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Hl' h WEDNESDAY, DECEMBEIt 8, 1807.
Ei sjubwrlptlori by Mull ro.t.Ial4. H'.'' I DAILY, per Month o OO 1 DAILY, per Year " '" H' SUNDAY, per Year ij, DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Year OO E DAILY AND HUNDAY, per Month TO Bft Postage to foreign countries added. Itf Tnc Sex, New York City. nipv L'lV Pasts Klosque No 12, near Orand Hotel, and 21..: Xloeqne No. 10, Boulevard del Capuclnes. I H.. t Xfovr frttntii vho favor ut vtlh manvitrlptt for H i, r6l(ilon wf-a lo Mate reJicUt artiettt returned, H j IJtey mull (n alt eaiti mi ttamptfor thai purpot. MM ? H 3 f Secretary Gugo's Report. H ' The Secretary ot tho Treasury, tho Hon. H ! h' ZiYMAN J. Qaoe, lias sent to tho Speaker ot H I W ' tho Houso of Representatives tho usual nn M . nual report of tho nation's finances. For Hvi f tho year ending Juno 30 last ho shows a I'i f r deficit of 91 8,052,45-1: for tho current fiscal Hfs f f year, ho estimates ono of $28,000,000; and K JV A for tho fiscal joarlSUO ono of $21,047,885. Hh ;. r The last two Items oro mero guesses, and KftS- may or not provo to bo correct. Certainly, BB unless all slfcns fall, tho tlcQclt for tho cur- EW& t Ttnt flscal 7ear, even after crediting up tho Z' extraordinary receipts from tho sale of the HV&' ',,, Union Pacific Hallway, will considerably E '' exceed $28,000,000. flB It'll The interest of the report centres upon mWM$; ft?" ' the Secretary's plan ot currency reform, H iy J." witu which It closes. Tills plan Is substan- B l. tlally tho samo as that which was given out H f by Mr, Gaoe, a month ago. It Involves the K !' funding of $200,000,000 Government Ha ' notes Into 2-a per cent, bonds, specifically Hl ? 'H payablo In gold, and an enlargement of the HJk , note-Issuing powers ot tho national banks B& y to tho par of tho Government bonds do- M1, j,' -. posited to secure It, and, besides, to 20 per M J - cent, without security of tho par of tho re- H -f vil. funding bonds deposited. The entire Issuo, m i pj1 i secured and unsecured, is to be guaranteed B J b ,n by the Government, and to protect the Gov- m '' ?' ornment against loss from Its guarantee, a If J '7' tax ot 2 per cent, per annum Is to bo laid Hi 1; f ,:u on tho unsecured notes to create a safety V. h kf (',, fund. No bank notes are to bo issued of a M- is I t G i 'MS denomination than $10; all ot them Mm I j?" y ro k re-cemi:u' at the Government sub- Mm ? (jVi treasuries, and for redemption a fund of 10 V. J 4i'. percent. Is to be furnished by tho banks. V 'i;. ' "JIt-wlll bo time enough to discuss thodo- V v' -V tails of tho plan when It is embodied in a t j fiitlS'bJU and comes up for debate in Congress. Hjk f To Its fundamental principle, the substl- K I; J tutton of bank currency for notes issued Hk ft directly by the Government, TueSdn is and T'fl v ri",vt ' b PPBCl1, 0no Plot however, Is B'lillf ivorth mentioning now. Tho Secretary f$K '"'' ,ll0W8 thnt' on 0ct- 1800! tho national B a'lrif bonksof thoSouth,havlnganaggregatccap- ' lit ' ? 'tnl of $08,080,000, borrowed from banks in H! !' the East, to assist In handling tho cotton I ' & I cP. ?13.B48,000, In addition to their own B. J note Issues of $18,030,000. Under his plan, II i the Secretary says, these banks would be MS i )jf able to Issuo notes cquitl to the full amount of Mki their capitals and 25 per cent. more. What p -would becomo of tho additional Issues, M'W- SjJ when tho crop-moving season was over, he I I . does not explain. Apparently, they would mW p, v RO into general circulation, and at the . , next crop season, they would havo to be 5-f "" called in to supply the demand for them. X -S2 M hy ci ' miii " Tho Kaiser and Haytl. WJig , The arrival of the two schoolshlps at j- a Port au Prince to sustain Germany's claim K S, In the Lucders affair was perhaps a natural ',- ' sequence of the official declaration made '' $ tho other day in the Reichstag. i S S Minister Von BOlow said that tho mere ' K release of Lucders could not satisfy the m ut Government, because his Imprisonment had W g S been unlawful, and hence was a proper K g fl, subject for that indemnity which would certainly be secured. There Is some ground M i1; 'of surmising that, at tho tlmo this M '& 4" announcement was made, Germany had as I S a urances that Haytl would accede to her K S demands, a despatch from Washington to $t S tlmt CfftCt lmvl"K appeared that day In ano $ S or more of tho German newspapers. At all I I I vents, as Germany did not propose any ' &K - annexation or permanent occupation ot Tf Haytlan territory, which would havo been B' felte B vIo'ntlon of t'10 Monroo doctrine, she had -; Mv$ D0 rcason to tenT complication with tho H fJ United States In dealing with Haytl. I.' I'jf The detailed merits of tho disputo It is K lil pirhaps not worth while again to discuss, mj B ja. since Haytl has coucluded, it is said, to ac ' ; eedo to Germany's terms. The city of Port K S A au Princo is perfectly open to the sea, and mx JX there would be no difficulty In ite bombard- I; m j, ment even by the German schoolshlps, Wj vililch are of course not primarily Intended W r W for such woik. It would appear from the Km ' despatches that tho possibility of employ . i!j , 'K toiee Had caused tho German rcsldenta K S, t tnkp rerugo on foreign steamers In tho & harbor, and that tho French Minister had , t ttIso caused a steamer to Iks brought to St K. the port for the use of French residents. 9 These precautions were furtlier justified by rw3 the chance that tho Government's yielding J if is" t Gerniouy's demands might provoke a 5j jji resolution. j $ fe Spnln's Policy Still on Trinl. t '& fe Tbo variety of the comments made, both i it m ,n t,lIs country and In Europe, upon the iff W President's discussion of the Cuban ques- ' $L W t,0n lB reranrku,)le. yet tho messago Itself t Sr U lucid and unequlvccal. J Sf 'm Whllo tho President holds that tho 5 fe change of policy introduced by the Sagosta J S Government is so great that we ought to a 5$ g Bwalt It8 rcsult'. yet this very statement of S 5f P the caso is most suggestive. To say that S If Spain deserves to havo " a reasonable I ip chance to reallro her expectations" In fe. ( Cuba, ImpllcHthat It IsforourGoiernmcnt ft to ftccorcl or withhold this chance. Indeed tl10 ,UC83nBo throughout assumes that our v M If relations with Cuba are so intimate and lB Important that wo havo rights in the do- ft W termination of Its futuro as well as Spain. 