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Wt THE SUN, FRIDAY, APRIL 80, 1897. '
J3r I" , FRIDAY, APIHIi no, 1897. ' Subscription by Mall PMtFld. M DAILY, psr Month eo bo DAILY, per Year M iSff. MJNDAY, per Year Sf" DAILY AND CUNDAY, per Year on Sjt' OAILYASD SUNDAY, per Month o Jig;' Poster to foreign countries added. KR Tub But, Kir York City. UF ritu. -Klosque No. IS, nesr Orand Howl. jjfe Ifeurfrlende wAo atwr w wlla manuscriptsor ifff pvfcKmffon u-fsa fo now reJteUd arttelet returned, Sjk' lK nwl nall cof send lomnor that purport. &K The Govornor ami Now York. aK The Legislature of tho Kmplro State has tjEfc prepared for Governor Ulack tho oppor- F tunlty of chooslnp;, In full sight of an nttcn- fiT tlvo publlr, whether ho Is to belong among Vfo tho low order of statesmen who In New jflf York have followed up tho great vie- ijT toryof 181)0 with tho promotion of apol- By fey Identified with tho party then defeated, Be or whethor ho shall bo esteemed as a publto S(? man worthy of respect for his Intelligence iSfe and of confidence In his strength and firm- ness of principle, Tho Inhcrltanco Tax bill " Is a rlclous measure that under the clrcum- gal stances has no proper place In Republican V& legislation. It Is bad In theory and will bo $fc bad In practice. W It ought to be vetoed. mi. !Our Claims Against Spain. Whllo It Is true that claims involving millions for damages suffered by Americans In Cuba havo already been filed with the State Department, there U good ground for believing that some of our citizens, who JHR would llko to demand such Indemnities, rt are restrained from so doing by fear. .j Under the orders of Weyleh many plan tations are virtually abandoned, and work I Is stopped on them. Again, some planta tions havo to support tho Spanish troops billeted on them. Tho cases In which dam ago may result from offending tho authori ties in any way can easily bo Imagined, and in tho bitter feeling of the Spaniards for the patriots the very filing of a claim against tho former may excite a suspicion which will cost much. Of course some risk also may be run If claims are not filed at a timo when Spain, being notified of them, can collect evidence .. on the subject. It is also possible, no jj doubt, to fllo claims for tho use of our Gov- Ssl. eminent only, on a statement of good reasons for that course. But an Impression prevails. Y&, that, when all source of apprehension for IfF life or property Is removed, the final array Isfe. of American claims will become of vast SS amount ; and there are years of grave con- OT1, troversy in prospect over these claims. t Christendom's Noble Work in Crete. We find In the Canca correspondence of the London Standard soma interesting 'M' testimony as to the work done by the Inter itfe national forces in preventing the patriots I&. of the Island from achieving their freedom. jfc Behind tho town of Cunea, It appears, $E there is a plain which the Turks had pro ilk tected by a chain of blockhouses, having 1$ two forts at tho ends. Tho Insurgents nt M tacked and carried the blockhouses, ono g& after another, until the two principal forts & alone were left in the hands of tho Turks. H? One of these, called Sarboshy, they had just Eg decided to storm, when the international ijj troops prevented them by occupying It. Sjt Then they turned against the other fort, ft? Izzed in, but there they were checked for a 5 time by the shells of an Italian cruiser. $gi Tho Insurgents, however, occupied a ?& ruined monastery near Fort Izzedtn, and W again made ready to capture it, when tho .,$; fleet opened fire on them. The Turkish fl frigate and the Ardent were soon very busy, and when the former sheered off, the Rus- .., aian armored gunboat Grozlastchy went to w about 300 yards from the shore and poured 5; in a most destructive fire. Jp "Tho Insurgents, nevertheless, did not seem to jK'. care much, and as oon as they were driven from 2& ono inciter they swarmed Into another, generally 3db acknowledging any particularly accurate shell by Mf' a stlffer volley at the Turks. The whole of the slopo $fc was now corered with Insurgents, lying down mostly $ and firing at their ease, now and again advancing a c$ short way, agatu to crouch and Arc. From the crest t'jg down to the cliff the gorse and grass might almost & bare been on fire, so covered were they with per- Wt petual puffs of smoke, and the rattle of the rifles 8; never ceased Its accompaniment to the boom of the M&J guns every mlnuto or so." ?&S Presently, an Austrian vessel, tho Tiger, fWf aided the Russian Grozlastchy In this noblo " work, and then the big British Camper Ma1 down Joined In with her tremendous mis 3j Biles, until, at last, tho Insurgents were ra forced, under a shell fire so terrific, to pull g down their flags and disappear over tho Sj ridge. Tho Turks then ventured out, and & planted their flags on the deserted place. Tho correspondent added that " tho Turks & will now be able, probably, to hold their own m easily." Throughout his account tho im K presslon Is conveyed that nothing but this :JV intervention of the International fleet saved 0B these defences of Canea from the Insurgents, "st and what In true at that Important point Sf would doubtless be true at others under ft like circumstances. T What a record for tho navies of the & European powers to bo proud of, that of fflf preventing tho people of Crete from throw- yi ' taJZ off the yoke of the Turks ! jM, Our Citizen Sailors. K-Sfi The season for the exercises of the naval $' militia upon tho water approaches, and the DM allotment Just made by Secretary Lono of r tho annual fund of $50,000, which Congress li now sets apart for this body, shows how It &L flourishes In various parts of tho country. ffi Fifteen States, one-third of tho whole Mi number, share lu tho appiopriation, all, of JSr course, being on the seaboard or tho lake- fjb. board. A lake State, Illinois, now heads lj tho list In strength of uniformed petty 'f?j- officers and men, Its total bcing448, which j& calls for 35,807, at tho rato allowed of ' about $10 per man. This is tho first time ,t- a lake State has como to tho top in uum- $. hers, and it is the more remarkable since ft Illinois first appeared on tho allotment list W In 180II, or two years later than tho first m group of half a dozen States, that took tho ;ifi benefit of the law. Last year she was only : third on tho lint. & The other Stntcs, In order of enlisted A Mrength, are: Massachusetts, 4!14; New WL York, 307; California, !155; New Jersey, E 337; Maryland, ii'.VA; Louisiana, "Oil; p Georgia, 188; l'enusjlvaula, 183; Mlchl- m kou. 177 ; Ohio, 174 ; South Carolina, 1(15 ; m Rhode Island, 