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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 06, 1897, Image 2

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Wf 2f ',,V TtiE SUN, frtJESDAY, JUlfo 6, 1897.f 1 ' - H
Bfe Mur covktrt aoiso to run noaa
KaXx' xrxnis money roircn nvzxa.
Wb't i
BBA IIMnele Bryanlle Talks)a the Dcmwratla
R . Criwsrae In BroeWlyn Soars ttie Hodcra Ben
Ru - ",et Arald "'"Ola rind Their Crave
Kb? '.BhKi That r the Revolutionary Traitor.
Hm There u only one formal and conspicuous
Hfeiv, Independence Day celebration In Brooklyn yes-
Kif,r,' terday, and It was under direction of the Kings
' ' County Democratlo League, which was organ-
Bjf Iced directly after tho Presidential election to
K ' keep the Ores of Ilrynnlsm alive and uphold the
BK principles of tlio Chicago platform. To enipho-
MP?:. alio the import of tho occasion, ex-Qov. John
Biy P- Altgeld of Illinois was eelcoted an the chief
Kb' orator, and his presence at the Academy of
K-. Music, where tho gathering took place, aroused
Km- almost as much enthusiasm as when ho ap-
K-' pearod In Ihe some arena in the hent of the Pros-
Mf& Identinl canvass. Tho regular Democratlo
By. leaders hare all along dlnoouragod the descent
R; ' of ox-Clov. Alts-eld on llrooklyn at this tlmo, and
B&'' thoy all hold aloof from the demonstration.
t Borne of tho rank and Hie, however, of the or-
H. giuilzatlon were scattered among the well-
B dressed audience which almost filled tho Acad-
Wp. ' amy, and was ono of thr most determined and
US aggressive looking which was over seen in thoo1d
Hfj building. Many Indies were prosent.consplcuous
K$ amorg them being Mrs. Altgeld, who occupied
H&C ono of the lowor stage- boxes, with a big basket
H&' of red roses In front of hor, a txlbuto from Itlcb-
plWR surd Whalen, an onthuslastlo member of the
KV league. Thero was no attempt at decorations,
E-'4 except that an American flag draped the speak-
K-'' ex's stand, and thero was no band.
Rr ' St-Qov. Altgeld s appearance on the piat-
K form with J. T. McKcchnle, the President of the
K league, was greeted with rousing cheers, whtoh
B; were repeated on tho entrance of Henry Qeorgo
Bv and the Itev. Dr. McCHynn. All the leading
P members of tho leaguo wore on tho platform,
K- and Altgold badges wero conspicuous all over
h Cob platform. Ex-Conoratlon Counsel William
H, C Do Witt and Franklin Woodruff, the old Ho-
C' publican war homo, wero deeply interested ob-
Ukl servers of the proceedings from the boxes, and
1 the former frequently joined in tho npplnuse.
B4 Henry Georgo presided, and in the list of Vlde-
Hgii! PriSeJdcn'ts on tho official programme woro these
K'i, mimes: Justlco W. J. Oaynor, Tom L. Johnson,
K fcdward M. Grout, John Swlnton, Alderman J,
Kt J. JIcGarry, Senator Michael J. Coffey, Senator
Ha P..II. McNulty. Mlrabeau L. Towns, S. Stowart
Sb WhJtohouse, J. Grattan McMahon, Josoph It.
Hp Buchanan, Dr. Charles II. Spahr, and Willis J.
Ef Abbot, but only a few of theso gentlemen ap-
H& peared.
Ufi -Mr. McKechnto called tho meeting to order
Hp arid explained that the Kings County Demo-
Hi cratlo League was formed two weeks after the
B destruction of tho Democratlo forces, which re-
Bf ultod In tho election of tho advance agent of
K prosperity. Tho members of the League, he
Lowr said, woro earnest believers In the Declaration
K; of Independence, and also earnest believers In
fffc too platform of tho Democratic party.
BBfc "There ts something wrong, ho continued.
gam,'-? "and the Democratlo Leaguo purposes to Mud 11
gaw'ft out and help to right tho wrong. All wo ask is
HK' that the party remain true to its principles and
gaR- true to the Democratic people."
& Mr. MoEechnle then referred to the "glorious
Kk Henry Georgo campaign" of 1B80.
Kj "Mr. Qoorgo," he declared, "was elected, and
BK Tammany Hall to-day admits ho was elected,
gstsTti- ana we wish he were as able in 1807 as ho was
K?j in 1880 to lead the forces of tho true Democracy
gsK-"? In -the coming eloctlon in tho Greater New
MM.1-- York."
gsmV- r Mr. George, who was cheered enthusiastically,
gfleS, said:
pf' "This Democratlo Leaguo is in some sense a
K protest in favor of tho old and true Democracy.
glK; It tokos its being from a repulse. Tho men who
J' stood firm in tho city of Brooklyn have banded
H&' together to stand firm now and henceforward.
H They have selected ns the orator for this meet-
Kf nc the giant of tho Northwest. I take pleasure
LK'i lubelng here to pay my redirects to your cause
L and to tho ex-Governor of Illinois."
MK " Mr. Charles Frederick Adam3 then rood the
K' Declaration of Independence. This was fol-
mmV lowed by the singing of "America" to a cornet
3' accompaniment. Mr. A. J. Wolf read the Chl-
W,! rago platform, all the notable sections of which
W. wero greeted with cheers. Tho clause, "We
t. domanil tho unlimited colnogo of both gold and
:', Silver" evoked enthusiastic plaudits, Tho do-
BB; nunclation, howover, of "the interference of the
Bk Federal authorities in State affairs" caused pos-
HK? sibly the most tumultuous demonstration of the
BaHr' day.
H" In introducing ex-Gov. Altgeld. Sir. George
LaBSt ald:
B&' "Under tho management of tho Democratic
Wv party by Clpveland the Democratic party was
mW'ii Killed. One thing is now clear, and that Is that
H'f the Chicago Convention has stated tho true
LH;, principles of Democratic government. You
Kr know .what went on In tho late campaign. You
BfJ- know under what odds and disadvantages we
Hi, fought. Tho election is over and tho only thing
W-'.' tordo now is to movo forward. I lntroduco Gov.
LK').1' Altgeld, a true man and a true Democrat."
HBi' Mr. Altgeld stood for nearly live minutes bow-
kjipj Jng .to right and left before he had an opportu-
LV nlty to begin his speech. Thero wero several
K? rounds of tumultuous cheering and the women
K Stood up and waved their handkerchiefs. The
K Speech was interrupted many tlmci with out-
BkW bunts of appluuse. Following is a full report
BK? ft what he said:
BBk "Memdkrs or the Democratic Lkiour of
B'l KiKas County, and Lavish and Gentlemen:
BSBtS. For more than ono hundred yoarn tho American
B'Bf people havo celebrated tho anniversary of the
Hkt Declaration of Independence. For ears it was
Kp a day of universal rejoicing. Gradually, as the
BE:' country passed through different crises, it bo-
ftlj; catuealsoa day of retrospection; men studied
KKV the experience of yesterday in order to moot the
VIS problems of to-morrow. To-dar a continent is
K crowning the heroes of 1770. Let us, with un-
bWIbp covered heads, join In that coronation.
KB& ".To-day tho most wonderful nation on earth
K- is In distress. Its children are Buffering, nnd its
B' foundation stones aro slipping avay. May we
B not ask tho reason why 1 In tho affairs of man,
T tain nature, there is no itxed status. Every-
BWL'i where there is motion; thero is either growth
P or thero is disintegration.
pB-Wf "In the economic ana governmental arrange-
K ments there has been a steady advancement.
Hf The forms and appliances of one age, being in-
BBf adequate to meot the demands of tho next, man
in; has from tlmo to time had to deal with
K; new conditions. Progress and proeuer-
BaaSr 'tT rewarded htm whon ho succeeded:
H' decay and death claimed him whon he
B foiled. All progress and growth has como from
HBV below; evolution works from the bottom and
HBt' Beverfromthotop. In soduty and In government
HJBfI' there Is constantly forming at the top u cmst
HWv which tends to repress all thi-ro Is beneath, and
HKT tends to check lirogress. Established wrongs
HHi and legallr-od injustice aro always Imbedded In
mmVS. this crust, ltcform is simply an effort to lm-
HT prove a condition or right a v. rong, and every
HaBS reform carried out had to force its way through
BB this crust.
