OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 20, 1897, Image 6

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1897-02-20/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

F ' THE., SUN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1897: , ,
E rltlbterll.tlnnis by lnll I'ost.rnln.
B DIII.V. per Month MM
E nmi.v, ir vr ooo
& g-UXnAY. rr Ysr OOO i
E PAHA ANO Hti'NDAY, per Vear BOO j
E DAILY AND NltM.AV. per Monti to
m, Postage to forel n countries added.
L 1IIK SUN', New York Cllj.
' rMKii.-Kloique tin 11, Near (Iran J itotal.
ft Tlio Civil (Service Decisions.
B' ' The Appollnto Division of tho Supreme
K. Court In the Second .Indicia! Department
J concticil In ISrooklyn ycstcnlny, mill Imnileil
C down n tlcclloii In tliu civil service envj
f which was nrauctl before tliat irilmiuil on
f tho -'Utli of .tunuary,
I. Thin decision denies tlio power of tlio
Comptroller of the city of Brooklyn to np-
point ccrtnln subordinate officers In his do
i purtmetit except ns tlio result of a coin
S pctltlvu examination by which tlio respec
ts tlvo merit and fitness of tlio vnrlons
candldntei tuny be incertnincd, nnd tlio
n, appointments bestowed upon tlioio who
f jibs the. examination most successfully.
( Tho question whether n competitive rxntnl
( nation must bo held for this purpose Is
', mado dependent by tho Constitution upon
t the ptnctlcnbllity of tho method; nnd tho
court holds thnt the uncontradicted evl
p driicn In tlio enso beforo It established the
J' fact thnt ft competitive examination was
1' practicable us a menus of llllluK these post
, tlons lu the Comptroller's olllee.
Two opinions were written: Ono by Pre
; filling Justice OooDltlCH nnd the other per
I curiam, a the leKnl phruso Is, belntt nn ex
pression of tho views of nil tho members of
the court, without namliiK nny particular
JiiiIro or Judges, lloth of theso opinions
- manifest n disposition on the apnrt of the
L Judlclnry to onforce the civil service section
of tho Constitution according to Its spirit ns
well ns Its letter, nnd to trcnt It ns effective
. In controlling tho methods of nppolntmcnt
i to office In this State, even without the en-
nctment of new statutes on tho sunject, nnd
even though the Legislature should repeal
nil existing civil servlco laws anil do nwny
with tho Civil Service Commission itself.
t I The constitutlonnl provisions concerning
j appointments In the civil scrvlco aro tie-
' clnred to lo self-executing; nnd It follows
I thnt they nro directly opcrntlvo to control
the Action of nil ndinlnlstrntlvo ofllccrs In
i whom a power of nppoiiitmcnt Is vested. In
selecting subordinates the Constitution re
quires such officers to mako their selection
by means of competitive exam Illations, when
they nre practicable; If competitive exam-
lnntious nre Impracticable, then by means
of pass examinations when they nre prnc
' tlcnble; nnd where neither competitive nor
pass examinations are practicable, but only
' then, appointments mny be made without
any examination nt nil.
The Judges of tho Appellato Division,
however, think thnt tho courts should In tho
first lnstnnco assume thntnn administrative
i officer hns derided the question of pructlcn-
i bllltv honestly nnd correctly, In adopting
ono of tbeso methods rather thnn another ;
If and that whero tho question Is fairly dc-
(' bauble, so that reasonable men mny differ
about It, tho courts should not revcrso tlio
'' determination of the appointing power. Tho
5 right as well as tho duty of the courts to in-
terfero, on tho other hand, when competition
f I clearly appears to bo practicable, nnd hns
I not been ndopted, Is distinctly asserted In
ji the opinions.
1- This decision will doubtless speedily bo
taken for review to tho Court of Appenls, ns
C It Is extremely Important thnt the legal
r questions involved shnll be finally settled
V without delay.
I Tho Now Navy Dill.
. The House Naval Commlttco hns nt Inst
agreed upon the main features of the an-
nual appropriation bill under its charge.
J Borne delay mny bo Imputed perhaps to tho
I difficult problem of fixing the prlcoof armor
&, for the battle ships Illinois, Wisconsin, nnd
j Alabama, authorized Inst year. At thnt
time, as now, there was n demnnd in Con
k Kress for a reduction of the price, nnd the
plan adopted wns that of authorizing tho
; three new ships, while Instructing Secretary
k Heiidert not to make contracts for their
i. Armor until he hud cxnmlncd the subject
'. and laid his conclusions beforo Congress.
- It will be recalled thnt the Secretary
I found, nfter n prolonged Investigation by
j many experts, that $400 should be tho
! maximum price per ton, Including the
nickel. Senator Ciiasdleis, however,
thought that 8300 was enough to allow a
fair profit, while a bill has been introduced
into Congress which fixes the price nt $210
j' a tun, based on nu offer made nt these figures
,', by the Illinois Steel Company under the
i condition of along nnd cxcluslvo contract, to
" Justify building a now plnnt.
,' The House commlttco does not decide In
i Its bill what shall lie tho futuro prlco of
i armor, but for tho three ships now requiring
, it an appropriation of 53,210,000 Is made.
They will need altogether about 8,035 tons.
It Is, therefore, cvidont thnt the new bill
practlcnlly provides for tho Secretary's
' maximum of 5400 per ton, whllu leaving
t him at liberty to get tho nrmor nt n lower
p prlco If practicable. "Vo shnll hear much
' more of this subject during the debates on
' the bill, but tho action of tho IIouso com
' nilttoo seems meanwhile, to m Judicious,
J sluco It gives the Secretary the maximum
', ho nsks, while It does not seem likely thnt
armor for theso ships could be procured,
, without ilclny, nt nny lower price.
The next noticeable provision mndc Is thnt
for one ndditlonal battle ship; nnd possibly
t tho'Scnnte mny add uuother, or else n group
of torpedo boats, or both, The eagerness for
naval preparation, rlfo n year ngo, when tho
i Vcnenucln dlsputo wns unsettled nnd when
our relations both with Knglnnd nnd Spain
wero so threatening, has slnco somewhat
subsided. Tho Nnvnl bill nlso suffers per-
' Imps from tho extravagance of other pend-
f lng appropriation bills, notably tho Sundry
Civil which will rench nn nppnlliug and
scandalous amount. Again, exclusive of
t" the Iown, wo hnve now flvo lnrge bnttlu ships
In the earlier stages of construction, so that
n sixth mny seem enough to add.
Hut when the moment, of emergency
coiiicr, a deep sense of rellnuco on our ships
Is nlwnys felt. Huge nrmorclnds cannot be
' extemporized, nnd nt any moment of stress
all thnt can bo relied upon In sui.li vessels
is .what is already available. The uro
grammo of nnvnl defenco Is not yet com
plete, nnd a credltnblo Installment of It
should be provided In tho present bill,
It is only fair to sny, however, that this
b)ll, even In Its present shape, Inmost liberal,
and is worthy of n Congress which will
nlwnys lie momornblo for Its splendid con
tributions to tho forts nnd ships. It pro
vides for the enlisted forc at the high-water
mark of 1 1,000 men and 10,000 apprentices.
It gives the Ordnance Bureau more thnn a
f 5
( '
gM---., tiiTTmT i-rr' -isgrfam y -1-, -,;t - -
million dollnri, Including a very generous
sum for reserve ammunition. The Chlcnco
nnd the Hartford aro specially provided
for, tho latter alone having C00,000
set npnrt for It. A now composite
willing vessel of 11,000 tons, to cot
$au0,000, Is nutliorlzeil for tho Xnvnl
Academy. Kvcn ns reported by tho sub
committee, without tho recommendation of
n new bnttlo ship, the 'jlll carried the great
total of $:U,-IO,i!;il, of which sum mora
thnn 814,000,000 came under the head of
"Incrcnso of tho navy," very lnrge Instnll
ments lielug Jirovlded for tho bnttlo ships
nlrcndy under construction.
As this wns tho largest approprlntlon since
civil wnr times, nnd nearly $U,700,000 over
last year's, which had broken nil records
since that war, to ndd ono battle ship wns
liberal on the part of tho full commlttco.
Yet wo would glndly see n still larger pro
vision for new construction innda by tho
Senate nnd concurred In by tho House.
Mnlds Aiiiomr Mother.
Tho author of tho subjoined communica
tion from Newark Is tho first to evince ncer
tiilti perplexity which must hnvo been felt by
thousands who hnvo observed the proceed
ings of tho WnshltigtonCoiigi ess of Mot hers:
' TriTtir nnrronnr The Se.x-Slr: Mny I nk Tiik 8cs
squfillonnr twoahont thoConarctiiof Iotnrr now
mcfllnjln Watlilngtun, thvclilrt one brlnu shout o
insnjr of tttf e "mother!" being unmarr!rl women f
t mean no re!rettou rpmi tho Udk t, of courie. hut t
nil W'iD to MY It thejr nrn A' writ rjuMinM to
nrllr. In talk, ami to dlieum Iho ubject of mother
hooit nd the relation of niolhfn to chltilren anil
other memberi of the. famllr salt titer ttiemieltea
were mothers? Can they Initrtict as ahlron mother
hool without experiencing It? In fact. It It not a
fact that the greatest lerformera itrn not theheit
teachen. IT, Itnlee.t. they are tearhera at nil? The
fjucitton, then, narrowa down to thU, vho i pleaae
anawer or have anaweretl Doei n wotnau have to be
a mother to know how to be a mother f
A llnriim."
Must a vtomnu 1 initiated Into tlio grrnt
circle of maternity to acquire n comprehen
sion of the maternal relation t Nn, Does n
woman hnvo to bo n mother to know how
to bo n mother ? No. Kperienco compels
tho nnswer No, against nny amount of
theory nnd argument to tho contrary.
In almost every nrt tho departments of
prnctlco nnd preaching are so constituted
'thnt skill In one neither gunrantees nor
requires skill In another. Perhaps music
nlone, wherein tho great tencher Is rarely
tho grent cxecutnnt, Is enough to prove thn
possibility that the sympnthctlo genius
which sees nnd understands mny bo better
able to Instruct nnd educate than an artist
of tho highest practical urcompllshmcnts.
The grcntest teachers of Instruments nre
not the greatest Instrumentalists. Tho
most famous teachers of singing hnvo not
lieen tho noted singers. Literature, nlso, is
like music. Its most subtla nnd faithful
pictures of tho feelings of humanity In nil
nges, sexes, nnd circumstances, nro tho
work of authors In whom tho grent factor
is Illumination, rather thnn experience.
Not only wonmn's beauty but her Innermost
emotions, bu she wife, maid, or child, nre,
nu the whole, morn vividly nnd more phil
osophically put into words by men thnn by
women. To tnkc up music ngniu, woman's
best singing teachers hnvo leen men.
It Is beyond question proper, therefore, for
misses to be prominent In the Mothers'
Congress, whose credentials consist purely
and simply In having studied the maternal
chnptcr In tho book of life Instead of having
written In It. Maidens drawn to the study
of motherhood nnd childhood by special
predilection, very probably nre wiser nnd
better mothers' counsellors thnn nine-tenths
of tho mntrons. Lst no sclf-oplnlotiatcd
Cons'KMA curl her Up nt them.
To go further, we nro not sosuro thnt nny
clever, wlde-nwnko girl would not mnko a
useful member of a Congress of Wives.
Senator Hill on the Prospects of tlio
Wo lntely reprinted tho wholo text of nn
nrtlcle contributed to the Kebrunry forum
by Senntor David H. Him. on "The Futuro
of tho Democratic Organization." Theru
nre, however.ccrtnin fentures of the paper to
which wo would direct particular attention.
In tho passages to which we refer tho Sena
tor expresses tho belief thnt, under ccrtnln
circumstances, it Is possible for the Democ
racy to bo successful In 11)00, nnd enumer
ates the steps which in Ills opinion are indis
pensable to thnt end.
It Is, lu the first place, pointed nut thnt,
with tho exception of the reverses which
were traceable to tho follies of 18(10, reverses
from which the Democratic party did not
recover until 1871), it hns never lost a Presi
dential election twice in succession. Reason
ing from this circumstance, ns well ns from
thu inherent fickleness which seems to char
acterize popular action lu political matters,
Senntor IIlI.I. deems it fair to conclude that
the next. President of thu Pulled States, to
be elected lu 11)00, will ben Democrat, Tho
conclusion, however, is based mi the assump
tion that a pollcyof pacification rather than of
antagonism shnll bo ndopted by party man
agers townrd all factions of the Democracy;
that n spirit of charity shall prevail among
thnso honestly holding dhcrso vlons upon
homo few issues, whllu agreeing in the main
in many others; nml, nbovo nil, that there
shnll bu a recurrence nnd henceforth a
htendfnst ndhcrencu to writ-settled Demo
cratic usages and principles, untlnctured
with Popullstlc notions.
Tho assumption thnt such n policy will be
followed Is certainly well founded, unless
thosu responsible fur the management nf
tlio Democratic party shnll deliberately in
vite a defeat even more decisive than thnt
which was last jear encountered. A
careful study of the last cnmpnigu must
convince every unprejudiced observer Unit
thu success of thu Democracy in 10(10 Is Im
possible if It adhere to tho lines drawn nt
Chicago lu 180(1. It e.iuuot hopn to gain
nny mora votes from the Populists thnn It
secured hist November. It Is more likely to
get fewer votes front thnt source, In view of
tho strength exhibited by thu middle of-tlie-road
faction lu Texas, (ieorgla, ami North
Carolina, A still more serious defection
may bo looked for In another quarter.
There Is nniplo evidence that hundreds of
thousands of Democrats, to whom tlio Chi
cago platform wns distasteful, noertheless
supported the ticket upon considerations of
regularity, expediency, or other grounds
satisfactory to themselves nnd to their con
sciences; but who do not deslru tho experi
ment to bo repeated, or their party loyalty
to bo again so set erely nnd needlessly tested.
They wero willing tu pnrdon or excuse the
errors of their party lu one campaign, but
they will not tolerate such i-ror In another.
Thu Democracy, then, will Inevitably loso
a large fraction of the votes it coininnniled
In 18UII If It clings to the Chicago pin
gramme. Wo should bear lu mind, nu the
other hand, thnt in 180'.' It obtained a large
majority tif the electoral otes lu the
teeth or both Republicans nml Populists.
