English, shu hud so llttlo time now to study it. Tuesday was thu birthday of ono of her hiHjers, und Miuldui night she labor 'oaslv wrote Mm n letter In i.nglish, expressing 'jer grutltudi nod her good u islius. Her terror of Mr, Mcliitvrn, tbo District Attorney, hns not liesn exnggerAlt-d, although It Is Probably not n personal feeling, but merely because ho embodiee.itor her. the forces that am against her. Almost every night sho asks the Matron, wistfully:; "Co you think they wUl kill ino'' FOR NOBLE BUCCAROS. A VOROOTTES El'XHUDE IS CERA. ttxc nisTonr. Central American Scented Eurlhenwnro Thnt Het Southern Kurone Crazy Jbii die Vard to Eat Their t.'mis nnd Sou-cers-Took the Clnr n Perfume. n Cnnily, nnd, .Moreover, na Sli-dlclne. Writers on ceramics do not nppoar to hnvo glvon nny attention to a peculiar pottery mtdo in the heart of Central America In tho six . tenth. century, which. Imported into Etiropo by the Portuguese, attained n celebrity In Spain and Italy for which thero Is no pnrnttol in tho history of cernmlo art. M. Solon, an artist of the Sevres factory. no,v connected with tho Mlnton factory nt Stokc- upon-Trent, irho, as a writer on ceramics Is distinguished by his scholarship nnd cnriful research, recently rend n paper on this Hue- enros nro before tho Stoko Literary Society, I In which ho begins hy stating thnt nn nhso- j lutoly certain oxnmplo of bucenros could scarcely bo picked out from nmnng tl.o Hctllu ! curiosities preseied In our collections. Thoy seem to have gone tho wny of other transient glorlos of this world, bu t tho mj stery w Itli which thoy are enshrouded only sharpens curiosity. The bucunros camo from the heart of Central Amerlcn, from parts Into which few travellers darod to penetrate, and woro consequently of extreme rarity In Europe. Their form and their ornnmontntlon of puro stylo nnd highly imaginative conception spoke of tho ndvnnccd state of an art which has hardly anything In common with those of the old ooun tries. But it was on account of tho substance of which they wero formed thnt they were particularly appreciated. Tho clay they were made of ,vos said to be nnturnlly impregnated with the most subtlo perfume. Incomparable nnd inimi table, and to this thoy owe their high repute. The rich only could nsDlro to poasoss them; for their less fortunate followers It was a luxury to obtain odd fragments of broken pieces. Set In gold or silver. cuttlngB of brokon Bu--catos took the phico of precious stones; ground into powdor. tho highly scented clay was In troduced into certain sweetmeats of which thn ladlts of tholporlod had become exceedingly fond, Tho anothecory disneusod that powder In medicinal preparations warranted to cure all tho Ills that flesh Is holr to. It waj believed , that hy n systematic treatment and through tho action of tho c'.ay taken Internally a ncero would lose his color and become white. In Portugal the word huccaros had long been applied to all kinds of drinking vessels mndo of ungln7cd clays. When the scented pottery of America began to bo In groat demand In Spain and Jtnly. the work lost Its cencrlo character In these two countries, nnd was understood to apply only to tho odoriferous wares made by the American Indians. The secret of tho sources of production remnlned for somo tlmo with tho Portuguose. but Importations wero soon Insufficient to copo with the ever Increas ing requirements, nnd nn npDroxlmnto Imita tion wns attempted In Portugal. Vascoucnl lcs, lu his "History of Portugal," states tint ! fai lories were started at Mentemore, Oliicnzn, Sadovol, Stc but nowhero were bttccorns so perfectly Imitated as In Lisbon. The makers took great prldo In ihelr work, which was sold as a local Droduct, Those of Delia Maya, ono of tho cleverest among the manufacturers.u ore the most in