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life' T fl" ' 'THE StftlV SATURDAY, JUNE. 5, 897. ' '.- ' '
' SATURDAY, JUNK B. 1807. RutMcrlptlona lij Mull Prnt-rald. DAILY, perMonth o KO DAILY, per Year O o BUNDAY, per Year DAILY AND SUNDAY. per Year t oo DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month f Portage to foreign countries added. 1 i Tug Sen, New York City. ' I ( I nnu. Ktoique No. 1C, near Grand Hotel. 1?- v i If nrf rlendi tro favor u utth maniticrtpti for WK S pultloatlun tilth to have rejected article returned, lr, " thei mutt In all cat ettend ttumpt for that purjioie. li ; WIH It Ho l'enco? 11' CorreBpondonco from Athens stntei that, I. V although hostilities had been nrrcsted and I ' i negotiation!) for peace entered upon, the 9 ) ' Greek Government continues the purchano I J of largo quantltleaofnrmsnndnmmtinltlon 1 and war sup pi I us of all kinds. At the. 1 . Greek capital this Is regarded as a proof T . ' that tho Government do not consider II t t tho coucltiHlon of peace as certain, Ms 1 1 and that It Is necessary for Greece to bo IB-" i prepared for further fighting. Tho opinion It f Is also prevalent that Greece Is bolng II f , backed by ono or two powers In order to IS ; , complicate tho situation for ulterior pur- II ' ; poses, which aro suspected at Constantl m '' noplo and causing a good deal of appro m? f hcnslon. Tho new levies arriving from I i '' Asia aro being disposed In such a man j v ' ner as to show that danger is Imagined IB J' both on tho stdo of Bulgaria and even at jji i Constantinople itself. Tho German ofllcers III .' at tho Turkish capital who, until a short II ', .' time ago, wcro devoting all their nttcnt Ion JJI;' ! to the campaign In Thestaly, are now stated 111 i to bo actively studying tho problems of a ill jr f campaign In quite another direction. Tho ID j . orders for war material for tho Turkish Iff ? f army aro for tho earliest possible do lill ft livery, exhibiting an absenco of con ISw ' fldcuco In tho conclusion of a dura Iv, nu, Peace. The efforts of tho war J w Y party to create a belligerent feeling among 1 Pshv tno P0Pu'llt,on 'n tuo Asiatic provinces I lit' l nro Ba't no ' ',0 mcct'"8 with tho success I yj f wished for. Tho completo disturbance of I SI F affairs throughout Auntolin and Armenia I S , t Is making itself sensibly felt nmong all I jl I classes of tho people, and numbers of Mus I I i sulmans arc realizing the consequences j w ' f that a headstrong policy at Cotibtnntino j jjj i It plo may Invoke. The embassies of tho j 1 J fe powers nro closely and fully informed of j 1 S the state of feeling prevailing throughout I jl Asia Minor, where the Sultan's chief rcli I IB j nnce is placed, and know that further out J 1 S L ratrei on the Christian populations are u il l's Ft likely unless prompted from Constan f J V fir tinoplc. For this reason It is said to be ! I ffl' almost certain that any recurrence of mas j i S f sacres in Asia will bo visited not only on lit' tho actual perpetrators, but on the instlga- I " tors, some of nliom aro actually under tho I I " :, observation of agents of the embassies. I S i ' The Sultau is said to be realizing his truo j 8 . position in a greater degree than ever be- i ! fore, and is resorting to every art and sub I t terfugo known to Oriental diplomacy to 1 I prolong negotiations and delay the con I I , elusion of any definite settlement, trusting, I 1 ; i with tho usual fatalism, to the chapter of H ': - accidents to provide a loophole through B jl J) - which he can escapo from tho prcs 4 I ) ' ent situation. Tho danger to which J I he Is subject is the possibility of V j , unanimity among the powers, nnd his IS ' great hope, based upon past experl- ' ; I f ' - ence, is that his friend, tho German ' I ! Emperor, may prevent such a calamity. ' I i f Nothing would be so profitable for tho Sul- ' I . tan as a continental conflict in which ho B i' " would be In demand as an ally by some II j? ! power, in which cascho could mako his own tenns, and reforms and guarantees for tho ) PI ; Christian populations would be thrown to j- ,B ; the winds. Uut It is very unlikely that any !' I ; ''", of tho European Governments would daro to j M fj 'i plungcthc wholeof thecontinentintowarto 1 ; i , prop up such a system as is reducing one of j I the most fertile areas of the world to a con- , 'H . dition of savage barbarism. If any fight- . S Ing does take place In Kuropo now, out of fj ' ' this Kastcrn Imbroglio, it will lc against ' the Turk and over tho partition of his f territory, and not to maintain him r .' in possession of a trust ho only J f holds to misuse. Tho so-called rchabil- , vi ltation of the Turk In consequence ' jj L of his successes in tho field against the 111- , prepared and badly led Greeks is an lllu- ! f aion that deceives no ono who understands ' 1' tho condition of Turkey, Its bankrupt re- 'j ,-fi sources and social disorganization. Even , ,'. t -.' If tho powers decide that some kind of t a pcaco must bo patched up now, tho ) i Turk can gain no permanent advantage. F J, They will so dccldo for their own purposes, . ', ' but another step will have been made in tho ')', bringing of tho Turk under foreign control. Ij ,' Ho will be required for economic reasons, 1 . ". and because of the loss of revenue through ' (!' tbo disturbances In Asia Minor, to disband ' i ", i ', tho larger part of his army, A refusal to ', j ' comply would le followed by n withdrawal ! of all financial support, nnd the authority of i K the Sultan would disappear in the ruin and ' disorder of his empire. Tlio near future . j ' ' cannot fall to bring surprising do- 5 . velopmcnta In tho East, for tho fact that ; ('. no records nro kept of tho consult.v j ) ' ti tlons that arc now being held at Constant!- i j ; nople, and that the representatives of tho .! J i, threo pon ore, llussla, Krnnee, and England, , 1 i thut jointly assumed tho guardianship of I 1 Greece nt Its birth, havo charge of the ne- I i gptlatlons, iudicntu that thoy are acting I '. i for th moment as tho joint representation I " I ) ;. of collectlvo Europe, and aro conducting I ?ffi J ' "1B dlsciiHslon Informally, referring every- ' f;f V thing to their respective Governments. ,-& ; f ' Tho Ktidsoii nny Oruln Route. I, .' 