Newspaper Page Text
V 1 ' i' M Bli Wnff lKTUftlrtBirra A f 'jT'SGrW' T ltf& - " , ViJr'VHr yitXrgswfy jflrVv) (fiy QH 1!
f ' f WEDNESDAY, MAHCI1 17, 1807. , ' i ; J Sabacrlstlont by Mall roet-rald. , , fr VUHt,VT Month ' S IP, DAILY, per Year 0o J X .,'& BCNDAT, per Year X , 'f DAILY AND STJNDAY, per Year M i li, DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month TO '' ! 'fli Pottage to forelpi oountrlet added. L . ( Jp Tn Sun, Hew York Cltr. V fi '& r-KloiQoe Wo. I, Wear Grand noteL ft i fc- y our frUn&t ho favor u r aueoH,pf or T i ft gmMIoaMos '" " rtJeeUd articles returned. jk f ft? ''' m"' '" U CM " ,O"''''0r '' ""K. fe 1 J Local Kiwi. The Cltr and Suburban News Dorean U j SB of the UarrsD Pixss and Niw Yoiut AssoctiTxs C. : : auU at SI to 80 Ann street. All Information J, ! F and dooumenta for pnbllo ue instantly dlateml- ' ff ' ' fe' nated to the preai of the whole country. w t m- &' far Th0 Evacuation of Cuba. ' it ' News from Havana and Madrid indicates i W 'if' that a crisis Is near In the colonial affaire It, i J of Spain. Tho Spanish Government la con J, & iTaj' fronted with threatened revolutions of Car j w f ' l"ta an Republicans at home, besides the t, hi J ' S bloody wars In Cuba and the Philippines. f I ; What Is still more Rravo is that the na il ? I tlonal purse Is empty, and all the efforta of V j ; ft Spain to conceal her desporato situation ,t fj ' W become useless In the face of her hopeless P ; I bankruptcy. W' I ' . K The words of Carltlb when speaking 1 ffl J about Franco's downfall In 1781, may bo ' P J applied to Spain In 1807: "Honor to r 'A1 bankruptcy ; over-righteous on tho great ' . i:B scale, though In detail It is so cruel! Un- f ,f der all falsehoods It works, unwearledly r- $ mining. No falsehood, did It rise heaven- I ' high and cover tho world, but bankruptcy j Ijr one day will sweep It down, and mako us frco of It." i L What, except the beginning of theaban- - 1 donment of Cuba, aro wo to infer from tho H report that Gen. Wkyleb Is concentrating L ffi T at tho seaports his troops of tho Interior? I f What clso means tho news that 0,000 sol- t W F diers, ready to sail from Cadiz to Cuba, havo I I1 j suddenly changed their destination to go f jE 'rl to tho Philippines J Spain, without money , H I and credit, cannot maintain two colonial g. ' wars and keep peaco at home. She Is m & obliged to choose between tho Philippines . is . and Cuba, and she appears to prefer tho 8 & Archipelago; but, like all Spanish state reso- p fif lutions, perhaps this ono also is too late. jf' ? When Cervantes, a poor slavo of the fa. "f Moors in Argelia, wrote to tho Secretary of t W e PniLir III., pointing to tho advantages of K. K extending the national power in Africa, as , If .3 dreamed by Cardinal CrsNEnos, the Span- v 2" ' ish statesmen laughed at him. On return- I. Ing home Ceiivantes abandoned his plans of foreign aggrandizement, but he left somo ! t Immortal references to it in the pages of I "Don Quixote." America was then tho promised land of ' the Spaniards. But America was lost, and ' i when the Spaniards In the nineteenth cen- : v tury thought of Africa, as Cervantes had K j" advised them to do in the sixteenth cen- (v I tury, It was too late. More powerful Euro- L v pcan nations had tho control of that conti- g' nent. Tho victories of PniM and O'Don- v nell at Castillcjos were fruitless, and not f j 9 hroo years ago, checked by England, Mar- iW, i ?-' tinez Campos hod to employ the cunning & i ? of a diplomatist Instead of tho energy of a L ' soldier In seeking satisfaction for the out- . '!' L rages of the Moors at Melllla. fi J '"i When, In 1808, Cuba rose In arms, Spain If! 1J Ik was advised to leave Cuba and promote her IS r power In tho Philippines. Victor Hugo, t'ki '& ' however, being opposed to all colonial op- P B ? ' presslons, wrote to Spain : " Abandon Cuba y, m and take Gibraltar." Spain subdued the 4; f ' h'' Cubans after a war of years, but sho I- -v neglected the Philippines and did not 1 j' j j increase her power at home. What Is the 3 a-c result now? She has no Africa ; sho has no i k .M- Gibraltar; she is approaching downfall in few, i ? the Philippines; sho seems to be on the eve Is H, ft i ' "le evacuation of Cuba. ) g i I' Franco unci Cretd. rl fr ii S1" n -on(lay tho French Chamber of Depu- J? J ft' ties, after a prolonged debate, passed by a i; B f majority of 214 an order of tho day approv- 5 I? Ing common action by the powers. Toap- S'' predate precisely how much or how little fe i was meant by this vote, wo should inspect W carefully the speech mode by tho Minister K ff ' for Foreign Affairs, and then consider tho E ik S Influences, avowed or secret, which have 6 8? Ii operated on the Chamber. j? ff $: Before tho Deputies agreed to sanction K :i h the adherence of Franco to tho piogrammo if ! , formed by tho powers with regard to Crete, J i ' M. Hanotaux was obliged to dellne ex- ii y actly what tho programme was. Wo have, fl , therefore, an authoritative and trustworthy ; ij i BHiicmcnr, oi me pian wnicn will bo pur- 'i ' Ii & 8UC( l' ranco anc presumably by England I H' , and Italy ns wo11 by Ruasla. Germany, ? & m$ nn(1 Austrln- Uoth the Turkish and tho 5 ffi fflS Greek troojis aro to bo ordered and, If need I '&r WM be, compelled to ovacuate Crete, order being I Nfc L'lfl subsequentlj secured In tho island by a I 'v ' mixed European force, to which each of Mkj tho six powith h to contribute 000 men. I " lift, Crcto Ih then to becomo autonomous, the i if scheme of government being modelled on 'ffc. JvS-- . that of tlao Greek Island of Samos, which ,-:?"" I! ' "" enjoys absolute home rule under the purely ';& nominal suzerainty of tho Sultan. ThatiB " : a ' to ay, tho territorial Integrity of tho Otto- I man Empire Is to bo ostensibly upheld, and ' the opening of the Eastern question is to be ! . deferred for somo timo longer. M. Hano- . y ( TAUx seems to havo passed lightly over the , fr methods of compulsion, to which recourse j might bo made, should Grecco prove recalcl- tk trant ; and he evidently conveyed tho impres- : alon that ix resort to such unpopular steps , tu. " violent expulsion of tho Greek troops ," . from Crete, and a blockado of tho Plncus " might not be required. It is trae that tho t t latest utteiance of the King of Greece seems ? ' " Irreconcilable with this optimistic view, v but wo niUHt remember that ouo course Is open to him, which he may take with j dignity and without swallowing any of his , words. Ho can follow the example of K ar Ciiahllh Aliikut of Sardinia, who, at a j m & i similar conjuncture, abdicated in fuvor of .M' jt his eldest son. rf 'flio powerful Influences which operated t, 'n silence lwhlud M. iIAOTAUX, and which swayed tho Chamber so decidedly In bis iff v favor, were obviously those of the Hussion 5 V Ambassador und of tho great Paris flnan 4 ciers. Of Iiussfa'siollcyaud interests we at . I f lastknowKometlilngdennlte.slnco a corner j, t - "t the veil was lifted by au artklo In tho f A'oioe Vremya of Feb. 1. The writer, i "er premising that