158; North Carolina, 140; W- Connecticut, 135. Thus It will bo seen that nxtent of coast lino and Interest In in or I E?. tlMio affairs are elements as conspicuous as alxe of population In thl matter. The alio t-V ment of Connecticut, ot courso tho lowest, Is !?1,74. Thcso distributions are based on tho rolls of Jan. 1. Changes occur from time to time in rclatlvo numbers, and indeed, it Is remarkablo that Massachusetts, which formed tho first battalion of State naval milttla In 1800, at ono time had 080 men, anil In various States thcro have been marked fluctuations. In 1801 California headed tho rolls, In 1 802 New York, in 1803 and tho thrco following years Massachu setts, giving way only this year to Illinois. Texas, which started In 1801 with an en rollment of 43 men, dropped out Immedi ately, and has not yet rcllDpcarcd. Hut In genrral tho growth of tho or ganization has been steady and gratifying. Tho enlisted strength In 1801 was 1,140; tho next year, 1,704; tho noxt, 2,370; tho next, 2,030; tho next, 2,005; the next, 3,330, whllo tiro lost reckoning shows 3,703. Adding tho commissioned officers, nnd nllowlng for tho growth slnco Jan. 1, wo may safely placo tho organization to day in tho neighborhood of 4,000 or more. Without ascribing to this bodyot men a greater degree of practical value than the facts warrant, It cannot be denied that, within Its necessarily limited sphere, It Is a valuable source of reliance, as an auxil iary for the navy, especially In coast work. Mr. McAdoo, who had especial chargo of It under Secretary IlEnDEUT, and Inspected large portions of It, expressed himself warmly in Its favor In his lost annual re port. IIo spoke of tho excellent results of the Joint camp of tho Rhodo Island, Con necticut, and Now York detachments on Gardiner's Island, where emulation was possible, and where they could havo a greater uso of vessels assigned to them. Tho first appropriations of Congress for tho naval militia wero $25,000 a year, but In 1800 this was doubled, and tho In creased amount will again bo avallablo this year. It 1h evident that, as tho organiza tion has more than trebled slnco 1801, this lncrcoso In appropriations Is well war ranted, and better nrms, munitions, equip ments, and boats will add to the efliciencr of tho force. It may bo added that the Naval War College has drawn up a plan for tho cooper ation ot the naval militia this year in coast defence, by such work as rcconnotsancca and tho construction ot war charts. Oregon and Florida. It Is on extraordinary situation in Amer ican politics when the Republicans are do pendent for a majority in the United States Senate upon tho admission of a Senator from Kentucky nnd upon tho casting vote of the Vice-President from Now Jersey, Ken tucky and Now Jersey being two tradition ally Democratic States. Tho election of Mr. Ueiioe on Wednesday as a Senator from Kentucky after a conflict lasting sixteen months makes tho number of Republ leans 44 In a Senate of 88. He is a resident of Crltten don county, on the Ohio River line, In tho western part of tho State, and in a Con gressional district which is strongly Demo cratic. Mr. Deboe has diplomas both as a physician and as a lawyer, and also a cer tificate of proficiency as a School Superin tendent. Of course he will be cordially welcomed tnlhe Senate by the Republicans; but they are still one vote short of a ma jority without the casting vote of Vice President Hobart of New Jersey. The Oregon Legislature has adjourned without choosing a Senator; tho Florida Legislature is In session, but no choice of u Senator has been reached. There are forty-five States and ninety Senators, and these two unfilled posts leave the Sen ate with eighty-eight members only. Florida and Oregon In the balance I Poli tics In the Senate are much mixed. Tho Growth of German Trade. Evidence accumulates that England's ex port trade, which is the principal source of her prosperity, Is seriously threatened by German competition. The latest Informa tion on the subject is contributed to the National Review by Sir Philip Maoncs, a member of the Royal Commission on Tech nical Instruction, which lately visited Ger many with a view of ascertaining tho re cent progress of education In that country. Sir Philip has availed himself not only of his own observations, but also of some strik ing comparative statistics compiled by Sir ConuTENAY Boyi.e, and just published by tho Board of Trade. It appears that since 1880 the exports of manufactured articles from Germany have increased from $415,000,000 to $545,000, 000, and that tho increase, notwithstanding Homo fluctuations, bos been fairly continu ous throughout this period. It must, how ever, be remembered that tho figures quoted for Germany are exclusive of the largo quantities of German-made goods which, shipped from Rotterdam, Antwerp, and Flushing, arc Included in tho statistical tables as exports from Holland and Bel glum. If, now, wo look at tho exports from Great Britain during tho satno term of years, wo find that they have fallen from $1,075,000,000 In 1883 to $020,000,000 In 1801. Whllo between tho years named there has been so grave a decllno In tho ex port trade of tho United Kingdom, tho Im port of articles called manufactured during tho same period has enormously Increased, namely, from $240,000,000 in 1883 to $405,000,000 In 1800. If wo comparo tho annual avcrago valuo of Imports Into tho United Kingdom from Germany for the period 1880-84 with tho period 1801-05, we learn that there has been an in crease from less than $350,000 to more than $1,750,000 In cotton manufactures ; an increase from $1,500,000 to $3,160,000 In glass manufactures, and an Increaso from $1,800,000 to $3,025,000 in paper nnd pasteboard. These are only a few of tho different classes of manufactured goods of which tho Imports from Germany into Great Britain have Increased. Nobody, of courso, denies that the cutlro volume of England's export trade Is still much larger than that ot Germany; the question of vital Interest is whether It Is increasing or dimin ishing, and, supposing It to bo Increasing, whether the rate of upward movement Is the same. To this question thero Is but one answer. Tho export trade of Germany la Increasing ot a much greater rate. No wonder, then, that Sir Couiitenay Boyle should tell tho Board of Trade that "wo can scarcely expect to retain our past un doubted pree'mlnence, at unyrato not with out strenuous effort, and careful and ener getic Improvement In method." Another body of testimony to which Sir Philip Magnum refers Is tho collection of reports furnished by British Consuls to tho Foreign Office during the past year. Hero one