request. The American buccsros, nrcordlng to con temporary writers, originated from distinct cen tres. Wz., Gundalnjnra, yulnto. chill, and Nn-tan-Sant Togo, thu capital of Chili, was the great centre of production. The making nf bu-cnros was carried on thero I.i four Inrgo monasteries, the monks dependit g entirely on that Industry for their maintenance. A paral lel rnso Is the n.smufncturo of mcaustlc tiles by religious orders in England. A line rej clay wns t lie only material employed In the forming nf the ware, but thu greatest variety as introduced In Its decorntiou by the applica tion of many colors, and occasional! v of gold nnd silver. The Chill waro was somewhat defi cient In richness of perf umo. Guadalajara, In -Mexico, sent over more high ly scented huccaros. rhse. however, were of rude workmanship, of oenrse. grayish clay, roughly streAkcd over with red and jollow scrolls. In Nntan, a small town near Panama, black bucenros wero mado.b) the aboriginal tribes, but they could not s.nud comparison, either for hrllllancy of color cr elegance of shape, with those made by tho Chlllun monks. Showing no refinement of workmanship, prinl live In form, tl.o clay. ho.Tever, exhaled such an exquisite pcrfurno that amateurs rontonded eagerly alth one iiiiDthor for the fow speci mens that reached European countries. in all probability many other places In Peru and Mexico contributed to the supply of buo ruros.nll essels of odoriferous c iay hu.ug ranged in that category nithout distinction of stylo or manufacture. The pottery of Peru and Mexicj displays such fertility of Invention, and the reatlons were so fnntnsllc. s to have no parallel In tho whole rnngc of ceramic production!, so that the va riety of bucctro wns almost bej ond descrip tion. Hut It was not through its shape or stjlo that an earthen pot was recognized ns a buc caro. but through tln nrom.itic frngrnnce with which Its stintuncfl was permeated. This fragrance stood npart from all the fragrant es sences known at the time, nnd writers on the subject insist thot while other perfumes are. In all cases, deielojied bv heat this was inten sified by Immersion In cold water. Strabo has railed tbo Portugjcro a nntlon of mighty water drinkers. A kind of drinking vessel which would Impart nn ambrosial Hnor to their fnvorlto bever.igu wns ni.turnlly appre ciated by them. This tnsto w-n nmv gxnm rut developed in the begl inlng of the sixteenth century, for we hao It from the null orlty of a Spanish nianuscrip. that in 1."UH buco.iros wro mndo nt Tuluiera In Imitation of thoso Inngberoru Imported from Portugul. A German man of sclenie. Dr. Martin ogul, wns the Hrsl to exi'd in crso nnd pro thu transcendental lrtucs of thu precious tMittiry. The cs-ay ho wrote In 1111.'! Is referred in with praise by tho subsequent writers, who made good profit of ttio Information it contained Unfortunately It was never printed, nnd the mnntlscilp. has not been presorted to us. Another manuscript of importance, the letters upon tho odoriferous clajs of Euro cniid America, written hy Count Lorenzo Mngulottl in ltlllo. l.iul n butter full'. It had nuvcr left tiio nrrhiws of the Mrozri futnlb. lu which it wasonu dal disiovund und at Inst published in 1SVS. .Mngulottl Is tho mouthpiece of n llttlo group of enthusiastic collectoiH, who gau to tho American buccuros a very high place. In "The Huccnrclde" of Don I.orcii'n Hclllnl. a poem which passed through several editions, nnd rnnks now nniong Italian classics, und In oilier works uf tho niuim period, we llnd Infor mation that (ires much in as-si-t us in running nn idea of what was iho nature of tho nuns; " I'lioy mako us rcnlle tho liicnmelviiblo nbei--atloii Into which coi.temiHirnry cbliin manlai's had fallen with rem id to tlin urilsllc beautv at an nnanialiiiis pntmry which tl.olr blind ud lnlratlun bad endowed with an illtiorj value, nnd which was destined to bo completu ly disregirded by tho following generation. " It Iho wealthy placed so mticn value on those, "polilo buccuros," tho uommoti order shared their Infiituiitinn. 