tho dllllcult task of Husslan diplomucy to day Is to aert tho j I i opening of this entire Kontem question from dread of Its coiiHcqucnces, explains that ' ' Russia In order to occupy Constantinople must first occupy the Bosporus, and that, whllo to do bo In spite of Turkey would produce anarchy and terrible reprisals in '' the Ottoman dominions, to do so by agree- j ment with the powers would Involve a sep- - '1 v r I A 1 araU compensatloa to Bnglaad which Hussta would not havo It in her power to give. The occupation of the Bosporus in accord with Turkey la therefore recom mended as the happiest solution; and It is also Implied that England would not bo permitted to execute a counterstroke by the seizure of the Dardanelles and occupation of the lines of Galllpoll. In other words, Russia has reverted ft? tho programme embodied somo sixty years ago In the treaty of Unklar Skolcnsl, whereby the Ottoman dominions were to remain nominally Intact under the protec tion of the Czar, whoso vassal tho Sultan would virtually become. Then, In tho event of a European war, tho Bosporus and tho Dardanelles would bo open to tho war ships of Russia and of her allies, but closed to those of her enemies. Such being tho Czar's programme, it la of manifest importance that Franco should not obstruct It by encouraging tho dissolu tion of tho Ottoman Empire ; and French statesmen may havo been told In so many words that the alliance betweon Russia and tho French republic would bo henceforth conditioned on community of action with regard to tho Eastern question In general and tho Cretan crisis In particular. Tho representations of tho Russian Am bassador would, in this Instance, bo sec onded by the great Paris bankers, for tho reason that a large section of tho French population are Turkish bond holders. Thcso magnates of finance are afraid that tho annexation of Crete by Grecco would tempt Macedonia In her turn to revolt, and thus lead quickly to the com plete collapso of tho Ottoman power. So, for tho moment they have sided with tho Czar, although their interests aro by no means identical with his. They desire above all things tho financial rehabilitation of tho Ottoman Empire and such reforms as might conduce to its stability, while Russia, on tho contrary, is secretly opposed to any such amelioration as might notably reinvlgorato tho sick man whoso inherit ance she covets. Thcso opposing views camo into collision lately on the question of tho Turkish loan, tho purposed sanction of which by Franco had to bo abandoned in deference to the Russian veto. Wo havo said that M. Hanotacx shrewd ly avoided laying stress upon tho measures of coercion to which the powers might recur should King George refuse to yield. Were such measures to be actually taken, the explosive force of public opinion in the French capital might prove irresistible. The Columbia Memorial Hall. The largest of the buildings to bo erected on tho new site of Columbia University at Morningslde Heights is tho University Hall, or Memorial Hall, as it will be in Its most distinctive feature. IU dimensions will bo ono hundred and seventy-six feet by two hundred and sixty feet, and already tho foundations for tho great building havo been laid. It is intended to bo tho centre of tho life of tho university, and to illustrate symboli cally and by portraits of tho distinguished alumni of Columbia and by mementos of its glories the history and development of tho Institution. It will also bo a noted addition to the architectural monu ments of New York, and for its erection the alumni will devote special contribu tions of money expressive of their attach ment to tho old college from which pro ceeded tho present university devel opment. Tho affectionate remembrance of college life which is so marked in this country among tho graduates of our colleges, no matter how long past it may bo for them, has not yet reached the newly erected university. Tho memory of tho college brings back to men the warm impulses of the golden time of their youth ; but the university appeals rather to tho in tellect and the cool Judgment, with its se rious training for a greater maturity. Ac cordingly, such a building as this Memorial Hall provokes a deeper sentiment than any that can be aroused by the structures for the university departments distinctlvelv. 1rn erection shows that the old college, with its honorable history, Is not to bo mode subor dinate to thenewer Columbia; and that the classics, the humanities, aro not to be stifled by any new-fangled "political science" or "social science," but aro to remain as a gracious offset to those strange and mis named intrusions into the world of educa tion. Tho University Hall is planned to serve four distinct purposes, those of a theatre, a gymnasium, a commons or dining hall, and the university offices. Tho theatre, or hall of assembly, is to have a seating capac ity of 2,000, and connecting halls will give ample accommodations for tho largest assemblages called together during the university year. Tho Memorial Hall will bo tho commons, and in it will bo preserved portraits and other mementos of the col lege. The gymnasium will be unsurpassed by any In this country, will be complcto In its appointments, und will have all tho lntest appliances required by the athletic training and exercise of this day. Doubtless Columbia University will be tho nucleus of a distinctive community to bo gathered about Morningslde Heights, a district especially adapted forsuch agro.wth because of Its separation from tho rest of tho town by reason of Its peculiar formation. Let it bo a university community which will always keep In sympathy with the democratic sentiment of this republic, and therefore abstain from Impossible efforts to elevate spineless Mugwumpery to tho digni ty of a "political science." It is a great In stitution, with greater opportunities than those enjoyed by any other American school of learning, but only large men can Improve them. The Hon. John Sherman and Canada, It appeared by last Sunday's Sun that the Now York correspondent of tho London Times had published an interview with tho Hon. John Sherman, in which the Secre tary of State repeated certain Ideas held by him when ho compiled his political reminis cences. In vlow of more recent events Mr. Sherman's opinions upon Canada and Its relations to the United States call for par ticular notice. " I havo already stated my views against the annexation of Canada," tho report goes. "My dream for the re moto and permanent future of this North American continent Is three great repub lics, Canada, United States, and Moxico, but I would not take a step to alter things as they are." Secretary Sherman's book, from which theso expressions of lost week were sub stantially a reproduction, was published two years ago. Since then, or, to bo more precise, on tho 18th of June, 1800, tho Re publican party, In its National Convention at St. Louis, adopted as Its own, and as a part of Its nfllnnatlou of the Monroe doctrine, tho following broad principle of American