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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 24, 1897, Image 5

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KB THB-SUN, FtttoATt-fiECEMgEfe 2. 1897. WJ' 9
b - i i i in ,im llwMm
IP FRENCH WORKMKN REBEL.
w
B BOAR OF DISSENT OBBBTB A PLAN
fH, 7i A (MINERAL STRIKE.
J f Dntona Bef-ie to Fall Their Ieadere In tbe
Jl ennT i Matter I-ang Hon aat Short Fay or
rnnk Wer-meii Tbey Are ae Inane
trloua Than American Mechanics, Tbonsh.
Paius, Doc 11. The trades unions of Francs
W'l i havo on enrollment, of 4-0,000 workmen, who,
'l f divided In craft, bavo two common standing
Tvdj srleranccs, long hours and small pay. A short
f A A time ago, flrod by what they had hoard of the
( 'J I irreat strlko In England and the manifestations
I ill of sympathy with It, soma of tho leaders con
'IjJ oelved tho Idea of a general strlko upon British
' lines, thinking that ono grand union In tho com-
l mon causo might cnablo the workman to bring
In his employer to terras. The French labor lead
JR cts, however, aro not, as In somo conntrlcs, po-
ilj jtentAtcs with salarlos; thoy aro just ordinary
i workmen who hare to earn their bread as their
fellows do, and, If they are not timid, they are
usually cautious for that reason, Tho course
erf action unon which they may dctormtno Is as
costly to themselves and their families, In the
event of Its turning out badly, as It Is to their
followers.
In this Instance, then, these labor loaders did
1 a great deal of consulting before they broached
J tho subject of a general strlko to tho councils
1 of tho various unions. From tho drift of the
! i dlsousAlon thoy came to the conclusion that a
' t great majority of the unions could bo depended
ll upon and; that the matter was worth trying.
ill They outlined their plans to tho general ooun-
If ells and advocated first, as a test, the eccumu
latlon of a war fund. The various councils
called the unions Into secret conclave and ex
jlf plained the projeot. It was to bo war to the
' knife against tho employers, and every work
i man was expected to stand close to his brother.
It was to be tho groat ovent In the annals of or
J gonlzed labor.
I The answer which tho rank and file of the
! unions made to their leaders will probably never
bo forgotteny those well-meaning If undlscern-
lng captains. Neither organized labor nor unor
1 ganized labor has ever seen the like of tho
storm that was raised. From Flntsterro to the
i Olronde and back to the great factories of LUlo
: tho roar of dissent thundered. Amid It all tho
I proposed collection was made. Four hundred
I and twenty thousand enrolled French workmen
H contributed to tho fund for fighting their em-
Jlpyera the sum of exactly 600.23.
Il This was In a country whose workpeople
1 1 have grievances which ore not Imaginary. Tho
i law prohibits employors from requiring a man
I to work more than twelve hours out of twenty-
I (our. seven days in tho week, in any Industrial
i occupation, so called. It does not touch agrl
J cultural or commercial pursuits, In which
there Is praotlcally no limit as regards hours.
' In many trades, particularly In thoso allied to
1 1 building carpentry, masonry, bricklaying,
1 plastering, and plumbing, for instance tho
j legal limit is worked up to, and most of tho
! workmen in these lines are employed from 7 to
7, Sundays at well as week days. In manufao
turlng, mining, and transportation the hours of
labor aro shorter, but only In rare Instances aro
they less than sixty-flvo hours a week. This
ft applies to women as well as to men, but thero
jl are restrictions in tho coso of minors, and no
II child oOess than 12 years maybo employed ex-
I cent by its parents.
I ( The wages that go with theso hours arollko-
Jll wise unsatisfactory to tho workpeople After
'I the period of apprcntlcobhlp u man in Franco
V) earns less than naif the sum a workman
,, . i in tho samo trade In America earns. Out
Sffir I of his wages he is compelled to pay, directly
'?, d Bna indirectly, a mucn greater proportion tor
:'fi 1 the support of the state, but on the other
k- , 1 band, tbo purchasing power of what Is left is
. ' f. somewhat greater, and his family averages but
V one-half tho size. Charles Oujot, a sociologist
: I ho has been studying the French workman of
II to-day, finds him to be u much more dlscon
il , , I tented person in Uila generation than in tho
ill J y last, a fact which ho ascribes largely to Amcrl
JftJ ' f. can conditions and what the frenchman has
tin I ' heard of them through friends who have cjni-
1 b I trratod. Ho sums up tho French workman's
JViUf , H position thus:
raAU Jl "T0 Frenchman works from one-third to
KfJ (.' one-half as hard as tho American, and no In
L, 1 ducement in the nay of high wagos would per
lf IT ' If suadu, and no power on earth could make him
II V 111 work any hardor. In most trades an American
I I vr" do more work in six hours thnn a French
n I It man vt 111 do in twelve, and he w ill do it better.
Hi II w-' do it better becuuse bo knows how to
HI II do it better, nearly always, and because he
I Ii IN takes more pains. A i renchman does not wish
I A.I 1-ff to lose allsight of bis pleasures when he works;
IV Hi be wants his littlo glass of wine or beer at least
L?U HI once in three hours, and he cannot work without
i)H nl clgarotto. lie alio loses too much time
m In M n stooping to look critically at his w0T. lie
all B talks too much, and his nature is too sociable.
yw-T -ta. word and I say.it only bocauso It is a
am 1 truth which any man who has been In both
9a I n countries must have observed when tho French
Mfllll workman workB bo dawdles; when tho Amer
mi II I' "0Jin wor-inan wor-s ho works. I believe the
mIi I i Frenchman, considrIng bis temperament, is
W.ifji! happier with his work than the American Is
H vW T tl with his. I think ho would bo very unhappy
IfcVBlvi with the American's, lho French workman
nt . I does not dress so well as the American, but I
JH il think he ltvos better. By all the standards
I ( 1 which may be applied to him he should be hap
I fil 1 1 pier. Yet he grumbles."
'iBjkfl That he grumbles more continuously or In a
, VPdb louder volco than his brother of other countries
iM lllj is as much a raattor of uncertainty as Is tho
WUyE nuestlon whother ho has moro to grumole about ;
nH but that his complaints often are as fruitless
,) the last report of the Minister of Commerce
lKSW ',vl11 show. In 1890 there were in Franco 47(1
H strikes involving 40.K51 workpeople 11.41.
