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B " j 'H L, TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1807. jl jV nhevrntlaaw ll anrl-ri. il. Bi 3g; DAILY. perMonth o 3T 'Bii I V' PAILY.perYear V 'H' '- RCxdat, per Year oo I'. jB K DAILY AND MJSDAT. per Year 1 jH fi. DAILY AM) MJXDAV. per Month to ? JB; 8 Postage to foreign countries added. H X-, The Scs,Xsw York City. ' iH Pasis. Klowruejto. If, near Orand ItoteL 'M B ' Sv' " onr rOads traoasw wa trtth mjimifrtpllor (12 Ht, i ' jraWeoMon trls la Aai rejected atitttf returned, ill 'isasssan ! flf" l.eytwfUeoMStuf stasia or (AljTi.rj. ( Hi Er I ' .- E J ' 'H H' The Vencxuela Commlulon'i Report. ' Hf' p The amount of material that baa been col- I '; B ' t' Ieeted by the Venezuelan Boundary Com- j jHI J inlnslon, aa shown In the report sent by t ' jBl President McKinlby to Congress, fully ' Ki Justifies Ita modest expression of belief that Bl I the result -will ' abridge the labors of the IBj arbitral tribunal" which has taken Ita t B i I- place, and will Insure an earlier solution of ' tK '' the question involved. Its atlas alone In- 1 ' jK j eludes seventy-six maps, and tho documents i 'H & from the Dutch and Spanish archlTes are ( Hj b most valuable. I jB ' Apart from this labor of collecting ma- ! vjB i terlal Commissioners BiUErxn,ALTZT.CoC' I jHK l :' & debt, Gilman, and Wnmt point out that $ H. ft the appointment of their body waMequlv- i( , ;K fc alont to an Invitation to the two contend- 1 'K P Ing nations to appear before the bar of pub- H, L lie opinion" with their claims, and appears I '( 'iSssK ' to DaTB becn rccEnce y them. I ivF It seems to us, however, that there Is an- , vKL s f- other fact still more suggestive, and still i jE ' more likely to go Into history as tho char- j 3B ' ncteristie one, although on this last the :; jH' ' V commission, with delicate diplomacy, does I . 'B not very greatly dwell. That fact Is that llB v. '& tho eP18 purpose of tholr appointment SIvB ' ) P was to draw upon tho map, for tho practical IB --B 4 guldaneo of the United States Goremment iljyB ", 1 In Ita enforcement of the Monroe doctrine, -.B'PH 5 ' 1 the true divisional line between British .;B ''' '' Guiana and Venezuela: That was the great yB ' s 1 novelty In this affair which history will H BtB I never forget ; and when It la added that the J I jBBj t result was Great Britain's consent to a fair B B arbitration, after having for years fought BJ B 'jH' f against It, tho other fundamental fact that BJ B jB V Tr'11 interest bistory Is also set down. H l,BR if The report of the Boundary Commission, B flaBI ,; ' m TleTr ' tDe present state of the case, po- BJ 1'B W lltely refrains from emphasizing theso two B laB . points, beyond what the official records 'BE t . $ show. Indeed, it graciously and magnanl BJ B, BBJ h; mously surmises that, while preparing the BJ BiB - W, evidence to be submitted to It, each nation B I'flaB ' 3?'' became Impressed with the view that the B iV'SaB I c&sc WBa not one tor the Iaw of tbe stronEer B Bi nQt for 3udlcIal determination by arbiters. B !BBai II ml8bt go further, and say that Venez B lljB f nela had thought so years before. We can B , 8'VB - certainly assent to the conclusion that the B yl'IPBI commission has been a potent factor In B lI'Bai t"' bringing about the reference to an arbitral B )'9B ( tribunal, but wo shall also concede to It a B 'B''bPB persuasiveness beyond what It claims, based B illBr r on tne fftCt thaX lt bad the Unlt'd GtAU Rt B 'laBB t Its back, ready to accept Its conclusions and B I'SaB to act on them- B . '' With this report and Its accompanying B ! I'B' documents this novel and interesting body B ilR i '' closes Ita labors, and passes Into history. B flaB '' It will form'the nucleus of many a specuia- B l PBJ ',',, t Ion hereafter aa to what might have been; B 9B f- ?tl ,ts Breat lesson for after times will not B IB 1- Its lntelllSellt Industry in collecting ma- BB t Alft ' i ?' terial, but the great practical result which B iCyM 'ts Tel7 creation accomplished. 1M' i I 'flBt t ;. 8 Mr. Calhoun's Errand and Ita Proh- BM l BBf ' ablo Seqnences. BK flB ', fe i The fear expressed In some quarters that BJ I 'B ' tte 8toJP ' tbe Ircsl(lent'B Special Com- Bl IB PH c & mlssioner in Cuba would be unduly pro- BM B BaB longed is already shown to be unfounded. BB l PPJ '-I It was surmised that his lnvestiga- BB il.B - tions might go on to such an extent BJ 4.B ' I Dat' the fervent sympathy now felt In BB ; flBJ ' ' Congress for the patriot cause would cool a BM KpBB i- little. Or, at least, it seemed a possibility Bl fB B' V that, when the President got ready to act Bai ll BaB- t- cn 3Ir- Caluoun's report, both branches of BBI I PPJ h Congress might be Immersed In the final !PBR i'" stages of the Tariff bill. PBJt ;- But Mr. CALnocN's errand Is already BB f' nearly done, and It Is announced that he PBJ, V will leave Cuba on Thursday with his ao- BB I BBS '' f count of the terrible condition of the Island. PB I BaB I while it Is also thought that Gen. Lei's Bfl I Bfta I, report on the Ruiz investigation Is already PB " m s. t, on Its way to Washington. BJ BBf , i. It Is not Impossible, therefore, that the BB) RpMbI i i- next ten days may see the reports both of BBT llBBm "" Gen. Lee and Commissioner Calhoun not BM flB' i "' ' 0Dly laid oe,ore the Cabinet, but followed BB llH ')V the sending of a proposal of the Fresi- BBt, iSB. V dent to Spain for the restoration of peace BB (IBBb' f to Cuba on the basis of independence. BB flflvM $1 It is certain that the President, with Bb UaPAt the return of Mr. Calhoun, will have all BBc ilPBai the essential facta he can hope to gather for BBT IIbVcI a long time to come as to the futility of BB BBHi ' ' Spain's efforts to conquer Cuba, the terrible BB fBK iv Buffering Imposed upon Its people, and the BBf llBB' heavy losses sustained by our own country BBf fPJBBpj.' from the continuation of a struggle so BB IBBBT; costly to Spain, and of prospects so gloomy. PB BflBaft nut vrDat " Spain rejects the President's BBf fPBBft ' overtures! The Administration and Con- BBf iHBB gress may then be brought more nearly to IbBBBt the samo mind as to what practical action is V IbBBY demanded. Assuming that Mr. Caxiioun's BB IIBh report Is what it is expected to be, the BBf 'ftHBB, i defiant rejection by Spain of the proffered B iBBS' "" mediation, might convince the President B IBBh '' that it only remains for him to do bis B (BBH duty by Cuba and by our own people, BBf lB ' i' leaving Spain to make the best of it. BBf jjBi' ' a lkat case a BtronK expression of Con- B BBaB ' ' t K18 i recognition either of the belllger- B iB'1 ' f ency or the independence of Cuba might no BB i'PB: 'f ' l longer be regarded by him, we may aurmlse, PPj J PBB ': i. as untimely, but rather as necessary. PPJ ' BB8B 3 '," ? This present month of June promises, B ) BBBJ . i therefore, to be momentous Is clearing up B ;BB our relations with Spain and Cuba. The BB i BiBBY signs increase that, if the war la still to go B , BB ' ii on' ,lje Patr'ot5 wl" renew It, when the BBf fiBvBf f "e,T campaign opens in autumn, Inspirited B IbPE- J-' aDli -lded by the lawful, just, and friendly PB f HB . - 1- cts o( tD's '&n(1' afaff. .fafafav i K BB 'PB. t1 It T, Itecord of the Ttegnlara. BBf BBB- ' ' fc iC rrll'r -fniy formed but a small B 'BBBK w fraction of the total Union forces during PB 'B '' '" ? the civil war. According to a report of the BB 'Pflt ' 1 Provost-Marshal General, it numbered 10,- BBl 'IBbS i-' I" U07, present and absent, on Jan. 1,1801, PB fllvM ' td two years later 25,403. At this last T BBbR v' ' T' date tho volunteers, present and absent, BB '.bPK X, f ere 802,728 strong, and on May 1, 180.1, BB 'HilK ' no fewer than 1,000,010. PBL iPPKI, But while the disparity In these figures Is 7 ;BfR: If t Krent tbo regulars always showed a good BPJ PSBiS ' ' proportion of effective strength, while that B iBjBlrli' they did their full share of bard fighting, BBf !BBl(rn" 'le k? o'de with the volunteers, is an- B !PAB.j i other unquestionable fact. The Adju- B BbBTIi Unt-General's report for 1800 says that BB Bflu) Bil u there were billed In battle 1,355 regulars, officers and men, and that 800 mors died of their wounds, making an aggregate of 2,203. The figures have since been re vised, and the West Point monument con tains the namesof no fewer than 188 offi cers and 2,042 soldiers, being an aggregate of 2,230. In addition, the deaths from diseases were over 3,000. Lieut. Totte once computed the ratio of deaths In battle or from wounds to be slightly higher among the regulars than among the volunteers; and at all events, the former were always ready to do their full share on the field. The monument, therefore, which was un veiled jesterday at West Point to the mem ory of the regulars who fell In battle during the war. Is a deserved tribute both to sol dierly fidelity and to patriotism. Kentucky. ThePopocrataof Kentucky will hold their State Convention at Frankfort to-morrow. Tho only nomination to be mode Is that of a candidate for Clerk of the Court of Ap peals. The main business nnd pleasure of the convention will be to proclaim with due volume of voice Its unabated love for tho Chicago platform. Only Democrats who voted for liRTAN were permitted to have a voice in the various local conventions held last week for the purpose of electing delegates to this State Convention. The Louisville Courier-Journal warned such Kentucky Democrats as voted for Biitax, not because they believed In his platform, but because they had eat In th' oonventlona which elected delegates who helped nom inate him, to keep away from the prima ries. Possibly regularity has become so reg ular a babit with these devotees of lt that they are reconciled to BnYAN by this time. Whether thoy stayed away from the prima ries or not, to-morrow's convention will be full of unanimous and hlgh-whooptng silver men, and the heart of Gen. P. Wat Har din, who Is determined to be renominated for Governor when the time comes, will be cheered inexpressibly. The Courier- Journal says that " the cam paign is to be made not so much for the comparatively unimportant office of the Appellate clerkship as for the prestige of victory for free sllverlsm and Bryanlsm In Kentucky, and for position from which to make the campaigns of 1808 and 1000." Exactly. There are no " local Issues" now. The campaign of the Popocrats is already national. They are hopeful and defiant. They mean war all along the line. The Michigan Popocrats have already proclaimed their loyalty to the Chicago platform. Tho Kentucky Popocrats will shout for that charter of anarchy to-morrow. When the convention season has fairly begun, there will be no lack of blow ings of the silver trumpet. The Old Principles nnd No New Party. Our esteemed contemporary, tho JRieh mond Times, convinced that the Popocrats of this State have no choice but to stick to the Chicago platform, reaches the Inevita ble conclusion that this State must con tinue to be Republican until 1000. " New York's great commercial Interests," says this clear-sighted Virginia observer, " bind the State too firmly to the principles and philosophy of progress to allow the State to cast her vote upon any national issues for the reactionary and revolutionary proposi tions of the Chicago platform." This Is a prognosis exactly In accordance with the facts, but in Its disgust at the Chi cago platform tbe Richmond Times wan ders away among gossamers of dreamland : " EraiT amy tbe proipwrt loere that a new part wlU arlie In 1900, composed of the men in both the old paraee who lore Justice, reepect tne njnu or property owsen. dtmaad tbe equality of all dtUenx before the law. and beUere In tbe unhampered devel opment of our glfantle natural refroorce. If the Idea materlaUaea, lt will be a party to be reckoned with." There is no such prospect visible In these latitudes. There Is no such prospect in Virginia or anywhere else. The Old Do minion student of tbe signs of politics here mistakes introspection for prospectlon. Doubtless many generous minds have dreamed of such a new party of justice and conservative progress as he desires, but no Utopian abstraction will help that practical defence of justice, good order, tho rights of property, and the free development of the great modern agents of business, prosperity, and civilization. That defence may have to be made even more stoutly In 1000 than lt was made in 1800, and by tbe same means. That means is the Republican party, aided by those Democrats who have not surren dered and will not hurronder to tho forces of populism, of social discontent, of finan cial quackery and anarchistic fanaticism, which control and seem likely to control the so-called Democratic or Popocratlc party. Any attempt to organize a new party for the purpose of resisting Bryanism would be nothing but an attempt to weaken the side of conservatism and order, and could result only In injury to that side. There should be no such division among the men who, of whatever party they may be, believe that the theories of the Chicago platform are false and dangerous. Every body who so believes is bound to continue his opposition to them In the only practical way, by continuing to be an ally of tbe Re publican party until the Chicago platform Is abandoned by Ita present supporters. That will hardly be in 1000. Can the Union Be Saved? Mr. Jontt Jat Chapman, an amiable young gentleman who combines litera ture with strictly non-partisan politics, tells tbe Citizens' Union people of the Fourteenth Assembly district that the Union is neglecting its opportunities. "We