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V - f " THE SUN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1897, I
;$r SATUHDAY, JANDAIIY 23. 1897.
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TUK BU.N.Xew York City.
?(-' Pius.-K1osqc Ko. 18, If ear Grand Hotel.
if If our frlende who favor as tcflA snanutertofs
v'f publication teteh lo have rejected arlletee rihimid Wley
fg must In a4 cotes tend stampsor lAoievrposa,
4? Loot Ngwa The City tnd Suburban Xtwt Borssu
,f Id Unrrxo rutin and KiwYou Ahocutxp
a Fin It t it lo to Ann strset. All Information
X and documents for putllouse Instantly dlsieml-
t nstedlo the press of the whole country.
The United State.
fli Secretary Ol.NET's proposal for a treaty
If of arbitration lxitwccn Great Ilrltaln And
Hi America 1ms stirred ngnln tho recollection
ot England's lonif-stMidinc; enmity to tbo
H? United States. In the pnit nlono there Is
j enouKh to mnko nny loyal American shrink
l'' Instinctively from a proposition that lioncc-
forth tho United Stntcs shall submit the
' adjustment of nny Important dlsputo with
Mi, England to n foreign arbitrator. And
D yet, compared to the present and future, the
S; past Is as nothing.
To-day the United States Is encircled by tho
I ' power of England, from stations close upon
Wv our coasts up to our Tory borders, nil fortl
j ' fled and equipped for hostilities. No clvll
Hk lied country in tho world Is so strategically
B threatened by another as tho United States
H Is threatened by England, It Is no ezng-
j corntlou to say that the only country on the
BjfV glolx) which history nnd eslstlng clrcutn
flv stances innke our natural enemy Is England.
U: Only a year ago It was revealed that Kng
fl land was on tlievcrgoof new conqnest on
:, tho Wcitern Ilcmlspbcre, declared by Presl
Jji'i dent MoxitOE to bo hereafter forbidden to
By foreign capture. The British Government
HR, has a dozen ports moro useful for warllko
JIj operations than tho slnglu Uttlo Island of
Jlr Heligoland, which Germany so mysteriously
lip acquired only n few years ago.
Hii It Is beginning to bo more generally
' understood that, If this republic Is to
If fulfil Its natural destiny In tho world,
BJr we must grow up wlth'lt. And yet wo
JJy hear, mainly, to bo sure, on the part of
Hj emotion, mugwumpery, and tho ever timid
I s commcrco, that It is high statesmanship to
: solect England for a partner to whom we
I 3 shall give a substantial pledge ot security
I I Slnco llKjfJAMIJf ITAItnisox left the White
I r House, with the exception of the Cleveland
messngo on Venezuela, the guidance ot the
I -V foreign ndalrsot the United States has been
I X inconceivable in its folly.
!J & Four Yonrw oTMcUlnloy; Five Years
I k of the Treaty.
I I It Is n somewhat remarkable fact that
& , every difficult and troublesomo question of
i domestio and foreign policy engendered
I during Mr. CLEVELAND'S term goes over
. to Major McKt.NLEY'8 Administration for
T;' Mittlement, with tho single exception ot
U i, the Venezuelan affair.
IB r At the samo time tho final and crowning
m ;,', enterprlso of Mr. CLEVELAND and his Soc-
retnry of State is an effort, in cooperation
I with Ixird Salisbury, to tie up tho free
j&- hands of American diplomacy, no far as our
I H relations with Great Britain are concerned,
M & fr a period covering the whole of tho term
I y for which McKlNLEr is elected.
I ;5 If the Arbitration Treaty should be rati-
. fled before ( the fourth of March, it would
m f. by its own terms remain In forco until Fob-
M ruary or March, 1003, even it n single
m , year's experience should meanwhile have
I J convinced every American that wo had
H been hurried Into a most disadvantageous
H ;;, agreement. Major McKinlet'S term will
ill '. end in March, 1001, For tho whole four
years, therefore, bo and bis Secretary of
H :. State will bo bound by a now nnd untried
'i system Invented and forced upon them by
H their irresponsible predecessors, by nnd
H with the advice and consent of the Senate.
H. : This is consummately selfish on the part
j. of Cleveland and Olnet. If nuy mo-
. mentary glory is to be derived from tho
I '., superficial and sentimental aspects ot a
1, measure hastily bnllcd ns tho hnrbingcr of
pence on earth nnd good will among Anglo
I' Saxon men, Cleveland and Olnkt get It all;
I f and they get themselves out of tbo way be
I J , foro the reaction sets in or the process of dls-
'' Ulnslonment begins. It a tremondous mls
I' , tnko has been committed, if Olnet and bis
I chief have been outwitted by the wily vetcr-
-i onsof Downing street, If Mr. OLNET's blind
M ifi pool turns out a dead loss to the Amorlcan
f nation, all the hard consequences, the em
I 1 barrassments, tho burdens, the strlfo, and
I t the objurgations full upon the McKinlet
H -i Administration. The authors ot the treaty
I r will bo far away; the victims of the treaty,
Ml struggling on, for four years at Washington,
II I' must do tho best they can with the hands
; which their predecessors bavo tied.
' Can any friend of Major McKinlet in
I the United States Senate dosire to subject
I " tho next Administration to tbo unknown,
I unforeseen consequences of an international
I , arrangement, in making which that Ad-
I ministration will have had no part f
I Hemember that while Major MoKlNLrfs
j I : term last four years, Mr. OLNXY's treaty
1 1. with England lasts five.
I . Tho Frcc-Scca Shop.
; Wo find in tho report of Special Agent
l Xxoa S. Haundkn to Secretary Moiiton
K ' someluterestingstattstlcsnndcomputatlons
!S 5 regarding tho distribution ot vegetable
' scrAs tor the last fiscal year.
K Tho packages were sent out between
l April 23 and Junn 0 Inclusive, and there
1 were over 8,000,000 of them, filling nearly
1,700 mall sacks. The total weight was
i 405,700 pounds, so that tho cost of postage
' I on them, at tho regular rate for seeds as paid
; by private persons, would bo about 374,681.
I Thirty mall cars were needed to transport
I them. Looking at the kind of needs dlv
trlbuted, there were enough to plaut81,01i3
acres of cabbages, while second and third
r i on tho acreage list come lettuce, 10,780, and
tomatoes 10,718, tho former thus winning
fl by a few heads. Com, cucumbers, melons,
l beets, nnd other vegetables follow, making
Wit " enough for a total ot 78,044 ncres.
M , Tbls In another form lann orcaof over 115
I t square miles of ground ; or, as Mr. H aiinden
II computes, it would bo equivalent to "a
l . ; strip 1 rod in width nnd 110,817 miles in
jt length, or nearly 1 times tho clrcumfer
I; ' :'. enco of tbo earth, and a fast express train
I, i tiavelllng at the rate ot sixty miles per
, v. hour nlong this garden patch would require
j I ? flfty-ono days threu hours and fourteen
L i minutes to pass from one end to the other;
H t or, had the tedbeen planted In a single rowi I
Df y, tt would bot175,li01 miles In length, more
than seven times tbo equatorial clrcnmfer
tnce of the earth."