1 H f Thus Gen. Woodford wus Instructed, it $ F , B0W appears, to say to Spain that "wo HI cld be required to wait only a reasonable Jf R tlmo for tho mother country to establish its Hi authority and restore peace and order 1 within tho borders of tho island; that we J s5tg could not contemplate an indellnlte period 1 Jl 21, ior tho accomplishment of this result" ! rjj Our right to interveno to end the wur is j f B thus clearly implied, and even our right to x tit -Interveno soon, since tho President sug. '( S K' Kcsts "further and other action," unless It ' ii E shall bo shown in "the near future" that I K " n righteous peaco is llkoly to bu at talned." I it 'a perhaps even more noticeable that i (H JEi while tho I'resldent mentions " tho wide- I St m spread losses tho war entails, tho burdciiB I it B and Interests It Imposes upon us, with con- j cf .Btant disturbance of national interests," J iiL ho does not put our right to Interveno jf f. wholly on such grounds. He says that " in. ' ' torreutloa udod humanitarian grounds" has had his "most anxious and earnest consideration," although ho would not recommend It at this time, becauso of tho "hopeful change" in Spain's poll ey, including her abandonment ot a method of warfare " that ao long shocked tho universal sentiment of humanity." Tho President says that ho protested against Weylku's policy ot herding tho rural population of Cuba In and about tho garrison towns, believing It to bo not civil led warfare. And finally tho President shows that It may "hereafter appear to be a duty imposed by our obligations to our selves, to civilization and humanity, to In tervene with force." It seems to us plain that the gcnoral ef fect ot this messago upon Spain will bo to convince her that her cause, in Cuba in still simply on trial, and that at no very distant tlmo there may bo an adverse verdict on that cause from tho United States. She may feel somewhat rol loved by the message from Immediate fears ot the recognition ot Cuban belligerency, yet she will suspect that. If she falls in another campaign, recognition both of belligerency and inde pendence must como. Sho may bo gratified at tho pralso given to tho Sagasta policy, but sho cannot fail to note the assumption that our country is now Bitting in judg ment on that policy, and that it will be judged by its results. As for tho patriots, In the President's closing Intimation of a coming duty that " will be faced without misgiving or hesi tancy," they read a promiso that will as suredly bo redeemed when tho world, In tho near futuro, finds that Cuba has not been conquered or pacified. Dncolio Ideas of New York Hanking. Representative J. II. Walker of Massa chusetts, Chairman of tho Houso Commit tee on Banking and Currency, entertains a very simplo and bucolic conception of tho way In which banking business Is trans acted in New York. Commenting upon that part of President McKinlby's mes sage which relates to the locking up of re deemed Government notes, ho says: " Tbe recommendation that fTeonbacki be not paid out except for gold when only redeemed in gold. It enacted Into law, would enable one man with 1,000,000 ot (reenbaok demandlnr told of the Treaaury and then depositing the gold In tbe bank for greenbacks, and repeating the process 840 times, to retire the whole t80,000,000 of greenbacks In tba time It would take him to neclllata between the Sub Treasurr In New York and hit confederate foreign broker." Mr. Walker evidently thinks that a million of dollars in gold can be handled as easily as a dozen of eggs or a barrel of flour. Ho has n'evcr seen that amount, cither of greenbacks or of gold, and does not con sider that, oven If a million In greenbacks could bo hod from any bank for tho asking, a million In gold coin consists of not less than 00,000 pieces and weighs 25,800,000 grains, which, at 7,000 grains to the pound, makes 3,714 pounds avoirdupois, or nearly two tons. To count in tho greenbacks and then to count out tho gold for it, is an operation which requires much time and labor, and tho Treasury officials, if they were so disposed, could easily make It con sume tho best part of a day. To repeat It 340 times might rcqutro nearly a year. Supposing, howover, tho gold absorbing operator and his confederate foreign broker to persevero for a year in their nefarious efforts to deplete the Treasury, they would have to find storage somewhere for the $340,000,000 In gold which they would amass. They would havo either to build special vaults here to receive It, or elseshlp it abroad. Either expedient would be cost ly, and no possible profit wonld compensato them for the outlay Involved In it. Then, does Mr. Walker fancy that any thing like $340,000,000 in greenbacks could bo withdrawn from tho New York banks or from circulation and locked up In tbe Treasury, without opposition from any quarter? If he does, be does not know our Now York bank Presidents. As soon as they found out what was going on they would shut down on the conspirators, and defeat their plot. Even without other action, tho locking up of only a fow mil lions of gold would produce a financial con vulsion which would effectually stop fur ther movement In the same direction. This Is not tho first tlmo Mr. Walker has made an exhibition of his ignorance of practical finance. About a year ago ho wrote a letter which was published In tbe Boston Herald, In which ho asserted that tho circulating notes of the Bank ot Eng land havo no special lien on tho gold held In tho Issuo department for their redemp tion, but stand on the same footing as tbe claims of the bank's depositors. Even the Evening Post of this city, which approves Mr. Walker's views In other respects, had to contradict him In this one, his error being so palpable that no defence could bo mado for it. Yet Mr. Walker Is Chairman of a Com mittee on Banking and Currency! The British Army on the Indian Frontier in Danger. According to the latest and most trust worthy reports from India, tho expectation that tho subjugation of the Orakzals and Afrldls would bo effected by tho English, and tho army back In its usual quarters bo fore the winter set In on the Afghan moun tains, has been abandoned. The object of the expedition into their country was to show theso clans that the military power of tho British was strong enough to penetrate Into the Inmost re cesses of their valloys, and so assuro their submission; and It was thought by those responsible for the plan of campaign that this end would be attained when tho Mai dan Valley had boen penetrated. The point aimed at has been reached and Gen. Look hart's camp has been established three weeks In the valley, but the clans have not come In, nor, at last accounts, were there any signs that their offers of submission were anything but devices to gain time. They refuse to give up tho rllles stolen during the past two years from tho British depots, having tested their value in tho recent fighting; and the most powerful of tho clans, the Zakka Khels, manifest no in tention whatever to submit. Added to tho indisposition of the tribes to accept tho terms