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W '6 t THE-'SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10, '1897." " -'
r -'--. ' " i r it: ' " --" i -..---. ... .. K SUNDAY, OCTOUKIt 10, 1807. V' (liibcrlitle.s bj Stall rost-Pnld. & IaII.Y, per Month m no K DAILY, per Year nod "she ItUNPAY, per Yesr a on Sf DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Year lino jfif' DAILY A.ND SUNDAY, per Mouth 30 j; " Voltage to foreign countries added. KL Tin ars, Mew Totk Clly. Mr, riRtt Klonoe No. '.:, near Crand Hotel, B ! F.loiiiue No. 10, lloulsrarl tcs Capuclnes. fc Jour rfrnrfs who iit-jr us trltft manMsertjifs r k. .ytttiiiertHon wfiA fo Auee rejtcteii arli'ors rsttirnrd, jKv thru must In aUcair trad stumps or that pvrpotc. m llchlntl Belli hour. il The bu.!na.s3 community aro at last thor- 1 oughly aivaUo as to tbo danger of Iho Lovr jfjb movement. E His candidacy Is c threat agalnxt the 'II prosperity of New York and tho security K of proporty, which b omen moie and moro obvious to nil conservative clt lions. 2K' Uehlntl Sirrn Low stalks 1 ton vGzortOE, 8 an alarming figure, and tho two are in- W separable. ! New York nnd St. Louts. A. contemporary oslcs what the St. Louis or Chicago platform has to do with tho election In New York city. Tilt) greatest material Injury which could come to Now Yoik to-day out of tho possi bilities that aro visible would be tho na tional Administration's clmngo from tho St. Louis platform, under which New York Is now nourishing, to the Chicago platform of l'opulistie recklessness and dishonor, f No other question equals this in Its vital , In portance to New York. Tho Haines law I& or any Stnto question Is nothing to It. f How trivial the municipal issues really are which are before the New York public appears tho moment they aro examined. Mr. Sirni Low's consists of a pompous promise to observe, if elected Mayor, an bath which all .Mayors art compelled to take and can be removed from ofllce for violating. Mr. Gkohou's municipal issue is municipal ownership of railroads and dollar gas. , New York would better elect for Its Mayor an inexperienced theorist like Hr.N' Jit Gkow.e, if his election helped to mako llrmer the principles of St. Louis, than a trained public man and ublo adminis trator like Uknjamin F. Tracy champion ing the principles of Chicago. IIow loud, therefore, should bo New York's declaration in favor of Gen. Tracy when, in addition to his far superior per gonal fitness for the oflicc of Mayor, he dls t llnctlvely and emphatically represents the h honorable and fruitful principles of the St. r Louis platform 1 l Taxation in 51 sssacliusetts. V ' In 1890 Governor 'WotcoTT of Massachu- I setts appointed a special rommKsion of five I to Investigate taxation in that State. The St. best-known members of the commission nro Judge Du.vu.vit, Prof. Taussig of Har vard College, and Mr. Thomas Jkfflksox Cooi.IDor, sometime Minister to France. These and one other member have brought In n majority report, which is n rather sin gular document. Of their recommendations wo shall mention here only tho following: "An Inheritance tax levied with respect to realty si well as to personalty at tho rate of 5 pt-r cent., with an exemption for rotate not excee ling 110,000 enJ an abatcaicnt of $000 on estates ttween 910, OOOanil t'JS.OOO. Tho rtseuue from this tax to La distributed from the State Treasury among the Mr . frral cities and toYvtis. one-half In proportion to popu- l latlon, one half In proportion to assessed valuation. " A tax In proiMirtlon tohouse reutals-, only the ex- eessowr S-tOQuf rental t-lu; taxable. f -The anolltl m of tho taxes on Intangible, peron- ? ally, suelt as itogks, bonds, mortgage luan. and in oouie " ; This abolition pait can be commended. ' "We think," say tlie majority of the com- ''f mission, "the extension of the inheritance tax to realty especially desirable, because ! it brings about substantial taxation on the fTvell-to-dn and tho rich, and so secures a better distribution of the burden of taxa- If tion." Horli in the proposal for the exten- i nlnn of tlie inhci itnme tax to realty and In the proposal for a tax on house rentals the (Joiiiinlssioiifis show by the exemptions t that their theory of taxation does not aim f nt equal taxation, but at the unequal taxa- tion of tho well to-do. They do not, in- , deed, favor a graduated ta, but they do I propose to exempt the great majority of !T om ners of realty and of hirers of houses. W The Commissioners admit that "doubt- 6 less ilirio are possibilities of evasion," but E they believe that an Inlieritaiire tax of 5 f per cent, will yield rfl',500,000 a year. B Possibly the rich and well-to-do of Mussa- & chusetts lou to have their estates sliced off 8 to the extent of a twentieth. j Tho tax on house rentals seemR designed, S, In pnrt, as an apology to Jioston and tho i other big tonus which tho Cotnmissioncrs R naerlllce to the country districts. The Com- Ef missioners estimate that the rentals tax in fe V'aid Klew'ii In lloston will yield $H00,- K 000 a j ear; that "the financial loss of Bos- g ton from oilier sections of the report would E be full) made up ;" thatNowton, Drooklluc, r Cambtldge, and ho on would get a good I revenue, and that tho "summer rcsoit towns" at which rich llottonlans have been llviugaud pacing taxes on "Intangible per- S aonnlty," would also get some compeusa- i tion from the rentals tax. It will bo In- f tercstlng to see how tho cities and summer,, resort towns recelvo tho suggestion. Lot K us liHjir tho Coinmissionci- bet forth this i paitot their scheme: I ' NVe rropine thl tax ahall he lel d on all perioni oecupTluB ileillnj!i ol an aauual rental of mora than J J4U0, ai the rjiouf JO .or(c-nt. ou the axcon or nu- tal aiuuer that sjm. We propoao tolevy no rax L f thu orl on pernni ivl.o lucomi are lo uodrr. W Bto ibtl their expenditure for dinUta ac-.'oruiaudk- P tloni li not over 00 a year: V TliOte nhme Income i tnch mat tbey exceed thla xprtituro for tbelr delllns aia to pay. nut lo pro portion to their total dwelling rental, but In propor tion to the tjLesi of rtuul ur lha exempted Hum of 1400, "Thu a pernon c-cflipylDg a home whose rentM value wi 1000 would pay a tax of f 10 ayiar, thla being in pr cent, wu the etien of thi rental value ever (400, A person m-aiplog alu'Ut whse rental U talue-via tilOO n..uld pay a tax of tt!Ji a huoie of (SOU n-ntaj, 0i ahojts of tl.'