must take some action which will give tho people confidence In our work," says Mr. Chapman. "I cannot get en thusiastic In such work as Is being done now. The enrollments, subscriptions, &c, are failures until a ticket Is put up." Mr. Chapman's Impatience may bo explained by the nervousness of the literary temper ament, and is far from being shared by the public. Tbe public can see and enjoy thor oughly the Citizens' Union, whereas Mr. Chapman and his fellow Unionists are un able to appreciate its advantages because unable to look at them with a calm and beautifully objective eye. The work which the Union Is doing is excellent. Even the earnest thinkers In Good Government Club C must admit that. The work of prepar ing a platfcrm, getting It printed, and hav ing it stuck up in various ports of the town is alone enough to justify tho existence of the Union. Indeed, some of the less active members think that the record of tbe Union for the year might well cease with the pub lication of this platform, an acknowledged masterpiece. "Let ourprlnciples permeate the populace," say they. " Time is all that is needed to bring the populace to the opin ions of the select citizens." !To be sure, Mr. Chapman believes that money, as well as time, is needed, but here he does injustice to a noble cause. Money may be useful in common political parties and societies, but It would be a profanation and a superfluity to give money to a band of regenerators who are willing to save tho town for nothing, and who have built a wondrous platform of the rery chrysolite of wisdom and are standing on lt, beaming and gleaming upon tbe awe-struck citizens. Neither money nor emolument should be desired by the Citizens' Union, Either would be lowering to an institution full of so holy a purpose, conscious of so vast i sapience, and offering Itself in such a lovely spirit to be the guide and guardian of a community still groping darkly In the wil derness of partisanship. And what other action does Mr. Chap man or any other critic of the Sanhedrim of Prigs expect of It f la not Its vocal ac tion full and frequent? Mr. Chapman is dluatlsficd because the C U., or Stoux bosses, don't put up their ticket. " Let na send a committee to the Union to urge a movement to move, to select our candi dates," he Bays. At tho aomo meeting where he expressed this regrettable destro to goad tho bosses, a resolution was passed, by a unanimous vote, appointing a commit tee to call upon the Executive Committee of the Union and Insist that a full munlcl pal ticket be nominated before June 15. Why this Impatience, this petulance, unworthy of philosophers and of the Four teenth Assembly District Branch of the Citizens' Union f It roust po tn the Com mittee on Organization to eee these en deavors to set tho Executive Committee at It. Nobody who venerates superiority and selectncss can help being pained by the mtn ouggcation of splits and fissures In the Mugwump ark. Is It to be a Citizens' Disunion, after all I Must the sweetest hope of the year be curdled f Will there bo two Unions or DIsnnions, two tickets In the field t Two sets of reformers and pre servers, and only one genuine, and nobody can tell which it is! O. this la the time to clasp tho knees of Harmony and Implore that there may be no rift within the luto. Ambassadors should bo despatched to Ave nue A at once. The Fourteenth Assembly District Branch should be entreated with all honeyed suavities of speech and solemn high moral adjurations not to put tbe Ex ecutive Committeo Into execution against the Committee on Organization ; to take in the bulldog and send forth th: dove. Is tho Cabot Celebration Justified? The good people of the ancient town of Bristol in the kingdom of England are pre paring to commemorate with impressive ceremonies, on June 24. tbe supposed 400th anniversary of the landing of John Cabot nn the coast of the North American conti nent. There Is yet time for the men of Bristol to reexamine the question whether they have hit upon the proper dat for the proposed celebration. Apparently It would behove them to do so, for Mr. Hknrt HABniBSE, undoubtedly the high est living authority concerning the discov ery period of American history, maintains In the June number of tho Forum that neither do we know exactly when or where John Cabot first sighted the New World, nor do we possess meens of ascertaining these two points, the settlement of one of which, at least, seems to be a prerequisite of any celebration at all. It Is pointed out by Mr. Habrimk that the alleged date of Cabot's landfall rests exclusively upon a statement brought for ward for tho first time forty-seven years after the event, and uncorroborated up to the present hour. The statement Is con tained In a Spanish pamphlet written about 15-14 by one Dr. Grajaus of the Puerto do Santa Maria, about whom nothing else is known. The pamphlet was printed out side of Spain, and was intended to accom pany a map by Sebastian Cabot seem ingly engraved in the Netherlands. The passage relating to tbe date reads as fol lows: " This land the corresponding in scription is engraved on the map over the region extending from New Brunswick to Labrador) was discovered by JonN Cabot, a Venetian, and Sebastian Cabot, his son, in the year of the birth of our Saviour. Je- sc Chbist, fourteen hundred and ninety four, on the tn enty-fourth of June In the morning, to which they gave the name 'Prima tlerra vista;' and a large island ad jacent to lt they named ' San Juan,' it hav ing been discovered on the day of that saint June 24." The first observation made by Mr. HAlt rissb on this passage is that the year "1404" is clearly an anachronism, Inas much as the voyage was not undertaken until 1407, by virtue of letters patent granted on March 5. 1406. Tbe inhabit ants of Bristol, therefore, are right about tbe year; but Mr. IlAnnifisn goes on to ar gue that the statement In the Spanish pamphlet concerning the month and day is also doubtful, If not entirely inadmissi ble. This he undertakes to prove by re viewing the testimony of John Cabot himself relating to his first voyage. Tbe Venetian discoverer, when he returned to England, gave an account of his voy age which is briefly reported in a letter written from London, Aug. 23, 1407, by Lorenzo Pasquauoo to bis brothers in Venice, and by two despatches sent by Raj mondo di Soncino to the Dukeof Milan, on Aug. 24 and Dec 18, 1407. Mr. Habhibse has Inspected these documents, and he tells us that, according to Pasqcalioo, John Cabot "coasted three hundred leagues of the newly discovered country." This state ment is corroborated by Soncino, who "saw the description of tho country discovered by Cabot marked in a chart and on a solid globe which the latter had made." Mr. Harrissb reminds us that these three hundred leagues amounted