'f V f j . i During tho present season, by an oxpedl- I- tlon from St. Johns, under Commander I'' f p, 'Wakkham, with Cnpt. Vnrn:i.Y In Immc- J ( dlatn charge of tho ship employed, tho I)o Ir V ' minion Goveniinont Is reviving tho long h ' cherished enterprise of determining tho f. , .i cxtejit to which Hudson Strait can be ro ll? e." lied upon as mi open waterway. f & , . I For many years n project has been afoot I' ,1 ,J to build n railroad from Winnipeg to Hud- '' ' '( i & boii ry, with tho view of furnishing a now ; .', S i , route for the grain of Manitoba, and incl- . ',- Si I dentally for as much also of tho grain of fo i ft. J? tho Diikotas and others of our Northwest- )i f W-f'i ern States as might adopt It, f.. r So far as tho engineering practicabilities , 5 Ji of tlio railroad nro concerned, the problem f : J presents few obstacles. The grado offers no -' S 't difllcultles of great cousc(iueuce, nnd tho ' E ri V ' road could bo built. As to tho profits of J .! ' ' tho enterprlso ns a business uudertaking, X fl t y tho matter is different. It would pass, E ' J of course, through n region largely barren , i fj'vj' nn,l 'r ! most part very sparsely In. h habited. Tlio local trafllc of tho road I Fir1 would be for n long time, to say tho least, 1 f I f ' ' of n very limited character. The country j j, ! . "' up to tho Saskatchewan, or about 800 miles t of tho route, has farming possibilities, but tho remainder would havo llttlo to rely on. Tho through grain routo to Kuropo Is Its main feature. When tho project Is looked nt simply ns a study of distances on maps, It fluds much In Its favor, from Winnipeg to Fort Churchill, on Hudson 13ny, tho dlstnnco Is perhaps 700 miles, while to Port Nelson, where, howover, tho harbor Is not so good, It Is fifty miles shorter. Tho distance from Fort Churchill to Liver pool by way of Hudson Strait Is about tho same as from Montreal, but from Winnipeg to Fort Churchill Is only nbout half tho dlstanco from Winnipeg to Montreal. Thus tho gain for Manitoba Is manifest, and It Is greatest of all for tho Saskatchewan, a grain-growing country, tho naving from Edmonton being nbout l,:iU0 miles. A glance nt tho map shows also that from Pembina In North Dakota thcro Mould bo a gain of perhaps 1,000 miles over tho routo by way of Now York. On tho strength of theso figures, inoro than a dozen years ngo tho Dominion Par liament took up tho question. I3ut It very enrly became manifest, as It remains to this day, that tho vital question Is tho naviga bility of Hudson Strait. No serious obsta cle Is apprehended In Hudson Hay, with Its enormous area, forming only shore lee, but In Hudson Strait It Is well recognized that tho lco blockade Is maintained for all but a few months each year. In 1884 tho Dominion Parllamont sent out, In tho Ncptuno, observation parties that wore stationed along tho bay and tho strait. Tlio next year tho Alert was sent to bring them back, but wan caught In nn lco pack and damaged. How ever, after returning and being repaired, she tried again, and had better fortune, passing the strait In August nnd reaching all tho stations. Tho conclusion of Lieut. Gohdon was that sultablo vessels, whoso structure ho described, could rely on get ting through the strait In ordinary years between the middle of July nnd the mlddlo of October, a period of threo months, nnd might possibly, though with risks of delays and perhaps of accidents, In soma years get through between July 1 nnd Nov. 1, a max imum of four months. After this Investigation, with its con servative, report, tho project languished, but n few years ago It was revived and pushed vigorously by Manitoba, As It often happens whon a particular section is greatly interested in a special measure, pressure was brought upon loth portles In tho Dominion to favor this scheme. An effort was mado to have tho Government guarantee the payment of the interest on tho company's construction bonds. From that, however, Parliament was inclined to shrink, at least until the practicability of the enterprise should bo shown more clearly. The result has now been tho sending out of another ship to navigate tho strait, the purpose being to ascertain by experiment whether a longer period might not bo counted upon for grain ships to get through. It will bo seen from tho foregoing state ment aliout how the project stands. Tho Dominion Government Is disposed to nld it if reallv feasible, while the Ilritlsh capital ists, upon whom tho railroad company de pends for its funds, havo also their repre sentative aboard tho ship. That theschemo is tempting to Manitoba is clear enough, yet the man who Invests his capital knows that there are other elements in the problem besides a saving In geographical distance He will naturally consider the chances that a new grain route would have, which could only be operated a few months in each year, when competing with existing routes further to tho south. The additional cost for freight and Insurance on account of the dangerof blocking or injury by ice, and tho delays that might in some cases make tho shorter route in distance the longer one in time, are also to be considered. And the Dominion Government will of course havo to consider the same points, If itguaranteea the company's bonds. However, ujiart from the question whether it will pay, the project attracts attention as a bold enterprise, while tho preliminary expedition of the present sum mer may bo expected to bring back Inter esting information of various kinds. A British Statistician on Our Mlddlo States. Tho most valuablo contribution to tbo June number of tho Xorth American He view is the article, on the progress of our Mlddlo States by the well-known statisti cian, Mr. M. G. Mulhai.l. Tlio writer compares tho materials derived from the United States censuses for 1800 nnd 18.10 witli corresponding data relating to the most prosperous European countries, and shovs how much better off in many impor tant reapects, including the rate of wages, ate tho citizens of our Middle States than tho inhabitants of Great Ilritain, France, or Germany. In order that the European reader of the article may form an accurate idea of tho Middle States, ho is told that they aro equal In area to tho United Kingdom, in population to Spain, In manufactures to Germany ; that their mineral output is In voluo moro than double that of Franco ; and that, as regards wealth, the single Statu of New York Is equal to Belgium and Holland put together. Under the term Middlo States, as here used, ure compre hended New York, Now Jersey, Pennsyl vania, Maryland, Delaware, nnd the District of