! men, 0,100 womon, and 2.003 children. Con
iKH siderably moro than half of these strikes oo
Bi curred in textile factories, and the great ma
( H i?r"y oC tio lockouts lasted only a few days.
1 H The main causo for striking was a demand for
B H Increase of wagos, and. after that, matters of
'trivial importance; there were very few strikes
fM H for shorter working hours. But the most slg
H nlflcant figures ars thoso relating to final set
B H tlement. The strikers were successful in mak
sB lng the employers submit to their demands in
' H J fewer than 10 per cent, of the number of strikes.
nHtV They effected a compromlso In about SO por
IW cent., and In CO per cent, thoy were totally de
H$ teatod. This, too. In faco of the fact that SO
JM, per cent, of the compromise oases were arbl
H'-t trated according to the law of 18112, which was
Bt,1- put forth as a popular meuivtre in favor of tho
IB working people, The cost to labor of Its vie
n 1 torlos was tho loss of 014,108 days' wages in the
tKW(l 4.70 strikos.
ill . Arbitration in accordance with the law noted
Anal Is being called more and more Into play for the
. 1 Hm settlement of labor disputes, but so for It has not
WMJB been a signal success, what is more efflca
)Hn clous, particularly in preventing Btrikes by
'IK' I amloable discussion of disputes between employ.
M III era and emploved. Is the time-honored Con-
I III BelIa des Prud'hommos, instituted at Lyons In
I 1800, and extended gradually to all tho largo
U . towns o( the country. These tribunals aro or
If WILL ganized aftor the form of courts of law, and
fll n " Ji-drcs aro employers and workmon duly
H 111 It elected under supervision of the Government.
V II I Their functions cover almost evory conceivable
III subject, but they aro mainly occupied with
II I questions of wages and hours of labor. In their
1 HI (1 proceedings there Is something that recalls tho
?asy-golng ofllco of a country Justice of tho
'eaco in America, and there Is very little of the
I Hll Pomp and ceremony that attaches to most of
H Kill ae official Institutions of the third French re
H mPbV PibUc. Tho Consells des l'rud'hommcs aro
1 K HT pre eminently courts of common souse, und
hi, Mi probably tho French worklngman owes more
trjfUll to thorn than ho realizes.
V Vjl UTAWDAItD VIZ COltFAlfT OUT $3S.
Wm' Th tar's In tna New Drunanlek, .V. I., OOlce
'2 Pjnamlnu and Itobbea'.
Wv Ne MnuNswicK, N. J., Deo. 23. Tho offlce
BiVIB of the Standard Oil Company lu this city was en
IM "! tered by tblo , es lust ovenlng and the safe dyna
F'lv "'Hod. The books of the company and 935 in
"Wk)u silver wero In tho safe. Tho thieves took the
I Will silver, but did not molest tho books. Thuyleft
I awl behind apart of a stick of djnamlte, somo rags,
j K-alt and an old uospaprr. It Is belloved the rob
8t4ll ter' wal "e Vl0tk ot tramps.
B(kI Mora rollea for In Vukas,
Jk4u Orrxw. Doc. 23. Tho Dominion (Government
Rfl. (J has decided to Increase tho mounted pollco force
UUk 11 in the Yukon by an additional 100 men, of whom
MHU probnbly 100 will ho statlomd at Dawson City.
ifvHIjl Tho balancowlll be posted lit .Selkirk mid Taglsh
uRlM ""' ".opk (be Dalton trull, tho btlckcen mid
flflli Trslln route, und at one or two other points in
'VBiH tho Territory. 1 ho police will bo selected from
jllllrlr tbo Iteglna district. It Is not likely that any
afll if' new l"mi "'"' have to be oiiKuged, as the
V ft mounts I police nro gradually bclnt; withdrawn
It if frompolnts In Asslnlbolaund Alberta.
tlloy of Fourttit (Loiunilu llomlrldf.
New Mahuioiiouoii, Muss., Dec, 23 John
Haskell died hero this morning of a gunshot
wound inflicted last night by Otis ik-llcr, 1 1
years old. Haskell and tho Curtis family tlsitod
last evening tbo Holler famlli, und Otis Boiler
went to tho Curtis homo to attend to the fires.
Haskell returned in advance of tho rest, and
after knocking repeatedly opened the door and
walksd In. Young Seller picked up a gun and
hot iuuskell In the abdoms- '" - then attempted
tTTrmrfl sulcidt by outti-n Li throat.
' ' f " I ll.lll-ill-Sl
TBB TOFB'B ADDRESS.
Ha Aa-ala BprtMatn the Atlltnd or tb
Italian -ovsrnmtat.
Atxrial Call fisipaleh I Tib Soil.
Rome, Deo. 23. The Pope this morning gave
an audience to the Cardinals, who waited upon
his Holiness to express their good wishes tor the
now year. The Pope, in replying to their ex
pressions of good will, took occasion to again
protest against tho relations which existed be
tween the Vatican and the Italian Government,
which, he said, had been greatly aggravated by
the recent anti-clerical circulars Issued by the
Prime Minister ot Italy, Marquis di Rudtnl.
Nevertheless, the tons of his Holiness' re
marks was mora moderate than that employed
by him on similar occasions ot lata years, lis
said that he looked forward hopefully to ths
Government eventually entering upon tbo path
of just separation.
Tho Pontiff's dlscourso was mainly directed to
inculcating peaco, social and national, which,
he declared, was based on observance of the law.
lie ascribed tho oxistlng troubles and dissen
sions to forgetfulness ot Christ's example and
said that so long as this was so the nations
would be powerless to ropress ambition and dis
sipate distrust.
Ills Holiness was in good health. He spoke
clearly and firmly. Upon tho conclusion of his
address he spoke individually to each prelate as
he passed tbo pontifical throne.
OOLD STANDARD IN INDIA.
The Bengal Cliar ercoraraeras Anpsals rsr
U Adaption.
4l Casta Daate to Tn Ben.
Calcutta, Deo. 23. The Bengal Chamber ot
Commerce has appealed to the Government to
adopt the gold standard. The chamber com
plains that there has bsen no ourrenoy system
since tho Inilan mints were closed and -at
trad is suffering. It urges the Government to
reveal Us Intentions.