aspiration: " We hopefully look forward to the erentual with drawal of the European powcra from thla hemlipher and to the nttfanet efoa ot an of the XttfHtfc (peak laf part of the continent brte free eoneeatet itela habitantf" Thus Mr. Sherman's old notions bare been superseded. Continental unlorv so far as North America Is concerned, la a principle of tho Republican party. Tho last election made Ita national doctrine. It Is the duty of members of tho Administration, In which the Secretary of State Is tho moot conspicu ous figure after tho President, to set asldo all preconceived objections of their own, and to apply their official Influence and private talent to making Canada one with this Republic Among tho members of tho now Cabinet even Brother Sherman, tho veteran, seems to be too fresh. Our Carrying Trade. Much activity Is manifested just now by those who favor legislation at the present session for building up tho American mer chant marine. It was declared bv Commissioner Bates, the head of tho Bureau of Navigation undor President Benjamin Harrison, that " an amount of money not less than ' $1,500,000,000, or an ovcrogo of $180, 000,000 annually for thirty years past, has been paid out to foreign ships for ocean transportation. To stop this drain nothing effective haa been done." And an English member of Parliament, Mr. Ueaton, writing in an American periodi cal a few years ago, asserted that "as a conscquonco of refusing $6,000,000 a year In subsidies during thirty years tonatlvo ship owners, or $160,000,000, thb United States had to pay in tho somo period no less than $3,000,000,000 for freights, while their mercantile marine dwindled Into in significance." But the question of subsidies Is not the only ono that comes up. It is urged that our carrying trade would bo increased by a revival of tbo old policy of making goods brought in foreign ships pay a hlghor duty than those brought In American ships. A bill for that purposo was advocated' by Sen ator Ei.kins In tho last Congress, and It Is pointed out that an English authority, CuLLorn, says that when this policy was adopted, at tho foundation of our Govern ernment. England could not complain of it, " as it was bottomedon tho samo principles as our own navigation laws. Various devices were fallen upon to counteract tho naviga tion system of the Americans, without in any degree relaxing our own; but they all failed of their object, and at length It becamo odvIous to every ono that we had engaged in an unequal struggle." In 1815, accord ing to this authority, a reciprocity arrange ment on tho subject was made. Many years later, our discriminating system was alto gether laid aside, while later still, Eng land's old navigation system gave way un der the general free trade policy. Yet It is pointed out in documents pre pared at tho headquarters of tho American Merchant Marine Association that Adam Smith, tho great apostle of free trade, com mends discriminating duties where they aro essential for tho national defence, theso words being cited from him : " There eeems to be, however, two casee In which It will generally be advantageous to lay somo burden on foreign for the encouragement of domestic Industry. The flrat is, when some particular tort of Industry Is necessary for the defence of tho country. Tho de fence of Great Britain, for example, depends very much upon the number of Ita sailors and shipping. Tho act of navigaUon, therefore, very properly en deavors to give the sailors and shipping of Great Britain the monopoly of the trade of their own coun try. In some cases by absolute prohibition, and In others by heavy burdens upon the shipping of foreign countries ' Then, after giving tho provisions of the English Navigation act, he notes that it was originally passed with a special refer ence to injuring Holland. Tho Dutch at that time were said to bo " the only Ushers In Europe that attempted to supply foreign nations with fish." But under the Naviga tion act of England, If they tried to supply Great Britain, they could only do bo by pay ing double aliens' duty. Other parts of the act entirely excluded tho Dutch, at that time tho great carriers of tho European con tinent, from being carriers to Great Britain. -itisnoi impoesiDie, tnererore. that some of the regulations of this famous act may havo proceeded from national animosity. They aro as wise, however, as If they bad all been dictated by tho most deliberate wisdom. National animosity at that particular time aimed at tbo very samo object which the most delib erate wisdom would havo recommended, the dlmlnu Hon of the naval power of Holland, the only naval power which could endanger the security of England. "The act of navigation Is not favorablo to foreign commerce, or to the growth of that opulence which can arlso from It. As defence, however. Is of much more Importance than opulence, the act of nav igation Is, perhsps, the wisest of all the commercial regulations of England." Since these words were written, England, as has been said, has changed her system. Sho changed It in her own interest, just as sho had originally adopted It for her inter est. She was not looking out, In cither case, for tho benefit of tho human race in general or of Holland In particular. In like manner, when tho question of the ex pediency of subsidies or discriminating duties or other measures for the encourage ment of our shipping comes before Con gress, wo may expect It to be decided with a view to what American interests are at this particular time. Another Great BUI Against Depart ment Stores. Illinois Is at present tho main seat of tho war against department stores. Bills for taxing them aro before the Illinois Legislature. Various associations of small shopkeepers In Chicago aro devising means to hamper or demolish them. Young Car thr Harrison Is making his canvass as the Altgcld candidate for Mayor of Chicago upon a platform which consists very largoly of " Woe, woo to tho department stores!" wvr ? I 1 Ha An m fn V n V I h . A ..it m w .. .uiiuut. 