.'OO rental, CSU. and t looti, The tax, It ulll be observed, la on the Oi-eu pier of a dwelling and of adwrllli $7 only. Homes or Jr parts of homes used for buslaris purpotcs are lu no K. nay arrected by It. I? "Tba tax la to be levied oi'.m tho oi-cu'!r 'vh'tlier fsf tie be cMvurr or tejaut. If owner. It la a tax on hi K tjentrsl lucojie, adrtltl.insl to the llrett tax which 'Wi hepajs usowuer of the l.ouso, Iftenant.lt : aguln ' a tax upon h!sgnerul Income separata from the Ul- K rect tax which the landlord pays on the house, In K' either case. It Is a tax on presumed or rstlmuted In- tj coin.-, proportioned (In the manner ilcscrllied; to the &f txpeutlturu fordwelltng actomniu1atUii. K "It Is clear, almt-at lmpostlile of evasion, essy of M administration, well fitted lo yield a revenue for S local uara, and icrfala to yield such revenues It Is J alear, became the rental value of a bouse U cotnpara- t, tivaly aiy lo suocrtala. Thataxls baaed oa a part tliuu'i affairi which heoutUs'jof to all tbt world. , pSffS&Zii m i ii -"-jiiirti' ,','." ' ' " i ItKqutriitiotnantsttlon and no Inquiry Into prlvata mnttem It (Imply uses the evidence et a man's means wtateli lie alreao y offers." This tax has Iho merit of being a eubstt lute for tho existing Incomo tax. In do ff tiding It the Commissioners ngalu expose their theorj of taxation. They say that It would not be felt outside of tho cities, and would be paid by the well-to-do and rich. If to millet thoo unfortuuatc folks Is tho chief end of taxation, this Massachusetts plan of Uxntlnn ileum ves praise. How to Mnko Suro Urn. Tracy's Klccllmi. Tho Jlepubllcaus nlono can elect Gen. Tiiaoy In this eainpalgn of so much ap parent confusion and complexity. In 1802, when tho Democratic party was united and of Its greatest strength, Its vote for Clkyklaxd In the territory included in thoGicatcr Now Yoik was i!!)L',ni.'2. Tho Republican vote for Hauuison, though then at aremarkabl) low ebb, was 181,001;. , This) car Tammany is split "quarely In two by the George excitement. Cii:onnu Is tho regular Chicago platform candidote, ami as such will command tho great majoilty of tho Democratic vote, along with that of iho Socialists ami other politically eccentric and radical bodies. Low Is a disturbing force, but his candidacy will only help tho Republicans united ngalnst him by further dividing the opposition to thorn. Their voto of 181,000 In tho Greater New York lu 180'J, when the party fell behind Its usual percentage of the total voir, has been increased by natural growth and by largeao cessions to tho party since that time, and more especially last year. Thus swelled, there Is no doubt that If concentrated upon Gen. TnACY it Is ample to elect him. Moro over tho Republicans will draw to their aid all tho conservative voto in the Gieater New York without regard to party alllliatious In the past, as all'ordiug tho only May of beating tho menacing Georgo candidacy. Tho dickering of tho Low agents with the George managers opens the ejesof all Republicans and all honest men to tho political immorality and the dangerous character of the Low movement. Such readiness to assist in electing Gkoiici:, to do anything posslblo in order to beat tho Republican party, startles tho whole community. Though begun osten sibly and pretentiously as n distinctively municipal movement, It has gone Into Stato politics by putting up candidates for tho Assembly, for tho solo purpose of beating the Republican candidates. Ac tually It can hope to do no more than dlvido the vote sulllciently to foist upon the Stato tho disgrace and the menace of George As semblymen. How many Republicans willassist in that conspiracy against their party and in tho interest of Htxnv Gkorgi:? There are said to be a good mauy lu Urooklj n now, but by tho 2d of November they will be precious few. All honest men will refuse to lend aid to such detestable political business, whatever may bo their party allegiance. Tho Republican party has now upon It a gravo responsibility. In its whole history it has had no graver, and the burden rests on tho conscience of every member of the party. It is a high responsibility to civ ilized society. The party also has before it a great opportunity. The Mayoralty of New York for four years to come is within its reach, and it can now strike against Bryanism the hardest blow sluco the defeat of Uiiyan last November. Voting forSi.TU Low or for Van Wyck will be voting to elect Iltxitv Gi.ougi: and to strengthen Uryanism. Voting for Gen. Tiiacy, the ablest man ever nominated for Mayor of New York, will be voting to crush out GEOltQ):and nil he represents. Gen. TltACY is the ono honest candidate In the Held. He alone is uncontnminated and unhampered by political bargain", nnd no Republican can desert him without treachery to his party and to society. All honest opponents of Hi:MtY Geoiige, every man who really desires to prevent the dis grace and the calamity of his election, must vote for Hexjamis F. Tiiacy. Tho Impending Deficiency of Dread stud's. In the current number of tho Forum, Mr. C. Wood Davis, who is an authority on the relation of food-Iiearing acres to tho world's bread-eating population, under takes lo show that our 'Western farmers are entering upon a period of unbroken and Increasing prosperity. Ho maintains that, after Europe Khali have exhausted all pos sible supplies from the harvest of 16117, and such crops as may bo harvested prior to July, 1808, there will be a deficit of tho equivalent of 700,000,000 bushels of tho bread-making grains, witli no resource ex cept meagre remainders from former har vests, and with no substitution possible, unless Europeans can be Induced to eat bread made from Indian corn. A review of tho prices of wheat during tho last century furnishes the premises from which Mr. Davis's deduction is drawn, Itseems that, from 1821 till 1882, the world's seasons were so equable, and wheat acreage was so well proportioned to Increasing world requirements, that prices wero comparatively constant. In England, they never fell below $1.20 per bushel, nnd rarely below $1.10; while but twice, and then only for periods of three and two yenrs respect ivelj, did they rise to or above $2 per bushel. In 1811!), 18-10, and 18U the rise resulted from scanty harvests in both Europe nnd America. In tho other, which was a biennial case, tho advance was caused by tho Crimean wnr. Owing to tho addition of moro than 17,000,000 acres to tho wheat fields of the United States be tween 1870 and 1880, tho very scant Euio pean harvest of 1870 and 1880 caused only a moderate Incrcaso In the prices of tho bread-making groins, although, through an exhaustion of reserves, they served to prevent the rapid fall that would have fol lowed had the harvest in cither of tho two lust-mentioned jears been as abundant as was that of 1882. From nnd nfter 1882 prices fell rapidly until tho year of theRus slan famine, The harvest of "contiihutory areas" in 1KS2 exceeded the average of tho preceding three ciops by as much as 32(1,. 