TUB CAMPAIGN IIT INDIA.
A Zfewapapar Says It la rallura and the
British Offleara laoampstant.
SjxeUI Casta Duputth to Tas Bus.
Calcutta, Deo. 23. The Allahabad Pioneer
publishes an article to-day commenting unre
servedly upon the existing situation in northern
India. The paper points out the fact that it Is
Impossible to further disguise the complete fail
ure ot the Indian campaign. It declares that
the staff and commanding officers of the British
forces are mostly incapable and that the troops
aro badly handled, especially those of the rear
?:uard. Instances are given whore mero hand
uls of men have been desperately pressed by
tho enemy while thousands ot troops wore lying
idle within a few miles.
The article concludes by declaring that the
staff ought to bo weeded out forthwith, without
showing the slightest personal favor to anybody.
Aelor Terrl-Va Estate.
3jfal Casts TXtpafaa to Tas Stw.
IjOndon, Dec 23. The estate of the late aotor.
William Terrlss, is estimated at between
40.000 and -50,000.
TOR POSTMASTER AT BINQHAlirON.
Judge Roberta Itralcna as Roeordap and la Bald
ta Ba Blated ror the Office.
DrNanAMToy, Dec 23. Ever since President
McKlnley's inauguration there has been a
struggle for the offlce of Postmaster of this city.
Ex-Assemblyman Tuppor, who was foremost in
the race, was Bhelved by reason of his not being
able to got tbe renomlnatton for tho Assembly.
E. C. Delavan, A. D. Fancher, and a dozen other
local politicians wero also In the flold, and as all
had good backing It was hard to pick a winner.
On Monday evening tho hopes of all these as
pirants wero dashed by the resignation of James
R. Roberts as Recorder of the city, and tho ap
pointment of H.O. Olmstnadin his place. Mr.
Roberts's tlmoos Recorder would not havo ex
pired until Jan. 1,1800, and It is suro that ho
would not have given up the place without
substantial assurance that he was to be tho
next Postmaster. Judgo Roberts is tho right
hand man of Col. Oeorge W. Dunn, and has tbe
support ot Congrosiimnn Ray, Mayor Green,
and other Influential politician". In fact, it has
been openly stated that Mr. Roberts would be
sent to tbe Senate soon after the holidays.
The citizens here are curious to know how tbe
incumbent, Charles F. Terhune, la to be deposed.
He has been the best Postmaster that BIng
hamton has ever had, and during his adminis
tration has Inaugurated many improvements.
Ills commission doos not expire until May 0,
1000.
RUSSIA'S BIBS ON HAWAII.
Capitalists Trying to Soeura a Irtre "Tract or
lind There.
San Francisco, Dec 23. If thoso who are
opposed to annexation havo the Idea that tho
nations of Europo havo not got tbolr eyes ou
Hawaii, they are much mistaken. News was
received here by the steamer China to-day that
Russia Is interested in the islands and that an
association of Russian capitalists is trying to
securo a large tract of land on the island of
Hawaii to establish a colony. The agent of the
capitalists is Mr. A. Potemlken. Although ths
gentloman declares that tho objoct of his trip to
Hawaii Is merely to inquire about coffee lands,
It is known that the combln itlon which bo rep
resents has vast resources and would In tho
event of the purchase of much coffee or sugar
property' attempt to divert muoh of the; trade
of tho islands to othor business channels than
tnose controlled by tho United States.
Mr. Potemlken returned from IIllo to Hono
lulu on the regular Interislond steamer. Ha
has loft for home by this time. He acknowl
edged that the Russian Government was much
Interested In Hawaii, but alleged that the In
terest is merely of a commercial nature and that
his company Is anxious to seouro a firm busi
ness footing thero.
BROOKLYN'S RENAMED STRBBT.
Property Owners VTant the Old Name ef Van
darhllt Street Restored.
The Brooklyn Common Council at Its last
meeting changed the name of Vanderbllt street,
in Windsor terrace, to Stafford avenue. This
was dono at tbo request ot Alderman Oltrogge,
who sold he intended It as a tribute to the lato
Stafford H. Cross. The property owners, beaded
by Lawyer Allen W. Purves, have made a
formal protest against the change and will pre
sent it at tho next moetlng of tbe Common
Council.
Tbey say Mr. Oltrogge presented the resolu
tion to oblige James IL Cross, warrant clerk In
tho Comptroller's ofilos, who Is Mr. Stafford II.
Cross's son, Mr. Cross denies that be Is respon
sible. Several property owners recently spnko
about changing tho name ot the street, urging
him to have It called Stafford avenue. Since It
had provoked opposition, be says, he will try to
have tbe old name restored.
OniPPBTTAS TOR TUB KLONDIKE,
A Band or ISO Indians rroin Wisconsin to lie
to the tlald Field..
Solon SwtiNoa, Wis , Doo, 23. A queer ex
pedition will leave hore In January for the
Klondlko gold fields. It will consist ot about
150 Chlppowa Indians, all ot wbom live In this
neighborhood. They will go under the leader
ship of a veteran warrior, Running Wolf, who
has alrojdy been ovor tho overland route which
tbe expedition will take.
Klondike Itefreatlnr to the Coaal.
Victoiiia, Doc 23, News is received from
Bkagway that John Lindsay of Olympla, the last
man out of Dawson, deolares that 2,000 men are
stampeding eastward.
Labor Quarrel nt George Uoutd'aJUouae.
Trouble has br ken out betwoen tho painters'
and gilders' unions at work on Qoorge Gould's
now house at Lakowood, N. J. Tbe painters
bolong to tho Amalgamated Painters und
Decorators' Union of New York, and thoy claim
thut the Gliders' Union should onlv do gliding
In the workshops. Ilireo gliders who went to Mr.
Gould' house esterriay to do somo work woro
drivunnwi) b tho piuniors, who threaten to
strlko U they attempt to return.
Tbu gliders have appualcd to the Hoard of
Walking Delegate, but do not expect much re
dress, as tna palmers' organization Is a large
ono and tholr own is a very small ono.
Admiral Uroen'allrlra Mm Urnw tllallack Par.
