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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 28, 1897, Image 6

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KK& InbMrlplUa by Mall, FmMMK.
wj? DAILV.prr Month SJO BO
IB pAILY. per Year "O
H S: SJUKDAY, per Year V OO
J DaH-Y AND SUNDAY, per Year 8 OO
-, DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 0
B , Fottafo to foreign countries added.
Mf 't, Till SOT, New York City.
r . , -aris Klosqne No. 18. near Grand Hotel, ana
K - jClosqus No. to, Douleranl dot Capuclnts.
Mt lift If our friend) who ncor us telta manusorlpfs or
H publication uliH In have rejected arllrtel re'urned,
LB ,
. .
H K It Must Defeat Itself.
LS if
Hi 'j?, Tho persistent efforts of a Republican
B. 'i" . eotcrlo In this city to break up the IlcpublN
K can party only ono year after Us triumph
BSb Ju tho city, State, and Union constitute an
If example of political perversity of which wo
4 eon recall no parallel In tho history of our
WtM7 politics.
B R? These, men declare openly that tbolr pur-
BSPi P080 'b to irnK about Hcpubllcan defeat in
B H t'B stnto ncxt -Tcnr' "ben a Governor, tho
Bill Legislature, and Congressmen are to bo
Bklv elected. The disastrous consequences which
B-R"' Vh success of such a conspiracy would bring
B mi W tho Republican party in the Federal olec-
KjVpC 'on ot 100 lu not at "" cter tbera
BBi- from tholr malignant determination.
BJRIf That general overthrow is exactly tho
lp end they aro striving for. They aro work
B ww 'nK do-ihorntcly for tho election of a Demo-
B ff eratlc Congress In 1808 and aDemocratlo
Brll President in 1000.
B? This thoy aro doing, whllo still pretend
Hjt & -Df? to sustain tho Republican policy In tho
H' )g State and tho Union. They aro Impelled
B't $, simply by a spirit of vlndlctheness becauso
B- k- they are not In control of tho machinery of
B 'jV; tho party. No question of princlplo Is In
B- Je volved. It Is solely a personal matter. How
i '$ erer good the nominations of next year may
Hi jJ be, thoy will try to defeat them by tho samo
H , trlokcry they used against tho Irreproach
Hp '' nblo Stato and municipal ticket at tho lato
K' '$ election.
H- 5 Tho chief of these malignant spirits Is
H ;. Whitelaw Reid. Ho Is seeking revenge
B 'Pr disappointed vanity, and from such a
B, M nature nothing that Is otherwise than igno
H ig bio can bo expected. But thcro aro Bo
H, i4 publicans of loftier Impulses who were
M& tempted into the disorganizing Low move-
v i xsent. Aro thoy willing to further this
B, treacherous Intrigue for tho destruction of
; m their party?
Bt . These honest men must soon learn, even
Hi -V li thoy do not know already, that all efforts
B: ?? and overtures of tho Republican organlza-
B' f'' 'on t0 rostoro harmony, no matter how
B for they may go, will be resisted by tho
Bj ?J malignant malcontents. The destructive
Kg ' faction are determined to prevent harmony
H X - anT C0Sl Unity of feeling would defeat
B -f their purpose ; Irreconcilable, discord Is es
B p sentlal to their success.
H It Is tho basest treachery in the history ot
Bo l' American politics; so base that it must de
1; feai Itself. The tlmo must come when no
L honorable man will allow bis reputation to
ijp be tarnished by complicity In an obviously
?M malignant combination to assassinate the
b -i ' Republican party at this crisis In national
Br S politics.
Mr $ i
mh rf The Ilusslanlzlnr- of China,
i, hK.
?i It is evident that In tho present crisis
China regards Russia as Its "great and
B ' Jfe good friend." With its customary semi
J $ Oriental mystery, Russian diplomacy cov
' J ers China with a veil impenetrable to
v ' v, the gaze of the outer world ; but now and
( then a meosuro necessarily radical dls-
closes some part of the vast programme
.. which doubtless was laid out and fixed
, f long ago and with Inflnlto deliberation.
' i ; Such a measure is the Russian demand
: C that all the Important foreign civil and
1 military officers and Instructors now in the
Chinese service shall be dismissed.
To reallzo the radical character of the
!' n cnange which this summons proposes, It Is
S oply necessary to consider the case of Sir
RoBEivr Hart, Director of the Chinese
' I Imperial Maritime Customs, whoso dls-
I missal Is said to bo "half-promlsed"
' t ., to Russia. Probably no foreigner has
v.rj vx ever exerted so powerful an Influence,
er has been closed with such Important
wf funottons In the Chlncso Emplro as Sir
' Bobsht Hart. A British subject and
ijl,, frankly loyal to his native land and Its ma-
-l i terlal Interests, Hart for nearly a half cen
j I turyhas been tho confidential adviser of
k , the Chinese Government In all financial
1 C matters; he has not only organized the
M f, maritime customs machinery of China, a
i vast and far-reaching system of assessment
J . ( and collection of duties, hut his Influence
k , has been potent In the adjustment of all
'' J' the financial questions that have arisen to
J ? disturb the equanimity of tho imperial
J Government. The negotiation of foreign
it. ? loans and the collection of domcstlo rove
g. ' Dues have not been consummated without
his Intimate knowledgo of their details ;
l and it Is safo to say that the diplomatic
polloy of the Chlnoso Government, so baf
j N fling to the outside world, has always been
;., i to him an open book.
S ' That the process of Russianizing China
j, should require the dismissal of this man
: ' from bis post. In which be has exercised o
' p enormous an Influence, simply illustrates
fA jL the thoroughness of the change which
tf r China's "great and good friend" requires.
, f h- In like manner the demand that tho Eng.
! lish and German officers and Instructors
I ffl who are employed In the civil and military
i service of China should be summarily dls
ii '' charged. Is another evidence of tho coming
ft i Of a new order of things In China. English
g l engineers have been employed In the build-
It),, i Ing and equipment of railways, the open
1 1 'if t ng of coal mines, and the regulation of
y 'if' ' customs since the so-called awakening of
Lt ' China began to attract tho attention of the
m Western world. In tho recent war with
B j. Japan, German officers were numerously
y and actively employed In the Chinese Navy,
5T and to some extent they were also useful In
M the army.
SiV ' Under the circumstances their dismissal
HI at tho demand of Russia would discredit
Hf ' the reported " understanding" between
t . the Czar and the Kaiser In all matters ro
m j I latlng to China.
m Si. t e n read'ly un(lersnnd why Russia,
H S V In 'ts Insidious policy In the Orient, should
Kif regard the presence of British aids to the
R Y i It Chinese Government as Impertinent and
K -, dangerous. But If It bo true that the Czar
m V' ; p and the Kaiser have agreed secretly to dl-
! f vldo and conquer, Germany suffers an 111
turn at the very outset of the Joint maraud
, ft, ng expedition over which William the
t - , Sudden 1ms been blowing so prodigious a
fanfaronade. Tho Russianizing process,
) , however, to bu complete, must needs In
: ; volve tho neutralization of German lnllu.
'.' i tsunt in the Chinese Government as well as
that of tho more subtio anAperrasire InBa
enco of Great Britain.
