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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 25, 1897, Image 9

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-m- otiir.n iiiddkh najvee that
iiaenia usEi.r bouetimeb.
.. ...'a Htady of Changes at F.r.a-
Uor. Than . Coa.elo.ne.s
S"..""-"1" ro" 8e,r for A"o,h,r-
rhsnies of jeronalltv hava fromtlme Im-
.rUl Ut ob.ervecl. wondered at, and
m.t m .Vrd. with fear a. being super-
Tr This view was taken by tho anot.nts.
.whom the phenomenon of an altered o
', 0f personality w" classified M tempo
re Insanity. nl not until Hlbot, Janet. Rlohtt,
Krifi-Ebln. nl other eminent psrcho.oirlsU
, . tin the study of It was It properly olassined.
ril.ec.ie of bypootlo .nbjecti.lt waa clearly
'?" th,t ome of thetn possessed two and
.hree distinct coneclousn.ssst; a patient of
p"? Janet, who was normally Madam. B..
..A nirere.l to the name of Monle. belnc In
?,... .ubllmlnalcon.clousn.ss quite .differ,
'""..on, pontine. and In the aecond iub
iimlesl consciousness or third penonalltr a
iiH different per.on. Leonore. Of theie per
."..Hlles Leonle was conscious only of her-
If Uontine recoKnlied the exlttence.of
i-o'nle thoujhw a different person, but knew
nolhlnir of Leonore; while Leonore recognized
Loth Uontlne and I.eonle, and knew nothing
of anr ''rtr Wonallty. If deeper person
alltr there were. The rule holds good In all
cues that each consciousness knows nothing
0gr subliminal consciousness further down
Us scale: but every subliminal consciousness
recoinlitj the personalities above It In the
scale. Including the original personality.
Starting from the basis of knowledge afforded
br the hpnotlo experimenters. Dr. It. Osgood
Maion of this city has written a monograph
saUtted "Alternating Personalities; Their Ori
gin and Medico-Legal Aspect." which Is at once
a cartful consideration of the problems arising
la deelln. with sub-personality, and a plea for
wider, deeper, and more general study than has
jet been lven to the subject by the medical
profession. Dr. Mason, as an expert In mental
dlitasti, a student of hypnotism, and a psycho'..
cflit, has a large experience upon the subject.
I classifies the conditions under which the
inbllmlnsl self has appeared, as follows i
"1. There are the cases of distinctly alter
ustlac personalities. In which the change from
oae to the other occurs suddenly and sponta
neously, and an entirely new personality comes
upon the scene, entirely sane, with perfect
isowlsdgeof and in perfect harmony with Its
environments, continuing not only for hours,
hot for mouths and eren years, performing the
dalles cf life in a wholly normal, useful, and
mf1irv manner.
"I. There Is the rary large class of cases In
which the second personality or subliminal self
Is brought to the surface by means of hypnotism.
It is this subliminal self which hears the sug
gestions made by the bypnotlxer, and Impresses
them uoon the primary self on Its return to
consciousness, so as to Insure their fulfilment
as post'hypnotlo suggestions. It Is that, also,
which Influences the functions of organlo life,
causing suoh marked chancel In digestion, cir
culation. and especially that wonderful Influence
oaths vaso-motor system which by suggestion
csues vesication, stlgmatlxatlon, and kindred
"3. There are the startling phenomena which
occur in ordinary sleep, namely, somnambulism
and verld Ira', dreams.
"4. There l the large class of changes in per
sonality a well as Intelligence brought about
br recognized pathologio conditions of the
orsani"rn. , ....
"betides these classes, there Is the whole
series of automatic actions automatic speak
lag, writing, and drawing: also hallucinations
of hearing voices and seeing visions, all nf
which belong to the varied action and Influ
ence of the subliminal self."
After considering briefly the nature and
source of personality, the author gnex on to pro
pound his theory of the cause of subliminal con
tclouinesses: " How did these various phases of our person
ality, so distinct and different, claiming for
thsmselres separate exlstenresand names, come
lo eiliL and u hy do they manifest themselves
still! As Rlbot would describe personality by
a stngls word habit so I, perhaps with more
obvious propriety, might describe the appear
aaceof a second personality with the single
I word stavlsm.
"It is a well-recognized fact that certain
clesrlr denned truths or characteristics, either
ptmlrsl or mental, existing In ancestors, near
or remote, ma;, after passing by one or more i
genersUonr. at length crop out distinctly and
unmistakably In a later one. Physical pecull- I
-trtuetnr deformities, tendency to certain dis
misses, or prciltar mental characteristics are
frequently in this manner traniDosed; also a
peculiar insight or genius for certain pursuits,
as, for Instance, banting. Ashing, and: frontier
life, a military career, mathematics, music, act
log, or scientific pursuits, existing In a marked
degree la some nesr or remote ancestor, may.
Indeed, be Inherited directly In the succeeding
feneration, but, on the other hand. It may pass
srer one or more generations to appear In an I
Unmistakable manner In a later one. '
"Suppose, for Instance, that flvs generations
back there appeared a man of marked and thor
oughly bad characteristics, married to a right
minded, moral, even religious woman; that he
was a winner of morality and religion, profane
and vicious In life, and unscrupulous In his
deslings with others: that the generations
hlcb Immediately succeeded nlm enna. under
Influences which, aided by Inherited character
istics from the mother, led lives of morality,
uprightness, or even conspicuous piety. In the
fifth generation, however, appeared a man
who. In the midst of these moral and
religious environments, was conspicuous for bis
profsalty. vicious life, and unscrupulous con
duct, so identical with Ms remote ance-tor as
to mate the connection undoubted. Where
did tbls evil leniency exist during the four
atervening generations? Let us tap the main
line between tho two extreme points and see
wast Information may be extracted.
In the fourth generation was a mild, rails
louily Inclined woman, but of unsound health
and pernai of unstable personality. From
scraa sudden chuck, syncope or lots of conscious
Bess occurs, and. as In the case of Felida X., on
recovery an entirely new and different person
JA,y"fondto have taken the place of the
original one. It professes to be a man. and to
lis horror and consternation of the good people
sorronndlnr her she commences to curse,
;J,.i"'"r everything good, and upholds
snUments and practices of the most of
feailje and criminal character. TbU per
B?..n M .c,,.a,n of memories and a personal
J.fL" n'l.re'y foreign and unknown to tho
Maury self, but quite consistent with those of
i! .Ltmot ani-estor whom we have considered.
is an hour or a day the primary consciousness
KiJ.'1?""' bnt tn"e ' not the slightest
itSI!. ,M i0' "collection of the character
i...ti. M "presented In her seoond rer
u ..J,"' "nrl ."' llkey the ' diagnosed
h-JJVYT"'""'! In a more primitive age
,7.. d,.hve been called possession by an evil
rK..,lw ln "Mlty the strongly Impressed
characteristic,! of a distinct personality which
St? ..?. dormant In the subconscious
snVr..I ." iterations, now coming to the
iii!Si,'.mpOr,rll untler favoring rlrcum.
" In the fourth. In another generation It
an. i n.J DPred, an atavUm. as the primary
slit. fil wrsr.nalltr. In Ilkemanner a person
I i.i.i ' ,cnnnlcuous goodness or conspicuous
niiiLl?.'"11 ' 0Tr mny generations of
sn. 'i" nr '." ivll-doers. and appear, a pleas
int.?;.. 'J11' f "r on' "" many generations had
U ,.'! . 'I!1 trem personalities might
aii?f lk",i ln m manner, and more than one
....' Impressed upon Individuals In -uc-Gi,In'.t,.,,n,
Klving rise to the perplex
Pirsonami ' dcbale'1 "ndltlon of rault plex
ordiV.l!! """ T,.'w "' tl,a origin andnatureof
! inn Jim Ve" M alternating personalities. It
ssMfi" lci"t" determine the medlco-legat
Itl?.. 1 1 m w2,lc1' '"'"' r" should be viewed.
iotlih.n,,n"t,hBt ,no Pr'mnry self must
or bVrt J ' '"r-'nslhio for actions, either good
frdh;co.m"'"t,''.1 b lh1 second or anyauo
IsnorSn. ,I;'.r." "ll,,l'' tUKe " ' nbsofutely
of ihJJ.10'1'""' nas or even of the e.tltence
U ion ?r'r;"n.""lle, u woul11 undoubtedly
or wrnn5,ra"1J",' Individual from vlolenco
Perim.miolr,: dVrlnK ,he oresenee of the
longer, .h r.nn'"l."' the wrong, bnt no
de n'faS?.,lt would bo ""horrent to all our
veJihrrlnf1.1. ,0. "4l" tbB ' "' even to so
h" bnnL,i' tlle '"dividual whoso Identity he
ordlnar,? "."'toined to aiisoclnte with the
rommii..iilf' on "ccount of wrong doing
notT,y "''vncceedlng personality while
"It , ,ViV"lf y" wl1""' unconsclouJ.
lihKraft i-w ttv." 'm"1 mnlftly unjust to pun-orner.i;LbHn't,,llraft.B-
for theft committed
eheld A1pe,"ina.llfv' n1 "'" t(e co""
lviaual.'lii .'"' ln J.1"1?1 1""' lhe "nlty of In-
lile? wVim.aC4?r "5 K alternating person.