How can it regain tint preponderance, ex
cept by recovering tho help of Democrats
who voted Inst November either for
I tho Republican candidates or for those
of the Iudlauapolls Convention? Seun-v
tor HILL reminds (U of tfie undis
puted fact that the Indianapolis movement
was far more formidable and Important
than tlio aggregate vote for Pai.MEU and
IJUCKNMl would Indicate. Souio portion,
no doubt, of tho Immonse .popular
majority for McKtSLKY Is to bo ac
counted for by tho r.enlons nsslstnn:o
which he received at tho ballot box from
tho advocates of gold monometallism, who
refused to " fire In tho nlr," but placed their
votes " whero they would do tho most good"
to tho catiso they hnd especially nt henrt.
It is evident, however, that a much Inrgcr
volume: of support wns received from Demo
crats, who, while not favoring thu policy of
gotd monometallism, except In the ab
senca of nu International agreement for
a bimetallic coinage, nevertheless ac
tively or passively gavo aid to tho
Republican ticket, because) they were
unable to approve tho Popullstlc doctrines
Incorporated lu tho Chicago platform. If
one desires to estimate tho numlier of
Democrats who on one or other of tho
grounds mentioned voted for McKt.si.KV,
let him deduct from the total vote
of thu Democratic-Populist combination
the votes of thu Populists mid tho votes of
the Silver Republicans; it will then appear
how enormously thu strict Democratic
strength has shrunk since 1803,
How Is the Democratic pnrty to lie recon
solhl.itcd nnd reinvested with tho nscend
nncy, which It tiiiquestlonnbly possessed at
thu ballot bos during twotvo of the tweuty
yenr.s which begnu tu November, 1870,
nnd ended In November, 180(1 f Tho
question Is thus nnswered by Senator HIM.:
Thu mlstnkes of thu recent contest must not
bu repented; the objectionable features of
tho Chicago platform must bo abandoned;
conservatism must replaco radicalism: thu
selfish Interests of sectionalism must glvo
way to tho best interests of the wholo coun
try : conciliation must prcvnll Instead of os
tracism ; n broad and liberal policy in party
management must be, ndopted; thore must
Isi greater freedom of opinions tolerated, anil
sincere elTorts must bo mndo to adjust nnd
linrmnnlzo honest iliffcrenccs; alliances with
Populists must bo avoided; nnd, nbovo all,
there must bo a return to the fundamental
principles of the party from which tempo
rarily It has so materially departed. Such,
in tho Judgment of Senator llll.l,, nro tho
indispensable requirements for tho success
of the Democracy herenftcr.
Our ltlglit to Itccogulzn Cuba.
A pretext mny bo found for doing almost
anything. Witness tho fable of the fox nnd
tho lamb. Hut upon what ground would
Spain goto war with tho I'lilted States If the
authorities at Washington should recognize
the Independence of Cuba? Such recogni
tion would not, of Itself, accomplish tho in
dependence of tho island. Spain would
still bo nt liberty to continue her nttempt
nt subjugation. Tho I'nltcd Stntes would
not be obliged to intcrtcne in the fight. If
Spain should be successful, tho recognition
would nmount to nothing.
When thu I'nltcd Stntes recognized the
independence of the South American Span
ish colonies, Spain did not find In this a
cause of wnr. Why should shu find one In
the enseof Cuba ? It mny bu urgetl that tho
South American colonies wero so far distant
from us that wo could not be charged with
nny selfish designs upon them, whereas Cuba,
separated from us only by tho fJulf Stream
In Its narrowest part, excites our cupidity
nnd makes us look upon thu independence
of the Island as thu first, but sure, step to
ward Its annexation to this country. If we
admit thenrgiiiuent, It proves nothing. Tho
question Is not what will becomu of Cuba
should sho conquer her Independence, but
whether we hnu tlio right to recognize her
Independence without giving Spain nny just
cnuseof complaint against us. It must bo
conceded thnt should Cuba succeed In sep
nrntitig Itself from Spain It would be a mat
ter of no consequence to thu parent country
what became of thn island. The question
of acknowledging tho Independence of a
nation is not a question nf proximity to tho
nation acknowledged. It Is n question of
right, ami this right lias nccr been ques
tioned. It has often liccn exercised, and
this without the proximity nf tho nation
acknowledged being a cause of war.
A notable Instance of tills Is the case of
Mexico. Mexico was a Spanish colony.
Tho boundary between thnt colony nnd tho
I'nlted Stntes wns In pnrt a narrow stream,
and in part uu Imaginary line. When Mexico
revolted from Spain and her Independence
was acknowledged by thu United States,
Spain did not consider licnelf nggrleved to
such an extent thnt tho shedding of blood
nlone would sntlsfy her honor.
When tho Putted Stntes recognized the
Independence of Texas, Mexico did not go to
wnr with us about it. Thus the principle
of international law that a nation hns not
only the power, but nlso the right, to recog
nize thu Independence of n revolted colony,
hns received the sanction of Spain ns well
as of other nations.
At thu time w hen tho independence of tho
Spanish colonies above unmet! wns recog
nized by us, wu were, comparatively speak
ing, a weak nation, with an Insignificant
nrmynndn cry small navy, whllu Spain
was a formidable power both on laud nnd
en. Thesu conditions hnvo been reversed.
Wu nru now thu powerful nation of tho
two, On laud we hnvu the means of placing
an almost unlimited number of soldiers lu
the field. Our navy Is composed of numer
ous vessels, nil of the latest construction
and carrying formidable guns. Wu could
laud moru men lu Cuba within sixty
days thnn Spain cuiltl send there in a
twelvemonth. Not one of the fortresses
which guard tho entrance to her harbors,
not even thu Morrn or thu Cabanas, could
withstand for a day the projectiles which
w ould 1k show eretl upon them from tho guns
of our ships. If her navy met our squndron
lu the Culf, It would disappear.
Spain knows this perfectly well. If sho
took no umbrage at our recognition of thu
Independence of her other American prov
inces when i,he was powerful and wo wero
compar.it Ively weak, would sho be so mail
ns to rush into n wnr with us If wu recognize
the independence of Cuba now, when wenrn
stioug noil sho Is weak, mid when she could
expect to reap nothing from such n wnr but
disaster f
Hut cnuio wh'it may, should wo lie de
terred from doing what wo have thu perfect
right to do simply becausti by doing It wo
should i uu the riskuf hating Spain attempt
to do us mi Injury Is this, In thulMirrowed
gibberish nf tint hour, jingoism r Wo deny
It. We have slmplj called attention to mi
uudisputid light which this nation, lu com
mon w ith over) oilier nation, possesses, mid
to the result which would follow nny at
tempt tn dn us a harm should wo assert
that right. Hut admit Mint it is jingoism,
lieitcr be a Jingo than a coward, or a grub,
which cousiilfis nothing except fond.
I 'or nearly half a century thu natives of
Cuba have intuit successive elTorts to free
themselves from tho domination nfafiov.
eminent which has bent cruel to their per
sons, regardless of their rights, cormorants
of their property. During the wholo of that
time thero lias been no real peace In the
Island. There havo been hollow truces, but
theso hnvo resulted In additional Imposi
tions upon their property and Industries;
additional Insults upon their manhood.