actually to six hundred, inas much as Cabot when sailing homeward had to retrace his coastwise course before striking eastward across the Atlantic Now, John Cabot wasalready in London on Aug. 10, 1407, which implies tbathe had reached Bristol about five days earlier. If, then, we accept, as the inhabitants of Bristol have accepted, the alleged date of June 24 as that of Cabot's landfall In America, there are left only forty-two days between bis sighting of the New World and his arrival in England on his return voyage. Mr. Hariusse contends that this term of forty-two days Is altogether too short for the work which Cabot Is known to have performed, and for the conditions under which he accomplished It. Ho and his small crew of eighteen men left England early in May, 1407, and the outward voy age Is alleged by those who accept June 24 as tbe date of the landfall to have lasted more than fifty-two days. We must as. sume, Mr. Harrifse submits, that after a voyage, which in a small craft (uno piccolo navlgllo) and amid unknown seas must in any event have been protracted, tbe discoverer and bis crew must needs havo rested awhile and devoted some time tore fitting or repairing their diminutive vessel, aa well as to taking in wood and water, and to renewing the stock of victuals by hunt- a Ing' and salting game or fish on shora. To these unavoidable delays munt be added the ttmo spent In skirt trig to and fro along 300 leagues of a shore whicb, being un known and dangerous, would only per mit a moderate rate of speed. How, .asks Mr. Harrissb, could all this have been accomplished In the limited time which tho alleged landfall on Juno 24 leaTea to Cabot before his known arrival in Bristol, not later than Aug. 5 Even If we suppose that, owing to westerly winds and the Gulf Stream, he effected the homeward voyago In one-third less time than la alleged to have been required for the outward passage, that is. In thirty-four days instead of fifty two; then, as Cabot was already bock in Bristol by Aug. 5, he must havo taken tho necessary rect In the new land, made tho indispensable repairs, effected landings, and renewed his stock of provisions, besides coasting six hundred leagues, all within eight days. The date, June 24, is, therefore, pro nounced by Mr. UAnniosB highly improba ble, if not impossible. Starting from Bris tol early tn May, 1407, Cabot must have reached tbe New World at a date consider ably earlier than tho last week In June, In order to have completed the needful repair ing and revlctualllng and to have accom plished the exploring work reported by him. Mr. Haurisse thinks that tbe date given In tho Spanish pamphlet, June 24, may bo explained on the the ory that tho pamphleteer, finding on tho accompanying map an island placed In the Gulf of St. Lawrence and named "San Juan," assumed that In this case the usual piitctieo had ten followed of naming Isl and after the salnto on whoso days they were discovered. However this may be, lt seems tolerably certain that the men of Bristol have chosen the wrong day as the four-hundredth anniversary of John Ca bot' banding. Tho Rank of the World' Republic. A correspondent of Tnn Sun sends us word that he recently heard a statement made by a lecturer that "Mexico is the third greatest of the world's republics," and he asks us for information on the subject. We can tell him that the lecturer made a mistake. Brazil is the third greatest of the world's re publics, and our esteemed neighbor, Mexico, Is the fourth. In rank, so far aa population is concerned, the chief republics stand thus: The United States. France, Brazil, Mexico. After these four, there stand Argentina, Colombia, and Chill In South America, and Switzerland In Europe. When we come to the republics of Central America we observe that the population of the whole five of them is less than that of the enlarged city of New York. Brazil is far ahead of Mexico, both in the size of ita territory and in the number of ita inhabitants. Brazil's population Is now over 18,000,000, while Mexico's is 12,000,000. Tbe area of Brazil is more than four times as great as that of Mexico. As to the relative importance of the com merclal Interests of the two countries, Mexico is in advance of Brazil. The city of Rio de Janeiro, the capital of the Brazilian republic, is now nearly twice as large as the city of Mexico, tbe capital of the Mexican republic In Brazil there are a number of large cities besides the capital. In Mexico there is not a city, other than tbe capita, with 100,000 inhabitants. The population of Brazil is enlarged every year by immigration from Italy and Ger many. This cannot be said for Mexico. We esteem Mexico equally with Brazil; but that does not prevent us from correct ing the lecturer who said that Mexico is the third greatest of the world's republics, when, in truth, it is the fourth. If you add up the figures of the popula tion of France, Brazil, and Mexico, the three republics that stand next to tbe United States, you will find that the sum total is millions less than that of the popu lation of our own country. Yet wo are not at all stuck up on that account. We are good friends of all the republics in the world, including tbe two that exiat In Africa. We belong to the concert of tbe powers of free and progressive republican ism. Hurrah for all republics, and for the rule of the people, and for liberty ! The Abolition of Slavery in Zanzibar. The State Department haa received in formation from the United States Consul at the port of Zanzibar that slavery has been abolished in both of tbe Islands of the British protectorate of Zanzi bar, East Africa. The decree of abolition was signed by the Sultsn, who, however, possesses only nominal sovereignty, and is completely subject to the authority of the British Government, represented by the Englishman who Is chief of his Ministers, and by a Consul-General. British power la unchallenged in the protectorate, and British orders are law there. We have no satisfactory information as to the number of slaves who were there. An agent of the British and Foreign Anti Slavery Society who was sent from London to investigate tho subject baa affirmed In his official report that 250,000 negroes were held in slavery; but this estimate surpasses the estimate which had been accepted as that of the whole population of tbe protectorate The agent's statement was probably correct notwithstanding, for be reported that, though a decree prohibiting the Importation of slaves was Issued twenty-four years ago, It had never been effec tively enforced, and that slave dhows filled with negroes ran betneenthe African main land and Zanzibar, regardless of the British warships that were on the watch for them. A Scotch traveller, Prof. Nicholson of Edinburgh, who recently made a tour along the eastern