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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 16, 1897, Image 6

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Br ,. a&ite a.
HHL Sabserlptlsa by l Psst-Pald.
Rr DAILY, per Year o oo
H1 BUITDAY, per Year BOO
HLsH' Postage to fortljn countries added.
Hir Till 8c, New York City.
H'B Tjlmu Klosana No. 13. near Orand Ilotsl, and
HHK, Klosqa No. 10, Doulcvard del Capucfae.
ssskKKi i If ovr frlendi who favor ut trith manuicrtptt ftrr
MpK publication vrtih to hav rejfettd articles returned,
Bp T fK '" mM' '" " M'" "" 'ami"or ",al JTP.
Kll XiOt the Money of the People Alone t
KI&H' i AcconllriK to a Washington despatch In
sKUkI n0 Herald ot yesterday, President Mo-
B Kj Kikley's messago to Congress will urge
:i-R'i? Upon It " the necessity of adopting Irglsla-
B'k-Ik- t,on 'or tu0 reform of "10 currency system "
BfmpK' Bftcr tbo plnn of Secretary Gaok. That
,'Pv plan, na tho desputrh proceeds, "Involves
KmIbI tu0 refunding of tho national debtat2'a
HK'k per cent., tho rctlromont ot tho greenbacks,
sMfBM Ka tno lB8UanC0 ' circulating notes oxclu-
HksKP blvdy by tho national banks."
LHSimt lt 'Prtsldent MoICinust has really any
asaasKVK'? ancn Intention, ho Trill be wise It ho recon-
assssm?ssft'' alders; It at once. ITo would waste his
LKk' Wtb words In making It, for ho would only pro-
BaFK clpltato a fruitless debate In Congress,
HrKLC& which would bo Injurious to every business
sHM-far Interest of this country.
Hrju", WS Let such " currency reform" alone, Preal-
sKIP ft' dent McKinlky, lest yon wreck tho Ad-
Kit' ministration which has begun so pros-
Hk Mi perously, and smooth the path for tho
P j progress of triumphant Bryanlsm.
B1 J-, ii Let tho money of tho people alone 1
m. w $
m $ 1
H -f JR. The Fate of tho Fur Seals.
E f& The theory that pelagic hunting as now
B v, K conducted Is harmless to tho Prlbylor seal
mY 4' $ herd, If not a positive benefit, has just been
Hi J py wiped out forever at the Washington Con-
H , ference. The statistics of this year's work,
V "" vf- compiled by American officers, and now for
H f'v tho first time, we think, made public, show
Bi'2 I' that tho pelasio catch fell oft nearly ono-
Bii II h?lf ttom that ot 1890
Hp 'in Behrlng Sea It was only 10.0B0,
H i against 20,500 lost year, while In Behrlng
Bv ea aniJ t'10 Nortl1 P"1"0 combined It was
Hl: i 88,700, against 73,000 last year. Tho rules
HE '0 were exactly the same this year as last; tho
H fa season was at least as favorable this year,
B ;3 if not more so. In short, tho seal herd has
Bit' W' been dwindling at an alarming rate, while
Dp fi Iord Salisbuhy has been insisting that
Bl W' there was no ground for interfering to pre-
BJ fjj vent that result.
B M' Again, In Behrlng Sea British vessels
Bgr k. took 10,000 skins and American vessels
m? took only 1,050 ; while in Behrlng Sea and
m& W the North Pacific combined British vessels
g P took 30,600, against 4,100 by the Amerl-
K H can and 3,800 by tho Japanese. The ratio
Byfe &L between British and American pclagio
HE't K scalers Is about IS to 1 in Behrlng Sea, and
Kt'l ' W' about 0 to 1 in all waters. In short, tho
Bri ' '1 f exhibit shows that England must put re-
K straints on her subjects.
Ut Taking together the strong action of last
E 'M month's seal conference, held by Russia,
K& Iff- Japan, and our country, and such facta as
B Wi': onr exPeis are putting before the present
Bl) $ conference, how can England fail to do
R '?i eomethtng now to prevent the extermlna-
B$' tlon of tbo mlmalsf It may be of little
Urfii- E concern to her that our once valuable Priby-
BS 1' loT '8'an(ls which used to yield 100,000
Hj? sealskins annually, without endangering
' j the herd, have for years allowed an aver-
B't; l aKe of not onc-flftn that number, and
f that while our rents and royalties thus
?, ;,', Buffer, we have to keop up an expensive
U i& patrol against poachers. But when Eng-
UM M land's own pelagto catch falls oft so alarm-
S ?fe Ingly in a single season, she must see that
Ml m th0 vlctorla lndustry itself is imperilled,
H'lf If ani tll'lfc there is great danger for another
B& ill' Industry in London, where the skins are
f prepared for the world's markets.
fit That Congress will adopt radical meas-
f ures if the British Government pursues any
Bf". M longer Its policy of delay, aftor the meet-
It sf luic ' these two conferences and tho start-
Blf, !' llug disclosures of this year's statistics,
B' Br' ,to cannot doubt. Wo Incline to think,
Bw- however, that even Canada has coma to see
BH' W tl18 'lly ' k',llaB tho B08e that lays the
Bw jpk Kolden egg, and that now she will aim to
B? '?' aecuro concessions on other points in re-
ft w turn for her assent to that protection of tho
ft- fur seals which has long been imperative.
mkt Si
A Sg The Suicide of Greece.
w ',T, Lord Salisdury's speech at tho lnaugu-
mA ral banquet of tho nev Lord Mayor of Lon-
S' i& don let a little light Into tho dark recesses
mm , of European diplomacy. It was not enough
m& !& to expose it in all Its hideous disregard ot
, m, right and justice, but It was enough to
i?M Btamp it with infamy. No more childish
jjj plea has ever been put forward as a justlfl-
cation for a falluro to do right than that
K made by Ixrd SAi.isnniiY when bo said
ft that tho powers had no alternative between
If sacrificing Greece and fighting among
S themselves. Ho knows better than that,
m but it would not havo been convenient for
m him to tell the truth, least of all to an Eng-
, m llsh audience such as ho had before him on
1 the occasion. Europe, he said, could pre-
fr vent Greece from going to war only by some
M proceeding that would havo been equlva-
$ wL lent to erasing her from tho map of
ft 'W Europe; but tho public opinion of tho moro
. ' f. advanced nations was opposed to that,
W , S bo baser counsels prevailed, and Greece
fc was driven to commit suicide, as Lord
a Sausdury termed It.
m X The story Is now an old one, but it Is well
1 known that at the start noithcr tho Turks
& nor tho Greeks were desirous of beginning
V ffi war, but, for reasons which have yet
jr. 9 to bo explained, they were driven forward
j until a conflict was Inevitable. It w is tho
M, ft. interferenre of tlio European powenj that
. f brought on the war, nnd their apologists
Ii . may say what they like. Tho enllgiit-
W ened opinion of tho civilized world will
jft never absolve them of the responsibility
for the needless, causeless slaughterof both
Greeks and Turks, and the terrlblo suffer-
f ings Inflicted on the people of both coun-
B tries as the result of tho vtar.