Whenever thoy havo begged for common
justice, or for tlio smallest recognition of
their rights, they hnvo been jeered nt
and abused. Whenever they have taken
up arms lu self-defence, and laid
them down ngnln becnuso of promises
mndo that their rights would be respected,
they hnvo been hunted, their leaders when
captured shot down or exited, and those of
tlio Inhabitants who wero allowed to re
main on the island weighed down by addi
tional taxes, and, worse, treated with In
creased contumely nnd scorn. In nil their
struggles they hnve had no recognition from
nny qitnrter. Kven from here, where they hnd
tho right to look for sympathy, their friends
have been tracked by spies, arrested, prose
cuted by the officials of n peonlo who, when
themselves engnged In a slmllnr effort, and
when tu similar straits, begged hard from
other tuitions not only for recognition but
nlso assistance, and got both.
Now, nfter tlio Cubans have been fighting
for two years, and L'00,000 soldiers havo In
vain attempted to subjugate them, tho Pres
ident of tho United States refuses to ac
knowledge thnt they nro even entitled to be
considered ns belligerents. Ho pretends to
sec In them only a lot of predatory excursion
ists I His real pretext Is that ho fears If he
did wtint ho has tho right to do, and what
ho would be entirely Justified In doing, ho
would give offence to his ally; although he
knows that no such ofTenco could bo taken,
or thnt, It It were taken, nothing would re
sult from It.
AVliy tlio Oneida?
Wo do not undcrstnnd why tho Hon.
OltoVKIt Cl.KVEI.ASU should solect tils
friend IlEKEUICT'a yncht Oneida as his flng
ship ou the proposed expedition Into South
ern waturs after tho 4th of March.
Whnt Is tho matter with the Maple, tho
Violet, tho Wistaria, tho Verbena, and the
Mlstlctoo f These gentle crnft nnd alt or
most of their floral and arboreal sisters hnvo
been well trntned to minister to the Presi
dent's comfort. Their llttlo decks know
his ponderous trend. Their llttlo cabins
nro necustomed to Ills somnlloqucnt utter
ances. They have borne htm and the Demi
John on many n simitar voyage, and why
not again f
It mny Iks argued thnt nfter the fourth of
March the Hon. GltovEll CLEVELAND will
bo no longer tho President of tho United
States, and wilt therefore havo no right to
use the llghthouso fleet for his personal
convenience or ploasuru.
There Is nothing lu this. Under the
statutes of tho Putted States prohibiting
the misappropriation of public property,
tho Hon. niiuvnii Cleveland will hnvo
precisely tho same legnl nnd moral right
nfter tho fourth of March to uso the Gov
ernment's lighthouse tenders for his pri
vate convenience nnd pleasure ns he hns
had at nny timo during the past four years.
No more, no less.
No Second Fraud.
It is pleasant to hear again the ring of
honesty In national politics. " In tho mat
ter of tariff legislation," says tho Times
Democrat of New Orleans, " tho country
declared for Republican policies threo
months ngo nnd Republican policies the
country must hnve." " It wilt bo neither
pntrlotic nor politic," says the leading
newspaper of Georgia, the -itlnnla Conitti
fiiMnu, "to throw obstacles tn the way of
tho Republican programme, the programme
that was outlined nnd ngrccd upon in tho
St. Louis platform."
In the light of tho many MtigwumpcfTorts
tn Induce thu Republican pnrty tn violate
its platform's tariff plank, the attitude of
theso stnlwnrt Democratic Journals is par
ticularly welcome. They seo thnt CLEVE
LAND'S betrayal of tho Democratic tariff
plank of four years ngo, wns n subversion of
tho prime political rule of honesty, such ns
must eventually destroy all faith In demo
cratic pnrty Government. Neither the
VViiirs-fcniocTdt nor the Coiistlftiflnu sup
ported the Republican platform In the Into
campaign, nor is morally bound to support
It now, but they both patriotically reject tho
Mugwump policy of deceit ns wholly intol
erable nnd dnnge rotis. Tho Cleveland era
of false dealing in politics Is hnpplly over.
Cnnndn nnd Immigration.
Theru Is one provision of tho now Immi
gration bill, ns It tins pnsscd Congress nnd
gono to tho President, concerning which
doubt hns been expressed. This provision
does not rclntu nt all to the main purpose of
the lilll, which Is that of securing nn
educational test for immigrants, but to nn
entirely different matter, incorporated In It
during Its consideration.
Section 4 of the new bill declares that it
shnll hereafter bo unlawful for nny male
alien who hns not duly declared his Inten
tion to Ix'como n citizen, "to bo employed
on nny public works of tho I'nlted Stntes or
to coniu rogulnrly or habitually Into the
United Stntes by land or water for tlio pur
pose of engaging tu any mercantile trade or
manual labor, for wages or salary, returning
from tlmo to tlmo tun foreign country."
Tho countries affected by this provision
are, of course, our neighbors, the Dominion
nnd Mexico; anil practically tho former to
a grenter degree. There Is some vagueness,
possibly, In tho phrases, "regulnrly or
hnbltunlly" nnd "returning from tlmo to
tlmo to a foreign country," which mny re
quire judicial Interpretation for the pur
pose of determining whether Canadians
who como for nn entire season's work nre
included in tlio prohibition, ns well as those
who cross to Detroit for tlny's work.
Hut in either case, should the hill becomu
n law, wo must bo prepared for retaliatory
legislation ou thu part of Canada. Mexico
may not find It worth her whllu to tnku no
tice of the matter, but throwing many citi
zens of thu Dominion out of employment
heru mny hardly ho passed In silence. Dur
ing thu debate instances were cited of lurgo
payments by Detroit enterprises to wnrk
uiu i residing in thu Dominion, and it Is sug
gested that fishermen who engage ou thu
Gloucester vessels fur the season may also
nimo under tho law.
What Canada could do In retaliation may
not yet bo wholly clear, but sho could per
Imps dilvn nut some of our miners from
llrltish Columbia, nnd dismiss some Amer
ican eiiiplojies nf her rallruads.
Tun Sr l ftttltiril tu the credit nf imvlng
dl, nn rul nr cri'siisl uu entirely new ai'iiiine of
iiilixellt- wiini n beatitlllll iircta In till, "lie
limlir nf Hie ralllt" nimhl urt.i-ui inttrlin.' lliclMa
aculliat, i) IIiiiikht Isnr lt, l.or 1'ror III XI M, lunl.
Iimrilir liiiimliilalii Ihe Iriitit that I'liinsr canto Into
III,, ijnrll niae Inittrs rallii bti-U, n on in in.t
lillil rnii'Umi nlnl llltetif ilefeiirr, minii tin, tllnl faot
lli.it cm ' uinii a lint" no "He know, when, mi tne
ti'HIinmit ot u writer no iinu kmina who. anient ll.li
wliiwi-ilit,riiiviietana vomited lilm uul uunn tho
laml ub.iIii - ihr iiulhiok,
m nays tho llev. Dr. Lyman AnnoTT, but
what defence, can he make of the Christian
faith, which he profeaies to hold, wban Uo
peaks of a book of the Dibla aa written " no one
knows when" and by nn author no one knows
whof" Where else does he net tho faith he pro
tends to preach except from theDlblsT Does
he believe In thu Incarnation and the Itcaarrcc
tlon, and upon what testlmonr doos he rest his
faith except the Ulble, whloh be thus con
temptuoualy treats ? The truth Is, l)r. AnnoTT
does not believe. Ile Is an unbeliever, an IntlJel.