Columbia. Mr.Mui.UALl.polutsout that there is no other part of the New World so dense!) populated ns tills section, tho aver age being 1-10 persons to the squaic mile, which is u much higher ratio than that of Continental Europe, considered an n whole, and falls llttlo below that of France. Do tuepn lflTiO mill 1MID thn linmil.it Inn nf thtt Mlddlo States Increased from 0,110,000 to 14,1-11,000, and If tho sumo rate of progress continues as slnco 1870, this ticction will in 1000 contain 17,000,000 Inhabitants. Tho increase slnco 18!i0 has been nearly ISO per cent., or almost tloublo tho rato of progress recorded In New England, hut It Is much less than tho general average for tho Union, which has been Jilt; percent. In that Interval, In tho Middlo States tho growth has been almost confined to cities, tho ndvanco of tho rural population being slow. If, for instance, wo compare the census of 181)0 with that of twenty years before, wo find that, whereas In 1870 rural and urban populations stood respectively as ten to six, they were in 1800 equal, Mr. Mulhai.l also notes that tho American white population in tho Middlo States has grown live times faster than In New England, and almost keeps paco with tho increase of tho population generally. In this section tho number of whito Americans, whose parents as well as themselves were born in this country, slightly exceeds that of foreigners, tho children of foreigners, and negroes. As for agriculture, tho area under farms exceeds by 2,000,000 acres the total cultivated area of Great Britain ; nevertheless, agriculture has been so far unable to keep pace with population u In tbln section that at present tho ratio Is only i!a acres per Inhabitant, as against 4, ncres In 18D0. It also appears that all tho Mlddlo States put together do not raiso enough food for tho single State of Penn sylvania, Tho obvious explanation of this fact Is that manufactures and commerco nro moro profitable In theso States than Is tho tillage of the soil. In tho Mlddlo States tho progress of man ufactures Is shown to havo been much moro rapid thin In New England, tho output having multiplied eightfold nnd tho sum paid for wnges ninefold slnco 1850. Tho manufacture-s of tho Mlddlo States, Indeed, being valued In 1800 nt 1,!! 18,000,000, exceed In vnluo those of Franco and Ger many, and fall but S per cent, below thoso of Great Britain. If thq vnluo bo divided nmong tho population, tho result Is nn av erage of $25!l per inhabitant, as against $110 In Great Britain and $75 In Fmuce. Thero is, says Mr. Mumiall, no country In tho world, except Now England, where the output of man ufactures shows so high a ratio to popu lation as it docs In tho Middlo States. The gratifying fact Is also noted that the rlso In wages has surpassed that In tho value pro duced. Between 18C0 nnd 1800 tho valuo of tho products per operatlvo rose from $1,1:20 to .,017, nn Incroaso of 80 per cent., whilo tho nverngo wages paid per operative roso during tho samo period from $240 to $317, nn Incrcaso of 115 per cent. It is thus demonstrated that tho workman in tho Middle States now receives a larger sharo of tho profits resulting from manufactures than ho did fifty yenrs ago. Passing to details, Mr. Mui.hall observes that Pennsylvania produces hardware man ufactures to tho value of $:)88,O0O,O0O yearly, which is equivalent to $74 per In habitant, tho average in Great Britain be ing $10 and in Germany $10. The mineral resources of tho Middle States, consisting for tho most part of coal, Iron ore, and pe troleum, rendered In 1800 an output valued nt $180,000,000, representing one-third of tho total mining industry of tho Union. To put tho facts In another way, tho mineral output of the Middle States in 1800 exhibited a vnluo of $1S per inhabitant as against $11 in Great Britain. It is well known that the greater part of tho foreign trado of tho Union passes through tho ports of the Mlddlo States. New York alone takes 411 percent, of this commerce, nnd ranks a3 tho second seaport In the world. The port entries of the Mid dle States In 1 804 were 0,300,000 tons, ns nRalnst 17,020,000 tons for the wholo re public Even Mr. Mui.hall, nn inhabitant of a country which, according to Lord Sai.is nnnv. Is our natural rnemv because h1i is our commercial rival, deplores tho fact that American shipping luws should be ruinous to national Interests. He reminds us that forty years ago three-fourths of the occan-carr) ing trade of American ports was done on American bottoms, whereas at present the American ratio is less than one fourth. He also points out that at present the United States pay an annual tribute of $40,000,000 to British ship owners. With respect to railways, Mr. Muuiai.i. notes that the Middlo States in 1800 pos sessed 21,000 miles of iron road, repre senting a cost of $2,002,000,000. Tho length of track compared with population is almost tho samo as in New England, namely, 142 miles to 100,000 inhabitants, or three times the relative mileage thut ex ists in France or Great Britain. The bank discounts of tho Middle States arc computed by this statistician at $77 per Inhabitant, as against $111 in New England. In tho banking business Mas sachusetts, In proportion to her popu lation, is nhead of Now York, exhib iting discounts averaging $100 per in habitant, as against $100 in New York. The savings banks deposits also average $17i per inhabitant in Massachusetts, and only $00 In New York. When ho proceeds to tulk of the aggregate wealth of the Mid dle States, Mr. Mui.hall is misled by tho absurdly low computations of the value of Now York personal property In the statis tics accessible to him. The railway securi ties, for Instance, owned in tho Empire Commonwealth arc put by him at the ridic ulously low llgure of $r:i.r,000,000. No wonder that he says that "apparently" thcro is no part of the world where the prepon derance of real property is so great ns in tho Middlo Stntcs, tho nverago value of real property in European countries being but 40 per cent, of the whole. Notwithstand ing tho derangement of his calculations, through his undervaluation of personal property, Mr. Muliiall notes that tho average wealth per inhabitant in tho Mid dle States has almost quadrupled In forty years. This Is pronounced a marvellous proof of tho progress of this section, and un paralleled in Europe, McCulloch having laid it down that only prosperous nations can double their wealth In that Interval. Even