'Iho medical practitioners of tho tlmo urn responslblu for tho spread of a singularly sensual appetite, will, h degenerated rapidly Into nn Inordinate ninlon among tho ladles of Main nnd Itnly. When tho line mm loll clnjs necessary for thn miking of hucca ros werudlscneird In Portugul, it wus at once rrcogiiled that thoy inl.-lit servo ns a substitute tor tho boluses preiloisly obtnlnod from the Islntid of Smuos, nnd which, tindor tiio namo nf "1'errn Slglllnta," wrroox.ciishu ly used In thcraiieutios usn prophylactic nguut. Taken nt Ural ns n proventivu agslna. rerlnln Illnesses, small lozenges nf tho puifumed cl.ys or brotcn bilHOt uulired vases wei-o soon raised to thu lank of an uxiittisllu delit.uy, hi Immod onuely indulged lu that bticiuru rating had lieiomo the fashionable vice uf tlo isirlod. A curious instance nf this iiiorblil rraving is re corded by l'r. Daniel Gujcis it Dresden In 17:15, in a ram pumnhlot, the Hist chapter of whlchls headed, "I'ho very nob c, urv ic spei'tablo buccaio." "I'n to tills time," lie writes, "I had no ivrnslnn to pa) special atten tion to tho suhlcct uf litis remarkable pollen, and the customs with which it ns associated Lately, linwuier, 1 was led in nukiiiv thmiiiigh stuilj of tl.miuestliiM after I bud been sum iniineil to intend professionally upon u Indy nf tho court, who was Millerlng Irom thu couso iiuencus nf having t-iiivn n w hole cup nnd sau cer of luiccaro, A cup similar to thu one she had eaten wns shown to inc. It wus of small size. woUhing aboui nne ounce mil n half, and made of jcllimlsh clay, unbaked, unit so thin that it could easily bo pounded Into u ponder." Cups nnd Mituors nf tin, kind described by Dr. lie its. notwithstanding their fragllit, have esuiped destruction, thu Hrl'lsh Museum containing n specimen. Iluctaro powdur und water wero ailminlslured Inlernullv us nn ntui duto n-'iilnsl many diseases. It is not uncom mon to mid old P'lnrmnceutlcul Jars letiuieil "Aqua di H.'iri',' which was nothing int wulur In w deli fragments or bticciirn hud i been li'ft Immersed. Helm very sllghtlj I baked, the warn .wis liable to beeuslly broken, , but iHsiilon liii'l brought thjfrugmeiilHlimi an I Inuumrrublo wirletj nr applications. 'J ho pa Ador obtained finin them was snld by the I cheulst for perfuming gloves nnd huni'kcr- j chlufs und '"ixliig with the contents of the I snurr box. Hy tho confectioner it was largely l used In thu making pf syruus. nnd in sprinkling on tho surface of his most delicate pastry. Hits of black huccaros, the mni expensive of all, J i CONCERNING STIMULANTS, THOSE THAT BlIttKi: HACK AX1 ONE THAT IUV8 yaT. An ElToctivG nml ,SntlsrylnB Substitute) for Alcoholic Drlnkn. Tho uso nf stimulants Is old as tho humnn race. All efforts to nbullsh It hnvo hern fruit less. The reason as the French sny of nny per fectly obvious thing -"Jumps nt your eyes." Stimulants are Indispensable. Wnlt n moment. It Is one thing to use stimulants in order In "gratify n desire for artificial felicity," ns Dr. Sir Dcnjnmln W, Ulchurdsnn puts It, nnd quite another to use them legitimately, Wu enn't glvoup the uso of fire for the sake of preventing tliecrimoof arson, Tho objection to ordinary stimulants Is their secondary efteclB what pathologists call "re action" which mentis that energy due to stimu lation falls, nnd falls a degree below tho point it ttartcd fiotn; thnt tho loss from ordinary stimu lation Is greater than tho gain. Hence, If per sisted In. It must do tlnmngc, liar this reaction, and nil stimulants, Bhort of tho Irulont poisons, would bo practically harm less, rufortunstely. with a slnglo exception, thoy nil react more or le-s. 