offered by tho British Commander, which cannot bo said to be excessive from tho military point of view, the coming on of the winter, when the passes and defiles may bo blocked at any moment by snow, falls, is causing disquiet to the author!, ties. It Is even said that the Invading force may havo to bo withdrawn to the lower country or possibly back into India Itself before tho setting In of winter makes such a retreat dangerous, If not Im possible, What this would mean In tho face of such enterprising enemies as tho Afrldls, inflamed by tbe desire for ei geance for their burnt homes aud destroyed crops, and familiar with overy ravine and rock on their mountains, Is too obvious to need comment. There are other reasons also why the withdrawal of the British forces without the submission ot the mountaineers may have to bo decided on at any moment. It Is tho physical incapacity of o. large part of tho British troops engaged to bear up against tho fatigues and hardships ot the campaign. It is truo .that we hear ot a creditable feat of arms by some small body of men, such as that reported at Dargal, north of Peshawnr, In the Swat coun try, but, according to the Bombay Gazette, the general behavior of tho British troops has not been Invariably equal to their repu tation. For tho English public It cannot havo been pleasant to read "that ono regi ment with a flno fighting tradition" was unable or unwilling, after several hours' difficult march, to make a final effort that would havo brought tho day's work to a successful close; that, owing to fatigue and tho want oi water, incy reiuseu to go ior ward with tho rest ot tho column ; that other regiments or detachments refused to bring In their wounded, and that a nattvo rcglmont performed that duty for ono of tho British regiments which was admit tedly dead beat. Tho men of another regi ment took possession of tho hospital sup plies and equipment for their own use, re fusing to glvo them up when ordered. Tho Civil and Military Gazette, another Indian paper, attributes what can only bo de scribed as tho complete breakdown of the British troops In the field to their extreme youth and dlscasod condition. Several corps, says this paper, " have been so deci mated by sickness that they havo had to bo sent back to the base." Thore was abundant ground, then, for the orders which were sent from England some time slnco for the speedy termination ot tho campaign. Tho bad Impression, too, that would bo produced by all the abovo detailed circumstances on tho Sikh and Gurkha regiments would be another reason. It is rational to suppose that tho Afrldls and tho other tribes are not Igno rant ot theso difficulties of the British Government, and that their Fabian tactics are tho result. How far they may be suc cessful remains to bo seen, but It is clear that Gen. Lock u art aud his troops aro in a serious dilemma. If a disaster should overtake them similar to that which over whelmed tho army on Its retroat from Cabul through thoKhybcr Pass In 1842, tho British people would surely make an example of tho Government whose policy was responsible for It, The Unity of Now York Republicans. It Is probablo that few people havo paid much attention to the intrigues and ma noeuvres of the clique of Republicans who are seeking to disorganize their party in this city, with a view to proceeding thence to its disorganization In the State gen erally. Tho great mass of tho Republicans of New York take no interest in tho ma licious scheming, except so far as to repro bate tbe attempt of tho plotters to foment and perpetuate discord in the party. Every fair-minded man who has watched the course of theso would-be mischief makers since tho election must have seen very clearly thnt they aro simply repeating tho tactics adopted by them to prevent Republican unity In tho late campaign. The sincerity of the dcslro of tho Repub lican organization to harmonize and con solidate the party strength Is obvious now, as It was then. The determination ot the clique of malcontents and disorgan izes to prevent such unity Is again ap parent. Tho disposition of the organiza tion to go to any extreme within thobounds of rcason ill ordor to conciliate the opposi tion has been mado not less patent. Tho disposition of the kickers to kick tho more viciously tho more considerately they aro treated Is also manifest. An earnest Republican of the West writes to us suggesting that we "letup a little" on this cantankerous clique, his theory being that In tho Interest of party harmony they should bo humored as spoilt children. But It Is of no use. to try to pla cate them. Tho more kindly they nre treated the worse they behave. They do not want peace ; they will not have peace ; they want to advertise themselves by kick ing up a row. The more they aro offered tho moro they demand, for Whitela'w Reid and his confederates are bent simply on making mischief for tho Republican party. The prospect of restoring unity to it only exasperates them, for they aro scheming to divide it permanently and de feat It In next year's election. Fortunately, as wo havo sold, they aro receiving no countenance and support from the great body of New York Republicans. They represent no general discontent and rebellion, but only their own malicious cantankerousness. In the natural course of things tho Republicans of New York will come together in hearty accord. There is no difference of principle or of purpose among them, and the antics of tho Reid Mllbolland clique only annoy them, so far as they attract their attention at all. Tho Republican party will havo to go ahead in its appointed course without reference to these scheming enemies, whoso only sup port comes from the malicious Mugwumps with whom they are allied. Knvojs and Camels. The progress of Mr. James Gordon Ben nett's special envoys to Asia Minor con tinues to attract tho sympathy ot philan thropists. A despatch from Dr, Geoiiok II. HEPWORTn, tho chief envoy, was printed by the Herald on Monday. It was dated at Erzeroura, and this was its essential Infor mation: "We shall start on Monday for Dltlls. There Is n house on the road, and for ten or twelve nights we shall rest In open stables, with our companions the cows and camels. Both the IItratd'$ correspondents are In splendid condition." For more than a week to come, then, Dr. nEPWORTii and his companion in mission will sleep, If a senso of tho Importance of their travels will permit them to sleep, among cows and camels and practically In tho open air. They have, already been half frozen. Now every night they are to bo exposed not only to tho inclemency of thoulr, but to the rudenesses ot cons and camels. They aru liable to be kicked, to be trampled on. Many of tho Kurdish cows aro known to bo unruly, nnd every camel has a bad oyo and an