W lt'el7w V, ,t,l,l'' ach state or personality
ttuVt APtWA1,1' !"' "ference to other stales, but
i.lr.' "ctchHly with reference to the primary
wn'ali'i.?n!li',er,lnn "'Insanity as bearing
clsr,, If?ru!B P'nonalliles. Dr. Ma.on de
Prlmsri ,Uf",Jri'tKlh,at,lt ' notthelndlvldual'i
lakerin riiiv.w,,,chi l"blnK examined should
HFIIM.T"'1''" ln ,lie conclusion. He says:
clVsrer V,,,' ''f1- "nd condition had even
nd ulVr.V,, n,,uf-'bnsliin of her surrounding
nistVv - ,n,,. ,wiittMl ,,he "ame '"ay he said of
Wlf f, u'rf1i,",'i1.lUluV "leinf the same kind.
rfr,.Lnl Insane. In d sposlng of lhe case
lUiiiir Iyinru,l,al " "'at s affected, and
after. ' nhKU t,r"nt '"""I'1 not bo maie to
ln'sVho,m,,le ' RPPllcable In Judging of
1 action1"' " f 'M'oertalnlng toperrons nhose
I MMI,rr",a",l"malc.even though cnnsclr us.
I U.J! who .. ?h '" '"inently the case with
I latT.SD.ak5i" iS faculty ot automatlo writ-
s, speaking and othir automatlo actions
carried on by the subliminal islf t tht ability of
the subliminal self to Influence the action of
the primary self, as previously shown, mutt be
taken Into account and the degree ot responsi
bility Judged of accordingly.
" Professional expert!, by opinions given In
courts of Justice, often virtually decide ques
tions of liberty and even of life; but he who
gives such ODlnlons without taking Into account
the possible Influence and power of automatism
and the subliminal self, assumes a responsibil
ity which better Instructed men would consider
grave Indeed.
" In conclusion I would say that the fast of
alternating personalities, or the subliminal self
with Its manifold manifestations, has a very
Important and practical bearing, and demands
.much wider and more Intelligent study than
has hitherto been accorded to It by our profession."
bated nr xne a in Arris.
Am Old Clrena Mss's Hiory of KeaiarkafcU
Mld.t.ht Keseut,
"Whenever I look at a giraffe." said the old
circus man, as he stood for a moment ln front
of the giraffe cage. "It makes mo think of an
experience X had once ln the old days when
circuses lused to travel br the road and not In
spacious trains of their own as they do now.
"Wo had showed one day In a big country
town, and after the night performance we
struck tents as usual and packed up and start
ed for tho town where wo wore tn show next,
some twenty-two miles distant. It was midnight
when' we got started. Along about 2 o'clock
In the morning, when wo had made, I should
say, about six miles, we saw through the trees
ahead, off to the right, a glow of light, and I
rode on ahead to so what It was. The road
along there lay through a big stretch of woods,
bnt a little further on It took a bend to ths
right, and when I got to the bend I saw about
a quarter of a mile further along on the right
hand side of, the road a house afire, and la
about half a minute I was alongside of It.
"It was a two-stcrv, square, frame house,
standing' not very far back f rum the rood, and
without any verandas or porchos.or any projec
tions whatever,' but Just the steps from tho
front door. The house was all nflra on the
side tonard me as I came up, flames coming
out of the second-story windows, and Just be
ginning to ourl out around the caps ot the win
dows on the first atory, and! the folks In the
house were all at the second-story f. -on, win
dows furthest from the side ot the house that
was burning most. HtlU J couldn't see why
they didn't como down the stairs and out tho
front door, but I did see a minute later when I
got a little nearer and looked In below and saw
the house was all afire down stairs, and the
stairs already blazing. And the house stood
on a foundation that reached four or Ave feet
above the ground, so that It would have been a
Jump of fifteen or twenty feet from the win
(lows, and they didn't want to lump, aua i-o
they Just stood there, huddled tugether at
two ot the windows, holle.'lng.
"All the time the circus wis coming along.
and by this time the centre pole v, as halted
abreast ot the house. Nobody could get a centre
pal. up any quicker tha weculd.butlf we had
raised It here the upper end of It would have
rested against the roof of the house and been a
foot or two awar from tbe wlndova,and It would
have been pretty risky for the folks, exclfd as
they were, to try to reach that distance froir.
the windows to slide down It. to say nothing
ot the risk of losing the pole, aad I knew some
thing better than that, any way, so 1 hol
lered to the folks to hold on. and then t start
ml the centre pole on and rode bact along the
line myself.
"We had at that time the biggest giraffe I
ever saw, one that stood about eighteen feet
high: I may pos.lbly be a few Inches off In
tbat. but not many. If any. and he was the
most docile and Intelligent giraffe I ever knew.
Ills cage wasn't verr far from the bead of tbe
line, and I hustled him along uu to the front,
the rwst of tbe procession keeplug moving all
the time, but when we got the giraffe cage up
tn frontal the house the line stoDDed, sort of
Its own accord, because everybody was Inter
ested, and it sohapcened that It hailed with
theanliutl cages strung along right ln front
cf the house, and every blessed animal had
his nose up at the grating ln the aide of the
cage looking out at the burning house, and al
the people In tbe windows and seeing us ma
ncDUvr) the giraffe cage. And there wasn't
an everlasting alcbt ot time to lose. now.
either, becaute the Samcs were already be
srlnntng U) come out of the front windows up
stairs and down, on the other aide of the front
door, on the end of the house toward tne burn
ing side, and things were beginning to get
more or less lurid.
"Wet opened tbe giraffe' I cage and let him
out. W. had taught him to lift men up to tbe
bars) of flying tiapezei, and to pick them off,
and this was a cinch tor him: but the biggest
mine about U was that he seemed to under
stand Just what was wanted ot htm, Ws
sheered the grizzly bear cage wagon out of the
road and up tolerably near to tne corner of the
house, and then we started the giraffe, the
two grizzlies ln the cagejooklnir onjvlth the
reSt. mm m
"Tnere was a man and his wlfa and four
children ln the two windows, and when we
turned the giraffe loose be reached over and
closed his teeth on the clotber of one of the
children, and then h-s swung his head and
neck ronnd like the arm of a crane and landed
the little one on top of the grizzly bear cage:
, we had men up there ready to receive the
I folks as they came and hand them down to
men on the ground. Then old glraffy swung
around again and lifted out another child and
swung that over to tbe bear cage, and then
the other two, one after another. And then
he reached In and picked ud the woman and
landed her there safely, and tnen he reached
for the old man. He was a big. solid man.
weighing 330 or '0. and It made the
I old giraffe's neck bend when he lifted htm
I clear of the wlnuow sill, and tals ttm-j he
didn't land Ms freight on the bear case.
lie made a bluff at It. but he just missed It.
and then be Just let his neck bend over like
the bending ot a bough of a tree and landed
1 the man gently on the grou.id. When the
giraffe lifted his bead up again after that he
winked Jnst once at me: onlr once, but I
could see that wink plainly by the light of the
burning house.
"Well, we got the giraffe back Into his cage.
and then wn got that and thn grizzly bear cago
back into the road, and then we itojj by and
, saw the house bum down: we couldn't dn any
thing to save It. and It didn't last long. Then
I we put tae folks the giraffe ha saved into the
band wagon It was cold and wo covered
I them up with buffalo robes: we had buffalo
I rones In those dare and then we txik them
i along and left them at tbe house of tbe nearest
nitahbor: ln fart, some of the neighbors had
come up ln time to sec tbe giraffe lift tbe last
of them out of the window.
"That was a long time ago, but to this day
I never see a giraffe without thinking of how
tbe old elgntren-footcr lifted those people out
ot the second-story windows of the burning
A. r.eall.rlir of b. rmH-Tb. af.rketUst
of the Crop.
The largest of the estimates made months ago
of last year's enormous apple crop on this con
tinent have been more than verified as far as
verification Is possible. The crop was by far
the greatest ever known. A peculiarity of
many of the apples of this great crop Is that
they have ripened after picking more rapidly
than apples usually do. Many apples are as
ripe now as they ordinarily would be on March
1, and this condition of things exists all over the.
