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;?!$ JJ ; THE SUN, FRIDAY, JUNE 18. 1897.
l P l'MDAY. JUNK 18. 1807. b B utxerlatlaas ay Mall rest-rat. t 5k DAILT, per Month , , to BO VK- DAILY, per Tsar a ot HPF BUNPAT, per Year oo ' m DAILY AND SUNDAY. prYr BOO , L DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month t L Pottage to foreign oonntrlM addad. I H Tri Bo. ltw York City. ? yfi. runs Klotqu No. 1, nasrOrand Hotel. Kj If our frirndt teao favor ut with avuiuerfj's or fc tjp jmtKcalfon irliMo kanrfll artfols nturmd, K fift tAvV mui t in alt eattt tend tamj for that jmrv. . .. fvyfr. The Amerloan Solution. K H On Dec. 1, 1882, Secretary Bumtuwroto K fc, t'10 American Minister at Honolulu that it Wr xrhllo "tho position of the Hawaiian Isl , K andi, an n key to the dominion of the j fc American Pacific, demands neutrality," yet fr f' tf "through any cauno tho maintenance of jjr - such a position should be found by Hawaii K.' C Impracticable, this Government would then ft unhesitatingly meet the altered situation ft M, by seeking avowedly an American solution ft, jg of tho grave Issuos presented." ft Ten yearn later, such an emergency as Mr. Si JJ Bt.AlNic had In mind arose. Hawaii over s' S, throw tho native Government that op m fe pressed her and retarded her development, x And created a now Government, which was L "to exist until terms of union with the ! f United States of America havo been nego f' ' tlated and agreed upon." The overtures th h then mado wero postponed, but Hawaii IS, K well understood tho reason of their post- $ ponement, and has never from that moment f, to this swerved In her purpose to plead again for admission at the proper time. , Thnt time has come, and "tho Amerl- con solution" which Mr. Blaine forecast P-" Is at hand. Tho arguments for tho annexn- S tlon of the Hawaiian Islands have been fa- fa miliar to this country for years, and If wo I now receive this group Into tho fellowship S of our Union, no nation and no man can ac- W cuso us either of hasto or of rapacity. Ua- K W T,a" Hns repeatedly offorod herself as a JR jfe cuudldate for admission, and sho has ft: W pointed out tho difficulties and dangers of ' ' her Isolated position. The sentiment of the j American peoplo and tho teaching of our 3 HR history are In favor of accepting her, and S jfe wi have faith that Congress will duly act a- jjg In accordance with this sentiment. tli tfc' The Military Value of Shipyards. 3 f- IE I" the June number of tho North Amer K M icn Review there Is an articlo to which, as yet, too llttlo attention has been directed. 5? ; The nuthor of tho articlo In question Is Mr. ; p Lkwis Xixon, a graduate of tho United States Nnval Academy, and for upward of '; a dozen years a naval constructor In tho i ; . United States navy. He has been actively f connected with the creation of our new fleet -ft of war essels, and It was he who produced y tin" plans of tho Indiana, the Massachu E m setts, nud the Oregon. When a man pos- ; seiHcdofsuch trainingand experience writes 7k If " " The Military Value of the Shipyard," T, he Is likely to wiy something which It may jj? K behoove Ills fellow citizens to heed. g, fy The aim of Mr. Nixon's article Is to , i! demonstrate the public value of private in 111 5" dustries capable of producing war mate ffl i rl.iK He maintains that such Industries )i ? should be regarded as elements of national .','" I"' defence and guarantees of national inde I js pendeiice. From this point of view every I 1 g. great forge and machine shop that can j p . jiiaUn modern steel breceh-loadlng guns of ij Jjj iK" any calibre and power, or projectiles of any jl 1. sin or endurance, or armor of any thick ffl S, li nrss or resistance, is pronounced a na il I tional fortress or citadel In tho perpet- 5 K ulty and efficiency of which every citizen la should feel a patriotic Interest. From the Ij ff current commercial output of such an es 3 If S talilisliment under peaceful conditions the I I J actual proprietor may reap a certain, lim IIP " Ited, and easily calculated profit In money. j 8 But from its capacity for material out- II put under warlike conditions tho na il i tlon nt large, and therefore every In ll.1 dividual citizen, may reap a profit in H P E the defence of country and of prlvato pos I ? g sessions, a profit incalculable In denom j j It lnat Ions of currency. From the same view- i point every shipyard that can build war I $ vessels capable of sustaining the armor, or 6," f, using theguns and projectiles of such forces, 1 'f f- becomes a public shield against all possible I F , foreign aggression, tho value of which to tho j f nation at large, and In the long run, cannot V I be computed by the formulas of trade. Such is Mr. Nixon's thesis ; and he pro li cecds to sustain It by setting forth the H f enormous indebtedness of England to her Kr 'tt private shipyards, forges, and machine UK X nhops. For this purpose he goes back no Hi; f. further than the date of our own naval niK .4 renaissance, namely, 1885. In that year HrS S Englund had already a navy equal In ma- ra f- terlel to any three other navies, and In I m 2 effective personnel to all other navies put a F together. A new era In naval construction, B B f? however, was then Betting in. Improvements B f f' In guns, armor, and machinery, due mainly B J y to the substitution of mild steel for Iron B " as a prime material of structure, were I! ' ' rapidly making the ships of the two pre Ij ;, vious decades obsolete. England rccog li i nircd the nuw conditions, and forthwith , f applied them to tho expansion of her sea i- power. From 1885 to 1800, Inclusive, nlie Ut S expended for new warships and new armor $' I 07,000,000 In round figures, and Parlia- V v ment In March last voted for the fiscal year t f beginning April 1 11,435,000; the grand I i total since 1885 being 108,200,000, the k I equivalent of $541,250,000. With these (' t; enormous appropriations of money she has ff i built thirty-nlno first-class battleships, or V thirty-eight excluding tho Victoria ; of sec tf, h ond-class battleships she has built threo, fe f nnd of armored cruisers nine. Of vessels not armored, but with deck protection, and " eponsoned or shielded batteries, England " h has constructed since 1885 twenty first class crulbure, fifty-one second-class cruls- 'ji ers, nnd thirty cruisers of the third class, r ' Of vessels neither armored nor protected i she Iioh built since tho year named nine composite sloops and thirty gunboats, besides seventy-two vessels known as "tor- t I' pedo catchers," " torpedo-hoat destroyers," &c., designed for very hlgli speed. The , . f grand total of nil types nnd classes Is 202 