f But it was not only the Greek that com-
W mltted suicide in going to war. The Turk
. performed that operation as well. Had the
i ; Sultan Abdul Uamid II. been half so wise
; as he Is cunning, ho would havo solved tho
r it Armenian question In some other way than
r uy the destruction of tho better part of tho
- Armenian people; and lie would havo
j avoided tho policy In Crete that was tho
R. primary causo of thu war In Thessaly. It
f was the misfortune of tho Sultan and
SS of Greece that tho English voter, on a qucs-
II tlon of beer, transferred tho control of
jpj political power in Great Britain from tho
MsBBJiiriTiiT"''' " -'"-""i- ' IBM
Liberal party to the Conservatives under
Lord Salisbury just when ho did. With
the downfall of tho Liberal party tho last
cheek on tho Sultan was removed, and he
fell entirely under tho away of tho influ
ences that havo all but destroyed Grecco
and aro bringing the Turkish power to tho
vcrgo ot extinction.
Tho Turk is tho next victim ot the steam
roller, to which Lord Samsdurt compared
tho European concert, and it Is the Turk
himself that put It in motion. It Is com
ing toward him with llttlo speed but great
power, against which tho diminishing re
sources and disorganized condition of his
empire will prevent any effectual resist
anco. Tho advantages over Grecco, which
ho has been permitted to enjoy In tho mat
ter of tho frontier and other questions, will
becomo tho Inhcrltanco of his successor,
who will In this way bocomo tho possessor
of tho chestnuts tho Turk was mado to pull
out of tho fire in Thessaly.
Lord Salisbury to the conteary not
withstanding, Grecco did not commit sul
cldo of her own frco will, but was tho vic
tim of a conspiracy in which the part played
by Lord Salisbury's Government redounds
neither to tho honor nor to tho profit of
England ; but tho English people themselves
aro primarily responsible for that. Tho
civilizing Influences of federated Europe,
bo much vaunted by Lord Salisbury, must
he judged by results, and tho results aro to
bo seen In depopulated and ruined Arme
nia and devastated Thessaly; and In a Eu
rope) arming itself to tho tooth, so llttlo
confidence have the individual members of
the so-called concert in each other's honesty.
All Honor to tho lOO.OOOt
Mr. Platt's analysis and exposition of
tho causes of tho last Republican defeat in
this city and Stato will command tho re
Bpect of tho Republican party throughout
tho Union and of all honest and straight
forward political partisans, whatever their
party allegiance.
Tho Republicans In tho city of Now York
who clung with steadfast loyalty to their
political principles and their party organi
zation in the late campaign rendered a ser
vice to tho entire Republican party, which
entitles them to its unbounded honor and
gratitude. In spite of treachery In their
camp, which was all tho moro odious bo
causo it sought to disgutso Itself with
hypocritical pretence, 100,000 Republicans
in the Greater New York remained faithful
to the last, fighting against great odds a
battle for tho preservation of the Republi
can party with a courage which nover fal
tered. It was a contest in which they wero
defeated by that treachery, so far as con
cerns tho election of their candidates, but
thoy won a victory for the Integrity
of the Republican party, for which here
after they will rcceivo tho meed of
praise that Is tholr duo, though it bo de
nied them now by political shortsighted
ness or phartseeism. Their party through
out tho Union can rely upon these 100,000
Now York Republicans always. Thoy are
a solid phalanx, invincible in their loyalty
to their party. The unprincipled desertion
of men and newspapers, beforo trusted by
them, only mado this host of stalwart Re
publicans the more determined in thoir
loyalty to their party flag. Thoy wero as
Balled by tho fire of enemies in tho front
and In tho rear, in cowardly ambush and In
tho open field, but they did not surrender;
thoy fought to tho lost and went do wn with
their colors flying proudly.
If Republicans everywhere do not regard
with prido this exhibition of Indomita
ble courage and steadfast devotion by their
New York brethren, the manliness of the
party has departed from it and the day of
its decadence has come. These 100,000
New York Republicans were the advance
guard of the Republican army of the na
tion, holding for tho party a position
whereotthe loss would havo brought dis
organization to the whole force.
The Citizens' Union movement was
nothing short of a conspiracy to break up
the Republican organization in Now York,
and indirectly to destroy tho party organi
zation generally. Its leaders refused to en
ter Into harmonious relations with tho rep
rescntatlvea ot organized Republicanism
for tho reason that from tho first Its Bpcclal
objective was tho Republican party. They
wero determined to rule or to ruin. If Low
had been elected, the disorganizing and dis
integrating movement would have been
carried further; tho Republican party
would havo had a Cleveland on Its hands,
a permanent cause of discord and disrup
tion; for Low is a man of an insatiable
political ambition, selfish and wholly ab
sorbed In schemes for his own advance
ment. Ho would havo been an intol
erable nulsanco for tho party, a disinte
grating influence everywhere. Nor would
tho Republican party alono havo been
the sutrerer. Tho Interests of all business
and society would have been disturbed by
tho political confusion produced by tho
man and tho gang of renegades and mar
plots led by him. Economic questions now
settled would have been reopened, to tho
great damage of all Industry. Hero In Now
York tho joy ot existence would havo been
blighted by sickening Mugwump posing
in tho City Hall, and tho Republican party
generally would havo been torn asunder by
tho samo spirit of malignant and spiteful
enmity of which the Low enterprise was
tho expression. Disorganizing and disin
tegrating Citizens' Union movements
would havo sprung up In all largo cities
and towns, and Low would havo figured
and postured as their hero and leader. It
would have been a dreadful calamity. A
healthy Imagination recoils from tho
thought of such a possibility.
From tho Mayor's ofUco In Now York
Low would havo kept his gaze steadily on
the White House, and ho would havo laid
out his path thither over the ruins ot tho
Republican party. A mediocre man, of
narrow and selfish views, ho would havo
posed as tho political Moses leading tho
pcoplo to a lofty political elevation. Of
course, tho common sense of tho country
would havo thrown him down and cast him
aside, but ho would have carried down the
Republican party with him.
Tho first great duty of tho Republicans of
Now York, therefore, was to squelch Setii
Low and his gang; and they did It. They
abated that nulsanco for tho Republican
party, and proved to their brethren
throughout tho Union that thcro aro in
New York 100,000 Republicans who can
bo trusted always to stand unflinchingly
by their party, no matter how strenuous
may bo tho efforts of treachery, humbug,
and artful malignity to divert them from
their political duty.
