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F , r- '' '-' '.-" '; ' ? ';'' -JB SIJNJf SUNDAY," JAIJITAW5r?.4lS97.?' ( "' ,; - yf .-- Jg.-. -awf..- I'
I DISCOVERIES "IN ALASKA. run vxKborrn itnaiox koktu or COOKS XHZ.KT BKXKKKD, JCsnlersr F1n t VIM Caaatrr VTkar the Government HiH Ihoir tk Member rart aftka Alaska Maoutalue-A afoaa lula rtintlod Wbia!) la Sailers to B IO.OvS) rati niKk-ir So. It I tka Lara. at MaaimH of Tkla Caatlaaat-Oaatf OcK-hUl Work br frataaalara. The larxtit unsxplored region In tb Unit ed State It the dlitrtot north of Cooks Inlet, ' Alaska. The Kuskokwlm and Nuthaguk flow. Ing Into llehrlng 8a. ths Tanana Into the Yukon.'the Buthltne Into Cooke Inlet, and the Copper niter Into the Ontf of Alaska drain tula "ttrra Incognita." Ther are all large, mu'ldr rltar. draining; treat glacUrs, apdare at flood height throughout the ihort summer season. The dlfflonUr of making headway against inch iwlft streams, the clondi of gnats and mosqaltnes, the reputed fierceness of te Interior Indians (the Apaches of the North) hare all served to keep oat both the explorer and that most venturesome of all Investigators, the crotpeetor. Una Teller, a low bat ragged range front 8.000 to 0,000 feet. In altitude. From these mountains several, email 'rivers flow Into die Busbltna, but thsy.dld not prospect as .well as the main stream, which jrar us from aix to 200 colors per pan, it being almost fmporslbe to set a pan which did not have some colots, Several days of heavy rain, whloli carried off the snow still reaching almost to the river's banks, raised the stream to flood height, and farther Progress was for the time Impossible. Thedrlftwood ran In arontlnuoos stream, and tie river rose mill we bad to move our camp. It seemed as thongn the whole country was to bn submerged, whan, as suddenly as the rise, the river commenced to fall, and after a week's delay we resumed oar trln on the swollen stress. The first dav we made only two miles, though wo worked des perately hard, a part of the time In the Icy water ud to oar waists, crcsslnrt and reoross log the channels. We were even obliged to unload our boats, take them out of the water, and carry them overland across Islands to avoid places where great jams of driftwood, acting as wing dams, rendered the channels we were In Impassable. The river here was full of cottonwood snsgs. around which tho current rashes In great swirls, very danger, ous to a boat, where we could vie waded and. towel our bouts, relying nn our quickness to cross safsly the treacherous quloksands Into whljh we frequently sank to our knees; at one place we aetuallr lost one of our long Pules, wbl-h was hud so firmly In the quick sand that its could not pall It out. The mosquitoes hung In clouds about us, compelling the constant uto of veils and gloves. Even the Indians on this river wear cheese cloth veils over their faces. At night we pitched our tents low, sewed the entrance up tight, pulling the sides and enda under a 'OsVV J y' r $M I ft : - mil k T v V wowkfif A J 1 I , J f "K 5 , go - 60 &P ''& ft u SCALE OF MILES , I Y & t ' MAP OF THE SUSH1TNA RIVER. & The discovery of paying placer mines on It'- Conks Inlet- In the fall of 1805 brought about L',000 prospectors to Its shores last summer. rf Tney'twitrmedlovar Kenal Peninsula, staking St out claims in the deep snow, and the surplus W ventured Into the Kink and Sushi tns Tellers, JE, both unexplored dlstrlcta. Over one hundred K pnrtlra enttrod the Bnshltna. Itlver, but only IP fliu attained any great distance up the river. K One party provisioned for two years nro- v claimed that they were prepared to ascend M tlio 8ashltna tn Its source, and if they found Eg nothing there they would go on to the Ta- K nana: If still unsuccessful they would keep o.i northward to the Arctlo Ooean. In fire C: days they were on their way back, saying they , thought there must be soaa eaalsr way to ff, the North Pole. Another party gave up 1 H the attempt after nearly losing their lives, t p their boat.Idrlven by the awlft current, jerking ' 5 them off the oank from whlchjthey were tow. jL In:. One young man from Boston turned i fk bock after he and his mate had been about a j week on the river without reaching the sta- Ittnn, giving as a reason his unwillingness to prospect a country where he was obliged to tie up his head In a gunny sack every night In order to escape the mosquttous. Wo landed at Tyonick, near the held of Cooka Inlet, the first week in May. 1800. In about two feet of snow, thick blocks of Ice lining the shorts, and awaited the opening of the MUihltna. Our object in prospecting the fiushltna was the hope of finding placer mines ; on Its upper waters. There?were several reasons ' W lssdtng to this conclusion. One of the most 1. Important waa that anywhere on' the shores , of Cooks Inlet a few colors of fine gold could ' be found. Probably this gold came from the I largest stream entering the inlett than the Copper Rtvrr, rising In the rame district, was renated to be rich in gold and copper. Cooks Inlet Is like the Bay of Fundy. It Is shallow, with high, swift tides, the extreme being about sixty-five feet. It Is often visited by violent storms, so violent that the natives pack many miles along Its beach rather than ventur out In boats, Starting in an open dory, with the Incoming tide, wo reached the broad mud flats extending soms fifteen miles from the mouths of the Busbltna. All night and a greater portion of the next day we spent on the flats hunting for f the entrance of the river, for tbo Hatlittna, ' like many Arctlo rivers, has quite an exten sive delta, which, with its network of chan nels, is eight or ten miles wide. Inside the en trance, the swift current, low, muddy, and caving banks, covered with thick brush and cot tonwood trees, render progress very difficult. On all sides are the traces of great floods, the entire, country for miles being subject to over flow. Mauy unable with oars to stem the mlgbtr flood have given up the struggle be fore reacblnu the trat'lng post thirty miles above tidewater on the river. The river at the station hat two channels; the eastern as measured on the Ice Is 80S yards wMn, and flows swift nnd dep from shore to shore: the other channel Is nearly as large, bnt not so swift and deep. Just above are the first high banks, perpendicular promontories of rock on ea"b side, against which the stream rushes with great force. Whirlpools in the current seemed to threaten toengalf our boat, but as suddenly as the form they disappear, and we crossed; In safety. Finding our sea dory too heavy to handle, we stopped at (he station long enough to whlpsaw lumber and make two river boat?, such as am used on the Yukon, '.'B feel In length over all, 18 Inches " wide on the bottom, and 40 inches at the top. Not having any tar, wo pitched the seams with spruce gum nnd urease. Our equipment con slate 1 nf paddles, polos, and tow lints. While building tho boats we witnessed the annual run of candlo flih, a species of smelt o fat that when dried they will burn like a candle. The natives stand on the bank with ruiln dips maie of willow roots and catch quantities of them, which nr dried on long rarksjn the sun. Indeed, tlie river wui so full of the tlsh that It wax Impossible tq dip a buck et of water without catching some of the little beauties. The lean Ksklmo dogs put nn a layer or fat daring candle Hh seatou. They stand on the bank and expertly paw the tlib out of the water. A short distance above the station a great branch romrs In from the west. The Indians r that this branch runs around the head of Cooks Inlet nnd rises In a high rango o: mountains which we had seen from Tyonlck, Above this fork the river apatu spreada out Into many channels, so that it Is dlfllcnlt to tell whero to go, the low banks affording no c!ue "-.,0 t'10 Probable main course of the river. Iwenty miles rurther another large branch comes In from the west, the main river bearing almost due north. For two weeks we travelled amid Islands and sloughs, the ru er at times several miles wide across lis many channels. On the east were the mountains tbaTform the wavcirhed between the Knlk and Bush-'-- -.