jj, & ships, dlspludng In the aggregate 1,200,400 f tons, and propelled by u total horse power ' of 1,045,000. Such has beon the Increaso J j? of Kngluud's navy slnco 1885, To bring IS g. out the prodigious significance of this prog- r S rcss, It Is contrasted with that of other 5 ' powers during tho same period. The y 5, naval progress of England since 1885 be- .' i lug taken us the unit, that of I'rancc Is i ' shown to bo two-sovenths, that of Ilussla It is two-elevenths, that of tho United States Is two-twelfths, that of Germany Is two- i fourteenths, and that of Italy Is two-seven- ; teentha. To adopt another mode of com- ' pwlBOd, 70 is taken as tLo nearest mean common Integer; It Is then shown that, since I860, England has built a new navy on modern linen which bears to tho com bined now navies of the rest of tho world the proportion of 70 to 04. What Is tho bearing of theso naval statistics on the public value of private shipyards ? Mr. Nixon tells us that a close examination of tho successive annual naval estimates discloses the fact that 04 per cent, of tho total displacement and 07 per cent, of the total indicated horso power have been built by contract In tho pri vate shipyards and machine shops of tho United Kingdom. It Is further pointed out that at the averago rate of contract prices slnco 1880 the 04 por cent, of total displacement represents the sum of $302,300,000, and the 07 per cont, of total Indicated horso power represents the sum of $70,000,000; thus we havo a total sum of $377,300,000 paid to the pri vate shipbuilding and euglno building In dustries of Great Britain during the twolve years under consideration for hulls and machinery nlono. To this, however, must bo added the sums paid for armor and gun mounts, which are all made by contract, and for materials furnished by con tract to vessels built In tho royal dock yards. In short, the wholo sum expended by England on her now navy has gono to encourage, promote, and sustain tho pri vate Industries of tho realm, excepting only tho wages paid to tho workmen on tho pay rolls of tho royal dock yards and of tho royal gun factories. A review of all tho data proves that out of tho total sum, $041,200,000, expended since 1880, $007, 101,200 havo gono to tho credit of prlvato Industries, and only $34,000,000 to tho royal dock yards and gun factories. Wo see, then, that In English practice the naval programme from year to year Is adapted to the needs and capacities of tho English shipbuilder; hots considered the mainstay of tho country, and his shipyard Is recognized as tho keystone of the arch of the British empire. Mr. Nixon goes on to indicate how tho promotion of English shipbuilding resources through British public policy has had other extraordi nary results besides tho increase of tho British navy and tho augmentation of the Imperial sea power In its warlike aspects. To such an extent havo the ship building capabilities of Great Britain been developed by the persistent and unstinted aid and promotion lavished on them through public policy that, In addition to their output for British use, vast as that Is, they have provided whole navies for Japan, China, Chill. Argentina, Brazil, Portugal, and some lesser States, and parts of navies for Italy, Russia, Germany, Spain, Holland, Sweden, and Norway, In short, for every maritime power on earth except France and the United States, together with merchant fleets for every flag except our own. Summing up tho results of his In quiries, Mr. Nixon submits that British shipbuilding has created the British em pire as wo sco it to-day; that, having reared tho empire, it upholds it, asserts its suprem acy, and assures to it Impregnability as against the efforts of other powers. If, from tho military aspects of the subject, our view be extended to tho commercial, industrial, and financial features of the existing state of things, we find that British ships now carry more than seven-tenths of the world's ocean-borne commerce, not merely In the traffic between other countries and Great Britain herself, but In the International traffic of all countries with each other. Irre spectively of British ports. This is a source of absolute tribute from all nations to Great Britain, amounting to nearly $800,000,000 every year. What is Mr. Nixon's conclusion I It is this : that If we fail to pursue the policy entered upon by us when the rebuilding of our navy began ; If we cease to continue to encourage our shipyards, forges, and ma chine shops ; if we refuse to recognize that the private shipyard is the keystone of the arch of our sea power and of our mercan tile marine, our lot hereafter will bo littlo better than that of producing cargoes for British ships to carry, and of earning money to pay British traffic tolls. Andrew H. Green. The suggestion of the Hon. Andrew H. Guekn- for Mayor by the Democratic faction of which the Sticklers are leaders bring forward a candidate always deserving of the serious consideration of the peoplo of Now York. If Mr. Guekn had been a younger man, he would have been the Hint candidate for the offlco of Mayor to occur to the conserva tive citizens of the Greater Now York. By the corqmon consent of all tho forces enlisted on the side of order and property against tho menace of revolutionary Bryan Ism, ho would have been put high upon the list of men eligible for leadership. Tho scheme of tho consolidation of munici palities which will mako New York on the first of Junuary next the second among the great capitals of tho world, was conceived and originated in ths brood and Ntattsmanllke mind of Mr. Gkke.v. The realization of that Idea, dellnitel formu lated in his Imagination many years ago, Is largely duo to the long, patient, intelligent, and sagacious efforts of Mr. Gituu.v. Except for him, It Is not too much to say, there would havo been no Greater Now York In this generation, though thut tho consolida tion would como eventually was inevitable. Mr. Guekn has studied tho subject In all Its aspects, and with tho aid of a familiarity with tho history of Now York and tho con ditions of the problem, which Is equalled by that of no other citizen. For many years he has been the foremost authority on the laws affecting Now York and tho methods and restrictions of Its government, and con sequently no Mayor has entered office with out seeking his counsel. Ho Is tho fittest man for tho first Mayor of tho Greater Now York within all Its limits, provided that his strength Is still equal to tho arduous task the offlco would Impose on him, and ho Is made the representative of tho forces of civilization against tho barbarism of Bryan Ism. Mr. Guekn Is now seventy-five years old. That