Hmi '"I am not here to denounce nothing Is so
EJ Idle or to foolich as mero denunciation. Itao
HBv cojnpllshes nothing. On the other hand, to shut
l our eyes to danger means death. We must deal
K, with conditions as wo llnd them, and, to act
Ij1. wisely, wo must know tho facts. What is the
KK lesson of ourenroor, and what is the duty of ev
B '? err patriot to-day f
BR ' "Let us glance back over the last century, the
BB1 most eventful in the history of man. Let us read
rVV- the Inscriptions which that crntury has written
H.H- OU the bulletin boards of tho nations.
K': "Where were tho fountains of patriotism I
k What wero the forces that made us great)
saatsaV- Whose were the voices raised for freedom I
K Whose were tho hands that smoto for human
(' ' rights, and whose wero tho lles that wero of
Bi fereaon the Alter of Liberty f Nearly every
t ! nstion celebrates the anniversary of its hlrth
fKr day, Dutasa rule they commemorato only the
, deliverance from somo foreign oppression. Thoy
BLB& commemorate only the substitution of a home
m BV yoko fur a foreign one, and are of little interest
B,1 to mankind.
B "We celebrate not merely the release from
fHi foreign oppression, but tho promulgation of a
BBnBb ner principle which Is destined to lift up the
br whole human race. For the first time, a gov-
B.V eminent was founded on the principle that all
Sen aro born equal, and that governments do-
ve their Just powers from the consent of tho
. governed, as expressed by tho majority. The
K- visions of philosophers, even tho songs of tho
poets, tiad become reality.
BHKv' ." llow did the Old World receive this declara-
BHK' "" ' With a contemptuous sneer. Kings de-
K- nouncwl It: the clergy condemned it; the
mWMi wealthy and fashionable ridlouled It; the offlce-
Df" bolting class jeered at it. Lord Mansfield sol.
p; eomlr decided that Parliament could rightfully
BBBt i' ',,e colonies without giving them repre-
Ki sentatlon.
BBB ' "How did the New World receive it I When
BBBil M10' agitation in behalf of independence began
III the colonies the olUclol classes, the clergy,
BHMv P10 (noneyed classes, and what was then called
BBBK 'fashionable society, as a rule, were Tories, and
BBBrk adhered to English interests. The men who ad-
pi Yocated independence were denounced as lrro-
BKHr' Sponsible agitators. Tbo men who were clearing
BHBEr tha forests and building a State were ready to
BBaBfcf Pie for liberty and favored independence; but
EH the. Influential classes were opposed to It. When
K Patrick Henry uttered Ihe famous words. ' Give
BhBbM' K liberty cr give mo doath,' in the Assembly of
BsBK Virginia, nearly halt of the members taunted
BkK him with treason.
VBt, iowosmoN or the "nxapxcrrABLK" cxABsxa.
H-'Bm; "When the Declaration of Independence was
BBf a1 ln the Court House yard in Philadelphia
t "t on July 4, 1770, a writer who adhered to the In-
Bs flUWtfal classes was present, and in giving an
H H account of It, he stated with apparent satlsfao
KaB& toa tll,lt thero were very few people of any re
BM cpaetabllitr ln the crowd that listened to tho
(' trading of tho document. It Is worthy of note
BwB" " "'. timet mer who profit by wrong or
BMBMBaMaskl iL.". f"-& j Afe-jg imiLi?v&w
seek the smile of injustice assume an air of su
periority. But their names re never stamped
on any roll of honor and no tears moisten their
graves. Fortunately, the marching columns of
humanity go forward ignoring the existence of
such men. . .-.. , . . ... .
" The reading of the Declaration of Independ
ence to that common Crowd In that Court Uouso
yard was onaof the most momentous events ln
the annalsof this world, and when the last sound
of the bell had died awar over. tho hills of Penn
sylvania a new era had been born. The common
people had spoken, andprlnotple had triumphed.
The men who toll bad not only founded a new
nation, but they had created a light that was to
gladden the earth. Had the powerful and Influ
ential classes triumphed, this republic would
not have been born. Every European nation
would to-day be owning parts of North America,
No star of liberty would ever have crossed tho
firmament of the nations, or aroused the spirits
of men. We wll notdwoll on the long, ,woary
struggle that followed. You are familiar with It.
"At tho conclusion of the war there were two
s-reat political parties ln the country tho
Federalists and the Democrats, then called Ho-
Fubllcnns. The very wpnlthy, tho powerful, and
ho fashionable wero Federalists, while tho
great masses of the people, who wore doing tho
nation's work, adhered to tho Republicans.
Tho Federalists wanted a splendid central Gov
ernment, modelled aftor the English Govern
ment, with aristoeratlo and monarchical feat
ures; the Republicans wanted a government pos
sessing all necessary powers, hut ono that
should bo froo from thoso foatures thtt made
European government a curse. They believed
that government to ho best which interfered as
little as possible with tho freedom of the indi
vidual. nAKin.TON AM) JKKFmiSOV.
" Hamilton and JelTorson wero the respectlv
representatives of these twj opposing forces.
Tho former has been dotcrlbod asavnung man
of 33. who tried to lntroduco -the English sys
tem, lie claimed that government was an
affair of the rich; that government should take
care of tho rich, and lot tho rich tako care of Uie
"Jefferson said: 'Nay, It Is tho business of the
government to do equal justlco to oilmen, and
to grant special privileges to none.'
"Hamilton said: 'The people cannot bo trusted
to govern themselves. Only a special class
should be Intrusted with government.'
"Jefferson said: 'Tho pcoulo can be trusted,
and they aro capable of governing themselves.
Let tho sniuo hands that do a nation's work and
creato a nation's wealth also guldo a nation's
government, and all will bo well.'
"Hamilton said: 'Hug the Bhore and follow
tho exnmplo of European nations.'
"JoiTcrson, with ojeallxod on tho sunlit peaks
of tho future, cried: 'Nay,. yonder lies tho ocean
of freedom. Stcor out upon it. Keep away
from tho rocks and tho debris which tho cen
turies of ignoranco and In Justlco have strewn
near tho shoro; stoer for tho haven of human
rights, the haven of equal Justlco; steer for the
great harlior of tho brotherhood of man, and
glorious will bo your career."
"Jefferson was denounced as a demnrrouuo.
n hllo wealth, rapacity, and privilege applaudod
"Let mo say hero that no man, in any country
or any age, over espoused the cause of tho toiler
or raised his voIie for tbo common pcoplo with
out being denounced as a demagogue. Aftor
tho Constitution had been adopted. Hamilton
trusted that somo future crisis might force tho
Government to become more and moro llko tho
English model. He favored life tcnuro in olllco.
"Jolferson opposed llfo tcnuro. and wanted
every official made directly responsible to tho
people, and, with a vision that was awfully pro
phetic, declared that the liberties of tho Ameri
can people were in danger of being ultimately
destroyed by the Federal judiciary. Of this ho
said: 'It has long been my opinion that tho
frerm of dissolution of our Fcdoral Government
s ln tho constitution of tho Federal judiciary,
an irresponsible body working llkagravlty by
day and by night, gaining a littlo to-day and a
llttlo to-morrow and advancing its noiseless
step like a thief over the Hold of jurisdiction,
until all shall bo usurped.' Again, ln writ
ing to a friend, ho Bald: "ou scorn
to consider tbo Judges as tho ultlmato
arbltora of all Constitutional questions.
A very dangerous doctrine, lndoed. and ono
which would nlaco us under tho despotism of an
oligarchy. Our Judges are ns honest as othor
men. and not moro so. They have, with others,
the same passions for party, for power, and the
prlvilego of their corps; and their power Is tho
moro dangerous, as they aro ln olllce for llfo,
and not responsible as the othor functionaries
are to the electors' control. The Constitution
has erected no such tribunal, knowing that to
whatever hands confided, with the corruption
of tlmo and of party, its members would become
"During the Administration of Washington
tho general policy was Federallstlc, but ho pre
vented excesses. Doth Hamilton and Jefferson
were ln his Cabinet.
jErrEnaoN'B TRiuMrn.
" During the Administration of John Adams
Federallstlc theories ran wild. The Declaration
of Independence became a string of merely hlah
Bounding out meaningless pbrnscs. Legislation
was enacted which gavo the President powers
not possessed by tho King of England. Small
men in ofllcs exercised the powers ot. European'
potentates. It looked as if the end of civil
liberty had already come ; as if the Ameri
can people had simply thrown off a foreign
yoke to wear a moro galling homo yoke, 'lho
roung republic had como to a fork ln the rOad.
t was a momentous hour, not only In tho his
tory of the Government, but of tho human rate.