They aro not a small number ; thoy are
nearly as many as tho wjiole vote cast In
Mr. Dinoley's Stato of Maine at tho exclt
Ing election of 1800, and they all stood by
tholr guns to the last, fighting for tho pres
crvatlon of tho Republican party, though
they were tho target against which Repub
licans hero and even elsewhere were direct
ing thoir mad Are. And it Is not too much
to Bay that these courageous New York Re
publicans, betrayed and Insulted by false
Republican nowspapcrs, saved their wholo
party from disorganization.
All honor to tho 100,0001 They are
valiant political soldiers who know no such
word, as surrender I
Tho Munchausen Centennial.
Most pcoplo fancied that the material for
centenaries was pretty nearly exhausted.
Thoy thought that tho end ot it was in
Bight with tho anniversary ot tho battlo of
Trafalgar. But no ; tho Germans havo now
broken tho record. Thoy havo just cele
brated tho centenary of tho far-famed
Baron Munchausen.
Unenlightened mortals hereabouts usod
to think that Munchausen was a legen
dary hero. Thcro aro few pcoplo who havo
not read tho story of his exploits, and many
havo seen them and enjoyed tho spcctaclo
hugely in tho oia ungusu pantomime.
But tho Baron was by no means nn Im
aginary character. Ho flourished In flesh
and blood, and tho pantomlmo did not
present anything moro than a mcro sketch
of his adventures. Ho bolongcd, wo are told
by tho German newspapers, to ono of flio
most ancient families of Germany, and his
descendants gavo to Hanover and Bruns
wick many distinguished statesmen. Ho
was born in 1720 in tho magnificent do
main ot Bodcnwcrder. Ho was educated
with great care, llko all tho young nobles of
his time, and when ho was a youth ho bo
camo a pngo In tho service ot his lord,
tho Duke of Brunswick. His determined
character and singular intelligence mado
him prominent. ThoDukoof Brunswick
was charmed with him, nnd when ho was
20 years old ho becamo a Lieutenant in the
Riga regiment of Russian cuirassiers, of
which tho Empress Anna afterward mado
him tho Colonel. Munchausen was an
excellent officer, no was conspicuous In
two campaigns against the Turks, wherein
ho displayed brilliant military qualities
and unquestlonabio bravery. At last ho
got married to a charming Livonian lady
named Jacobine von Dunten. Thereupon
ho abandoned tho military career and re
tired to his country scat.
It was then that his reputation becamo
legendary. Rich, hospitable, and a passion
ato hunter, ho made his houso tho rendez
vous of all the country nobility In tho
neighborhood of thoWeser. In company
with his friends, smoking his plpo and
drinking his punch, he liked to tell ex
travagant stories. His Imagination was
prodigious and h Is wit was nover exhausted.
Everybody listened to him with pleasure,
becauso ho was comical and good naturcd.
His companions were always interested
by his fabulous stories, which, of course,
were never presented in tho form of facts.
But as ho grow older ho became feeble
minded and fancied that he was really tho
hero of tho marvellous exploits which ho
used to laugh at jears before.
In that way ho lived for several years
with his amlablo nnd good wife, surrounded
by a society of friends who listened to him
with delight, flattering his vanity and glo
rifying his exploits.
Then fortuno abandoned him ; his stories
were turned against himself. An English
man among his guests took it into his head
to gather up all tho nonsense, that ho used
to talk about. He published It in a volume
which was full of satire. Tho little book
had an enormous success. Five editions of
it were published in London In two years.
After that It was translated Into German
and reproduced witii malignity In in
numerable editions In bis own coun
try. Naturally enough, tho Baron did
not llko the fame that was given to him
In that shape. Ho appreciated thoroughly
tho ridicule with which his Ill-natured his
torians surrounded him; and when his
good wife died ho was foolish enough to
marry for tho second time, in spite of his
advanced years. This was a new misfor
tune for tho Baron. His second wife was a
faithless coquette who covered the old
man's forehead with shnmo and almost
completely depicted his coffers. He had to
go to law with her In order to get rid of
her. Soon afterward ho died. Tho stories
that ho used to tell to amuao his guests
were the cause of all his trouble.
Munchausen was always popular In
Germany. His old domain at Bodenwerder
is still preserved as a place of pilgrimage,
and his marvellous adventures aro moro
read and more enjoyed than ever. They
have Inspired many artists, among them
Gustave Dore, who found good material
In those original compositions. Thoy wero
translated and adapted Into several lan
guages. In France, for example, everybody
has read tho "Adventures of M. de Crao,"
which has had Buch glorious success In our
juvenllo literature. It Is nothing moro
than an adaptation ot tho " Adventures of
Baron Munchausen."
After Munchausen It only remains to
havo a centenary ot "Jack and tho Bean
Stalk." It Is said that Roiieut G. Inueu
hoi.l got his first taste for literature from
that famous story.
Tho Mugwumps and tho Currency.
It Is a noteworthy fact that tho clamor
for tho retirement of the legal tender Gov
ernment notes comes mainly front bankers,
bank stockholders and tho borrowers or
would-be- borrowers from banks. The na
tion Ib asked to fund about $150,000,000 of
these notes, upon which it now pays no In
terest, Into bonds Louring from 2's per
cent, to 3 per cent, per annum, In order
that tho banks may havo the monopoly of
Issuing paper money, and that in conse
quence of tho profit mado upon It and tho
facility of manufactuiing currency it af
fords, they may bo able to lend money moro
abundantly and at cheaper rates than they
do now. That Is to say, tho nation is to pay
from $11,250,000 to $13,500,000 a) car in
interest for tho benefit of tho banks and
their customers.
It 1m also noteworthy, that, underlying
this mot I vo of self-Interest for retiring the
Government notes, is tho Mugwump con
tempt for tho mats of our citizens and tho
deslro to vest tho political power which
they nowpobsess exclusively lit tho " better"
class, composed of tho rich and the pros
perous. Tho Mugwumps say that tho ma
jority of our people uro not fit to govern
themselves, but should placo themselves
under tho guidauco of tho cholco spirits
who possess tho rcqulslto intelligence,
ability aud, above all, honesty. This
was their koynoto In tho Into municipal
election. A select commltteo of them
nominated candidates and then called
upon tho voters to voto for them under pain
of being stamped as partisans of corruption
and mlsgoverntnent. Tho government tho
Mugwumps offered wua the only "good"
government; everything clso was that of
"bosses," "machines" nnd scoundrels gen.
crally. So, in regard to tho legal tenders,
the Mugwumps insist that thoy must ho
retired because the people cannot bo trusted
to keep them at par In gold. Among others,
Mr. Horace Wnms,ono ot tho Mugwump
editors of the Evening Pott, makes this
dcclatatlon to tho volunteer Monetary
Commission now sitting at Washington:
" Quf itlon-On what iTonnda, If anr. would jou
faror th gradual but tntln wttndrawal ot tss Iron
urr notea of 1880 and of the United state note t
Anwer-On tho (round that there i no certainty,
and can bt no ccrtatnty, that ih4 Oovtrnmtnt vUl
alteavi rtdttm thtm tn gold. Redemption or non
redemption Is a political liiuetobe fouiht orer In
elections, and muit remain ao at lonz M this kind ot
paper Is outstanding. Mere uncertalntr la always a
draw back to business prosperity Failure of redemp
tion would be bankruptcy, publlo and prirate."