'I he exception Is the African stcrculla nut (as used In Africn) nnd tho preparation of it mndo by tho llrniiswlik Pharmacol Compnny. 02 William street. Now York, known as Vino Kolnfrn. Tills article possesses nil tho proper ties ot tho fninnus tropical product, with abso lutely no observable reaction or bad after eilecls. Its stimulation Is radically different from that of alcohol and other natcotlc drugs. It Is gradual onduten, as a spring fills by the wnter gently entering at tho bottom: nnd Its re cession Is tho same without Jnr or violence, leaving tho user In his normal condition. There Is no drop, no falling owav. no weak ness, iltilncss or mental daze, as In tbo case of other stimulants. After, ns well ns during, tho action of Ino-Knlafrn tho mind and senses keep tnnch nnd time; the nerves are not cheated or fooled. It cnlls into activity n man's run cenled powers; or. In military phrase. It mobil izes tho rc-erves. It gives one a dollghtful tnstuof real existence -what life would bo with out Its diseases, worries and other drawbacks. Ibis remnrkablu preparation merits thu dou ble dcscrlptli o nntne or lonlc-stlmnlant. It not only arouses to action, but Imparls strength to act. On this point Gonrgo II. Jackson, A. M., M. D., fnrmeny surgeon to tho Government of tho Congo Trie State, says: "The stcrculla nut Is In constant demand in. the coast nnd along the Congo Itlver. Thu people tav It Is food for them; It mnkos them strong. 1 hove seen a car avan of sixty men tnko the road in tho morning with their lnnds. nnd without a particle of food, oxcept the stcrculla nut occasionally, march un til noon with no sign of weakness or fatigue." Mr. W. Fnwcclt. director of the Botanical Gardens, Kingston,, lamalca. sajs: "The stcr culla nut Is aed by all the natives as a tonlc Hlmulant. Nothltigel'e will compare with it." Mr. .ludson A. Lewis, Intu I'nllnl Stales Consul at Sierra Leone, s.i)s: "A man with a stcrculla nut enn go nil day without food. It soothes the nerves of thu stomach and prevents tbe gnawing sensation Incident to hunger. On occasions of scarcity the nut is sometimes held at a price almost equal to Its weight in gold." Further evidence that Vlnn-Knlafrn is n non renctlvi! anil snfo tonlc-stluiulnnt proceeds from phjslcians. chemists, sper nllsts In chronic and nervousdl-iases. trainers in athletics, travellers, lawyers, clergvmen. business men. employers nf labor, army officers, nnd the genernl public. To Invalids, tho worn, overworked nnd overworked, tnaged persons and those, trying to overcome the liquor habit. Vlno-Kolafrn is us nearly an unmixed bles-lng asanythlngin thlsdlsnppolnt lng wnrld Isevery likely tti be. Tliollrst Instanco lu which it has harmed anybody Is yet to bo reported. It enables excesslvo drinkers to leave off tho liquor habit, becauso it stimulates without intoxicating and overcomes tho Intense craving for alcohol. - Adr. worn set bv the Jeweller In gold and silver and turned into nil kinds nf trinkets, eardrops, brooches, pins. Ac. Those articles rommanded a large sale. nnd. the supply not being cqunl to tho demand, cnused a good imitation oCthe gonulne article to be produced and employed In Its stxad. M. Sn'on calls attention to the evident mistake made by modern '.Titers, who still make tie of the word buccaro. applying It to the wrung kind of war". Fur Instance, tho red and utiglnzvd ten ware of Chlnn nnd Jnpnn. of which the Brothers L'lcrs piodui-d such n perfect imitation In Staffordshire nt tho be ginning of t'.o Inst century, is constantly re ferred to ns wnro madenf bucraroclay Mng alottl. our best authority, is not emohatlo on this point. He deplores the error com mitted b some of his