United Htates and Canada, Greenings espe
cially bare ripened and scalded so that It has
been necessary to crowd many of them on the
market ln advance ot the time for which they
were held. For example, many greenings that
had lieen held for February have been put on
tho market and sold. ....
The stock of apples ln growers' and dealers'
bands Is still very heavy, hut the tremendous
consumption, due to the great supply and low
prices, especially In the West and Houthwest.
have cleaned up to a considerable degree the
supplies put away last lull, anil caused a re
newal (if Inquiry. There Is said to be now a
favorable pro-pact for a more satisfactory sale
of the remainder of the apples held throughout
the country.
Hubstantlally the same state of affairs exists
In Europe. There the apple crop last fall whs
smaller than usual, but tne exports to Europe
from American ports have been far greater
than usual, and they have continued large; the
markets there hate been overstocked at limes,
and some American shipment hava resulted In
loss to the shipper, the proceeds not covering
cost of shipment. Extremely low prices have,
however, helped In Europe as here to close up
stocks, and there Is now a renewed Inquiry for
nuples from the United Kingdom and from
continental porls. A very rxtcnslve receiver
and shipper of American apples said that
this might result in such Increase of ship
ments as to bring ubout another glut In European
markets; but it was thought that ot apples
hardy enough to export tne supplies remaining
are not so great aa to make it Impoeslblu for
European markets to take at reasonable prices
the quantities that will be sent. The exports of
anples last week from the United States and
Canada amounted to about 71.0UQ barrels, uf
which between ao.OOO and 40,1)00 barrels were
shipped from Halifax.
Demerit llarks for Hatlroad Afea.
In maintaining discipline on the Long Island
Ilallroad hereafter suspensions and lines will
be discontinued and Instead a record of services
will be kept. In whloh each emutnyee will get
guod or bad marks. In casean employee reaches
the limit In demerit marks he will be dropped
from tbe employ of the company, while the ones
attentive to duty will stand In lino for promotion.
atonies nr ah ahkiiioah iruo
Fer.oaal Appearance st'th. Cuban leader
-Life at III. Ue.il4narter.-Ne 1.1k In a
for Display, bnl Htrlet Dl.elrtlnarl.a.
from the tllnntapoltt Timet.
Readers of the Time will remember the In
terest which was created a year and a half
ago ln the probahle fate of Franc R. E. Wood
ward, a newspaper man who was rupDosed to
have been killed ln Cuba at the time ot the
death ot President Jose Marti. Later reports
were received of his escape from the 8panlsh
soldiery br whom he bad been condemned to
be mot, bis perilous adventures with the Cu
ban army, a recapture and escape with ten
companions atter lire comrades had been shot
by the brutal Spanish butchers.
Capt. Woodward's homo Is In Minneapolis,
He returned to this city about a year ago, and
has slnoe remained with his mother at 1320
Hennepin avenue.
While with the Cuban army Capt. Wood
warderved undor Gen. Antonio Maceo, and
several ttlmes he was on detached service with
the brother of the great leader. Jolt, who
was shot n towCmonths ago ln battle. Capt.
Woodward is probably tbe only white man In
the world to-day who can tell something; ot
tho characteristics of the Cuban'leader, as he
passed almost three months ln camp with
htm, seeing hint every day, marching with
lilx, eating with him, and sleeping ln a ham
mock nlongstde Maceo. For a time he com
manded tho personal caalry escort and acted
as English secretary, attending to the cor
respondent Incidental to the tour which was
made by the little army when It was still In its
Infancy, and whon It was recruited by a march
around the entlro custom eud of the Island.
'The first time I saw (Jen. Maceo," said
Capt. Woodward last evening, "was on a
May morning In 1RUJ. I had been maVIng
forced marches In company with a scouting
party commanded by Capt, Marco, with
whom I had been travelling since I left the
mountain hospital at Jlrawaca.
"Distinctly do I remember lhe morning on
which I Urst saw the great black leader. Our
horses were blown atil exhausted. We had
changed animals a half dozen times that
morning, as wo haJ been In tho saddle since S
I'clock. I was astride a homely, camrl-necied
brute whose sides I had cruelly lacerated with
the. spurs, and the blood had congealed along
his tnud-snatlered sides. Long lines of men
stood by the roadside and stared at me aa 1
ode along by tho side of Capt. Marco, followed
sy half a scoro of ragged, tired nion. We looked
ltku almost anything but soldiers. It took us
but a short time to pass tliej halted Infantry,
and then I saw the first regular cavalty of tho
Jubun army. Imagine a collodion of a arthy,
rasged, cheerful-looking men, carrying all
anrts of arms and aocoutercd In nil alytea; their
lean Jaws et In determination and w Ith brlirht.
Intelligent eyes-eeatrU on a lot of round bar
relled horses of a generally Jaded appearance.
and you havo caught the idea of Mm cos cav
alry as It aPDcared at the beginning of the
war. Cob (loulet (killed t Ilaomai sat at
their head He gave me a smll. and nod ns I
rode past, and I lifted my tired hand In salute.
"A group of a wore of horsemen occnoled a
knoll to the right of the road and a rod or two
off It. Past this point the little army was fil
ing and (Jen. Maceo was making his first re
view. He was mounted on an Imiuenaotorrel
stallion, br all odds the finest looking animal
tn the whole aggregation, and with erect brad,
shoulders thrown back and features alert he
spoke to the various officers and men as they
laboriously marched past. He wore a broud
brimmed Panama bat, a elean coat of natlte
linen of a light brown color, trutsera of the
same material, and tied at the ankles with
bits of palm ft raw; roarso. strong shoes of ns
tire leather laced with tawhlde thonus. Around
his waist he wore a wide leather belt, appar
ently an old saddle girth, and attached to this
was a revolver holster In which nestled a
pearl-handled Hmlth & Wesson :iR-callbre re
volver. In the belt he had nlno thrust a cu
chilla or native knife, something like a shoe
maker's knire. sharp aa a razo. He wnro a
black wiry beard and mustache. Heneath
tbe mustacho could be seen when he smiled
strong white teeth, which looked wolfish when
angry. His Jaw usi square and firm, showing
great power anJ fo-ce of will. His bead was
finely abannl. Ills hnnils and feet wire small
and his nails were well kept. In stature he
stood about II feet and -J Inches, broad-chested
and powerfully llmbrd. In every glance and
every movement there was command. Ills
complexion was that ot a dark mulatto. His
features were well formed and pleasant to look
"By his side sat (len. Ilabl. the cavalry
chief. They were chatting together when
Major Ilapnael Portuondo. now Secretary of
Foreign Affairs In this country for the Cuban
Uovernmen.. touched him on the arm and
directed his attention to our little band as w.
came tolling along up tbe alone of the hill.
Ha gazed at mi with Interest, as 1 was the only
white man la the entire assemblage; aa I
afterward learned. In the entire army. Thtt
la. real while. The Cubans are aln.ust all ot
them of n light brown. He looked at me as
I left the escort and spurred my beast toward
him In efforts to put some life luto It. hat
the horse would only groan and look miserable.
I fancy he appreciated the situation, alio tbi re
wax a twinkle ln his eye as I pulled up In front
ot htm, drawing a packet from my breast
pocket, and saluted with the words:
" 'Despatches for (lens. Maceo and Gomez
from the Junta In New York.'
"He raised b!seebrowa In surprlieand then
stretched out his hand In welcome to me. I
felt proud to hare mr hand grasped before all
thTS. men by a man who was the bravest of
the brave. He motioned me to replace the
despatches until we s'ruck camp, and I fell in
with the esccrt behind his staff.
"There was no formality ubout the head
quarters. In front or the door sa. Pancho. the
busier, mending n pair of torn trousers, while
his bugle lav on the ground beside blm. The
armorer was Just Inside the door tinkering
with a Colt's rifle, and a little ways further In
the room were tnree men loading paper shells
tor shotguns.
"The (Jeneral politely asked If I had rested
myself, and the" followed hundreds of ques
tions In relation u the personnel nf the Junta
ln New York: what Congress was talking
about, the possibility nr probability of the
United Plates giving Cuba recognition, dc.
There were tears In theees of Uen. Maceo
when I told him of tbe public meetings which
were being held nil over therouutri raising
fund for the cause of frrrdom. and when I
concluded wltn a statement that I was sure
the Government would reccgnlze the bellig
erent right ot the Cubans he placed his hand
on my shoulder and In broken words called a
blessing on my head for the good tidings I
hail brought. He asked a number of personal
questions ln connection with my military
training, examined with Interest the magnifi
cent revolver which I had brought from the
United States through the tinea of Span
ish Custom Hnuso officials, and then MM me
that I should remain with his staff until I hod
perfected mi self In thn languxge of the country
and act as tils English secretary. Major Por
tnnndo then made his report nntne cipher mes
sages wnlch Iihad brought. and tbe General told
me that the Information contained was of the
greatest Importance to the cause, as It was tn
relation to tbe shipment of large quantities
of arms and ammunition frcm New York.