Hero wo havo it, plain enough. The
"Government," that is, tho Government
created by tho pcoplo ot tho United States,
cannot bo depended upon to meet its ob
ligations, and must, therefore, turn over
tho duty to bank directors!
So earnest Is Mr. White In advocating
tho measure that ho jauntily puts astdo all
consideration of its conscquonccs. "After
tho retirement of tho legal tender notes,"
ho says, "wo should bo ablo to see better
what to do next." That Is, first tear down
tho houso you aro living In, and then con
sider tho question of building a now onel
Tho Crew or tho Competitor.
Thcro is good reason to bcllovo that tho
persons captured on tho schooner Competi
tor by tho gunboat Mesagcra, more than a
year and a half ago, will bo Included in tho
general amnesty soon to bo proclaimed.
Theso persons, mostly American citizens,
were tried by a summary court-martial In
Cuba, nnd sentenced to death. Our Gov
ernment promptly protested on tho ground
that, not being taken with arms in hand,
thoy were entitled to the privileges ot civil
trial under tho protocol of 1877; nnd
further, that even If excluded from theso
privileges, they had not received the rights
accorded under tho old treaty of more than
a century ago. In fact, tho proceedings
were set asido at Madrid by higher author
ity, and a new trial was ordered.
That trial, however, has been delayed,
and meanwhile Spain has recognized that
sho is In an awkward position. Probably
sho does not want to tako the ground that
she has lost all power of military trial In
cases like that of tho Competitor, and yet
sho knows that our Government would
mako Iter dearly rue tho execution of those
men. They were tried, as we understand,
for treason and piracy. But how could they
bo traitors, when they owed no allegiance
to Spain? How could thoy bo pirates, when
they made no war against mankind, or
oven against Spanish commerce, and were
really blockado runners, their craft being
in no respect a war vessel t
It does not even seem necessary to put
faith in their pica that their Bcbooner,
taking passengers for hire, was compelled
against their will to go to Cuban waters.
It Is plain that, in any coso, our Govern
ment could not have allowed the original
trial to stand as lawful, and could not havo
seen its sentenco carried out withont the
protest It successfully mado. If Spain
should quietly Include these men under the
forthcoming amnesty, sho would, perhaps,
bo taking the simplest way out of the affair.
Tho Double-Hendcd Idol of Amorl
can Anti-Monopoly.
The Hon. Hazen 8. Pinoree. technically
and affectionately known, wherever lan
guage is used, as Potato Pinoree, was ad
vertised to deliver an address before tho
Nineteenth Century Club ot this town last
Thursday night. Tho person who did do
s -v. liver an address be-
f 5 foro that club, an od-
fel&fe tfl dress stuffed from
(T "3 turret to foundation
IHjhI Z4 Btono with great
xi'V k. tnougnts about tho
OsK'wk. danger of being ro
Cfim&ffi spectable and tho
fsnf y55 wickedness of syndi-
& -crj cates, trusts, monop
olies, and corpora
tions, appeared as above at tho left.
In tho Chattanooga Times, on tho other
hand, tho Hon. Potato Pinoree is por
trayed as below at tho right.
Has tho East been deceived, or has tho
South been deceived? Which of theso pic
tured Pinorees Is tho real and only genu
ine Pinoree? Or aro thcro two Potato
Pinorees? Or is there no Potato Pin
oree? Wo call upon all tho foes of trusts
and friends of man to identify tho authen
tic Pinoree, if thcro is one, or to cxposo
the counterfeit Pin. ii"5ea.
if such thcro is or IT S
are. Has Now York f 5pv
been imposed upon, V?9 jN- yjffjjp
or has Chattanooga? i &ff
Who Is tho com- otSSSJ&IS
paratively hairless jt ffisgjS
martlulist? Who is MtLJs.
tho hairful and po- iWfSSfxHff
etlc visitor to Chat- 'tyiMWW"
tnnooga? Tho oc- xiy' V
topus chortles from
the deep. Tho Money Devil capers madly
on cloven hoofs. Is Pinoree Pinoree?
Which Is PiNoiiEE, anyway? .
The York Gazette has mado this extraor
dinary dlnenoBla of a lively Now Hampshire
Ciundi ek la a dangerous cnarsoter."
Btrlko out " dancerous." Mr. CnANDLEn is a
clmrmter. No doubt about that. An acute, in
genious, and nblo man, and perfectly ioand and
kind excopt whon you eny "slher" to him.
Then ho cavorts, but It's hard to tell whether he
la uavinc fun wilu himself or with the spectators.
A Mugwump correspondent tries to palm
off on us tho Tribune atory that tho Republican
party as bcaton In Now York by the Republi
cans who volod for It and not by thoso who
voted nfralnst it nnd betrayed their party. Wo
do not bcllove that such a proposition will find
any moro favor with tho Republicans of tho
country thnn It dooa with us. Thoy have the
reputation ot bolnc a pretty intelligent lot of
poople, and, at any rnte, it la not flattering them
to any that thoy havo wit enough to see through
tho Mugwump camo of Whitelaw Reid.
Although tho list of experts summoned
to testify In tlio courts una already long and
comprehensive, somo surprise was manifested,
about a) car no, when at a hearing in Jersey
City tho validity of a receipt, allcgod to lmv
been forced, was passed upon by a so-called
typewriter oxport. Hut now it seems that the
ijtate of Missouri has gone New Jersey ono bet
ter, and a jury In ono ot the criminal courts of
St. Louis has been confronted by a "phrenolog
ical expert," He was called to give an opinion
as to the sanity nf John TiiouABcnmrrz, on
trial for the murder of his sweetheart.
Tho fact that phrenology is not recognlzad by
law aa a Bclcnce caused soma debate between
the opposing attorney, and the phrenologist
was required to answer a number ot prelimi
nary questions intended to prove his compe
tency as a witness. That point being settled to
the Court's satisfaction In the phrenologist's
favor, tho latter procooded to Inform the jury
that ho had run his hands over the head of the
defendant, estimated tho power of his respec
tive mental faculties, and believed that the
man was Insane. That, tatd the expert, would
bo the most natural conclusion from a phreno
logical point ot view,
Thus a new field for expert testimony hat been
discovered. If professional (kill shall enable the
"oxpert" to investigate tho dnrk Interior ot
a murderer's cranium and thoreby assist in
farthering the ends ot justice. Judges and Jury
men will feel relieved and tho wholo world will
be grateful. Tho prisoner will only have to take
oft hla hat; the professor will do tho rest.