uncertain dis position. Ten nights In a stable; twelve nights In a stable, among vicious camels and unruly cows. Tbe position is not dig nified for an envoy; it Is not tranquillizing forun observer. Howcun men whourokept busy dodging camels have their miiids open to recehe those Impartial Impressions to collect which Mr, Bennett's emoys luuu braved cold feet and malicious camels? Mr, BENNETT'smlssIonarlesaro " insplen dld condition," or so reported themselves to be on Sunday, Buthowlongwlllthlssplen did condition lastf How long can a philos opher and author enduro cold feet and lodgo with cows and camels without Injurious results. It not to his physical constitution, at least to the accuracy and delicacy of his apprehension t If Mr.JftKKRXTT had cold feet, could ha writs those olear and bril liant leading articles with which he illumi nates tho nerald and delights tho world! Could ho composo with such spirits it ho bad to sljep In an open stable, in the dead of winter, with camels treading on his toes and cows munching around him f As Mr. Bennett lies, warm and soft, to night, and plans new premiums and funds, will no thought visit him of his envoys, exposing their constitutions among Kurds, cows, and camels ? Surely some of tho balances, unexpended and unaccounted for, ot his lco fund might bo used for tho purpose ot fitting up con venient hospices, with folding bods and state-rooms securely partitioned against cow and camel, on tho road to Bltlls. " Tlddledyvrlnk" Stenographers. Tho Impression s:cms to prevail among somo women stenographers that the sub ject ot their occupation Is not being treated with proper seriousness, Thoy would llko to abandon all discussion ot tho so-called pretty and frivolous members of their craft and tosce tho unscrupulous owners of short term, llghtnlng-mothod schools handled with " bare knuckles to a finish." That dcslro is entirely creditable, but unless attention Is drawn to tho completo stenographic incompetence ot the gradu ates of such schools, how Is their deception to bo proved and mado clear to tho public t Investigation will show that nlno pupils out of ten who have taken a course of les sons in thoso institutions belong to the "chewing gum" or "tiddledywlnk" va riety. A great many employers are aware of that fact and refuso to engage a stenog rapher who, in actual work, is found to bo Incompetent. Ono of tho best ways, there fore, to discourago nnd uproot the humbug shorthand colleges of tho couutry Is to em phaslzo tho cxasporatlng worthlcssness ot their graduates. Tho " tiddledywlnk" stenographer, bo called, Is, for tho most part, n product of tho last ten years; nnd there are soveral ex planations of his aud her appearance. Ono Is that in recent years, a hundred, moro or less, mongrel "systems" of shorthand writ ing have sprung up, and tho advocates of thoso methods have tried to outdo each other in an attempt to populailzc their respective methods. As a result, schools were started, nnd thoso that advertised to teach tho art ot making pothooks in the shortest tlmo were naturally supposed to havo tho best systems of Bhorthand. Tho victims ot those Institutions did not dis cover tho fraud until It was too late. It Is curious to find that a majority of tho short-term graduates aro blissfully ignorant of their own Incapacity. It they fail to ob tain work or get only low wages, thoy com plain that tho Bhorthand field Is over crowded or that busiuebs men have too low an estimation of stenography. As regards " plug " stenographers, it is fair to bay that they have nover been un derpaid. In their case, no wages are too low. Tho less pay they receive, the sooner they will be made to see their error nnd will glvo their tlmo to other things. And only so far as concerns stenographers of that sort is tho shorthand field over crowded. Tho managers of employment buieaus declare that there is a constant demand for first-class stenographers, and that thero are not halt enough applicants who can fill tho places. Stenography, as it is practiced by tho competent reporter or by the skilful office amanuensis, Is not an easy thing to master, and many who once thought differently have lived to change their minds. It would doubtless bo a good thing for members of the fraternity who are thoroughly capable and experienced If every stenographic ap plicant were obliged, before taking a posi tion, to pass a satisfactory examination be fore a board of shorthand experts. Time righto all things, and It will prob ably not bo long before tho difference be tween a competent and Incompetent stenog rapher will bo moro generally understood. Then good-by to the "tlddlcdywlnksl" The platform of tho Boston Socialists contains a great thought which Is ticroby sub mitted to the consideration of Democratic plat form makers. Tho Croat thought Is that strik ers should bo supported by the city. When the nntl-plutocratlo ideal takes form thcro will be a community in which nobody works and every body Uvea at tho expense of tbe city; and tho city will duly mulct plutocrats for tho necessary funds. It may bo said that there arc practical difficulties In tho nay, but practical difficulties cannot be conaldercd. Get a sublime theory and stick to It; and if tbo theory that strikers Bhould 60 1 wages from tbo city for consenting to do nothing 1 not sublima, then thero Is no sublim ity left. It cost tho Citizens' Union a littlo moro than a dollar a vote. Good government seoms to como high. Chicago clasps affectionately the rumor that the Hon. Been BiNiucnsKN, who Is known to bo a statesman, every pound ot him. Is re solved to succeed the Hon. Ciiahles James Faulkner of West Virginia as Chairman ot the Democratic! Congress Committee. Mr. HiMiicn BENiuaybo more actHo than Mr. Faulkner. but baa bo the letter's valuable prophetic nlfto I Mr. Faulkner can sweep tbe country with his pen and carry overy State in tho Union with an interview. Hope may bo more useful than dex terity, and Mr. Faulkner has all tho hope there U and a good deal moro thero Isn't. In the view of the Hon. William Brook field and his brethren a "purged" enrollment is one that will glvo them a majority. It will tako u good many series ot purging to bring that about. The Hon. Lon V. Stephens, Governor of Missouri, hurlB as far as Detroit the tale that he borrowed his Thanksgiving proclamation from ex-Governor IUcn of SHchlgun. Ho calls upon the Sccretury of State of Michigan to produco tho Itlch proclamation or bo forever fallon. Finally be cries ulth a rich, but stern tolec: "I want to asiuru my omstltuenta that I have not gonotothe Republican Cloernor of Michigan for a Thanksgiving proclamation, aud, mora than that, I never will," Does the Hon. UN V, STEniKNS mean to Im ply that he would scorn to borrow a Thanks giving proclamation from