contemporaries with re spect to certain unclazcd plecoi of Oriental origin, saving thnt trun huccaros never came from China or Jn-an. nnd thnt they must not be looked for out of the pottery from Cen tral Amer'ca or Hie Portuguese Imitations. In Snnlii the word hu:ram Is now eenernllv jnilcrstcml to signify tho cooling vnes mode of porous clay, called ul'o ulc.iraros. In Itnly the terra has been tnken In averv different nc ccptation. We find the words, "1'nsf ill buehcrn inin" employed by the Italian antiquaries to represent the black pntterv ornnmenled with high reliefs discovered In the nncient Etrus r.m tombs. If wo recollect that tho earliest excavations made on the sit of the Etruscan necropolis took place at the xery time when the tnste for Arrexican wnre wns nssertlng Itself In Iho counTy-we may nsrume thnr the slgnl flcntlon of tb" uewlv Introduced name wns ex tended to bluck nnd unglazed pottery in gen eral, without distinction of age nr origin. In this way ulono can we account for the adop tion of such a strange mlsnnmer. One fact, turlnus enough to record, is thnt on tho testi mony of the Latin writers wlo hnvo spoken uf the black "arc made In Etrurla, tho black Etrus'an vases wero highly appreciated on ac count of the property they possesfed of com municating to the wlno a delicate flavor of their own. P. Is needless to sny there ran be no possible connection between tho Etruscan nnd American ware. It Is therefore some what surprising to And In classical antiquity a kind of pottery which might be taken as the forerunner of the scentpd huccaros of modern times. W. I'BttcivAL Jehvis. IIIXT3 FOR THE HOUSEHOLD. If two tart apples are peeled and chopped fine, then mixed with the stuffing Intended for a roast duck, goose, nr fresh ham, It will be found a great Improvement. A pretty and effective decoration for a scarlet and white dinner given recently was white anemones and branches of scarlet barberries. They were in clenr wblto glnss vnses, one nt each end of tho long tnble. Sprays of small ivy wero laid across tho table and tied with knots of scnrlet ribbons. A piece of camphor gum Is a very good Indl cntor of what tho weather Is lobe. If, when the camphor Is exposed to the air, the gum re mains dry, tho weather will bo fresh and dry; but if the gnm absorbs the moisture and seems damp, It Is an indication of rnln. The latest cushions for head rests on chair backs are made In heart shape. They are cov ered with light-colored satin, silks, nr linens, ond embroidered In some graceful pattern; nnd many nf them nru made up plain and tufted or quilled. They are fastened to the chair back with small curds and tassels. It Is said that when Ink Is spilled upon a car pctor anv thing mndo of woollen thespotshould Immediately bo covered with common salt. When this has absorbed all tho Ink It will, carefully take It off with an old knife or spoon and imply more suit. Koep doing this until the Ink Is ull tultcn up. CA l'Tl ri: WII.lt A MM A J.S. VTJuit Nome or the More Costly Are Worth Anlninls Horn In Cnutlvlfr. The most costly of wild nnlmnls held In captivity Is the elephant. A line African elo phiint costs from gtl.000 to $7,000. A flno Hid Inn elephant would cost about Sa.000. Giraffes cost about tho samo as the host ele phants, about SH.OOO nr S7.000, but that quota tion Is really only nominal; it would bodiillciilt to get a giraffe at any price. '1 Ills Is due partly to ibtir increasing scarcity nnd partly to the dilllcully of obtaining them, due to thelnlernal wars nf tiio natives in tho giraffe country, liiiaffes very rarely brood lu captivity. line hippopotamus would probubly cost alout Sl.duo. A good African lion, with a full and perfect in.iui.wjiiild cost from Sl.ooo toJl.OUO; a flno Hums- "st'0nr SliUO. i, no I HeuL-al tigers cost nbout the