on the face of tho defective statistics, tho accumulation In the Mlddlo Stntcs per inhabitant Is shown tohavebeen$10.20 per annum greater than In New England, and exactly double tho average accumulation In Great Britain between 1H00 and 18(15. Tnxation In the Middle States, viewed col lectively, was less onerous than it is in New England or in tho United Kingdom; including tho ratio of national revenue, tho total burden per Inhabitant was but $17.20, against $18.20 In tbo United Kingdom and $18.70 In New England. Tho amount of money spent on pub lic schools in 1800 by tho Middle States wns $ 111,000,000, or only $-1,000,000 less than the school expenditure of Great Brit ain, which contains considerably more than douhlu their population. Tlio satlsfactory rcsultof ours)Htcm of popular instruction is that In tho Middlo States moro than 07 per cent, of tho native-born white popula tion over ten years of ago aro able to read ana write. Summing up the outcome of his studies, Mr. Mulhai.l recognizes thut tho Mlddlo States constitute, tho most Important group of communities In tho Union. Tho sta tistics of tho six most important industries show that two persons In tho Mlddlo States exercise tho Bumo lulluenco upon American progress as do threo Inhabitants of tho United States at largo. Consolidation and KxpetiRcs. Tho consolidation of New Ymk, Brook lyn, Statcn Island, and sover.il of tho Queens county towns, which goes Into ef fect, ofllclally, on the 1st of noxt Jauuary, Is tho most extensive consolidation of mu nicipalities over undertaken In tho United States. Tho population of tho city of London Is grcutcr at present than that of tho territory to bo Included within tho enlarged New York; but tho additions to the Loudon "metropolitan district," as It is called, have been mado gradually by tho absorption of outlying towns and hamlets, and not by nny such radical or comprehensive measure as that which creates the enlarged Now York. Chicago Increased Its area considerably lu . .. 1880 by the addition of aundry adjacent towns upon tho neighboring prairies, nnd Boston has annexed Boxbury, Dorchester, nnd other towns. Tho New York consolida tion extends tho municipal boundorlcs by n single net of Ieglslntlon Instead of piece meal, ns has been tho mlo In other cities. Tho question naturally arises whether tho experience of other cities Indicates that tho expenditures of administration nro Increased or lessened by roason of n summnry enlargement of territory nnd Increaso of population; whether It Is moro or less expcnslvo to govern them as distinct municipalities, each having an Independent local Govern ment, than ns n single consolldntcd munici pality. Ah tho population Increases, are tho running expenses of a city per capita In creased proportionately? Tills Is a question for which many Now Yorkers nnd many citizens of tho communities to be added to Now York next January nro asking, with much solicitude, a satisfactory answer. So far as tho known oxpcrlenco of other cities has proved, and so fur as the expenses of New York Itself, slnco tho material ad dition to Its area lu 1874, nnd again In 1805, havo shown, tho answer is: that tho larger tho city, the moro extensive Its area, ami tho more numerous Its Inhabitants, so less proportionately are Its expenses. A community of 1,000,000 pcoplo can havo Its nffnlrs munaged more cheaply and moro satisfactorily at $25 a head than a com munity of 100,000 people. Tho larger the territory, tho greater the population, the smaller proportionately Is tho expense Tho total running expenses of all tho departments of Now York this year foot up nearly $50,000,000, and of this sum over $15,000,000, or moro than 30 per cent., Is applied to tho paymeilt of Interest on tho city debt, tho redemption of so much of that debt as has matured, and the payment of tho city's sharo of State taxes. Now York, with Its present unexcelled credit, Is nblo to borrow money nt a low rato of interest and under advantageous terms and conditions. Hence, the burden of cxpenso for interest charges is less pro portionately than lu the caso of minor civil divisions. Tho enlarged New York will bo enabled to borrow money required for tho prosecution of public works in Its outlying portions nt not more than 3 percent., while thoso districts ns beparate communities are obliged to pay as a general rate 5 per cent. Another benefit maybe a reduction In the expenses of administration. Commission ers, clerks, attendants, and office em ployees, because of the consolidation of the various departments. A timely illustra tion of such posslblo reduction in "admin istration expenses " by reason of consolida tion Is given In Commissioner Lyman's re port filed last January at Albany upon the workings of the present Liquor Tax law. When the collection of license fees was a local matter In each of tho sixty counties of New York, the total expense of collection was $252,782 for public revenue of $3,100, 000. Under the new Itaines law system of State regulation the total expenses, State and local, were $140,800 for public collec tions of $10,000,000. Evcrylxidy knows that as a business in creases in magnitude the administrative expenses decline proportionately. Inevcry department of mercantile and Industrial activity, among railroads, steamship com panies, and private enterprises generally, consolidation tends to lessen tho cost of administration relatively to tho revenue. It seems reasonable to conclude, therefore, that a like result will eventually attend tho operations of tho enlarged New York. Tho Test of Democracy. An association calling itself tho " Demo cratic Union" met in the Fifth avenue on Wednesday evening and adopted a "plat form of principle"." The purposo of this collection of politicians is to assist tho Bryanlzed Tammany Hall in Its effort to get control of tho Greater New York, for its own advantage and to help along tho repudiation cause in 1000. Hence all men tion of the revolutionary scheme of Tam many Is omitted In the ten principles laid down In the Fifth avenue manifesto. Tho first "principle" is that "the gov ernment of Now York city should be ad ministered by her citizens free from rural intermeddling." Our municipal govern ment will lie administered under the char ter of New York framed by a commission, all of whom, including tho distinguished Democratic memlicra, recommended its adoption as just, fair, and sufticient to pro tect the political rights of