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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 07, 1897, Image 4

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jjfflir 4. THE SUH, THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1807. - "
SBj j fg. M -.7 ! t-"- '
",') -
i ZfAoroaKp-jcrrAxaEixin-method
$ or MJ.kiao ArrnornzATioMB.
W TH rrta I Wer Pretslasa-H Hacarel
Hp tka FlolUlac r a Hula Crlr far th
$ Masai Mllltta-Ile Belleee la Un
tjft steal Civil Hervlrr, r Clelt Hervlee
iT K with I.o fltareh-A Want far th
1)5?' J -resvUr Kew Tark-nUaalaJ Saaalaaa.
ifk ffl Btiti or Nrw Yona.
,t ay- EiEctTire riiAMBiTi.
Ci J A LBAKV. Jan. 8. 1887. 1
'M ' totX4leUatrtcftftlttUoKt Vtrks
2 jfij Tha message of tte Governor li a eentttta-
V tfe, ttonal requirement, and Ilia fact! and reeom-
f;T mendatloc herein ubmlttd ar In compliance
' '. thtrawllh.
f f9 riHixcui. CORDITloy.
? ! Th finance of lha State art tatltfactory In
St, spite of tha bard llmaa. Tha total Taluatlon of
'?. f (ft property It J4.3e.7l2.00a. Tha State Ui for
V 'jS . tbe llacal year Is tll.7ol.8'r7.71. and tbe total
L ; funded debt waa on Sept. Ml. Ja.M0.d80. The
i I; rtrtnun received during tb Uat yesrfrora
,- If, corporation. Inheritance tax. ana the Haines
" , .Liquor Jaw wer 18,030,228.08, IbeLl'ioor law
rt ' lnn yUldlng $3,604.01 4.08, Notwithstanding
m i'kr' '"' Prc'Ktroit condition, every reasonable en-
ft ! tteavor should be made to put tba rata of lia-
M Iff lion lower. The Urge expenses now practically
ji' t fixed. Including cbarlliet. the acbool system,
t If lha canals, tba CapltoL and aggregat-
Jt Eft Ing nearly $13,000,000 a rear, render a
tJE galfactory rata Impossible, but tb pres-
'. I'c est depression and tba nnetrtatntle of the
lY II future demand the most eiact scrutiny eopt-
.? 1? ibis with tbe magnitude and Importancanf our
jf If enterprlMe. The plan of appropriation!. It
I J,, eeemttome,eouldblmproTed. That now fol-
f! . lowed permtta monejr to be Total at any time
jjj r.' durlwr tba eenlon of tbe tglalature. with no
f reeonimendatlon or backing except one or more
LV v membere wboia activity and delre may be
4 J' elroDg enoanh to work It throned tbe two
if- ' Kouiee. Tbii method may, and I understand
". i doe, remit In appropriation! for epeclal pur-
'J f poeea, wblcb are covered by general ap
( proprlatlone made later. In my Judg.
h i Dent, tba wladom of an expenditure
S' f ebould bare eome other demonitratlou
v, fc than tbe zeal of a member for hli own
& project! or locality. Appropriation! for the
ft national Oorernment are made upon eitlmatee
Y V provided by the different department!, thua
it providing tbe lancllon and, to iome extent, tbe
i reipontlblllty of thote department for tha re-
1 ' pnlred outlay, A department ihuuld know lu
! v fiwu needi, and all matter! properly within It
& ehould bo cared for upon Iteeattmate. accompa
?' i nlad by a report ibowlng their necetalty. Thli
H L - method would. In loms meajura, fix the reipon
K alblllty. and would be. If not a tafeguard, at
b eat a check.
the rntiox.
' i Tew lublecte are of more Importance tban
'$ -' tbe treatment of criminate Imprltonment li
Bt ' sot alone for punlanmenu but for the eafety of
l ' eocletyand tbe reformation of tbe crlmlnaL
l Jj The laat purpose can be accomplished only by
$ tbe ateadyemploymentof the convict. Idkneie
H i lmprlaoncl would result atwaye In degradation,
B, Y nd tbe bopa of reformation would bo de
'''' ? alroyed. Evan if the welfare of thecrlmlnal were
Bi out of tbe queitlon, aoclety Itaelf cannot attord
i the blemlib that would be put upon It by
I enforcing a degradation deeper tban that
tttV reinltliig from Imprltonment. Work moat
i be provided and at once. Tbe conatltu
', tlonal prorlilon roapectlng priaon-made good!
IH ' Increuel tho dlfllculty of providing It.
Wi '' Tbero are, nearly 20,000 pertoni tn our
Hj ') boapltali and charitable Inatltutlona. Tbe
Wl- '; need! of thete Inmates ibould be metai far ai
Vni( practicable by the work of the criminal clasr.
Wy I nd Uneceaaary In order to Incrtaie the oopor
) - tunlty for labor, the use of machinery ehonld be
H dltpenaed with; for the roving of money la no
Ht' part of the problem until tbe product of the
Htf criminal clasa fall below the reasonable want
Hft of alllhelnmatee of ithe State Inatltutloni. It
Bt;:. la'snrfly a o tuition. of Bute policy which
Hfv broadens Into question of safety and morale.
Bt ' This subject might be relieved by a system of
Bft'- , Industrial training, which. In addition to tbe
? ' product made, would afford an occupation upon
;. , which the convict when released might rely.
-7 The employment of ehorutcrm convicts In the
; making or fmprove'mrnt of roads may not be
f; Impracticable, and the consideration of a plan
Y , having thai end In view may now well occupy
-? your attention. Tba suggestion made In the
;' report of tbe State Prisons Commission have
T - been carefully prepared, and 1 commend those
u suggestions. The subject is urgent and Its con
5 ' elderatlon ehould not be postponed. Its difficulty
- will be constantly Increased by delay, for with-,-
, put emplovment the retrogression of ourcrlm
H . Uala will be marked and Inevitable
Hi The past ysar has been marked by rasnydls-
, as trout business failures, and yet out of SIS
rv bank a of deposit and .discount only two have
'' failed and four have gone luto voluntary llqni-
W oatlon. This record, made In a year of unprec-
. edentcd stress, when tbe resources of the banks
'., themselves have fallen off over thirty millions
'A pf dollars, demonstrates) Ibelr e lability. Our
savings banks are and have lonir been a source
H'J of pride and encouragement. Tbey aro the de-
'; , poallarle of the savings of the thrifty and In-
- dustrlous. Their history msrks with grsater
H-i . acouraoy tban any other eign the tend
KV ancy of affaire among tha comparatively poor.
; , Their gain for years has been wouder
MMk ,ul Bnd eteady, but the increase In deposit
' t for tbe past year of over forty-six millions of
Kl '. dollars, raising the total to the marvelous ium
H& Of aeven hundred and fifteen millions, shows
3 that tbe pluck and energy of tbe working class
are too strong to bo overcome by an adverse
HBU ;'. currant. Tbe administration of these banks
.S roust be careful and wise und their luvestmenla
V safe.
- . Tbe building and loan associations, of which
m; , more than four hundred are now In existence,
H' frith a capital of fifty million! of dollars, may
be productive of eubstantlal gain. Tbey are
' entitled to Just and considerate legislation, but
?' ', nothing should be omitted to make their man-
2: )t agement economical and sound.
BV' iNstmaMcr.
bB t; - . Thereportof theSnperlnUndent of Insurance
1; H Indicate that all companies dolog business In
mi ; this Ulata, with one or two exceptions, are
j g tonnd. If any legislation could lessen tbe num
lU , ber of weak companies It ehould bo passed, for a
l.l v tompanytbat la not likely to fulfil It contracU
rHv j should not be allowed to make them.
Bm-- v IIEveryyeartbo so-called labor question crowi
Ur mora Important, and tha need of Its proper eo
m, ': lutlon mure Imperative. The Hoard of Media
K i tlon and Arbitration, the Factory Inspector,
ijBWt; and the Uureau of Labor Statistics are of con
: i alderable value. Their work Is In tbe right
' direction, bat tbey are still far short of the
i requirements which the growing and
m. enormous Interesu of tbe laboring peo
m P lu th,a country have created. There
fa no natural antagonism between labor
H? d capital. Tber are the same. Cap
Han ttalle nothing but labor turned Into money. A
B man who quarrels wltb the accumulations of
". bla neighbor discourages the thrift and econo.
IbTB'i ' Piypf which he blmaelf ought to be an example.