On the one side wero tho classes, standing for
privilege und greed, led by Hnmllton, nnd sup-
forted ti tho Federal courts. On the other were
ho masses, representing the toil, tho sinew, nnd
the patriotism of tho country, led by Jefferson.
"Jefferson triumphed. It was tho second vic
tory for freo governmont. A victory of tbo peo
ple over those who devour tho substance of the
people. It was this triumph that determined
tbecoursoot tho republic and gave it its won
derful career. It was this triumph that mado
our country tho hope of tho oppressed of all
lands, and brought to our shores that brain and
that musclei that industry, energy, and- enter-
FrlBO which helped to transform the continent,
t is honest toil that founds States and builds
the wen-r aqainbt tiie national bank.
" Wo cannot stop to study tho events of the
next quarter of a century, which nil teach the
shdio lesson: but we will stop a moment boforo
tho figure of Jackson, one of the most heroic of
nil the nations. Tbo great national bank ot that
day had Its branches all over tho land and prac
tically ruled tho country. Tho people wore at
its mercy. Its charter was about to expire and
It demanded a renewal. It controlled Congress
just as tho money power controls tho legislative
bodies of to-day. It controlled the Fedcrul courts
Just ns tho money power controls the Federal
courts of to-day. Congress passed Its bill: the
court held It to be constitutional. Mr. Diddle,
the President of tho bank, went to Jackson, who
was then President of tho United States, and
demanded his approval, declaring that the bank
could ueroal any man ror l'resiuont.
" Jackson regarded tbo bank as a racnaco to
the people, and ho vetoed tho churtor on the
ground that it was unconxtltutlonal. Ha then
Btood for reeloctlon. The bank charter become
tho issue. Congress nnd the courts woro on the
sldo of the bank, Tho politicians, tho news
papers, and that horde ot men whom money
could reach wero on its side: with few excep
tions, the rich, the powerful, tho fashionable
were on Its side. Every man not for it was de
nounced as a demagogue and unworthy of re
spect. Hut tho mon who toil with their hands
stood by Jackson and triumphed. It was the
tldrd great victory for republican Institutions,
won by the common pcoplo agqtnst the forces of
f reed and plunder, nnd it postponed for nearly
mlf a century the paralyzing and blighting
grip of the money power over this land.
"Tho naxt great force to control the land
was tho 'slave power." It assumed tbo ag
grohslvo, and not only controlled the Govern
ment but nil orgunlzcd Bocloty. The President,
Congress, and tho Fedcrul Judiciary were sim
ply so many conveniences for it to use. The
fashionable preachers; defended it. Scholars
excused It and society smiled on it. Although
slavery existed In leas than half of tho land, the
men of tho other half woro undor Its fatal spoil.
Hut tho now soil and the new time wore bring
ing forth now Ideas.
"Onu day thero was a riot ln Uoston. An edu
cated uiun was pursued llko a wild beast by an
Infuriated crowd, uiado up of eminently rosnoct
ablu citizens, led by men dressed In broadcloth.
Do you ask what this man hnd done to nrouse
the vengeanco of these' good puople I Ho had
dared to proclaim on the streets of Boston that
'no man can havo a propcrt) right In human
flesh and Hood.' This was a doctrine too dnngor
ous to be tolerated. While murderers, robbers,
and fiends of every kind were left to tho law,
the safety of society required that this man be
Instantly suppressed,
"But tho more rlgorons the suppression the
more tbo Idea grew. Now apostles came fur
ward. They woro denounced and persecuted as
agitators, who threatened the peace and good
order of society. The Church condemned them
for questioning Gad's peculiar Institution. Busi
ness men deprecated their doctrine for fear it
Eight injure trade. The rich and powerful de
anded their prosocutlon on genoral principles,
and society could not tolerate such dangerous
fieoplo ln Its drawing rooms. Wendell Phil
ips, ono of the grandest specimens of noble
manhood New England 'ever producod, a man
pure, lofty, noble, and cultured, found the doors
of society closed to him.
"For a quarter of a century tho agitation was
carried on. It would take volumes to describe
all the outrages committed on these mon nnd
women. But day by day tho noble band grew;
they wore Imprisoned, but complained not; they
were Jcorod, but heeded not; they were egged,
but went orn they were stoned, but turned not
back. While the palaces were closed, the doors
of the patrlotlo masses were open, and by 1800
their number was so great as to change political
"Mr, Lincoln was nominated for President,
and men who have slncq helped to canontte
him thon denounced him as a demagogue and
a vulgar olown, with whom no respectable man
could associate; ho was regarded as an agitator
who was endangering our institutions. There
were at that time twenty-three preachers of the
Gospel In Springfield. IIL, which was his boms,
and history has recorded the fact that only three
supported Mr. Lincoln, The other twenty
thanked God dally for having guided their feet
in pleasant paths; and they looked with min
gled contemptrand'plty on this vtibjar man; who
would disturb the good order of society. Mr.
Lincoln was elected; not by tht moneyed Inter-
ests, but by the common people. For tho fourth
time In less than a century tho toiling masses
saved tho day for liberty. . . ..
' The slave Interests would not accept tho re
mit. They assumed tho offensive, and It was
necessary to make sacrifices to save the Union,
Tho business Interests held back: tho moneyed
classes bought the Government s bonds at 4.0
cents on the dollar and wont homo. Had tbo
Government rested on these classes, all would
have been lost. Hut a million men como forward
nnd offered their lives to dofend tho flag. Thor
enmo from the fields, tho shops, tho school
houses; they came from the homes of the hus
bandmen, from the cottages of tho artisans, and
from the huts of tho poor. Wall street men
studied tho battle from afar. Tho sharks of th
land carried no muskets and facod no bullets.
"During tho war gold left tho country, as It
always does ln times of need. The Governmont
carried on tho war with potior money nnd then
Bold bonds. Papormoney, being all there was ln
circulation, became the standard of values
among the people. Proportv and labor wero sold
on this standard; debts were based on it! busi
ness adjusted itsolt to it. A bushel of wheat
sold for two dollars, and all othor property in
proportion. When the Government sold bonds
It rocolvcd not specie, but paper monoy, and at
times lftook over two dollars of this money to
buy ono of specie. A thousand-dollar bond cost
on tho uvcroge $000 In specie. Thus tho bond
holder got 13 per cent. Interest on all spoclo In
vested. " Whon tho war was over an effort was mado
to reduco tho volume of paper to a spoclo basis,
and thus greatly Increase tbo valuo of bonds. On
this subject Senator Sherman, In 1809, used this
language In tho United States Senate: 'Thocon
traction of tho currency is a far moro distressing
operation than the Sonators suppose. Our own
and other nations have gono through that opera
tion before; it is not possible to take thatvoyago
without tho sorost distress. To overy porson.
except a capitalist out of dobt, or a salaried
oltloer, or an annuitant. It Is n porlod of loss,
danger, lassitude of trade, fall of wages, suspen
sion of enterprise bankruptcy nnd disaster; It
menns tho fall of nil agricultural productions
without any reduction of taxes. What prudent
man would dnro to build a houso. a railroad, a
factory, or n barn, with this certain fact before
hi in '
" Itnrlng pictured the ruin that would follow,
ho turned around nnd carrlod nut this policy or
contraction by which the landholders wero to
get lr2 of Bprclo forevcryiHl Invested. According
to tho Treasury reports tho volumo of monoy In
circulation was reduced more than ono-half, and
prices ot property fell In proportion. A bushel
of wheat sold for $1, nnd all other property in
proportion. But debts. Interest, taxes, and all
llxcd charges remained tho same.
"Thofarmlng nnd producing classes could not
stand It. Thoy could no longer buy, and whon
thoy ceased buying tho mills of America censed
running und business was parol) zod. Tho pic
ture which the Senator bad drawn becamo an
awful reality. Tho panic ot 1873 was born, nnd
caused more ruin and misery than tho civil war.
Tho war dovastntod the South; tho panle par
alyzed tho republic. But wo were now on a
specio basin. Not content with this, the same
forces, led by the bondholdlng classes of Europe,
ln 1H73, without tho knowledge of the
American pcoplo, got our Government to
arbitrarily strlko down ono of tho monoy
metals of tbo world. Most of tho Eu
ropean nations gradually followed, until nearly
ono-half of tho w orld's money was destroyed by
the arbitrary acta nf government. Having to
do twlco tho work that It formorly had to do,
gold became twlco ns Important, twlco as many
people needed It, nnd consequently its purchas
ing power was gradually doublod. A gold dollar
would buy twlco as much of the property and ot
tho products of tho earth as formerly, whllo the
debts, interest, taxes, and all fixed charges re
mained tho same. This tlmo the purchasing
Sower nf tho fnnnlng and producing classes of
lie civilized world was destroyed.
