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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 24, 1897, 3, Image 26

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F , r- '' '-' '.-" '; ' ? ';'' -JB SIJNJf SUNDAY," JAIJITAW5r?.4lS97.?' ( "' ,; - yf .-- Jg.-. -awf..- I'
run vxKborrn itnaiox koktu or
JCsnlersr F1n t VIM Caaatrr VTkar the
Government HiH Ihoir tk Member
rart aftka Alaska Maoutalue-A afoaa
lula rtintlod Wbia!) la Sailers to B
IO.OvS) rati niKk-ir So. It I tka Lara.
at MaaimH of Tkla Caatlaaat-Oaatf
OcK-hUl Work br frataaalara.
The larxtit unsxplored region In tb Unit
ed State It the dlitrtot north of Cooks Inlet,
' Alaska. The Kuskokwlm and Nuthaguk flow.
Ing Into llehrlng 8a. ths Tanana Into the
Yukon.'the Buthltne Into Cooke Inlet, and the
Copper niter Into the Ontf of Alaska drain
tula "ttrra Incognita." Ther are all large,
mu'ldr rltar. draining; treat glacUrs, apdare
at flood height throughout the ihort summer
season. The dlfflonUr of making headway
against inch iwlft streams, the clondi of
gnats and mosqaltnes, the reputed fierceness
of te Interior Indians (the Apaches of the
North) hare all served to keep oat both the
explorer and that most venturesome of all
Investigators, the crotpeetor.
Una Teller, a low bat ragged range front
8.000 to 0,000 feet. In altitude. From these
mountains several, email 'rivers flow Into die
Busbltna, but thsy.dld not prospect as .well as
the main stream, which jrar us from aix to
200 colors per pan, it being almost fmporslbe
to set a pan which did not have some colots,
Several days of heavy rain, whloli carried
off the snow still reaching almost to the
river's banks, raised the stream to flood
height, and farther Progress was for the time
Impossible. Thedrlftwood ran In arontlnuoos
stream, and tie river rose mill we bad to
move our camp. It seemed as thongn the
whole country was to bn submerged, whan, as
suddenly as the rise, the river commenced to
fall, and after a week's delay we resumed oar
trln on the swollen stress. The first dav we
made only two miles, though wo worked des
perately hard, a part of the time In the Icy
water ud to oar waists, crcsslnrt and reoross
log the channels. We were even obliged to
unload our boats, take them out of the water,
and carry them overland across Islands to
avoid places where great jams of driftwood,
acting as wing dams, rendered the channels
we were In Impassable. The river here was
full of cottonwood snsgs. around which tho
current rashes In great swirls, very danger,
ous to a boat, where we could vie waded
and. towel our bouts, relying nn our quickness
to cross safsly the treacherous quloksands
Into whljh we frequently sank to our knees;
at one place we aetuallr lost one of our long
Pules, wbl-h was hud so firmly In the quick
sand that its could not pall It out.
The mosquitoes hung In clouds about us,
compelling the constant uto of veils and gloves.
Even the Indians on this river wear cheese
cloth veils over their faces. At night we
pitched our tents low, sewed the entrance up
tight, pulling the sides and enda under a
'OsVV J y'
r $M I ft
: - mil
k T v V wowkfif A J 1
I , J
f "K 5 , go - 60 &P ''&
, I Y & t
& The discovery of paying placer mines on
It'- Conks Inlet- In the fall of 1805 brought about
L',000 prospectors to Its shores last summer.
rf Tney'twitrmedlovar Kenal Peninsula, staking
St out claims in the deep snow, and the surplus
W ventured Into the Kink and Sushi tns Tellers,
JE, both unexplored dlstrlcta. Over one hundred
K pnrtlra enttrod the Bnshltna. Itlver, but only
IP fliu attained any great distance up the river.
K One party provisioned for two years nro-
v claimed that they were prepared to ascend
M tlio 8ashltna tn Its source, and if they found
Eg nothing there they would go on to the Ta-
K nana: If still unsuccessful they would keep
o.i northward to the Arctlo Ooean. In fire
C: days they were on their way back, saying they
, thought there must be soaa eaalsr way to
ff, the North Pole. Another party gave up
1 H the attempt after nearly losing their lives,
t p their boat.Idrlven by the awlft current, jerking
' 5 them off the oank from whlchjthey were tow.
jL In:. One young man from Boston turned
i fk bock after he and his mate had been about a
j week on the river without reaching the sta-
Ittnn, giving as a reason his unwillingness to
prospect a country where he was obliged to
tie up his head In a gunny sack every night
In order to escape the mosquttous.
Wo landed at Tyonick, near the held of
Cooka Inlet, the first week in May. 1800. In
about two feet of snow, thick blocks of Ice
lining the shorts, and awaited the opening of
the MUihltna. Our object in prospecting the
fiushltna was the hope of finding placer mines
; on Its upper waters. There?were several reasons
' W lssdtng to this conclusion. One of the most
1. Important waa that anywhere on' the shores
, of Cooks Inlet a few colors of fine gold could
' be found. Probably this gold came from the
I largest stream entering the inlett than the
Copper Rtvrr, rising In the rame district, was
renated to be rich in gold and copper.
Cooks Inlet Is like the Bay of Fundy. It
Is shallow, with high, swift tides, the extreme
being about sixty-five feet. It Is often visited
by violent storms, so violent that the natives
pack many miles along Its beach rather than
ventur out In boats,
Starting in an open dory, with the Incoming
tide, wo reached the broad mud flats extending
soms fifteen miles from the mouths of the
Busbltna. All night and a greater portion of
the next day we spent on the flats hunting for
f the entrance of the river, for tbo Hatlittna,
' like many Arctlo rivers, has quite an exten
sive delta, which, with its network of chan
nels, is eight or ten miles wide. Inside the en
trance, the swift current, low, muddy, and
caving banks, covered with thick brush and cot
tonwood trees, render progress very difficult.
On all sides are the traces of great floods, the
entire, country for miles being subject to over
flow. Mauy unable with oars to stem the
mlgbtr flood have given up the struggle be
fore reacblnu the trat'lng post thirty miles
above tidewater on the river.
The river at the station hat two channels;
the eastern as measured on the Ice Is 80S yards
wMn, and flows swift nnd dep from shore to
shore: the other channel Is nearly as large,
bnt not so swift and deep. Just above are the
first high banks, perpendicular promontories of
rock on ea"b side, against which the stream
rushes with great force. Whirlpools in the
current seemed to threaten toengalf our boat,
but as suddenly as the form they disappear,
and we crossed; In safety. Finding our sea
dory too heavy to handle, we stopped at (he
station long enough to whlpsaw lumber and
make two river boat?, such as am used on the
Yukon, '.'B feel In length over all, 18 Inches
" wide on the bottom, and 40 inches at the top.
Not having any tar, wo pitched the seams with
spruce gum nnd urease. Our equipment con
slate 1 nf paddles, polos, and tow lints.
While building tho boats we witnessed the
annual run of candlo flih, a species of smelt
o fat that when dried they will burn like a
candle. The natives stand on the bank with
ruiln dips maie of willow roots and catch
quantities of them, which nr dried on long
rarksjn the sun. Indeed, tlie river wui so full
of the tlsh that It wax Impossible tq dip a buck
et of water without catching some of the little
beauties. The lean Ksklmo dogs put nn a
layer or fat daring candle Hh seatou. They
stand on the bank and expertly paw the tlib
out of the water.