used to be looked upon as a great age, for It exceeds by five years tho Psalmist's span of life, but it Is no longer a great age. Men foremost In the affairs of the world at the present time, in politics, literature, busi ness, even arms, nro as old as Mr. Gheen, and some of them are still older. So far as mere years nro concerned, there Is nothing to disqualify him for public duty, no mat ter how responsible, n Is long experience of life and of public affairs rather renders him tho more competent for It, Mr. Guekn suf fered last year from a serious and a pro tracted Illness, which, It was feared by his friends, would wholly incapacitate him from further activity as a public man; and, In fact, he was obliged to desist for a long period from tho labors and the Intellectual occupations In which his ceaselessly In dustrious life had been spent, Ho was an Invalid, anil it seemed likely that he would I remain an Invalid, or at least ft valetudi narian, who would bo debarred from try ing and continuous activity throughout the rest of his career. Ho was actually pre vented from giving tho laborious nnd assid uous attention he had hoped to glvo to tho preparation of tho now charter, of the com mission to framo which ho had been made tho President. Thoso who are most familiar with Mr. Green report, however, that slnco last summer ho has been restored almost wholly to his normal strength ; and there Is no doubt that ho Is attending to bis private affairs and to tho public Interests which nppeal to his most laudablo publlo Bplrlt with his old-tlmo assiduity. He docs not count himself out of tho world of spirited activity, but remains In It with undimin ished ardor, with keenness of observation undiminished, and with tireless indus try In pursuit of tho ends ho has laid out for himself. In flno, Mr. Green's friends Bcem to regard him as fully ablo to perform tho duties of Mayor; and, as wo havo said, if ho himsolf Is of that opinion, It may bo assumed that tho confidence Is Justified, for ho In not a vain roan. He has too much elso to think about to have tlmo to waste In thinking about himself. Of course, Mr. Green's candidacy could havo no weight unless It were squarely In opposition to Tammany Hall and Its Bry anlsm, concealed or avowed. That Is, ho would havo to bo nominated, primarily, by tho Republican party, though his record has been as a Democrat. His relations to poli tics, however, havo long been phllosophlo rather than partisan, and hence his nomi nation could como from that source with out inconsistency. Moreover, his great schemo of consolidation was carried through by tho Republicans, and his association with their leaders has been friendly, and oven Intimate. Ho would spurn n'nomlnatlon by the spurious Democracy of Tammany Hall as an insulting Implication that ho had sunk Into pitiable senility and Imbecility. Tho Work of tb,o Postal Congress. Tho Universal Postal Congress, which has Just closed Its session in Washington, Is, wo believe, the most widely Inclusivo body of its kind in existence. Tho Postal Union now has received the adhesion of all civilized nations; for of tho threo outside at the beginning of the recent session of tho congress, one, Korea, was admitted during Its continuance, while the other two, China and tho Orange Free State, announced their purposo to conform to Its regulations as soon as practicable. This assembly, although so extraordinary In Its representative character, has dono Us work In a quiet and business-like way, doubtless attracting less public attention than some noisier bodies not so thoroughly International and far less ablo to enforce their conclusions in all parts of tho earth. The conservative character of tho congress has been Indicated by tho small number adopted of tho many radical and far-reaching changes suggested before it convened. On tho other hand, its record of accom plished work is sufficient to Justify the com ing together of delegates from great dis tanccs, and its work has been of a practical character with reference to mercantile uses. Tho question of tho charges which Inter mediate countries may make for mailed matter carried across them for delivery bo yond has been one of earnest consideration, surrounded as it is with difficulties and conflicting interests. The general result achieved was that of lowering tho charges during tho interval before the next meeting of tho congress. Among other Important mattere settled may bo mentioned tho fix ing of tho weight allowance for samples of merchandise, and that of declaring that typewritten circulars, all of tho same char acter, In quantities of twenty, con go In In ternational malls llko printed circulars so far as concerns tho rates. It is provided wisely that tho Postal Union Congress shall meet only once in six years, so making the burden and cost of attendance less onerous upon distant coun tries, while also guarding against too fre quent changes. Thus tho conclusions of tho meeting in Washington, tho first ever held In the New World, will hold good until 1003, when the congress will meet in Rome. Not tho Proper Form. Tho heading of tho petition for the can didacy of Mr. Setb Low, which the self organized Citizens' Union Is to circulate, Is to this effect: Wo drslre the nomlnattoa and cleetloa of grra Low for Mayor of the city of Kew York." That Is unfortunately worded. If Mr. Low Is desired as a candidate, It Is be cause ho Is deemed tho best man, tho most available man, to lead tho united opposition to tho surrender of Now York to the Bryan ized Tammany Hall. Ho himself neither desires nor Is willing to bo a condldato unless, as Ills recent letter exprefwd it, he Is convinced that Ills " candidacy would provo a unifying forco among tho friends of good government in tho city." The nomination of Mr. Low, as It Is now urged by tho AVto York Times and tho Eveniny Post, for instance, and by nn ag gressive element in tho Citizens' Union committee, would be, however, a serious obstacle to such unification as he desires and as Is desired with great earnestness by every citizen who has at heart tho welfare of this community. Tho obvious nnd cvon tho declared purposo of this self -appointed com inlttco in circulating the petition Is to get a pretext for nominating Mr. Low by Itself and for Ignoring the Republican party, with out which, of course, his election would bo Impossible, and ho would run simply for tho benefit of Tammany Hall. The petition, therefore, should havo been framed In accordance with Mr. Low's own demand, nnd with tho requirements of the political situation as It actually Is. It should have expressed a deslro for hla nom ination as the candidate of tho united oppo