encounters a repetition of tho facts that German wares are gradually displacing those of English make; that this displace ment is not duo to any superiority in tho character of German goods, but to the lower price at which they are sold; to the better adaptation of the articles to the wants ot customers, and to tho greater ac tivity, enterprise, and commercial ability of German traders. Wo aro told, for in stance, In regard to tho trade with Mexico, that in tho cheaper goods those of German, and American make, such as hardware and cutlery, are found to bo of superior finish to thoso of English make, and no sell better. Then, too, It Is asserted that English firms aro very wanting In enterprise, and fall to create English agencies In Mexico, with out which new branches of trado cannot bo opened. Passing to tho Russian market, wo learn from a Consul's report on tho Nljnl Novgorod Exhibition of 1800 that "If wo EngllshmcnJ Intend to retain our trade with Russia wo must employ better edu cated travellers, who can converse with Russian buyers, and thus learn their re quirements. Our travellers," the Consul continues, "aro handicapped at tho start," and he rcfora to " tho ncgllgcnco of our manufacturers who havo allowed the Ger mans to secure much of tho trado that should havo como to us." If wo turn to sonio of tho less Important markets, wo observo that tho valuo of Imports from Great Britain to Roumanla has decreased since 1803 by $2,000,000, whllo tho Im ports from Germany and Austria-Hungary havo steadily progressed. About Tunis we are informed by tho British Consul-General that " EnglUh goods wero formerly much sought after, and It Is much to be regretted that they aro now scarcely to be found In tho Tunisian market." It seems, Indeed, that In Tunis British machinery is now al most entirely superseded. With respect to Chili wo read: "Though many of tho prin cipal houses at Valparaiso aro British firms, tho German houses now far exceed the English In number; and in tho matter of imports this Is a question of somo Im portance." Wo aro further told that thero Is a constant Immigration Into Chill of well-educated, competent Ger mans, who work hard, mako themselves particularly useful In commercial houses, and ultimately provo successful In busi ness. Another British Consul, after stat ing that Germany possesses in Ham burg ono of tho best harbors in tho world, avers that " Germans aro not only capablo of compotlng, but aro actually competing with us In markets which wo havo consid ered exclusively our own." Sir Claude Macdonald, speaking at first hand with rcfcrcnco to China, says: " Our commercial Interests In this empire far exceed those of any other nation, but, great as our position Is, it will bo speedily undermined by our many rivals if wo do not reform our busi ness methods." In face of such handwrit ing on tho wall, there Is little comfort for Englishmen In the assurance that " we still preponderate greatly as a country manufac turing for export." In attempting to account for these phe nomena, Sir Philip Maqnus lays but little stress upon tho Increasing population of Germany, or upon the fact that working hours aro longer and wages lower in that country than in England. Ho attaches somewhat more importance to tho fact that goods are carried at lower rates on German than on English railways. For example, cotton yarns aro carried from Manchester to Hull at tho rate of 18 shillings per ton ; they would be carried the same distance in Germany for 1 1 shillings. To convey saws and tools from Sheffield to Hull costs 13 shillings per ton ; the same distance could bo covered In Germany for 0 shillings and 7 pence. Tho carriage of hardware from Birmingham to Liverpool coats over 10 shillings per ton; for tho some distance in Germany it would cost but lOshllllngs. The transfer, finally, in general machinery from Leeds to Hull for export entails an outlay of 12 shillings per ton; it could be made over the samo distance in Germany for 42 shillings. These figures justify Sir Bern hard Samuelson, who has lately made a report upon tho subject, in the conclusion that "except as to iron ore, coal and coke in certain cases, and a fow other articles under special circumstances, the railway rates are so much lower in those coun tries (Germany, Belgium, and Holland) as to placo our traders at a serious dis advantage." It is clsowhere, however, that Sir Philip Magnus looks for tho principal cause of tho rapid advanco in commerce and manufactures, which during the last fifteen or twenty years Germany undoubtedly has gained. That advance he deems directly traccablo to the assistance given by the State In Germany through technical education and otherwise to indus trial enterprise. Tho expenditure on Ger man education, although seemingly lavish, has been returned to the country a hundred fold in the products of improved trade. Not only In the equipment of their schools, but also in tho methods of Instruction and in the organization ot their whole sys tem of education, tho Germans excel the English. After duo allowance has been made for all contributing causes, includ ing tho thrifty habits of the German people, tho fact that they take life more seriously than do tho English, and their admitted contentment with a somewhat lower standard of material comfort, tho ono tact that stands out prominently, differ entiating tho conditions in tho two coun tries, Is tho superiority of German Instruc tion and Its closer adaptation to the wants and requirements of tho people. This It Is which has enabled the Germans to gain on tho English In tho science of production and In the art of distribution. Mayors and the Tax Rate. It is an axiom among the uninitiated that tho test of efficient, worthless, .frugal, or wasteful municipal government is to be found In the tax Imposed by law upon prop erty subject to tho burdens of State and municipal expenditures. A high tax rate means an unpopular administration; such Is the general opinion. A low tax rate means a popular city gov ernment; such Is the view. It Is unde niable that thcro is no public propen sity for paying taxes, and that where, as Is the case In many districts of tho Interior, these taxes are paid directly, they con stitute an Important element In the determination of elections; but In this city, and in the large cities of the United States generally, tho propor tion of direct taxpayers Is not large, and the majority of voters are more closely Interested in the uses to which tho pro ceeds of tho taxes aro put than lu tho per centage of taxes to the property assessed. However this may be, the records of past elections show that a high or low tax rato under