If these seeds had been used equally, each
Senator, Representative, and Delegate In
Congress would have bad enough to plant
more than 10Bf acres of garden track. The
mall package spoken ot do not represent all
the different packsU of seeds purchased, as
these amounted to 10,120,000, the cost be
ins (76,003. Adding the estimated cost of
mall transportation, merely at the figure
above given, the total expense it $129,601.
Scores ot closely printed and tabulated
pages show by whom and to whom seeds
wore sent. Besides the 8,020,000 packages
ot vegetable seed, each containing Ave
packets, thero were 800,000 packages ot
flower seed distributed, those also contain
ing five packets each.
During the present year the free-seed dis
tribution, it appears, is to be greatly In
creased, seeds costing 9100,000 having
been contracted for, a decided lncreaso over
last year. Slnco the prices also are lower, it
Is believed that Congressmen will be able to
sond out twlco as many seeds as last year,
and. In fact, enough to employ about sixty
mall cars and to plnnt an area of about 830
Tho Way to Iluln.
Tbo Itcv. Dr. IUlNJroitD advises people
not to attend costly and luxurious social
entertainments this winter, on the ground
that " this Is not a time for such affairs,"
since they " furnish texts for homilies on
the heartless extravagance ot tbo wealthy In
tho face of poverty and destitution." In other
words, the rector ot St. George's would have
all such gayety and all expenditure upon It
cease, because, as ho says further, " the lines
between tho two classes, thoso who have
wealth and tboso who envy them," wore
never " more distinctly drawn." Of course,
If people should not go to costly entertain
ments nobody should give them.
It, therefore, his advice were followed the
rich would have to refrain from all luxuri
ous Indulgences which nre obtainable by
wealth only. The opera house would have
to bo closed, and the great body ot people
deriving their living from its maintenance
turned adrift. Tho theatres would have to
shut up, depriving ot employment other
hundreds of men and women, for they are
kept open "In the face of poverty and
destitution," shut out from them because
of Inability to pay the price of ad
mission. The traders whoso business it
Is to supply the luxuries now demanded
by the rich would be driven into bank
ruptcy. Tho great and luxurious hotels
would be empty. Servants would be dis
missed by thousands because they nre an
"extravnganco" denied to the poor.
Livery stables would have no patronage.
All except tho cheapest class of restaurant
would bo forced to shut up, and the busi
ness of New York generally would receive
the heaviest blow from which It ever suf
fered in Its history.
Tho greatest Injury that cau bo done to
tho prosperity ot a commnnlty comes from
enforced or voluntary economy on the
part ot society. If every family In New
York should begin to-day to cut down Its
expenditures by a small fraction only, the
sum of tho loss to trade and labor would be
so vast that It would bring disaster to busi
ness and Industry generally. It the rich,
mora especially, should cut off all "extrava
gance," the consequence would be an ap
palling Increase In "poverty and destitu
tion," for trades em ploying thousands of men
and women would be doprlved of support.
Dr. Kainsford, Instead of preaching to
his rich parishioners that they should cur
tall their luxurious expenditures "In the
face of poverty and destitution," should
rather exhort them to spend their incomes
and not economize unnecessarily, and
more particularly at a time when trade and
Industry are in special need of the stimulus
of such freo expenditure, or "extravn
ganco," as he calls It. If the advice he now
gives was followed by all thoso to whom he
addresses it, the number and the suffering
and the discontent of the poor and destitute
would be increased portentously.
The Now Senators.
The exact political status of the Senate
will not bo known until the final adjust
ment of the difficulties which exist In Ken
tucky and Delaware, and until all the vacan
cies are filled. There are deadlocks In several
ot the States. From present appearances, in
stead of two or at most three groups of mem
bers, the next Senato will have Ave, namely,
tho Republicans, the silver Democrats, the
Populists, the honest-money Democrats,
and the silver Republicans. In twelve
States Senators were chosen on Tuesday
last. In six of these the present Incum
bents were reelected, as follows t OnviLLB
II. FLATT, Republican, in Connecticut;
GEonciE O. Vest. Democrat, In Missouri;
J. II. GALLINOER, Republican, In New
Hampshire; JAHE3 IC Jones, Democrat, In
Arkansas; Henry M. TELLER, sliver Popu
list, in Colorado, and HENRY C. nANS
BROuan, Republican, in North Dakota.
In New York DAVID B. Hill, the Demo
cratic leader until the wild wave of Pop
ulism struck and engulfed the Democracy,
has been succeeded by Thomas 0. Platt,
the recognized and undisputed leader of the
Republicans. In Indianapolis CHARLES W.
Fairbanks, who was the temporary Chair
man of tbo Republican National Conven
tion which met in St. Louis on. June 10
and nominated McEinley and Hobart, has
been elected to succeed DanielW.Vooriiees.
In Pennsylvania Boies Penrose, an organi
zation Republican, living iu the city of
Philadelphia, which has not had a repre
sentative in the United States Senate for
many years, wns choson by the Republicans,
by an overwhelming majority at Hnrrlsburg,
to succeed Don Cameron. In Illinois Wil
liam E. Mason, n native New Yorker born
in the southern tier, from which like
wise Senator-elect PLATT and Senator
Teller hall, was chosen with unex
pected uuanlmity to succeed JonN M.
PALMER, tho candidate ot the National
Domocracy for tho Presidency. Mr. Mason
lives in tho city of Chicago; thus
in Illinois, as nlso In Indiana and Penn
sylvania on Tuesday, the disposition of
thu dominant party to look to tho large
cities for Senator candidates, Instead of
to tho minor towns, Is noticeable. Senator
Palmer is a resident of Sprliiulleld, Senator
CAMERON of Harrlsburg, and Sonator Voou
llEEB of Tcrre Haute. Iu North Carolina
Jeter Pritciiahd, a sllvor Republican,
has been nolected, and in Kansas tho re
markable William Alfred Pefkkii, who
had no previous experience in Congress u hen
elected to the Senate by tho Populists In
1801, has been "turned down" In
favor of another PopulUt from the Sun
flower State, namely, William A. Harris,
who was elected Congressman In 1608 by
the Democrats and Populists In opposition
to the Republican candidate. Peffer, the
present Senator, and Harris, who succeeds
him, have each a wnr record. Peffer was
on the Union side in tho Eighty-third
Illinois Iufnntry; Uauius was on the
iitiiiiiiiil ' i ;iiiiiisissi'iiiywVTl'itsfssWssslsMssssi
Confederate side In the army ot North,
Virginia. Peffib is lawyer by pro
fession; Harris, who succeeds htm, is
u civil engineer. PETTSR has had
nothing to do with the Union Pnclflo Rail
road except to denounce that corporation;
nAnnis aided in the construction of the
Kansas division as on engineer. PXFrra is
ten years older than his sooottaor and is
said to know very much less. Both are
ardent and unconditional sllverltss, and the
political divisions In the Senate are not
altered in any respect by the substitution of
one for the other.