.- lie makee war upon the very condition which
Wm, P hope eome time to attain. Thote who create
IfB and foeter discontent In the mind of the laborer
g are not bis friends, 'lho largest opportunities
' possible to Ibelaborlng man should be provided.
H The largest wages consistent with the rights of
1 the employer ehould be paid, and different per
HaT 5 ," eon performing the same work, even though
H " some of them be women, should receive the tame
" ' oompentatlon. These reaulte are mora likely to
Haf V' i occur through retson and mutual aciiualntanoe
i" than through rebellion. Tolerance fe the first
requisite of amicable relations, and Ibis will
Hal "' when tbe employer and the laborer under-
' stand sacb other. Home plan should be devised
HF which would afford to each suoh Information of
Hi the other as will forma basis for the frleudiy
t adjustment of differences between them. No
! ..luclj plan now extste here, asd the result It tfie
M ippalling loss of wage and property which It so
olten seen when tbe rights of the employer and
HI laborer clash. Tbe plan known as the Unit or.
Hi illy Kx tension has been tried in England, and
i fs said by many to have produced satisfactory
1 ' results. It Is the investigation by careful. Intel
tMI llgent. and conscientious men into tbe affairs of
Hkl ' K"0. laboring people and tbelr relations to
HTl ' tbelr employers. It tendency and purpose
'(l . r lo.tlve and to get Information, and
HH by seeing both sldee prevent the conflict
fafSI t which a view of only one might produce. Ihe
'Hati work of the Commission of Mediation and Ar
LHX . bltratlon doe not meet tbe need described. It It
HHIi designed rather to settle disputes than to pre
HHI ' Tent them, and while It may be effectlro In pro.
HU duclng sucb settlement the damage has already
f been done.
IHfflt ' ..Whether or not the scheme of the University
HflJh Extension Is feasible. It wt least affords a sug-
sfHlt: . gealluu along lilies which must at tome time
n, be puraued. 1 commend this aubjsct to tbe
HIJ ' Iglslaturefortbatcaraluluooslderallon which
I (; ' the great need of all our peoplo lq this direction
m emandt for It,
I'Hm r' i,KTlU!xh at'AMD.
Hit ', Tb National Ouard nf the State, Including
U, the aral Mllltla,cnnliita of about 14.0QO men.
Hill! Ybe Naval Mllllla bsa rome to beau Important
HaHl arm of theaervUe, but tho cqulpmrtii forprac.
KHill ) Ural training s Inadequsif. 1 suggest that you
S ( conslder'tlieeubject of building a f tatecruieer
H , aDoa v(blch tha Naval Militia might receive
HBR Jf iBcUaAual trslalng as 1 provided the guard
HsTa4sa- ----- itttllaVrrf -i" f -f-i i i I, ii .,-., -. '-
In lb ramp at PeekeklU. Tba discipline
and efficiency of the National Guard art),
blab. and. actuated by ft desire to main.
Win tble cendltloo. I etirjett to tba LesttU
tor tbe wisdom of. putting this .body upon a
footing where It chief eieeottve officer lenot
llktlloba changed at every political election.
Tbia officer neght not to be subject to political
control, aod tba frequent change alluded to
mutt have a disbeartenlngeffect upon the mem.
ber of tb Natlnnal Ooard and Impair Ita high
atandard of service. Thla auggeetlon. If agreea
ble to the Constitution, might well extend to
tbewboleef tba Governor" etaff. for It It car
tain that tbe National Ooard would be served
quite at well by officer with a more permanent
tenure, and It It equally certain that tbe lustra
ehed upon tbe Governor by bU staff might be
dlspenaed with witbont lose of hi dignity or
danger to tbe State.
The railroad companlee of tba Slate have,
wltb every other Industry, felt tbe blight of tbe
last year. Tbelr condition, bonever. I stilt
fairly prosperous. Hut little legislation la
necessary open this subject, bat tbe frequency
of accMenla at railroad croetlngt hat rendered
neceetary some meane to prevent them. Tha
method of reaching this reeult I not clear.
The aeriou menace that surround all travellers
where highways and railroads cross upon tha
same plane would Justify an Inquiry br tb
Legislature, through a commission or otherwise,
as to the proper disposition of this question.
No class does mora wok for email pay tban
farmers. No claaa render greater service to
the community at large or more completely
meets the requirements of substantial cltlien
shin. Their Interests and occupation underlie
the prosperity of tbe whole people. Any Just
legislation should b favored wnlch would
lighten the unusually bard condition nnder
which tber havetuffered fnrtbe oast few year.
The establishment of a Commission of Agricul.
turewasln tbe Interest of tbe farmer and Its
work has been well done, butl understand that
Inadequate appropriations have prevented that
accomplishment along certain lines wbleh
might be reasonably assisted. The proper ap
plication of tbe ileomarcarlne taw and punish
ment for lie violation may be cited as one par
ticular In which lack of money has prevented
the best results. The bard time now upon us
should cause a careful scrutiny of every ex-
Fense. but time cannot be hard enough to
ustify withholding appropriations which are
necessary to maintain tbe law and to protect the
rights of every class.
public monwAYs.
The means of obtaining good roads baa been
discussed for eeveral years, and It worthy of tba
most careful attention. The ruade of tblt btate
are not what tber ought to be. 7 heir rough and
neglected condition tn many Instances has been
the cause of severe but Jnsl condemnation.
Many States with a comparatively small per.
centageof tbe wealth and population of New
York far surpass ua In tbe construction and
maintenance of roada. The need for Improve,
mentis apparent, and tbe Initial slepe cannot
be tsksn loo soon to place our high wars In a
condition suitable to our wealth and population,
and to remove a long-continued and merited
Trig capitoi.
This subject may well be approached with re
luctance. It le about thirty yeare since the
building waa started, and over twenty-two mil
lions or dollars have been appropriated and
spent or turn. It has dragged lUelf through
nearly a third of a century, always clamoring
for money, until the people have nearly de
spaired of Its completion and have come to re
gard It as an affliction from which time afforde
But little hope of relief. If an Individual
or a corporation had managed an under
taking as this has been managed they
would have been discredited years ago.
W have now reached a point where
tbe parte first constructed are In need of
repairs, while other parte of the same building
are unfinished. Other slructuree of enormous
six and expense and of unequalled magnificence)
have been constructed In many placet, begun
year after the Capitol was commenced and
completed long ago. This building ought tub
finished at once. Tbo work sbonld be don by
contract, and aufflctnt monr appropriated to
pay for It. Tbe State need tb structure for Ita
uses, but It nerds still mora to escape tbe scan
dal of a building of enormous cost and un
faralled extravagance undergoing at tbe same
Ime the process of construction at one end and
decay at the other.
The Improvement to be made on tbe canals
under tbe " Nine Million Dollar Act" ar likely
to be Justified by tbe reeult. They will retain
tbe advantages secured to ne by nature and
previous expenditures. Tbe progress so far ap
pears satisfactory, and the work ebould be
prosecuted with lha utmost eneray In order
that the money provided may not be consumed
In tbe usual experience of commissions and ex
amining boards and supernumeraries under
different titles, and also that the benefit con
templated may be speedily enjoyed.
This mostfunlortunat of the dependentfelasses
bas been transferred to tbe care of the Stale
under tbe act of 1800. New York Is the first
State to establish a broad and comprehensive
system which yields tbe greatest benefits at the
least cost, Tba system Is now complete, and lu
operation shows that the central supervision of
expenditures makes a large annual eavlng over
the old system of local administration. It places
the welfare of the State abote tbe interest of
localities. The policy nf recent Legislatures
should be continued. The annual report of
tbe State Commission In Lunacy Is command
ed for Its statement of those matters which
cannot be reviewed at length here. An im
portant addition is the Pathological Institute,
whlcb harmonizes tbe scientific work of the
several hospitals and Increase their efficiency.
The Increase In tbe number of Insane Is less
tban In former years, due probably to tbe re
vision by the Legislature of tha insanity Uwa
This It said not to have worked detrimentally, for
every proper case has been received aod treated.
The transfer of New York county to tbe Slate
system, wltb a lack of accommodation for tbe
Insane and tbe necessity for disproportionate
construction during lb ensuing year, creates
an unusual condition whlcb should be provided
Tbe care of these unfortunate persons should
be upon tbe broadest and moet humane llnee
which the moat enlightened mlnda can devise.
The Inatltutlona of thla State for tbe care of the
Insane are. I believe, conducted wltb patience
and skill, and eome which I have visited I know
to be worthy of tbe highest praise Kconomy,
desirable In every direction, should In this Ue
tempered with generosity.