sition to Tammany Hall, and not havo been so framed as to seem to advocate his Inde pendent nomination by suoh a body as tho Citizens' Union. Mr. Low Is unwilling to run unless thero is a good chance of his election. Ho will not run to split up tho opposition and thus nssure Uiu dominance of Bryonlsm In tho chief seat of American wealth, power, and civilization ; and un questionably his candidacy would have that consequence If tho cordial union of the opposition was not brought about. In other words, bis nomination will be disas trous to his own reputation and to the "good government" for which ho has said he seeks first of all, If it is not made by the Republican party. Individuals and newspapers officiously and pretentiously urging tho candidacy of Mr. Low betray very clearly a sinister pur pose. They are openly strlvlug to make use of him as a means of humiliating and exasperating the Republican party, and therefore rendering Impossible his nomina tion by it, and consequently his' election. In their childish spite they are unable to conceal tholr true animus. The form of the petition of the Citizens' Union committee does not commend It to the favor of any ono who really desires Mr. Low an " a unifying force among tho friends of good government In the city." A Frnud nnd Its Counterpart, Our contemporary of Atlanta, the Con etiluUon, Introduces a large subject with this part of a discussion upon the present tariff doctrlno of tho Democracy : It li worth? ot note that, m toon ullr, cutkukd wu elected on the platform ot 1 898. with lUUrlff plunk, he made hatte. to repudiate It publloly." Mr. Cleveland, as a candidate, dodged tho tariff plank, but an President ho repu diated It out and out when he sent the Wil son bill to tho Houso of Representatives. That was notlco to the country that the platform on which ho had been chosen contained no principle which a politician wan bound to respect. Tho demoralization which spread from the White Houso over tho Democracy wan Instantaneous and com plete. No Democrat in Congress demanded a tariff for revenue only, and tho platform wan no more heard of. At tho next Na tional Democratic Convention tho " revenue only " principle was formally set aside. Still filled with the fraud virus, tho Tammany men havo reversed the Cleveland procedure. Instead of wonr lng allegiance to a platform which they mean to betray, they propose to suppress for a special election tho platform which their party means to execute. Will any special pleader for populism or Cuckoo casuist venture to argue that one Is mora dishonest than tho other! Cats of the Sea. Following In the wake of TnE Sun, the Kcw York Times runs down a catboat ; but In doing so It displays a littlo too much savagery and scares too many amateurs. "The typical catboat," it says, "Is cosily capsized, and only n smart and experienced catboat sailor sliould ever undertake to sail ono in deep water." Now there is Just ono " catboat " too many in that sentence, and, as for tho depth of the water, that makes no difference, because boats aro usually sailed In water t hat Is quite deep enough to drown a policeman. But there are cats and cats, and tho New port cat, for instance, is not easily capsized. Whilo "plates" and " skimming dishes" are good things to keep out of, there are other types which aro safer than cable cars. First among them Is the keel cat. with out side ballast, an uncapslzable craft, but ex pensive, and on account of Its draught poorly suited for pleasure trips that include several stations, or calls, to use a more saline term. Next comes the Nowport cat, a boat of reasonablo depth and Immense beam. It Is a very powerful craft, easily handled, gcntlo as a kitten, and In a heavy sea as lively as a gull. Finally wo have the rather deep draught cats, without outsldo ballast. With tho modern rig, which Is rather low, these boats aro fit for tho hardest weather. Thero are several types of them, each one of which Is an Im provement upon the old timer. It Is not absolutely necessary to put out sldo ballast on a boat to mako her per fectly safe ; but It Is necessary to carry the ballast low. This means, of course, a change In the model of most of our catboats. For safety they must bo made to draw more water. Tho old time British cutters had no lead in their keeln ; but they could Bcrap with a squall Just as well as the modern machines. If not better. Our own pilot boats carry their ballast Inside, and they can get up easily after a knock down that almost puts their crosstroes In tho water. It would not lie wise to abolish the cen treboard or to build boats of outlandish draught ; but somo amateurs labor under the delusion which, unfortunately, has too often proved fatal, that the board prevents a boat from capsizing. On the contrary, its tendency, to some extent at least, is to trip tho boat. For the gusty Hudson, little boats eighteen or twenty feet over all should draw at least three feet of water. If It had been well to run a New York non-partisan ticket on municipal Issues only, the candidate of the party orgnnlied for that purpoao would hsvo been, unquestionably. Mr. Akiirkw H. Green. No man bassonrduously nnd devotedly studied tho city of Now York and is so learned In it as he. As the chief promoter of tho Now York ot Uio future, he would havo bcon, naturally. Its first Chief Mb latrato. The Issuo this year, however, Is the Chicago platform, and In a fight ot that sort the antl-llrynn candidate for the (Treat place of New York's Slajormuet bo a member of tho party that constitute tho vast bulk of tho opposition, tho ltepubllcan party. The Bishop of Wakefiei.d'h Jubilee Hymn asset to muetaby Sir Aiitiiuii 8ullivjin may contain some music. Thoro Is none in tho words, which have scarcely common sense. Tho Bishop begins with a pleonasm: " O, King of Klnpi, Whoe reign nolit Hath bttnfrotn civrulflnff," And when ho goes on with "Ilefore Whoso throne their crowns of pold tho hlto-rolied saints are casting," It is clear that he has taken tho first rhymo for "everlasting" that ho could find, and that ho as glad and surprised to get it. The wbolo "Hj inn" Is wooden. Tho Mar quis of Lornk's "Psnlms" aro I'jNPAn In com parison. There is one stama, however, In the Ittahop's nnkylopodlo collection which Is Inter esting as showing tho truly British self-complacency with which ho pstronltvs God and celobrates England: "For, overy heart made tlad by Thee, With thankful pralso la welllnm And eTery tongue, with Joy set tre. IU happy theme Is telling. Thou ha$t tittn n(mful of Thin own. And ol we come confessing Tls Thou hut dowered our queenly throne With slity years ot bleulng." The irreverence Is not ours, but tho