same, l iiinels usually cost from i0il to $500 nplece. Miiu wild iiuliniili ,reii ,,, cupllvity. and the supply or wild animals is now inndu up to ,,ineeucnt from ihui source. In New Vnik's Meiianiie in I Mitral Park, fur example, a urg. number of wild nnliiials havo hern born. . ,u o litem of ruro kinds nnd greut value, pes nne is till". In a greater or lei dejree. of m. i egi ries iirul uf ranhigical gardens In v iirious pail or the wor , it iscustomary to soil or ,.x nutign the surplus iiiilmiilswi hum. n ml nn mala In captivity ma finally cease to Wid "Ibla. luiilshnrnlHrm.tnUy url()t0 ' "'" ".." "''uclmens as lliose born In a , state, and In succeeding generation,, they ,,u-eiierato nnd lieoorne wenKu.-nnd more sus. rmilblt. to disease; This, took Is Improved by in'rnativrho'inet'0 iimv wlld 0D""" i t WIRES TO TRAP INDIANS. M Aittzii a Rtcynn.i hes to refovout fTl trrii .i TEi.r.uuAvn i.isv, ' f A Plan Thnt tVltl i:nithle L'nlte.l Htnlea fit Trnnpalo t'nt O.Tthe Itrtrentot Knlillnn Indiums Mulitnir tor tin- Chlrlciihit H Mnuntiilna with Their Ilrnvy Hitolla, jB Dr.Nvr.it, Dec. S.-Cant. W. A. Oln-sford, chief signal officer or tho Department uf Ilia S Colorado, tins returned from Iho border country fl' bet" cell Arizona und Mexico, whcio ho hns H bem ongngrd In building n military telegraph JH line, which Is n part of Gen. Whenton's plan to JK snlvo the problem nf how to stop tho periodical U Indlnn raids, .ifllllnry telegraph lines In tlmo jHn of pence, hnvo been constructed heretofore only 4H where garrisons and established posts hot a H been hejunil tho rincli of tho commercial tele- s graph, In Arizona thero are Isolated valleys, WJ trending north ond south between low rnnges Bl of mountains, where a smoll band of In- Hl dlons may room for hundreds of miles K boforo their presenco can A made known to R the military authorities, whllo boforo pursuit B ran bu undertaken they nro many miles nwny, ffsj and traiclllng through a country w hero they can jf easily disunite their trull. With avlow to aiding Wo. In tho transmission uf Information relative to L0 Indlnn depredations, Gen. Whcnton cuncelved Hfcu tho plan of constructing military telegraph M. lines Into those secluded nnd isolated vnlleis. W Tho opportunity for tho construction of expert- II mentnl lines camo with tho abandonment of I' Fort Stanton In eastern Now Mexico Inst year. Hi A military telegraph line, ninety miles In S( length, connoctod that post with tho railway M' line, and tho Iron poles, wire, and other mate- M rial wero taken down and stored, awaiting a 9i call for uso elsewhere. flf With a portion of this material a telegraph HH lino was uonstiuctcd from near Fort Ornnt In across tho Gallero Mouutnlns Into the San 911 Pedro Valley. Theso mountains and the foot- Ul hills on the San Pedro Valley slope havo been flf 1 a fovorlto highway for Indians travelling be- Hw tween tho reservation of tho llocky Mountain Hm Apaches and Mexico. Soon after this lino was BIB built Its efficiency was tested. A band or rene- B giulu Indians appealed, pillaging thu ranches M and robbing ami killing white people. An 'JHV alarm was telccraphcd to Fort UtanLword wns S JXft quickly passed to tho commands nonr tbo bor- r 9S dur. aim i, hut chase wns mndo. Tho Indian round their retreat cutoff by tho prompt np- W penrauce of troops along tho border; but they II finally iniido their c-enpo through the rough BJI Chlrlcahuu Mountains, where it was practically Hi impo-siblo to follow them. Il was then deter- rl mined to use tho remainder of the Fntt Stanton Al telegraph material In building another lufor- M motion line below- these rugged mountains, and H It wus this work thai look Capt. Glassford Into H tho field Inst month. H Tho Chlrlcnliua .Mountains trend north nnd Ml south nlung thu eastern lino or southeastern HI Arlzonn. and thn range extends across tho HI boundary into Sonora. 