Tha magnitude of our school system Is par
tially axpreessd In Its cost during the past year,
which bas been over $84,000,000. More tban
27.000 teacher have been employed, and more
than 1,'.'8.1,000 pupils Instructed. Tba at
tendance during tbe past year has Increased.
firobably as an effect of tbe Compulsory School
aw, buttbir are still over add. 000 children
who do not attend school. The number
last stated Is loo large for tbe eafety
of the State. Their education should. In
some way. be eared for. Facilities should be
provided for those wbo are willing to attend,
and compulsory Institutions established for
those who are not. A reformatory Is not a
proper place tor a child not In need of reforma
tion, but under tbe present law suoh reformatory
seems to be the only place provided. A srstem of
truant schools might be considered for those
whose attendance fs compultory. and for those
whose failure to attend Is due solely to absenc
of opportunity the Legislature should strive to
provide some means of attendance.
excisb Law.
Tbe operation of tbe present Excise law ha
been In many respeots satisfactory. The reve
nue received from It from May 1 to Nor. -'0 waa
tl 1,000,083, more than twice aa much as the
receipts for licenses during the entire year of
18US. It has caused ft large decrease In the
number of saloons, and the expense of running
tbe Kxclte Department It lees tban that nf
running the old Kxclte Unards. The law
can, however, be Improved, and that im
provement should be among the first du
ties of this Legislature. Some of tbe amend
ments needed are obvious to those living wnere
the law bas been applied, and others are ap
parent to those who have given the subject
careful study. Neither clasa nf atnendtnents
can be recited with any profit here, tint all
changes should have In view the protection of
those who bav in good faith attempted to
obey the lair and the prevention of those ho,
by subterfuge or direct violation, have at
tempted to evade It,
civil, SERVICE.
This subject hat been much discussed, gener
ally exaggerated, and bas provldsd capital to
many wbo would other Ue be bankrupt. Tba
value, of practical civil service Is beyond ques
tion. Ita Importance waa rerognlied by tbe last
Constitutional Convention, aud Its place Is now
fixed In the fundamental law of the State. Ilut
tbe vrurk of the Legislature U nrcesrary to
render effective tha provision of tbe Consti
tution, Tblt work 'should be dude promptly
and In good faith, not wltb reference to Ideas so
delicnte as to be worthless In actual practice,
but wltb a view solely to tbe elevation of tbe
publlo service, and tbe highest illtcliurge of
the duties of.overy publlo office. Ileauly
is not alwsys a test of efficiency and
machinery that works disastrously Is worse
than that that will not work at all. Kvery
meant mutt be adapted to the end desired, and
In my Judgment civil service will work better
with less start h. A scheme It not necessarily
effective or high toned because It lacks com
mon sense, and they are not necessarily hostile
who think that common tent would Improve
It. An examination for a publlo pltce should be
suitable to the kind "f service required, and suf
ficient margin should be glten those making
appointments so that the most competent
help can be selected, Kxperlence, character,
tact, and even muscle may be of more Impor
tance In some caes than tbe fraction nf 1 per
cent. In an examination In geography. The
discretion nf the appointing power should not
be entirely subordinated to the marklngsystem.
Jf an examination has dlscloted the fact that a
certain number of men are qualified to fill a
given position, the place would be more likely
to be properly filled If Ihe appointing officer
could select from the whole number so
qualified thnn If be was limited to a quarter
of that number, furthermore. It would
rrduce the dinner of Injustice tn an appli
cant whuse quantitations, on the whole, were
superior to those of his competitor who had out
ranked him un paper. Civil service la Intended
tosscure fur the public, at a reasonable cost,
unquestioned Integrity and approved skill, en
larged by continuous service, nod not to exploit
any partloulay Idea, TbU intention ehoujd ba
if-1- -1 i n i - ,l ' - ' '--
Bargains in
Bed Coverings.
Crochet Bed Spreads,
8oc, $i.oo, Si. i 5,
$1.25 each.
Marseilles Bed Spreads,
Si. 85, S2.25, S3.25,
$3.75 each.
Silkolinc Comforters,
Si. 50 each.
value llaJ.
Lord& Taylor,
Broadway & 29th St
carried oat by tbe Legislature and will meet
with prompt executive approvab
, roBxrrs.
A qeeation loo long neglected It the preserva
tion of our forests. Tbe Mate, either through
Indifference or false economy, ba been trlppd
of It most valuable timber landa, allowed it
water aupply to be seriously Impaired aad tha
moat wonderfol sanitarians In tbe world to b
defaced and partially destroyed. Every element
of economy and foresight fa outraced by this
course. I'rlvate Individuals bar taken advan
tage of tbe State's neglect until of lb entlr
Adirondack region, consisting of mora tban
3,000.000 acre, tb Stat own 841.000, lee than
a quarter, and of tb proposed Adirondack park
of V.800,000 acre It owne even a entailer per
centage, about Ofl 1,000 acre. Of this proposed
park more than 880.000 acre ar held aa pri
vate preserves, and mora tban 1.2SO.00O acre
by lumbermen and others, so that of the pro
posed total area of 2.800.000 acre more tban
11,000,000 are ownnd by private Individual.
Mora tban 1.250.000 of the V.OOO.OOO so owned
ar now (abject to fire and axe, and tbe devas
tation wrought yearly I appalling and dis
graceful. Mora than tSO.O0O.OO0 feet of wood
and timber are cut. and mora than 100,000
acres stripped every year. Tblt work of
devastation it progressing fat- Tbe banks
of the lakee and river and all sections ac
cessible from either, are ravaged at sucb ft pace
that but few years more can elape before that
region, in many retpectt tha mott wonderful
and valuable In tbe world, will ba practically
destroyed. Tba part acquired or claimed br
Individuals are tbe best. A traveller through
any oeelrable portion of that country Is sure to
be met with the charge of trespassing, for the
eaeea are rare In which tbe title of the Stat to
a desirable tract la acknowledged. Sometime
thla deplorable condition muat ba rectified.
Every year tbe loas lu the State grows larger. In
all cases difficult, and In some raaee Impossible,
of recovery. The land Is steadily and rapidly
Increasing In value. Tbe bogus title burrow
further out of tight tb longer It Is let alone.
Witnesses ule,and tbe ouly tblngaure tolncreas
Is the encroeebment of Individuals upon Ihe
domain of tbe State. Tbe enlargement of tbe
canals will require more water, aod tbe demand
tn every direction It Increasing while lha
tupply it steadily falling off. A subject of such
magnitude should not be postponed nor cott
ducted wltb the halting method which is too
apt to distinguish public enterprise In which
larre appropriations afford convenient resting
placea in whlcb officeholders may grow old.
Not long ago the blate appropriated a mil
lion dollars to preserve tbe Mautlea of Niagara
falls. That subject le without significance
compared to the Adirondack forests. Kvery
consideration of bealtb. pleasure, economy, and
safety urges tbe speedy consideration of this sub
ject, and sucb consideration should Include ap
propriations adequate to ascertain the nature of
tbe title adverse to tbe State, and to recover
where the titles are Insufficient and to purchase
where they are valid. Any other course would
ba false and unwise economy.
No legislation passed this session will Involve
frrealer responsibilities, or be more far reaching
n It effect, tban that relating to the communi
ties to be embraced In the city of New York.
This subltct doe not concern us atone, for tb
extent of it influence III not safe to predict.
Conditions bave arisen more than once In whlcb
an entire national policy baa depended upon
this Slate. When questions of sucb moment be
come thus dependent, the position of tbe city of
New York Is commanding and may be decisive.
Every move upon this subject should result from
the utmost caution andatudy. I bare entire con
fidence In tbe wisdom of the commission In
whoee bands the work baa thus far rtsted, and
whatever tbe Legislature may do to complete or
supplement that work will, I trust, be done
under ft sense of tbe profoundest responsibility.
In many State tbe Legislature convene one
In two year, and wherever that practice pre
vails I understand there I no disposition to
return to the yearly meeting. Thla I ft larg
State and Its Interests are enormous and divers,
but these do not Justify or even eacuse tbe large
number of confusing, expensive, and unneces
sary laws pasted at every session. They serve
no proper purpose whatever, and tbelr ten
dency it to unsettle and mislead, even If tbey
contain nothing more objectionable. Tbe le-
?illinate needs of Ibis Mate can ba provided
or In a snorter time tban Is generally con
sumed, and tbe chief hope arising from pro
tracted aestloos and tb passage of unnecessary
laws Is that tbe people may In tbelr next Con
stitution conclude to correct both wltb biennial
I should be glad If no act should be passed not
of pronounced utility or to meet some argent
public need. This would make possible an early
adjournment, for wblcb tb people are alwaya
grateful. FnAKC S. Black.