ono administration has little to do with the politics of tho administration succeeding. In the j ear preceding t ho election of Wil liam F. Havkmeylr, the last Mayor ot Now York elected by the Republicans prior to tho choice of Col. Stiiuno lu 1804, tho rate was 2.00. Under Mayor Havemeyer the rato In the first year, largely through tho economies and watchfulness of Andrew II. Green, was reduced to 2,50, and In the second year to 2.80, ten point lower than that of his predecessor. But neverthe less a Tammany Mayor was elected to succeed him, and during tho first year of his administration tho tax rato was 2.04, larger than It had been before and larger than It has been under any ot his successors. Tho successor of this Tam many Mayor was another Mayor elected by Tammany, and under his frugal and provi dent management of tho city's affairs tho tax rato was gradually reduced until In 1878 It was 2.50. Notwithstanding that fact, tho Tammany candidate In that year of low taxes was defeated and Edward Cooper, tho candidate of thoso opposed to Tammany, was elected. His successor was William R. Grace, under whose administration tho tax rate in the first year was 2.02 and In the second 2.25. Mr. Grace, who, when In politics, concen trated his most active efforts on tho Mayor alty, advocated a contlnuanco of hlB own policy In ofllco by his successor, Mr. Camp iiell. In whoso favor ho threw the full meas ure of his support. Tho Grace candidate, however, was defeated ; the Tammany nomi nee was successful, tho tax rato being 2.20 In his first year In ofllco and 2.25 In his second. But tho voters next turned from Tammany, and Its candidate for Mayor was defeated In 1884. Abram S. Hewitt was elected Mayor In 1880, and during his term of of llco tho average tax rato was 2.10. But that reduction did not weigh much with tho voters who defeated him for reelection, preferring Mr. Grant. Under tho administration ot Hcon J. Grant and of his successor, Mayor Gilrot, tho tax rate on property in New York city was steadily reduced until, during tho last year of Mr. Gilroy'b term, It reached 1.70. This was In 1804, and It was a showing creditable to Tammany administration, but tho voters of tho city defeated Tammany In that year and Installed Col. Strong as the successor of Mayor Gilrot, with tho rato of taxation last year 2.14. Tho figures of the tax rate do not amount to much in Now York city politics. Bicycling- and tho Heart The Case of John Clokey. Tho death ot John T. Closet has been attributed to bicycling. After the autopsy on Wednesday, Coroner's Physician Donlin said: "I found that tho Immediate causo of death was heart disease, but I am of opinion that it Mr. Clokey had never rid den a bicycle he would be alive to-day." Dr. Donlin is also reported as saying that cycling is a violent form of exercise, and that no person suffering from heart disease should ride a wheel. Thcro seems to be no doubt that the wheel was responsible for Mr. Cloket's death, as it has been for the death of other persons suffering from cardiac affection. " Don't wheel If you havo heart disease," may be good general advice, but In certain diseased conditions of the heart, cycling is believed to be very beneficial. We quote from tho Medical llecord: "In simple degenerated conditions of the muscular fibres, In dilated hearts either with or without com pensatory hypertrophy, and In slight valvular arfeo tlons. bicycle riding, when properly practised, may prove of great service, because It Improves the nutri tion of the organ and developa the muscular fibres, thereby enabling the heart to perform its work more effectually. Where exercise Is ad visable In heart affections, I know ot no bet ter method of obtaining It than by the proper ue ot the wheel Dy riding slowly and on an ap proximately flat surface the mildest cardlao action can be obtained, and this, as the heart Improves In strength, can be Increased by degrees, and In direct ratio wltb the cardlao development. By this means the strength of the heart can be greatly Increased, thus causing a natural compensaUon for many abnor mal conditions." Scorching, hill climbing, and century runs are not regarded as moderate forms of bicycling, and only persons with a perfectly sound physique should attempt them. Ac cording to a decision of the French Acad emy, " no one should ride a wheel without consulting a physician." Good counsel, provided one consults a wise physician. Reconstruction in Greece. The political crisis at Athens appears to have been surmounted, and the conse quences that assuredly would have fol lowed tho dethronement of King Georoe and tho proclamation of a republic have been averted; but for how long de pends on the course of events In Thes saly. These again depend on Ediiem Pasha's ability to bring sufficient forco Into lino to fight a decislvo action. At tho actual moment wo know nothing of tho numbers or condition of tho Greek army that occupies the Pharsala hills; but it has to be noted that tho situation that existed on tho north of the Salam vrla up to Saturday last Is partially reversed on tho south side. Tho Turks aro attacking from the plain and the Greeks ore defending naturally strong positions; but tho nioral advantages are with tho Turks, flushed with success, while the Greeks aro depressed and discouraged. In war, however, a fow days' rest and absence of combat tend to restore troops after a disaster, If their physical needs are satisfied and they see that the enemy is not following up his advantages vigorous ly. From tho elevations among the Phar sala hills tho movements of the Turks, except at night, will bo In full view of the Greek outposts, so that whllo tho Greeks continue to havo tho control of tho railway running behind their positions from Velcs tlno to Kardltna, they will be able to rein force with comparative rapidity either flank In case ot need. As we surmised yesterday, thero was an intention to send tho Turkish fleet from tho Dardanelles to coUperato wltb Ediiem Pasha in an at tack on Volo. Whether tho reports of a disaster to some of the ships aro to be trusted or not, tho Greek eastern squadron has now an objective, which Is to prevent tho Turkish ships reaching Volo. Everything that can delay decisive action by Ediiem Pasha Is so much time gained by tho Greeks to Improve their resistance, and as there can be no doubt that tho cooperation of the Turkish fleet wltb his army after he had reached Larlssa was part of tho plan ot campaign, Its non-appearance will disadvantageous affect his operations. The new Ministry that has replaced that of Mr. Delyannis (s one that will respond to tho popular demands and at tho same time reassure