From Dslaware there are three claimants
for the seat ot Senator, Col. Do Pont, a Re
publican, Mr. ADDICES, An Addicts Repub
lican, and Richard R. Kinney, a Demo
cratic sllverlte whose election Is declared
Irregular by a part of tho Republicans at
Dover, while other Republican members
deolare that there Is no vacancy in the del
egation from Delaware, Col. Dt7 PONT,
heretofore elected, being entitled to tho
seat. Kentuoky has but ono Senator,
William LivdsAy, and tho post of his for
mer colleague, Senator Blackburn, re
mains vacant, tho division of the two politi
cal parties In this former Democratlo
stronghold being now very close, and, under
the biennial system, there being no Legisla
ture In session in Frankfort this winter
unless convoked by the Republican Gov
ernor, Bradley. It is said that Dbadlky
himself has Sonatorlal aspirations. The
date fixed for the next session of the Ken
tucky Legislature is Jan. 3, 1808.
Tho Boston Mycologists.
In the dark backward and abysm of time
Boston was famous for the Anthology Olnb,
which developed into the North American
Review, a publication written And edited by
many good authors and scholars, and finally
transferred to this town, to which the seat
of authorship took iu way. Will th his
tory ot the Boston Myoologlcal Club follow
similar lines f Will the study of mush
rooms be as the study of man f Will there
be a Mycoloqical Review, and will New York
become ulttmntely the home of thesolentlfla
testers of fungi t Probably, for there are
here more persons worthy to know and en
Joy cdlblo mushrooms than can be found
anywhere else. At any rate, the work ot
the Boston Mycologlcal Olub Is Interesting
and Important. Few of the numbers on the
long programme of things fit to eat are
equal to the mushroom In temperament
and tho capacity to give pleasure. To honor
that meritable fungus and silence the cal
umny of toadstools Is the chief purpose of
the Boston Mycologlcal Club. "To study
edible mushrooms nnd toadstool and
those noxious and poisonous kinds
which may be mistaken for them; to
arouse a wider appreciation of the value of a
cheap and abundant food supply which Is In
America comparatively neglected; and by
exhibitions, lectures, and publications to
make easy and certain the recognition of
the few fungi that nre poisonous And of the
many that are delicious and substantial
food." A hundred societies In Boston pur
sue noisily ends less valuable to the world.
The man who has never roamed the fields
and hunted mushrooms before breakfast
and for breakfast, and had them worthily
cooked after his successful return, knows
little of nature and nothing of art. It some
times soems to fish-blooded outsiders that
the Boston ot these days devotes borself to
matters of small moment and warmings
over of literary subjects naturally cold. In
returning to mushrooms, she returns to
some of the principal and intrlnslo facts
Every Saturday, from IS to 3, the Boston
Mycologteal Club has an exhibition and a
talk In Horticultural HalL It meets during
the winter for discussions And lectures.
And It "conducts excursions for study And
collection in the field." With a good cook
such excursions must bo trips to the midst
of the terrestrial paradise.
Mr. Hollis Webster of Cambridge, the
Secretary of the club, Is the author ot an
Account of the "Edible Fungi Collected
and Eaten by Members of the Boston Myco
loglcal Clnb, mainly during 1800." We
take the liberty ot extracting from his re
port information of value to all lovers of
mushrooms; that is, to n large majority
of the friends of beauty and progress.
We must promise, however, that Mr.
Webster and his mycologlcal colleagues
go a Uttlo further in their phtlo
mycology than the mere ordinary friend of
mushrooms is prepared to go. Mr. Web
ster and his colleagues eat all sorts of
fungi, And ot those wberefrom thoy fall to
die they say pleasant things. This Is an
Admirable spirit, but it seems excessive to
hope that It will bo generally Imitated.
Take, for Instance, .tnanlla mutcarfa L.
(False Orange.) Mr. Julius A. Palmer,
the President of tho Mycologers, knows
people who have eaten a False Orange and
survived, and so he has suggested that It is
not poisonous. Mr. EDMUND MICHAEL ot
Auerbach, Germany, whose "Guide for
Mushroom Lovers " Is still in German, has
cooked and eaten " a falr-slred specimen"
of Falso Orange, "after removing the
skin of tbo cap." Ho lived, and "be
yond nn unpleasant feeling in the throat
he was not affected. But the taste
was disagreeable. Raw, in a salad, it was
still moro disagrooable." This shows the
industry ot the true fungus tester. His
tasto must bo catholic. He lives to test.
If he dies, ho has died In a good cause, but
It does not necessarily follow that the
fungus which slew him will slay other
folks. "It is well to say in regard to this
and other suspected fungi," remarks Mr.
Webster, "that experiments in eating
them should be made with great caution.
It Is quite possible that what Is safe for one
person may bo dangerons for another." It
Is equally possible that what is danger
ous for one person may be safe
for another. Of tho edible amnnltoa
as a whole, It Is pleasant to hear that they
"nro of delicate flavor, require little cook
ing, and are excellent baked on toast, tight
ly covered." Whnt more could be askod f
False Ornngo, also known as Fly Killer,
nnd supposed to be a deadly poison, should
not bo allowed to prejudice the just mind
ngnlnst tho nmanltas. Thero are constitu
tions to which oven tho Fly Killer Is not
dangerous, even it disagreeable. But why
not consider fungi of better character Tho
Parasol (f.cpfoa proccra Scopo) 1h " gener
ally reported as excellent cooked In anyway;
when old Is very nutty, but tough; may bo
dried." Nutty even when tough and an
tique, O excellent Pnrasnll Lcjilutn m
choilts Vltl. Is " good sautod," better, for
example, than tho curious word, " sauted."
Lcptota Amcricuna PH. is "excellent when
properly cooked." It has the additional
" merit ot appearing in abundant and re
peated crops, and ot keeping and drying
well. Ono ot our members has two bushels,
dried, for winter use." A hospitable mem
ber, let us hope.
The Smooth White Agaric, sometimes
misnamed tho Chalk, is pronounced taste
less by some, " a fault which may be reme
died by adding a few Fairy Rings. Others
call It one of the best." Even of mushrooms
there Is no exact science. The Honey Mush
room " is not always honey-colored, being
vory often dingy brown; nor does It tasto
Ilka honey, as some people have been led to
suppose. Raw, It is very disagreeable."
Unworthy of it name, but why should the
taste of an uncooked mushroom be laid up
against it f What names these fungi havo I
The Yellow Blnsher "Is good baked or
scalloped." It Is less poetically known as
TrtehoUnna Stjunctum Som. Shaggy Mane
is "one of the best of the edible fungi," and
Yellow Sweetbread " Is a mushroom worth
going a long way to get." Evon Brlcktop
la " very good, after a preliminary scalding
with salted water."
The Boston mycologists don't let any fun
gus ticapo them. Xactarftu plpcrahit
" has been eaten na n sort of duty nfter the
acridity was taken out. No member ot the
club Is obliged to eat this or any other un
attractive fungus. In tho woods It nsurp
the place that might well be occupied by
something better." This is tho only severe
remark which Mr. Webster permits him
self to make about his pet. Wo prefer to
think ot him in his normal mood, with a
specimen of iriarophoru hmothcJu$, for
Instance, botore him. He looks upon It with
tho Indulgent smile of all funglvorcs and
says I " When dried, It Is crisp, nutty, and
tender, and very good to carry In the pocket
for on occasional nibble."