The I.leUer Hlaal Oat tka Data sJsmb.
aaalcs far Tbelr Flrat Attack,
Albant, Jan. 0. Thl year's crop of Will
menacing corporate Investment began wltb the
first day of the session, and the gas companlat
of New York city teem to bave been singled out
for early attack. Asssmblyman dledhill (Dem.,
N. Y.) led off with ft bill compelling gat compa
nle In New York to furnish gts for $1 a thou
sand feet. Assemblyman Trainer (Dem., N. Y.)
followed close behind with a bill for 75-cent
gas, affecting both Nw York and lirooklyn.
Then Mr. Forrester of Brooklin, who It a Ite
publlcan. Introduced a resolution for tbe ap
pointment of a special committee of teven to
invettlgate the formation of a gat trust wblcb
he tald be knew to exltt in lirooklyn. It was
referred to the Committee on Ways and Means.
MSenatur Drv-Dollar Sullivan, who usually in
eludes a dollar gas hill among bit batch for lb
session and who was expected tn Introduce a
ninety-cent bill this year, waa not here to-day,
but probably will be heard from later.
Senator McNully (Dem.. of Kings) Intends to
Introduce later a bill providing for municipal
ownership of gas works aud gas supply. Senator
Cantor, who announced recently that It would
bo tbe policy or the minority this winter to
assail corporations, will Introduce a bill fixing
the cost of gas In New York at SI and tbe
quality at i.'4-cantlle power. It will also give to
thetias Commission, consisting of the Mai or.
Comptroller, und Commissioner of I'ttbllo
Works, complete tupervltlon of gat companies.
It will be empowered to test the gat, examine
meters, and Inquire into the capital and profllt
of the companies, Mr. Cantor titys this provision
will make unnecessary the appointment of an
Investigating committee.
I.tent-Qov. Wnoarqr Olvee as Dlaaer.
Al.BAxr, Jan. tl. Politician of all auadee of
Ilepubllcau opinion, especially from lirooklyn,
were entertained at dinner to-ntghl by Lieut.
Gov. Timothy I Woodruff at his residence on
Klk street. Among hit guests were Oov, Ulack,
(Jen. Mr wart L. Woodford, exMayor Charles
A. bchlereii. County Clerk Jacob Worth, Com
missioner Theodore II. Willis. Sheriff William
J. liutlllng. Justice W, W. Uoodrlcb, It. Koss
Applston. Walter II. Atterbury, Joseph It. Clark,
Senator Ilrusb, Meuator Wray. Senator Julius
L. Wlvmaii, Judge Jacob lirenner. Commis
sioner W, C.IIryant. Lucius II, lllgelow, Rodney
A. Ward, Auditor John It. Sutton, aud M. J,
Dady, all of lirooklyn.
Coelello'a Trial for Murder Begun.
Michael Cottollo, a railroad brnkeman of 68
Yarlck ttrtet, waa put on trial cturday In the
criminal branch of the Supreme Court, charged
with killing James I'urcell. Coatello married
u good-looking oung woman on Sept. 1, 1803.
I'urcell had been paying attention to her pre
vious to that. On the wedding day he wat
chosen aa best man. About July -I last Costello
aud hl wife teparaled, she golug to live at tbe
Vnrlik atrcet hutise with her mother. On July
US I'urcell called at the house und tried to make
love lu Mrs. Coatello. She told ber husband.
Costello put a pistol tn his pocket aod went In
look fur I'urcell. When be met him coinlug
lutb the house tbe two men got luto a row.
Three pistol thole Mere fired. and Purccll wet
fonndtlead. Self-defence will bo (he argument
pat forward by Costello' couattL
s ,
---- - - ' -
-. iigtMiiiTs'
k nail iv ix tux sex at r.
Beaalar XeCarrea Otjeeteet leCsater'a As.
aataptloa ta streak, far tka Mlaerlfr, '
!- IT DlSs't rrasMe t rallaer tb
Leaalerebli) ar ss Baiter sst Trmltar."
Albabt. Jan, 0. The only diversion from tb
usual routine proceeding at the opening of tbe
new legislature to-day waa furnished by tbe
Democratlo members of the Senate, wbo kept
lbs reading of Gov. Ulack' message waiting
while they Indulged In ft family row. There are
at least three brand of Democrat in the Fen
ate, and tb prospect It that ther will be a
great deal of kicking among tbem during tbe
session. Senator Cantor, wbo was chosen leader
of tha minority year ago. presumably for tbe
whole three year of his ssrvlca In tb
Senate, waa ft pronounced gold man daring
tb recent national campaign, aod some of
tb mora radical i'lvrlte among bl colleague
have murmured at bl continued leadership.
No overt more. bowvr, waa mad against him
until to-day. when Senator McCarren of Brook
lyn announced that ba rafnsed to contlder Mr.
Cantor ft bl leader. Senator McNolty, also of
Brooklyn, wbo 1 credited with almllar sentl.
snent. refrained from declaring himself, and
Senator Our of New York, representing tbe
Porroy faction, said that ho would follow Sena
tor Cantor, wbora b regarded a tbe ablest,
mot experienced, and moet trustworthy of bis
colleagues, a long a be did not "trench upon
tb principles of tb home-role Democracy."
Th discussion was precipitated by a resolu
tion Introduced by Senator Kalne providing
for tb Increase of tb Itatlroad Committee
from nine to elevin members. Tbe purpose of
this change Is to give a place to Senator
Coggesball, wbo ba been taken back Into th
party fold, and It baa been understood that tb
other place would go to Senator Page, of New
York, a Itepnbllcan. When tbe resolution waa
read Senator Cantor rose Vi protest agalntt th
programme In behalf of the minority, and asked
that one of the additional place be given to a
Senator McCarren objected to Cantor' aa
aamplion to speak for tb minority. "I wish
It understood." be tald, " tbat tb Senator doe
not speak for me a a member of th minority.
I believe In majority rule, and I am content to
let tbe Itepnbllcan bave a many places on tba
committee a they want."
"Speaking for at least a part of th minor
ity," replied fcenator Cantor. I do not believe
tbat a Democratic Senator abonld be open to
ceutnre from another Democratlo Senator for
trying to secure proper representation for bla
party. I bad supposed tbat thl Senate met,
not for the consideration of national question,
but to perform It dutle to tb people of thl
Stat, wblcb do not Involve national 1st nee, I
will say to th Sen tor in all kindness and In all
franknet tbat bl path of doty He not in tba
direction of dividing tbe Democratic party, but
toward doting up lit ranks."
"I elmply wished to give notice. said Senator
McCarren. "that I do not propose to follcvr tbe
teadsrsblp of a bolter or a traitor."
Senator Cantor suggested tbat ft cauens could
eetlly be held and tbe quettlouof leadership
settled without difficulty, and tbe discussion
was dropped. No cauens will be held unless a re
quest for one Is made by eome Democratic Sen
ator, and Senator McCarren has no Intention
of asking for on, knowing tbat Senator Cantor
would be sustained by a majority of his col
leasrues. An amendment offered by Senator Grady tbat
one of the two additional members of tbe Rail
road Committee should be a Democrat, was
voted down and tbe original resolution was
A resolution was adopted granting tbe nte of
the Senate chamber for tbe meeting of the
Klectoral College, which Is to take place next
Monday. Tbe nomination of Geore N. Aid ridge
of ilocbntrr to succeed himself as Superin
tendent of Public Wcrkt wa received from the
Governor, and was Immediately confirmed.
The rest of the session waa takro up wltb tbe
reading of Gov. lllack'e message and tbe de
livery of LleuL-Ogv. Woodruff's speech, lu
which he said:
"Ibis Senate, over which It will be my privi
lege and greet honor to preside for the next two
yeare. bas already attained so high a reputation
aa to Insure a continuance of all that baa been
best In tbe past history of our but. It will
ver be my aim to so discharge tbe duties with
whlcb I have been vested tbat upon tbe expira
tion of your Urtn and mine, wblcb will end
together, although greatly to my disadvantage
tbey did nut begin together, my record may be
knit Into the fabric of your btgb reputation. At
the beginning of our Male Government the
Lieutenant-Governor acted aa Chief Judge
of the btate. I welcome thla reminiscence
a an admonition tn do exact Justice
aa your presiding officer. As you ar
aware. I am Inexperienced In legislative
usages, end ahould I err, I know you will bear
wltb me because of my Inexperience, and also
accord me the benefit of tbe fact tbat 'Parlia
mentary law Is Indefinite and largely made up
nf rulee subject to constant cbtngeand of prece
dents liable to be reversed.' Your actions and
mine, always open tn the publlo view, will be
presented to onr constltusnu through the col
umns of the public prnss. From the Informa
tion I bave gathered on tbe subject I feel as
sured tbat tbe glatte through which we shall
be sscn. rrpreeenled In Albany by a talented
reportorlal corps of high character, will not fur
nish a Distorted vision."