4i,u iuonucuun oi ino master minds in Now York which are throbbing feverishly over tho supposed damage Inflicted by these big concerns upon their llttlo brothers, wo will try to glc tho latest bulletins from tho scat of war. And here, with bated breath bo It said, that March 12, 1807, was a day memorable in tho history of tho war ngtlnst depart ment stores, and in tho hustory of legisla tion, economics, and human thought. On that day a phllosopherof the appropriate name of Suttle Introduced Into the Illinois House of Representatives a measure enti tled " A bill for an net In relation to rev enue," aiufa great bill it is, and great la the act In which Mr. Suttlu appears. Let us gho a few words of explanation in ad vanco in order to prepare tho readers for Mr. Suttlk'h masterpiece. Stop and take breath In tho vestibule. You are sure to gasp when you enter tho temple. Mr. Sut tle says that ho tailed his masterpiece " a bill for nn act In relation to revenue," because " It Is not a reenue bill, except to the extent that It pro vides that one-half of the lines recovered shall go to tho State." Ho also nsscrts t hat " all of the department stores In tho city of Chicago, so far as I know, are owned and conducted by corporations; and the object of Uu bill la to drive titem out of the de partment store business, or at least to min imize tho evils arising from department stores." Department stores conducted by individuals or partnerships Mr. Bottle does not object to. To him the wickedness of department stores is a part of tho general wickedness of corporations. And now for his bill: . Section 1. That from and after the taking a feet of this act It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to form i corporation for the purpose of engaging In, any mercantile business for the sale or exchange of any kind of merchandise at retail i and all snob corpo rations heretofore organised or existing under the laws of the State for the purpose of carrying on suoh retail business shall terminate and oease to exist, exospt for the purpose of enforcing the contracts and obligations held by them, and for the purpose t being compelled to liquidate their liabilities within six months from the time this sot takes effect. "Beo.. It shall be unlawful for any foreign cor poration to carry on any retail meroantUe business In this State from and after six months from the time this act shall take effect. "Beo. 9. Any person or association of persons who shall hereafter attempt or assume to carry on tueh business as a corporation, either foreign or domestic contrary to the provisions of this act ahaU forfeit and pay the sum of (1 ,000 for each retail salo or exchange It may make, to be recovered by igiil (am action In the name of the people of the State of Illinois as plaintiff against the violating corporation, one half of which ahall go to the State and the other half to the party or parlies oaualng the action to be brought." Many notablo things In restraint of cor porations havo been dono or attempted, but Mr. Bottle's project of forbidding them to engage In retail trado Is perhaps tho most interesting experiment in law and econom ics which has yet been suggested by the ontl-corporatlonlsts. "Ian t member of tho Rovenuo Commit too," says Mr. Sdttlb, "and could make a fight for it there." It may be, It may very well bo, but the thing is in tho hands of tho Committee on Muni cipal Corporations; and did Mr. Suttlb wink his right cyo or his left when ho built this wonderful bill. At Carson. Those two very able-bodied men, Corbett and Fitzsimmons, who have carefully pre pared themselves so that to-day shall find thcmtlp top, or physically perfect, will this afternoon tako and givo tho proud tltlo of P. R. Champion of tho World, weather per mitting. For weather we bellove that we should read snow, for at this season of the year on tho heights of Nevada, where Car son, tho field of judgment, lies, rain Is sure to bo snow. So nearly even are tho two contestants In respect of each man's aggregate abilities, that many prophets aro prophesying mora on tho strength of their two dispositions than on the theoretical effectiveness of their two sets of fists. That is, theso proph ets esteem tho problem to bo one of tem per. They regard It as intellectual and moral rather than physical. Their hopes are that Cokbett will lose by tho loss of his head, and will defeat himself thereby. As no ono looks for Fitzsimmons to lose his head, the group of speculators above referred to confido in Fitzsimmons's chances. On tho cold merits of tho men, howover, we must expect a uorbett victory. And it would not surprise us greatly, if In case the Corbett head actually should bo lost, tho long, thin Cornwallo-Australlensls Bhould fall before the Californlan Iiko tho Anglican Mitchell. Tho Case of Sir. Maden. The account given In tho Havana de spatches of tho Ill-treatment of Mr. Chris topher Maden is a fresh illustration of what American citizens in Cuba have to suffer from tho Spanish authorities. The animosity of tho local magnates against him is alleged to havo been caused byhis refusal to support at his own expense tho troops sent to his plantation, and by tho fact that, when his crops were burned last year, he filed a largo claim for damages with our Consul at Cardenas. Last month a body of troops, possibly claiming tho shelter of ono of Wetler's edicts, drove off all Mr. Maden's working people and his stock, and afterward his houses and ma chinery were destroyed by guerrillas. When Gen. Lee called Gen. Amnuiu's attention to these gross outrages, the latter is said to have replied that orders had been Issued to hand over to Mr. Maden his prop erty, and to reinstate him on his planta tion, which ho had been prevented from visiting. But recent despatches lndicato that nothing had really been done. Secretary Sherman Is credited with a most vigorous purpose to protect the lives, tho properties and the rights of Americans in Cuba, and he will have no lack of coses to call for his attention. Tho Democrats of Cleveland have nom inated for Mayor a (rold Democrat, Mr. Joun IT. Faklev, on a platform indorsing the silver plank of tho Chicago National Convention. Is the trick in tbo candldato or in tho platform ? Prof. Wilson writes to tho Herald in denunciation of tho Dlngloy Tariff bill, thus dls pliiying nn astonishing degrco of BhameleBsaes. Whatever tho faults of that bill may bo, it has been constructed In strict accordance with tho pledges of tho Republican platform, whereas Prof. Wilson's own tariff was perfidiously basod on a prlnclplo emphatically rejected by the Dem ocrotlo platform oa unconstitutional and Im moral, llesldes, it has boon under tho Wilson tariff that the business and industry of the United Statos hnvo suffered as never before in tho history of tho Government. Instead of being tho tariff for rotcnuo only demanded by tho Democratic platform, it is a tariff for protec tion bo bunglingly constructed that it has pro duced nn enormous deficit, causing a groat in crcaso in tho publlo debt. And if tho Scnato had passed it, it cowo from Prof. Wilson's bands, Its effect would hu e been oven moro disastrous. Tho more quietly tho members of Cleve land's discredited Administration go down into obscurity the hotter it will bo for thorn. They did mischief enough in their day, and the people want to hear no moro from thorn. Lauded in Wicklow, lived In Armagh, and died in Down, tko a captlvo in bondage, and always a it,orouB opponent of slavery, anolnter of kings and apostle of the common pcoplo, Pat rick, the patron saint of Irclund, belonged to all parts of Ireland, and is claimed by oil aa tho first figure In Irish history, and his memory has been ever honored by Irishmen at homo and abroad. To-day Is St. Patrick's Day, colobraUd by all Irishmen throughout all tho world. Tho Hon. John W. Lkedy, Governor of Kansas, walks the streets of Topeka mourn fully, mournfully. There aro no flames in his eyes when ho moots a caplluliBt. There Is no explosion when ho passes tho ofllco of a trust. He does not shy when bo bccs a