coast of Africa, tells of his astonishment when be learned, dur ing his stay at Zanzibar, that nineteen twentieths of the black people whom he saw there were slaves. It Is pos sible, therefore, that the anti-slavery agent's statement that they numbered a quarter of a million may not have been an overestimate. Prof. Nicholson mentioned the circumstance that Mr. Stanley, speak ing in tbe British Parliament, has opposed their emancipation; and he might have added that, until a recent period, the pres ent Premier in the BrltlRb Government also opposed It, arguin? that it would be Inju rious to tbe industries and the revenues of the protectorate. It Is probable that Lord Salisbury has been led to change bis mind oo the subject through the very energetic agitation raised by tbe British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. The slaves hove been employed chiefly In the cultivation of cloves and rice and In domestic sen Ice. Four-fifths of the total clove crop of the world Is raised In Zanzi bar, and tho large profits derived from this crop have accrued to the advantage of the elave owners. The American Consul at Zanzibar entertains the belief that this in. dustry will not b adversely affected by ?,!' !""" '' ii a i m i iji.i ..er. ' '.JL-i'mfi-y-? ea!nclpation,and ltlahlsbellef that nearly tbe whole body ot freedmen will remain on the plantations. Prof. Nicholson pre dicted two years ago that this would be the case In the event of emancipation ; for he found that tho negroes were not greatly discontented with their lot. Wo may re mark that In tho United States forty years ago the pro-slavery orator were never tired of asserting that the freeing of the slaves would put an end to the cultivation of cotton ; whereas tho cotton crop of recent years has been far greater than it ever was before emancipation. It is men ot the Arab race who have been the slave traders and slave owners of Zanzi bar as of other parts of Africa. Our Consul at the capital of the protectorate sends word that they have made no resistance to the decree of emancipation. They have found. In past times, that any resistance to British power on their part would bo futile, and It was only about a year ago that they saw the Sultan himself take to flight when the guns of the British navy were directed upon his palace British rule in Zanzibar is ot the most authorita tive character. Besides, the slave owners are to be compensated for the loss of their slaves, and they have been Informed that If the Zanzibar treasury cannot meet tbe expenditure England will furnish re lief. It Is our opinion that Zanzibar will be taxed for the whole amount. We doubt whether slavery was ever abol ished in any other country with less dis turbance of existing industrial and social conditions. The various reports from Zan zibar that we have examined, both those that came to us before emancipation and thcoe received since the issue of the decree in the first week of last month, all concur In their statement upon this feature of the situation. No great changes are looked for. The negroes will now be paid for their service moie directly than they were; their labor will be, In some measure, voluntary; they will have the privilege of choosing their employers, and the laws will bo modified In their Interest. It used to be their custom to sing when working a slaves upon the clove planta tions. We trust they will sing yet more gleefully, now that they are freedmen. How one-eided Is the view of some former members of the Democracy about the once Democratic doctrine of a tariff for revenue only. Is apparent fro -enator Cattzrt's description last week of ti - hi on sutrar as the "keystone of the arch of the Democratic Idea of revenue." Where can Senator CarrZBT And authority to call anything the " keystone " of a revenue-only tariff I That great principle taxes with blind Impartiality everything Imported. Engar. or wool, or tea, or coffee is no more it keyiton than ia chicle or dragon's blood or diri-dlrt. Back In 1894 wool became to a certain extent the keystone Senator CarrERT had in mind, for the reason that the Democratic leaden were de termined to betray the party platform and dis criminate between wool and sugar by admitting wool free. Groteb Cleveland refused to let wool be put in Its proper place, and so the great Democratic tariff arch collapsed, and with it the Democratic party. And In the ruin also there was buried the right of the lion. Donxxson CArrxKT, who voted for it, to condemn the first principle ot the present Republican tariff bill. The production of gold In the United States during 1690 was close to (60.000.000, an Increase of nearly 912,000,000 over 1893. Tet when we export a few million, the advocates of bank-currency grow frantic for "currency re form," and set a-howllng every Populist slxteen-to-wunner in the land. The accident to the Yerkes telescope Is a startling Illustration of the ineradicable danger of bad workmanship. The Yerkes lens is one of the most precious thing In the world. On could not name off-hand any one thing existing which it would not be a leas pity to destroy. It was a labor of years, and it is a national pride. Telescopes in every feature and in all their ac cessories require the highest mechanical per fection of which man is capable. One would naturally suppose that the plant for this un rivalled star-seeker would be flawless In con struction in every respect. Yet a portion of the structure prepared for lt collapses and th telescope falls, making its preservation a mere happy accident. Every builder in the country, every mechanic or artisan of every sort, should blush for this disgrace upon his profes sion, and resolve that the like of It shall never co me from any work of his. The Baa FlatTem. rrvm Ik Critic LouUrilU, XTy. New Journalism may come and go. but Trrt Br Is not dlTrrted from 1U sane oourse by the ware of In deoency that has submercvd certain portions of news paper row is Manhattan town. Tax Bus U stilted with a care ar.d sail! that puts to shame many ot its slOTenly contemporaries. It editorials breath th Tery essenc of Americanism, freedom of thought and speech, defiance of Intermeddling foreign powers, lore for fair play, friendship for th weak, an opra band to Uberty-lolnz nations ererywhere. That ts Ths En's platform. It news columns reflect the life of th metropolis so picturesquely and so ac curately that even " In th prorlnoes" we are lured Into partlrlpaUng In th attain ot Ootham. AU honor to Tua so for Its talent and 11 courage- Tbe Becnlanaatten trsaalsr In Seellaaa. from the EdiatmroA Xtvniit? DUpatcK. The opening of the clubhouse has It serious, almost Its solemn side. It Is to be open on Sunday a oo Satrrdsji It Is the headquarters of a Sunday golnns fraternity, with whom a past Prime Minister has as fodated