"From t'aat time on for a period of almost
three months I was In lhe company ot the Gen
eral almost every day. He a as a man of many
moods. At times when we would bo chatting
and laughlug aofily, principally nter mr efforts
at pronouncing the liquid words ot their lan
guage, he would sternly giro tho commend,
'ailencla.' 1 have seen him ride for hours
with his bead bent and brow corrugated with
thought. Not one word would he speak, and
every one spoko In whispers so that be would
not hear a wo.d.
(len. Maceo was always tbe leader In ac'.ton
as well ns In theory. He was Intrepid In thr
fare of the enomy, and I have seen him ln the
saddle in n'aln sight )f the Hnaulsh sharp
shooters gazing at their lines through a Held
glass, without an appearance of noticing tile
whistling bullets. At that time I was acting as
the commander of his personal cavalry escort,
and tho arduous duties of tbat position consist
ed In nlnays being as olosu to him as we could
get. We numbered about thirty, and It was
not an unusual thing Ui soe thirty heads duck
down vihsn n bullet caino whistling overhead,
htrunge tn say. neither the General nor any
nt my party was ever hit while engaged in
such duty, although lhe Infantry escort suf
fered considerably at times. Marco carried
over thirty wounds. There were five gunshot
wounds in his chest. Untler tiro li serine 1 to
b-ar a churmed life, at least In the engage
ments I saw him in, find I underctood that
he lielleved that the bullet which was in end
his llfu would find him whether he dodgod or
liar. So he did not try to gut out or the way
of them.
"Helnever smiled during the times that I
saw him. There was always a gnu e look on his
tare, as though his thoughts wore busy with
weighty things. At times ho would lie moit
horribly annoyed at trifles, especially breaches
of discipline. He thought the world of a man
v, ho would fight, but he did not euro for nor
repoct a man who did not like tn tight.
"Maceo did nor care tor display. When I
Joined him thero was with the company a
package sent out from SautUgo tie Cuba con
taining sotno red leather legalngs, a belt, and
an espada, or short stabbing sword. Tho
aword lm1 a guard on It, something that the
machetes did n t have, and Maceo had the
armorer take ttJ guurd from thn espada and
attach It tn a serviceable machule. He was
slwuys careful that the men wern respurtful
In his presence, and none or item dared trans,
cress the various slmole rules which governed
his littln court out there In the wilderness. I
do not thins, .nat there were any whocar-d lo
do so, either. His word was the only law that
prevailed. His punishments were strict and
to tne point. It a rule was .broken the man
had to suffer for It. no matter who he was.
When be captured the town of Baradada, a
mall port un the., north coast, tho op store j
i ,
t 1 1 '
was looted' by.. tbV men and everything aer
Iceabls was carried away. There wa no com
mlssary department. The men took what
they wanted tu ueo and left the rest for those
who came afterward. When the last bad left,
bowover. there was not muoh left. In tho
;ellar of the store was found a i.nantlty of gun
powder, abont 200 machetes, several thousand
rounds, of ammunition, and a score ot cans of
black machine oil to oe used In the mill where
they made sugar. The looking ot the men
was very simple, and If was customary for
eaoll servant or soldier to carry a small bottle
of 'monteqtiello' or grease to use In frying the
sweet potatoes. Grease was a scarcity, and the
man were anxious , to secure sonenf the ma
ohlne oil to use In frying tho articles or rood
which were cooked ln that manner. Maceo
set a gujtrd to watch tbe ammunition and nil,
which was plied up In the centre of the street,
until It could be carried away by the Pack
animals. He had htsheadquarteriln tliu store
building, and sacat a table writing letters, &3
almost the entire day. He had given positive.
Instructions that no man was to come within u
certain distance of the oil and ammunition, as
he was aearo ot their fondness for the tormnr.
The guard, wa a good-natured fellow, and
some of his churnf. rho thought Maceo was
not watching, signalled him tbat they wished
to carry off one of tho cans. A goad oppor
tunity was awaited, and when It was consid
ered safe one of the men mads a quick move
ment, seized one of the cans, and started oft
with It. Maceo was apparently watching them
nut of the tall of his eye. and he seized his re
volver, which lay on tbe table In front of htm,
and took a snapshot at the man with the nil
ran. Tbe bullet struck him ln thr leg. Ho
dropped tho can with a yell, and the General
snspped anjther shot at the sentry. TTie
sentry sottlv pined up the oil can and nlaced
It on the pile again, while the uurlolner limped
off amid the jells and Jeers or his compan
ions. Tbe General ordered another sentry to
take the place ot tho one who had failed In Ills
luty. and he was relegated to the servants' list.
The Oeneral cave a sardonic smile after It was
over, and at one returned to his work."
Ds.th aad Illae. Attributed is b. Tro.
nortl.n ofC.rbenle Oxld. la It.
Botrox. Jan. SI. That time-honored, whts-ker-grewn
Joke about tbe man from Maine who
blows out the gas and wakes up In another land
than his native Bkowhegan, no longer strikes
the Dostonlsn on tbe funny bone. Death has
arrived so often ot late through the gas mains
ot Boston that timid people have returned lo
kerosene, and dealers In lamps have ordered
extra consignments. Tor a week discussions
have been going on about dollar gaa and the
death-dealing carbonlo oxide therein contained.
Water gas Is used here, and since Its Intro
duction, about ten yrars ago, death by asphyxi
ation has been on the Increasu. This gas con
talus from 89 to 33 per cent, of carbonic oxide,
whereas the old coal gas held but about 7 per
cent. There ussd to be a law In Massachusetts
fixing the limit ot carbonlo oxide at 10 per cent.
That law was repealed In 1884, about the time
when experiments wire being made with a view
to Introducing water gas In Boston. Now there
Is Ulk of passing a new law similar to the old
one, and since the seven deaths by gas last
Monday several members ot tbe Legislature
have been urged to do something for the pro
tection ot life ln Boston.
Forty persons were kilted by gas In this city
between Feb. S, 18U0, and Jan. 4 ot tbls year.
This number was Increased by seven last Mon
day. Most of these deaths occurred In hotels
and boarding houses, tbe gas reaching the vic
tims through leaks Id the mains or from care
lessly turned off cocks. Coal gas. under tbe
same circumstances, would not have killed. It la
averred, and this Is tbe reason why Boston Is
Just now wisDIog Itself back to the old-time
fluid even If It did cost mora. Not only has
water gas killed, but It baa also made people 111.
Dr. W. F. Draper, medical examiner for the
city, believes that a great many cases of so
called nervous prostration can be traced to the
fumes of watsr gas. Jn some cases of po sonlng
by gas, where tbe victims are discovered before
the heart slops, the most diligent treatment
has failed to revive them, and they have lin
gered on for hours until death came. Thn
doctor tells this to show the difference In tbn
effect of coal gas and water gas on lhe system,
as a great many people hava been saved after
being reudered unconscious by the fumen of coal
gaa. Prof. Edward S. Wood. M. D.. of the Har
vard Medical BchooL believes that unless relief
comes from another quarter the law limiting
the amount of carbonlo oxide tn 10 per cent,
should be restored tn the statute books.
"The theory of the manufacture of water gas
differs entirely from tbat of coal or naphtha
gaa." says the professor. It depends, first, upon
tbe production of a non-lllumfnating gas from
steam, and, secondly, upon the manufacture of
petroleum, naphtha or cannel gas. for the pur
pose of furnishing the tumlnants. The greet
advantage of this process is that very large vol
umesotnon. luminous combustible gas can be
made very cheaply. This Is done by passim:
steam over Incandescent carbon, which haa a
very powerful attraction foruxigen. abslracta
It from the auarn, and unites with It to
form at flrstamlxtureothydrogenand carbonlo
acid. The carbonlo acid Is. un passing through
another layer of coal, deprived of one-half of ita
oxygen, and carbomo oxide Is formed. Thus we
hate as the result. If the process has been prop
erly conducted, a mixture of hydrogen and car
brittle oxide, both of which gases are combusti
ble, but burn with a colorless flame.
"In making water gas. anthracite, not bltu
rolnous, coal Is used, and great care Is necessary
lo kssp the temperature up to a white heat,
since If 11 falls loo low a large proportion of
carbsnlo acid Is formed, which diminishes the
yield of the finished gas. since it must bo re
moved by purlucatlop. or If It Is not removed It
lujures the Illuminating power very much.