the city. The only "rural intermeddling'" was that re quired under the Constitution of tho State, in order that tho charter granting this furthest possible degree of home rule might lie obtained. The declaration of the plat form Is balderdash. The second, third, fourth, and fifth "principles" relate to matters which are not In dispute, to tho preference of resi dents for work on public Improvements, to their pay and hours of labor, to the pro vision of sulllclent school accommodations, and to tho right of the Democratic party to "chooso public ofllcers from Its member ship," Everybody agrees to all that. No posslblo Issues of tho campaign are In thet.o declarations. Tlio sixth and seventh "principles" re late to the italues law and call for its re peal. But that brings In a State Issuo purely, when the pretence of this platform Is that all Issues not distinctively munici pal should bo excluded from the campaign, It being devised solely to hide away the ever-present Tammany Bryanlsm. Tho Democratic party, moreover, will never repeal tho Bailies law, even If It gets Into power In tho State. Tho principle of that law Is bound to stick, and tho great reve nue obtained from it also assures its con tinued permanence. Tho eighth "principle" Is an absurd nnd hypocritical declaration that "tho provi sions of our State Constitution relative to civil service should not bo evaded by par tisan legislation." Such erosion, of course, would be void as unconstitutional. This plunk is puro humbug. Tho ninth Hnjstlint "municipal franchises should not bo granted or sold, but leased for short periods, so that to tho pcoplo shall ac crue their greatest benefit." In this there Is nothing peculiar; all parties will have something of tho sort in their platforms. Tho tenth culls for tho election of "citi zens of expcrlenro and high character" to municipal ofliccs. Everybody at all times has been of that opinion. Tiio truth is that there is nothing In these ten "principles" that deserrcs any atten tion from tho citizens of Now York. Tho whole platform Is a blank charge. It Is In sincere, mere clap-trnp. Tho Issues It at tempts to fabricate in order to conceal the ono real Issuo, of tho campaign are not Issues at all. How can this real Issue be shored aside by any organization calling Itself Demo cratic? What sort of Democratic Is It? Is It Dryanlte Democratic or is It genuinely Democratic 1 1 Theso questions will not bo answered until It declares squarely Its nttl tudo with referenco to tho revolutionary Democracy of the Chicago platform. Actu ally tho "Democratic Union" Is Brynnlte, for It Is In nil Inn co with tho Bryanlzed Tammany Hall.-whlch contributes chiefly to lta membership. It Is organized to help along tho Democracy of tho Chlcogo plat form, tho spurious Democracy, ngalnst which crcry truo follower of tbo principles of Thomas JKrrKttsoN must wago unceas ing war until It Is expelled from tho Dem ocratic party, whose namo It has stolen. Thero will bo no genuine Dcmocratto platform In tho Greater Now York cam paign unless thcro bo ono which plainly and emphatically repudiates tho Chicago platform of revolution. How to Provent Dlcyclo Accidents. In June, 1800, when tho number of seri ous accidents among wheelmen was very large, Tin: SUN endeavored to find out their prlmo cause, and to prescribe a means for avoiding their repetition. A careful study showed that, In four cases out of five, tho cyclist responsible for tho troublo was unable to control his or her wheel with sufficient promptness. Porhapsn pedestrian would start to cross tho street without looking to sco if It was clear, nnd, be fore he had taken threo steps, bo knocked down by a bicycle. Its rider had seen the danger, but wasn't able to avoid it. Again, a whcclwoman, careful and experienced as a cyclist, might bo descending a hill ; her speed would Increaso with every turn of tho wheel, her feet leave tho pedals, her machluo bceomo unmanageable, until tho frightened rider could hold on only and trust In Providence. During May, June, and July of lost year accidents in and around Now York result lug from cyclists' poor control of their ma chines, wcro reported in almost every edi tion of tho newspapers. And tho same kind of reports have been coming in at an alarming rate this season. For example, the other day a scorcher knocked down a boy and broke his collar bone. Cause: couldn't stop quickly enough. Two cyclists smashed together on a hill. Cause : the same. Cyclist rodo off a pier and was drowned. Cause: ns before. On Wednesday last a young wheelwoman was drowned nenr tho town of Garrisons. She was coasting; lost control of her wheel nnd was thrown into a pond. In short, a review of the bicycle accidents in this city for the months of April and May last shows that, in all probability, two-thirds of the mishaps might have been avoided If the wheels in volved had leen equipped with brakes. Last fall inventors gave special attention to that feature of the wheel's make-up. with the result that brakes of various sorts may now be had. They are all good; they weigh only a few ounces each, and to have one attached to a wheel costs but a trifle. Wheelmen who value properly their own lives and the safety of others regard a brake as indispensable to safety. Biders, convince yourselves of the efficacy of this safeguard. Get a brake. You won't regret it, and doctors and undertakers may then take a longer vacation. Tlio Settlers nnd tho Indians. Although the Indian troubles in Mon tana arising out of the murder of Hoovkh, the herder, are much less threatening than before the arrest of the Cheyenne Stanley, or Badger, as he Is commonly called, they are not wholly over. There are still two sources of possible disturbance. Many Indians are off tho reservation. There arc said to be five bands of them under White Bull and other chiefs, and one estimate gives their numbers at 200. The season is far enough advanced for them to maintain themselves and their ponies without trouble, and the younger braves ure perhaps stimulated somewhat by the Inherited Indian spirit, not yet quenched by years of peace. It Is therefore natural that. In spite of the perfectly well founded assurances given by Capt. Read, tho commander of the troops from Fort Custer, that ho w ill protect whites as well as Indians, the fugitive families are still reluctant to return. The other dlUlculty is that tho settlers declare that three others besides Stanley nro