-g.-"M-M--- '-" caavaa flooring on which are made our beds. Koch of us taking a corner of the tent, we could kill off the mosquitoes that had come In with us as we crawled under the flap, and then sleep in peace. Luckily In June the dar are 10 long that ills never too dark to see to kill mosquitoes. On the clearing up of the weather we ob tained our first good view of the great moun tain, (Aicaaloual glimpses of wbiuh we had had before, the first frotu near Tyonlck, where we saw Its cloud-like summit over dushitna Moun tain. Tnl mountain Is tar In the Interior from Cooka inlet, and almost dun north of Tyonlck, All the Indians of Cooks Inlet call It the "Bulshoe" Mountain, which Is their word for anything very large. As It now appeared to as. Its huge peak towering far above the high, rugged range encircling Its base. It compelled our unbounded admiration. On Cooks Inlet we bad seen Illamna't still smoking summit. 12.0UU feet above us. rising precipitously from the salt water, inland Is a continuation of the same rsiiKo. and even higher, probably 14,000 to lfi.uou feet In alti tude. On l'uget Sound for years we'.had been admirers of Mount Italntsr, over l-l.ooo feet high, but never before had we aeen anything j to compare with thin mountain. My compan- ' Ion In the boat, Mr. Monka, was one of the few who mad the ascent of Italnler the previ ous summer. In bts opinion Italnler waa about the same altitude as the range thta side of the hugs peak, which towered at least 0,000 eet above lis neighbors. For clays we bad glorious I views of this mountain range, raaur of whose glaciers emptied apparently Into our rlrer. July 4 was ushered In with a heavy rain. While we were encamped waiting, for the storm to pass over, a great rtmiDlinu pro claimed the approach of an earthquake, which was vsry violent and of ronslderaote duration. This, the hecond violent earthquake since our arrival In this country, the blgh volcanoes Hill active, the great tides, the huge mo intalns cov ered with glaciers. Impressed us that here man must Indeed battle wlih nature. In taut, this whole country srems new, unfinished, unlit for the habitation of man. Few and scat tered are the Indiana who nave the hardihood to withstand the severe winters and the many pesta that make the short summer season al most unbearable. According to our Journal, 100 miles above the trading sta Ion the river strain forked, this time Into three branches. The ura..ch from the nortbweat apparently drains the south ern slope of the great ranire, and like a flow, liiaita of mud spreads out In many channels about two miles wide. Ihe branch from tbo northeast Is as whlto as milk, while tho mid dle strsam, which we concluded us the main river, was nesrly clear. This Isst river bad good towing banks, and but few channels, and we soon entered a narrow valley, almost a cation, between the mountains, Milch now Inclosed us on both sides, Arcendlng one of the highest of theso that stood out Into the I alley, we had a splendid lew of the river valley below, and soiled a question which had previously glvon us much study, namelv, why such large brunches cume In from the wet. where the Government, chart of Alaska shows a great ranze of mountains. The fact Is, there Is no range there, but a broad, flat vnlley extended westward as far as the eye could reach, heuvlly Umbered with sprue and b'reh. It Is apparently u continua tion of the flat country that surrounds the upper portion of Cooks Inlet. 1 should cellmate thedlminslons of this valley as being nearly 100 ulleseach wt-y. In the south, Mount bUBhltna, some n.OOO or I1.0UU feel blgh.marked the mouth of tho river. In the vast wa the rugged but low range tht separated us from tho Kiuk v alley. In the northeast was an apparent gap tn the range, tlirouvh which our river ran, and who-ie course we could trace for thirty or forty miles. In the northwest was the greatest range of mountains we had ever seen, of wblnh the great mountain previously mentioned wat tho culminating point. We nere amazed at the line growth of grass, which In the short t'nin since the snow hod been gone hod attained a height of nearly four fejt. In any open glade one could make most excellent hay. It la hard to under stand why, with such nne feed In a country so sparsely lnhinited, there are no more moose and reindeer. Perhaps It Is due to the rluor ous climate and the ahundanca of fierce tim ber wolves and a large brown bear da lano and danceroua as tho ltocky Mountain grlzzlv. The river no at hal many boulders and rapids. On one side we passed r. high bank In which were seams of coal of fair quality, eight or ten feet thick, to which n iteamor could extend Its gangplank anu get a load with pl-k and wheelbarrow. After passing this coal formation the river entered a long series of canons with slule walls. Hock of these, some seven or eight miles, were low granite mountains, home of this granite Is a rich green, the roost beautiful I have ever seen. About seventy miles from the great forks wo came tu a small village of the KulUhau, or Copper Itlver Indians, tall and tine looking, and great hunters. Throughout the long ami arduous winter they camp online trail of the tarlbuu. Ther build huge fires of logs, then erect a reflector of skins back from tho tire, between which reflector and the fire they sleep, practically out or doors, although the temperature reacnes SO below tern. We were surprised in find them outfitted with cooking, stores, planes, saws, axes, knives, s eds sixteen feet In length. 1804 model rifles. 4c. Ihey k ere encamped near a flsn trapwhlch they had constructed across a smtll side stream, and were catching and dry lng red salmon. They had no permanent houses, living in Russian tents, with the en trance arranged Ilka our own to keep out the gnats and mosquitoes. They Informed us that we could go no further with our boats, as tho Sushltnn now entered an Impassable canon, whose upper end was blocked by a high waterfall. "Ilulshool" they exclaimed, rals ing both hands high above their heads. Aa the small aide river on which they hod their trap prospected well wo followed It for some distance, until It ran Into a canon, where further progress was Impossible without a long and bard detour over a mountain side line of tho Indiana undertook to show ua the j i j portage around the faltt on the main river, but 'finding the Path .very steeoand difficult, dangerous even to carry onr parks, we save nn the attempt without teeing the falls, which must be very high, front the appearance of the cation and surrounding country. The river at the highest point we reached waa about S!0U yards acroil, deep from shore