Bishop's. He makes It clear that oven the white-robed saints nro casting their crowns in honor ot tho Jubilee. Tho champion Mugwump of Louisiana Is a New Orleans lawyer named Hkniuques. He confirmed his title with this passage of a speech In riofonco of Mr. Walter Qiraui.t, tho former cashier of the American National Bank, which Is now wreckod : "I listened to what that fearless man said on the stand, and my memory went back 1,807 years ago to the Valley of Oolfotlia, and seemed to bear the words which fell from the Divine Man, ' It U dono !' " Mr, Henriques here illustrated the peculiar adoration habit that came in with Mugwurap ery. tie picked his cboraotcr for worship and didn't stop at likening him to humanity's Ideal of vlrtuo. On this occasion, however, he was Inaccurate In bis dates. Mr. Edward Hraden, Jr., of Texas told his brethren In tho Master Plumbers' Conven tion that there Is "no nobler calling" than tbelra, and that they are "ahead of the legal profession." Nobody questions the nobility ot the plumber's calling, and the witticisms whloh have been shot at it aro only a proof of the envy which its sploodor and rewards cause. Nor will anybody question that plumbers are ahead of the legal profession. They arc ahead ot everybody. as every man who dwell beneath a roof tree knows. The lawyer Is accidental and temporary. The plumber Is essential and perpetual. You not only have to have him, but you have to have him often. Ho goes, but he returns. Thoro were ono ortwo delightful Incidents at the Princeton commencement exercises. Tho first soholar of the class delivered a salutatory address In Latin, and must hare caused somo wonder when ho was extolling the prowess of Princeton in pita pedalit, or football. Ills gen eral greeting ot welcome was this: MHosrlss omul, afwmnf, jxifr, mafres, jufto ou puhKerrtmrn, notflltt.fratrtt,amM,vonxwrd salufamus." At the words rnulln pulchtrrtmm (mighty pretty girls) tho graduates burst Into salvos of heaven-rending sound. A little Latin will go a good ways, if tho subject Is good. Another Joy of the day was an address on "Jocularity at Princeton," after which Mr. Cleveland was admitted to his first degree. Every Indication that has proved trust worthy in the past now points to the conclusion thnt many days ago tho pendulum of good times silently began Its Irresistible swing. Jokes about the advance agent of prosperity will soon bo out of order. Thero Is a cloud of dust up tho street, and wo hear something that sounds vory much llko music It begins to look tremendously as It the show was abou t to arrive. Don't criticise the Bimetallic Commission. rhUtutttphta lA&atr. Who wants to criticise the Blmetalllo Com mission I Threo very good fellows are having a particularly good time. They are acquiring tho tonguos. They are making a lot ot Interesting acquaintances. They are eating luncheons nnd dinners with a noble fortitude. Who would think of saying anything save in the way of encouragement of these throe happy travellers, theso fortunate voyagers on a silver seal Cookery and economics unite to cheer them on. Another touch-curlst has turned up, a Mexican woman, who touches the afflicted in Mexico, as Brother Schlatter touched them last year In Colorndo. In ono respect, howevor. Miss Urrea Is unliko Mr. Schlatter; she Is ns warlike as ho was peaceful; sho is both fighter I and curist. After performing wonders that sot Moxlco agog, she has started out to stir up hos tilities among the Indians, with whom sho is a favorite, nnd whom sho formerly led In battle. Mr. Schlatter, who, it Is reported, starved him self to death, was far more sensible than is Miss Urrea. Ills touch was said to bo prophylactic; her touch appears to bo bellicose. And now the Cuckoo calls once more. Alfred Acstix. Tho Cuckoo may call until his throat Is sore and bis feathers drop off. Knock as bo please, there's nobody at home, Onco tho Dodo had a visiting list and theMugnump Bird went sere nading. Whero aro those unfortunate fowls now I queer little birds that once piped their Tt Deuna, Tickled to death with their ijuerr little selves. Where are they now ? In the fowll museums. Deep In the dust of the very top shelves I" The Cuckoo will soon bo ranged among the specimens In tho paleontology department, class X. llryan ana the Gasr. To the Editor or The SenSir : Under In structions from tho Tammany bosses, tho Hon. William Jennings Brj an did his best during his visit to this town to steer clear of national Issues. He dodged tho Inquiries of the reporters. He trlod to bo as non-committal, non-political, and severely local as he could. Ho did not suc ceed, because It Is not natural for him to con ceal his opinion, and because tho Tammany plan of protending to forget national issues whilo tho municipal canvass Is golngon is as impossible as it is dishonest. In the course of his struggles to suppress him self last Saturday Mr. Bryan had to make some remarks "of a non-political character" to a delegation of the Loyal Democratic League. He began by saying that "ono of tho hardest things to do is to make a non-political speech." In a few minutes ho showed that he could not make such a speech, for be broko out Into this refer ence to the vital issue of I80H and 1P07: The monopoly of gold enabled the people to know the meaning of a dollar that grows fatter every day, while the people grow leaner. BocollecllnR himself, ho began to talk about " local self-government," to repeat his Tammany lesson. But he had shown that it was useless to seek to divert public attention from vt hat he and most of tho men bo -voted for him last year re gard as tho chief public question. It would havo been better for his reputation for straightfor wardness If ho hod refused to yield to tho cowardly policy of Uie Tammany heelers. The futility of that policy was Illustrated by his own remarks, and must be palpablo to all but tho densest heads in Tammany. Stuaiort. New York, June 17. For nirtru. jr. T., vrtlllaaa M. Ivlas rtat rorra, Either Bad or ttan Car. To th Editor or Thh 8cx Sir: Please allow a new man In town space In Tnx Sn In which to un load. 1 do not know Mr. William JI. Ivlns. whose troubles with the servant of the Traction Company have been mado known In Tur sex. Never heard of him before. Don't know whether he is Democrat or Republican or Pop. Don't think be can be the latter, for be has grit. Rut I am for him. I am for the formation of an Ivlns league. Let every man and woman (of course) who wants to see the principal tn this trouble win wear a ribbon or button with Ivlns's name painted or written thereon. Let tho fit. Tammany, regular organisations, ac. Indorse Ivlns In convention. Tho candidate