Tbe Assembly waa called to order by Clerk
Archie L ISaxter, and on motion of Mr. Nixon
tbe House proceeded to the election of a
Speaker. The vUo waa: J. M. K. O'Gradyof
Rochester. Ill: Daniel K Finn of New York.
114. Speaker O Grady waa escorted to the chair
by Mr. Finn and Mr. Nixon, and made a brief
addrees. In whlcb besald:
"It will be necessary for us to perfect the
great measures pasted by the latl Legislature.
The charter tor Greater New York will be ready
for Introduction In a lew dayt, and It tbould b
our earnest endeavor tn speedily enact an or
ganic law for Ibis municipality. Until tb act
of consolidation of lbliti is re-enforced and com-
Eleled by establishing the method and manner
y which li It to become a practical fact, there
will be a feellnr nf unreal and anxiety In the
mlnda of many people In the community affected.
"The Liquor Tax law demonstrated to be.
although not perfect, the most progressive and
Improved excise law tbe State tiaaever seen,
muat be supplemented by tbe legislation neces
sary to save from possible Intentional evaaton
lu several provisions and to carry Into effect
and enable onr citizens to enjoy it most benefi
cent features.
" I feel It my duty to call the attention of the
Assembly to a matter, the correction of wblcb
would save a great deal of lime and much ex
pense to tbe btatr. During tbe session of 1KU0
1,703 bills were Introduced In tbe Assembly and
0t)H were passed br tbat body; In 1NU& l.Tl','
ware Introduced and 1.0M reached tbe Senate)
In 1804 1.000 were Introduced and but TA'.' were
passed. 'Ihe deduction from these figures It at
once apparent. Illllt are either carelessly In
troduced and afterward found to be needless
and Improper, and for that riason fall of pas
sage, or they are Introduced without tbe Inten
tion of passing them. Tbe result In either
case Is tbe same, th needless prolonglns of tbe
Legislative session, and additional expense
upon tbe public treasury. Let me tuggett to
tbe member to Introduce no bills save such as
are necessary and for the public good, and hav
ing Introduced tbem, to brine them to final
pssssge promptly. Constitutional restriction
necessarily Imposes delay In legislation, mi. J It
la unwise that th calendar of tbe House In It
closing day should be Incumbered with hilt
that might hate been dlspoaca of earlier bad
member shown mure dlllgeuce In their Intro
duction. Above all. let ua avoid bad legislation,
or the suspicion of lu
"in conclusion let me say that I shall look for
and cor.tldentl) expect tbe cooperation of you.
my colleagues. In the disc-barge of the duties of
this office. They are trying and exacting, and I
should feel even more timidity In assuming
them had I not proven In the past tbo friend
ship and loyalty you all feel Inward me. The
temptation of all presiding officers of political
assemblies Is to be tn tyinpalh, wltb his party
collesgiiea tn the extent nf partisanship: thla
temptation I ahali strive to put away from me
and If 1 fall It will be through no luck of Inten
tion to be fair and Impartial In all necessary
Clerk Uaxter and the other officials agreed
upon at last night's caucus were then elected,
and after the rrading ot the Governor's tnettsge
the House adjourned for a week. Tbe drawing
for teats wat postponed to that time In order that
tbo members might attend the centenary exer
cises this afternoon.
Ihe Governor's message wat listened to wltb
attention In both house., and was warmly com
mended by the Itepnbllcan members for Its
terseness, common seme, imd lack of irllttetlng
generalities. The paragraph relating to civil
service appointments was greetud with an
plsuse, In which many of the Democrat Joined.
On motion of Mr. A bell illcp., Kings) Hint por
tion of the inoisitKe not referred tn the. ludl
clsry Committee for report. It is expected that
this eubject will receive the early attention of
the I.vglilature. and tbat a billon the line laid
duwu by the Governor will be Introduced soon
after the recett. Astemblrman Mincer of Onei
da, who bas long been prominent as a civil ser
vice reformer, Introduied to-day bis bill of last
jeitr with a few luodillratlont.
Very anxious wpib some of tho Assemblymen
tn Introduce bills at this the first session. Th
first one to secure the attention of tbo Speaker
was Mr. Itoelir uf Kings, who Introduced a bill
prnivllng that money dcrhed from th sale of
liquor In lirooklyn be takeu from the revenue
fund and used In the support of hospitals and
tb lncnasa si tba poiita ptuilon fund, Tb ,
-t - ti i) f i -i r " -.
-' '
bill was progressed to third reading and re
ferred to the Cltle Committee.
Mr. Austin offered a bill for We building of ft
new Hall ot Record In New York city. It waa
J 'regressed to a third reading. Mr. Finn ob
ecud. and It went to the Cities Committee.
Senator Ilrueh Introduced a bill which Is de
signed to allow a cltlien to compel bla recogni
tion at a party primary by ft mandamus. He
alM Introduced a companion bill amending th
Penal Code, whlcb provide tbat any person
wno eane his name to be placed tjpon th roll
of a party organisation of one party while hi
nam Is legslly upon the rolls of a party organ
isation of another party Is punishable by a fin
of I50O and Imprisonment for not mora than
five year.
Aetemblyman Tralnor Introdored a bill to
day whlcb provides that " a person who agree
wltb another to tell real estal upon deliv
er weeklr or semi-weekly or monthly or semi
monthly payment, aod to deliver a deed of said
real estate free and clear ot all Incomoranre
on receipt of purchase price, and who. receiving
said purchase price, fails to deliver a deed of
said real estate free and clear of all Incum
brance, aveele each property constituting said
purchase price and Is guilty ot larceny.
Other bill introduced were:
Mr. Sanger Providing fee a relaetltWt'oa of tbe
eivll streieet also presiding for tatxitatloa la Jfew
York end ktnvscouaty of election canvassers,
Mr. Itoehr Tie MeOraw Barber Mil or last year
pethlb4tfag"Mrbrlajiea ftusylays. except la the eltlea
uf Tfew York. IJrooklya, and ttnaaie. and In ftaralot a
eprtngt. vtbare II war be performed en 111 1 o'clocc
la ta afteraeoa a gaadar.
Mr Atutla-IUgsuUDg tb height of battdliuts In
tbe City of Mew fork. Ii prorMee tbat no bundles
aball be brrttr erected whleu shall be of great r
helgat above tb curb level at tbe centre of tb. front,
than twenty time tbe sqear root rtt ta width otlte
street on wbkb tbe balldlag U erected.
Mr. Tralnor Apportioning aw York City into
thirty dz Aidermanle district.
8peaker O'Omdy presented to tbe As
sembly tbe contest of Frank A. Bovak for
the seat held by Assemblyman Patrick J.
Andrews (Dm ), of tbe Twenty-sixth New York
city district- Tb contest waa referred to tbe
Committee on Privilege and Electione for in.
Tetllgatlnn. Abraham Grubtr of New York city
Is counsel for Borax.
tinvo Bronx cur orr bt watzb.
A electee- Reerar Causae afaagay Xatla
ta Over-flew tka Bltswslk.
Tbe drug store at tbe northeast corner of
Ninth avenue and Fourteenth itreet baa been
unapproachable sine tha rain storm on Mon
day night. Tb sever becam clogged, and tb
water overflowed th sidewalk to within a few
feat of the drnr store doors. Tb eustemtrs of
M. F. Bender, tbe druggist, consequently could
not get Into bl store. Druggist Bender has
been busy at tls telephone r-early ever sine
trying to get the Street Cleaning Department or
the Department ot Public Works to clear the
entrance to bl ttor.
Lata Tuesday afternoon one of Col. Waring'
men appeared. Ue bad a long put, and be
poked It In the sewer, but be didn't loosen th
obstruction, and lb water on tba aldawalk
S Id n't recede. The policeman on poet tried his
and at opening the eewer passage, but be was
equally unsuccessful. Seeing no relief In elgLt.