000,000 bushels, or 18 per tent., and, In conjunction with Imports of 40,000,000 bushels from Asia and North Africa, ex ceeded requirements by 100,000,000 bush els. Had the harvest of 1882 not been fob lowed by ono btill larger in 188 , and that by other crops of equal proportions In 1687 nnd 188 (lie decline In price would havo been aru'stcd, for consumption was then, ns it Is now, increasing mure rapidly than vicio gtniu-licatti'K acres. Indeed, not an ucre has been added to tho world's wheat und rjo ana since 1881. Tho fact is that the enormous world crop of 1882 was but tho beginning of an al most etna I uiious succession of great woild crops of wheat, so much above the avcrago lu acie yield thut tho over-average product of tho fifteen harvests ending with 1800 was moro than 1,200.000.000 bushels. Not i only did this production, so far above tho j nverago, add to our storoof supplies 1,200, 000,000 bushels of wheat, but thcro was an immense synchronous over-average produc tion of rye, as well as a great augmentation of ctportablo Russian surpluses of wheat and rje, by reason of a decline amounting to K1.5 per cent. In the consumption of bread per head of the Russian population. Thco extraordinary conditions served com pletely to obscure the existing acreage do licit ; to depress prices to an unremuncra tlvo level and toRtoro up great reserves that enabled thn bread eaters of 181)5 to sccuro abuudaut supplies, notwithstanding tho fact that the wheat harvest of that year lu "contributory areas," plus Imports from Asia nnd Africa, nas Tfl.OOO.OOO bushels below requirements. It servojl, also, to furnish all needed supplies In tho 1800-07 linrvest jcar, despite the fact that tho product from that year's harvest in "con tributorv areas," plus Impoits from Asia and Africa, was HtS.OOO.OuO bushels below the year's necessities. Wccomo to tho year 1807-08, when the food requirements of the 010,000,000 bread eaters will nggregato 1,000,000,000 bushels, while, to imct theso demands, theio will be, apparently, but 1,500,000, 000 bushels, after sitting asldo :)20,000, 000 bushels for seed. It follows that but threo-fourths of the n-quiied bread can bo provided, unless laigtr drafts than now seem possible can be mado upon re serves already l educed to the lowest point consistent with the safety of the exporting nations. That scarcity and high prices have not prevailed in ret cut years is due to tho harvesting, since 18SD, of seven world crops of wheat and six of rje, giving out puts so much above tho average as to result In great accumulations that llae served to obscuio tho fact that the harvests of 1805 and 1 Still were each much below cur rent requirements. As riFcrvcswill wholly disappear at the end of the year 1807-08, requirements must be met hereafter from current harvests, further accumulation being Impossible. To comprehend the present sit nation with regard to breadstuffs and Its bearing upon the ptospects of onr Western farmers, tho follow ing facts, brought out by Mr. Davis, must be kept steadily in view, l'irst, al though tho world's output of wheat in 18)17 Is several hundred million bushels less than tho world's requirements, acre yields have been but little below the average. Secondly, even an average yield from the acres now employed would bo 275.000,000 bushels less than present needs, and the greatest crop ever grown would not equal them. Thirdly, although requirements for wheat and rje progressively Increase year after year by more than 40,000,000 bushels, not an acre has been added to the aggregate of the world's bread-bearing area sinco 1SS1. Lastly, an acreage deficit exists equal to the supply of as many bread eaters as have been added to the world's population in tho la-t twelve years. We see, then, that there is no likelihood that the world's supply of breadstuff "111 ever again meet the woild's requirements, unless, as we began by saying, Europeans can be persuaded to cat bread made from Indian corn or maize. There is no founda tion for the belief that the Turns-Siberian Railway is about to open a vast region adapted to the production of wheat and rye. In all Siberia not more than 50, 000,000 acres can be regarded as cultivable, and much moro than half of these are already employed in the production of food staples. Mr. Davis tells us that when the Russian Minister of "Ways and Communi cations, Prince IIii.koit, was In this coun try last October he declared that Siberia never had produced, and never would pro duce, wheat and ryo enough to feed the Siberian population. Tlio Kml or n Great Kxprriinriit. About flvo years ago the late Raron m: Hiliscil, the Jewish millionaire, rontiuller of large financial enterprises and liberal handed provider of funds fur the use of tho-e charitable institutions which eemed deserving of his favor, de ised a plan for tho betteiment of the condition of tho .lews of Russia and other parts of eastern Europe by establishing large colonics of them In a new country. His plan wns wrought out with the utmost care. He con tributed several millions of dollars to pro inolo Its execution, he established a great fund for its permanent support, and he per sonally supervised the labor of the men whom he employed to carry it to success, believing that tho accomplishment of his design for the relief of his sulTerlug co religionists would be the crowning achieve ment of his life. It is with regret that we learn from an olllclal report that Huron in: Hiitscu'.s plan for the formation and development of great Jewish colonies in tho Argentina Republic has proved to be a f.iiluie. A stop has been put lo assisted Jewish emigration fiom Russia to Argentina. Ihc funds which tho Uaron had intended for the en largement of Biich colonies as already exist there are to be used for other purposes. Tho change bus been brought about under this advice of his widow, who is a woman ol sound Judgment, and who acts under the authority which her husband gaie to her while jet he was hopeful of tho growth and the success of his Argentine colonics. She Is unwilling that more money shall bo expended upon efforts that are not JustlUed by their results. Thcro Is no country in South Amcrlraorln any part of the world thatotlersmoreadvan tagesto Jewish agricultural colonics than A I gent ina. There are mill ions upon millions of acres of unoccupied and fertile land in that country, both farming lands nuil pas ture lands. Wheat and other grains can bo raised there; grapo vines and sugar, and many varieties of fiult can bo lalsed; horses, rattle and sheep ate raised. Tho climate of the