himself, In common with other gentlemen eminent In Church and State. Here Is witnessed In Its wisest form the practice of true tolerstion. Alt the members do not wish to golf on Sundsy, but those who do not. agree to differ from thos who do. An eminent eccleslsstio confessed th other day that the attempt to Impose uniformity In regard to the eon sciences of mn must be abandoned aa a hopeless task. Th wonder ts that th attempt ha been per serered In tor so many gentrstlons, snd that vision aries perssrer tn It Mill. Detr Killed fey His Om Medietas. mm (As nUadlpk(a Prut. Josmrowx, May Jd. Dr. p, a. Lockwood of Panle ts dead from the effect ot his own rnedldn. lie hsd prescribed nax vomica for a patient, who objected to that sort of remedy. To allay the paUent's fears. Dr. Loekwood swallowed a quantity of the medlatne. Th patient thereupon accepted th remedy, and started home with a vial In hi jxxktt. The doctor took an oTsrdose. It was ssid that he was Ignorant of the effects of tbe medicine, but he has been a practising physician for some years, sod Is a college graduate. It came from tbe West sbout six months ago. His wife Is grief stricken orer tb accident. Dr. Lock wood was 85 years old. Halse Phetoaraahs. Yom the London Figaro. Ur. Cecil Lawrenoe has Just been showing m s pic ture of H. R. H. the rrtnoe or Wale In lb "new photograph." lt la a rlili likeness of the Prince, but the startling tblng sbout this new process Is thsl oTtry rise of the feature or dress Is reproduced by similar risings In tbe picture. It looks like an In flated M plattnotype, and reminds you at once of those rasps where tbe mountslm swell from the smooth surface. They are very experulrepbotogrspbs but they are bound to be a bit, Mr, Cecil Lawrence and Mr. rrank MO'aghten represent a syndicate, of which, I understand. Lord Rothschild Is a member. fsss Mablus War Spain Met. from tht Mexican Herald. War by starvation 41s Wejler Is not to be recog nized as wars It Is the extermination of the non-com-bstsnt, of women and children and old men, and II should not go on. Ullna Haa Walkloa a tracer. HoixisiTsscso, May S 8. James Jones, blind, & years old. Is walking on a wagsr from Philadelphia to Pittsburg. This Is his twenty'-flrst dsy out, and h Is confident ot winning. -ia2''SlismtBSSaaatmntBBBBBaan-jhfc rRXPAAATOBY 8CUOOZ BTVDtKS. Caararrtic r Istaetie trm uin Idea Urol Cmm far All HtadewU. Representatives of colleges, preparatory schools, and high schools from nearly every part of the country cast of the Mississippi begnna conference yesterday at the Law School of the University of the City of Sew York. The pur pose of the conference Is to revise the rejruin tions drawn up by a similar conference In Phila delphia fonr years ago relating to requirements in English branches for admission to college. That conference recommended to colleges and to preparatory schools a uniform set of require ments, and it was very generally adopted. Two years ago there was another conference, by which these regulations were slightly modified. Tho present conference has new matters to deal with. Its chief object is to secure in high schools and other preparatory schools uniformi ty of English courses, with reference alike to students who Intend irolng to college and those who do not. At present some schools mslntala separate courses in English for the two sets of students. Others do not give tbe course pre paratory for college at all. Another question before the conference Is a change in the present system by which the text books In use are changed ircai year to year by n process of rota tion. Before going into executive session the con ference gave a bearing on these questions yes terday morning. Thoso constituting the confer ence are Profs. C. T. Winchester of Wealeyan. Albert a Cook of Yale, and L. II. It. Brigjrs of Harvard, appointed by the " Commission of Col leges in New England on Entrance Examina tions;" Profs. F. II. Htoddnrd of the University of the City of New Yorfc. O. R. Carpenter of Co lumbia, and Wilson Tarrand of the Newark Academy, appointed by the " Association of Col leges and Pre para t cry Schools of the Middle Btates and Maryland;" Profs. Frank A. Hill of Boston and M. A. Jordan of Smith, appointed by the "Now Eng land Association ot College and Pre paratory BchooU;" Profs. F. N. Scott of Ann Arbor. C. N. French of the Hyde Park High Bchoot. Chicago, and W. W. Creasy of Oberlin. appointed br the " North Central .Association of Teachers of KoglUh;" W. M. Baskerrlll of Van derbllt. J. B. liennrxian ot the University of Tennessee, and Edwin Mima of Ithaca, ap rxjlnted try the "Association of Colleges and Preparatory bchools of the Southern Btates." Prof. Stoddard was elected Chairman, and Prof. Cook Secretary. Those who Lppeared at the hearing were Prof. Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia Univer sity, formerly President ot the National Educa tional Aassociation; Superintendent Maxwell ot tbe Brooklyn public schools. Principal Buchanan of Kansas City, Assistant Superin tendent Marble of this dty. Profs, J one. Cobb, and Davidson of the Regents' OSce, Albany; Prof. Mott of the Collere of tbe City of New York, and Principal Douglas of tbe Brooklyn High School. The sentiment was practically unanimous in favor of malting tbe courses Identical for stu dents preparing for college and for other stu dents. It was also favorable to tbe use of tbe same set of books from year to year, except in cases where new authorities appear to super sede old ones. On objection to the rotation system is that a student who drops out for one year and then returns Cnda himself at a disad vantage. Tbe conference held a long executive session yesterday afternoon and evening, and tbe mem ben submitted tbelr several plans for effecting these change. The final session wDl take place to-day. J.GJ.ISST BTTXDAT imKET.IXa. rxaladelsata rrescSMT Appeal tn Its City cyeusu t cit r Mdstr bum. PmLUinjmi, May 31. The special commit tee appointed by the Presbyterian ministers to prepare, with the Baptist and Methodist minis ten, "a judicious letter" to tht wheelmen's dub of Philadelphia regarding th use of tbe bicycles on Sunday, submitted tb following letter to-day, which was adopted by the associa tion: -To the Waetieun's Clvo cf FklUAelpklm 4 ricinltr: "We. the ministers of tbe Baptist. Methodist, and Presbyterian churches o! Philadelphia and vicinity, desire to bring to your attention the growing evil of Sabbath-day bicycle riding under tbe auspices of organized bicycle dubs. We recognize tbe pleasure and use of the bicycle, but already the enthusiasm for this pleasure baa apparently carried many thoughtlessly beyond what their maturer judgment would sanction. The temptation to many to forget or neglect the Sabbath by the common use of the Sabbath br tbe bicycle dubs for