Druggist Bender arranged to bave bis custom
ers enter bis store throuch the adjoining houta
on Fourteenth street, Tba druggist didn't as
spelr of finally getting the street In front of bis
store cleaned, and yesterday morning be again
began to see If he couldn't stir tbe proper au
tborltlee Into doing their duty. Mr. llaoder
talked with Commissioner of Publlo Works
Coll It over tbe telephone, and Commissioner
Collls promised to get the street cleared.
Five men and as many bncksts appealed lata
yesterday afternoon, and began to scoop up tba
water. Tbey carried It from one corner tn
acrwe tbe way wbsre It est damped Into ft
tewrr which It In working order. The five men
worked steadily, and at tne end of four hours
won nf the water and mud had been carried to
the oppoMt fewer. No attempt, however, wa
made to find what raueed tb stoppage of the
seweron DruggM Bender corner. II expects
another flood trom the next atorm if tbe sewer
bi not attended to.
Ak Kara Kibe 'Will Try ta rag tka Ratal
Bllla Hbe lacarreel-lf el far Trial.
Mary Stevens, wbo wa arrested Tuesday
night on a charge of violating th Hovel act,
waa arraigned In Jefferson Manet Court yes
terday. Tb Broadway Central Hotel made tb
specific charge tbat the prisoner bad swindled
it out of S48.67. The prisoner pleaded guilty
and waa held for trlaL She said tbat she would
endeavor to settle tbe account held atralntt ber
by tbe Hoffman House, tbe Ftftb Avenue Hotel,
tbe Everett House, and tbe Gllsey House.
Tbe woman teemt unknown In New York
and refuset to answer any questions about her
self and the charges against ber. J. A. Lehmann,
oectal detective for tbe Gllsay, located ber In ft
board log lieu In Twentieth street and mad
the arrest. Among ber possaaaten be. fonnd
various paper which tend Vi show that she Is
the daughter of a Boston clergrman named
Bynatn: tbat she has been a widow five year
and hat four children at various Institutions In
Maine, and tbat the haa been systematically
beating ber board In this city sine the middle
ot October. This latter fact Is corroborated by
her collection of bolel keys, each with Its un
paid bill. She bas used several aliases, and
under one of tbem rents a desk and a typewriter
In an office In Fifth avenue, where tb bat
worked occasionally.
Among ber effects are two letter from a Bea
ton lawyer: one. addrested to Mr. Kbod at
the Hoffman House, concerns tb settlement of
some claims aealnst her lo Boston, and the
other. " lo whom It may concern," It an unqual
ified recommendation of Mrs. Stevens.
Tka District Attoraey's Oatra Baa Beam
Aaatker Crasafc.
Assistant District Attorney Forbeas J. Hen
nessey ordered the arrest yesterday of Deng
Gin, Georea Chung, and Lung Yon. Chinamen,
who were out on ball pending the disposition of
assault charges against them. Tbey were ar
rested yesterday afternoon and locked np in tha
Tombs. Their ball bond bad been furnished
by one of tbe Tomb missionaries. Mrs. Ernes
tine Ecbaffner, who lives at 70 West Fiftieth
"I don't contlder her bond good enough for
these Chinamen." tald Mr. Ilennreier, "be
cause I have bad fonr or five Judgment agalntt
her already. Tb Judgment were In forfeited
ball case, aod we bave not been able to collect
a cent on any of them. She doea not really rwn
the house ahe gives a security at 73 Wett
Fiftieth itreet, and wa won't accept her a a
urety. no matter what the police court may
Mr. Hennessey further stated tbat he bad be
gun a warfare against straw bondsmen. Soma
of tbem, be said, had disappeared.
Health Ceanralsstoaer Emery or Broaktysv
eJaed la Caaaeetloa with It.
Jacob J. Scbmltt of 340 Union street Is suing
Health Commissioner Emery of Brooklyn to re
cover $5,000 damages fur tbe loss of his eight-ear-old
son Jame", who died April 11, 1801, in
the contagious hospital, aa alleged, through the
careltssnett of tbe health authorities. The bor
had scarlet tevor and contracted tmall-pox at
the hospital. It it the belief of tho father thai
the disease was communicated to the child
from the germs In tbe wagon In which th boy
waa removed to the hospital. The cate lion
trial before Justice Smith, in tb Snprem
Hnlast Ota. l'arter.
Gen. Horace Porter I defendant In atultln
tb United State Circuit Court, before Judge
Sblpman acd u Jury, In whlcb George G. Carey,
at truttee. It teeking to recover f 4.000 which b
allege Gen. Porter owet on fifty tharet of nock
of lho National Exprett and Transportation
Company. These shares. It It alleged. Gen. Porter
tubtcrlbed for In 18Uo,aud when, subsequently,
the express company assigned and payments on
the shares was called for, he failed to respond.
At a former trial a verdict was rendered In Gen.
Porter's favor. The Circuit Court ot Appeals
reversed this, hence the presat trial. Tb de
fence Is a general denial and a pleading of tha
statute of limitations.
New Caebler for the alcreaallle National
Two changes were made yesterday In the
Mercantile National Bank, resulting from the
ousting from the pretldenoy last summer ot
William P.St. Jnhti. the apostle of free silver,
.lames II. Loll, who has been assistant cashier,
wat made cashier, to take the place of Frederick
II. Scheuck who was promoted lo the presidency
some months, agu. Km II Klein, the dltcuuut
clerk, was inadu assistant cashier.
Money Urtlrre Not an InrrlnKetnrat,
Judge Coxe of the United States Circuit Court
bat handed don li a decision dismissing tbe com
plaint of Marcsllus r Berry against the Wyn-koup-Hallenbeck-Crawfotd
Company, whlcb
prints money-order blanks for tbe Government
upon paper and by Ihe use of plates owned by
the Government. Horn contended that the
platet, which contain a device for preventing
the "raising" or altering of tbe money orrtert,
were an Infringement upon a patent he had ob
tained. The Judge holds that Harry's patent It
" Invalid for want of Invention."
RELIAULE J'KAtTwu -vo.nouy
r s nncTe by securing some nf the remnants now
lAKrCla, at bargain prices. I.sure jourroom.
lOft tVeat lUl -Urts ,
"Yes, Sir" $11.75 I
Many of theso Suits and Overcoata arc of tho I
highest possible quality. Tho fabrics wero importel I
direct and tailored our way in our own shops. I
What better guarantoo? Many aro buying theso I
bargains for future use. It's an oasy way to buvo H
money. H
Broadway, Cor. Houston St. I
rat.lt Meetlag sst Wbl.ts Oar. gla rra
elsee aat Dr. Beaeer Deliver tls Ora-llea.-
altera ar Kegrat frasn Majer Ma.
Klaleg mm Other Ball 1st tb XvealasT.
ALsuar. Jars. 8. Tbe hundredth anniversary
of tb establishment of tb fauta capital at Al
bany wat celebrated to-day. Tb anniversary
exercise were In charge of ft Stat Commission
appointed by lb Governor and ft committee of
one hundred of Albany's dtn- Tba Stat
Commission consisted of Mayor John Boyd
Thachcr. William Jay. W. a Van lUsler,
Senator Myer N'utsbaum, and Bpca r
Tba day parad and attendant eiarclse of tb
centenary celebration began this afternoon at
1 o'clock. Oor. Ulack. Mayor Tbacber, and tba
Cltlxent' Committee met In tbe Executive
Chamber and went to the Bute streat entrance
of tbe CapltoL where tbey wer met by a mili
tary escort. Carriage bad been provided for
tbe member of the Legislature and other
gutsta. and. led by tbe Governor, tb route to
Harmanut Blrecker Hall was tas.cn up.
At tba ball Speaker O' Grady acted aa tempo
rary Chairman. Tbe invocation w a pronounced
by the Right Ber. bishop T. M. A. Uurke,
Catholic Bishop ot Albany. Mr. O'Oradr pre
sented Gov. Black as presiding officer. Letter
of regret were read from ex-Oor. Morton, wbo
bad been named lo deliver tb opening address,
and alto from Pre Ident Cleveland and President-elect
Mr. McKlnley said In hi letter:
"New York can well be proud of th blttorlo
position tb occuple in tb contullatlon of
Bute. To be tb capital of tnebaEUV it ft
blgb and croud distinction. Albany ba tb
right to rejoice In tbe centennial of ber estab
lishment a tb executive and legislative seat
of government of tbe great Stat of New York.