A short distance above the station a great
branch romrs In from the west. The Indians
r that this branch runs around the head
of Cooks Inlet nnd rises In a high rango o:
mountains which we had seen from Tyonlck,
Above this fork the river apatu spreada out
Into many channels, so that it Is dlfllcnlt to
tell whero to go, the low banks affording no
c!ue "-.,0 t'10 Probable main course of the
river. Iwenty miles rurther another large
branch comes In from the west, the main
river bearing almost due north. For two
weeks we travelled amid Islands and sloughs,
the ru er at times several miles wide across lis
many channels.
On the east were the mountains tbaTform
the wavcirhed between the Knlk and Bush-'--
-.-g.-"M-M--- '-"
caavaa flooring on which are made our beds.
Koch of us taking a corner of the tent, we
could kill off the mosquitoes that had come In
with us as we crawled under the flap, and then
sleep in peace. Luckily In June the dar are 10
long that ills never too dark to see to kill
On the clearing up of the weather we ob
tained our first good view of the great moun
tain, (Aicaaloual glimpses of wbiuh we had had
before, the first frotu near Tyonlck, where we
saw Its cloud-like summit over dushitna Moun
tain. Tnl mountain Is tar In the Interior
from Cooka inlet, and almost dun north of
Tyonlck, All the Indians of Cooks Inlet
call It the "Bulshoe" Mountain, which Is
their word for anything very large. As It now
appeared to as. Its huge peak towering far
above the high, rugged range encircling Its
base. It compelled our unbounded admiration.
On Cooks Inlet we bad seen Illamna't still
smoking summit. 12.0UU feet above us. rising
precipitously from the salt water, inland Is
a continuation of the same rsiiKo. and even
higher, probably 14,000 to lfi.uou feet In alti
tude. On l'uget Sound for years we'.had been
admirers of Mount Italntsr, over l-l.ooo feet
high, but never before had we aeen anything j
to compare with thin mountain. My compan- '
Ion In the boat, Mr. Monka, was one of the
few who mad the ascent of Italnler the previ
ous summer. In bts opinion Italnler waa about
the same altitude as the range thta side of the
hugs peak, which towered at least 0,000 eet
above lis neighbors. For clays we bad glorious I
views of this mountain range, raaur of whose
glaciers emptied apparently Into our rlrer.
July 4 was ushered In with a heavy rain.
While we were encamped waiting, for the
storm to pass over, a great rtmiDlinu pro
claimed the approach of an earthquake, which
was vsry violent and of ronslderaote duration.
This, the hecond violent earthquake since our
arrival In this country, the blgh volcanoes Hill
active, the great tides, the huge mo intalns cov
ered with glaciers. Impressed us that here man
must Indeed battle wlih nature. In taut, this
whole country srems new, unfinished, unlit
for the habitation of man. Few and scat
tered are the Indiana who nave the hardihood
to withstand the severe winters and the many
pesta that make the short summer season al
most unbearable.
According to our Journal, 100 miles above
the trading sta Ion the river strain forked,
this time Into three branches. The ura..ch from
the nortbweat apparently drains the south
ern slope of the great ranire, and like a flow,
liiaita of mud spreads out In many channels
about two miles wide. Ihe branch from tbo
northeast Is as whlto as milk, while tho mid
dle strsam, which we concluded us the main
river, was nesrly clear. This Isst river bad
good towing banks, and but few channels,
and we soon entered a narrow valley, almost
a cation, between the mountains, Milch now
Inclosed us on both sides, Arcendlng one of
the highest of theso that stood out Into the
I alley, we had a splendid lew of the river
valley below, and soiled a question which
had previously glvon us much study, namelv,
why such large brunches cume In from the
wet. where the Government, chart of Alaska
shows a great ranze of mountains.
The fact Is, there Is no range there, but a
broad, flat vnlley extended westward as far
as the eye could reach, heuvlly Umbered with
sprue and b'reh. It Is apparently u continua
tion of the flat country that surrounds the upper
portion of Cooks Inlet. 1 should cellmate
thedlminslons of this valley as being nearly
100 ulleseach wt-y. In the south, Mount
bUBhltna, some n.OOO or I1.0UU feel blgh.marked
the mouth of tho river. In the vast wa the
rugged but low range tht separated us from
tho Kiuk v alley. In the northeast was an
apparent gap tn the range, tlirouvh which our
river ran, and who-ie course we could trace for
thirty or forty miles. In the northwest was
the greatest range of mountains we had ever
seen, of wblnh the great mountain previously
mentioned wat tho culminating point.
We nere amazed at the line growth of grass,
which In the short t'nin since the snow hod
been gone hod attained a height of nearly
four fejt. In any open glade one could make
most excellent hay. It la hard to under
stand why, with such nne feed In a country
so sparsely lnhinited, there are no more moose
and reindeer. Perhaps It Is due to the rluor
ous climate and the ahundanca of fierce tim
ber wolves and a large brown bear da lano
and danceroua as tho ltocky Mountain grlzzlv.
The river no at hal many boulders and
rapids. On one side we passed r. high bank
In which were seams of coal of fair quality,
eight or ten feet thick, to which n iteamor
could extend Its gangplank anu get a load with
pl-k and wheelbarrow. After passing this
coal formation the river entered a long series
of canons with slule walls. Hock of these,
some seven or eight miles, were low granite
mountains, home of this granite Is a rich
green, the roost beautiful I have ever seen.
About seventy miles from the great forks wo
came tu a small village of the KulUhau, or
Copper Itlver Indians, tall and tine looking,
and great hunters. Throughout the long ami
arduous winter they camp online trail of the
tarlbuu. Ther build huge fires of logs, then
erect a reflector of skins back from tho tire,
between which reflector and the fire they
sleep, practically out or doors, although the
temperature reacnes SO below tern. We
were surprised in find them outfitted with
cooking, stores, planes, saws, axes, knives,
s eds sixteen feet In length. 1804 model
rifles. 4c. Ihey k ere encamped near a flsn
trapwhlch they had constructed across a
smtll side stream, and were catching and dry
lng red salmon. They had no permanent
houses, living in Russian tents, with the en
trance arranged Ilka our own to keep out the
gnats and mosquitoes. They Informed us
that we could go no further with our boats,
as tho Sushltnn now entered an Impassable
canon, whose upper end was blocked by a high
waterfall. "Ilulshool" they exclaimed, rals
ing both hands high above their heads.
Aa the small aide river on which they hod
their trap prospected well wo followed It for
some distance, until It ran Into a canon, where
further progress was Impossible without a
long and bard detour over a mountain side
line of tho Indiana undertook to show ua the j
portage around the faltt on the main river,
but 'finding the Path .very steeoand difficult,
dangerous even to carry onr parks, we save
nn the attempt without teeing the falls,
which must be very high, front the appearance
of the cation and surrounding country.
The river at the highest point we reached
waa about S!0U yards acroil, deep from shore
to shore, with a inlliraca current. From the
macs srhlch the Indiana made for us of the
continuation uf the river above tbo falls we
Inferred that It ran a long distance to the
northeast, probably from 100 to 200 miles,
though none ot tne natives had been to Its
source. Tbo KulluhAus. who trade at the
Kluk station or the Alaska lloinmerclal Com
pany, say that tome nt the tribes live nn a lake
that empties Into the headwaters or Copixr
Itlver, and the balance nn a lake not far dis
tant. In which the Uushltna rises, and that It
Is only a short portage from olthcrlake Into
tbo Tanana.