corporation lawyer. Tho word "railroad" in tho largest typo gives him no convulsions. SHont, with head and heart bowed down, ho paces the Btrcots ofTopoha. The Kansas Legislature, tlio great Populist Legislature, which wns to smash tho plutocrats, reform rcrthlnir, and begin tho millennium, hits dnno Its work, nnd what has it done! Aok rather what It bus not done. It did not pass tho Mnximum Freight Unto bill, or tho To-Ccnt Passenger Unto bill. It did not rodute Iho salaries of publlo oillclals, except tboso of tho Chancellor of tho State Uni versity nnd a few other educators whoso intelligence makes them offenslvo to Populists. I It did not fins and otherwise Injure tho in-1 turaace companies. Jidlel set pact a but pro viding that the tnortcaffee shall pay the Judg ment bill on foreclosure. In short. It failed todo roost of the things which It was elected and ex pected to do. It was full of crankerles, but It did no Brest harm. It was a remarkably futile body. Therefore Governor Lexdt Ii cast down. lie has no thought of carrying ont his fnraous threat to " blow blood In the care of capitalists." Ho hasn't tho heart loft to blow cologno water. Ha walks the streets of Topeka mournfully, mournfully. John Hat, tho new Ambassador to Eng land: a competent man and a Bound American; wo bellove, also, nn original McKlnlcyito. Horace Porter, tho new Ambassador to France: a ahrowd observer of things, nnd not tainted with tho Mugwump lovo for aome other country than his own: can talk French llkoa native, and docs not talk nonsense. Each may bo expected to do squarely and fully the duty of hla post. Tho little agitation which gave Interest to a mooting of middle-of-the-road Populist in Denver Sunday has a distinct value to meteor ologists, and tho mere accidental circumstances that a number of stateswomeu were nctlvo in tho fray is of no Importance. One states woman remarked, In a stylo worthy of tho Hon. Hector Davis Waitk, whom another statoswoman oulo fixed as "Grand Old Man Waitis," that sho "would not sit In a convention with tho hirelings of corporations." She ac cented this remark by pointing to a certain statesman present. Tho statesman, who apparently did not understand tho subtle ties of Populist rhetoric, replied most rudoly thnt tho statesworaan was a liar. Tho states woman's husband or fellow statesman leaped Into tho ring. Statesman nnd hireling had a fight, "while tho wife and her companions stood by and oheored tho fighters." This anecdote teaches us that physical as well ns mental vigor is common among tho mlddle-of-the-roadera. Subsequently a states woman asked a statesman in poetical lan guage If it " was not time for him to go out and ehoko himself to death I" Tho statosman show ing no great desire for suffocation, tho question ing statcswoman, assisted by another states woman, proceeded to road tho. unfortunato man out of tho Populist party and to mako him in capable of further honors in it by tho evulsion of his whlskors. Tho scene was ono of con siderable exercise, but tho causo must not bo attributed to any acerbity of man ner or language or temperamoct on tho part of tho statcswomen. When tho wind is nor' nor'east thoro is so much oxygen in the Colorado air that even seasoned residents have to anchor themselves to the surface; and mercurial natures, poets, orators, and statcswomen, are often wrought up to a high pitch of what seems to bo nervous irritability, but is really genius breathing too vivifying an atmosphere. Five of tho six prisoners who escaped from Damsen's custody out of Ludlow Stroot Jail have not been recaptured, and flvo-slxths, tho same proportion, of Damsen's torm has expired yet already. The Hon. Rowland Blennerhassett Mahant, who is not a very ancient member of tho House of Representatives, warned "now members" Monday "that it is an invariable trick of leaders of the House, self-constituted and otherwise, to movo tho temporary adoption of tho rules of the last House, and, when onco adopted, it is harder to more them than to movo Mount jEtna, and under them new mem bers will find it Impossible to represent their constituents." Mr. MAnANT's speech is do scribed as "fiery," glowing liko tho hoart of .Etna, which ho failed to move ovon as ho failed to move tho hearts of a majority of tho members. Ho dashed like Bomo fierce, splendid bird against tho iron wall of tho " tyranny" of tho rules. Ho must havo brought tears to the eyes of somo of tho frcshmnn members. Even the grim old members must havo been moved by tho dis play of so much flamo and smoko and manly wrath against tho " despotism" of tho rules. Tho Hon. Rowland Blenneriiassett Mahant spoko wonders and covered hlmBclf with a doublo coat of glory; but tho fates and tho votes were against him. Still ho will not bo cast down, nor will tho Erio reservation bo without hope, as if its young genius were doomed to re main muffled. Ho will bo heard. The Houso will shako to bis thunders. No rules can keep down so buoyant an orator. The Attorney-General of Texas Is making many of his Populist fellow citizens happy by his spirited conduct in bringing suit against each of the fire insuranco companies doing business in that State. Ho avers that thoso companies havo beon guilty of breaking tho great Texas law ngalnst trusts by enter ing into agreements with ono another as to insuranco rates. Wherefore ho prays tho court to enjoin them from carrilng out thoso agreements, and to tako away their licenses to do business in tho State. All which must bo deeply gratifying to Texans who havo boen inju dicious enough to tako out fire Insurance policies. It is tolerably certain, however, that ovcry plu tocrat who continues to llvo and every corpora tion which InBlsts upon existing violates tho Texas trust law thereby. Tho Are insuranco companies must look out for themsolves. Even if the Attorney-General did not pursue them, their lines would bo cast in very unpleasant places. The Populists aro going to declare flro abolished, except far culinary and heating pur poses, on and after April 10 next. Ono week more and tho season of bock beer, tho beverage of appreciative Americans nnd well-informed Germans, will be at hand. English Appreciation or Mr, Bayard. From London Vanity tUir. There is one shall I ssy person or flend in trous ers? who apparently Is vllo enough not only not to weep at Mr. Bayard s departure, but to speed his part ing with a natty little Lick. That one Is the editor of the National Rtitiw; and hero la the kick: " We hope Col. Hay Is no orator." Is It for this that the ex Ambassador, sans peurtt ans reprocKe as was his ancestor (of course, he waa his ancestor), has been showering myriads of the pearls of his eloquence before the Drltlsher swine T Mr. OIney la out of offlce. thank Heaven' and per haps his succeator Is too busy getting In to read his National Iltt-iew Just now. Otherwise there might arise a more than Venezuelan difficulty) and the Day. ard butter would be rudely scraped off the poor old tall by a thousand Indignant hands. fit Ware Wot tor the Monroe Doetrlat. ri om