Tho Iiost Two Billion.
Mr. Edward Atkinson I reported In the
Atlanta Constitution a having remarked,
In on Address delivered In Now Jersey, that
the country cannot be prosperous again
" until the farmers, And those who depend
on them, at, in a measure, recouped for
the enormous losses they havo sustained
slnco 1800. Thoso losses are estimated by
competent authorities to amount In the ag
gregate to the vast sum of $8,000,000,000;
two thousand millions of dollars."
This Is so unphllosophlcal that we hesitate
to bellove that the remark proceeded from a
gentleman for whose outgivings we enter
tain considerable respect; always excepting
bis Potago au Ploln Bolell, his alleged lamb
briskets, his flve-cont quail, and his Aladdin
puddings in glass Jars.
To describe a " losses " the profits whleh
might have been made under other condi
tions Is the language neither of sound po
litical economy nor of common sense.
It would be quite as philosophical for Mr.
ATKINSON to affirm that because thore are
seventy millions of peoplo in the United
States eating every day three meals which
cost on an average, let us say, ten cents
apiece, this country has "lost" during tho
past four years $3,838,000,000 by not using
universally bis Aladdin stove, with Its five
cent breakfasts, dinners, and suppers.
Manifestly a clergyman of Dr. RArNs
ronD's way of thinking as to the Indulgence uf
the rich should ceaae to be the rector ot tit.
OeorgV. SL George's is one ot the churches
In this cltr particularly noted for Its number of
well-to-do parishioners, who habitually enter
tain their friends elejantlr and luxurious
ly or In a manner orraapondlnir lo their cir
cumstances. This practice la sure to continue
to tome extent, and therefore tt la little lest
than a public scandal that Dr. lUiNsrouD
should practically glra It his countenance, and
permit bit views on social morals tobaopenlr
defied, bj remaining In SU Oeorse's pulpit.
No pettifogging- distinction between spending
money for social pleasures, lavishly or moder
ately, or between this or that scale of enter
tainment. Is worthy of consideration. Equally
Impertinent Is the part loular amount ot poverty
that may exist at the moment. Neither Or.
RAlNsroiin nor his parishioners, that Is. cer
tainly the creat number of them, 'can retain their
self-respect and continue la their present relations.
e need a Secretary who will glre public no
tice that ha will pay no bills Inexnsuot Ms Inoume.
This profound utterance demands amplifica
tion. Does the Fait want a Secretary of the
Treasury who wlll refuss to honor an appropri
ation by Congress ot money at hand on tho
ground that the annual revenue Is less than
the expenses? Or docs tt want a statesman
who, after bonds have been sold for the main
tenance of the gold standard, will faithfully
respect hit lack of authority, which President
Clxviukd bu noticed officially, to Issue bonds
to pay current expenses and keep snob, money
locked up? What a terrible attack ou the
Dr. Kalaerord'a Xlaa.
To rns Enrroa or Thi Soi-sir; rrrmlt roe to call at
tention to the absurdities of the objections made by Dr.
Ualnstord to Ibe Bradley Martin bal masque. It says
inalsueba IsMih eipeadllureof money, at a time
wben people are badly In bted of It. - furnishes texts
on the heartless extraragance ot ibe wealthy In the
face of poTtrly and aestttutloa. The money thus put
la elreulaUon," be claims, -benefits only the already
weal thy -Aortal, eaters rs, and fashionable modlstts."
Back of erory florist ar aerss of tlor gardens, in
which hundreds of poor people make a lltlug. Hack
Sfetsryoaurerliaoarmy of persoas wbow lltlng
spends ou farlous things, from dlth-wasuluir to Ueo.
firatlng china and deiliulng silverware. In say uniti
ng ot the farmers who plough the fields, and'the
widows wbo CH-ddie poultry, haok of every modlsl
Is an army of weavers. cloiaOnlsbsrf, machine oper
atives, and dye workers.
If a bsl masque costing SIS.000 were given In New
Tors; every nlgnt In (he week during tne winter It
would put in circulation about gi.00u.ooo wblcn
would otherwise be placed In banks and trust corn.
risnlea. to be loaned on mortgages or the property of
be various people wno now depend on the flurut, the
caterer, and t.i modiste for a living.
. The richest churches In New York are held hymen
like Dr. tlalnslord. Evrrr fat check put Intbeeollrc
tion plate only Inereasrs the wealth of an alrsa.ly
wealthy church. "In the face of the present povrrty
8nd destitution" Dr. Ilalnaford might suggast that
Is congregation give their mnney elsewhere, and gt
Iilon with less expensive luiurh s In the way of roln
stvrs and less extravagant entertainment In the way
of paid choirs. Domiko.
The Hit KB efAtlasts.
From lh$ Atlanta ConitttuHox.
Col. rrtd Orant and Oen. S. D. Lee are the leaders of
a commission having for IU object the purchase ot
th oountry around Vloksburg by (he Government.
The Idea Is to perpetual th batllaflelds of the mem
orable lrge, and It Is expected that Congress will
make an appropriation for the purpose.
It Is time to move In the matter of a similar recog
nition by the Government of Atlanta's claims as ono
of th hlstorlo oltlcs of the civil war. Our siege of
forty days was distinguished by hard fighting and
heroism on both sides, and It praoUcally decided the
fat of th Confederacy,
The Government should restore some of th old
landmarks In th shap of forts and breastworks la
our suburbs, and beautify thsm. In the generations
to coma thousands of tourists it III visit th famous
city of th siege, and they will seek the bard-fought
fields on wbloh the legions of Sherman and Hood
melted away before a deadly rain of Iron and lead.'
A Speech Nomination Alticeld for (senator.
lYotn the CMoago Journal
Dennis Sullivan of Cook brought down the house by
"Ever since Christ was rescued from th bloody
hands of King Herod and carried Into Egypt on a
donkey, he thanked God that the donkey was the
symbol of lb Democratic party,"
II was several minutes before the spsaksr could
quiet the uprotrlousoulburstof cheering which fol
lowed this sentiment.
The I'rneht Itoom In Alnaka.
From the Ataeka AsamAlfghr.
If there It any reliability to be placed on newspaper
reports, ilax I'raoht will be our next Governor. Mr.
I'racbt has don good work for hi party, not only
during tho last campaign but for many years.
llarpcr't Monthly for February opens with
Mr. B. 1L Davis's aocount of the coronation of Nicho
las IL of Itusslag Mr. L. 3. Ferry affords certain
glimpses of Lincoln's family life during the wari Jlr.
ADscktt, Octave Thanet, Sara Ilaaumont Kennedy,
and Mrs. Ilrlsco contribute short storlrsi Du
Maurtsr't "Martian" Is contlnusd) II r. I'oultney
Dlgstow and Mr. C. P. Lummls describe respectively
eerlaln aspects of South AfrloaandAIextro, Illchard
Wheatley has an article on "Uygeia In Manhattan,"
and Mr, Thomas lias tings comments nn "Architecture
and Modern Ufa." Th Rev. U. n. Ilawels Is among
th contribute to th number, la which. It should
h aottd, Boetr and k mor are net uegUctad.