WASHINGTON, Dec 23. Tho Comptroller of
thnTro.sury has doclded tint tho heirs of Ilia
lato Iloar-Admlral Uruen iiiny rocelvo from tho
Government Imck pij roorlng a period ol sev
eral months, which was due him shortly beforo
hi doalb.
Thu question submitted to tho Comptroller
was in regard to tboaiciptunco ot a mark in
stead of n signature on the pay voucher, tbe
Admlr.il having been too III to wilto his namo.
The I'u) liupoctur nskod for nn opinion from
tbo Treasury Department, but Admiral Green
died before tna decision was reached.
i----i
FIUED AT AN OYSTER BOAT.
OANDT ZEIS DRIYB fflTIt Ult BIO
MAGAZINE OVN.
He Almost sinks a Boat In Which Cast. Rob
btna Waa Tensing Oialera en Ground
Which Ha Claim Despite tbe Decision or
a Court Each Haa the Other Arrested.
BniDOKTON, N. J Dec 23. Tho war between
tho riparian claimants of oyster lands in Dela
waro Bay and the oyster tongers hss broken out
afresh. Yesterday, while CapU Richard U Rob
bins and others woro tonglng oystors In the bay
oft Fortescue, Capt. Bobbins got on grounds
claimed by Oliver Candy, who claims riparian
ownership, despite tho recent decision ot ths
Supreme Court overturning suoh claims as in
valid. Candy seized his 10-flro rifled flold pleco,
which throws very large bullets, got Into his
boat, and went out to whero Bobbins was.
Whon ho got within a few yards ot Robblns's
boat ho called him names. It Is s ltd, and told
him to throw tho oysters ho had gatherod over
board In five minutes or he would flro on him,
Robblns didn't show any disposition to throw
tho oysters overboard, and then Oandy opened
fire on his boat at closo range. He perforated
the craft, it Is declared, with four good-sized
holes, through which tho water poured tn. CapU
Robbins called to tbe other boats to come to his
assistance, as ho was sinking, and Gandy.lt Is
said, culled to them to " let him sink."
Cant. Robblns stopped tbe leaks as well ss ho
could with some old rope, and was finally res
cued from the sinking boaU
A warrant was sworn out yesterday before
Justice Nichols, and Qandy was arrested and
brought to this city about 0 o'clock last night.
In addition to firing upon Capt. Robblns, Oandy
was accused ot keeping In his " fort" a quanttty
of dynamite contrary to the laws of the State.
He admitted firing the shots and said he would
do it again. The oysters wero his and he pur
posed protecting them from thetU He admitted
having the dynamite and purposed to us it.
He was hsld in 81,000 ball for court, CapU
Daniel Bradford of Newport going his ball.
Qandy retaliated this morning by going before
Mayor Appelgate of this city, sitting as Justice
of the Peace, and having Robblns arrested on a
charge of stealing his oysters. This afternoon
the Captain waived a hearing and gave 8100
security for his appearance at court.
Candy's "fort" Is a small barn-like structure
whloh he and bis brothor erected on the beach
to protect their oyster grounds. It has two
peepholes looking out over tbe bay, and Is
equipped with weapons and marine glasses
until It resembles a small arsenal. It was built
during the riparian warot two years ago by tbe
Qandy brothers, and they have maintained al
most ceaseless vigil In It. Ther declare that
their riparian grant differs from the one on which
the Court passed Judgment and Is not subject
to that decision. Their father died just after
the f rnior oyster war, and tbe family say his
death waa hastened ny the excitement and tbe
loss of his oysters. This has served to intonsiry
their bitterness. One of tbem shot and wounded
a man during tne former raids on the grounds.
Upon being rsloased from the Justice's court on
the present occasion Qandy at onco went back
to his oyster beds, saying ho purposed to protect
them with dynamite if necessary.
The bullets fired by Qandy from his msgazino
rlflo aro about an Inch and a half long and as big
around as a small candle. Sixteen of them aro
stored in tho breech.
THREE HUNDRED COATS MISSINO.
Why Tailor lrl Taylor or Jvowarb Cannot
Pay Ills Hands This tveak.
Tailor Levi Taylor ot 2-19 Broomo street, New
ark, N. J., got the detectives at tho Fourth
Precinct station out ot bed before 5 o'clock yes
terday morning to see what thoy thought of
tho disappearance of 300 finished and unfin
ished coats from his shop during the nlghU lie
said that tho coats wero worth fully $3,000, but
they did not belong to him. He was putting
tho garments together for Max Ernst and New
burgnr, Roscnburg Ss Co. of this city. His
chief fear vtas that theso persons would refuse
to pay $200 I hat they owed him for previous
work.
Taylor runs thirty sewing machines and
thlrtv-five hands are employed in the shop.
Ho said that ho could not possibly pay the
$330 wages duo his employees this week on
account ot tho robbery. His hop Is on tho
second floor ot a roar building. Tbe lower
floor is occupied by Levi Burnsteln, a maker of
shirt waistsand each hod a koy to tbe front
door. Every morning one of HurnBteln's men
cnllsd at Taylor's rooms in tho front build
ing to got tho key. Two of them called at
U:J0 yesterday morning, and Taylor told them
to go n way and stop bothering him. Then they
threatened to break the door, and Bernhard
Taylor, Levi's i-on, went to tho shop with
tbem. He found, he says, that tbe key was on
the Inside of tho lock. Young Taylor climbed
upon somo packing boxen and entered the shop
through the window. Ho lot tho two shirt
makers In, and thoy found two back windows
of their shop open. Young Tnylor went up
stalrs. and Immediately declared that the shop
had been robbed. The shlrtmakors sneered
and Bald "Business," pointing In tho direction
o tho elder 'lay lor. Tho factory could easily
be approached irom tho rear by driving a
wagon through an alley from Prlnco streot.
Tho pollco have not slvcn out tholr opinion of
the robb ry.
UIS HANDS AND FEET FROZEN.
An Aim Farmer Wanders from Die Home at
iaht Clad Only In a "tight shirt.
KlNOBTON, N. Y., Dec 23. Samuel Eager, 70
years old, ono ot tbe best known and well-to-do
farmers In southern Ulster, Is critically 111 to
night at his homo In Neeleytown as tho result
ot being exposed to tbe Inclement weothor last
night. Eager was somo time ago confined In nn
Iniano asylum. Late last night be wandered
from bis home, clad only In a thin cotton night
shirt, through tho woods about his farm, and
finally fell exhausted through a railroad trestle.