At all c venta, from the alio of the Bushltna at
the faltt and from Its direction It must flow
nearly from tho Conner Itlver, Other pros
pectors who Ascended the muddy western
bn.nrh Informed us that about forty miles from
the great. forks It branched, one stream flow
ing northward around the base or the great
range from whose many glaolera It receives
several tributaries; the other, flowing west,
drains the southern aide of the great range,
finally turning back Into the flat valley that
runa a long wav to the west. From a moun
tain top they could trace Its course In the flat
country for many mllur. To the north they
could see a stream apparently flowing west,
which ther thought was the Kuskokwln,
One glacier at the forks oame down almost to
the river's bank and was the source of a large
stream. They could truco the gloclor far book
toward the great mountain.
Unable to pass tho rails on the main river
we turned down the stream to the great forks.
It was vsry exrlttag and dangerous running
the rapids among the big boulders, the race
horse speed at which we travailed giving us
no time to examine the river ahead. The
boiling waves several times entered our boats,
and we were constantly on the Jump to keep
them from swamping. We could make a
greater distance down the stream la an hour
than we could up In a day.
We ascended the western branch nsarly to
the cation, where we met a party of prospect
ors coming down. Their boat, which they
were towing, hod been dragged by the swift
.'urrent under n anag and upset, aud they lost
all their outfit. They reported the cation
ahead Impassable, owing to the high water In
the river. Two woeksot almost continual rain
raised all the rivers to flood height. Our pro
visions being low, and one of tbo party being
slok, we reluctantly turned back to the sta
tion, which we reached In twodays. v'e as
cended Mount hushttna near ti.e mouth of the
river, ivml confirmed our previous observations
on tbo upper river, namely, tbe extent or the
hrnsd, flat country, and the total absence of
the great Alaska range as marked on the Gov
ernment charts of Alaska,
We named our great peak Mount Mc.vlnlf r,
after William McKlnley ol Ohio, who hud
brim uomiiiiitei fur the Prcaldvucy, niut that
fact vs the first news we rrcelvrd on our
wuy out of that Wonderful wilderness We
have no doubt that this peak Is thu highest tn
North America, und estimate that It Is over
X'O.OUU fee', high. We have talked with ieveii
different parties who raw the mountain this
summer, nnd llioy till mate Its height at over
iO.UUU rent. Most or them think It Is nearly
80,000 feet In altitude. Our last view or tta
lowering summit was from one of tho tide
land Islanda at the mouth ot the Bushl'.na.
Hero on a glorious evening wo had a tine view
orillamua, 1U0 miles south, and Mount Mc
Klnley, to the north. Field glasses brought
out tbe details on lltamna, but made no change
In the appearance of Mount McKlnley, wnlcti
raa nearly twice the distance away. Notwith
standing Its greater distance. Mount McKln
ley looked much the blzher or the two peaks.
Muiti interested In the geography of this
country, and Undine tlio Uuvernment charts
so unreliable, we gathered all thr information
possible from the Indians and the few whites
who had, during the summer, prospected on
the upper river. The Kullcbaus drew for me
a mtD or the river, holding the pencil br tbe
extreme en 1, and much amused with their
first experience with peuclls nnd paper. When
they reached a far In tbe drawing as tbey bad
ever bwn ou tbe river tbey drew their pencil
around back and (book their heads, and we
could not ret tbem to vent'ire any further
opinion as to tbo river beyond. Their only
way of estimating distances as bv Bleeps, as
tleybailno comeutlnu of what a mile was;
In fact, they did not kne-w what the words
Indian or white signified.
One ot the Kluk tribe, nn Intelligent end
prosperous Indian who trades with the lnte
rlo" Indians and who travels every winter In
the Interior country, drew a map showing the
relation ot the uoper Copper, bushltna, and
Tanana rivers. 11 makes, as do all tbe In
terior Indians, tho three river tu close prox.
ltntty at their head waters.
Wn round colors or tlae gold tn nearly every
pan, and on the neper river platinum. The
formation for the last forty miles below tho
falls waa slate porphyry aud granite, many
velna of whltx quartz running through the
slate. One specimen assaying well In sliver,
copper, and gold would be very valuable were
It nearer meaua of transportation nr In a lets
rigorous climate.
'Ihe natives on Cooks Inlet are devout
Qreok Catholics. Every village has Its church
aud even tbe Copper lttver Indlaut fear the
priest. Last winter some of the Copper
Klver Indians who came down to trade at
tne Kluk station bad several wWes. This the
Ureek priest said was wrong, and ordered
them tn out away all but the wimsu they bad
mnrrled llrsu Too superstitious to refuse,
the Indians rent their extra wives away, but on
the departure of the priest for other parishes
the banished wives, who had only rollred a
short distance, promptly returned to their for
mer lords.
Many Indians were killed nr seriously wound
el by the great brown tear, which they hold
in great respect. Ihey uever brlug in tbe
bend or claws, although tbey would bring
hlzher prices at tbe store with ihemUfl nn the
skin. At Kuskutau last spring a hunter did
not return tn tbe village after Ills dally trips
of Inspection to nls traps. Tho next morn
ing another brave, axo in hand, went to search
tor hlin. lie aiso tailed to return, aud th next
day the whole village weut tn tcarch ot
the missing. They found nothing except the
axe and huge lar tracks. A tew das later
an enormous tx-ur chased some of the natives
to their very doors, notwithstanding the many
wounds Intltcted by the ritlei of tbe pursued.
After that he bung about the village, und al
though snot many times he would soon re
turn. Jusl alter dark one erenlng ho slid
denly appeared at a wludow at mie or tho
cabins, smashed tn the glass, and gave tho
latno standing Inside a knock tbal nnt it
acrot tbe room. Without further ceremony
tbe monster proceeded to climb Into tbe
room. Luckily all escaped through the door,
and the men finally drove the bear away with
nn further damage than the wrecking ot the
furniture. AH were now ufruld, for surely
this must be an evil spirit or shaman ana not
an ordinary bear, as bullets seemed to have
no client on him. As a last rrsort they took
tome bullets to tbe church, had social prcyera
reotled und holy water sprinkled over tbem;
then they marched three timet around the
church, carrying the snored candles and pray
Ing for dollveraiice from the ihanlan. Tho
next time the bear aprwared one of tbe holy
bullets found a uwial spot, and the huge
bear came crashing to tbe earth. "God
killed the bear and uotoar bullets," cried tbe
old chief who told us the story, as lie rever
ently stood with hands uplifted. I counted
thirty-two bullet holes In the hide which he
showed us: one hole In the head undoubtedly
did the work.
Homo idea of the remoteness of Conks In
let can bo gained by the fact that It was more
than seven weeks from the lime we com
menced out homeward voyage berore we final,
ly reached Seattle, much benefited by our sum
mer's outing in unexplored Alaska.
W. A. Dickct.
Propesad Amendment to tbe Bactnc Union's
Corinthian lirflntllon.
Secretary F. II. Jones of the Yacht Racing
Union of Long Island Sound has mailed
copies of tbe report of the general meeting of
the union on Dec. ID to the representatives of
the various clubs In the union, together with
the following circular lettert
The council recommendi that lbs following cbancss
In the amendments to tbs rules be adopted!