for Mayor who Is on suoh a platform will win. The time for the light for rights on street cars 1 at haml. Ivlns ts present. On with the lawsuit. Bnur Passzsois. The Fish In the Iteflex Pipe. To the EniTonor Tux fcci Sir: An incident men tioned In toil st Si's renanllDgadoUKhnut which, being sucked up In the renox pipe ot a (lovernmrnt boat, retarded Its progress, recalU an Incident of a similar character not generally known, save peruana to a very few livlnu old Knlckerlcker. In the early years of the presi nt century Dr. Oard ner Spring. paur of the old llrli k Church (when- the Timet now standi), one Sunday, In tho course of a sermon on "Innlellty,"and taking very naturally as an Illustration the new Imrnllon of Kultnn's steam boat, said! - As well might Inn, I, Uty .top the trend nf Christianity as oue of the tiny fishes In the Hudson stop one of these steamboat " This Illustration however, as will be seen, was rather unfortunate, for on the succeeding Monday one of Ihrso same new steamboats was brought to a halt. Investigation re veslwl the cause. It., that a "tiny" fish had been sucked up In the reflex tube which supplied the boiler with water from the rlvert hence tho stoppage! After ward, pronttng by tola experience, the pipe was msde with a sieve. Wujjam L. stomr Motrni Vaaxos, Juno 18. ' Caaa-rnasmnn ltuMrll'a Bushel or Lack. Iron (As notion a lobe. Congressman Russell of Connecticut has something like a bushel ot horseshoes which he has ploked up since he was in Congrtas and long before. The re markable accumulation of old Iron la the result of a mild superstlMon that good luck accompanies the picking up of a horseshoe In the street. Six or eight One specimens ornament or disfigure bis apartments at the Hamilton In Washington, and the remainder of the bushel, exoept a few, aro atored In an old box at hU borne In Kllllngly. The few whloh are especially reserved from the collection In the box aro hanging onthe port waist oar which Russell used to pull a winning stroke with In the old slx-oared crew of Yale Collegs la '78. Oemoeratlo Jusllflcatloa of lbs Cotton Dutx. rrom lh flew Orltant Timti-Dttnoerat. The SO per cent, cotton duty represents the dlf. reresca between the wages paid American and fella heen labor; and on of the first principles In every Democratic tariff utterance has been against the degradation of American labor and the reduction of American wage to the standard of slavery or semi-slavery. llow It Look In Ueoraia. from las Augutta Chronicle, Hr. Bryan leave Mew York Democrats to make thetr.own local light, and assure them of his ooatt ansU their patriotism and wisdom. ' ( ITVf Jt OIT oniOXlfAL-rAOKAOB DABS. Month Carolina Defies Federal Anthortty by Trailing Thorn as fnbllo .tfulaanoeaw Charleston, S. C, Jtino 17. Gov. Kllerbe started In this afternoon to show that the Stato was not going to allow tho "original packago" shops to run tho 81-nto liquor dispensary out of business. Last week J. S. I'lnktissohn, agent, openod an original pjekago bar In Charleston, and since then he has been reaping o harvest, To-dar, howover, a warrant was sworn out and tho place was closed under section 23 of the Dis pensary law, wblcb says that places whore liquors are sold other than dispensaries are com mon nuisances, and provides heavy penalties for tho offendors. Dr. B. M. Lebby, a bitter A. P. A. TlllmonltB, bought a gallon ot whiskey from tho placo and thon soctired tho warrant. Tho proprietors closed up, and to-night tho constabulary Is In chnrpo taking stock nnd preparing to confiscate tho wholo outllt. The Assistant Attorney General is hero from Columbia to lend tho legal flghtlng, nnd tho city Is flooded with liquor constables. It is given out that to-morrow the smaller places selling In tho original packages will bo closed and the agents arrested. The Stato Administration has taken this means of getting around tho Blmonton Injunc tion, and It is very likely that more trouble will come to tho State from tho Federal Courts as a result of tho work dono this afternoon. It Is lcarnod that tho Stato wishes to mako this n test case, and will try to dodge tho injunction by trotting in the nuisanco deal. Tho State is nlso anxious to get tho matter out of tho United States and into tho Stato courts, but there Is no chnnco in this case, as Plnkus solin Is agent for W. G. Moore, a liquor dealer In Now York. Judgo Blmonton is not in South Carolina at present, nnd It may be several days before any definite action Is taken to enioln tho dlsponsary forces from Interfering with tho original package bars. DIED OTT A OLAOIXIt. ThrM Men Perish or Cold and Huts' Bear Cooka Inlet, Alaska, Port Towksesd, Wash., Juno 17. The steamer Alkl, from Alaska, brings the first de tails ot the death from cold and hunger of tbroa miners from this State, who perished while crossing a glacier near Cooks Inlet. Bottcher, Blackstono, and Mollnguo were the men, and they lost tho trail and wandered over the glacier, Bottcher kept a diary, in which every night, no matter what the fatigue of the day s work, be entered tho Incidents of the day, and in this littlo book was found tho story of tholr wanderings. The men trlod to cross the glacier and make their way back to whore they thought tho trail was. A terrible gale thwarted them. The wind blew so fiercely that they could not mako any headway against It, Ills two companions died first, but Bottcher struggled on with his dog. His body and that ot tho dog were found froien stiff side by side. mvz miA off ron wAaauroToir. Tne Corean Prince of tha Blaeel Caxaea t Take n Course In nn American CaUeae. Prince Kul Wha of Corea, wbo has been stop ping at the Waldorf for two days, left yesterday afternoon for Washington. Tho Prince is tho second son of the King of Corea, and be has como to this country to learn the English lan guage and to follow a course of study at one of tho colleges. He Is 20 years old. tall, and sllmly built, Ilu is accompanied by his friend, S. K. Slno. and on Interpreter, Y. K. Pak. The Prince speaks very little English, but can converse fluently in French. He has discarded his natlvo costume, and dresses after the fashion of thin country. He Is the first of the royal Corean household to visit America. While In Washington bo will devote himself entirely to studying English. The Prince refused to talk about the affairs of his country, simply saying that thero was no trouble or dltllculty at present in Corea. TUItEE 3IOICE SEALS JOIX XEZZIE. They Cans rrwm Soathrrn Water t tna Aaa rlam Drown and afoUy. Three brown seals that were captured on a little Island off the Florida coast arrived at the Aquarium on Wednesday night, and were hav ing a merry