Early this morning he was found by tramps
lying under a cattle pass on tho Erie Railroad.
Ills hands and feet were frozen and his face was
cohered with blood, which bad flowed from
many wounds, tho old man having evidently
fallen against a barbed wire fence. Ills hands
aro to be amputated in an effort to save his life.
CIIINEiB RANKERS.
Great Dlstrssa Among Them on Account or
Heaotarr Itrlnsener.
San Fhancibco, Dec. 23. Advices from
Shanghai report great distress among the na
tive bankers because of tbe stringency In the
money markeU Three banks closed their doors
on Nov. 27 and the managers disappearod, leav
ing liabilities ot over 8100.000. Many ot the
small cabh shops bavo also dosed.
Tbe stringency Is caused mainly by the large
withdrawals of sliver from New Chang and
Canton to supply tbe mints. In Japan thero
has been u rise of 40 per cenU In tho prices ot
commodities since boioro tbe war and great
contraction in the money circulation.
Inereaae of Mlaera Wagoa tn Alabama.
BmMINUIIAH, Ala. Dec 23. Tho Corona Coal
and Coke Company and the Virginia and Ala
bama Coal Company, onnersand operators of
large coal mines In Walker county, have posted
notices at their mlnea notifying their minors,
about 1,600 in number, tbut an advance of 10
cents a ton would he allowed on the 1st of Jan
uary. Tho companies bavo bcon paying (JO
cents a ton. Tbe coal mines all over Alabama
are working at full capacity.
Welcome II. Hathaway Pardanad.
Boston, Mass., Dec 23. Welcome II. Hatha
way, who was sentenced to sevon years' Impris
onment on Nov. 20,1603, from Fall River, was
pardoned from tbo State prison tu Cbarlestown
this rooming upon receipt of tbe papers from
Gov. Wolcott. Tho crime (or n hlch bo was son.
tencod was f ilslfj lng his accounts, bututtbough
hu ws convicted, his friends have always
thought that ho bad no Intention to defraud.
Wrelern Union Asuo for llelns.
Omaha, Dec, 23. Tbo Western Union bos pe
titioned tbo redcrul Court for throo months'
time beforo being forced to separato its property
from tho Union Pacific. Tbo petition nsserts
tbat the purchasers of tho Union Pacific are not
jet ovon known, as thu purchasing committee Is
tho only known responsible bend. The separa
tion cannot be made until tbo Kansas Paclnc Is
sold.
!tlla llorurrl'a Ilomalaa lu Montaomer),
MoNTonMEitv, Ala., Dec. 23. Tbe remains of
Mis Leila Herbert, daughter of former Secre
tary of tho Nuvy Heroert, reached hero to-nlgbt.
TIiht will lie burled to morrow besldo the gravo
of Miss Herbert's mother In lho local cemetery.
Miss Herbert had nuny ilovotcd friends bore.
Sbe was r.iluod In Montgomery and spent most
of her llfo here.
Cualon-a luaproler laaane.
Edward J, Dougherty, a Customs night In
spector, bocuina violently Insane yesterday
morning at his borne, at 61 Macdougal streeU
Ho was taken to Bcllovue Hospital lust ntgbt In
i. cab.
He Is 35 j ears of age. and has been an inspec
tor for eleven years. His trouble is religious
mania.
t
-Ml
231 Before the LAsnr Horn Bloya3 -&. 19
"Toolate!" Not until af-I potent factor in Our Holiday Shoes Quickly chosen. Sure to hit M n.s Distinguished in .cpea Wk
- - 'i--i, rKir -, -v, U..r,:--.c-r- a need, and if you miss the " .' and thrifty in pocket. These WM
ter ten 0 CIOCK tniS p. m. DUSineSS. size the fitting ones can be secured s",ts two characteristics mark the MM
need the delayed Christ- after Christmas. Slippers for Men, wearers of Wanamaker Clothing, and JS
mic chnnnpr si ah th ciH - t-n i- - t Women and Children, Rubber Boots this is no figment of an advertiser's aaH
mas snopper sign tne saa Our Delivery Service has for Boys and Girls, Leggins of leather fancy. m
reThe' great,atstocks still Tte ettedS fPT iiW 1
satisfactory cno.osmg. horses are entitled to the At $i-uck and blue cheviot, aii-wooi, ;
A rrnwdJ- Pnihlv hut u pj . j i L ii u ourtb.T.nu..nr,h-u,strt. that are excellent In quality and superior !
a crowac rossiDiy, dui holiday rest, and shall have Ari,Hr,,,i we've known folks that in style. '
not a mob nor crush, for it A your service to-day. K? flff.rf Boys' chinchilla Reefer,, size. M
he remark of a visitor is Afterward rest for man d Sy. tcSSJSS, effing. 4 to ie years The coi. 'M
true, "You are elbowed at and beast connected with uiacs, ImkoJln wkeb. on Z Lkthen " tw5! '
Wanamaker S by pleasant n,,r hnsinpss until MnnHav stems, in groups, in bunches. Roses, HLS 5 M !
people." Sbusmess' untl1 Monday &isHha us? 3&JiJ? m
A reat Christmas busi- Par,or SffS Z $ cheapness, variety, ah from and m
na KfLirVE In E Ful.tlirC ?C f' .?',? these an mUCh more. ' Second floor. Fourth .-.nus. M
ness has been done in both . of.. Par,r. Furniture s . s .. m
our rnrpc: SHrkrirc: miahf arm and KctP1 chairs, tabourets, Embroidered ,' a o","i House GROjp of.hn,es in wcl bH
OUr Stores. btatlStlCS miglU sofas a medley of woods, coverings Table Sauares ,.5 2' i - rn7e sizes were tro'n abtut MM
interest VOU but advertising and finish. Goi Vemis-Martin, plaS i rTab,roVers all fad . ,' !? liiT11 prkC- II
comes high-owners of thl $ JtfSj tSiJSS SKL00- Al,nev I
notions Ot their Value tO Sf- " P'cces et lonely ,n our The prices were $2 to S4.50 yester- Shirts. fancv, P".ue J50305, "5 EM
merchants. E5m Drices follow- day. To-day they are gl.50 to S3.25. 4 P"d & No matter If H
The foundation Of it all bomesPec,mcnPncesfo,low- three chances-down in ?re N-50 shirts, yours to-day
IIIC lUUilUdUUII Ul il dil Gold chair, with plain turned spindled back UOWn the nillow down in the for H-H
has been the addition of dc?vered(seatl,f2',wi?i3u , Pi"ws. Dre ' . , in,, 11
.1 aa ir r- 11 Gold chair, fancy turned spnded back and "i. ., . Mn'; ITS true. H
more than a Million Dollars silk covered seat; $2.50" was $3.50. too at $2 Oriental coverings; reduced 'nens SOc sorts. 25c.