Trouble in Boston, as usual. Somo Dem
ocrats, who hato gold, department stores, cor
porations, and the Hon. JostAii Qt'mov, havo
nominated tho Hon. Thomas Hh.k.y for Mayor.
Mr. Riucr has lips that curl at tho mention ot
tho word "corporations," and ho tins a head
that Is curly all tho tlmo. No moro ornalo and
oxpresslvo curly hoadthnn Tom Riley's was
ever exhibited on tho stump, and hu has a lino,
curly-headed stylo ot eloquenco which curled'
through tho Wost for Mr. Uiiyan last yoar. Mr.
Rilet is sitting up all night reading telegrams
llko this:
"Ood bless you, Tom. Hay you receive 00,000
votes. Boston needs a Mayor with red blood in his
veins. The Democrats of the dear old city should de
cide, once, for all, whether tho poopto or the corpora
tions shall havo control."
Tho dear old city trembles. Tho corporations
trcmblo. The hynclnthlno curls of Thomas
Riley tromblo. Kcrybody trcinblts, except
tho Hon. Josun Quincy. Ho seems to bo
entirely Indifferent to tho color of Mr. Riley's
blood and tho ominous whisper of tho tendrils
of Sir. Riley's fell ot hair. As dlstnnt but
anxious students of the porturbatlons ot tho
moon nnd wrlggllngs of the Codfish, may wo not
be allowed to hopo that somo way will bo found
of sparing tho dopartment stores, tho corpora
tions, and tho curls ot Riley I As for the Hon.
Josiam Qoinct, ho can be depended upon to
pare himself.
Prom Princeton Inn we receive the sub
joined application:
"dur sunt Here u a new name for you to put
alongside of tho Hon. Dii k Botts's i llocur Booioion
of Georgia. x Reader."
Not admitted. It has no place in tho list,
There Is nothing ldlomorphto or peculiar, ex
cept to Ignorant minds. In this Armenian gen
tleman's nnmo, which, by tho way. Is probably
not Uooaf Booioion, but Haoap Uoqiqian.
Mr. C. 0. Pomerot, Populist candidate
for Judge ot tho Supreme Court of Ohio, has
filed this schedulo of his campaign expenses:
'Thera was none Incurred, save waste ot lung
power. In coin of the realm, nothing."
What costlier possession than his lung power
has a PoDulist chief t What Is coin of tho realm
or even the worst kind of worthless irredeem
able paper money, tho immediate Jewel of tho
Populist soul, to tho utterance of tho words that
arise In him I Mr. Pomeroy docs hlmBclf injus
tice when ho speaks of a waste of lungponor.
He has plenty of it loft, nnd ho has had the Joy
of uslnor this robust capital all through the cam
paign, and yet keeping It unimpaired. Coin he
may have to work for; he talks for love.
According to a Pittsburg despatch printed
by the Philadelphia Press, "active efforts aro
on foot" to make tho Hon. RomtitT Emory
Pattibon the Dcmocrntlo nomtnoo for Gov
ernor of Pennsylvania onco more. Tho
Hon. Wtlt.im Francis Uarrity is sup
posed to be one of tho men engaged in put
ting tho active efforts on foot. Ono would
suppose that Mr. IlAnniTY nnd his friends
were thrown down with sufllcicnt heartiness at
the Rending convention to mnko them timid;
but Mr. IlAnniTY is always packed full of hopo,
and Mr. Pattison has got into tho habit of ex
pecting to bo called upon to savo Pennsylvania
at tho shortest notice. Ha will not rccognlzo
notice to quit.
It is again said that Anson will retire from
the diamond. M. iViut atobt.
So hath it been said nines Chlongo was knee
high. So will It bo said whon tho Chicago
River runs with nectar. When tho Hon. Bed
Anson has played ball for a hundred summers,
it Is possible that ho may grow woary and con
sent to become both the umpires unci a principal
part of tho grand stand. " Chicago will win tho
pennant by 1098 at the latost," says the un
daunted Bii, musing on his fame.
Mr. J. H. Brioham of Ohio, Assistant
Secretary of Agriculture, is also a Worthy
Master of tho National Orango, Patrons of Hus
bandry. In his report to tho Supremo Court
Chamber of that body he mentions tho fact,
seemingly not indlssolubly connected with agri
culture, that "tho National Grango is on rec
ord in favor of electing United States Sena
tors by direct voto of tho poople." "I am
sure," ho ados, "wo will tako no backwnrd
step in this matter until tho Constitution
is anjonded to proWde for it," If Mr. Bmo
ham is Justified in his certainty, it wilt bo
a good many years beforo tho Patrons of
Husbandry indulgo in a retrogrado motion. But
what genial effect upon tho crops Is prevented
by the present sjstcm of ducting Senators!
What grievance has husbandry against tho
Legislatures I It seems strange that tho Patrons
do not try to encourage agriculture by means of
the initiative and referendum. It is tho opinion
of some experts that tho in ltlativo and referen
dum will do anything and overythlng.
In a moment of irritation tho Denver
Republican permits itself to speak of tho most
economical cook in tho United Stntcs as "that
phenomenal old humbug, Kdward Atkinson of
Boston." In its hours of calm our esteemed
contemporary knows w oil that Mr. Atkinson is
not old, or he would know better than to ask tho
human race to feed upon his dishoB and his
figures. Ho is not a humbug, but a trainer of
statistics. And ho is not Phenomenal; ho is tho
Real. Indigestion is not tho result of apponr
ances. Tho Atkinsonlan system of diet is a
dreadful reality. Evldontly Mr. Atkinson's
culinary apparatus has lott hard toolings in
f)cner. Yot blame not tho philosopher. Hois
punished enough if ho cats his own stuff.
Brjanlim and the Common Schools.
To th Editob of The Sui Sir: Seeing tho account
In your paper of tho effort alout tolo made to kill
the higher education la boutb Carolina, and notlni;
the fait that o many of tho oters all o rr the UnltoU
States worn led Into brlio In In Drynnlim and tho frco
coinage of silver, mako ono doubt whether enough
attention, or the right Uud of attention, has bemi paid
to the common achooU. Certainly In the norlheru
States the large voto ghen tu Bryan last year was
mainly In the country. It cnniiot thi rcforo bo ascribed
to Illiteracy, ai there practical!, at least, oil tho
nathe born adults have attomloil tho district scl ooli
and are suppoied to havo rccelvod a common school
education. u. II, Aixki.
Nxw York, Nov. 1.
The lias or the Prepo.ltlon "During."