to shore, with a inlliraca current. From the macs srhlch the Indiana made for us of the continuation uf the river above tbo falls we Inferred that It ran a long distance to the northeast, probably from 100 to 200 miles, though none ot tne natives had been to Its source. Tbo KulluhAus. who trade at the Kluk station or the Alaska lloinmerclal Com pany, say that tome nt the tribes live nn a lake that empties Into the headwaters or Copixr Itlver, and the balance nn a lake not far dis tant. In which the Uushltna rises, and that It Is only a short portage from olthcrlake Into tbo Tanana. At all c venta, from the alio of the Bushltna at the faltt and from Its direction It must flow nearly from tho Conner Itlver, Other pros pectors who Ascended the muddy western bn.nrh Informed us that about forty miles from the great. forks It branched, one stream flow ing northward around the base or the great range from whose many glaolera It receives several tributaries; the other, flowing west, drains the southern aide of the great range, finally turning back Into the flat valley that runa a long wav to the west. From a moun tain top they could trace Its course In the flat country for many mllur. To the north they could see a stream apparently flowing west, which ther thought was the Kuskokwln, One glacier at the forks oame down almost to the river's bank and was the source of a large stream. They could truco the gloclor far book toward the great mountain. Unable to pass tho rails on the main river we turned down the stream to the great forks. It was vsry exrlttag and dangerous running the rapids among the big boulders, the race horse speed at which we travailed giving us no time to examine the river ahead. The boiling waves several times entered our boats, and we were constantly on the Jump to keep them from swamping. We could make a greater distance down the stream la an hour than we could up In a day. We ascended the western branch nsarly to the cation, where we met a party of prospect ors coming down. Their boat, which they were towing, hod been dragged by the swift .'urrent under n anag and upset, aud they lost all their outfit. They reported the cation ahead Impassable, owing to the high water In the river. Two woeksot almost continual rain raised all the rivers to flood height. Our pro visions being low, and one of tbo party being slok, we reluctantly turned back to the sta tion, which we reached In twodays. v'e as cended Mount hushttna near ti.e mouth of the river, ivml confirmed our previous observations on tbo upper river, namely, tbe extent or the hrnsd, flat country, and the total absence of the great Alaska range as marked on the Gov ernment charts of Alaska, We named our great peak Mount Mc.vlnlf r, after William McKlnley ol Ohio, who hud brim uomiiiiitei fur the Prcaldvucy, niut that fact vs the first news we rrcelvrd on our wuy out of that Wonderful wilderness We have no doubt that this peak Is thu highest tn North America, und estimate that It Is over X'O.OUU fee', high. We have talked with ieveii different parties who raw the mountain this summer, nnd llioy till mate Its height at over iO.UUU rent. Most or them think It Is nearly 80,000 feet In altitude. Our last view or tta lowering summit was from one of tho tide land Islanda at the mouth ot the Bushl'.na. Hero on a glorious evening wo had a tine view orillamua, 1U0 miles south, and Mount Mc Klnley, to the north. Field glasses brought out tbe details on lltamna, but made no change In the appearance of Mount McKlnley, wnlcti raa nearly twice the distance away. Notwith standing Its greater distance. Mount McKln ley looked much the blzher or the two peaks. Muiti interested In the geography of this country, and Undine tlio Uuvernment charts so unreliable, we gathered all thr information possible from the Indians and the few whites who had, during the summer, prospected on the upper river. The Kullcbaus drew for me a mtD or the river, holding the pencil br tbe extreme en 1, and much amused with their first experience with peuclls nnd paper. When they reached a far In tbe drawing as tbey bad ever bwn ou tbe river tbey drew their pencil around back and (book their heads, and we could not ret tbem to vent'ire any further opinion as to tbo river beyond. Their only way of estimating distances as bv Bleeps, as tleybailno comeutlnu of what a mile was; In fact, they did not kne-w what the words Indian or white signified. One ot the Kluk tribe, nn Intelligent end prosperous Indian who trades with the lnte rlo" Indians and who travels every winter In the Interior country, drew a map showing the relation ot the uoper Copper, bushltna, and Tanana rivers. 11 makes, as do all tbe In terior Indians, tho three river tu close prox. ltntty at their head waters. Wn round colors or tlae gold tn nearly every pan, and on the neper river platinum. The formation for the last forty miles below tho falls waa slate porphyry aud granite, many velna of whltx quartz running through the slate. One specimen assaying well In sliver, copper, and gold would be very valuable were It nearer meaua of transportation nr In a lets rigorous climate. 'Ihe natives on Cooks Inlet are devout Qreok Catholics. Every village has Its church aud even tbe Copper lttver Indlaut fear the priest. Last winter some of the Copper Klver Indians who came down to trade at tne Kluk station bad several wWes. This the Ureek priest said was wrong, and ordered them tn out away all but the wimsu they bad mnrrled llrsu Too superstitious to refuse, the Indians rent their extra wives away, but on the departure of the priest for other parishes the banished wives, who had only rollred a short distance, promptly returned to their for mer lords. Many Indians were killed nr seriously wound el by the great brown tear, which they hold in great respect. Ihey uever brlug in tbe bend or claws, although tbey would bring hlzher prices at tbe store with ihemUfl nn the skin. At Kuskutau last spring a hunter did not return tn tbe village after Ills dally trips of Inspection to nls traps. Tho next morn ing another brave, axo in hand, went to search tor hlin. lie aiso tailed to return, aud th next day the whole village weut tn tcarch ot the missing. They found nothing except the axe and huge lar tracks. A tew das later an enormous tx-ur chased some of the natives to their very doors, notwithstanding the many wounds Intltcted by the ritlei of tbe pursued. After that he bung about the village, und al though snot many times he would soon re turn. Jusl alter dark one erenlng ho slid denly appeared at a wludow at mie or tho cabins, smashed tn the glass, and gave tho latno standing Inside a knock tbal nnt it acrot tbe room. Without further ceremony tbe monster proceeded to climb Into tbe room. Luckily all escaped through the door, and the men finally drove the bear away with nn further damage than the wrecking ot the furniture. AH were now ufruld, for surely this must be an evil spirit or shaman ana not an ordinary bear, as bullets seemed to have no client on him. As a last rrsort they took tome bullets to tbe church, had social prcyera reotled und holy water sprinkled over tbem; then they marched three timet around the church, carrying the snored candles and pray Ing for dollveraiice from the ihanlan. Tho next time the bear aprwared one of tbe holy bullets found a uwial spot, and the huge bear came crashing to tbe earth. "God killed the bear and uotoar