'...l...:?- I,.,. ;.!. '..ii: ' ...... r. - ..T f.'- '
XBBLAKD'B XBTT JLOITAXIOlf.
Taxation ss SnJet That Pro est later
Diltast, Jan. IS. Mr. A. J. Balfour has
sounded the war cry, and we shall In a little
time be able to judge of th value and sincerity
of our sirlstocratlc-led agitation. Oar leading
Unionist paper, the A,cus-t(er, the Belfast
Chamber ot Commerce, and the Ulster Union
ists appear as If they were getting ready to bolt.
I have a very indifferent opinion of tho Intel
leot of our artttoeraey, who, betides, have al
ways proved themselves selfish to the marrow
of their bones. They have, however, every In
centive to agitation. The Union has been a
ruinous measure for them. They told their
rights to lax and administer a population now
yielding; lmpsrlal taxation amounting: to sHOv
000,000 per annum for 17,800,000 and S3
Sserages pins a few official potts. Until 1848-0-47,
they found compensation la using Impe
rial wealth and strength to fleece their serfs,
but free trade made rent unreliable, and ever
Increasing poverty, combined with a steady rise
In Imperial taxatlnu, compelled the Government
to Interfere between th landlord! and their
serfs, who could not pay both rent and taxes.
Then came the land sou. and th nw f ranoblte
for Ireland (18H4-H0). This last deprived the
landlords of everr remaining vestige of political
power, and since then they have been going Into
the political market empty handed) and they
te what little Influence Ireland hat, credited to
th masses. The last land act, albeit a wretched
measure, has greatly Irritated and alarmed
them. The clanses warranting the sale of estates
under receivers' hand In the Incumbered Es
tates Conrt Is vary much more Important than
Its fratnort yet inspect.
Irish estates are heavily Incumbered and
heavily mortgaged. Many are not worth more
than half the sum they are supposed to be
teourlty for. They can now be told at the de
mand of the tenantt or at the demand of a
mortgages. The court eolleote rents to the
amnuni of about $7,800,000 a year, the ennntry
paring the cost uf this agenoy. The tale of
thlt property will alarm outsiders, and In on
way and another landlords and their creditors
are bound to lose heavily. Then, again, on
main source of Irish I'rotestant loyalty It
hatred of the Catholic Church, yet the present
Government It about to hand nvr lower and
hlitlier education to the Catholic clergy, and
will pay for both out of State fundi. The only
way to political Influence how lies through th
vote of the masses, and our arlstocraoy must
remain at they now are, mere lookers-on, unlets
they can obtain thlt vote.
Til J! DKJ.TU It ATE or XXW TOBIC.
Doahs Caat ea the Xatlasat of Pepalatlea
br the Health Department.
To th Editor oi Tii Btm Bin There
would be more ground for satisfaction with the
figure given by Mayor Strong of the death
rat Id New York cltr. If those figures were
based upon reliable centos returns. Admitting
the police oentus of 1893 to have been fairly
accurate, there bad been no previous enumera
tion of a trustworthy character since 1880, or
for about fifteen yean. The centut of 1800 wat
notoriously untrustworthy, and the local enum
eration which followed It failed for equally
notorious reasons to command publlo con
fidence. The Hoard nf Health appear
to have discarded both the national census of
1800 and the subsequent enumeration nnder
Bute authority: and the population It esti
mated according to Farr's formula, on the
basis of the Federal census of 1880 and the
police census ot April. 180S.
That Is. the death rate for fifteen years Is
based wholly on an eetlmate founded on Farr's
formula, or I a guest bued on a guess. The
floating and transient population of New York It
very great; the presence or abxence of a hundred
and the tide of population iwll and recedes
with hardly a ripple perceptible In the current
of traffic. It must be difficult to estimate tbe
population from year to year by any nil er
formula, and when estimate are carried alone
for fifteen year the result are likely to be
wholly misleading. There I an opinion largely
prevalent that the drath rate of the patt rear
does not compare a favorably with som recent
years aa appears In the estimates. IL M.
-rir it ox on roa axx, in act.
lie Iteeosnea m nose ?aravi
tlen. Ilenjamln F. Tracy has been elected
President and Hamilton Ilusbey Vice-President
of the New York State Agricultural Society.
Hereafter the meetings ot the Executive Board
will be held In this city to accommodate the
President, This Executive Hoard Is oompoeed
of tbe eight Vice-Presidents, one from each
Judlolal district, the five ex-Prestdenta whose
term of offloo ha last expired, the Recording
Heeretary, the Corresponding Secretary, the
Treasurer, and a committee of eight additional
members. The Corresponding Secretary Is
James 11. Docharty. the Recording Secretary
the linn. Frederick . bchraub, and the Treas
urer W. Judton yrnltli.
The next State fair will be held atSyracnu
Aug. .1 08, nnd Hen. Tracy, who It a farmer
and breeder, will make portonal efforts to make
It a success.
TUB XOltTir WOODS. '
A Timely tVasralas: by Oar. Blsik,
lYom Garden and rortet.
Il Is now twenty-five years since tbe passage of an
act by IheLeitiUtureof NewTork providing for the
appointment of seven Commissioners of Parks for th
State, who were directed to Inquire Into the expedi
ency of " providing for vesting In th Stat th till
to the timbered regions lying within the counties of
Lewis. Essex. Clinton. Franklin. 6U Lawrence, Herki
mer, and Hamilton, and converting the same Into a
public park." And now, twenty-flv years later. Gov.
Ulack.lu his Brit annual message, pronounces these
words of warning and rrproofi "A question too long
nsglected Is the preservation of our foresta. Th
Bute, either through Indifference or false economy,
has been stripped nf Its most valuable timber lands,
hss allowed Its water supply to be seriously Impaired,
and tne most wonderful sanitarium of th world to
be defaced and partially destroyed. Every element
of economy aud foresight Is outragrd by this course."
The Oovernor has come to a point which his prede
cessors should have rraehr d long ago. Commission
and reports and constitutional restrictions will be un
availing so long a the greater part of this region re
mains In private hands. The first thing needed la
money to secure these lands forever for the Slat.
This Is tbe only salvation of the Adirondack forests.
Tbe sooner these lands are acquired by tbe Stat In
fee simple tbe better. The cost alarmed Commission
ers twenty-five yesrs ago, but we can all now see thai
the State would have made a wise Investment If, It
bad purvbasod every acre then. The land will cost
more to-day, and many timet as muoh twenty-five
years bencei but In the end th SUte must own th
North Woods, If there are any woods to own, so thai
every dictate nf wisdom suggests that their devasta
tion should be arrested at the earliest moment
from the St Jamre'e Qatette.
A pleasing testimonial to tbo resour es of thEng.
llsh language was given at Manchester. An Inquiry
was being held as to a house reputed to be used for
gambling It was frequrutod by poor Jews, and tbsy
were slated Iu a general way to have spoksn their
own Ylddlsh-exccpt when they wished to swear.
Then they used English. Our oaths appear to txi sim
pler and stronger thau thote of any other longuo.
The Hpaulards', though It mint be admitted they are
coarser, nro too elaborate. Tltoy sweur, not In words,
but In sentences. Tho samo may be said of Italian
execratlona French aro a failure. They beat us In
slang, but In simple objurgation they are nowhere.