tho powers friendly to Greece that they have no object except tho na tional defence. Mr. Ralli has with him men of ability not disposed to indulge In flights In experimental politics while the enemy is at tho gates, and his presence, together with that of the Minister of War, at Pharsala will encourage the troops, who, it Is reported, havo repulsed the TurkB for the second time at Velcstlno, Mr, Theo toki, a former associate of the late Mr. TitlL'oui'ls, is a capable man, and as Minis ter of the Interior will have an Important part in reorganizing tho defence, especially in tho matter of transport and the collection ot supplies under the supervision ot the chiefs ot municipalities. Under the clrcmn- stances the situation Isnot entirety hopeless for tho 'moment, but with Bulgaria and Scrvla quiescent and tho Turks enjoying a free hand In every direction by favor of tho powers, tho fighting odds con tinue to bo against Greece, as they wero from tho start, particularly as tho troops going down from SMonlca to relnforco Ediiem Pasha aro stated to havo received Mauser rifles Instead ot tho Martinis with which tho troops that havo been fighting tho Greeks aro armed. One of two things Is certain, hither tho pres ent and reoent stagnation of trade, from which mil lions of people suffer, and suffer cruelly. Is due to Ihe currency or to the tariff Issne. Chicago InttrOcran. Frobabljr tho most potent Influence for stag nation Is tho pestiferous demagotruo who seeks to lnflnmo popular passions with his cries that capital is " trampling; the citizen to death under an iron heel," and that capital's last develop ment, tho trust, la the "communism of pelf." Enterprise can't raise its head but somo fool or scoundrel standi ready to strike at It and hold It up for execration or confiscation. Capital can hardly be oxpectcd to be very ambitious under uch circumstances. Tho recent election of a Senator in Con gTcss by the Kentucky Legislature closed so long a period of bickering and garboU that Governor Dradlet would have been Justified In Issuing; a proclamation of thanksgiving-, asking; the in habitants to celebrate the reign of peace. But there is no peace. Out ot the fearful hollows ot hli vocal plant the Hon. Joe Blackburn sends his usual remarks about the comparative mor al qualities of gold Democrats and goblins damned. It had been hoped that Mr. Black burn would writs a sort ot theological-political treatise on the matter. Ills views are vory In terestlnr to him, and his language la always good for cooking; purposes. It woman la to go Into athletics, she must mod ify the long skirt. She Is going Into athletics. There fore, the long skirt must go. Coiurrtator. And when It goes, the beat substitute Is the garment worn by tho men, with whom she will henceforth compete. Let her not fool with di vided skirts, or fancy legtrlng-s. or bloomers, but bravely put on trousers and defy the world. The Hon. John W. Leedy, Governor of Kansas, is said to bo prepared to provo that the floods In that State are the direct result of monopoly and the Indirect result of stock-water-lng. It must be admitted that it Is difficult to think of this excellent man in the attitude of splashing around In a boat. Dry land Is his place, whore he can utlllzo to the best advan tage his amazing wealth of wheels. Tho betrayal of tnrlff reform and of the prin ciples of the party during the session of Congress In 1S03 94. The betrayal of DemocraUe pledges, and especially of the tariff policy of the party, as this poUoynad been explloltly reaffirmed and set forth In ihe Chicago platform of 1 80;! The betrayal of the cause of tariff reform. Baltlmort Sun. Good tor our mad cuckoo friend! After rec ognition of the fact that the great Democratic principle of tariff reform was betrayed, will come the discovery ot tho traitors, Qrover Cleveland and Willi aw L. Wilson. When the truth about their performances is learned by our contemporary it will be approaching a condition In which it can begin to consider the future of tho Democratic party. When Mr. Rtjdtard Kiplinq writes poetry, he doesn't go into the dove and love business or copy any of the singers n ho havo sung before him. lie Is original in his choice of subjects, and then In his wav of treating them. The Canadian tariff would never have seemed a promising subject for a poem to anybody else than Mr. Kii'UNo. In fact, the world might have revolved until its axis was worn out and no man would have hung a nosegay ot verses on the Canadian tariff or any other tariff. Yet Mr. KirLlNO has written on this theme, Impossible to anybody but himself, what seems to be a Tery spirited poem. It is his genius not to be second hand. Alt ACT TO JDRirH AVTAY WEALTH. Comptroller Fitch's Prateat Aa-mlnst Ihe Grad uated Inheritance Tax. Comptroller Fitch wrote to Gov. Black yester day a letter condemning the Dudley bill for graduated transfer taxes. " I have no desire to put before you my per sonal ideas as to the theory of taxation upon which this bill Is based," wrote the Comptroller, "but there are certain practical considerations affecting It concerning which I think I have a right to speak. "Considerably more than one-half of all in heritance taxes collected in the State of Kew York since the promulgation of tho first law re lating thereto. In 1885, has been collected by my predecessor and myself as Comptrollers, for the time being, of the city of XewYork. Speaking, therefore, with such authority as may attend this practical experience In the collection of the inhcrltanco tax, I havo no hesitation in declar ing my belief that as a revenue-producing measure this bill would prove n failure. "Heretofore tho inheritance tax has been suc cessfully collected because the rato of taxation has not been considered oppressive or so high M to Induce wealthy citizens to relinquish their residence in this State If, however, tho rate were raised to such a degree as is proposed, it would simply mean that tho possessors of wealth would acquire their residences In othor States while continuing to do business In New York. This w ould not bo a dl fOcult matter, and would Involve no particular hardship. It Is an experi ence with which the Tax Commissioners of this city are perfectly familiar, as, for example, in the case of Mr. George Gould, who left this city for Lakewood, N. J. "Moreover, the power of tho State to lovy inheritance taxes being limited to cases of Ju rindlction acquired either by (I) the domicile of tho deceased, or ('-) the actual ml us of his prop erty, the Legislature would be powerless to rem edy theso results by extra-territorial legislation. ' It should be remembered that New York is almost