bullets," cried tbe old chief who told us the story, as lie rever ently stood with hands uplifted. I counted thirty-two bullet holes In the hide which he showed us: one hole In the head undoubtedly did the work. Homo idea of the remoteness of Conks In let can bo gained by the fact that It was more than seven weeks from the lime we com menced out homeward voyage berore we final, ly reached Seattle, much benefited by our sum mer's outing in unexplored Alaska. W. A. Dickct. CIIASUES J.V YACHHSa BULBB. Propesad Amendment to tbe Bactnc Union's Corinthian lirflntllon. Secretary F. II. Jones of the Yacht Racing Union of Long Island Sound has mailed copies of tbe report of the general meeting of the union on Dec. ID to the representatives of the various clubs In the union, together with the following circular lettert The council recommendi that lbs following cbancss In the amendments to tbs rules be adopted! Alter addlilou to ltul 11., section V, by striking out tho words -All yschta la lbs 30-foot snd tower clauet" anil lubtt.tute yachts In claiiei 2 3-toot aim under of loop, and all rlaift ot catboals " Hirlku out section a of rule III, reading Yachts aunibed prior to Nor. 1, logo, not exceeding the limit of tin- :0foo' or lower clat by more than Uric untlii ot a foot, and that bavo not been Increased In tall urea meaturement tlooe that dals.shsll salt In such i-lau." Alter Section S nt Itnle XH.by ttrlklni out the words" In clstors 80-foot and under" and suhiiltute Inclsi.u, ys-root aad underot tloopa, and In all clnKietof catboitn." - The council nud that It will be expedient to nlara yarhta In the bo foot cUu of ilooiit. cutlori. and ja it under the tame regu'atlont that totem datura above ;iu toot. Toll will make It practical and detlr able turhmlnate the prmlilon alloxlng.s of a fool eireu In thlt and lower olaitet. Todunrnte with the ureet-dly of culling a tprclal ruttilnir of the union lo act upon thtie cbsugrt the counell utks Tor u mail vole or the rrprttsnuitlvri. Vou ar therefor re- aiiratnl tn nolity the undertlined on or brfors Jton ay, Jan. SB, whether you are In favor or their adop tion or not. , The council reports that the Corinthian definition hst bean amended to read at followt: "Corlntnlan Itmln yaohtlns It that attribute which reprettnit panlolpatlon for iron aa dlttlncl from tln. and wulcli alto InTolvtt the acquirement ot nautical ex perience through the love of tporl rather than Ihrouth nrcetilty or the hope of sain. Ih thla retpeot the lornwlng general dtflnlllon It alteni Nn prrtou who followt the tra at a ratant ot livelihood, or who hat acraptrd remuneration for hit ttrrlcet rendered In handllns or lervtng on a yacht, thall be cooitdtred a Corinthian yachttman." Application! for datet for tnsclal raoet for th aeaiou of 1U7 thould be tubniltttd to the council before April 1, . The council thould alto receive btforsthst time a lilt of the sailing yachtt In your club that will re quire racing numbcri for th coming aeaton. It Is lalsnded tolttueallat before ths rommenosmsnt of th racing seston ot all yaohts to whom rsclng num. bers hav e bean allotted. On account of cbaneea In th littering or the olataea new nambsrt will bare to ba allotted for thtt traton. Tbe Hit of yachts should comprlt th following .Information: Name, owner, addrttt, rlc, tSvfl racing length, caWo or open. y ftffr 'i.'.. ii AFTER THE CYCLONE A Strained Situation Which a Cloudburst Relieved. BT XT. L. ALDra, "Vet. sir," remarked the landlord, as he eat fanning hlmstlf In th veranda of tbe Mlddle Tllle hotel, "at you say, this (own ha sprang an like a mnshroom In the night. Why. ouly five years ago there wcr only two houses here, aud now we hare the biggest population of all the towns In northern Minnesota, The two houses were pretty small ones, too. Mine stood just where this hotel is standing, and it wa nothing more than a onn-storr.two-roomed shanty. Capt. Martin's house, whloli gener ally stood on a knoll about a quarter of a mile from here, wasn't mnch bigger." "What do voa mean when you say that your neighbor's house generally stood on a knoll!'' I asked. Wasn't It In the habit of staying In the same place?" "Why, what with cyclones, and cloudbursts and one thing and annthor, that ther hoar did do considerable travelling white it was in this section. What became of It after it left here, I can't precisely say, but 1 rather think li mado Its lost journey when It went down to West Aotloob. It was a ourlous sort of house, being out together with rope Instead of nails, whloh waa probably on reason why it lastd a long a It did. "You . continued th landlord. "I waa the nrat settler her. I took no a quarter sec tion of land, and with th help of two male and a Norwegian, I pnt up my house and went to farming. About six months later along comes Capt. Martin, and allowa that he will farm thelquarter section next to me. II wo a man about 00 years old, who bod beon a seafaring man all his days, and. like mott seafaring men, he wanted to be a farmer, though he didn't know boans from a bull's foot. First along I thought he wns a scclable sort of old chap, and he and me used to spend our evenings together, tint I found out that he wouldn't taVe any advice, and when I told him that he was a blamed faol for Jbulldlng;a house on a knoll In a country where cyclones wero almost as common as snakes, he got mad and Cropped my acquaintance. He was a taurhy as he was opinionated, which Is saying a good deal. "Well, he built his house with the help of a couple of men from Lucullus, whloh at that time was tho nearest settlement lo us, and was considered to be seven miles from here, though now that Mlddlevllle bosgrown clear up tc- the avathern boundary of Lucullus, It don't seem to be so far away. I told you that Mar tin' honse was put together with rope lash ings. The Ceotaln said that no land carpenter knew how to build a house, and that h hadn't any confidence In natls, and didn't consider theji ship-shape. Ills house was much the same thing as mine except that It had n ver anda on one side, where the Captain used to walk up and down and look at thing through a tcIecope. "lletwen my land and Martin' there was the hlghroaj. though at that time It wasn't often that anybody passed over It; and by the side of the road and just at the foot of the Cap tain's knoll ran the Pomponoosuo Illver. It don't look much like a river at this time of year, nnd you could Jump across it most any where, but Just you wait till the spring fresh et set In and you'll admit that It Is right smart ot a atream. I've known half a dozen men-to be r men. ton-to be d. owned In the Pomponoosac. which Is more than the I.ncuUus people can say for their mlaerable little river. One of the last things that I said to the Captain berore he and me hod a coolness was that he had letter dig a cyclone pit. You know what that Is. I suppose. No? Well. then. I'll tell you. It's Just a hole In the ground, about alx feet deep, covered with a trap door. When you see a cyclone coming ion get Into your cyclone pit and shot tho door until the trouble la over. It's the only safe way, for If yon stay tn your house you're liable to be crushed to death, nnd If you stay outdoors, the cyclone will pick vou up and carry you to kingdom come. But old Martin wouldn't hear of dig King a pit. He allowed that If a cyclne did come he calculated to be on deck and see It out. Jo said It wa all very well for me to skulk down below, seeing as I was only a landsman, bat that he considered that the quarter deck was the proper place for him in bad weather. I made my cyclone pit nearly opposite bis house and ctoie to the road, for I calculated to use It as a hindy placo for keeping shovels and apadea and rakes and euch.nnd saving tbe trou ble of bringing them up to tbe house. Capt, Martin used to sneer a good deal at my pit and called it a 'glory hole.' which I considered to be Irreligious, as well as ungentlemanly. How ever, the day came when he would have been glad to have a cyclone pit, nnd to bo able to climb down Into It without my knowledge. 