German Imprecations mean a good dsal, hut that Is
Just where they fall. The essence or a good, round
oatn Is mystery. And that Is why American swear
ing, though sonorous, mlsssslu mark, Thero Is too
muoh thought In Iu
Old rleorea with Albion.
From the York Dufi.
Without the assistance of France we shonld not
have aoliUved our Independence, and but for the
threatened Intervention of lluula In ISO I England
would have recognised th Independence of the
Kouthern Confederacy, and aided her with her army
aud navy In disrupting tho Union.
As It was, Great Ilrltalu, In furnishing and harbor
ing the Confederate rlvateors,suocecded In effectual
ly driving our very extenslrcnmmeroe from the seas,
a loss from which we have never even approximately
recover) d. She ruthlessly destroyed onr teal herds
In Ilrbrlng Sea. and robbed us whenever she was at
forded an opportunity. We have many scores to set
tle with her before we get even, and It Is only after
that equality has been attained should we consent to
a treaty of arbitration. Iletrlbutlv Justice first, last
and all th time.
A llomss Catholic Sitatesacat,
mm the Uoitnn Pilot.
A movement toward the Cathollo Church, already
resembling In Its magnltudo the Traotartan Move
ment of the MOs and '0, has begun In England.
Fifteen thousand people were received Into tho
Church during the past fifteen months, A great num.
ber of thess converts are from the Illtuallstlo party
In the Anglican Comrounlont and some of the most
notable of them have come In since Pope Leo XIII.
confirmed the decisions ot his predecessors against
the validity of Anglican orders.
The Drama la Arooatooh.
from the Arooetooh Leader.
Bom of our young people, who desire to do some
hugging anil kissing, are talking of organising a
dramaue dab. ,
...--1 ... - --.! :
MATISO XUK LAST DIAMOND.
The Oaly Reasatalac Oss of aa Itelrleea
Clatter t) la ss Mss's Toeth.
from the Chteago Daily TrOmn.
A new way to keep a diamond from being lost
or stolen has been discovered by J Van Craon
broeek. 6521 Washington avenue, with the aid
of a Hyde Park dentist. Instead ot having the
gem set In a ring or stud Mr. Van Craenbroeck
yesterday afternoon canted the preclout stone
to be placed In a cavity In one of bit teeth,
where It will be both ornamental and useful,
and probably In no danger ot falling Into the
hands of thieves.
This particular diamond has a known history
that extends back through the French revolu
tion and four generations of tho young man's
family. It was to preserve It, and not because
he needed It at a tooth filling, that be had th
stone let In an upper bicuspid.
The diamond It a small one, weighing only
anlhthof aoarat, but It hat bsen careful y
cut. Originally It wat tet with twenty-six
others In a gold band ring belonging to Mr. Van
who was a native of Franc. The ring want
through successive generations, and eaoh new
possessor lutt torn of th gems. Finally, whan
Mr. Van Craenbroeck obtained th ring from
hi mother several yean ago there wat only one
Borne time ago Mr. Van Craenbroeck' mother
died, and he was especially anxlout to preserve
the diamond at a memento of her. The ring,
having lost IU tatting, was of Utile value as a
keepsake, , ,
Dr. Frednt A. Thurston, whose office It In
th same building as 'that of Mr. Van Craen
broeok, volunteered to set tbe gem In a tooth,
where It could not fall out, probably would not
be found by thieves, and would be a pleating
addition to a tmlle.
Monday afternoon a hole wat drilled In the
front of tbe first upper bicuspid tooth In such a
position that when the diamond was set it
would sparkle In plain tight whenever th
rounrf man smiled. Yesterday the tatting wat
The cavity was drilled round, but the stone
had been out with one large facet and many
small ones. The hole was oiitr deep enough to
admit apart of th stone, the remainder being
allowed to projeot from the tooth like the let
ting of a ring.
The cavity was finally filled full of tooth
cement, and th diamond wat pressed Into It,
The large faoet wat left on the outside. Then
the dentist took a tmsll mallet and a bit of wood
and pounded the diamond Into place. Just aa It
customary In filling teeth with gold. When tbe
pounding wat complete the setting of th atone
wat ended, with the exceptlou of toraplngaway
the cement from the edges of th diamond,
whloh will be done later.
It required the mott eareful handling to keep
the diamond from getting lost. Whenever It
droppedlout nf thecavltydurlng the fitting proc
ess the sparkle was all that enabled the dentist
to find It, Once or twice It dropped to th floor
and the owner of the diamond and the dentist
had a long search for it.
The precious tooth-filling shines best by lamp
light, whan It It visible across a good-sired room.
Even by daylight, however, th sparkle of the
gem will be tuRlcUnt to attract attention when
ever Its owner parti his lips. A It I placed at
th front of the tooth the letting will last a life
time. It Is said thlt It the first cate ot a diamond
being used In Chicago at a tooth filling. The
experiment baa been tried In New York In one
or two Instances, and In Europe, but there I no
known Instanoe where a gem with the historical
Interest of thlt on has bten set In each a queer
place to preserve the stone and not the tooth.
BUOXtTUAXD IX TUB SEXATK.
Mr. afaaea afllllaela the battel rt-Ussk
Xspart lo Be Kleeteet.
From la Chteaoo Record.
The election of "Billy" Mason will add an
other competent shorthand reporter to the mem
bership of th United States Senate. Several
years ago he was considered one of tbe best In
the country. Judge Wlthrow of the llock
Island rtallroad used to tay that a flrtt-clasi
stenographer was spoiled when Mason went Into
It It not generally known that Senator Chand
ler of New Hampshire It alto a proficient stenog.
rapher. like Representative HItt ot Illinois.
Both ot them bare been professionals, and both
still use the shorthand t stem la making notes
during debates, committee meetings, Ac Al
though be hat not bad active practice for
twenty-five or thirty years. Mr. Chandler Is able
to make and transcribe bit notes as rapidly as
when he was a young man In dallr prajtlc a
reporter for the Supreme Court of New Hamp
shire. One day In a committee meeting of Senators
there was a lively dispute between Mr. Chand
ler and a Democratic colleague. At It grew
heated Mr. Chandler, who I always an exasper
ating antagonist In a controversy, accused hit
opponent of contradicting himself, which the
latter stoutly denied.
"I will tell you exactly what you said," re
torted Mr. Chandler. "I thought you were
speaking reckleeely and would disavow It
sooner or later, so 1 took your words dowjj In
Then he began to read from a pag covered
with pothooks, and th other member of the
committee testified to the accuracy of his re
port. Several years ago in New Hampshire an lm
portant legal case arose which rested upon the
accuracy of the translation of the notes of the
shorthand reporter who had been employed by
an attorney In the case, and Senator Chandler
wax called upon aa an expert. A great deal de
pended upon whether a certain sign In th note
should be translated "at"or"of." Mr.Chand
lertook an envelope out of hit pocket and on
the back of It made two markt with a lead pencil.