I congratulate both city and people, and tend
tb joyful greetings of a cltlxen of a slsur Stat
wblcb shares In your pride in tbe past. In your
exultations in tbe present, and in your bope
for tb four."
Ex-LleuC-Crov. Thomas G. Alvord of Syracuse
delivered tba opening address. Tt historical
oration of tb day waa mad by C anncey M.
Depew. In bis address be said :
" Each of lbs thirteen colonies ba pride and
applause because of tbe contributions ll has cads
to the formation of the republic of tbe L'nited
Stale. We cannot dispute nor detract from tbe
justr-eritaot any of our slsur States, but this 1
our bocr, our privilege, onr time to place New
York In ber entitled imperial poellion at tba be
ginning wblcb tbe still holds at tbe dc i of lha
century. NewYork 1 tb only on of tbe colonic
wblcb could bav successfully sustained a ae pa
rat aad Independent existence. Nature baa
made ber the seat of empire. Tb possibilities of
power sr both in th topography of a country
and the characteristic of lu Inhabitant.
"Nw York, thus fortonal In bar geographi
cal position, wa doubly fortunate In tha char
acter of tbo Immigration whlcn aba attracted.
She became tbe cosmopolitan State of the Union.
Tbe Dutch came and took DC-session of tbe ter
ritory and administered tls Government. Tbey
gave loll Constitution and laws th spirit of
civil aod religious liberty wnlch existed In tbat
age only In Holland- Tbey invited ail national
ities end all creed to equal rights with them
selves. Persecuted religionist of every church
eoon discovered that tbey could Dnd a hosplu.nl
horn among th Dutch of New York.
"The commingling of race in our common
weeltb Is on of th source ot it Imperial po
sition. It bas abolished narrowness and pro
vincialism, and created broad nets and liber
ality of character. It bas don mora tban any
thing else to develop the American type of
manhood. The true American la cosmopolitan.
He breathes the air of a continent ruled by the
Car of LU country: be Uvea nnder Institutions
which give the largest liberty and lb greatest
opportunity for individual effort. He la In
touch wltb tbe most marvellous meuriel de
velopment ot any age or any country, and is
carried upon the car of pregres at a speed
w htch Cr lb brain, maxee ssntlent tbe nerves,
and gives new ImpuWe to the blood.
"1 be seal of government In our State during
the period of Dutch acd English control was In
New Amsterdam, now New York city. Tbe ex
ecutive and legislative powers were vetted in a
Dtrectcr-lieneral appointed from Holland aod a
council elected by the people. After the English
conquest this was changed to a royal Governor
appulnted by tbe King of Ureal Britain and an
elective assembly. hen tbe revolt against tbe
tyrannical exactions of the mother country
assumed organized form, the Committee of
Safety, Provisional War Committee! and Com
mtltees of Keslstance cal ed a Provisional Con
gress to be elected by tbe various counties.
Thl Congrea. In May, 1778, provided for tbe
election of delegates to a convention Mo accept
and establish tucb a government a they (bail
deem beat calculated to secure the life, liberty,
and happiness of th good people of tble colon).'
"Our first Constitution u framed and adopt
ed by this body al Kingston on April -0, 1777,
and tba legislative life of tbe atate of New York
began. Ihe Conttttutlon created a benala and
Assembly, and enacted that the Legislature
must meet once a year, but failed to name any
plac. At lu first session tb Legislature, In
1778, passed an act to regulate elections within
the State, and that the benate aod Assembly
tbould meet on the first Monday In July In each
year at such place or places as tbe Governor by
f reclamation ibould appoint, reserving to tb
(Cglslature tbe right lo adjourn lo any place it
" These provisions were necessary, because our
State w a a continuous battleground daring the
whole of the Uevulutlonarr war. and the Lrglt
latureof neceesily deliberated in light marching
order and surrounded by constant peril of cap
ture br the enemy. It met at Kingston and
PoughVeepsle In 1777; at Poughkeepsleln 1778;
at Albany, Kingston, and Poughkeepsleln 1770;
at the same places In 17S0: at Albany and
Poughkeepsleln 1781; at Poughxeepsleln 17H3:
at Kingston alto In 178'.' and In 1783, 1784,
17B4 and 1786; at New York In 1787;
at Poughkeepsle In 1789; at Albany tn 1789.
It met alternately afterward at New York and
Albany, and In 1707, Just 100 years ago, found
lu permanent home In this city. It sessions In
this city had no other authority, until 1818,
than tbe annual motion 'thai when Ihe Legis
lature adjourns It shall be lo meet al Albany.'
In lHlHau act was passed changing tbe date
for the assembling of the Legislature to the
first Tuesday In January, and that Its future
meetings should be bela In 'the Capitol lu the
city or Albany.'
"It Is common to lament th good old timet
and the better duys of tbe republic It Is the
result of my study, experience, and observation
tbat the best day Is to-day, and to-morrow will
be a better. I'ntll 1818 a woman's estate became
her husband's after marriage. Sh could not
enter business except with hit asttnt and as
sistance. Sixty years ago the legislature was
constantly par-sing laws authorising lot
teries to ctitlotv colleges, academies and
other seats of learning, for public works,
for religious and chsrltable purposes, and even
for the construction of tbe building which was
to be the home of the lawmaking power of the
commonwealth. It took nearly half a century
of education and of agitation tn wipe from the
statute books tbe Inequalities placed by the
fathers upon the right uf suffrage. Until the
Constitution of lKtu the chartering uf corpora
tions wat regarded as the legttltnute spoils of
politicians aud of parties, it brought no ills
i red It upon the legislator to receive the free gift
nt slock in the cumpany which be endowed by
his vote wltli unusual and monopolist!,- powers.
Hut to-day no legislator could thus, nor Inanr
other wa. participate In the benetltt of hit vote
without e tending In tho criminal dock and end
ing In tbe State priton.
"There altvavs exist In commercial com
munlllrs a shifting element of Independent
voter, who are bound lightly by parly ties.
Ibis lus caused New York. more ttianuuy other
&talc, to change Its allegiauieso frequently be
tween the two great national organisations. It
has given Inteusliy to our nartlsaushlu and a
ferocity lu our factions within the parties un
known in other commonwealths. The power uf
the Male In the electoral college und tbevast
amount of rederaland Slats patronage to be
distributed .within Its Jurisdiction have
created political conditions peoullar to our
selves. Hve Presidents of the United
State have said tome that they could easily
solve every question which came before them,
bat. tbat tboy bad never been kbit lo u-dantd
- - -...cr.- i. " ",ir:r8T.-ifta,
tb politics of New York. Tber Later t -, U
both partle. sine th formation of tt.- ;, kB
Government, very tneeb upon the lints i, ,. H
aenUd by Alexander Hamilton on tL , , ,, H
and Aaron Burr on tbe other tbeoret i, tj
practical politic.
"Tba Leclslatur af onr State has U.r a, J
nursery of it statesmen. Mostot i. ,, t ,, W
of men wbo became eminent In tbe uu i '
tbe nation rota lo prominence In thr- .k )r (
Assembly. No other commonwealth can ;i.
tent so many nam of equal power . . H
familiar for mere tban a quarter of a -n. . r H
with tbe men wbo have climbed the : ,i
Ulllandapnkr-a. within tb Capitol wa t t"s H
fay is crowde.1 wltb affecting acd l- r i H
memories. There Is no cbcra In the lyre e.' H
2 sence wblcb bas not bean touched by s t s.-,.r
aad in tbe dlseatslont of our legislative ho'irs
upon questions affecting the welfare tt Ue
Slau or tb good of lbs country. H
"I bave sat In tte Hoc s of Represer-'.ti res H
and tha Senate of the United t-utet I 1.4, ,
heard famous debate In the Hou-e of 1 out. H
mons and tbe House of Lords, bit when U. H
trumpet ralltoerr-s for the salvatlcn '..' !.. UU
Union came from President Lincoln and V H
York' Legulatur convened tbat tbe -; LmV
might meet tbe rarjulremenu of tbt bosr sr.d MU
In the sabseouent year of th trying itrctx.t a
bave listened 10 efforts In tbe Senate and A &
sembly of tbe old Capitol which l&ok euvU
rank with th debate of Congress ar.4 c, W
perches In Parliament. W
"Tbe LegUIatur which first met tr det.t H
wltb tbe affair of 300.000 people, b.t 101,
Centlemen. tbelr successors, after tb. n;t cf a -!