How far this process will affect the ma
terial Interests of other treaty powers than
Russia, It ts not possible now to say.' Of
courso, tho conquest of Chins, whether
forclblo or peacoful, would sweep away all
treaty rights which other nations have so
cured from the Imperial Government, But
tho substitution of Russian, or oven Ger
man, Influence, for tho Influcnco of Britain,
need not Impair those rights. It would bo
necessary for tho treaty powers, among
whom tho United Statss must be reckoned,
to exercise groat vigilance during the pro
cess of transfer; but, so for as our Govern
ment is concerned, our business will bo
limited to a proper care for tho future safety
of our existing treaty rights.
It would appear that the attitude Into
which Great Britain is to bo forced In
China will be humiliating to British pride.
Tho Russianizing forces will substitute
Muscovite dominance for English domi
nance. The work of more than a century
of diplomacy and bulldozing will have
been undono at a blow. Tho rest of the
civilized world will look on with lively
curiosity whlla theso tremendous changes
aro being made.
Exactly what part tho noisy Kaiser Is to
play In this great game does not yet ap
pear. Is It possiblo that he has been drawn
Into a trap!
Tho Fourteenth Amendment and the
Pension List.
Soveral correspondents, In writing to Trra
Sun concerning tho subject which is now
in so extraordinary a degree occupying tho
public mind, havo referred to the Fourteenth
amendment to tho Constitution of tho
United States as If tho provisions of that
amendment rendered Inviolable and irro
.vocable a pension once granted.
Tho fourth Bectlon ot tho Fourteenth
amendment Is as follows:
The Tiltdlty of the public debt ot the United
Btatea. anthorlied bj law, Including dtbtt Incurred
for tht payment of reneione and Dountlea for aerrlces
In anppreaatns Iniurreetton or rebellion, ahall not be
qaMtloned. But neither the United Btatea nor any
Stato ehall aunme or pa- any debt or obligation In
curred In aid of tniurrectlon or rebellion agalnat the
United States, or any claim (or the loas or emancipa
tion of any claret but all auoh debt, obligation, and
claim thai! be held Illegal and Told."
A glance will show not only that there
Is no constitutional obstacle to the revoca
tion ot any pension which may have been
granted under any law, but also that there
Is no such obstoclo to the repeal of any
pension law that may have been enacted
and the consequent stoppage, of all pen
sions paid under that law.
It ts not the pension that Is inviolable.
It is tho debt already contracted by tho
Government for past payments of pensions.
The distinction Is very Important and it
concerns tho Fifty-fourth Congress.
Small Talk.
Mr. Albion W. Small, described as
" head professor of sociology at the Univer
sity of Chicago," has returned to Cook
county " from a five-months' trip abroad.''
Wo had not missed him.
As befits a professor of "sociology" or
sclollstlcs, Prof. Small Is full ot observa
tions, which he bestows freely upon his
less gifted fellow citizens. One of these
observations Is that "American diplomacy
has made us the laughingstock of ijurope."
.Did the head professor of "sociology" or
sclollstlcs happen to hear anybody In Eu
rope laughing at the Monroe doctrine, tho
reassertlon of which Is the most important
recent work of American diplomacy!
With the proper length of ears one may
hear much; and surely nobody can hear
more than a professor ot "sociology" or
"Our country," continues tho great
Small, " Is regarded by Europe, much as is
Kansas by the New York papers ; still I
am proud to be a citizen of this country."
Very nice of Small, but ca t the country
say conscientiously that It Is proud of the
professor of "sociology" or scloltstlcsf
American "sociology" or sclollstlcs bos
made Itself the laughing stock of all men
of sense
Elovonth Hoar Aotlvlty.
Only a few days remain of tho present
"reform" administration's three years of
office. In these last days there has been an
abrupt and apparently spontaneous demon
stration in several of the municipal de
partments. The Dock Commissioners, for
example, havo discovered within a few
hours of their departure from public-offlco,
the urgent need of what they call "a com
prehensive Improvement" of the East River
water front from Market street to Ninety
second street.
Tho reform Police Commissioners, whose
successors will be appointed within a week,
have been discussing with great fervor and
animation the matter of now uniforms for
policemen, and they have only been de
terred from radical action by differences of
opinion among the members of the board.
Nor are tho three Fire Commissioners In
tho last week of the last month of the last
year of their power any less active on
that account In the tardy consideration of
matters of public- Importance. Tho Presi
dent of the present board, In a communi
cation to Mayor Strong, comes forward
with a well-defined, minutely detailed and
pervaslvo project fpr the extensive use of
salt river water from neighboring streams,
to be brought into town by mains and con
duits, despite the severity of tho weather
and the impracticability of prosecuting a
mammoth public work, without funds or
The three reform Charity Commissioners
havo been considering the advisability ot
reorganizing that department between
Wednesday morning and Friday night.
It sundry small downtown parks with
bicycle circles, gymnastic apparatus, bath
Ing pavilions, and football ovals are not
ready for occupancy before the end of this
week, It will not bo the fault of those
reformers who have suddenly contracted
the fear that " Tammany cannot be trusted
with tho Incompleted breathing places."
There Is great activity In other depart
ments, too. Tho Commissioners of Ac
counts are sprinting on the homestretch of
completion of their masterpiece, a tabula
tion of the city's receipts and expenses for
the month of January, 1600. What sur
prises the reform Commissioner of Correc
tion has In Jeash for the populace In tho
closing hours of his administration are not
yet Known, nut tiiey will be known before
midnight on Dec, 31; otherwise they never
can bo known unless as a part of the rec
ords of a defunct administration.
Such diligence, belated though It be,
such sudden energy In the public- service,
such vigorous culminating efforts of ear
nest vigilance are highly commendable.
The "reform" Commissioners responsible
for this spurt of activity will go out of ofllce
in a dazzling display of self-illumination,
but they will go out Just the same on Jan. 1,
which Is next Saturday, And as a result of
wjjrtl-. TO -8.lnlJLJL"ai' HHuAa umily. jhV''"' ' "
"the vengeful and eelflsn machinations ot .
the politicians In and about the Strong ocV
ministration, tho officials to succeed the
reformers will be of Tammany Hat 1.
A Short-Llvoil Rule.
It Is announced that the new Spanish
Government for Cuba will bo complete 'by
Jan. 1, 1808, and then begin lu work. Governor-General
Blanco's Ministry or Cabi
net will have been Installed In office, and
tho various details of tho new system will
bo put In operation as fast as practicable.
It strikes us that the real question Is not
whether tho so-called autonomy system
will begin on Jan. 1, but whether It will j
last even as long as Deo. 31. Unless all tho j
hopes of the patriots are falsified, the chief
feature of this new experiment will bo Its
brevity. By summer tho season favorable
to field operations will be over, and if tho
present campaign falls, what hope can
Spain havo of retaining Cuba!
Autonomy, Spain's last card, Is already
played. But tho new system makes no
converts among tho patriots In tho field.
Nowhere do wo hear of bodies of troops
breaking away from tho camps of Gomez.
Even the Spaniards put forth no such
claims of success. Yet what will tho plan
of autonomy amount to, If It makes no In
roads upon tho armed strength of the Insur
gents! It can only bo a question of tlmo
when Spain will recoil from tho prodigious
cost of a war that accomplishes nothing.
Tho Anti-Book Agent Dill.