any other than a Democratic Governor I Already you can hear tho Hon. Jerry S1M1-SON slinmoring. Wait till be bolls. Then tbe Capitol will quake and Tom HtKii will re gret tho past. The Hon, William Jenninqs Bryan "delivered bis famous lecturo on bimetallism" at Guthrio the other afternoon " to an audienco vhlch tilled lees than two thirds of tho house and which wns composed largely of Itcpubll cane. Hundreds of 1'opullsts and farmers who had como to town to hoar UnYANwcnt home 'mad' when Informed ot DO cents admission." Probably these vanie I'opullsta and tanners would cheerfully pay a dollar to see a poor strolling theatrical company. Yet they were not willing to pay half a dollar for the privilege of hearing the leading Juvenile in the thrilling melodrama of " Tho Crime ot 1873." Evidently there is not so much craving for excitement in Oklahoma as some of the performances ot its JUgUlaturo have teemed to lndloatt. CAJTX BVOA AiTJi IIXET BU0AB, Tbe Aktlltr mt Cematrjt rreaaeeAII the Beet Da)gr It RMstrr. To Tint EMTon oi"Tn SuN-Sir One of the most important industrial topics of the day, in volving also the questions ot tariff, revenue, consumption, and home production, is that ot sugar, and Its relation to those questions If complicated by the discussion as to tho com parative merits of beet and cane sugars. Sach has its advocates, and unfortunately there Is something ot a conflict between the advocates ot beet sugar and cane sugar. Without entering into the question ot statistics, a few remarks upon the subject seem pertinent. Those writers who are taking the ground that the production of cano sugar Is In Its decadence because beet sugar Is now producod in much greater quantity than cane sugar, cannot have gone very deeply Into the question ot tho nor mal capacity ot tropical countries to produce cano sugar or sugar cane. The enormous prog ress in the production ot beet sugar In Europe and the presont satisfactory progress In this country In the same direction aro too well known to requlro tehoarsal hero; but tho reason of the great success attained Is to bo found in tho practically prohibitive tariff protection and system of export bountlos that obtain in Europe, as also the tariff protection and bounty accorded to the beet sugar Industry In this country. Take away theso bolsters and the beet sugar Indus tries of Europe would soon be wiped out, and without ample protection in this country the beet sugar Industry cannot presently exist; netthor can the production of cane sugar in this country progress without protection. Prof. Wiley of tho United States Agricultural Department has soveral tlmos put tho actual average cost ot producing sugar in this country at about four cents per pound; undor continued Improvements In machinery and methods the cost has been reduced within the past two or three years, and may now be fairly set down as not far from three cents oer pound for raw and three end a half cents for refined beet sugar, to which must always be added tho cost of market ing and shrinkage Itome-producod sugar must bo sold In competition with Importod sugars, tho prlco of which to consumers Is maintained at tho lowest point consistent with tho foreign cost, with duty, freight, refining, and handling added. Honco German granulated sugars have been sold in this market as low as tho actual cost of producing beet sugars in this country, nnd are constantly Imported at rates pro rata to tho actual cost of production in Europe or even less, which can bo dono under tho export bounty sjstcm ot Europe. It will be scon that the pro duction ot beet sugar In the United States Is de pendent for existence upon tariff protection, or other protection In tho form of Government or State bounty. That cano sugar con be produced In tropical climates at much loss cost than beet sugar can bo Droduccd in cither Europo or this country Is a fact boyond question. Cano sugar, too, has always this adantago over boot sugar, that It Is fit for consumption as food at any stage of its making, from low crado jcllons to the hlghost refined granulated or hard crystals, while beet sugar must bo refined from tho alkaline Impuri ties of tho lower grados In ordor to malco it suit able for food. Hcnoo It Is not llkoly that tho production ot cano sugar will bo superseded wholly by beet sugar; neither can tho present export bounty system of Europe continuo with out detriment and loss of revenuo to the sugar bounty paying countries. There Is another sldo to this question deeply interesting to tho people of this country. Tho production of beet sugar hero is a nocesslty If wo are to be delivered from foreign producers of this article of food, whether from tho cone or beet sugar producing countrlos. It is, therefore. Imperative upon us to protoct tho industry suf ficiently to enablo tho peoplo to produco tholr on n sugar. Most of tho States In our Union are suited for tho production of sugar beets, though only a small part of them can produco cano sugar. Hence tho beet sugar industry is a necessity to us. Wo cannot produco enough cano sugar, but wo can produce beet sugar In any quantity re quired for homo consumption, In addition to our cano sugar. Tho talk about tho dangers of producing beet sugar in excess of our home consumption, and consequent loss of revenuo from sugar, Is not only counting chickens before thoy are hatched, but is also ralsloadlng. The Cuban sugar planter, Mr. E. F. Atkins, of Iloston, asks where we are to got the $50,000. 000 of revenue from sugar to bo collected If wo produce our own sugar 1 When wo produce all the sugar re quired for home consumption tho $80,000,000 or more now paid annually for importod sugars will be In tho pockets of the American peoplo, who can tlion well afford to pay a small Internal tax, say of a cent per pound. In lieu of the duty nowlovicd on Imported sugar, nnd hno some of tho $80,000,000 remaining to their credit. Thus would tho Government got all tho rovenuo roqulrod from sugar, while the consumer would have tho money from the acquired homo in dustry without dopendence upon foreign pro ducers; and thousands ot industries would get a share of tho trado and thousands find employ ment In it. Anothor bugboar presented by opponents of our progress as beot sugar producers is that tho extenslvo production of boet sugar will doprlve us of land for tho growth of wheat and other cereals, and so reduce or dostroy our caDaclty for their production and deprive us of the money now received from exports of wheat and other food products, which, it Is said, would be grown in foreign countries. This point Is simply bosh. Inasmuch as nclthor Mr. Atkins nor this writer, and not any child now living. Is likely to seo tho day in this country whan wo cannot pro duce all the wheat nnd other products for which