implicated in the murder, and tho Sheriff wants to havo them surrendered. The Indians thus far havo refused to give them up. How much truth there is in their supposed complicity it is difficult to sur mise at this distance. Tho first account said that tho unfortunate herder had been shot by two bullets, from am bush, whilo sitting on a knoll nnd tilling his pipe. Tho circumstances suggest deliberate aim, so that even ono man could havo done the shooting. The Indians possibly would not regard compan ionship with the murderer as involving them In his guilt, and yet, of course, under tho law by which ho is to be tried, that presence at the time would warrant arrest and might show complicity and aid. Ono element in tlio affair which no doubt has much inlluence Is that the Indians know that Capt. Stouch, their agent. Is opposed to tho methods adopted by tho Sheriff and his party, and that tho troops support tho agent. Tho Sheriff is reported to have a warrant for tlio arrest of Agent Stouch. Thut division of sentiment among tho white authorities will bo noted by tho Indians. And yet It may also havo Its good effects. Tho determination of Agent Stoith to protect his Indians nnd to prevent tho settlers from working their will on tho reservntion may help to prevent an out break, and on tho wholo tho signs still point toward peace. Tho Enrly Mugwump Illrd and tho Worm. The Citizens' Union Is a sort of select and esoteric Institution, nnd perhaps It Is n mlstako for tho uninitiated to make any remarks about It. Tho Pythagoreans pos sessed Infinite, wisdom, and yet nobody seems to know tho reasons which prompted them to refuso to cat beans. The Citizens' Union Is a Pythagorean wisdom trust of undoubted merit, and nil Its stockholders admit In halcyon voices that they know beans; and yet they areas mysterious ns tho most recondite Pythagorean Literary nnd Socinl Mugwump Union of Magna Gnecln over was, We approach with duo reverenco nnd us utter laymen; hut why Is It that time, which Is technically meant for slaves, is vital to tho prosperity of tlio C. U. ? Our esteemed stone-houso con temporary, tho .Vrtc York Timet, has declared with much passion and em phasis that unless tho Union makes Its nominations at once, civic virtue will bo botrayed and all the deviltries of deals will corrupt tho geutlo causo of non-partisanship. It is the consensus of enlightened Mugwump opinion that civic virtue and non-partisanship cannot be warranted be yond the 17th of June, at the latest. It Is not for laymen to understand thut curious fragility of clvlo virtue and non-partisan-Bhlp. It must bo accepted as a fact, regret table, but unavoidable. Common political parties and common politicians aro capable of remaining truo to their convictions for a good many yenrsj but evidently nn ldenl rlrttto must not bo exposed to the rodo tests of time. Subllmo nnd ultimate truth does not come down from heaven to play a long engagement. Our esteemed stone-honsc contemporary, still a faithful wounder of Its friends, con tinues to Insist with energy, and even with asperity, that time Is futnl to the aspira tions of struggling civic virtue. It is sad to bo forced to believe that lmmortnl truth Is subject to these rnrlntlonsof the time tn bio; but so It is, nnd consequently other wise It ennnot be. "Tho timo hns come," observes tho Time with a dramatic sad ness, " for n Cltlrens' Union nomination." The time has come and the nomination hasn't. The Union "has an organization, workers, principles, a distinct purpose. It lacks n candidate." And tho peculiarity of tho principles of the Union Is that nobody cares a groat about them unless thcro is n candldnto cnndidating In their behalf. Not principles but men is tho motto of tho Union. As tho result of having a select though unregarded Invoice of principles, but no candidates to algn them. " the Union is not growing, and Its central principle of non-partisan city government Is not ad vancing an Inch. Tho work Is at a stand still. Nothing but a nomination can carry It past tho dead point and set tho machin ery in motion again." There is something too mortuary In this remark about a dead point. Surely there can bo no dead point In the history of a movement so vital as tho Citizens' Union. Nor can there be nny mnchinery to a con cern which protests against political ma chinery and Is so nobly nnd purely volun teer. It Is the misfortune of tho Times to apply unrcgencrnte nnd cnrnnl languago to a dream almost too beautiful to lie ex pressed in the concrete vulgar tongue. But these aro considerations which It is almost a sacrilege to dwell upon at such a time. If It is Indispensable to tho prosperity of the almost sacred objects of the Citizens' Union that It should have some candidates to represent it and to inflame tho activity of Its rotnrles, those candidates should bo nominated at once. In fact, if necessary, nnd It seems to be particularly necessary, tho candidate should !e nominated yester day. This is a case in which delays nro moro than dangerous ; they arc Immoral. Yesterday's event In Urbana notifies that town and tho pcoplo of Ohio that they might as well illsband tfaelr National Guard and turn tho control of affairs over to the mob and let It role undliputcd. Shamo on the people of Urbana and their Mayor! "We fix tho price of pold." WnxiAM J. Chtak. This is one of a lone list of specious remarks with whkh tho Boy Orator began to re vivify the delusions of tho voters of In dianapolis. Whilo technically wo call a certain amount of roM a dollar, we are as powerless to dctcrmlno what that dollar is worth or what It will exchange for in other commod ities ns we arc to regulate people's estimates of their fellow citizens. For example, while the present dollar has consisted of the samo amount of Rold slnco 1 837, Us price in waeres has greatly and steadily declined. Mr. Bktan hasn't learned anything since 1690. Theacnaltts! of Havemever and SEAm.ES is m practical hntl'-e that thr tro.u are not to be dU turtd by Senatorial lnTettlffitr SvraruM Pott. Tills justifies us in saying that the Stiracutt Pott is tho champion Dryanlte, ignoramus, and damphool of the Empire State. "Set-Tare Rempabllcam. To toe Ewioa or TnE Sen Sir; The Latin quota tion on the Shaw memorial, "Omnia rellnqnlt aer Tire rempublicam." In which aomo Boatonlana haTe found a Grammatical error. It the motto of tha So ciety of the Cincinnati; probably It la to be found In some Laila author, aa