Perhaps tho oxtremo manifestation yet
witnessed of tho antl-comblnatlon or anti
trust crazo Is found In a bill Introduced In
tho House by Mr. WnEELiiii of Kentucky.
This tlmo tho grasping and avid subscrip
tion book agent Is to bo tho object of legis
lative repression.
The anti-book agent measure Introduced
by Mr. WllEELsn provides that " no person
holding a copyright for any book, map, or
pamphlet shall enter Into any agreement,
combination, or understanding with any
person or persons whereby tho parties to
said contract Bball havo the oxclusivo priv
ilege, to sell books, maps, or pamphlets, or
Into any agreement, combination, or un
derstanding for tho purpose of controlling
or regulating tho output of books, maps, or
pamphlets, or for fixing, establishing, regu
lating, controlling, or influencing the price
for which book-i, maps, or pamphlets are
sold." Tho penalty proposod by tho bill
Is a cancellation of copyright.
Tho portentous phraseology of tho
Wheeler bill seems to cover a direct attack
upon the present system by which the pub
lishers of subscription books not a perni
cious industry.exccpt from the point of view
of the housemaid who answers the front door
bell dispose- of their tnoffonslvo wares by
agents with exclusive territorial rights or
privileges. It Is a measure calculated to
make the book canvasser tremble.
But If books, why not egg beaters, court
plaster, and stove shakers ? Tho same great
principle applies to all. Why should ono
man, in this free, country, enjoy, to the ex
clusion of his fellow-citizens, tho right to
peddle any proprietary artlclo in any given
State, county, township, or wardt
The citizen most disgusted with tho
particular part of tho disgraceful campaign
against Gen. Tract, which yesterday's Sun
showed Whitelaw Reid to have been guilty of,
would be Mr. Seto Low, if Mr. Low could con
scientiously claim for himself tho right to con
demn any one ot tho supporters, however con
temptible, who abetted him In delivering tho
metropolis of the Empire State to tho Tammany
servants ot the Chicago platform.
Tho "reorganized Democracy" ot Colum
bus Is ffolntr to have a banquet on Jackson's Day
that will, be stuffed moro generously wltb toasts
and songs than human nature, unsupported by
the example of the lion. Allen O. Mrsta,
would be able to stand. There are to be twenty
seven toasts, and then volunteer toasts are to
come. It will be midsummer by that time, for
among the orators Is to be Gen. Adonoum
Jodsom Warner, who will resume his
remarks on "The Free and Unlimited Coinage
of Silver." Gen. Wahneh Is fourth on tho list of
speakers. The other twenty-three and the vol
unteers will havo a mighty long while to wait.
Fortunately the lion. Horace Leonidas Chap
man, late the Domocratlo candidate for Govern
or, is safe. He Is second on the list, and will
be able to "lift up his voice for the poor", In
his usual manner.
In all, ten Josixn QorNCTS have been eleotod
Mayora in Hoflton, while tour others received plurall
tlea. C'ttcu Herald.
Don't try to make Jobiaii Quinots bo common.
Some annalists maintain that three JosiAII
Qcinovb havo been Mayors of Boston, but
modern research tends to the belief that
there never was but ono Josiah Quinov.
The preaont Mayor of Boston is known to
be more than three hundred years old.
He was born In Northamptonshire some time in
the sixteenth century, and has been a candidate
for Mayor fourteon times In this century be
sides performing considerable publto servlco In
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. His
calmness Is due to the fact that he has always
had plenty ot tlmo.
Bad news awaits the Hon. William Jen
nings IlliYAN whon he Is restored to Lincoln.
Tho ChrlHiinaaj trade of the Nebraska mortbants
has been very much larger tham It was last year
or any other year. Fifty per conU larger, some
of thera declare. Nebraska is an ungrateful State,
and doesn't deservo her privileges. What right
has sho to be prosperous when her most Indus
trious lecturer knows that prosperity Is and
must be a mere illusion as long as silver Is
neglected f It will be Mr. Buy.in's painful duty
to warn bis deluded fellow oltlzens against the
seductions of a false prosperity, and also to
remind them that in making money and becom
ing money changers they are cutting tbemselvoa
oft from the " tolling masses," which toll for so
many hundred dollars a speech or halt the gate
Wo grieve to learn from our esteemed
Gopher contemporary, tho Stillwater Qaictte,
that tho Hon. Joel PnEsoorr Heatwole, mem
ber of Congress from tho Third Minnesota Con
irress dlstrlot, " says he Is opposod to connecting
the United States to Hawaii. Ho says he has In
side Information that couvlnced him that It
wouldn't be a good thing." Joel used to be a
pretty trustworthy American, and his Ins lncts
were usually sound, but inside ' Information
stems to havo been too uiuih for him. Where
did he get it I How did Inside Information from
and about Hawaii penetrate to Norlhneld,
Minn., and tho chambers of Joel Ueatwole's
brain t Did It como by way of the American
Federation of Labor or the Massachusetts Re
form Club! Both of those vast assemblages of
Intellect agree with tho Hon. Joel Heatwoi,
a fact which ought to make him distrust his
Inside Information.
A bill making a " close " season for musk
rats Is before the Virginia House of Delegates,
and ' tho people of the Eastern Shore " are Raid
to stand by It ton man. The uninitiated from
other p irts of the State have been Incllnod to
deride tbo muskrat and Its champions, but ac
cording to the author of the bill and Its
friends muskrut meat Is a dish for gods
and men ot educated palate. A correspondent
ot the Hichmond IHepatch cites authorities to
establish the delicate flavor of muskrat. Per
haps the most Instructive witness mentioned
was a man "famed for his good living, the late
Samuel O. Tatlob, who for many years was a
-1ii f ii m mm w WfclM w. 1 1 ii i
'r rr. .j - - -,
pftt the old MMeo Hardshell Baptist
Church In the northern part ot Aocomao. Bo
strotig was his liking for muskrat that when he
wait: years old he spent an entire Sunday in
digging some or the wljy little animals out of
their boles on the banks of Messengo Creek, for
which he was summarily turned out of churoh." .
The anecdote seems conclusive, and the muskrat
ought to tMk acknowledged, protected, saved for
those who know and like him.
James Hamilton Lewis tnkos a thoroughly
tloomy view or the outlook for this country, in on
itnrlstr In this eltj.31lnntapolU Tribune.
U Is Impossible for the Hon. James Hamil
ton Lewis to take a thoroughly gloomy
view of anything. If ho allows hlmsolf todo
palr.for it moment, a glance at tho llttlo silver
backed hand-mirror whlrQ Is his favorite com
panion reassures ,hlm at onco. What if tho plu
tocrats continue to heap up ill-gotten gains and
tho blessed hour Is dolnyed which Is to make
everybody except plutocrats happy by means of
10 to II The Janice Hamilton Lewis countenance
has lost nothing of Its suoorb lovollness, and tho
Jsmes Hamilton Lewis series of whiskers re
mains without a poer. Out of respect to bis
Pcpocratlo co stltuents In tho Stato ot Wash
ington Mr. Lewis would like to look sad, hut
ho can't do It. Tho only complain' which bo
mido In Minneapolis was that thcro was no
cheval glass In his room at tho hotol. Being
assured that his coat didn't "hunch up" In the
back, ho resumod his habitual swoetness of expression.
Attrlkate Jo Their Lang Hour er Labor
TTbat'a Being Nine ta Remedy This.