Anthracite coal contains sulphur, and yields
ammonia whsn distilled, so that purification Is
as necessary In the cas. ot water gas as of coal
gas. Water gas. as Ihus msde. contains as a
rule about 40 or 60 per cent, of carbonlo oxide,
and about 10 per cent, of petroleum or naphtha
Prof. Wood says that tho owners of lhe vari
ous patent processes for making water gas ad
vance aa one of their strong arguments the fact
that the non-luminous gas alone can be distrib
uted for heating purposes at a cost of only a few
cents tbe thousand feet. Thn distribution ot
this mixture of hydrogen and carbonic nxldo
should be opposed, h.says. aa tbe gas Is devoid
of odor and extremely deadly.
"This mixture." says Prof. Wood, "contains
nearly fiO percent, of carbonic oxide, which Is
one of tbe most active of poisons, producing
when Inhaled speedy death. According to Le.
blanc one volume of It diffused through 100
volumes of air totally unfit- It to sustain life."
Prof. Wood cites tbe fact that although the
manufacture of water gas for Illuminating pur
poses on a large scale has been subjected to
Investigation, experiment, and trial for mors
than twenty years In Europe, none of the large
European companies has adopted It. Last
Thursday night water gas furnished a theme
for warm debate In the Common Council. One
of the members created a sensation by asking
for the appointment of a committee to Inquire
Into the process used by the companies In Boaton
who, he said, were making gasoutof" water and
other foreign substances." He Is from ard
six, and may be related to tbe Alderman of
story who wanted the city to purchase a male
and a female and raise Its own gondolas.
By a lnttt Talk II. Drive. Sapartnt.n
stent Colyer to Kc.len.
HivrrsTXAt). L. I., Jan. 24. The exoltemsnt
In the village of Unlondale because two ot the
trustees of the publlo school, George B. Colyer
and William Van Wlcklen, had forbidden the
Itev. Charles Hchultr, pastor of the Con
gregational Church, to hold a night school
In the building, was Increased to-night when
Pastor SctiulU denounced from the pulpit the
principal t the public school, Caleb Simons,
and the two trustees. Mr. Colyer Is also super
InteDdentof the Monday achool. Mr. bchultz
said in substance:
"I started this night school to teach some of
the menof Unlondale who cannot attend Ihetluy
school how to read and write. My efforts were
rewarded far bnt ond miy expectations, and after
three months' attendance men who before could
neither read nor write could do so with ease.
Principal Simons then circulated tbe report
tbat I had mutilated Ills desk by standing
on It. He also circulated the report tlmt
I and my assistant, Mr. Alvln G. Smith,
had allowed bote to throw Ink around
the room and upon tho walls of the
school building. I met Trustees Van W icklen
and Colyer on thn street. Mr. Vim Wlcklen
then damned mo from one corner to tho other.
How will, or do you, allow suoli men to act as
trustees of your public school y They are making
every effort to prevent me teaching the poor
and Ignorant people of this village free, but I
shall conduct a night school and help these
people to get an education It one hundred thou
sand devils come out of hell to stop me. . ,
"Mr, Garrett Durrea. the trustee who Is
standing by me and assisting me to keep up
this nlgbt school, made an Investigation, and
found that no damage of any description bad
been done In the sohool room.
"Although Mr. DUnealsahotel keener and
sells liquor. I honor aim respect him for the part
he has taken to assist these comparatively
Ignoraut men to obtain an education. In this I
look at hla noble character and not at his occu
pallon. How I do hole a man who sas
he Is a Christian when In reality ho Is a tool of
the devil. Either thesuperlnteiident of the Sun
day school, Mr. Colyer. must leave this church
or I will. If religion cannot change a man he
must be the properly nf the devil.
Thepastnrls supported, with but few excep
tions, by the prominent residents of Unlondale.
A petition l In oiroulatlon asking fortlin reslg.
nation of Mr. Colyer and Mr. Van Wlcklen as
trustees ot the public school.
bhortly before he conclusion of his sermon
Mr. Bchults received a note from Mr. Colyer.
tendering his resignation as superintendent of
the Copgregatlgnal rfuoday School. It was ac
eeptid br an almosttjuanlmaus vol of tho con
I grsgaUon.'
m )
I -v
' A'AXnttkit.,
nusreraln'a Casta- Hllre 17. the flpart-A
Lively ClnV Day.
Since tht arrival of James Fitzgerald, the
Irish champion, matters have been booming In
handball circles, especially at tbe Brooklyn
Club's Court, where b Is mastering the fine
points of the American game. Fitzgerald had
a lively brush with William Courtney, the
South Brooklyn past master, on Friday, and tbe
two artists furnished a very pretty exhibition.
Conditions favored the Irishman and he won. SI
18 SU A big crowd spent the Saturday halt
holiday at the court, and Fitzgerald was again
seen to advantage In a doubles match. He had
J. Davles as partner, while tbe other Traleo
graduate, Jerry MoMahon, picked J. Uyland.
The latter pair won after a rousing match,
111-17, 10-Ul. Ul-20. beveralof the local ex
perts showed up well In other matches.
Standing room was at a premium during the
entire "olubday" session at the court, lovers
of tbe game coming from all directions to see
and greet tbe olever little Irishman. Fltz and
MoMahon wound up spirited day's sport by
going In against Phil Casey and James
Dunne, Jr. Tbe Tralee team played together
splendidly nbd tonk the first two games off the
reel, but Ui other pair then played up In fin
ished style and soon equalled the score, and the
friendly rivals agreed to call It an even break.
As a matter ot fact there was only a single ace
between the respective totals.
Play was also plentiful and ltvoly at the other
local courts, and. taken altogether. It was the
biggest "olubday" of the season. Tne scores!
attiik niiuoKLrn club's court.
John Tangier , Si 18 31-00
Charles llalsUh and J, ltyan 17 Kl 15-8 J
A. Oormaa and W. L. Jones lo SI a I 8t
M. Lennon and M. Gullom St IS 1V-63
1. MoMahon and E. Shell) IB SI Zl-At
. Suillvan ana J. Tasglsy 31 17 16 3J
K. Hopkins and r.Bulllean 10 31 31-03
Jl. ltyan and E. FV 31 7 30-44
JsmrsFlttgrraldandJ MoMahon. .31 31 17 16-73
rail Casey and J. puane,Jr 10 17 31 31-74
J. Mclver II 10 SI 18 31-100
J. Wslcb IS St 10 31 17- at
W. P. Csshmau and t. Fay 31 31 IS 3I-7H
T. I. O'CoonsllaudJ. Murphy tw 17 31 15-72
W. 1. Casbman 31 31 10-M
K.FayandJ.llurpny 18 17 31-30
J Ulrun (lOaoes) 31 i 1S-S7
It. Ulnogue IS 17 a I -01
J. Glynn and M. Jllnogue 31 t 31 1-44
M.J.Cathman and F.ay . ... ...10 31 13 81-70
C. Kllleleaandp. Mc(lralk.....vl 10 St IS 1-07
J. Kelly and W. Ilrady 18 31 IV 31 1U-MW
W. Delaney and W. O'Leary. 31 18 81 18-73
J. Fltipatrlck and J. Durktn 17 31 13 31-74
J.Iennnnand M-lially 31 Itt 81-M
II. Coiloran and J.Coleman IN 81 1038
J. Ilrrnnanaad M. Marren. 18 31 81-89
J. Clark and J. Kennedy 31 IV 13-33
J.HcogginsaudP. Flsrrly 81 IS 8I-A7
T, Fiupairlca and r.McOrath la 31 80-00
at the jcnsir cirr count.