" In Europe tho effect of this legislation began
to be felt very boon after tho panic of '73. Here
there woro local onuses that stimulated and
saved us for a few years, but gradually the
paralysis caused by falling prices spread over
the world, and resulted ln tbo compete break
down of 1893. Like tho panic of '73, It has been
moro ruinous, and has produced moro misery
than war, and pestilence, and famine comblnod.
To-day It takes four times as much of American
products to pay a dollar of Interest or principal
ot tho national debt us wo rccclvod, or as
was necessary when the debt was created,
and It takes twlco as much to pay any other
debt, or to pay taxes, or other llxcd charges as
it did after wo had rcsuuiod Bpocle payments.
At the clofe of tho war our national debt was
over ?2,fiO0.O00.O00. Since then the people havo
rt&id tho interest and aliout half nf the nrinclnal.
Yet lo-day, thirty years after tho closo of the
war, after half has been pald.lt will require
twice as much ot the products of ourpeoplo to
pay whnt is loft of that debt us would have been
necessary to pay it nil at tho beginning.
"Hotlect a moment. A whole generation has
laid at that debt, nnd has reduced ltbyono
isJf, Yet such bus been tho Governmental
policy that to-day it will require twlco as much
of our products to pay the remainder as would
havo been necessary to pay It nil when It was
created. Doing a producing and debtor nation,
it was a crime to legislate exclusively In favor
ot the creditor classes ot Europo, and thus de
stroy tho purchasing power of our people.
" I will not enter upon a general discussion of
the money question, out will say ln passing that
every great ubut)0 is intertwined with it, and
you cannot Ignore It; for it flxen the limitations
on enterprise und material prosperity. Has It
over occurred to you thnt the industry and
energy of the human rnco would transform this
world Into garden If not hampered by money I
Tborc must ultimately come a system of tlnanco
orexchango thitt will havo a philosophic basis,
nnd will not restrict human effort. Hut until
thlsdoes come, wo domnnd tlio retroaction of
tbo bimetallic system as 11 formerly existed In
our country, because It was tho best thus far
given to tho world.
" Effects) follow- causes In tho economic and
commercial world, us they do ln the physical
world. The paralysis of our country has been
produced by certain causes. Not ono of tlicso
causes has been removed, and so long as they
exist they must coutinun to produce tho earns
effects. Wo wero promised prosperity; it has
not come, and it requires no prophet to bbo that
under existing conditions no pormancnt pros
perity can come. Tho forces of destruction are
still at work, gathering tho substance of the na
tion Into the hands of tho few. Tho country Is
pnrnlwcd. The patient Is told that If ho would
only navn confluence and go to work he would
bow oil. But ln spite of theso assurances ho is
unable to rlso.
"Sutiposo ho did. Supposo that a temporary
stimulant could creato a temporary activity I It
would bo along tho old lines; it would be ln har
mony with those forces that paralyzed us; it
would bo simply a continuation of tho process of
mnklng a fow enormously rich and the great
masses poor. Tho patient would soon collapse a
second time, ami then the case would bo hope
less. A spurt of activity under McKlnler con
ditions moans tbo more certain death of free
Institutions; it moans that tho poison of cor
ruption shall go on until every organ ln the body
is destroyed,
"Again, after tho civil war It was found that
our Industrial unit commercial Institutions wore
undergoing a change. Tho spirit of concentra
tion and enlargement, which is shaping tho civ
ilization of tho century, was everywhere active.
Llttlo shops gavo way to greut factories, llttlo
stores to gieat establishments, littlo railroads
to great lines. K cry where thero was consoli
dation, nnd legislation was passed by neurly all
thii States to further tho formation of enrnnra.
tlons. Iii this way llmllli'ss money could bo
concentrated in one oBtublishment, us it could
not well under a partnership. In ono sense this
movement was bcnutlcial: h tended to cheapen
production nnd in many ways Increased tho con
venience of the public, ami I believe that it Is
yet destined to bo a blessing to tho world. But It
brought with It unforeseen o lis, for which lho
world had mado no preparation,
"First 'lho process of ciushlng out, or con
solidating, was carried to far that In tlmo many
ot tbo most Important indiistrlcswere controlled
by trusts, nnd all competition was destroyed, A
few Individuals sitting In a rear room could
arbitrarily llx tho prloo of labor or raw ma
terial, on tho ono hand, nnd the price of their
products on tho other. Thoy could crush on tho
ono hand and extort on tho other.
"Second So -called Christian gentlemen oager
lyacccptod from agents largo Bums nf money
made by unscrupulous or corrupt means, when
they themselves, in their individual business,
would havo hesitated to uso thoso means.
"Third Slonoy means power, and men con
trolling vast Bums bcenmo Impatient of the re
straint of the laws, und bogan to rldo over them
In some cases nnd to ovado them ln othors.
" Fourth It was found that the shortest road
to great wealth was through governmental aid,
and accordingly many great trusts and tho
moneyed interests mado it their business to In
fluence Government, national Stato, nnd mu
nicipal, in order to escape their share of public
burdens, nnd to get advantages and privileges
that would niako fortunes. It rarely happens
thnt a private Individual has enough In
terest in any matter to elthor corrupt a
Legislature or to obtain control of all branches
of the Government. Tho universal corruption
that is to-day destroying our country conies
from the concentration of capital, and the
ularmlng aspect Is that it is practised by men
who talk patriotism nnd who stand high ln tho
estimation of tho public. It is ldlo to talk about
purlfiing tho Government so long as men of
Inilucnce nnd position otler vast sums to corrupt
It. Cut oft tho hand thut offers a bribe, and you
w ill end corruption.
" Wo must devise some way of removing over
whelming temptations on the one hand, and of
distributing among all men the benefits and ad
vantages flowing from the process of concentra
tion, As power nover limits Itself, wo must llnd
a method of ourblng It.
"Let It be understood, the American people
are broad and fftnerous. They envy no man the
fruits of superior effort or good fortune. They
heartily applaud the achievements of genius,
and ln this broad land to-day there is nowhere
a voice raised against the man who has honestly
acquired a competence; there is no voloe
raised against the corporations that confine
themselves to legitimate business and legiti
mate methods. The complaint is against mo-
North Shore Llmltso nsw York Central's rooming
train to Chicago. Lsavsoraad Central Btsttoa IOiOU,
arrive Buffalo 8:i0 f. AL. ououo ntxt laorBUU si
e:00, by lUcfclxan Centralihuf ?" "
nopolyi against fortunes that bar been cor
ruptly made and are now nsed to further plun
der tho public and to destroy freo Institutions.
The protest Is against laws which enrich soma
at the expense of others. Tho Indictment runs
not against capital, but the criminal use ot It.
It Is not wealth, but the abuse of it, that Is
working our destruction,
"Look at tho situation. Lobbyists and cor
rupllonlsts sit ln high places and are count
ed tho great mon of tho land. Instead ot tho
Government controlling tho corporations, tho
corporations run the Government. Greed
makes -the laws and labor carries ths
bunion. Wo hear of assotsors being bribed)
City Councils being ownod, Legislatures be
ing bought, whllo Congress registers tho will of
tho millionaires. Mon reach the Whit House
through the portals of banks, and the higher
judgeships on a certificate from the corporations.
"In no country and ln no age have the higher
courts been on the side of the people or of lib
erty. Thoy aro overywhero tho oxpononts nnd
defenders of that forco which for the time being
dominates the land.
"Slncothewar tho hlghor courts have, as a
rulo, occupied the snmo position toward tho cor
porations and money power that they formorly
did toward slavery, and for thirty years thoy havo
been regarded as cities ot refuge by corporations.
In some rcepocts they hnvo done more to bring
about the present unhappy conditions than
has Congress, for Congress did occasionally
pass a measure intended for tho protection nnd
rolicf of the people. But almost overy ono of
these acts has been killed by judicial construc
tion. At tho some tlmo tho law has been
strained to doprlvo tho humble man of his lib
erty, to defeat trial by Jury, and to destroy tho
safeguards which the Constitution hns thrown
around the citizen, Tho darkest forebodings of
JotTorson bavo been realized.