To Tint Editor or TnE 8rjc Sir Tho deaths
ot Solomon Levin of 5 Chrystle street and Ruth
Sehulang of 442 East Eighty-eighth street. In
consoquenco of drug clerks' mistakes, last
Thursday, would seem to Indlcato that some
thing Is wrong In the drug trade. Tho Drug
gists' Loague for Shorter Hours Is of tho opinion
that the dally working tlmo of drug clerks
(fourteen to sixteen hours) Is tho causo ot the
frequent deaths like thoso mentioned.
The league Is not satisfied with presenting its
ten-bour bill to tbo Legislature In Its next ses
sion, but also Intends to call tho attention ol tho
January Grand Jury to tho above stato of affairs.
President Wilson of the Board of Health Is In
favor of our bill, and we shall call upon tho
Mayor of Greater New York for his help.
Tho Joint Commttteo ot tho Social Reform
Club and the Druggists' League for Shorter
Hours, with Charles F. WlngMtoasOb Irman,
held two meetings last Meek and decided to ask
tho co-operation of other socletloa In this mat
ter of health. The Women's Health Protective
Association, th- Church Association for the Ad
vancement of tho Interests of . Jibor, the Central
Labor Union, and others will bo asked to aid.
The ii ovimont has alreidy the Indorsement
of tho Household Economic Association, tho
Consumers' League the Knights of Labor, and
a number of trades unions, physicians, and well
known cltliens.
The Social Reform Club has taken upthe mnt
ter very vigorously, nnd Instructed Ernost II.
Crosby ana James B. Reynolds, ItB fraternal del
egates to tho Joint convention of the State
branch of the American Federation of Labor
and the Worklngmen's State Assembly, to bo
held ot Albany Jan. 11, to push the bill of tho
Druggists' League for shorter hours as energet
ically as possible.
Mr. Charles F. Wlngnte of 119 Pearl stroet,
the director of the coming International Health
Exhibition at the Grand Central Palace, will ex
hibit there two kinds of drug stores, the wrong
ono (with cot for clerk behind counter, &c) and
the right (sanitary) one.
The next meeting of the Druggists' League
for Shorter Hours will be hi Id at tbo Gramercy
Lyceum, 113 West Twenty-third street, Jan.
12. at 8 P.M.
At present tbo officers of the league are gath
ering statistical material showing tho liability
ot drug clerks and druggists to throat and lung
troubles and how tho Insur mco companies are
affected by this class of trade.
Mrs. James Scrlmgcour of 70 Macon street,
Brooklyn, the President of tiro Brooklyn
Women's Health Protective Association, has
indorsed the bill, and will ask her society to In
dorse the same at the noxt mooting. The
league hopes for your kind co-operation in this
matter of publlo concern, and would feel very
much encouraged If your valued paper would
Investigate Its claims, protect the Interests ot
the public, and Join us In asking that this bill
become a law. very respectfully.
New York, Dec 26. Edward TnraiMc
To Cat On" 080.000,000 or Pension expendi
ture. To tits editos or Tri Sen Sir: I am heartily with
you in your assault on fraudulent pensions.
I think arsry deaerrlng aoldle'r ehoufd hare a pen
aton. Bat I object to two classes of penslonerat first,
men temporarily disabled but now perfectly recov
ered, and, secondly, women who havo married pen
alonera after tbo war,
I do not know bow to unearth the frightful corrup
tion which satnratra the Pension Office
I bays though something like this might reach tho
case: '
Scction 1. A B, O T, and E F ore hereby appointed
Commlwloners to revise tho pension list.
Szc. 9. The Commissioners are instructed to strike
off at least SBO.000.000 from aatd list by eliminating
all persons not permanrntly disabled, all widows
who hare married pensioners since 18S5, all children
of suob marriages, and by reducing dl&ablllty pensions
Sec. 8. Ho pension agent shall have access to the
Sic. 4. The clerical tone of the Pension Bureau
ahalt Immediately be reduced one-half by discharging
one-half the present clerks. William A. IionAX.
rmnniirniA. Dec, St.
A Memorial to the Late Prof. Silvester.
To vaa Knrrort or Tnr Bon Sir: May I be permit
ted to appeal through your column to all friends
and admirers of the late Prof. J. J. Sylvester to assist
In founding a suitable memorial In honor of bla
name and for the encouragement of mathematical
sclenoe ? It has been estimated that a capital sum of .
0,000 will be sufficient for the proposed endow
ment, and of tbls about one half has already been
aubscrlbed here. In appealing to the American puhtto
to enable as to comi lete th desired sum I am, In the
first place, prompted by the consideration tnar brl
vester's ssoclatlon with the Johns Hopkins Univer
sity and the leading part w fch he took In advancing
matbemst cat science In America render his claim
to estimation on tho part of the cltliens of your
country quite a special one.
It Is proposed that the fund when complete shall bo
transferred to the Council of the Royal Society of
London, that bodvhavlnir undertaken toacoepttne
tru-t and to award th medal trlennlilly tn mathema
ticians of U cnun rles. llArilAILHftDOLA,
Professor In the Flnsnury Technlral College, London,
England! Honorable Organizing Secretary to the
Sylvester Memorial.
The. Publlo School Lecturers.
To Tirs FntTOB or TnE Sun Sir: Apropos to your
article In tho other week'. Sen about the 600.000
people attending the publlo achoola' free evening
lectures, bow Is It thai trie great majority of the leo
tur ra ara Jowa or of Jewlsn extraction, or If not
Jews they have a pronounced foreign accent, which
In aomeot them Is quite hard to understand, unless
yon are close to them and pay rapt attention to their
Also as a regular attendant I noticed, and excep
tionally so, this time a pronounced Yankee from his
acoent. lie In the course of his lecture Interjected his
own personal prejudice or bigotry when he said, leo
turlnit about New Mexico, that all over the plains
here and there a wnnd n cross waa erected to -bow
the fanatics and fanat! Ism of the Spaniards who
filanted them. Is this right on the part of a publlo
edamr!1 Respectfully, UxintT Mateb,
New Tore, Deo, St.
Aa Associated Pre-a Paper Pits Its Oempll
enents to Melville B, stone.
rVoti the rntcaao Inter-Ocean.
A newspaper, whose plenitude of bogus news be
trays the Influence of Mlsmanager Stone, publishes
the following
The rules or the Assnclsted Press make It possible
to susp nd or fine any member receiving or giving
news to any association antagonists to that organisa
tion. And the directors of the Anointed
1'ivas may aee fit to make an example of the Jnttr
Ocean. We have Invited Mlsmanager Stone repeatedly to
"make an example "nf us. We have dared him to
enforce bis boycott and defend his monopoly In the
courts. We bare snapped our fingers at bis threats
and hate exposed the rascality behind them, We
bave staffed his own reputation down bts throst and
yet be has given no sign of right. If there Is any " ex
ample," present or future. In all this. It Is certainly
that of a bully and a coward botst by hla own petard.
Lynching Defended by a Negro Preacher.
jerom the Chicago Timee-Herald.
Bamtswicx, Oa., Deo 28 The Rev. D. Anderson, a
negro preacher, author, and leoturer, who Is now la
this city, has created a sensation by defending lynch
ing, lie contends that It la sometimes Ju'tlnable.