Wo proffer tlio nssuranco of our cordial
sympathy to our dlstlnEQlshed friend, Mr.
Fiiank Thomson, the newlr elected President
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Ills
portrait fins been printed In a thousand news
papers within the last fortnight, and not one of
them has conveyed to nr perann who does not
know him the slightest Idea of his powerful,
electrical, analytic, and Interesting physiog
nomy. Most of the pictures mako him look like
a ynunu follow of thirty. Not one of thom re
produces the beauty of Ida silvery locks and
mustache; and all lock the wisdom and steadi
ness that aro among Mr. Thomson's mmt dis
tinguishing characteristic. Hut, however, lie
ran afford It. When a man has risen to be tho
hendof sncha vast and complicated establish
ment It makes very Utile difference to him how
thn newapnpers of the day mny choose to depict
his fentures.
A Chief of Pollco who publicly criticises a
Police Commissioner should be flred out lllcoa
shot. l
OJtr.EKS IX tiii: USITKD status,
laerenalaK Katildlr In Numbers and Not
Popular svtth thn Italian.
lly tho Federal census of 1800 there wero only
1,887 natives of Greece In the Culled Stntes.
There wero fewer Oreoks than men of any other
nationality of which computation was mndr,
fewer even than Turks or Sandwich Islanders,
Of the (J recks returned by tho Federal census,
413 were In Now York, Uul) In California, i!o4 In
Illinois, 145 In Txas-lnslgnlflcant figures when
compared with the fact that In California alnno
there wero by tho same census 0,031) natives of
Portugal, and there wore In ono State, Iowa,
053 natives of the little Duchy of Luxem
burg. Under these circumstances the pro
posed enlistment of i.'50 (Srecks In Chicago to
nld their compatriots on the Mediterranean In
the warfare In Crotn (Chicago which had by
the last census only "M Ureek residents, men
women nnd children !l might appear tn be, to
say the least, n somewhat surprising evidence
nf fervent patriotism, to be explained, perhnps,
by the tendency to verbal exaggeration found
by some disinterested and unsympathetic tour
ists to be goneral In tho countries ot the Orient.
In Pittsburgh, too, whero six nnd n half years
ago there were twelve Oreeks of both sexes and
of all ages, there wero ISO (Ireek volunteers for
The explanation nf this is aa follows: There
are now not 1.MU0 (Irceka In the I'nlted States,
biitls.OOO. They have Increased In numbers
by Immigration 1.000 per cent. In loss than
seven) ear, nnd there aro now 4,800 In New
York city alone, n.BOO In Chicago, 1.000 In Hus
ton, and so on. Greece la territorially just two
thirds nf the sire of Scotland. '1 he population
of llin country la about the same ns the present
population of the city of New York. U.OOO.OOO.
The Greeks aro farmers, fishermen, and frult
ralsers, nnd material prosperity Is not pervasive
In tho little kingdom of King George. The
Greeks are not, according to tho Amerlrnn stand
ard. Intelligent nnd prcgretMt e huahantlmeii or
fruit ralaers. They have few local manufac
tures. The debt of the country Is heavy. Its
credit fair, nnd Its resources not abundant or
Increasing. With tho Iticremu In the American
fruit business the enormous derolnpuient ot thu
fruit products of California and Florida nnd
thn relative decline In tho fruit Importations
from the West Indies, the Greeks have found a
market fur 'heir knowledge, skill, and Indus
try III the I nllcd Male, nnd they hate been
rninlng ncrossthe ocean In grent numbers nnd
establishing themselves In tho big cities of tho
country. They are jmildlere, fruit dealers, nnd
retail vendore, nnd pontes mntiy ndVHtitage.
They arn quick-witted. They learn Kngllsh
readily. They hnve a natural nptltudn for trade,
for negotiation, and for bnrenlnlng -so much m
that the Greek have como to be known us " thu
Jews of thn .Mediterranean." They nre tho
money-changer, banker', fnctnrs. and traders
of nil Kgvpt. They are to be found in nil tho
large cltle-of Turkey, Imth In Kurope nnd tn
A" I ft. and In southern France, particularly tn
and about tlio city of Marseilles, they uro very
numerous anil Inlluentlnl.
Hut the Greeks and tho Italians In the big
cities nf the Cnlled States are always iiuar
relllng. 'I hey aro bualnes rivals. Tliry do not
dwell together In harmony. The ardent tem
perament of the men nnd women of both na
tions, neighbors abroad, bulnf different races:
the dlflerrnce in religion and thn Jealousy nf
centuries nil theso things have tho effect nf
fostering their lack nt friendliness for rncli
other. More thnn twenty centuries ago Greece
and Home wero rivals for the political matery
nf the civilized uurld. 'l'o-ilat a dozen
Greeks nnd a dnren Italians, if residents
nf one hourp, will wrangle, nnd dispute
with each other over atij thing from a iim
queradc ball ticket to the Imntlnn of n fruit or
u Peanut aland. OddU enough, ns has been ob
served, tho Greeks In New York nnd elsewhere
dwell III harmony with other foreigner, except
the Italian", anil the Italians with other for
eigners eirept the Greeks. The adoption of thn
rending and wilting teit fur Immigrant will
have the effect herenftcr of excluding relative
ly morn Italian thnn Greeks, for the ratio of
Illiteracy Is higher In Italy than It Is In Greece.
Archblahnp Corrlsan lleenmmeada Ab
stinence Irnm Htlntulnnla.
Archbishop Corrlgan has Just Issued tn tho
clergy of the diocese the regulation! for the ob
servance of the season of Lent among the faith
fill, and they nre tn be rend In the churches to
morrow. A notnblo difference between tho
usual form nf tho regulnttons and that nf the
present year Is tho recognition of thn temper
ance feature In tho proper nnd seemly ob
servance of the penitential period by tho Inser
tion ot the following clause nt the end of tho
circular of direction:
"A most useful and commendable, custom Is
that otabstnlnlngriurlng Lent from stimulants,
in honor of tho sacred thirst of our dlvlno
This suggestion ns tn abstinence from thn usn
of Intoxicating lluuors hns not hitherto formed
apart of the I.euten regulations, nnd the fact
that Archbishop Corrig.su 1ms seen lit ho pub
licly to commend It to his people hns met with
tho most favorable, comment among his clergy.
In connection with llilsilellverniirenf thn Arch
bishop half a million "I Thirst" cards hnvo
been Issued by tho CatlinllcTempvranctiSnclety
fur distribution In tho churches. These cards
hntnbeeu prepared with thn npiiriital of Aren.
bishop Corrlgan nnd contain n pledge tn abstain
from tho uu. of all Inlnxlratlnu' tlrltiks during
Lent nnd to keep nut of the saloons.
The card nln recilc " A 1'rnvor tn Repress
Intemperance," as follows: '() Lord Jems
Christ, who by Thy burning thirst nnd agony
on the cross dltlat nfrei for poor drunkards,
grant, wn beseech Thee. hvThy sncml thirst
and agony, to protect from the allurements nf
Intnxli'nllnc drink all who are In danger of
eternal loss tnrough tho demon of Intemperance.
.it. orv to 3i it. linos r.rr.i.T,
Postmen Will Cnter MWCniirt llnont Hare.
bended, I.lkr Other GinlUmen.