To the Editor or Tiik Br--Wr; RcUtlvo to "A
Question of Oood EnilUh" that appeari In The Kvi
of Nor. 1!1, the lino of defence li iiilto correct, Tnfc
bci was warranted In utlug "during" as properly
eiprcialn; tho tlmo rtlatlouof tho trnmaUlou Indi
cated by an offer of aalo of tlio ring. ' During." ai
the present partliliile of the Latin duro. Indicates
continuance as to tho act, but 04 used prepcsltlonal'y
It rurrniion ! to the Latin ablallvn almolute, aud de
notes a momentary act within the loutlnuauco of a
specially Indicated period. Durrani's Intent to sell
tLo ring was ountlnual In Its usluro aud covertd a
period of time of hit b M tho following week " w as a
part. Ills offeror ealowu a momentary act atone
rclal moment of tint "following w ton " Inonlcr
tuioney tho full uulure of tlio fuiU, tti"rrfore. It
wat nitetiary to ue "durlug" rutlier lhau "In,"
Tlieutoof "lu" would hato Implied that tlio ilrslre
to sell wni concomitant with tlio otTcrlo soil, which
Ii contrary to tho fact. Tbounnof "Uurlnc" Incor
rect, ami fully warranted h lb only proper means
of denoting that the off, r of sain was a moment try
act related to a uorlod of continual delre, '-The
ring was offered forsile- during the f 'Mowing wreL'
shows that a continual drilre tu sell the ring eilstrd,
and that this detlra ouliulnsted In a iindal attempt
to sell at some special moment 1m lulled In fuo period
denoted by iho foliowlug week." Kaiuiit.
rniLASwniA, Nov. 14,
Twins aud Hair llolldaia.
from the Aroo$loolc (Me.) Tlme$,
The scholars or tho. Grammar h.hool In Jloulton
ware (ranted a half holiday last Thurslay In com
memoration ot the birth ot twins to tho wife of their
teacher, Principal W. B, Webb.
bid wkzritm zavhieh's mxbbxox.
no Ceaslderwtlons Anctln Any Asrreeaaaat
with Canada,
To True Enrronor Tnr. 8un Sirj In review
ing 8lr Wilfrid Laurler's modest proposal to
top pelaglo piracy on tho part ot Canadians,
provided tho United States agree to admit
Canadian fish and conl duty free to our mar
kets, it is well to remember:
1. That tho laws of tho United States relatiro
to the control of Behrlng Sea and the killing of
goals thoroln woronot regarded "nsacausoot
dlfforonco botwocnOrcnt Britain and theUnltod
States" by tho British negotiators ot tho treaty
of Washington in 1871.
S. That during the contlnuanco of that treaty
Canadian fish and fish oils woro admitted duty
froo into tho United States, greatly to the ad
vantage of tho Canadian fishing flout and to the
injury of tho American fishing and shipbuild
ing Industries.
3. That during; tho same period, from 1871
until 1883, Canadian pelagic piracy In Behrlng
Boa was unknown.
4. That upon tho refusal of the United States
Government In 1885 to renew tho fishery and
transportation clauses ot tho treaty, Canadian
plratos began tbolr depredations upon tho seal
herds In Retiring: Sea.
5. That tho Canadian and British Ooern
jncnts, In encouraging pelaglo Bc.tllng after tho
yonr 188S, were antmatod by tho hopo that tho
certain diminution in tho number ot seals would
compel tho United Stales to readmit Canadian
fish duty frco, nnd also to acquiesce In tho
Canadian claim ot oxcluslvo rights to tho fish
eries in tho Bay ot Chalcur, the bend of l'rlnco
Edward Island, and other North Atlnntlo
wators, In return for Canadian prohibition ot
pclagio sealing. Thoy wero encouraged in this
hopo by n rcmarkablo statomont mado by Mr.
Bayard in 1880, to tho effect that " wo must not
mako any claims In tho North Atlantlo which
will Imperil our valuable possessions on the Pa
cific COOBt."
G. That from March. 1880, until tho present
tlmo oflenBlve and barbarous laws, directed
solely against American fishermen, havo been
passed and enforcod by Canada under the mis
taken idea that tho Unltod Btatos would ulti
mately purihaso relict from persecution for Its
cltizcna by opening our markets duty free to
Canadian products.
7. That Canadian fishermen havo rccelvod In
bounties over $2,500,000 since 1882, and con
tlnuo to rccolve a yearly bounty of $100,000.
Thoy aro also favored with a remission of duty
on almost all materials used by them in tholr
calling. American fishermen receive no bounty,
and enjoy a drawback on salt only,
8. Tho removal or lowering of the duty on fish
would thereforo mean the certain destruction
ot tbo American doep-sea fishing Industry and
tho disappcaranco ot tho Amorlcan flag from
tho North Atlantic
0. It would also bo a humiliating acknowledg
ment that tho United States Is alike powerless
to protect Ita property rights In Behrlng Sea
and its citizens' rights in tho North Atlantic,
and that Canada's policy of piracy in the Pa
cific and coercion in the Atlantlo ports has
been successful in obtaining an alteration of
our tariff for tho exclusive benofltot English
subjects, to tho prejudice of our own citizens,
tho guardians of our coasts.
10. In view of tho recent disturbances in tho
bituminous coal regions, the proposal to admit
" coal " duty frco can bo regarded only as hav
ing been put forward to be withdrawn. The
destruction of tho American fishing fleet,
which has suffered so much from the treaties
negotiated by Lord Elgin In 1851 and Earl Grey
In 1871, and which was to havo been the sole
victim of the Chamborlaln-Rayard treaty in
1888, would moro than compensate Sir Wilfrid
Laurlcr for his journey to Washington.
P. McCahbt,
Secretary Monroe Doctrine Club.
itisKa stock nitoKjsna take.
nust Malto tieod Securities or an Ratals Put
Vp by the Trustee aa Mnrartn and Lost.
Thomas C. English, as trusteo of tho estate of
tho lato Benjamin Williamson, who was onco
Chancellor of Now Jersey, has obtained Judg
ment from Justico Andrews of tho Supreme
Court that Brokers Mclntyro & Wardwell are
responsible to tho estate for a lot of securities
hypothecated bylsoao HalUcd Williamson in
speculation while ho was a trusteo under his
father's will.
Chancellor Williamson died In 1802, leaving
threo sons nnd two daughters, who were by his
will to get the bulk of tho estate. The son
Isaac's aharo was put In trust for tho benefit ot
Isaac's two children, and It was with tho securi
ties of this trust that Isaac was charged with
operating in sngar and wheat on margin. Tho
speculations v. ero conducted In 1891-5. A largo
amount of difercnt kinds of securities of
tho cstato wero placed with tho brokers
to aecuro thorn in tho transactions, and
whon tho account wns closed Isaao had lost
SM0.O0O. Proceedings were then taken on which
Isaao was removed as trusteo. and Mr. English
wns appointed in his place.