"But these things should not dlscourago our
people, for the courts havo never yet permanent
ly stopped human progress. Tho colonies were
f reod in spite of tho Chief Justice of England.
Jefferson saved the liberties of the American
peoplo in spite ot tho Federal Judiciary. Jack
son triumphed ln sptto ot tho Supreme Court,
nnd slavory went down ln splto of tho decision
of Chief Justlco Taney.
"Again, tho powors of In justlco nnd oppression
do not relent nnd do not reason, but press
Insolently forward to their own destruc
tion. Their grip nover relaxes until cut
loose. England not only oppressed, but
scorned tbo colonlos nnd lost them. Tho Fed
eralists would not listen to reason and wero
overthrown. Tho groat bank Insisted on domi
neering tho land, and It went down In awful rot
tenness. Tho slnve power rodo roughshod over
protest nnd principle, nnd It perished. Tbo
growing Insolcnco of corrupt wealth to-day au
gurs Its speedy downfall.
"You ask, ' What shall wo dol' My friends,
no mortal can tell you long ln advance Tho
exigencies must bo met as thoy arise. Tho great
Jiurposois to restore the basic principles of tho
Athersand to rovorsothoprcsent destructive pol
icies; tomect tho new noedsof tho times; to end
tho corrupt reign of tho dollar, and substitute
the voice of tho citizen; to hove tho Government
control the corporations, lnstoad of having the
corporations run tho government: to restore a
financial system under which the world had
prospered, and which will not paralyze America
for too bonetlt of England; to prevent thr Fed
eral courts from becoming mero conveniences
for concentrated wealth; to do Justlco to tho
hand that tolls; to end monopolies, whether of
monoy, land, products or privilege. In short,
tho purpose Is to maintain free government
among men, and make further progress possible
"Tho llrst thing necessary Is to assert our
manhood; to havo convictions, and daro to
maintain them. Double-headed platforms and
colorless men aro the Instruments by which the
abuses of tbo tlmo aro made possible.
"In 1770 the fathers said: ' We do not know
just whnt tho Government may bavo to do. but
whatever Is necessary to achlove lndependonco
will bo done. We do not know whether there
will bo a battle of Bunker Hill, or of Yorktown,
but wo will either fill the graves of the con
quered, or live the lives of freomon.'
"In 1800 tho Northern patriots said: 'Wo do
not know whether tho Government will Issue
paper money or enact tariff laws, but whatover
is necessary will be done. Wo do not know
whether tbcro will be a Bull Bun, a Vicksburg,
n Gettysburg, or an Appomattox, but wo will
maintain this rcpubllo or sleep in Southern
"To-day, If asked whether tho Government
will tako the railroads or establish referendum,
say you do not know, but that every step which
may become necessary to save free government,
and restore happinosa ln this land, ill bo taken;
say that If necessary to do so, tho Government
will not only tako the railroads but every mo
nopoly nnd concentration of property which in
terferes with cither tho riehta or tho welfare of
tho people
"For a contury representative government
was a success; it represented the poo pi o. But
new conditions have arisen, concentrated
capital offers temptations too great for the
averngo representative to resist whether In
the Senate or City Council and wo are
regularly betrayed. Some mn in both par
ties Book olllco hoping to be bribed. Either the
power to ecll us must bo taken away or the
temptations must be removed; either havo all
Important matters submitted to the people, or
havo tho Government tako oil railroads and
monopolies, and thus forco tho briber out of em
ployment. "I do not core to discuss remedies to-day. Tho
American people will find a, remedy, or a hun
dred remedies, when once aroused, and no rem
ody has any merit until the peoplo get in earn
est. You hear men say in light speech that we
must hnvo reform or revolution. My friends, ln
this lund revolution con offer no hope to tho
toller. It simply moans more cruolty, more
police nnd moro military. It means a brutal
uospotism with more llunkcylsm nnd snobbery
at the top nnd moro misery nt the bottom.
"Let us move along the lino of evolution. Let
the plant ot justice break through the crust by
natural processes. We have peaceable remedies
in our hands; all wo need Is the courage to nDply
them. The country must be rescued by the
groat patriotic masses of the pooplc. by the Dem
ocrats of America by the men who adhere
to republican Institutions, no matter whnt they
coll themselves. From no other source can re
lief come. Theyalono have iard our country
in every past emergoncy, and they will do it
again. Wo havo now had over thirty yoarsof
linmlltonism that is, government by the rich
and for tho benefit of tho rich, end wo are reai
lng the natural and legitimate harvest. Haniii
tontstn has produced the same results hero that
It has all over tho earth; that is, great concen
tration of wealth and groat distress among tho
people; nnd the most destructive form of Ham
lltonisiu this country ever saw was endured
through the two so-called Democratlo Adminis
trations, the last of which his Just closed. Tbo
dollar was not only crowned but canonized;
greed flourished, whllo tho hands of Industry
were held out for the bread ot charity. But,
fortunately for mankind, the Almighty has
foro ordained a limit to all things.
"I say, our country must be rescued by tho
Democrats. But be not deceived. I)bbylsts
nnd corruptionlsts who debauch Legislatures
or pollute tho stream of Justlco aro not Demo
crats. So-called leaders'wiio uso tholr position
ln their party to assist corporations lngeltlngan
unfair advantage over the public are not Dem
ocrats. Men who are ready to soil their lingers
nnd sell tho birthright of their children for tho
sake of personal gain are not Democrats. Tho
word Democrat Is ono ot tho most Inspiring in
tho language; It is as broad as humanity, and no
iiiaii Is worthy of It who has no higher purpose
tlinn tn irfit A nnnnn.l nrl vutitii rn. (Itllfpfl
must be tlllod, and It is better to havo
them tlllod by mon of conviction und character
than by men who have neithor. But unless
there Is a higher aim and purpose, unless there
Is n great principle to support, there Is nothing
worthyot tho ambition of an honorable man.
Wo can only succeed through tirgnnlatlon,
that Is, through party, and It Is necessary Hint
minor differences be yloldod in order to ndvnnco
some groat principle Hut unless a p irty stands
Bpotillcnlly for something that directly affects
tho welfare of humanity It will accomplish
"For thirty years our pnrty has lieon a neutral
parly; the manipulators who wished to uso it ns
u convenience did not want It to stand for any
thing. There wero interests thut seemed to con
trol both purtios. This was the easiest way of
controlling national legislation. Mad thero been
a positive, compact, and nggres-dve minority
party standing for principle the cry of dis
tress would nut bo heard In this land to-day.
Hnd thero boon such a party, tho Standard Oil
trust never could have nominated the sumo mini
three times in succession for the Presidency,
Trading politicians made this possible
Ix;t mo repeat that compromisers, tinders,
and neutral men nover correct abuses,
never found or savu free Institutions,
und nover tight for human rights. Thoy alw ays
becomo Instruments for tho enemy. Wherever
thoy are In control tho party Is unworthy of
tho respect of mankind. Only men of convic
tion and courage can savo this lund. Only the
men who stand erect ever got recognition from
that great Speaker who presides over tho de
liberations of the universe
" Unfortunatoly, wo Boom to havo been slowly
and unconsciously losing our personal Indepen
dence. Through tho scramble for the dollar, the
longing for position, political or social, the fear
of the press and the dread ot criticism, wo aro
all becoming cow urdly cowardly in conscience,
ln thought, ln speech, and In uotlon- and are
losing our birthrights. Cow tho nobler In
stincts of man, and he becomes first a slave
and then a brute. Independence Is the
mother ot all human progress. It lifts the
human soul; it clears the human mind; It en
nobles human speech, and It exalts human
action. Independence Inspires confidence and
elevates purpose; it searches nature) It mens-
Hood s
Aro purely regetablo, contain IHB I li
no drastic drugs, and aro easy f III
to take, easy to operates. I II ls?
House tbo liver, stimulate the otomoch,
cure constipation, 25c. The only Fills to
Tho peoplo who write risking
why wo do not have bargain
sales, should spend in our Btores
the time given to writing.
Why we're forever having
bargain sales ! Something i8
marked down in some depart
ment almost every day.
But you musu't wait to see
them advertised most of the
bargains don't last long enough
to permit of it.
Rogers, Peet & Co.
Trlece and rtmadwaT,
Warren and Ilroadnsy.
Thtrty-iecond and Urosdway,
i - -
ores the stars; It spans the rivers; It tunnols tho
mountains, and It covers tho continents with
cities. Restore tho Independence of tho Amor
lean cltlxcn, and this republic will again leap for
ward on a career ot happiness and splendor that
wlllrcltpso all tho ngos of tbo past.