greater pait of tho coun. try Is temperate and healthy. Were 50, 000,000 new set tlei. sodded to tho 4,000, 000 Inhabitants, theio would bo room for more. Hundreds of thousands of Italians have found thn country a tlcslrablu home, and tho foreigners icsidlng theto number moro than a fourth of tho population, It is ulao to bo said that the Government of Argentina favored the Jewish immigra tion, It was upon casytcims that Raron nu lllltr.cn acquired agricultural lands to tho extent of 3:10,000 acres In tho provinces of Ruenos Ayns, Santa Fj and Entro Rios, Heio was a country for tho dissatisfied Jewish people of Russia, better and more fiiendly, and with more liberty than that lu which they lived. It has never been possible.to induco moro t liana very few thousands of these Jew s to go there, oven though a free passage und other favoisof far gieater value wete offered to them by tho Jewish Colonization Associa tion. l'"rom those who went there com plaints were constantly receieil at tho olllccs of tho association j bomo of them tefused to settle upon the lauds which bad. been provided for their .1, I iI.m,.,ii ... i, Ti if-rf.',''.iV,u- uso; eomo preferred life in tho cities to work on farm, and a good many of ' them left tho country, In a discontented stato of mind, beforo they had lived In It for a year. It is doubtful whether more than 2,000 Russian Jewish Immigrants aro now living In tho Argentlno colonies that wero founded, at a heavy expense, for their especial benefit. It Is grlovous to know that such has been the outcome of tho generous purpose that was enter tained by tho wealthy Raron. It has been mado manifest that tho Jewish Rus sians, unaccustomed to farming in their natlvo country, could not bo quickly fitted to cngngo In It In another and a strange country. It would bo unfair to cast too much blamo upon them for tho failure of tho agricultural colonies. A fitter man than Raron db llmscn to carry out tho plan which ho devised could not havo been found In Europe His mil. lions wero counted by tho hundred; and ho was ready to expend many of them In what he believed to bo tho interest of his pcoplo. Ho was a man of largo experience In practi cal affairs. He had been successful in nearly all tho undertakings of his life. Ho sympa thized deeply with tho unhappy Jews of thoso countries In which they aro sub jctit to disabilities, and ho was most tmxlous to offer thorn such relief as ho believed It to bo in his power to provide. It was beforo his death lust year that tho Argentine cnterprlso fell under a blight. His widow, exceedingly desirous to carry out all his wishes, and with abundant means nt her command, Is yet unable to accomplish tho purposo for which he provided so great a fund. Sho lias recently sent much money to Russia, to be used for such educational, scientific, and Industrial purposes as promise benefit to the six million Jews who Hvo thcro. It was that shrewd observer of Jewish character and Jewish experiments, Rabbi Aiiiiam S. Isaacs, who recently mado tho remark : " The Russian Jewish problem can bo solved only In Russia." A Successful Anti-Trust Law. Some doubting spirits have questioned tho value of statutes against trusts. Tho country Is crowded with statutes of that sort, they say, and yet trusts Increase and multiply. The Illinois law against trusts at least is of valuo to tho Federal Govern ment and to all tho citizens of the United States, and tho fact was proved last week. If that law docs not hurt trusts beyond remedy it helps the country lu genera, as w HI appear in a moment. For six years Illinois has possessed, If not enjoyed, a law forbidding trusts and threatening them with big and cumulative fines. Although a fat part or these fines is assured to the informer when a conviction Ib obtained, tho law has Blent and informers havo not been enriched. Last week tho law awoke, threw away its nightcap indignantly, and called for pen and paper. The Secretary of State, who is fragrant in tho name of Rose, but has sworn to bo a upas tree to tho unholy combina tions of monopoly, notified 25,000 incorpo rated companies that on or beforo Nov. ti they must place on filo In his department affidavits that they aro not doing a forbid den business in tho trust line. Twent j-tle thousand two-cent stamps at two cents apiece como to $500. Twenty live thousand more, for the answers, at tho same, como to the same. Thedlrectaddltiou to the revenues of the l'ost Ofllce Depart ment is $1,000. To this sum may bo added a contingent pile, the sizo of which will de pend upon the formal exactness of the affi davits submitted, in drawing these up the services of a notary public will be required. Say 25,000 affidavits and notary publics at fifty cents apiece, making 9-12,500. Here is a direct benefit of $1,000 to tho whole country and $12,800 to the Illinois notaries, Moreover, when official corre spondence Is once begun, its inertia quickly becomes enormous, and it is hard to stop it. If Secretary Rosi: Is the man we take him for, he will afford great happiness to I'ostmastcr-Genernl Gaiiy before this cruel war against trusts is over. Rut perhaps it is unjust to a great princi ple to dwell too long upon the merely pecu niary results of tho Illinois Anti-Trust law. Tho noble simplicity of the plan of forcing suspected or suspectablc trusts to writo themselves down In an affidavit will appeal to all tho foes of trusts, and would havo mado DoGUEiutv wag his head and wavo his lantern with satisfaction. If it is thought that some of tho 25,000 companies are trusts and falso knaves, yet will It bo writ down that they are none. The Illinois law is tcrriblo when It Is set a-going. rralrlo Fires In Chicago. The difficulties of municipal administra tion in the city of Chicago on tho non-partisan plan, or any other, havo been aug mented recently by conditions peculiar to Chicago among American cities; that Ib to say, by prairie fires. Recently thero havo been n number of pralrio fires In the fiat plain upon which the city of Chicago is built. It is no uncommon thing for a resi dent of that city to find at his doorsteps in the morning an excited crowd of firo fight ers battling with tho devouring element, and endeavoring, with the cooperation of the Chicago Fire Department, to keep the dry grass In the Chicago streets from burn ing too brightly. One day last week as many as six pralrio fires wero reported within thn limits of tho city, somoof them upon Its Important thoroughfares. Here Is a local narrative of tho danger which besots some Chicago residents : 'Auother prairie fire wai reported at Evanston aveuuo ana Nortb Fifty-ninth street, bnt It was put out without causing much excitement