in mJtvhanriJci fr anrh nf Vernis-Martin arm chair, wood seat, flat JJ1rom 2;50' 3' 3, , -CartS. $1 sorts, SOc.
in merCnanOlSe tO eaCn Or spindles, decorations on seat and back: loo at $5, many sorts of coverings; re $1.50 sorts at $1. SW
our stores. False phrases vrcha,, , back and 4JgRS5.S&S-. SSjJg a wondw at !
are the most athletic forms ,,fl&i&i E.?KJK
Of Speech they die yOUng and8 in--, silk covered seat; $12, was Women's ILKS R-bbons.Ch.f- obedient H
hnr thw Hip harH Amnnw $,9-5- women s f Ruff th t are Regina YoR obedient WM
DUt tliey die nara Among soi.d imatoy framed parlor chair, inlaid, Neckwear, bewitched nto Neck- Musicai8B0ve, musical servant-
the Showering Sparks Of silk upholstered seat and back; $i4,was b0WS( Walst Fronts jabots, Yokes l"".,0"65, quiet or harmon- IfA
prevarication that fall abOUt SoHd mahogany framed pano, -ctalr. carved ?nd Collars. The various tiling go SeifuJgg' Thty W II
,, ,- :--. , f-,.4- decorated back, silk covered seat; $18, in price from 50c. to $2. Describe 80in5 ai reuucea prices. wm
US, none IS more trequent w24. nemi No to-morrow's Christmas No. 6, $110, was i30 No. 10, 80.wa$J9O M
than the calumny that each "iiSMS, llTtd Pai?dora's tox for a ." iust No:92bf&Tas$575 Z && M
of our stores is But a tail to c' PRINCEss MAY-the best No-2l-6-was 1
the Others Kite. The faCt Gojd Iclwlr ; fancy arved back, silk covered Women S in foe world at One Dol- n.VE sorts our own 7M
is that each is far greater N&ifffiS&ric bench, with Q,oves- " Hudreds of dozens- Calendars. SkSSS FioUT. '
became Of the Other . S1telSa Tr,,rMt'jUST a very few left. IE'-& LSF II
Distinct and united Joint MSiS.uwJ $ sSndw L The '7 I
POWer for great indepen- s" -" back, French legs, highly polished; , . , nobihty ot cats. They or for any purpose when a quantity is 21
Hpnr stnrWc; And that': thp $2S was ,sz5a hold court on the third floor, corner needed at small cost each. MM
aent StOCKS. Ana mat Sine yourtoor. Fourth Avenue and Tenth Street. .it-nnhnoi. M
JOHN WANAMAKER 1
Formerly A. T. Stewart & Co., Broadway, 4th ave., 9th and 10th sts. fl
IDENTIFIED Jr I1IS LETTERS.
Ono or Two Men Killed br tne Cars nt Uarrl
oon, IV. J.. Mao Dyron IV. Cbaoa.
Onoot two men who ere kllleiion Wodnesday
nlirht wblle wallclDtr on the tracks of tho Perm
srlvania Ilallroad In Harrison, N. J., has been
Identified as Byron VV. Cbace, 22 years old. a
real estate broker, of 110 Sherman street. Chi
cago. Tho othor is supposed to be William
Faracy of Philadelphia. Two letters found In
Chacu a pocket were from his sister. Miss 8. A.
Uhacsof IMS Lexington avenue, this city. On
the other man were several letters address- ro
William Faracy. Tbo men wero wall dressed,
but no money was found in their pockets. Miss
Chace Identified hor brother's body yesterday
afternoon and arranged for Its interment in tbe
family burial plot In Canada.
Tho other body Is at the Harrison morgue It
is tbat of a man about S3 years old.
FARMERS WELCOME TUB TROLLEY.
Tbo Stow Lin from Blew Brnnanlei. to Boiinu
Urooli formally Openo
New Brunswick, N. J.. Dee. 23. Tho new
trolley line of the Brunswick Traction Company,
betweon this city and Bound Brook, a distance
or seven miles, was formally opened to-day.
Kdward Radel, Secretary of tho lomuany. was
tho motorman on tbe first car to run over the
line. The farmers alone the road gave tbe first
car an enthusiastic welcome. At the farm of
Qoorge W. Metlar there was a banner stretched
across the road with tbe words: "Welcome to
tbe Trolloy." The oponlng of the line waa of
suoh Interest to the merchants of this city who
hope fortnereasod trade that prises were offered
by soreral storekeepers to the persons first
reaching this city from Bound Brook on tbe
trolley.
All the Evening Clothes that
fashion dictates and good society
commands for man and boy to
wear, we furnish.
Swallow-tall Suits from all the latest
drci cloiUt, $25 to $45.
Tuxedo Suits, $25 to $38.
Single and Double-breast White Vest, $3
&$3.50.
The Boy's Eton or Tuxedo
Suit bought of us has every ad
vantage in appearance that cor
rect style and perfect fit make
possible, $ J 3.50 to $27.
Drm Shirts, Drets Sh'eldt, Mufflers,
Drew Glovei, Lawn Ties, and Bows.
BTOVEH OPES Tim EVFNINfl
HACKETT. ( Broadway,
U oO-T ) Corner CnDBi,
OC (-Us ) Nuur Ohambora
FiaiiTita.
lee Bornsleln and Ollly lTblsller nht n
Tmentj-Bsnnd Draw at Greennolnt.
Joe Bernstoln, the cast side featbe-welght,
and Billy Whistler of Philadelphia fought
twenty rounds to a draw at tho Qreenpolnt
Bportlncr Club last night. Tbo boys met at ISO
pounds. WhlsUer was not as strong as Bern
stein, but he bad more science.