'Ihssu mountains aro Hi the most rugged to be found In that portion nf VJ Die country. Soldiers soon becomu completely exhausted In trying to pe.ietrato their fast- nesses. The Indian", however, seem to knuw Hr them like an open bonk, and slipover the rocks Ml nud thrnugli narrow defiles with their tuorca- Mi sins, leaving no trail that even lmlluti scout Ha can follow with nny degree of certnlnty. It is JK4 Important for the successful movement of the P troops In that country that renegade nr retreat- ,Mjf ing bauds of Indians be Intercepted beloro Ihey Mli rench their retrents in these mountains. Hi The beautiful valley or Snn Uernnrdlno lies B Just wust or tills rnngu of mountains. An H Immense ranch. Known by the samuunme. oc- Hi cupies the entire valley, being a portion of an ffl; old Mexican land grant. It Is owned by a to- HI mous pioneer or Arizona named slaughter w rather nsuguestive iinme. when it is known that HI tho owner of the -ttn Bernardino ranch has tho H reputation ot having killed some seventeen men If in his time. Hut .Mr. Slaughter is not n blood- Hi' thirsty man. Of Blight figure nnd mild nnd M quiet in tnnnuer. he possesses determination H and a strong will that make him a man to bo H. respected. Living ns he has done for many H sears on the border, his experience has made ML him fesrles nnd furceful. He has served ns iMjj Sheriff of his county for several term", and it Hi has been while in thedis-hnrge of his duties H , that he has shot down horse thieves, murderers. H nnd desperadoes until his namo is n terror to H evildoers. He lives in that isnlnted nlley a HJ. klngnmong n loyal people. The nearest roll- HJ! road station is at Hlsbee, oci ,-s a ranee of H mountains, forty-live miles di-tont. It Is by JHJ' connecting this much with the telegraph line 'n at Hlsbeo Hint information for quick military Hill operations is tn be given In future. A troop uf ,'iMJfpil cavalry has been stationed at isan Bernardino, HJt ready to head off retreating Indians whenever iHn they are again round prowling about the coun- (HI J try to the northward. " f Wl The lino begins n few miles from Blsbee, nnd iiStJ runs In a southeasterly direction tu a United f HI Slates Custom lloilfo on the bonier, bringing H ' that remote point into closer touch with tho ie 9 world, 'lhis Custom Houso Is a place of some ; H Importance, ns It is thu entry point for great M droves of Mexican cattle thai are shipped from m Hlsbee. From here the line runs twenty-four JO mile; parallel with the boundary across tho U foothills or tho Mule Mountains into Sulphur H Springs Vailey. and across thovalley to the base H ot Nigger Head Mountain. The line then passes Bj through tin- Nigger Head Mountain range along Hj nn old trail, making several turns, until ltcoraes HJ out upon a wide mesa, thence dropping down H Into San Uernnrdlno. In the mountains tho build- ML ing of the telegraph line was a difficult opera- Hj tlon. holes having to be drilled In tho granite H rocks nnd Ma-ted ourwith dynamite for the iHJ iron poles, while the construction ot a wagon MM road forthe purpnsoof bringing In thesupplies HJu m.ulo much additional labor. The value of Indian guides and trailers upon Am this peaceful expedition was demonstrated a A El 1 number of times. Whenever an animal dlsap- Aw V penred at nlglil the Indlnn scout by making a TbSI t circuit of the camp could invnriablv locale tha Heft I point w hero the a iliniil wandered off, and then, "HMoi once upon the trail, ho hail no difficulty In find- ffMLb Ing tho missing stock. Tho horses wero often Hfv enpturod by strangers, who rodo them off ten or HJKV more miles nnd then left them. 