"No other country has drawn bo much from
tho storehouses of Omnipotence as has ours. In
nil that makes wealth, greatness, or glory, wo
have been overloaded. In climate, In soil, ln
resources, and In lho energy and chnrnctcr of
our peoplo we havo no competitors. Togrcnt
oceans separate us, not only from tho old worlds,
but from tho old superstitions and lot us hopo
from tho old follies and tho old calamities.
Limltlcs) riches aro within our grasp, con
turles of happiness nro within our reach, A
kindly Fnther bids us go forth nnd enjoy tho cs
tato llu has prepared for us. Meantime wo have
fallen Into the hands of tho dcspoiler nnd the
poison of polltlcul leprosy is entering our blood.
If we submit, all Is lost; if wc rlso ln our man
hood and crush tho enemy, it w 111 give n new in
spiration to mankind. It will be a new declara
tion of Independence, broader and deeper than
that of our forefathers.
TION. " Yon ask ' Is there hopo 1" Without entering
too far on the field of partisan discussion, wo
may glance nt what are now matters of history.
Look hack eight months, and gone upon a spec
tacle that mnrkod tho high-water point of cor
ruption. Thero were arrayed against tho peo
ple nearly all tbo banks, tho corporations,
the trusts, tho railroads, most of tho great
popors, and ovcrv liilluoucu that money
could control. Manufacturers and small
morchants wore coerced; debtors were
forced, and laborers wore driven by the Isshof
hunger. All of tho corruption f uncis that could
bo raised on two continents wero used to de
bauch tho pcoplo; tho lobbyists, tho trading
politicians, and tho llmcservcrs were on that
side. Tho men who owed their wealth and posi
tion to tbo fact that they had helped to corrupt
legislation and to pollute tho stream of
justico were on thnt side The clubs and
tho fashionable pulpits wero on that side.
False promises of overy kind wero hold out;
overy method uf defeating tho will of the people
nt the Dolls w.is practised. On tho face of the
returns It nppearcd as If tho enemy had won.
According to these returns, 30,000 more votes,
properly distributed, would luno changed the
result. Only eight months have elapsed, nnd
tho people have already discovered that they
woro mado tho victims of deception. Only eight
months have elapsed, but tho harvest is already
being reaped.
"In Illinois we havo just had a carnival of
official debauchery, such as the world bos rarely
seen. The living have been robbed; the unborn
havo been dotrauded of their rights, and saddled
with unjust burdens; public property, priv
ileges and franchises, worth untold millions,
have been given to monopolies, numerous
acta striking down liberty havo been nassod,
and tho peoplo are helpless. Had corruption
burned fifty cities a free pcoplo would
have rebuilt them in ten years but the de
struction of republican institutions blasts the
hopes of man nnd must increnso the sorrows of
tho world. Look where you will, the conditions
arethesnme. They ore the legitimate harvest
of that poisonous seed thnt wns sown broadcast
last fall. Tho peoulo see that they were misled,
and I do not believe thnt even a spcclnl provi
denco could soon again unlto all of tho forces
that worked together ln the Inst campaign. Dis
integration is already at work in tho ranks of
the enemy.
" Now look on thoothcr side. Over six millions
of intelligent, patriotic nnd subtnntinl citizens
fought for the rights of man. They were men
who had convictions, nnd dared to act on them.
They were men who could not be bought; who
could not ho cajoled; who could not be fright
ened; they were the men who do most of the
country's work nnd bear iu burdons. They had
no boodle, hut they had manhood. They refused
to bo Kuropeanlied, but fought for American institutions.
7Ik at these men to-day. Thoy Btand ln
solid phalanx, eager, determined, confident.
None hnvo deserted; nono have laid dovin their
arms. Their lino of iMttle stretchos across a
continent; their banners are waving; their
drums ure beating, and they are moving on tho
enemy. They sco the gilded palaces of injustice:
incy listen to the cry of labor: they hear tho wall
of free Institutions, and with nn appeal to the
Omnipotent they resolve that Knglimd shall not
devour this land. In every State the people ure
aroused; tbcv sco their condition growing worse;
they see the hope of their children disappearing;
thevseo poverty bunging oxer tho future: they
see the black flag of hunger Uniting over some of
the richest sections of God's earth, nnd thoy nro
crjing for Justice 5Iy friends, thut crv will
free tlio American peoplo. Kven If wo siiould
bo borne down again nnd again, tho voice of hu
mnnltywill rlt-o from tho dust and drlo the
money changers out of the temple and the
traitors out of the bind. Tho Benedict Arnold
of 1780 sloops on Knglish soil. I,ot tho Bene
dict Arnolds of this ago make their graves be
side him."
Thero was another groat outburst of cheering
when tho speaker Mulshed. Henry George, Dr.
Mctlljim, and other admirers crowded around
him and congratulated him, ihero were no
further proceedings, but fur n qunrlor of an hour
Mr. Altgeld was kept busy shaking hands on tho
A coujile of hundred peoplo blocked the side
walk ln front of thoAcadoiiiy.iind ho got a rousing
part I UK rimer as ha wu drhen off with his wife
and two members of tin- Itci option Committee
for the Oriental Hotel ut .Manhattan Beach.
IndepM-ilrnrn Hay VI. Hor. at lira ut's Tomb.
Ssvcr.il thousand persons took advantage of
tho holiday to visit Gen. Grant's tomb on River
side Drive. Women with children woro most
numerous. Tho male visitors walked in softly,
uncovered their heads und giirod in sllenco Into
tbo cr) pi where lho sarcophagus of lho ilrml
soldier stood, Tho tomb was kept open until -t
o'clock. Just boforo it was closed n dolcral ion I
of wheelmen rodo up and entered tho tomb to
view tho Barcophugiis.
JVo Spitrclirn at tbe Anarchists' Plenlr.
About .'100 Herman, French, nnd Itnllnn an
archists attended tho annual Annr hist picnic
at Mnnzel's Park, Fort Wiiilsvtorlli, S. I yes
terday. Thero wero no speeches, although llerr
Host wns on hand. The occasion nt times took
tho form of a reception to tho editor ot Iter
J-reiheit, nnd every man. woman, nnd child
present shook him by tho hand, Tho man who
furnished lho boer said that twcuty-tlvo Legs
were cuusumed.
Pimples, blotches, blackheads, rod, rough,
oily, mothy skin, Itching, scaly scalp, dry,
thin, and falling hair, and baby blemishes
prevented by Cuticuua Soap, tho most
effective skin purifying and beautifying
soap In tho world, ns well as purest and
sweetest for toilet, bath, and nursery.
BOir U sold throusho-it ths vo-ld. Forvss Dana
AD Cfltw. Coir., Salt Prop., DtaUn, U. B. A.
4r''UtvterTMl rutllamn,"iu!llnt.
, EVERY HUMORRstt.BaSty!,.
' I ;
tslzbd Ton itnrUy and jtads
hzikxiiax scoirz HLAOKZT.
nines for tho Odd Men ana Cheers ror Free
liver Dreak I.tUe vrhltccaps en the Surface.
Which Ihe HaBaiera Tried to Oil wllh
txtcal Iwues rtryan Net Quite Called.
Tammany's colebratlon of Independence Day
was especially notable because, with tho Chi
,cago platform tho rulo ot faith of tho Demo
cratlo party, the Tammany leaders studiously
endeavored to suppress any reference to that
political creed. They wero not wholly success
ful In this effort, but tho measure ot their suc
cess was such that thoy congratulated oach
other on It aftor tho ordeal was over. It Is a
question, and a gravo ono for Mr. Shcchan and
his associates, If theso gratulatory exchanges
were not a bit premnturo, for tho rank and fllo
of tho wigwam forces who wero present at tho
celebration exhibited an unmlstakablo sign of
enthusiasm for freo silver and other Ilryanlsms
which promises troublo for shifty lendors.
Last year, with tho Democratlo organization
In this Stato and city seemingly Irrevocably
opposed to tho free-silver heresy, tho Tammany
loadors undertook to invito nono but gold-standard
Democrats to their Fourth of July colobrn
tlon. Only gold specchos woro made, and mon
who, after tho Chicago platform was promul
gated and Dryan wns nominated, camo out
openly tn support of McKlnloy abounded among
tho bobadged notables on the platform at tho
wigwam. Tho rank and fllo did not know thon
what thoy wanted, and they acceptod the pro
grammo which Mr, Shceban provided for them
without a murmur.