'The Captain hadn't been living In his new house above six months when the great cyclone of 1887 came along, and I don't doubt that you have heard of It. It wa about 10 o'clock of the morning, and It wai at least SO degrees hotter than It la to-day, though It was only the mtddla of June, Instead of the middle of Au gust, Ther wasn't a breath of air stirring, and the skv had a sort of greasy, coppery look that made you feel sort of aufTicated just to look at It, Tho mules and the Norwegian were lying under a tree down in th sorghum field, and I waa making n prrtnnco of weed. Ing my onion Led, though. I didn't make much headway with It. I happened to turn rouud. and there In the Northwest was a llttlo putch of cloud, which I was glad to toe. thinking ai I did that perhais It might mean rain. Hut while I was looking at It I could seo It was spreading as fast as a gallon of petroleum would sprmd ir you dumped It Into a mllluond. In a few minutes pretty nearono-hair the sky was covered with acljud that was as black as Pittsburgh coul smoke. The way It spread reminded me of a parcel or men laying a cur pet on the stage or a theatre. You could see the upper edge or the cloud rolling over and P.ver. ln. reBt thlclt tnes. All of a sudden a light breeze sprang up that blow directly toward the quarter where the cloud came from, and I knew then thnt we were going to have a big storm, and that the wind vvos draw. Ing toward it. The next thing I saw was a sort of funnel that trmnd tndrop from the mild o nr the cloud, Tho lower end kept twisting and squirming like the tall nr a snko when you've git your Unot-heel on Its head. I didn't wait any longer, but I Just dropped my hoe and mad a bolt for my ci clone plt.There's nn mistaking what that runnei meant. There waa the biggest kind of a cyclone on Us way. and It was coming stralst t tor me. 1 wasn't pn speaking terms with iho Caotaln then, but aa 1 camo near his house and saw mm standing on his veranda and lathing himself tn one of the posts wt;i a rope, I sung out to him to come with mo If he valued his ille. lie only said. In a mighty cool and condescending way. '1 don l remember asking you ror any advice, my man.' That uisde me so mail that I didn't wnste any more time or breath on him, but lifted the cover oft my pit. Jumped Into It without stopping tn use the ladder and pulld the cover on again, "Ilv this time the cyclone was making Itself heard, First there was: a low. rumbling snjt of sound, like a rallrMd train makes when It Is a good way oir. it grew louder and louder, till It got to be a kind of shrieking roar, like a hundred big church organs mixed up with n dozen or two steam whistles. It was as black as night In that pit, excopt when the lightning flashed, for there Is alwnys'mors or Ins lightning playing around tho funnel of a cyclone. It seems as If no expense was spared ln making a cyclone as various and en tertaining as possible. Just when the roar lug was at Its loudest there camo an awful crush that made tbe earth shake, and tlteu tbe sound Iwgan to weaken, and In a few min utes t had died away, and the placo waa as at 111 as a roan's house when he comes back to it from his wife's funeral. ttiV "s.f f?r KoV says I to rayttlf. 'Now I'll clamber out and see If there Is anything left of my house, and the mules, and tbe Nor wegian.' Dot when I tried to lift, ud the cover of rho pit I could stir It only a few Inches, and that didn't let In any light, I couldn't under stand what this meant, but being a smoker, of cnurse I hud my matobes with m. so ! struck a light and Investigated. I found that there was a sou or board flooring above the cover ot the pit whloh prevented roe from lifting It, and I knew that the cyclone had drntiped something Just over my head, "Luoklly there was a crowbar among tho tools standing In the corner ot the pit, and I hunted It up and got to work a well as I could In the dark. It didn't take me very long to burst a hole in the flooring that 1 spoke of. ?1.Mier.1 hd P"1" " Pnlng, and Ibt In th light, I saw that there wa a house on ton ot me, I set to work again wlthth crow- -.1 At,.,,,), - j . , fiw a ,-i .iJtwrf,aJC.V;.JV,. bar. and presently Iwii able to climb out, and .found rnrself in a small bedroom. I dldn I stop to examine it, but opened the first door I came to. and thete I wa In Capt. Martin' sit ting room, face to face with the old man. Th; fdrnltnro was all upset, and the side i-f th house wero slanting one wky and another, bat there was no mistaking that It was a, bouse, and that Caot, Martin was the.e looking none the worse for having been through a cyclone.. " 'So you've beeu nnd broke Into my nous with a crowbar, have you?' he asked. Per haps you don't know, my roan, thnt you have tot nltted n burglary and I can have you arrested for It,' .... " 'Perhaps you don't know that you'r tres passing on my land.' said I. 'I never gave yon no permission to put no shanty pn ray land, and If yon don't taka ItofT mighty sodden there's a prospect that there'll be shjotlng.' " 'You don't know much about law.' saya the Captain. 'I never put my house on your.land. It was done by what the underwriters call act of God or public enemies," and Itjrou wo a ailor, you'd kuow that nobjdy con be held re sponsible for such occurrences.' "Jutt then he anw mo looking out of the window toward wLere my house had been, and he said. 'The last I saw of your house she was scudding before the wind, and head Inn; abont sou'eaat, or mebbe, a little east tf that. Hhft was making, as 1 should Judge, abniit thirty knots an hour. It'll take you consid erable time ti overhaul her. and yon'd better give chase nt once.' " 'I ain't anxious for tn stay In your house.' rays I, 'and I'll leave It this minute. It's my duty to warn you that If you set foot on my land there'll be trouble. As for the matter of your iquattlng with voar bouse oa land that don't belong to you. 11 seo a lawyer this very dav. and 1 calculate you'l'U wish you hadn't "With that I made him a bow and left him. 11 camu out on the ver.nda and said. If you're looking for them moles, and that ther Finn of youra. you'll be wasting yonr tlm. I saw a couple of mules about sixty feet In the air. and w.ien tbey do come down they won't be of any further use, coutldertd as mules.' "My house and everything els belonxlnr to me was clean gnno, bat I was that mudatth Captain that 1 didn't tare a straw about It. I wa.ked straight to Lucullus. which the cyclone hadn't tnuchtd. and I bunted unetqulre Olbbs and laid the case before him. He said that he couldn't see n Capt, Martin could 1m held liable for trespassing, so long as he stayed In his house and didn't step outside on to my land. 