Mr. Anderson made the declaration from the pulpit
of a colored church that nine-tenths of the victims of
mob violence In the South not only deserved their
fate, but received what society was compelled to ad
minister In order to Insure protection ot the white
homes of the South.
It la said that open threats have been made against
lbs sraaoaer tor many of bis own color.
f '1T ,lm ..'"li ." 'in I,',, riijMH. , ..iiii.!.)
A-.lt -s- -" . W . f , -
rarjfc BKfttmtftta or jftstr tosk.
Early Records la the Cltlo Ig.
Arrived at the present pqrt of Now York, with
out apllot, without quarantine form alltlo- or the
payment of any customs duties, tho "Half
Moon," flying the orange flag ot Holland.
The United New Netherland Company of Hol
land merchants was chartered In Amsterdam In
1021, anil under tho operations of that char
ter Petor Mlnult, the Dutch Dlrcctor-Geq
eral, consummated this year, according to
unassallnble proofs, the pnrchste of Man
hattan Island from tho Indians for 00 guilders,
or $24, In bends, buttons, furs, and trinkets; a i
first-rate bargain fo- tho Holland-American In
habitants and their descendants, however It
may bave boon for the Indians.
MaJor-Goncrnl, Dlroctor-Qcnoral, Provost
Marshal. Rear Admlrnl, nnd BurgotnastorWou
terVnn Twlllor arrlvod In Manhattan in tho
frigate Zoutbcrg, bringing the 'prlto Spanish
caravel nnd havlngon board Dominie Everadus
Boganlus, and the drat professional schoolmas
ter, Adam Hoclnndecn. Van Twlllor brought
with him 101 Dutch troops, tho first soldlors
to enter Manhattan, ,nnd placed them In Fort
Amsterdam, croctcd by Mlnult In 1020. Fort
Amsterdam was on tbo Bowling Oreo , tho
present Blto of tho ofTlces of tho chief ot tho
stenmshlp lines. It was substantially built, hut
Imperfectly equipped for defence.
A very lively year in the old town. Captured
by tho English from tho Dutch without nny re
sistance to speak of; Its name cbangod from
Now Amstordara to Now York, under a royal
grant by Cbarlos II. to tho Duko of York; the
estnbllBbmont of a local English court for tbo
determination of mattors of difference; a con
stable Hcndrlk Oboe, electod by popular vote;
thoofTlre of City Treasurer abolished; tax for
tho support of English soldiers to bo paid
weekly established by law; the court records
ordered to bo kept in English and Dutch; cart
men ordered not to stand on their carts while
driving; night watchmen ordered to carry lan
terns under penalty of Imprisonment.
Thomas Willet, whj bad nevor boon In Ohio,
became the first Mayor of New York; Clacs Van
Elslant, Hollander, Court attendant, dismissed
without tho formality of civil service from bis
post of honor and emolument and Harry Nuton,
an Englishman, made bis successor: the official
preacher of tho city, unable to collect his
salary, petitioned Mayor Wlllot for his payment;
the minister who had sued for his salary fell
Into disfavor, the Inhabitants determining by
vote "to send to Holland for an able clergy
man;" tho currency question, though not six.
teen to ono, became a subject of dispute oratori
cal agitation and mathematical controversy;
the one local auctioneer made a formal com
plaint to tho City Council, composed of tho
Mayor, tho Sheriff, and Ave Aldermen, that his
feos did not pay him for tho time lost in count
ing the wampum currency In which thoy were
paid and demanded tbo establishment of an in
flexible, nndovlatlng and unfluctuating
standard; denounced as a monopolist, but the
use of wampum diminished.
A great year for the descendants of the origi
nal emigrants. A Dutch fleet of twentr-threo
vessels and a fighting force of 1,000 men en
tered tho harbor and exchanged broadsides
with the English soldiers in tho Battery fort;
000 Dutch soldiers landed at the foot of what is
now Vesey street, in and about the presents to
of Washington Market, and started down
Broadway to attack the English fort; the Dutch
troops secured the help of 400 resident New
York-cltlzcns, tho patriotic- "400" of that pe
riod, and the English garrison, affrighted at the
spectacle of Dutch troops to either side of them,
the Dutob on shore coming down Broadway and
the Dutch on ships lying off what Is now the
Staten Island ferry, surrendered precipitately,
unconditionally, and wltbout resistanoe, and
Now York bocame again a Dutch town; tho
namo Now York abolished officially and New
Orango substituted for It; the Dutch domina
tion briof. New York being restored to England
by Holland on the 10th day of November, 1074,
by tho treaty of Breda,
From that perlodunttl after tho success of the
American patriot soldiers In the war of inde
pendence, n century later. New York remained
a part of tbe British colonies in the New World,
its affairs being admlnlstcrodby reDresontatives
of the English throne. The Governor of the
province at the period when tho city received
Its first charter was Thomas Dongan, an Irish
man, who divided tho city Into wards, establish
ed primary elections, prescribed methods of
selecting ward leaders and dividing political
patronage by districts, and was, while he re
mained In charge of Its affairs, the most popular
man in Now York. Tbe charter which bears his
name was called tbe Charter of Liberty, and In
three rospects It is worthy of all praise and
honor, praise for its success in operation and
honor to Dongan: religious freedom, liberty ot
choice In elections, and no taxation for publlo
purposes except by tbo consentof the people,
On Nov. 25, 1783, Evacuation Day, or four
years before the establishment of Tammany
Hall, tbe British army, under command of Sir
Quy Carloton and made up In part of grenadiers
of rcsnlendcnt appearance, embarked at the Bat
tery for home In the holidays. American light
Infantry and somo artillery regiments came
down to see them off. Tbo line of march was
long, and many of the Inhabitants who bad
taken no part In tbo conflict betwoon the Ameri
can patriots nnd tbo English army of occupation
worn on hand to grace tho occasion with their
presence, and somo of them took front seats, to
tbo exclusion of Americans wno had been active
In sustaining their country's cause. Tbe line of
march began on tho Bov, ery, near what Is now
Canal street, nnd was through Chatham street
(now Park row) to Nassau treat, and through
Nnssiu to Wall street, and through Wall to
Brondway, George Washington and Gen. Clin
ton woro at tbo head of the Continental forces,
and tbe City Council ot New York, tbe Board of
Aldermen ot 114 years ago, wore badges and
took an active part in seeing tho English off.
Subsequently, at Fraunccs's tavern, Gen. Wash
ington look leave of his soldiers.
Second centennial pf tho discovery of Man
hattan Island; a steamboat lino running to Al
bany; the ClIIocI Pond drained, an ImpresBlvo
local Improvement, by the construction of a
canal running from (he north end of the Collect
westerly to tho Hudson River, now Canal street,
Tho municipal oxpensos of New York In
1800, tbo two hundredth year aftor Its settle
ment, were: Wells and pumps. $2,500; support
of prlsonors, $3,000; streets, fS.OOO; tbo Bride
well (Jail), JJIO.OOO; roads, 1312,500; lamps,
$15,000; tho w.itch (police department), $25,
000; tho almshouse, $34,000; salaries and sup
plies, (35,450, and "city contingencies," In
cluding parchment and quills, $7,500, a total
of $150,000,
The Merry Dare.
From the Atlanta Constitution,
Little room for melancholy
s hi n the bouse t liuug with hollyi
When tbe ml tkluewo wreath.