Then camo tho Chicago Convention, Its dec
laration of principles, its candidates, Tam
many's Indorsement of both, and a campaign
which put tho organization as much on the side
of freo silver at 10 to 1 as it had been thereto
fore lu favor of the gold standard.
Free silver and llrjunlsm wero In tho minority
ln tho O renter New York In tho Presidential
election, nnd Leader Hbeehon wanted to avoid
tho Issuo ln tho coming campaign. There must
Iks Democratic union, he Bald. Tho gold men
who supported Palmer or McKlnley must be
propitiated. At least no offence must be given
thorn by pushing national issues to the front.
HUH, tlio great majority who wore really and
truly convortcd to tho llryan faith must be kept
Inline This was tho problem with which Mr.
Shceban was confronted when he found It neces
sary to arrange for tho 1807 celebration of Inde
pendence Day by the Tammany Society.
Tho result was a programme of suppression
and repression, which was carried out yester
day, but. despite all tbe precautions taken, the
devotion ot too rank and Oleof the organisation
to the Chicago heresies and their abhorrence of
tbe "gold-standard traitors" manifested itself
ln many ways.
Presidential Candidate Bryan was ths first to
be suppressed. Leader Sheehan undertook that
job himself on the occasion of Mr. Bryan's recent
visit to this city. He was fairly successful, lie
could not prevent Mr. llryan from referring ln
his letter of regret to the "growth of sentiment
along the lines laid down In tho Chicago plat
form." but he did succeed ln getting the candi
date to inject into tbe letter a paragraph calling
attention to the pet local issues which Mr. Shee
han thinks ho has discovered for tho coming
municipal contest.
Kvery persen who was Invited to participate
ln the celebration Beems to have been requested
to refrain from mentioning national party Issues
in his loiter of regret It ho could not como, and
most of the responses were of the most innocu
ous sort. The speakers who did como and talked
yesterday and who are known in tho far West
ern and Southern communities from which they
hail ns rabid free-silver orators, hsd all been
coached on Mr. Shechan'a local Issues, and Con
gressmen from the States ot Washington and
Texas floundered hopelessly about ln a sea of
data regarding up-Stato hayseed rulo and un
just taxation; or, throwing data aside, dealt ln
glittering generalities on the same subjects.
They had seemingly forgotten all about free
Bllver and the other Chicago platform Issues
with which they wero wout to regale their own
Then, too, Mr. Shcchan had taken good care
to keep tho gold Democrats of the last campaign
woll In the background. None of them who was
on the programme to speak showod up, and the
only ones of prominence who had places on the
platform were Supreme Court Justice Smyth
and ex-Dock Commissioner J. Sergeant Cram,
both of whom came out flat-flooted against
Bryan last year. They did not offend tho sen
sibilities ot the Bryan men by. remaining ln the
hall very long. . ,
But, as has been said, despite all 'the efforts to
suppress tho real Issue, the repressed feelings of
the crowd found occasional vent, and, because
the occasions wero so few, the demonstration
was ln every case very pronounced. The enthu
Blusin was almost boundless when Bryan's name
was mentioned, and on the one or two occasions
when orators so far forgot themselves as to say
something which suggested free silver coinage;
and the hisses which greeted the letters of
Orover Cleveland and Perry Belmont wero very
heartily given. Mr. Sheehan'a local issues were
received with a January warmth.
The attendance was a very fair one, although
not so large ns in tho days of Tammany vic
tories, when the spring in the cellar flowed
chnmpagno. There was the usual perfunctory
address of welcoino by Grand Suchem Thomas
L. Feitner, followed by a song by the Tammany
(ilee Club and the reading of the Declaration of
Independence by Civil Justice Wauhopo Lynn.
Another song preceded tho first "long talk'' by
Congressmnn James D. Richardson of Tennes
see. Mr. Richardson had prepared his address
and was successful ln avoiding the much-foared
national issues. When he mentioned Mr. Cleve
land as having been a Democratic Prosidont of
the United States his breath was taken away
with the bonny hissing which ensued.
Congressman Richardson revlowod the JefTer
sonlan political creed and suggested this addition:
lhat congress when in session should bo
fully and completely organired ln both houses,
that tho rights of ench may be sacredly pre
served, and the poer of no ono man exalted.
" I do not reproach Jctlcrson for this omis
sion," said he "for I realize that It was not pos
sible for him to havo anticipated that auch
warning wns necessary, or that the American
peoplo would e cr be confronted by a condition
such ns we now witness at tbo nation's capital,
fraught as I bellevo It to bo with so much of
danger to our republican Institutions."
Mr. Richardson admitted that ho had been re
minded to sny something on tho local Issue, nnd
nsked, ln view of the Urcater New York consoli
dation: " May wo not confidently hope that this
marvellous and happy union of peoples Is typi
cal of a reunited and harmonious Democracy
throughout the rcpubllo I It so. and this hope Is
rcallrcd, there will bo a last and long farewell to
our political enemies. Whether thii local event
portends this consummation so devoutly to bo
wished tho reunion of Democrats I know not,
but I havo nn ubldiug faith that such reunion Is
coming. Our pnrty has laid to rest In their
graves every political organlzntlon that hns
raised hand ognlnst It tn tlio pnst. Thuugh do
fented now by its present antagonist by reason
of fnlse promises mid pretenses nnd other means
not necessary now tn mention, thero are already
perceptlhlo signs of a glorious retlvnl In our
ranks. The wise political forecaster already
tells us ho sees along the horizon signs of a
coming victory at the next election. The
old constitutional, Jcfforsouluu, Jacksonian
Fourth of July Democracy Is gathering itsolf
together for a mistily ch rgc on tho rsnksof
tho party now dominant In the land. When tho
buglo sounds and tho battle cry Is given wllh an
Intrepid lender such as William J nnlngs llryan,
tho til untie) of liberty and thii friend of tho
masses, und with Tammnny in the suldle, thnt
old party, llko nil Its predecessors, will lie ills
lodged fiinii plnccund pnvtcrnnil "111 bo buried
ttMiv ln the tomb to sleep ihoslcep uf tho unjust
and tho unrighteous,"
miKiciiAN n Mtxi:n xcowi, and hmii.k.
Tho reforeme lo Mr. llrynn wns the slgnnl for
nn outburst, Thriinwd, whl'ii hnd wniledev
pccluntly fur lho opportunity, us soon as Bryan's
namo was mentioned lose anil jelled its loudest,
lints were tlirmwi In the air, handkerchiefs
waved, and it was full) two minutes before Con
gressman Richardson was permitted tn conclude
his sentence, vthon another outburst ensued.
leader John C", Shcchan srimlod llercciy at
this demonstration. Ills face relaxed nn second
thoughts Into n slckl) smile, and then lho black
look resumed its suay,
CongrcBsmaii Henry St, (leorgo Tuckor of
Virginia was lulniiiicod for tho next "long
talk," Ho started lu touako up his audience
by exhibiting his right hand ns the ouo which
drew tho bill that nbullshcd the Federal Klcctlon
law Slid "banished lluenportlsiii frniii New
York." Mr didn't got a cheer, Davenportlsin
had been forgotten, and the boys wero milting
for somo referunco lo free silver coinage at 1(1 to
1 hefuro they cut louse with their applause,
Thoy did not get what they wero looking for.
Instead, they were treated lo a tnll, on n "New
Declaration of independence" against now forms
of tyranny nnd oppression, nil said to bo repre
sented in Republican party institutions nnd
methods; nnd to n few funiii stories which
cuused thorn to laugh moderately,
Then came tho reading by Secretary McClold
rick of letters of regret. Orover Cleveland sent
the following from Princeton aliout tho cele
bration: " I hope Its significance will preeminently con
sist In u char and emphatic iitiuouiieeuient of
the principles and bollcia which uccnrd with tlio
best and most thoughtful sentiments and opin
ions of our countrymen."
,lhls was greeted with nn even greater storm
of hisses than followed thonrn mention of Mr.
Cleveland's name.
This Is what Candidate Bryan had to say:
"LINCOLN, Neb., June 28, 1807.
" Dear Sir: I regret that an engagement made
several weeks ago will render it Impossible for
I me to join with the Tammany Society In celo-j
How to Clothe tho Children. Wm,
Tho best footwear Ib nono too good
for ohlldron, oapeclally at tho bca
sldo or mountains.