Alter addlilou to ltul 11., section V, by striking out
tho words -All yschta la lbs 30-foot snd tower
clauet" anil lubtt.tute yachts In claiiei 2 3-toot
aim under of loop, and all rlaift ot catboals "
Hirlku out section a of rule III, reading Yachts
aunibed prior to Nor. 1, logo, not exceeding the
limit of tin- :0foo' or lower clat by more than Uric
untlii ot a foot, and that bavo not been Increased In
tall urea meaturement tlooe that dals.shsll salt In
such i-lau."
Alter Section S nt Itnle XH.by ttrlklni out the
words" In clstors 80-foot and under" and suhiiltute
Inclsi.u, ys-root aad underot tloopa, and In all
clnKietof catboitn." -
The council nud that It will be expedient to nlara
yarhta In the bo foot cUu of ilooiit. cutlori. and
ja it under the tame regu'atlont that totem datura
above ;iu toot. Toll will make It practical and detlr
able turhmlnate the prmlilon alloxlng.s of a fool
eireu In thlt and lower olaitet. Todunrnte with
the ureet-dly of culling a tprclal ruttilnir of the union
lo act upon thtie cbsugrt the counell utks Tor u mail
vole or the rrprttsnuitlvri. Vou ar therefor re-
aiiratnl tn nolity the undertlined on or brfors Jton
ay, Jan. SB, whether you are In favor or their adop
tion or not.
, The council reports that the Corinthian definition
hst bean amended to read at followt: "Corlntnlan
Itmln yaohtlns It that attribute which reprettnit
panlolpatlon for iron aa dlttlncl from tln. and
wulcli alto InTolvtt the acquirement ot nautical ex
perience through the love of tporl rather than
Ihrouth nrcetilty or the hope of sain. Ih thla retpeot
the lornwlng general dtflnlllon It alteni Nn prrtou
who followt the tra at a ratant ot livelihood, or who
hat acraptrd remuneration for hit ttrrlcet rendered
In handllns or lervtng on a yacht, thall be cooitdtred
a Corinthian yachttman."
Application! for datet for tnsclal raoet for th
aeaiou of 1U7 thould be tubniltttd to the council
before April 1,
. The council thould alto receive btforsthst time a
lilt of the sailing yachtt In your club that will re
quire racing numbcri for th coming aeaton. It Is
lalsnded tolttueallat before ths rommenosmsnt of
th racing seston ot all yaohts to whom rsclng num.
bers hav e bean allotted. On account of cbaneea In th
littering or the olataea new nambsrt will bare to ba
allotted for thtt traton. Tbe Hit of yachts should
comprlt th following .Information: Name, owner,
addrttt, rlc, tSvfl racing length, caWo or open.
y ftffr 'i.'.. ii
A Strained Situation Which a
Cloudburst Relieved.
BT XT. L. ALDra,
"Vet. sir," remarked the landlord, as he eat
fanning hlmstlf In th veranda of tbe Mlddle
Tllle hotel, "at you say, this (own ha sprang
an like a mnshroom In the night. Why. ouly
five years ago there wcr only two houses
here, aud now we hare the biggest population
of all the towns In northern Minnesota, The
two houses were pretty small ones, too. Mine
stood just where this hotel is standing, and it
wa nothing more than a onn-storr.two-roomed
shanty. Capt. Martin's house, whloli gener
ally stood on a knoll about a quarter of a mile
from here, wasn't mnch bigger."
"What do voa mean when you say that your
neighbor's house generally stood on a knoll!''
I asked. Wasn't It In the habit of staying In
the same place?"
"Why, what with cyclones, and cloudbursts
and one thing and annthor, that ther hoar
did do considerable travelling white it was in
this section. What became of It after it left
here, I can't precisely say, but 1 rather think
li mado Its lost journey when It went down to
West Aotloob. It was a ourlous sort of house,
being out together with rope Instead of nails,
whloh waa probably on reason why it lastd
a long a It did.
"You . continued th landlord. "I waa
the nrat settler her. I took no a quarter sec
tion of land, and with th help of two male
and a Norwegian, I pnt up my house and
went to farming. About six months later
along comes Capt. Martin, and allowa that he
will farm thelquarter section next to me. II
wo a man about 00 years old, who bod beon a
seafaring man all his days, and. like mott
seafaring men, he wanted to be a farmer,
though he didn't know boans from a bull's
foot. First along I thought he wns a scclable
sort of old chap, and he and me used to spend
our evenings together, tint I found out that
he wouldn't taVe any advice, and when I told
him that he was a blamed faol for Jbulldlng;a
house on a knoll In a country where cyclones
wero almost as common as snakes, he got mad
and Cropped my acquaintance. He was a
taurhy as he was opinionated, which Is saying
a good deal.
"Well, he built his house with the help of a
couple of men from Lucullus, whloh at that
time was tho nearest settlement lo us, and
was considered to be seven miles from here,
though now that Mlddlevllle bosgrown clear up
tc- the avathern boundary of Lucullus, It don't
seem to be so far away. I told you that Mar
tin' honse was put together with rope lash
ings. The Ceotaln said that no land carpenter
knew how to build a house, and that h hadn't
any confidence In natls, and didn't consider
theji ship-shape. Ills house was much the
same thing as mine except that It had n ver
anda on one side, where the Captain used to
walk up and down and look at thing through
a tcIecope.
"lletwen my land and Martin' there was
the hlghroaj. though at that time It wasn't
often that anybody passed over It; and by the
side of the road and just at the foot of the Cap
tain's knoll ran the Pomponoosuo Illver. It
don't look much like a river at this time of
year, nnd you could Jump across it most any
where, but Just you wait till the spring fresh
et set In and you'll admit that It Is right
smart ot a atream. I've known half a dozen
men-to be r men. ton-to be d. owned In the
Pomponoosac. which Is more than the I.ncuUus
people can say for their mlaerable little river.
One of the last things that I said to the Captain
berore he and me hod a coolness was that he
had letter dig a cyclone pit. You know what
that Is. I suppose. No? Well. then. I'll tell
you. It's Just a hole In the ground, about alx
feet deep, covered with a trap door. When
you see a cyclone coming ion get Into your
cyclone pit and shot tho door until the trouble
la over. It's the only safe way, for If yon stay
tn your house you're liable to be crushed to
death, nnd If you stay outdoors, the cyclone
will pick vou up and carry you to kingdom
come. But old Martin wouldn't hear of dig
King a pit. He allowed that If a cyclne did
come he calculated to be on deck and see It out.
Jo said It wa all very well for me to skulk
down below, seeing as I was only a landsman,
bat that he considered that the quarter deck
was the proper place for him in bad weather.
I made my cyclone pit nearly opposite bis
house and ctoie to the road, for I calculated to
use It as a hindy placo for keeping shovels and
apadea and rakes and euch.nnd saving tbe trou
ble of bringing them up to tbe house. Capt,
Martin used to sneer a good deal at my pit and
called it a 'glory hole.' which I considered to
be Irreligious, as well as ungentlemanly. How
ever, the day came when he would have been
glad to have a cyclone pit, nnd to bo able to
climb down Into It without my knowledge.
'The Captain hadn't been living In his new
house above six months when the great cyclone
of 1887 came along, and I don't doubt that
you have heard of It. It wa about 10 o'clock
of the morning, and It wai at least SO degrees
hotter than It la to-day, though It was only the
mtddla of June, Instead of the middle of Au
gust, Ther wasn't a breath of air stirring,
and the skv had a sort of greasy, coppery look
that made you feel sort of aufTicated just to
look at It, Tho mules and the Norwegian
were lying under a tree down in th sorghum
field, and I waa making n prrtnnco of weed.