special pleasure and 'runs ' is veTy great. " Tbe Sabbath ha always been observed in our dty. and its observance has been used of God as one of tho great Instruments in further ing our prosperity. To prevent tbe increase of the evil referred to and the evils already result ing from Sabbath bicycle riding, we aak your consideration of this subject, and that you make some effort to secure action against the use of the Sabbath day for such organized or dsb rid In ir." The Rev. Dr. Wills. Chairman of the com mittee, stated that tbe discussion of this sub ject had been a difficult one. some advocating bomoopatbic doe" and other "drastic words" in tils letter. The result was a compromise. On motion of the Rev. A. J. Sullivan it was dedded that tbe committee prepare an addi tional petition on tbe subject to tbe League of American Wheelmen. Taie ssaaehee. We hear co more of th Banshee. It that melan choly old lady dead Tbe hills where she took up her residence In times past are silent now, and eren the whirlwind! In which she used to appear, with her asd. pale faca and flowing hair, come wtthoot her. After au. it may be too soon to writ ber ohtruary, but Inasmuch as she was slways a sympathetic and stngulsrty Interesting creature, a little sketch of her rosy not be out of place. There was always a good deal of mystery atioul her, and eTt n her native country was never knows. Al though ScotUcd and Ireland have claims npon ber. tt ts suspected that she first saw the light In Norway so lODg ago that she is now forgotten In that country, Probably she came over to Britain with the Tlktngs, and. as she was a lady of refinement and rood taste, she preferred to confine herself to ScoUand and Ire land, she lored to listen to th pibroch on the dis tant hills and to sit on some rock near a frowning castle and catch faint fragments ot tbe music ot th harpers as It came to her In -the wind that shakes the barley " Like most rorasntlo ladles, she was fond of tbe soldiers. Sb lored the warriors. and farored the CghUng families only. Proud, tn deed, wr the Celts who could boast that their an cestors for centuries had heard the keening cf tbe Banshee ner painful duty was to gtTe warning of approaching death, and she always performed It tn tears. She was kept pretty busy weeping and wall ing, and, like her uncle Odin, could be heard to the best sdTsntare on a wild and stormy night. yow the real name of tbe Banihee may or msy net b known. Possibly some of oar Norwegian scholars msy be sble to give It to ns. If tbe really doe belong to Korwsy. Certainly shs might be called a somewhat superstlUoui dsmei but she wss beautiful, and, al though nobody ever liked to hear her voice. eTsry body would be sorry to think that tb was dead. Cteas. TomEorroa or Tux Pes sir: While not approv ing tbe method adopted to rid the neighborhood of tbe dog pest tn West Mnety-etxlb street, as chroni cled In the newspapers this morning. J heartily sym pathise with and congralulste th residents of that section on their relief. Dogs ar a nuisance la a dty like New York, where there are no unoccupied grounds for their peculiar tndulgesce and no one has s moral right, by keeping canine pests as pets, to punish his or her neighbors by causing suffering from tbelr noise, filth, snd bite. Ths dsy is not far dlitant when the law will exclude dogs from dtie. TV do not propose to Uve In kennels I also beg to suggest that the Society for the Pre vention of Cruelty to Animals, which exist br vol untary contribution! of the genera! public, princi pally, has somewhat overstepped tbe boundary of lis province In offering reward! for tbe detection of the parties guilty of the dog poisoning I can appreciate the attachment that otherwise dis engaged youug womtn and old women form for dogs, but thst doe not give them tbe right to convert the rlly's streets into filthy runwaya "There ar others" who hsve lights. An Casts. rBltariaaUsa In the Caarch or Baalaad. To tbe Eorros or Tax Sn sir; Will you permit me to flatly contradict the idea which tbe Iter. Mlnot J, Savage gives In your psperof the condition of the Church of England? He bss put lt tn such general terms thst It it hard to fasten on the exact libel, but In effect he tsys thst the English Church it full of Cnltarlanlsm and agnosticism, and that the priests who hsve these views hsve p'unged luto ritualism or philanthropy and stopped thinking. I have no hesi tation In string that this Is a wilful and malicious HbeL Wat. wiar Miua. Cms Jktjlcr, Teo. frost the Chicago Accord. "Johnny?" "Tei'ro." "Complete this adage for me. 'People who live la glass houses should- ' " Should pull down th blinds." wjjttkd bis nmiovoir Tiny. Wn A Kennewt That ) His Otams Itk t, ' S Ism I'm tree af (treat Banger. I frost fA CAscosYO Rfeov-rf. I John W North ot Neosho, Mo., reporter for the I St. Louis Court of Appeals, says be is one ot ti, I few surviving private soldiers of the civil ws, I "It It strange," he said, "the great number ot R private soldiers who were killed outright in tht Mr conflict died of their wounds or sickness after- 3 -ward, or hare left the country. But Strang M I is this feature of the strife, it 1 nothing In cots. I parieon with the large number of officers wh. I yet survivo and live to tell of the conSJet. t? I yet, in my experience during the war aWtn, I the offlccn took equal chances with the tnen." I Judge North belonged to a Wisconsin rcrt. I rnent during the war and served to tbe end. hTi, V, ring such time as be was Uld up with wornd, B-, He tdls some pretty good war sloriet, 411 TS 1 p which lack the heroic tinge so often met with: t During the war he only asked for afunouchon one occasion, and then it was denied him. Is " seems he was a warm personal friend oi til Colonel commanding hi regiment, and the Ut. Ur bad repeatedly Informed him arter be bad served a long time that he would grant biroa ten days' furlough at any time requesiecL Shortly before Sherman commenced his march to the sea a sharp battle took place biwn ti. division to whicb Judge North beloagul and a heavy Confederate force. Prior tn the battle every soldier knew that ths fight would be a desparate one and that aianr "V) would lose tbelr live. In following orders V Judge North's rrtriment formed the front Urn- of J tb advance. Tbe situation thee men ? I S laced In was extremely perilous and etery to). I ier could see the danger for himself, and (w I entertained hopes of escaping alive, while ths 1 regiment wa momentarily expecting orders to I advance on the Confederate stronghold ths I Colonel passed along tbe line. As he approached I Judge North the latter saluted bun. and called I out so all thou near could bear him: & "Colonel, have you not repeatedly told p.t iw) that I could procure a ten days' furlough at any W time I applied to you for the same r" 1 