'You can't sst his house afire nr anything of that kind,' said ho, 'without getting into trou ble. No more enn you move It while he la In It, for that would be an assault on him. Hot I don't see nnvthlnir to hinder vou from get'ln? a train of oxen aud snme rollers handy, and tho llr't ilme ho comet up to Lucullus to buy groceries you ran move his hnure back on to bis own land, nud he tan't find any fault,' "Hqulre tllbbs was a nrst-class lawyer, and I knew I'd be a root If I didn't follow his advice after paying $5 for It, Bo I hired a.tntthat I could sleep In till such llmo as 1 cojld run up another house; and I laid ln provision and a joke of oxen and some rollers, not for get. Ing a small hydraulic Jack. When I got rack to my farm 1 pl.chrd the tent right In frjnt or Martin's shantv. to that I could keep a good watch on Mm. und 1 went to work with tlio help of a couple nr men from Lucullus tn build mo another houe. You see ihe full force or the ryclone hud passed over Just where my house had Mood, while only tbe outer edge ot It hnd struck the Captain's prem ises. Thnt accounts tor the fart that my house hud been carried clean away, while hia hod only been picked up snd carried a few rods. As fnr tre mules and the Norwegian, they were scattered all over Minnesota. It was tald tbat some of tbe Norwegian was picked up about tblrty miles from hern, bnt it wasn't ever satisfactorily Identified. "Capt. Martin's bn so happened to be planted In such a way that one corner ot It pro jected a few Inches on to tho high rnad. and he wns able lo gel out ot a wlnduw and lntn the road without coming jn lo my property. How ever, he didn't feet eusy to lenvo thu bnuto utone, for four that I might meddl wl.h It, so ho stayed at home tor the ben part of a week, when his provisions or his whttkev or some other necessary run short, and nn had to walk over to Lucullus lo lay in a fresh ttocR. Tblt was what I had been waiting for.thnnth I never hinted It to hlai. He used to come out on the veranda and remark In a general way, without uddrestlng lilmtelt tu me or any one els, that he was mightily pleased with his new location and wouldn't change It for any other building lot In tbe whole Utate. I never said anything to him except lo remark, also In a general tnrt of war. tbat Ir any rascally old sailor should set root on my land he would have a hole bored through blm o quick that he would never know what hurt him. Neither nt us felt that it would Ik- Judicious to Miarrrl, yon understand, an so we confined nurselves to remarks that neither of us was obliged to take any nonce of, "I sited about au hnur after the Captain had gone, thinking thnt he might turn back In hones of catching mt In tnn act or meddling with hlf bouse. At tho end of an hour I fell sate ennugh, for It was certain that ho must have gone on to Lucullus, and tbat be couldn't get back Uforo dark, bo I culled the men that were working on my house, and we Jacked Martin's shanty up with the hydraulic Jack, and had her on rollers in next to no time. Then 1 hltchod the oxen to her with a double ox chain and started her toward the road. In the rouracfrf an hour I had her planted square across tho mtddlo of tbe road, so that nobody could possibly get oy her. and I had my fonce put up again, nnd the ground smoothed out where It had been cut up by the rollers, and then I sat down and waited tor the Captain to return. "It was 10 o'clock an I the night was pitch dark when I heard Martin coming along the road and singing. I anew from his style of singing that lu had filled himself up with whiskey, and I rnlculau-d that he would be cont Ideraoiy surprised when he found out what had happened. Ho never saw the home until he had walked bang up ui-ulnat It with considerable of a trash. Presently he says to hlmsulf: 'Heie's a bouse nnchore.l rluhtln the fairway, andlwltlt no riding light dlnplared. Thltbvers a pretty state or things.' Then he hall tho house ln his IcudH voko nnd wants to kbovv how sho Is, und where she Is from, and whero she Is bound lo, and what sort of an everlasting fool hor captain might rail himself. Not getting any nnswer. ho s ore ho would climb nlKjanl and watte the anchor wntt-h with a bolailnu pin. Hut alter fumbling around for some time and hammering on the door and smashing ft lew nanos of glass, n near laea struck him. "Thlthycr's a derelict, that's wnal It Is.' said he. 'I'll Just stand by her till dav light r-.d see It a salvage Job can't be made out ot It.' Tbat was the lust that I heard af Capt, Martin that night. Ho lav down In tbe road close alongside of the house and was asleep and enuring the snore or tbe Just In less than a minute. Then I wont to bed myself, considering that them wouldn't bo any more performances that night, "Tho Captain woke up be'oro I did the next day. nnd when I rame out ot the tent he was ni where to he teun. having unlocked his door and gone into the house. About tinnri he camo nut on the verunda, looking pretty lav age, and I remarked to one ot tuv men that nobody hut a Ikx-ii tool would nut his house in the middle nt Iho public rnad, for hn would be curtain tn be lli.ed fnr!obtructlng the road. Mnrl'.n didn't say anything, which sort nt riled mo, sn I said to tbe man who wat nenr et to me that I wanted him tn go straight up tn Lucullus nnd tell the r-herlff with mi cnin- fillmetits that Cant. Martin's limite was stand ng tllrcctlv across the road, sn that I couldn t git by It with the men. and that It was the Hherifl's duty to see that tl.oroad was kept clear. The man naturally did as he as told, and In the course of the day the Sheriff rndo do An und investigated things nml ordertd Mar tin to luke his house nut of the road. "I didn't put It In the road,' suld the Cap tain, 'and there ain't no possible way of tak ing It out of tho ro-id wHhout nutting It on the properly ot thnt Individual nlnngslde or you.' " 'Heaving cuss words at o-e or our leading citizens,' says tbo riherllt, 'won't help you. I'll glvu you two dnys tj take your hnuto out or the way. and It at the rnd tit that time I Unci It still ln tho road, I'll make kindling w-nnd af It and arrest ou Into the bar aln. You hear me.' "The Cantatn heard hlra well enough and knew that he meant builness. However, he didn't condescend tn make any answer, and I could see thut he wan determined to let his house stand where It was. The truth Is he couldn't do anything cite. He couldn't haul It nark on tn mv land without committing n trespass, and he couldn't haul It on to his own land without t1rt gutting It across the river, which was more than he or any other man could do. My own Ideals that If It hadn't boon for the cloudburst that happened the next, afternoon. Cap:. Martin would hnvo waited tor the Sheriff with a sbntguu, anil the Sheriff being one of the brightest minds In our section, would havo had his revolver ready, nnd before tho work of demolUblng the house could begin iheru would have beon one or two corpses ready for the Coroner, "Vou know what a cloudburst Is? Weill that Is astonishing. A cloudburst Is what wo call a sort nf Noah' flood without any ark, Ynu see snme big cloud, thut holds perhaps a million tons of water, suddenly goes to pieces, and the water all anies down nt anuo, the same as It does at Niagara Fulls. Thlshfer cloudburst that I am speaking ot took place thirty or forty miles nlmve here, and the w hole lot of water ran Into the Pamponuosuu Illver and swelled It Into a raging tnrrtnt thnt sw,it everything before It. I heard It coming lust before It reached me. and J went for that hilt yonder st fast as 1 could run, and Just managed tn reach II in time. IWore I started I hailed tbe Captain, and told him to run while he could, bat he pretended not tn hear me, and remarked, as If he was speaking tn the unlvorso and all the rst of mankind, that tho curse oftliMiyer country was the con founded Impertinence of the lower classes, He was one or those men that nobody can help ex. cept with a club, he was that everlastingly ob stinate and conceited. "Martin saw what wa going to hanpen Jnst as well as I did. and Just before the flood struck blB houso I saw him trying tn rig up a sort of steering gear by lashing a plank tu ono of the veranda potts. Then tl.n Howl, which camo down llko a wall six feet high, burst on tho house, and awav 1: whirled. 