.Nov," h said to the attorney. "If you can
tail m which of those characters was used In
the copy I will tell youwlthout looking at It
which word It was Intended lor. Theoharactert
used for 'at' and 'of are generally similar,
but any ttenogracher can distinguish them at a
A Naa Doctor,
mm the Cathollo Standard and Ttmee.
Many membera of Cathollo tltterhoodi are
skilled In the practice of medicine, but very few
have taken a regular college count and
received the diploma required by law before
they can place M. D. after lhlr name. Rarely,
therefore. Is the public greeting by an announce
ment like the following!
j BISTER RAPHAEL. K.D."
i . omcePraeiloeOoly.
j Hours from 9 to 1 1 A. M, .
I . . and from 1 to P. X. :
! Office at Convent, rear of Lerevre Institute. :
Knlranoe on Cooey street. ;
iThe above It taken from a Journal published
rt Kalamaioc, Mlpb.. where Sister Raphael.
d.D.. Is an honored member of the profession.
oS f non-doctor wa. graduated from one of our
Philadelphia medical colleges previous to be
coming a member of th religious order of the
Bisters of St. Joseph. Phe It a sister of Father
?,."lUn' I,ct.or .of ,ht church at Kalamaioo.
Jllch.. and tho hat In tbe convent In that city
an offloe which It fitted no with a dentltt't chair
and every appliance for a largo office practice,
both med cat and surgical. She It also one of
the physicians In the lioness Hospital at
tached to the convent, A rellclout In the Orey
Nun Convent, Montreal, Canada, ls..we be
lieve, a regular dentist.
rlwladllasr Taleat xteeoa-nlaed.
from the Chtoaoo Ttnre-Iter all.
"The other day a well-dressed fellow came In
here and ordered a meal amounting to 80
cents," said a Monroe trcet restaurateur. Be
fore be was ready to leave another man ttrolled
In. took a reat at the tame table and ordered
coffee and rolle. When the first man finished
hit meal he calm y picked' up the newcomer5.
10-cent check, puld a .limn at the cashier's desk
and walked out. Of courts thero wat a howl
from the remaining customer when lie taw that
an 80-oent nheck had been left for him to settle
and Ve could do nothing but accept 10 cents
from blm and pocket a lost of 70 cente
,.I Vi"li"5,ri. ' haI'P9nd to be behind the
cashier's desk when one of the tame fellows
came up, passed over a ton-cent check, and laid
down a dime. I Immediately handed hack th"
coin and said! You don't owe me anything I
am a great ndmlrrr of nerve. 1 used to work
with Hill Doolln till ho was killed i then Idr7fed
Into the restaurant business. Un back lo your
partner there and tell him that hit check It set
tied. too. anil that he needn't worry about mak.
Ing a kick about Iu tire thlt time. And. by the
way. havnarlgarnn me.' I added, banding out
a box of the best Hn anas. ' '
"The fellow looked at me quizzically for a
momeut. extended Ms hand fo? the cigar, ami
said: xou'ra a thoroughbred, and no mlitake
hod?d." ' " J"1 '" on fw mF. to5 And
Jroet the Indtanapolte Journal.
"Might I ask." said the lady from South
America, "why that plain person nV the far
III'?" r0m r0tle, unt0 herself so many
.t,'l8!!J.',i1..n,",hl."r.of. th "vnlutlon,".ald
the ono Interrogated. In aw.d tones. " Ilir
ancestor fought In tho Revolution."
Oh. said the lady from South America. "I
myself am a daughter of seventeen of them?'
The Turkey True.
yrom the Turf, Held and farm.
trU'l ;t,,mt'l that tho turkey trade of the
Vrilted btatea exereils Sl!i,000.0no annually
?.!t B.""i e,t of , ,h" ,urk) -growing btatet ara
Illinois. Pennsylvania. New fiirk'ohlS.lnd'ana
Iowa. Missouri, Kansas. Kentucky. Tennessee'
and l Texas. Rhode Island produood but 11 uati
itnr.,,.,iJ.l.i,8s?.0'.l,,!t "'elUvorof the bird railed
In that little SUte It well known to eplouret.
From the Chtoaoo Iteoord.
auS&saySwMayk - . up
A monastsry of Serf It Filbert hat been opened: flft
at Deibroke, nesr Oxford. It U oalled Sf. Philip', H
Major Oubbtnt hat laktn the place of Lord Henry M
Crudenell Somerset In Queen Victoria'! Honorable B
Corps ot Gentlemen at Arms, MM
II will bo known at th "Diamond Jnbtl" of H
Queen Victoria. Th rrlnc of Wales hat settled H
by using the phrase la a public speech. M
Great tlrltaln cannot find enough tall men for the B
Foot Guards, so the standard or height hat been re- B
duced half an lnuh, to S feet tH lushes. B
Kaiser Wtlhetm hat selected Lortilng't "Undine" H
for th performance at th Opera House on hti util H
birthday. Th opera hat never besn given In tt,r- mU
tin. Dr. Murk will conduct. wM
A Welsh collier named Thomas dtctares thai h Is 'AM
th heir to the Drymma estate, which li worth m
30.000.0u0. and to SI 8,000. 000 lying In chancery, H
and has begun a suit to recover the property, H
Mr. Justice Chltty hat Just been mad a Lord Jas. H
Ice of Appeal, In place ot Lord Justice Kay, who m
resigns on account of 111 health. Justice CMuy H
rowed stroks ot th Oxford craw In Hire races wits H
Orange's Roman Theatre hat btea completely H
restored and It now the finest ancient theatre la B
Europe. Next summer psrforauances ot the Antl. H
gone and th Erlnnyes will be given, and President WM
Faure will be present.
Kaiser Wllhclm has designed the tower for the MM
German rrotrstant Church at Jerusalem, which will H
be completed by the end of the year. It will coil ,jH
100,00(1, and Is built ou a site grantel by the fjl
Sultan to King William I, In the sixties. UM
Jlr. Herbert Spencer, who ha. consented to let Ha. 'AM
bert Htrkomer paint his portrait, the money hav. H
Ing been raised by publlo subscription, refused eight fU
years ago to let Hlltala paint htm, wishing to pre H
test against tbe abuse of subscription portraits. H
On the occasion of Its ICOth anniversary the Atier. H
tlien Journal boasts tbat It wat founded by a fellow m
apprentice of Benjamin Franklin. The first number M
contained an ac.-ount nf th battle otCulloden, Th H
Journal was a weesly till 1870, when 11 became a M
Conservative dally. H
Emln Tasha't will, leaving his property lo km
daughter by his Abyssinian wife, haa been declare 1 M
valid by tbe Supreme Court of lierlln. It was con. M
te-ted by a woman who had bought up the rights A A
a Turkish woman claiming to be Kioto's tint aul H
only legitimate wife. H
A queer Tarlttan commemoration Is that of the HE
anniversary of Paul Verlalne's death by a mass la WaW
tbe moil aristocratic church or the Faubourg ft.