undred year, ell In tbe gra4 balls of ttls to- i
prestlve structure and legislate for a cczicoa.
wealth of 7,000.000 Inhabitant. Yon w 1, 4.
more. Yon will prepare the charter witet, 11
to govern tbe metropoi af th Wesun Leit.1. U
sphere, and tb sacocd greatest city tt. tt H
world. It Is a question wboe raagnlicce aid MH
attract, and wboe irotlem wl i-urtst
tbe publlo mind, not only lo ocr lar.1 b:t LB
1c every nation wher tb run!it 1 tltcttlc LH
It a yet Butolved. Never sine the forms. H
tlon of our Sta u Government bas a core attr H
estlng cr Important measure of coc.ri.-it-.li. W
legislation occupied tb attnUo and ecu. H
mended the beat patriotism and ability ef tls H
repreeantatlvee of tbe people. It Is lie glgaitis HH
task of providing for the safety, tte rigbu a-,1
tbe fslnre development of a iperl ..
unity greater in cumbers Uian the i;i.
lation ot th whole country a century aro. H
a municipality destined lohaveacort Ltjy l-
creasing lefiutce upon tbe political toes. Mm
malarial, and lltarary lnteraat of tba s-lau sl M
th nation. W
" Taking eoorag. bop, and inspiration from
tbe superb rtsulu of our first century, we etur
upon tne eacond confident tbat ucder 1'lvir.e !
frovldene. which Las so signally Uwrt -.1 l
tbe t it. lb people of Ibis bt t sil p-osper
and inert t in patriotism, in public spirit a
learning and art. In progrsaa and wealth, tit's
preservation asd expansion of tbe opponu. rt Lm
for all to rise to belter conditions and u a
broader llfejand in tb fuller enjoyment of e M
continuing and ever-expanding tl u!:ii ef M B
civil and religion, liberty."
Willura U. MrElror read ft cwrnmerncrs-.jta mWt
poem. Tbe Kr. Ber. Will m CroasweU Dure, rH
Episcopal Bttbop of Albs r, brought t tie-. tH
else to a cloa 1 tb tt bened iction. rH
Tbe Stat ball al tb Armory was t ct'.ef M
Tent of tb e celebration t renlc- li
Ska JLIIacea BreMk mt Trvlea a 4 Ask VB
far n.tX D-wna B
Csoroy un)i5G. N. Y Jan. . Mitt
Clara Barton f Croto n as had papers H
served on Wayne Fox, tho principa-i cf JjH
th high coo! in tblt riilara, tn breach itU
of pro 1 a. t vranu U0.0-"r0 s tags. Jf
Mr. Fox vu formerly xirtnjwl .f th ('MM
school in Croton, aad ber It waa that be met 7Mt
Miss Barton and Mrs. Brand-. Mrs Banoa timm
It cow only 19 rear old. Sh Is attetdtsg l Q
school tn Harlem, aod sbe live with trr uncle. 1 'Ti
Dr. U T. Lowe, at 147 Cast llltb street. Her I
mother says tbat Fox began payicg attenttn-.s I m
to ber when sbe wa 10 years old. and that tter k
were enraged for about two yean. On srv . I H
last Fox went to Miss Barton, tt it arsenrd ssi 1 t
asked bar 10 release him from tte encage est. m
tbat be might marry tbe widow Rrucdere. IfM
Miss Barton positively refused. He ttea t-t 1m
away and never called arala. m
On Dec 30. at tbe Sua merrlll Mcthod.st
Church In Dobbt Ferry, be married Mrs. Brs-.- H
dsge. Miss Barton Immediately brought :it
through Lawyer W. O. Valentine nf Sine "'" 1 M
Mr. and Mr. Fox bare Just returned from H
wedding trip. Tbey llr is Storm street. M
, insx
A J-ettar Olviaug runs far (Ita Ose IMMt
atllaa ta Their KetlresaeaL !!
Jia-TroilD, Conn- Jan. 6. Albert H Wa.itr S
of this city made pabtie to-night, by permit fa u
of Senator John Sherman, a letter be rtfe ved jH
from tbe Senator early la December last c v ig 9H
tbe senator's views on tbe retirement of frees- IH
back, 'lneletlaru: M
. ! LMTOJ.D.C, Dee 1 le H
X'r. AVbtH U. Wrr. k
Mr Dru an, Voar kind note ef the ria c rv
celre4. 1 eo not sxpa t tt with ue ore- t'
rsed to reilr Called st rs notes rrox t;i .a
believait taeasj la maintain a Unui4 .- t
es In circulation, wtuoat dancer or Ji .- t
maintenance la circulation ef este.ood '!
auiea colas. enppoTMJur a mrnrol t t
Sold, not oaly save lb Icuresi ea s"5 ' M
ebt.ballsa vasseonvsa noelo trj pe-.. r . ue-
Tte w-st lot of paper money Is Utal wtl.-s , ci trl WfMM
by I Oevenunent and ma laial net at 1 e rprr.e
tie aaar Tee sbotuie security oMbe ' e w, v XT
never called ta question, atler re-euu. pu re
clepaim eau la It-ns. nntil la. reserve i"ai W
iren.neu upon to meet ce -leadee la curreat asi
nues broagni about by wha 1 ta kuou e tv . a rsf i
t riff law of levt. Very truly yuurs. !
Johj &tJi JtBJJ
Tka PssblU Warmed Aaalaat a ITaworlkr B
Bet ;ssr. H
The Charity Orcaslratton Society cant .".1 ' ". M
public against ft woman of about twenty vet's H
good looking, of medium build, and drr-. 1 Mm
black, wbo sollclu and in some cases r w
talned money tn generous sums from r ' U
on and near Fifth avenue. Her ari s a mm
made late tn the day. and ber p'.eaist-n er
family lives In William sburgb and haa, a a m
dttpossested. money being needed to preve- .( H
fcring over night trom exposure and hunf t
TTeet New Tar It Paal Seam Baler. M
A pool room In reterVonderrsloh's Hotels' tt IH
North Hudson County Park, in West New o 1
wa raided yesterday afternoon, and Voder- H
relch and Frank Wasson, an rmplotee. we t m
arretted. Tbey wer balled in $600 eacn. m
Th Weather. W
Colder weather apread over all tbe eouni" evil B
of the Isslstippl lllver esterlay, Thecbso B
most decided over tbs Iddls atlsntlc sat N H
agtasd States, where the fall ranged fron. I BM
10 degrees. Freetlng wesiber prevailed everj nt. t Bj
except on tbe border of tbe South Atlss. I BV
Quit SUtes and In kt ontana. Tbe ten prrt s Bj
ranged from S to 0 degrees below fren .
barns, Georgia, Mississippi, Arksnsas, i 'I H
Texas, decreasing lo lbs northward to 1 1 jBJ
tero si Moorbead, Sllnn. Tne cold Is lts h ' ' kTH
short Juration, ss tbe temperature In 11 jB
rising redely, owing to a storm develnt e pj
tbti section, IBJ
la this city II was cloudy uat 'I ' IBJ
Afterward tbe day was clear uJ .01 trr s M
temperature dropped to SO at 10 A VI " ' ' BJ
not go above to' during tbe dsy, srera.s ! BJ
ta per c.nt.; wind westerly, average in ' fll
miles an bouri barometer, corrected 10 rr. t ' BJ
level, at 8 A. U. 80. SI. 3 1', VI tt-.SD. H
The thermometer at the United States V es ' B
rtau registered tbe Umprratureysstrrda! BJ
us' B
DA. M SS1 J 1' V . l B
IS M iT ' ll'V
I'M Ji' tit id -y tvl
Below isro. WJM
wasuisoros roatcisr roa tiumi 1 jH
1'or New Entlsnd, a-enerally fslr weatn. r 1 - BJ
by Iocs! snows lu extreme northern porn 'o 1 I
westerly winds. HI
lor ftistrm ,Yw For, peseraiiy fair ,v - H
northern purl'tnt; treiferly sctnits. BJ
For eastern rennsylvanla, htw Jersey ar I BJ
ware, gtnera ly fair: westerly winds, culJ BJ
morning, fo.low-td by slowly rlslu teitiperu BJ
lor th. I'lstrlcl of Co.uuibls Van -u BJ
gluts, fair weather, tontlnueJ coul vtitni) BJ
not so cold Friday. BJ
1'or'wcsleru Kew Yprk, psrtly cloudyi IcksI sn 1 BJ
00 lbs lakct; brltk weturly win -1st lUgbturea tt H
latattsrap 1 ( Bb

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