Tho case against tho brokers proceeded on tho
theory that they knew or ought to havo known
thai tho securities were held br Williamson In
trust. The Judgo holds that TrusTe English Is
entitled to recover from tho firm the securities
lhcmsolves, with any dividends or interest re
ceived upon them by tho brokers, or the market
valuo of tho securities nt tho time they received
them, together with costs and an extra allow
ance of $U,00O.
Thosocuiltics suod for were: Seventy shares
of Now York Central, 20 Rhares of Now Jcrsor
Control, 102 shares of tho Dolawaro and nudson
Canal Company. 450 shares of American Coal
Company, 2110 aharcB of tho Hackcnsack Water
Company. 10 New Jerscj Central bonds, ana 20
Bhnres of tho National Stato Bank of Elizabeth.
tho defendants denied that thoy know the
securities wero held In trust.
The Children, Mrs. Craven nnd Samuel ralr,
Will string Ken Sulla.
San Fkancisco, Nov. 15,-Mr. Charles L.
Fnir to-day filed a contest of the will of his
fathor, tho lato James O. Fair, on tho ground
that Mr. Fair, if he made the will, was of un
sound mind and influenced by designing per
sons, who poisoned his mind ngatnst his chil
dren. Mr. Fair asks that the will be set aside
and tho cstato bo divided as though his fathor
had diod intestate
This is a shrewd movo, which has the support
of his two slstors. Under tho California law, the
two daughters und son would Inherit more than
thoy would receive under tho will, which
mado a number of legacies nnd also
provided for trustees, whoso foes will bo
vory costly. Tho first six months' account of
tho threo executors was filed today. It shows
ti,.!rfc',i,.?of,!l51'lsl, "nu expenditures of
flltUIUD. lho htavyoutlni was duo to tho ex
penses necessitated by tho Craven suit. Car
vnlho and Allies, the Now York writing experts,
received In Dccoiithcr last 1.821 and 1 274
respectively for their services. .-4
To-morrow tho tlmovxplrcsdtiringwhlcliMrs.
Craven can contest lho will. Hho w 111 begin an
other contest, and thn children will also tlio an
other contest nun mere form to protoct tholr
interests. Another contest will bo filed by tho
nhihl"eJa Bu'"-1 Fair, tho alleged grand-
BAtr oxly xixxir awTjson.
Cambridge observers llullinrea Dndly by tbe
C'louita mid Moonlight.
CAUimiDfiE. Mass., Nov. 15. Tho shower of
shooting stars which was booked for Saturday
night was bndly obscured by the alterna
tion of clouds and brightmoonllBht, Up.
O. C. Wendell and iiino nssistants spent
Saturday night over the instruments in Cam
bridge, nnd although tho photographs mayshow
moro meteors, only ninety wero observed,
Thoso were nearly all lcouids, thcro being only
a tew from other radiants, From 12:30 to 2 and
again from 2:110 to 1 tho Bky wub comparatively
clear for tlio obsmutlnn, but during the rest of
tho night lho outlook was uusatiafuctory. 'Ihe
!".c.'iiw. "i'lio 'ho observations stayed on duty
One of tlio most satisfactory dovl cs used was
that arranged by Mr. V. 11. tlerrlsh of tho ob
1l0ll;v'iItPr?' "if ",e wo1- " Cambridge and on
JIi i!i. '" ll con!".,cl1 ot.n lurR "drror on
which wpro marked by small topper wafers tho
points w hero tho meteor appeared and dlsii
pcared. lheso points wero then found on scales
rending right and left and up and down on the
mirror. 1 no c o-plci o Is merely a ring mounted
on. a brass standard, 'lho wholo doko is aim
plnaudniroctlve. Tho results of tho observa
tions win not b known until the plates aro do
made? nocessary calculations aro
Jjm cvxza orjinoxj. eABOooir
A Terriflo ens or reu Water rerwart
Malim tbe French liner.
Remark1 about tho weather formed the) chief ' Os
part ot tho logs of tho belnlod fleet of steam. Zf
ihlpj thot arrived rcsterdoy. The storm doort tJi
of tho French liner La daacogno woro on from Wrr
the Umo she left Ilavro until sho wai within i
sight of the Long Island coast.
In mldocean on Thursday morning last, when
a small part ot her woary cabin passengers wero
In tho dining saloon, tho ship plunged down J
tho trough betweon two colossal waves. Tho
crest of the socond Wave, which appeared to bo
aovoral wavos rollod into ono, carved boforo th
ship lifted ber noso to mako tho ascent, and lm- w-
pending a moment llko a tottering cllfr, crashed W ,
down on tho deck. First Lieutenant Landro- y
gen, who had chargo of tho bridge, headed thsj WL,
ship to port to avoid tho worst part of tbe M 5
great comber. Most of tho sea oaino over the '
starboard bow. For a second or so all tho for- I
ward partofthoshlpwasunder water. A thou- I
sand or more tons of green sea smashod. against I
tho bulkhends of the forward houses, f overnl 1
plates of the Captain's room undor tho bridga I
'wero stove, and tho st nnchlons 8?P.,r.l,!n8r-Jh2
upper brldgoworo brokon and twisted. 1M
starboard sfdo ot the bridgp ragged nnd was un
safe to walk on. lho First Lieutenant and two
seamon who wore with him clung to tno railing 1
on the portsldoof tho bridge and woelverta I
part of tlio wavo crest with lowered heads. Two I J
ventilators wero twisted off and tho water
poured down through tho openings, pooling a lf
part ot tho saloon and momentarily frightcnlnjr mrs
tho passengers, n fow of whom wero doused.
The ship wns slowed down and tho carpenter; lifdM
set to work propping up tbo damaged bridga fMB
with wooden supports. "iV'af
Martin and Maaes to Talk with) Bint Abent rM'i
the Pennsylvania Governorship. M,
PniLADEt.rrriA, Nov. 15. A conforenoe ot Srjulj
Republican leadora of moro than ordinary KjrJ
significance Is on tho slato for tho next ten daya WM ji
or two weeks, and tho outcome will no doubt Mat
havo a material effoctupon tho course of Slat flP
affairs in tho Gubernatorial contest. Tho pres- t
ent intention is to havo Philadelphia as tho
meeting placo, though this may bo changed. Be
sides BonatorQuny, thoro will bo present Socre- ( (
tary of Stato David Martin, Senator Chrl ?
Mageebt Pittsburg, aniontr whom tbero has boen
cemented n now bond ot liiondshlp, and several ' A,
others, among whom Is mentioned Thomas Dolan J 1
of this city. ...... .. 41 1
Thopurposoof tho gathering is avowedly tho D J"
discussion or tho situation in tho State and tho I R
consideration ot tbo strength ot tho many candl- l I
dates for Gubernatorial honors In tho hopo that I I
all threo can unite upon a candidate. Tho I
change In tho situation since tho friendly rela- I
tlons havo been renewed betwoen Senator Quay
and Martin and Mngco has been such that tho - I
senior Senator Is not llkoly to announce himself
for any candidate, and tho statomont is authori
tatively mado that ho will indorse tho candi
date of Martin nnd Magco.