we have a foreign market, and at tho same time be able to employ all tho land nnd mony times more that would bo required for the production of the 2,000,000 or so tons of sugar required an nually for homo consumption in this country. The assertion that "wo shall not produce tbe 2,000,000 tons of sugar here and produce the things wo are now producing "Is nonsense. Wo can not only produco all tbe sugar we require for home consumption, but we con also produce simultaneously many times tho amount of wheat and othor cereals now producod. It Is wonderful how at ono tlmo some people will argue the immensity of this country for one pur noso and Its limitation for anothor purposo; it is also strange that the moment the beet sugar In dustry of the United States has become a fact, and its progress a substantial ovldenca of the normal capacity of this country to produco all tho sugar required for home consumption, foars for future preponderance of tho beet Bugar In dustry hero should worry tho minds of Cuban sugar planters and their coadjutors In this country. The advantage that will accrue to the people and industries ot this country by foster ing and protecting our sugar producing indus tries will moro than offset anr dangers likely to ariso from a future overproiuctlon of sugar, dangers that are too remote to demand any at tention from the American peoplo for genera tions to come. Another fact may well be considered; there ore threo countries practically within arm's length of tho United States having ample ca pacity of sugar production not only to supply this country with cane sugar, but actually to supply the entire consumption of sugar In this and all other countries, viz.: the Hawaiian Islands, whore eighteen months are roqulred to mature the cane that produces four to six tons of sugar to the acre or more, with a growth of sixty to ninety tons of cane to the acre; Mexico, with its unlimited capacity for sugar produc tion, estlmatod at from 0,000,000 to 10,000,000 tons per annum, and Cuba, with a capacity of production from two to five times greater than that island has hitherto developed. Let us not borrow trouble about overproduction of beet sugar In this country with competition at our gates that should lie prevented rather than awaited by home production fostered by pro tection. Henry A. Drown. Westpout Point, Mass., Doc. (1. The Uotel Idea la a t'ollcei Ceurt. ttom ihi Chicago TWbuitt. Magistrate You were drunk, of course, when the bold urt men went through you? Iiattered-up Prisoner I was, your Honor. Magistrate They got everything you had, I sun. pose? " l'rlioner Every thlnr, your Honor, except a is bill I had In my watch pocket. aUgUttats The dee wUl b 8. Call the osit easel mZSMMMMMMMMMMMMMWm AST VOTES. ft. BeUlars retratta Water Celsrs by Ws Palnser at Avery'i. To American amateurs In general Jean Dol dlni is known as a painter ot small pictures with no particular subject, but presenting a corner of a salon or of a boudoir, with two or three pretty women. Theso pictures long ago mado him famous and causod him to bo ranked with tho very best artists In his field In the world. The boat prlrato collections, both here and abroad, contain one or more oxatnples of bis art in this stylo, and tholr cleverness, their genuine artlstlo merit aud, above all, tholr quality ot boing flnoplccos ot pointing technically considered Is gonorallv recognised. To our artists, to thoso at least who keep In touch with the exhibitions in Paris, and to tbo many Americans who tnako the annual trip to Europo and tnko a look ot tho plcturo shows whllo thore, M. Iloldlnl has been for somo years known as a palntor of portraits. Ho has painted many more women than men, and has made some of his chief successes with portraits of children. Ills stylo is individual and his portraits aro invariably distinctive At ono tlmo a high bred lady's graco is sympathetically Interpreted, at another the diablerie of a fashionable woman is given with raro charm and fascina tion, at another tho budding coquetry ot a little girl with long, graceful legs covered with black silk stockings and a head capped with an Infantile but nevertheless fetching bonnet is Ingenuously suggested, and at anothor tho "form" and chlo of a Parisian man ot the world, or the charactoristlo expression in face and figure of a painter or composer, are ren dered on the canvas with truthfulness and an air of lmpresslvo personality. In his small pictures a colorlst of distinction with a taste as cathollo as anybody's Mr. Doldlnl is found to be In his portraits a rigorous oxponent of the beauty ot black and whlto. When pinks or mauves are Introduced they aro subtly quali fied with gray. Everything in tho simplo color schemos Is subdued and quiet in actual tint, but the portrait in general effoct rarely falls to be brilliant. It is tbe art ot a sonsltive painter, with full knowlodgo of the value of stylo and refined appreciation of "aspect." M. Doldlnl eamo to Now York a couple of weeks ago lntondlng to remain for a tlmo and paint portraits, bb other well-known Parisian painters have dono. Everybody at all familiar with the present state of art and fashion abroad knows that ho occupies a placo among tho half dozen or so most notod portrait painters in Eu rope. In ono ot tho galleriosof Doussod, Vala don & Co., Fifth avenuo and Thirty-first Btrcot, four of his portraits aro on exhibition, together with a small plcturo of a beautiful Amor lean lady, a pastol head of Verdt, and several photographs of other portraits, nmong which aro thoso of Count Robert do Montce qulon contemplating the lapMazuli hed of his walking stick, Menzel, the Gorman painter, and two ot children. The most striking canvas Is tho portrait of "Comtesse P.," a full length figure, life slzo, in which the sitter Is shown In tho pose bo much liked by tho artist, toatod on the edge of a sofa and with ono elbow rosting on tho arm at tho end. The gown is alack, the hair and eyes are black, the stocking and slipper aro black. You do not notlco what color the sofa Is. It Is soma thine In gray. The background is absolutely unobtru sive. The lady's head Is bont forward so that a good part ot tho top of hor hair Is sera, the oyos look out from under tho brows, thero Is a smllo about tho mouth, nnd tho delicate, pilntod chin rocedes into tho shadow on tbo nook. Below tbo head thcro Is a wide and full cxpanwof whlto skin, for tho gown is cut very low, the left arm lies carelessly at the sldo, and tho rliht rests on the Bofa, showing the elbow prominently and foreshortening tho rest. The hand, ,cllcntc and long, is In the hair, and the lady Is avtnantc from head to too. The hoad is skilfully nhdelled, tho arms and chest aro brilliant but reserved in color, and tho satin skirt of tho gorn, through which tho figure