time yesterday in the big pool with Nellie, the northern seal, that had had exclusive use of the pool for many weeks. The three southerners are not so handsome as Nellie, and are much larger, being about four feet long. They are the only seal of their kind In captivity. They havo broad, bulldog-like Jaws, are bolder than Nellie, and bark a good deal more. They wero captured by fishermen employed by Cant, a C. Cobb of the firm of E. C. Sanderson & Co, of Pensacola. They are rarely seen off tho Florida coast, but are frequent visitors to Cen tral America and Jamaica, SITES FOR SMAI.Z, JPABKS, Party Clergymen Sqageat Oas and nso TTerh Inar tilrla aaatber. At the meeting of the Advisory Committee on Small Parks in the Mayor's office yesterday forty clergymen of the west side petitioned for a park between Fifty-second and Fifty-fourth streets, west of Eleventh avenue, and 320 work ing girls ot the east side asked that a breathing spot be established In or near the old Rlvlngton street corporation yard. A petition was also received from a number of societies In that part of the city asking that Corlears Hook Park bo extended to the river front by taking In the street which now skirts it on tho east side. Dr. Joseph D. Bryant. President Wilson of the Health Board, the Itcv. John B. Devlns. and Jacob A. Hits wero appointed a committee to examine the sites suggested. SPECIAL BEnriCB AT TnnTZTT In lienor artbe Sixtieth Anniversary sfSxNa Victoria's Ceranallea. A special service tn honor of the sixtieth anni versary of the coronation of Queen Victoria Is to bo held at Trinity Church on Sunday after noon at 4 o'clock. The sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Dr. D. Parker Morgan. Tho ar rangements for tho service are In charge of a committee, ot which Percy Sanderson Is Chair man and George Austin Morrison. 32 Nassau VTL!''"6d?5L1',,0 William street, and Josiah D. Evans. 105 East Twenty-second street, are tho bccretarles. Up to 3:50 o'clock admis sion to the church will bo by ticket obtainable by mail from the secretaries. At that tlmo the general public will be admitted. MORE LETTER CARRIERS. Postmaster Van Colt Arranxlna- for mm Im provement la the Service. Postmastor Van Cott, Buperintendont of City Delivery Morgan and other heads of Post Office departments nre of the opinion that from 150 to 200 more letter carriers aro noeded to cover etroctltoly tho constantly enlarging territory of iwyorku1!'r' v,Ab nlt of tho Postmaster's recent visit to Y ashlngton to confer with the Postmaster-Oi'ncral upon the subject, there will be it considerable Increase In the carrier force l!!!:?i? J.'10 ' future, though failure onthe T!?I Congress to mako adequate appropria tlon for tho purposo may pretont Mr. Van Cott from getting all tho new men ho wants. THESE TICKERS WILL TICK OX. Mew York Quetatlan Company to Go Ahead After June no. It has been reported that the contract under which tho Stock Kxchange furnishes quotations to the New York Quotation Company, which supplies them over it tickers to Kxchango mem bers, would, like the similar contract with tho Gold and flock Tologrnph Company, terminate "hatdalc. TUu Bcrvlc"' w' nottVrmlnatoon nni1?. "'"""crnlng Committee would hSdl'rie'd? wUc,borr nt the contract Dry Roods Club In Its !rw Ilooras. The rooms of the Dry Goods Club at 1171) Broad- way wero formally opened yestcrduy ntternoon. The club rooms occupy the eloventh floor. On tho floor below are tho kitchen nnd pantry. Tho Jlu5r0r?im" nr0 la.,l0 amt handsomely decor ated. Tho west sldo nf tho floor U rescrud for the wives of the club members. This room s decorated In red and llghl yellow. The f urn . tro s maple. Tho club Is t imputed i f 30H of KlMo Two Slure Deer Horn In Central Park. Two deer were added to tho herd InCentrnl Park estcrday, A milk white fallow was born early In the morning, ami a red deer was born B,fw hours earlier, mnkiiig tho third joutigMor since Saturday. The Central Park deer InuiiMse so .rapidly thai the I'.trk authorities Thavi ta 7h"n out their numbers every few j o.tr. first or the Ilia- Pier. The Dock Board has ordered that bids be ad vertlsed for tho building of tho first of the big v?w '.l- .U y'i1 be bul't t the foot of West Eleventh street for the White Starliiii n-Si! &'he.r r"1.b.7B8 'W long ind lfeot wldl! The construction will cost about 912O.W0. AOE, ll fTJBIOItT, SOS UEIOItT, sj The rt Bj ef Malnn Can Do Aajthlng Riew. mile n lllcjcle. From the tiotton Ailiertlter, AunORJf, Me., Juno 15. -A few days sB0 e. dcstrlAns wero startled by tho appearam e 7 tho blggost and fattest boy that ewr trod tts streets a gnnt In knlckerbockcri, n rojt. chocked, roly-)oly, 12-ycnr-old, who could lift a barrol of flour ns easily ns you tun lift of water, and who weighs 203 pounds In a bath. lng suit. Tho boy was named Ivtmnnt Icaltt, ton y O. N. Leavltt, Young Leavltt was induced to submit to tho tape lino and jnnlstlck, and her nro his measurements, tho Hirum lieing tn Pr (,, regular suit of corduroy: Ago, 12; w tight, 'joj pounds; height In walking shoes, r, f., . Inches; chost, il foot 7 litclu'; wuw ;i (,, J Inches; arms. 1 foot 4 Inches; tlilcti j fM,. ? Inch; calf, 1 foot (llnchos. Il!ifnth(r MVh3 145 pounds, and his motbprV, 1 in, brnihi of Master Lamont weighs 150. At bin), ji " tor Inmont weighed 10 pounds, tit- ,n. u ways bcon In perfect health, mid todnt ,,. u, red-cheekod, good-natured buy. He has J roguish twinkle tn his pretty bluoetes. and i; smiles when ho says that ho had Juki hi .., i',. fat as lean. From childhood ho has hud a ui liking for books. It was feared nt om tlincthu he was rending nnd studying too much, and u tho suggestion of the family plithlciah hn wu restrained in that direction. Whiiihunaiy years old ho could lift his father cu-ih Th havo prohibited bis lifting nil along, hut now nnd then lie has broken the rules and dn.on strated his strength. At thn tlmo Indiiatisl Ls would run up behind his father ntul In ni,J grab him by tho legs und lift him off his ti-'.l Tore tho father could Bhako tho lively voting chi off. When ho was 0 years old he helped yi father build a borbed wire fence, and he found it an easy matter holding up his end of the Inm ' bar which ran through tho coil of wire. Thei coils weigh from fifty to eighty pounds. Master Lamont sayB that Just now there li only one thing in tho wldo world that he would like, and that Is a bicycle. He wants It asUd as anybody ever wanted a bow-wow or sir. thing else. Ho reckons that a twenty Tiocntl wheel would bo about the thing, only he him. a full-fledged man's whooL MOOSE TOTTED TIIE BOAT. It TVa Fun nsr m While, but the ranrsrw, Ttrrst or It, From th Sprinaflcld lUjrublican. Up on