In the neigh hnrliood. soon after another alarm n as sent In from I tint h street and Aieuuo K,whcreriamia tveresweep tUR the pralri. a lu that district and causing much un rnslucas amouKtho residents. Headed liy Ofllcer Uad cock, a crowd of cltln ns, carr Ing buckets of water, extinguished a grsus lire which orliflnated In the vicinity of Eighty firth street ant i'lttsflrld avenue, and muib excitement preialU-d until tbo backet brigade accomplished tbolr purpose." Tho Chicago Firo Department, it is well known, is superior in efficiency and prompt ness and In organization to tho Firo De partment of any other city of Illinois. The Chicago bucket brJgado has been as effec tive in fighting prairie (Ires as the bucket brigado in any oilier city in Illinois, Indi ana, or Iown. I'rairlo fires must be met with vliillancc, eternally tho price of secur ity, when they threaten to close Chicago's thoroughfares to pedestrians and to vehicles. Pralrio grass Is easily Ignited, especially In the full of tho year. The luxuriant pralrio grass which sprouts In Chicago streets easily becomes Inflammahlo. The danger of such a catastrophe as that of a blazing Chicago btrect has to bo averted, if it can be averted, at any hazard. It happens that wood from the neighboring forests of Wisconsin and Michigan enters largely into tho make-up of Chicago. There are wooden houses in great number. There aro wooden sidewalks. The wooden docks of the Chicago River have long attracted tho attention ol tourists from other carts of tho United States and from foreign countries. From this point of view, therefore, Chicago Is an Ignltlble, If not an altogether Inflam mable city, and tho danger of a prairie firo In State street or In Michigan avenue, for In stance, Is always Immlnout. Moreover, tho bucket brigade Is not always available as a fighting force. This matter of pralrio fires seems certain, sooner or later (and more piobably sooner), to engage tho attention of the professional reformers of Chicago, who havo recently been thrown out of their professional jobs by tho unwillingness of tho great body of Chi cago voters to accept furtherguidanco from them. Thcso reformers, having certainly nothing hotter nnd perhaps nothing else to do, might to great public advantago con secrate themselves to tho task of getting at tho root of tho pralrio firo trouble by tho posslblo Introduction of lawn mowers and reapers for uso upon Chicago streets. It Is obvious that tho removal of grass from tho Chicago pralrio would diminish the dan gers of conflagration. Persona Grata. We print clsowhero a summary of an ex ceedingly ablo and cumpreliciislio state ment of tho reasons for tho annexation of Hawaii, together with an examination of the arguments which havo been advanced by tho opponents of annexation. Tho wholo caso is there, and there has been no clearer or fairer statement of the wholo caso. It is an enlightening and con vincing document which every American citizen should read. Tho author of this notable pamphlet Is tho Hon. LonniN A. Tiiuimton, formerly the Hawaiian Minister to the United States and persona non grata to tho Hon. Gnovnn Cleveland, but distinctly nnd emphati cally persona grata to several millions of Americans who will bhortly welcome hltn to fellow citizenship. It is reported that tho exposure of Scrn Low ns simply a tall to the Henry (leoriro kite Induced eomo of tho brnLcra on the Stock Ex cIiudko yesterday to turn In their alarm to Van Wyck as their means of political salvation. That showed that however much they know about tho stock market thov know very llttlo about politics. Obviously, tho strength of Oeuiige Is tho weakness of Van Wvcic Oeoiuii: U only fortnlilablo because ho Is likely to carry off tho t.-reat bulk of tho Tnmumny vote, leating; Va Wyck's candidacy beyond Ealratton. A meroly casual oxamlnatlon of tho election returns of last year and for several years past will prove conclusively thatlf GtoitGE It beaten It must bo by tho Republican party. In that thero is a suro and calculable vote, and if to it is added the eonecrvntivo oto without reunrd to party. Gen. Tracy's election la certain. It Is suro anyway If nil tho Itepubllcans pull to ccther; but the addition of tho other ote will mako It certain that the calamity of tho election of liENUY Geoiiqe: will bo prevented. In the PMladtlphia Press of yesterday tho enterprising proprielorsof a burulur alarm telegraph mado this tc.ibonablo announcement: j LOOKOUT FOR nUROLA US I ; Yon are about making your summer plana. : WHY WORRY ABOUT YOUR HOUSE : DURLNd YOUR ADsLNCE? j Can it bo posslblo that they nre about tniikhie their plans over thero forBUUimcr ) The appointment of Gen. Ramox Blanco as Wr.Yl Eli's successor In Cuba w ill bo Inter preted ns heralding the nbnntlontnont of tho needless brutalities that have mndo Weyi.er'8 name nutorinus. It would not bo surprising, for examplo, to find the system of compulsory con centration In towns either Rrently modified or dono away with altogether. Out of it havo sprung unnumbered 6utTcrnu.". Such a ilninKc mny also be interpreted ns de nntlnc tho willingness of Iho new Ministry to deal directly with tho patriots for terms of peace. Gen. Rlanco liavlnp a reputation for re llanco on diplomacy ns will ns tho Bword. nnd for willhiKtHSs to mako contusions. In this respect ha may be better rompnrcd, pcrhnp-, with Martinez Campos than with Weyu-i:. Hut neither dinncc of commanders norclmntro of policy can now avail to divert the aim of the patriots from thnt independence which bcirins to seem not far off. IIai.i.CakceIs already nt work on a new novel, which deals lth tho drink question. CUietand Htcoriitr. Mr. Caink will bo pained beyond tho power of even his own expression by this Indiscreet dis closure Ever shunning notoriety, composing In solltudo his enormous masterpieces, nourish ing upon solitude his mighty heart, hating tho shrill penny trumpets of tho literary sandwich men. ho lives and works apart, n misty granlto cliff, n lonely island of the mind. Since bis secret Is no longer secret, however, It may tran qulllzeanexcttod untverso to say that bis now niKBtorpleco will bo alcoholic, total abstinent, allopathic homoeopathic, therapeutic, patho logical, hypnotic, vegetarian, pajsloopulhlc. Mnhntmlc, osteopathic, and hyporhyperic. It will contain 7S7 characters, all of which h.ivo been studied from llfo and repaired and cor roded by 787 specialists. It will be tho most sublime production of Surrey melodrama eicr printed la book form. Satisfaction guaranteed, or money refundod. The Japancso are very practical people, and tho extont to which they are rushing emi grants Into Hawaii glvesapretty clear blntthat