Is admirably felt, itsplendldly painted. Another portrait of a lady, that of tho Prin cess Ponlatowska, has a different sorlof charm. The type Is more hardy, but is not rceust, and tho favorlto Bcheme of blacks and wXrtcs hero gives way to pink. Tho faco is in prOlIe, the head Is lifted with an expectant exproaion, and tho figure, shown in half length, is sated on a sofa. Grays and blacks are introdtccd to qualify tho broad note of pink, and the'ienoral effect Is distinguished. A third portrat is of Mile. Concha, a South American lady, md is pain tod In pastel. The chlof color notes artgray, black, and pink again, but thero Is no decided mass of any of tho three. Tho llguro Is les.pro cisoly felt than In tho othor two pictures, anl the background shows a curtain slightly indicted. The face is soon in full view with a muntlt of laco about the head, and tho expressloc is gracious and attractive. Thero is skill in tils portrait In tho way thnt some things are dcto and others are not insisted upon, and tho go. oral aspect is perhaps tho most encaging of tlj three. A fourth portrait shows Mr. Whistle; all In black, in a characteristic attitude, his flat brimmed high hat on hiB knees, his cloak ovet his arm aid his umbrella in his hand. It is broadly treated and has a most llfjklllTA Innl. 220.127.116.11.. l -,- .. .... ...V ...., uua. nuuvuu inuuuiucre say mat it Is tho man to a tee. Tho hoad of Verdi is very in teresting. It Is painted in pastol and showB tho venerable composer with his bat on his bead and a white muffler about his neck. It is vigor ous, self-contained and convincing. Mr. Boodlnl was born at Ferrara, but has bo long livod in Paris that be is identified with tho French school. He has not boen a regular ex hibitor at the Salon, though he not unfrcquent ly exhibits there. HIb art is highly ostoemed by bis fellow painters, and his artlstlo honors are many. The annual exhibition of water colors by Walter L. Palmer has begun at Avery's gallory, 308 Filth avenue, and will last till Dec 18. The pictures are for the most part studios of snow and winter landscapes, now oxomples of the work with which Mr. Palmer's namo is identified, bnt there aro alsosummerlandscapes and some Venotlan scenos. Of the twenty four pictures In the collection fifteen are winter subjects, six oro effects in Bpring and summer, threo show boats with bright colored sails on tho canals of Venice, and ono is a flno representation of a white yacht running up tho Sound before tbe wind with mainsail and spinnaker in full bloom under an effect of sun light which makes the water sparkle. The avorago of the work is quite as good as it was lost year, which is saying a great deal. Diffi cult iffeots, such as tho snow-covered trees, vt Ith a frosty haze in tho air, In "An Adirondack Hoad." No, 18, or tho eharn atmosphere of a winter day at noon, with a bluo aky and whlto clouds, and ehadows cast by ft rail fence and bushes on virgin snow as shown In "White Snow and Dlue J,'.. ?' 21, aro renared with truth nud artlstlo charm. Wide strotchos of country, Ith mountains in the diBtanco and afternoon sun light playing over tbe enow-clad plains and hills, are picturesquely composed and delicately Interpreted In such sheets as "Tho Upper Hud. son. No. 0, and "Across tho Cornfield." No 10 "Moonriso at Sundown," No. 13; "Sunrise In' tbe Mountains," No. 12, and "Winter Sun down, No. 7, aro others that give faith ful and at tho samo time beautiful transcripts of winter's varying moods. The running water bounding over rocks and slipping Into deep pools In "A .Mountain Stream." No. 22, is excellently rendered, and in Cherry DloBsoms," No. 15, there is a dell oatcly painted effect of spring atmosphere. Good choice of subjects, much truth of observa tlon, and a cleverness in handling the water color medium that comes from long practice combine to make Mr. Palmer's pictures attract l1:?,?, the amateur as well as to the urtist Tim Svmn1.1,? lm ,'.ttV0 u""10 his reputation b a SnSwVn1 f..Pti ",tor of "luro outoMooVs the country not far from town; effects that any body can .ee, but that none to wanyappreciate No. 'J Took Na Chances. om (he Kantai City Timet. The day that Lenora Jlcllahan was married at St. Joseph she ordered the dead body of her first hus- band sent to he, from wichlta. This was don. ana shstorwartedlttoWUoonslafwuaUburm. TOB OVX PART AT PAItXS. 3ffil I i - 5p8iI TO arelent tmdmntm ihn Rrcemraeatiatlea ?,.'!, I for na AprerlatUn ef nin.ooo. ' .jSjiil WAsninoTON, Pec 7. A message from tha Ji'WMll President transmitting tho roport of Major rTwm Moses P. Handy, (ho special Commissioner to ' El arrange for tho exhibit ot tho Unltod States ' , V Government at thoj'arls Exposition, was trans - f rattted to Congress to-dny. Tho Piesldcnt say (j that Major Handy' report is a comprehensive ! and olear presentation of tho matter. Major ' j Itandy rocommonds Hint nn appropriation of 3 $010,000 be mado, so that n credltablo exhibit J on behalf of tho United States may be made. i Besides socurlng a much lorgor amount of 1 spaco than had boon reserved, Major Handy 'V 1 obtained the assurance that the Unltod States will be placed nn n footing with the most fa- vored nations, and "tha in tho Installation of J every Important department tho Unltod State! a will bavo a location cmntnonsurato with the jj dignity and Importance of the country, nnd R adjoining In overy caso countrlos of the first t. Tho Presldentcommends tho report to tho con- a slderatlon of Congress and concludes as follows! f "Moreover, the mnrrnUlcont exhibit of tho j French Itopubllo at Chicago in 1B03 on whioh a million dollars worooxpeniiod should be ft strong ft lncentlvo to tbo reciprocal liberality on tho pars ft of tba Government of thb United States, and IJ suggest to our cltlscns tho necessity as well na fj tho propriety of Installing at tbo Paris ExposI- Q Hon an exhibit on n par with that of tho Gov- U ernmont and the ooople oflFranco at Chicago, in H keoplng with tho scopoandloxtcnt of tho prop- a aratlons which aro boingmsde by noarlrnu tha R Important nations of tho earth for their pro- 3 posed exhibits In that exposition. I suggeet J that tho subject bo given Unioly and favorable & consideration." . n Lamtn ana ttamtiraptelea. TJt To tob Enrron or TnSUN Sirt In ordet v il to understand the opposition to the Torre? r Bankruptcy bill, the sourco and causo of the j strong prossure which laexerclsod by somo ' prominont business firms against it must be laid baro. These merchants manVgo to be frequently i preferred as creditors nnde the present law. ' II is woll known that underthn existing condl tlon a system has boon devekped by somo legal E Arms for arranging business failures and estab- f; llshlng a cllentelo among merchants by giving r them bonefltsfora consideration