tho only Stato In the Union which imposes a direct inheritance tax, and that about two-thirds ot tho States havo no collateral Inheritance tax laws. The possessors of woalth would there fore find no difficulty In noidlng tho burdens of this proposed lnw. It should be furthermore borne in mind that the large receipts from In heritance taxes In the past have been chletly due to a comparatively small number of Inrge estates, and not to tho payments made by those of average or small size. "Tho otlcct, therofore, of giving inducements to our wealthy residents to acquire another domicile would be to greatly reduce the amounts which would hereafter be collected from this source. " It Is owing, therefore, to my firm beliof that this measure, so far from Increasing the rev enues of this State, would actually affect them Injuriously, that I ask. your Excellency to with hold your approval from this measure. The Creole of &alslaiiau From the AVw Orleans Tim Democrat. At the annual publto literary and artlstlo seance of the Athcnte Loulilanals yesterday afternoon the elite of the French speaking cltttens of New Orleans were In attendance. The object of the Athenee Loulilanals is to perpetuate the French language In Louisiana. It offers an annual prise of a medal for the liest essay In the French language, In addition to offering medals at many of the local schools for the most proficient scholars In the language. "Our annual publlo meetings," said Prof. Alcee Fortlerln his opening address, "mark epochs In the history of the Atheneo, and are of great Importance. Tbey unite the eilte of our French population and of our Creole population. At them we can see that the Creole race has not degenerated, that Its men are still courteous and distinguished, and that Its women are such as Creole women have always been the mar vel of creation," A Vlce-Preeldent nb la Lilted by a rrestaeat. Vohi tkt Uttea Frtu. It Is the evident disposition of President HcKlnley to accord bis assoclste on the ticket more notice than his predecessors have done. He seems cordially to like Mr. Hobart, and consults it 1th blm toanexteut which excites remark. Is It Possible t To rax Editob or Tux Hex Sir; What else ran be the "Pajamlne" party at Oalveston, mentioned In Tux Bex to-day, bat a party at which the guests are dressed In Pajamas f c. D. Haw Yosx, April l(. ART NOTES. rictarea at the Vlem Clsr-The CaaspeUilaa for the Mew Academy r Design. What will probably be tho last exhibition ot tho season at the Lotos Club opons to-morrow night with a view for members and their guests, and ladles will be admit tod to tho gallery, fol lowing tho usual custom, on noxt Monday and Tuesday afternoons. Tho urescnt exhibition consists ot works by American figure painters and comprises thirty-four canvases. The Art Committee's predilection for "tonal paintings" is apparent In this as it has been In several provloua exhibitions, and whllo thcro Is a num ber ot woll considered, serious works on the walls, thero are others with but slight qualities of form or of relatively truthful color, but which aro markod by tho tono sonBe. Somo aro coher ent and some are not. Mr. Douglas Volk's "Tho Puritan Mother" (No. 33 Is a picture which tho artist has Just finished and is shown for the first time at this exhibition. It represents a woman seated in a wood holding a boy to her knees and both figures aro good lu character. The little boy's faco Is especially winning in expression. Tho plcturo Is carefully and nbly painted. " Mother and Child" (No. 34). by Henry Olh er Walker, presents tho samo subject under different con ditions, tho theme hero Inclining to tho classical, and tho child is a nude figure. Mr. Low gives a nude flturo in a now picture called "Tho Spring" (No. 24), and there Is fine modelling In the nudo figures ot the Indian warriors In Mr. Brush's sterling llttlo plcturo, "Before the Bat tle" (No. 7). In spite of Its curiously affected handling there Is a certain charm in "The Romany Girl " (No. 18), the well-known picture by George Fuller, and it is pleasant toseolt again, for it Is both striking in general aspect and personal In rendering. A small canvas by Wlnslow Uomer, " A Stiff Broeze" (No. 22), shows in this, his early work, the same vigor and directness in seizing the salient points of a subject that are found In the masterpieces of later years. Mr. Shlrlaw's "Among the Old Poets" (No. 31), the late Thomas IIo venden's early picture, "A Brittany Imago Seller" (No. 23), and 3Ir. J. G. Brown's small genre piece, "Tho Younir Peddler" (No. 6), arc good and Interesting works containing each a single figure, w hllo " Fire Droamers" (No. 2), by Edward A. Boll, "The Absent Ono" (No. 4), by W. Verplanck Blrnoy, and " Consolation" (No. 8), by William M. Chase, a gray colored compo sition a la Israels, are notable among tho works which Introduce tho accessories of interiors. Mr. Benson's "Summer" (No. 3), the decorative figure purchased with the Shaw fund at last year's exhibition of the Society of American Artists, occupies a prominent place on the walls, and Mr. Joseph II. Boston, whose portrait In red at this year's exhibition of tho society has at tracted considerable attention on account of its good color quality. Is represented here by an other of the same style, but with a color scheme of gray. It is inferior to the picture at the So ciety, however, both in construction and in grace. There is Joy in the halls ot the Art Students' League In the upper floors of the Fine Arts build ing In Fifty-seventh street, for the " Society of American Fakirs" is holding Its annual free show ol caricatures of pictures in the exhibition of the Society of American Artists, and, with bass drum and cymbals sounding on tho stair way, strong-lunged young barkers of both soxes invite tho passersby to pay a quarter for a cata logue and Inspect the "fakes." Additional in terest is gh en to the show this year by the award of cash prizes of 923. 