they know annexation to our Union la coming. Of course, the steamship companies nre specially concerned In this movement, as they want to get nil the passage money they can while tho troaty with Hawaii remslnslnoporatlon. With annexation the treaty lapses, and Uncle Sam's IhwswIII prevail. We doubt whethcrtho Japan ese would talk of putting 0,000 more of their people on the Islands, between now and the New Yoar, unless they felt that they must make hay while the sun shines. narlelgb's Way t Htrenathen .Mcaatlves, Prom tht Yiff Mill tlatttle. Lord naylelgh has published a novel and Ingenious way of Intensifying w. ak photograpnlo pictures, not by chemical but by physical mi ans. It Is n ell known that a neak positive, transparency shows much greater rontrasts of light and shale when held In front of a white sheet of paper thau when held up to the light. This Is due to the fact that through the transparent parts ths whits paper Is seen nlth little loss of brilliancy, while tho more ops ue parts act. as It were, twice over, ono whon the light passes through to the papr, and once when It Is reflected back to the aye. Lord Rsytelgh's method, bused on this faot. Is to hack a weak negative with a Oat polished refleotor, and to copy It In the camera by means of the usual condensing lens, with tho light placed a much In a line with tho onpying lens as postlbla. The positive thus obtained can b used to make a still further Intensified negative In the same manner. To get rid of the effect or false light ro Oeoud by the opUcal surface, It la necessary either to give a slight slope to the condensing lens, or, If this Is sot used, to altaob a prUra of glass to the face or tho uegattrs to be copied. Pleasures or Travel In south Africa. From the Sieardnnd T(mrs. Mr. J. D. Buchanan, travelling along under the Uananga with a wagon, came s rets live lions, two of which were alult male and fciule and the revalu ing three cubs. The whole family sat eighty janls otr and watched the oxen pn "inl the only weapon lu tho wagon was one rusty a. -' k'l- Tbreateulnsr In All ! Aspects. from IKt i?ocAestrr lit m" it and ChrunMr The Citizens' Union lutlf, lu "' Inception, aitiu, motives, and tactic Is a cuiu ilidatud tlueut lu tho ood aam sad wtltut el Mw Verb rna RXPAxnrsa ncttET. Same nrmarlta on Ureal Itritaln'a Mew Mtmtle, To the Enrron or Tuts sun Sin I notice la this morning's SUN a special London cnblo de Ipatcb stating that "tho Government Is con sidering tho question of adopting a new lead bullet Invented by a Hlrmltiaham firm. Instead of a conical lop tho new bullet has a cup-like cavity In Its striking end. Whon It first enters tho flesh tho front of I ho bullut acts Hko a punch, cutting a clean round holo, which don not closo up. Then tho mlxllo commences to oxpond, and nrtor It has travelled six Inches It produces ajRggod hole thrcoor four Inches in dhimotor." It socins probable that thn riijhl of Uuglnnd to uso such a bullet as that dcscrll ed may bo seri ously questioned under tho rule- of Interna tional lnw. D.ivls, In his "Ouillnci of Inter national Law," p. 221. says: "Tho decision as lo whether a particular limtrmtn nt may, or may not, be employed In war wi.l depend upon tho wound or Injur? caused by Its use, Iftho wound produced bv it causo utuici cn irv suffer ing, or liooriless Injury, It Is (o 1- rej. cleil, other wise not This rule la applltnbliuti nil Instrtt ment n of whs to ver character, u hl lir weapon nr projoetilos, which mil bo used in nur. Tho application of this rulo forbid the uso of rut ting or thrusting woHpons wlthii Imie been poisoned, or uhkh aro bo lonstnn tod in to In flict a meroly painful wound. To litis ilasn be long arrows with eislly detached hcnils. 5:r. The recommendations of tho ft. I'cli.-rshurg conference upon tho subject of cxplntiro pro jectiles, forbidding tho uso of prnjet til s weigh ing less than 400 grammes (twi-ito minces nvolrdiitiolsl. tin rocelvert lliegeni-ril ssnetlon of ilvlllzi-d nut Ions. Tho adoption of this rulo renders unlawful tho tiro of explosive bulluts in small arms." Inasmuch ns (ho proposed now bullet Is do nlgnod to prodtico " Jagged holo," It would seem that It would elenrly lotuo under the pro hibition of Iho nbovo rule, unless It can bo shown that the wound would bo Urge enough to cause certain death, which apparently would nolhotruo In many case, as, for Instance In caso the bullet (.truck a lleshy portion of a man's leg. Is It a sign of decaying greatness that at tho close of tho nineteenth century Knulnnd should resort to n practice bo closely nkln to tho hellish custom of savages who chow their bullets, which wits condemned by tho clvlllzod world moro limn 100 years ago I C. New Yoiuc Oct. o. Is Cen. Trnrj SJnllty or llepubllrnnlsmt To the FotTon or Tin- Pes Itr: Mr. Low argues that the eli-itlon of Ocn. Tracy would please Senator Piatt. Qrantt-il. nnd what of It? What great disaster that would bring to New York, neither Mr. Low nor any ono eUe pretends to say. Mr. Low docs not claim that tn that caso tho afatta of New York would go to tho dickens. To the contrarj, I Is complaint Is wld ly different, and Is that 0 n. Tracy, In maklntr appolut menu, would select Republicans In order to strengthen tho Republican party as much as posslblo for tho I'n sldenttal electlun of lliOO. As ir It were a monstrously wicked thing to think of, Mr. Low, at Cooper Union last right, launched this Tearful Indictment at Gen. Tracy: "Appoint ments will ! made to stn ngthen the party, and tho potroniigeof the city, whereser possible, will bo used for the isms purpose." That Is, a lu-puhtlcan Mayor would bo guilty of tho heinous crime of building up, Instca of pulling down, the Republican party, now shocking! Occause, of the apprehension that Oen. Tracy would perform that fearful tiling, patriotic duty, we Republicans aro urged to lolt. Yes, seri ously besreched to destroy the Republican party, tho hope of tho nation at this crisis, lest, othi rwlse. It may become, powerful In the flnanc al centre of tho J.CW World. Was more senseleas twaddle ever ad dressed to a sensible community y Tho Inference to bo drawn from Mr. Low's arraign ment of Gen. Tracy Is that, though claJmlagtouea Republican, Mr. Low. If lected, would make ap Iolutnieuts so an to n ard oft" the deplorable evil of a strong Republican party In New York. Judging by his past, there is no room for doahtlng him on that point. Trom 1ST9 do n, except when he was a can didate for ofilce and there was hofie of gulnlng the supiwrt of the p.i publican party, Mr. Low either has been engaged tiers stintly In oruanlzlig or favoring movctmnls for tho oMNl.row of Republicanism. What was ho doing but tl at In 190, IhSl, 1S88, IS-a, isj, 1 f-t-5. I-.su. and Isdsf What he then did Is ptvilstly whit he Is now attempting, disrupt ing the Republican pirty. fcTEniLN 13. Jxcobs. Ukooklis, Oct. 7, IBUT. Who Steers llcvnnldet To Tnr. EntTOR or Tux Scsvtr.