1 he Captain's steering oar wasn't of tho least use. and before be went out of eight he dropped it and out down on the railing of hi veranda, wltb an arm around tbo post and bis pip In his mouth, aa comfortable a you please, I ivatched him for the liest part of a mile, and r ' " t. Kr" ..Lv ( ; J A merchant whom iCtoZtbrtl has a supply of Rlpans Tafcules In Ms detV st tnt -.at tkV.. !l. iiwlm In his traveling bag. In-a drawer ol his dining-room sldeboitd ?&Z,VVlMm$raimia bis fishing kit! for he fs something ol s ffinles Tra to Tbe lth him In about at eonttant demand at tobacco to a tailor. 1 ailed him IhoaMiStSSntuttoi RIPANS TABULES.snd he told m thin ? H som"tUn"n bS'lnetS annoy, me It upsets my stomsch. but a Tabu e tsV.n at the time neutraHtet the bad Influence. Vhen I travel I am apt to be troubled 'th conitlpatlon, but a Tabule at nlil.t In.uret a pleatant and healthy movement in the mornUc. H I drink a tlm of Vine too much, or eat a det.ert thst hst a tendency to uptet roe, a Tabule it an tntloolt. Wn fishier. In the .un.hin. threstens a hesdache. a Tsbule cures the tendency snd what It good for me It often Jutt ss grest a boon to a chsnee compsnlon. For that reaton I alwt) t ha them within reach. They don't eon much, and they never do any harm. I would n more think of depriving rnyielf of their beneficial ministrations than 1 would of tola. th. out my frequent bslh or occstlonsl dgsr. Since I filtt learned abc-ot them and their ldt I application. I have had fewer tick dayt and life hst more tumhlne In It. J I couldn't see bnt what the house was doing very well, and that tho chances were that It would bring un In some safo locality before rrachlng the Muskingum Falls, which ar seventeen miles from here. 'Anyway.' I say to myself, 'here's an end of trespassing on my property and blocking up tbe pabllo road, and nn eud of a mighty dlsagrreablo neighbor.' Tho Hherlff. when he came tbo next day and found tbat there wasn't any work for him to do. said pretty much the eatne thing. .. .. "What became or Cupu Martin? Well, hi house floated ashnro down nlrh on tn seven teen miles from here, and th Captain never eo much as got his feet wet. When tbe water weut down It left the hnase nn the most valu able corner lot In West Antloch, Just where the neoplo had calculated to pat un a new opera house. Of conrse. the owner of tbe lot made trouble for Martin, and Martin mads trouble for him. There was no less than fif teen eeparato lawsuits going on at the same time between them, and the protpect was that they would both die of nld age before the court would find nut who was In the right, Caot. Martin made un arrangement with a grocer In the town lo heave ln all hla supplies through a window, and he loopholed the walls ot his house and mad It sbotproof, and jvoro that he would never leave It alive. He never did. fnr one day he got so particularly mad that he had a stroke, and when the Coroner broke Into the hnase a re w days later he foand Martin lying en the floor dead. "Yes, sir. what with cyclones and cloud bursts and prairie fires and blizzards and such like, northern Minnesota Is a middling lively place. However, we folks that live here never alio ws ourselves to worrv over what may hap pen to-morrow, and then again, mar not hap pen for the next twenty years, Ilesldes, It would rake a llriUclu's cyclone or a tremen dous big flood to move a house that Is built as solid as thlr hotel Is. sn too needn't be afraid that ynu'll find yourself sailing through the air or floating dnwn the Pomjonoosuc tbat Is. so long ns you pays your boardlregalar. as I am free to say vou always ha done, and I pro sume yoa always will do." tiik mtAJizr rrn.DK.LAxcr. Found tijr Br. Calnaettn to Bi the afost Tenenoan or Amertenn Henkee. The recent experiments with snake venom made by Dr. Calmeite of Paris have demon strated that the venom of the West Indian fer-de-lonce places that reptile at the head of the list of North and South American deadly snakes. This reptile thrives in the greatest numbers on the Island ot Martinique, where It attains a length of eight feet and Is much dreadi d by the many persons exposed to It fangs on the soger plantations. This serpent is scientifically known under tbe rather startling name of Cratjirdoccpi. olus tanffotafut. It belong to the vlperUe group whloh comprises th North American rattlesnake, moccasin, and copperhead: ln fact the copperhead Is an exact counterpart of It West Indian relative ln every particular ex- iibad or Till rilt-DB-UaWOS. Drawn from Ufa, ceptlng color. The makes of this grnuo pos sets long erectile poison fangs, which when not tn use are pressed against th roof of ths month, but when lbs mouth Is opened to bite tho fangs spring forward ready for action. These fang are really hollow teeth opening In a small hal at the tip and each connecting with a gland behind the eye containing a dead ly fluid. Nature has given the for-de-lance this fluid to kill Ita prey, and for lt poison man a yet haa found no Infallible antidote. The fer-de-lancc, or moprpiiv bnltavn, a It la cnlled by tho Creoles, frequent the damn tropical forests of the Island of 8t, Lucia, Martinique, and Trinidad, feeding upon birds! frogs, and rats. It goes to the sugar planta tions to obtain rats, and thus Is. In one way, at least, of some benefit to the sugar planter. When alarmed this creature throws It body Into a coll. and Inflating ttse'f with air glare it tin object of Its anger. At this time It v" brates its tall rapidlv. as do most or tho ven. oaious nnkes or this group, a habit probably I'Jfi V '.V cl05e reIa''n to the rattlesnake, if slll further annoyed. It draws bacfc the head and strikes will, wide y dt.tendcd Jaw. Sd the fangs. Handing upright on the upper Jaw stb Its tnrinentnr If the blow Is trurVat the aroe time Inoculating the victim with thVu venom. Thla operation Is performed In "hi fraction of a second, ton quickly for thn erJ , follow It. and the vlcum into ShM- fey t5 Mulct has been Injected staggers blindly for" c,ce,r,r.;a,,on.,,".nei;i,'cotLet;ilw Not long ago the mon onto was broutrht from India to exterminate tbo frr-do-luncc Tho moiigo-Ms rreemblea In ehnrsV an shfe a ferret and was said tn prey ! lurgelv Tnn snakes; but tho mongoose, finding Itself In u strange i country und not wis i "g n wai do? from the hands nf tho who lm 1 treatcT It so tender y during Its trip, confined "J Stuck! upon the chicken ynrls nf u. towns ana tlm mnpep.ro still rules thn Interior or the it nn.ls. The mongoose hwame ir "rely nnotl.eV nest of the Islanders, who uinst oidure ffij the presence of reaches three InchriUma rlgantlc