the St. Jamu't Gateltt. Englishmen will bo gratified and flattered to learn that we have been formally restored to the good books of Venezuela. The rspubllo has decldod to send Its Minister back to London as a sign that we are offi cially forgiven The mistake, In dealing with such petty and uncivilised States, Is to treat them as If tbey wero Important. Tbey like adulation, but It Is not good for them. It flics to the bead. It Is not often that twelve months pats without our Foreign Oflloe being bothered by some pettifogging difficulty raited byoaeof the Central or bouthern States Nicaragua behaved no worse than Venezuela, yet we made an example of It at Corlnto. With thete half-clvlllzed communities, that It the cheaper and In the end more popular way. Confederate Postage Manna. From the Atlanta Journal. At a recent New York tale a Confederate B cent cancelled pottage ttamp waa told for 37. Another brought (108, and other atampt, all cancelled, any where from (8 to 72 SO each From the Richmond Dtipatch, We may add that If your stamp It upon a letter let It ttay there Dou't remove It; the ttamp collector will pay more for It ou the letter than off It. The stamps that bring high prlret aro, as a rule, Ihoto that were Ittued by "local "ofllcrt that it to ra, thote that I'ottmrttcrs had ditlgncd and printed before the Confederacy could get lit stamps ready. A Happy hauge. From the hlchmond Timet The new President It In accord with bis parly and bit party It lu accord with him, and that meant that the Congress soon to commenoe will be a business I Congress and, whatever It may do, will do It promptly I and give bustnrst a rest. J v ' ' ' ..' W AJtBXlkATIOX XMSAXT. Way Atarrlraras) tm Kt Wsst Boeai am Ar rangrmeat with England. To Tn EniTonorTiiK Stm-Sir: "Knglond will never brook a commercial rival." John Arthur Roebuck mndo the above remark In n dobato in Parliament during our civil war. How closely allied In sentiment is iho speech of lord Salisbury on the Greek question, "Porsonnl sympathies or religious proclivities and scntl monts" are not to bo considered when commer cial interests aro nt slnko. In plain English, whon tho pound sterling is In danger humanity In Its struggle for freedom counts for nothing. Thcso words mark the standard of England's aggress! vo treatment olnll nations sho fonrs as rivals in commerce Lord John Russell, Lord Palmcrston, and many other prominent men In England during our civil war woto outspoken In tholrdlsllkoof tho North nnd hoped for a disso lution of this "republic." England, tho pretended champion of tho slavo, was willing to help establish a nation whoso corner stono was slavery, her real motivo being to cripple tho commercial North, break up tho Union, and, with tho formation of a Southorn Confederacy w hoso ports would bo opon to her goods frco of duty, greatly enlargo her commcrco and benefit her manufacturers. Treatlos count for nothing whore commercial interests aro Involved and their observance Is to her detriment, tho acqui sition of gold, tho Englishman's god, bolng para mount to all other Interests. England was tha navy yard, arsonnl, and treasury of tho South during our civil war. Tho North, in reality, for a third time was battling with England, who was tho ally of tho South, Tho Confederate navy, with tho exception of Its officers, was manned by Englishmen and supplied with Eng lish arms and ammunition. When tho consideration of the Alabama claims first ennio up for discussion in Parliament, Lord Russell remarked thnt the honor of England would not permit her to mako any reparation to tho United States. England declared war acntnst China because of tho tnrrj Ing out by tho Chlnoso of an agreement for tho destruction of nil tho opium hold by Ilritlsh merchants In China, which treaty had licon solemnly proposed and mado by Great Britain. Tho result of tho war was tho coding of jiong Kong to England, nn indemnity of six million dollars was paid, nnd before peaco was declared twenty-ono million moro was de manded and paid. From 1838 to 1870 moro de mands woro mado and twclt e million additional was obtained. A foothold In India w as secured bj' force, and soon tho whole country w as ob tained by fraud. Her greed for gold Is apparent in hor treatment of tho natives of India. Of salt, sp necessary for existence, sho has tho monop oly; her tax of 2s. Cd. on ovory pennyworth snows hernvarlce. Can Americans over forget ber Impressment of ourBoamcn.horattcmptto sot up the f also Mosquito kingdom in Central Amer lcn. and her action in tho San Juan qunstlon I Tho condition of Europo to-day is such as to causo England to wish for tho moral support of this nation. Sho has everything to gain; wo would not bo benefited in the least. When tho purchasoof Louisiana was conaldored Napoleon replied to tho objectors to tho salo: "Toomancl- ato nations from tho commercial tyranny of ngland it la noccssarv to balance her Influence by n maritime power that ono day may becomo her rival. That power is tho United States. The English aspire to dlsposo of all tho riches of tbo earth. I shall be useful to tho whole uni verse If I can protcnt them ruling America as they rulo Asia." Mr. lilnlne, in his Bpecch on tho Halifax award, showed how this Govern ment hod been overreached by England. "Tho treaty as It stands." he said, "1b a mockery of justice, nnd w 111 work tho certain destruction of a groat American Interest; it Is. In fact, nothing else thnn asking us to pay a million dollars per annum to Great Britain for destroying tho en tiro flBhlng interest of America and still further crippling and weakening us as a commercial 8o,W0r-" .. Roston Tea Party. Brooklyn, March 14. WZZZi XT BOLVE XllE MTBTJEJtXT Skepticism Abont Any Sclentlfio Remit from the slant for the Primitive American. To toe Editor of The Sun. Sir.- It is an nounced that the officials of tho Muaoum of Natural History hope to solvo the mystery of America's colonization. Aro theso gentlemen out of their minds, that they wunt to mako themselves tho laughing stock of scientists all over the w orld I No doubt many curious objocts will bo found In tho shell mounds of Alaska and tho other countries on both sides of tho Bearing Straits to placo on tho shelves of their museum; but tho belief that they will dig up relics of tho pcoplo who first colonised this continent thou sands of years ago could only occur to well, schoolboys. This continent, undoubtedly, has been visited In past ages by travellers, emigrants, and others from all parts of tho earth; by Mongols, Malays, Norsemen, Phoenicians, and thoso of other na tions; all having left traces of their passage or of their stay. Somo of thcso traces may bo found, but thoy will not make known who the first emigrants were. Furthermore, it la well known that this continent lias been overrun from north to south and from east to wost by hordes from Mexico and Central America, even In comparatively modern times. The explorers may, again. And traces of theso people, who probably pushod their wanderings on to the fnr North nnd on both