Ing my onion Led, though. I didn't make much
headway with It. I happened to turn rouud.
and there In the Northwest was a llttlo putch
of cloud, which I was glad to toe. thinking ai I
did that perhais It might mean rain. Hut
while I was looking at It I could seo It was
spreading as fast as a gallon of petroleum
would sprmd ir you dumped It Into a mllluond.
In a few minutes pretty nearono-hair the sky
was covered with acljud that was as black as
Pittsburgh coul smoke. The way It spread
reminded me of a parcel or men laying a cur
pet on the stage or a theatre. You could see
the upper edge or the cloud rolling over and
P.ver. ln. reBt thlclt tnes. All of a sudden a
light breeze sprang up that blow directly
toward the quarter where the cloud came
from, and I knew then thnt we were going to
have a big storm, and that the wind vvos draw.
Ing toward it. The next thing I saw was a
sort of funnel that trmnd tndrop from the
mild o nr the cloud, Tho lower end kept
twisting and squirming like the tall nr a snko
when you've git your Unot-heel on Its head. I
didn't wait any longer, but I Just dropped my
hoe and mad a bolt for my ci clone plt.There's
nn mistaking what that runnei meant. There
waa the biggest kind of a cyclone on Us way.
and It was coming stralst t tor me. 1 wasn't
pn speaking terms with iho Caotaln then,
but aa 1 camo near his house and saw mm
standing on his veranda and lathing himself
tn one of the posts wt;i a rope, I sung out to
him to come with mo If he valued his ille. lie
only said. In a mighty cool and condescending
way. '1 don l remember asking you ror any
advice, my man.' That uisde me so mail that
I didn't wnste any more time or breath on
him, but lifted the cover oft my pit. Jumped
Into It without stopping tn use the ladder and
pulld the cover on again,
"Ilv this time the cyclone was making Itself
heard, First there was: a low. rumbling
snjt of sound, like a rallrMd train makes
when It Is a good way oir. it grew louder and
louder, till It got to be a kind of shrieking
roar, like a hundred big church organs mixed
up with n dozen or two steam whistles. It
was as black as night In that pit, excopt when
the lightning flashed, for there Is alwnys'mors
or Ins lightning playing around tho funnel of
a cyclone. It seems as If no expense was
spared ln making a cyclone as various and en
tertaining as possible. Just when the roar
lug was at Its loudest there camo an awful
crush that made tbe earth shake, and tlteu
tbe sound Iwgan to weaken, and In a few min
utes t had died away, and the placo waa as
at 111 as a roan's house when he comes back
to it from his wife's funeral.
ttiV "s.f f?r KoV says I to rayttlf. 'Now
I'll clamber out and see If there Is anything
left of my house, and the mules, and tbe Nor
wegian.' Dot when I tried to lift, ud the cover
of rho pit I could stir It only a few Inches, and
that didn't let In any light, I couldn't under
stand what this meant, but being a smoker,
of cnurse I hud my matobes with m. so !
struck a light and Investigated. I found that
there was a sou or board flooring above the
cover ot the pit whloh prevented roe from
lifting It, and I knew that the cyclone had
drntiped something Just over my head,
"Luoklly there was a crowbar among tho
tools standing In the corner ot the pit, and I
hunted It up and got to work a well as I could
In the dark. It didn't take me very long to
burst a hole in the flooring that 1 spoke of.
?1.Mier.1 hd P"1" " Pnlng, and Ibt In
th light, I saw that there wa a house on ton
ot me, I set to work again wlthth crow-
-.1 At,.,,,), - j . , fiw a ,-i .iJtwrf,aJC.V;.JV,.
bar. and presently Iwii able to climb out, and
.found rnrself in a small bedroom. I dldn I
stop to examine it, but opened the first door I
came to. and thete I wa In Capt. Martin' sit
ting room, face to face with the old man. Th;
fdrnltnro was all upset, and the side i-f th
house wero slanting one wky and another, bat
there was no mistaking that It was a, bouse,
and that Caot, Martin was the.e looking none
the worse for having been through a cyclone..
" 'So you've beeu nnd broke Into my nous
with a crowbar, have you?' he asked. Per
haps you don't know, my roan, thnt you have
tot nltted n burglary and I can have you
arrested for It,' ....
" 'Perhaps you don't know that you'r tres
passing on my land.' said I. 'I never gave yon
no permission to put no shanty pn ray land,
and If yon don't taka ItofT mighty sodden
there's a prospect that there'll be shjotlng.'
" 'You don't know much about law.' saya the
Captain. 'I never put my house on your.land.
It was done by what the underwriters call act
of God or public enemies," and Itjrou wo a
ailor, you'd kuow that nobjdy con be held re
sponsible for such occurrences.'
"Jutt then he anw mo looking out of the
window toward wLere my house had been,
and he said. 'The last I saw of your house
she was scudding before the wind, and head
Inn; abont sou'eaat, or mebbe, a little east tf
that. Hhft was making, as 1 should Judge, abniit
thirty knots an hour. It'll take you consid
erable time ti overhaul her. and yon'd better
give chase nt once.'
" 'I ain't anxious for tn stay In your house.'
rays I, 'and I'll leave It this minute. It's my
duty to warn you that If you set foot on my
land there'll be trouble. As for the matter of
your iquattlng with voar bouse oa land that
don't belong to you. 11 seo a lawyer this very
dav. and 1 calculate you'l'U wish you hadn't
"With that I made him a bow and left him.
11 camu out on the ver.nda and said. If
you're looking for them moles, and that ther
Finn of youra. you'll be wasting yonr tlm. I
saw a couple of mules about sixty feet In the
air. and w.ien tbey do come down they won't
be of any further use, coutldertd as mules.'
"My house and everything els belonxlnr to
me was clean gnno, bat I was that mudatth
Captain that 1 didn't tare a straw about It. I
wa.ked straight to Lucullus. which the cyclone
hadn't tnuchtd. and I bunted unetqulre Olbbs
and laid the case before him. He said that he
couldn't see n Capt, Martin could 1m held
liable for trespassing, so long as he stayed In
his house and didn't step outside on to my land.
'You can't sst his house afire nr anything of
that kind,' said ho, 'without getting into trou
ble. No more enn you move It while he la In
It, for that would be an assault on him. Hot
I don't see nnvthlnir to hinder vou from get'ln?
a train of oxen aud snme rollers handy, and
tho llr't ilme ho comet up to Lucullus to buy
groceries you ran move his hnure back on to
bis own land, nud he tan't find any fault,'
"Hqulre tllbbs was a nrst-class lawyer, and I
knew I'd be a root If I didn't follow his advice
after paying $5 for It, Bo I hired a.tntthat
I could sleep In till such llmo as 1 cojld run
up another house; and I laid ln provision and
a joke of oxen and some rollers, not for
get. Ing a small hydraulic Jack. When I got
rack to my farm 1 pl.chrd the tent right In
frjnt or Martin's shantv. to that I could keep
a good watch on Mm. und 1 went to work with
tlio help of a couple nr men from Lucullus tn
build mo another houe. You see ihe full
force or the ryclone hud passed over Just
where my house had Mood, while only tbe
outer edge ot It hnd struck the Captain's prem
ises. Thnt accounts tor the fart that my
house hud been carried clean away, while hia
hod only been picked up snd carried a few
rods. As fnr tre mules and the Norwegian,
they were scattered all over Minnesota. It
was tald tbat some of tbe Norwegian was
picked up about tblrty miles from hern, bnt it
wasn't ever satisfactorily Identified.