Al Allen of this city and Tony Moran, an
Italian, met In tho first bout, of ten rounds, nt
110 pounds. Davo O'Connor of Paterson was
originally selected to meet Allen, but ho failed to
put in an appearance. The bout was a stiff one.
In tbe eighth round, when it looked as If tbero
was going to be a sudden collapse on oltnor
tide, the police stopped the mill. It was called
a draw.
Andy Rambo of Philadelphia and Joe Eano ot
Williamsburg were the next to appear. Ten
rounds was tbo limit and 122 pounds the
weight. Rambo proved to be a rattling hard
hitter and almost closed Kane's rltht eye In
the first round with one punch. The result,
however, was a draw.
Bernstein and Whistler entered the ring al
most at tbe same time. Behind Bernstoln were
Tommy West and Billy Hamilton. Whistler's
handlers were Florrlo Barnctt, Lew Hardman,
and Eddlo Leny. Both men were In good
condition, i ernsteln was the favorlto in
the betting at 9100 to S80. Bernstein led
and almost put Whistler down with a hit on
the jaw. Joe was too anxious, though, and
nearly fell to the floor from a weak lead. He
mado a rush for Whistle) in the second, and
Billy jumped to one side. Bernstein fell on tbe
floor and almost went through tbe ropes. I
Whistler did seme fancy twisting with his '
hands In the third and puzslod Bernstein. The
latter was not quick enough to mold soveral
returns. Bernstein did all the work In the fourth,
but Whistler was too fleet for him, and
all of Bernstein's blows fell short. Whistler
marked Bernstein's left eye with a right chou
smash In the Ufth. The fighting from this on to
the twelfth was severe. In this round Whlst'er
brought Joo to his knees with a heavy swing as
tbe round closed.
Bernstein was sent almost to tho ropes with a
right counter in the thirteenth. He evened tho
blow by lushing Whistler's face with tbe loft.
Both continued tbelr hard hitting to the end.
Tbe doilslon was a draw.
Gossip or (he niag.
Joe Youngi and Joo Hopkins will box twenty
rounds at HulTalo next Monday ulsbt.
W. H F . Nrw York. Tbo hout lasted twenty-nvs
round., and La-lgne recelred tbe decision,
A letter was reoelnd yesterday by ilrnny Murphy
from Dan Crei don. In it Creadon states tbat Kid Mo
Coy Is about tho hardest puncher he u-er itent up
against,
Owen Zleilrr. th Phils lelpbla lightweight, fought
six round, with no drcls on. at tho guakrr City A C ,
Philadelphia, on Wedntsday nlbl, wltb Jerome
Qulsley,
bplke" Sulllran Is evidently la no burry to return
to America, tor he has deprslted 1100 with the Jilr
roroUft to meet any uo to 1H0 pound man tn
Tngland.
It Is said that Pare Bulllran and ' Australian nilly"
Murphy hava Iwen reraau.bed, and tbat they will box
twenty rounds at the National -porting Club, Lon
don, on Jan 10.
Mayor Wur.ter baa granted ths application of ths
National A. C. for a permit to bold atbletto entertaln
menta In the clubhouse on Cedar street, near Uusn
wick uveuue, Brooklyn.
Tommy ltraa, tho welterweight, says be will taka
Kid Mcl'artland at hla word and runt him at 145
pounds, Kyan says be will alga ankle of agreement
as soon as they are forthcoming
Joe Craig, the Irish heavyweight, who la considered
the lint man lu bis olasa lu Irelaud at preai-nt. has
heeu matched to box Mike Head twenty rounds at
Dublin next month for XIS6 a side and a i-D purse
Oeorge Corneld, the Kngllsb bantam who has met
both i'edlar l'alner and Dlllv Pllmmer, waaknocktd
out In lire rounds at lllrnilnKbam, England, last week,
by Jabez N ulte, In tho proaenoe of 4,000 spt-ctatora.
Uartlu Flaherty Is another bnxer rho wants to g;t
a era k ut llf u Jordan 1 lahrrty Is not going tu wait
until Jordan tonus her , but says he w,l gu to lins
laad and challenge Jordan on hla own stamping
ground
A Constant Subscriber, New York, tie was de
feated twice, lie waa knocked out by Hilly Mr tiers
at Clevo and, O , on May 10. I Bill, in one round, HU
utbrr defuat was by Tel While, who received a do
illlou orer him at Ua.Sutlo.ial Sporting Club, Lou
don, on Nov, HO, .8VtV
Jim Jeff rice's contest with Tom Shirker has been
set for the lattrr part or next mont i at San Fran
cl.eo. Jeffrl-s baa already beiun traMni und rthe
supervision of liilly Dclansy, Sharkey Is sotting
-
Into trim at Vallejo, Cal. Tim HcOrath and Shar
key's brother Jack are training the ex-aalior.
Tommy Ilyan and Kid McCoy havo burled the
batchot. Ever since their racont bout at Syracuse
they have bo-n on the outs" aud wero conaldtrtd
bitter enemies Mi Coy mst Ryan In a Burralo cafe
tba other night and a mutual friend made them shake
bands, which tbey did heartily.
Frank Erne may never fight In tbe ISA pound claas
again, aa be ta growing very heavy, hrne la at prea
ent suffering from an Injured left band, which Is
awollrn to twice Its natural else. He met Ived It lu hla
recent contest wltb Jack Downey. Erne weighs now
HO pounds stripped, and claims It it 111 be hard for
blm to reduce lower than 11)3 pounds
Harry Lane, who enjoya tbe reputation of bring
tbe champion welterweight of Connecticut, will
meet Con Sully of Danbury In a fifteen round bout at
140 pounds at the Avon A, C , Bridgeport, to night
Tommy Duller was to havo met Lane, but declined at
the laat moment because be thought Lane was too
heavy. There will be two preliminary bouta
Jack Fox's manager sends word to The Sci that It
"lilack Orlffo" really means to m et fox again the lat
ter will be only too glad to accommodate him. Fox
expresses a desire to right "Dlack Orlffo" twenty
rounls at 13" pounds, the weighing lu to t ke place
on tho day of the contest. Fox hu already been
matihed to meet Tommy Butler ot Brooklyn for
twenty rounds, on Dec St. at 11)5 pound.