-So one has shown the "true Inwardness " of the oontlnuance of the Low candid cy, which, originating In Mr. Low's proper ambit ou, would hae been abandoned under pre vailing conditions hid Mr. Low Judged for ntmselr. Unfortunately for tho city, for the Republican party, and for the nation, exceptionally clever wire pullors wr re on hand lo work I'resldent Low through Rey nolds and others of the clique. All men havo their weaknesses. Low is not rul prm n. Strange he shoul 1 be weak enough to allow so paltry a Urltlsh parody to Influence him; but alack, alas! so It Is. And now for tho nigger In the pilot U7.0 tterr .VtfMoMs t Hah! Who but the astuto lawyer with Gallic cog nomen and virulent hstrvd of excrythlng Repub lican tn reased tenfuld by the Mtti r necessity of vol lug that ticket In 'P8. Ho and Cudkln, the blunderer who managi d to flop the fiosr osir to tae Democrats at exactly the must inopiiortuue moment that could lic Ih'oo Mlrviel between '.if and "un. Their and their owners isjckeu safe, cno or Isith would far inoner have Oenrge or Van Wyck elected than any numlneo of the R publican pirty. Tho atiove remarks are w rlttrn by a friend, and, to n certain i olnt, an admirer of Mr. Low; by one who certain! n nuld have voted for him under almost any other concetv ablo conditions than the present dog in manger, smash if ho can't get for himself, and alo lutely suicidal policy of his Adiillamlto congregation. A IttimncAV who Voted roa Cle-.ela.id. Umo-i Clcb. Oct. 8. ISu7. I'umpUlo Pin Information. To Tiir EntTOK or Tnr Sex Mr: Why does h ask for Xew England pumpkin pies when we make tho genuine article In Jew Jersey? Wo are not dealer In the article, but will tie most ha pv to (III that hungry ew Yorker with as good pumpkin pie as can be made in any t-tato. p M.wil.K. O-'t. s. To Tiir Eiiitor orTns St-v Sir: "A Xew Yorker" ean get his mother's or grandmother's pumpkin pies from the Woman's Exchange. I West Thirtieth street. If they do not touuh the spot I am much mis taken, lie will robobly lo obliged 10 w.lt for a while arter rnat ttmo to get the full flavor. YaskES. ism Yoiik, Oct. t. Seth I.os'a Friends In llrnnblyn. To tug r.ntT.iR or Tng Sttt Sir: I admire) yonr stand on lb Mayoralty question. The average In structor Is not nt for public offlcr, and If he be at for public otnee he Is but a sorry tesctier. Tnr Srv Is gaining manv friends by Its advocacy of rea' g'od government, not the tsicns km 1, 1 hniH, that Low will nnd himself u. high as tlamaa on Not, 2. UitoOkLT! Vote. nuooKLT!. Oct. 9. A Peculiar TntiittBtnite Inserlpltan. At tho entrance of the church of --an Salvador In the city or Ovledo, Spain, Is a remirlnble tomb erected by a prlucc named Sllo.wltbas ry curious Latin In scription which may bo rend 'J70 ways by begtnalnf with the capita s In the centre! silo riii.Nccrs fecit. Tier, riricioirinoit ioimpioi i loiriritot cirifioni Hctririo inriMiiritiiotriri ririoiitirorntioiMr irtoi t aroLorn i Hears rcoainroLiLorBiHocr icniKi'ot, iSiLorRiHor rxcHiRpoLi LorniKcxr srios l tirot. o mi not rs rirtoitironiictrir c r s r u o s i e rntiotriri ciririoaitti lotrino iciririmi Koinrnoi noitiricKrinrtciT In addition to this Inscription on tho tomb are In scribed these lettcrst II. S. P.. R. B. T. T. L. which are the Initials of tho followlmt Latin wordai filo situs est Mlo, sit tlbl terra lev's. (Here rcata fello. May tho earth He lightly on btra.) Australian Ithetarlo ;rts Miles'. IVum the London Dntlu ,Vir. Mr. John Want, Attnrney.Orueral of Sew Sooth Wales, does not favor federation. In a recent spssek he desert N-s It as follows! "1'ederotlon Is afashlonahla vermin which threatens to undermine the free Constitution under which ws) live Itsproier name ought to be 'Faderstlon ' Un til lately It hua b-en hanging up Ilka Mahomet's oomn Sow II has coma to earth with a sickening thud, and Is seen In all its nakedness and nastlues. and people And that they have been mistaking a scoured tankard for a celestial being." ha Are Thrlr friends and W ha Tlielr r. emirs 1 r,.i i. tl,e i-ommtrcfal Admtistr. Mr Low sfi lends could not confer with the Repub licans to defeat Tammany, but with Henry Cieorga and his followers they can make, straight ' deal" to , Oafeat the llepubUcaiu. t VTRAT Xfl ooxsa OIT I-V SOarETF. Oolf so completely monopollr.es tho social and ' sporting world at prosentthat thoso whonre not tlrod of It aro apparently Interested In nothing else. As tho former ma? possibly bo In the ma jorltv, however. It Is woll to mako a passing; nlluslon to tho great tournament now going on at Ardsley, for which tho astonishing number of ovor 100 ontrlos was mado, among whom nro two members of English clubs, nnd ono or mora cracks from ovor? golf club In this country. Tho fall tournament of tho Mendowbrook Club wag i brought to a closo bv tho victor? of QulncyA. 1 Shaw of tho M?opla over James A, Tyng, 1 hitherto consldorod Invincible nnd tho win m nor of tmi n y tournaments. In addition a M championships, cups, nnd prizes, golf ll l now going nt Innumcrnblo smaller clubs. tH and at all tho gentlemen's houses on the Hud- H son, nt Westchester and on both Long Island'! shore thcro Is scarce!? a prominent woman in V society whn Is not an expert at tho links. Al V I'ornelllT, l'llersllo, Cnmnnlh nnd nil tho show V plnccs of the Hudson, whero houso pnrtlcs aro ' now assembled, golf nnd blcvcllng (111 up tha measure of tho dn?s. which fortunately closo la earl?, thus givlngn chnnco at evening for cards, dnnctng, billiards, and such Indoor amuse ment as might qulto easily bo forgotten If tha sun would bo obliging enough to amy above tha horlron as long ns golfing enthusiasts desiro. Tho llultusrol Golf Club has Issued Invito , tlons for a golf ten on Thursdny next, which promises to bo n very pleasant nlTalr, A ladles' tournament will bo played In tho morning, tha prizes for which will bo qulto original, consist- fl ing of mlntnturos and other pretty trifles, pur- chased b? tbo Secretary of the club In Paris, Tha pntronossesof tbocluh nro Mrs. John C, YVIlnier ding of Orange, Mrs. Edward 1L Jones, Mrs. O. 0. Mooronnd Mrs. William It. Hockmanof thll city, nnd Mrs. Edward II, Wright of Newark. , Tho great crazo of tho da?, noxt to golfing, la horse shows and hunting. All tho Jersey world and hundreds from this vicinity have visited tho Morrlstown llorso Bhow, which has tho ad rnntngo of open air surroundings of rlchlr wooded mountains, acres of