M. tVbelan and John Ean 31 18 31-68
JaniMEfanandM.lonnsrs 14 31 80-3S
Ik 1-ogan Sn.l J. Norton 31 18 St-flO
M.FIynnandJ. Walsu 17 31 14-63
W. Muldoon and J. Douglas - 14 31 31-38
W. Jtorsu and A. Connors 31 18 30 6V
T. WaldronandJ. Moran..... 31 It 81-33
J. Orady and U Flynn 17 VI 17-33
P. Ri-ntt aflrl U n'runn.ll .1 SO 91 -7 SU
r. Heottana jLotonnsu si zn 31 7 mi
M. M.Koriyand J. V.Falvey 17 31 IV 31-78
M. Egan and T. Itoltaas 81 18 31-00
James riansrty anal', noott IV 31 17-67
P. Flaherty and J. Flrnn 31 17 3I-6U
U. llurph and J. O'ltara 18 81 14-OJ
James O'Connell IS 31-3(1
il.ucoaasll 31 ls-sv
M. Smith and J. Ilodowan 31 14 St-6A
J.llorsaand 1). Canning IV 81 17-67
F. Mcllulrs and J McOowan. 31 St 17 81-84
J. MurpbyandT.lUtlly 10 17 31 IS-oU
J. McOowan 17 81 81-60
M Hmltb 81 IS IV 38
', Murphy and D. Orlbbln 31 IB 81-81
T.Culland T.Madlsan 17 31 13-63
CMoUowanandM. Lundy 81 17 3I-6V
J. McOowan and P. Lundy lv 31 lv-BV
J. M.-alliaudJ. Murpby 31 17 Sl-CU
I O'Connor and J. Koran 18 31 14-33
P. McManus and T. Daly 80 31 31-63
D. bnaugnnesiy and D. McV.raara 31 18 18-33
J.ConTryandE.Tally 18 81 31-60
J. UurtMh andP. o'.Vsll 81 II 17-sv
C. McOowan 17 31 3I-3B
T. Mattlgan 81 IS 17-30
P. Uutphyaad J.xtadlgsn 31 St l-at
J. xturpbyaad UlfConnslI 18 30 81-38
M.OIynn 13 31 It 81-73
.i King si it :; :j-r.i
P. Durkln and C. Eacsn 18 31 81-00
C. Mulhall and J. Brodsrlck 31 17 18-60
M. 1-ehsnsy and H McAllister St SI 80-63
A.llrnnotandJ. UcFartane IV 17 81-37
J King 31 18 81 18-74
A, vulnn 18 80 18 31-71
y. 1-awlorandC.Malball 14 31 31 1-77
w. O'Connor ana P. Uulss 81 11 18 17-81
II. McAllister and J. lllcrlns. 81 16 31-38
J. KcFanane and J. Kane IT 81 14-68
T. O'Connor and Vi'.o Connor 17 81 81-39
JLUIynn and J. King 81 14 13-30
CI Mulhall and Olynn 81 Kl 11-63
P. Uulss and J. King 18 IV 3138
Oo..ls of ch. Carta.
Jimmy Dunns's troabls with bis finger put htm
off bis gsmo sornswhst. but he ts steadily round
lag Into sbape again.
P. Scott and I". Flaherty ot the Jersey City Court
stand ready to play . Lawlor and T. Utegins ot
Oreenpolni a Dome and boms matvh for (83 a aide.
Proprietor Egan of th. Jersey City Court gsner
ously offers to put up a consolation medal rorcotn.
petition between the three aspiring amateurs who
gt bowlsd out In lbs recent cnamploutnlp tourna
ment. Next Tfedntsday ts set down as a red letter diy
at the Brooklyn It. n. C. tbe special feature of tbe
matinee card being a friendly exhibition rubber be
tween Pall Casey, champion ot tbe world, and
fames FlUfsrald, tne Irtsn champion.
The enthusiasts who have been engsged In
the Inter-clly club tournament at continuous
pool have finished the first week of their tour
ney at Brooklyn, the result being that John
Huklng leads wltb two games won and no
defeats, while Harvey Roberts of tbe Crescent
A. I'.. Is In second place. The standing of tbe
players to date follows:
IT.m. U-L nan.
John Huklng (90) I 0 8
llsrrer Itotxrts (ICO) 1 0
Jacob Duhnie (lOoi 1 1 ii
(leorge liarnartl l7B) t 1 8
FredKetner Iti3) 0 1 4
J. T. Decaselih (lOO) 0 8
To-morrow night Jacob Duhme will meet
Q eorge Barnard.
Olbsoa'. Harssrie. at root.
rrawAsx, Jan. St.-Cnarles Olbson of Trenton cre
sted something of a sensation In IkaStalecbamplon
sblp pool tourney's! kturrsy's Arcade last night by de
feating John 8. Leonard of Ksdllankby the one-sided
score of 188 to 88, As Leonard was formerly a figure
In national tourneys, and as he put up a strong game
on ths opening ingot. It was expected that the score
would bs olose at least. The secoud gain-, was a hard
struggle between Frank Mssdeot Jersey City and a.
f.Zanssot Princeton, the former winning by 133 to
Amo.tc tb. Osrsass,
The annual masting acd elsotlon of offlosrs ot the
Middle ataus ltegalta Association will bs held to
night ai;th Hotel Marlborough.
Capt. Cassl ly of tbe Union Boat Club says that
tbe usw rowlog machtues will be plaoed In tbe boat
bouse by tbe Isttarpartof the weex and that bs
win (hen put his men tn training for tne Harlem
Bob Pelton has been trying hard to find new and
desirable material fur a Junior four-oared crew to
roorrsent the Beawanbata Boat Cluu In tbe cup race
at tho long Island Itegatta. Ho picked out and
trained (he winners of the trophy last year.
The directors of the Beawannak Boat Club of
Brooklyn have elactsd the following olDcers for the
year, l'reildeut, J. II, Yreelandi Vice President. K.
C. Wallacei Secretary, Ilalph Trembly) Treasurer,
Fred Ayorsi Captain, Itaberi II, I'oltoui Lteutenaat,
,, t- U'..hhnrn.
II, 1. wasnnurn.
Leon Mayer of the Lone Star Boat Club, Secretary
of tne Harlem Itegatta Association ami also of the
Middle States Itegatta Association, Is quite enthu.
lastlo over his pet bouby of forming a (Irrsttr New
York Itowmg Association. He hasueclded to oall a
meeting for tbe middle of February to coitldcr the
If tbe Valeoolas of Hoboken carry out their pro.
cosesl plsn of bullsing a summer boas house on the
banks of ths Hackensack Hirer, Capt, Henry
Hcliocku will be anis to make entries In ail the local
letrattaa. The clslt Is composed of good rowlnc
material, but ths rough, water on the Hudson, In
the vio nlty ot tbrlr boat house, has prevented the
inetnbera from doing th" necessary training In light
boats, A senior fuiir-oared gig crew will bo en
tered In the Uerlem regatta. Hie location for the
new house on ths Uackeniaok has already been se
lected. J
naaeball N.te..
Tbe Easton Dassball Club hss orgsnlzsd for ths
coming season with a first rlsss team aud will tin
under the management or Merman O. I.usiig. The
Kastons would like 13 bonk games wltn all teams
of plaiers averaging IB years, for Sundays and
holidays: alto out nf-town teams within 100 miles
of New York cllv nfTerlug suitable guarantees. Ad
arsss Herman (I, Lustlg, 834 Last Thirteenth street.
Mr. Hands. Visit. Or. Janse.on.
London, Jan. 24. Mr. Cecil Ithodes, who ar
rived hero yesterday from Bouth Africa in con
nection with the Parliamentary Investigation
that Is to bo made Into Dr. Jameson's raid Into
the Transvaal, to-day vlsltrd Dr. Jameson,
whom he had not seen before since the Invaslo..
of the Transvaal took plaoe. He found that
there had been much Improvement In the Doo
tor's health slnoe his release from prison.
Children Cry for
Pitcher' Castorla.
Th. Bay Slat. Always la 1.1a. TVhea Ctbl
aet Post. Are Distributed.
Massachusetts, which Is neither the oldest,
nor the largest, nor the most populous, nor the
most uncertain politically of the States of the
Union, has had a larger representation In the
Cabinets ot the Presidents than any other ot
the States of tbe country, larger even than New
York. P.nnsylranlccrOLIo, and It need stir
prlso no one to know that one of the first selec
tions made for the Cabinet of tbe President
elect was a Massachusetts man, a prominent
former Governor of that State, for Secretary of
the Navy. It appears to have been what may
be described as one of tho early political tradi
tions of the country that tn every Presidential
Cabinet Massachusettsshuutd have a place At
the breaking out of tbe llevoluttonary war,
Massachusetts stood fifth among the colonies
In population, and at tho close ot the Revolu
tionary war It had fourth place, Virginia
standing first, Pennsylvania second. North Car
ollr third, and New York fifth. In 1820,
Massachusetts had fallen to the seventh place,
and It has held that position almost uninter
ruptedly until at the last Btateor Federal cen
sus It was exceeded by New York, Pennsylvania,
Illinois, Ohio, and Missouri, Massachusetts hav
ing substantially tbo same population as Texas
at present
Thirty Massachusetts men havo held Cabinet
offices In Washington, and the list ts In many
respects a most remarkable one. Massachu
setts had, under Washington, the first Secretary
ot War. Henry Knoz. When tbe Department
of the Navy was created, the first Secretary ot
It was George Cabot of Massachusetts, appointed
by President Adams, also a resident ot that
Plate. The first Pnstmaster-Ueneral, Hamuel
Osgood, appointed by President Wash
ington, was a resident of Massachusetts,
and so was h(s successor, Tlmothv Pick
ering. Timothy Pickering did not have
what may bo called In these daya an
attractive name, but bu certainly had consider
able experience In holding Cabinet offices, for
lie was In turn Secretary nfHlate. Secretary of
War, and Postmaster-Qeneral. and also a Sen
ator and member of the House of Representa
tives. Massachusetts has been renresented with
credit In many Cabinet. Daniel Webster. John
(Julncy Adams, and Edward Krerett held the
post of Secretary of State. Oeorge Cabot, and
I eorge Hnncroft'wore Secretaries of tbe Navy.