the construction it not uncom mon In both prose and poetry. B. Jcxe 3. To Tn Editor or Tn sc.i Sir: I notloed thai some critics took offence at the inscription on the bhaw memorial in Boston. The correction accordlng to "Allen and tirenough" Is Justlnable, but the crtUca did cot go far enough. In that same grammar they might hare discovered that Terta denoting to -faTor. please, trust, be lle e. persuade, command, otiey, serve, realst, enry, threaten, pardon, and span" gorem the dative and not the arcusatlve. In my opinion the quotation should read, "Omnia Rellnqult, ut Relpubllcas Ser ret." Respectfully, J, S. SI. Jcxe 3. An Ktplnnatlon rrens Mr. Foultney Blg-elaw. To the Epitor or The Sex str: These Hues from Tin Sex of Mar 1- do me Injustice: "It Is amazing to find Mr. Poultner nigelow comlnc out In fcirrer's Weekly as the defender of Carl Teters, the ruffianly explorer whose expulsion from the empire's foreign service for hanging black women caused great satisfaction throughout Uerniany." I met Carl l'etera wbn he had Just been cordially welcomed all over the United Statea, and particularly In Chicago; when he was the German Emperor's guest at the opening of the Kiel Canal, and when official Germany crawled upon lta belly to do him honor. Whatever may have been proved against him tn a German courl of law since our meeting, he was then, lu my opinion ami In that of my fellow Americans, the only German who had accomplished great things for his country in Africa. II has made enemies among the lierlln officials, and now he Is kicked out of Ids countr's service, and all tboae who formerly saug hit praises now hasten to otter him a maledic tion. This Is not the time for Americans to paint him blacker than he reallv is. I hate cruelty, espertally toward women, and I hare never defended the alleged crimes of Teters Uut I desp se the hypocrisy of those Germans who fawned upon him when he waa strong and Insult him freely when he la helpltas. II. M. Stanlet Is not a Mi ml ay school sort of an Africander yet he has done great things. MlT 114. I'OILTKET BlQELOW. Misconduct or the )uua Hallroad. Tonir Editor or The si-t Mr; On Tuesday, Ii.lO A. 31., 1 boarded n Nassau car for Path lleach. The conductor collected tho faro without eating that tha car would not go through. Arrived at the Twenty, third Mrect depot, he refused to give me a transfer and made me get out of the tar. After Halting for twiuty minute I continued my louriic; on the next car for the la h. I had to pay a second fare. This la not an exception, but a dally occurrence on this road. Snorrnu. Poor llrlllih riersrmon. oiii the London Axl', "It's no, my turn for dinner to-day.' Such was tho confession of a grnulng boy, one of the olive branches of the vicar of an agricultural East Anglican parish. " Ills father had sent him to tbo Hall with a message, Immediately after morning service, and the Squire kindly told him to run homo quickly, or he would be late for dinner. Hut. alas, poor little maul It waa not his turn for dinner that Sunday, "In every agricultural laborer's cottage the whole family would lie gathered round their substantial midday meali but the parson could only afford to give his children a dinner on alternate Sundays." Subordination, nt Itrpnrtlatlon. Vom lac llutfalo Courier-Rerord. Thero Is a prcctlcal unmiliully among Pemocratlo newspapers In this Mate that the requirements of the coming campaign demand the sulNtrdluallnn of na tional Issuis to questions that havo to do with State aud municipal administration. We say sul ordina tion, not "repudiation," for the platform adopted at Chicago last year must remain the law of the party, an far f-a national policy Is concerned, until auotber national concullou Is held, Unglno nnd riddle. from joeomotUt Engineering, II r. Gladttonu lias said somewhere that tn perfect the loooiuotlve has not required the expenditure of more mental strength and application than to perfect the violin. Tha looomotlre la not yet perfect and Is aim Improving, while the violin has not been Im proved In century. Mure men are to-day tinkering at the locomotlv than aver worked at onoo on the Tlolla. jvjbh cii'jrx KcnrivE nvits. The Rime Commission Prepare Them in r form to Uetx. Itlnrka How l,mw, " ALnANY, Juno 4. Tho Rtnto Civil Sc-Ti Commission has roviso.1 tlio State dU tt.x rules nnd rcirttlntlons to conform to Die rcqui.C' f nients of "merit "and" tttics,"i protuiai i b dor. Dlack's new Civil Service law. Tho ne regulations will not become opcratit o uniil ih," have been approved by tho (lot crnnr. 1 l(. pj' ent eligible lists havo been rev Iscd by th mission to moot tho new requirements, b dividing tho percentages of Micresfn rjn,if, dates in half in order to fix. their standing (0 tho "merit" test. Theso candidate wi3n0i havo to undergo another examination in'r"ni. noss"at tho hands of appointing iniiu ra nh' can mark them on this hrnnrh of tho cxnmlns! tlon tip to 50 tier cent, Tho mv. ri.lcs nre it,. samo ns tho old ones, oxcept Unit thc hate b revised where they ucru int.oiislsti.iit wlihtJ: new law. "" Tho minimum percentage required for"incrie before candidates can ho ccrtlllcd tn ntinninti.. officers for nn oxnmlnntlon ns to "Htnti." r. fixed nt 33 per cent. This is -ti:linleni in th! 70 per cent, required under the old rules wk.I tho liiaxlmumjircsumnbly for merit ulmi'e .. 100 per cent. Tliu iinmo of every candidate. !! tho merit list must be certified tt nn in rolniiX! ofttcor. whilo only tho first Hire.! hUhfa ,? ccrtlllcd under tbo old law. Cniidldtssha.in. preferred for appointment and promotion X cording to tholr standing, ascertained by ndithVl together their rating for merit ami that for fli ness. Veterans havo tlio sntuo preference fas nppolnlmont under tho new- hs under the old Tho vnrlous municipal civil fervlce bosHi will rovlso their city eh 11 service nculatlonsm the same lines laid down by tlio State civil si vlco Commission In tho ndoptlon of Stale rtJn lntlons to-dny. "' Gov. Illack's legal nd iscr. Charles Z. Unmln met with thn State Civil ."irciie Commffi yesterday and to-day and helped draft the n. rules lu accordance with tho Governor's Ideu CLOSE OF Till! Til A II ES CO.VO JtEjj, Jfew Scheme or Klecllng o Hirer. Mrnnt to Clti sin Internntloiml Ncope PniLADELi'iltA, Juno 4. The monster Inter national Trades Congress, which has been Ij session In this city slnco Tuesday last, u brought to a close to-day. Ilcfore this morning! session