lovely meadows, and an expanse of bill and dnlo which Is to ba found nowhere clso. Tho owners of all tho beau tiful places In tho neighborhood. Including Mr. II. Melv. Twoinbly, who has eomo of the best , horseflesh on exhibition; Mr. G. Q. Frellnghuy sen. Mr. George 11. Post, and their fnm'lles, hnro been frequent visitors, ns havo also Mr. nnd Mrs. Cleveland nnd Vice-President Ilohart. Hempstead and Tuxedo will soon bo tho great centre of soclnl life. Lenox has fallen off a good deal this yenr. It Is full of gav people, but the? nro so wrapped up In outdoor sports that they hn vn no strength or taste for evening functions. It is curlotiB, but nevertheless true, that a ball dresi Is no longer a temptntlon to a young girl. Golf clothes, which show tho pedal extremities In not very ottrnctlvo form nnd aro otherwise most unbecoming, aro tho only wear. Titers havo been several pleasant tons and dinners, nnd nt a musicals given at Mrs. Grocnlcaf's, who has n delightful nnulc room, tho acoustic prop erties of which loavo nothing to desire. Mrs. Grcnvlllc Snelllng sang cbnrmlngl? In French, English, and German, nnd Miss Oiertnor and Mr. Mulligan discoursed very good music .' Tuxedo, on Iho contrary. Is full of life. The) (i beautiful clubhouse thcro Is always nn induco ment to evening festivities, as Its theatre, ball room, and rcstaurantnrealwajsopcn to visitors nnd seem to ho contlnuall?Ba?lng: "Comoand I enjor ?ourselvcs here." A vaudcvlllo entertain- ment under tho direction of Mr. Hnrr? TY, Mc- ' VIckar, I now in course of preparation and will probably bo arranged b? Oct. 13. Mr. James I, llreese will assist Mr. McVlcksr tn his labors, nnd two better impresarios could not roadll? bo foun d. Tho annual ball will take place on Oct, 20. A prominent wedding In the near future will be thnt of Miss Nanna Langhorn e, who will ba married to Mr. Robert Shaw of Boston at tha country place of tho Langhornes, In Albemarle count?, Vn. Miss Langhorno Is a sister of Mrs. Chnrlcs Dana Gibson, who Is as noted for her beauty as Miss Langhorno Is for hsr vivacity and superabundant animal spirits. Miss Alice Martin, daughter of Henr?T. Mar- tin of Albany, whoso fiance is Mr. Benjamin T. McAlptn, will also be one of tho brides of tho autumn, but with the exception of Miss Bar low's and Mr. Ja?'s wedding, which has been ahead? announced, no other Important mar riages aro llkol? to take place before Christmas. The engagement of Miss Eileen O'Donnell to the Count de Seyr, which hoi been onl? recently announced, will not result In a marriage until tho opening of tho new year. Miss O'Doanell belongs to tho well-known Baltimore family of that name. Is an orphan, a nloco of Mrs. Adrian Iselin or this city, and on her mother's side of Gov. Carroll, and cousin of Miss Helen Carroll, who Is now Mrs. Herbert Robblns. There will lie, therefore, not man? gay and pretty woddinrj shows to bring tho young and gay to town, nnd thoso who nro compelled to remain here must content themselves with the glitter of streets and shop windows nnd tho nightly amusement of theatres and music halls, 1 A great deal of speculation Is going on about tho coming winter, and doubts and hopes at to Its gayet? aro frcel? expressed. To a casual ob server tho lookout Is not promising. Aiken, that most seductive of Southern homes, la almost ready for Its winter colony. Thero hunting, quail shooting, the perfection of golf links, and every other athlotlc sport, hold out their attractions to the men. while the women have the run of all the same aruusemonts. and. In short skirts and Tam o' Shantor caps, carry their guns over their shoulders, tramp Ave or six miles over tho golf links, and lead a thor oughly free and ens? life. Mr. and Mra. Royal Carroll havo already closed their Newport cot tage and nro preparing to occup? their Aiken home. All last winter's colony will return thither, nnd tho new cottages that have been built during tho summer are nearly all taken. In town the now houses that are building In uouer Fifth avenue are not yet read? for occu pancy. Mr. William C. Whitney, after his p return from abroad, will IIto in the present res- T Idence of Mr. Oliver Harrlman. In West Fifty- seventh street, and tho now ballroom In tho Plxty-elghth street house, about which so much has been predicted, will certain)? not be opened. Some few of tho uptown people propose to closo their houses until Iho hurl?-burl? In the streets Is ended. Mr. P. F. Collier, for Instance, has taken Mr, Charles A. PoBt's house In Washing ton sn,uuro for tho winter, and there Is a greater demand thnn usual for furnished houses down town, where Fifth avrnuo Is smoothly and se curely asphalted, and it is devout!? hoped will not be opened again for at least ten years. Thcro nre II' civ to be a good man? absentees this winter among tho smart sot. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Vnndcrbllt nre Bala to have It In con timplation to go abroad, and the same Is j rumored of Mr. and Mrs. Ogden Mills. These, jf with tho larger contingent who always depart II In February, will mako a big hole In society li ranks, during at least a pnrt of tho winter. A question now In debate, and Involving seriously tho comfort and convcnleme of tha U New York public. Is whether gentlemen are to M be allowed to smoko Indiscriminately In the V largo rostaurnnts of (bo Waldorf. Delmonico's, nnd other well-known placts. Ip 11 the fash- ? lonnblo hotels smoking rooms are provided, where men may dlno or sup, and smolto at ' pleasure In the palm room of tho Waldorf, which Is especially adapted, by Its ventilation, to the comfort of smokers, cigars and cigarettes are not prohibited, hut tho Kmpiro dining room hns been, and wo trust nlwajs will be, rosorvod for thoso who wish to lunch nnd dine with out tho annoyance of breathing tho odor of tobacco, or having It mlnglo with the perfume of tbo delicate viands that ro bprcad before ' them. Ili'cmise tho hubit is allowed at Prlnco'e and tto Savoy in London, or Joseph's and the Ambassadcurs In Purls, Is no earthl? reason why It should be introduced here, and An erl cans should hao thu prlvlhgo of regulating their social customs according to their own views and tastes. Tho class of ueoplo who fre quent tho best Now York rostaurnnts are uot thosamo as thoso who are to bo found at tbo 8Miy In London or at Joseph's In IMrla. At tho Saxoy n great man? of tho respectable smnit bet may bo seen nftor tbo opcruortho theatre, but they aro cheek by Jowl with the beml-dissuisod worst characters in London, and are not In any wa? to be namod with the ladles " , and gsnUemon at Delmonico's or the Waldorf. .l my iTTrntTrT-si Ti n nrr -i ri - r i -n -v. .M1aal