spider, scn-nlnns. and "jntloides not" tn mention the smaller creature, vv Id Swarm In troplcul region. Hlstoiy record. i!K? currence In Murtlnlquei : rrcora tnU oc- A wealthy resident nenr the enntt l.ti, pccaslnn. and soon their con vursutltin indllaui, ter, in ngling with thu muaip "A? Jl .iJirS t"' tra changed ,. I.,, mrwrtXluYg&Ki festivity. Hut niuoog the lirnno' -a of the tr.Si and In the ihk foliage of the palms other ssfesf av ass law'iSS'S movement of thn merry nurtv rT i .n.,,," ""'"Iclans announced tho lieln nlijg nt the banquet, the men nnd women wen." Indoors nnd the uninvited guVsts tnnk ijfo T. fnT.Tov.pr.i'rwnvifSS bSk'ihea.Wb.rhm'.8,! IF10 .swag? a.,5aftgE and before sufficient wara'Si confiiJ,ta.neo' " CUBA'S SINEWS OF WAR, MOTIVED LAnOKl.T I1Y nm LOTH aoxa in mis oovmthx. CoattiknttonaMent In Rea-nlarlr by that Club That Constitute thn C'nkna Rart. Intlonarx Party Home Sloney from CtVt 11 ad Mare from Pnrls-Unrtl' Wsrt. I On often hears the question : "How do Ui Cuban in th United State raise the most; necessary to send expeditions to help theniM ot?" Th answers to this question reveal tti self sacrifice and tireless energy of the patrieu living ln ths United States. The Cuban revolutionary party was fosodei by Jose Marti In 1802. Men of bright Imsiltu tlonsar seldom practical in executing pliu, but Marti, a poet, proved to be an exception W that rale, organising; successfully a political fore for a no less practical end than wit against a warlike European nation. It la true that the whole of Cuba was ;t pared to take arm when th revolution brott out on Feb. 34. 1(103, bat what would thli prt aratlon amount to without help from abroad! What could the people of tbs Island doajilut a powerful Government If they had no arret u fight with Experience taught Marti thst Cu bed es failed tn 1808 for lack of arms. Btfon attempting, therefore, to begin the war be foiti a source of aid from abroad. Marti organised i system of collecting money for the Cotu cause before th first shot was first ln ths revolution. H had bat a imill sum at the beginning. Ths Spaniards gtt erally believe that Marti disposed of million U and oven the cartons and groundless leettl i prevails In Havana that ths American Soju Trust pat at hla disposal large soma. Tbs trail Is that he started the war with no mors tbu $75,000, which Is not enough for a small elf dltton. Bat the Caban revolutionary partr fl itted, and It represented millions. The founda tion waa ao well laid that tbe death of Mini, a few days after hla landing In Cuba, did sol check the march of the revolution or the politi cal progress of the Cubans in the United Statu Marti knew It would be so. and wrote to a frit:! tn Havana a short time before he was Killed. "lean die now, because my work Is done. I feel that I will soon be In tbe hands of thtt destiny which makes snme men dlisppeu after finishing their mission tor tbe coed of their country." The Cuban revolutionary party Is compoird ol I tho Cuban political clubs throughout tbe rolled I States, There are about 300 ot these club) i.l 1 working under tbe eanie general regulation! of tbe party, laid down by Marti. A new cud U cannot be tounded without having at least twenty members not belonging to other dots, f Eseh club has Its Hoard ot Director", wlitilu 1 President, Us Treasurer, and lis t?ecretarr. Each member contributes money according ts hla re-ources. The Pre-ldellts nr alt the Clut form tbe council of government of the partr, whose miaslon Is to aid the delegate, tn orf nl public meetings, and to take care ot the sub scriptions to tbe parly's fund. The clubs. In a general election, which it to bs hsld every two years, appoint the Ireaturer the party. The do egate is the pleuipotenturr appointed by the ttovernmentln Cuba snd tu full power tn dispose of the lunds. lie bat t fullctinfldenceof tbe clubs and may act as r.i likes. Ho appoints tbe Secretary nr the party, the sub-delegate and all hla emplo)er lit designate the men for any mls-lon, and con sults ihoto he cares toconsult, or acts millet consultation. In fact, his power it nDiolutr. People In this country speak genersiir cf Junta nr Hoard of Directors uf the luiani. sr.d the term Is uied to designate the office of lb delegate, but nothing nf the kind e.x -t. Tnt Junta waa the organization of the it refla tion. Now tne delegate Is the only auttiorit) At first It appears that such an oi-gnuiailoa as that founded br Marti Is autnrinti l snd antl-ltepubllcan. but one must ouiaider that the Cuban Itevolutlonary party, in iitfli not military body, has a military purpo-e. and must be subject to military rule Power te act In military affairs cannot be given aditn tageously toa council; they mutt be uivcn to man. U, before bonding an expedition lulu'; Ir berore buying a lot or arms or curtrnleet it a given moment, the delegate should have t cunoult eevoral persons, secrecy nud r fWtM would he out of the questlun. ., The Cuban revolution-try parly i 'lf'4 with the bnnextyand patriotism of t edriista After the death ot Marti, who was an id mflM Cuban?, the rlubs selected a- hi run fits' beflor Tnma- Estrada Palinn. who , n.e Plrnl potentiary nf the republic nomln-it-d t' ' ""' eral Astembly held on the Island it -i inaf J In Cepleinber. 1HU3. Thn treasu'er i iho or"' ol the dulcate, laSefWr lteiijnm.il li irrr. re elected three lltneMlin manln whine i k'tinij'" character Marti had unbound, d coull-b " J," lrty Is well ..aiUfled with both. ilietj ban who contribute m thucntiM' if me r oil try khow that tholrmnney Is right imtwlt"! ,.."'."" ,nuo month agn a hunk - """,?' t till street inked Seilnr Palmn ub. "' "" ln.' corns nf the Cuban treasury here, i' win";' prised to see an averagonr S'.'OO ii'"' inun'uif revenue. It Is a wonder that the t ubiti i"!ral.' grants, mnttly poor wnrkintr people, i u i alfori such heavy sums for their cmtntri if '',rllJ that eiich Cuban clgKrinnker Iraw- '' P rent, of III. wages at the ilriec.Hi " ' J?' vt holu pny fnr one day's work ev en " ' '? an extraordinary event 'eomres a m i-p"5i,i the i Cuban laborer Is always nady for it T&t (.tibttii laborers go without home rum' Tiisna they deprive themselves and their fan ',''' J "'any necessaries of lite that tbey ma) '" 'U,M Cuba free. Till: Sun said lately that gulden ti ' fs,"ti Jli ilnre the tleathnf Macon. 1'roin it- ' """I In Paris alone r-eflor Nicolas do I aniens" biniigbl to heiior Palma nearly 1 ' ' ''' special collections among thu club i '''; try have amounted on this ncc.i "ft than g'.'pO.OOO. Anv Cuban icver-e,. irad vvt-iikcnlng the patriotism ot the tu nil uia1' Eraiits, reem tn Increuse It. , ... 1 rum Culm aim comes money rn --'1 "r " patrluts by taxation nf the t-nuntrv "' ''' town.. Hut this !s not a regular l "" ?1 cans the nolloy of the Cuban armr n ' ,""'r0' all the i sources of wealth In the i I I"1" which tho .Spaniards uUo could derive u n' pay their vtur expenses. . ,. Itlsensy tn understand why spanl"1' niP''1 mary works eo bant In this country ... n,! '" , Ijiibuiis, Thoy are the Btiiitiiirlera of lb" "',' ' tlon, Dnpiiy do Lome, Willi nil hl per nal In-flui-nce In Washington, nml with mt'i ""I.' disposal, Is unable tn check tbo pntnu' '' sacrifice of the uubun colony. WHIT1I MtUMfihir? MMI r..iyM ' "lT U A I BlHEALTHr"Lu.7? ri m I KaB;a,KiSraHiM.a fsmac, tMls fUMtsM. rxutiula tkla. blwir '"," tt HAII UU lrsstlaf.j (arts tsltlit V) tu, tl drnttM . ,vL.. -tfl