tbo most Important business traiiMcted was tho election of ofllcers to serve on the In. tornntional Advisory Ilo-ird of the Museum!, t, was decided to havo throe Vlcc-l'resldenta frora tho United Ptates and ono from caih of th South American republics, so ns to give th museums nn international scone. Instead o' purely national, as heretofore. The officer! chosen were: President. Robert Dlcakler of "S'ew- Q-leui-Vice-Presidents. P. A. II. tVldencr, Phlladrf fihlo; W. It. Qrace, New York, and Vina It. Car er. Chlcafro. Tho foreltrn Vice-Presidents arc Col. Dr. M-n. dex. Draill; Ferrari Percr, Mexico, Carlos LU Klett, Arcentina; P. do Murirtiiondo. rrngw Carlos Itogers. Chili: Amino K. Delilni, Vttti ucla; Alejandro Garland, Peru; Muro Ferns.. dez, Costa Klca; Frodcrlco Majia, San Salradar and L. IL IUchter, British Guiana. ' manors aoiso to esgl.ixd, A Party r Tbeaja Hailing To-Day to lie Preaad t the Queen's Jubilee. On the steamship Lucania, which Is scheduled to sail to-day. are Bishop Thomas I'ndenroal Dudley of Kentucky. Bishop George WortMnt ton of Nebraska, Bishop YV. A. Leonard o! Oi'.a, Bishop William Stevens Perry of Iowa, sod. Bishop Boyd Vincent of southern Ohio, U bound for the Congress of Bishops at Lambeth, and, incidentally, to attend the Queen's JnUlee, Other passengers on the Lucania are Prime Min ister Wilfred Laurler of Canada, Sir Henry Strong, Chief Justice of Canada; I)r. M. SrMUtr, who is jrolnir to marry YvetteGuilbert. Mr. and Mrs. i. W. Khlnelander. the Marquis of Cam den. Mr. and Mrs. James Smaller, Col. J. M. ScoreL Baron Itosenkranti, and Commodo:i William II. Shock. Lole Fuller and Samnel Mlnturn Peck are pu sengers on the Anchor Line steamship City of Home. Mrs. Cyrus W. Field and J. A. Bont parte so away on the French liner La Toarsise, Several Swedish singing; societies from varlost American cities, bound for Stockholm, ars en the Thtngvalla steamship Amerlka and til steamship City of Rome. PEART jIT oolbt. Hie rnlverslty TTIlt Bead at Delegatus wta film ts Xerfliera Greenland. WATinviLLr, Me June 4. Lieut. Peary u rived in this city at 4:30 this evening, and wu met nt tho station bv Dr. J. Fred Hill. Dr. W. Butler, President of Colby, and Dr. W. S. Bajlej, Professor of Mineralogy at Colby. His lectnn on his explorations in Northern Greenland vru attended by fully 1,200 persons from Ws: rllle and tho adjacent towns. At the cloe c! the lecture Dr. Hill pave a reception for Lien'. Peary, assisted by President Butler. Lea.tlnj I citizens of Wotervllle have taken a verr dj interest in the proposition made by Lieut. Pearr to take n delegation from Colbx on his prtlfo! nary trip to the northern coast of Greenland. Tnu trip means a great deal to Colby, and there ltns doubt that a delegation will be sent. The peo ple of Watervllle consider that there is no wit now open to Colby which can besoproiuctireoi good results as this. City fThtraeee Heard to Examine Firemen. Commissioner Sfurgis, at the rocctin; of thl Board of Fire Commissioners yesterdaj . o2rred a resolution providing that the Municipal Civil Service Board bo instructed to conduit U th examinations for appointment and promotion in the Fire Department, tho Fire Coinmiviosei reserving the right to give a ratine of S for merit in tho case of promotion of tott un formed nnd non-uniformed members. Tbrrco lueton was adopted, despite the oppo-itioa f Commissioner Ls Grange, who said ihst tt'i procedure would he an evasion of the nc Ciul Scrvlce-law, which made it mandafun oaths department to create a special civil ecrviot board for its employees. SVXIIEAMS. X policeman of Itlchmond. Va.. burnei M' tsal tn snatching: off the blaxlns bonnet of a 'vonaa whe was Just emartinc from a soda water sti?re whsrs clears are sold. The bonnet had been Utile 1 6r comlnx tn contact with the gas Jet of a mini-mi clear lighter. Charles n. Tlacklev. a mtlllonalrs pMlinitre plat of Muakejoa. Mich., restricts hlro.'lf t slmp.i ttvlnx. It It said of him that he has ruJen In nt" family carriage onlx once, and then to aitrnJ s fa nsral. and that although he owns a f ne umrasi residence on the lake he has rarctr seen It. Not having sufficient conn ence tail '' which he procured would rid his house cf mire, i man In tha Cltr of Mexico sprlntlcl a tianana in with strychnine and left It where It e nice eul gel t. Tneost took the sain and uropi-M It Ink the water Jar. and the whole family were potions' Their lives were saved njr applications of Its Hob ach pump. At Cenlralia, Ho lives a man h" r" "r' in same gold collar button for fort vears It " presented to him when he starlet from n! ion' therewith a drove of aheap for California lu l"5' He wore It thioughout his susienunil alentute career In the Il-wky Mountain siatei. I'-ni'J " luiubla, the South during war time, tae ' ' dies, and i'auama. foreign Slotr or Ileal Interest. Requiem masses were celebrated lu Its n snls Genoa on th fiftieth anniversary of Panl'l CO" nell'a death. In the latter cltr a proceMton rosret' from the church to me house In which ike II1'" alor died, lier a hronio meualllnn Msiuntrlls13 The t10,000 memorial inurcn at Catilr'neen.foot t Kerr , his birthplace, will be compleir 1 tW J'" Darelr had M. Vulllod. the "man cannon, t elected Btuator for the Jura dliirlci tftsn ' " called upon to make political use of hli eilta'' dlnary strength. In th municipal couiirtl nt 5,u Claude, to which hn belongi, I wo members, aft" xcltanglUE Insulis. caino to blows. I. VullloJ, axtendlne a hand on each, brouuht tlnni 1 " ground and restored order to the council. Chulalougkorn, King of Slam, who Is n0 at the Italian lakes, vlilted the lemile si "' ay. In Cejlon. where one of lludJhs "' is preserved, nnd asked emission to tsnl the relic. The prions refused, alinoujti !'' had allowed the Klug's brother to tnum II few ears ago. Chulalonglom got autrjr o tl " onlr refused tho presents of the prleils l"t ' back th gifts he had brought for the Irirule Clarman mtho appears In the compfesilon of Che religious nutriment neeled by the soldier l J flsld Into a little book weighing four ouu-e. ' "Kvangellsches Mllltalr Oeiang and riehetMi'n Cromwell's Ironsides, too. tarried their ""'" literature about In a verjr lompscl shape, while modern Prltish soldier's outfit weUhs one pou" It it calculated that wiih armlet of lOO.OOn m tho Oermini would cairy eleven tont of ttersl i ratur to the Britishers' fortr-tour, Itavlna me room for thlrtjr.ihr tons more of carulH.