ItrgnrdliigthHcnmplnlntnf President ttnose.
volt agulitst thn poHmiin who refused tn take
off his hat In thn I'ullco Ilrndiiinrlera trial
rixiin w hen he went theru to hand n letter to
tho President, Postmaster Dayton wrote to Mr.
Itoosevelt juiterday ns fullnwsi
I am In n-eilptof nttr letter of thn lth, reporting
the I, it kuf proper courtesy nn inn (art or li tier ear
rlcr So. I.'i.'ii in refusing in remove his uniform inn
when etii, rliitf Ihe trial room ,r jour department
whlletini, I il piih'rt'itlutttt w, re ien1ln.r, 1 rcirret steit
llliect of illsr, speri on his port. Ile will lie eiiiilluiird
mraliHt It, ri'p. tllliui.
Assistant I'o-tiiiaster Gnylur slid thut thero
were nu lurmillated rules tn gniein carrier In
the riruimisiiiucix, "The rules which sliouM
govern I hem are simply theiiiillnnr rules which
irmrrn gentlemen eti ri w here," he raid, "uihI
thereilous not sectn to be nut etensu fur this
letter carrlei mil having tnl en oir his cap when
hnrnleitd the pulli u t unit iiimu,"
I:i!n't Mmin tn Call Abbott u 1'alolt flnt, n,
In Ills remarks at the nuetlng of thu Itapiln
Social I'nlon on Thursday night, tho Itcv. Dr. S.
GHTnril Nelson spoke nf pulpit i owns nsr-'ntan'n
agents, nnd afterwnrd I.e. madu n criticism uu
thn llev. Dr. l.jmiin Abbott's tientmciit nl thu
Bible, Uu thinks from ilm published report- of
his speech that reader,, itiUlil stiinisi lie in
eluded Dr. Abbott iiiiuuig pulpit clowns, and In,
wants It understood Unit this was far from liU
Hunkers nnd 1'nlttlea.
To Tiir KniToit nr Tin M's-.Sir- President T.
llama or thn Chemical Hank sirs that Ihe moral or Ilia
late Mr H John's ilrulh la for bankers to keep out nf
politics, and apparently l.e draws tins mural Incline,
ns he, s.iya, when Mr. M. John wrnl Into politics bo
lot money, heultli, end frlen Is.
This reasoning la slovenly, not to say ua Ddnocralla
sad uu-Amerlcau. Amiiicas.
Descendant of Fortnsstiece Ieanslgraaln.
HAltl.AK CounT House, Ky.. Feb. 10.--Just
across the Kentucky line In Tennessee live a
peculiar people. They are known as thoMnlun
geons. They are copper colored, with high J
check bonos, straight noses, black hair rather ,
coarse nnd straight, black eyes, and more Intel
ligence than the ordinary mountaineers.
Their color and their customs havo caused
them a crest deal of trouble. They number be
tween 200 nnd 400. They Uro on Hlnck Water
Creek, In Hancock county, and they have lived
In this section for more than 100 year. Tho
records of Hancock county show that their nn
cestors came to Powell's Volley as early ns
1781). when they took up lands on Illack Water.
Tradition says that thoy held aloof from the
whlto settlers and spoke a etrnngo language
which none nf the pioneers understood. Home
of them could speak broken English, and by this
means communicated with tho white merchants
to the extent of buying arms and ammunition
and othor supplies which thoy could not pro
euro In the valleys of their mountain homes.
Heforolhe war tho Maluugoons had a hard
tlmo In obtaining the right to vote and to send
their children to the publlo schools. The white
cltlrer.s declared they woro negroes, and tho
mutter wns finally cnrrlcd Into the courts. It
wns dovelnprd that tho nncrslors ot these pcoplo
emigrated to A mcrlca about 1 fiO years ago from
tho Interior of Portugal, nnd had spent tomo
tlmo In South Carolina beforo going to Tennes
see. They declared on the witness stand that
there wns nut n drop of necro blood In their
veins, and nfter long and tedious litigation they
wero nl lowed tu ote nnd to tend their children
to tho schools.
When thu war broke out In 18(11 the Mnltin
ceona espoused the cause of the Union, They
fought In the muni mountain fashion bush
whacking and many a Confederate soldier was
sent to his long home by tho unerring bullets nf
these Portuguese-Americans. Whenever tho
Confederates captured one of them he was shot
nn the spot. After the war closed nnd the Ma
lungron returned to their old pursuits they
found that the Government was Interfering with
nnoof their oldest Industries whiskey making.
Thoy bad been distillers bark In South Caro
lina, and soma of the early stills In Ten
nessee were brought by tbolr ance-tors over
the mountains from the first named State,
Not a few revenuo officers were killed by them
fur making war on their mnonshlnn stills. Of
lato years the revenuo men have been so per
sistent In their work of hunting the moonsbtnurs
dnwu that thn Mnlungeons havo sold but llttlo
whiskey openly. They still continue to mako
tnoonahlno whiskey In large quantities, hut they
have adopted tho methods of other Illicit distil
lers In the mountain of Kentucky and Tennes
see and they are rarely cauiht now. Notwith
standing railroads have penetrated eastern
Kentucky and eastern Tennessee, the Jlalun
genns never go far from home.
Paradoxical as It may teem, these people, who
have heil much blood and otherwise violated
the Inws of their country, are deeply religious.
During their meetings they will sing and shout
nnd seem tu bo beside themselves with religious
fervor. Oun ot the patriarchs of theMalun
geons was "Undo" anl Collins. One night
In June, many years ago. Dr. Frederick A. Koss,
n noted Proabytnrlan minister of eastern Ten
netse. was travelling through the Illack Water
rnnutry. He accidentally came upon Uncle
Yard's house nnd naked If he could stay all
night. The nld mountaineer told blni he could.
After the guest had eaten supper the old man
asked him his business. He told him he was a
preacher, the old man said he would tike to
hear him preach.
"Whero li sour congregation?" asked the
" I'll get one In a few mlnutM." replied Undo
Yard, lie took a long dinner horn from Its
rack over Ihe door and going outdoors blow
several shrill blasts. Within an bourn con
gregation nf nftv people had assembled and Dr.
Ito-s said afterward that he had never preached
tnnn audience that showed greater apprecia
tion and deeper religious feeling than did the
little band of uonper-colored mountaineers on
Hlack Water. Uncle Yard lived to be 101
j ears nld.
Politically the Malungrnns were Whigs be
fore tho wnr nnd allien then they hnve been
ltepubllrnns. They are very clannish. Their
customs have not changed during thn last two
hundred years. They still live In log cabins,
nnd while many nf the lounger men have Im
proved Winchesters nnd Marlins, the older ,
cltlren cnntlnuo Inure their long hoine-mado
squirrel rides, which Invariably hang on a rack I
nhovn tho old-fashioned llreulace. They are
hospitable in n degree, and no stranger, unless
they think hn la a revenue tnnn, is ever turned
nwny friuii their cabins. Thnlr pnnrli brandy Is
pronounced the best In the mountain, and It Is
Ireely offered in the wayfarers under their
roof, tempered with wild mountain honey. The
original settlers were the Collinses, Gibsons, and
Mulllnses. and It Is dlfllcult tn find a Malungeon
today who Is not called by one of these names,
Where Frye Reaeanblea Calhoun,
lYam tht Courier-Journat,
The other day I walked Into the Senate gal
lery nnd found that the roll was being called on
tho (piostltiti of conilderlng Morse's Liquor
bill. Krje was In the chair, and while Harris,
Hill, nnd Aldrlch all know morn about parlia
mentary law than Frye, he Is the best presiding
nlllcerthe Senato has known slnco John V,
Hrecklnrldge. Frye follow the rule nf Cal
houn, perhaps the greatest prntidlng ofllcer In
thn history of the benate, not excepting even
Anron llurr.