"Capt. Martin's bn so happened to be
planted In such a way that one corner ot It pro
jected a few Inches on to tho high rnad. and he
wns able lo gel out ot a wlnduw and lntn the
road without coming jn lo my property. How
ever, he didn't feet eusy to lenvo thu bnuto
utone, for four that I might meddl wl.h It, so
ho stayed at home tor the ben part of a week,
when his provisions or his whttkev or some
other necessary run short, and nn had to walk
over to Lucullus lo lay in a fresh ttocR. Tblt
was what I had been waiting for.thnnth I
never hinted It to hlai. He used to come out
on the veranda and remark In a general way,
without uddrestlng lilmtelt tu me or any one
els, that he was mightily pleased with his new
location and wouldn't change It for any other
building lot In tbe whole Utate. I never said
anything to him except lo remark, also In a
general tnrt of war. tbat Ir any rascally old
sailor should set root on my land he would
have a hole bored through blm o quick that
he would never know what hurt him. Neither
nt us felt that it would Ik- Judicious to Miarrrl,
yon understand, an so we confined nurselves
to remarks that neither of us was obliged to
take any nonce of,
"I sited about au hnur after the Captain
had gone, thinking thnt he might turn back In
hones of catching mt In tnn act or meddling
with hlf bouse. At tho end of an hour I fell
sate ennugh, for It was certain that ho must
have gone on to Lucullus, and tbat be couldn't
get back Uforo dark, bo I culled the men that
were working on my house, and we Jacked
Martin's shanty up with the hydraulic Jack,
and had her on rollers in next to no time. Then
1 hltchod the oxen to her with a double ox
chain and started her toward the road. In the
rouracfrf an hour I had her planted square
across tho mtddlo of tbe road, so that nobody
could possibly get oy her. and I had my fonce
put up again, nnd the ground smoothed out
where It had been cut up by the rollers, and
then I sat down and waited tor the Captain to
"It was 10 o'clock an I the night was pitch
dark when I heard Martin coming along the
road and singing. I anew from his style of
singing that lu had filled himself up with
whiskey, and I rnlculau-d that he would be
cont Ideraoiy surprised when he found out
what had happened. Ho never saw the home
until he had walked bang up ui-ulnat It with
considerable of a trash. Presently he says to
hlmsulf: 'Heie's a bouse nnchore.l rluhtln the
fairway, andlwltlt no riding light dlnplared.
Thltbvers a pretty state or things.' Then he
hall tho house ln his IcudH voko nnd wants
to kbovv how sho Is, und where she Is from, and
whero she Is bound lo, and what sort of an
everlasting fool hor captain might rail himself.
Not getting any nnswer. ho s ore ho would
climb nlKjanl and watte the anchor wntt-h with
a bolailnu pin. Hut alter fumbling around for
some time and hammering on the door and
smashing ft lew nanos of glass, n near laea
struck him. "Thlthycr's a derelict, that's
wnal It Is.' said he. 'I'll Just stand by her till
dav light r-.d see It a salvage Job can't be made
out ot It.' Tbat was the lust that I heard af
Capt, Martin that night. Ho lav down In tbe
road close alongside of the house and was
asleep and enuring the snore or tbe Just In less
than a minute. Then I wont to bed myself,
considering that them wouldn't bo any more
performances that night,
"Tho Captain woke up be'oro I did the next
day. nnd when I rame out ot the tent he was
ni where to he teun. having unlocked his door
and gone into the house. About tinnri he
camo nut on the verunda, looking pretty lav
age, and I remarked to one ot tuv men that
nobody hut a Ikx-ii tool would nut his house in
the middle nt Iho public rnad, for hn would be
curtain tn be lli.ed fnr!obtructlng the road.
Mnrl'.n didn't say anything, which sort nt
riled mo, sn I said to tbe man who wat nenr
et to me that I wanted him tn go straight up
tn Lucullus nnd tell the r-herlff with mi cnin-
fillmetits that Cant. Martin's limite was stand
ng tllrcctlv across the road, sn that I couldn t
git by It with the men. and that It was the
Hherifl's duty to see that tl.oroad was kept
clear. The man naturally did as he as told,
and In the course of the day the Sheriff rndo
do An und investigated things nml ordertd Mar
tin to luke his house nut of the road.
"I didn't put It In the road,' suld the Cap
tain, 'and there ain't no possible way of tak
ing It out of tho ro-id wHhout nutting It on the
properly ot thnt Individual nlnngslde or you.'
" 'Heaving cuss words at o-e or our leading
citizens,' says tbo riherllt, 'won't help you.
I'll glvu you two dnys tj take your hnuto out
or the way. and It at the rnd tit that time I
Unci It still ln tho road, I'll make kindling
w-nnd af It and arrest ou Into the bar aln.
You hear me.'
"The Cantatn heard hlra well enough and
knew that he meant builness. However, he
didn't condescend tn make any answer, and I
could see thut he wan determined to let his
house stand where It was. The truth Is he
couldn't do anything cite. He couldn't haul
It nark on tn mv land without committing n
trespass, and he couldn't haul It on to his own
land without t1rt gutting It across the river,
which was more than he or any other man
could do. My own Ideals that If It hadn't
boon for the cloudburst that happened the
next, afternoon. Cap:. Martin would hnvo
waited tor the Sheriff with a sbntguu, anil the
Sheriff being one of the brightest minds In
our section, would havo had his revolver
ready, nnd before tho work of demolUblng
the house could begin iheru would have beon
one or two corpses ready for the Coroner,
"Vou know what a cloudburst Is? Weill
that Is astonishing. A cloudburst Is what
wo call a sort nf Noah' flood without any ark,
Ynu see snme big cloud, thut holds perhaps a
million tons of water, suddenly goes to pieces,
and the water all anies down nt anuo, the
same as It does at Niagara Fulls. Thlshfer
cloudburst that I am speaking ot took place
thirty or forty miles nlmve here, and the w hole
lot of water ran Into the Pamponuosuu Illver
and swelled It Into a raging tnrrtnt thnt
sw,it everything before It. I heard It coming
lust before It reached me. and J went for that
hilt yonder st fast as 1 could run, and Just
managed tn reach II in time. IWore I started
I hailed tbe Captain, and told him to run
while he could, bat he pretended not tn hear
me, and remarked, as If he was speaking tn
the unlvorso and all the rst of mankind, that
tho curse oftliMiyer country was the con
founded Impertinence of the lower classes, He
was one or those men that nobody can help ex.
cept with a club, he was that everlastingly ob
stinate and conceited.