Sebcc Lako In Maine they hare tttta boats and lots of other things. Tbe latest Is i moose which can do a towing business. Lu) Saturday, while tho good steamer Marion m passing up through tho narrows In Selwc Ksie, a big bull mooso was sighted swimming towel tho craft to cross her bow. Ho hod a bone h his teeth, and was leaving a wake llko the rrsit er Columbia the tlmo sho came up Pcnobsx Bay Into Castine Harbor last summer, fcayst Bangor Commercial. Capt, Hcrey win tif bull In good time, and bo cot out his b;c?it hawser and put on a little mora bteum just j bring his boat alongside tho moose. W'I.er. U got into comfortable distance ho let ro U awser like a lasso, and the rope settled ors the head of the big fellow and caught him fast. The Marion is a sturdy little craft, but lis wasn't built for moose. The bull swam Btrai?ht on for a while, towing the boat after him. aid "playing boss" generally with everything witi In reach. Just in the height of the fun he ciri a sudden turn to starboard, put straight nbor. and, with full speed on In both engines, let hla self out for shore, the steamer dragging alou behind. All the passengers offered free ndrics as to how to get tho moose out into the lait again, but meanwhile the rocks of the short were getting nearer. Finally Capt, Iltrj cast off his line and let the moose get ashore, cj which he fled and disappeared in the forest wrj the speed ot the Boston and Albany's fattest express. It takee more than a steamboat -J top the progress of a healthy Maine moose. aVetter Written tn IMS and Balled tn IMt Benches Ita Deatlnatlan. from the Iforfolk Landmark. John IL Hughes of Cedar Grove, Oraafi county, to-day mailed a letter which was gives him in 1865 to mall, when he was a prisoner at Point Lookout. In looking over some papers he found the letter and wrote to the Sheriff ot Anson county to know If the man to whom it was addressed was alive. Tbe Sheriff replied yes, and that, strange to relate, he was in hit office when the letter of Inquiry came. Tht letter was sent In the original envelope. Twe Batten and 9T Cent line Bayttaad. From tho Springfltld lUpubltoan. I The Rev. Mr. Hinckley of Good Will Farm. I wbo a few years ago threw light on the averag boy's pocket by printing a list of nlnety-osa articles that he had watched one of the boys tn his care transfer from one such receptacle to another, recently visited the same youth, now a young man working his way In this busy world, and again saw him go through all bj pockets. But this time all he brought up was two buttons and 27 cents. Bined hr m Track Baa hat. From tho WatMmaton Pot. Srrrour, June 15. In a fight where track baskets were used as weapons Alice Trotter was last night killed by Mary Capehart near Pig Point, twenty-three miles from 8uffo!t, 1 The combatants were colored bean pickers ea ployed on W. H. Kirn's farm. The mur dered woman's skull was crushed. They foufit over the affections of a lover. Mary had a pre liminary hearing to-day and was held with oil bail. A Bjmpbany tn Creea and Cray. From tho London Floaro. For the information of sightseers from til country, whom Figaro ls always glad to assist to a little Innocent amusement, I would po'.st out that Mr. Whistler may always be seen be tween 4 and 5 in the afternoon at the Cafe Revs!, generally drinking absinthe. He has a lieu coterie of curious people, who run silently abo&l the place disseminating the " master's "mots. i"ortlru Mates of Baal Interest. Prlnseaa Ingeborg, second daughter ot la Cron Prlnc of Denmark, ha been betrothed to Irian Karl of Bweden, Duke of Tfestrocoibl, third sm of King Oscar. Dtpaiaoaslaetophnond!phnnp!prai!n It & nam conferred by an Italian chemttt upon a at compound he ha discovered. The word Is ssld u wean something to chemical experts. Old followers of Qanbaldl, who foocht with ta for the liberation of Italy, ar Indtmact at tit assumption of the name "Oatlbaldlnl" ty tM t clallitaand revolutionaries who have followeJ tit Oeneral'a son to Greece. Cms per cent, ot alcohol In water will till a ru flab In one hour and thirty minute; 20 r" "&L will kill him Instantly. Th experiment! msi Its to tbe ns of che-ntcols In tha oommsrclat purtss of the larger nines. Another Idlotto exhibition ot shooting os.-i"irs with a rlne at a wotsan, th atm taken from a loot ing alaa. haa proved fatal, this time at IVrlls. 1 expert named Kroger, after shooting isrlou ob jects from the hands and shoulders or h't '" put a bullet tbrougn her head In the f rtirat ' 4,000 persons. Westley Richards, bead of the celehrstel fib ratngham flrniof gunniakers.dledrscentl) at its H of 83 years, lie was one of the tnventortef " Enfield rifle and mail the first capptnf bretcs loading rifle and cartridges In IMS. Inr 6t la vented th top-lever breech-loader ant trt fallttl block rifle with the mttalllo cartridge for tt. A master of a workhouse at Nemnariet, Tai land, being religiously Inclined, has rlil tref tn build a chapel for hts paupers, an.t, nf" !' Ing for soveral years, haa been admtite 1 to ti ij ders. Intending to official In hit dial el. a reft ous light Is cat; on the chances of poor n.enlal'' Church of Eniland by the amarement e- "- generally that surb a thing should he vi. t'e. Muilo Clmntl, the father of the Kngiltn t'1 of pianoforte players, the teacher of l"lel I. CTiirt'. and of Mendelssohn's master, lierger, lie ir!l" the cloisters of Westminster Ahfcer. The tlsh o't his tomb Is so worn tl at the Inscription ran tar1 be deciphered, and piano players are atft t"' new It. Ills "Ora'liu ad I'arnastuni p ! ',t1 over a century ago, It still In use at a ten ! Foreign Ideas of th Inclination of r'n.lit'us" to commit suicide on slight provocation ""' M strengthened bv a recent occurrence nt ll"1" ' North BtalToritihire, A welt to do mailer ' ' Informed a frleud of hit, alto a prniirr" I i''i" and aom other petiiint, that ! conl I n" rn11" life aud nalsed away, later In the it i) J mule! Into a canal. Ills friend was so di r.'-rt l ''' statement that he at onco neat to the to" n '""' voir and drowned himself. Tha budlrt ' " covered at nearly the same lime. Lord Ether. Mutter of tho Rolls, ttll active at F years or age, has been giving tome un-onttntlo"! dicta from the bench markej p) inmamn siii, ' late, lu an action for libel luvolvlug Hie "" slonat aenilbllltlss of two niuilclaui, pe of"'"1 was I'lto Manic, ilia composer, the J u Ige rr'1 lawyer who witlied to iiiote auihorlll't si t "'" may be libel, satlngt "If you do. It w li leal'11 ous libel on ui. W ought to know euoujh U I decide a wretched cas of this site, where ' damages wer ouly 1:20, without couuiet listing t hslp us by referring to authorities. Do shut up boos,"