Theophllus Parsons. Caleb Cushlng. E. Itock well
Hoar anil Charles Dovens were Attorney-Oen-erals,
Henry Dearborn and William C. Kndl
colt were Hecretarlea of War, and Samuel Dex
ter and George S. Houtwell were Secretaries of
the Treasury. The present Secretary of State,
Itlclisrd Olner. la a resident of Massachusetts,
and tbe next Secretary of the Navy will, from
present Indications, bo a Massachusetts man,
There ts one place tn the Cabinet, however,
which has never gone to the Bay State, and
tbat la the postof Secretary of tho Interior: and.
In fact, since Its establishment no New Eng
land man ants no New York or New Jersey
man. either, has ever held It. One reason to
which may be ascribed the favor with which
residents of Massachusetts are regarded by
American Presidents Is tbat Massachusetts
men. as a rule, have preliminary training in
Congress before they aspire to Cabinet posts, a
training which many other aspirants lack.
Haary Sefc.eek Fassle. tbo Staff .r at
Bronklya llo.ptlal.
Theyonng man who was found Insensible early
on Saturday morning In a car of the Myrtle are.
nuellneln Brooklyn and taken to SLCatharine's
Hospital regained consciousness for a while at &
A. M. yesterday. He said his name was Henry
Schneck, his age 18 years, and that be worked
for his uncle, a grocer at Columbia and Sackett
street, Brooklyn. He said that on Friday night
he visited a friend In the lower part ot Fulton
street, and on setting out for his uncle's grocery
he became dated and got on the first passing
car. Shortly before 0 o'clock be fell Into a
stupor, and half a doian doctors vainly tried to
arouse blm. He was In the same condition last
night. One of theSlslera at tbe hospital said:
" Wo don't believe tbat there Is anything serious
the matter with the patient, but tbat he is sim
ply having a sound sleep."
Schneck awoke agsln last night and answered
several questions. U. asked for his uncle, and
wanted to go home. His wish will probably be
compiled with to-day.
sititct loato.
Xa.t Side.
IftTIT BT 84 EAST. Warm, annny. counseling
VJ double, elngls rooms: excellent hoard: every
convenience: moderate. t
)OTHST. 131 KAST.-Handsome large second floor
,0 front room, slso single rooms; splendid board;
slOTII ST. Its EAST.-nasdeomelr furnished Urge
. . rooms table board unsurpassed; choice appoint
ments: mo terete prices.
QQI) ST.. 36 EAST, near Madison av.-Handsora
t) i rooms, stesm heated: superior table; table
boarders wanted.
Wilt HMe.
nTIt ST.. 31 Wr.ST.-slngle and double rooms,
with bosrd; 3d and Sd floon April U reference.
sjqd 8T.."I8 AND 80 WEST, l-t-een Broadway
sJiandStb av lately united. Tbrr. small rooms
yet vacant: table board-rs also desired, tab'e fur
nished wltb Health food Co. a cereal products.
QQU ST. if WEST. Usndsomsly furnished tingle
0( rooms; gentlemen: excelleut board: references.
3 Oil ST.. 361 WKVT.-Newtr" furnished" large and
j- small rooms: bosrd optional; terms moderate.
QQI) ST.,"l8 WEST, opposite Waldorf: handsome
dO rooms; en suite, slnsle; superior home table;
permanent: transient; references
sjsjD RT 33 WIST. Largo and small rooms: supe
0 rlor hoard, every convenience; strictly private
famtlyj references.
Q 4TH 8T, 311 WEST, near n'way.-llandsomely
0x furnished large suite of rooms, main floor: su
perior hoard, selext appointments; private bouse;
centrally located; terms reasonable.
sj I TH ST.. 1.2120 WEST.-Uanrteomely furnished
)'! large and small rooms; excellent table board;
very reasonable.
3".( TH ST.. 838 wrsT.-Handsomely furnished large
'r rooms: superior bosrd: select appointments;
gentlemen; terms ressopabls.
J.. TH ST.. "too WEST. Two nicely furnished par
")4r lorst eac-llent table board, ail convenience;
terms reasonable
1AKTH ST.. 78 WEST. Very handsomely furnished
JO rooms: board optional; every convenience:
tsrras reasonable; near .,"
t.trt goatd gey jfM.tij.
rpo rtKFI.vrn OENTLPMEN. large rooms, superior
JL board: 13 weekly. 814, Park av.. Hoboken.
Boat.! WlUl.tt..
N JERSEY CITV-Ily father, and son axed 10. with
1 qulsl family, good Home, plain table, and pleasant
surroundings tbe only requisite: terms must be rea
sonable. Address II. w., box 178 Sun .frloe,
cf utuljihtiISo0msgkpattmtutjJtiJ 3t
East Bid..
square I Handsomely furnished rooms. I -.00 up;
sll conveniences; gentlemen only.
MADIbON AV 108, near UOth.-Cholee rooms:
every eonvenlenoe: gentlemen enjoying home
comforts. Independence.
s) 1 bT ST.. 17 EAST Entire second floor: hand
Ox snmrly furntsbrd: private bath; family or gen
tlemen; rcasonab'o: references.
slBf"8T., 331 EAST. Nlcly furnished rooms, sin
.') 1 gle, double, and en suite; all conveniences,
terms reasonsble.
QI1P ST., (TVaiiT. off Bin av.-IIandsomely fur-O-i
nlshrd parlor suite; also single rooms; choice
3.4 TH ST.. 30S"KAST.-Nlcely furnlshsd large front
'J room; heated, L station, cabls; board optional,
reasonable. -
Wesl Side.
CIIAltLFS ST. 1S.-I.srge ond smsll rooms, hand
somely furnished, for gentlemen only. In prliete
family; nochlldren: ipilet neighborhood: references.
W A8H1NUTON PLACE. I.-Nlcclv furnished
Kiuarerouu; hot aud cold water, largo clouts,
also side room.
1 -SUITES." handsomely furnished: private hath;
. single rooms, with or without bosrd, references.
It WestaJd.
IsJTIl HT.. 40 -VF8T. A large cnmfnrtuble room.
. with bath. In iiulet, rennet house; gentlemen
only; references.
s HI ST , 88J WI-KT.-Conifortsbly furnished largo
O rooms, housekeeping privileges; also parlor
lloor; terms reasonable.
1 ST ST., 338 WIST Handsomely furnished largn
el 1 front rooms, hot and cold water, ample clonet
Q(D ST 8113 WhKr.lrge and suiallrnoms.com
) fortahly furnished; also communicating rooms;
ailconvenlsncrs; reasonable.
OQUHr., 18 WIST. Tero connecting rooms: itrsm
tit) bested; bath: flat, terms reasonable! ring
Co e'sbell.
Q I Til ST.. 113 WEST near n'way.-llandsomely
O'J furnished lame, sunny rooms: all convenience,
terms nominal: references.
Q(VTII BT. JO WKST.-Nlcely furnished rooms for
Ou bachelors; reference.
A 1 8T ST., Si)3 "" WEST.-Handsomely furnished
'J 1 parlor and hrdroonu steam beat southern ox
posure: terms moderate ,
rOJHHT,. 1113 WI'ST.-Nloely furnished rooms for
i, gentlemen all convenience; private family;
terms reasonable
g utnlsrit.1 gpom jEaJptt- gtfloMaa.
PINEAPPLE ST., BR. near Brldge.-Large and small
rooms, Including beat, bath, and gaa.
r -". (1 I- . , . n, , , -
cflnttf and prtmtnt go gptt, jD
Ferfoct Light and Ventilation. I
402 to 408 W. I 24th St., !
Onn Dlook from Station Elevated Railroad. '
HsnJtome new lists of 4, 6. and 8 rooms and hath.
room! steam hnati hotwat,r supplied: gas ranges. HHH
gss Krates. ssnltsry open plumbing work, xr. : blorcl. '!
room nnd rsok In basement! rents 833 to STi mast
be seen to he fully appreciated: now ready for occu
paney, Apntv to inndor on premises. nr "
J.EUflAK LCAYCUAIT.lSn Broad-ar, B
FLElTTdnrV.7fRCH I. '
Elegsnt new steam heated and decorated Flats, 4 t li
7 rooms, open plumbing, gss snd cosl ranges, hot
water supplied by owner. Office open Bundaysi fl
3633 8th av.. 133th snd 140th sis. (M
STIt A V., 133TH A 138TII 8TS.1
4 AND ft KOOMS; r
Apply to Fiall
PAUL MAYElt. 33W. 183th SL (BH
CATHARINE ST.. 48.-Ftra choice floor: only sight 9HI
families In house; handsomely decorated; rent
reasonable. Janitor.