The Colonel, who wa a pale as a ghost him. self, and probably aa badly scared as Jairs North, replied rather hesitatingly that such wss a fact. "Then,' said Judge North. "I want a tea days furlough right now. asd wast It worts than I ever wanted anything In my life ' The ridiculousness of such a request under the distressing circumstance did no: fs.il to cause a smile to spread among the tnen whs were facing death. as Cents fewest n S3 Ltvtag Waare t from fa tTaaataotew Ami Can a Senator or member ot Congrees lire It Washington on his salary ' Th answer to tbe question depends cnoa ths man to whom It Is addressed. Senator Elxict ot Wert Virginla.wha live In a palace oa K lire:. where the furnishing of the bathroom slot would cost almost a year's salary. woiH uy that the $5,000 whicb tbe Government pays Senator is but a drop in tbe backet. So won Senator McMillan, whose Income from hu g-eat lumber, manufacturing, and railroad interest. Is to his salary aa the top of Pike's Peak u to tht Nebraska prairie. There are other Senators liie Rale asd Wetmora whose establishments cc-d not ba run on tbdr salaries for three months .a tbe year. In fact there are very few Seiaton to whom the salary is really aa ImporLaa: asd a ,J vital factor of their position. It costs more for a Senator to live in Wahitg ton than tor a Representative. Bit todal pontion is more pronounced, asd if he is married sai 1 housekeeping tbe demands of society upon him are very great. Sometime a Senator wil, go to a hotel to save money. Uotel life is alto chora for other reasons. Senator lianas went to a h td because he hoped that Congress woc'd b through by April or May and because a hcte would be urmeceesary if something should drop In Ohio next tall. Senator Piatt of New York live at a hold because bis wite !s not well enough to undertake the dttties of housekeeping, and Senator Piatt of Coaaec ticut likes a hotel because but as he has li ei !n a hotel all his life, one would bare to go too far back for any genuine Information oa the ques tion. Opinions differ a to whether it is cheaper to live In a hotel than to keep bouse. It all de pends upon tbe hotel. Some ot tbe Senator live within their sala ries asd save money. They shun aocety, aad ride In cars instead of carriage, and settaer give nor attend dinners. These, however, are tb exceptions. A Senator cannot, as a general rule, live on th salary which ths Goverameal pay him. BVirBEAMB. Timmstss Is letrsTng forward s vary lsrgs Mscsijsm y crsrp. A wsrlrtTng ef aa esfieptl and aa -- aeJs las paralvrxe ts reported ta Csmbarlaad, cecaty, Xsxtacxy. TranspoTtatioa of aoft-anell crabs aS frees rbe East to Fortlaad. Or., has Jsst nsca success ruDy aeeompushad for tb first txa. Alexandria. Vav. has raised tn ban wtdefi fra tb aarty days of th settlement mad tt tslawfzl to bring tn oysters between Arsfl asd Sepasaber. Ugfctsjag street: two bees that a negro was car rying over bis shoadoar near XSUmtss. Xi. aa passed taronxh hint frost bis ssos13st to his feet, killing htm, Already grasshoppers ar hatrrirrg ta szci na. bers ta ths region of Oasesdale. Wa that ii inhabitant ar aianaed over the tareau-sed ta jury to crops. Oyramor trees which for several years ht flourish- wber they war planted tn varices sec tions of Portland, Or are eytrg ef some estate which th ciusens do not aaderstaiad. It ts said that tb rulnscr mine near Bactley, Was were discovered br a caper wtost ar 9a a roes gave rise ta saea fumes ital be was force! ro move a long dlstaaos to escan sarloeaaioa. George S. Xteaaias of Bowlesb-vrz. w. Va, a surveyor, has the compass and the mstmmt:u which belonged to his graastathtr waes. wm Washington, he surveyed th road rroai Waahug ton to th Ohio. Tb Ber. zr. Hepkins of rbe First Coarregs ttonal Church of Dubuque, . a fermar ep;arS of the Sunday newspaper, has become sn asvo-tit or It, declaring his belief that changed ttmes na-t made tt necessary, and thai tt has recoae s per manent feature of the comxauatry's Ufa. James B. Ireland ot Baaoocc eoxnty. Kj.. II be 100 years old oa June 4, ana his blrtboay Is te : celsbrated by the coram ostty. Every on t: years old and eldtr ta th community ha been Uvtfi ts taae part la th Jollification. EaUglout services ar to b conducted by taa oldest clergyman In tt State, the Rev. L. E. Dand-on, whom Mr. Irelast beard preach sixty years ago. Mr. Ireland's ratal Is described as ratrly active, his raeraery of Ms youta at perfectly clear, and tt Is sail that tt ts "not st all htlpleas." reretgw VMea or Beau Inlerenl. sfachloe runs have been supplied to the Queen's Life Guards, and gradually all the British cavalry regiments wtu be armed with them. A complete set of thirteen Jacobean silver apostle spoons, one of the only three complete sets ta ex tstenca, ws sold la London the other day for 8.I30. Carbide ef calcium baa been found to be a retneiy against th phyUozera, aeeordtag to a Swiss irads Journal, and In be also an xcsllnt fertiliser for plants of all kinds. Germany had SS.ioO miles of railroad open ea stsreb 91, aa increase of 473 mils over last yrsr. Ths earnings for th year were f, 17,709 per mile, aa Increase ot 1873 a mile. Dr. Jacob Oeora Agardh, satnsrtrua proteesv of botany at the University of Lund, tn Bwsdea. wse U S9 years of sgs, has recelvad this year's gold medal ot th Llnnieaa Society for his researches os tb Alga. Temen's Arabian Jews have asked Ksgus Mtseltk for parmlstlon to ssttle In th town of Abyss's't, oa the ground thst Xeneltk It on ef the rhciis pevple. being descended from Sing Sotomea ssi lb Queen of Shebs, Mr. Aplrlna Turspa Xgata, a ruU-btoaded furl. who holds th degrees ot bachelor ef srts at! e' laws from Canterbury College, has been admlttel to tne car at Auckland, be lug ths first of his rs-e to accomplish th feat. Great Britain'! second oldssl ship In coamtstlot, ths Q ram put. tullt la 1784. has been sold to tt broken up. It had been used for maay years at s powder hulk at Portsmouth. Stetson's Victory t ths only older ship In the service. Maria Theresa's equesttiso status, recently 03 veiled by Emperor Francis Joseph at rrettburg, is said I be the first monument crested In IIJKttr to sovereign of the Tttptburg Use, which bas rulsd over the country for S71 yrart. Th Salsa of ths Benl Hamad, which In the tit' snth century was a town or 80,000 Inhabitants, tb capital of the Barbary Slates. lWocro, a,;!'), and Tunis, and hsd long completely disappear 1. bas been rediscovered by XI, llUncart, a rres 1 archaeologist. Among tbe buildings trowM '" light ar a mosque sixty fivs by nftr-nre metres area, covers with greea 'namel sad containing pink marble columns, a palace, a puxlle fouutelr, and a towsr, wclcU even In It! prsteat coniuloa s nearly fifty fsel high. These buildings dste from 1007 aad are the oldssl Moslem monumtau la as-aria.