The final details nf tho mooting aro now being
arranged by an emissary of Senator Magee, who
Is in Florida In company with Quay, and who,
upon his return, will bring positive news ot tho
exact tlmo of the homo-coming of tho Beaver
county man.
Tbe Sahject Will Bi One of tbo Pint to Be
eelve Herlous Attention by Contnross.
WAsnisoTON. Nov. 15. Incoming Congress
men, who are beginning to arrive in Washing
ton in considerable numbers, agree that the ,
question ot Hawaiian annexation, raised by the
negotiations of tho pending treaty in the Senate,
will bo ono of tho first to receive serious atten
tion at tho forthcoming sossion. Much Interest (
is felt in tho expression of PresidentlMcKlnley'a
views and desires on tho subject, which will be ""
revealed in bis message to Congress. It, Is eon
tended by every one that he will urge the Senate
to ratify tho treaty, but that If that cannot be
reasonably expected within a short tlmo, ho will
be satisfied with tho passage of an act providing
for tho annoxationof the territory of the Islands,
which would bo Just as effective as the ratifica
tion of the treaty. Mr. McKinlcy, howover, ox- '
pects the Scnato to promptly ratify tho treaty.
Opposition to tho ratification of tho treaty is
looked for from the representatives of States
particularly Interested In the production of
sugar. Much of tho opposition Ib based on a
reluctance to mako a Stato of tbo Islands, Inas
much as tho entire population is only about
100,000. To meet this a proposition is belnj; .
alsenssod to add tho territory to one of the Pa- I
ciflo States as n county, as Martha's Vineyard
and Nantucket aro a part of Massachusetts. I
But, however tho territory is to bo finally dls- j
posed of, the bollef hero is that Congress will in
take It under tho Stars and Stripes before next
Independence Day,
A Hear rram Atlanta, Who Says no la IOS
Years Old, Calta on the President.
WAsniNQTOw, Nov. 15. The most Interesting
person nt tho regular publlo reception at tho ,
White Houso this afternoon was Andrew Mont
gomery of Atlanta, On., who says ho Is 103 years
old. Earlier In tho day ho had boon brought to
the White House by Qen. James Longstreet. the
Commissioner of Railroads, but was unable to
seo tho President then. When ho camo in tho
afternoon ho was attired In a black cutaway
coat, trousers of tho same material, well-blacked
shoes adornod by cream colored spats, and a 1
white top hat with a broad black band. Ho did
not look what he took pains to insist on being .
called, a pluln. old-fashioned plantation darky. tir
.Uncle Andrew did not appear to be over OO. w
His hair and mustncho wero puro white, but ho II
walked with a vigor that -eeeincd to bcllo his 1
claim to having p8t tho century mark. Ho ex
plained to thoso with whom ho talked nt the
white Houso that ho had come to Washington
to solicit subscriptions for tho erection of a '
home for aged negroes. President McKinlcy re
ceived hira cordially, and tho old man went
away smiling and happy.
Keller Party to TaUo ooo Itelndeer and Oo
Overland Trora ortona Sound.
WABitirfOTOK, Nov. 15. Tho plan of relief toff
tho Icebound whalers off Point Barrow de
vised by Secretary Q age and Cblot Shoemaker
of tho rovenuo cutter scrrlco Includos a march
overland from Norton's Sound, In caso the cut
ter Bear should Bticccod In reaching that point
this yoar. To cnablo tho men to do this, a herd
of reindeer will bo employed, nnd Sccrotaiy
Bliss has been asked to instruct officials ot the i
Interior Dopartment In Alaska to nssrmhio COO
bond of reindeer for this purpose. Tho distance
from the post whenco It is expected the over- 1
land trip will begin to. Point Barrow is 000 I
miles. Tho deer will bo klllod for food. If nee- '
V?.'?1?:. I,n'1 .' l5 th0 confidant expectation of
Chlof Shoemaker and Cant. Hooper of tho Bobr
Intr Sea patrol that tho herd will reach tho lm
prisonod whalers by tho mlddlo of Fcbruorr.
"n J?',0 tUl wI" ,10T. begun to stifler for I
lack of food. Tho crows of tho vessols number '
205 men.
Kdnard L, Pierre, I.aw School '03, Olves I (TO 1
Volumrs or Theni tn Ibe Library.
CAMnniDOK, Mass., Nov. 1D.-Ed ward L. Pierce I
of the class of '52. Harvard Law 8chool, baa pre- ' i
scntod to tho HnrvordCollego library avaluablo
collection of tho manuso Ipt and letfor books or A ''
Chnrlcs Sumner. Tho gift of 171 volumes con- mkV
tains letters rocelvcd by Chnrlcs Sumner be- J
twecnl830nnd 187a. thus covering his term In Wtt-
S,.,fCB8iif !?d iV.10 perIod of ,tl10 antl-slavery ngl- Wfi '
tat on. Mr. Plcno was tho literary executor W '
tffi Mri1.?.5P"Vut'.,.'e 'i'8 w.orkB lor Publlca- H
tl;in. Mr, Pierce Is tho brother of Sir. II, L. H
Pierce, who recently Inft n legacy to Harvard W
amounting to nearly $750,000. lo ""vara m
Meeting or the Federation or Churches. jK-
The annual meotlng of tho Federation of mr
Churches and Christian Workers ot Now York CU&
city was held In tho assembly rooms of the Pres- ftjT,
b tcrian building, 15U Fifth ncuue. yesterday Hi
afternoon. The Ilcv. J. W. Hcgcman. Vice- i
President of tho federation, presided. The Itov. U
Prof. Nash ot tho Episcopal Divinity School. V
Cambridge, delivered an address on tho connec-
ion of (he work of tho federation will? modern m
thcoloio. and the itov. Chnrlcs A. Berry of Enc" m
lan.l spoke of tho work of tl 0 fc.ioruloii In tl n iH
c.0,".,,tr3r.' l0 B0l'l tljnt It wus thi great est ecoVL. m
Bodnl and religious woFk UcirHi'd Ton. Tho I
federation tries to liuvn clean men in nubile rU '
office and advocates International I arbitration? I " -
The Van salhrnburg Itrlb.rr Cs Settled.
Porrsvil-Lc P. Nov. 15.-To case charging l
wV.nv n"t,enburK " K" conspiring to brlbo Wj.
Wetster E. Weiss of Northampton county to
Aftornoy Ber-hir2ri,,r P.0".1mIo ' Jltrlc ' I
amounting to about fl.ooo, would be pahU1 L .

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