'Iho Indlnn V-yB5- scout could always tell by thn appearance of tho I HJh trail whether tho iinlmnl had grazed as It went MTi or had been ridden awny on n trot or gallop. MJI An Indian guide was needed upon another oc- jHJJ caslon. Capt. Glasslord had gonu ahead upon a HJf reconnolssance ot.edav. nnd when he was about isV twenty miles Irom enmp lie observed thnt night IHr wns Inst approaching. 1 rum mi eminence on :F the side or Nigger Head Mountuln lie could look H. down across the arid de-ert to the camping V place. Eastward he saw the verdant fields nnd IfV comfortable dwellings of ban Bernardino, nnd Wi ho not long in making up his mind to seek H n night's comfort there Instead of returning to M the military rnmp on the desert. Thntnichtho H rusted In a lino bod after a bountiful dinner un- M dur iho hospitable roof or .Mr. Slaughter. Mean- H while the men in camp grew uneasy nt the de. H la or their leader In returning to Ills uunrters, ,' Mi ,i tearing that bo had becomu lost, they bullijbnn- Hj fires nnd fired off volleys or mu-ketry during !' H'j the night, imping thus to attract Ins attention. I J H When dim n camo and tho Captain was still t Hn! mlsMiig, on Indian scnut wns put on his trnll. Wxt As Capt. tJInssford came out ot the ranch homo 2 KM to tnko a look nbout tliu premlsps In the morn. 3 Oil ing. he wns not surprised to see the Indian scout. I IH w ho had i-pccdlli traced him to Hint spot. Last May. when a party of soldiers wore In I IH tho Clilrlnihua Mountains chasing Apaches. IV they surprised n rnhip of Indians, who de. M camped hastily. Ono squaw in her fright ran H nwny leaving a two-venr-old child asleep In its 1 Ha wlckyup. Thesoldlers took the pnppoose toSnn Ilia Bernardino, nnd Jlrs. Slaughter and her daueh. I MM ter wero so delighted with It that they decided IS to adopt It. The llttlo girl hnB developed sv i Hrl most nlTcctlomite disposition, nnd the ranch MA people, are becoming very much attached to her Hf j 'Ihey have named thu child Apnche May. "SEATS OF TIE MIGHTY." if Highest Possihlo Approval of tits HHl AVcstcliiistcr Sanitarium's Mm? Morrtlilno Cure. BM Hero nro rt fow ri.irugrnplis from n report H folltiwliiir upon mi investigation Into tho HH treutmiiit of MOUIMIINK AND KIN- fffl 1)HK) 1IAHITS, nnd published in tit. , I nitt'tl Stall's Health Heiiorts. November ( ' MH issue. ItMiya: ' ; " Wu liitvu no feellnic but n dealro for pub- ' III lie bcnelit when wo kIvu our editorial nnd U oiUcial wiiliirii!ment to thu now nml mar- MM velluus u..Hin.iiit lu uhu nt tho WuNtcht-alor i .Ml .Sanitarium for thn euro of thu inorphtnt i MB nml similar liuliith, ' iHH ''This roiueily vqiuiliyes nnd stimulate Ifl all onriins In the healthful pjrfnrmmico of I '-MB their normal functions, uiul results In tha '.lWrl complete restoration of iiientnl, normal, nnd - llif " Wo feel It. it duty to niltl thnt thn trenU 1 ft. miMit of thu Webtchi'Htor Smiltnrliiin it tno r II Ktentest curative. aKency incident to the us II of uiDiphlne, opium, cocaine, chloral and . Tl liquor that ever ainiu under our observa- V II '"."i. ' 'he euro ut these (lru and liquor Uitl habits thu eatchester Sinitiirliun'u treat- 11 nietit Is superior to every other remedy in vM the world, mid, its Btirli. vn rec mniiend it Vl nnd lutlorjB U editorially and (i.llclolly In ' W tin. I ii led .States Health Hrpurts," 7 1 In this hlKh npprov.il we enn privately fj add the personal indorsement of clortrymen F lawyers doctorn, journalists, players anil U men mid women in every w.tlL who, with. 1 out one case of relapse, h.tvc been cured. I rite for it copy of thu Hci .rts, cunlldentlal I testlinonlnls mid all info', .nation to AW J et r,1, i?',,'.rI!,tot"'''t. Westchester Sanltv J rl"'' Westchester, New York City. v I Tlm?Jt i. ' Wraonally nt the town olllce, 1U , Broadway, coiner of Tweuty-BlxtUatriVlw 'J M )jjmmmiK, .jfaffl