Ciicikxati. Dec 28 In tbe much heralded Inter
city attiletlc carnival last nlgbt at ttm big armory of
the First Heglment, Ohio National Duard, Charky
Burns or Clnclunatl defeated HO Nell of Cleveland
In the fifth round Jack Doberty or Cincinnati de
feated Ed Burk of Cleveland In the second round, snd
Oscar Gardner of Cincinnati defeated Johuny Lnvack,
the Cleveland featherweight, lu ten rounds Bath of
Lavsok's eyes were d scolored, as was one of Hard-n-r's.
Blood flowed freely In this contest
Pugilism on a largo tcalc may bo Introduced
shortly In Esjpt Tom Burrows, who camn to this
country about four years go wltb Torn llllams of
Australia, when the latter fought Mysterious Hilly
Smith to a finish at Corny I.land, Is the promoter of
tho scheme. Burrows, who is at present located at
Cairo, lemnnager of an athletlo club there rheno
fives, according to Burrows, have taken kindly to
the sport snd large crowds witness tbe exhibitions
Burrows Intends soon to bang out good Inducements
to American boxers to come there and fight this
winter.
VT. nerry Urvln Acquitted.
Chicago, Dec. 23. W. Berry Ervln, former as
sistant cashier of the Globe Savings Bank, was
acquitted today. A jury In Judgo Chotloln's
court returned a scaled verdict this mornlni
declaring that bo was not guilty of the chargo of
receiving deposits within thirty days of tho
bank's closing, 'lho young man, whoso name
hss been connected with that of Banker Spald
ing nml whoso sister gained much notorlct) at
the tlmoofthe bank's falluro, received congrat
ulations from all sides.
Periston Against tbe Kinetic Power Company,
Babylon, L. I., Dec. 23. Pcoplo here who
have been engaged In a legal war with the Kin
etic Power Company are ploased tonight at a
decision rendered to day b) the Slute ltallroad
Commissioners den) lug the company the privi
lege of runninir Its lino through the struts of
tbe village. The directors of the company de
clare tbey will appo il from lho decision.
n saaa an sa nam n i SIIU ;iM
mm
IIMAT HESTON FIELD IMP ROT ED. MM
!
Williams College Slndrnts Reed Better Bnota MM
Itlea rr Atbletles. &M
Williambtown, Doc 23. Athletics at Wll !&
Hams Collogo of Into years have been greatly ? I
hnmpored by tho poor condition of Weston 1M
Field. Tho land Itself Is all right, but tho Held II
needs Improving and should be better equipped. M
It is the feeling hero that tho time has oomn VjM
when It must oo placed in ns good condition M ijM
the fields of lho other in-iltutions whloh com- ''JIB
peto with Williams. The present equipment Jl
Is w holly Inadequate, in the spring the base- ?
ball team is handicapped by tbe wot and muddy m
field, which makes It, unlit for use until lonff 'AM
nftcr the other collogo teams havo begun out- ',im
door practice lho track is not tho right Slza yB
or shape Is not levol and has no straightaway W9
course e en for 100 yards It Is so laid out thut -&M
It will bo imposblble to remodel it and anew im
track Is therefore nocossary. The College Ath Ihm
lotic Council has decided that the track la so jl'
poor that It would not be advisable to hold ths '
triangular meet upon It next spring, so thst It '-
will lako place at Dartmouth or Amherst. The J
football field Is not lovel and poor drainage)
makes It quite muddy at times, Thero is great . '
need of a now stand with a seating capacity 01 -i
from COO to 800, and with dressing rooms, '
lockers, Vo., underneath. l
Tho plan for Improving tbe field was agl- ,
tated lato last spring a d a committee waa ap- i,
pointed to look into the matter. This com- !?,
in 1 1 tec has lnvcstlgutod the new fields of sev- n
cral colleges. Including thoso of Harvard and -;
Wesleynn. As a result it has submitted a re-
port which rocommo ds ituproicraonta to tho &
extent of about $12,000, It will be necessary a
to grade and drain a large part of tho field, M
particularly tbu diamond and tl e gridiron. t,
Tho commltteo also recommended that a new a
third of a mile "square" track, with a 220 jura $
xtralghtaway, be built. hu;li n course, while '"i
being a fast one, would allow tho baseball and f
football fields lo bo laid out inside of it without 1
encroaching upon ono another. The football M
gridiron should remain, but the diamond ought 'Al
to be mot ed 200 reet east and turned slightly m
so as to prevent the sun from interfering with -,t
the players.
It is estimated that tbe cost of placing the ',
field In proper sbapo will be about $5,600. A 4
now grand stand will cost about W.OOO. Fcno
Inn in tho urounds and laying out now tenuis 4
i mirt8 will tiring the total expense up to about i
$12,000. Actlt e steps are being taken to raise) , M
thin amount, und oter $1,000 has been tub- Jf;
'cribod bv tbe undergraduates. It Is bopod 5ffl
that tho work may begin by next Juno ana bo ,??
Mulshed before tho football eoason in the fall. ';A
to "Sew Trial for Frederick Wollenrr Ullrblug. JK
Judge Aeplnall In the County Court In Brook -5
lyn y est erduy denied the motion for a new trial , ;ij
in tho case of Frederick McIIenry Kttcblng, who ,5
was recently sentenced to 81ng BIng for tlvo .-J
cars for passing vt orthliss checks. Ills counsel ai
enld tbat Kitchen had pleaded guilty on tho 2E
Sromiso made by Assistant District Attorney .!
lilos that ho would only bo sent to tbe Elmlra i!l
ltcformiitorv for eighteen months. Ills counsel .
sajstlmt ICltchlng is insane, and be will now M
appeal to Oct. Dlack. JK'
.itJr----rfW-.-S.V.rfvvjt.-S..JVr Jl. i. J UjM.g ?m
j Rev. Drrwiiiirst 3fci I
2 T AM making faithful use of the e$i '4lft f W
4 genuine Johann Hoff's. Jfe- Jr i m,
I Halt Extract much to my sat-) ijr-lR I m
3 Isfactlon and bodily improvement. 'UHPSL M
J Ask for ths genuine JOtlANN HOFPS MALT EXTRACT. If li
4 Another artJWcrthlciiImitttiesj. Avoid ratetitetM. W w

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