Calhoun Would not permit one Senator to refer
tn another (senator as " my friend from Vir
ginia" or na "the geutlemnn from Massachu
setts." The correct phrase was "the Senntor
Irnm lr Inla" or the heiiator from Massachu
setts." It Is said that It was worth a Journey
across the continent tu hear Calhoun announce,
n vote In the Senate. Thero wns more of the
Itnmnn in his look thnn In nny other publlo
man nf nur history. Hi eyes burned like coals
of lire nnd thero was dignity enthroned tn every
lineament nml movement. When Calhoun nn
pounced a vote, ho said In a voice thnt pene
trated thn furthermost recesses of thochamber:
"Senntor. on thlsijueallon the yeas nrn and
the nays nre , Theates havo It, and the mo
tion Is ngreed to."
Frye la thn only man I have ever seen preside
over tho Sennto who announce a vote with that
Impresstvene vvn ran Imagine Calhoun em
plnjed, nnd It is doubtful If even Calhoun could
utter the word Senators with moro rotundity
than Frye gives to it.
" Powerful Foad o I'lams,"
Vnai thf I'rut'Weni-e Journal
There Is a resident of Kent's Comers, In tho
town of ,-sclltinte, who is exceedingly fond of
thesutctilent bivalve which has tunde Hhode
Island so famous. Last .Sunday morning he
placed a hau and a clam rnko In n wheelbarrow,
which trundled down through the mud ot IIopo
nlnl thu Valley vlllaces tu Hlvrrpnliit nnd
thrtico via Apponaug to the frozen shores of
Cowesolt Hay.
The Ice covered tho tiay. and tho Scltunte man
wns compelled to wheel bis barrow along tho
bench almost In Warwick light befnro ha found
n place whetn he could dig. Ill quest w as suc
cessful, however, for when ho reached Phenlx
nu hi return Journey thn harrow contained n
bag llllrtl with a bushel nf u nice, big. Juicy
claim, as the digger averred hu'd "ever sot eyes
Ho said hn "didn't mind tho tramp, the day
was tine." Uu "wanted a mess u' clams nnd
went nml due "em; thnt w us all,"
Kent's Corners nrn some sixteen nr seventeen
miles from where tho clams wero dug, and the
instance covered suggests that tomo folks In
htituiilo nro "powerful fond o" clams."
Why It Fulled tn IVork.
7ni'aef'niei0i I ailu Tllhime.
The train was gnitn? at full speed when a
sliagg-haired passenger who had got on hoard
nt thn last station thrust his head nut through
a window and his nld slouch lint blew-off.
"Conductor." ho jelled, "I've lost my hat!"
"That wasn't my fault," replied the con
ductiir, "Ticket, please,"
"Tho ticket was lu my hat!"
"Oli.it was!"
"Yes, It was. Ticket furAtlanln,"
Thn iiitiductor pulled the he-rnpn and es
cm led the passenger to thn plat form of the car,
"There,' ho Milil, ns the train stopped, "Is
your lint, rolling ahum ahead of thu engine, nnd
there l-n'i nnv ticket in It."
And he kicked him off,
Tho sluiKKi -haired pilgrim had mnde the ml,
take uf boarding nn Alabama trnln Unit wu
giiliig with thu wind nnd falling to keep up
with II. '
Grow Ins Wheat In Ills Midst.
hil llir 7nj 1 1 Mill;, Capital
Itl-TCIIISMiv. Ivntt.. Feb. Ill, A Uneulnr Mory
has In reported by tho phs slcluns of Mul'lier-
mil county.
Living in thiMinrlhrnst pnrt of lleno cntintv
is a derinsii farmei, Abraui Krncgcr, Unsold
his w i mi sumo ilinuiigu to Hit, lluhlcr mill, nml
It In catiiii necessary tu huvii It delivered, even
lhiiiii.ii tho ro.ids were heavy mid muddy, lu
taking the wheat lu mill. Kroeger was
In the habit nf enling wheat. He was
(i.ntlnunlly picking up a mouthful. H
wn t uken sick n few duis ago, nnd his
nllineitt iinftli-il tho dm tors. Kroeger grew
worse. Dim doctors being unable tu ding it
Urn case, and fearing death If nu relief was
given, an operation wasileieriiilned upon. Yes
terdny II was performed, and over u uu.iri of
sprouted wheal was takoii friuii thn stomach of
ihi'old German. Miiiih nf the priuits were two
Inches long. KinegerUIn bad shape, mid It Is
doubtful If hu will reimcr from thu operation.
Her .Nreh, Ilrnkrn by n I'lgenn,
;i"i fa I'lul HUlplil JVrji.
Simiiiis. fob, 17.- Mr. (urn Strenehnrd of
Ivretnl. Meieer cininly, had her neck broken
tu.ilnr by being struck lu the faro by n Hying
pigeon, Ilm physicians l.aie enoised the
woman's neck In a phisler nr paris mould anil
hopes are euterialucd for her recovery. Tho
plgtiou was killed.
now Csar Reed Accommodated Repreasnta.
tlvo Terrjr ofArkaasaa,
lYom the tlochtittr Itirnll
Washikoion, Feb. 14. "Mr. Speaker." said
Judge Terry of Arkansas tho other day, "1
have asked you a great many times to recognlts
me to get this bill of mine up for consideration
and jou havo refused. Now, my people nre
greatly Interested In It, and so I ask you one
more to recognize me. If tho bill Is defeated In
the House I shan't complain. Hut 1 want tu be
recognized to get It up."
"Allrlght, Judge," the Speaker drawled. And
then, turning to a page as the Judge began tn
pour out his thanks for tho favor, the Speaker
senthlm fur Dnlzell. Dalzell onmu up to th
Speaker, who Interrupted tho thanks of the
Judge by aayinu:
" Dalzell, Judge, Terry wants to be recognlred
to call up a bill in pay some church people In his
district soma money for damages done them
during the war. 1 wish that you would stay on
the floor, and when 1 recognlrn the Judge, ns I
have promised hlui to dn, 1 want you to object
tn his request for unanimous consent to Its con
sideration." Kre thn nstnnlshod Judge could catch hit
breath, Dnlrell had promised and left. Judge
Terry looked at thofepenker, who was now In.
tenlng to soma ons else, and walked slowly nnd
thoughtfully down tho steps to Dalzell'a scat.
"Dalzell," said the Judge, "you don't reckon
thn Speaker was In earnest about asking vou to
object to my request for unanimous consent to
consider my bill, do you f"
"Most assuredly he was In earnest," Dalzell
replied. "Autl I suppose the reason hn called
on me to object was because hn had refused to
recognize me to get n similar bill up. nnd be
probably thought I w at to mad I would be glad
to obleet."
"ell,"tbn aitounded Judge said, "doyou
mean to tar that you Intend to make such an
ubjectlon j"
" Certainly," replied Dalzell.