915, and 910 for the three best caricatures, and the students will hold an auction sale of the whole collection on Saturday afternoon. The salesman at the exhibition of the Society of American Artists reports two purchases of pictures this week. "Children on the Sand" (No. 254) has been sold to a Chicago amateur for 91,000, nnd "Sabrina" (No. 321). by Ethel Isa doro Brown, was bought by a New York lady for 9500. The exhibition closes on Saturday ctening. The Council of the National Academy of De sign, acting in concert with its Committee on Site and Plans, has appointed Edward Pearce Casey to take the placo made vacant by the declination of McKim. Mead & White in the limited competition for a design for the new academy building. Mr. Casey, son of tho late Gen. Thomas Lincoln Casey, Chief ot Engineers, U. S. A., Is tho young architect who designed a great part of the Interior decoration of the new Congressional Library at Washington, and under whose direction the interior finish of the building was brought to completion. The list of architects or firms of architects who will take part in the Academy competition Is now complete, and is as follows: George B. Post, Henry J. Hardenbergb, Edward P. Casey, Ernest Flagg, Carrere & Hastings, and Babb, Cook & Willard. In all probability the officers of the Academy will fix a date in the autumn, when the designs shall be ready for the Judges, thus allowing the architects the entire summer to execute their plans. A Japanese Prlaaau rrom tht Atlanta ConttttutUm. The prison, six miles from Toklo, seems to be a model In Its perfect management. We approached a lot of handsome buildings, and I asked If they did not belong to the university. "No: the prison where we are going," the guide said, and we entered the beautiful grounds, laid off artistically and planted with flowers. The buildings are of brick, one story high, and are fltlrd with many comforu. Every pris oner saluted us. In the shops all are required to work and are sup plied with all necessary materials by the Government. Borne do exquisite cloisonne and wood carving; others make useful articles, such as shoes, buckets, baskets, Ac., until you can find almost any article you wish. The articles an sold for Just what the material cost. Oar tllBlster to Mexico. From tKe Atlanta Journal. Mr. Thomas H. Martin tells me that the Dlplomatlo Corps at Mexico looks anxiously for the coming of the new Minister, Of n. Powell Clayton of Arkansas. He says they have not had much social contact with the present Minister, because he has neglected the social feature of diplomacy, and has been left pretty ranch to himself In consequenoe. "The American Minister lives upstairs In two rooms," said Mr. Martin, " and he and his Secretary ot Legation have each two rooms for business purpose. Not far off tbe Japanese Legation occupies a whole block. The contrast Is painfuL" A Popallst Legislator ConclasUas oa rap. nllaat. From tht JTanso City Journal. "A brief legislative experience has eosvlnoad me," ssys State Senator Young, "that our method ot mak ing laws Is a very poor one. Every other busi ness except lawmaking Is understood to require some previous preparation, experience, and study to qualify any one to pursue It. But every man Is sup pose! to come Into life fully equipped to undertake the most responsible duty In which It Is possible to engage on a moment'a notice." A Fashionable Innovntloa at MeaishU. From the Commercial Appeal. At tbe reception given by Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Jones the gUMli wtro met at the foot of the stairway and greeted by a charming little miss of ten summers, the daughter of the host and hostess. Then they were again greeted at tbe bead of the landing, this time by a Prlnro Charming, a brother of the aforesaid miss, who with most engaging and courtly manners as signed them to their respective dressing rooms. An Afflletrd but Ifoperul Tenneoaeaa. From tht Clifton EnttrprUe. A subscriber of the Murree$boro A'svs writes to tbe editor explslnlng why be was compelled to dls continue his psper. He says he likes the psper, but really has no time to read 111 that his wife died lsst week and he has had to do his own work ever since, but as soon as he marries again he will renew his subscription. A Young Itapoleoa or Vlaaaoe. Front the Jndtanapolle Journal What do you Intend to make of that boy when ho grows up?" "I don't think he will need any making. lie seems to be rut out for a financier. Every lime I get him a toy bank be goes after It wltb a hammer." Doesn't Uave to aluy or Iteaf. From Ihe Atehtton Daily aiobt. Wo find to the course of a day that we bars had all tho outdoorexerclse we need ia dodging people who ridowaotU. rovKD a nnAVE max nt rntaox. Cast, arnnns Mr-eta an Old Member of Kit Company Its In Convict Carb CrtEYKNNK, Wy., April 25. At tho Wyoming , Stato penitentiary yesterday CapL Vnmum, professor of military tactics at tho State Univer sity. v,ns lecturing to tho convicts on "Tho Cus ter Massacre" Capt. Varnutn was with lteno's command in tho Itoscbud campaign, and had chargo of tho Indian scouts. Ho narrow! v es caped being v Ith Custer at tho time ot his disas trous fight on tho Llttlo Ulg Horn. After tho Custer fight Reno's command as surrounded by Indians for two days. They were upon a rldgo some little dlstanco from tho rli er and wero partially sheltered by tronches. While In this position they suffered greatly for want ot , water and wero compelled to send volunteers t the stream to carry what they could In canteens for tho troops. Thoso who made tho trip ere exposed to tho fire of the Indians nnd many were wounded and several killed. At the close of the lecture one of the convicts secured permission to speak to tho Captain. Ho asked: "Captain, do you remember mo I Cant, Vornum said, " Your faco Is familiar, but I cannot recall you at this time." Tho convict then gave his namo, and Cant, J Yarnuin at onco remembered him as ono of the 1 members of his company during tho cjimp.ilen a ho had Just described, and one of tho men who so bra ely mado the Journey In the face of death f to carry water to his comrades. He said, "Jim, j ou wero a bravo man. nnd I am very sorry to seo you hero." Poor Jim was so effected that ho could say nothing, and went back to his place o ercomo with emotion. Ho Is serving an eight years' sentence for larceny, and baa been In the penitentiary six month. CapL, Varnum will Investigate his case and try to do something to mitigate his sentence. A Queer Coart ECnlsode. From the St. Louie Qlobe-Democrat. "I A noteworthy Incident occurred yesterday la Judge Fisher's division of the Circuit Court, la which a Hebrew attorney referred in a positive way to tho crucifixion of Christ. The replevin suit of Louis Kohn k Co. against Sheriff Troll et al. was on trial. The plaintiff was repre sented by Salo & Sale, and the defendants by Hugo Muonch. After tho testimony tho lawyors proceeded with tbclr argument. Mr. Muench referred lo the statements of several witnesses whose testi mony differed In certain details, and ndtanced the argument that, owing to this fact, none of thotesllffiony was worthy of acceptance. Moses Sale took tho matter up, saying that, following out this line of argument, be could prove that Jesus Christ had not been crucified, because the I statements of Messrs. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John differed materially In their accounts of the tragedy. No two of them agreed exactly In tho wording of the Inscription on thccro; therefore, Mr. Mucnch's mode of reasoning would warrant tho assertion that Jesus Christ had net or been crucified. Judge Flsbcr interrupted the argument at this stage, stating that it was Irrelevant to the case, and Mr. Salo replied that ho wanted to show whore that lino of argumont would lead to. German Manufacture of Xeetf les. From the Xanufaeturtr. Last year the Germans exported 2,600,000 pounds of these small but Indispensable articles, as compared with 1,830,000 pounds In I89S. As showing the rate at which tbe export side of the German business has grown. It is stated that In tho eight years. 1880-1887, the ship ments wero 11,015.000 pounds, and in the fol lowing eight years, ending wltb 1805. 15.425,000 pounds. The factories ot Aix-la-Chapelle alone produce 50.000.000 needles a week, and they are said to be for the most part of superior quality. The best outlet for these goods Is China, which In 1890 took 60 per cent, of tho whole export, as compared with no mora than 20 per cent, in 181)4. Other markets of importance are British India, France. Great Britain, tbe United State, Austla-Hungary, Italy, and Turkey. An Interesting Inauranee Qaeatloa. From the St. ZmuU Globe-Democrat. Wallace. Idaho, April 26.The court ot Montana will soon hnvo to decide a peculiar question. John W. Connell of Maltese, in that State, was Injured by a falling troeat 11 A. M , Nov. 22, 1S0U. He was the possessor of an acci dent policy Issued at Davenport, la-, one year before, which expired at noon of the day on which the accident occurred. The company con tends that the time is measured from the place where the policy was issued, and therefore it had already expired before the accident occurred, the difference In time being two hour. The amount involved is 92.500. Hot at tb Old stand. From the Sew London Morning Telegraph. The enterprising manager of a certain concern in this city had an order for goods not on hand. Toward the end of a bus)- day he unthinkingly sent an order to a manufacturer In Stafford Springs, at tbe time having an uncertain lm- Eressloa of something which had occurred in the latory ot this manufacturer. The following day the manager received a reply, which he thinks ia too good to keep. The reply reads: " Staffoud Spnisos. April 1. 1897. -Mr. John Blank is at present out ot the business. Yours truly, John Smith, executor ot the estato of John Blank." Irlvergeat Viewpoints. From the London Dally Aeira. Heard la Westminster Abbey after tbe after noon service on Easter Sunday: Intelligent American (to Verger) -Can you tell me where Browning's grave Is f Verger (pointing vaguely in the direction of Poet' Corner) Over there somewhere, I. A. Yea. but can't you give me a more definite direction I V. No, I can't. I. A, Who can I V. Nobody. We can't consult the book of the monuments to-day; Sunday is the day for divine service, not for looklnjtat monuments. Besides, It's closing time, and you must go out. Boa-alattasr the fitch r Ball. Frost Ihe Albany fir-prats. In the casting ot bells of large sire for chime or given tones the skill and secret of success 11 in getting tbe thickness of the ring which is at the mouth ot the bell Just right. It will be noticed that Just a little bacx from the edge of i the bell, on the flange, the metal is thicker than V in. any other portion. The maker, in order to & Kt the desired tone, makes a drawing of tbe 2 11. and In a cross section of this thicker ring describes a circle the diameter of which deter mines the tone. S-orelgn Note of Real Interest. Father Knelpp of Woertahotaa U critically til H suffer from senile debility. Gold quarts ta largo quantities has been dttcov. end st Asmara is the part or Erytbr-ra sUU bU by Italy, according tn the Rome Tribuna. French statue builders have now gone back to the "Bo -nance of tbe Rosa" and are trying to rail money for a monument to Jehan de Msnni, who was the author of a part of the poem. Lady Foley, the last of Queen Victoria's brides maids aavo Lord Roiehery's mother, the Duchess ot Cleveland, has Just died. She was a Howard, tho daughter of the thirteenth Duke of Norfolk. Hamburg steamship companies had a prosperous year tn 1S90, ten out of thirteen companies pay. tng not lea than 4 per tent, dividends and six or them S per cent, or more. This comes after many years of small or no earnings. Paris and Madrid will soon bo eonnectod by tele phone, the conatroctlon of a IIo from Parti to Bayonne having recently been determined upon. As Madrid Is already connected with San Sense tlan. It will bo only necessary than to Join that place with Blarrlts. On ot the goat carts In which children drive la the Champs Elyses Is now labelled "Olft of It President." The owner's goat was killed tome months ago by on of M. Faure's dogs, and t make up for the loss Mm. Faure gat the womta her little grandson's goat and cart. There win be no war between Reuis Oreti aal , Prussia over the respect due to the lata Emceror j William. The reigning Prince of Reuse hss die- 1 missed ono official who obeyed orders la not ot I ssrvtuf the recent anniversary and has hlmiflf I drunk tb present Emperor's health In publli-. Newspapers mar now be sold In the streets In 1 all parte of Hungary, aavo Transylvania, tbe prcM I bitlon, which dates rrom 1848, having been " pealed. Papers, however, must not be ioII t'7 cripples or persons likely to offend the lltM of tt publlo nor by children nnder fourteen yrari of '. Mr, Labouchero Is rratlOed at being able tn r" an rod to skepticism about his Twickenham bcute being built on tbeOte ot Pope's villa. In m.n1"! repairs recently a stone was found on which " carved the Inscription! "On this spot stood udii! 108 the bouse ot Alexander Tope. The srotti that formed tbe basement still remains. 1844 " Itardham's tobaooo shop on Fleet street, nrsr Lu 1 gate circus. Is to b torn down after nearly t cen tury and a half's existence on the ssm spot TD fcrtnneoftbe place was mad by Oarrlck, who, t help along the proprietor, a former actor, prslirl on tho stage bis "Number 87" snuff. The ihop became fashionable, and "srdnam Isft 1110.000 to charity at his death In 1772. French universities war partly decentrallret and made more Independent of the Bute last sum mer. One Immediate result has been that dons tlons and bequeits by private Individuals hare he gun to flow In, Oirts hare already been mate I the unlversltlss al Laon, Bordeaux, Manor, Hoot pelUer, and Paris. Nancy has rsoslved 100.00 francs lor rsaaaroh ia physios and aawnlstry. i?lffi?.L T - y-foy tl., t V. ' . -vassal