"Martin saw what wa going to hanpen Jnst
as well as I did. and Just before the flood
struck blB houso I saw him trying tn rig up
a sort of steering gear by lashing a plank tu
ono of the veranda potts. Then tl.n Howl,
which camo down llko a wall six feet high,
burst on tho house, and awav 1: whirled. 1 he
Captain's steering oar wasn't of tho least use.
and before be went out of eight he dropped it
and out down on the railing of hi veranda,
wltb an arm around tbo post and bis pip In
his mouth, aa comfortable a you please, I
ivatched him for the liest part of a mile, and
r ' " t. Kr"
..Lv ( ; J
A merchant whom iCtoZtbrtl has a supply of Rlpans Tafcules In Ms detV st tnt
-.at tkV.. !l. iiwlm In his traveling bag. In-a drawer ol his dining-room sldeboitd
?&Z,VVlMm$raimia bis fishing kit! for he fs something ol s
ffinles Tra to Tbe lth him In about at eonttant demand at tobacco to a tailor. 1 ailed him
IhoaMiStSSntuttoi RIPANS TABULES.snd he told m thin
? H som"tUn"n bS'lnetS annoy, me It upsets my stomsch. but a Tabu e tsV.n at the time
neutraHtet the bad Influence. Vhen I travel I am apt to be troubled 'th conitlpatlon, but
a Tabule at nlil.t In.uret a pleatant and healthy movement in the mornUc. H I drink a tlm
of Vine too much, or eat a det.ert thst hst a tendency to uptet roe, a Tabule it an tntloolt.
Wn fishier. In the .un.hin. threstens a hesdache. a Tsbule cures the tendency snd what
It good for me It often Jutt ss grest a boon to a chsnee compsnlon. For that reaton I alwt) t
ha them within reach. They don't eon much, and they never do any harm. I would n
more think of depriving rnyielf of their beneficial ministrations than 1 would of tola. th.
out my frequent bslh or occstlonsl dgsr. Since I filtt learned abc-ot them and their ldt
I application. I have had fewer tick dayt and life hst more tumhlne In It. J
I couldn't see bnt what the house was doing
very well, and that tho chances were that It
would bring un In some safo locality before
rrachlng the Muskingum Falls, which ar
seventeen miles from here. 'Anyway.' I say
to myself, 'here's an end of trespassing on
my property and blocking up tbe pabllo road,
and nn eud of a mighty dlsagrreablo neighbor.'
Tho Hherlff. when he came tbo next day and
found tbat there wasn't any work for him to
do. said pretty much the eatne thing. .. ..
"What became or Cupu Martin? Well, hi
house floated ashnro down nlrh on tn seven
teen miles from here, and th Captain never
eo much as got his feet wet. When tbe water
weut down It left the hnase nn the most valu
able corner lot In West Antloch, Just where
the neoplo had calculated to pat un a new
opera house. Of conrse. the owner of tbe lot
made trouble for Martin, and Martin mads
trouble for him. There was no less than fif
teen eeparato lawsuits going on at the same
time between them, and the protpect was that
they would both die of nld age before the court
would find nut who was In the right, Caot.
Martin made un arrangement with a grocer In
the town lo heave ln all hla supplies through
a window, and he loopholed the walls ot his
house and mad It sbotproof, and jvoro that
he would never leave It alive. He never did.
fnr one day he got so particularly mad that he
had a stroke, and when the Coroner broke Into
the hnase a re w days later he foand Martin
lying en the floor dead.
"Yes, sir. what with cyclones and cloud
bursts and prairie fires and blizzards and such
like, northern Minnesota Is a middling lively
place. However, we folks that live here never
alio ws ourselves to worrv over what may hap
pen to-morrow, and then again, mar not hap
pen for the next twenty years, Ilesldes, It
would rake a llriUclu's cyclone or a tremen
dous big flood to move a house that Is built as
solid as thlr hotel Is. sn too needn't be afraid
that ynu'll find yourself sailing through the air
or floating dnwn the Pomjonoosuc tbat Is. so
long ns you pays your boardlregalar. as I am
free to say vou always ha done, and I pro
sume yoa always will do."
tiik mtAJizr rrn.DK.LAxcr.
Found tijr Br. Calnaettn to Bi the afost
Tenenoan or Amertenn Henkee.
The recent experiments with snake venom
made by Dr. Calmeite of Paris have demon
strated that the venom of the West Indian
fer-de-lonce places that reptile at the head of
the list of North and South American deadly
snakes. This reptile thrives in the greatest
numbers on the Island ot Martinique, where It
attains a length of eight feet and Is much
dreadi d by the many persons exposed to It
fangs on the soger plantations.
This serpent is scientifically known under
tbe rather startling name of Cratjirdoccpi.
olus tanffotafut. It belong to the vlperUe
group whloh comprises th North American
rattlesnake, moccasin, and copperhead: ln fact
the copperhead Is an exact counterpart of It
West Indian relative ln every particular ex-
iibad or Till rilt-DB-UaWOS.
Drawn from Ufa,
ceptlng color. The makes of this grnuo pos
sets long erectile poison fangs, which when
not tn use are pressed against th roof of ths
month, but when lbs mouth Is opened to bite
tho fangs spring forward ready for action.
These fang are really hollow teeth opening
In a small hal at the tip and each connecting
with a gland behind the eye containing a dead
ly fluid. Nature has given the for-de-lance
this fluid to kill Ita prey, and for lt poison
man a yet haa found no Infallible antidote.
The fer-de-lancc, or moprpiiv bnltavn, a It
la cnlled by tho Creoles, frequent the damn
tropical forests of the Island of 8t, Lucia,
Martinique, and Trinidad, feeding upon birds!
frogs, and rats. It goes to the sugar planta
tions to obtain rats, and thus Is. In one way,
at least, of some benefit to the sugar planter.
When alarmed this creature throws It body
Into a coll. and Inflating ttse'f with air glare
it tin object of Its anger. At this time It v"
brates its tall rapidlv. as do most or tho ven.
oaious nnkes or this group, a habit probably
I'Jfi V '.V cl05e reIa''n to the rattlesnake, if
slll further annoyed. It draws bacfc the head
and strikes will, wide y dt.tendcd Jaw. Sd
the fangs. Handing upright on the upper Jaw
stb Its tnrinentnr If the blow Is trurVat the
aroe time Inoculating the victim with thVu
venom. Thla operation Is performed In "hi
fraction of a second, ton quickly for thn erJ ,
follow It. and the vlcum into ShM- fey t5
Mulct has been Injected staggers blindly for"
Not long ago the mon onto was broutrht
from India to exterminate tbo frr-do-luncc
Tho moiigo-Ms rreemblea In ehnrsV an shfe
a ferret and was said tn prey ! lurgelv Tnn
snakes; but tho mongoose, finding Itself In u
strange i country und not wis i "g n wai do?
from the hands nf tho who lm 1 treatcT It so
tender y during Its trip, confined "J Stuck!
upon the chicken ynrls nf u. towns ana
tlm mnpep.ro still rules thn Interior or the it
nn.ls. The mongoose hwame ir "rely nnotl.eV
nest of the Islanders, who uinst oidure ffij
the presence of reaches three InchriUma
rlgantlc spider, scn-nlnns. and "jntloides not"
tn mention the smaller creature, vv Id Swarm
In troplcul region. Hlstoiy record. i!K?
currence In Murtlnlquei : rrcora tnU oc-
A wealthy resident nenr the enntt l.ti,
pccaslnn. and soon their con vursutltin indllaui,
ter, in ngling with thu muaip "A? Jl .iJirS t"'
tra changed ,. I.,, mrwrtXluYg&Ki
festivity. Hut niuoog the lirnno' -a of the tr.Si
and In the ihk foliage of the palms other
ssfesf av ass law'iSS'S
movement of thn merry nurtv rT
i .n.,,," ""'"Iclans announced tho lieln
nlijg nt the banquet, the men nnd women wen."
Indoors nnd the uninvited guVsts tnnk ijfo T.
bSk'ihea.Wb.rhm'.8,! IF10
.swag? a.,5aftgE
and before sufficient wara'Si confiiJ,ta.neo'
aoxa in mis oovmthx.