And the red lips smllu iM-ueatht
When the flame that rootward raoes
Leaves tho crlmsou uu awut t facest
And thi merry addle win you
With a reel from old Virginia:
Wtio I tho s itny sand you shake down
For an old tlineOeorgla "breakdownl"
All the world can give It's giving
Ohrlstmas times, and life s worth living!
Little room for oaro or sighing
When the sparks from oak logs flying
Up tbe whistling ohlmnej go
And. Ilk, fireflies, melt in snowt
w hen the f roty bi 1U ara ringing
And the air Is sweet with singing)
When we reel the waft of mils
In a wild ride with tuo tlrUl
When the toast the rounds Is going.
And the iharp. sweet lidur's flowing!
Ail the world c n give It's giving
Christmas ttmea. und life's worth llvlngl
Truth has followed up Us gorgeous Christmas
number wltb an ordinary numlwr, which keara out
tbe promises of Its new editor, and gives pleasant
Tldssoe of the change la tbe magaslue,
'Sj'I'J'" " id' '-" ' ,,.. -& i i fjitjp tim-
Bearben VThhtker Wetlllim Said ta Be racing
LonisviiJje, Deo. 07. The biggest manufac
turing business in Kentucky is threatened with
rain. Tho distillers of Bourbon whlskoy find
themselves facing a msrket overloaded with
stocks which aro more than doubled by tho uso (
of adulterants. In addition, they must pay a
tax so heavy that it Is driving tho finer brands
out ot consumption, slnco by tho mixing of cheap
trust spirits with Bourbon In tho proportion of
four or five to ono an article can bo produced
which can bo sold at a cost of 00 to 70 cents a
gallon and cannot he told from tho genulno by
nlno drinkers out of ton. As the Internal rovo
nue tax alono Is $1.10, and as tho good brands
cost all tho way from 30 to 00 cents a gallon in
addition. It' Is easy to soe what tho avorngo re
tali liquor sollor will buy. Tho consoquonco Is
that tho wholo Industry Is threatened with
ruin, with tho result not of lessenod drinking,
but of Increased consumption of unhealthy and
flory liquor.
Tho assignment of nichard J. Slonarch at
Owoneborough last week was tho biggest failure
of tho year In tho Bourbon whiskey business,
and tho biggest stneo tho assignment of his
brothor, M. V. Monarch, a year ago; but It Is
only one of many such. The two failures carry
liabilities of over a million dollars, only partly
covered by real estato securities and warehouse
receipts for whlskoy stored. Thoso rocolpts
were once regard od as tbo most doslrnblo collat
eral that could be offered a bank In Kentucky,
but thcro havo been a number of oasos ot fraud
and forgery, which havo cuUBod them to ho
looked upon with loss favor. Tho Monarohs
aro men of high commercial standing, and tholr
paper ts not questioned 'as to genuineness.
Tho failure ot tho Monarch), coming at this
Juncture, Is a further remlndor of the dospor
ate condition into whtch tho fine whlskoy busi
ness has been brought. Ton years ago It was
on a boom and millions wero modo In this
State. There wero three Monarch brothors
Richard, M. V. and "Butch." Thoy had been
distilling twenty years and wero well to do.
Tho "boom" -node ell rich, and, like dlstillors
elsewhoro In the State, they began eroding new
and larger plants an Increasing their produc
tion enormously. It was tho same spirit that
made a noted whiskey kini ot fifteen oaia ogv.
Increase bts capAcity frnm 30,000 or 40,000
barrols per annum to 80,000, nnd then at
tempt to reach 100.000. He failed, but tho
business survived and his magnificent plant
was tnken In hand bv his bookkeener. to whom
it yioldoda fortune of $150,000 a yor for sov
eral yoars. Other distilleries did almost as
well. Tho Allen Bradley plant, located here
but owned In Now York, returned a clear rev
enue of $110,000 a year: the Wathons mado
$80,000 per annum, and so with may others.
Distillers went wild, and In 1893 the produc
tion reached 40,835,873 gallons, which was
nearly double tho average annual consumption.
When tho panto camo there wero many who
went down at onco, but tho extension of tho
bonded period enabled the Monarchs, T. B.
Rlpy. W, L. Crabb and others to tldo over a
while. They tax-paid tmmonso stocks in Au
gust. 1804, in order to take advantago of tho 20
cents a gallon increase in tax, but they reck
oned too confidently. The panic and the In
creased cost this necessitated mode fearful in
roods upon the sales ot Bourbon whlskoy. Ot
tho genuine article only the cheapest brands
were in demand, and tho "rectifiers" who mix
one gallon of Kentucky whiskey with ,vo gal
lons of choap Peoria spirits began to flourish.
The crippled jobbers and distillers strugclod
along nnder the load for a year or so, and thon
began to fall. Ono of the largest failures was
that of W. H, Thomas, wbo carried tho heavi
est stock of old and lino whiskey in the world.
He went under for $750,000. His brands could
not compete wltb rectified spirits, and a great
fortune was swept away. Bartloy. Johnson &
Co , manufacturers of ono of the most celebrated
brands In Kentucky, kept up until nbout a vear
ago. It was found that tho manager, D, J.
Hartley, bad been forging and hypothecating
warehouse receipts. Bartloy fled, leaving loans
of over a quarter of a million and very few as
sets. T. P. Rlpy of Lawrenceourg went up for
another big sum, but there was no dishonosty
In his assignment. He has mado a compromlso
with his creditors at 25 cents on the dollar and
Is once more in control of his groat business,
one of the largest of its kind in tho world.
Many others were ruined, but tbe failure of W.
L. Crabb was tbe last notable one before that ot
the Monarchs. Crabb was a freo silver poli
tician and a great friend of former Senator
Blackburn. His liabilities were large, but did
not approach those of tbo Monurchs.
Tho situation In which Uie distillers now find
themselves Is peculiar. As Is well known,
Kentucky whiskey Is not esteemed fit to drink
until at loat Ave years old, and every cnr
thereafter that it is kept in the wood i, c, in
the barrel its quality Is improved. For that
reason the distiller sometimes make enormous
sums by carrying his product several years,
far more than he could clear In legitimate man
ufacturing products and Immediate sales,
though these wero large enough In .rood your.
But since the hard times bave set In tho prli e
of the "crops" or output of certain oars has
experienced a remarkable decline. Tako the
crops of 1892 and 1803, which wero respec
tively 20,017,707 and 1.0.835,873 gallons. So
much more was produced these years than
there was any demand tor thi.t theso cropb are
actually selling for less now than they brought
two years ago, though they should be growing
more valuable all the time. For Instance, no
one thinks of asking more than 30 cents a gal
lon, exclusive of tax, for 1803 whiskey, and It
can be bought for 27)j cents, nnd. In somo cases,
as low as 25 cents. It Is worth less than 181)1
or 1805 whiskey. As a barrel of liquor loses
four to five and a half gallons every yoar after
four years, with this loss and tho depreciation
of values. It is tho estlmato or Sir. John M.
Atherton, the leading manufacturer of tbo
State, that tho distillers of Kentucky luno
sunk $3,000 000 in carrying tho crops of theso
two years slnco their production. If tho de
cline koups on thoy will soon bo soiling below
tbe actual cost of manufacture.