The Judge, who hat been a member of th
House for three terms, went to hit teat to think
over this new way of legislation. Finally he
rose and walked toward the door. Tho Speaker
saw and tent for him.
"I thought you wanted to get recognized."
the Speakur drawled as Terrv came no the ttept.
" What In hell do you think I want to get rec
ognized for when you have ordered one of your
men to obleet to considering my bill V
"Ob." replied thn Speaker, "I didn't suppose
you expected or cared so mnch to get the bill
passed. I thought that nil you wanted was to
get Into the lltcnrit to show your constituents
thnt you tried to get the bill passed, but tailed.
You knew I was opposed to the bill."
The Lawyer Took thn Tudae'o and tho
l'rlsoner Took the Lawyer's.
lYam tht Chicago TYirus-ZeraU.
It Is told of an Indiana Judge that shortly af
ter his admission to the bar, many years ago, he
was loitering about a country court house when
a presiding Judge suddenly summoned him to
appear In court and appointed him countel for a
prituncr about to be tried for stealing a horse.
"Hut. your Honor," ho demurred, "this It a
charts that may result In sending the prisoner
to tho penitentiary It the case goes against him,
and I do notllko to undertake the responsibility
of hit defence."
"Nonsense," exclaimed the Court: " the can
Is not at all complicated, and I am sure you wilt
handle It In a manner which will conserve all
your client's interests."
"I hav had no chance, your Honor, to ac
attaint myself with the facts In this case, and It
tho trial must proceed at once 1 must beg tn de
cline to represent the defendant," Insisted the
young attorney.
"Your duty In the. premises Is clear." contin
ued the Court. "I will allow you sufficient time
to consult with your client and map out your
line of defence. You may retire with the pris
oner Into my private room for consultation.
Thirty minutes will give you ample time. Go
Into that room: have the prisoner state, his ca-n
fully tn you; Imagine yourself In hit place, and
advise him to do Just what jou yourself would
do under audi circumstance."
"And If I dn this, will tho Conrt hold me
blameless for whatever may result I" asked the
" Certainly, sir." replied the Judge.
Tnelawyerand bis client retired for consulta
tion.' At the end of thirty minutes the former
cntneoutof the prlvatu room and said: "Your
Honor, wo nre now ready to proceed."
"Whero is your client 7" Inquired the Court.
"I do not know, may the Court please," re
plied the counsel.
A bailiff ran Into the consultation room. A
window twelve feet from tho ground was open,
and there were two heel marks tn the toft earth
Comorn, Va., and vicinity ts revelling tn wild
turkeys, wt-lch are more plentiful than ever before.
Eldon Crow ot Looking Glass, Or., while sitting
to have a tooth pulled suffered a dislocation of lb a
Vice Tretldent E. C. Cbamberloln ot the Western
jtlntng Company It training elka for driving at fort
land. Or.
One of the signs of an early spring la the north
west Is recorded by the park keeper of Portland,
Or., who says that the deer are shedding their ant.
A frog makes hit home In the wheal pit of ths
engine room at r.VT. Hunt's tannery at Ialaud ralla.
He., and conies up from below only before a rata
storm, tie Is honored as a prophet tn the tannert'
It It reported tn tbe South that an Eastern capi
talist has purchased ths Stontwall rurnac In Cher
okee county, Ala., where tome of the Confederate
warriors cast cannon during the war, and wilt de
velop the ore mines there.
Will" the head of the houts wat sleeping with a
gun under hit pillow at Mobile. Ala., and hit fam
ily were alto enjoying the sleep of the Just, burglars
intsred, cooked a meal In the kitchen, and ats It In
the dining room, ransacked the house, took every
thing portable or value, and escaped without dis
turbing any one.
It hat been tomethtng of a question at Green
field, Ind whether aa eranf ellst could have scored
more effectively In to brief an effort for hit cans
than did Tom Dodklnt, who. since the dayt or hit
courting, thirty-one yeart ago, wha he used to at
tend church every Sunday, had not been aten tn a
hou.o of worship until he appeared on a mlawlnier
Sunday with bit wife at tbe evenlng.se rvtce.
Tbe old advice to eat with clsttd eyet In a
French rciuurant will have to be lve nHo protpeo
llve eatertat outdoor feastt In tbe South If variety
continues to become more spicy down there, as wit
ness, following the colt-meal lunehaon of a Mary.
Una physician, lately noted In Tttr scs, a "rabbtt
salmis" given to hit friends by Judgs M. S.Drtn
glcr or New Orleans, which turned out to be a wild
cat ttaw.
"If your drett suit It the best tull you've got,"
tald a Catholic prletl tome yeart ago, "the church
It Just tho place for you to wear If." Hit pariah.
lonert didn't mlatatn his meaning. An Interesting
Illustration of the difference between Caihollo and
rrotestunt teachings regarding Dlbla and church
waa furnished recently In Atchlton, where the Cath.
ollct g.tvn a card party where intra wat dancing
with Ulblei for prlict.
Foreign Note or Ileal Interest.
Emits nicbebourir, thn French novelist. It salt to
have amassed 1 400,000 In twenty yeart, by writing
tentatlonal serial stories for 1a I'tllt Journal,
Wheat grown In tho north of Franco has from
It to V0 per rent, lets nitrogenenus elementi In It
than that raised ihero fifty yeart ago, according
tn a re.-cnt retain mado tn thu Academic det
Siverlo Altamura, one of tne last of thn Sea-
pohtan romantic school of painting, hat Just died,
In wna a poet and an author as well. Un
took psrt In the revolution of ISts and wat
exile I from Naples until the llourhont were
driven out.
A ntetbol of precipitating ilno In aqueout
solution In the shape of dense plates of coinmer
elit thickness b) means of electricity has leeu
found nt the zinc works at Pultberg In aermatiy.
The proctss, which It kept secret, was dltcor.
ered by 1'rof. Dlcftcubaeh of Darmstadt. The eco
nomic dinicultles lu the prohl-m bale also been
suived, as the works nrn turning out ninety tons
of zlne a month and nrn tn le enlarged.
Pun or for the Jiuigfrnu Klecirlo rtack Itallroal
Mil bt aiipilied by two w,itrfiilu producing t.BOO
horsepower. Ihe steepest gradet will he 1 In 4,
and the minimum radius of curves :i:M feet, Ths
rnndu tort will be overhead. Three trains, holding
Jill) licenser, will bo kept moving at the siina
lime. Tho length of try- line Is 7.8 miles, nnd th
total rise Is 0,533 feet. The speed It limited to 3.1
inllev mi hour, the trip loklni; UU minutes. The cost
It estimated ut S'.'.dUU.UUO.
T.vre Jouidalu, nn oil peasant, who curet dla
ease miraculously by means of the iiugnetlc Dull
In his boil). Is atiraetlng crowds lu 1'arls. The
Hull I aitrucled nut of him by lump augar, whl-li
patients am required m bring with them. Mo
onrrates lu a Urge room, round which arewoodeu
hocclies for Ihe patients, In thaicntre are a sluts
and two uihtr ticn-hes, nn which tho baa of nisar
are placed Jourdatii fuml let ovor the tugar and
then returni the bagt tothl patients, who Bl
Dim whsterer toey choose, lu rtlura.

xml | txt