CoattiknttonaMent In Rea-nlarlr by that
Club That Constitute thn C'nkna Rart.
Intlonarx Party Home Sloney from CtVt 11
ad Mare from Pnrls-Unrtl' Wsrt. I
On often hears the question : "How do Ui
Cuban in th United State raise the most;
necessary to send expeditions to help theniM
ot?" Th answers to this question reveal tti
self sacrifice and tireless energy of the patrieu
living ln ths United States.
The Cuban revolutionary party was fosodei
by Jose Marti In 1802. Men of bright Imsiltu
tlonsar seldom practical in executing pliu,
but Marti, a poet, proved to be an exception W
that rale, organising; successfully a political
fore for a no less practical end than wit
against a warlike European nation.
It la true that the whole of Cuba was ;t
pared to take arm when th revolution brott
out on Feb. 34. 1(103, bat what would thli prt
aratlon amount to without help from abroad!
What could the people of tbs Island doajilut
a powerful Government If they had no arret u
fight with Experience taught Marti thst Cu
bed es failed tn 1808 for lack of arms. Btfon
attempting, therefore, to begin the war be foiti
a source of aid from abroad. Marti organised i
system of collecting money for the Cotu
cause before th first shot was first
ln ths revolution. H had bat a imill
sum at the beginning. Ths Spaniards gtt
erally believe that Marti disposed of million U
and oven the cartons and groundless leettl i
prevails In Havana that ths American Soju
Trust pat at hla disposal large soma. Tbs trail
Is that he started the war with no mors tbu
$75,000, which Is not enough for a small elf
dltton. Bat the Caban revolutionary partr fl
itted, and It represented millions. The founda
tion waa ao well laid that tbe death of Mini,
a few days after hla landing In Cuba, did sol
check the march of the revolution or the politi
cal progress of the Cubans in the United Statu
Marti knew It would be so. and wrote to a frit:!
tn Havana a short time before he was Killed.
"lean die now, because my work Is done. I
feel that I will soon be In tbe hands of thtt
destiny which makes snme men dlisppeu
after finishing their mission tor tbe coed of
their country."
The Cuban revolutionary party Is compoird ol I
tho Cuban political clubs throughout tbe rolled I
States, There are about 300 ot these club) i.l 1
working under tbe eanie general regulation! of
tbe party, laid down by Marti. A new cud U
cannot be tounded without having at least
twenty members not belonging to other dots, f
Eseh club has Its Hoard ot Director", wlitilu 1
President, Us Treasurer, and lis t?ecretarr.
Each member contributes money according ts
hla re-ources. The Pre-ldellts nr alt the Clut
form tbe council of government of the partr,
whose miaslon Is to aid the delegate, tn orf nl
public meetings, and to take care ot the sub
scriptions to tbe parly's fund.
The clubs. In a general election, which it to bs
hsld every two years, appoint the Ireaturer
the party. The do egate is the pleuipotenturr
appointed by the ttovernmentln Cuba snd tu
full power tn dispose of the lunds. lie bat t
fullctinfldenceof tbe clubs and may act as r.i
likes. Ho appoints tbe Secretary nr the party,
the sub-delegate and all hla emplo)er lit
designate the men for any mls-lon, and con
sults ihoto he cares toconsult, or acts millet
consultation. In fact, his power it nDiolutr.
People In this country speak genersiir cf
Junta nr Hoard of Directors uf the luiani. sr.d
the term Is uied to designate the office of lb
delegate, but nothing nf the kind e.x -t. Tnt
Junta waa the organization of the it refla
tion. Now tne delegate Is the only auttiorit)
At first It appears that such an oi-gnuiailoa
as that founded br Marti Is autnrinti l snd
antl-ltepubllcan. but one must ouiaider that
the Cuban Itevolutlonary party, in iitfli not
military body, has a military purpo-e. and
must be subject to military rule Power te
act In military affairs cannot be given aditn
tageously toa council; they mutt be uivcn to
man. U, before bonding an expedition lulu';
Ir berore buying a lot or arms or curtrnleet it
a given moment, the delegate should have t
cunoult eevoral persons, secrecy nud r fWtM
would he out of the questlun. .,
The Cuban revolution-try parly i 'lf'4
with the bnnextyand patriotism of t edriista
After the death ot Marti, who was an id mflM
Cuban?, the rlubs selected a- hi run fits'
beflor Tnma- Estrada Palinn. who , n.e Plrnl
potentiary nf the republic nomln-it-d t' ' ""'
eral Astembly held on the Island it -i inaf J
In Cepleinber. 1HU3. Thn treasu'er i iho or"'
ol the dulcate, laSefWr lteiijnm.il li irrr. re
elected three lltneMlin manln whine i k'tinij'"
character Marti had unbound, d coull-b " J,"
lrty Is well ..aiUfled with both. ilietj
ban who contribute m thucntiM' if me r oil
try khow that tholrmnney Is right imtwlt"!
,.."'."" ,nuo month agn a hunk - """,?'
t till street inked Seilnr Palmn ub. "' "" ln.'
corns nf the Cuban treasury here, i' win";'
prised to see an averagonr S'.'OO ii'"' inun'uif
revenue. It Is a wonder that the t ubiti i"!ral.'
grants, mnttly poor wnrkintr people, i u i alfori
such heavy sums for their cmtntri if '',rllJ
that eiich Cuban clgKrinnker Iraw- '' P
rent, of III. wages at the ilriec.Hi " ' J?'
vt holu pny fnr one day's work ev en " ' '?
an extraordinary event 'eomres a m i-p"5i,i
the i Cuban laborer Is always nady for it T&t
(.tibttii laborers go without home rum' Tiisna
they deprive themselves and their fan ',''' J
"'any necessaries of lite that tbey ma) '" 'U,M
Cuba free.
Till: Sun said lately that gulden ti ' fs,"ti
Jli ilnre the tleathnf Macon. 1'roin it- ' """I
In Paris alone r-eflor Nicolas do I aniens"
biniigbl to heiior Palma nearly 1 ' ' '''
special collections among thu club i ''';
try have amounted on this ncc.i "ft
than g'.'pO.OOO. Anv Cuban icver-e,. irad
vvt-iikcnlng the patriotism ot the tu nil uia1'
Eraiits, reem tn Increuse It. , ...
1 rum Culm aim comes money rn --'1 "r "
patrluts by taxation nf the t-nuntrv "' '''
town.. Hut this !s not a regular l "" ?1
cans the nolloy of the Cuban armr n ' ,""'r0'
all the i sources of wealth In the i I I"1"
which tho .Spaniards uUo could derive u n'
pay their vtur expenses. . ,.
Itlsensy tn understand why spanl"1' niP''1
mary works eo bant In this country ... n,! '" ,
Ijiibuiis, Thoy are the Btiiitiiirlera of lb" "',' '
tlon, Dnpiiy do Lome, Willi nil hl per nal In-flui-nce
In Washington, nml with mt'i ""I.'
disposal, Is unable tn check tbo pntnu' ''
sacrifice of the uubun colony.
WHIT1I MtUMfihir? MMI r..iyM ' "lT
ri m I KaB;a,KiSraHiM.a
fsmac, tMls fUMtsM. rxutiula tkla. blwir '","
tt HAII UU lrsstlaf.j (arts tsltlit V) tu, tl drnttM
. ,vL.. -tfl

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