Tho present stock of whiskey In bond In
Kentucky is estimated by tho bost authority In
tbe trale at 72,600.007 gnllons. which Is dis
tributed as follows in gallons:
3ropor 1H98 7,147.353
Crop of 1SUS 17,9111,4
Crop or 1801 9,6X5,(132
Crop Of INKS lA.H2v.90n
Crop of 1HUS 19 R14.1IH
Crop or IFiHT S,180,A7H
Cropor lass se.'.oso
To this must be added tho production for No
vember and December, 1807, which belongs
to the Oscal yoar 1808. and will increase the
stocks to about 73,000,000 gallons. Fnrtunnto
Iy there Is no prospect of over 12,-000,000 gal
lons bring produced noxt year, even If there Is
no pgrcomont for restriction,
Tho situation of the distillers Is so serious
that It Is thought tho effort now on foot to
effect a consolidation of Interests may be suc
cessful. Pooling has boon attempted again
anil again of recent years, but tbo tntercsla
are so diverse nnd conflicting that it has been
Impossible to reconcile- them. I-ust spring the
most promising of nil I ho efforts was made
under the nusnlcos of the 8plrlta Trust. Mossra.
Meyer and Cnrdoza ret resenting bo trust,
and Mr. J. B. Wa hon, John (J. ltoacb. Thomas
H. Sherlev. and others representing tho bour
bon dlstillors. They got options on most nf
tho distillery property In thaStato.and wcropro
pared to bond nnd stock the property wiien
a disagreement came up and ti e projoct fidl
through. This was not surprising, though,
for the Interests of tho whiskey and spirits dis
tillers are diametrically opposite, since tho one
supplants the other. Too many distillers un
derstand this for them to have nny faith In
a consolidation.
Within tho last few days socret conferences
bave been held by some of tho largest dis
tillers In tho Htnto, anil it new schema oi run),
hinatlon Is under way. Nn particulars have
been given out, but II Is known that Mr, John
Atherton and other big distillers who lontrol
the production aro at tho head. Mr. Atherton
Is rrtognlzi'd as the lender of thu liquor in
terests In the Htnto. and ono nf tho lenders in
America. Ho Is ono of tho 'en who saw tho
storm coming In tlmo to bave their fortune:!.
Ho has unusual powers ns nn organizer, and
ho has begun right by llrst Intero ling tho big
firoducers. Whin tiny comhlnu tho llttlo fti
own will know hotter than not to join. It will
bo In tholr power so to rcgulnto production
as to put thu market niraln nn Its feet, anil
that la tho only salvation for tho biggest man
ufncluring Interest In Kentucl., Ilv it they
can prevent any moro of sui fi osbIkiiuiciiis
an those ot tho Mnnnrchs. Othcrrwso mut
ters will go on from bud to worso.
Fireproof Wood In lsarshlpa.
Washington, Dec. 27. The report which As
sistant Secretary lloosevult prepared for Sec
retary Long In regard to the uso of tiro
proof wood on warships was handed to tho
Secretar to day, Mr, Roosevelt expresses his
ills approval of the use of timber trcitod by tho
fireproof process for unpulnted docks oxposud
to water, II" says that the wood lias a ten
dency to iit.eorl) moisture, which makes It josn
Its prevonilvoeffoil. Ilo thinks no ddltloiml
bunellt will ho obtained nj its use for decking,
as Dro Is not likely to spread on a polished sur
face. For tiulkhoid partitions unci Joiner work
L-cnerally Mr Itoosuvult recommends tho II ro
prootlng procoss. Ithout exposure to wutur
and 1th tbe protection afforded hy a touting of
paint, the wood, ho believes, will sorve to insure
safety against nrs.
SkJTsiailis'iiTniiMiiTiaM!! lmlHBfiaMaT',
The Oateotae t Hla Frnetlrat Joke en a ITaa
deviate rig.
Fran the St. Loute Re-ncMfe. Seta
Theodore Mowen, a Clnrksvllle, Mo., tinner,
Is confined to his homo with a broken arm and
btdly bruited body, as tho- result of a peculiar
Ono of Thcodoro'a friends called on him to re
pair n leaking watorspout. The Jolly tinner got
his laddor nnd climbed up, carrying his llttla
stove, Iron nnd stick of solder. He proceeded to
his work and was making good headway, when
n mot Ing objeat on tho ground below caused
him to atop.
In Clarksville. as In many other country
towns, there aro numnroua plga wilklng the
stroets and fields, frccllagon tho surplus provis
ions of tho community. It happened Hint when ,
Theodore Mowen was plugging up holes In thi m
damaged spout, ono of tho numerous family of Mf
mu Moving mioclrupoia came snorting and BI
wobbling under tho ladder. Mowen couldn't
resist the tonintalinn tohato n llttlo fun. Ho Is
n coo I lover of roast pig. Ho nlsncnjnssn hog
racn, and nothing delight him mor. than to sea
one of tho fat animals putting on speed nnd ut
tering shrill cries ns he travels.
Consequently, when the pig In question saun
tered under tho ladder, Mowctt tliotmlitltwould
boacnpltal Jokn to drop n bit of molten solder
on his hack and aee bow fust ho could run and
how loud he could yoll. Ho did not notlco the
dlrcv tlon In which Hip pig wns nio Ing.
"I'll Just put my Iron In th" lire, got It rod. hot,
and touch It to the snider. Thon I'll lot tho hot
stuff drip on that chunk or irroaso Oh, It's a,
daisy Idea," and, suiting tho action to hit
thoughts, tho Joker poked his iron Into the A
store, got It hot, applied It to tho soldor, nnd a
little atronm of molten metal poured on th t
animal's bark, y
The pig uttcroil n piercing nquoal and mado a 1
dns'i forward, Mowan laturked loudlv enough
to perforate tbo spout with joy. Tho Idea had a
worked HkoRchnrni. 1
Tho pig hesitated n moment after starting offl I
then, as" If understanding th" situation por
fectly. ho wnlkod through the loner rung of tha s.t
ladder. His hoad got through nil right, but his f
twrty was too big. Tho roinltwns that ladder, I
Mowen, solder, and pig fell in a heap to ths
Th.- pig csenpod uninjured, but Mowcn's arm.
was broken nnd hn sustained sovero bruises on
the head, fare, nnd hncly. Friends heard bis
cries and camo to his nsslstnncc. Ho wns picked
up and curried to his homo, nnd hla condition Is
retrarded bb serious.
The pig's burns nro not dangerous, nnd the re
vcnircful rrcaturo again Is rolling in tho mud ot
Mr. Mowen doesn't think bis trouble Is any
"laughing matter." Ho has foresworn Joking
when engage! at bis trade, nnd anybody who
talks to him "bout "tbe pig In the polio nnd tbo
ladder that broke " recoie a cold response.
Ho baruatnod for Just a llttlo fun. ho snva. but
did not rockon on having his good Intentions ro
clprocatod. .
Tho Incident ts known In Clnrksvlllo as ths fi
" pig accident," and tho nnlmnl th it caused the fl
dlsturbanco his tho right of way in every Btroet, v
field, and house in tho city.
Alter lie Und Put Vp 831, OOO Ue and All Hla
Reitmrnt dot Tbelr Money for Services.
Prom the VouWe Companion.