Germain, Ralnte Clotlld. There Is nothing In com- H
mon In the place and th works or th wrttchsj MM
life of the Bohemian poet. H
Eniland Is about tu change th system of carrying B
the gunnsrt of field bttterlet by mounting them on B
ths off side horses Instead of seating them on tie B
timber boxes of the guns. Thts system was In use BJ
forty years ago and was condemned ,a consequence BJ
of the experience In the lndaln mutiny. BJ
A British gunboat, the Landrail, recently ran jBJ
down a merchant steamer at Portland. Th Ad BJ
mlralty refuses to pay damages on the ground thai BJ
a court-martial having found the officer of the JJ
watch on the gunboat responsible for the collision, BJ
jompensatton mutt be sought for from him. BJ
An epldtmlo of madness bat broken out In the La fl
Boquett quarter ot Paris. Nine patients In the BJ
Tenon Hospital were selied with the mania of great WA
ness In two days, imagining themselves the Oiar, fA
sipolton L, th Angel Oabrlel, Ac, while eight per- 'm
tont outside th hospital were taken tuto custody wm
as lunatic by the police la one day. flj
Everything It being made ready la England Is BJ
smooth away th conflict between Mr. Chauberlala Be!
and Cecil r.hodes. Mr. Fairfield, the Und.r Seer. MM
ar for the Colonial Department, wbo, by hit time- H
ly warning, led Ir. Chamberlain to Interfere with BJ
the Jameson raid. Is announced to be down with BJ
nervous prostration, and unable, therefore, te an- BJ
pear before the South Africa Commlaslos, BJ
Heinrich GItke, who In fleetug from Praattaa no BJ
luteal persecution la 1H4S waa wrecked on Htllge- BJ
land, and speut the rest of hit life there, marrying BJ
a native, painting marine vltws, and watching u BJ
flights of birds over th Island, ha Inst died at th BJ
age of SS. Hit collection of migratory birds is la GB
th South Kensington JSueeum. He held th plae jRl
of Government Secretary until th English gar s WM
it. Delaeour, a keeper of the Compagat Ttsauat- mm
'antique's landing stage at Havre, ha Jutl t)a BJ
mad a knight of th Legion of Honor, having, ag flj
the decree declares, '-exh lusted th who eerie efj BJ
rewards given by th Department of Xaru for j BJ
Ing lit." He Is 74 years or age and has aard forty BJ
six lives, th first in 1840. He had already received BJ
second and first class mtdalt and tne grand geld BJ
medal of honor. BJ
"Saint Of or for Kerry Abyssinia" wm taketh k
place of the older war cry. A Ilusslan painter hat BJ
Just completed for h'egus Menellk a plctsre ot the BJ
battle of AJowah, In which Saint George on a while BJ
charger It represented at helping th Abytslnlant ti BJ
rout th Italians. Th story of th Saint's appear- BJ
ance has arisen from the fact that the Italians JJJj
tsrned a church dedicated tohtmnearth town late BJ
a cavalry stable. flj
Hunts punishes offending official. Th Gorerser flj
of Mohllew recently tentn:ed a man to fifty fl
strokss of the knout, though corporal pnnlshaeal flj
hat been abolished, and th district Prestdeat tt MM
creased thlt to 100 strokes. The man complained WM
and the President wat aenUnced to six mostM' JJ
Imprisonment. This sentence has been set aside ss flj
beln; too light, and both omclalt are to be tried MM
tor endangering th man's life. MM
In contesting th will of a Parisian old lady ree ent. flj
ly avldenc was put la that she was In the habit of flj
putting fresh fig haves on the statues In ber gsrdet flj
very dsy In summer, and In winter of providing J
them with cotton drawers. Sh was fonu of being H
drawn through the country town where rtr sumrof r JJ
residence was In a wheelbarrow, distributing pen flflj
nles to the children that cheered her. She i H
shrewd nough, however, to Increase the fortune flj
left to ber to 3,000,000 francs. JJ
Franc hat 33. 31B, 073 Inhabitants, according te BJ
th cuius talsn at th end ot last March, an la- BJ
oreaae of only 178,087 since 1801, and of VVP.07I JJ
since 1S8S. The population of Parts Is g.SDft.OOO, an JJ
Increase of 84,000, Th Increase In towns of over JJ
80,000 Inhabitants Is 337,000 since IbUl. Th- nun JJ
ber of foreigners has declined, being 1,057,000, si flj
t-umpared with 1,110,000 In 1HS8. mil l partly JJ
due to easier naturalisation laws and partly tenths flj
111 treatment or foreign workmen, JJ
Guild's three great grandsons have been eipellsi JJ
by the German Qov.rnnieul from Alttoe, etirre JJJ
they were spending Christmas nlth their krind H
father, II, Scblumborger, at Oucbncller Tn JJ
young ruen had made visits previously without JJ
molestation to M. Scblumberger, who Is a Nth man JJ
ufaeturer and who accepted the Oorman rule. H
The measure Is believed to be a stupid ai't of spit JJ
on account of the youngest boy having ihnun flj
Frenoh nationality recently on attaining the !' H
of 10, as hts brothers had done before Mm. JJ
Don Carlos' third daughter. Princess Maria Boa fl
trie, has become engaged to Prince labrlilo lias JJ
slmo, whose family professes to be descended from J
the Fabll of ancient Home. He Is the great grand- JJ
son of the Duchess da Berry, mother of the Comtt H
de Chambord, who In her day had at scandalous aa JJ
adventure at Princess Elvira's. Th Prince hss H
been much. engaged man. Before he v. as of sis JJ
he elooed with the daughter of a Komau cuilneeri JJ
they were separatod, the girl being put In aeon, H
vent. When he became of age he asked her to flj
marry Mm, but the would not leave the convent, Hj
as hts family refuted to recognise her. Then he be- B
enme engaged to one ot the Italian nnapsrte prlo- B
eesres and to her cousin, the Princess ituipoll, but J
both engagements were broken off. The Prince M
writes poetry. It was from his father's palace thai J
Donna Elvira eloped recently. Jj
Buddha Rakya-Hunl't long lost birthplace was rs- I
eently stumbled upon accidentally by a Govern- JJ
meut archaeological expedition In Nepaul sent lo (JJ
etplore th country around hit Nirwaua stupa si JJ
Kouaganyia. By a blunder the expedition met the JJ
Repairs authorities fifteen miles from the plaus to
be explored, near the tahsll of Bhagwanpur, la the JJ
district of Iluiaul. While encamped there a mono- JJ
llth of the Emperor Asoxa was noticed standing ten HJ
feel above the ground. On It was a pilgrim's Iu JJ
scrlptlou of the ninth century, which lod the exps
dltlon to dig around the stone to a depth of four J
teen feat, when an Inscription of tho Emperor wti JJ
found. He sutes that In thu twentieth year ef
his reign (about S3u n. C.) he hul .rectid this
column on lb very spot wher I.ord nuddbt wss JJ
born. Eighteen miles northwest of the column th
expedition came upon great ruins of ttupat, mon JJ
arteries, an J palaces covered with forest and JJ
stretching for flva miles to thu llanganga ltlver, the JJ
clrcuuifereuca being about seveu mllus. This Is ths
tit of ICapllavatlu, the capital of Buddha's father, ;
and will undoubtedly yield Inscriptions rllr
than those of Aaokt, Excavations will b mad JJ
thre as soon as th famln wbloh Is new afaieis
JfnatU It overt u u aeped axt vrtatea, idM