Our Tan Shoes, I
Mado on our own lasts, ln a rang 9
of widths, longths, shapes and styloo W
to bo found only horo, meot overy re M
qulrcmontforall ages, and thopilcoo flj
aro as low as warranted by tho su-
perlor quality of tho goods. w
Sltt,Ito7, hsnd mwnJ. S1.14. jH
Bint, S lo a dsflsned especially for first wtlUa EB
Hint sprier fa.tlt, fiexibls solea, Sl.os. Sm
Blus, 7 to 10 1 J, rnxUsxtrstlronr, sprint; bMls, ifl
lissvy solts, button or Use, 8S.OO. 11 Ml j9
SS.SO. 3Mt0 4M,ft3.SS. $9
Shoes To Prevent m
"Toeing In." I
Glyos the llttlo foot just the oorreotlota V
needed, neat and dressy, $2.00. SB
Shoes To Support
Weak Ankles, &
Without discomfort to the wearer. 91.89. j
From Hats lo Shoes, we have tho
best assortment of everything for tV
Children's wear, at the lowest prices. '"
j60-62West 23d St.f ?
1 ,S"
bretlng the 121st anniversary of the Declaration
of American Independence. I have, on a former !'
occasion, commended the founders of your so
ciety for making provision, ln the constitution
then ndoDted, for the annual commemoration of V
the Fourth of July. There Is a special promiety '
ln the observance of this day by Democrats as
this time, when the party has Just freed Itself
from foreign financial Influences ' and taken
an emphatla stand ln favor ot an Ameri
can policy for tbe American people. I
trust that your meeting may prove the
inauguration ot a campaign which will result ln
putting Greater New lork under Democratlo
control. The party has already shown ln Chi
cago, Cincinnati and several other cities larger
gains than will be required to overcome the its-
ubllcan majorities recorded ln New York and '
rooklyn last November. All indications point t
to a strong growth ln publlo sentiment along;
the lines laid down ln the Chicago platform, the '
failure of the Republican policies to restore
prosperity having given a new Impetus to tbe
movement which has for Its object the restoration -'
of tbe gold and sliver coinage of the Constitution.
While the increasing strength of Democratlo -
principles, together with the absence of the cc- -
erclon extensively practised last fall, would
seem sufficient to make victory reasonably cer
tain ln New York, you will be greatly aided by
the fact that the Republican Administration,
both ln yonr city and State, has been so unsatis
factory as to cause widespread criticism. I trust -that
your celebration will excite Increased Inter
est in the principles of Jofferson and Jackson,
and thus hasten the day when these principles
will be completely triumphant In city, State, and "
nation. Thanking you for the honor you do me,
I am very truly yours, T
" William J. Bbtan." . !
znssEs ron pkbiit belvo.tt.
Another wild free-silver demonstration suc
ceeded the reading of this letter. A letter from
Justice W. J. Oaynor of Brooklyn was also
cheered, while hisses greeted the following "t
cablegram from Perry Belmont sent from Paris: i
" Patcis, France, June 25, 1897. !
"Dear Sin: I cannot be with you in Tarn '
many Hall on our day of general Jubilee. X M .
deeply regret it. Tbe author of that charter
of our liberties whose declaration 121 years V
ago we celebrate was the founder of the "J
party organization ot which we are, mem- '$
boys and was the first Democratic President. '3
Meditation is always profitable on his earliest i
and latest exposition of Individual liberty ana 7
political equality as the foundation of our rj
system of constitutional government, Medl- '"?
tallon is especially needful now. Recent --.
Republican efforts in Congress to so pervert the W
revenue clause of the Constitution as to promote
odious monopolies in production and trade .
could never have had the sanction of Thomas x
Jefferson. The Democracy of New York cannot
consent that tho political Influence of our
municipality shall even seem to bo ln the hands
ot the Republican party. May the coming anni
versary of Independence Day be the beginning;
of a reunited and henceforth Insenarable Jefler
Bonion Democracy! It was in 1848 that tho
Democracy, solely by dissensions, encountered
deplorable defeat ln a Presidential contest, but
only four years later, when reunited, achieved a
memorable victory, similar to that now prom- at
lsed to a reunited Democracy in the Greater New H
York. May Democratic victory, wanting no H
element of completeness, be ours ln November '
next and ln 1000! Yours truly,
"Perry Belmont."
This warning against tho soclallstio tendon- H
cles of the times from United States Senator H
Stephen R. Malloryof Florida was received In
" You say that the occasion is designed to be
of exceptional significance and extended eject.
It ought to be, for if there ever was a period la H
the history of this country ln which it was ds- H
sirable to direct the attention of our citizens to H
tho principles which animated the founders of
our Institutions, this Is one. In my opinion we '
are rapidly reaching a crucial stage in thena-
tlon's life, and it is possible that unless we are H'
guided by the landmarks which tho wisdom and M
foresight of the fathers established for our guld- 31
ance, the integrity nnd perpetuity of our instt- H;
tutlons will tie, imperilled." fl
There were several hundred more letters, but
all wero of the most formal character. Even
" Undo Dick" Bland of Missouri had not a word
to sn) on his favorite political topic, sliver free
hill's letter not read.
No letter was read from ex-Senator David B.
mil. but 1 iter Lender Shcchan gave one to the
press which was sent to him last Friday. In
this letter Mr. Hill says:
" My views of pirtv policy are too well known
to require repetition. I have nothing to add to
them; nothing to retract. I have but one prac
tical suggestion to mako at this crisis. The
Republican malingers lu permitting Greater
New York expected to mako U a Republican
city; otherwise It would not bine been created.
Democratlo division will fulfil their expecta
tions; Democratic unity will disappoint them.
The cause of tbe Democracy la plain let us dis
appoint our enemies."
Congressman J. Hamilton Lewis of Seattle
was the llrst "short talker." He talked on the
subject of personal and polltlcul liberty gener
ally, and advised Tammany Hall not to let its
future bo "crushed by Ignoble compromise,"
This was construed by the crowd to be ndi Ire
ngnlnst hitting anything to do with the gold
Democrats, nnd I hey shouted tholr npproinl.
Congressman Andrew J. Hunter of Illinois
had a carefully typewritten speech which he
might hn e delivered more eltectlvely if he bad
read It over beforehand. Tho only thing in it
which waked up tho crowd was the promise that
tho Democracy would fleet n Congress nnd a
President "who will fiwnr tho restoration of
free silver nnd gold lo their placo under the
Congressman DeOrnfenrled of Texas, n rather
robust talker, uld whnt he could with his al
lotted tusk of scoring tho New York Legislature ,
for unjustly taxing the metropolis. He asserted k,
th.it lho U'gilaturo annually burdens thoclty w
with $:io,aio.oon taxes unjustly laid. He did
not sn) where -In Texas ho got his figures.
After Congressman Da (Irafenrled came the
rhetorical treat of the day, in a speech not on
tho programme, delivered by John M. Qulnn of
Unite fill, Mon. Mr. Ojilnn was until quite
recently editor of the lluttoCitv Miner, owned
by William (' Clark, the inultt-iiillllonalre who
was a candidate fur the Di mncrntie Presidential
nomination Inst year, Qulnn Is a rabid free
silver man, bin ho managed to repress his In
clination to tulkiui national issues. and confined
himself lu his tin inc. "Nitlonnl Unity," He Is
nn orator, und ho roused his audience to great
eiilhusl.iMU, He approached Ihu Khcchan dan- S.
ger lino ier.v ilo. e two or three times, but got II
uwti) erycloorly oniill occasions. Tho nearest "J
ho came in i was when he said: M
"I .mi rfl.ul to greet repicscutativos of tht or-
ganl.ition of the Kicsi which In the last cam- 1
palgn stood up fur tho principles of tho national
This evoked a special volley of approving i
shouts. Throughout his talk ho I rlod to Imprest
on lho Tammany lira cs that tho Interests of the
men of .Montana are ono with thoso of the mon
of New York; thnt while tho West Is endeavor- y
lug to deelop its peculiar resources It is only J
adding to tho nrnlinof thnwholo country. J
Ho took a whack at " shaiii reform," and
closed w 1th n few well-rounded periods on the
subject of patriotism.
Civil Justlco James A. O'Cnrm.ui wns lho only j
locil ornlor who was laTtnitlcd to talk. Jacob I
A, Cantor, Comptroller Fitch, and K. Kllery An
derson, who were on the programme, wero not
called on and were not thero to respond bud they
Leader Sheehan lcarnod the temper of his fol
lowers through yesterday's celebration, lis
knows that they will be '' enthused" only by
campaign on national luucg.

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