sides of Bcbring Strait. Will thoy bo able to say thnt such re mains, If found in Alaska, or in eastern or south ern Siberia, did not belong to thoso hordes I Profs. Mnspcro, bnyce. Pctrie. and a host of learned KgyptologiatB confeBB thnt they are un able to discover who woro tho civilized emigrants ipat. establishing themselves on tho banks of the Mk, laid tho foundation of tho great Egyp tian nation only eight or ten thousnnd years ago Do the learned professors of tho Musoum of Natural History claim to bo more sagacious than the famed Kgptologlsta abot o named, and pretend to tell the w orld who were the first emi grants, if nny, that camo to pcoplo tho American continent perhnpsa hundred thousand years agol If thoy want to solve tho mystery why do thoy not translato tho Moxlcan writings and tho ), books, copies of w hich they no doubt pos bcssI In these they might perhaps find a clue that would put them on tho track of what they try to discoi er by digging shell heaps nnd burial mounds of the savages, who for centuries havo Inhabited the northwestern coasts of America and tho northeastern of Asia, If thoy should assert that they had fonnd proofs, convincing to themselves, that thoy had discovered relics of theso primitive emigrants, ure they so innocent as to bellove that scientlsta would bo satisfied and likewise conWnccdt New i orur, March 13. Frances Lanolet. Tho Reaction In Brazil. To TnE Editor or Tne Sun Sir: It cannot but bo painful to tho American people to learn of tho obstructions with which our sister rcpub Ho of Brazil is meeting in her nath of progress toward a settled and secure condition of liberty and happinoss for all hor people. It may bo almost impossible for Americans to belle that there can bo anywhere f roo mon who in this ago are willing to tnko up arms in support of tho monarchical system ni against "govern ment of tho poople, by tho people, and for tho people;" that in a cholco botween thcso there Bhould be any considerable body of mon who would accept tho formor In preference to tho latter. ondbp willing to lay down their Ihes n 5.lEPortiMf "..'Ol'intarlly , loading thoinschos down with chains, perhaps Impossible to romovo: let there Is no escape from tho fact reported In Tnrc Sun today, that moro than 18.000 "ten a now in arms In tho republic of Brazil with tho nowid purposo of establishing again t,1?i.monV'.uV Vioy nro seeking to goWl to political bab) hood, instead of pursuing tho path of progress, Uhcrtj, sirurlt), and happinoss, upon which they had entored. fj-.uuoo. The Brazilian republic, In this tlmo of trial, is entitled to tho sinpathrof tho United Statos ""J,?1' 1 tbo other repiibflis of tho worldVand of nil enlightened lo ors of secular and religious liberty and protrrrss oven where. v.giuus New York, March H. "' Tbn Hebrew Prophets and Adam. To tii EriTon or Tim Snf-Sir; In tbo sermon of Dr. fcavago, w hlch at piiblithed In to-day't Biw tbo remarkablo statement ncrurt that not one of the Hebrew proplieta refers to the story of Adam's fall The good doctor Infers from this that tho prophets had no knnivlodgo of this ttory, and that It was adopted In the Jews and Incorporated in the hook of Oenrtlt at Iho time of tho Babylonian exile. Without "teaivhing far und icarchlngdecp," I am reminded of two passages from the proplirta In which plain referenLet to tLe fall of Adam are made Ono It In the book of Ilotea, a prophet who lived long before the Ilalylonlan exile. It reads, -nut they like Adam, have trantgri tted the covenant." (Ilotea v' 7 ) The other referi nco It by Izalah. who lit rd at the' tlmeofthetxlle Hesald; 'Thyflr.tfatherhattlnned " (Isaiah xllll, 27.) Not ono of tho Hebrew exegetltts that I know dltputcd tho fact that both of Ihrte refer em ei it ere to the .In of Adam. Hut agalmt the argu inrnt of Dr. Havago thero can, neterthclew, l no objection from a Jewltl, point of t lew, for " the fall of Adam " formt no liutls of a t n ed in tho tyuago ;ue. A Jew. Ilia (.ramimthrr Wasn't a Urorrr. To niK Eoitoh or Thk ms-str: In speaking of the wealthy and prominent people In ,ew Vork flftr yeart ago you nfer to my grandfather, Thoodotus Kowler, " at a large growr." He never bad anything to do with the butlntu. lilt dealings It thlt line was restricted to the needs of bU household. Yours trulv KswYoair,MarcBl4. D.o.rowun. BatszatMtala1BzaMitM llittl1"--Lj!vlJ, --1 " 1,1 ' ' 'i a trjrjrx nt onsrer. Rrr !lmpe Here and There Ameng the People of Classic Jnmrt, A young woman who wni n student Inst year , J at tho American tchool nt Alliens sit In her study uptown tho other cvonln? nnd told of her experiences In tho City of Iho Violet Crown. "Ono of tho most interesting sights In Athrni lest joar," sho ssld, "was to boo tho Greeks gather In crowds In tho public Bqunrci to listen to publlo hnmnrruc over tho Crclnn troubles. Thoy used to bocomo vcryinuch t veiled. Tlio university students frequently lod tho demon strations, nnd tho thronjra useatn cry out: ' Wo will not submit to such trrnnnyl Wo will ro slit it with our blood and our Uveal' " The American girl said that sho and hor com panions found thai tho Qrcok peasant of tnriny Is Just as delightful a prevaricator as hols In tho old text books, and that ho lovos to drlro a bargain, Justashodldcenturlos ago. Sho added s " Ono day soveral of us wanted to drivo out, j and Prof. Blank wns commissioned to hire two carriages for us. Ho said at tho outset that ho i didn't Intend to pay moro than 20 drachmas ' for each carriage, a ridiculously small prlco. Af tor much talking and gesticulating and frnw n- . ing, Prof. Blank finally succeeded in securing one man nnd his vchlclo for that prlco. A second ono hold out longer, dcclnr- E Ing that he wouldn't beggar himself for less f than 22 drachmas. Prof. Blank w as equally nn- ! yielding, and finally, after much apparently nso- i Ices palaver, ho said, ' Well, Is It yes or no I' Hesitating a moment the driver said, ' Yes.' AU tho year that was tho joko of Athens among tha ' cabmen. Tbo first driver was dubbed 'Mr. Yes,' nnd tho second and more obstinate on 'Mr. No.' Prof. Blank became with them a hero. Cnb driver 'No' was his dovotcd slavo, nnd rather than let nny ono olso drivo such n shrewd man he'd drivo him for nothing, "Then tho modern Greeks havn not lost tha lnquisltlvcncss of tho ancients. Thoy begin nt onco; ' Where do you como from 1 Where aro you going to I Are yon married I Hon many children havo ynut' Wo got used lo thcso direct questions after n whllo. but at first w hen some of us Amorican girls were stnrtvlntr in Athens, visiting ruins and tho Bites of ancient cities In company with students from Yalo or Harvard, it was rather embarrassing to have a driver tum to ono of us and Buy: ' Which ono's your husband t' "But still I always cultivated tho drivers nnd guides. Imnglno hearing a peasant driver quoto thoNew Testament to you In tho original Grecki Such a follow onco said to mo: 'Wo are all ono in Christ,' you know, and nt tho word 'Christ1 ho crossed his fingers to mako tho lotter Chi. , "Tho Greeks ore all vory