When the civil war broke out an Immenso
mcotlng was hold In Bridgeport. Conn,, and
many men volunteerod for the army. To tha
general surprise, ono of tho richest men In tha
Stato. Ellas Howe, tho Inventor of the sewing:
machine, arose nnd made this briof snoech:
"Everyman Is called upon to do what he can
for his country. I don't know what lean do,
unless It Is to enllft nnd servo as a prl vato In tha
Union Army. I want no position; I inn willing l
to learn und do what I enn w 1th n musket." '
But it soon proved that tho chronlo 1 imeness
from which Homo suffered incapacitated him '
from marching with a mttskot. oven to the ox- i
tent of stnndlngsentry. Determined to be of uso,
however, ho volunteered to serve tho regiment
as Its postmaster, mossongor, and expressman.
Sondlng honi" tor it suitable liorso and ngon, "
hodroic Into Baltimore twice adny and brought '
to tho camp its letters and p in els. It wns said
that ho would run over half tbo State to riellv er
ft let tor to somo lonely inotbor anxious for ber
soldier boy, or bring bu k to him a pair of boots
which ho necclod during thn ralnv winter.
For four months after the Sevontoenth Con
necticut entered tho Held tho Government wns
so pressed for money that nopaymont to tha
troops could bo made, and thoro was conse
quent! grent suffering among tho fmnlllos of
the soldiers, nnd painful anxiety endured by the
men tbemsohes.
Onodaj a prlrato soldier camo quietly 'into
the puj master's ofllce in Washington nnd took
his seat In tho corner toawnlthis turn for on in
terview. Presently tho oftlccr said:
" Well, my man. wli it can I do for you I"
" I Inn o called to i-oo about the payment of
the Setentecnth Connecticut," answered tho
sold lor.
The pnymnstcr. somuwhnt irritated by what
hOHunposod a needless und impertinent Inter
ruption, told him sharply "thai ho could do
nothing wltbout moncj, and that until tho
Government furnished somo It was useless for
soldiers to como hot boring blm nbout pay."
"I know that tbo Govornmetit is in straits,"
returned Ihoeoldiur "I haM called to find out
how much money it will tnko to give my regi
ment two mouths' pnj. I am rondy to furnish
tbe amount."
The amnzod ofllcer asked the name of hit
visitor, who nimliistly rcpliod, "Ellas Howe.
He thon wroto a draft for tbe required sum '
831,000. Two or thrcodnys later llio regiment
wns paid. When Mr. Howe's namo was celled, ;
howent up to the Dnyniaster's desk and signed
tho receipt for $28 Oj of his own money. i
Hie otmcrs of a neighboring regiment sent
overtolho r-e.enteentb Cnnnectlout to tea it
they could not " borrow their prlvutc."
ikhiax THitimortr ulack noz,Ea.
Horrible. Frlnoua ta thlcb Between tOO una A
MOO federal Prisoner! Are Kept, "V
Irovi the St. Louie Qlobe-Vemocrat.
Tho othor day a prisoner wns brought to ths
bnrinono of the Federal courts of tbo Indian
Territory. Ho wns told that ho could havo his
clioico of a Jail or a penitentiary sentence.
"Judge." said ho. "let me go to the penitenti
ary. For God's sako don't send mo back to Jail.'V ..J
At Ardiuore tho spaco between two brick Q
buildings Is Inclosod hy walls across tbe front Jt
and rear of the lot. A roof partially co vers tha (
inclosuro. Tbo gable ctiila nro open, and a drlv- W
Ing rain or snow storm wets tho interior Ths U
mud of tho dirt floors is often ankle deep. 8ucn H
Is one of the United States jnllsof tho Territory.
Underthisahcdnndlnthoniud tho Federal pris W
oners iiwuIUng trial aro herded hy guards, wbo H
patrol tho front and rear da and night. 1"
At South McAlcster la I ho second of thest
national disgnecs. ltisatitono building fifty
feet wldo by about eight rect long. The sides
of tho building nro without openings of any
kind. In ono end is a door. In tho opposite ena
nro two window 8. 'Iho only nir that can enter
lab the door nnd tho two windows. Men and
women prison, rs nro conlincd in this stons
building. Recently tho number thus housed
was 170, Tho smell which comes from tho in
terior la such Unit few persons can approach tbo
door without hcltic sickened. I
At Muscogee Is the third of theTi-rritory jails. ,A
A lire destroyed tbo old building in use. nnd a
new structure, crude for such purposes, hut a i
market improvement on tho other two Jalls.'ls '
now In use.
Theae Ihrco places, two of thorn w Ithout coun
terparts In tho whole countrv, are employed to
huld between 700 and 800 prisoners, cither
awaiting trial or under sentence. 'Iho nro tho
only Jails for a population of 300,000 white
rnoplo. After the llrst of thuoar tho relcrul
courts will siipernodo Iho Indian courts, and the
threo Jails may scro as well for the Indian
population. To keep tho 700 or 800 prisoners
within time "black holes" tbo United States
tit vs $10,000 m j oar to jillera and keepers. Tho
course or thu (Jorirnmua tow aril the Indian
Icrrltory lias been rctirnlicnslbln In ninny re
spects. Thcro is nothing. Iinui-tcr. which colls
moro loudh for roTorm than theso horrlblo
makeshifts for prisons, t
Senator Henna's Lurk at lliiming. t.1
rVom the Vhiuiga .Vcorif. ctatl
I wns told a curious story tho other day nbout H
the lato Senator Koniiii of Weal Virginia, whoso Tfl
statuu la to bo placed in tiio Ciultol In it fow 1M
data. -j-9
When he, first canui to Congress n Mrs. 1
Kenrnii. who ll'od hi tho mine boarding house. &
persuaded him to bu a tick t In arillli at a rj
church f ilr fur a cooking B!oe ami n completa afr
kitchen outlll. Ills th ket turned out to bet tha (4L
U',c4 .vT "J" ,10 ,";.." lll.u '"(1H l ''Is l")"e in Y
Weal lrgliilii. u Ilo he was arranclrg for i(
their shipment- at the rallwn station ho j
whs liitroditiid In tha ) miner lady who uflor- "SI
ward becamo his wife, anil Joeiilnrl Invited V,
her tci hoe oiiio his cook, feho rcpllo I that iho U
would la. tcry glad to do so. Ilo noxt winter W
Mrs. Kearon sold Mr. Kcnna n ticket in niiotlior fl
falrgl.cn b the sumo church. 'Ii, time tho - M
prize was a plain gold ring, and g' " 0U ."',, 1
sueccssf I. Ho put thu ring carefully away M
until It was needed at his nodding a fiw months M
aler. and it so happened that his bride Mas ths afl
Urstpcison tousothecook stole Mm
Mrs. Kcnna (snow Postmistress at Pl.nl.. alafl
ton. W. Vn.. and tho legislature of that Siai fl
has derided that its rSprc W
ero tutucs of statesmen t tho Canlolshn I il
ho Iho man who won hla wcddlngringand his 1
kllchun furniture at urulUo. M,"-,"'- auu "s jsjjfl
lrnl Han's i.iuojt I'rl.oii Sporehea. f ( '
Fromtne I'oufA'aCoinjmnlon.
kM.', '!! tliinuuUVrt'
to Wvrlthteg blnT'?' PUt d0,,n th0 " ,
jjjjJSBBir.iniin -flffi " - " - Lgjfcx

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