flxod by rcgu- p, lar contract with those wrecking attorneys. E Law firms cultivating this branoh of business P havo an agreement with soveral leading houses, j especially among the dry goods commission I I merchants, by which they recoWe a percentage) .. . on all failures in which theso houses are Inter V estcd in this city, whether thejl render any ser vice or not. In consideration of this those mer J chants aro mado proforred creditors, and guar J anteod against loss in all case's In which tho f bankruptcy passos through the management ot I theso attorneys. Thus the remaining creditors I aro dofraudod for tho benefit of a fow clients y; who pay their regular tribute to such lawyers. ., . These lawyers are well equipped fp? tholr bust t ncss of making a stock of goods dlsappoar and disposing ot accounts receivable, &C during tha wooks before a falluro is announced, so that when this event happens no availablo assots re : main for the creditors who are not In the game, Nbw York, Doe. 7. Dry Goods. Ttm Lectures fr IJrooklya. ' To Tax Editob or Tnc Suit sir. I was pleased to see your Indorsement of the great usefulness of the free lectures In the Cooper Union under the Board of Education, and I would ask of you to use your .Jt Influence in the further extending of theseifreeleo- Yj tures to the people of Brooklyn, which almost lm- mediately becomes part of the Greater New, York. I h t am not alone In the opinion that these lectures would f J be greatly appreciated In tbe populoua coot res ot H, Brooklyn and Williamsburg, elovatlng tho people to M a better and higher citizenship. What Dr. Lelpilger 4 has done for New York should be done by some of f Brooklyn's eduoators, and there Is no time llko the I present. Noted Brooklynltes have often lectured In Cooper 4 Union and In the alSerent school buildings of Now York. Charity, and Justice likewise, should begin at home, and theso lecturers should be appealed to at onoe to do their duty In behalf of tho New York ' across the East lUver. There should benofavorit- f: Ism toward any class of the American people i but I ' have often heard It remarked that Brooklyn aeemed neglected educationally, In regard to the spread of Information through popular lectures, whllo tho ' foreign born population of New York's east side en- isi t . Joyed advantages which were enviable. We have "ftWU an abundance of school buildings suitable for these ufl lectures scattered In different directions, and all thai H seems to bo needed Is the consent of the Board of T Education and tho lecturers themselves. The New j York city course of lectures would be welcomed la j Brooklyn, as their subjects are of the greatest Inter est to Orcater Now Yorkers. QEonoica. Baooxirx, Doc. 4. ElltnlDBttna- the Negro Vote In tho South. From the Arte Orleant Timet Democrat. Some Idea of the sweeping effect that the net ; registration law has hod In eliminating tbo negro voto can be had from the reports that have reached tho city from a few of tho country parishes. In the parish of Plaqucmlnos, which formerly had a negro ', registration of 2,500, only nvo blacka have so far , registered. In the parish of West Baton Rouge nvo ' 1 negroes are aald to havo presented themselves up to 1 last week for registration, but none were competent, ,1 and In consequence aU were refused. Unless things j & have changed In the last rew dsys there Is not AS negro on the registration rolla in West Baton Rouge. y" " TaaU Collect Pay for Whisker fold fkr Cana i' palan Use. From the IrutianapolU Journal. u "KTKBSBCttU, Ind. Dec. 4. On Friday Judge Ely fa ge out his decision In tho case of Adams vs. Morgan. a Adms brought suit against Morgan, Chairman ot a cantalgn committee, to recover for whiskey sold for fi eamajgn purposes on order of the latter. The Judge 1 decldd that Inasmuch as the whiskey was used fo J J IllegaAnd Immoral purposos no recovery could be R had. his important ruling has settled up a large H number campaign debts In this county. R ,'or-ls-n .Vole, or Ileal Interest. B Miss Eln Nussey, who acted as bridesmaid foe H Charlotte 0nt8. has Just died at BIrstall. at the age I of 80 years. m One great me emerges from the Dreyfus muddle. K Major raty j clam, It seems, was prosecuting offl- Kg cer at tbe coin, martial. f Aberdeen Diversity's Literary Society, presided f over by a nepbv of Mr. J. M, Barrle. has deolded by J a large major-, after aou,tei ,h.t th ,.,.,, 5 echool of nctloiioo, not deserts tbe favor It has 1 received. j Count Dlmltrl Jutln. formerly War Minister of f, Ciar Alexander II,Vnd ono of the chief promoters of r the Emperor's liben reforms, has Just celebrated .he 1 sixtieth anniversary hu) admission to the Russian t general staff, f Dvorak Abu FfrnV. wll(m ,ue.a by his publl.l.r ') lor the cost of pub! Isfag , drmandod that tlio cr... t be tried by a Jury ioa.,ing ot four pubu.oe, four poets, and four professis 0f Arabic. ? Dutch pictures brougbrcrT ,ow,,r,00, at ,,, So()e,. ,j about bB.000 francs. A Iiysdoel landscape, the gem J ' Vn ' '" ""lec,,on- w" ".'Idrawn, the upset price, ,1 20.000 franc, not having Cen bid. I Juggernaut'a car cannot iss through theslreetsof f Colombo owing to the lntieB0, of overhead tela. ti graph wires. Petition, ha, bn ,Pnt to l0 (il)T. f ernor by the Ceylcnrse. os leU,.n,u person, wish - to throw themselves under to idol's car. It " Uh ''Wnt in t, any. who died si f V. hlttlngton, England, left dnon, ,h.t a notll of I Irish whiskey should bo busd llh him . . W aexton objected., comrade or lo dead mans) -In.h d f; he whiskey over the cofrlu. ltf KM . . aud R tried for-Indecent behavior." it v. a. n .pjltt. 1 l Burglars broke Into tho fortrc of Vliiteiiu "' B Paris, reronlly, ami after tea(g n,o in. ) un 1 K valuables of the soldiers and oll8r, u.ed lliet... is fi of the military blacksmith shop,, Lreu. In! the commissariat, which tbey plundtd, ami tlan ma le W their way out through tbo moat I mtans of !! lal. f ders In the fort. si A gang of thieves organised to -cT Uon tul--e f has boen discovered In Paris ;0ir plan u- w , J watch for shoplift, rs In the d( lament .tons like J the Louvre and the Hon March. ni.m the li-.w. 4 and then under prrtcuco of loin ,,Uc 1m . t .r 10 ) I search their apartments for .Uil ig.o1s.whl.-h Ihey j carried off with no fear of roiup lu U-lng made j Italy has obtained pot.esslo.i , (ll, arl tr nsres of . j the Uorgh.se family. 'nr tbe la U .r.-hc.o on the ' Plnclan Hill the Government n ., the family a ' yearly pension of full.OOO and r th, linrglu gal. Isry It will give seuo.ooo lu nr .,muJi , aviucuts. An arrangement Is under way liyki, h tnt nly uiai. . terpleces In the Buonrompagnl 4l. ry will lie tedtd totheOovermiientlnoonslderatllof piruaUs.0J.is) k i sell the remalaUg works ait 1 1 IrTi iiss usiiisaini I i laaaa