cordial to Americans. V Not n peasant in Arcadia who hasn't hoard of and dreamed of this land of tho free. Thoy are r all crazy to como hero. A boy who usod to run crrnndB for us piled us with quostions about our native land, and wo tried in vain to persuado him that ho would bo bettor off in Graoco. There is a llttlo town about an hour from Sparta which has sent eighteen persons to America, and very few even of those adventurous eighteen had ever been as far from home as Sparta. "Certain changes in tho languago of tho country indicate a disposition to revive old classical constructions and resuscitate words long since abandoned in common speech. That alone scorns to indicate a reaction against for eign influence. It is not merely that tho news J tapers aro taking greater pains to keep tho anjruage pure, but even tho common people are A boginning to prefer Hellenic words to Turkish M or Gallic ones. Often a shopkeeper has used a JM Turkish word in speaking to me, and then addod V ' or as wo say in ancient Qrcck,' and given tha classic word. M " At first Grecco was disappointing in spito of H Its ruins and Its dolightful associations. But H after a while I had no objection to seeing coats H Ba?!;unS1 on tho sido walks, and I developed a W qutto Titania-llko fondness for the donkoysone Beesmcrywhoro. Whon wo went on our ox- S editions into tho country, I used to rido a horso lat I named JuIIub Ceesar, because of his fond ness for flank movements and ovidont willing noss to cross ovory Rubicon ho came to. I soon camo to appreciate the plcturesquo features that mar the landscape, and docided thnt in spite of them Athens was a very beautiful city, ana Grooce might yet bo a fitting homo for heroes.' inn OA2TADZAS- RAILWAYS And tha Twenty Million Preaent tbo Vnttecl State Make to Them. Montreal, March 10. Information has been received here to-day from what is believed to bo a trustworthy source that the question of abro gating the bonding- privileges enjoyod by tho Canadian railways is likely to como up shortly for the consideration of President McKinley. It Is said that a special report on tho subject is be- V, Ing prepared. It need hardly be said that if tho step is decided on and carried into effect it will do more to rouBe tho Canadian pcoplo out of their present state of Inertia than anything- else, nnd will throw tho Manitoba school question into the shade. When it Is conaldored that the officially estimated valuo of theso privileges to tho Canadian railways is not less a sum than 920,000,000 annually, It seoms strange to one looking at tho matter from this side of the boundary lino that the American railway lines havo not moved in the matter long before now. It is hard yet to estimate fully tho effect It will , havo over here, but it cannot fail to be wido jpread and to causo much hardship. It will not. howover, work to tho detriment of tho Canadian pcoplo in tho end, if it makes them throw off ' tho imperial incubus that seems to have be- i numbed all their faculties and taken common sense out of them. Mr. Laurier and his government will meet Parliament, that assembles in little more than a week front now, with prospects tho reverse of bright. Several of his moat ardent adherents are greatly disappointed with the course ho has ' taken In several matters, and some aro express ing, privately as yet, their dissatisfaction at tho way in which ho is allowing Mr. Tarte, a con verted Tory, to run things in complete disregard of the older and faithful adherents of thoXth cral party. Thoro is another thing that is alarming tho more serious minded that Is. tho sudden Increase in tho drain of tho population into tho neighboring States. An eyewitness has ' ""d m5f hl? having seen in one day last weok over 800 cmigrta from tho country round St. Hyaclnthe arid that part of what is ono of the M finest agricultural districts of tho province of M 9,'L0.0 rJk.lD.B ,h? c?T?u.,op tho New England f?1?8.-,. V thi? Bort ?f thing does not awaken M Mr. Laurior .from his now-fanglcd imperialist dreams, nothing but tho cmptlnossof his treas- 1 urr that must result from it will. '""- m Amongothor imperialist antics that have been R? ,n1vn.ho2ihos. boen tho Petition to tho Eng- Hf.,,lrfiKrPlco.ito ca, n"ltary regimental fl rfS) u3" 1? cftnadav The subject was up in tho ( Ft'iUS11 arl.lalne.nt nort tlmo ago. and tho H Under Secretary for War replied to a question S!,.,,.Mi,I,bAect .""tf l English Government was fully all vo to tho desirability of encourag- Ing such tendencies on tho part of tho colonies, nnd that tho matter had beon referred to tha opintonaupoOVit.rnlnent 0r "" BXI're88lon o( t08"" jfl Foreign Rote or Real Interest. H For 8,t00 vacanclea of all kinds on the staff of tbe jfl London and Northwestern Railway last year, there H were 09,000 applicants. H Shakespeare's birthplace Is now la possession of a golf olub. Duluwayo haa bad one aome time, so has jl Bagdad, so has Singapore. Bhaketpear never men- jfl tloned golf. oB The NUrnberg Induttrlal exhlbltora report thai OH tbey made 0,117 aales, amounting In value to 1,881,- IR 769 marts, nnd that ihty received Ifito orders, bringing In 1,800,017 marks, y. nolland, the homo of nugo Orotlus, baa under. taken to codify the International private law, a permanent commission having been appointed for that purpose by the Queen Regent. A queer Japanete Idea It that of the offl:ert who n served In the war w.th China. In petitioning the " Government to erect a monument to the memory of tbe hortei that fell In the war. Queen Victoria In tbe sixty years of her reign tiai had to do with terenteon Tretldentt of the Tailed Statet. Martin Vn Iluren had been In office three months when she succeeded to the throne. Sir John Millar's "Teoman of tho Ouard" has been pretented to the National Oallery by hit half. t titter. Sargent'a portrait of Coventry Fatmore hat alto been glrrn to tha nation by the poet't K'ov for the National I'ortralt Oallery, An extension of the Pope's territory hat leu made by the purcuate from Prince Borghcie of a very large tract of land adjoining the Vatican gar deut. The Italian Oovernment hat aareed that the rUht of extra territoriality enjoyed by the Vatican thall opply to the new aoquitltiou. Oeorno reabody'a donation of ia.000,000 tor '.on don worklngmen't houses bat Increased lo S 8.000, ooo In tho twenty.four ycarailnce hit d.ath. Iat year the trustees or tbo fund provided ll.tlOT roomt, betides bath roomi, Uvatoilrt, and launtrle. A lu.Baa persons occupied tneai. Thediaih rale of flj Infants In the buildings Is per cent, below dio average for London. HH Among the lato Won Say't papert nere found HJ llvo decreet dated on the tame da), tlurd by I'ri.l l dent Or6vy and countersigned by all the piopi-r offl elali. appointing him to all the gradti of the I jiu or Honor. Including the Grand Crou. Oi ly rm out of offlce without making the appolntnientt put) IU In tha Journal OffloM, and Leon Say never men. tloned the matter to any oft and never wore any at the decorations, BHaannsBjasBaBsjajBtszBBJi'''"- jggaaaSMMM