1?I.ATH AND AI'AIITME.NTS. unfurnished, furnished, !lB-l
1 In desirable locations; rent i.'WO toSJ 000. HrfKH
tuLhOM UHUTHHts. 81 llmsdway.cor 1 8th St. BU M
LEttOY ST., 33. near'1ledford.-8lngle flat, four &?8i
largs. light rooms: sll Improvements: low rent. YJ
7ilfbT.. 33 CAKT.-Kleesnt flat 11 rooms, bathi all HflM.
Improvements: new house. Inquire Jsnltor. VW!H
1 -.Til 8T. 333 WKST.-Fourth flat: six light rooms 9c
JLO and hath; fit. Owner. !
1 1 QT,t hT" ,n EASTTnearithav.-Elegant single IStJlH
Ale) flat, 7 rooms, bath, heated: decorated. Janitor. MlI
1 il fff if ST.. 3(8 FAMr.-Aparirarntaof three and
X cr rour rooms: all light rooms: chesp rent, i!rV3-H
l. ! -S3 Vi$fi
girtlUnn ?ou0tjj o JtiCttn, - fiKJM
DESIItAIILK HOUSES, furnished and unfurnished,
In desirable locations! rent SI.-00 to 38,000. l3vV
FULSOM UllOTIIEHS. 833 Broadway, cor. 13lbsU ifjifH
Fins double and slntle plate front store: alio tw. ?9JIH
corners suitable for a barber, bakery, taltor, aroeer, FHI
or other business ; all steam bested. Apply atone. 3SI
and take advantage nf a reasonable rent. 8th av VR9i
lawthand 140th sts. Office on premises. t fljHEfl.
42 EAST 23d ST. B5M
In new nreprouf building with sll Improvements., ta
Apply at te store QclJCIILALUt.lt MHOS. rXXfl
A TO LET. Floors. In absolutely nr,-proof build" rBti
log. each rnnlalnln-r u uoo. 8 UOu and 4,300 square t'vi
feet, with use of Uroflreproof vaults: escellsntdsy ras
light on three sldt-s: freight an I passenger elevtor IHHoHl
aervice: power all night If desired; building fitted .HvU
with best system of electric lighting and automatlo sTtHNni
sprinklers. Apply to (lEOItQE MUNIIO'S BO.MS, 33 f JP!
Vandewater St.. New York. fc.
'i.AllflK number ot buildings, stores, lofts aaa 7l
J. orflces to let. rJBfS!
ItULANp 0 WH1T1.SO. B Deekman St. $!
DUILDIXOR. stores, lofts, ofllces. and studios to lei flS
1juiui;,in, stores, mils, uuicvs, sidu siuuios ig hi rHsH
J In deelrable locations. frVtral
POL80M llltOTIIKHS. 833 Broadway, cor. 18tb at. 1SI
1 FACTORY (new)-Five floors, SOzlOO: light on all &!
sides: luo-horse power and heat supplied; Isrg. BvUHi
elevator: dsslrsblelocstion. rent moderate for term SU
of years. M ATTIIEWis. 811 East 3flib st. Ck
lRAME DUILDINO tn let for light manufatturlnr fRB
X purposes. Clasaon and Park av. with rno n for IS rB
stalls and wgon room. McKCON. 788 Bedford av. flSr
gstal ggtntt. !S
Money to Loan ' &
Equitable Life Assurance Society wfik
of the United States. gfflH
130 BltOADWAT. N. T. l
No expense for examining Title aMi
except disbursements. I
StiU Cjitnte nt Ruction. fl
FJET-Bt fT-l-TEB, Aoetlonaer, 3
Will tell at auction on SS-fB
TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 1807, 3
At 13 o'clock, at tb. New York Real Est us Sale. S?liFM
room. 111 Broadway, lie f lf
Under tbe direction of ?!hI
BURTON X. HARRISOX, Esq , Refsne. ,3fe(!
For maps and further particulars appiy toTCRNER.
McCLCKEstROL8TO.V.Kais,Plsintirf'sAttorasys.83 PH
Williams., and at the Auctioneer's, 111 Broadway. N
gtnl ggtatt JTot ffalt Citg. 1$11
Northor Ith tit.
1STII BT. lifcT-l
Sacrifice. 8 handsome lots, esch 33x104. 3M each! &1t
bargain, 8 pretty lots, each 33x111. only 83n0each. lliWrT.
half cash If desired, cottage of 7 rooms. 33.330. onlr FAhl-J
8030 rash, balance mortiraee: house 7 rooms, all lav iviiuTtfl
provements, 43.730. only $5D rash, falanco easy. K !." ni
CUA8. W. HALLOOK. !?-(
Office White Plains Ave.. MU
i Wllllsmtbrldge. X. V. City. PgZfllV
SMALL IIOL'SK, 10th wsrd. near Powery. Inquire tH.'
two days VUt Forsyth St.; no agents. 'ril
gStal (Btrtatt ot jialt ttic Ittgtg. $Wm
PALIHAUEH DISTRICT! IJtrge lots. 7l n!ltiia
terms, 83.30 monthly thlsh around: near houses. ;iWT4i
WEATHEHUV. 371 broad way. l'Jf AIji
' JJB-f'B
..forale otJZo ?rt giw j?W3 Ulif
FARMS, residences, lakes, tracts for sale or rent. ft vB.'ti
t. J.CAIULU Uoonton. S.J. ( )inM-
P OULTRY FARM, nesr depot: good bulldlngsi fyiTl
choice fruit, high ground i 4.1 500 HK ','!
UOSLLV. no ferry st. city. if &wi l
BAR0A1N rront snd "rear houses frame, tilled i''S.5l
brick, 33.7xtu0, rents tl per month! owner must j t"Vt
sell. McKEON. THS Uedrord av. i?fviiV
R.M. Walters Pianos fS
105. 1QT WEST Ml) HT. Vl
A FINE I'PRIOIIT TIANO. 1143. 83 monthly: Chlok- ft 3$. m
ertng. bargain. WlbiiSEIi. SfJB
HO Montgomery St.. Jersey city. ffTiW
a HNR STEIN WAV. 1173, Si) monthly! upright. tJeUIV
A bsrgain. WlhSXElUlALL. wil'
il tt' "- Newark. N. J. 3fte Rfi
VBTFIN WAY Upright, eiery Improvement, gresl il5i-H.I
sscrlltie. Only 30. Rosi wood upr ght. tote ;Y
1 iniil.i:'hjl.astl4lhst Krti '
Ha7v(Ia"1N Nrwiiirilt ptsiin. Muehlfelt ft Cn Slutf V
Slim no Installments, ln reduction for cash t Vit'J-t'a
HUNT a. tBclnry.ViLaKU lllio.t.384 W. 48d si. wRmY
IIAIttlAINS-Chlckerlnit piano, 30; Stelnway, 1138) 'iNSrtvi
J new uprights, $133 Installments, it INTKIIHOTU, S)Vi)i
103Ist I4lli si . adjoining Rtelnway's. t Hilt'
l.M.ECUNT ri'RKHIT PIANO, $l3, monthlyt (WW.
1. Melntt ay. bargain WISNhEH. Y)i!"u
3U4, 3fl, liN lullonst., tlrookljn, open eirnlngs. JJ?JJV'
CTLINWAY, 8160, Id mouthly. uprlshtrent f 'WW? ;
B39 Fulton St.. Ilrooklyn, open evenings. JT'cV,!'
tiik cioKiiii.N ., .. rpititinT. ' vJij'K
ew ... pianos from 83'i upward, iJJ-fJCa
three .. .jeers'. pasments. without . Interest, tJfJili
also .larne. -lock slmhily..used from. .1133 up. fxltift
Rents I.) (lOHDON'S IUU Fifth av near .'.Otb St. VlPjVK
U PRUIHT 1'IAXO IMS, T inonthlv: hteinway, rJiW
bargain! rent I. ,, , wIhinER. iA&t "i
bi) mate St.. near Flatbush av., Ilrooklyn. is f ff
. ; ".!'
2uv.itt.o.e gcttowtl. ,W1.
PBEHIlsKNT. -,$,
305, 307, 309 Broadway, (f),VJk
New York. ittjfa
New Business. 1896, M!
$84,000,000. ' feji
No company offers a more advan- " IJj.
tageous policy than our five-year com- ' $M(
blnatlon option. tijv
HspresiMitatlte required In the leading cities sirtK'
throughout the United States. Applications to b. ) )t hit
j L'!!r. l.wfy.swi( , t.jV AWLt

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